Newspaper Page Text
THE PITTSBURG -DISPATCH,' FRIDAY, JANUARY 18, 1889.
le BiipMj. ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 1S15. Vol. , No. 546. Entered at Pittsburg I'cst ccc, November 11. 1S7, as tiecona-class matter. Business Offlce 97 andSO Fifth Avenue. News Rooms and Publishing' House 75, 77 and 79 Diamond Street. Tl:l paper linving more than Double tho circnlation ofuny other in the Stato outside of Philadelphia, its advantages ns on ader tidng mcilinnt Mill lie apparent. TEUJDs OF TUB DWATCH. hostage ntr-E is Titr rxrrto states. DAILY DisrATCn, One Year. ? S) Duly Dispatch, Tcr (Jnarter -W Daily Dispatch. OncJlonth ' Daily Disi'atcu, Including Sunday, one year JOOO DAILY' Dispatch, Including Sunday, per qnarter ISO Daily' Dispatch, including Sunday, one month 10 SONDAY DisPATCit. one rear. 150 Weekly Dispatch, onc-j ear 123 Tun Daily Dispatoi Is delivered by carriers at 15 cent per v.-cei, orincludlngtheSjuudaycdition, at Hicents per week. PITTSBURG, FRIDAY. JAN. IS. 1SS9. LET THE LEGISLATT3E ACT. Coming so ouickly upon the dismissal of the late grand jury by Judge Collier for spinning out its work too finely at the ex pense of the county, the charges against former grand jurors in saloon-keeper Burns' case are calculated to disgust the public with the whole system of organizing juries in this county. It is to the credit of the Bar Association tbat months ago it sounded a clear note of warning to the com munity on this subject. There must now surely be no further hesitation about an im mediate and thorough change in the present methods of picking the pen who sit from dav to day on the lives and property of par ties to litigation. There is no use wasting time distinguish ing between the want of principle in taking money from the county for work not done, by the shirking process, and the positive of fense of taking bribes alleged in this case of Burns, of taking money from defendants in consideration of diverting or restraining the course of justice. Nor is it a far step lrora either to negotiations between jurors and litigants, or their agents, which constitute what is known as "jury-fixing." It is simply intolerable that even suspicion of such possibilities should be allowed to continue to attach to the machinery of our courts. So lar as the specific complaints of which the city detectives say they have evidence against grand jurorsin theinstancs of Burns are concerned, the accused have clearly the right to demand a trial and a hearing of testimony on oath before they shall be held guiltv even in public opinion. But the Burns case entirely apart, enough has been brought out from different quarters against the methods of choosing juries to shake public confidence and to call impera tively for a new system. The simplest is to put the power of selection and the responsi bility whollyupon the Judgcsof the Courts. The Commissioners to draw jurors should be appointed by the courts and removable at pleasure. In the Judges there has al ways been absolute confidence. The Legisla ture Ehould pass such an Act at once. In the meantime the Burns' case should be sifted to the bottom. But action at Harrisburg need not wait the result of that inquiry. There were enough grounds before, for the step which The Dispatch now urges. JIODEHN CHBISTIAN HASTYES. The vigorous policy of the German Gov ernment, in attempting to suppress the slave trade in Eastern Africa, has had a result which might have been foreseen. The natives and traders, angered beyond measure at the prospect of being robbed of a butiness which has long yielded handsome returns, are adopting terrible measures of retalia tion. As is frequently the case, both in savage and civilized warfare, it is the inno cent who sutler most. Several of the brave missionaries, who went to the Zanzibar wilds to proclaim the gospel of peace to the natives, have been massacred: others have been Fold into slavery, while the survivors, unless assistance comes speedily are likely to share a similar fate. The story of the barbarous cruelties in flicted upon these zealous Christian minis ters reads like a leaf taken from some chronicle of the sufferings of martyrs in the dark ages. Even the most heartless skeptic could not peruse it without experiencing a feeling of profound admiration for the hero ism which leads men to incur such dangers and meet such deaths for the sake of Him who suffered and died for sinners. The world is too apt to forget what it owes to its gospel missionaries, but in the accounts which come from Africa we are again re minded of what the self-sacrificing Christian men of this class are continually daring and suffering for Christ's cauic. There is a heroism greater than that of the soldier of war; it is that of the true soldier of the cross. CEIHINAL AERONAUTICS. The problem of aerial navigation has not been solved yet, and if the opinion of the distinguished scientist, Mr. Edison, be re spected, it becomes all good citizens to hope that it never will be. Mr. Edison, who is a firm believer in the feasibility of aerial nav igation, says that the drawback to the suc cess of the balloon as a common vehicle will be the ease with which criminals will be able to escape in aerial cars from the scene of crime The mind of Mr. Edison is so essentially practical and so free from the phantoms of imagination that it is hard to believe that he has made this objection to balloons in sober earnest. At the ontset the thought naturally occurs to us that balloons are not likely to come into such general use that every criminal will carry one about with him in his vest pocket, as it w ere. Nor is a balloon an inconspicuous object at any time, and so presents few attractions to men es caping from the gyves of justice. Besides when we shall see a through balloon service established, say between Pittsburg and New York, it is not unrea sonable to expect that we shall also behold many other new things, and possibly among them will be a detective of an improved pattern who will be competent to catch a criminal in mid-air more easily than his predecessors were able to perform the opera tion on mother earth. WOMAN'S IHTEKTrVE GENIUS. America is a nation of inventors. The reason is that her mechanics are the most in telligent, and, in many lines of trade, the best skilled of any in th world. It is un necessary to enumerate the many nsefnl and valuable machines and inventions which our workingmen have originated, for every civilized people is familiar with them and their uses. But how many, even in this country, are aware that a great number of ingenious mechanical contrivances, some of which are of the highest utility, are the nroduets of the inventive skill of American women? It may not be known, but it is a fact nevertheless. In a volume issued by the Commissioner of Patents it is shown that since 1790 the Government has .granted 2,500 patents to women for inventions exclusively their own. The most of these patents have been granted within recent years. Up to 1830 only ten women had taken out patents, and for some time afterward the list of female inventors grew but slowly, but in the last 20 years evidences of their ingenuity and skill have multiplied more and more rapidly. The inventions of women are by no means confined to bustles, corsets, tidy-fasteners, household furniture and articles intended for feminine use. The list includcsall sorts of things frora dolls and baby jumpers to sleeping cm berths, car couplers, street rail way rails and plows and harrows. Xot every woman who has secured a patent has made a fortune out of it; but if statistics on this point were obtainable we venture the assertion that it would be found that the fair and ingenious inventors have fared quite as well in this respect as the majority of their male competitors. The Commis missioner's report certainly shows that our women are rapidly gaining mechanical knowledge, displaying ability to grasp its many subtleties, and to make their living thereby without the aid of husbands, fathers or brothers. A PITFALL DISCLOSED. The legislators and high officers of the State at Harrisburg were given something like an eleetric shock by The Dispatch's staff correspondent in that city yesterday. All our correspondent did was to ask these simple questions: If the prohibition amend ment to the Constitution is passed by the people in June next, will it not be necessary to enact special legislation providing for the enforcement of the amendment? and will it not be necessary to have a special session of the Legislature to attend to this business? Strange to say most of the statesmen at -iiauisuurg, luuuuiug uutciuui xicaici had not realized what the passage of the prohibition amendment might involve. The possibility that the amendment, if adopted, would, as a. part of the Constitution, over ride the Brooks law and render it inoper ative, thereby freeing the sale of liquor for a time from all restrictions, had not ap parently occurred to the friends, and maybe not even to the foes of prohibition. Judg ing from the answers given to our corre spondent it is very fortunate that the at tention of the public has been called to this matter. There is time enough now to pre vent any misunderstanding or juggling of the question at issue. A CENSUS OF SOLDIERS. As the time for taking the next census approaches suggestions looking to the com piling of novel statistics are becoming plen tiful. Some of these suggestions are ab surd, others impracticable, but here and there is one which promises valuable results. A correspondent of the New York Tribune wants to know whether it would be prac ticable fur the census takers to count all men between eighteen and forty-five who have received military training, as State militia or otherwise, for one year or longer. No reason is apparent to show that such an enumeration would be difficult to make. The enumerators put every inhabitant through a very thorough catechism as it is, but it would not be too much to add a three barreled Question such as this. Have you received a military training, where, and for how long? The answers to this question would make a record of large value to the nation at large. At a glance it would be seen how well or how ill prepared we are to put an army of men, ill possessing some knowl edge of military" matters, into the field. This is one of the preparations for war that can be best effected in time of peace. EATHEE A 'WASTE OF WIT. Senator Eustis, of Louisiana, solaced him self for the bitterness of his political cup last night by dressing up the protective tariff in all sorts of ridiculous clothes and asking his Republican brethren to laugh at him. It is very, very hard to make a tariff debate humorous, but it must be admitted that Senator Eustis, as far as laughter was concerned, succeeded. "Without stopping to discuss what we suppose Mr. Eustis would call the serious object of his speech, it is only proper to call attention to the admira ble slap he administered to the nonsensical proposition to put a tax on imported actors. If Senator Eustis would spend some of his wit upon scoring the .abuse of political power by the Democrats in his own State it would redound to his credit. He has wit; with wisdom and patriotism what a giant Senator Eustis would be 1 A Virginia politician, who had been refused a life insurance policy on the ground that he had been bitten by a Spitz dog, wrote to the eminent scientist, Pas teur, on the subject. The Parisian doctor replied that a healthy dog's bite is harm less, but advised that the animal be watched for eight days after inflicting the wound, to make sure that it is not mad. M. Pasteur evidently thinks that a dog which has such a depraved taste that it will bite a Virginia politician can scarcely be in a healthy physical and mental condition. Slugger Sullivan is reported to have been conquered. It wasn't Mitchell or Kil rain that knocked him out, but his old enemy, John Barleycorn. Pride must have a fall, and Boston has been just a bit too proud of the champion. What is the matter with the people of Kansas, an way7 It is winter and they are deprived of their usual pastime of fighting grasshoppers, but this is scarcely a valid reason why they should divide into factions and figVit each other. Civilized communi ties arc accustomed to settle such questions as the location of a county seat or a district sehoolhotise without the aid of a militia or a Sheriff's posse, and the sooner the citizens of Kansas learn this the better it will be for the prosperity and good name of their State. The New York Jlerald hits the nail squarely en the bead in speaking of the Samoan muddle: "Germany and the United States have too much sense and too many interests at stake to seek a needless quarrel." Sending Madam Diss Debar to the penitentiary does not appear to have de terred others from engaging in business us wholesale and retail dealers in shadowy spirits in New York City. How would it work if the Legislature should enact a high license law, with clauses specially applica ble to medinms of the Diss Debar and Stryker stamp? Two Philadelphia theosophists are about to start on an expedition to find Buddha if possible. Buddha has been dead for evoral centuries. This is probably the reason why Philadelphia is so much interested in him. The agitation now going on in many of the States for the purification of the ballot deserves encouragement. Even though" it be but the carrying out of the usual post election programme, some good may come from the movement if those who sincerely desire reform sufficiently interest them selves. Secretary Bayard is quoted as saying that the State Department has done all it could to settle the Samoan difficulty. This is equivalent to a confession that the State Department can do nothing. Harrison's declaration that he would not announce his Cabinet uutil he became President does not appear to have silenced those who find pleasure in speculating on the subject. The number of men who are willing to do the announcing for the President-elect continues quite aslarge as ever. PHiEADELrniANS will ask the Legisla ture to pass a law forbidding the salo of cigarettes and tobacco to boys under 16 years of age. Such a measure would be wise if it could be made effective. The investigations of the Parnell Com mission seem to have established one fact conclusively, namely, that the witnesses on which the Times relied for,upholding its side of the case are just a trifle worse than the Ttmej ever pretended that the Land Leaguers were. PERSONAL FACTS AND FANCIES. Mrs. Zerelda "Wallace, the venerablo mother of General Low Wallace, is speaking for woman suffrage in Arkansas. The late Dr. McGill, of Princeton, had writ ton a work on Sabbatarian Liturgy." the manu script of which is lost. It is feared that it was accidentally burned by one of tho theologian's servants. Mr. Levi P. Morton, Vice President-elect, and Mrs. Morton arrived in Washington on the limited express from New York yesterday aft ernoon, and are stopping at tho Hotel La Nor mandle. The poor of Windsor have good reason to bless the generosity of Princess Christian. Twice a week during the winter months they are made happy by tho dinners which she pro vides for them at the Town Hall. Mjie. Kowaleitska, to whom the French Institute recently awarded the grand prize in mathematics, is a descendant of the illustrious Matthia3 Uorvlnus, King of Hungary. She is a professor in a Swedish university, and is about 40 years old. Poor Mr. Jameson, Stanley's brave lieuten ant, who perished in the Congo, was especially fond of Mr. Arnold's "Light of Asia." It was his constant companion during his travels in the Dark Continent, and he found great com fort in its poetic philosophy. The music which Sir Arthur Sullivan has furnished for Mr. Irvine's production of "Mao- beth" is not the lirst attempt of the English composer to furnish incidental music for Shakespeare's plays. He has already com posed music for "Tho Tempest," "Tlio Mer chant of Venice," "The Merry Wives of Wind sor" and "Henr VIIL" "The Tempest" music, however, has never been used in a per formance of the play. IT is said that just before she left Washing ton Miss Sackville-Wcst ordered made a fine crayon portrait of herself, to be presented to Mr. Alexander Grcgcr, Secretary of tho Rus sian legation. He is the son of a rich banker of St. Petersburg, whose death about two years ago left a large estate to be divided between his daughter and son. In Washington he has been the life of the younger circle of fashion able society. This season is lamenting his ab sence in New York, in charge of the Consulate General. Prof. Waldstein. the head of the Ameri can Archaeological Institute at Athens, has scored a notable discovery in excavation on the Acropolis. It is in the form of a beautifully-preserved head of Iris belonging to the frieze of the Parthenon, which exactly fits and completes a portion of a slab at the Brit ish Museum. In recognition of his work tho Green authorities have presented the original fragment and a cast of the whole slab to the American school. The American excavations at Ikario and Starnata have also yielded good results, and the Government has given per mission to dig at three other important places, but lack of funds prevents our school from taking the lead of all the institutes of Athens. THE SAME OLD STORY. Democrats Mnlso n Fntilc Endeavor to Organize the Senate. Special Telegram to the Dispatch. Charleston, W. Va January 17. This morning two Democratic Senators, Messrs. McCalllster and Pritchard, voted for a Republi can President of that body in the hope that an organization might thereby be effected, but without any result. Senator Carr has been voting with tho Republicans on all questions where party lines have been drawn, but as he and Minear have been voting for each other on every ballot for President, his vote docs not help cither side in this contest. It is now un derstood that both sides are willing to organize provided they can make satisfactory terms with their opponents. It is said that the Democrats are willing to elect a Republican President, but want to dic tate who the clerk shall be. This the Republi cans are not willing to concede as yet. Judge Fleming's notice of contest was presented to the Senate to-day, but, as the body was not organized, nothing could be done further than to file it for future action, and an adjournment was had until 11 o'clock to-morrow. EBB AND FLOW OF GAS. It Is Found to bo Coincident With tho Ocean Tides. From the Cincinnati Enquirer. Perhaps nowhere in any gas belt is there so great peculiarity as exists in the flow of gas at Montpelicr.Ind. Six hours out of 24 the gas runs down to a minimum and six hours out of the day the gas reaches maximum. When tho supply is at low ebb tho valves are turned wide open to get a sufficient supply. When tho gas is at highest the smallest turn of the key is enough to supply the demand. That the move ments are co-instant with tho ocean tides is evi dent, but whether or not tho same influences are the causo can only be a matter of con jecture. This Suspense Is Awful. From the Chicago News. "Ah!" exclaimed tho eminent Republican statesman joyfully, as he was handed aletter bearing the Indianapolis postmark, "it has come at last." Then he tore" open tno envelope with eager fingers and unfolded a document from which he read as follows: "Twenty Reasons Why Natural Gas Will Make Indianapolis Great." One minute later a member of the Salvation Army who happened to be passing gave the eminent statesman a tract on tho sinfulness of profanity. More Help for Harrison. San Francisco, January 17. A petition has just been forwarded to General Harrison, signed by every Republican member of tho Nevada Legislature, and by 54 out of 53 Repub lican members of tho California Legislature, praying for the appointment of M. M. Estee, of this State, to a position in General Harrison's Cabinet. Too 3In:h for Iliin. From the Chlcago.Ncrs.J A man in Duluth dropped dead while talking through a telephone. He probably had been given the number he wanted the first time he asked for it. What tho Country Needs. From the Philadelphia Times.: Big money has been appropriated for'the navy, but what the country needs more is a big navy for the money. From Anarchy to Arnica. From the New York Tress.I The Anarchists are trying anarchy among themselves. This is sure to lead to arnica. THE TOPICAL TALKER, A Delicato Hint is Sometimes Efficacious Lumber and the Weather. A reverend gentleman, who lives in a pretty little village fn Ohio, last summer took it into his head that it would relax his soul and replenish his pockets and cko his larder to raise poultry. Consultation with ccitain lay men of his congregation enabled him to pro cure a very select company of chickens. A hennery was erected, ana, contrary to all precedent, the preacher prospered in tho cul ture of poultry. But, after awhile, 4 shrinkage in the little feathered flock became noticeable. It was only too apparent that a thief had been visiting the hennery. My reverend friend watched and discovered that the purloiner of his pullets was a colored gentleman whoso age and piety had hitherto saved him from the least breath of suspicion. The next day the clergyman called, upon the colored brother and presented him with a choice side of bacon, saying: "Now, George, I hope you will enjoy this bacpn, and I want to keep tho rest of my chickens!" The hint was enough. The hen roost has never been iuvaded since. When the story above related was told to mo the other day a gentleman who was present said: "Your story, doctor, reminds me of an other somewhat like it An old farmer, who Is a neighbor ot mine, had his smokehouse robbed regularly every winter, and though ho suspected a colored man who lives between his house and mine he could never fasten the theft upon him. WpII, last fall, when he was butch ering his hogs, he called in this old darkey to assist. Tom that was tho colored suspect's name helped to kill and dress a score of hogs, and then the old farmer said to him: 'Now, Tom, you can take one of these hogs home with you on condition that you won't steal any of my meat this winter.' "Tom looked pleased at first, but as the con dition was laid down an expression of per plexity stole over his face. Ho seemed to bo figuring out a hard problem. At last he said slowly: 'Well, mass'r, I knows I'se losin' a pow'f ul lot o' pork, but I guess I'll take do hog an, call it squar'.' "Tom stuck to his compact, and tho smoke house was not robbed that year." V Senator Mathew Stanley Quay not only does not talk himself, but ho takes extra ordinary precautions against anyone talking for him. The President-elect has made a reputation for himself in this line also, but he hasn't been able to prevent his son from talking a little, as the lattcr's speech at Helena, tho other day, very clearly Bhowed. Senator Quay's son is a shrewd young man, no doubt, but even he could not tell much about his father's plans or knowledge if ho would. It is said tbat when Senator Quay returned from his much-discussed visit to Indianapolis, he ab solutely declined to talk about what ho saw or heard or did while under General Harrison's roof, even when members of his own family asked him tho simplest questions. Senator Quay believes that his own soul is the Dest safe deposit vault in tho world for his secrets big and little. . A Pittsburger, who deals extensively in Inmber, said to me last night: "If we don'thave some snow pretty soon tho lumber business is going to suffer sharply. I've been all through tho Tldionte district, and Warren and Forest counties, trying to get the" rigs for six gas wells, and I couldn't get a stick ot hemlock anywhere. Tho Inmber men are all waiting for snow. They can movo four logs on a sled for every two that they can haul in summer time, so the lumber harvest naturally comes in winter. In such open weather as we've been having hardly a log can bo moved, and if winter doesn't come soon in earnest you may expect lofty prices for lumber. In the West the same complaints are beard, though some logging has been done in Michigan." THE OLDEST POSTMASTER. A Petition Is Being Signed For Ills Retire ment With a Pension. West Chester, N. Y., January 17. A peti tion is being circulated among tho residents of Yorktown asking the President to retire Post master Lewis Purdy from active service and grant him a liberal pension for the remainder of his life. Mr. Purdy Is said to be the oldest postmaster in the United States, both in years and service, having been appointed postmaster or Shrubb Oak by President W. H. Harrison, grandfather of President-elect Harrison, in 1841. Mr. Purdy is now 03 years of age and re ceives and distributes the mail twice a day, and has never been absent from his post a day since he has been in the service. His only assistant is his wife, who Is 00 years of age. V hen Mr. Purdy was appointed Shrubb Oak had but one mail each month, then two, and finally three after the war. During the early years of Mr. Purdy's official life, people came to Shrubb Oak fortheirmail from distant points in Putnam county, two or three days being occupied to make the trip. SHERIDAN'S PERSONAL MEMOIRS. Ex-Governor Curtin Says They Ought to bo Read by Every True American. Washington, January 17. Ex-Governor Curtin, of Pennsylvania, has written a letter to Mrs. Sheridan concerning the "Personal Me moirs" of the General, in which he says: "It is a book which should be in the hands, not only of every surviving soldier of tho war of the rebellion on both sides, but of every Ameri can who loves his country and is proud of her heroes. Its clear, simple and graphic narrative of the events of the General's life, modest in its relation of personal details and generous in its recognition of the merits and achievements of his companions in arms, is a perfect illustra tion of the mind and character of the gallant and genial hero whom we all honored and loved. "Every page is of absorbing interest, and, in my opinion, it is destined to ta.ee its place among those fortunate books that mankind de light to read and cherish. It is. besides, most valuable as an autbentic record of historical events of vast importance." It All Depends. From the Norristown Herald. First Democrat Did you hear how the cam paign managers in Now York bought and used for partisan purposes, tho mailing list of a prohibition organ in tbat city? Second Democrat Why, no. That was a pretty smart trick, though, wasn't it? But everything is fair in politics; and I tell you, the Republicans must get up early if they want to getahead of our boys in clever polit First Democrat Yes, but it was tho Repub licans who bought the lists. Second Democrat Wh what. Well, there ought to bo some law to punish such shameful schemes of corruption, and I hope every mother's son of them will fetch up in jail! What Next? Frora the New York Tribune. J Needles which go Into tho left tbnmb and come out of tho right ear ten years afterward must now give way to tho key which is swallowed and coughed up from the lungs. Mr. Meeker, an Indiana harness maker, claims to have invented the new trick. "Progress" is the watchword of civilization. Going; to Extremes. From the l'hiladclphiaKecord. I Tho high bonnet will soon be only an un pleasant remembrance. But as headgear takes on shapes of reasonableness, fancy finds play at the other extremity of feminine apparel. The latest freak is heels of chased gold and silver on white kid dancing shoes. Bnd for the Paris Exposition. From the Norristown Herald. J The Paris authorities are trying to suppress the fact that 1,200 performers are to unite in a single military band at this year's Paris Expo sition. The secret has leaked out, however, and it is feared the attendance will bo di minished one-half in consequence. DEATHS OF A DAY. Miss Rosnlto Ann Booth. New Tonic, January 17. Miss Rosalie Ann Booth, an elder sister of the actor, Edwin Booth, died at 10:30 o'clock on Tuesday evening, at 6G3 Lexington avenue. For the past two years she has been an invalid, and of late had suffered from paralysis. She was a daughter of Junius itrntnq Booth, and was born 65 rears ago In Baltimore, -I Hugo Collmcr. St. Louis, January 17. Hrxo Collmer, Secre tary of the Executive Commutes of the North American Turner Bund, and one of the oldest and most prominent members of that society, died hereto-day. aged 59 years. Deceased served in the War of the Hebellion, and belore the close was promoted to a Captaincy. THE MEANEST ON EECOUD. Holders of a Chattel Mortgage Surpass All Previous Attempts. Chicago, January 17, Max Sletzgar, a young German machinist, told a pitiful story to the polico this morning. Last fall his wife fell ill, and being too poor to pay a nurse, had to leave his work and care for her himself. When she died ho had no money left with which to bury her. So ho borrowed $30, giving a chattel mortgage on his furniture. After a time he was thrown out of work, and was un able to meet the payments on his mortgage. The holder was lenient with him and all was well, but this creditor died a short time ago, and the mortgage passed into unknown hands. Last night when ho returned from his work he found that the holder of the mortgage bad broken into tho house and stripped it ot every thing, leaving his three small children only the protection of tho bare walls. The police will endeavor to find the heartless sharks. The way tho mortgage men cleaned out the unfortunate Metzgar's things was something ex traordinary. They began by carrying out everything tbo apartment contained except tho stove, bed and table. There was some dis cussion about them, but finally the coals wcro arann irom tne stovo ana it, too, was tauen away. A loaf of bread left on the tablo by the father for the children was also taken, and the contents of the pitcher ot milk was spilt on the floor so the men could tako tho pitcher. Then the tablo was carried out. and a sick child was taken from the bed, which was taken to pieces and with the clothing was carried away. Only the strawtick was left and on this the suffering child was laid, without anything to cover it or any heat in tho house. The intruders then left, after carefully searching every closet and nook in the house, and taking everything they could find. The little children were frightened so that they were afraid to leave the house, and they cuddled up on the strawtick and shivered with cold and fear until tho father came home. A RURAL WEDDING. Itlnrringo of G. Bovrlv Richardson, of Bal timore, to Miss Moore, of Grceusburg. Special Telegram to the Dispatch. Greensbcro, January 17. Miss Mary Joe Moore, eldest daughter of J. W. Moore, tho coke operator, was married this evening at 7 o'clock, at the residence of tho bride's parents, to G. Bowly Richardson, of Baltimore, The event was a very brilliant one, and the cere mony was witnessed by over 200 guests, many of them from Pittsburg, Uniontown and Con nellsville. The bride wore rich satin duchesse, with duehesso point laeo and pearl trimmings. She carried a beautiful bouquet of Mermot roses and maiden-hair ferns, and wore diamond ear rings of great value, a gift from her mother, and bracelets set with diamonds, a gift from the groom. Tho bridemaids, four handsome young ladies. Miss Luelia Moore, Miss Eva Stoffer and Miss Frank Moore and Miss May Reed, wore India silk, with ostrich feather trimmings. Mrs. Moore, the bride's mother, wore f aillo Francaise, with trimmings of point lace. The Lohengrin wedding march was played before the ceremony and afterward the Men delssohn march. After the ceremony supper was served by a Pittsburg caterer. Mr. and Mrs. Richardson left to-night for Philadelphia and New York. After the wedding tour they will make their home in Baltimore, where a re ception will be held on January 31. The ceremonv was performed by Rev. Dr. R. B. Moore, of Tiffin, O., an uncle of the bride, assisted by Rev. Dr. W. W. Moorhead, of this place. A DIPLOMATIC RECEPTION. The President and Mrs. Cleveland Again Meet the Foreign Ministers. Washington, January 17. The public par lors and the conservatory of the Whito House were crowded, to-night, with a largo and bril liant assemblage invited to attend the Presi dent's reception to the diplomatic corps. Palms, potted plants, ferns and cut flowers in profusion adorned every available space, and tbe effect was enhanced by garlands of smilax twined round tho chandeliers. The guests be gan to arrive early, and when the President and Mrs. Cleveland descended tbe stairs to the music of "Hail to the Chief," played by tho Marine Band, and took their places near tbe door of the Blue Room, a large number of peo plo were in waiting. Tho President and Mrs. Cleveland were as sisted in receiving'by Miss B.ivard. Mrs. Fair child, Mrs. Endicott, Mrs. Whitney, and Mrs. Dickinson. Among those back of the receiv ing line were: Mr. Gcorgo W. Childs, the Misses Bayard, Mrs. Folsom, Miss Vilas, Mr. and Mrs. James J. Hill, of St. Paul, Mr. A. J. Cassatt, Sir. and Mrs. George C. Roberts, Mr. and Mrs. R. P. Flower, and Mrs. Ward. Another Poverty German. The Misse3 Morgan, daughters of Colonel Morgan, entertained a large number of their friends yesterday at a "Poverty German," held at their residence in the United States Arsenal, Lawrencoville. THE TRUST MUST GO. An Extremely Strincent Mensuro In the New York Legislature. Albany, January 17. A bill, titled "An act to prevent monopolies" was introduced in tho Senate here to-day. It is aimed at trusts, and embodies the principles laid clown in Judge Barrett's recent decision against the Sugar Trust. Among other provisions are these: That every contract or part of contract in restraint of trado is void. All contracts which provide that any inhabitant of the State shall not pursue an occupation or profession are deemed in restraint of trade, and that no cor poration in this or any other State or foreign country shall make a contract with a citizen or corporation doing business in this Stato by which a person or corporation agrees to abstain from doing business. Any such contract shall be void. If the State corporation be guilty, the Attorney General shall bring action to forfeit its franchise. If the foreign corporation be guilty, it shall be forbidden to do further busi ness in the State. England's Electoral Reform Laws. From the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. 1 It is estimated by men who may fairly be considered experts that the electoral reform law of Great Britain has practically stopped all bribery in that country and reduced tho cost of general elections about 75 per cent. The electoral scheme in vogue in England is simi lar, in its leading features, to that adopted in Massachusetts, and to the scheme which is be fore the Legislatures of several States just now and will be before other Legislatures some time this winter. There is good reason to hope that the change in election methods will pro duce as good results in this country as it has in England and Canada. It would certainly make some improvement. Bound to Have It. From the Philadelphia Ledger. St. Paul people are red hot for an ice palace, and, toquoto tho President of tho Carnival Board of Directors, "a palace will bo built if it stands only two hours." Not Wonderful. From the Chicago Herald.: A French scientist claims that he can make gold by combining copper and silver. But that's no trick at all. Tho Copper Trust is coining millions of gold out of copper Alone. A Public Benefactor. From the Boston Globe. A New York clothier advertises "prices of suits reduced 100 per cent." If that is true ho is a public benefactor, and should take rank with the great philanthropists of the world. The Oldest Inhabitant Stumped. From the Philadelphia North Amcrlcan.l This winter will be pleasantly remembered for at least one thing. It has completely stumped tbe oldest inhabitant, who cannot re call anything like it Lost Their Record of Time. From the Philadelphia Times. The time seems to have come when Wesf Virginia should be informed that November I elections cannot be held in January, BOTH SIDES. nERS. He asked for my rose Yes, he lores mc, I think, And no one else knows That he asked fur my rose; But my cheek warmer glows. Like the petals deep pink. He asked for my rose; Yes, he loves me, I think. N nrs. I asked for her rose She was flirting, I think. I don't mean to propose Since I asked for her rose; But girls always suppose That we're Just on the brink. When 1 asccd for her roso She was flirting, I think. -We. HASTY BUILMKG. An Expert's Views on the Diamond Street Disaster Facts About Mortar Tbo Force of the Wind A Remarkable Fact Cited Interesting Points for Builders to Ponder Over. To the Editor of the Dispatch : Assuming that the walls of the Willey build ing stood 75 feet above the ground line, tho woight resting upon each sqnare foot of the foundation was 8,000 pounds, or i tons, brick and mortar averaging about 120 pounds per cubio foot The walls were erected to tbat, or near that, height in a shorter space ot tlmo than any similar wails have over been built in this city. It mfght be safe to assort tbat the feat was never equaled in any city in the coun try, as but few buildings of such height aro erected covering so small an area. It re sembled a tower, and with a steam hoist and numerous bricklayers, it grow skyward as if by magic The writer undertakes to claim that to this haste in building and to nothing else can be attributed the terrible disaster of the tth Inst. Mortars and building cements harden, or I takft thpir , t tn ,lrv. nmn mnrtir nar. I !?.!.,."' S.et',,n d.ryins- t . ,P.n ticularly has almost no cohesive or senslie strength until it has become tolerably dry, and unui nearly ury it has but a leeDIe resistance to i ffer to strains of compression. When fully dried as it may be in an ordinary wall after tho lapse of six months the crushing strength of lime mortar ranges between 150 pounds to 300 pounds per square inch, or sav 9.7 to 19.3 tons per square foot. How could tbe mortar have drietl during the short period the Willey building was being erected? ' Too Much Ilnstc. Even in tho driest snmmer weather such rapid worK would hardly have been considered safe by a conscientious and intelligent in spector of masonry. It is certain the inspector would have all the authorities to side with his views. Here wo have the lower courses of mortar joints, whilo still green, subjected to a load of four tons per square foot, or to per haps half, or certainly to .me-quarter, of their ultimate strength, which wo may assume would havo been reached in six months. To have been even tolerably safe, eight or ten weeks at least should have been occupied in constructing brick walls of that height, and in a winter such as we experiencing, even a longer time would be advisable. A common remark among observers at the scene immediately after the accident was that tne mortar appeared to nave too mucn sami iu it. This was a natural conclusion, but probably an erroneous one, and unjust to tbe contractor. The chemist's analysis shows, and a close ex amination of specimens of the mortar would indicate, that there was a sufficiency of lime. The chemist says the proportion was as one of lime to four of sand, which represents the aver age mixture. One lime to five sand will make good mortar, accordiug to some of the authori ties. In quality, also, the lime was probably good. The sandy appearance of the mortar is due to the crushing load it was prematurely called upon to bear, and not, as somo have thought, to the absence of the proper propor tion of lime, or, as others have said, to "frost killing." There has not been enough frost this winter to more than freeze the exposed surface. But mortar, even slightly crumbled from what ever cause, when partially dried, will never aft erward make a good boDd; and it is, therefore, more than probable that tho Willey building never would havo had durable walls. The ac tion of frost and rain would havo rapidly disin tegrated the joints, though the building, so long as tbe walls remained vertical, might have stood many years, as numerous other "ram shackle" structures are standing throughout tho city. The Force of tbe Wind. On Wednesday, tbe 9th Inst., there was a wind storm which by 1235 r. M. developed into a gale attended with local swirls and puffs of wind of considerable violence. The general direction of the winds was from the southwest, and at the hour and minute named one of these sndden squalls struck the Willey building. Tho front of the building facing on Diamond street was open, that is to say the sides and rearwalls bad been completed to the top line of the sev enth story, but tbe front, from the ground up, remained to be put in. Tho open front and closed rear wall presented a veritable cul de sac for the force of the wind to operate in. Tbe rear wall of the Germania Bank building served further to deflect and concentrate the wind on the devoted structure. It was an ex traordinary and remarkably sudden squall for Pittsburg, but would have occasioned slight comment in someof the seaboard cities, oreven in Dakota. It so happens that at the United States Signal office, located almost directly on the track of this miscalled tornado, and scarcely more than 200 yards northeast of the AVillie building, the anemometer registered tbo ve locity of tbe wind. The actual force of the wind at the Willey buildingcould scarcely have been made greater than it was at the Signal office. The greatest lecorded velocity of the wind was 40 miles an hour, and this was at tbe time the building fell, though for reasons else where assigned the force exerted by this wind at the Willey building mav have been greater than Its velocity, as recorded 200 yarde distant would appear to indicate. Nevertheless, this is a case where actual observations were taken of the force of tbe wind and as near to tho scene of a disaster as rarely his happened since the United States Signal Service was estab lished. w A Remarkable Fact. The rear of a new, not yet furnished, eight story building was within 200 feet of the Willey structure. Its windows facing the direction from which tho storm came were temporarily closed with common cotton sheeting, and yet few of these sheets were torn or blown in. The fact that they were not all torn out is of itself remarkable so also the fact that no other buildings or chimney tops in tbe vicinity were carried away is equally astonishing. This is not the way of tornadoes, and far less the way of gales, viz: to pounce down upon a single isolated spot. Tornadoes often lift or bound over a number of buildings, or other apparent obstructions; still they leave a well defined track, broken, though it may be in some cases, with gaps where little or no damage is done. Not so in this case. A southwest and northeast course laid over tho Willey building will show no more damage to trees, fences, etc.. than was experienced in other parts of the city and ad jacent country. Nevertheless this particular building fell down, "and great was the fall of it." Wo can only surmise what the pressure ex erted by the winds within the walls actually was. Ronse & Smeaton's formula gives for a velocity of 40 miles an hour a pressure of 7.87 pounds per squaro foot. Considerable uncer tainty exists, however, as to the application of the formula, for much depends on the shape of tbo object presented to the wind angle of incidence, etc It is known, however, that a concave surface offers greater resistance than an eaual section of a main surface and a con vex less. That the Willey building received the full force of the storm there can be no doubt. It wa3 a concavity, into which also the Germania building very likely deflected a further increasement of wind force. We might assume that the combined forces oper ating developed a power equaled by a gale of 50 miles per hour, and that its force was ac cordingly 12.3 pounds per square foot But even such a pressure is not competent to blow down a well-built brick wall. The Willey building walls were, it is said, 22 inches for the first story, though several of the upper stories were only 13 inches thick, tor live stories such walls would bo deemed safe, for six they are light, bnt for seven stories they are do cidcdly unsafe for buildings intended for gen eral business and storage purposes. What Caused tho Crash. Nevertheless, if the wind, which lasted scarcely more than two minntes, was the cause of the accident, its effect, if the walls had been dry, would havo been confined solely to the upper story, or, perhaps, the npper two stories, and it is well to note' hero that surrounding buildings greatly protected tho first three sto ries from the direct violence of the gale. It is not an infrequent event for light top stories of buildings to bo blown off, for it is at the top where the winds usually have tho fullest sweep, and there is the least thickness of wall and dead weight to resist its force. But an eye witness, the intelligent carpenter, who saw the Willey building fall, from a window of tbe Ger mania building, says it fell altogether in ono mass. It was ono grand crash, and the entire seven 6tories were leveled to within a few feet of the earth, tho upper part of the walls falling outwardly and the lower part falling more or lcs3 uniformly inwardly. How then can wo ac count for the accident? In the first place we must consider tbat the walls were green; and as wc have sought to show, tho mortar joints in somo parts were crushed orcrumbIed,'and lacking in bond in consequence of that fact. Higher up, where not much weight rested on the walls the hori zontal joints were thoroughly soft, fresh-laid mortar. Under the circumstances it is posi tively certain that at no part were the walls set and rigid, while on the contrary, there is every reason to conceive of them as being flexible. The heavy wind pressure acting expansively in tho interior ot the building siy from the third floor to the seventh, and greatest near the top where it overflowed tended to bend tho waifs by relieving the inside bed-joints ot mortar of some of the weight and increasing the com pression correspondingly on the outside joints. The mortar even half way down had two tons weight to the square foot of wall pressure upon it to start with, the further strain on the out Side joints caused by tho leverage of tbe walls completed the task of pulverizing the mortar on that side. A very little flexture of the walls that far down would cause tbe top portions to lean over its center of fravity, and thus cause them to topple over, he radius of the swing of tbo top portion of the walls was, toward the Wood street side, perhaps 25 or more feet, which wonld indicate that the three upper stories went outward to gether. The thrust of tbe falling masi against tbo portion of the wall standing below com pleted tbe destruction of the entire building. There might have been more than one axis npon which tbe walls hinged and broke, but it was some sort of zigzag movement, the floor timbers no doubt influencing tbe direction of the movement to a greater or less extent But to summarize, nothing appears clearer to the writer's mind than that tho calamity was caused by the weakness of the mortar, due to tho haste of the construction of the building. If a strong storm front had been put in the building would doubtless have been standing to this day. JIOET. Pittsburg, January 17. E3IPIEE CITY GOSSIP. In a Terrible Tangle. 15EW TOnK BUEKAU SPECIALS. New York, January 17. Tbo Oystermen's Trde Union has got itself into a terrible tan gle by adopting heroic measures against its In temperate members. About four weeks ago it warned 98 members, who drank and did not pay their dues, that they must reform or step out No one reformed, and yesterday all BS were compelled to step out A tremendous rumpus resulted. The expelled ojstcrmen say they will start a union of their own, and initiate an Assembly 49 warfare upon tbe temperate oys termen. Tho oyster dealers aro trying to make peace and do a hit of temperance work at the same time. They think the intemperate oyster openers ought to be reinstated if they will promise not to drink during working hours. Hale Needs a Monument. General Horatio C. King and Frederick S. Tallmadge, a committee from tho Sons of the Revolution, and Mayor Grant, decided to-day that a monument ought to bo erected to Nathan Hale in City Hall Park. Mayor Grant will write the Park Commissioners a letter about it A Challenge to Expressmen. A novel challenge comes from Marcus II. Mahony, of Portland, Me. Marcus wants to meet any employe of the American Express Company in a match at rate-giving. He says he can take a room full of packages, directed to towns in all parts of the United States, mark the rate upon each package, with the weight, and enter tbe whole transaction in a tariff book quicker than any man in America. He is willing to wager from $50 to $500 on tho result of a competition. His record is 1,000 packages in 500 minutes. Mad Enough to Murder. Patrick Bempsey, a laborer, tried to shoot his former employer, Frederick Farrar, in the back, this noon, at the New York entrance to the Brooklyn bridge. Dcmpsey's revolver was of so small caliber that tbe bullet barely pene trated Mr. Farrar's he vy overcoat Dempsey was locked up. He said be wished to kill Mr. Farrar to avengo his discharge from Mr. Farrar's factory. Old Enough to Quit Work. Yorktown has a postmaster 95 years old, who was appointed by President Harrison in 1841. The people of the town will petition Congress to retire him on a liberal pension. He Lived Liko a Lord. Mrs. Flonelle Presby Wason, commonly known as the baby wife, has been telling a judge of the Supreme Court to-day how much alimony Mr. Wason ought to giro her. She thinks ho ought to do something handsome by her because he owns $500,000 worth of stocks. Mr. Wason swears, however, that this story about his wealth is all bo3b. His wife got the idea he was tremendously rich, he thinks, be cause Mother-in-law Presby made him live far beyond his means during his honeymoon. He says he is in debt $20,000, out of business, and barrassed at every tarn, all on account of tbat motber-in-law. Mr. Wason is 21 years old. Mrs. Wason is four years younger. She wishes to get rid of Mr. Wason because he was too fond of her maid. Sorry He Tried to Thrash a Man. Mr. August Stuhler Is sorry he tried to thrash Mr. Charles J. Harrison, his wife's al leged sweetheart, in Broadway last night. He did not tell any of the bad stories about Mr3. Stuhler and Mr. Harrison in court this morn ing, as he threatened to do last night He jnst shook hands with Mr. Harrison, told tbe Jus tice it was all right and walked off home. Mr. Harrison says that he and Mrs. Stuhler went to the hotel together merely to play euchre, a game of which Mrs. Stuhler is remarkably fond. Mrs. Stuhler says she hopes her husband will get a divorce. She claims that he com pelled ber to marry him by means of mesmeric influence that he exerts over her. Freddy Takes His Time. Freddy Gebhardt was expected to tell the Supreme Court this morning why he had not paid Mr. Ramson S9S for Mrs. Langtry's screen. A big, curious audience gathered in the cham bers to hear what he bad to say. Mr. Gebhardt did nrt come, however. His counsel said he would give his reasons for not paying the bill 20 days later, and the case was adjourned. Payment for Paralysis. The Long Island Railway Company was di rected by the Supremo Court to-day to pay Ru dolph E-Dalzell $10,000 becauso he received injuries on the cars which induced paralysis. ETIQUETTE AT DINNER. Whistling between courses 13 not allow able. No well-bred person will eat cayenno pepper with a spoon. It Is not the proper caper to take your pet mastiff out to dine with you. Never ask your hostess for "tho check" at the conclnsion of the dinner. It Is not de rlgueur to want more than three napkins in the course of a single meaL , If fruit is served do not offer the apple coro to the waiter or throw your banana skins on tbe floor. Pie is no longer fashionable in society. No member of the charmed circle ever thinks of substituting pic for fish. Keep your food on the table. It is not do rigueur to drop roast beef or, indeed, any other edible on your hostess' carpet Do not ask for more than five plates of soup. no matter what your politics may be, or what kfnd of soup may be served. No matter how much your corns may ache you are not justified in slipping off your pumps under the table during the progress of tho meal. TniCK soups are very common. It must be remembered that it 13 vulgar to attempt to cut your soup with a knife, no matter how thick It may be. Avoid personalities, and do not perpetrate the old joke of asking an oyster patti to "sing 'Home.SweetHome in ber own inimitablo way" for you. Do not put your host's silver in your pocket He may have hired it for tbe occasion and such thoughtless behavior on your part might tend to embarrass him. IT is not proper to throw olives at the waiter in order to attract his attention, nor is it at all polite to tinkle your wine glass with your knifo for the same purpose. Ip you do not happen to care for the gamo course let it go, and under no circumstances take your portion and wrap It up In paper for consumption later on. Should your friend invite you home to a real bome-made dinner, do not advise him to try Browne, the new caterer, if you wish to re main a friend of his wife's. Givers of dinners should avoid practical jokes. Such old-time customs as putting hair pins in tho soup and sewing machine oil in tho salads have gono out entirely. Avoid politics at dinner. If you are unwill ingly drawn into a heated debate rather admit yourself in the wrong than throw a plate of ice cream at your adversary's wife. Do not complain of the cooking when yon are dining at the house of a friend. His wife may have prepared the meal, and you certainly can have no wish to hurt her feelings. A public banquets it Is considered very witty to hit the after-dinner speakers in tho back of the neck with bread balls, cherrystones or Malaga grapes, but under no circumstances is it proper to substitute charlotte russe or filet for these objects. If your host tells yon tbat the soup is called creme d'artols take his word for it It may seem like pea soup, and It probably will be pea soap, but soma people like tbeir soup better in French than in English, and you must remem ber that every man is entitled to. his own taste. Hew York Evening Sun. ' CDUIODS CONDEliSATIQAS. ? ' A New York man recently paid 525 for an almanac 275 years old. Chicago last week had her first touch this season of real winter weather. Pansy blossoms were gathered in the Cat3kills. near MargaretviUe, N. Y., Sunday. Fourteen persons were pronounced m sane at Bcllevue Hospital, New York, Mon day. High license has cut down the number of saloon in St Paul from 782 to CL exactly one-half in one year. The paupers of London (exclusive of inmates in asylums and vagrants) numbered 100,706 about ten days ago. They do not beat spears into pruning hooks up at Troy; but the gun foundry up there has taken a contract to build a wrought-iron, railroad bridge. An infant in Cincinnati while bein tossed into the air ran its finger into its father's eye, and it is feared the sight has been de stroyed. The nail pierced the ball. An English joker took down the calen dar in a business office and hungup one two) years old. Bates for important papers wero taken from it and a loss of $30,000 was the re sult A rocking stone in New Marlborough, Mass., is so nicely balanced that, notwith standing it weighs many tons, tho pressure of a single finger is sufficient to move it about an inch. The women of Bridgeton, N. J., aro taking advantage of the prevailing "Whita Cap" craze in a peculiar way. A case is re ported where one of them wrote her husband a letter in order to keep him in at nights. It proved effectual. A cat crawled into the muzzle of a cannon in tho British barracks at Cape Colony a short time ago. When tho evening salnta was fired she was thrown a distance of 200 feet, but, strange to say, lived for two hours alter her involuntary flight ' Virginia keeps ahead of the rest of tha country In panther stories nowadays. Tha latest narrative deals with a 13-foot beast, who boarded a moving freight train, carried oft a lantern and a box of tools from the tender, and went rattling up the mountain, making music for miles around. George Hodges, of Brnnsw'ick, Ga., has secured two stuffed fish tbat are natural curiosities, the one a porcupine aad tho other a pincushion fish. The former is covered with sharp thorns resembling porcupine quills. The latter is something of the shape and appear ance of a duck, the mouth being something of a bill and the fins something like wings. It 1 covered over thick with little lino needle points. Oranges are now being moved from Florida in bulk, tbe same as potatoes. They are piled about three feet high, and paper is rnn around the sides of the car, while the floor is covered with fine marsh grass. Numerous carloads of tho fruit thus packed have reached Baltimore. Several varieties came in a car, partitions of thin board being put np. The last car to Baltimore contained 42,000 oranges, and had been six days making the trip. Tbe freight on the car was $155. "Whisco B. Line," an nged hermit, died in Massachusetts theother dav. Hisright n-me was Jonathan Reynolds, and his place of abode was a hole in tbe ground, overwhich was constructed a rough hoard covering. Here, with his horse and dog, be has lived, doing any thing for a living. Access to his bedroom wa? by steps down in one corner of tbe cellar, and his bed was on poles. No one visited him, and be troubled no one, except on business.. Ha thought much of hi3 dumb companions, and often told of sleeping beside his horse if too cold in his bed. A Louisiana paper tells a story of a bear, a negro and a locomotive which reads Ilka a fable, and may be one. The negro undertook: to drive the bear out of his turnip patch. Tha bear, however, drove the negro out and pursued him up tbe railroad track. Tbe negro stepped aside to let an express train pass; the near grappled with the locomotive with the usual re sults, and the negro skinned tbe fragments of the bear and took the meat home to sapper. All this happened near Bayou Gonla. Tbo fable teaches that a cool head is rather to be pre ferred than great riches when you are between an express train and a pursuing bear. A commotion was caused during serv ices in St Paul's Cathedral, at Albany, on a recent Sunday morning, by a large Maltese cat, which had, unknown to the organist, taken up a home in tbo large pipe organ. The animal leaped from tbe organ, and. after fastening Its cla.vs in a member of the choir, ran down a side aisle, and, on an attempt being made to catch it. the cat turned into the main aMe and made straight for tbe clergyman, who lost bis place in tbo prayer as he caught sight ot tbe wild-eyed cat rapidly approaching. The cat did not pause, but rushed between the feet of the excited chorus bovs, and a few seconds later was back in its old quarters in the organ. A man who was condemned to death for murder a short time ago, and is at present confined in the prison of Ratibor, is being fed by force twice every 21 hours. Four days ago he began to refuse all nourishment. The means employed to feed him aro as follows: In presence of tbe prison doctor a screw is with great difficulty driven between bis teeth, and his mouth is kept open by small wooden wedges. An india rubber tube is then put down his throat and he is made to take a suf ficient quantity of milk gruel to keep him alive. He resists tbe operation during which, he has to be bound hand and foot sturdily. For months past crows, to the number of from 1.000.000 to 3,000,000, have swarmed in tho eastern end of Douglass county, Illinois, feeding in the fields in daytimand collecting; at night About dusk these birds gather in from the surrounding country in mvriads and the noise they make is deafening. Frequently they alight in snch great numbers on the trees that large limb3 are broken nnder tbeir weight One day last week a black cloud of these birds was crossing tbe railroad track, when the smoke from the engine blinded tbem. They flew against tbe side of the swiftly moving cars, and persons who watched the stranga sight counted nearly ZOO dead crows. Certain house owners should profit b7 the experience of a wealthy Louisville widow, who, rather than accept a fair rent for a dwell ing, kept tbe latter vacant It remained so for months, and eventually the boys in tho neigh borhood began breaking tbe windows with stones. Then somebody tore down and carried away the front fence. Perhaps other people concluded after this tbat the bouse was a stray one. for they tore down the stable and other outbuildings. The shutters, doors, windows, floors, etc., next disappeared. Large loads of brick began to leave tbe house, and in a short time all the neighbors had raved yards and sidewalks. Tbe walls crumbfed away and fell in, and in a short time scarcely a semblance ot a house remained. JUDGMENTS. Force of Habit. Photographer (who hat been summoned to photograph a dying man)-. Now, then, all ready! Wink alt you want to, and look pleasant. Family Ties Are Binding. Wiggins I was astonished to hear how harshly old Plutns spoke to his secretary this mornlnz. I should think the poor devil would resign. Crabley Hah! He doesn't dare. Don't yon know he's a poor relatlop. I.OVE AND TIME. "When first we went together, yon and I, How soon wc learned how love could make time) fly! Now years we've been together and we sigh To know and leel how time can make love fly. On the Other Side. The Countess of Marlsea-Itwon'tbo long, my dear, before you'll lose that slight American twang and become a thorough-going Ilriton. Her Daughtcr-in-Law Hi 'opes you think HI 'm trying mc best mc leddy. A lady, who was accustomed to solicit for several charitable Institutions, the other day met a well-known miser from whom she had never been able to extract a cent ' During the course of the conversation tbe lady mentioned that she had seen bis portrait at tha academy. "And you didn't ask It for a subscription?" queried the miser, who was fond of his Joke. Oh, I thought It useless," calmly replied tha lady, -the portrait Is so thoroughly like you." Postponement Inevitable. Miss Gushly (pausing on the ladder, while the moon modestly hides Its faco behind a cloud) Stop, Jack! We must postpone the elopement until to-morrow. I have forgotten to write to my mother. Jack liorrowlt-No matter, darllng-hurryl Yott can send the letter by mall. Miss Gushly How absurd you are! It must bo lelton the Uresjlng-case or the romance of the whole thing Is spoiled. I shan't move a step ! Ethics for the Holidays. Millicent Whea you are older, Amelia, you will know better than to break an engagement Just before Christmas. Amelia I didn't know there was any rule of etiquette against breaking an engagement Just before Christmas -or any other time. Millicent How many presents did you get from the boys, I meau? Amelia None. -- Millicent (grlmly)-l thought so. All From Judgt. s aMfm. ' JtinillMiriiiTiiiM'iiahftfi'iirltiiiaraiif ifF?Mifsiiiiiii'i ft i --..i. -W.MasieiisS'a.. &tiJBtttfctk&1Li&atOb t &.i&StdCb2HBMBG&Vj&&A.li.- . -i:. ; , -.. . .-a. . ,. v .-..,.,. ". 1 .,. , .if&tsldffiBWssssslit Ma,EsesBssB3BBsjM!IJ J..lieABMt;rJPssissssssssssssssssWpMijippB)ltSM