Newspaper Page Text
-EAST AND WEBT
IS THE TITLE OF
A New Story,
BY EDWARD EVEBETT HALE,
The opening chapters of which will appear In
THE 20-PAGE DISPATCH,
To be issued to-morrow morning.
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ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8. 1848,
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PITTSBURG, SATURDAY. APE. 6, 1888.
THE ESSENCE OF TEE HATTER.
In onr "Mail Pouch" this morning, "A
Layman" puts in a plea of confession and
avoidance for the PennsylTania Bail
road, in answer to Mr. Carnegie's
charges. He admits the -overcharges
to Pittsburg shippers, but says the latter
can afford it He also holds that
the railroad, as well as individuals, is en
titled to share in the profits of natural gas.
Further, the claim is made that the admin
istration of the company is now much fairer
than in the past. The Dispatch thinks
it proper that whatever is to be said on the
other side should be said. It gives place to
this lengthy communication, recognizing
that it omits no point that can be made for
the policy which .Mr. Carnegie attacks.
Certainly, as our correspondent says, the
railroads are entitled to the increased profits
of natural gas just as individuals are. Bat
they are entitled to no more than indi
viduals are. The merchant or the news--paper
must get increased profit from the
increased business which will follow if
Pittsburg manufacturers are given the full
advantage of their position. If the rail
roads try any other course they are certain
ly driving business to other localities. This
fact, brought home to them and laid before
the public will carry conviction. The rail
road men themselves must be made see that
they cannot, either for their own pecuniary
or public policy, take the position pf levy
ing a tax on Pittsburg's prosperity; and when
they are brought to the point of giving
Pittsburg rates as low as they give other
cities, they will find the reduction amply
compensated by the enormous expansion of
But "Layman" does not anywhere touch
the vital spot That is, in brief, that the
railroads within the State, holding their
charters from the State, owing their very
existence to the grant of its franchises, and
drawing all their profits .from its business,
should at least give the business interests of
the State as low rates as they give to inter
ests outside of it So much for the obliga
tion which can be equitably presumed to
exist If this be not recognized by the rail
roads, the right unquestionably remains to
the State to secure through a tribunal of its
own appointment and laws of its own mak
ing, such an equality of charges as Mr. Car
negie and the Pittsburg Chamber of Com
It may be expected with confidence that
the discussion of the subject will very soon
produce evident beneficial results for Pitts
THE HEW YORK PLUMS.
The New York appointments, as an
nounced yesterday, are fairly representa
tive of the appointments made by the new
administration. They are strongly political,
but not discreditable. Mr. Erhardt was
the Republican candidate for Mayor in the
last election; and while his was a hopeless
candidacy no word was said airainst his
integrity or business ability, Mr. Van
Cott is more of a practical politican than
Mr. Erhardt, having been prominently
identified with the Republican organization
in New Tork for many years. But he
has not been mixed up in any of the
scandals of Hew Tork politics; and this,
while faint praise, is a good deal, consider
ing the influences that push men into politi
cal prominence in that city. It may be ex
pected that politics will have a good deal of
strength in the New York postofiice under
the new regime; and it is doa&tfnl if it re
tains its high degree of effectiveness that
was given It under James nd Pearson.
But it is well to be thankful for comparative
decency in any of Ihe manifestations of New
It is worth while noticing that the female
municipal administration of Oskaloosa,
Kan., was triumphantly re-elected on
Tuesday, notwithstanding the opposition
which its reforms had aroused. The ex
ample afforded in that .Kansas village has
a double bearing. In the first place, in con
trast with the somersaults which the politics
of larger cities took on the sam e day, it teaches
the popular value of reforms. Adminis
trations in Chicago, St Louis and other
cities, elected on pledges of sweeping re
forms, fail to seep tneir promise; ana as
a consequence are now on the under side.
The women of Oskaloosa took hold, and
making the most sweeping reforms on
record, have transformed their village.
They were not misled into shuttingUheir
eyes to abuses for the purpose of gaining
political support All abuses were cleaned
out, and when their re-election was opposed
by those whose toes were trodden on, they won
a significant victory. Moral: Stick to
what you promise without trying to lay
pipes, and do not be too snre, when wdmen
undertak public business, that they can
not do it
Mr. Ward McAllister's resignation of the
,;. )iitrrnKnMn of the Centennial Ball Cam-
uBsrv ' . ' - ' -s -f ...-v i hA-k.Ajl t,f a 1414 i . . i i in'iiWB.iiiiiYiy Yiinmmlm-'T'i't'i' imifrffmilissssss
ssssssssssssssssssssrlkas - IIbIv H ' i -"l'"lfl 1isffiiiiiffiMtiisifVil'Tii iln if yJAtMsh fi"fr.iss.sTlTssBiss
tnittee in New York will surprise no one.
An iron man with steel works could hardly
have stood the annoyances of the post longer.
Mr. McAllister has not had a reputation for
such stamina, although it has been ad
mitted that the man who would dare to say
that only 400 people moved in good society
in New York, mast possess a tolerably
brazen cheek and a finely developed gall de
partment The assaults made upon him on
all sides have finally driven the great Mc
Allister from his seat The centennial ball
will have to get along without him.
To tell the truth, however, the sympathy
of decent people most on this occasion be
with Mr. McAllister and his associates on
the committee. They have been persecuted
and reviled without reasonable cause. The
legislators, the New York Aldermen, the
State and county officials, high and low,
have, as usual, presented extravagant claims
for deadhead consideration. Every petty
politician in office demanded, as his by
right, free tickets for the hall, banquet,
grand stand, and everything else Incident to
the celebration. If the committee demurred
in the slightest the most awful threats
greeted them, and a considerable portion of
the press swelled the clamor.
The idea that a man is entitled to dead
head his way everywhere as soon as he enters
the service of his State, county or city is
net confined to New York it is to be found
in official heads here. It is a ridiculous
and shameful idea, but we are not surprised
that Mr. McAllister found it very hard to
fight in a State so given up to deadheadism
as New York.
THE PHILADELPHIA EDITORS' IDEA.
It is interesting to observe that our es
teemed editorial brethren of the Philadel
phia newspapers have attained to a per
ception of the fact that Republican editors
have a good chance to share the good things
of this administration. Colonel Clayton
McMichael has editorially supported Col
onel Charles Emory Smith for the mission
to Germany, and upon the principle that
one good turn deserves another Colonel
Smith will have to urge Colonel McMichael
for the Turkish mission, while Colonel
James H. Lambert will be brought into the
ring by a mutual and responsive recognition
of his fitness to go to China.
Philadelphia is usually leisurely about
her actions, but mighty when she gets
started, and her journalistic representatives
are true to her precedents in their combina
tion to divide up a few first-class missions
between them. There may be a certain
drawback in commencing a movement of
that sort after nearly all the places have
been given out, but that is the local style.
It is not so certain either that backward
ness is any greater drawback than excessive
promptness. Colonel Shepard was one of
the earliest applicants on the ground, and
yet a recent quotation of his from holy writ
is the ominous one: "There shall bewail
ing and gnashing of teeth."
PLATTERIKO BUT INCORRECT.
That New York -City can learn many
valuable lessons from Pittsburg is not open
to question, but we are a little doubtful
about the following matter taken from the
New York Tribune:
One of the differences between Pittsburg and
New York is that in Pittsburg the eas com
panies think it worth while to make their mains
impervious to gas, while in New York the com
panies think it the correct thing to let from S to
SO per cent of their product escape through
leaky and flimsy pipes, saturating the earth and
filling subterranean conduits. On the whole,
this metropolis can learn something from the
With the sentiment in the last sentence
we concur heartily, but we respectfully call
the Tribune') attention to the gross inac
curacy of calling Pittsburg the Smoky City,
a soubriquet which it has outlived many
years. It would be nearer the truth to call
it the Smokeless City.
But to the main statement, namely, that
Pittsburg gas companies habitually make
their pipes impervious to gas, a strict ad
miration for truth will not allow us to give
assent Some pipes may be so treated, and
it would be a good thing if such a preventive
of leaks, and consequently of explosions,
were in general use. As to the gas in the
pipes and the water in the stocks, the com
panies of Pittsburg and New York City are
on about the same plane.
REMARKABLE CORPORATE THEORIES.
Two remarkable theories of corporate con
trol have recently been advanced in the in
terest of a big corporation. The company
is the Western Union Telegraph Company;
and the legal claims advanced by its law
yers illustrate most strikingly ihe extent to
which the corporations have gone in assert
ing their supremacy.
One instance is presented by the answer
of the "Western Union to the Attorney Gen
eral's suit for forfeiture on account of the
consolidation with the B. .& O. Telegraph.
The gist of this answer is that because the
Western Union has accepted the provisions
of the act of Congress of June 24, 1866, au
thorizing telegraph companies to do an inter-State
business, therefore it is not subject
to the Constitution and the laws of the State
of Pennsylvania. The idea of a corpora
tion doing business in Pennsylvania but
rising superior to its fundamental law, and
calmly overriding its statutes to regulate
such corporations, is highly instructive.
But this is rivaled, if not surpassed, by
the ground which the counsel of the West
ern Union took in New York the other day.
This was on the argument of the ease with
reference to putting the wires underground.
The counsel of the great corporation as
serted that the New York law was invalid,
because it was proposed to take away "our
rights of property in these streets." It is
hard to see how corporate claims could go
further than asserting a property right In
the public streets. If there is one place
where the right and ownership of the pub
lic is exclusive and all-embracing it should
be the streets. Yet the principle of cor
porate conquest has got so far that the coun
sel of the Western Union actually asserted
in court, what other corporations have here
tofore only held in practice, a right of own
ership in streetsappropriated for the public,
paid for by the public and dedicated to pub
The courts have not yet passed upon these
remarkable claims, but, when a corporation
gets so far as to make the simultaneous
claim that it is superior to State regulation
but has ownership in the public streets, it is
time for the people to recognize the drift of
that sort of thing.
The singular life of a threadbare li J is
illustrated by a discussion in the Chicago
Board of Alderman over the Standard's pipe
line to that city, in which the monopoly of
that concern was alluded to, and one of the
body said "the result of the monopoly en
joyed by the Standard Oil Company was
the reduction of the price of kerosene oil
from 60 to 6 cents per gallon." Tbis cheap
falsification of the facts has been industri
ously circulated; and the ease with which
it can be exposed makes its persistence all
the more remarkable. Every one' who
knows anything about the oil' trade knows
thatthe greater part of the decline 'in p"e-
troleum was before the dateof the Standard's
monopoly; and that whatever decline has
taken place since, the Standard is no more
entitled to be credited with than the an
thracite coalpool iswith the recent mild
winter. . ' -5 " .
The Spell-binders Association is getting
unbound. Some people think Chauncey M.
Depew's resignation is the cause of it, but
the cold-hearted world intimates that there
is nothing like failing to get a share of the
spoils to break the spell.
Charles L. Davis, perpetrator of AMn
Jotlyn, says he is going to build a theater
in Philadelphia and give up acting. Per
haps he, is going to erect a theater, but he
cannot give up acting, because he never
acted, you know. If Mr. Davis had made
the promise to cease acting badly, the pub
lic might have deemed the reformation pos
sible, though at variance with his pro
fessional and personal character.
As there are six lives between Mr.
Gladstone and the baronetcy which his
dead brother left, it is reasonable to hope
that he may escape the burden of tacking
a trumpery title to the name of the Grand
As regards hereditary honors in the distri
bution of foreign missions, it is pertinent
to remark that to be descended from an
American statesman, is a more creditable
qualification than a purchased pedigree
showing a remote connection with the
nobility and aristocracy of Great Britain
which was reported to be the requisite
for preferment under "Secretary Bayard's
A HCEW dressed beef corporation under
Standard Oil control would be a threaten
ing possibility if it was not certain to run
up against the rugged points of Phil
One man in Chicago is said to be more cast
down by the municipal landslide than
Roche and his friends. That man is Carter
Harrison whose crushing defeat by Roche
two years ago is made all the more pointed
by the way Roche is wiped out this time.
Carter fails to perceive any vindication for
him in this bout
Boulanoee's political maneuvers re
semble McClellan's military genius in one
respect at least The way both adopted to
get out of uncomfortably hotfighting was "a
change of base."
The renewal of the story that the Stan
dard is going to pipe Ohio oil to the Cleveland
refinery, and use it there, is calculated to
make the leaders of the late shut-down
movement conclude that they had better
save what they can out of the remains of
that once great scheme.
Eveby time that Stanley has been dis
covered so far he has had to discover him
self, and it will probably be so to. the end.
Stanley is generally too much pressed for
time to wait for tne other fellows to dis
With the Nipsio afloat once more why
not propose to Germany that both Govern
ments content themselves with keeping one
vessel eaoh there. If international pride
should render it necessary to have six more
vessels cast away it would take all the
Samoan islands to replace the loss.
Siu Chables Russell is evidently
bent on showing the Times' counsel that they
cannot beat him even in the length of their
The suggestion of a postage stamp of
which the reverse side shall be used for ad
vertising, comes from Australia, but it pre
sents a peculiar attractiveness to a Govern
ment with a Postmaster General who can
furnish both the stamps and the advertising.
PEOPLE OF PBOMINENCE.
P. T. Barnch is a strong Universalis!,
Dr. B. A. Gotjld, of Cambridge, Mass., the
distinguished astronomer, has been mentioned
in connection with the position of head of the
Colonel Robert G. Jngersoll has the
reputation of giving more money yearly to
waiters, porters and bellboys than any other
man in the United States.
At dinner at the White House four genera
tions gather. There are great-grandfather
Scott President and Mrs. Harrison, their two
children and their children's children.
Ella Wheeler Wilcox is a firm believer
in the efficacy of physical exercise to preserve
youth and good looks, and she uses the Indian
dubs regularly for a half hour every day.
James R. Gilmore, an author who uses the
nom de plume ".Edmund Kirke," has leit New
Haven, Conn., and various creditors mourn his
unexpected'departure. He agreed to pay 820,
000 for a house some months ago, and con
tracted other heavy debts.
John Field, the Postmaster General's
choice for Postmaster of Philadelphia, was of
fered a salary two years ago of 523,000 to take
charge of Wanamaker's wholesale business.
He declined the offer because he did not care
to sink his personality in another man's busi
De. Benjamin Lee, Secretary of the Penn
sylvania State Board of Health and Vital
Statistics, has left Philadelphia for Florida,
where he will investigate the yellow feverques
tlon and confer with the newly created Board
of Health there. Dr. Lee goes as the repre
sentative of the Middle Atlantic district
Speaking of the wifo of the Japanese
Prince to whom a reception at the White
House was given this week a Washington cor
respondent says: "The Princess was fairly
ablaze with diamonds. They sparkled in her
coronet and In the coils of her black hair.
They formed stars of glittering light around
the black velvet band which encircled her
neck, and they rose and fell in billows of luster
with the heaving of her dainty breast and
shone in masses upon her slender wrists. She
wore a fine Paris dress with pale-blue front
covered with fine lace and a body and train of
striped asben gray with mixture of pale pink."
Adding to Oakland's Happy Homes.
' Another happy home in Oakland will be the
result of a charming little wedding at the resi
dence of Mrs. Herman Straub, of Shadyslde,
Thursday evening. It was the marriage of Miss
Emma Anshutz, daughter of Mrs. Katherine
Anshutz, to Mr. Charles Walker, one of the
most popular attaches of the Commercial Ga
telle. Rev. J. P. E. Kumber officiated, and tied
the nuptial knot attractively enough for even
such a well-liked and worthy couple. The
bridal couple were attended by Miss Sadie
Thompson as maid of honor, Mr. Alfred Reed
as best man, and Mr. Charles Holmes and Mr.
W. H. Davis as groomsmen.
Kot Exactly a Napoleon.
From the Providence Journal.!
The spectacle of the brave General Boulanger
running off to Brussels to escape the feeble
terrors of the Ministry will be gall and worm
wood to bis enthusiastic supporters, the
majority of whom voted for him in the expec
tation that be would turn out the Assembly
and revolutionize the Government, even if he
did not execute the national revenge against
Germany. Even Louis Napoleon arrested by a
policeman at Boulogne was a more heroic
An Example Wonhv of Imitation.
from the Oil City JIUzzard.l
Tbero are many men who might emulate
Stanley's example when they write aletter for
publication. That is to say, when they get it
finished they might hustle away into, the
underbrush and lose themselves.
DISPATCH, , SATUEDAT,
The Late James Callery Modern Houses
Democratlo Jubilation Pittsburg Better
The summons of Mr. James Callery yester
day was terribly sadden; only the night before
he had been abio to entertain in his usual
hearty style a number of his friends at his
residence.' Of late the fact that Mr. Caller
had approached the limit of life very closely
about a year and a half ago had apparently
passed out of general recollection; His health
and spirits seemed so muchimproved that they
"were remarked upon often.
It was strange yesterday how rapidly the
news of Mr. Cillery's demise spread over the
city. The report was on everyone's lips. Of
course Mr. Cillery's personal circle of friends
and acquaintances Is large, but many of those
who referred to his death with regret yesterday
in my presence could have only known him by
He was a wonderfully successful business
man; everything he touched turned to gold.
Not that he was super-emlnently lucky, but his
energy and commercial talents were always
employed to the best advantage. To his family
no one could bave been more generous,
"thoughtful and loving; to his friends he was
invariably true, and never unwilling to extend
the help of his hand and heart He will be
honestiy and heartily mourned by a great many
in this city and elsewhere.
Yon may growl at the present generation as
you will, talk of degenerate times and recall
the glorious days' of yore, but one thing Is cer
tain the bouses being built by men nowadays In
this vicinity are better than any of our fore
bears put up for us.
The houses are not only better in every way
in their appointments, arrangement and from
a sanitary point of view, but thay are as a gen
eral rule handsomer, inside and out In the
suburbs of the city a number of notable pri
vate residences have been erected in the last
two years. Posterity next In tum ought to be
grateful to their predecessors.
Ik the Chicago Daily News of Thursday last
occurs a paragraph which will doubtless-touch
some guilty conscience to the quick. Hero is
the paragraph: "Pittsburg is famous as the
city through which it is impossible for any man
to pass without being interviewed. Therefore
its newspaper men are generally regarded as a
spry lot But it is to be feared that they some
times grow conviviaL The following dispatch,
sent by some of them to Mayor-elect Oregier on
election night seem to indicate that they do:
'First battle at midnight Last not yet. Here
is once more to you. Found the North star,
have youT Hurrah!" That must have been
.written by a man who saw double.'
There are a good many Democrats among the
local newspaper men, but nobody is likely to
identify a newspaper man, who is also a Demo
crat, who could, by any possible means, be
brought to ineoherency and multiplied vision.
The author of that jubilant telegram probably
writes a bad hand, or Is suffering from malaria
or moving day. He will, of course, rise to ex
plain the whole affair without delay..
"PrrrsBUBO men are getting into the way of
wearing good clothes," said a fashionable tailor
tome the other day.. It is naw to a great
many of them, bat the progress has been won
derful of late. The Idea among most Pitts
burg men used to be that fine clothes were not
meant for workers and toilers, like the major
ity of the male population here. Anything was
good enough to wear to business. Only when
they went to New York or to some more fash
ionable center did the Plttsburger care how his
"It is very different ndw. You'll see GO hand
somely dressed men of business or the pro
fessions where ten years ago yon couldn't have
picked out five. They pay good prices, and
tailoring is accordingly advancing in Pittsburg
'with the popular taste."
"When nature's born again.
And death to winter's pain
The robins sing.
When every blade of grats.
And flower that X pass, .
Tells of the day, '
When He shall come sgtin
O'er all the earth to reign.
3ut this I pray. , J
That when death contesto me
And my poor sonJ,ls free,
SATED B AMERICAN YINE3.
The Famous Grape-Growing- Region of
France Again Producing Liberally.
Washington, April & In his report to the
State Department George W. Roosevelt Con
sul at Bordeaux, gives statistics relative to the
1883 wine harvest of France. The vintage of
1888 amounted to 787,707,000 gallons, an increase
of 151,874,000 gallon! over the yield of 18S7, al
though being S5.O0O gallons less than the aver
age yield of the last ten years. Much of the
good result of the last vintage is due to Ameri
can vines. The vineyards of the Midi were the
first to suffer from the invasion of the phyllox
era, and vitl-culturallsts ot that section were
the first to employ American vines to combat
its ravages, and their lvalue was most emphat
ically demonstrated in the last harvest. In
many localities entire! vineyards have been re
planted in these vines, upon which French
vines have been grafted. The greater part of
these vines were in full bearing in 1883, and not
only excited the admiration of all, but an eager
desire in proprietors who, up to tbis time, had
rejected American vines as a means of saving
The demand for American vines was greater
than the supply, and nurseries were very soon
exhausted. At present nurserymen are busv
grafting slips, so that next year the supply will
equal the demand, and it is not too much to
r-iy that in the near future the famons vine
ardsof the Midi will again produce as gener
ously as in most favored years.
PB0F. SEELTE MUST ANSWER.
Important Decision of a High Tribunal in
the Andover Case.
Salem, Mass., April 5. Chief Justice Mor
ton has sent down an order in the Andover
controversy in the case ot Egbert G." Smith,
appellant versus the visitors of the Theo
logical Institution in Phillips Academy, in
Andover, pending In the Supreme Court He
orders that Julius H. Seelye be required to
answer the question put to him in the hearing
before the Commissioners as to bow William
H. Eustis voted In the case of Egbert Smith.
Following are the grounds given for the de
cision: The visitors are a private eleemosynary cor
poration. The privilege which exempts judges,
jurors and other public officers from testifying
as to the matters which take place In their de
liberations does "not apply to such visitors. A
visitor is required to testify to matters which
took place at the meetlngs.il the matter is
Dertlnent and material to the lnpt nnrior In.
vestlgation. If it is found that one of the
visitors acted corruptly, it would be ground
for setting aside the whole proceeding.
SPREADING THE GOSPEL.
Thonsnnds of Dollars Famished by the
Bible Society for Warbr Abroad.
New York, April 6. The American Bible
Society has granted funds to the amount of
$52,654 84, Including appropriations to the
American Board, for work in Spain, and in
Ceylon; to the Missionary Society of the M. E.
Church for work in Germany, and to the La
Plata, the Brazil, the Venezuela, theCuba and
the China agencies of the society.
Two auxiliaries have been recognized in
Dakota, two in Iowa, and one in each of the
States of Arkansas, Kansas and Louisiana.
The cash receipts in March were (74,247 82.
The total issues from the Bible bouse for the'
year ending March 81, not Including those
issued in foreign lands, were 1,005,774 volumes.
Phlladelphlans Becoming Fast.
from the Detroit Free Press.l ,
Philadelphia is the. only city in the country
where the toboggan slide has paid expenses
this last winter. It is a novelty to the dear,
good people to ride faster than a walk.
DEATHS OP A DAY.
HeWYoek, April 6. Phllo Remington, senior
partner of the rifle manufacturing firm of E.
Remington & Sons, died at Silver Springs, Fla.,
yesterday morning at 1 o'clock. Mr. Remington
was born at Litchfield, N. "ST.. on" October 3, 1818,
being the oldest son of Ellphalet Remington, the
founder of the great armory of lllon that bears
his name. Early in life tne son was placed In his
father's shops, and thoroughly learnid all the de
tails ot the mechanical work, and later he was
made buperlntendent of the armory. On his
lather's death. In 1861, Mr? Remington became
senior member of the firm' of E. Remington &
Sons, which has continued to the present time.
The armory and shops have1 always been located
at Ilion, X.t., the firm having an ofice in this
city at Broadway. The armory Is one of the
largest in the world, tS60 men being, employed la
it at times.
APRIL 6, 1$89.
0UE BAIL P0U0G.
The Freight Discriminations Against Pitts
burg a Little on the Other Bide.
To the Editor of The Dlsnatcn: .
But f em of our citizens who take any Import
ant Interest In the welfare of the State of Penn
8ylvanla,and of Allegheny county lapartlcular,
could have failed to read what has appeared In
The Dispatch during the past few days about
freight discriminations by the Pennsylvania
Railroad Company against our S:ate, and
especially our Immediate vicinity.
Mr. Andrew Carnegie leads off in his charges
(aside from his Franklin Institute lecture,
which is to be repeated before the Legislature
at Harrisburg, next Monday evening), in his
address of last Saturday, at Braddock, when
he presented the Carnegie free library to that
community. He also emphasizes and ex
pands the freight utterances of bis Braddock
address in The Dispatch of April 1 and 3.
I do not think the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company is by any means unworthy' of blame
and criticism for many things it has done,
especially in former years, but I believe its
standard of action and its practices have Im
proved, and that it is now endeavoring, in the
face of. enormous difficulties, to do justice to
all men. In this effort it Is receiving Important
aid from the inter-State commerce act, and no
railroad system in the country is more faith
fully co-operating with the Government in the
execution of the provisions of that act The
Pennsylvania system is so extensive and far
reachintr, and its facilities are so great and so
much within itself, that it can accommodate
many communities near and far without the
assistance of competing lines. It is. therefore,
to its Interest and within the scope of its
fowers to do almost its entire business on the
airplay principle underlying the inter-State
Mr. Carnegie charges that the Pennsylvania
Railroad Company has made enormous and
undue profits, and these profits have been
made almost entirely by means of unjust dis
criminations against the people of this vicinity
and of the State generally. This 'makes me
think tne glass in Mr. Carnegie's house must
be very thin.
What is the Pennsylvania Railroad Com
pany? Is it a benevolent institution that works for
less than cost and depends on the charities of
great wealth to make np deficiencies of in
come? Was it built to do business for less than cost
in order that everybody might have its services
for less than they are worth, and thus get
something for nothing?
Does Mr. Carnegie run his mills on such
To ask such questions is to answer them. We
may as well assume that the Pennsylvania Rail
road, like the Braddock plant, was built- to
It is a great corporation, composed of indi
vidual stockholders, and among these stock
holders are hundreds of people in moderate
circumstances who depend upon and need all
the returns that can oe got from their Invest
ment There are widows, orphans and estates
who would be sorely distressed If Pennsylvania
dividends were cut off or much reduced. Their
investment is as legitimate and worthy in its
character as If It were in any other sort of an
institution, and the executives would grossly
violate their trust if they do not faithfully en
deavor, by all honorable means, to make all the
money for the stockholders they can.
Mr. Carnegie may say: "Right here Is the
nub of the thing. Of course the company has
the right to make all the money it can 'by hon
orable means,' but my complaint Is that its
methods are not honorable, or, at least are ex
tortionate." (Not much difference.)
Perhaps Mr. Carnegie's own career will fur-1
Yi4ti at Jim a nnovA-a Ti5 r!11 holn ii 4rfi atin., r
tlon of the problem.
We all knowthat he was a poor boy, and that
by a combination of great business ability with
wonderfully favoring circumstances, he has
attained enormous wealth, and is at the head
of a vast establishment We know that Edgar
Thomson and Tom Scott of the Pennsylvania
Railroad, were his firm and powerful friends,
by whom he was assisted to bis earlier suc
cesses; that the Pennsylvania Railroad has
done a vast amount of hauling for him, and
that it is to his interest to continue his patron
age to a greater or less extent, or he wouldn't
give it any longer.
Mr. Carnegie has a great estate; he is counted
at $15,000,000 to $20,000,000. It is as easy to name
these amounts as less, but I shrewdly guess
that his real fortune is $7,000,000 or $3,000,000.
We do not envy him 1 cent; on the contrary,
we heartily rejoice in his good fortune, for he
is one of the few very rich men wno intend to
administer their estates themselves, and who
will distribute them on grand principles.
How has be acquired bis large estate? He
has made it right here. His iron plant is one
of the great-eights of Pittsburg. He has made
it out of the coal and gas of this vicinity, and
ont of the services, among others, of the Penu
If you choose to put it that way, for the sake
of argument you may say he has succeeded in
spite of what he considers excessive freight
charges by the Pennsylvania Railroad Com
pany. If so, then his other advantages of lo
cality must bave been very great And so they
have been; onr coal and gas are magnificent
and are worths host of any other advantages
that our competitors elsewhere may enjoy. The
results in Mr. Carnegie's case abundantly prove
this. If coal and gas are good for Mr. Carnegie,
why are they not good for the Pennsylvania
Railroad Company? If he nas any right to
profit by them, has not the Pennsylvania Rail
road Company the right to incidentally reap
some of the same profits that Mr. Carnegie
gathers Indirectly? For one-1 cannot say aught
to the contrary.
The great complaint is "discrimination"
that the Pennsylvania Railroad charges one
more than it does another for the same work.
I will concede that it used to do that to an out
rageous extent in certain familiar cases, but I
think that the charge of discrimination that is
now specifically made by Mr. Carnegie Is more
apparent than real. .
He figures out a discrimination of $1 12 a ton
on rails as between Pittsburg and Chicago.
And yet his- mills are running? Perhaps the
Chicago mills figure out a discrimination
against themselves of $1 12 by reason of our
coal and gas? If so, honors are even.
The mere fact that one person Is charged
more than another, for a certain service, is not,
by any means, always indicative of injustice.
A railroad, like a manufacturer, works for
profit: it gets all it can, and is obliged to do so,
because, by virtue of general conditions, it can
rarely get more than fair returns, in a series of
As to prices, a railroad, like other concerns,
has, in some cases, to take a half, or a quarter,
or an eighth of a loaf, rather than to get no
bread at alt The Atlantic Ocean is covered
with vessels which carry freight from here to
Europe. They may or may not get a fair price
for the outbound cargo, bnt it often happens
that they can get no back cargo that will pay.
They must however, have sufficient ballast
which may be very difficult to get and thus
they are sometimes compelled to load the hold
with stones even, at their own cost or else they
must take heavy goods iron, tin, etc. at bare
cost if not loss. So "through" freights are
mostly carried on similar principles. The rail
roads do not carry them just for the fun of the
thing; they getall tbey can, and if the profit be
ever so slight it is better than nothing, and, so
far as it goes, it enables the roads to serve their
local patrons more cheaply than otherwise.
Pittsburg may claim that the difference in
freights the discrimination enables Chicago
to shut it out from markets beyond Chicago,'
.to which Pittsburg is equally entitled. Is that
true? Is it not more true that if Pittsburg in
trudes upon trade areas which naturally belong
to Chicago she mnsttake her chances of get
ting kicked out? Through freights at lower
rates than local work a certain degree of jus
tice by enabling some localities to hold their
own against intruders upon their territory.
Thus thev assist Chicago to hold its own as
against Pittsburg, for If other places had no
special advantages of their own, Pittsburg,
with its coal and gas, would ruin them all.
I do not want the Pennsylvania Railroad to
charge one person more than another, but if
certain business is offered, which a rival road
will take at a certain rate, and If only a mere
trifle of profit is passible under the circum
stances, I think the Pennsylvania Railroad
ought to do the best It can by at once securing
the trifling profit and, at the same time, keep
ing the patronage which would otherwise drift
to another, concern. Every merchant acts in
After all, the through business of the Penn
sylvania Railroad is only about 7 per cent of
the whole, the other ia per cent being local.
The trouble Is not that the local traffic pays too
much, but that the through trafflcpays too lit
tle, and It would not be just to drag down fair
rates on the 93 per cent to the basis of insuffi
cient rates on 7 per cent
The Pennsylvania Railroad Company has
constant demands made upon If for new facili
ties by which to better accommodate its cus
tomers, and I could recite many that I would
like to see furnished In these cities, which
would cost millions of dollars, but how can the
company give us these improvements unless
from its profits? And from whom can it de
rive its profits, except from its patrons who
enjoy the benefits of its improvements?
Mr. Carnegie thrives and Plttsbnrc thrives
in spite of the so-called discriminations. It
follows then that tbey are not real to an alarm
ing extent for, taking it year in and year out
we are eating a good deal of rich pudainr.
Railroad" are entitled to somo of the benefits
of-Pennsylvania coal and gas as-well as the
Railroads must do the best tbey can within
honorable methods. ' .
I wish merely to add that no railroad
official has inspired or knows anything of this
communication, ana mat a am oniy .... -
t rrrrsBVBO, April. - .. uxxxxs.
A DAI IN NEW T0EK.
Victoria Dforoslol' Husband la Clover.
fjrrw TQBK BrRXAU SrZCIALS.l
NewYobk, Aprll5. Ernest Schilling, hus
band of Victoria Morosinl, has just been dis
covered in Astoria. He has concealed his
identity from his neighbors, who know him only
as John Wilson. Altogether, Mr. Schilling
seems to be much better off than when Mrs.
Morosini-Scbilllng was making him notorious.
He earns good wages as a house painter, he
says, and is a member of several yachting;
hunting and fishing clubs. He owns a house
and a catboat, whereas he owned nothing at all
when his wife was with him. He thinks Mrs.
Schilling loves him stilt though he is rather
anxious to know who has supported her since
she abandoned him, three years ago. Mr.
Schilling Is sure he can lick the man who says
that he relinquished Mrs. Schilling for $3,000
of Banker Morosinl's money.
An Ex-Baron Forgetting His Debts.
Joachim Von Shulika, who gave up his title
of Baron two days ago, to become an American
citizen, has bad a checkered life in America.
He came over a few years ago, with so little
money in his pocket that within a few months
he became completely dead broke. He tried
his hand at a variety of jobs which Barons are
supposed not to know much about and event
ually brought up in a school of languages.
where a rich and fatherless young woman fell
in love with him. He married her after she
signed over to- him all her property. The
Baron paid a few creditors after this matri
monial windfall, but forgot all about a very big
majority of them. This majority will make it
hot for him now that he has become an Ameri
can citizen. About all the tradesmen within
three blocks of the Baron's former residence
are clamoring for their pay. Nevertheless, the
Baron is a real nobleman, son of Baron Von
Shulika, a well-known personage at the Berlin
Basse!) Harrison Blast Retract or Par.
Russell B. Harrison and his lawyer, William
A. Sweetaer, are trying to keep ex-Governor
Schuyler Crosby, of Montana, from suing the
Montana Journal, young Mr. Harrison's paper,
for criminal libel. They had a consultation
to-day with Delancey Nlcoll, ex-Governor
Crosby's attorney, but they failed to make the
desired compromise. The threatened suit is
the outcome ot an old Washington scandal.
Long ago the Buffalo Commercial printed a
story to the effect that "the married daughter
of avery wealthy member of Congress had lost
certain family jewels, which loss her father had
discovered, and that they were traced by a
private detective employed for their recovery
to the possession of a certain ex-Consul of our
Government, who was also an ex-Territorial
Governor and ex-functionary of the Postofiice
Department under a recent administration."
The wealthy Congressman was Colonel William
L.cott of Erie. Fa., and the lady was his
daughter, Mrs. Richard Townsend, while the
alleged thief was ex-Governor John Schuyler
Crosby. This story was shown to be a pure lie,
and was retracted by the Commercial. The
Montana Journal, which had published the
same canard, did not retract Ex-Governor
Crosby now says that young Mr. Harrison must
take back the story in the Journal before there
can be any compromise. Negotiations between
the attorneys will be resumed to-morrow, prob
ably. A Lncky Editor In the City 1
Editor of the TJtica Herald, Ellas H. Roberts,
the newly appointed United States Sub-Treasurer,
arrived in New York last evening. He
has not as yet signified his acceptance or decli
nation of the office. He did not visit the Sub
Treasury to-day, but It' Is believed that he will
accept and assume its responsibilities in a few
Coquelln Breakfasted by Friends.
M. Coquelln, the French actor, helped his
friends to eat a very elaborate breakfast at the
Gilsey House this morning. Among the guests
were Jean Coquelln, son of the French actor;
Theodore DeGlaser, Henry Gilsey, Robert
Dunlap, one of the most delightful breakfast
companions In the city; Joseph Reynolds,Henry
Abbey, Baron Herman Von Mumm, Marcus
Mayer, Alexandre deBary, of France, and John
Schoefel, the wit
Failed Five Times to Kill Himself!
Charles Masman. a barber, tried to kill him
self with a fiat-iron to-day. He lay down on
the floor and pounded the exposed side of his
head with the iron until he became senseless.
Masman has tried to commit suicide five times.
He gashed his throat with a razor twice, jumped
into the East river, took poison, and threw
himself from a second-story window. His pres
ent injuries will prove fatal.
AN H0DE FOB PEAIEE.
President Harrison Issues a Centennial
Washington, April 5. The following proc
lamation was issued late this afternoon:
By the President of the United States of America:
A Proclamation :
A hundred years have passed since the Govern
ment which onr forefathers founded was formally
organized. At noou, -on the 30th day of April,
Seventeen Hundred and Elgbty-nlne, in the city
of New York, and In the presence of an assem
blage of heroic men whose patriotic devotion had
led the colonies to victory and independence,
Ueorge "Washington took the oath of office as Chief
magistrate ox we new-pora -nepuouc.
nrualTB act was nreceded at 9 o'clocK In the morn
ing, In all the churches of the city, bv prayer for
God's blessing on the Government and Its first
The centennial of this illustrious event in our
history baa been declared a general holiday by act
of Congress, to the end that the people of the
whole country may Join in commemorative exer
cises appropriate to the day. In order that the
joy of the occasion may be associated with a deep
thankfulness In the minds of the people for U our
blessings In the past, and a devout supplication to
God for their gracious continuance lu the future,
the representaUves of the religious creeds, both
Cbristtan and. Hebrew, have memorialized the
Government to designate an hour for prayer and
thanksgiving on that day.
Mow, therefore, I, Benjamin Harslsoo. Presi
dent of the United States of America, la response
to this pious and reasonable request, do recom
mend that on Tuesday, April Su, at the hour of 0
o'clock In the morning, the people of the entire
country repair to their respective places of Dlviue
worship, to implore the lavor of God that the
blessings of liberty, prosperity and peace may
a bide with us as a people, and thst His hand may
lead us in the paths of righteousness and good
In witness whereof, 1 have hereunto set my hand
and caused the seal of the United States of Amer
ica to be affixed.
Done In the city of Washington this -4th day of
April, In the year of onr Lord, one thousand,
eight hundred and eighty-nine, and of the Inde
pendence qf the United States, the one hundred
By the President - James G. Blaine.
Secretary ot State.
The LIvIngston-Roscnthnl Nuptials.
Although Cupid and Hymen bad dono their
work without a flaw for the happy wedding of
Miss Rebecca Livingston to Mr. Harry B. Ros
enthal, Thursday evening, careless reportorial
work intervened to change the bride's name
from Livingston to Solomon instead of to Ros
enthal, as Hymen and the other parties to the
transaction bad arranged it. Fortunately, how
ever, the pleasant event itself could not be
marred as the report of it was. Mr. and Mrs.
Rosenth il are now. on their wedding journey
westward, and will return to reside in New
York. To them and their friends, however,
this correction of a reporter's stupid error is
She Pat Tbera la the Soap.
Trom the Courler-JournaLj
Chicago has just finished herspring cleaning;
and Is finally .rid of ber Roches.
Chicago inter-Ocean.- The manwho Is mum
takes his medicine without mumbling.
Munset's Weekly: It is probably the spur
of the moment that makes time fly.
Boston Herald: Field Marshal Murat Hal
stead seems to have a Payne on the lip.
Drake's Joffarfne; IV Is no sign because a
man's mind Is of a small calibre that his mouth
isn't a big bore.
Someryille Journal; There are two great
events In the life of a Chicago girl one when
she is married and one when she is divorced.
Habrisbtbg Telegraph: A Chinaman who
eloped with a Philadelphia girl. has been ar
rested. Heavens! Hasn't the man punishment
New Orleans JPicayvne: Dishonest men
will run the risk of making moonshine whisky
so long as the moon seems inclined to stay ont
nights arid get full
New Yore Telegram: If Deacon Wana
maker finds time heavy on his hands he might
do something to expedite the mail serrlco in
Africa. Jt Is too long between Stanley letters.
ALTA Califomlai Of the last graduating
claw at Cornell only & per cent were women,but
they took 60 per cent of the class honors. Is
the. etgsjraWe getting away with the American
CDBIOUS C0HDESSATI0KS. 7
A "furnished gentleman's place to
rent" is advertised in a New York paper.
A man in Oraage City, Fla., gathered
2,080 quarts of berries from, two 6-year-old mul
The "woman with the Iron jaw," of
drcus fame. U a resident otKidgway, Pa. She
has traveled nearly all over the world.
Louis Napoleon, who escaped Tuesday
night from the prison at Sing Sing. N. Y., had
only one year of a 20-year sentence fox burglary
A. warning for highwaymen to give
China the go-by, comes from that country in
this form: "Not locg since 60 highwaymen
wero executed at Kirln."
A gentleman of Amerieus, Ga., owns a
jug which has carried liquor for his family for
over 100 years. This is perhaps the oldest
'growler1' in the country.
Alden Worley, who lives near Bock
dale, Tex says that he and other men killed
200 rats In his pasture in one day. and could
have killed more, only they got tired,
There is a school teacher in Tuscarawas
county, Ohio, who is 40 years old, and has sever
been 25 miles away from home. NewPhiladel-
TlblA. ift triA tllr70? ?ro. ha Vila VA BAT1- .
A remarkable divorce case will, .be
heard in Crawford county, Georgia. An .old
gentleman, aged 89 years, who has been mar
ried 50 years, wants to be divorced from his
wife, who is 77 years old,
A ringtailed raccoon, kept by a Lan
sing, Mich., man as a pet broke loose the other
night and ate up a wedding cake, sampled the
rest of the wedding feast and made the bride
so mad that she almost postponed the wedding.
Since the purchase of Alaska, it can be
said of the United States what has been said
of England for the last century that the sua
never sets on her dominions. At sunset IS
Alaska the next morning's sun Is an hour high
A Kingston (N. Y.) minister married a
couple one night recently, and when signatures
were asked to the certificate, it was found that
neither the bride, groom, best man nor brides
maid could write their names. They all signed
by making marks.
IToths of some kinds are said to change
color to match the food that they happen to
eat A goat moth enclosed In a box lined with
pink tissue paper turned from gray-green to
pink, and when a white lining was put In the
box the moth became white.
Moths of some kinds are said to change
color to match the food that tbey happen to
eat A goat moth enclosed in a box lined with
pink tissue paper turned from gray green to
pink, and when a white lining was put in the
box the moth became white.
The latest claimants for the honor of
being the oldest twins are the Chase brothers,
David and John, who were born in New Hamp
shire in 1795, and consequently lack but six
years of being a century old. David still re
sides in his native State. John's home is at
Fall River, Wis.
The Territory opened to settlement by
the President's Oklahoma proclamation eon
tains over 6.000.000 acres lying in the very heart
of Indian Territory. This inclndes Oklahoma
proper, comprising 3,000,000 acres, and pur
chases from the Seminole and Creek Indians
on the east amounting to about 4,500,000 acres
W. O. Mills, of Newcomerstown, O.,
has a stone idol, a pipe and flint implements
which were found In that vicinity. The little
od is made ot fine stone and is perhaps a foot
Igh as he sits with his knees to the front. He
bas no arms, but his bands are cut in relief
upon his shoulders. He has an idiotic head,
closed eyes and half-open mouth.
At Amerieus, Ga., J. Mize's daughter
awoke him saying that she bad been dreaming
that the kitchen was on fire. It was a lucky
dream, for Mr. Mlze got up and found seven or
eight panels of his fence was burned, having
caucht from an ash-barrel, and the flames were
making rapid progress toward the house. In
ten minutes the house would hare been in
Prank Nichols, of Arlington, Mass.,
has a red horse which was raised on Cape Cod
and weighs 600 pounds, which is quite a curios
ity. A description of the beast reads thus: 'It
resembles a cow when looked at from one di
rection, a mule from another, bas the tail of a
mule, but not the ears, and no mane, except a
ridge of curly white balr. Its body is covered
with a short woolly substance."
Charlie Chapman, a colored railroad
laborer, Is a kind of a "Digger Indian" fol
lower in his appetite. He has a love for earth
worms, and will devour all that he can get It
Is said that he will give his week's rations,
wherever they are issued, for a good bait of
the dainty worms. When he was a boy and
wentfishingwithotherboys.it he got halt a
chance he wonld eat the worms and let them
have the fish. He has a queer taste, and be
wonld be a cbeap man to do garden work, If he
would take the worms as pay.
Columbia College, in New York City,
will permit young women to enter an "annex"
by passing the same entrance examination as
the young men. The ladies who bave the "an
nex" in mind propose to furnish the money to
rent or to build it Colombia College bas
nothing to do with the money, the discipline or
the manners of the new "annex." It has bar
gained to furnish the learning only. The an
nex is to be known as Barnard College. The
young ladles for the present will be tethered to
the course in arts. Young ladies who want to
be lawers or chemists or mining experts will
still be barred out of the university.
An Eastern paper gives the following
account of a Maine woman: "A woman in Cari
bou, whose husband has been ont of health for
many years, carries on the farm, drives the
team, holds the plow, sows, plants, harvests the
crops, markets her potatoes and gram, etc.
Formerly she drove a span of horses, but she
now uses oxen: she is never Idle, for when she
is not at work on the farm or getting np and
fitting wood for her family use, she may be seen
almost any day, fair or foul, cold or hot har
nessing up her oxen Into two sleds, and with a
load of shingles on each, driving them to the
depot, six or seven miles away. She will handle
a bunch of shingles or a barrel of potatoes with
the best men in town."
A most ingenious swindle is being
worked by a traveling peddler in New Jersey
country towns. He carries a bottle of medi
cine, a box of salve and a bottle of "perfumed
disinfectant" and the whole lot costs SL He
particularly urges the merits of the disinfect
ant, and says that when the cork is left out the
stuff diffuses a pleasant and healthful odor
through the house. He leaves a sample bottle
to be tried, ana slyly slips the cork out leaving
the open bottle behind. The liquid is very
volatile, and consequently when the peddler
calls again in a few days the bottle is about
half empty, tbe stuff having evaporated. He
demands SO cents for what has been "used,"
and is so vehement in his demands that he gen
erally gets It He Is reaping a harvest of halt
FUNNY MEN'S FANCIES.
Only two weeks more until our trout fish
ermen will be lying along the banks of the streams
-and elsewhere. OH City Miziard.
Smith Jones, were you enlisted, during
Jones No, but my sympathies were.iurKujr
Ho (tenderly) May I see you pretty
She (reproachfully) Don't you think I am
pretty now? Eoseltaf.
"You ought to wet those new clothes,
"Oh, no, Tom; I never allow any but a lady to
smile on my suit." Boston Qautte.
Wealthy but Passe Suitor Amelia, can
yon love me when I'm old?
Amelia Why-r-certalnlys have I not-ah
told you that I love you? Pioneer rreii.
Edward (who has taken his girl to Del's
and given her a SS0 dlnner)-WeU, darling, what
do yon thlnkof Delmonlco's?
Ulrl-1 think that Trench waiter has thelovllest
eyes I ever saw. Epoch. '
If the rich New Yorker who has surJ-Y
scribed 10,000 toward restoring a Moorish palace ,.
in Spain bad communicated with us, we could
have told him of a house that he could bave re
stored for half the money. Sotton Pott. - ft
A Thunder Shower She Do you kiowj
why you're Use a rainy day? "ijj?
He Is it because you long for a relgn-beauT "
Sbe-No; it's because I'd Use to see you clear.
He cleared, and sbe brightened up, and the
storm was over. Dratt'i Xagasine.
A Possible Danger First Philadelphia
Dame Yes, I'm waiting most anxiously for a let
ter which ought to have been here two weeks ago.
Second Philadelphia Dame-Dear met I hope
Wanamaker hasn't been Introducing his pneu-'
matlc cash tubes Into the Postofflce Department
He Sometimes Read That Story How
did yon ever happen to find that .lottery 'ticket
uauiuin .w awj iiuiu juu uje omer uay vvilllef
Inquired Johnny. She told me she had hid It In
wss right in the David and Gollassery," CMoo-
s Si tjnSssssssssssssKssSF i-r'-SssssB