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THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH.
Jill " THIRD PART. PAGES 17 TO 20. f TJSi 9k WEALTH! MONARCH iHow tho Kajali of Jeypore Lives and f Governs Bis Indian Subjects. "A WOKDEEFUL OEIEKTAL PALACE. M(jneer Sights and Characters in the Back Jp Woods of India, AS EXCDESIOX ON Ir'BIG ELEPHANT icoKEisroKDEjrc: or the ijispatcim JEYPOEE, India, May 2. The traveler who would see India as it is mast go out of tbe regular line and eater the native states. There is in Hindostan a terri tory nearly one-fifth the size of the United States and containing a popu lation of more than 56, 000,000, which is gov erned by rajahs. These rajahs have power of life and death. .They have revenues of their own, levy taxation as they please and organize their people and armies on a different basis from the English portion of India. They are subject in a cer tain sense to the English, and most of them have English officers connected with their establishments. They are feudatory states to England, and England does not allow them to make war upon each other, nor can they have any relations with ioreign States. If a rajah misgoverns his people or oppresses them the viceroy of India reproves him and if he does not come to time secures his re moval. These States, however, have none of the new cut ms of English India. Eew foreigners visit them and the people are WW cashheee cloth mebchant. substantially the same as they were years age before the railroad and the English desire tor business came in to grind them up in the mortar of modern civilization. ,One-third of the whole territory of India is rrossessrd by snch rajahs and their subjects . ' fciake up one-fifth of the inhabitants. Their united armies amount to 300,000 men and their gross yearly revenues are about 80,- 000,000. Magnificent Jewels. These rajahs live as grandly as did the Sings of Northern India in the past,and the English merchants of India cater largely to their wants. Some of the finest jewelry stores in the world are here in India, and under every glass counter you see barbaric jewelry set with diamonds worth a fortune, I saw two rings yesterday, one worth 52,000 and the other 54,000. The first was a dia mond of about the size of a hickory nut set around with a cluster of small diamonds as big as peas and the whole affiled to a finger ring, containing enough gold to make a hunting case for a "Waterbury watch. The other was the same size as to the gold, but theentral stone was a ruby fully as big as a chestnut, and the diamonds about it were very beautiful. The tops ofthese rings were as large around as old copper cents and as I looked at them I asked -the jeweler who would wear such gorgeous and unwieldy objects. He replied: 'Oh, we sell these to the rajahs. They want the most extravagant jewelry, and some of them fairly cover themselves with gems." At another store I was told that a rajah had just been in and given an order for 200 yards ot sjitin at 510 a yard. He wanted this to paper the walls of a room in a new palace, and thought nothing of pasting this ?2,000 upon the plaster. The Sultan of Johore, when I visited him in his palace at Johore, had ropes of gold about twice the size of a clothesline about his wrists, and upon his fingers were diamond rings. The fingers of the right hand were covered from An Arab Soldier. the knuckles ot the first joints with rings set with diamonds and emeralds, so that a diamond alternated with an emerald all over his hand, and the whole made a blaz ing fist of white and green. On the left hand the fingers were covered with rings in the same manner, save that the costly rubies took the place of the emeralds. At Delhi I was shown a dressing gown set with precious stones which cost $3,500, and which had just been made for a rajah. The City of Jeypore. Jeypore is one of the northwest provinces of India. It is a day's ridevfrom Bombay, not far off from the borders of Afghanistan and, some distance south of Cashmere and (the 'Himalaya Mountains. It has a popu lation about as large as that of Ohio, and 'its rajah's income amounts to 52,000,000 a year. "The capital is the city of Jeypore, in which I am writing. It is said to be tbe finest native city of India, and it. is cer tainly like no other city I have ever seen. It it higger than Omaha, Denver or Kansas City, and it is laid out as regularly as the city of Washington. Its main street is two miles long and 120 feet wide and this is inter-, sected at right angles by other streets of the same width and the whole is cut by narrow streets into rectangular blocks. The roads are tetter macadaniizjd than those of any city of the United States. They are as hard as . Stone and as smonth u a floor. The finnsAR ? on the main streets w rezularlv built and some rajah of the past laiJ out the city and made tbe property holders build after fixed regulations. It is more like a Spanish city than an Indian town. The houses come close to the sidewalks and they have bal conies over them with oriole windows jut ring out at the second stories above arcades which rnn below from house to house; they are almost altogether two-story buildings, and tbe painting of the whole is a delicate pink. Imagine miles of pink houses with lattice-work windows through which you may now and then see the eyes of high caste Hindoo damsels. Let nut-brown fingers here and there clasp the lattice-work and through a larger hole let here and there an arm peep out. In some of the balconies you see turbaned men and boys sitting dressed in the richest of garments and beside them Hindoo maidens, their faces covered with shawls and their eyes peeping out through the cracks. A Bony Throne Below in the decades are shops in which, sitting cross-legged with goods piled around them, are merchants selling jbe thousand and one things used by the people, and out in the street rushing here and there, moving along leisurely, now chatting, and now talking business, is the most motley throng of native men and beasts you will find in any city. Here is a little caravan of camels long-legged, gaunt, humped animals rid den by bare-legged men in turbans who bob up and down as the camel rocks its way along. Many, of the camels are led and the drivers ride them with a rope fastened into theii noses. They sit on the hump and pound the camel with a whip or a cloth. There is one camel ridden by a woman. Her bare legs clad ' in bracelets are astride of the hump and her one eye peeps out as she directs the driver where to lead the beast. Here is one carrying stones. Great long flags are tied on both sides of his hump and he goes along with his lip down, pouting like a spoiled child. Here is anoth er being loaded with lumber, and as the rafters one after another are tied to his back he blubbers and enes like a baby, and as you look at him you see the tears rolling J down irom nis proud, angry eyes. Here is one with a turbaned soldier on his back, and th,ere is" another ridden by a bov. On up the street you ste an elephant ft belongs to the rajah, and its rider is one of the serv ants of the palace who is taking the beast out for exercise. Here are thousands of bullocks with humps over their shoulders, the sacred cows of India doing duty as pack horses. Their backs 'are loaded with panniers and they are carrying along hay, stone and merchandise. Here is one ridden by a turbaned Mohammedan, whose long "beard and long shoes turned up at the toes attract your eye as he goes by. Here are horses which prince along. They came from Arabia, and among them are some of the best steeds ot the world. As you look at them and their riders you have no doubt ot Jeypore being a rich city. "What gorgeous costumes! These riders wear gold embioid ery enough to fit out the diplomats at one of our President's receptions. There are gold chains on their necks and their arms and fingers are heavy with gold. They have gold-embroidered turbans, costly gold vests A Water Carrier. and the bits of their horses are often of silver. They sit very straight as they ride, and by the stirrup of each runs a groom, now clearing the way tor his master and ever present for fear he might want some thing. Here is a herd of donkeys loaded down with panniers so that only their legs peep out and the loads seem to be walking away bodily. They are no bigger, than Newfoundland dogs and their drivers, bare legged, pound and yell at them in Hindos tanee as they drive tnem along without either bridle or rein. Some Mohammedan Women. The crowd on foot is as gay as that upon horseback and yonr eyes grow tired in try ing to catch and distinguish the strange characters you meet. Here comes a party of singing girls dressed ail in red and gold, singing strange songs as they dance through the streets. They are not bad looking, and their limbs are loaded with anklets and bracelets. Here come some Mohammedan maidens. They are fine looking women, but their dress is hideous. It consists of a shor waist and a pair of thin, drawer-like panta lettes which are vey wide at the waist, hut which taper down into tights at the calves. Here low caste women are breaking stones and there you see a dozen of them going along with baskets' of broken stone upon their heads. They throw it upon the road and a corps of brown-skinned men, their limbs clothed only in waist-cloths and their skins shining with perspiration, are crush ing it into bits with stampers. As they do so a water carrier, with a skin full ot water upon his back, and his hand on the mouth of the- bottle throws a clear stream upon it and the whole becomes a mortar, wiich, when dried, is as hard as the floor of a cel lar. You see these water carriers every where in India and they water the streets of the country. They carry the water for natives and peddle it from house to house. You may see dozens of them here at Jeypore with their bottles, made of the whole skin of a pig, and as they pass you think of the of the scenes of the scriptures. Grant's Autograph. Host Americans buy shawls in, this part of India, and after a sale is made the mer chant invariably demands that you write a recommendation for him in his notebook. This he shows to future travelers, apd I find scattered over Iadia tbe amtegrophdU jwt l Americans. At Delhi I found Grant's au tograph and the merchant who had it under a recommendation, stating that h,is wares were good, told me heJiad been offered 100 rupees for it, and that he would sot sell 'it for 1,000 rupees. James Gordon Bennett states that he "finds a certain man's shawls good, and he supposes they are cheap," and tbe merchant who owns the book tells me that Bennett bought a dozen cashmere shawls, saying he wanted to use them for making undershirts. These were tbe kind called ring shawls, so fine that you can pull a whole shawl through the wedding ring of a lady. It must be nice to have an under shirt which you can pull through a ring, and in the case of a man who travels with his extra clothing iu his hat I can see where the advantage comes in. Tbe Rajah's Palace. The Eajah's palace is in the center of his capital. It covers a great area and the palace garden with its flowing rivers of water, formed by fountains spurting out of a stone bed, would" be large enough for a farm. His Majesty is now in Calcutta, but arrangements had been made for my visit and a note from tbe English Secretary, Major Hendley, gave me a dark-skinned palace guide and I was shown through court after court of marble and takcn through room alter room furnished with rich Persian carpets and with satin-covered chairs and divans of European make. In one, palace there was an immense billiard room and in this and the room adjoining the skins of tigers and leopards were scat tered about by the hundred. They lay in great piles on the floors. They were hung onthe walls and some of the divans "were upholstered with them. I went through room after room filled with such skins, and I was told that the beasts were all killed by the Bajah, who is very fond ot tiger hunting and who is an excellent shot. I was shown the outside of the palace containing tbe harem and the arrangements for keeping it cool struck me as rather peculiar. Outside of the main hall and running along one length of the palace was a series of great fanning mills not unlike those used bv tho Americau farmer. These were turned by half-naked men and they thus kept pump ing up drafts into the rooms beyond. An Indian Stable. I visited'.the Eajah's stables and took a look at his horses. There was a court for exercise which covered, I judge, something like ten acres, and around this was built an arcade ot stalls roofed over with a thictc, heavy roof to keep off the sun. There were about a half a mile of these stalls, and each of them was occupied by a fine, blooded steed. There were horses from Arabia, from Europe, America and India, and the tying of each was different from anything I have ever seen. There was a strap from their halters, which was fastened to rings just above their heads, and each of their tour feet had a separate rope, which was stretched out toward the four corners in front and behind them and tied at a distance ot perhaps six feet away to a post. The ropes were loose enongh to permit them to move their legs up and down, but they could not kick nor stand on their hind legs. The Elephant Honse. I next visited the elephant stables and took a look at the 12 great elephants which the rajah owns. They have great brass chains about their necks. Their tusks are cut off about half way up, and they are bound with heavy brass rings. One of them has a sort of a tattoo work on its greatears and forehead made in the patterns of a cash mere shawl, and they are altogether higger than any, elephant I saw jn Siam or Burmah. At the invitation of the rajah's secretary I took a ride yesterday afternoon upon one of them. I wanted to visit the ruins of the old palace and city of Amber, which Is located in the hills abont four miles from the city. An elephant was sent from. the palace to, the foot of the hills in the morning, and when I arrived shortly after noon I found it wait ing for me. It was the biggest of the rajah's elephants, the one which had great brass-bound tusks and tbe cashmere shawl pattern ears, and forehead, and upon its head there sat a Hindoo elephant driver in a bright turban and gown. He held a prod-like steel hook in his hand and his bare, brown legs.clasped the elephant's neck just back ot the ears. He made the elephant kneel as.our carriage drove up, and a second servant took a step- lauuer irom ins siue, auu, jeamng luis against the beast, we mounted up the side of the kneeling elephant and took our seats on the cushioned saddle upon its.top. Cautioning me to hold on, the driver then gave tbe elephant a thrust with his prod and the great beast climbed to his feet and started off in a swinging walk up the mountain. The motion was a swaying one, and we went along at a round pace, seated as high up in the air as though we were on the roof of a village house. The servants who trotted along on the road below teemed very far down and tbe motion at first was a half sea-sick one. After a half- mile I got nsed to it, however, and began to enjoy the strange ride. The Jeypore Mmeura. This afternoon I visited the museum or Jeypore. This rajah has one of tbe finest museums in India, and the building con taining it is far finer than that of the mu- seum.at Boston, and of the Central Park The artists are still museum oi jxew xorc at work upon it and its fine exhibit isbeincr improved daily. The different schools of the world are represented in the frescoes on the walls, and the rajah, has already had more than 2,000,000 visitors since its estab lishment a tew years ago, and it exchanges with the great museums of Europe. I asked the curator why he did not exchange with Acoerica, and he replied that be had not thought of doing so. The collection here is, however, very fine as an exhibit of Indian work, and I think Prof. G. Brown Goode, the head of our national museum, might find some valuable things at Jeypore. The museum is especially wonderful as be ing that of a native rajah, and when I think J or this man s art schools, nis public library, his good Streets and his apparently well managed Government, I wonder whether some other Slates in India would not oe as well off under native rule's as under the English. Feank G. Cabpenieb. Flexible Wood Wats. A new mat, which acts as a foot scraper, without retaining the dirt on its surface, and which is readily cleaned is made of flexible wood matting. Strips of clear white hard maple, straight grained and well seasoned, are oonnected by means of galvanized iron wire, with a rubber tube between tbem, and the result Is a very dara He d flexible awu . j. rt vcyjsui c buicrMcr. jaaBBniaaauHMHBajHHHHHHUalaHHHiH''ii i.-a6&i3mGMMmiuammmaimamm0amaiiwaa&taiiKiaamrwmMa&a&ia&amKmmam&iivA. , .i-u.-.ta - ,'j!.--:t.'. jjtte- T1'"itimrriLHirftr o.- r -, riafniWtog PITTSBURG, SUNDAY, JTJNE 9, 1889. A GREAT FISH TABU. Some Facts About the Work of the United States Fish Commission. HATCHING SHAD BI THE MILLION. Tie Simplest Complete Arrangement of tho Hatchery. METHODS OP TRANSPORTING THE FBI ICOEKXSrONDEJfCE OP THE DISTATCB.3 WASHING TON, D. O., June 7. It is a big fish story that I am about to tell you. Not one contain ing the genial . prose poetry of Ready for IVanmorfaHnn Izaak walton in his fascinating pic tures of the art of killing fish, which are so sednctive that they almost induce a person of the most tender heart to wish to engage in murder of that kind. Neither one con taining the thrilling passages described in the fishy novels of Mr. William Black, nor the blood-curdling experiences of Senator Quay, in his fishing for giant tarpon in Florida waters, and yet more wonderful than all these, because it is a tale of the taking of millions of fish at a single catch, and the reproduction from them of incom prehensible millions core. Back of the great station of thePennsyl- IIP omt A EErEIOEEATOE CAB. vania railroad, in a pretty spot in what is generally known as the "Mall," which in cludes all the grounds stretching out from the Capitol to the Washington Monument. is an old, square brick building, which is tbe ancient armory of the capital city. Long abandoned for all warlike purposes, it is now the CENTBAI, HATCHING STATION of theFish Commission of the United States. Sown on the Potomac, at old Fort Wash ingtonand at Havre de Grace, on the Sus quehanna, are two branch stations, where the bulk of the shad eggs to be hatched are taken, and the number of these is almost in credible. Shad has been 'Unusually numer ous this year, and at times from 15,000,000 to 20,000,000 roe would be taken in a single night. These arc cleaned at the branch sta tion by putting them in jars and passing water slowly through them, and they are then spread thinly on crates, covered with a bit of cloth, the crates bound' together and shipped to the central station to be hatched and thence distributed by the commission cars or vessels to the waters tributary to the Atlantic. The shad are caught in all sorts of ways, bv fishermen employed for the purpose. The roes are immediately squeezed from the females into jars, and into the same jars the' milk is squeezed . from the males, and, as when the pollen of the male flower is car ried by the winds of heaven into the open petals of the female flower the beautiful and mysterious, work of recreation begins, so it is with the ova of my lady fish apd the spermatic fluid of the male ot her species; they touch, they Sad their complement, they thrill, they awaken, and a new fish is born, which'in its turn will produce its own millions of eggs and lend its aid to people the waters of the globe, to tickle the palate of the gourmand and fill the beHy of the poor. For the work of the commission is a grand one in the interests of a cheap and Manhall McDonald. United Slates Fun Com mlssioner. wholesome food, which will only be fully realized in ail lis Denenceni magmmuo when the operations have been extended to all the streams and lakes of the country, large and small, where fish may , LIVE AND THBITE. Erom the crates in which the eggs are sent from the stations where they are caught, these little globules "of immovable life are carefully scraped into the jars in which they are hatched. It is a jar in vented bv Commissioner McDonald himself before he was advanced to the chieftancy of the Commission. It is very simple, and vet perfect for the work it is to perform. By an arrangement of pipes not necessary to explain technically, fresh water is at all times passing through the jar and between the eggs, and throngh these pipes also, the dead eggs, which rise to the surface of the water, are carried away. The water is kept as near as possible to a temperature of 65 degrees, and the fish hatch in from six to eight days, according to the temperature of the water. The proportion of loss is very small, and is really nothing at all compared with the loss which occurs mi the process ot nature, when vast, numbers ol the eggs ate Interior of the Car. with the mils: of the males at all, and other vast numbers are destroyed by hungry ene mies'! and by many other processes. Erom this it may be realized what an absolutely inconceivable work is being'done and may be done by the commission, by 'the hatching every few days of millions of fish and their distribution in waters where they can to a great extent take care of themselves. THE COMMISSION'S WOES. The work of the commission, as m stated by Commissioner McDonald, isonlylimited by ihe appropriation. With the -present SftMhinery the distribution teould be aiapuea, riiiiiiwTrf- I ' I .. .!.. !t:.1I.J 1 X .1. . I. I I. i nui uwm mhhibuko, uui ma .-BBweBiHi-i Mwr.Y -v f.vc . x " .. . nine hemmm. tion for the work of hatching and distribu tion is only 515,000, and with this the opera tions for the current year will'be little greater than for the year 1888. In that year the shad fry distributed -reached the enor mous number of "IB6,000,000.,, Of white fish there were distributed 103.000.000. of cod 25,000,000, -of pollock 13,000,000, of West Coast salmon 11,000,000, and of other fish several millions more. Even with this dis tribution, which could be enlarged enor mously with an Increased appropriation, taken in connection with the work of State commissions, it will be recognized that tbe artificial propagation of fish in the United States must bring labor and food and relief to hundreds of thonsands of the poorer poptu lation. ItTJhe operations of the national commis sion will extend as fast as the appropriations of Congress will admit Hatoning stations are already scattered well over the country, and a new station, probably more extensive than any now in existence, is in pipcess of construction at Put-in-Bay, in Lake Erie. It is expected that the immense drain upon the finny population of the great lakes will soon be counteracted, and those waters again filled with the delicious fish with which they abounded a few years ago. Tbe more important work of the seaboard and of the large interior waters completely under way, greater attention will be given to the smaller lakes anil inland rivers' until the vast scheme is so systematized that every available water of the country will be re plenished faster-tnan the number of fish is diminished, thus putting the finest food within" the reach of almost the entire popu lation of the land, without money and with out price, to all who will take the tronble to throw a line into the water. - AN ENTHUSIAST. Commissioner McDonald is an enthusiast in the work. He imparts to it a vigor and system never attained before, and he is as sisted by a corps of gentlemen who enter into the spirit of the great work with an in- X dustry and attachment hardly to be found in any other bureau of the Government. The Commissioner is a profound and de voted scientist. Before entering into the work of the commission he was professor of the department of biology in the college at Lexington, Ky., and, wnen he engaged in his present field, it was only in the interest of science, and not with any idea of its' The Central Hatching Station. philanthropio possibilities. Indeed, the com mission in its incipiency,iiTf am not mistaken, was merely a scientific bureau of the Na tional Musenm, and has only taken its pres ent shape through the efforts Of those en gaged in the work who recognized the im measurable good to the people of all classes that would result from an extensive propa gation and distribution of fish by arti ficial instead of natural methods. It is in reality a farming of tbe waters by the National Government, under true and con scientious scientific direction, just as the new school of economists insist the land should be fanned, by intelligent direction of Government agents, for the benefit of the people, and not by ignoramuses in the in terests of private profit. It is the desire of Commissioner McDon ald to accomplish the erection of a great central station in this city, which shall con tain aquaria for tbe exhibition of fish of all kinds, and as an annex of the National Museum. At present the exhibit is very meager owing to lack of space. E. W. L. THE FINDING 0P THE LA0C00N. Whether It la the Original or a Copy Mny Never Bo Determined. From the Magazine of Art. The Laocoon may be the original statue bepraised by Pliny, but even that is open to doubt. The history bf the finding of this statue was in'this wise: It happened in 1506, when Baphael, a youth of three-and-twenty, was painting in Florence. In the mouth of June a messenger arrived in hot haste at the Vatican to tell Pope Julius II. that workmen excavating in a vineyard near St. Maria Maggiore had came upon statues. The Pope turned to one of his grooms and bid him run to his archi tect, Giuliano di San Gallo, to tell him to go there at once and see about it. San Gallo instantly had his horse saddled, took his young son Francisco, who relate this, on the crupper behind him, and called for Michel Angelo, and awav the three trotted through the hot and dusty streets", as we may imagine, in a great state of excitement. When they reached the place they beheld that agonized face which we all know so well, and which many of us have tried to copy so oten. "It is tbe Laocoon of Plinvl" exclaimed San Gallo. Mad with excitement, they urged on the workmen, a great hole was cleared away, and they were able to contem plate that wonderlul group, certainly the 'finest monument of antiquity which had as yet been revealed to the modern world. After this, as Francisco says, they went home to dinner. How tbey must have talked! We can imagine the poor wife cry ing despairingly to her lord:, "Dear Giu liano, do leave off talking for moment, din ner is getting quite cold!" I should like to. have been there; but that is idle. The statue was transferred to the Belve dere, and then arose the question, was it Pliny's Laocoon or a copy? a question not decided to this day. Pliny says that the statue was carved by Igesander, Polydorus and Atbenodorus, of Rhodes, out of a single block ot marble. The Laocoon is in fire pieces, but very skilfully joined. AN0THEE CUBE FOB CORNS. Carbolic Acid and Glycerins Said ro be a Certain Cemedr. One of the deadliest enemies of the chiro podist is a short and simple recipe which soon brings relief and immunity from tbe exasperating agony which is too sadly familiar. Take equal parts of carbolio acid and glycerine and paint the corn every, night with a camel's hairbrush, first bath ing and carefully drying the feet. Tnis treatment, if patiently continued, is a cer tain remedy. It also gives great relief irom soreness by excessive walking it the mix ture is applied to tbe soles of tbe feet. Had Strnck Something Harder. New York San J . "I suppose you find this to be a hard, hard world, do you not?" she said, as she gave tbe tramp a loaf of stale bread. i "Yes'm," answered the tramp, trying to make a dent in tbe loaf with his knife: iHKwe&equeawy strike things that are THEOEYGIfpOlRLOOK VTBITTEN FOB THE DISPATCH BY WILKIE CHAPTEE L MAET 'WAEEINEB. TWO names were used for the only g it at Overlook. In ad' dressing her, the men of the place always said"JIiss'Warriner." In mentioning her they often said "Mary Mite." The reason for this distinctive difference wasrevealed by the sight of Miss Mary Warriner her self, as she sat on a high stool behind a rude desk, under a roughly boarded shel. The Only airl at Over- ter, and with rapid look. fingers clicked the key of a telegraphio instrument There was a perfect poise of quiet self-possession which would have been very impressive dignity in an older and bigger person, and which, although here limited by 18 years and 100 pounds, still made a demand for respectful treatment: Therefore the men when in her presence never felt like calling her any thing else than "Miss Warriner." If she had been less like a-stately damsel in min iature, and more like such a child as thp was In size only; if her employment had been something not so near to science as that of telegraphy, and not so far off from juvenile simplicity; if her brown hair bad been loosely curled, instead of closely coiled, and it her skirts had stopped at her ankles, instead of reaching to her feet, then she might have been nicknamed "Mary Mite" within her own hearing, as she was beyond it by those who described her small ness in a sobriquet. There may have been a variance of opinion among those dwellers at Overlook who had made any estimate of her composure, but if there was one who be lieved that she merely assumed 'a reserve of manner, because she was among 200 men, he had not yet tried his chances of excep tional acquaintance Overlook was crnde and temporary. Tbe inhabitants were making a roadbed for a new railway, at a spot where the job was extraordinary, requiring an uncommonly large proportion ot brain to brawn in the work. Those who were mental laborers in the remarkable feat of engineering, or were at least bosses of tbe physical 'toil, were the ones who bad errands at the telegraphic shed, and for Whom Mary sent and received messages over the wires. The isolated colony of workers was 100 ' miles deep in a wilderness of mountain and forest: but not as many seconds distant, measured by the time necessary for electrical communica tion, from the construction company's head quarters in a great city. "Must you wait for an answer?" Mary said, as 'she clicked tho last word of a message. "It's an honrsinceyonr first tele gram went, and they seem in no hurry to reply." x Polite indifference, and nothing else, was in her clear, gentle voice. There was neither boldness nor shyness in tbe eyes that opened wide and blue, as she lilted" them from the paper to the man whom she questioned. There was no more of a"smile than of a pout on the mouth that worded the inquiry. She did not indicate the faintest interest as to whether he went or stayed, although she did suggest that he might as well go, "Id rather lounge here, if you don't mind," was Gerald Heath's answer. Here fhe alertness of the placid girl was faintly shown by a quick glance, but it was so furtive that the subject ot her wariness did not know his face was being scrutinized; and she was quickly convinced 'that she was not the cause of his remaining, for he said: "I'll tell you why I'm anxious about the J telegram, and in a hurry to get it. Gerald Heath had been lazily leaning against the makeshilt desk of the tele- vnvtl.AW ao f,a raalta.1 alVI ,V naatlm. I. . A L whittled the smooth birch sapling that formed its outer edge. He had chipped and shaved, after tbe manner of those to whom a sharp pocket knife and a piece of wood provide a solace. There had been no con versation, except a few words concerning the messages. But now he heightened him selftosirleet by standing erect.and took on the outlines of a magnificent physique. His proportions had not been realized be fore by the girl at .the other side of the counter. She comprehended, -too, that if his somewhat unkempt condition were changed to one which included a face cleaned of stubble beard, a suit of modish clothes to replace the halfworn corduroys, and the shine of a silk hat and polished boots at his now dusty extremities, he would become a young gentleman whose disregard might be an appreciable slight. That was the conclnsions which she reached without any visible sign that her careless eyes were conveying any sort of impression to her mind. As it was, he looked an unusually burl v specimen of the men to whom isola tion from city lite had imparted an aspect of barbarians. Before he had uttered another word she realized that he was wholly en grossed in the matter of his telegrams, and I nad no tnongnt oi tne individuality oi tne listener. Not only wai she not the thing that made him wait, but she might as well have been old, ugly, or a man, if only she had ears to hear. It was a summer afternoon, and the clear, balmy weather was seasonable. Tbe re moval of protective canvas had lelt the structure an open shed, over the Iront of which hung the boughs of the two trees against whose massive trunks it leaned. Gerald Heath reached up with both hands, and held the foliage aside. "Do you get an unobstructed view?" he said. "Now, I've helped lay out railroads through many a place where it was a shame to let trains go faster than a mile a day. I've surveyed routes that ought to provide special trains for passengers with eyes in tneir heads trains with speed graduated between 60, miles an hour and 60 hours a mile. It is an outrage on nature and art that travelers should ever be whisked past Overlook without a good chance to see what we're looking at. That's why I wrote to the President of the company, a month ago, jelling him how a slight deviation from the surveyed line would enable passengers to get what's in our view now.- He asked hojr much the line would be lengthened by my plan. A hundred yards, I answered. And I submitted a, map, showing hnw the tracks, after coming out irom the tunnel, might make a small detour to this very spot, in stead of going behind a mass of rocks that will completely hide this "and a com prehensive gesture of one arm followed his sweep of vision. " Places that get their names on impulse are apt to have appropriate ones. Camps of railway makers in a hitherto unbroken country are not often miscalled. An ensu ing town on the same site may be unmean ingly named as a permanency, bat the in spirations that afford transient nomencla ture are usually descriptive If was so in the case of Overlook. The railway tun neled the mountain, and emerged at a height it 1,000 feet above a Ayide yalley, Mary .had daily, and all day long, Mt overlooking At toad moiimea aad m- FBANKLTN FILE FBOU X PLOT BI COLLINS. 1 chanted her at first, bnt familiarity had blunted tbe Keenness ot ner appreciation. As shown to her anew, it was like a fresh disclosure. Gerald Heath stood holding wide the boughs, which otherwise obscured a part of the landscape, and seemed like an exhibitor of some wondrolisly big and beautiful picture. Miles away were hills rising behind one another, until they left onlv a little of sky to be framed by the eave of the shed, as seen by the telegrapher. The diversities of a wilderness, distantly strong, in'rugged forms, butindistiqet in details, be came gradually definite and particular as .they came nearerand were suggestive ot con scions design where they edged a broken, tumultuous river. Overlook was shelved so high on a precipitous mountain that, from Mary's point of vision, the foreground al most directly underneath passed out ot her sight, and it was as though tbe spectator stood on a platform belore a painted can vas too spacious for exhibition in an ordinary manner. But in this work the shapes and the colors, the grandeur and the beauty, were inconceivably beyond human copying. Gerald Heath appeared to feel, nowever, that if he was not the painter of this enormous landscape, he at least had the proprietary interest of a discoverer, and it was with something of the air of an art col lector proudly extolling his choicest possession, that he turned his eyes from it to Mary Warriner. The expression of a'd mir ation on her face, althongh quiet and deli cate, was quite satisfactory for a moment only; and then the denotement of delight BEVEALED BT AN passed out of her visage, as though'expejled by some physical pang. It was tbe sudden ness of the change, for it was of Itself very slight, that made,it perceptible. Gerald in stinctively turned to look for the cause. Into the picture had come ahuman figure. A few yards in front of the hut stood a man. La relation to the landscape far be yond he was gigantic, and the shade of the trees made him devilishly black by con trast with the sunlight of heaven that illuminated the rest He was thus for an instant in silhouette, and it chanced that his sharp outlines included a facial pro file, with the points of a mustache rind beard, giving satanic suggestion to an ac cidental attitude of malicious intrusion. The illusion was almost startling.but it was momentary, and then the form became the commonplace one of Tonio Bavelli, who walked under tbe shelter. "Do-a I eentrude?" he asked, with an Italian accent and an Italian bearing". "I supposa no-eh? Thece ees a plaea bees- ness." Mary's small departure from a business like perfunctory manner ended at once. She took a scrap of paper which Bavelli laid on her desk, and, without a word, translated its writing into telegraphic clicks. Bavelli was a sub-contractor, and this was one of his frequent communications with officials at the company's city office. The response was likely to be immediate, and he waited for it. "To get the full value of this view," Gerald Heath resumed, and now he ad dressed himself to Mary directly, as though with almost a purpose of ignoring Bavelli, to whose greeting ha had barely responded, "you need to coma upon it suddenly as I once did. We had been for months blasting and digging through the monntain. Every day's duty in that hole was like a spell of imprisonment in a dark, damp dungeon. And your men, Bavelli, looked like a chain gang of convicts." "You woulda no dare say so mooch to thelra fa-Ces," Bavelli retorted, with an in-' solence that was unmistakably intentional. "Oh, I didn't mean a reflection on them," said Gerald, disregarding the other's quar relsome aggressiveness. "We all look ras cally in the mud, drip and grime of tunnel wore. And your gang of swarthy Italians are bound to have a demoniac aspect under ground." It was more carelessly than intentional that Gerald thus provoked Bavelli. There e (Jerald JHtarms Jtavelli. had been dislike between them, growing out of friction between their respective duties as a civil engineer and a sub-contractor, for the former was necessarily a critic of the tatter's work. But thev had never quar reled, and Gerald saw nothing in this occa sion, as Bavelli seemed to, for any outbreak of temper. . ' "Bettare be ciy-vil wltha your tongue," Bavelli sneered. "Well, I think so, too, .as we are with a ;ady." "Zat ees wfaya I inseest yon treata me as one gentleman." So it seemed that be was especially re gardful of how he figured in the presence of Mary Warriner. "Like one gentleman ? O. I will treat yoa like two gontloiOE so peUMy," ai , . ii K3-7SC1 3 Gerald began to again nonchalantly whittle? the birchen pole. "I was going to tell how, when I at last broke'through the rock at this end of the tunnel, I happened to be right there. A blast tore out an aperture several feet wide. We saw daylight through tha smoke. We rushed pell-mell over tha broken stone, and struggled with one an other to get through first. It was why, it was you, Bavelli, wasn't it? whom I tus sled with. Tes, we got into the breach to gether. Ton tried to push me hack. Yoa couldn't of course, yon couldn't," and tha narrator's reference to his own superior strength was exasperatingly accompanied by a glance not free from contempt. "Eet was-a all een fun," Kavelli smil ingly eiplained to Mary, and then his eyen turned darkly upon Gerald. "Eef eet hada been one ear-nest fight" tbe different re sult was vaguely indicated by a bard clinch of fists and a vicious crunch of teeth. It ras beyond a doubt that Bavelli could not bear to be belittled to Mary; but she and Gerald were alike inattentive to his exhibi tion of wrath. "No prisoner was ever mom exultant to escape," Heath went on, "than 1 was to get .out of that dark, noisome hole into clean sunlight I ran to this very spot, and well, the landscape was on view, just as it is now. It was like getting from gloom out into glory." The young man's exuberant words were not spoken with much enthusiasm, and yet tbey had sufficient earnestness to prove their sincerity. He had stopped whittling, and his kni.e lay on the desk, as he turned his back against the sapling, and rested both elbows on it "So I've been writing to the President of the company, nrging him to deflect a trifle, so that passengers might come out of tha tunnel to see a landscape worth a thousand miles of special travel, and to be had by going less than as many feet. This is the very latest day for changing the survey. To-morrow will be too late. That is why I'm telegraphing so urgently." Click, click, click. Mary went to the telegraph instrument She delivered tho message by word of mouth, instead of taking it down in the usual manner with & pen. ''Gerald Heath, Overlook:" she trans lated from the metallic language of the instrument "Tour idea is foolish. We ELECXEIC SHOCK. cannot entertain it Henry Deckerman, President" Gerald looked like a man receiving a jury'j verdict involving preat pecuniary loss, if not one of personal condemnation, as he listened to the telegram. "Zat ees whata I theenk," remarked Ba velli, with insolent elation; "your 'ar-r-o one-a fool, as ze President he say." Gerald was already angered by the dis patch. The taunting epithet was timed to excite him to fury, which he impulsively spent upon the more immediate provoker. He seized Bavelli by the throat, hut with out choking him, and almost instantly let him go, as though ashamed of having as sailed a man of not much more than half Arretted Jor Murder. his own strength, and nearly twice his age. With Italian quickness, Bavelli grabbed Gerald's knife from the desk, against which he was flung. He would have nsed it, too, if self-defense had been necessary, but he saw that he was not to be further molested, and so he concealed the weapon under his arm, while Gerald strode away, unaware of r his escape from a stab. "He is-a one beee bully," said Bavelli, with forced composure. "Eef a lady had-a not been here " "Ton tormented him," the girl inter rupted; "I once saw the best natured mas tiffin the world lose his temper, and turn on a " She stopped before saying "cur," and added instead: "If he was foolish, yoa were not very wise to tease him." "He is-a what to you, zat yoa take-a hees part?" She bit her lips in resentment, but mad no reply. "Parehaps he is one-a lover oof you?" Still she would not reply to his imperti nence, That angered him more than tho severest rejoinder would have done. u, l am sure-a zat be ees one suitor. She gave way at length to bis provoca tion, and yet without any violent words, for she simply said; "Yon are insulting, while he is at least reasonably polite when he heeds me at all, which isn't often." "Not-a often? But somewhat closely ha bed-a you. See zat" With an open palm he struck the placa on the sapling where Gerald had whittled. The spot was on the outer edge, where Mary could not see it from her seat She went around to the front of the primitively con structed desk, or higher counter, to gratify her curiosity. There she saw that Gerald had carved a hand her owl hand, as sba .instantly perceived. The small and shapely member was reproduced in tne iresb pais. wood with rare fidelity. She had uncon- . sciously posed it, while working the key of tne telegrapnio instrument under tne jacc knife sculptor's eyes, and there had beea ample time for him to whittle a fac simile'; in tne bircn. "He is almost as impertinent as yoa are,'. she said, and turned to see how Bavelli took th'e comment But Bavelli had disappeared. Then, being alone, she laid a hand of ' OWB aequetUshlj' aloBgsidaita jr 'SSfe-T-J. V Hi I ill i ?im A m