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ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, IMS. Vol. U, o. 2. Entered ai Pittsburg Post- office, November 14. 1SS7, as secona-class matter. Business Office 97 and99 Fifth Avenue. News Rooms and Publishing; House--75, 77 and 79 Diamond Street Thl paper baring moro than Doable the elrcnlationof any other In tho State ontilde of Philadelphia, Its advantages aa on adver tising medium will be apparent. TERMS OF THE DISPATCH. yOSTAQZ FItSI IX THX CMlm STATES. DAILY DISPATCH, One Tear f SCO DAILY DISPATCH, Per Quarter 100 Daily Dispatch. OneMonth Daily Dispatch, including SundaT, one rear. 1000 DAILY DISPATCH, Including Snnday, per quarter 250 Daily Dispatch, including Sunday, one month. - to Ecxdat Dispatch, oneyear. ISO Wxisxt Dispatch, one rear 1 25 Thi Daily dispatch la delivered bjr camera at Is cent per week, orlncludlngtbebunday edition, at 20 cents per week. PITTSBURG, SATURDAY, FEB. 9, 1889. AS TO SIBir STREETS. The contributor who, in a communication elsewhere, objects to the recent assertion in onr editorial columns that the old gibes at Pittsburg's dirt are out of place, and argues that our streets are dirty, has not examined the article with a view to locating its limit ations. The point under discussion was the old-time atmospheric dirt of Pittsburg. The assertion that we hare abolished our former smoke and fogs, does not necessarily guar antee the absolute cleanliness of our streets or the perfect purity or. our politics. The evidence of the senses would restrain us from asserting that our streets are clean. We do not think that Pittsburg is the chief sinner above all the cities of the land in that respect; but it is bad enough to call for reform. The Dispatch certainly joins its correspondent in urging that energetic work be started to cet the streets in good shape. If we are not mistaken there is an adequate appropriation for, street-cleaning purposes; and the season of snows and slush and mud is one when the expenditure is most needed. Clean the streets and let Pittsburg be as free from filth under foot as over head. MUCH ABO ABOUT NCTH2NG. It is again announced by authority that Lord Salisbury will not send a Minister to Washington until Mr. Cleveland has gone out of office; and Mr. Smaller sends a semi hysterical dispatch to the New York Tribune representing this determination as a crusher to the Cleveland administration. It is hardly worth making a fuss over. Its principal significance is that Lord Salisbury is disposed to make as much fuss and show just as much offended vanity now, at our executive rulers did during the campaign. The whole affair is unworthy the dignity of two great nations; but neither the United States nor England need worry about it. The principal result will be to set the plain, common sense people of both nations to thinking that since the two governments can get along without high-priced represen tatives for months at a time, it may be pos sible to dispense with those costly sinecures as a permanent thing. OUR AIR IS CQD ENOUGH. The New York Sun once more demon strates its cheerful spirit in endeavoring to extract comfort from the cold wave which has barely left us. Perhaps it is cold comfort that our cotemporary draws from its obser vation of the atmospheric phenomena, but any &ort of comfort to be found in such a chilly pursuit it worth having. But the Sun further says that a little reflection upon the nature of these great atmospherio phe nomena, that is the movements of the cold wave, gives startling significance to "the statements of scientific men concerning the frightful cold of space, through which the earth is bearing us protected by the warm blanket of the atmosphere." With the fag end of the above paragraph, we are sorry to say, we cannot agree. We think that reflection upon recent atmospheric phenomena, whether with or without refer ence to the remarkable weather charts of the Signal Service, which rival in obscurity the war maps of the New York Serald, would lead one to marvel not at the coldness of space, but at the gelidity ol the at mospheric blanket, which certainly has not been protecting us to any great extent for several days. While the air we breathe is nipping us sharply, we do not care to specu late about the temperature of space. Space is big enough to take care of itself. HO MONOPOLY IN HEWS. The much-fought-over question of the right to monopolize the business of sending quotations from exchanges has reached a court of last resort in Illinois. The Su preme Court of that State holds that the exchanges cannot at this late day set up the right of exclusive owership in quota tions from their transactions. The quota tions belong to the public, and any respon sible news collector has the right to take them and send them over the wires. It is somewhat difficult to see how any other conclusion could be reached; and yet the desire to monopolize that business has been so great, and the corporate interests behind it so strong, that the opposite view has pre vailed on many of the exchanges for some years. Such a control of the quotations might make it easy for jugglery and manipu lation to nse the quotations in crooked ways. The Illinois ruling makes a free market in commercial news, and that is the only rule that the public should tolerate. HOW RECEIVERS ARE APPOINTED. The report that Mr. Jay Gould and Mr. A. L. Hopkins have quarreled, and that their protracted copartnership in railroad schemes is ended, is not of itself particu larly important. But one of the incidents which this separation brings out is instruc tive to the public.as bearing on the relations of corporate management to the bench. It is said as illustrating the confidence between Gould and Hopkins, that in the corporation wrecking career of the greater manipulator, he "obtained from his friend Judge West brook, an order making Hopkins co-receiver of the elevated roads with Judge John F. Dillon." We do not understand that this fact is in dispute; and indeed it is so ordinary a pro ceeding in the history of corporate manipu lations that no one makes any attempt to cover it up. Xet,ifitsbearingsare considered very slightly, it ought to be seen that per mitting the men who have wrecked a cor poration to control its management after it has passed into the hands of the courts, is perverting the machinery of justice for the enrichment of the manipulators. It is well recognized in the case of all private insol vencies that the court takes charge of the concern in order to secure the interest of the creditors. But, when a corporation comes to grief, the people whose rapacity, reck lessness or incompetency hare wrecked it, nearly always find a court ready to con tinue them in power by the selection of one of their number as a receiver. The result generally is that the policy that has wrecked the corporation in the first place is extended until the manipulators can buy it in on their own terms. This is one of the cases in which Mr. Gould's career only presents a striking ex ample of an almost universal practice. Nine outof ten railroad bankruptcies will show the same course to have been adopted; and the results of the receiverships so estab lished are calculated to discredit either the intelligence or the integrity of the Judges who appoint men to positions of trust on the nomination of the wreckers and mani pulators. WHERE THE PROFITS STAT. The division of opinion on the petroleum market, with regard to the Producers' Asso ciation's bundle of oil, is a rather singular illustration of the different views that may be produced by diverse interests. The brokers on the Exchanges think that the Producers' Protective Association ought to agree not to unload on the market before a fixed date, in order that the market may be lively and give the brokers a harvest in commissions. The producers, on the other hand, are of opinion that the brokers ought to boom the market in order to let them get rid of their burden. In the meantime the Standard is not say ing anything; but sits back, very well con tent with its promise to give the producers their five cents profit out of the shutdown. Its calm satisfaction is probably justified by the knowledge that it makes more than that out of storage charges, and probably as much in addition by getting the outside re finers squeezed. After the producers hare got rid of their oil it will be pertinent for them to stop and figure up how much there is out of the shut down to any interest outside of the Standard. BEWARE THE RABBITS HOOF! Perhaps William Bigger, of Bedbank, N". J., has the best intentions in sending to President-elect Harrison the left hind foot of that double-tailed rabbit he caught the other day, but we deem it onr duty to point out for Mr. Harrison's benefit that in ac cepting the alleged mascot he lays himself open to grave danger. Mr. Bigger asserts that as long as Presi dent Harrison carries the left hind hoof of the double-tailed rabbit in his upper left hand pocket he will have no bad luck and all his projects will turn out twice as pros perous as he expects them to. Furthermore Mr.Tligger states that the finding of such a rabbit at this time is a sure sign of a gener al doubling up of everything under Mr. Harrison's administration. It is in this sweeping assertion that we scent danger. Without stopping to consider the patent objection which Mr. Harrison would have to being doubled up, by reason of his pos session of a double-tailed rabbit's left hind hooforamore prosaic lobster salad in his department of the interior, let us glance at a somewhat remote, but always possible, politi cal contingency. May not this doubling of things conduct Mr. Harrison to the ambitious resolve to work for a second term, a double dose of Presidental honors? There is the awful corollary of the left hind hoof of the bl-cau-daled bunny. We know how Mr. Cleve land doubled upon his previous declarations and tried hard to stay in the White House, and some people hare not done weeping about the melancholy result of his attempt. Perhaps Mr. Cleveland had a left hind hoof of a two-tailed rabbit. If Mr. Harrison is wise he will send back the alleged mascot to Bedbank as soon as he gets it. THE CENTRAL PACIFIC SENATOR. There is nothing in the character or record of Senator Stanford which makes it im possible to give any credit to the report that he has forced the withdrawal of the Union Pacific funding hill from the Senate by serv ing notice on the committee that the bill would be antagonized unless the precious scheme to extend the Central Pacific's debt more than twice as long and at two-thirds the rate of interest was tacked on to it. The California Senator's participation in legislation has never gone beyond a keen care for the corporations of which he was a leading stockholder; and there is no doubt that if he believed there was anything for the Central Pacific in such a course he would unhesitatingly resort to it. The improbability lies, however, in the doubt that the Central Pacific crowd have anything to gain by it. Heretofore they have intimated that they do not care to set tle, but that if the United States will not settle on the Central Pacific's terms they can address themselves to that fate to which the second Yanderbilt once consigned the American people. That may have been a bluff; and thev may now have made up their minds that they wish to join their compromise with that of the Union Pacific, in order to work them both together. That view is supported by the urgency with which the Central Pacific compromise is now advanced, but still there is a doubt re maining. The whole Central Pacific policy for many years has been based on the inten tion to make the road worthless by the time the debt matures, and to let the United States have it; while the men who made their vast fortunes out of it will transfer their interests to the Sonthern Pacific. Even if they have changed their minds and want the debt extended for the brief term of 125 years, will it be more likely to be suc cessful if they make Congress swallow the dose at the same time as the Union Pacific mixture, or by letting that milder exten sion of 60 years go first as a sort of en tering wedge? However, the policy may turn out to be shaped the spectacle of a United States Senator supposed to represent the peo ple, but really using his position to con trol the fate of a fifty million debt of his own corporation, is far more instructive than edifying. Senatob Stanfobd's appearance be fore the Senate committee as an advocate of the proposition to extend the Central Pacific's debt 125 years at 2 per cent, is one of the phenomena of the times which will only be surpassed when the Senator votes in favor of his own company from his seat in the Senate. The case of the anthracite coal oper ators, which has opened up before the Inter-State Commerce Commission is a rather peculiar indication that the famous coal combination is going to pieces. Of course if it is the fact that any coal oper ators are discriminated against, they are en titled to relief. But the fact that for many years they were maintained in a virtual monopoly of the seaboard market by the discriminations of the railroads against bi tuminous coal, is likely to make the pnblic slightly incredulous as to the reality of their grievance. Bismaeck's proposition for a compro mise on the Samoan question wodld be very gratifying if we had anything to com THE," BITTSBUEG- DISPATCH, SATURDAY, promise. But as all we want is to have the Samoans left alone, the only compromise that is possible is for Bismarck to call off his dogs of war. Mb, Andbew Carnegie's article on "The Bueaboo of Trusts" is occasioning a good deal of comment unfavorable and otherwise throughout the press. The com mentary generally seems to be too preju diced to estimate the article properly. Mr. Carnegie's arguments are plausible enough in the main, but he fails to give his writings the interest thatthey might have contained if he had told what he knew about the buga boo of the Railroad Trust in whose interest it was necessary to strangle the South Penn project, The West Virginia Democratic method of carrying a disputed election by counting only the votes that will elect the Demo cratic candidate, has the meritof simplicity. It is less trouble than killing the opposition candidates. The statement that President Hippolyte has shot thirteen of President Legitime's Generals sounds very sanguinary until we reflect on the fact that Haytian armies are composed entirely of Generals. The com ment by some of our exchanges that thirteen is an unlucky number seems to be fully justified in this case. The thirteen Gen erals who were shot certainly comprised a very unlucky number. The supporters of John O. New'a candi dacy for the Secretaryship of the Treasury are evidently anxious to show how easy it is in Cabinet probabilities to step from the sublime to the ridiculous. Anothee remark from the President elect is reported to be: "I will not have so much as a piece of muslin come between me and the Republicans or any set of Re publicans in New York." Is this to be taken as a warning against petticoat poli tics, or does it surround that late shopping expedition to New York with a hitherto un suspected political bearing. The intelligence that the Banks county, Georgia, Guards are ready to fight over Samoa, is doubtless what gave pause to the man of blood and iron. Talk having been heard in New York to the effect that the Attorney General of that State would follow up his. Sugar Trust victory by proceedings against the Standard Oil Trust, the Standard people are asserting that it is "a bluff!" The Standard is an undoubted authority on bluffs, but it may yet have the experience of being called down by the law. The explosive natural gas again serves notice on the publio that it may be a good servant, but it is a bad master. The movement in favor of robes for Judges is likely to gain favor in the West, where the performances of lively female litigants Buggest the advisability of pro tecting the judiciary with robes of bullet proof steel armor. They would be more antique than the usual silk robes, and a great deal more practical. PERSONAL FACTS AND FANCIES. Bekatoe Quay has been having a royal good time tn Florida, catching lots of fish. The Prince ot Wales has recorded engage ments, public and private, for every day of the present year up to December 21. General di Cesnola, who has been suffer ing from pleurisy for tho past three weeks, is now happily pronounced convalescent, though still confined to the house. It is stated, that emdoldened by the success of the Stuart Exhibition, in England, the direc tors have made arrangements for holding an exhibition In the same place next year of relics of the House of Tudor. "Is life worth living without a sweetheart!" was the subject brought forward recently at a young women's literary society. It was, how ever. Impossible to find a member willing to speak on the affirmative sldo of the question. AN American who recently heard Bismarck deliver a speech In the German Reichstag says: "The old Chancellor stands without a stoop. His broad ebonlders are very square. His head is thrown back upon them. His fine eyes (his eyes, very large and piercing, are what one first remarks on seeing Bismarck) glare out from under his shaggy brows as the Chancellor faces his bitterest enemy in German politics." A bather good story Is told of the late Bishop of St. Asaph. His lordship once deliv ered a short address to a village school on the subject of besetting sins. "We all," he said, "have onr besetting sins; myself like the rest. What do yon suppose is miner' At length one little fellow was courageous enough to hold up his hand. "Please, sir," stammered the lad, "droonkennessl" 'No," rejoined his lordship, in the meekest of tones, "not drunkenness, but vanity." Miss Elles Terry's present achievements In the role of Lady Macbeth call to mind the fact that to enact that most difficult part was one of her earliest ambitions. About 31 years ago, she, being then Syears old, assumed the character of Fairy Ooldemtar, a good fairy, in a pantomime called "The Wite Cat," This was at the Princess' Theater, London, under Mr. Charles Kean's management. "Another little girl, named Milly Smith." says Miss Terry, "took the part of Dfagonetla, a wicked fairy, and she fell ill; for a night or two I took her place. I remember very clearly that when I found that, as I thought, I had made a success of the bad fairy having doubted before whether I could be bad in a play I at once set to work to study a part of Lady Macbeth." A few months later she did, Indeed, appear In the great Bcottlsh tragedy, bnt only as Fleance. Until the present she neverreallzed her childish ambition of presenting Lady Macbeth. GEEEN IEAS FOE THE MILLION. The Largest Pnrcbnt e Ever Blade, Bnt Not For a Corner in thoMnrket. Special Telegram to The Dispatch. New York, February 8. The tea trade was stirred up to-day by the announcement that Joseph J. O'Donohne had bonght at one swoop 60,000 packages, or over 2,000.000 pounds of green teas. It was learned that Mosfey Broth. ers,Fearon,Low&Co. and E. P. Phelan & Co. were the sellers and Lester, Cary fc Co. the broker. The transaction represents a little over $500,000. Mr. Cary said this sale included all the green teas in the market, and all of this crop on the way from China, the FingSuey and other provinces. Mr. O'Donohne said that he had not bonght the teas for the purpose of cornering the market or squeezing anybody. He said the teas were cheap and ho bonght them and will turn them over rapidly. Mr. O'Donohne said that the transaction was made possible by the closing of the Tea Exchange. .While It ex isted flctltlons'paper values, such as the cof fee jobbers aro righting, were current. The purchase was the largest of its kind ever made in the country: DEATHS OP A DAI. Mrs. John BIgelow. Special Telegram to The Dispatch. New York, February 8,-Mrs. Jane Poultney BIgelow, wife of John BIgelow, ex-Minlster to France, died atherhomehere this morning. Mrs. BIgelow was a woman of social prominence in Eu rope and America. While her hnsband was Min ister to France she frequently entertained famous Englishmen, Frenchmen and Americans. Of late Sears she lived 'Very quietly at her residence In ramercy Fark. a few steps from theoldTUden mansion. She had three daughters, one of whom Is Mrs. Charles 8. Dodge, and two sons, I Jeuten ant BIgelow, of the army, and Poultney BIgelow, the Journalist. Cornelias H. Delamnter. HEW YORK, February 8. Cornelius H. Dela mater, founder of the Delamater Ironworks, died at his residence In this city, of pneumonia. Mr. Delamater was born in Khlnebeck, N. T In 1821. Daring the rebellion he hunt the Ironclad Dictator and did a good deal of other work for the navy. Sir. Delamater was very autlve In the So ciety for Mechanics and Tradesmen, and was also a member or the Union Leacue, THE TOPICAL JALKEE. He Called It the Bazoo In Need of a War A Bilious Picture The Generosity of Art Critics. The pronunciation of the word Bijou has always been a stumbling block in the mouths of a great many patrons of that theater. I have heard the word twisted into all sorts of queer sounds, but the funniest rendering of all I caught In a Long Line car the other evening. As the car came to a standstill at the theater crossing on Sixth street, the conductor opened the door and said In an insinuating sort of way: "The Bazoo." The prolonged emphasis which he threw upon the "zoo" made the word sound dellclonsly funny. V Some days ago a distinguished lawyer at the Pittsburg bar bought an article, which it is needless to describe, ata store where they gen erously throw in a clock with every purobase above a certain figure. It would be unreason able to expect to get a valuable timekeeper as a complimentary gift, and the lawyer realized this while he accepted the clock. He set it up in a room at home, however. It didn't keep good time, bnt the lawyer did not complain, because he was satisfied with the article he had purchased. When he had gone to town one morning this week, however, his little daughter, who is as precise as can be and full of discretion, observing that the gift clock did not agree with the elderly halt clock, took the former to a neighboring jeweler's and told him to set it in order. Yesterday the clock came home, and wlthjlt the jeweler's bill for J2 75. And the lawyer thinks he will not accept the next gift clock offered to him. "I WISH a nice little war wonld crop out," remarked an elderly philosopher yesterday. "Why?" asked a stripling. "Because we have a large surplus of popula tion which needs reducing. War would do that." "Would you go to the frontT" asked the young man. "No, sir; the surplus ends where I begin." V Tee humorous and satirical paper called Time Is showing some excellent results in the way ot using colored Inks for engravings and letter-press. It is curious that more has not been done in this way before. Charles Reese, in the late Lotus, made good use of colored inks in his engravings. In the current number of Time a poem called "At the Bog Show" is printed in a pale shade of brown, which the clever sketch by Charles H. Johnson, which accompanies it, is all the brighter for being left in black and white. . In one of the local picture store galleries may be seen an oil painting of a stretch of ocean and sky. There is nothing in it but water and sky which Mr. Hammer once rightly said are very cheap and the waves are only less bilious in color, a yellowish green, than the clouds. Of course the work Is mo notonous, and truthful as it is, fori have seen sky and sea in precisely this condititlon of color generally before a storm, I would not have It hang upon my walls. A friend of mine said of this picture that it would make him desperately seasick to look at it for but two minutes. V-. Painters generally have very little mercy to show the critics. But the Pittsburg artists can hardly feel unkindly towards those who write about their works in this city. In fact the ever lasting platitudes of praise which are laid in the local shrines of art must become somewhat tiresome at times, one wonld think. Frith. the great English painter who has recent ly published a book of his recollections, writes savagely of all the critics. He could not have had the heart to If he had lived tn this city. V The other day a man who can paint pictures which nobody wonld desire to destroy at sight took a talented critic to see his latest canvasses. The first ploture was trotted out, and the judge gazed at it in a trance of admiration. "Beautiful! Such harmony, such strength, such atmosphere magnificent!" he exclaimed. "Hold onr' said the artist. "Be careful of yonr adjectives. I have another picture at least a foot larger you will have no words left to fit it if you're not careful!" TB0JTFAIRY LAND. The Hnmboldt Society's Fourth Reception a Grand Success. Birmingham Turner Hall, on the Sonthside. looked like a scene from fairyland last night, the occasion being the fourth annual reception of the Humboldt Dramatic and Literary Asso ciation. The hall was very exquisitely decorated with flowers, garlands of evergreens and trop ical plants. The illumination was very beautiful consist ing of all kinds of colored gas lamps, which shed a peculiar soft light across the room that gave the impression ot a woodland scene at sunset. A SPICY PROGRAMME.- School Children Celebrate the Opening: of a New Building. They had a big time In commemoration of the opening of the new school building in the Thirty-fifth ward last night. Hon. A. C. Robertson and Superintendent Luckey made characteristic addresses. A num ber of recitations were delivered by pupils and the trial scene from the Merchant of Venice was rendered by amateurs. A pantomime and fan drill were parts of the programme, lhe Iron City Band was present, and with a quartet furnished the music. Goodmnn-Lord. Miss Minnie' Lord, sister of Prof. W. G. Lord, of Covington, Ky., was married last Friday to Mr. Harry Goodman, of Pittsburg. The ceremony was performed at tho residence of the bride's brother, Mr. Fred Lord, at Pueble, Col. They will visit Covington In the latter part of this month, en route to their fu ture borne In this city. Miss Lord was one of Covington's most lovely and attractive ladies, and her friends were agreeably surprised at her marriage. Pleasant Social Events. Two pleasant social events occurred last evening in the city. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Arthurs, of Center avenue, gave a dancing party in honor of their nephew, Mr. Biddle Arthurs. Mrs. W. N. Pew, of North Hiland avenue, gave an "at home" in honor of her guests, Mrs. Painter and Mrs. Stetson, of Olean, N. Y. Terr Pleasantly Entertained. Mrs. Lizzie Pershing Anderson last evening conducted a very pleasant musical and literary entertainment in the Fourth ward school hall, Liberty street, near Cedar avenue,' Allegheny. The elocutionary portion of the entertainment was particularly meritorious. Their First Cotillon. The Ernani club, a society of young people from the Sonthside, which was organized last fall, gave their first cotillon last night at Odd Fellows' Hall, South Eighteenth street. It was a full dress ball, and Gernert fc Guenther fur nished the music. Eoelety in New York. From Lles.l Simply becanse a lady loses a diamond pin at a dinner party in her own house, is it quite the fair thing that society should ask who her guests were? And having lost a diamond pin under these circumstances, is it quite the fair thing for the loser to advertise a reward for its return? Would it not, in short, bo best for all hands if the lady grinned and bore it, revised her visiting list and hired a detective when she gave any dinners in the future? WAYS OF WALKING. Negroes all toe out; Indians all toe in. The passionate and strong wear the inner or outer rim ot the heel off, but men moro fre quently the outer and women the inner. A man going placidly along, his nose a little elevated, alert, with his hat tipped straight back, is generally found to be observant; if a woman, self-conscious and proud. An observant, keenly-watchful man, if thoughtful and imaginative, often goes gazing at the ground before him, with a slow, listless pace, seeing only the fragile castles of fancy. The "bearing of a prince" means nothing moro, physically, than a finely formed, athletic man using all his locomotive muscles naturally, but the "regal carriage of a queen" means little more than the eloquent curves ot back, neck, and the beautiful poise of the head. ' If we see a man. walking, and notice furtive side glances, if his walk is shuffling or sly, we will find a deceitful wretch; or, if better edu cated, a somewhat cunning man; or, better still, a man secretive and observant. IX In a woman, the base Is vanity or love of praise. FEBRUARY 9,- 1889. EMIGRATION 10 ARGENTINA. The Effect of the New Scheme of Assisted Passages Adopted br the Republic. Southampton yesterday witnessed the be ginning of a new tide of English emigration, Bays the' London Globe. A party of 245 men, women, and children embarked for Argentina, under the new scheme of assisted passages lately established by that Republic. The main features of this plan for bringing English settlers to the country is that its Government pays the whole passage money, on condition that the head of the assisted family executes a bond convenanting to repay the advance, with 8 per cent interest, within two and half years. To make the offer more tempting, employment, at good wages, is guaranteed in any part of the Republic where the new comers may prefer to settle. Nor is there much doubt that Argen tina is m a position just at present to fulfill these conditions onerous as they may appear. Although the influx of European emigrants at Buenos Ayres has averaged 1,000 per diem for some time, the farmers in the Interior remain terribly short of labor and eagerly compete for all that Is on offer. But it is impossible that such an abnormal state of things can last very long. There must be a limit to this wonderful absorption of labor, even in a country whose area contains an im mense superficies of land which only needs cul tivation to yield splendid crops. From all parts of the Old World the crowded out are flocking to the Platte. This very steamer which left South ampton yesterday was going on to Queenstown to pick up 1,300 or 1,400 Irish emigrants. Ant werp, Amsterdam and Rotterdam have wit nessed many similar embarkations during the last month, while Italian emigrants have set forth by the thonsand during the last two years, even without the Inducement of assisted passages. It will be a curiously mixed popula tion, therefore, before the process of peopling the country is finished: more mixed, perhaps, than that of the United States; and with not a little combatlveness in it. a quality apt to be come unduly stimulated In South America. For the present the inhabitants have enough to do with the development of their resources, and with that even more critical matter, the adjustment of ways to means. A NEW INDUSTRY IN RUSSIA. A Large Works Established for the Produc tion ot Nicotine. The St. Petersburg correspondent of the North Britith Mail says that during the last few months a new industry has sprung up in Russia in the form of nicotine extract. This product not only finds a sale in Russia, but is already exported in considerable quantities, especially to South America. The lees ob tained, when preparing the tobacco leaf, have been used for a long time for destroying para sites on plants, and they have also been found efficacious when applied as an antidote to the various skin diseases to which sheep are liable. It has now, however, been discovered that this product affords a remedy for another destruct ive agent namely, the dry rot among sheep and last autumn the Russian firm of Nikolai, Bogdanow & Co. started works in Moscow for the production of nicotine extract on a very large scale. Four to five poods of common Ma chorka tobacco yield only about one pood of the extract, but in such a concentrated form that a teaspoon! ul is sufficient for nearly two pints of water, and the works produce about 50 poods of the extract per diem. The Russian Government has decided to exempt this prod uct from excise dnty. Any other uses to which this nicotine may be applied, although not diffi cult to Imagine, have not yet transpired. ODE MAIL POUCH. The Streets Were Not Included. To the Editor of The Dispatch: As a stranger who has great reasons to be very proud and very kind to your city! permit me to say in regard to your editorial, in a recent issue, saying your city was not dirty, that you will certainly find a disinterested per son to disagree with you. For the past ten days I have been tramping aronnd your city, and I will say that the absolute filth of your streets, your sidewalks and your crossings is the most noticeable thing a stranger sees. Acknowledge the fact and use your influence to clear away the more than a thousand cart loads of unhealthy dirt that blocks up your handsome city. Have some in fluence in cleaning the sidewalks, the gutters and the crossings, and have aws observed in regard to throwing rubbish on the streets. It will be money In yonr pockets, health to your people and a step in the right direction for true civilization. Be assured I chide you as a fr'end. With all your wealth and your magic industries the filth on your streets is a Bad memory for a departing guest who has been re ceived with extraordinary hospitality. John A, Drier. Allegheny, February 8. ELECTIONS AND TERRITORIES. Two Subjects Discussed at a Fall Repub lican Senatorial Caucus. Washington, February 8. A full caucus of Republican Senators was held this morning, at which were discussed the election investiga tion resolutions and the admission of Territo ries. As to the former it was decided that the Committee on Privileges and Elections shonld examine Into the several propositions now pending and determine which of them, if any, shall be adopted. The report of Senator Ev arts on the Texas outrages, recently reported to the Senate, will be discussed as opportunity offers. Upon the Territorial question It was decided to sustain the Senatorial conferees in their dis agreement upon the omnibus bill, which pro poses to admit the two Dakotas, Montana and New Mexico. NO CHANGE AT CHARLESTON. The End of the Contest Is Still Far In the Future. Special Telegram to The Dispatch. Charleston, W. Va., February 8. The joint assembly went into session again to-day to inquire into the matter of returns of the State election, bnt nothing was done. On mo tion of Senator Price it adjourned until Mon day at 3 o'clock in order that the proper re turns may be secured from Webster and Wood counties. NoohanffBof moment tooknlacein the Sen atorial matter, except that the Senator Van pelt voted for Eenna. The result of the ballot was: Kenna; 38; Goff. S3; Carr, 2; balance scattering. NOT MUCH OP A WIPING OUT. The Republican Tariff Bill as Viewed With Democratic Eyes. Washington, February 8. The computa tions made by the Treasury experts upon the probable effect of the Senate amendments to the tariff bill reached the Committee on Ways and Means to-day, and were immediately sent to the printer. A Democratic member of the committee says the tables show that one half of the reduction of $26,000,000 effected by the changes in the sugar schedule is wiped out by changes in the other tariff schedules, which in themselves would result in a con siderable Increase in the revenue. This would leave the net reduction of rev enue about 12,000,000 or 113.000,000, leaving the internal revenue sections out of the circula tion. The Microbe and the Man. From the New York World.! And now comes the report that the microbe of diphtheria has been identified by two French professors. The man of the future will bear upon his body the scars of countless Inoc ulations if many more brands of microbes are discovered. Mithridates drugged himself so thoroughly that he could not kill himself by poison and had to resort to the sword. Per haps, when the germs of disease are better known to science, men who wish to die will have to depend on tne knife or the pistol to remove them from the earth. TEMPTATION. Yon might as well say to the bee, As he lights on the lip of a flower: Its beauty you're welcome to see, But the honey mmt stay and get sour." Do you think he would Ust to you long. With the treasure Just under his eyes ? No. He'd find the temptation too strong, And make a bold dash for the prize. Or, supposing a bird on a tree. Where cherries were rosy and sweet, And yon told him to let them all be. For yon thought them too pretty to eat, Do you think yonr command he'd obey. And with feasting his eyes be content t No. "To let such fruit spoil, "be would say, 'Was never Dame Nature's Intent." So do not be cruel and cold. And askme to promise in vain; For when pretty Ups open to seold They bat tempt one to trespass again. Qeorgt Crouch in Liu, GOTHAM'S GEIST OP GOSSIP, Snlt for Possession of a Pew. tiTEW YOBX BCBXAU SFICUXS.l New Yobs; February 8. When President Thomas B. Jones, of the Nassau Firelnsurance Company, died, recently, he left all of his real estate and the bnlk of bis personal property to his second wife, and small legacies to his sons. The disposition of the big estate was made -without trouble among the heirs. The question as to who should have the late Mr. Jones' pew in the Church of the Holy Trinity, however, created a raw. The whole Jones family and all its collateral branches in New York and Brook lyn were just determined to sit in that one pew. Suit for possession of the pew was begun to day. Mrs. Jones' lawyer claims the pew for her on the ground that it Is real estate. The other side contends that the pew is personal property. Thought It Time to Settle. Freddie Gebhardt has at last paid for the screen which he gave to Mrs. Langtry, and which she gave to the Baroness Blanc, many months ago. Three months after the screen had been delivered the Broadway dealer in bric-a-brac from whom it was bought began sending Mr. Gebhardt bills, and kept on send' lug them. Mr. Gebhardt didn't mind. The dealer threatened a suit. Mr. Gebhardt was indifferent to all threats. Then the dealer got mad and had Mr. Gebhardt arrested on the deck of a steamer bound for Liverpool. Freddy convinced the deputy sheriff that he was not the Mr. Gebhardt that was wanted, and he was let go. Upon his return the papers in a suit for the value of the screen were served upon him. The case has been called and adjourned several times. This ran up a big bill of costs. A threatened continuation of the fight in the Supreme Court brought Mr. Gebhart and Mrs. Lanttry to terms. The bill was paid to-day. Hard to Try a Boodler. The new trial of Boodle Alderman McQuade, who was recently released from the peniten tiary on an order from tne Court of Appeals, began In the Supreme Court this morning. Mc Quade's lawyer said that the wear and tear of shoemaking at Sing Sing for 20 months had rendered his client so weak that he could not endure the fatigue attendant upon jury-getting in New York. He therefore moved for a change ot venue. His motion will probably be granted to morrow. In the six boodle trials already held over 8,000 talesmen were exam ined. Almost Libelous Language. Anthony M. Comstock has been sued by Mi chael J. Sullivan, a former officer of the Society for the Suppression of Vice, for 825,000 dam ages for malicious libel. The libel complained of consisted of an article published In a news paper in which Sullivan is spoken of as "a burglar, a thief, a traitor and a liar." Sullivan claims that this article was inspired by Corn stock. Many Live Saved by Three Pels. Two cats and a dog saved many lives in a flve story tenement at 241 East Seventy-fifth street, to-day. Seven families occupy the building. Early this morning a gas main burst in the basement, where the cats and dog were shut in. The escaping gas filled the room. The animals yowled so loudly and made such a racket that they aroused the janitor. The whole house was full of gas. Mr. and Mrs. Horchla and their five children were already Insensible. The whole Rogan family, on the fifth floor, were suffering from nausea, without knowing what ailed them. Several other tenants were half unconscious when the janitor called to arouse them. Three inmates of the house were sent to a hospital. The others revived as soon as they were brought to fresh air. The dog was taken out half dead, but the cats were all right. Minister Phelps Delayed. United States Minister to England Phelps is a passenger on the Nord Deutscher Lloyd's steamship Lahn, from Bremen and Southamp ton!. The Lahn was due this afternoon, but owing to the recent heavy winds she is not ex pected until to-morrow morning. CATCHING CONSUMPTION. The Bacillus Hobby May be Ridden or Driven Too Far. Consldenng the popularity of consumption in England it is wonderful so little is known about It, says the London Globe. There has long been an astonishing variety of remedies proposed for its cure, ranging from the Madeira to the Davos Platz system. It has been said to have some connection with cancer; it has long been believed to be hereditary; and latelyithas been said to be catching. This latter view, which has gained much ground in Germany, decidedly adds to the pains and penalties of consumption. A patient ceases to be "interesting" when be can hand over some part of his "interest" to yourself. Hitherto the consumptive has en joyed as much society as any invalid can be said to enjoy, and has taken his prescribed voyage as freely, and sometimes as cheerfully, as any passenger on board. But fear of the consumption bacillus will henceforth dictate a new line of treatment. The invalid traveling by sea must be isolated in a definite part of the ship allotted to those who are in this unfortu nate case; for the danger of infecting other pas sengers must De strictly guarded against Of course. If the doctors are really agreed as to the liability of infection in this illness, there is nothing to be said against these precautions. But, if adopted upon insufficient evidence, they are terribly hard upon the unfortunate patient. He requires to be brightened up and made to take a cheerful view of his malady; bnt this Is scarcely possible when seclusion from his fel lows is added to the other troubles under which he is suffering. ETIQUETTE ON THE ICE. The really fashionable skate never weighs more than IS pounds. Ladies should never wear club skates with satin dancing slippers. No tbuly polished urban person will go skating in his bare feet. Nevzh go skating with cream cakes or other explosives in your coat-tail pocket. Children under 6 months of age shonld not be allowed to wear clamp skates. Bustles are never worn by gentlemen on the ice, no matter how badly they skate. IF you wish to be considered original never cut the figure eight on the ice with your skates. Keep your skates on the ice. Do not at tempt to skate sitting down with yonr legs in the air. It Is not de rigueur for persons weighing over 210 pounds to skate on ice that is less than an inch thick. Avoid roller skates on real Ice and do sot fall in near the danger signals unless you have your rubbers on. Always fall forward. No true gentleman will ever consent to crack his skull on the Ice by falling backward. Do not spread the elephant more than nine times in one evening unless you have an un usually large wardrobe. Do not sit down to take off yonr skates in a slushy spot, unless you are near-sighted, or can not maintain your equilibrium. Take your skates off when you are through skating. It is not de rigueur to wear them to church, the theater, or Into the parlor. Don't be too fresh while skating. Remember that you are on ice and not likely to spoil even if you are not as fresh as you once were. Do not improvise skates. A shingle fast ened on to a carving knife is not a good skate, no matter how well the juncture is made. Is yon wear screw skates exercise diplomacy about the bole you bore In your heel, and do not Insert the gimlet farther than the bone. Do not nse ice skates to skate on flag stones. The grating of the blade on the stone will probably give you a chill If you break this rule. It does not look well for a young woman to be seen carrying a Chinese fan while skating, and no properly constituted" person will wear a Panama hat on the ice even in the evening. Popcobk balls are very light, bnt eating 23 of them does not give man the buoyancy he needs to keep him on bis feet while skating, bo that it will be well if you limit thenumber of your pop corn balls to U. Skating on the slant roof of a Queen Anne cottage is a dangerous and unsatisfactory sport to all but lunatics, somnambulists and would-be suicides none of which are admitted to polite society In New York. If your feet are so large that nothing but a bob sled will serve for a skate for you, do not pursue the sport on a small lake. Never skate on anything but the Atlantic Ocean or a river like the Mississippi. New York Evening Sun, CDBI0US CONDENSATIONS. From India comes the news that Lady Eva Qulnn has shot Ave tigers in Upper India, and that the slaughter of big game is becoming a fashionable pursuit. The gilded rooster on the tower of the First National Bank building In Portland, Me., Is the same bird that served as a weather vane on the top of the old Portland court house, over 10O years ago. El Paso, Mexico, must have some very public spirited ladies. An item which appeared in a recent number of one of the papers there reads : The fashionable ladles who engineered the last bull fight netted $281 53, which they will devote to the town clock fund. Mr. Elihu Stevens, of Keadfield, Me., who recently celebrated his 101st birthday, does not class himself among those who never tasted tobacco. He tried the weed once and says that one chew was sufficient for a Ufe tinie. One chew a century cannot be consid ered extravagant. A plebiscite has been taken at Milan. The municipality has directly asked the heads of households their opinion as to whether re ligions teaching should form a part of the cur riculum in public schools. Or the 27.515 votes recorded, over 25,000 were In the affirmative. That is an answer which agitators will hardly dare to overlook. Why will people postpone their 'bene factions T Record was made in London the other day of a lady bequeathing a fortune in 1873 to a man who had saved her life in 1843. Twenty-five years are a big slice of a man's life, and perhaps, in the above case, the man died in the interval between his heroism and the proposed reward. For blandness of expression, the follow ing advertisement, taken from a London paper, wants a good deal of beating: "I, Emanuel Emanuel, sole surviving partner of the firm of E. and E. Emanuel, goldsmiths, a, beg to In form my customers and friends that the an nouncement in a London paper of my death and burial is premature." In Germany, after a girl graduates, she Is sent into the country to the house of some notable housewife, where she remains a year, learning the most approved methods of house hold work. Some town have started schools for this work, notably Hamburg. In England there is a training college for English house wives, at "Goodrest," near Kenilwortb. The Emperor of China has presented his bride-elect with two beautiful mirrors for her attiring room. They are of massive foreign glass, over 6 feet long and 5 feet broad, set in rosewood, in frames 9 feet high, with flowers carved in relief. The pedestals for holding them are also adorned with figures of foliage, animals, birds, etc Each mirror and each frame took eight men to carry it, and they were conveyed from the palace to the house of the bnde's father. An enterprising storekeeper of Kenne bec, Me., has what he terms "a prize candle" burning in his window. The candle is protected from draught of air by a screen, and is kept constantly snuffed. It was lighted at 9 o'clock last Thursday, and during the first 21 hours just 6K inches burned away. As the candle is 42 inches in length at this rate it will last about six days and a half. There have been 8,537 guesses as to the time which the candle would burn, ranging from 17 seconds to 61 weeks. By far the greater part of the guesses are less than 100 hours. A novel suit has been entered in the Third District Civil Court, Williamsburg, by William J. 31 clntee, a well-known politician, against the Brooklyn Crosstown Railroad Com pany. JThe suit is brought for the recovery of the value of a coat. He accidentally sat on a covered stove and burned off the tail of his coat. He then went to the railroad company and demanded damages and the official of the corporation offered him ?3 to buy a new tail for his coat with. He indignantly refused the of fer and is now trying to find oat how much the coat tail is worth. A polite burglar has made the his ap pearance in one of the small towns surround ing Boston. After removing all the portable articles of value from the residences in which he plied his trade, he proved himself a perfect gentleman by leaving in each case the follow ing unique note: "I regret to say that the high cosfof living, and my failure to receive certain sums which I had confidently expected, have put me under the palnfnl necessity of perma nently removing yonr silverware. With all dne apology and wishing you the compliments of the season, I am respectfully yours." Two young ladies at Canton, Me., have started to raise funds for a town hall by means of the deplorable progressive-letter scheme. That is, each writes two letters asking for 10 cents, herself sends 10 cents to the central treas ury and asks each recipient of a letter to follow her example until the series has reached tho fifteenth stage. A friend of these enthusiastic young persons remarks that the plan seems simple, but the young ladies will raise enough for a handsome building by these Insignificant contributions which no one ol the givers will miss. But how about the postage bUl? Uncle Sam will be the gainer by the sum of 52,017 12, which the writers of these letters will have to spend for postage before they get through, and then there are the manufacturers ofpaper and envelopes to rejoice with the rest. How much will the building cost when it is doneT St. Louis oculists are excited over a cu rious case of eclipse blindness which afflicts Robert Winter, a young artist. During the eclipse of the sun on New Year's day Winter and a party of friends were walking near Mills College, and having no smoked glass or other object to view the eclipse they were compelled to use their naked eyes. The sun presented such a beautiful spectacle that Winter gazed at it until, dazzled by the rays, he was compelled to withdraw his eyes. It seems that winter had eanght the focus of the sun's rays at ex actly the point where the heat was so intense as to scorch some of the nerves in the mirror of the eye, while the delicate tissue behind the pupils was also Beriously affected. Winter's right eye, under the care of the physician, is gradually recovering the faculty of -sight, bnt the left eye is so seriously affected that there is doubt whether he will be able to nse it again for months. CLIPPED BITS OF WIT. An Unheeded "Warning. Young Bleaker Be died of water on the brain. OldSoaker-Served him right. I told him not to touch t.LUi. "When to Pop. "When a woman shows enough Interest In a man to piek a piece of lint off his overcoat he can marry her if he only says to. Sort Valley BnterprUt. "Coming Events." New Bride (who does the cooking, starts up In bed at 2 a,h.) Wake up. Charlie. What is the matter? Why do you groan, so terribly In yonr sleep? Charles (half awake) I was dreaming, darling, of to-morrow's breakfast! Lie. A Fortunate Tour. First Barnstormer Hello, old man. Been on the road? Second Ditto Yes, out West. First B. Successful? Second D. Very. Why I had three meals a week, and got a free pass home on a cattle car. LUs. Strategy. Vera "Wiley I'm afraid it would be better not to speak to papa just yet, Jack. Walt until next week. Jack Dorr But why? Vera Wlley-My milliner's bill will be In then, and he may look upon your suit with more favor. -Puck. Taking an Inventory. "Gracious I" ex claimed Cora: "I can't find ma anywhere. X wonder where she can be?" 'Don't worry about her, my dear," replied Mrs. Knaberly; "there's a new family moving in across the way: so I guess you'll find her looking out of the window." Puck. A Division of Pleasure. Friend (to Ken tucky Colonel)-I hear. Colonel, that you and Major Hevengallons were taken down with the Jbn jams together, sir, the other night. Colonel (loftily) No, sir. There was not enough liquor between us for that. I had the Jims and he bad the Jams, but, sir, we couldn't combine I Lit). An Opinion From Thompson Street. Mr. O. Washington Darke-I hear, Scott, dat yo's got a job on de Horning Clarion. Whad yo think ob de profession ob Journalism? Mr. W. Scott Clng-lt am a perfesslon, sab, which requires de clearest head an' de most pow'ful eorncenteratlon ob mind. No ordinary man, sab, could wash dose ten-story windows without dizziness. Puck. , A Blight Disappointment Landlord (looking out orthe window) There comes Widow Jenkins' boy, and I do believe he's coming to pay the back rent. I'll go to the door myself. Little Boy (at the door)-Ma sent ma for a re ceipt. Landlord-All right, my little lad; step right In and I'll write It out. Little Boy-We're goln' to have company to morrow an' ma wants It for lemon Jell'. New lorkSun. Our Boarding House. New Boarder (who Is dressing) I say. neighbor, whatlsthatwalling, shrieking, cursing and sobbing 1 hear going on down stairs? Old Boarder (dressing and beginning to yell) Heavens 1 those are the other boarders gone down before as. N. B. Wen, What does It mean? O. B. It means, ham and eggs again I Attempts to hang himself from the ehsndeUtf with his cravat, LUt, ; '