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THE PITTSBURG- DISPATOH, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY . 15, 1889.
r 1 ft 9j Bigpfrjj. ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1S4S. VoL 41, Xo. 8. Entered at Pittsburg rosU office, Xtovemberlt, 1M7, as second-class matter. Business Office 97 and99 Fifth Avenue. News Booms and Publishing House-75 77 and 78 Diamond Street This paper having moro tlinn Double the circulation oCnny other in tho Slate outside of Philadelphia, its advantages as an adver tising medium will be apparent. TElUDs OF THE DISPATCH. rOSTAGE TKEE Df THE rMTEO STATES. JUtLY DisrATcn, One Year. t 800 Daily DisrATCH, Per Quarter 200 Daily Dispatch, OncMonth ' Daily Disr.iTcu, Including Sunday, one year WOO Daily Dispatch, including Sunday, per quarter i - sa) Duly DisrATcn, Including bandar, one month - SO EUMiay DisrATCli, one year 150 VEEKLY DlsrATCH, one year 13 Uhe Daily Dii1'atcu U delivered by carriers at 15 cents per -week, orlncludlngiliesundai edition, at 2u cents per cek. PITTSBURG, FRIDAY..FER 15. Ih89. TO AGENTS. Agents wishing extras to their orders for Saturday, Sunday and Monday's DisrATcn, will have to order specially what they want not later than to-day. THE FRENCH CEISIS. France's political upheavals are always surprising, and the one which overturned the Floquet ministry yesterday was trne to the rule of being exactly the reverse of what would be expected in other nations. The great policy of Boulanger's party has been the revision of the constitution. Yet, in the vote yesterday, it was the ministry which proposed to push on the bill for re vision and the opposition which called for postponement and won. Add to this the phenomenon of a min istry overthrown on an apparently trivial question of consideration, and the results of French politics seem at this distance to be paradoxical. Of course, however, the vote was full of significance to the French con testants, and was vital in showing that the ministry had lost its majority. "What will come nest no man can tell, beyond the indication that France is ap parently bent on demonstrating the truth of its national proverb that "it is the un expected which happens." THE PEODTJCEES' TEUE POLICY. A rather interesting item appeared yes terday afternoon, in the shape of a reported plan to organize the producers of crude pe troleum into a corporation, the shares of which are to be paid for by the producers out of a certain percentage of their production. This property the corporation is expected to convert, as opportunity occurs into pipe lines, tanks and other means to make them independent of the Standard. This is virtually the plan of action which The DisrATcn has long urged upon the prodneers, with the exception that we have advocated a greater scope in making the or ganization encourage the establishment of independent refineries. It is plain that if a competing pipe and tank system were es tablished, so long as the Standard retained its position as the controlling purchaser of crude petroleum, it could freeze out the in dependent element by the leverage of that power. But ii, simultaneously with the ex tension of competing pipe lines, competing refineiies are stimulated not only by the encouragement of the existing ones, but by efforts to establish new ones the interest can be placed on a basis of independence which will, in time, enable it in the lan guage of the report, to "give the Standard the go-bv." "When the Standard had control of the lever of railway discrimination it was able to choke off competing pipe lines and refin eries. Now it relies upon its control of the pipe lines and its power as the chief pur chaser of crude to maintain its supremacy. "With opposition to it in both branches of the industry, the petroleum business ought to secure its freedom. This was, as we un derstand, the original purpose of the Pro ducers' Protective Association; and if a new organization is started it will have to guard against the danger which perverted the former movement just as a similar evil strangled the South Penn namely, the presence among them of agents of the monopoly and their schemes to delude the independent interest into playing the great corporation's game. Wow much foundation there is for the re port we do not know; but we should be glad to see the petroleum producers embarking in a fair stand-up fight to secure their indepen dence. It would be a hard fight unques tionably; but on the lines indicated it would be a winning one in the end. A WHOPPEE, SURELY. Notwithstanding the recent enlighten ment which the British public has had from Prof. Bnce, Max O'Rell and other observing visitors upon the institutions and tendencies in the United States, there is ftil, evidently, a large capacity on the part ot Cousin John to believe wonderful stories about our politics. The most remarkable of late yarns gotten up for his benefit is a tale that "wealthy Republicans" propose raising 5300.000,000 to bribe the Canadians into an nexation. How anyone could be foolish enough to swallow this it is difficult to con ceive; but British credulity must be equal to the task, or responsible papers at Mon treal would not give currency to the report in a long cablegram from London. It has been the fashion, and to some ex tent is yet, with a certain class of English writers and speakers to make much capital about bribery on this side; yet it is seriously to be doubted if there is more,or as much, of that in our national politics as is practiced even under the boasted British system. No doubt "influence." occasionally pernicious, has a good deal too much to do in our legislation, and as a matter of course also in civil service appointments, but money con siderations are a different thing, in kind at least, if not in character. But if Cousin John were so simple as to suppose for a moment that 5300,000.000 of bribery in a single transaction could be undertaken by "wealthy Republicans" of the United States, the slightest reflection might suffice to convince him that Yankee business shrewdness would forbid the pay ing of any such sum for the Canada whistle. A GRAVE UNDERTAKING. In this neighborhood, as far as our obser vation extends, the undertakers are respon sible men, skilled in their .important and necessary, but not very agreeable, business, and we have never heard that they or the public have deemed it essential that an ex amination on technical matters shouldmake it less easy for a man to become a funeral director. In Ohio, however, it appears that a different condition of affairs exists. The State Association of Undertakers has cast into the Ohio Legislature a bill to provide for the appointment by the Governor of a commission of three practical funeral direc tors, before whom all under takers must pass and secure a license belorc embarking in the business. The only reason publicly assigned for this action is that many undertakers unskillfully handle bodies infected with contagions dis eases. This, indeed, is a sufficient threat against the public health to call for some reform. Rut it is hinted that other forces are behind the bill. There has been a tendency in Ohio, we are told, to regard un dertaking as a last resort. A statesman 'for instance who has failed of his ambition and to whom the trough ot official pap is no longer accessible, has been known to seek relief in burying his fellow men. The burial of his hopes, perhaps, sug gests the appropriateness of this de parture. The poet, whose sweet songs never get beyond the waste basket of the unnatural editor, the tailor who trusts not wisely but too much, the doctor who kills more often than he cures, and, in short, all sorts and conditions of men who" have never felt success' smile, are said, in Ohio, to turn with shocking eagerness to assisting mortal clay to its last resting place. Consequently the profession of un dertaking is embarrassed by the abundance of its practitioners, and the direction of Ohio's funerals has become a prey to ex cessive competition. The proposed law will doubtless prove a timely remedy; Ohio's undertakers will once again be happy and select; and the vested right of charging a dollar for each pair of ten-cent gloves worn by bearers will move along undisturbed by infringements ot rash competitors. THE WEAK SPOT. The formation of the Sewer Pipe Trust, which is to control the manufacture of those useful articles for drainage purposes, is announced, witn the familiar feature of a central corporation which is to distribute the orders and fix the prices. This is the fashionable method of remedy ing the recent prevalence of prices too low to'suit the manufacturers. But onr friends the manufacturers should consider what means they have of making the remedy a permanent one. If we are not mistaken there was a sewer pipe pool some years ago, which held up prices just long enough to at tract new concerns into the business, and smash prices worse than before. If the new combination has any method of keeping new concerns ont of the trade, it may sustain prices above the natural, level fixed by competition. But in default of any such lever every advance in prices above the level at which the present concerns have done a living business for some years, will be a direct premium to the building of new fac-ories, with the result of cut prices and further subdivision of the business so long as the combination effort shall last. Our trusting friends should take care lest in casting out what seems to them to be the devil of competition, some other devils worse than the first do not enter in and abide with them. THE GEADE CROSSINGS BILL. The rather warm discussion in the House of Representatives yesterday, on the grade crossing: bill, was largely a conflict of special interests. The opposition came mainly from the the Allegheny City mem bers, obviously Irom a fear that their city miglit get into the second class before its grade-crossing problem is settled. Yet at present the bill does not apply to Allegheny; while Pittsburg, at least, retains its usual attitude of sublime indifference to the whole subject of grade crossings. On the face of it, the provision of the bill, dividing the cost of changing streets now crossing railroads at grade, seems to be as equitable a compromise as is practica ble. There may be- some ground in the criticism of a Philadelphia member that the provision with regard to new streets puts a check on the opening of streets in city suburbs. But if we are to get rid of the danger of grade crossings, it is clear that new streets should be kept clear of them. It is the worst possible economy to let a new street cross a railroad at grade and wait un til both traffic and damages are heavy, be fore remedying the evil. The worst fanlt of the bill that can be dis cerned by the newspaper summaries is that it is practically special legislation for Pittsburg and Philadelphia. Tf the princi ples on which grade crossings shall be abol ished can be enacted into law, there is no reason why their operation should be con fined to these two cities. The law should be based on such broad and general justice that it can apply to every municipality in the State where there is any need for it. Nor is the need for it any greater now in the two large cities than in the dozen smaller ones. "We doubt if either Philadelphia or Pittsburg have more dangerous grade cross ings than those on the main streets of Alle gheny and Harrisburg. It is hardl) the right remedy for a danger of such widespread character, to put the two bigger cities in safety and to let the slaugh ter go on in the rural districts. GAMBLING WITH FOOD. "Wheat is again turned into a gambling product, the manipulators at Chicago having squeezed the market up to about 81 10. There is not any change in the sta tistical position of wheat and the advance is purely the result of manipnlation. If no one but the gamblers in wheat were caught by this class of brace game, the pub lic would not care very much. But the legitimate work of bringing wheat from the producers to the consumers is blocked by every such squeeze, and the greatest damage is inflicted on both producers and con sumers. A specimen of the way in which this gambling is made the excuse of extortion is shown by the promptness with which West ern millers advanced the price of flour the day of the advance in wheat. When wheat went down from the SI 10 level last fall the millers did not reduce flour; but when it goes up, the price of bread to the workmen ot the country is put.up with it. The New York Sun's remark that "if wheat has ceased to be a food and become a gambler's plaything the people can cat corn" is pertinent. But it should be added that when wheat 'cases to be food for the people it ought to become food for some very earnest and fruitful thinking. LEGAL ECONOMY. The ingenuity of the law's methods in prolonging the dreary course of litigation has long been the subject of satirists; but the novelty of a device for increasing the cost of legal proceedings just developed in Dutchess county, New.York, leaves all the satires in the shade. It seems that an estate inventorying some $18,000 at first, had just got through probate at a legal cost of $3,000. Considering that perhaps $300 worth of act ual work had been done by the nine lawyers connected with the case, this was quite mod erate, and the owners of the property would have been lucky if they could have taken the remaining $15,000 and gone about their bnsiness. ' But the lawyers still had a card to play. A first-class city lawyer would never have suffered five-sixths of the estate to remain intact on the first bout; but the rural advo cates made up for their primary neglect by the subsequent master-stroke of policy. They realized the unprofessional conrse of letting 15,000 out of an f 18,000 estate go to its rightful owners without further diminu tion; and they summoned the extraordinary powers of equity to their aid by servinS an injunction on the executors forbidding them to pay exorbitant legal charges. That settles the fafeot the estate, or a con siderable share of it. By the time that the question is argued before piasters, argued be fore courts, argued on appeals, with all the variations of hearings to take testimony, stenographic reportsand the remainderof the costly resorts of equity practice, the heirs to that estate mayregard their $15,000 as a van ished dream, and will only be able to wish that they might dream again that they were able to get off with only $3,000 legal charges. ' The legal mind has evolved a great many striking ideas; but it never turned out a more audacious and delicate bit of satire than throwing an estate into equity litigation on the plea of cutting off excessive legal charges. The river wall' and park, as a means of beautifying the lower part of the city, will meet a long-felt want. It would be difficult to name anything that the district adjacent to the Point needs more than a considerable addition to its negative stock of beauty. It is regarded by the ProvidenceJburnal as a subject for sarcasm that the President elect can appoint Warner Miller to the de partment of pumpkin-seeds and crop re ports. But could not our esteemed co temporary find some targets for its wit in the Democratic party which enacted the bill in order that Hon. Norman J. Colman might have a Cabinet position for two weeks after lobbying for it, lo.fhese many years? The repbrt which comes up from New Orleans that Evangeline Rice and Adonis Dixey lost $8,000 at poker in that town sounds stunning; but before taking stock in it the public had better inquire how much water there is in that $8,000. Senator Peumb declares indignantly that the Creek lands might have been bought several years ago for 75 cents an acre, if Mr. Cleveland had seen fit to respect the will of Congress. The public may not regard it as an unpardonable fault that the owners of the land should get something nearer their value than that price, although of conrse Senator Plumb and the land grab bers will rage. The report that the firms who have spent so much money to maintain their patents on barbed wire are themselves infringing on a French patent ot 1865, is calculated to make the business of patent litigation experience another boom. The news that Perry Belmont is unable to penetrate in to the circles of royalty in Spain on account of the omission to notify the Spanish Government ot the withdrawal of his predecessor, according to etiquette, is firing the Democratic heart. What are onr boasted liberties worth if the effete royalty of Spain can keep a Democratic millionaire at arm's length on such frivolous pretexts. The finding in the police case has a gen eral resemblance to the Scotch verdict of "not proven;" but the assailants of the police insinuate something about a change of venue. A young woman in Harrisburg is re ported to think that she is in Heaven. This is taken as proof positive that she is out of her senses, as she is still in Harrisburg. But it maybe worthwhile to remember that almost any change from the normal con ditions in Harrisburg would be likely to appear a transition in the direction, at least, of Paradise. It is comforting to know that after some, months of researches into cotemporary Irish history, the Parnell Commission has at last got within sight of the alleged Parnell letters. "Goveenoe Hill had nothing to say re garding his alleged 'snub' at the White House," remarks the Chicago Herald. Hadn't he, indeed? Then there is a misap prehension, as to that remark about Randall as "the greatest living Democrat" being a deadly stab by the snubbee into the snub ber's adipose tissue. That valued policy bill rises again in the Legislature to plague the insurance com panies. Mr. Gillette's determination to drama tize r'Robert Elsmere" without the consent of the author is not very wise. There are plenty of other subjects on which he can exercise his talent. Let him dramatize "The Descent of Man." We are sure that Darwin will notjobject. PROMINENT PEOPLE. Mb. Rcskin persists in using candles for il laminating purposes at night. Tiie German Emperor has started an elab orate dally "Court Circular," which ho edits himself. Lord Salisbury has expressed himself as being, ready to propose a grant of 15,000 a year for Prince Albert Victor whenever his Royal Highness desires to marry. Hon. Jons Daleell left Washington last evening for a brief business visit to New York. He will return to the capital by way of Pitts burg, where he will be Saturday and Sunday. M. Jacques, who was defeated by General Boulanger in the Pans Parliamentary election the other day, was once a college professor. Failing at that, he became a successful dis tiller. Tiie Emperor of China, a boy of 17, has a serious hesitation in his speech, and speaks with considerable difficulty. He is quiet in disposition, but vey obstinate when once ho has formed an opinion. Colonel "Das" Lamont was an expert on the subject of pie before he ever began his now famous series ot pastry seances at, the Whito Hohse. He was steward of his club at Union College, and an uncommonly shrewd steward, too. A privilege enjoyed by members of tho club was that of abstaining Irom any of the delicacies of the table, receiving in exchange a rebate from the weekly assessment. A student from Vermont, who did not particularly enjoy pastry, one day announced that he would henceforth eat no pie, but, instead, -would draw 5 cents a day from the treasury. Lamont's eyes twinkled when ho heard the announce ment, but he said nothing. The next day at dinner he had chicken pie, the next oyster pie, the next veal pie, and so on for a fortnight. The victim made no complaint, but at last his patience gave out, and he left the club in high dudgeon. Thereafter when any member an grily withdrew he was said to have "pied out." Rough on tho Tonne Napoleons. New York, February 11 Justice O'Brien, In the Supreme Court to-day, denied without comment the motion made on behalf of Henry S. Ives and George H. Stayncr for a change of venuo In the big suit brought against them by the Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton railroad. A New Bank for New Orleans. Washington, February 11 Tjie Controller ot tho Currency to-day authorized, the Amer ican National Bank of NewOrlean. La., to be Kin business with a capital of $200,000. THE TOPICAL TALKKB. How n Slodern Melodrama Wni Born The New TerroTi ot the Coble Weather Bnd for Sleighing and Good for Ice men. It Is seldom that you run across a man who stands success as well as Joseph Arthur does. The author of '"The Still Alarm" has already made a reasonably large fortune out of the play, and he certainly can look for many more thousands of dollars from It before its potency is gone, but be wears a hat of the same size he wore when be was still knocking at the door of fortune a few years ago. Juit now ybu may see a good deal of Mr. Arthur If you will by dropping into tho Bijou Theater any evening. A man rather above the middle height.'dressed handsomely and inva riably plug-hatted, with perhaps a flower in bis buttonhole, bnt nevertheless an approach able, affable fellow, with lots of good sense and good humor, is Joseph Arthur. V Tiie way Mr. Arthur came to write "The Still Alarm" has often been discussed, and I myself remember being told some months ago by a very sharp young man that this stirring fire engine scene was not Joseph Arthur's at all, but a theft from an older melodrama. But on this point I now have certain knowledge. "The Still Alarm" is Indigenous to Ohio. It is Cinclnnattian from its very inception. Two years ago Joseph Arthur was a guest of the Palace Hotel in that city, and occupied a room just brer the word 'hotel' in the big gilded sign on the Sixth street side. Ho spent three weeks therein, most of the time closely con fined to it by illness. Reflection and sick bed homilies were his principal diet. Ho often wondered what the unseen future had in store for him, the weather being hot The big alarm bell on the "Gift Engine House," opposite, boomed in his ear regularly four times within the 24 hours. It summoned the men to the turnout' and 'hltchup' practice. Then he would jump from his bed to watch the ani mated picture of trained horses dashing out of their stalls, the automatic dropping of the har ness, the men sliding down brass poles, and then the rush and roar of the departure. One night, the idea struck him like a shot. What a scene for a play! 'It fairly hypnotized him. It became bis constant companion. He began next day to write. First he made his own drawing of the scene. Then he prepared models and sent them to Munn fc Co., of the Scientific American, who applied to the Patent omce for confirmation of Mr. Arthur's sole right thereto as an invention. It took a year to do it; hut the patent was granted in full, there by establishing a precedent, as it is the only stage scene that has ever been granted a patent in its entirety. He next formulated his plot, studied out his situations, created his charac ters and filled their mouths with dialogues. These are the lines upon which in Mr. Ar thur's opinion all successful plays are written. He also looked well after the very essential at tributes "suspense" and "surprise," two of the most valuable agents in dramatic construction. But he did not attempt fine writing. During the progress of the work he often ran across to the fire engine house to get points from the boys on watch and they all know him well and will tell you now that he haunted the place day and night. He con ceived "Jack Manley" with a view to sym bolize in him all the dignity, nobleness and ro manticism of the character of the modern flre- laddle. At first ho named his play "The Plebeian" and had progressed as far as Gor man, the villain of the piece, who, for obvious reasons, he "caused to segregate the wires." But before he took this license he visited the "Gifts" again and asked them if that interest ing act could be performed without Inter ruption. "Oh, yes, many times the room is deserted," was the reply. But, said Mr. Arthur, "Suppose your wires got out of order, how could you get an alarm?" Why, then, we might get a "Still Alarm," was tho answer. "What Is a still alarm T" inquired the author. "A verbal or telephone call to a flre." "Then," said Arthur, '"The Still Alarm' shall be the tltlo to my play," and straightway went forth and copyrighted that title and affixed it to his manuscript with the produc tion ot the play. V There is a peculiar fact in connection with "The Still Alarm" that has not yet been told, and which would seem to smash once more the traditional 13 superstition. There are just 13 letters in the tltlo "The Still Alarm," 13 letters in the author's name, Joseph A Arthur, 13 people exactly in the caste. It ran 13 weeks in New York City and just 13 weeks at the Prin cess' Theater, London, and closed thereon October 13 and reopened in this country No vember 13. V Perhaps you've noticed how few accidents happened when first the cable cars began to run in this city, and how frequent they are be coming now. The reason for this is probably, to be found in tho fact that people have become used to seeing the cars on the streets and do not feel the samo wholesome dread of them they inspired at first. Familiarity has bred carelessness, if not exactly contempt, in this case. At the same time, with the multiplica tion of cable lines, it certainly will become necessary for slower speed than is now the rule with the cars at crowded crossings down town. On several occasions lately I have noticed cars on the Citizens' line arriving at the inter section of Liberty and Sixth and Market streets at a dangerously rapid gait. Pedestrians who cross on tho lower street have to keep their eyes open for the Allegheny horse cars, the cable cars, ordinary vehicle traffic and an occa sional locomotive, and the spot is full of perils even to the most careful. One of the greatest aggravations in the win ter weather we have been having lately is that, with dry and only moderately cold days and nights, with a splendid moon and tolerably clear skies, there has only been enough snow to suggest the possibility of sleighing. If but a couple of Inches of snow would fall now there would be gpod sleighing all over the country, or the roads are smooth and well frozen. - The ice harvest is proceeding gaily, and suffi cient ice has been gathered in Allegheny coun ty by this time to assure to dwellers out of the city a fair supply for the summer. In the case of the icemen the absence of snow in formida ble quantity Is of course a source of rejoicing. So, while young men and women sigh for the joys of sleighing of which they have In this neighborhood seen little for two or three win tersthe icemen shout aloud their praises of King Frost. FILLED WITH FIEEAEMS. The Carondclct Snlls for Ilnjti With Aid for nippolytr, NEw York, February 11 The steamer Car ondclet sailed this afternoon for Samana. It was authentically stated during the day that 133 cases of rifles, shells and ammunition, brought here by the Red Star steamer West ernland from Antwerp on Wednesday, had been placed on board of the Carondelet in the early hours of the morning. It was announced officially to-day that Henry Kunhardt, the Haytian Consul at Boston, has ljccn removed by President Legitime. DEATHS OP A DAY. . Rev. Michael Stack. SCBAHTON, I'A., February H. Kev. Michael Slack, the wcU-known priest, died last night at the Lackawanna Hospital, this city. His death resulted.chlefly from the effects attending the bursting of a pipe while taking a vapor bath in a deposed from his pastorate by Bishop O'Hara, ot the Ss;ranton diocese, because or certain church difficulties in which lie disputed the authority of the bishop, and which culminated lu the cele brated Siack-O'llara case, which was tried in ecclesiastical and civil court; and afterward appealed, without .result, to l'ope Leo XI1L, the case becoming a world-wide question. Although Father btack and the bishop were af terward reconciled, the latter would not rcsture him to his parish or assign him a new one In the diocese. Durlnghisilliiesshcwas ministered to by two priests from the Cathedral parish, under direction of the bishop, and he received the lact rites of the church previous to deith. Private funeral services wpre held to-day under the direc tion or Jllshop O'lLir.i, whose authority Father Stack had so long deled. Iter. W. 8. Cnmpbell. Special Telegram to The Dispatch. Bellaihe, February H. Eev. W. S. Campbell, pastor of the Episcopal Church here and at Mar tin's Ferry, died this evening of dropsy, aged 33 cenrs. The remains will be taken to his parents' home in Virginia for interment. William Luebbe. Mr. William Luebbe, a son of Henry Luebbe, one of the members of the well-known firm of Luebbe Bros., died at the home of his parents, bprlng Hill, AUegheny, at IC:u5o'clock last night. Ex-Premier Cotegipc. KtoJAXEnio, February 14. Baron de Cotegipc, recently Prime Minister of Brazil, Is dead. THE Y0EKT0WN 18 ALL EIGHT. A Thorough Teat Proves Her a Model of Steadiness and Speed. PlllLAPELPnu, February 11 The United States steel gunboat Yorktown returned this morning from her trial cruise down the Dela ware Bay and out Into the ocen. Commodore Fitzhugh spoke generally in high praise of the craft. On Wednesday a run was made straight away out to sea, and in coming back the York town made a run of four hours with a 40-knot breeze dead-on ahd behaved admirably. Cap tain Steel says she did not roll or pitch, and he never bad a vessel that was more plumb or steady. In another four hours' run she made an aver age of 15.85 knots per hour, or about 20 miles, thus proving her to be a very fleet ocean craft, as well as a remarkably steady one. The en gines of the Yorktown proved to be perfect marvels for steadiness and power. Each engine on a regular test marked 157 revolutions a min ute, implying a horse power far ahead of the contract requirements, but tho exact sum of which cannot be given for some days, or until all the indicator cards can be computed and differentiated. The ship was tried In every conceivable nay. in river, bav and ocean, and was particularly maneuvered by Captain Steel, under tho command of Commodore Fitzhugh, as if engaged in fiat tie. She answered every movement of the helm promptly, and moved with a most satisfactory celerity, all the time steady and solid, so that guns might be used with the very best effect in action. One of the marvels of these maneuvers was the starting of the Yorktown ahead at full speed and backing her at full speed. This feat was accomplished iu 1 minute and 57 seconds, an extraordinary result under any circum stances. While at sea the sails were tested, and it was "found that in this particular the ship was as trim and complete as in any other. The officers and crew, from the Commodore down to the stokers, are loud in their praise of the Yorktown, and they believe that she will prove the pride of the new American navy, at least until the mammoth cruisers. Baltimore, Philadelphia and Newark shall come forth to bear the American flag. Commodore Fitzhugh promptly announced the general result to the Secretary of the Navy. There seems to be no doubt that his report will be entirely favorable, and that the gunboat Yorktown will be accepted and pre pared at once to receive her command. SWELL SOCIETY IN CB.INAD01I. The Belles of tho Almond. Eyed Coterie of New York Enjoying lite. ISrSCIAL TELEGRAM TO TIIE'DISrATCILl New York, February 11 A series of feast ing and social gatherings of the Chinese ladies of New York began last evening. They will last for a week, and no man will be admitted. Young Mrs. Yuet Sing gave a 6 o'clock tea at tho WheyYnbg Lo restaurant. The entire second story was gaily decorated with red and yellow bunting and lanterns, and a long table was heaped full with the imported goodies from the Motherland. A big red card was conspic uously posted at the foot of the first landing of the restaurant, warning male patrons not to profane the occasion by their presence. Only a single male, attendant, the head waiter, was allowed in their presence, to wait upon them. Tho other attendants were the Chinese maids of Mrs. Woo Kee, pretty Mrs. Linn Kivong On and Mrs. Lee Ah Cham. They were maids of several sizes and shades of colors, dressed in short togas with great wide sleeves and spaci; ous, black silk trousers, hatless and apronless, each having a neat black cue tied with rib bons. These and the frolicsome children fur nished the only life amusements to the guests. When a lady entered the hostess greeted her by rising and lapping one big sleeve over the other, and gently bowed her whole body two or three times and singing. There were present nearly a dozen of these rich ladies. After mutual exchanging of courtesies, the hostess ordered tea in tiny little cups In silver saucers Then thefamous "suay yen," or water smoke,ln long glittering Turkish pipes of white copper was served by the maids to .-each guest. This is the fashionable smoke of the ladies of China. It is a mild perfnnred species of tobacco. About 6 o'clock the feast began in tho same style as the feasts of the men, only that tho wines, of which there are several brands, were milder than used by the men. The wines were drunk In sips, while the ladies partook of the chow chop swey, sharksflns, and pigeon feet, etc It is at this time that the real sociability of these ladies begins. Six hours are usually allowed for such din ners. All the ladies and their children were dressed in the height of fashion of 3.000 years ago, like a lot of big and little butterflies around a spring daisy. Every one wore costly diamonds, but the principal ornaments were jet. PROHIBITION IN IOWA. Senator Wilson ,Snys it Has Illndo tho' State Almost Crimeless. Washington, February 11 Mr. Wilson, of Iowa, to-day addressed the Senate in support of, the bill relating to imported liquors, in troduced by Mr. Frye on the 21st of December, 1SS7, reported back adversely from the Ju diciary Committee on tho 19th of March. 1S88, and then placed on the calendar. The bill reads: "The consent of Congress is hereby given that the laws of the several States re lating to the sale of distilled and fermented liquors within the limits of each State, may apply to such liquors when they have been lm- Eorted, in the same manner as when they have een manufactured in the United States." Mr. Wilson dwelt at considerable length on the beneficent effect of tho anti-saloon law in Iowa, quoting tho opinion of Judges as to the remarkable reduction of crime since the law had gone into operation. He quoted one of the J udges as saying in regard to his judicial district: "In many of the counties the jail is almost an unnecessary building. In the last three counties visited thero was not an occu pint of the jail." He spoke of the Illiteracy of Iowa having been brought down to 10 per cent, Iowa being thus placed, he said, "at the head of the educational column, not 6nly of this country, hut of the world." Such a State might hope fully to remove the district con struction, which alone stood as one obstruction in the way of the rightful exercise of her police power, by which removal she could success fully suppress crime.withln her borders. No action was taken on the bill, which still remains on the calendar. TENNESSEE'S OPINION, TOO. A Particular in Which Philadelphia and Other Cities Is Surpassed br Pittsburg. From the Nashville, Tcnn., American. Philadelphia is usually looko1 upon as the metropolis of the Commonwealth of Pennsyl vania, but when it comes to publishing livo newspapers, she must turn the throne over to Pittsburg. The Dispatch, of the latter city, is altogether the best newspaper that reaches the American's exchange editor and this, not only from the State of Pennsylvania, but from anywhere. It is about the most carefully edited paper we know of, and.barring its politicals the most acceptable journal, in every detail, that we know anything of. POSTAGE STAlir FAMINE. A Time Lock Safe in the Baltimore Office Will Not Open. Baltimore, February 11 Baltimore nar rowly escaped a famine of postage stamps, as the combination lock on the stamp safe in tho postoffice refused to work properly jesterday morning. An expert was at work all last night and to-dav on the safe, but it withstood every effort made to open it. and it is probable that the front plates of the door will have to be re moved, which will take a week's work. Cashier Nicodemus went to Washington this mornipg and brought over a simply of btamps. Pnymnsiers to Meet Moon. Washington, February 11 A reunion of the paymasters of the army who served during the War of tho Rebellion will be held hero at the Ebbltt House on March 5. The address of the Secretary is Colonel Thomas H. Gardner, No. 1006 F street, northwest, Washington, D. C. A Pointer for Poets. From the New York Evening Snn. A w ell-known English poet has a mind reader who sits opposite him and takes down his poems in shorthand as he thinks them. AT CHEYENNE. Young Lochlnvar came in from the West With fringe on'hls trousers and fur on his vest: The width ofhis hat brim could nowhere be beat Ills number ten brogans were chock full of feet; His girdle was horrent with pistols and tilings, And he flourished a handful of aces on kings. Jlhc fair Mariana sate watching a star. wnen wno snouia turn up out uio young ijocnin- vart Her pulchritude gave him a pectoral glow. And he reined np his boss with stentorian "whoa," And turned on the maiden a rapturous grin And modestly asked If he mightn't step in. With preenceof mind that was marvelous quite, The fair Mariana replied that he might; So in througb the portal strode young Loch in var r.-e-empted the claim and cleaned out the bar; Though the Justice allowed he wa'n't wholly to blame, - '" He taxed him ten dollars and costs Just the same. hugtnt Flekt, in the Chicago Sews. DUTY OF EATING. An English Writer Clnlms That Distaste for Food is n Flinse of Bnrbarlsin-Conxlng the Appetite Tlio Affectation ol Under Eating Fnstlnc Too Lone nnd Then Eat ing Too Itlnch n Great Mistake. From the London Standard. 1 The Duty of Eating is the moral of a dis course which one of our medical cotemporaries addresses this week to the conscience of the abstemious. It is impossible to dispute the ex istence of the evil" at which tho physician preacher points tHe finger of blame. There is in these dais a deplorable lapse from the healthy standard of rude appetite. "Many people," as the writer remarks only too truly, "do not know what it is to have a keen relish for food." Women, it is notorious, aro the worst and most persistent offenders. A cup of tea and a morsel of toast in the morning, a roll and butter at noon, and the merest affectation of interest in soup, entree, and joint at dinner, make up tie dietary of many ladies who pre tend to fashion and feeling. It is only sweets and these not always that kindle anything like earnestness and enthusiasm. We hardly needed professional admonition to make it plain that this shirking of honest fare is un wise. The novelty lies in the severity with which the doctor dons the gown of the moralist and proclaims that under eating is wrone. "Without sufficient food," we are told, "neither man nor woman can be'bappy or well," and as it is an obvious duty to enjoy life and do one's share in the world's work, it follows that we are under the most solemn obligation to take an adequate amount of nourishment. Our teacher, however, it must be owned, takes np his parable against the prevailing tendency to meager diet in the kindliest and most helpful spirit. He will not hear of the doctrine of in eradicable depravity. Those who err may work out their own reformation, and that with out the slightest consciousness of painful effort. Can the Appetito bo Conxed? "Eating fs a duty" granted; but eating, he goes on to affirm, ought to be a pleasure also. It lies in every one's power to master his re pugnance to the creature comforts of the table. "The appetite," it is laid down with an artistic disregard for verbal accuracy, "can be coaxed and trained as well as any other part of the body." Distaste for food is a mere phase of barbarism. "The woman who, without be inglll, refuses to take reasonable meals is on precisely the same intellectual level as the savage who refuses to be worried with the dis comfort of clothes." But what Is the poor sin ner to do? How is she to take the first step np the ladder of civilization? How is she, in tine, to learn to eat? The answer is by eating. Whether she likes it or not, she. must sit down and empty her plate. The expert pledges bis reputation that there is no danger in eating a fair quantity three or four times a day, even though appetite be wanting and digestion be impaired. And he would make the path of the returning transgressor not only safe but pleas ant. Secure "appetizing" food; persevere with it, and repugnance will before long convert it self into liking. There is a fascinating sim plicity about the plan that is almost irresisti- Old maxima Set Aside. The counsel tendered will, at any rate, be most welcome to a large class who do nofpar tlcularly stand in need of a stimulus. Rightly or wrongly, the bon vivant will interpret the advice as a sanction to his spontaneous tastes. Hitherto, the epicure and gourmet have en joyed themselves with tear and trembling. The tags of the moralists and the precepts of the doctors have all been at the service of the ascetics. The schoolboy who sees his slim, sis ter struggling conscientiously with "a fair quantity of food three or four times a day," will feel himself more than ever entitled to have agood "stuff" at the pastry cook's after he has done his duty by the leg of mutton and suet pudding at borne. The most prudent of Scotchmen will for once indulge in that for bidden dream of bliss as much haggis as he would like to have. No doubted the blast that has been sonnded against the pernicious prac tice of starving could not logically be inter preted as an incitement to the opposite ex treme of gluttony. But to those who have im bibed the traditional teaching of the doctors on the subject of meat and drink, the open disrespect shown to the authority of hunger must bo demoralizing. "Eat not to live, but live to eat," might he construed to enjoin an adequate menu. Bnt bow can we possibly get over the time-honored maxims that we should rise from table hungry; that we should never eat unless we nave an appetite; tnac dyspepsia , is the sure proof, and chastisement, either of error or excess? Hunger the Best Snnce. Physiology is not the most graceful of themes, but it will not, we trust, offend any one's fas tidiousness, if we recall the trite rule that when the stomach goes wrong the only thing is to give it a holiday and let it recruit its lost energies. It is a revolutionary age, and in nothing is the revolt from prescription more striking than in this repudiation of the stand ing dogma of the hygienists of the last genera tion. "Stinting," perhaps, will have its turn once again. The lay word has to accommodate itself to the whims of the physicians. Port wine has been in and out of favor within the life of many who like to think themselves young. Alcohol has been commended and abused; prescribed and vetoed; till at last, the patient, in mere desperation, is reduced to giv ing up champagne, if it was his one delight, and sipping Scotch whisky, if he has a rooted aversion to spirits. The new dogma on the subject of hearty meals is of nentral complex ion. On the other band it peremptorily orders people to eat who would very much sooner fast, but on the other, it directs that the food shall be made tempting. If only the benevo lent physician who lass down laws for us had imparted the secret ot giving a zest to the pal ate, lfe would complete his services to feeble humanity. Tho best sauce, according to the Latin Delectus, is hunger; but supposing hun ger is lacking, what condiment can be found to take its place? The confirmed dj'speptie will bo sceptical about the possibility of surviving the discipline of surfeit to which our contem porary lightly invites him. The insipidity of the dish lies in the palate that has to taste it Where Is the savour to come from if, instead of craving, there be loathing? There is the diffi culty, and, with all respect for the new teach ing, we cannot help thinking that conscience in such cases, is a very bad stimulus to appetite. Girls and Grandmothers Compnred. Where unaer-eatlng isa matter of habit, or fashion, or affectation, or caprice, the warning given by our cotemporary is one that ought to lead to better ways. It is not, however, the quantity eaten, but the manner of eating, that saddens the heart of the' observer of nine teenth century civilization. The poor figure which onr girls cut at "the dinner table in comparison with what their grandmothers were, or, viewed through the mellowing lapse of time, are popularly adjudged to have been is rather a symptom than a cause of ill. They are captious about their food because they are too often frivllous in their lives. They spend the morning in an armchair, over the latest novel, instead of wooing health and good looks by a good long walk. They have got It into their foolish heads that it Is rather an inter esting than a discreditable thing to be delicate, and the result Is that they get into a way of liv ing on a few spoonfuls of soup and a helping ot souffle pudding. Their father, in his way, leads a life just as little in accordance with the dictates of nature. He gets up in time to hur ry off (by train, of course) to his office; he puts aside his briefs or his papers to bare a hasty snack, returns to work, drives home in time to dress foi dinner, and devotes to that most complex and most tedious of functions tliepoor remnant of an appetite which ought to have "lived and thrived" on reasonably organized repasts in tho earlier hours of the day. w The Mistakes of .-onie People. The total consumption of food in Great Britain is, probably, far in excess of tho re quirements ot healthy existence; it is the dis tribution of it that is f-.ulty. Tho average cit izen fasts too long, and then eats too much and tooquickly. To do him justicc.he is quite con scious of the mistaken arrangement ofchis life.' But it is not he who made soefctyand Its usages. He was born into life, and must take things as they come; and, in spite of all the re monstrances of doctor.-, he will go on doing what he knows to be hjgienically wrong, but finds on business grounds to bo inevitable. The smaller class of people, who might make good meals it they chose, and perversely and obstinately trifle 'ith the serious business of eating, mav possibly be atfected and converted by the vigorous appeal to tboir conscience. In this caso there is no fatal bent to struggle with. Children aro unaffectedly devoted to tne de lights of eating and drinking, md it only re mains for their parents and guardians, while keeping them up to the desired standard of generous fare and healthy living, to follow their example. Emperors Come High. From the New York Tribune. The annual Income of the young German Emperor is estimated at $1,000,000. It is to be hoped, for the sake of their own peace ot mind, that when the German people contem plate these figures tbey feel moved to exclaim philosophically, "Emperors come high, but we must have them." TALK DP THE METROPOLIS. Merely a Million Involved. CHEW TORS BUREAU SPECIALS. New York, February li-Carraon Parse and the Freemasons of the Jerusalem Lodge, Flalnfleld, are contesting the will of Mrs. Sarah Margaret Latimer, who died two weeks ago. Mrs. Latimer left an estate worth ?LOOO,000. Mrs. Latimer originally made a will in which 3Ir. Parse was made executor, and several thousand dollars were bequeathed to Jerusa lem Lodge. A few months after the execution of this will Mr. Parse advised Mrs. Latimer to Invest $10,000 In a certain copyright. She did it. Mrs. Latimer subsequently became convinced that Mr. Parse had induced her to make a poor investment. She destroyed her old will and made a new ono'in which she entirely ignored Mr. Parse and the Jerusalem Lodge. In the present contest Mr. Parse claims that the copy right investment was better than Mrs. Latimer supposed, and that her erroneous idea of its value influenced her unduly in the disposition of her property. The Jerusalem Lodge takes the same ground. Four Morderers to bo Tried. , Four indicted murderers were brought-to the bar in Court of General Sessions to-day. John Flynn, the youngest prisoner, is 26 years old. He.cut bis father in the arm with a p'enknif e, and the old man bled to death. John Burke stabbed Michael Moore in the stomach at a christening party. Moore died. Daniel Sulli van kicked Frederick Michael to death daring a political discussion two days before election. Lizzie Hughes, gray-haired and wrinkled, threw her roommate, Annie Fox, down, a flight of stone steps, fracturing her skull. Three of the murderers will he tried immediately. The fourth trial was fixed for next week. St. Valentine's Day Played Oat. According to the postal officials, the memory of St. Valentine was but little honored to-day. Six years ago double the average daily amount of mail matter wa3 handled in the postoffice on St. Valentine's Day. Extra men were employed to distribute it. Since then there has been a big decrease every year. The malls were hard ly any larger than on other days. An Insane Deserted Woman's Act. Mrs. Sophie Buck threw her 4-months-old child out of a third-story window, this morn ing. The baby landed on a heap of small wood and scrap iron in the court. Its cries brought the neighbors to its rescne. A slight scalp wound and a scratch or two on tho back were the child's only injuries. Mrs. Bnck was taken to an asylum. Her hnsband's desertion made her insane. Found Flontlng nnd Frozen. Early this morning two boatmen fonnd a yawl drifting across the bay near tho Narrows. On the bottom of the yawl lay a coatless and batless man, frozen tight in the ice which had accumulated in the boat. He was taken ashore and thawed onr. His hands and feet were badly frozen. He said he went on a spree in Brooklyn last night, but bad no idea of how he got into the middle of the bay. A PLEASANT UBIETY. Gaests of tho Allegheny Commanderr Knights Templar Enjoy ir. The third entertainment of the Drill Corps of the Allegheny Coranandery No. 35, Knights Templar, held at Lafayette Hall last evening, was a very pleasing success. The musical and literary selections, which were rendered during the evening, made up a programme that was not only artistic, but at the samo time amusing and entertaining. While Prof. Byron W. King commanded the attention of the audience with some clever reel tations. Miss PhillipsdelightedJaer listeners byteinging two capital songs. Miss Kittio FuUerton excited laughter ny her funny declamation?, and Mr. C. V. Lewis kept every body roaring at his irresistible dialect imita tions, and the Misses Marshall charmed their hearers with a couple of very excellently exe cuted piano duets. After the entertainment was over the guests adjourned to the dining room of the hall, where a very tempting lunch had been prepared, which was succeeded by dancing, the Great Western Band furnishing music for the amuse ment. FOB THE PAY NUESEEY. Tho Ladles Will Give n Dinner nnd Bazaar for Its Benefit. A number of ladies met in the Eighth Street Reformed Presbyterian Chnrch yesterdayand completed arrangements for a dinner and bazaar, to be given in Old City Hall on Wash ington's Birthday for the benefit of the Alle gheny Day Nursery. The dinner will be given at noon, and in the evening the bazaa' will take place. There will be a chocolataire drl 1, and music furnished for apromenade by Prof. Zitterbart. A number of booths will be handsomely fitted up and the ladies in charge will be attired in pretty cos-' tunics. Last year tne uay jNurserycarea-ior i.ijos children while their mothers went out'to work. AN AFTEEN00N EECEPTI0N. Mrs. Thomas Blair Welcomed to Her Future Home la This City. The ladles of the East Liberty Valley turned out yesterday afternoon to attend the recep tion of Mrs. Harvey Clulds, Jr., of Shadyside. The gathering was given in honor of Mrs. Thomas S. Blair, nee Miss Emma Parker, of Chicago.. The latter, it will be remembered, was married January 16 to Thomas S. Blair, the young business man of this city; The young couple have just returned from their wedding trip, and the reception was given to welcome the bride to her future home on Western avenue, Allegheny. A Bali and a Banquet. The members of Pittsburg Council No. 117. Jr. O. U. A. M., celebrated the eighteenth anni versary of the organization of their Council, in Central Turner Hall. Forbes street, last night, by giving a crand ball and banquet. There were about 260 couples in the grand march, and the entertainment furnished a fow hours of delightful pleasure to all present. Tho Cantata of Judith. The Cantata of "Judith" was rendeied last evening at Masonic Hall, Allegheny, under the direction of the author and composer, Mr. E. V. Hoelsche. A large audience was present. The proceeds are for the benefit of the Yonng People's Christian League's syndicate fnnd. The entertainment will be repeated this even ing. Progressive Euchre Parties. Mrs. W. H. House, of Center avenue, gave a progressive euchre party yesterday afternoon. The affair was very pleasant, and continued from 2 until 5 o'clock. Mr. and Mrs. James M. Kinney entertaiued the Shadyside Euchre Clnb at their residence, on South Hiland avenue, East End, last evening. A Children's Party. A very pleasant children's party was given yesterday afternoon at tho residence of Mr. Sullivan Johnson, on Western avenne, Alle gheny. Over 100 invitations were Issued and about SO persons were present. Prof. Tony WhltP entertained the children with a delight ful "Punch and Judy" show. A Scwickiey Entertainment. An entertainment was given at the Sewickley Opera Hnnse, last night, for the benefit of the local public school library. Some good local talent participated, with outside performers. The attendance was very good. ODDITIES OF LEGISLATION. The Kansas Legislature has been petitioned for a law authorizing thelynchlng of horse thieves. " A man in tho Indiana Legislature proposes that the State shall investigate the relation of the groundhog to the weather. A Wisconsin Assemblyman has introduced a humane bill that cows shall be milked twice a day except when milked Dy calves. The Nebraska Legislature has before it a measure for the artificial production of rain storms by mean's of explosives and artillery. lllis Pennsjlvan'a Legislature Is considering an anti-treating bill; also a law to prevent cigarette smoking by persons under 16 years of age. A bill before the Nevada Legislature makes it a mlsdemeanor'"f or any woman to "wear a hat at any theater of greater height than three inches." The California Legislature has evolved a new word. It is "difHeqmbble," meaning a flank attack on a main question by criticising some minor detail. THE New Jersey Legislature is considering a bill which forbids under heavy penalties any employer asking an employe whether or not he "belongs to a labor union. CU1U008 CONDENSATION. A Massachusetts lady boasts of having made 799 pies during the past year. One grower in Oviedo, Fla., lost 6,000 boxes of. oranges by dropping during the lato wet spell. A bill has been introduced in the Alabama Legislature prescribing the study of State history in the public schools. In China people in easy cirenmstances buy their coffins long before they need them, and exhibit them as ornamental pieces of fur niture. It has been calculated that not less than 20.e00,000 of meteors, each large enough to be visible as a "shooting star," enter our atmos phere dally. The Hessian fly is destroying the wheat crop in Central Illinois. In some places whole fields have been destroyed. The open bnt freezing weather is also aiding in the work of destruction. The Paris Academy ot Science is jnst now excited over a plant called Colucasia. This plant often exhibits a trembling or a vibrating motion without any apparent cause, and as many as 100 or 120 vibrations have been ob served in a single minute. The Paris Figaro says that the Hilts' (rated London iY'rics will erect an exact re production of Shakespeare's house at Strat t ord-on-Avon for its headquarter at the Paris Exposition this year. The intention is to make tho copy complete in every detail. A red-cheeked, rusty-looking old gen tleman bought a bag of shorts at a Bangor, He, store not long aco, and the new clerk re fused to let him take them till be had paid. Ho afterward found out that his customer was an ex-Vice President of the United States. This advertisement appeared in aBome, Ga., paper: "Wanted A couple who wi-h to marry to call on Justice Walter Harris in his new office over Bass fc HUl's real estate office. He has received bis commission, and is ready to perform marriage ceremonies at a very low rate." A gentleman in Columbus. Ga., has a razor which has been in constant use 104 years. It bears a close resemblance to a broadax, but does good service yer. and may cut many a whisker before it is finally.Iaid away among the relics of bygone days or used lor trimming corns. The other day at Hampton. Va., Indian School an elocutionist of some power had been reading and reciting for the entertainment and instruction of the school, and among other se lections was one more or less familiar to tho Indians. After tho entertainment had closed an Indian girl, in all seriousness, asked: "Did that man read to show bow it ought to be read, or how it ought not to be read?"' In the Ponce de Leon Hotel refrigerator, in St. Augustine, Fix, are 500 bottles of cham pagne and other wines which are kept at a tem perature almost to the freezing point. Fine old sherry of the vintage of 1S23 and IMS, and old white and Dom Pedro and numerous other brands of wines of great age and rare flavor fill the shelves around the room. One hundred silver champagne coolers, costinc the sum of 15 each, are used in the freezing of cham pagne for guests at dinner. The report of Adjutant General Drum places the numerical strength of the New York State militia at 13,532, the greatest in the Union. Pennsylvania is second, with 8,351, and Ohio third, with 5,327. The fourth in line is South Corolina, which has 5,305, or only 3Z2 less than Ohio, although the unorganized militia of the two States are 115,000 and -S50.0C0 respect ively. Massarhusettcs comes next, with 5,102, but the sixth State might lead to some random guessing, as it is Georgia, which surpasses Illi nois by a few hundred. Little New Jersey, al ways an enthusiastic military State, follows, having 4,181 organized militia, against the 1219 of Illinois, with Chicago to help. The next is California. The ingenious plan proposed by a Ber lin inventor, of It simple and inexpensive ele vator for private dwellings in place of the ordinary staircase, has attracted some atten tion as a long-felt desideratum. It js on the principle of the Inclined railway, and the motive power is furnished by the city water, which is applied in the cellar: each flight has its separate chair, so that, for example, one person can ascend from the first to the 'second story while another Is on his way from the second to the third, or still another is descend ing from tho fifth to the fourth. The chair, being only of the width ot the human body, requires but little space, and still leaves a free passage for any who wish to walk up or down, instead of riding. It Is set in motion by a simple Ercssure upon one of its arms, while after it as been used it slides back to the bottom step, its descent being regulated in such a manner that the carrying or a passenger is a matter of entire safety. The motive power is. of course, more or less expensive, according to the cost of water, this beinc, it is stated, in Berlin, at the rate of a little more than one-tenth ot a cent only for each trip. Nearly five years ago the steamship Germania, of the Lloyd line, departed from Hague bound for New York. On board were over 1,000 passengers and a highly valuable cargo. The steamship never reached port. No tidings of her were ever heard, and although given uo for lost several years ago, the partic ulars oi neriate were never iKiiuwu. iucuujvc afternoon, while walking along the beach of Ha3Sler's Haven." southeast of Melbourne, Fla., Frank P. Hassler lound a wino bottle lvmc on the sands. It was almost covered with barnacles and moss. On picking it np he fonnd It had been securely corked. Scraping tha slimy moss off the bottle, two pieces of paper were seen inside. The neck of the bottle was broken off and the papers withdrawn. One was a blank bill of lading of the steamer Ger mania, Lloyd line, printed in German. The other paper was simply brown wrapping paper, one side of which was covered with writing in German, the characters being almost illegible. After much trouble the following translation was made: "The steamship Ger mania is on fire and sinking. Gale blowing and all boats swamped. All hope is gone. Jobann Weinbergg, Stuttgart, Germany,Aprill7,1881" CLIPPED BITS OF WIT. Client (in Hew York law office some weeks hence) I have now laid the whole case before yon. What action do you advise? Lawyer Cleveland (absently) Dan, what Is your opln (recovering hlmseir) Sir, 1 will take the matter under advisement. Call around to-morrow. CAicaao Tribune. Love's Young Dream. Little girl (at school) What did the-tcachersend yon here for? Little boy She said I was bad and must come over and sit with the girls. 'I like yon. Can you stay long!" "Guess not. I wasn't very bad." "Well, you be badder next time." Sew Xort Weekly. Theory and Practice. Slistress Mercy on me, what a kitchen '. Every pot, pan and dish Is dirty, the table looks like a junk shop, and why, it will take you a week to get things cleaned np! What have yoa been doing? Servant-Sure, mam, the young Ieddles has lust been down here showing nic how they roast a potato at the cooking school. Sew Torn Weekly. A. Come, now, old chappie, why so sad? B. 1 have been unfortunate In love. A.-IIow's that? hay on. B. (dolefully) You see, my first sweetheart died, the second took the veil, and the third (heaves a sign) ahl A.-Wcil, the third? B. The third became my wife! llannlg faltlget. A Clew at Last, Police Captain Yoa are working on the murder of Greatman, ain't you? Detective Yes: been on It six weeks. Well, I see by the papers that a fellow who lives In the alley aronnd the corner has confessed that he Is the murderer." "By Jinks! Maybe that's a clew."-Phtladel-phia Record. Mr. Brefe Less Did yon read the account of my heroic rescue or a child from under the feet of a runaway team? Miss Edith No, Ithfnknot. Mr. Brefe Less Oh, yes, the naperhad nearly a quarter or a column about It, headed "Heroism or a 1'romlncnt Young Attorney." Miss Kdlth-Wliy, yes, I saw the headlines, but 1 never dreamed of It being joaiTerre tlautt Express. A Horrifying Blunder. Mrs. De Pink Oh! oh I oh! 1 shall go distracted. Mr. De Fink (springing to her side) Merciful heavens! What has happened? The washerwoman has made a mlstake-and sent me oue of Mrs. AVestcnd's lace handker chiefs." Well, what of It?" "What of It.' What or ltf Oh yon you Why, Jlrs- Westend must have received my mis erably cheap Imitation lace handkerchief, and It has my name on it." Philadelphia Record. A young gentleman took his sister, a wee miss, the- other day to see a family In which he Is a regular caller. The little girl made herseir quite at home, and exhibited great fondness for one ot the young ladies, bugging her heartily. "How very affectionate she Is," said the lady of the bouse. 'Yes, Just like her brother," responded the yonng lady, unthinkingly. 1'aterramlllas looked up sternly over bis specta cles, the young gentleman blushed, and th-rewas .consternation in the family circle. London Sid-Mitt. r . . a&jx..! ,,. J&&tM.iB.:X