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Not Until Then Did He Think it
Time to Wind Up His
A VERY DANGEROUS CRISIS
Being Passed Through by a Great
GOOD LUCE FOLLOWING A EEAL DUKE.
A Worthy Charter Founded by tho London
Salvation Army The Enclish Govern
ment's Scheme of National Defense
Roundly Denounced Characteristic
Farewell or the Prince of Wales to
Monte Carlo Viscount Mandeville and
Bis Peculiar Tastes The Plan of Cam
pain Adopted by the Oldest Unionist
Member oflbe House of Commons First
Anniversary of the Death of Emperor
William of Germany.
A new and noTel reason for King Mi
lan's abdication is given. His black hair
has become gray and is falling out. The
Duke of Portland js in great luck. The
, copper corner is squeezing a big financial
concern in France. Yesterday the first an
niversary of the death of Emperor William
was observed throughout Germany by ap
propriate memorial services. The Prince of
"Wales' farewell to Monte Carlo was very
LBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.
London, March 9. Copyright King
Milan, of Servia, has wound up a singular
ly turgid, ribald, shameless and erratic
reign by an exhibition of rank and slippery
cowardice. After tormenting Europe for
years with his enigmatical vagaries,
he has capped the olimax of his
crimes by rendering np his 13
year old son to his enemies There is
no Inck in 13. The ex-King's most cogent
reason for abdicating his throne would seem
to be that his back hair was falling out.
He withstood the proddings of Austria, the
affronts of Russia, the antagonism ot his
people, the sarcasm of his Queen, whom he
had put away from him, and the jibes and
jeers of all Europe; but when his hair crew
thin it was too much. He wrote to a friend
in Vienna. "Nobody knows what I suffer.
I have turned gray and my hair is parting
from me. 1 suffer terribly from nervous
ness." The question was whether the King
should stand y his son and lose his hair,
or renounce his son and kingdom so as to re
tain the hirsute thatch. Milan deserted his
country at a critical hour. Russia's victory
is notable and distinct. Alexander of
Bulgaria went first, and now it is the King
of Servia. The next victim of the im
placable and tireless diplomacy of St.
Petersburg will be King Charles of Eou
mania. For years the life of King Milan has Been
one of profligacy and violent excesses. He
shared with Prince Rudolf the honor of
being the most dissolute man in Europe,
and the violent death of the Crown Prince
of Austria, at the culmination of a career
of debauchery, undoubtedly affected the
King of Servia.
Milan leaves his throne to go off with
the heavy-featured but majestic-looking
Madame Christich. She has a lot of money
from her father, who is a banker in Con
stantinople. The pair will settle down in
some quiet spot in Greece. There is a Mr.
Christich, but he is of shadowy, nebulons
and mystic character, and that part of him
which has a tangible existence is understood
to be quite ready for a divorce.
SO NEED OP BEAUTI.
The Duke of Portland Has Money, Tomb
and Lois of Luck.
TBT CABLE TO THE DISrATCH.3
LONDON, March 9. The Duke of Port
land's luck continues to boom. His horse
Donovan, at 2 to 1, is easily at the head of
the Derby quotations. Chittabob, at 6 to 1,
is next. The odds that are given on horses
at the races here are a source of never-failing
envy to an American betting man.
Some of the quotations now are: Warlady,
100 to 9; Wiseman, 100 to 6, with both horses
favorites for the Lincoln handicap. The
favorities for the Grand National, Roque
fort and Why Kot, are both at 10 to 1.
The reputation wnich the Duke of Port
land has gained by his .success on the turf,
is apparently of a more durable nature than
the fleeting one occasioned by his engage
ment to Miss Dallas Torke. I caught a
glimpse of the future Duchess of Portlaifd
on Bond street, some days ago. The Duke's
increasing weight has given him a rather
bulky look, and the tall, slim and willowy
girl walking beside him was fully a head
taller than the most eligible Duke in Great
Britain. They reminded one of a clean
limbed, thoroughbred steeplechaser and a
fat little cob, ambling along together.
Portland does not need beauty, with an
income of nearly a million dollars a vear,
and but 32 years of life to his score. Some
body was telling me the other night that
when he was a bov he was 13 lives away
from the title, and without hope. One by
one the heirs died off, until the present
Duke, came into his snperb heritage. Miss
Dallas Yorke isover six feet high, with a
very small waist, very broad shoulders, a
clear skin and au amiable and indulgent
smile at least she smiled on the Duke that
day, as most people do, I fancy.
MADE A DISTINCT SUCCESS.
' Brilliant and Characteristic Farewell of
' P. of W. to Monte Carlo.
BT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.
London, March 9. Your Monte Garlo
correspondent says that the final appear
ance of the Prince of Wales at the tables
fe was made a distinct success by the
delicate but rattling raillery of
Jeanne Granier, the opera bouffe divinity.
The actress had been winning for an hour,
when the Prince arrived from a late dinner,
and took up a position opposite her. He
was alert with enthusiasm and good cheer,
and displayed a tendency to chaff the
actress in a humorous and royal fashion.
f Tn result was a brisk and breezy inter
f " change of delicate and half-veiled person-
ahties. A tremendous event, this. Peo
, pie who think it of small consequence have
1 no connection of what the Prince's duties
"" tne COITe"'pondents on the continent.
-v .The Prince invited himself to dine with
- tn,e.Jnncess DeBagan nearly every night
nMUv w tut utiCA xigiiapja j-
MEN OP LETTEBS.
Some of Them Want to Add Capital Letters
to Their Names Suon An Easy Mat
ter to Accomplish A New
fBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.
London, March 9. British journalism is
to-day being made respectable. For many
years past a lot of newspaper men, remark
able only for their pertinacity and 'power of
making a noise, have been lamenting,
chiefly in the back columns of the provin
cial press, their lack of a legal status, and
more particularly their inability to place
after their names some big capital letters
indicative of their profession, such as are
used by the Royal Academicians, the Royal
Geographical Society, the Institute of Brit
ish Architects, and the like. In 1884 the
National Association of Journalists was
formed, and four years later it had attained
a membership of over 1,000.
Last September the great capital letter
question was solemnly discussed in a special
conference at Bristol. From the first it was
felt that an association with over 1,000
members, must necessarily be a great and
glorious body, deserving, at least, of cor
porate dignity. A few daring members
ventured to question the wisdom of creating
a journalistic trades union, bnt they were
howled down, and in the end it was re
solved to establish an Institute of Journal
ists, the members of which will have the
proud privilege of writing "M. L J." after
their names. Deep down in the breasts of
the promoters lies the hope that the time
will come when Queen Victoria or, if Her
Majesty be gathered to her fathers, before
the glad day, that great patron of literature,
the Price of Wales will bestow the addi
tional honor of "Royal" upon the Institute,
and then the members will blossom into
"M. R. I. J."
The institute was formally inaugurated
to-day, and the seal of respectability has
been set upon it this evening by the Lord
Mayor, who has entertained the M. L J.'s
and their wives, sisters and sweethearts,
with cakes, wine and music at the Mansion
House. As far as can be ascertained the
primary duty of the institute will be to cul
tivate the journalistic instinct, and implant
it in the bosom wherein it has not taken
root naturally. The capital letter privilege
may be purchased by an annual subscription
of a few dollars.
A DANGEROUS CRISIS.
The Copper Syndicate DraKcing; Down a Big
Institution to Bankruptcy. .
BY CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.
London, March 9. The ComotoirD'Es
compte, after the Bank of France, the great
est financial institution in that country, is
passing through the most dangerous crisis in
its history. DenfertRochereau, .the direct
or of the comptoir, who committed suicide on
"Wednesday, was one of the most thoroughly
respected and able financiers in
Paris, and a man of extremely sensitive
character. The copper syndicate, in which
he had so largely involved his society, has
-now spent 2,210,000,000 francs, and has
230,000,000 to pay. There is still plenty of
copper to be bought, and the sales are de
creasing. Of 10,009 tons of the metal bought
last month, only 1,390 were sold, the residue
being added to the tremendous stock already
on hand. ,
The syndicate is now acknowledged to be
on its last legs. It has brought the London
Stock Exchange this week into a state very
neerty approaching a panic Prices have
wildly fluctuated two points twice within an
hour,and to-day the feeling was feverish in
the extreme. The arrangement arrived at
with American producers failed to improve
the position of the syndicate in the face of
the suicide in Paris. The Comptoir d
Ecompte, despite the fact that the Bank of
France has made a large advance to enable
it to meet the run of its customers, is in a
very unenviable position, having at present
a liability of 150,000 tons of copper at 70
Somehow they don't bring off these little
combinations in the Old World with the
same success as distinguishes them in the
new. The run on the comptoir, which was
started by Rochereau's suicide, continued
to-day, amid great excitement, in Paris.
NO ACCOUNTING FOE TASTES.
The Viscount Blandeviile Able to Secure
1BT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.
London, March 9. The other morning
I ran across a figure that 'was familiar for
a time in the cafes of the Hoffman and
the Brunswick, New York. He has not
improved in appearance. Besides the
mottled face and sluggish eyes, there is a
generally hangdog and roundshouldered
carriage, which tell an eloquent story of the
man's life. It was Viscount Mandeville.
He was the hero of an hour's scandal this
week, when he went through the court of
bankruptcy. It was the final step in the
disgraceful career of a man who hasn't even
the excuse of youth.
The beautilul Lady Mandeville, formerly
Miss Ysenaga, who was so long a con
spicuous social light in jNew York, has long
since been estranged from the Viscount.
One of the more recent cause of this was
with the debilitated and unpleasant looking
Mandeville when I saw him that morning.
Her name is Bessie Belle Wood, and she is
known in second-class music halls as an apt
and truthful personator'of outcasts on the
stage. She is a brazen, hard-featured,
dowdy, slatternly and offensive-looking
person. She and the Viscount walked
serenely along, arm in arm. Each seemed
proud of the other. There's no accounting
TAME AT THE WINDUP.
The Closing Days of the Pnrnell Inquiry Not
at All Exciting.
rBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.
London, March 9. The special Parnell
commission has sat only three days this
week, and has afforded little excitement or
amusement Pigott is quite forgotten, but
there will be a temporary revival of interest
in his career, to end when the police officers
who went to Madrid produce in court the
documents found on the fugitive's body.
Sir Charles Russell's opening statement for
the Irish members will occupy thtee or
four days, after which the rebutting evi
dence will be called tor the defense.
It is gratifying to record that all the wit
nesses, save those in the very poorest cir
cumstances, will attend at their own ex
pense, but the cost to the Irish party will
still be enormous.
SHELTER FOR THE .DESTITUTE.
A Worthy Charity Founded by London's
IBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH. 1
London, March 9 The Salvation Army
yesterday inaugurated a shelter for desti
tute women and children, in Hanbury
street, the locality of the Whitecbapel mu
tilations. Every night 200 womeSi and SO
children will be provided, without discrimi
nation, with beds and food. The bed con
sists of a thick cushion, covered with imita
tion leather, and placed in a rough box not
unlike a broad coffin, with straight sides.
The sleeper lies on the cushion, and a sheep
skin, minus the wool, and very roughly
prepared, is placed over her. Most ot the
women will be ot the same class as the Rip
per's victims... Fully 200 of these are
nightly in a state of utter destitution.
During the day 250 starving children will
be fed by the Salvationists'.
Almost every inhabitant of this neighbor
hood bears the marks of vice, disease and
hunger. Several of them were already in
the shelter yesterday, drinking basins of
soup of savory but uncertain smell.
The Late Kensington Tory Member Even
Blacker Than He Was Painted
Only His Position Saved
BIm From Prison.
rBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH. 3
London, March 9. Gent Davis, the
Tory member, whose resignation caused a
vacancy in Kensington, which is just now
being contested with phenomenal fierceness,
proves to be a greater scoundrel and meaner
swindler than had been supposed. The
original cause of his trouble was the dis
covery that as a trustee he embezzled a large
sum of money, the property of a young
relative. Had he -been an ordinary citizen
he would have been at once arrested, and
sent to a long term of imprisonment for it,
but it wasn't convenient to have a vacancy in
an unsafe constituency, and the Tory man
agers decided to collect the money to settle
the deficiency, and keep Davis in until it
would be safe to shunt him.
Meanwhile, however, the Court of Chan
cery got hold of Davis, and sent him to
prison for contempt of Court, in not repay
ing the embezzled money he was ordered to.
couldn't make him quit.
Even this public exposure of his rascality
failed to induce the Tory whips to make
Davis resign. The money was secretly col
lected, and after a few weeks of imprison
ment the accommodating Court obliged the
'Government by letting the scoundrel go
Davis forthwith-proceeded to prepare for
flight, as he had engaged in other nefarions
transactions which might come to light at
any moment His first object was to ob
tain money. He obtained from -Blundell
Maple, another Tory member, $4,000, giving
as security a bill of sale upon his household
furniture. The guileless Maple, agreeing
with Davis that a registration, as provided
by law, of the bill of sale, would injure the
party, simply took an inventory of the fur
niture. Davis immediately tucked this in
ventory on to a second bill of sale, and ob
tained upon it from a money lender a loan
of $1,200. It is a comforting to learn that
the money lender promptly registered his
bill, so that Maple will lose his money.
THE CLIMAX OF COWARDICE.
Having thus, by fraud and false pre
tenses, filled his pockets, Davis looked
about him for agreeible companionship in
his flight One woulothave thought that he
would return to his wife, a young and beau
tiful woman, who with wifely devotion,
visited him daily while he was in prison,
and took him nice things to eat and drink;
but with characteristic depravity, Davis
took wing to the continent with a woman of
the town, leaving his wife absolutely pen
niless. The unfortunate lady has been
taken to her father's house, but it is not the
fault of her blackguard husband that she
The Tories, unable to avert a contest, are
now making desperate efforts to keep from
the electors of Kensington, a full knowledge
of their late member's' villainies, but they
will not succeed. Kensington Toryism is
of a peculiarly unwholesome flavor, for
Davis' chief agent and most enthusiastic
supporter in past elections has just been
sentenced to a term of imprisonment for
swindling an orphanage, a crime worthy of
his chief. Gent Davis was usually referred
to as "Indigent" Davis.
EMPEROR WILLIAM DEAD A TEAR.
Memorial Services Held All Over Germany
on the Anniversary.
CBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.
London, March 9. To-day is the anni
versary of tho death of Emperor William,'
and the occasion is being observed by me
morial services and in other ways all over
Germany. Yesterday, for the first time since
the Emperor's death, the curtains were
drawn up at the windows in the TTnter Den
Linden palace, at which he used to stand
daily and greet the people, and which he
continued to do even after a mortal illness
had seized him.
To-day Court Chaplain Koeppel officiated
and preached at the memorial service in the
flag and reception rooms of the palace, at
which the aged Empress Augusta, Emperor
William IX, ahd members of the family,
including the Graild Duke and Duchess of
Baden, and the imperial household, were
present. After the service the Emperor
proceeded to Charlottenburg, where he
prayed over the sarcophagus of his grand
father, and then placed a laurel wreath
THE PLAN OP CAMPAIGN ADOPTED
By the Oldest Member of the House of Com
mons, nnd u Minister.
rBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.
London, March 9. The .Right Hon.
Charles Villiers, the oldest member of the
House of Commons, and a Unionist, has in
spite of his 87 years and his politics, adopted
the plan of -campaign. He lives in a house
at Chelsea, owned by the Earl Codogan,and
as the old mansion stands in the way of
certain street improvements, his his lord
ship wants to pull it down.
Villiers has been served with a notice of
eviction, and declines to recognize it in any
wav. The old chap has taken to his bed,
and says he will remain there until his no
ble landlord shall consent to take a more
reasonable view of his feudal rights.
SHROTE TUESDAY IN SURREY.
Football Played on thntDny, as It Was 600
rBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.l
N London, March 9. Americans in search
of the picturesaue frequently visit the old
town of Dorking, in Surrey. If any of
them were present last Tuesday, they must
have been considerably astonished. All
business was suspended, the shops barri
caded, and every one was engaged in madly
kicking footballs about the streets. It
helps one to realize the antiquitv of foot
ball and the giddy youthfulness of baseball,
to learn that the custom before mentioned
has been religiously observed in Dorking
on Shrove Tuesdays for the past 600 years.
This note will enable quiet-loving Amer
icans henceforth to time their visits to smil
THEY KEPT THEIR PROMISE.
The Due d'Aumale No Longer An Exile
From His Native Land.
tBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.
London, March 9. News of an im
portant kind from the continent tells of the
reversal of the degree of exile passed on the
Due d'Aumale. This confirms the state
ment which was made at the time of the
Seine election, to the effect that tho Govern
ment had promised a revocation of the de
cree of exile, in return for Royalist sup
port , The Republicans have carried out their
promise, although they didn't receive the
support, -( .
THE NEW. ELDORADO.
Lower California's Rich Gold Strike
Causes Great Excitement.
A BIG RUSH FOR THE DIGGINGS.
Entire Towns are Depopulated by the Craze
to Acquire Wealth.
TISIBLE PROOFS' OP THE DISCOTERY
As Much as $2,000 Taken Out By One Msn In less
Than Two Days.
Almost fabulous reports are received of
the richness of the gold find in Lower Cali
fornia. The days of '49 seem io have re
turned. Indeed, many old-timers declare
the placer is even richer than that, and the
consequent rush to the new mines is some
thing fearful. Great nuggets of gold are re
ported having been found, arid well, all,
the Westerners have the fever the worst
way, whole towns leaving to work in the
rSrECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.1
San FfiANCisco, March 9. There is
intense excitement all through the southern
part of the Pacific coast over the gold fields
just discovered in Lower California. They
arc located about 100 miles from the border
and 40 miles from the coast, In the Santa
Clare Valley. The development made thus
far is said to cover 100 square miles, all
thought to be equally rich in placer and
quartz. It Is about 50 miles from Real Del
Castillo, the scene of last year's mining ex
citement. All manner of wild reports are current
concerning the richness of the find, but,
even after allowance is made for the usual
exaggeration, the new fields appear to b
phenomenally rich. The placer has long
been known to Mexicans, and the placers
were profitably worked 100 years ago. The
greatest difficulty is in the water supply.
At present there is plenty of water, but that
supplied by winter rains will soon be gone,
and then a large proportion of those now
flocking to the mines will find themselves
unable either to accomplish anything there
or to get away.
MUCH MONET NEEDED FOB WATER.
Those acquainted with the country say
that the water will run until July, when it
will dry up. There is said to be a good
supply of water not far from the mines, but
it will require a large outlay of money to
make it available.
From Los Angeles. San Diego, and other
towns in the South, people are rushing
across the border in swarms. Two thousand
are camped atTia Junana,impatiently await
the slow progress of the custom house, and
anxious to reach the diggings. Ensenada,
which is 40 or 50 miles northwest of the
fields, is almost deserted, business men,
laborers and idlers having all gone to the
mines. In San Diego labor is getting so
scarce that the Coronado and other hotels
are almost without waiters, stores are short
of clerks, and now the newspapers are short
of printers. The City Council has gone,
and the city guard has deserted its post.
THE MINES PAST PILLING. UP.
Reports say that, 500 men are already in
the mining camp. The road to the mines is
lined with the burro trains, and steamers to
Ensenada are crowded and compelled toj-e-fuse
many applications for passage. Labor
ers on the railroads being built on the
Peninsula have deserted their work and
rushed for the mines. All the floating pop
ulation of Southern California, and many
business and professional men, have either
gone or are on the road to the gold fields.
Firms in San Diego and Los Angles are
ordering all the pans, picks, shovels and
other mining implements they can get The
sudden demand has exhausted the supply,
and many are waiting for their make-up be
fore starting. Carloads of burros are being
brought into San Diego, where they are
eagerly snatched up by people anxious for
conveyances of any kind.
Conservative men place the find next in
richness, and many declare it quite equal,
to that of 1849. Nobody comeB out of the
diggings except for provisions. All these
unite in declaring the discovery wonderful,
and hurry back as quick as possible.
Prof Anthony, of San Diego, said to be
one of the best authorities in Southern Cali
fornia, and now in the peninsula, says the
richness of the new discoveries is almost be
yond the power of description, and that he
is willing to stake his reputation that the
excitement will soon equal that of '49 in
California. He has telegraphed that every
body there believes it is the richest discov
ery ever made on the coast
One miner panned 2,000 in two days. A
Mexican took $1,500 in two days from a
space eight feet square. Rich quartz is
daily being discovered, and expert miners
expect to find very rich leads when the
snow disappears. John Bragg returned to
San Diego with 91,300 as the result of seven
days' labor. A show window in Los Angeles
displays a pile of metal valued at $1,800
taken from the diggings in five days. Tn
one day gold to the value of $13,000 was
taken into Enslnada from the mines.
. BIG -WAGES BEING PAID.
Miners make from $15 a day up to
fabulous sums. Mexicans who have been
at work the longest average that amount
per day, and Americans going over the
ground after them make from 25 to 50
cents a pan, though lacking implements.
A private letter from F. Bennett, of San
Diego, now in the mines, says that it will
tafcel,000 men three months to fairly pros
pect the district in which gold has already
been found. He thinks that when the
water gives out gold, can be dry washed,
as the grains are very coarse. He also
quotes two prospectors' who are of the
opinion that it will'take a year to tell the
full value of the quartz ledges, the equal
of which, they think, has never been
As the country is covered with a thick
brushy much time will be required to
thoroughly prospect it Bennett says the
placer field is big enough tor thousands of
miners to operate in at once. The authori
ties are very strict, and disarm everybody
who goes into camp.
A PRACTICAL MINER'S VIEW.
Other advices, just received, from a prac
tical miner now examining the Santa Clare
mines, describe the diggings so far confined
to one gulch two miles long, pay dirt aver
aging 25 feet in width. The gold is in a
thin deposit of sand and gravel. Nobody
has attempted to save the finer particles,
and therefore the washings show nothing
but large nuggets, most ot which are worth
anywhere from $5 to $20 each.
Fourteen. quartz ledges have been located,
many of which are rose qnarz, considerably
honeycombed, showing the presence of iron.
The ledges are from 2 to 6 feetin widtb.lying
between slate and porphyry contact Free
gold is frequently found. A syenite butte,
400 feet high, is in the center of the camp.
Another life-long miner who has examined
the fields prophesies another '49.
Atelegram just received from Los Angeles
says that the rush to the gold mines con
tinues, SCO more men having left there this
morning. Another dispatch from the pity
of Mexico says that tho Cabinet yesterday
discussed the Lower California trouble, and
decided if necessary to declare martial law.,
Troops'are being hurried forward to protect
the frontier. , - ..j.
MAKOH 10, 1889.
Singular Coincidental Deaths In n New
Yorfe'Fnmlly A Man Expires in a
Street Car His Sister Dies
as Suddenly the Fol
rsPICIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH
New York, March 9. On Thursday
forenoon Mr. Joseph Bitter, a retired mer
chant who liyes at 144 East Thirty-eighth
street, wag returning from a meeting of the
Board of Directors of the Jefferson In
surance Company. He boarded an up
town Broadway car, and, taking a seat
in the corner, appaVently fell asleep.
A lady sitting opposite him 'noticed that-his
face was ghastly, and spoke of it to the
other passengers. Among them was a gen
tleman, who thought ,he recognized Mr.
Ritter, and, going over, shook him with the
intention of wakening him. Mr. Ritter
The car was stopped, and the corpse was
carried to the "West Forty-seventh street
police station, and from there to Mr. Bit
ter's home. The family, which consisted of
his wife and daughter, his aged sister,
and Mrs. Ritter's mother, were as
sembt, in the sitting room when the
newslarrived. His wife and daughter were
completely prostrated, and had to be carried
to their looms. The funeral arrangements
were made by his sister, who was 71 years
old, and by friends of the family.
The next day the undertaker called and
asked Miss Lydia Ritter to sign an order for
the opening of the family plot in Green
wood. She did so, saying at the time: "I
will not go to the grave." Those were the
last words she spoke. She was called
to the front door, presently, by another
ring of the bell, and was passing through
the room in which her brother lay, when
she threw np her arms, and, without a cry.
sank tot,he floor, dead.
Two coffins, draped in black crape, rest
ing side by side in the parlor of the house
in Thirty-eighth street, contain the remains
of the brother and sister. The funeral to
morrow will be conducted by the Rev. Dr.
Robert S. MacArlhur, assisted by the Rev.
Drs. Elder and Cottrell. The bodies will lie
side by side, in one grave. Mr. Ritter was 72
years old. He was formerly a well known
provision merchant, but has been out of
business for 15 years. He was frequently
troubled with asthma and catarrh, but was
not known to have heart disease. It is
supposed that both he and his sister died of
heart failure. His mother-in-law is 93
CALTES THE FIRST VICTIMS
Of the Experiments With Electricity Kill
In B in the New York State Prisons.
ISPXCIAL TELXOBA1I TCT'tHE DISrATCH.l
New York, March 9. Legislation for
the carrying out of the scheme to kill mur
derers by electricity has been completed, for
the present, at any rate, by the Governor's
approval of the bill appropriating $10,000
to procure and set up in the State prisons
the necessary plants for the manufacture
and application of electricity in such cases.
Next week, at some time and place yet to
be fixed, practical work, so to speak, will
be begun npon calves, and the prison offi
cials under whose direction the experiments
are to be made, are confident that they will
have apparatus perfected up to the point
requisite io neatly and -quickly do to death
a human being, in ample time for any grist
of murderers that the courts may.send to
The experiments will be made by Harold
P. Brown, an electrical engineer of this
city, U& thAWparty witnessing them will
include State Prison Superintendent Lath
rop, C. K. Baker, Assistant Superintendent;
Warden Brush, of Sing Sing, and the heads
of the other State prisons. Governor Hill
is said to have suggested that the experi
ments should be made in private, and an
attempt will be made to carry out that idea.
Beside the prison officials, however, there
will be several doctors present, and the
bodies of the calves experimented with will
be dissected, to determine the exact effect
produced by the shock upon the tissues of
the brain and the muscles.
SHE COULDN'T STAT REFORMED.
A Bowery Girl Elopes From a minister Who
Had Married Her.
rSFECIAL TELEOBAU TO THE DISPATCH.l
New York, March 9. Justice Cullen,
of the Supreme Court, granted the Rev.
Leander Scott a divorce, to-day, from
Charlotte Softye, a eirl whom he first met
late at night, alone in the Bowery. "" He was
interested in the Florence Night Mission in
Bleecker street, and he talked about re
ligion and reformation. She said respect
able people wonld give such as her their
prayers and their advice, but wouldn't
give them employment or associate with
"You wouldn't marry me, no matter how
much I reformed," she said to the middle
aged minister, who was a widower and a
Mr. Scott told her she was wrong, and to
show her there was one man at least who
believed in Christian repentance, said that
if she were sincere he would marry her.
They were married within a day or two, but
a week after the wedding she left him nnd
was found living with a gambler. She
didn't take advantage of the marriage to
get any money from her husband, and it
doesn't appear that she-was in any degree
mercenary. She didn't defend the divorce
suit, and it is said has given him no trouble
whatever. Whether she was in love with
the gambler doesn't appear.
HOT AFRAID OF BULLETS.
A military Prisoner Who Twice Escaped
While They Were Flying-.
Chicago, March 9. Andrew Beck, who
daringly escaped from the Fort Leaven
worth military prison, was under arrest
here to-day, but again made his
escape. Beck was dishonorably dis
charged from the army and sent to the
Fort Leavenworth prison for burglary. He
broke out of the institution by boldly
braving the bullets of the guards, and
dashing through the gates. Information
was sent to United States Marshal Marsh's
office here this afternoon that Beck was in
the city. Deputy Burchard located him in
a barber shop. '
Burchard commenced reading the warrant
to Beck, but did not finish, because the lat
ter turned and jumping through the back
door of the shop ran across the yard and
down the alley in the rear out upon the
avenue. Burchard followed, and when the
street was clear, drew a revolver and fired
several shots after the fugitive. Beck's
speed and endurance were too much for his
pursuer, who finally gave up the chase.
AFTER THE INDIAN LAND.
Thousnnds of Settlers on the Edge of the
St. Paul, March 9. The passage of the
bill opening the Sioux Reservation, by the
recent Congress, will, if the Indians agree,
throw open to settlers 11,000,000 acres of the
finest agricultural lands in South Dakota.
There is little doubt in the minds of those
acquainted with the circumstances bnt that
the Indians will promptly agree and the
lands will be quickly taken. Every train
over the Chicago, Milwaukee and St Paul
road carries from five to a dozen loaded
emigrant cars, and Chamberlain, Pierre and
other Dakota cities on the edge of the reser
vation are crowded with strangers who have
come to stay. The real estate boom extends
all over the two Dakotas, but is especially
pronounced along the borders of the. Sioux
EXCIMG WAR NEWS.
Sensational Bulletins Posted by the
San Francisco Newspapers
CAUSE GENERAL APPREHENSION.
No Confirmatory Intelligence of the Nipsic's
Being Blown Up, and
THE BEST POSTED DON'T BELIEYE IT,
Bat TUBES Is Samoa Look Black, and (he Truth Is
Like a flash, last evening, spread the re
port that confirmation of the sinking of the
United States steamship Nipsio by the Ger
man Olga had been received in San Fran
cisco. The foundation for the rumors was
bulletins posted by San Francisco papers,
upon what proved later to be mere rumors.
The underpinning was then knocked from
the structure for another day. Definite in
formation from Samoa, however, is anxiously
San Francisco, March 9. This city-
had a touch to-day of the excitement which
would follow the confirmation of the rumor
that the United States man-of-war Nipsio
had been sunk in Samoan waters by the
German man-of-war, as reported in the
Breslau dispatch, two days ago. All man
ner of disturbing rumors were abroad
during the day, to the effect that the naval
authorities at Mare Island had received
news confirming the sinking of the Nipsic,
which was intensified by the statement that
the Germans had seized the American mail
steamer Alameda, of the Oceanic Company.
The statement was also made that the
Secretary of the Navy had telegraphed an
inquiry to the Union Iron Works, of this
city, as so how soon the steel cruiser
Charleston could be placed in readiness for
Based upon these rumors, and the further
statement that the Southern Pacific Compa
ny bad received notice to be prepared to
handle the Charleston's guns and naval
stores, the newspapers put out bulletin
boards declaring that the sinking of the
American man-of-war had been confirmed
by private advices.
the excitement intense.
Tremendous crowds surrounded the news
paper offices, and in spite of a lack of defi
nite confirmation of the news regarding the
Nipsic, the news spread rapidly throughout
the city that the rnmor of the sinking of the
American ship was true.
Newspaper extras, issued up to 6 o'clock,
failed to definitely dispose of the question
as to the fate of the American war ship, or
whether Washington authorities were
finally in receipt of confirmatory news.
How thoroughly the excitement had taken
hold of the masses was shown in the crowds
of men and women about the bulletin
boards, and the common sentiment expressed
in case disaster had overtaken the Ameri
Thestory respecting the steamship Ala
meda is shown to be untrue by the receipt
of a cable from Sydney, noting her arrival
there. The steamship Zealand ia, which is
due here next Saturday, will bring mail
advices from Samoa up to March 1, and
unless definite telegraphic advices are re
ceived from Auckland in the meantime,
will give the first authentic news from the
island received since the first of February.
AN OFFER OF COAX.
A cable dispatch was sent to New Castle,
Australia, yesterday by a firm of this city
to their agents,ordering the captain of their
vessel that is now loading coal there for
San Francisco, to call at Apia, en route, in
order to supply the United States fleet with
fuel should the war vessels require it. This
vessel will be able, with ordinary weather,
to reach Apia within 25 days after leaving
New Castle, several days before the supply
of fuel now on the way from Baltimore can
Asan evidence of the uneasy feeling now
existing among mercantile firms engaged in
business with Samoa, it is learned that or
ders for a cargo of lumber destined for
Samoa have been countermanded until mat
ters are quieter on the Islands.
Captain 91uilane, of the Nipsic, Six Weeks
Ago Feared the Besult of the Trou
ble in Samoa His Last Let
ter to His Brother.
Washington, March 9. The following
is a part of the last letter from Captain
Mullane, of the United States steamship
Nipsic, received by his brother in this
city. The letter is dated Apia, January 28,
Here In Samoa we have war times and ex
citcment Germany has declared war against
Mataaf a, and proclaimed martial law in Samoa.
I have protested against this martial law busi
ness, and think it has had a beneficial effect
They, in their proclamation, said in case citi
zens of Apia did not Rive in a list of their arms,
ammunition, etc., they would be deported or
imprisoned. I told in writing;. Captain Fritze,
of the Adler, that In the whole jurisprudence
of my country there was no such pun
ishment. They bad a proclamation print
ed on January 23, and ready
to publish on the cocoanut trees, etc. but my
protest bad the effect of i stopping this. This
proclamation spoke of offenses and penalties
death, deportation, shooting, hard labor, im
prisonment, etc. They do not hold Apia, nor
IiAve they invaded Samoa: hence, under En
glish and American law. cannot proclaim mar
tial law. But they say German law is different.
Things are all exciting here. They are at war
with Mataaf a. bnt all their proclamations are
directed against foreigners. They carry on a
high came hare, and our Government haj but
one vessel, while they have three good ships.
I hear by way of Auckland that we will have
more ships here. God only knows how this
affair will end. The Samoans do not want
Germany to annex their island, but have long
ago asaed both England and the United States
to take them. Their old King. Malietoa, was
deported a year ago, first to Germany, then to
the coast of Africa, and then to Marshall's
Island, to tho north of Samoa, where be is now.
Lam kept busy from morning to night, and
have been since the 7th of December, when the
Adams left for California. 21y mail by this
steamer will be the heaviest I have yet had,
and my several reports to the Secre
tary are quite lengthy, full, and giving
every item that has occurred. The little
paper published here, tho Samoan Times, has
been suppressed by the Germans. On J anuary
9, the German consulate, German Consul's
house, etc, were burned by tho greatest fire
ever in Apia. I sent men to render aid. I was
thanked in a public proclamation, a copy of
which I send you. I think, and certainly hope,
all my actions in this Samoan business will be
approved by the Government.
I hear Germany intends sending ont troops.
Abont January 1, 1 sent Lieutenant Hawley to
Auckland, to telegi aph to tho Secretary, and
be will be back on February 2. The German
consul at Auckland chartered a small English
steamer the other dav,and sent her hero with
important German dispatches, but what these
dispatches were no one but the Germans know.
Secretary Blaine was seen to-night and
said he had received no information what
ever in regard to the reported sinking of the
SECRETARY TRACY INTERVIEWED.
He Agrees With Commodore Walker That
the Rumors Aro Lies.
New York, March 9. General Benja
min F. Tracy, the Secretary of the Navy,
was intercepted by a reporter on his way
from Washington to .New York, at 1030 to
night He was shown the latest San Fran
cisco bulletin respecting the alleged de
struction at Samoa, ot the United States
steamship Nipsio by the German corvette
Olga, together with the remarks thereon of
The Secretary said that on thejouroev,
from Washingtop to New York he was not
in telegraphic commnnication with anybody
or any place, and could not be expected to
know more than Commodore Walker, who
was in Washington. He fully subscribed to
the statement of the Commodore, who
stamped the story as an absurd fabrication.
He had not sent any private Information to
THE BOTTOM KNOCKED OUT.
Commodore Walker Stamps the Entire Yarn
as a'Baao Fabrication.
Washington, March 9. Secretary
Tracy left, Washington for New York this
afternoon. Commodore Walker, who acta
as Secretary during the absence of the head
of the department) was to-night shown the
latest San Francisco bulletinrespecting .the
alleged blowinsr np of j the United States
steamship Nipsic He-sad no hesitation in
stamping it as an absurd fabrication, and he
denies that any orders Jibave been sent to
San Francisco looking to the immediate
equipment of the new cruiser Charleston.
To show tho utter improbability of the
story. Commodore Walker says that tele
graphic news reaching San Francisco from
Samoa must cross from Auckland to
Australia; thence across the Dutch Fast
Indian Islands, to Asiar np through Eu
rope to England, and across the Atlantio
Ocean to the Eastern coast of the United
States, where it is taken up by the land
lines and transmitted to California.
So, said the Commodore, it is evident that
such news could not possibly reach San
Francisco before it is known in the East,
as the Navy Department has an officer sta
tioned at Auckland for the very pnmose of
.forwarding information respecting Samoan
events, and it is not to be supposed that he
would overlook a matter like the sinking of
It is learned that the reported destruction
of the Nipsic was not even mentioned at the
Cabinet meeting this afternoon, which fact
is an additional proof that none of the ex
ecutive departments are in possession of in
formation; which would confirm the rumor.
WILL STAND BY OUR FLAG.
A German Editor Who Wonld Back Uncle
bnm Asnlnst Bismarck.
San Francisco, March 9. In an edi
torial article headed "The First Shot,"
commenting on the reported engagement be
tween the U. S. S. Nipsic, and the German
corvetta Olga, the California Democrat, the
leading German paper of this city, will say
As an American citizen of 'German extrac
tion, we cannot bnt deeply deplore this unfor
tunate quarrel between the country of our
choice and that of oar birth. Bat whatever
may come, there remain but two roads to fol
low; either we mast rally around tbe starry
flag and defend it with our lives and our for
tunes, or we have to shake off American citi
zenship by emigrating from this country, and
since we have come here to stay we will stand
and fall by our flag, be our country right or
THE 0UY1W JIENDS.
Judge Cunninsbam Tells tbe Grand Jury
That the murderers 9Iust be Caught
An Impassioned Appeal for
Equal and Exact
Little. Rock, March 9. The Circuit
Court of Conway county is now in session
at Morrilton, and if the assassins of John
M. Clayton and the Plummerville ballot
box thieves are not indlcied and convicted,
it will "be" no 'faul of 'Jndga George Cun
ningham. In his charge to the grand jury,
Judge Cunningham said he came to plead
for law and order, and asked what rt
was that protected their wives, their child
ren and their homes in their absence on
business or pleasure; what was it that pro
tected their lives from murderers, their
property from theft and their homes from
arson, and reminded them that it was the
law J he said:
Law is a rule of conduct, not for the poor.the
weak, or tbe bumble alone, but it is also a rule
of conduct for the rich, the strong and the
Dowerfnl. Ail accessory is one who stands by
and aids or abets the commission of an offense.
or, not being present, aiding or abetting the-
commission 01 an onense, nasvinaorsea or en
couraged it andis just as guilty inmorais as be
is in law, as the principal offender, and as a
general rule is punished the same ,
Bear in mind this law and you will have
clenty of work to do in this county. Yon will
have to investigate the Clayton assassination,
and whoever aided or abetted by word or deed
In that cowardly butchery should be dragged
by tbe throat to justice. They should not be
exempt from punishment because of any
standing or influence they but have in tbe
community. I do not know who they are. I
wish to heaven that I did. I would tell you,
but mind you, political assassinations do not
originate in tbe minds of men in the humblest
walk of life. Men who earn their living by the
sweat ot their brows, whose lives are poems ot
honor and industry,, do not find it in their
minds and hearts to conceive assassination.
Some men seemingly want to apologize for,
or extenuate, tbe horror of this murder -on the
cronnd of politics. I tell yon there is no
Democracy or Republicanism in mnrder.- I
had as soon punish a Democratic murderer
as a Republican murderer; and I want to appeal
to yon as Democrats to pnmsh crime, whether
the criminal is a Democrat or a Republican;
and if tho Democracy does this, it will rule tbe
country, and rule it forever.
HIS GIRL LIYES IN PITTSBURG.
ARcspectable Yonntr 3Ian Arrested Charged
With Killing Letters.
(srxciAi. TitEanAst to tbi disfatcit.i
New York, March 9. Moses Myers, a
young man employed in the registered let
ter department of the postoffice, was to have
been examined before Commissioner Shields
this forenoon on the charge of
opening registered letters and tak
ing therefrom $135, but his
counsel, Lawyer Kellogg, asked for time in
which to inquire into the case, and tbe ex
amination was put off until Wednesday,
March '20, at 11 A. 21. Myers is engaged to
be married to a rich lady of Pittsburg and
is well conpected in this city, his brother
being a reputable attorney in the office of
Lawyer John T. Shaw. The young man's
relatives are at a loss to account for his con
duct, and say that he must be mentally af
fected in some way.
Inspector Ryan, of the Postoffice Depart
ment, arrested Myers in the act of extract
ing money irom registered letters, and five
loreign letters were found in his pockets,
the contents of which had been removed and
the envelopes resealed. Thirty-seven dol
lars in money was also found on him, and
he admitted that he had taken 35 of it from
registered letters. A bottle of mucilage
used for resealing letters was lonnd in
the prisoner's possession. Myers had been
employed in the registered letter depart
ment 17 months, and handled both foreign
and domestic letters. Suspicion was direct
ed against him some time ago, complaints
having ieed made of tbe loss of money in
January last. The prisoner is a pale yonng
man, with jet black hair and eyes, and has
a peculiar expression abont his face. He is
at liberty on bail of $2,500.
The Ex-President and His Wife the Re
cipients of many Attentions.
rSPICIAI. TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.)
New York, March 9 To-day was again
devcted to callers in the law office of Grover
Cleveland. In the evening Mr. and
Mrs. Cleveland went to dine
with Mr. and Mrs. Stuart G. Nelson
at 118 Madison avenue. Mrs. Cleveland
had been ont to a matinee with Mrs. J.
Woodward, Jr. During her absence from
the hotel many people called.
An invitation to meet a number of bank
ers and merchants and others at dinner was
received by Mr. Cleveland to-day.
A DEBES? BILTis
$bG - 'a'
Eepresentative 5?c Criticises?, -i
i Tr. r
iviaio vui ixci ;-'Qivjiot
He Can't Understand Why m Ta
focturers Should he'
WHILE OTHER CORPORATIONS ESCAPE.
A frospect of IlTely Times When the Matter Cosset
to bo Considered.
Hon. William E. Burdick, of McBTeaa '
County, says that the general revenue bill;
as it now stands, contains defects that ought t
to be remedied. He thinks it manifestly -unjust
that , corporations manufacturing
iron, steel, cotton and woolen should be ex
empt from taxation while those engaged ia
the lumber, business are obliged to pay'
nnixtma nrmi tma 2 . AoDnrpo-' ! i
taxes. He also says some natural gas com-,. ;
-panies have" to bear too heavy burdens. ,
There is every prospect of a lively fight
over the bill,
r?EOM A STATr cobbxsposdest.i '
Harrisburg, March 9. There will be
fight on the General Bevenue bill when it
comes up. Said Hon. William E. Bur
dick, of McKean:
"Our people wonld like to know why
should corporations manufacturing iron and
steel, cottons or woolens, be exempt from
taxation, and our lumber corporations beu
taxed. McKean is now one of tha
greatest lumber-producing counties in tho"
whole country. The woods are full of
lumber men, and we produce vast quanti
ties of hemlock lumber. We also produce"
some hard woods, thongh these are nearly
all gone. Last year we produced considera
ble cherry and a great deal of maple. As,
the oil production fell away many of our
oil men, who didn't care to go wildcattin?
for new fields, put their money into lumber
tracts. They have thereby added greatly
to the wealth of the State. Now they would
like to know why their productive efforts
should be taxed and other manufacturing
corporations relieved of the burden of tax
ation. They all pay heavy local taxes, too. '
Then some of our people would like to know
why natural gas corporations should be'
taxed 8 milb on their gross receipts as well
as 3 mills on their capital stock.
injustice to gas companies.
There are a great many natural gas cor-j
Derations that are not getting rich by any,
means, up in the northwest there are com
panies furnishing gas at a dollar a stove, re-'
gardlessof the size of the burner. They
can't stand a heavy tax like that. They araf
heavily taxed for local purposes now. Lands
that were assessed at $2, S3 or 54 an acre, be
fore it Was discovered that large reservoirs of
gas lay beneath them, are now assessed at '
550 an acre or thereabout. The discovery of
natural gas is already taxed why tax it
further? Coal companies supply fuel; they
-are not taxed on their gross receipts. There
is another point. Why should a man who
Tun?'an omnibus between, a couple of coun
try towns, or from a railroad station
snbiect to a tax while a man who A
takes freight over the same road in a wagon
is not? These are inequalities that will have
to be looked into when the bill comes before
"There seems to be," said Mr. Burdick,
"a determined effort to push this bill
through. It is made a special order for
Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. As it
was Only placed on our files last Thursday,
there is not sufficient time given for its proper
examination. How can I send copies of it
to my constituents and expect to receive
their deliberate opinions in so short a time?
defects in the bill.
"There is this hope.ihowever. The bill is
so long, and there will Be so much to say
on it, that the special order will exhaust
itselt and give us more time. There are a
couple of things abont the bill I don't like
at first glance. Section 16 provides for the
return of one-third of the net
amount of tax, based on the re
turn of property subject to taxation io
counties for' their own use in payment of
the expenses incurred by it in the assess
ment and collection of said tax, provided:
that in. consideration of the return to conn-
ties of the tax as aforesaid, no claim shall
be made upon, or allowed by the Common
wealth lor abate, tents, tax collectors, com
missions, extrao. Imary expenses, uncol- tf
lectable taxes or for keeping a record of M
judgments "and mortgages. Now there 3
is a wide field open there for a county
to lose a good . bit of money,
though it places k in better position than
now, when concties are forced to make the
collection without receiving anything for it.
It is also provided in section 17 that the
taxes on personal property must be paid on
or before the second Monday of August in
each year. In many counties tax dupli
cates j re not ready for the collectors before
the lt of April or May, and under the act
of 1837 a collector cannot enforce payment
until after six months from the time he
AX OBSCURE POI2TT.
"Again, in section two it is provided that
any incorporation, joint stock association or
limited partnership, doing business in more
than one county, shall be liable to make
such return only in one county in which its
principal office within this Commonwealth
is situated. Now, is it to pay it3 taxes in
tbe county where its principal office is
located and where it may have no
other interests? If it is, then
of course that county will receive
one-third of the amount, and injustice will
be done to the counties where the property '
is reylly located. But I have not had time
to thoroughly digest the matter, and no one
else has had but tbe Ways and Means Com-,
mittee and those who prepared the bill." ''
Hon. Henry Hall will have charge of tha
Din, anu is nere, nara at worx on facts and '
figures bearing on it. It is only justice to
the State officers to say that their only
object lias been to frame a bill
to raise State revenue as impartially as pos
sible. They are not in a posjtion to view
the matter from the standpoint of each '
special interest affected, but being honor-'"
able gentlemen they have endeavored not to :
bear harshly on any. The bill is the result
of long and hard work on their Dart. It il
only fair, on the other hand, to give the-
Legislature sufficient time to digest its
points, and this will undoubtedly be ob
tftinpd S-rrtev tf
Wine a Century Old. '
THOU A STAFT CORBXSKCTMST. j &
harrisburg, juarcn y. a feature of
the informal luncheon partaken last, even- ?t
ing Dy senator .ueiamater, state Chairman, i
Andrews and others, as the trnesta of m.
Simon Cameron, was the crackincr of h.i'r ;
dozen bottles of Madeira of the vintage of A
"" - !
Struck by a Railroad Train. '
Manor, March 9. Mrs. K. j '-n
nf Pffnn B.t nA XI- T ... r ..-&-
struck about 8 o'clock this evening betwielK
& jk - . -
.- - - -x-,Kf,BJ iJyrjB
5- $ w -