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v' THE PITTSBUKG- DISPATCH, STJNDAY, APRIL 14, 1889.- -19- iThe Wonderful Ring. , -BY- ERSEST H. HEINBICHS. &- r - rwEITTEX FOK THE DISPATCH. THE miller who had lived beside the little forest stream all his life had got very old and feeble, and he realized that he could not lire in this world mnch longer. So one (lay he called his two sons to him and said: "Boys, I am get ting old, and I an Terr little use for this world now. Th pleasures of this life are not the same to nv as they used to be. I don't take much inter est in them. AH I want is to have a little room where I can rest my weary bones until the dav comes for me to die. 2fow what 1 want to do is this: I will give you the mill and everything belonging to it, and yon can work it for all it is worth and all the profit shall be yours. All I want you to promise me is to keep me for the rest of my days. Are you satisfied with that? John, the eldest, bowed his head as a sign of agreement, but Pelii, the younger boy, said: "Father, the mill is hardly large enough for John and me, and I don't think that tie could make much of a fortune for both of us, 1.0 1 am going to make John a propo sition. I am going away to seek my fortune in some other country, ana n ne promises me faithfully to tieat you well to the end of vour davs, I will give him mv share of the mill. But if he does not, and I hear of it when I return, then he must give up to me the whole mill, and I will punish him into the bargain. "What do you say to that, John?" . x, . "Xou need have no fear that I will not look well alter father; believe me, I will do my best, and if father should still live when vou return, he will say so himself." " "All right," replied Felir, "I believe you mv brother, and jour assurance makes it all the lighter for me to go away, because I know that father is well taken care of." The nest morning saw Felix turn his back upon the old mill. He was a young fellow, who was fond of adventure, and his heart had alwavs delighted in brave deeds of warriors and hemes. It was his dearest wish to see something of the world himself, and on that account the quiet, uneventful existence in the old mill did not suit him verv well. He wanted to go away, because hisexcitable nature could not rest in con tentment with nothing else to cheer him ex cept the clatter of the old ricketv mill wheel. He had no clear idea as to what he would do when he got among strangers and into strange places, but he had a heart full of hope for a bright future, and he was fully confident that something would turn up in his iavor wherever he went. So it happened that he traveled through a great many lands and he saw a good many strange and wonderinl things, that caused his eyes to open in wonder and astonish ment! One day he was walking through a big forest when he noticed a very ancient dame dragging herself along the road with an enormous load of wood on her back. Felix felt compassion for the old lady and lie immediately resolved to carry the load of wood for her. He quickly hurried after her and when he overtook the dame he said: "I guess that load, is rather heavy for vou, ma'm, wouldn't it be easier for you if i put it on my back and carry it''" The woman seemed to be well pleased with the young man's kind offer and she at once dropped the wood to the ground. "Yes, young man," she replied; "if you think vou are strong enough, all right, pick it up, but mind you don't promise what you cannot fulfill. I have a long way to go and it is all up hill walking." Felix onlv lausrlied at the old lad v. "You don't1 mean to sav that I could nof dbili&SmMli-' carry a load of wood that does not seem to lie too heavy for you?" "I don't know," snapped the woman. "Many a voung man thought he could do a lot, bnt when he tried he did not succeed. But, there! don't stand there talking. Pick tip the wood and follow me." Felix, although somewhat taken aback at the old woman's peremptory speech, picked up the load and walked behind her. He had not gone many yards, however, when he iound out that he had undertaken a very heavy task. The load seemed to press down upon him so heavily as if every piece of wood had been transformed into lead. Still he never murmured. He did not want to have the old woman think that he was not ns strong as she. At last he saw an old log house before him under a number of oak trees. Arrived there, the old woman bade him to put down his load and go inside. She soon followed him. "2ow, young man," she said, "I will give you a reward for your kindness, and I suppose you think that you deserve it Sit down at that table there and eat "Whoever cats from my table he never will feel hungry again, and whoever drinks from my cups he will never be thirsty again, no matter how long he lives!" "Is that so?" asked Felix. ""Well, I am glad of it, because I have often been as hungry as a hunter, and I would have been glad if I had only a piece of bread to chew at "But where did you get these wonderful things to cat, eld ladv?" "I am 2Teris, the Vonderful "Woman of the "Woods, and I am acquainted with all the good qualities of the trees, the shrubs, the grass and the brooks. I can concoct a Boup that will change you into a roaring lion, and I can bake a pancake from the roots of 3 forest plant that will change your form into a rabbi. I can give you a drink of water that will cause you to cry tears which will drop from your eye lids as the most priceless diamonds, and I can make you up a drink that will cause you to perspire the ugliest suakes from all parts of yourbody. lam a woman "who rewards the kindhearted and good natured a millionfold for the smallest trifle they do; bnt I am also a woman who is in exorable in punishing the wicked, especial ly those who laugh at the aged and make fun of the poor and feeble. I was pleased at your readiness to offer your service to me and carry that load of wood, and I mein to "pay your kindness. Have you finished your meal and have you drank your wine? f, All right then; now let me give you some thing else. T.ike this ring that I have here and wear it around vour thumb. That ring u a wonaerful power. It can undo everv charm of witchcraft and magic, and it will change the spell of sorcerr from anyone you touch with it. Ifow gooefby, my young lel Jow make good use of the gilt and it will make your fortune." -'Felix, who had' been listening to the soman like in a dream, mechanically took ft4 the magic ring out of the woman's hand. Then he put it on his thumb and bidding iferis goodby he retraced his steps down the hill. After he had walked for about two days, he began to feel the wonderful effect of the dinner he had in Keris' log house. He did not feel in the least hungry or thirsty, in fact he seemed to be so strong and vigorous, that tiredness and fatigue was something he did not know any more. "The first town I'strike now shall be the place where I will try my luck in all earn est. Xow'that I can do without eating and drinking I ought to be able to make lots of money." Thus Felix encouraged himself while he continued his way. During the evening he arrived in a verylarge city and no sooner jd he got inside the gate, he heard every- ody talking about a very extraordinary tory. The tacts were these: The King df the city had a confidential ervant, who was a wizard, and who had the -ccret po'rer to change any human being nto the shape of an animal. This wizard, o the story went, was in love with the King's daughter, whom he wanted to marry. ihe King, however, when he heard of the- matter, got so mad with his servant that he wanted to have him killed. Bnt before the enraged monarch could accomplish this de- sign the wizard-servant changed the King into a donkey, and in that shape it was said the King was running about the royal cas tle. Bnt that was not all yet. The young Princess, however, liked the servant even less than her father, and when he came and asked her to marry him she refused him point blank. This made the wizard very angry, and he told the young ladv if he did not get a more satisfactory and pleasing reply from her he would also change her into an animal. But all his threats were of no avail, and the younc lady could not be moved by the wizard to share her life with his. He prom ised her mountains of gold, shiploads of dresses and carloads of diamonds, but it helped him nothing. All this had thrown the city into a terri ble excitement, but everybody was afraid to kill the servant who had caused all this trouble, because he might turn the whole town into a menagerie if he got mad at everybody. It was just at this period of events when Felix arrived on the scene. No sooner had he heard the state of affairs, when he se solved to try the quality of his ring. He went to his room in the hotel where he was staying, and here he put the ring around his thumb. No sooner had he done so than behold! Neris. the "Wonderful Woman from the "Woods, stood before him. "You have called me, and I am here to do your bidding. Don't be afraid to speak, lor'l will help you." These were the words the woman addressed to Felix, and he at once told her of the calamity which was terrorizing the people of the town. "Is that all, my friend? H'm, we will easily help you in this. Get up at 5 o'clock to-morrow morning" and walk outside of the city gate until you get to the river. "When you arrive at the bank of the stream walk 300 steps to the left, then 300 steps to the right and then again 300 steps to the left "When you get to that place you will find a wonderfully handsome horse." You take that horse and lead it into town, right up to the castle. Everybody will admire the animal and quite a lot of people will follow you. "When you get to the castle the wizard servant will be standing in the yard. He is a ereat lover of horses and when he comes to look at the animal, ask him to buy it If he refuses,, beg him to try and ride it once, he may hesitate for a few minutes, but be persistent Then, when be is on the horse's back and he has his feet in the stirrups, just touch the horse's flank with your ring. No sooner will vou have done so and the ani mal will gallop away with its rider, never to return again." Of course when you have done that your task is casv. Find the Kinir, and touching him with the ring, the spell of the wizard's witchcraft will be broken and he will regain his human shape. Felix thanked the kind-hearted Neris and he followed her instructions to the very letter. "When he had accomplished every thing by aid of the "wonderful ring," tfie people in the city went almost crazy with delight The Kinr was especially glad be cause he had not liked himself much in the shape of a donkey and the Princess cried tears of joy when she heard that she was saved from the yoke of becoming the wile of a hateful wizard servant Felix was made a lord by the grateful King, and he rose from that position until he became himself the King's son-in-law by marrying the beautiful Princess. Alter some years he went home to see his father, and when he found him still alive and John a good, honest miller, he took them both along to his own errand castle in the city. THE MJYES OP SAMOA. A Cnrions Knee of Mabognny Colored People of Amphibious flnblts. Cor. Boston TImesO The natives of the Samoan Islands are a fine race of people, not quite so gentle look ing as the Sandwich Islanders, but beauti fully formed and with a nobility of carriage that would teach an actor a valuable lesson in stage bearing. Their color is a bright mahogany; their features are regular and often really handsome. The men in some cases were tall, and generally such perfect types of manhood as to cause us to wonder why poor civilized people couldn't be blessed with the same fine physique. "We seldom have so much symmetry, for some reason. These islanders are not notable for extensive dressing; one yard of cotton cloth would make an-elegant costume for either man or woman. The men are like fish, the water being as natural an element as the air. They dive in and tumble about quite regardless of their draperies. The little boys made lots of amusement for us by diving into the water after money which the passengers threw out to them, and it was remarkable with what accuracy the little beggars would grab the coins in their mouths, although several feet below the surface and entirely out of sight Bnt they" would come up every time with the money between their gleaming white teeth and shout for more. Their hair is black and fine, and curly, and the women have a curious fashion, not un like their more civilized sisters, of tinging the ends of the hair wiih a bleaching prepa ration made of cocoanut oiI,burningita sort of golden color which is rather becoming than otherwise. Kefornm Nerd More Tlinn n Dny To bring tlicm about, and are always more complete and lasting when they proceed with steady regularity to a consummation. Few of the observant among us can have failed to notice that permanently healthful changes in the human nystem arc not wroucbt by abrupt and violent means, and that those are the mot salutary medicines which are pro gressive. Hostetter's btnmach Bitters is the chief of these. Dyspepsia, a disease of obsti nate character, is obliterated by it. HIGH-LIFE IN ERIN. The Entertainment Furnished Visit ors to an Irish Estate. REASONABLE ENJOYMENT PLENTIP Model Farms That Begulre a large Corps of Expert Managers. HOW PHEASANTS ARE BRED AND KILLED rCOKRESrONDENCK OP TBI DISPATCH.: Limerick, Ibeland, April 1. At Irish castles there is much entertainment of the informal sort, as compared with stately parties and receptions-of a "season" in Lon don; and this is what alone really renders L life in the countrv endurable to the nobil ity. There is no estate here which has not either grouse, partridge, pheasant or rabbit shooting, or the more exacting and brill iant, because participated in by the ladies, riding after the hounds at stag, or fox hunt, to offer as entertainment, indeed the chief entertainment in Great Britain, to invited guests. To nobility and gentry of genuine quality all these pleasures, while rigidly conventional in spots, are made deliciously informal among themselves. The free and easv hospitality of a hunt breakfast, with its toothsome cold meats and salads, its bitter ale, beer and liquors, laid and partaken of in the dining room with no ceremony whatever while the ladies are being cared for by her ladyship in the draw ing room show you that even men with titles a yard long may reach, anywhere in the world, that genial human level which so distinguishes the ereat American free lunch. A great many social obligations are can celed in the pleasantest of ways by the hos pitality at Irish castles. Lord This, Duke That or Earl the Other, has entertained mi lord, or lady, or both, in England, or upon the continent The visit is returned here, invariably for definitely understood periods of one, two, or three weeks. HEALTHFUL PLEASURES. Aside from the shooting for the gentle men, and hunting for the ladies and gentle men, there are many means of reasonable enjoyment Even where there is little or no riding after the hounds, the pleasant Irish roads and lanes often swarm with grand cavalcades of horse-women and men, who thus make pilgrimages to points from which the unsurpassed scenery can be en joyed; the drives are the finest in the world, and most brilliant intercourse is had be tween castle and castle. "Within and with out the great establishment itself, is always provision for almost every imaginable sport. Billiards and tenpins are as great favorites with ladies as with gentlemen. There is always a superb cricket field; the tennis courts are nowhere excelled; nearly every castle demesne has its well-stocked streams of trout, and its reaches of natural or arti ficial lakes for sailing and rowing. Nor is this castle life lacking in sump tuous entertainment, for which no expense or effort is spared. Though most of these places are situated remotely from Belfast, Dublin and Cork, and always miles from the lesser railway stations, it is not an un common thing for extraordinary dishes to be served at dinners of special occasions. which, on telegraphic orders, are prepared in London and shipped by channel and rail a distance of from 200 to 300 miles. There are other features which are interesting as studies but unpleasant in fact The rela tion: between these idle,highly-fed and aris tocratic cavaliers and ladies are frequently such as to invite that sightlessness for which servants of the nobility are especially distinguished; the liquor and wine drink ing which otten rounds out a day's jollities, as often continue in an all-night debauch; while the "No." room of every one of these establishments is a place where every night the most desperate and abominable gambling takes place. GROTESQUE MIMICRY. To return to the castle life of the servants, one discovers most grotesque mimicry, save in bad habits and character, of aristocracy above stairs. Among the servants there are what might be called an upper and a lower house. Precedence is as severe a master and scourge here as with the nobili ty themselves. The hours for servants' meals are: Breakfast, 8; lunch, 11; dinner, 1; tea, 5; and supper from 9 to 10. The upper house includes the steward, butler, housekeeper, head cook, the valets and the ladies' maids. These usually take all their meals by themselves, in either the steward's or houskeeper's room, where they also occa sionally lounge and do their necessary cor respondence. The lower bouse comprises all other house servants of whom the under butler, or as sistant cook, takes precedence. In many houses all the servants dine together; the upper servants assembling in the house keeper's room, from which they solemnly march to the servants' dining hall, the lower servants remaining standing until their betters are seated, the butler at the head of the table. No conversation whatever is per mitted while the joint is being partaken of. The lugubrious silence and austerity of this gathering are inconceivably ludicrous. When the meat course is finished, the upper servants rise. The lower servants follow with military alacrity. The former, in their proper order of precedence, then like auto--matic puppets march back into" the steward's room, where, in the greatest pnnctillio, pud ding and dessert are served. Meanwhile the lower servants, relievea of the presence of these their severest masters, fall to small tale, cheese and small beer to their heart's content SOME MODEL FARMS. In a previous article I have shown that from 30 to 40 servants are employed at these castles about the household and the stables alone. The larger establishments require an equal number out of doors in various ca pacities about the great demesnes. First there is the "agent," who has general charge of the estate, indeed often the entire control of the property. Frequently with him are a half dozen accountants and clerks. The next man below him is the bailiff. His province is to look after the home farm and cattle. This is no sinecure, for on some of the greatest estates farming and grazing are conducted on a large scale; and this is entirely exclusive of fancy farming and gardening, in which nearly everyone of the nobility indulges. Some times enclosed by the inner walls enclosing the castle itself, though oftener at some little distance away in well ordered arrangement, will be found out buildings, graneries, machinery storage houses, mill houses where grain is threshed, logs are sawed and feed is ground by steam, and covered enclosures for young stock in number and capaciousness quite surprising to even one accustomed to the provision for the same by the most noted American farmers. A host of hangers-on find lazy employment here. Then upon a demesne of several thousand acres there will be a head gamekeeper who will be allowed a dozen men to assist him in breeding and caring for the game and in protecting it from the inroads of poachers who are olten of better quality, and. far more daring, than the village shaugran or vagabond. FORESTRY A SCIENCE. Some of the finest forests in the world are upon these estates. Each requires a head forester with a half dozen men under him. Anyone familiar with the operations in a great American city park will readily understand how these may be kept busy. New trees are being constantly planted. Too heavy growths are thinned out Every sound tree-trunk is sold to be cut in deals; every unsound one finds ready sale lor lnel. If a river run through a demesne, several men are required lor constantly beautifying its bankR, and keeping the poachers away from its fish. The roads and driveways alone of a fine demesne require as much at tention as the driveways jof Central Park, I New York. Then there is a Blaster sawyer 1 and his men for cutting posts, repairing gates and fences. There are painters, glaziers, carpenters, a number of whom are kept in service, and busy the year round. The head gardener requires a half dozen assistants. And if a guest, your coachman's call of "Gate!" "Gate!" will, in a ride about an ordinary estate, bring to the lodge gates of different entrances fully a half dozen bronzed old lodge-keepers from out of flower-embedded, ivy-covered lodges. Every one of these are army "pensioners;" heroes bold, at their British army pension and 10 a year, whose lives fade out here- in these shadowy nooks among the hares and pheasants with perhaps one gate-call and a pot o beer a day to keep their scattering useless wits together. PHEASANT BREEDING. One of the most interesting occupants of these great estates is the pheasant I have some good friends among the gamekeepers, and thus got on close terms with the pheas ant Somebody, an Irishman, perhaps, has called it "the sacred Ibis of Great Britain." It is certainly worshiped; and where in the world else is there so matchlessly beautiful a bird, at the same time so delicious on leaving the grill, the oven or the pot? Tens of thousands arc sometimes yearly bred in the great wooded demesnes about the castles. They are half domesticated, and are fed oats and corn near their haunts, every one of which is known to the keepers. In order to secure the largest possible supply of eggs, during the last of February the birds are "starved" by non-feeding for a few days. Great "figure 4" traps are set near their haunts. Thin trails of oats are scattered be tween. They follow these to the traps, which are sprung with strings in the hands of keepers at a little distance, any number desired being thus caught They'are then taken to the "areas," as the keepers call them. These are simply great wooded spaces in the grounds, inclosed by fences of wire netting, provided with nesting places, where the birds are well watered and fed daily. They begin laying by April. The eggs are carefully daily gathered not only lrom the nests in the "areas," but from those of the unimprisoned birds. The latter is not a difficult task to the wise keepers; for it is a singular fact that not withstanding the pheasants' wild nature, they nest most freely in shrub clumps along edges of walks and drives. The keepers tell me they love the sound and sense of companionship, though themselves wonder fully secretive and sly. Hundreds of dozens of pheasants' eggs are annually sold to gentry for domestic learing for a shilling each or 5 per 100. THE HATCHING PROCESS. The pheasant, which lays from. 20 to 30 eggs each, is not a good mother, and "do mestic setting hens" are bought up from the peasantry at 2 shillings each in scores. The hatchery, always excellently walled and protected, consists of a long" series of arched compartment with sliding doors which descend and close in the hen tightly, leaving several small apertures for light and air. The hen is removed from the nest daily, fed and watered, and carefully put back on her own nest, great care being taken that it is not fouled, or the eggs mis placed, and all vermin are eradicated. At the end of three weeks the pheasant chicks have hatched. The hen is now placed in a conical, hand-made rush or willow coop, with free ingress or egress for the brood, which is closed in at night and let out at 4 o'clock every morning. They are fed hard boiled chopped eggs, mixed with oat and cornmeal, a sort of food the chief material of which is boiled and dried horse flesh, ground biscuit and oyster shells. Several men are now required for their care, and for three months the entire collection of coops is changed like a camp daily to new ground, and each day a trifle nearer the cover or forest. The food is gradually changed to oats and cracked raw corn. The moment the young birds show signs of skulking they are removed from the domestic hen mothers and coons to the "areas." and in Julv thev are set at liberty within the grounds and forest of the demesne. Titled crack shots regard pheasant shoot ing as very great sport tWhat I have seen of it looks like murder. The death-dealing guns crack rapidly in the hands of the friends of Milord. This goes on all day. with an hour for a lunch of Irish stew ana beer at 2, when the "beaters" are furnished a liberal amount of bread, cheese and beer; and their assistants, who follow the hunters with carts and donkeys, by night have often gathered up 1,000 slaughtered birds. These are shipped direct to London to dealers who provide hampers and tags, and pay the lordly murderers from 4 to 6 shillings per brace. From 20,000 to 0,000 pheasants from one Irish estate thus frequently reach the London market Edgar L. "Wakeman. THE SPEED OF THOUGHT. How Lone It Takes lor an Idea to Reach tbo Brain. Some of the readers have no doubt fre quently made use of the expression "quick as thought," but have any of them ever stopped to consider how quick thought is? A writer in the Nineteenth Century has made some interesting calculations regard ing the comparative length of time it takes to call to mind various every-day facts. It takes about two-fifths of a second to call to mind the country in which a well known town is situated, or the language in which a familiar author wrote. "We can think of the name of next month in half the time we need to think ol the name of last month. It tikes on the average one third of a second to add numbers consist ing of one digit, and half a second to multi ply them. Such experiments give us con siderable insight into the mind. Those used to reckoning can add two to three in less time than others; those familiar with literature can remember more quickly than others that Shakespeare wrote '"'Hamlet" It takes longer to mention a month when a season has been given than to say to what month a season belongs. The time taken up in choosing a motion, the "will time," can be measured as well as the time taken up in perceiving. If I do not know which of two cojored lights is to be presented, and must lift my right hand it it be red and my left if it be blue, I need about one-thirteenth of a second to initiate the correct motion. I have also been able to register the sound waves made in the air by speaking, and thus have determined that in order to call up the name belonging to a printed word I need about one-ninth of a second, to a letter one-sixth of a second, to a picture one-quarler of a second, and to a color one-third of a second. A letter can be seen more auicklv than a word, but we are so used to reading aloud that the process has become quiteautomatic, and a word can be read with greater ease and in less time than a letter can be named. The same experiments made on other per sons give times umeriug dui little lrom my own. Mental, processes, however, take place more slowly in children, in the aged and in the uneducated. Benulifnl Engraving Free. "Will They Consent?" is a magnifi cent engraving, 19x24 inches. It is an exact copy of an original painting by Kwall, which was sold for $5,000. This elegant engraving represents a young lady standing in a beautiful room, sur rounded by all that is luxurious, near a half-open door, while the young man, her lover, is seen in an adjoining room asking the consent of her parents for their daughter in marriage. It must be seen to be appre ciated. This costly engraving will be given away free, to every person purchasing a small box of Wax Starch. This starch is something entirely new.and is without a doubt the greatest starch in vention of the nineteenth century (at least everybody says so that has used it). It supersedes everything heretofore used or known to science in the laundry art Un like any other starch, as it is made with pure white wax. It is the first and only starch jn the world that makes ironing easj- and restores old summer dresses and skirts to their natural whiteness, and im parts to linen beautiful and lasting finish as when new. Try it and bs convinced of the whole truth. Ask for Wax Starch and obtain this engraving free. The Wax Starch Co., Keokuk, Iowa. THE DUTIES OF LIFE. Kev. Geonje Hodges Discourses on the Necessity for a Purpose to INSURE PERMANENT SUCCESS. Work, Companionship and Cnltnre Essen tial to True Happiness. ONE IDEAL IIEE ALWAYS BEFORE IJS rWnlTTEN FOB THE DISPATCH. I remember an imposing picture by Dob son the Dobson whose "Good Shepherd" everybody knows a picture called "The Plough." A young boy is just getting his first good grip of the handles of a plough. His father stands beside him pointing out the direction of the furrow. The boy is looking out ahead over the line he is to make. It is a picture of purpose. There are several of Toby Bosenthal's pictures in Pittsburg. I was looking at one the other day. A young emigrant is starting out for Oklahoma, or whatever took the place of that new land when the painter made the picture. He stands amid his bales of baggage, father on one side and mother on the other, listening to their last words of counsel, looking out into the distance and the future. It is another picture of pur pose. The important thing about a purpose is its direction as it is the important thing about a journey. The natural question about a journey is, where are you going? The natural question about, a purpose is, what is it which you wish to do or to be? The Master started once, we are told, upon a journey to Jerusalem. That was the purpose of His journey. He was going to Jerusalem. They asked Napoleon one day, as he stood upon the coast of Syria, if he would not visit the Holy City, and he avowed that Jerusalem did not enter into his line of operations. Napoleon was not going to Jerusalem. Hither and thither, upon all sorts of errands, men are making journeys up and down the world, with faces turned toward Jerusalem or away from it It makes a good deal of difference whether a man's lace is turned away from' Jerusalem or toward it Whethei a purpose is right or wrong, worthy or unworthy, is determined by its direction. Now, the direction of purpose is deter mined by our idea of what constitutes suc cess. For all purposes aim at suc cess. And as the kind of pur pose which a man has makes all manner of difference in his life, so there are few questions to which it is more important to get a right answer than just this: What is your ideal of success? Or, to put the question in another and a blunter way: What sort of man or woman do you account the most successful? Sup pose that the old fairy tale could for once come true, and yon could have one wish. You could wish once, and whatever you asked for, you would get it What would be your wish? That will show the direction of your purpose. Because that will reveal your idea of what constitutes success. TWO KINDS OP SUCCESS. Kow, it is immensely needful that we should be distinctly aware of the wide dif ference between two kinds of success: The temporary and the permanent. Many mis takes in the career of men and nations have resulted from a failure to distinguish be tween the temporary and the permanent. Sometimes the most unfortunate thing that can happen to a man is to succeed. Because success may stand in the way of success. Success1 may came too soon, and by making the victor contented with his vantage may discourage effort toward worthier success. Or success may mean emphasis upon a side of life which lowers one's ideal, which hides true success entire ly. As wheTe success financial may obscure the vision of success spiritual; or as where a success in politics may bar the way to a suc cess in statesmanship. Success may mean failure. And, on the other hand, failure may mean success. As in a game of chess, a player will sacrifice an important piece, and put himself at a disadvantage for a moment in order that in the end he may gain much more than he has lost True success always costs sacrifice. It is a universal law that no great good can be attained without pain and toil. All things which are worth any thing have to be paid for. The more they are worth, the more we must expect to pay. That is, permanent success can be won only by temporary failure. We must be willing to give up some ease and. pleasure for a time, it we will gain anjr lasting pleasure or win any prize worth winning. It makes all the difference in the world toward which kind of success the purpose of a man's life is directed toward the tem porary or the permanent ONLY ONE PERMANENT SUCCESS. But where is permanent success to be dis covered ? Is it in riches, which take to themselves wings, which moth and rust may corrupt and thieves may steal? Is it in pleasure, which will presently pall upon the senses and fade into vacancy and vain regret ? Is it in power, or fame, which will inevitably pass out of your hand into an other's, and you be none the happier or bet ter for it? No: not in any of these thintrs. These are only temporary. If the direction of your purpose is toward such ends as these, you will certainly find at last that they are but pitfalls in the path of failure. There is one permanent- success, and only one, and that is the possession of an un stained character. There is only on5 thing in all this world wr-'rth striving alter, only one thing worth the sacrifice of all which we account precious, one thing worth living for and worth dying for, and that is the ap proving benediction of God our Father. That alone, of all things in this world, lasts. Aim at the best success. Look up and not down. Hake your purpose high. Set your affection upon things above, not on things on the earth. For the things which are seen the joyB which you can taste, the praises you can hear, the coins you can count the things of sense are temporal; they will pass away: while only the things unseen the craces, the virtues, faith, hope, love, the blessing of our heavenly Father only those are eternal. Heaven and earth shall pass away, but these things never. Only these are permanently worth while. But on the way toward success permanent lies success temporary. The essential thing is to aim at the permanent. Then the tem- porary will not harm you. It will help you. You will make the temporary a great stair way of ascent toward the permanent With the better in your mind al the time all else will bend toward it. All roads will lead that way. He makes a success of life who succeeds in being a good, honest Christian. But Christian character is not best now in the deserts or mountains, but among men. Then become Christians by a continual translation of the temporary into the permanent Money is translated into generosity, into helpfulness; social position into influence; talent into opportunity; time into eternity. If you are upon a journey, and you want to reach a certain mountain jvhich lifts its head in the distance before you, .you will get there by passing this corner, and reaching that farmhouse, and going through that village yonder beyond these lies the mountain. You are upon the journey of your life. Yon want to gain the blessing of the Father in heaven. Yon will get to that by striving to do this duty and that duty, as they come, sanctifying them all by the sacred purpose for which you do them. Beyond the duties of life lies the benediction of God. THE TVOEDS AS THEEE EOADS. The duties of life gather for the most part about the three words, work, companion ship and culture. Through these three roads we may gain the only end worth pur posingwe may win Christian character. Whoever would please God must set be fore himself the distinct purpose of success in work. A man's work is his vocation, which means his calling. He who calls us to our work is God. He who gives us opportuni ties for work of different kinds, making one man love machinery, making another man love books, making women love their homes and so pointing out what kinll of work we ought to do, is God. God works, and we work. He who gathers in the grain, works with the God of the harvest, and at the same kind of labor. He who tends an en gine, works with the God of iron and fire. He who keeps the books of commerce, works with the God of the winds and the waves, of the steam and the lightning. A microscope is only an ad dition to the natural powerof the eye. And our work is only an addition to God's work. We carry God's work on. "We are fellow laborers with God.'' This ennobles work, and gives it a religious meaning. When you do your daily labor best, you" are help ing God most. It is God Himself who would have every man work for all that is in him, and make it his purpose to succeed in business. It is God Himself who would have everjr man continually on the alert to do his business better; whatever the task, no matter how humble, to know all about it that anybody else knows and then find out one thing more, to do it as well as anybody else can do it, and then go out and do it two degree better. God has made us with the ability to grow. He does not mean us to plod along like horses, doing just the same thing day after day and day after day, and to-morrow no better than yes terday. This is a part of religion. This is what Christianity means. This is one of the reasons why the faith of Christ uplifts and inspires men because, whether it be always put into just so many words or not, it means just this. A young man's first duty is to try to find out what God wants "him to ajjist Him in what he can do best and then he ought to strive to rise till he can get to be God's first assistant, helping more in that especial work than any other workman. EVEBT HOME TOUCHED. Again, whoever would please God must purpose to succeed in the grace of compan ionship. This touches everybody's home. God, our heavenly father, who has set the people of the earth in families, of Whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named, who sent His son to become our brother, and so ordered it that by His birth and nurture the mark of consecration should be set upon every human home. He has -made our life in the family a part of our religion. As God, who works, thereby sanctifies our work; so God, who loves, sanctifies love. God would have your home the abiding place of kappiness and helpful ness. It is a very practical truth that ,it ought to be one of the purposes of every man's life to have a home to have a place which he can call his own. But nooody deserves a home who does not know how to use it The most sacred place upon the sur face of this planet is the home. The first and emphatic duty of every man and woman is their duty to their home. The homeliest work is dignified and sweetened when it is made a contribution toward the happiness of the home. Something is wrong when business takes time which belongs to the home. Even the church has no right to the time which anybody owes to their home, the best church work is home work. The best services which any. man or woman can ren der to-day to church or State is the making of a Christian home. The love and loyalty of the husband and wife, their diligence to make home delightful for their children, and the children's avowing affections if this is not an absolute essential element in religion, I do not know what true religion is. You must not think that you are pleasing God our Father, unless you have and keep within your heart a definite and emphatic purposeso to order your speech and conduct, that, so far as lies in you, the spirit of cour tesy and kindness, the spirit of charity and love, the spirit of loyalty, the spirit of'help fulness, and the spirit ot holiness shall have dominion in your home. A THIBD EMPHATIC DUTY. And whoever would please God must aim also at a third success. He must purpose to succeed in culture. This is only another way of saying that the.third emphatic duty of the Christian life is to make the most of yourself. ' Make it your distinct and religious pur pose to develop youiself upon all sides. Strive daily to learn more, to do more, and to be more. Do not neglect anything which can minister to Culture. Culture is often interpreted, I am afraid, to mean a "very narrow and partial thing. Intellectual alertness, wide reading, varied experiences, the acquisition of an accent, accurate knowledge of the ways of the social world, mean culture to a good many people, xo oecuiturea is to possess the two desirable and charming graces of good talk ing and good dressing. That is a part of culture a, small part that is one side of culture a lesser side. That is what one gets by culture of certain elements of human nature. And we need that kind of culture just as much of it as we 'can have. But culture is the bringing outand developing of all that is good in us. He has most culture who is developed on the most sides of his being. He has the best culture who is cul tured on the best side. The prize-fighter, Sullivan, has culture of a certain kind, physical culture. I suppose that in other directions, he could hardly be called cul tured. A man who eats with his knife could hardly be called a cultured man. He would be deficient upon the social side. A man who never prays could Jiardly be called a cultured man. , He would be deficient upon the spiritual side. In that important direction of his being he would be undeveloped, uncultured. There is no high culture apirt from religion. Whoever is not a Christian, whoever has not the spirit of reverence, whoever takes no interest in the nigh themes which en- fage the thoughts of the religious, whoever as in him no response to spiritual impres sions, he is simply uneducated, undevel oped, in the direction of the worthiest possi bilities of man. He is in the spirit such a man, and the man who cannot read nor write, and the man who does not know how to behave himself at a dinner table, all be long together. They are all uncultured. Make it your purpose to gain culture. Do not leave undeveloped any ability which God has riven you. Be the best man, be the best woman upon every side. If you keep one great, ideal life before your eyes, the life of the Master, it you love wH.it He loved and hate what He hated, and try to think His thoughts and do what He said, and to attain to some dis tant measure of His spirit, you cannot help gaining; you cannot help getting to be more of a genuine man. more of a true and worthy woman; yon cannot help making the most of the best part of yourself. Geobge Hodges. OSTKICHES AS WALTZEES. HoW tbe Huge Birds Gracefully Dance for Tbelr Own Dirrslon. San Francisco Call. J "Ostriches, like cattle, are liable to stam pede," said a Cape Town man now at the Palace Hotel, "but ihe funniest thing they do is to waltz." "How, pray, is that done,?" "The leader of the herd, generally an old male ostrich, evidently thinks that his fol lowers should have some diversion on a long march from one pasture to another, so he begins by slowly but gracefully turning round and round. In five minutes the whole flock is doing the same, and it is quite a sight; their long plumes waving in the wind until they conclude to quit and go on their way. Music, of course, has nothing to do with their dancing." Crave Them a Thorough Trial. Hon. E. A. Moore, Member of Assembly. Richmond County. N. Y , writes: ASSEMBLY CUAMBEK, ALBANY, N. Y., April 11, 1887. "Ihave two afflictions which sometimes make life a burden. One Is dyspepsia, the other Is rheumatism. I heard that Brandretb's Pills, taken one or two a night on an empty stomach, would cure rheumatic pains. I gave them a thorough trial for three weeks, taking one or two every nleht. To my delight, not only was I cured of rheumatism, hut dyspepsia, costive ness and biliousness. They did not interfere with my diet or business, and I really think them an Incomparable blood purifier and ca hartlc" 8u THE FIRESIDE SPHIM A Collection of Enigmatical Ms for ,lHoie CratMns. Address communications for this department to E. B. Chadboubn, LewUttm, Maine. 651 numeeicai, chabads. A Christian and a lto 4 About a whole contended. And in the contest, e'er 'twas o'er, Much angry breath expended. Said C, "'Tis mine without a doubt, I know it's sort of leather. And here upon it's leg held out Is mark made by its tether." "Not so," said 1 to , "'tis mine; I raised It a large stock In, I knew It by its half -cropped wing, Its crest, and mode of stalkin'." Thus differing, the case at once. Went into court (the Justice's), And witnesses in long array Each bronght to prove it must be his. The case was heard amid great suspense. And each did lengthy talking, While whole put in Its frequent gab, While round.the area stalking. As oft we see a lawyer pace The floor, when trying to plan It, To make reply, to win a case. XBOUT SOME WHOLB 0E OANHET. The Justice said it was a tie. As near as he could figure. And he would put the total by. Till grown a little bigger, When he would pay the costs in full; To which "all hands" assented:. So 3 to 6 on it was-lnrned. And all went home.contented. Meanwhile old Christmas came around, And neither being winner. On nelther's table was there found The whole served up for dinner. Aspxbo. 532 ADDITIONS. One poor letter stands alone. Heaves a sigh for company: To Its left another's come "B usb." both whisper, as they see At their right the last of three; Voice is given, the tale Is told Lonely man, your fate behold: Thznoba. 553 syncopation. Remove the central letters from the words in the first column to make those in the second. The syncopated letters name a great preacher and lecturer, now dead. 1. A blank book. L A chemical. 2. Inexperience. 2. The jaw. 3. Poetry. 3. Motto on a ring. 4. Denominations. 4. Places. 5. Fains. 5. Trifles. 6. A lance. 6, A mineral. 7. Amarlnegrowth. 7. A combustible. Portable Electric. 55i CHARADE. Once wholes were known and admired. And their sweet music seemed Inspired; But. though so well beloved of yore. Their charming tones are heard no more. Their rival came Piano Forte And they were doomed to pass away. And first, like whole, are banished too, Because folks wish what Is new; So thirds of first and thirds of whole Bo not as erst entrance the soul: The touch that once gave them their glory Is now transferred to seeond-vory. Nelsoniait. 555 ANAGEAM. PBOFER. NAME OF TWO 'WOKBS. On the far Western plains The deer, bison, ana bear May be still seen in droves When no hunter comes there. Mv friend has a sheep ranch In charge of Donald McKay, As quaint an old Scotchman , As you'll see any day. The prongborns were plenty Last year in the fall. When the hunters left home, Armed with rifle and ball. Tbey bunted for horns. But the prongborns were shy; And not one could they get. Were they never so sly. On the home run they saw one, And at once tbey gave chase; The barn doors stood open The deer entered the place. Old Donald was Joyous. He rushed in with a swoop; He banged the doors quickly: now We'll "barn an antelope oop." A Frenchman's the cause of this story. France better without him had been; He was an egotist, eager for glory; Still a greater general never was seen. IjLVA. 555 LOVE IN THE KITCHEN. It was Saturday morning, and Patty was In the kitchen mixing her dough for the morn ing's baking, when who should call but her be loved Jason? It put Patty in no amicable mood to receive a call even from him at that time of the day and week, and pushing a chair into the corner, she bade him sit down where be would be out of the way. Jason meekly did as he was bidden, and sat demnrely with his thumbs in bis vest pockets, bis right foot crossed over bis left leg. and his left foot on the side round of his chair. "Can't jeou pat yourself into a less awkward position J" suggested the fretful Patty. Jason planted both feet squarely on the floor and sat bolt upright, his arms crossed on bis breast and his eyes firmly fixed on the object of his heart's adoration. "Oh! do stare at something beside me," the bnsy housemaid went on. Jason turned his naze from the lovely Patty to the shining tins that stood in a long row in front of the kitchen range, filled with shapely masses of unbaked bread that would an hour or so later be taken from the oven, their light and snowy masses paying tribute to Patty's skill in the culinary art. Some moments followed in which silence and the fragrant odor of cooking viands reigned supreme. "3ay," finally broke in Jason, "what Is the difference between me and the loaves you have set to rise?" "I knead my bread Saturday morning," auickly resoonded Patty, "but I don't need you till Saturday night," "Haw. haw." laughed Jason. "Guess again." "One is only halt baked and the other isn't baked at all," snapped Patty. "Wrong again," drawled out Jason. "Well, answer it yourself then," said Patty. "So you give it up, do you? Well, one Is your" (but I leave the reader to guess how Jason answered bis own conundrum.) E. W. HABEI3. 557 EHTMING ANSTVEBS. An answer of one word is required for each line, and they all rhyme.! I'm one of a foreign nation. And sadlr bereft of reason; A kind of discoloration, I grow and ripen m season. A terrible aggravation, Causing much weary repining; Fond of show and admiration, I carry loads without whining. Charles L Houston. 558 A FAIBY TALE. Within my walls of silver A little fairy lives. Whose presence in a household Great joy and comfort gives. Sheows no tares of ancer. And ugly weeds that spoil; Bnt to sew tears in earments Shet willingly wUl toil. Now name this useful fairy. Her shining palace, too. Mot clever, nimble sisters. Who all her bidding do. St. Denis. ans-wees. 512 "Train up a child In the way he should go." 643 Rum-swizzle. Ml Adam-ant. 6i5 A river. 548 Seven-s-even; fiye-fe-IV: six-s-IX. 547 Snakes'-head-lrls, iris; Shaman, Haman, a man, man. 61S- NATATION ADAGIOS TABORS ' A Q O N E TIRE I O S ,0 S Jtf , They are theplace for chops, mj ' lriend. Iknow Ton needed not that I should tell you to. 550 Demolisher." The "Egyptian Problem" No. 624 was con, quered by R, B. Temple and George Ludwle. Tltusville,Pa.; A. B. Morton, Allegheny City, Pa.; J. Bosch, Salem, O.; E. S. Urlbben, Fitu- burg. Pa.; J. M. a, Cumberland, Md.: G.. G. Dawe. New York Citv; C. H. Bole, Allegheny City, Pa., and Clyde Taylor, Pittsburg. AN INTEEESTINO HUNT. A Sag of Forty-Five Mammal Adjudged Deserving the Frize. Vith such words entered as "Tory," "Son," and "Friend." the task of the,. judge in the Mammal Hunt has been no sinecure. His decisions hare necessirily been somewhat ar bitrary, but have been made with Impartiality and as much uniformity as possible. Discard incr all words not itnAcIfleallv ned tn riUtmiraisri I classes of mammals, as well as all repetitions. that of Ocelot, First avenue, Pittsburg, to whom the prize is awarded. Ocelot's mammals are as follows: Yak, tenree, bear, ass, jack, hare, ounce, gnu. seal, boar, man, buck, horse, eland, caribou, llama, dol phin, whale, rat, cat, jackal, gibbon, ewe, bat, gorilla, marten, camel, mustang, goat, tapir, sable, zebra, ermine, ram, lion, otter, grizzly, stag, ape, cinet. dog. peba, ratel, mole, puma. Other hunters deserving special commenda tion for their skill, though winning no prize, are John a Fisher, Emma C. B. Stone. T.8. Flynn, Mrs. Bell C. Fluke, P. O'Brien, Maud Roenbanm, F. H. Bender, Olive L. Roberts, Irene Dillon, Thomas G. Taylor. Charley Flau nery, Hubert R. Johnson, G. R. Wilson. Mrs. G. L. Sloan, Mrs. Sarah Whelan. Oliver Twfat, Chas. J. Robertson. Frank Boice, The Girl Hunter, Curley. J. C. Miller. G. W. Palmer, Jr., Jennie R. Morrow. Harry Kunzler, Mamia Roberts, J. C. Balis, U. L. Donaldson, Clyde Taylor, T. G. Connor, Paul F. Burke, Geo. Bhie!d,Jr., C.Williams, RP.Furtney. Wm. 8Ineer. W. Moore. E. F. Corwln. A. Hlldbrand. fMrs.G.L. Sloan, G. E. North, Mrs. A. Wil liams, h. j. .Kelly, tjauie a. siater. uraco Megroun, Edith Gilmore. R. G. McDonougb, T. W. Miller, J. F. Lobangh, Edith Lane, Emma Van Dyke, Lizzie Griggs, Thomas Yeo. No other jiartlcipants succeeded in getting more than 2j mammals. A PERFECT! A purely Vegetable Compound that expels all bad hnmors from the system. Removes blotch es and pimples, and makes pure, rich blood. ap2-53 OIEOICAL. DOCTOR WHITTIER 930 PESS AVENUE, PITTSBURG, P. As old residents know and back files of Pitts burg papers prove, is the oldest established and. most prominent physician In the city, deyotinj; special attention to all chronic diseases. From pSf18 NO FEE UNTIL CURED MCDAni IO and mental diseases, physical IM C, II V U U O decay, nervous debility, lack of energy, ambition and hope, impaired mem ory, disordered sight, self-distrust, bashf ulness, dizziness, sleeplessness, pimples, eruptions, im poverished blood, failing powers, organic weak ness, dyspepsia, constipation, consumption, un fitting the person for business, society and mar riage, permanently, safely and privately cured. BLOOD AND SKIN SSJU&.S blotches, falling bair, bone pains, glandular swellings, ulcerations of tongne.moutb, throat, ulcers, old Bores, are cured for life, and blood poisons thoroughly eradicated from the system. IIRIMARV kidney and bladder derange U III llrtn I j ments. weak back, gravel, ca tarrhal discharges, inflammation and other painful symptoms receive searching treatment, prompt relief and real cures. Dr. whittier's life-long, extensive experience Insures scientific and reliable treatment on common-sense principles. 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