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THE- PITTSBTXRQ-' DISPATCH1 -SUNDAY. . JAOTTARY 27, . 1885.
1'4- if r k f I t Z t I CURA BELLE'S CHAT. Pen Picture of Sallie Hargous, Goth am's Proud Queen of Beauty. THE FOUR HUNDRED'S NEW CAPER. A Kew Dish That Tickles the Palate of Society at Midnight. PEETTI BABIES FOUND IN WASHINGTON rCORRESrOKDENXE or Till DISPATCH.! EW YORK, January 26. You are bound to read a great deal about Sallie Hargous in the next year or two, and it is therefore just as well that you should know, right now, what she is. There is a competition every winter In this city among the girl re cruits of "our best society" as to which shall be crowned queen of beauty. The rivalry usually lasts until the middle of January as it has in the present instance. by which time a decision is reached as to which'of the debutantes is loveliest to view. Her mental qualities have nothing to do with it, but chance must have placed her within the limits of this particular pre tentious circle, and for the rest she depends for success entirely upon personal beauty. Even influential promotion by an Astor or Vanderlilt matron has no great effect Some of the queens of beauty in past years have beeu comparatively poor girls, and quite unknown iu Kew York prior to their competitive advent Such was the case with Lillie Price, who married a million in becoming Mrs. Hammersley, and now is so famously a duchess through wedlock with the Duke of Marlborough, liillie was brought to Hew York from Troy by Mrs. Burden, who had resided in that city, and who counted correctly upon the fair Trojan makinga success in the metropo lis. Early this winter the rumor went around that candidates for the throne were to be brought from Baltimore and Hartford, and the human exhibits Irom those cities were brought to the first Delmonico ball after the holidays. MUs Frick was Balti more's production, and she was put forward by Mrs. Edward Cooper, while Hartford's representative was Miss Beach, chaperoned bvMrs. Cornelius Vanderhilt. Both were beautiful indeed. Miss FncK had bright brown hair and still more brilliant brown etes, and her regular features were midway between brunette and blonde, while a tall, elegant figure gave distinctionto her pres ence. Miss Beach was a decided blonde, rather too small of stature for queeniiuess, but very shapely, and an exponent of polite American vivacity. The contest was about even bet ween Balti more and Hartiord, but it turned out that there was r.o necessity of deciding the ques tion of supremacy between them, for a Is ew York girl beats them both, and we are rather proud of it here, because it was getting to be thought that we had to import our super lative beauties lrom smaller cities. To Sallie Hargous was bv common consent awarded the crown. "When the matter was definitely settled her brother gave an elaborate ball in honor of her victory and it was as big and fine as any of the "society" assemblages at Delmonico's, costing no end of dollars, but effectively emphasing ijiss Hargous' enthronement So much admira tion and enthusiasm as she has provoked might easily turn the head of any girl, but as yet she manages to be unaffected and simple in manner. She is an American of Ireuch extraction, ana possesses that pecu liar chic that foreign blood sometimes im parts to our New Yorkers. She has a dis tinct personality, notwithstanding that she is small in physique, and in her mannerisms .and speech she is just odd enough to be piquant while stopping safely short of ec centricity. She is a brunette, with plenty of almost black hair, which she wears often est in a Spanish style, while mauve,, gold, white and silver are chief components in her toilets. Isow you know enough about Sallie Hargous to feel tolerably well ac quainted with her when you see her name Irom time to time in print It would be a mistake to derive from that account of Miss Hargous and other debu tantes the Idea that the older belles, mar ried and single, btep aside to make way for new beauty. A number of the young wives are really at the Iront, by a combiiled reason of good looks, experience and asscred posi tion. Just now these ladies are venturing, safely enough and yet remarkably, into places quite lorbidden to their unmarried sisters. For instance, on Lexington avenue there is a quiet looking restaurant Well, in Hew York there are a good many quiet looking restaurants, but this one is peculiar. On several different occasions I observed this place to be a favorite resort of a very fashionable appearing people. Elegant carriages were wont to drive up to the door, and irom them invariably alighted a man and woman. The woman was in every in stance closely veiled. After seeing about four different couples arrive at the restaur rant in this style, I made up my mind that the cuisine must be of an exceptionally fine degree of excellence, and it might be a good idea to drop in there some day to dine. I went there with a friend n few days later. We sat at the window where we could look out at the arrivals. Though several men and women came while we were there, I noticed that none of them entered the large dining room where we sat There was something mysterious about this place, cer tainly. After dinner 1 met an acquaint ance coming up the sidewalk, and stopped him. I inquired about the queer little restaurant. "Why that place," he said, with some show of contempt for my ignorance, "is patronized by the Four Hundred. It is quiet; that's enough." The next day I spoke of the place to one of those block fellow? that look to well in at Delmonico's, and seem to know so very much about everything interesting. He laughed, in his Uredwav, and assured me that his set couldn't get along without that charming retreat Perhaps it is not amiss to hint somewhat delicately about this Lexington avenue restaurant. There are innocent people who like to avoid anything indefinite. It can he easily seen that this is indefinite. But to make the truthlul point at which I have bceiianimiug, I must add that the premises described haye lor years been quietly notorious, il such a contradictory phrase may be permitted, xnat is to say, it was a place into which no selt-respectiug woman, knowing its character, would think of venturing. "But the desire of our married hellcs for piquancy in life has led them to go there lor the sake of novelty. They are invariably accompanied by their husbands, however, and their intention is no more wicked' than to eat a good and exquisite French supper, drink some wine and inno cently go through with the form of an escapade. The amusement is new and harmless. There is a new dish at our most fashiona ble restaurant and all the girls are in raptures over it With a sip of wine nothing approaches it for a midnight morsel, and it is rapidly superceding the attractions of the deviled crab and the Welch rarebit It is really a mixture of both, awl its name is "Canape Lorenzo." A perfect blending of deviled crab meat and cheese is fairly msed upon a delicate bitof fried bread. This is evidently put in an oven and baked to a rich condition of hrowntiess, and when it comes forth there is an actually musical tone to the arrange ment It looks like a poem and tastes somewhat similar to the odor of crushed roseleaves. There is a great run on the dish Ju now, and it is to be copyrighted, so I am informed, at the earliest opportu nity. Canape Lorenzo, remember. A bite, a sip, and the air is full of 'rainbows and the song of birds. I spent part of the week in Washington, and there raw some babies worth mention ing on account of their mammas. The youngest baby of society is a wee bit of a boy, who opened his big black eyes on this mundane sphere of ours just three weeks ago. He is the fifth child and second son ot General Greely, and has come with new ideas and advanced opinions to help his father adjust the weather. As yet he is nameless, but General Greely strongly favors the name of Henry, which is the mas culine of Mr. Greelv's name. The senior by a few weeks of baby Greely is the first born of Senor and Senorita Pcdrosa, of the Spanish legation. Madame Pedrosa was Miss Camille Bergmanns, only daughter of Mrs. Lawton, whose reign in Washington has been a long and brilljant one. Miss Bergmanns made her debut during the Ar thur administration, a pretty, graceful girl, petite like her mother, vith cultivated and winning manners that made everybody love her and loyal Americans a little jealous when her union to the handsome foreigner was announced, but now that the little stranger who has come to bless their home has been born on American soil, it will go to cement the Iriendship that everyone has for the Spanish Secretary. The little Ped rosa has dark eyes, like his father, and a pudgy nose which will in time assume aris tocratic lines, for both father and mother have good regular featnres. Vinnie Beam Hoxie, who was such a con spicuous figure in Washington at one time, and whose work remains an everlasting monument to her talent, industry and pa tience, has been visiting the capital on her way to her husband's station, and has had with her the little Hoxie who was the hero ot many newspaper paragraphs at his birth. The little man looks no more like his soldier papa than his artist mamma, who kneels down and worships him with the same fer vor with which she used to worship the goddess of art The four little Sheridans, still under the gloom of their father's death, are pathrtic little objects and people speak of and to them with moistened eyes. There are no prettier little people in Washington than the children of the great general, and they all possess the soft grace and sweetness of their mother, except perhaps Master Phil, the voungest and tne only boy, who is as sturdy and determined as ever was his illus trious father, and hardly appreciates the terrible loss he has sustained. A neighbor of the little Sheridans is Lidie Bak, the 7-year-old granddaughter of Mrs. H. M. Hutchinson, a grave little lady with big blue eyes, which look as if they possessed knowledge of all things. She, too, is rich in coil babies, black and white, and a sepa rate room in her grandmother's big house is put apart for their dollships' use. Her chief delight is a big, black rag baby, "Dinah," who hails Irom South Carolina. On bright, sunny days, especially in early spring, the parks are filled with the blight laces of children, in gay wrappings, attended by dusky nursery maids, in the regulation white cap and long apron, which is the uniform adopted here, Ihough an oc casional French bonne wears the tiny mus lin cap with long streamers of wide "ribbon, which is so familiar to thofe who know the Champs Elysee. Paris is the paradise of children as well as Americans, with its lovely parks and many breathing spaces, and Washington should be, lor there is no city in the world where there are so many lovely parks, so many playgrounds and breathing spaces for the little ones. In naval circles is the 4-months-old son of Lieutenant Beamy who, during his father's detail at the Samoan Islands, is his mother's orily defender and protector. He is a round-faced, round-eyed little man, and looks out on this great world he has come to with an astonished gaze. The onlv other official baby just at present is Miss Frances Folsom Lament, which poor little maiden has become acquainted with the ills of life all too soon, as she is just convalescing from a severe attack of congestion of the lungs, which has kept her mother a prison er, much to the regret of society, where the wife of the President's Private Secretary has a warm place. Little Frances is a very pretty baby, and all those who have been fortunate to have held the little toddlekios in their arms are regretting the sorry intro duction she has had to life, and hope her convalescence will bring sunnier times. Little Dorothy Whitney, with face as white as milk, cheeks like roses, and mouth such a dear little red, curved thing and big wondering eyes, looking out from a furry hood, make's a picturesque little figure trudging along by her tidy nurse when the days are 'warm and sunny. There is no daintier little scrap of humanity in exist ence than the youngest daughter of the Sec retary ot the Navy, in the exquisite little gowns appropriate to her quaint name. Her nurserv is like fairyland, with its soft lace and ribbons, and its inhabitants dolls of every age, invention and description, from babies in long clothes to chattering misses furred and hooded lor the street A nursery which rivals that of wee Doro thy is little Martha Cameron's, with its lovely crib, its pretty pictures, stacks ol books which contain wonderlul stories, and an army of dolls, supplied by mamma's kindness and admiring friends. The Cam erons live in the old Dyle Taylor mansion, opposite Lafayette square, and here little Martha finds a lovely playground, where she spends all the fine mornings, with a del egation of dolls for company, which she guards as jealously as she is guarded by the trim maid. There is a French gonvernante in the Cameron household, so that little Martha will learn both languages at the same time, and gain an accent which never comes in after years, no matter how hard one may study. There is a striking resemblance between the baby Cameron and her beauti ful mother, an expression about the eyes and mouth which fixes at once the relationship. Most Washington mammas prefer English modes, with the quaint long coats and big picturesque hats, to the more ordinary styles of the Paris modiste, and both little Martha Cameron and Dorothy Whitney are dressed this way, looking as if they had just stepped forth from one of Kate Greenaway's pages. Clara Belle. Beautiful Encrnvlng Free. "Will They Consent?" is a magnifi cent engraving, 19x21 inches. It is an exact copy of an or ginal painting by Kwall, which was sold fa 55,000. This elegant engraving represents a young lady standing in a beautilul room, sur rounded by all that is luxurious, near a half-open door, while the young man, her lover, is seen in an adjoining room asking the consent of her parents for their daughter in marriage. It must be seen to be appre ciated. This costly engraving will be given away tree, to every person purchasing a small box of Wax Starch. This starch is something entirelyWew.and is without a doubt the greatest "starch in vention of the nineteenth century fat least everybody says so that has uj.ed it). It supersedes everything heretofore used or known to science in the laundry art Un like any other starch, as it is made with pure white wax. It is the first and only starch in the world that makes ironing easy and restores old summer dresses and skirts to their natural whiteness, and im parts to linen a beautiful and lasting finish as when new. Try it and be convinced of the whole truth. Ask for Wax Starch and obtain this engraving free. The Wax Starch Co., Keokuk, Iowa. Persons intending to,et portraits will make no mistake in leaving their orders with B. L. H. Dabbs. He has had great experience and his judgment'anrl good taste are of great value in'portraiture. Milk BrcndXendn. Marvin's milk bread is as near perfection as can be attained. Try it and be con vinced. Blood diseases cured free of charge at 1102 Carson street, Southside Go to Hauch's for diamonds; lowest prices. 295 Fifth aye. wrsu HOW TO GET ALONG. Speculative Methods of the Rich and the Poor Nowadays. , BUILDING ASSOCIATIONS IMPROVED Prepaid Policies Drawing Dividends the Same as Bank Certificates. WHAT SHALL WE DO WITH OUR SUBPLUS rWEITTIS FOB THE DISPATCn.l ttttlNG the last Presidental cam paign the question which conironted both parties and which was fairly met by neither was "What shall we do with a constantly growing surplus?'' The same question in various forms con. fronts daily and weekly alike the div idend drawer, the coupon clipper and the vast army of bread winners who constitute the bulk -of the membership in our building associations and depositors in our banks. The pressing question for each accumulator is what to do with the accumulations.- "Savings" banks which do not "save" seem to have lost their charms for the middle classes, and with their experience 'with the Penn Bank, the Nation Trust Company, and now the Southside Savings Bank, it is no wonder they have come to be considered as "traps for the unwary." On the other hand Build ing and Loan Associations seem to have largely taken the place formerly occupied by these banks, and combining rafety and economical management, seem to offer the best mode of investment for people in mod erate circumstances, with regular earnings. Against building associations I have not a word to say, except to better their condition. I recognize that but for these associations thousands of worthy citizens who now own their homes would still be rent-payers. While they have been thus beneficial in the past they are not beyond improvement, and in this respect Pittsburg is hardly keeping pace with its sister cities East and West The capitalist ordinarily needs no advice as to what to do with his "surplus." They are usually wide awake to all the later and im proved methods 'of dollar culture. But to the "home getters" and nickel savers of the future, I have a few suggestions to make in unembellished English, which may be found worthy o candid consideration. THE GREAT ECONOMIC PROBLEM. In a certain sense whether it be the Lib erty street merchant buying coffee for a rise, the stock speculator who buys "lutures," the SI 50 a day laborer who buys a 500 lot in the suburb', or the average toiler who in vests in a building association they are all speculators, playing their cards in a more or less safe and intelligent fashion for an en hancement of values and a rising market The great economic problem, therefore, is how to "catch on." The non-borrower in a building associ-i-tiou has a comparatively nice thing. He could not get over 4 per cent in a sayings bank, where the savings aud .principal might be nil, while in the building associa tion he gets say 10 per cent on an average. On the other hand, the borrower is not so happy. The "wisdom of the ages" tells I t,e l,of !, 4t,.f habii n Kavmh.! .. i goes a sorrowing." When the building association borrower first gets his loan and is snugly installed in his new home purchased by bis loan, he is content to pay interest, premiums, etc., without a thought, but as the years roll by, and he finds that he has been paying the principal back for 7 or 8 years, and finds the interest cancer still eating on the original amount, most of it long since paid, he begins to think that while he has done well he might have done better, and, that after all, there may be a tyrannical Shylock somewhere in this "mn tual benefit" wood pile. He argues to himself: "This looks like giving something for nothing paying interestlora principal I haye long since returned." It is true he gets a final dividend from these extra pay ment's, but the paying of interest on a prin cipal that he has long since parted with strikes him as an anomoly that should not exist; that he is paying too high for his whistle and hence the suggestion: "Can he do better?" Without accepting the bor rower's plan at par, I shall try to answer his inquiry by showing how the wage workers are meeting this issue elsewhere. THE PREPAID STOCK FEATURE. In the East and West small investors are learning to do things differently from our Pittsburg method. The "wild and wooly" West is supposed to be peopled mainly with "greenhorns," but they have improvements out there in building associations as well as iu mowers and reapers. What is known as prepaid stock is a feature in many of these Western building associations. This stock is divided into two classes. In one $50 cash in advance is accepted in lieu of ali installments and a certificate of prepaid stock is issned good for $100 at maturity. These shares mature when the 550 paid in and the pro rata share of profits were equal lo flOO. In the other class $65 in cash is paid in advance, and it is accepted in lieu of all in stallments, and a prepaid stock certificate is issued, attached to which are "partial divi dend coupons" equal to interest on the cost at 6 per cent per annum payable semi annually. These certificates a't maturity are cashed at $100, and tbey mature when the S65 paid in and the pro rata of profit above the 6 per cent coupons equals 5100. As at present conducted this stock matures in seven and a halt years. Taking this as the time when the shares mature the profit to the investor who owns say ten shares will be: Matured value SL000 Total installments paid 585 Profit in 7 years 5 415 This apparently gives 415 as the earn ings of $585 lor a period of 74 years, but since the $585 has been paid in installments the average sum which has been earning pronts ior ine,wnoje time is one-halt ot J585, or 293 50, which is really the amount that has earned 415 in 1" years, or at the rate of over 17 per cent per annum simple in terest .The ordinary savings bank in Pittsburg, except where the private fortune of the owners is a guarantee, has ceased to be safe. The best of these banks will not pay 5 per cent interest, while building associations on this plan, while perfectly safe, yield a com parative profit thus: 10 shares weekly payments $1 50,' 10 years' pront $415 00 Same payments at 6 per cent compounded in savings bank 121 86 . Net gain of B. A plan over 5 p. cbank interest $293 15 These figures do not lie and tell their own story. This kind of investment is attractive to the moderate capitalist and $0 trustees, as well as the wage earners, as the prepaid stock yields a semi-annual income and gives besides a share in the profits in excess of 6 per cent on the cost It is thus safer than tank stock, and pays better dividends. Then the flexibility of this sort of stock and the ease with which it can be turned into prompt cash through the association itselr, without hunting up a buyer, makes it spe cially desirable. The stock loans in Pitts burg building associations are based on this principle. INSTALLMENT MORTGAGES. On the other hand, tne plan which is find ing most favor in the East, and in many places supplanting building associations, is what is known as the "installment mort gage plan" by trust companies. Its, ad vantages over the building and loan asso ciations are briefly stated thus: First Each Installment reduces the debt Second Interest is paid only on amount due, and is reduced as the principal Is paid off. Tnlrd No premiums are paid ou the loan. Fourth Tbere are no fines or penalties. Fifth The borrower pays no part of the ex penses of the company. Sixth The borrower loses nothing by any loss,defalcation or failure of the company or its officers. Seventh Sums as small as $5 per month can be made to produce 0 per cent interest, the company becoming virtually a savings bank, allowing Interest without possibility of failure affecting the borrowers, and with the amount or deposit only limited by the amount ot loan. Eigbtli If sayings accumulate more quickly than expected, the company will receive more than the stipulated amount, thus enabling the mortgage to be paid off without waiting for it to become doe. Ninth The borrower's money paid to the company can never be lost; the deutls reduced by every dollar paid. He enters into no joint stock speculation, and whether the company makes or loses is a matter of indifference to him. The saving of interest on this plan may be formulated thus: On a $1,200 mortgage at 5 per cent Interest the Interest iu ten years amounts to $600 AncTthe whole mortgage is still due. On a mortgago of $1,200 where an install ment of 310 per mouth is paid with 6 per cent interest the interest paid is $363 Showing a saving of 1237 And the mortgage has been paid in full. ANOTHER VIEW OF IT. Or taking another view of it Let $10 be deposited each mouth in a saving fund at 3 per cent interest, compounded .annually, the interest in ten years amounts to $197 97. Deduct this from $600, the interest in the same time paid on a mortgage at 5 per cent, leaves $402 03, or?39 03 more than is paid on an installment mortgage. On this plan money is loaned on a 70 per cent valuation, payable in 120 equal monthly installments,' aud any installment can be paid in advance and the interest re duced accordingly. That such a plan has advantages over or dinary banks or loan institutions must be apparent to the dullest observer. A working man vlio earns $1 50 a day hardly ever gets rich, but if by saving and management, which means often more than saving, he accumulates capital which earns another $1 50 a day, he has doubled his wages. He has the income of two working men. He has a "silent partner,'' who can not ekip off to Canada and smile at extradi tion laws, as the festive and fugitive savings bank cashier at present, not unfrequently does. As stated in my inaugural these remarks are intended for common "linsey woolsey" people. The man with a "bar!" can ordin arily do better than the present building associations can do for him. How much better they can do may be illustrated by re cent very pertinent citation. In the note book of a Fourth avenue broker his name might be Long or Short for that matter may be found an entry of less than six months since of "Citizens' Traction 12." I happen to knowa party who purchased 1,000 shares at that time, and he did it in this wise. He did not have 42,000. but he had 10,000, and he put that up 10 per share for the 1,000 shares. Time wore on. Likewise Traction stock, and lo ! it went a few weeks ago up to 85, and the account stood on settlement thus: LOOO shares Citizens Traction, $10 per share, at 42 510,000 6 per cent interest on $32,000, balance for six months 960 1,000 shares Citizens' Traction at 85., Less cost ..SS5.000 .. 10.960 Net gain S74,(H0 No wonder that all the city brokers are loaded with orders to buy "Citizens' Trac tion" at 75. But everybody cannot have even 10,000 at call, and most of us are like Nicholas Longworth,tW Cincinnati million aire, who tells of the time when he was offered the site of the present city ot Cin cinnati for a fiddle, but he didn't have the fiddle. James W. Bbeen. Boss Township, January 26. SOUTHERN INDDSrEIES Increasing and Will Soon Competo With Northern illnnufnctures. correspondence op the dispatch. Aiken, S. C, January 25. South Car olina is waking up in the matter of manu factures, and for that matter the whole South is doing likewise, as would appear. In Chester plow stocks are being manulact ured at the rate of 600 or 800 a week. All of these used to come from the North. Fer tilizing distributors and machines for planting cotton are also being manufact ured on a large scale. Washboards made of sweet gum wood are being made with al most incredible rapidity. Labor here is cheaper than in the North; it therefore does not require much of a prophet to show that many of the manufacturers ot the" North will have some very extensive competition after a while, beside losing their Southern market for such commodities. But with all this growing activity there is no talk of adopting the principles of protec tion. The people here are too firmly rooted and grounded in the belief that the tariff is a tax which benefits the few at the expense of the many. Free trade is taught in even the college at Berea, which was established by an Abolitionist for he benefit of the col ored people especially, and which admits both blacks and whites with the idea of solving the race problem by educating the youth of both races together. This experi ment, by the way, has been pronounced a failure, since only ten whites are in the col lege of 200 students, and these keep so re ligiously by themselves in every way that much trouble has been caused. The faculty as might be supposed, sided with the blacks, which decision, it is thought, will result in' not a single white pupil remaining beyond the term. These matters of opinion and prejudice cannot be rooted up by force. Persecution only serves to build the bar riers higher. What the South needs is time and education. 8 .That large effort is being made as to th? latter is shown by the greatly increased grants of money from the State Legislatures lor lree schools. That these, in result, will advance the material interests of the South in many ways can hardly be doubted. They will also go, largely to an elucidation of the vexing Southern problems. But even as to the schools already established some of the colored ltlks have serious objections. They have high notions as to what is proper and desirable tor their children in the line of education. We were told by the colored laundress the other day that she did not permit her bright little girl to go to "them commin,schools where chillun learned more bad nor good," but she had her instructed at home by "a private pusson." Bessie Bramble. s . Look nt This. We will offer for to-morrow only from 8 A. M. until 6 P. M., 460 English melton men's overcoats, in three shades, medium weights, suitable for this season of the year, for the,paltrysum of $0. 3, 3, 3. This coat is worth from 12 to 15 of any man's money. The reason we do this iswe can't stand dull times, and to make things lively for to-morrow we make this grand offer. Bemember this offer only holds good until to-morrow eve. P. C. C. C Cot Grant and Diamond sts., opp. the' new uourt uonse. Sample Free. Ask your grocer for Electric Paste .Stove Polish. No dust or dirt when using. Try it. Free! Free! Free! If you are sick, do not despair. Call and be cured, free of charge, at No. 1102 Carson street, Southside. Cash paid for old gold and silver at Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth ave yFSu The photographs made by Dabbs show a refinement and strength of likeness that others do not have. Pure nnd Wholesome. Marvin's Orange Blossom soda crackers are unsurpassed. Your grocer keeps them. SUICIDE IN ERANCE. A French Physician Gives Some In teresting Facts and Figures on THE CRIME OF SELF-DESTRUCTION. Some Trivial Seasons for Seeking the Calm Oblivion of Death. MANY E0ADS LEADING TO THE GEATE CORRESPONDENCE OP THE DISPATCH. 1 AKIS, January 14, 1889. Paris, although the gayest, is also the sad dest of cities. Statistics show that the ratio of suicides for every mill ion of inhabitants aver ages yearly 402, while in London it is only 87, aud in Naples 34. A very common mis take is to suppose that the largest number of suicides occur in winter time, when the weather is most inclement, and misery rife among the poorer classes. The returns for France indicate that summer is the great suicidal period, and winter the most inno cent season of the year. Felo de se is high est in June and July, and lowest in No vember and December. The average rises, almost regularly, from January to July, and goes down again, in equivalent degrees, from August to December. Climate has notmuch to do with the matter, in spite of what Montesquieu says about the English, who, he avers, kill themselves on account of the fog cloud which hangs night and day over their little island. The Es quimaux do not kill themselves at all, nei ther do the Falkland Islanders. Yet are their climates both murky and fuliginous. There are, in fact, fewer suicides in London than in Paris every year. Then, again, peo ple who put an end to their lives preler to do so by daylight. Suicides by night are relatively rare. The long days of summer afford the most temptation lor them. Nei ther darkness nor rain conduce to self destruction. Its best friends and stimula tors are sunlight and warmth. FELO-DE-'SE FIGURES. French men are now killing themselves, between 9 and 90, in a constantly increas ing progression. The figures are immensely higher, as a rule, in the north than in the south, and in towns than in the country. The returns published by the Minister of Justice show that since 1827, inclusive, the yearly average of suicides throughout France has risen from five to ten for every 100,000 inhabitants. The figures have therefore doubled in 30 years. In 1876 there were 5,804 cases of self-murder; iu 1880 we find 6,638, and in 1886 no fewer than 7,187. The total number during 1887, the Iast-renorded year, was 7,572, of which 2,168 are attributed to mental afflictions of different kinds, 1,228 to physical suffering, 975 to domestic, troubles, 800 to drunken ness, 483 to poverty, 305 to pecuniary diffi culties, 202 to the desire to avoid imprison ment, 100 to the loss of employment, 89 to the fear of exposure, 56 to the "Joss of rela tives, and 25 to the dread of military ser vice. Among the other cases specified in the returns, 227 suicides are put down to jealousy and crossing in love. Suicide is not always a sign of mental alienation. Oftentimes, of course, it is; but it is not always and necessarily so. Self murder, like every human fact, obeys fixed laws as exactly as the course of the planets or the crystallization of salts; and year by year it can be confidently predicted how many out of a certain population will com mit suicide. Still, one-fourth of them, in round numbers, are attributable to madness. I remember one very peculiar case of sui cide, which I attended some time ago, and which presents a novel phase of insanity of the highest interest to alienists. It was that of Baron Kobert du Creuzy, a man of 60, who for ten years had lived at No. 77 Rue Monge, without family, his only com panion in the house being an old servant. Once rich, he had lost the greater part of his fortune, and mourned bitterly the loss of his youth, which would have per mitted him" to accumulate another. He often remarked to his acquaintances that Dr. Faust was very fortunate in being able to regain his youth at the price of his soul, and that he would willingly consent to a similar bargain if the devil was still in the business. M. de Creuzy was the possessor of a very curious library, containing many old cabalistic books of sorcery. A PECULIAR POTION. Constant reading of these demonological works resulted in upsetting the poor man's brain to such an extent that he finally put implicit taitn m tne potency ot an incanta tion recommended by the "Red Dragon." Henceforth he purchased all sorts ot queer things for ingredients in the composition of a potion, which I lound alter his death. It was as lollows: A black hen (which was to be strangled at midnight, as the clock struck 12, beneath the rays of a new moon); quantities of the herb Vervain, coffin nails, and a wolfs tooth, the latter of which he procured in a menagerie. One fine night I was called in just after he had swallowed a drug which he had mixed himself, contain ing a frightlul dose of alcohol. Under its influence he fell into a drunken sleep, and awoke a lunatic. He fancied himself re juvenated, and, stranger still, that he felt within himself a double, personality. He explained in all seriousness to me that he saw this Wofold existence. "The potion was not strong enough," he said. "I am really youngagain, but some thing of my old self remains something that seems to ne my latner. x nave Decome my own son; thereby I am obsessed, and suffer terribly." I laughed at him, as did his friends. A week later I learned that the Baron, having fully decided that he was a young man,bad thrown out of the window the little money which he still had, saying that youth should be prodigal. But he often repeated that he felt within him his father reprimandidg him for his conduct, and that no good would come ot it. One morning, soon yafter this, lond words were heard'in hisroom. He was hurling angry insults at his father," whom he charged with a desire to steal his money. The last words which reached the ears or his servant were these: "Your curse? What is your curse to me? You are in me in spite of me. Be silent!" All was still for a few seconds, and then he resumed, in a voice of thunder: "Wretched old man, never more shall you reproach me for dishonoring my race! Take that and die!" The servant, hearing a body fall, hurried into the room. The Baron de Creuzy layon the floor in a sea of blood. He had plunged a knife into his own heart, A FALLACIOUS THEOET. The popular theory that we hold more and more to life as we grow older is a mistake. White hair brings with it, on the contrary, a disgust of existence. Quite recently a miserly old fellow, who lived in a shabby garret at the top of a tenement house, com mitted suicide by hanging himself from the ralters of his abode, but previously made a will disposing of his fortune. When the house porter learnt that the old miser had made away with himself, he could not re frain from uttering an exclamation of satis faction; but he soon began to profess great compassion for his old lodger when he heard that he had left him a legacy. He declared with tears in his eyes that he was a worthy person a:ter all; and then, with eager curi osity, asked the amount of the property, be queathed to him in so unexpected a fashion. The following missive was placed in his hands: "I am disgusted with Jjfe, so I am quitting it. I leave to the porter of my lodging house my portrait and the rope with which I have hanged myself." Tne joy of the porter can be imagined. There has been recently a noticeable in crease of suicides by children. Thus far tbey do not seem to begin much before the age of 9; that is the moment, apparently, JriRnicliSr at which the pains of life become unbear able to them. One hundred and ninety eight boys and 40 girls under the age of 15 destroyed themselves in four years; and of these 200 were over 12 years of age, 21 be tween 12 and 10, 4 over 10 years, 6 below 9, and 1 was only 7. A boy named Caillaud, 10 years or age, living at Bourganeuf (Crense),comniitted suicide in September of last year, uy swallowing a blisterwnicn nau been placed on his back; he died in terrible agony. -i The motives usually given for such waste of life are nearly all as trivial. A little boy drowned himself for grief at the loss of his canary. Another youth leaves a writing be fore killing himself, in which he bitterly blames his parents for the education they have given him; still another blasphemes God and society; a third kills himself "be cause he has not enough air to breathe with ease." From 13, however, motives grow to be more stupendous, as was shown in the case of the youth who hanged himself at that age, after making a will in which he declared that he "bequeathed his soul to Bousscau and his body to the earth." One young girl of 16, who recently suffocated herself with the :umes of charcoal at her pa rents' residence in the Bne de Turbigo, Paris, gave no reason whatever for her des perate deed. Her'father left her in the morning after breakfast as gay as usual; when he came home from his daily occupa tion at dinner time be found his daughter stark dead on her bed. On the mantelshelf was found her pocket book, whereon she had written these pathetic lines: TRIVIAL MOTIVES. "My own dear, darling father, forgive me, do forgive me; and I beg of you, take great care of my little brother." Some people hnrve been known to seek a pecuniary advantage in self-destruction. The following adveitisement appeared in the columns of Le Petit Parisien not long ago: "Suicidal. A young man to whom life is a bnrden, has resolved to put an end to himself, but wishes to profit by his death in the most advantageous manner possible. He places, therefore, the sacrifice ot his life at the disposal of any person who, for a suitable sum, would wish to entrust him with an enterprise the issue of which would be necessarily fatal. This offer is quite serious Write to the initials K. B. V., 48, Poste Bestante, at Antwerp." There is no punishment in the French code for attempt at suicide, so that an nouncements of the foregoing description may be made with impunity. An advertisement even more explicit ap peared in the Eappel two months ago. It reads as follows: "The father of a family, aged 22, having got through his studies,and losing his fortune in a disastrous affair, not being able to find employment and prefer ring anything rather than see those who are near and dear to him reduced to beggary. seeks to sell himself and become the tool (lame damnee) of anyone, for any purpose whatever, anywhere, as he is ready to do any deed for "a suitable sum. provided the gendarmerie has not to interfere." That saving clause at the end is, of course, in tended as a sop for Cerberus. HEREDITARY INFLUENCES. Suicide is fatally hereditary. Gall, the phrenologist, knew a family o"f which the grandmother, sister and mother all killed themselves; and the son and daughter of the last all followed in the same terrible track. Another family of seven brothers, all well off and in good positions, committed suicide one after another in the space of 40 years. Whole families have died out that way. The examples of repeated sui cides among relations are frequent in France. But what is called hereditary tendency is aften a mere matter of imitation. Snicides, in fact, appear to belong to the class of epi demic diseases. It is enough for a single soldier to put an end to himself in barracks, either by firearms, the bayonet, the sword, or hanging, and immediately the tragedy is repeated by one or another, until the regiment is ordered off o new quarters, and the minds of the men are thus amused by fresh ideas, leading to a forgetfulness of the past. If a man jumps off the Triumphal Arch at the top of the Champs-Elysees, in the city, somebody else is almost sure to do tHis like a few days afterward from the column on the Place de la Bastille or the towers of Notre-Dame. Travel appears to be one of the most effect ual cures tor this species of monomania. A surgeon mentioned to his barber one day a case of attempted suicide by cutting the throat, and remarked that the right part of the throat had not been chosen for the cut. The barber asked what the right spot was, watched the surgeon narrowly point it out, and shortly afterward went into a side room and with much skill drew the razor across the fatal spot. SUICIDE AND EDUCATION. Where three men kill themselves in towns and tour men in the country, only one woman follows their example. The most fatal times of life to the gentle sex are irom 14 to 20, and irom 40 to 50. On the whole, sad as it is to confess, and anomalous as it seems at first sight, suicide increases with education and civili zation. The fewest suicides occur in Spain and Eussia, and it will hardly be argued that this results from the superior enlight enment of the people in those countries. The inhabitants of those departments in France in which everyone can read are pre cisely those who kill themselves the most. The spread of the alphabet is coincident with that of self-murder. The savage rarely, if ever, takes his own life; the sensi tive, highly organized and highly educated man of literature, art and science, ends his, days by the pistol or the cord. One of the most melancholy suicides of modern times was that of the gifted Prevost-Paradol.who, alter stultifying his most brilliant writings by accepting a post under the Second Empire that of Minister at Washington could not apparently reconcile his own political apostacy to bis conscience, and died by his own hand on the 19th of July, 1870. He died just as the Liberal cause, with which his name had always been associated, was on the point of triumphing. METHODS OF SUICIDE. Fewerdeaths by drowning occur in win ter than in summer. Hanging and drown ing account, by themselves alone, lor nearly 70 per cent ot the cases; 15 belong to shoot ing; while the remainder are composed of a mixture of cutting, stabbing, poisoning, springing from heights, and various un specified killings. Lawyers prefer firearms as a-means, physicians choose poison gener ally. Sell-destruction by cutting the throat, though rare in France comparatively, is more common than stabbing; opening the veins is less common-than either. But it i3 strange to read the statistical tables, and to see how every year the same proportion is maintained between the methods how many, out of a given number, are sure to use hanging, how many drowning, how many poison, firearms, and so on all calcu lated with as much'certainty as the height of the tides or algebraic quantities. The exact frame of mind in which a man was when committing suicide can be read ily discovered by the features of the corpse. If the teeth are"firmly set, the eyes slightly open and looking upward, a fit of violent passion prompted the act; if the eyes are cloied, but not tightly, the mouth slightly open, and the teeth not shnt, then it was due to an excess of pent-up rage; if fear of pun ishment has driven him to it, his eyes and mouth will be placidly closed. The hands also furnish a test when there is a doubt whether the case of a man whose throat has been cut be one of murder or suicide. The hand with which a1 suicide commits the deed will remain soft tor a time, and will curl up a day or two after death, while a man who has been mnrdered dies with his eyes and mouth open and his hands clenched. In August last a cabman, 23 years of age, committed suicide in a fit of disgust at things in general. In bis pocket he left one of the most singular wills that I ever re member to have heard of. It related that in the left pocket of his trousers would be found a 10-lranc piece, whieh was to be given to the doctor who signed the cer tificate of bis death. His body was to be carried to the Jardin des Plantes and dis sected. The flesh was to be cut up into slices, and divided among the lions, tigers and beats. The testator added: "I intend that these animals shall regale themselves uooa my flesh." Db. Delarue, Of the Parts Faculty of .Medicine, Vice President ot the Association of Doctors. SUNDAY THOUGHTS ON piijiL? 0 m BY A CLERGYMAN. rWBITTIK I0B TOT DISPATCH.! HE pew question is once more receiving wide attention. The debate is continental. A chnrch is a spiritual organization, with a necessary business side. For it costs money to keep it open and at work. The minister must be paid; the sexton's salary must be raised; the gas bill, the coal bill, the bill for repairs, require attention; the choir refuses to sing notes 'musical without notes bankable; and, in the majority of cases, the interest on the church debt (a mortgage which the devil holds on the the Lord's property), must be met. Hence, it is apparent that the question of income is vital. Now, pew renting is the accustomed .method ot securing this income. It enables the treasurer to tell at a glance just how matters stand: Our expenses amount to this sum; our receipts amount to that sum; and the difference between the two is the de ficiency or the surplus, as the case may be usually the deficiency. For the difficulty with the rental system is that it does not secure the income needed, save in exceptional instances. There is a deficit which is the chronic despair of pas tors and treasurers. And this deficit is the open door through which everything that is qnestionable and objectionable in church conuuet comes in. Now, since the rental system does not ac complish the object, wby not discard it, and experiment a little?. The average church could hardly be worse off. Class churches, club churches, private property churches are ta booed by the (practically) excluded multitude. They are an offense to heaven. They are spir itually as well as financially unprosperous. Reverse this. Invite the people, and make the church comfortable for them. Train them to understand that true worship includes giv ing out as well as taking in. Let it be known that the .whole household of raith 13 to meet the expense of spiritual housekeeping each according to his means. Assign the sittingi in the order of application. Keep the spirit nf caste off the floor of God's bouse. In time and with patience the people will be educated to appreciate ana care for their ecclesiastical temporalities. But it is with systems as with constitutions the best are not made: they grow. You can't extemporize an ideal method. The rental sys tem itself is an inheritance. Its successor must be the issue of pains and patience. Anyhow, a method that makes an auctioneer of the pastor, and keeps him posturing under the red flag as a knocker-down nf pews to the highest bidder is a scandal. Over the whole system a shadowy hand is busily writing the inscription which frightened Balshazzar. and which Daniel interpreted: Mene, Mene, Tekcl, Upharsin. What, then, shall the minister starve? Not under a right system. But that is what they are doing now. The average minis terial salary is lower than the average wage of the skilled mechanic. And the pittance which is paid is raised and made over grudg inglyis tainted with worldly notions. Spur geon tells of an English pastor whose salary was always in arrears, and who was consequent ly obliged to spend most of his time (when not (lodging hii creditors) in waiting upon the Treasurer. "It seems to me, parson," said that functionary on one occasion, "you are alius arter money. I thought you preached to save souls." "Well." was the retort, "so 1 do. But I can't live on souls. And If I could it would take a dozen such as yours to make one decent breakfasil" Let the pay of the minister come out of the hearts of the people, with no suspicion of com mercial dicker and greed, and it would come more promptly and more liberally. The International Sunday-school lessons for the last quarter traversed: the section of Jewish history which concerns the conquests of Canaan, At a review a few Sundays ago, a little gill was aSked: "What did ihe Israelites do wbun they came to the river Jordan?" And she replied: "Tbey walked right In." A good answer, and a brave example. No matter what Jordan may roll between us and the promised land, let us walk right in. - It is our pare iu start, xi is uous part to get us through. Here is a cluster of beautiful utterances gathered from far and near. "Beadmark, learn and inwardly digest." Religion is the living out the truth there is in us. Gordon, No excuse will stand in the day of judgment. Luther. m The humblest disciple has his Gethsemanes, and should meet them unflinchingly. Speare. Four things came not back the spoken wuru, lue upeu arrow, ine past me, ine ni T lectcd opportunity. Hazlitt. Small service is true service while it lasts. Tne daisy, by the shadow that it cast". Protects the lingering dewdrop from the sun. Wadsworth. "Every man shall bear his own burden" this Is the new law of necessity. "Bear yo one an other's burdens" this is the law of Christ. Let a man lighten his own load by sharing his neighbor's. J. T. Lunch. God lends not but gives to the end. As he loves to the end. If it seem That he draws back a gift, comprehend 'Tis to add to it rather, amend And finish it up to your dream. Mrs. Urowning. If you want to have a stalwart Christian character, plant it right out qj doors in the great field of Christian usefulness. Talmage. When God intends tb fill a soul, He first makes it empty; when he intends to enrich a soul. He first makes it poor; when He intends to exalt a soul, He first makes it humble: when He intends to save a son!. He first makes it sensible of its own miseries, wants, and noth ingness. Flavel. As a rule, the press is the friend and ally of the pulpit. True.-they are not engaged in precisely the same work. Their lines di verge. The function of the one is secular; that of the other is spiritual. The press is the agent of civilization, while the pulpit is the servitor of Christianity. The first aims at the mind; the second seeks the soul. But they have much In common. They often inter sphere. Both minister to humanity. When tne clergyman is forming, the editor is informing public And tbey are alike concerned for good government, common honesty, peace, pros perity aud all good words and works. To change the poet a little: "These are two mentors, one born so, the other bred, This by the heart, the other by the head." Tbe pulpit is not as ready to Tecognize this alliance as it ought to be. It is often jealous of the press, cams at it, easily indulges in dis praise and blame. A great mistake! Let tbe church welcome this ally. Every minister should make himself an active supporter of the best newspipers should recommend them should seek to draw them into friendliest co operation with his generous aims for the public welfare. The pulpit ougat to say to the press as Jehu, who had been engaged in making an exterminating assault upon the wickedness of his day, said to Jehonadab, who came out to congratulate him: "Give me thine hand." Speaking of the press, reminds one of the value of printer's ink. What is thought without publication? It is like some peo ple's good intentions unexercised. A fish out of water is uneasy for a moment and then easy forever. An eagle walking and without wings is an absurd spectacle. A man deprived of air casps and die". How, what water is to a fish, what wings are to an eagle, what air is tr the lungs, .that publicity is to thought the vital element. By a judicious use of printer's ink a clergy man may multiply himself many times over like Argu, have 100 eyes, only two of which shall sleep at once: like Briareus, have 50 heads and 100 bands, to terrify iniquity. Use plenty of printer's ink. Why shoufd a minister make a bulletin board of himself when be might print his parish notices and so reach even the stay-at-homes? The pastor who knows how to use a font of printing types may preach all the time and address everybody. Don't try to sail the gospel "Great Eastern" in a millpond. Subjoined is a statement concerning the. development ot religion throughout Christ endom boiled down from the most trust worthy sources. Christ left as the direct re sult of His personal ministry, less than a thousand believers. By the year 1000 of our era (when the figures first began to be tabulated), this handful had multiplied them selves into 50,000,000 of Christians. In 1700, there were 155.000,000. Jn 18W. there were 200, 000,000. In 18o0, there ware 41,5,000,000. Thus within the last 80 years (aided by the press, the telegraph, steam, commerce, and the regularly organized pronacanda of evangelization, all born or developed within this .century), the number of Christians hat more than doubled! According to Behm and Wagner, the pooulv tion of the world in 1S80 was UJ3,(M,100. If the proportionate incteasa which marked the last 80 years is maintained through tbe next SO (and it ought to be Increased with increased facilities and consecration), the dawn of tbe year 11X30 will show 830,000,000 of Christians, $&mllk4xa. And at the close of the twentieth century, too boundaries of Christendom will be cotermin ous with the whole earth! Within the limits of Christendom we are all born into nominal Christianity. From that day, more than 1,800 years ago, whea" the disciples of Christ began to be called Christians in the Greek citv nf Antlocb. up to this current year of grace 1889. they fn Europe and we in America have been named with the name which is above every name. Yet as many who are bom within the boundaries of civilization are uncivilized, so multitudes wear the Christian nauie by the accident of birth, who are in fact unchristian. Tbe immediate and pi essingdnty of Christians is to convert these Christian heathen. Our churches every where should pray for this as though they could do nothing; should work tor It as though they could do everything. Listen to tbe touching story that comes from away down East: A poor Irish woman went to a venerable priest in Boston (it was during the famine in Ireland, a few years ago), and asked him t forward to the 'ould sod ber contribution toward tbe relief of the sufferers. "How much can you sparer asked the priest. "I have SKO saved up," replied she, and I can spare that." The priest reasoned with her, saying that her proposed girt was too great lor her means. She was firm in ber purpose. "It will do me good," said she. "to know that I helped all I cou'd. and 1 shall enjoy my own meals the more knowing I have put something on empty plates over the sea." The priest took tbe mnney with moistened eyes, as tbe good soul counted it out. "Now, what is your name?" be asked, "ilyname?" she answered; """don't mind that, your reverence. Just send the neip, ana uoa wiu know my name." The question of marriage and divorce is just now stirring profound feeling. Wo abridge and give below some points from a recent paper by Prof. Herrick Johnson on this absorbing theme: Divorce 13 more of a symptom, than it is the disease itself. It betrays the evil. It does not account for it. Why do men and women grow restive under the restraints of the marriage vow? Loose divorce laws undoubtedly have tbeir influence. Tbey Invite a short cut to freedom from infelicities and incompati bilities that would be borne and conquered, if there were not set before the married this open door. Intemperance is a fruitful source of this evil. It changes habitations of love and joy into those of hate and woe. The unbalanced pressure of individualism is another source of trouble in social life, loosening the ties of home and weakening the family principle. All the currents of our political and religious life bavs set to independency. Personal liberty has tre mendous emphasis. It cannot be too strongly held, but it may be held too exclusively. This modern tendency, which Herbert Spe.icer calls "a tendency to Invidnate" must be bal anced b the unity and purity of tbe house hold. Better let an ill-begotten marriage stand, when once consummated, than expose all wed lock to tbe wolfish jaws of modern divorce. Another influence threatening family dis integration is mercantilism tbe engrossing, in vading, assaulting spirit of traffic. What helps homes ? Tbe development of high ideals. The daily association and commingling of tbe house hold. Attention to the finer and unexpressed needs of wife and children. Have these been given ? Alas, the drive and worry, the rush and roar, the press and stress, tbe absolute tyranny of the mercantile SDirit in all our cities is proverbial. And the cities hold tbo key to the social situation. What is the result? Palatial hotels, unrivalled railroad', unlimited extension of telegraphs, monster corporations, mammoth monopolies rather than high ideals; an increasing tendency to a social usage separ ating the sexes, sending tbe men to their clubs and the women to their receptions; and parents Tarming out their children to nurses, half justi fying' tbe stinging taunt that "'the animals know how to take care of their young better than we do." Another prolific source of divorce is a per nicious literature. Vile books abound and multiply as the frogs of Egvpt. They are sold at every newsstand; books th3ttrifle with mari tal vows, tbat make a mock of its nig"i solemni ties, that play fast and loose with that holy thing we call virtue. What can be done? Much every way. Let us consecrate ourselves anew to tbe active de fense of the family against all snbtle agencies tbat wonld tear its dear shields away. Let us brand with hot indignation the attempt to thrust into the atmosphere of borne the poison of libertinism. If Prof. Phelps is right, tbat "a nation of Mormons is impossible, but a na tion of libertines Is not," let ns see to it that this insidious social menace at nur very thresh olds gets at least as scorching thunderbolts as distant Utah ! We are ruthlessly breaking God's seal that He has solemnly used for wedlock, and sub- stituting a seal of our own, stamped with tbe national device. Our divorce laws are in direct and flagrant contravention of the divine law. There is but one conclusion: We must change those laws, or God will curse our blessings. SOME QDEEK ADVERTISEMENTS. An Inquisitive Reporter Discovers a Loa don Paper's Funny Column. There is a good deal of interesting read ing matter in the advertisements contained in any daily paper. For novel and in geniously worded advertising announce ments the American papera donbtless lead the world. But our merchants, shrewd as they are, have not yet attempted, at least on a very extensive scale, to gain patronage by announcing the names of their patrons, however well known the latter may be. We have not. for example, any officially ap pointed purveyor of hams to the President, wine merchant to tbe Secretary of State, or pillmaker to the Executive household, though there are doubtless enterprising dealers who would be glad to accept either of these responsible positions. In England, things are differently man aged. Not finding anything particularly interesting or amusing in the news columns of a London exchange regularly received at The Dispatch office, the writer began glancing over the advertisements in the British daily, and at once found matter of the most entertainingcharacter. There was a square devoted to extolling the virtues of a certain brand of hams and bacon "patron ized by H. B. H. the Prince of Wales," which ot course at once settled any doubt the reader might have had regarding the excellence of the goods. This was followed bv the cards of the "coach builder to the royal family;" "coal merchants to the Queen and Prince of Wales;" "carpet man uiacturers, cabinet-makers, upholstereriand decorators to the royal family;" "watch and clock maker to the Queen," and other re nowned and much-to-be-envied tradesmen. A hotel advertisement states that the hos telry has been patronized by the late Em peror and Empress of Germany, and a dealer in "wine bins and cellar requisites" does business on the strength of an "ap pointment to II. M. the Queen and H. B. H. the Prince of Wales," which announce ment somehow gives one the impression that Her Majesty is not a Prohibitionist. Next comes a tea company which has "the honor of supplying all the tea used in the members' refreshment room of the House of. Commons," and so states under the head line "Grasp This Startling Fact." (Query: Why doesn't the keeper of the Senate restau rant advertise his celebrated "cold tea" after this style?) There's a good deal more of the same sort of stuff, but these will do Tor samples. It's English, you know, and the regular thing in all the big London papers. i,oocr U? REWARD to any one wao win eontndid by proof onr ciaia that Acme Blacking - WILL HOT INJURE LEATHER. VtOLZT Z EASDOLra. To make an Intelligent test of this, try the follow ins method : Hans a strip of leather in a bottle of Acme Blackine. and loara it tbera for a day or month. Take it ont and hang it op to dty and ex amine its condition carefully. We recommend ladies to make a suni.ar teat with French Dressmr. and Entlcmen wrtn any liquid volution of Paste Black l, or with liquid blacking that comes in atone jugs. OlEBIacking ' " l I I I TiM. 1 It I UM&K I 1 iXk V jKj. L jC La WolffsS Makes any kind of leather WATERPROOF, SOFT, AND DURABLE. Its beaatifnl. rich, GLOSS V TOUSH tacs equaled. Savet labor and anneyanc. A Polish Lasts a month for Women, and A WeekforMen.andonHaniega Leather even Four Months without renovating. WOLFF & RANDOLPH. Philadelphia. Bold by Shoo Stores. Grocers, and dealers rnrnttr. Mwraa lal--Jteli----We-B MtvBvTrryTBBBBaL-----------LHBBHSJPPBjBiW Uw)-Wil!y!WB35giKgWHa