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THE "PITTSBTJRG- ' DISPATCH,' SUNDAY, JANUARY 13, 1889.
U CAEDfGFOKOUEBOTS 'Training Children for Perennial Health and Serene Old Age. TTEST POINT TOILET DISCIPLINE. Shirley Dare's Toints on Dress and Personal Appearance. 6ISTEMAT1C TBIKIKG IN HANNEE8 rWMTTXN TOTS. THI DISrATCH.J YIDEKTLYtoaman who has lived as a man ought, death in the ful ness of years, followed by cleanly and Chris tian cremation, should have no horrors. In the refined Japanese wording, he only "changes his worlds." But there is a horror indescribable in the breaking np which pre cedes it, in the disabili ties and corruption of old age, which, upon near view, reconciles one cheerfully to quick death in mid life. There is no need of deformity, infirmity or age. Die we must, and find the curse changed to a privilege, but live, heavy with imbecility and disease, we need not. Age is the penalty of physical crime. Do we not owe it to our children to train them in their bright-eyed youth for a sum mer that shall have no dark and noisome autumn of decay? "Lad," said a mother to her boy as old age in its dreariest forms passed before them, "I have spoken to you about health already, but now you can have no peace from roe till you learn how to keep from such miserable end as this." Can you bear to think of supple, smooth cheeked boys with sunlighted eyes, chang ing to rheumy,ofhnsive decrepitude? Fath ers and mothers, why do you not train your children for perennial health, to delight in themselves and the world they live in. Theieisno necessity for their becoming weaklv or diseased, or for their ever glow ing old and losing all vigor and grace. That they should so lose their birthright is witness again&t thoe who ought to watch for their interests in the beginning. XEGIXCTED BOTS. The neglect of boys' training in things physical and polite i's surprising. If half the care given to girls about manners and toilet were bestowed on the boys of a family it were better for both. "When a boy's long .curls are cut close, and he is turned into 'jacket and trousers, good-by to petting and pleasant pergonal cares. He has his hair cut once a month, and plasters the front locks down to his liking with plenty of cosmetique, thoudi I hare known him a sad poacher on bandoline bottles. It requires the domestic police to enforce anything like brushing of teeth, and his hair brush looks as if it were kept under the bed in the dust. He generally needs fumigating, and his warmest friends prefer conver sation with him at sa.e distance. He shirks 'his weekly bath, and writhes under the ne cessity of getting into clean undershirts, nay a clean starched shirt is a penalty. He goes in swimming five times a day in July, vaca tion and Saturdays till frost, but he makes jup for it bv shunning the sight of a bath as far as possible till spring. He perspires, and throws his clothes in a heap as he tosses himself into bed, and forgets to open a window. In time his cheviot suit is satu 'rated with personal odors and it is best not to take the wind of his nobility. This pecu liarity sometimes lasts into later boyhood, and it is difficult to persuade grown boys 25 and 40 years of age that woolen cloth" is a dire absorbent of stale odors. I wrote mvself out of favor once with a divinity student in my teens, when after the manner of young pci ons we had made a serious compact to till each of any faults 'perceived in the other. He really was very good and worthy, but his black coat, hang ing in a close closet with unwashed shirts and socks, smelt anything but nice, and I really thought he would wish to correct the defect. Why is it that the worse and more conspicuous an offense, the more hotly the offender resents being told of it? Ought a young man to resent it when his second cousin tells him that his coat wants airing? Dropping a red-hct stone in a pail of water is a faint image of his wratb, however. SHOULD LIVE IN A TEXT. The average bov should live under a tent, or else keep all his wardrobe not on his back outdoors, airing night and dav, to in sure a tolerable presence. But It is his parents' fault more than his own, if he be neither so comely or so cleanly as he might. "West Point cadets are taught by the strong arm of authority, backed bv alf the force of arrest and punishment, to keep themselves and tbeir belonging neat and becoming a gentleman and an officer. "We want West Point discipline in homes, with all boys, and nowhere more rigid than in toilet matters, which ought to be ingrained into a lad's skin and bone, literally. A boy's hair, though short, need not be bristly. If he is taught to shampoo his head and use a clean hair brush vigorously five minutes morning and evening, his hair will be soft as the fur of a mole. Farther. this practice in youth prevents baldness in after life. By bringing the blood into the capillaries of the scalp, it deepens and brightens obnoxious pale hair. You seldom or never see well brushed hair white at the roots, as in some raw, sandy complexions. The troublesome, stiff hair, which starts np at the crown of the head, must be reduced by thick bandoline, made by steeping gum tragacanth in water, and boiling slightly. This not only keeps hair in place but softens it when washed out, so that it learns to be smooth in time of itself. Stiff, bristly eye brows should be rubbed over night with this bandoline, washed of! next morning and brushed with cosmetic. The boy with white eyebrows may make them presentable by wetting them with amber lavender, and smoothing with warm fingers after the rest of the toilet is done. This does not blacken but gives a darkish amber tint, in harmony with the rest of the pale coloring. TO MAKE A BOT GBOW. "When the mustache begins to grow, and a razor is necessary, doctors say it is a sign that a lad has reached his growth in stature. If you would have him tall, and well grown, bring him up in the open air, with plenty of food and manly sports, neither working him at books or business till he is 21. I know very well that this advice will not be received with favor, since the idea rules that merchants will not take a lad into bus iness later than 14. as he cannot be trained to good habits afterward. Let him be used to disciiiline, taught to obev orders to the letter, when given, taught dexterity, thor oughness, adaptability from his first lessons, End he will enter business ready to be use ful with half the breaking in which busi ness men find necessary with raw lads from grammar school. It is hard to teach a boy that grubby hands and finger nails are unnecessary,even in his busy, well-filled life. Amateur car penters and gardeners must learn to wear gloves with the finger tips cut off when at work to save the skin from knocks and crime. Gloves are as necessary tor the hands of a workingman as shoes for his feet He can get more use out of supple, comfortable hands than from stiff, horny, bruised ones. The best out fitting shops Bell caseworn gloves of castor and dogskin for 15 cents a pair, for this very use. "Woolen mittens are not preservative of a good skin, and supple, close-fitting lisle jot leather gloves are always to be preferred. The nails and fingers should be soaked in warm water, with a little oxalic acia in it, before trimming the nails, to soften them. "Water purified with alum, which it the supply in many towns, is hard for the bands, fixing every trace of grime, deepening the cracks of the skin and furrows ot the nails. Boys will haie chapped, raw hands, in using euch water unless they can be persuaded to Hi I WW" use of vaseline and wearing close gloves by night as well as day joot from finical refinement, but as preventive of a Lazarus condition. THE TOILET GRINDSTONE. The Bpeediest way of cleaning hands of workstains is by holding them to one of the small kitchen crindctone. sold for a dollar ortwo, and which should be part of the ap pliances of every bath and dressing room impractical families. A few turns of the grindstone will reduce horny hands to satin smoothness, and wear away stains that soap and brush are powerless to re move. Dexterously used, it will keep the fingertips and nails in good shape, wearing away the thick skin at the corners of the nails, which gives boys' fingers a stubby look. Oh, those boys hands! How .sooth ing, life-giving and comforting they can be in their fresh, generous devotion. The little lad of 10 who fought the maids for the privilege of carrying the toast and coffee to his mother in her headaches, had the deft est, coolest hand, the nicest skill to stroke an aching brow, to arrange the couch for tired shoulders, to bring the right book and sprinkle fresh lavender with an instinct women seem to lack nowadays. If boys are careless of manners and per son, there is much to be said on the other side of the carelessness of those who train them. Systematic training in manners is found in very few families, that is the pre vision of Bcenes and circumstances, the tell ing what to do beforehand in place of find ing fault afterward, the kindly prompt repetition of the richt things to do and to say in time and place according. How children pick up the manners they do ac quire is often a mystery. At least they de serve all the aid and confidence, neat, well fitting clothes can give them, and good clothes are far more an affair of clever taste than of money. Shielet Daee. AN INTERESTING GUESSING HATCH. A Fen- Simple Tesii Which Illustrate Com mon Errors of Jndement. A crank who is an occasional visitor to a downtown office entered the place the other day when nobody appeared to be very busy. Someone was tclliDg a story in which he made mention of some object "about the size of a silver dollar," when the crank in terrupted the speaker with the remark: "I'll bet 53 there isn't a man in this office who can tell without measuring what the exact size of a silver dollar is." The bat was not taken, for nobody knew. The crank went on: "I am also williug to give $5 to the man who will take his pen or pencil and draw a line which shall represent the exact diame ter of a silver dollar." Upon this all hands made the attempt. A piece of paper was taken, and each took his turn at drawing aline upon it. When all had finished the crank took a dollar from his pocket and placed it successively over each of the marks. Some of them were too long by half an inch, and some lacked almost that much in length. There wasn't one which was not as much as an eighth of inch out of the way. The eccentric visitor said: "For men who handle as much money as you do, it is strange you are not more fa miliar with its size and appearance. Now let me test your judgment in another mat ter. Here is a long sheet of white paper which I will place upright against the wall back of this tabic Now take yonr pencils and mark on the paper what you think is the height ot an ordinary silk hat. Some of you have a silk hat here, I suppose?" "Mine is in the other room," answered one of the clerks. "Well, let it stay there until we want it. Now try to guess how tall the hat is, and mark the paper accordingly." The estimates afforded a curious illustra tion of the way men's opinions will differ even about a small matter. Between the shortest and the longest mark there was a difference of nearly four inches. "When the hat was brought ont and set upon the table against the paper, all the marks, with two eiceptions, were from one to three inches too long. The nearest guess was made by a man who made a mark about three-auarters of an inch too short Then the crank asked for an estimate of the difference in the height of his derby and the silk hat. The guessers didn't come as near as before. 'Xhat is the way it is," said the crank. "People have an i'dea that a high hat is ever so much higher than a common one, yet you will find if you measure both that the differ ence is very little. The eye that is not trained in measuring distances will lead its possessor into some serious errors of judg menu" HYPNOTISM IN BERLIN. Some Very Interesting Experiments With a 8nbmUtlTo Subject. London Dally Newa.l At a meeting of the Berlin Medical So ciety Prof. Virchow introduced a French physician, Dr. Feldmann, who made some experiments in hypnotism. A young man named Garrick offered himself as a medium. After a few Eeconds of the usual manipula tions the medium fell into a deep magnetio sleep. He became perfectly apathetio and motionless. In this Etate of "suggestion" Dr. Feld mann Bhowed the influence of various medi caments on the medium, who took quinine iur sugar, smauiing ais jips witn enjoyment and he believed ammonia to be perfume and smelt at it for some time. Immediately afterward, following the will of the doctor, he showed the usual abhorrence of these bitter and caustic substances. "With the same success he ate a lemon for an apple. A piece of camphor held on hi forehead had a singular effect. The medium bent his body far backward and had to be held on his chair. A magnet caused a dreamy state, during which the medium related his impressions as to events in the street, in which he be lieved himself to be. Then the medium obeyed the will of the doctor in various ways, shoveling snow, skating, falling and rising again with one jump at the doctor's suggestion, and finally took a pocketbook by force ont of Prof. Virchow's pockets. He was then ordered by Dr. Feldmann to reseat himself and soon woke out of the hypnotic sleep, remembering nothing of what had happened. Two yonng physicians then spoke, declaring that such experiments were without scientific basis. They believed the "suggestions" to be probably genuine, but as to the other experiments especially the effect of medicines and the magnet, they thought they needed careful examina tion. FACIAL IIIPRESSION. The Business of a Man lias a Great Deal to Do With It. Eerald of Health. A man's occupation or condition has a good deal to do with making his facial ex pression. Intellectual pursuits.like studies of the scholarly profession, when coupled with temperate and moral habits of life, brighten the face and give a person a superior look. Magnanimity of nature, or love of studies and arts, will make a bright, glad face; but, contrary to this, a man may have a face that docs not please anybody, because of a love of self to the exclusion of all others, notwithstanding his learning and worldly shrewdness. Soldiers get a hard severe look, overworked laborers constantly look tired, reporters look inquisitive,mathe paticians look studious, judges become grave, even when off tbe Bench; the man who has had domestic trouble looks all broken up. An example of the ludicrous side of this subject is to see a third-class lawyer stalking around a Police Court look ing wise as an owl. Tbe business makes the face, I say. There's the butcher's face, the saloon keeper's face, the beggar's face the ministerial face, the lawyer's face, the doctor's face, the hoodlum's face, all so dis tinct each from the other and singly, that I seldom fail to recognize those callings show ing through the laces. And what city boy cannot recognize a genuine farmer on the street as a farmer the moment he sees him? Uoriford'a Acid Phosphate Believes indigestion, dyspepsia, etc. A HUMAN STORAGE BATTERY. Peculiarities of n Resident of Jopllu- -How no Locates Mineral. St. Louis Globe-Democrat. The Hon. Fred "W. Mott and Colonel 0. A.-Haines, who have just returned from a visit to Joplin and theJSoutheast, relate a pecnliar story of a human phenomenon, a Mr. McKinstry, who is astoniihing the na tives there. McKinstry is six feet two in ches tall, of somewhat angular and awkward build, though lithe and muscular. His pe cuharitv is the wonderful affinity he has for the earth and the vast amount of electricity i hnis system he being, in short, a sort of an immense human Leyden jar. They say that when he walks over the ground a few hours he becomes thoroughly exhausted and so limp -and helpless that 'he has to be as sisted home. But he has to keep walking, for when he stands firmly on one spot'of ground for a few seconds he becomes ns if rooted, and has to have one foot assisted loose, when the other can be moved, and then, by treading up and down for a min ute, the electric current becomes broken, in the course of which, however, the peculiar sparking incident, for instance, to brushing a black cat's hair backward is developed. But what is causing a sensation there is his claim of being able to locate mineral. Most everyone is familiar with a part of the process walking over the ground with a forked peach switch, held horizontally in front of the waist, either extremity grasped in the hand, and the stem from which the two branches issue pointing frontward. McKinstry has adopted this plan, and im proved on it to locate mineral. Four months ago he fitted up his simple machine and as serted his ability, not only to tell where mineral was, but just what "depth it could be struck nndthe value of it. To search for water he simply takes the peach switch. In quest of lead he caps the knob by a fer rule of composition, in which aluminum is a large factor. To discover a zinc deposiythis gives place to a large one, in -which plantinum predom inates. It is stated that whenever a man has delved in the earth at a point marked by him mineral has been found at about the depth the "witch" had promised. Superin tendent J. D. Vincil, ot the Viroqud mine, so Mr. Mott says, offered the human battery $25 to "point" out a pocket for him. On the other hand Vincil warned the witch that in the event of a failure he (Vincil) would kill him. So confident was McKinstry in the virtue of his charm that he accepted, and going over the ground stated that zinc would be found 26 feet below the surface at a given point "Work was begun and the shaft is now 18 feet, and McKinstry still hangs nonchalantly around. He has not ordered a coffin to date. Mr. Mott and the Colonel were so imbued with faith in the potency of the trick that they invested on the strength of what the miners believe necromancy, but wnich they, somewhat familiar with science, account for by the popular philosopher's stone electricity. Mr. Mott states that each one of them grasped an end of the magic stick as it turned, thus supplement ing the hold of the operator, but that the attraction was so strong that it turned, despite their combined efforts to prevent it, even twisting the bark off the branch. Everyone is watching for the development of Vincil's test. If it succeeds they will be elated by the confidence that at last they have an open sesame to the treasures hidden, away in the subterranean recesses of the earth. A HAUNTED MAINTOP. Mystery That Was Derp and Thrilling mi it Was Explained. Sheffield (Eng.) Telegraph.! Talking about ghosts, our chief mate once told me that on board a ship in which he had Eerved, the mate on duty ordered some of the youths to reef the maintopsail. When he first got up he heard a strange voice say ing, "It blows hard!" The lad waited for no more; he was down in a trice and told his adventure. A second immediately ascended, laughing at the folly of his companion, but returned even more quickly, declaring he was quite sure that a voice, not of this world, had cried in his ear, "It blows hard!" Another went, and another, but each came back with the same tale. At length the mate having sent up the whole watch, ran up the shrouds himself, and when he reached the haunted spot, heard the dreadful words distinctly uttered in his ear: "It blows hardl" "Ay, ay, old one; but, blow it ever so hard, we mnst ease the ear-rings lor all that," replied the mate, undauntedly, and, looking, round, he saw a fine parrot perched on one of the clews the thoughtless author of the false alarms which had probably escaped from some other vessel to take refuge on this. Another of our officers mentioned that on one of his voyages he remembered a boy having been sent to clear a rope which had got fonl above the mizzentop. Presently, however, he came back trembling, and al most tumbling to the bottom, declaring that he had Been "Old Davy" ait the crosstrces. Moreover, that the evil onehad a huge head and face, with prick-ears and eyes as bright as fire. Two or three others were sent up in succession, to all of whom the apparition flared forth, and was identified by each to e "Old Davy," sure enough. The mate, in a rage, at length mounted himself, when resolutely, as in the former case, searching for the bugbear, he soon ascertained the innocent cause of so much terror to be a large horned owl, so lodged as to be out of sight to those who ascended on the other side of the vessel, but which, when anyone approached the cross-trees, popped up his portentous visage to see what was coming. The mate bronght him down in triumph, and "Old Davy," the owl, became a very peaceful shipmate among the crew, who were no longer scared by his horns and eyes, for sailors turn their back on nothing when they know what it is. Had the birds in these two instances de parted as they came, of course they would have been deemed supernatural visitants to the respective ships by all who had heard the one and seen the other. 6TRANGE CHANGES OP XAMEB Made In Bringing the Gaelic Into the Saxon Tongue. London Troth. 1 So, long as the practice of translation is confined to Christian names it does nol much matter, but when O'Mulligan (O'Maolagain) "translates" himself, as he does very frequently, into Baldwin, because Maol bald, he obviously lays a very dangerous trap lor the after-coming ethnolo gist, who will certainly take this shame faced Gael for a bluff Saxon. O'Mulligan, however, generally speaking, makes a Frenchman of himself as Molyneux. O'Birn and O'Brian, of Koscommon and Wicklow, once content to misspell themselves as O'Beirne and O'Byrne, respectively, have now a great fancy for calling themselves Biron and Byron, and sometimes De Byron, and desire to be thought of Norman origin. Nearly all tbe O'Darcys and MacDarcys. of Connaught, who used to be humbly anglicized "Darkey" (for the Gaelic "c" is hard), now have assumed the name and arms of D'Arcy from the well-known Meath family of that name whose Normau origin is undoubted. MacMullen, by the way, does not seem to know when to stop. He can't let his name alone. I remember when he modestly Anglicized himself "Mul lins." Now he is Desmoulins or De- moleyne. God forgive bim. Winter Scenei at Connecticut. From the Hartford Conrant. l AFarmington man plowed a field on New Year's Day. In Bhelton, last Friday, men and boys, in their shirt sleeves, were skating on the canal. A Danburv paper says that the bnds of the pussy willow trees are bursting in that section something which rarely happens until April. It was a common sight in the country sections recently to see cattle grazing in the fields. THE DIZZY WALTZ Still the Most Popular Dance in Met ropolitan Society. ORIGIN OP THIS PASTIME. How a Good Waltz Step Should be rated by Beginners. Culti- A PEOFESSOR'S PBACTICAL POINTEES -BITTEN TOE TOT DISPATCH. 1 HAT is the most pop ular dance this sea Bon ?" repeated the professor, raising his eyebrows in mild but polite surprise;"Why, the waltz, to be sure. There is never any thing most popular bnt'the waltz. It has held a pre-eminent position in social enter tainment almost from the time it was first introduced. There are other dances which the accomplished gentleman or lady mnst know, but the waltz comes first in order of learning and first in order of importance." The professor paused and pulled nonchal antly at his embryonic mustache. He was a disappointment to look upon; one of the most celebrated masters of the dance, witha name that sounded distinguished by the very arrangement of its letters, and a com fortable income from its clientage in the highest society; all these things led to a mind picture of him as tall, distingue, hand some, and with just that command of de meanor that atands midway between pom posity and condescension; yet, here he was, short, commonplace even to weariness, and in spite of the confidence which naturally About to Begin. arose from his thorough knowledge of his profession, blushing like a school boy at the idea of explaining the mysteries of the dance to a writer. The mark of a gentleman was npon him, however, in every action. Without the slightest effort he moved grace fully, was courtesy itself, and even his lan guage took upon it some of tho finish of the cultivated man. When he was compli mented for these attractive traits, he blushed still deeper and said that it was all due to tbe attention he had paid to learning and teaching society accomplishments. "The waltz," he said, "originated, as per haps you know, in Bohemia, and it is fre quently styled the German national dance.' Just when it arose, it is difficult of course to say, bnt it was some time in the latter part of the eighteenth century. It was discov ered by the French and English early in this century and made instant progress into popularity all over the civilized world. We begin with that in teaching our students for two reasons: First, perhaps, because it is the one thing the student is most ambitious to learn, and as a rule you know society people are not much inclined to go through a long season of dry and routine exercises, as piano students have to before they reach the practice of the thing they ultimately wish to master. The second rea son, which is the better one from the point of view of the terpsichorean artist, is that a good waltz step cultivates that grace of In Sad Form. movement and commandof the limbs which is essential to good dancing of any variety. I can imagine that one may begin with the contra dances, such as the Virginia reel and the simpler quadrilles, and go through the evolutions required by them in perfect form. Yet, if this were the case, when he came to take up the waltz, he would be just as badly off as if he were a novice, with the single exception that he would have learned to pose well when not in motion. The fact is, however, that few peo ple who begin with the square dances learn to do them well. If you were ever at a country ball you have only to remember the styles in vogue there to see the truth of this. Your country gentleman, who doubt less takes as much delight in dancing as the most cultivated member of the Four Hun dred, is full of life and energy, and is all action regardless of grace. In a crude way his movements are rythmical, but there is no uniformity in the steps he takes and a dozen different steps may be in use during the same dance by ns many different people. Such a man, accustomed to holding his hands behind his back and keeping up a light shuffle at every bar of the music, or even cavorting about the room more vio- The Otd-Faihioned Way. lently, would cut a rather sorry figure in the society waltz, even granting that he knew somewhat about the movements. So, as I say, it is the best thing to begin with wi'Ujp'nSa. Mil! PS (rill the waltz, because there we cultivate that grace which is necessary to all society be havior. The man who has learned to waltz well will find all other dances and all other behavior easy matters to acquire." "What is the first thing taught tolthe be ginner?" , "We begin with a gentlemanly or lady like pose and show to the pupil how to stand correctly while waiting lor that bar of the music to sound which will be his cue for beginning to dance. The initial pose is, of course, very natural and easy to learn, though it is frequently a somewhat difficult matter to impress upon the pupil that he or f V I Private Practice. she must not crook the elbow or raise the hands above the point where they naturally lie when clasped. Your awkward waltzer takes the lady's hand in a firm grip and raises it to about the level of his face, and with his other arm he either grasps her tight about the waist or seizes hold of her elbow and starts out on a dance as if he were a fish with fins on each side fully extended. All that is wretched. The lady's hands should rest lightly upon his arm just below theshoulder, and his band should just touch the back of her waist. When we have im pressed this rule upon the pupil, the next thing is to learn the step. This is to be taught by imitation, of course, and the only generd point that I can give about it with out giving a lesson outright is that in mak ing the step the toe should not be turned in. It is the mistake made br all dancers who are careless 6r who have been poorly taught." "What happens if the toe is turned in in making the step?" "Merely that you step upon your partner's foot. See here," and with this the professor went to a wardrobe and took out a pair of low dancing shoes of expensive pattern. "These," be said, "are what I wear when I am teaching beginners, and I call your at tention to the remarkable way in wh'ichthey have been bruised." The shoes looked as if somebody had set them upon the floor and stamped upon them an d kicked them so as to put a scratch or bruise upon every part of their surface. "All these wounds," continued the pro fessor, "were made by clumsy dancers, who would insist upon turning the toe in as they took the steps. You may imagine that I had some severe knocks, but I manage to stand it as dong as tbe shoes do. If the dancer simply steps straight forward he will never stumble nor injure his partner's foot. An- Mismanaged. other thing that never happens with good waltzers is the collision of the knees. By the necessities of the danco your knees are almost touching those of your partner, yet if you understand how to take the steps she will never be conscious that either you or herself has anything like a knee. This ex cellent feature of the nerfect waltz can never be acquired if the dancerpersists in bending his knee during either the initial pose or any portion ot the dance. So many men, seem to think that it adds a certain springi-' ness to their motions if they bend the legs more or less during the dance. The fact is the spring of the waltz should come entirely from the muscles ot the lower limbs, and the bend of the knees only adds awkwardness, and not grace, to the movements." "Are good dancers able to avoid the actual collision with other couples during a ball?" "Not always. It depends very largely upon the number of couples.dancing, and somewhat upon the watchlulness ot the gentleman. But in a crowded ballroom, be the parties ever so careful, it is almost im possible to avoid some collisions. No seri ous results may tollow, nowever, such a complete upsetting of one or other of the parties, unless one or both are exceedingly careless and awkward." "Are there any new forms of the waltz in vogue this season?" "None that can be described. As new pieces of music are composed, each academy or professor may invent some" little varia tion to suit himself, but as a rule it may be said that the waltz proper remains the same from one season to another. It is not like the square dances, where there are a certain number of evolutions to go through, but it may be danced continuously or left off at the will of the performer." QUEER FINDS IN PIANOS. Some of the Curious Things Tbat Get Be tween tho Keys. Philadelphia Ledger. The variety of articles that piano tuners find in pianos is remarkable. One says he found four diamonds in a piano and received a very substantial reward for his discovery from the lady who had employed him. "You can understand the shock given to a ring," he said, "when a lady is playing and brings her fingers down in a crescendo. If a stone happen to be loose, away it goes, and with that rare affinity which valuable things have for getting into strange places, it promptly gets between the keys and works down into the framework of the in strument. And little things like gems are not the only ones lost in this way. I have founds coins of all sorts in a loosely set piano, hair pins, visiting cards, and the like. Where there are children around the accumula tion becomes greater, for the little rascals have a fashion of stuffing pianos full of every small thing they can get their mishievous little fingers on. Of course, the tone of the piano is very much injured by the presence of anything beneath or behind the keys, but very few persons who use the instrument can distinguish when it is a quarter tone out of the way, especially when they-are using the piano themselves." A Young Minister' Mistake. Philadelphia. Record. Pretty Girl Yes, T like that young min ister: but I really do think he might have a little more judgment. I know I'm not very wicked, but he imagines I'm going straight' to perdition. Friend Oh, you mnst be.'mistaken. "No, I'm not. There :are lots worse sinners in the congregation than I am, and yet, no matter what wickedness he preaches against, he always looks right straight at me." Jsl CLABA BELLE'S CHAT. Yanderbilt and Astor ladies Come Out for Charity's Sake. HICKS-LORD'S PHETTI TEA EOOM. How a Dancing Master Manages to Do Busi ness at the Old Stand. THE SWEET-8CENTED MB. J. B. POTTEE rCOBBLSFOXDENCZ Or THE DISrATCII. EW YOKE, January 12. The vast parquet area of the Metropolitan Opera House was smooth ly floored over, and so was the spacious tage, thus making a waxed level almost as gleaming and slippery as a frozen lake. The boxes and all other places for specta tors were crowded, but not a person was on this immense floor. A nu merous orchestra, placed away np aloft, broke forth suddenly with a Lohengren march. To this martial music a couple stepped forth, and became instantly the focus for 10,000 eyes. Behind them a second pair instantly halved the scrutiny of the assemblage, and a procession thus headed went once clear around the edges of the floor, and then through the center. But the two ladies in the quartet at the lead were the cynosures of all eyes. The foremost was Jlrs. William Astor, matronly in a trailing gown of emerald green velvet, with a frontage of diamonds, and gems otherwise disposed upon her person'to the aggregate value of something like a quarter o'f a million dollars. The second lady was Mrs. Corne lius Vanderbilt, younger than her com panion in distinction, and dressed more youthfully in rose-colored tulle, but deco rated with diamonds almost as profusely. They had partners respectively in Elbridge T. Gerry and Ambrose C.Kingsland.butnobody cared much about them. Two of the richest ladies in America were on view, and even their familiar acquaintances watched them eagerly and critically. They were formally opening the Charity Ball of this wees:. This was the first time that either an Astor or a Vanderbilt lady had consented to officiate thus at a public ball, even for charitable purposes. Ihey had formerly countenanced the affair by an hour or two of presence in their boxes as spectators, but had not consented to seep on the dancing floor. On this occasion of unprecedented condescension they did not do any dancing with the multitude. They simply marched at the front, of the parade and then retired to their boxes. The usage is to form sets of landers out of the procession at its con clusion, the openers of the ball taking their places in a set at the top of the hall. But this time, in deference to the refusal of Mesdames Astor and Vanderbilt to lend their countenance so extensively as that, the initiatory lanciers was omitted, and the music chanced instead to a waltz, in which those who chose to joined, while the two millionairesses retired. Nevertheless, it is believed that Mrs. Astor favors a relaxation of that aflected exclusiveness which has brought the McAllister people into ridicule. This same week she gave an afternoon and evening reception to which she invited over a thousand persons. As a summons into the Astor presence at home means formal social recognition, it will be seen that the hostess has tor this occasion at least multiplied the Four Hundred by two and a half. Of all the afternoon teas spread in or about New York that of Mrs. Hicks-Lord's is the most elegant. The tearoom in her Washington square mansion is finished in mahogany, and every article of furniture is framed in that wood and polished like a mirror. Covering the walls and hung on panels and screens are small pictures in oil, heads of historical braves and beauties in enamel, porcelain or paint, photos of most of the reigning sovereigns of the world with autographs, besides pictures of men and women of world-renown fame. One table screen is devoted to miniatures variously jeweled, any one of which would keep a pantry in supplies for at least a month. On a side table is a sort of animal kingdom, with dogs, lions, horses, deer, sheep, cats, moose, chamoise, buffalos, leopards, cows and a score of other brutes rangirg from one to nine inches in height, made of steel, bellmetal or silver. All round the room set on the shelf of the pan eled wainscot are outclass tumblers the size of a claret glass, filled with pink and scar let carnations, making a perfect belt of color about the room and fire place. The tea table is also bordered, and so are the nu merous stands, laden with bric-a-brac. On the hearth stone swings the tea kettle from a brass crane, and the sparkle of cut crys tal on the table, with the gas light falling over it, is something dazzling. In the serv ice is a paper porcelain tray of tea cups; silver kettle and egg filled with salt for the almonds; aqd cracker bowl, almond jar, olive boat, ice tray, lemon dish and Bugar basin, all ot the finest cnt crystal that can be touna in or out ot tne itussiazn .Empire. There is a great deal of argument being indulged in at present in regard to the morality of dancing, but if any one has an idea that the rotatory exercise is growing unpopular in New York he should con template the patronage of the leading danc ing teacher of the town, who has his big square house ou Fifth avenue thronged with pupils from morning till night, and then up to 12 o'clock. At 5 o'clock on every after noon, when the young people's classes are breaking up, the avenue in the locality is thronged with a larger array of carriages than the greatest social event in New York could call forth, and tbe hurrying, skurry ing children with their maids and their mothers form one of the most bewildering sights of the metropolis. A clever thing on the part of the swell dancing master is his manner of retaining people for his pupils season after season. He does this by inventing a new dance each winter, and altering the waltz to such an extent as to make it necessary to go to him for the latest movement. In this way he keeps ladies on his floor that were consid ered the poetry of motion more than ten years ago. Considering the immense crowds of patrons that this man receives, his income during the winter must be quite colossal. Now that the minuet is to be fashionable again, he will doubtless have to hire some more mansions to accommodate his overflow of customers. One of the most painful transformations that I have lately been aware of is that which has overtaken a woman who, a few years ago, was as physically luxurious as any actress on our stage, whose spherical goigeousness of body was impossible to sur pass, so pink, so lovely was she. I remem ber Selina Dolaro when she represented all that was gorgeously sensuous in comic opera, and afterward all that was plump and de licious in comedy. She looked then as if an illness was as much out of her line as a gloomy expression of countenance. The other evening at a theater my escort desired to leave the house between the acts. His seat was the fourth one from the aisle, and it was with considerale hesitation that he began to disturb the people in those three end seats. His immediate neighbor was a sour and fat old man, who made it as disagreeable as possible for him when he passed, by digging knees into his back and muttering imprecations at him for putting him to such a bother. Tbe other seats in the row were occupied by a very much emaciated and sorrowful looking woman whom my friend really disliked to disturb, and a young, rosy-cheeked fellow who showed an evident desire to make the ijuiuucjr ui iiuu an jiiciuitub as jjuajjuie. i My companion expressed regret at disturb ing these two. The woman in a gentle voice and sweet smile, said: "It is of no conse--quence, sir." Her young companion stood up in the aisle, and made some courteous remark. Then I looked at the two good natured people. One was the faint, but pleasant shadow of Selina Dolaro. The other was E. Heron Allen, tbe erstwhile palm reader. I am not acquainted with either of them, but their evident good nature, especially in a circumstance which seems to worry most people in most remark able way, deserves a word of commendation in these times of short tenmers and extensiva selfishness. If we were all so glad as they to be pleasant amid trifling vexations this big city of hours wouf3 be a sweeter center ot existence. Mrs. James Brown Potter is a "rank" bad actress, no doubt, but off the stage is as sweet as a breath of violets. Her very hair is redolent, and not only laces, handker chief, gloves and girdle, but her sleeves, drapery, skirts and even the flowing cloak fills the senses with the delicious perfume of that flower every time a fold changes or the wearer moves. Every woman of refine ment for age3 has worshiped the incense of odors, and in these days of originality and invention, each has a scheme of her own for secretly appropriating the favorite scent. Mrs. Potter's hobby is sachet pillows, of which she has as many as there are dresses in her trousseau. The pillows are a yard long and 18 inches wide, made of light silk, and filled with a layer of wadding and two pounds of violet powder. When a dress is folded the sachet is laid between the skirt and waist, and when it is worn the fragrance is perceptible at every motion. The same care is taken by the lovely Cora with her gloves and linen, and in place of the customary shampoo of bay rum or Florida water, the reddish brown tresses are rinsed in extracts of violets for which she nays ?5 a pint. At a little company in Mrs. Pot ter's parlor the guests, some two or three of the literati, a celebrated beanty and two intimate friends, were regaled with cold lemonade, oaten meal biscuits and violets candied, distilled and natural. The fair hostess was enthusiastic about her appear ance as Cleopatra, and playfully sailed about the room to show off some of the jewels and costly wraps just received from Paris. About the bustle there is absolutely noth ing to say, other than to confirm her aver sion. Not one of her gowns is projected or extended by reed or steel, sack or tournuie, of which fact she is very proud, for her back is superb. Nothing like it is to be found in society, photography or the play house. It is so beautifully curved that a grace hoop could be placed in the turn at the telt. Be side being the first woman to lay aside the tonrnure on all occasions, she has set the fashion of wearing no collar. The neck of her dresses are cut low enough to show the clavicle, and an inch frill ot crepe lisse is the finish. Claba Belle. THE BIRTHPLACE OP JESUS. Nazareth ns it Appears In the Nineteenth Century. Centnry.J One of the best views of the city is to be had from the campanile of the Church of the Annunciation. In the distance is the brow of the hill to which Jesus was led by the enraged multitude who attempted to throw him from it. A modern house in the foreground brings to mind the time when they uncovered a roof and let down the bed whereon the sick of the palsy lay. This must be very much the same kind of house as that historical one at Capernaum. There is the peculiar roof, and there are the outside stairs leading to tbe roof. The Eastern householder makes his roof serve for more than a protection from the weather. It is the piazza, the quiet place of the dweller, and sometimes it becomes his summer residence, Asa rule it is not very heavy or very strong. Rafters are thrown across from wall to wall, say a yard apart; then the whole space is covered with twigs such as we saw the women selling in the market place. On these the slender limbs of trees are thrown and thickly coated with mortar. Lastly, a thick spread of earth is thrown on, rolled to a level, and oftentimes sown with grass seed. Thus by care manyof the roofs become as smooth and soft as a machine-mown lawn. They maybe easily broken up and anything lowered inside from above. By some such process the four bearers of the poor palsied man managed to enlist the attention of the Great Physician in behalf of their friend. It is not hard to understand it all when viewing such a house as this one at Nazar eth. It would not be difficult for four men to carry a lame friend in a hammock by the outer stairway up to the roof, and, breaking through, let him down into the apartment or court below. Not far from this same house, in a narrow street, is a little chapel erected upon the 6ite of Joseph's carpenter shop. Over the altar is a picture representing Mary and Joseph instructing Jesus, and finding that he knew more than they. Another painting represents the lad Jesus assistiner his father at work. It contains no accessories of the carpenter's shop, but there are enough of them in the shops close bv. The websaw, the gluepot, the plane and the hammer are the principal tools used in such shops, all without the modern improvements. Yet whatever the Pahstine carpenter produces is from the fragrant cedars of Lebanon or from the eccentrically knotted and gnarled olive wood. The operation of bargaining and waiting for any article of wood to come from a Palestine" carpenter shop is a lengthy one. Articles of wood are a lux ury there, and when the carpenter receives an order for one he usually employ the next three days of his life in soliciting the congratulations of his friends upon his won derful good fortune in receiving "an order for something made of wood." A STDD1 IN STILL LIFE. Tbe Camera ai nSIeanntoAisIitaDrsnknrd to Reform. Indianapolis Journal. The camera in the hands of a photographer has served many uses, but its valufe as a temperance advocate has never been fully tested. A few days since a couple of en thusiastic photographers, with an instanta neous pocket instrument a little longer than a sardine box, appeared at one of the city hotels and informed the clerk that they came to photograph a friend who had been taken violently drunk the day before, and and who was still largely under the in fluence of the ardent. Inquired of as to the reason for wishing to make a counterfeit presentment of the vinous individual they said their object was to reform him by exhibiting to him, on his next occasion ot sobriety, a picture of him self taken in an advanced stage of whisky, and that this exhibit, thus made, would in all probability have the same effect upon him that the sight of a drunken woman had upan the Spartan youth teaching him the need of moderation in his cups. The hotel people, at first disinclined to permit any copying from the still-life of the character referred to, were induced to relent and co operate in the proposed reformation, and the expedition, including a reporter who was taken along to chronicle the success of the new method, proceeded to hunt up its proposed subject. There was no question ot bis fitness for that test when found. Like Marmion, he had fallen in mid-battle. One boot had been subtracted, but the other remained, and as if to leave no doubt as to the means of his overthrow he had gone to bed with his hat on. It required but a moment to snpply the few details necessary io make the picture effective. A.n American flag draped after the manner of a winding sheet, a few bottles and tumblers peeping out through the inter stices, and the inscription, "We have given him up for gone," on a tag pinned to his collar, 'told the whole story. The instru ment was leveled and sighted. Snapl and with an instant's opening of the shutter valve, the whole scene was perpetuated for all time to come. If the victim does not reform when he gets his copy of that picture, there is no hope for him. Eveet household In the land should have Dr. Boll's Cough Syrnp convenient. 25 cents. HUMAN ANT-EATERS.- Men Who Eagerly Devour the Black Insects Instead of Pickles, ESTEEMING THEM A DAINTY POOD. Curious Facts and Superstitions About Wise little Creatures WHICH PHUOSOPHEES HATE PEAISED CWEirncT roa the dispatch.! HOTJLD a Maine lum berman find a stump or, rotten log with thou sands of big black ants in it, he scoops the tor pid insects from their winter domicile and fills his dinner pail with them. When ho' gets back to his camp at night he sets tha pail in a-cool place un til his supper is ready, then brings it forth, and, while helping himself to pork and beans, helps himself also to ants. There is no accounting for tastes, and he esteems a handful of ants a very choice morsel. Tha animal' called the ant eater is by no means the only one entitled to the name, for tha Yankee woodebopper is an ant eater and so is the black bear, the skunk and other deni zens of the wilds. This statement is made, not with the intention of classing together all the animals which have a liking for this particular species of food, but merely to point out one ,trait which they possess In common. It must not be inferred that all lumbermen eat ants; the taste is one which must be acquired, as few men are naturally insectivorous. Ants are said by those who have tasted them to have a peculiarly agreeable, strongly acid flavor. The woodsmen, whose food consists largely of salted meat, baked beans and similar hearty victuals, naturally have a craving for something sour. "Ants are the very best of pickles," said an old "logger," who confessed to having devoured thousands of them. "They are cleanly in secU, and there is no reason why they should not be eaten, if one can get over a little squeamishnes3 caused by the thought of taking such crawling things into his stomach. There is nothing repulsive about them, and when a man has once learned to eat the creatures as pickles he prefers them to any other kind." ANTS A3 LAEGE AS FOXES. Ants have at various times and in differ ent countries been auite extensively used in medicine, and formic acid, which was first obtained by distilling the bodies of these in sects, but is now artificially prepared, is a well known and useful chemical product. Herodotus tells of ants that live in tha deserts of India which are in size "some what less than dogs, bnt larger than foxes." These creatures, in heaping up the earth after the manner of common ants, were a very efficient aid to the Indian gold hunt ers. The sand which they threw up being largely mixed with gold, the Indians were accustomed to go to the desert in the heat of the day, when the ants were underground, load the sand into sacks, pile the sacks upon their camels and hasten from the spot as rapidly as possible. The ants, according to the historian, were not only the swiftest of animals, but were gifted with such a sense of smell that they immediately becama aware of the presence of men in their terri tory, and unless the Indians got away while the' ants were assembling to attack them not a man could escape. The strangest thing about this remarkable statement by the "father of history" is the fact that he seemed to believe it, and Strabo, Pliny and other writers of a later period inserted it, together with other marvelous stories, ia their works. The wisdom and the industry of the ant have furnished texts for moralists and philosophers from Solomon's time to the present day. One writer speaks of tho creatures as "exemplary for their great piety, prudence, justice, valor, temperance, modesty, charity, friendship, frugality, per severance, industry and art." INSECT LANGUAGE. "It is no wonder that Plato, in Phsedone, hath determined that they who without tha help of philosophy have led a civil life by custom or from their own diligence, they had their souls from ants, and when ther die they are turned to ants again. To thfs may be added the fable of the Myrmidons, & people of iE'ina, who applied themselves to diligent labor in tilling the ground, con tinued digging, hard toiling and constant sparing, joined with virtue, and they grew thereby so rich that they passed the com mon condition and ingennity ot men aaa Theogonis knew not how to compare them better than to pismires, that they were originally descended from them, or were transformed into them, and, as Strabo re ports, they were therefore called 3Iyr midons." Franklin believed that ants had tha faculty of communicating their thoughts to one another, and the observations which he made of the creatures' habits only strength ened this opinion. Having noted that when an ant discovers any delicacy, such, for in stance, as a lump of sugar, it at once runs into its hole and presently returns with a sufficient number of companions to carry it away, he concluded the insects must have some kind of a language. He made a very interesting experiment to test their cunning. Putting a small earthen pot containing treacle into a closet ne touna that tne vessel was soon alive with ants. Shaking 'them all out of the pot except a single ant, hs suspended the vessel to a nail in the ceiling by a small string. When the ant had ate its fill of the molasses it of course began to try to find some way out of the pot, FACTS AND STJPEESTITIONS. After running about on the bottom and sides of the vessel for some time it finally found its way to the top, espied the string, ran up to the ceiling, and thence along the wall and descended to the floor. It had not been gone half an hour when a whole army of ants came marching in, climbed the wall, ran along the ceiling to the string and down into the pot. How did the ants find where the treacle was, and how to get at it, unless their comrade informed them? There are perhaps as many superstitions regarding ants as about any living creatures. They were used in divination by the Greeks, and it was thought that battles between them presaged conflicts of human armies. The English north country people have a belief that it is a sign of coming good for tune to dream of ants. In some of the Southern States ants are said to be fairies, mid superstitious people say they must never be killed, for if they are, the cows will be bewitched and give no milk. The Hindoos believe that good luck comes to the house where ants gather, and it is said they have a custom of depositing each morning small portions of sugar near the ants' nests. Ants have been sacrificed on heathen altars, and savages have a belief that they furnish food to spirits dwelling upon the earth. In Germany and other parts of Eu rope the wood ants and their pups are gathered and dried and sold as food for birds. In several parts ot the world the pupa: of the ants are regarded as a choice edible by man, if the testimony of travelers" and naturalists is true. Baknet. Not Quite Ideal. Harper's Bsiar. "The ideal country is that where thert are no classes," sighed young Mr. Honey moon. "But there are no classes in this country, Alfred," said his fair young bride, stirring the batter for the cakes. "Yesthere are. There are cooking classes" rejoined Alfred, and again he sighed deeply. n J&