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IV ' ? K 20 - .TOUKISTS' TROUBLES. The Traveler in Mexico Should he a Fluent Spanish Linguist. A LOKG SEARCH FOE AN ACADEMY. Borne Pictures That ire Artistic But i'ot Exactly Pleasant. IDE T1PPJKG PEACTICB UNIVERSAL TO men accustomed to the Spanish lan guage as the deacon and myself under stand and nse it, the discovering of inter esting places be comes interesting employment. This employment con sumes time, if it confers no other pleasure. It is im perative that all A Muleteer. tourists, and I con clude we belong to the band, shall see everything, otherwise they will surely be upbraided and reduced to a state of humility. Holding this view and being sensitive, I have made it a rule to console any interested inquirer by assur ing him that I have been there, or that I am just on the way. The Deacon knows nothing about art or artists; the schools are to him a venerated mystery. I am farther impressed with the belief that be is afflicted, in a slight degree, with color blindness; that there is but little reliance to be placed in him except perhaps in blacks and the delicious peach bloom and these only under certain conditions. In these circumstances it was quite natural for him to insist that he should visit the academy; that we should there have an op portunity to enjoy the difference between THE rALACE the ancient and modern Mexican schools, the European schools, and may be the Dutch, or some other schools. I remonstrated mildly with him upon this assumption of his, and this intensified his seal. He proceeded unhsitatingly to dis course to me, touching the preservation of "values, the art of correct drawing and other points ot a technical character, until I sus pected him of artfuily intringing the copy right in some guide book. To tell him so, lowever, might incur his displeasure, so I surrendered. SAN CAEL03 ACADEMY. "We learned the general direction of the academy from our landlord, who is a genial encyclopedia of Mexico; as he has his busi ness to attend to, however, and cannot ac company us, we find it a little inconvenient to return to him for information every time we need it. Following the general direc tion, we pass up Jesus street to the Presi dent's palace, skirting one side of the Plaza Mayor. (You will pardou my occasional indulgence in Spanish phrases, upon the ground of social and climatic influence.) "We continued on our way, pleasing our selves with a passing view of the grand Soldier? Monument in the American Cemetery. - cathedral, entered the Calle la del Kijo and continued to the second Calle la del Bijo, then, after traversing the length of a block, we turned to the right. Then we pursued our way along this street, looking for the academy. Not seeing any building bearing signs of an academy, we turned to the lett at the earliest opportunity and lollowed a dead wall to a corner. Passing a young nan in glasses, the Deacon made bold to accost him, but he hurried on, giving no eign. I suggested to the deacon that the yonth evidently considered us as of the Scribes and Pharisees, but be said that he was dumb and far-sighted. I approached a policeman and inquired courteously of him the direction to the San Carlos Academy. It was a genuine relief to have him indicate affably and in an intelligible way, that we must turn around, go back to the north end of the Plaza Mayor, turn to the right and take the first street leading west, until we saw the sign. "We did so, and inside of half an hour we brought up without accident on the opposite side of the street Jrom the hotel bearing the name of the academy. SEVEBAL SITUATIONS. "We exchanged cangratnlations, prayed in front of a church for the repose of the policeman's soul, and returned to the Plaza. Every place is reached from the Plaza, and we could not Iote ourselves by keeping within hailing distance of it. Ar riving at this sanctuary, I took a scat on a bench under the shade ot the trees, blessing the man who planted them, and enjoyed a cigar. Then we btarted out again, walked around four blocks, familiarizing ourselves vith the vicinity, but not reaching our destination.' I suggested to the Deacon that we engage a hack; certainly any hack driver would be familiar with every nook in the city. We Lad encountered a dozen hacks before this way out of the difficulty occurred to us; but now there was not a hack in sight We looked down one street, and two blocks away wc saw a building jutting out from a thoroughfare at right angles with the one we were inspecting. A hackman was in waiting there and we approached him. He was engaged. Finally we discovered and bailed a red flag. Could this Jehu take us to the San Carlos Academy? I put the in quiry distinctly in accent and manner not to be misunderstood by even a Mexican hackman. This man smiled and s-iid "Si, Senor," with a confidence leaving no room for doubt. Wintered his vehicle in absolute faith that we should be at the academy forth with. We were so well satisfied that we Kill Tl ME!i8iil! B rUf? -HI fit fin " isl3'j255! ?R i paid no attention to anything except to revel in the reflections that usually visit one when one has achieved a success. The driver took us through several streets, some of which had already grown familiar; and landed us opposite a church. He descended, opened the door and announced San Carlos. We looked up and recognized the hotel. I re monstrated with the Mexican and, I am pained to say, the Deacon swore; but the man answered pleasantly, "Si, senor," and the Deacon was mortified. SOME DIFFERENCE. "While we were endeavoring to impress upon this benighted descendant of mixed ancestry the difference between a hotel and an academy of fine arts a man from the hotel accosted us. The man spoke English and was consequently the proper individual upon whom we could lay ourburden; we did so without stint. He laughed and said something to the driver, then the driver laughed and invited us to re-enter his vehicle. "We thanked the stranger when he assured us that we were "all right now," and departed. Inside of ten minutes our coachman halted J0 A Peon's Some. and blandly opened thedoor. We crept out and the first object that attracted my atten tion was the hackman who had intimated that he was engaged, standing in the place where we had left him. Directly over his head was the sign of the building wc were in search of. But no sane man would have considered this building a place lor art to display itself. It had a portal and a stone paved court, which was a storehouse lor OP MEXICO. second-hand lumber, with the rusty nails sticsing out of every plank; a broken car riage reposed in one corner and the guardian of the place in another. We aroused this last named incumbrance and made known our mission. He sighed, and stretching himself, clapped his hands for some one hidden in the recesses of the temple. A man without any coat appeared from a room on the gallery, then the two interchanged Mexican expletives for a feV moments. Finally the man in the gallery beckoned us on with a gesture that made me think he was scooping something over hand from an imaginary bank. I inquired of the first man if we 'could have a cata logue; he said: "Si Senor," and motioned us on; I inquired again for an invoice of what might be stored here; this time he patted me on the shoulders, said "Si, Si, Senor" and waved us toward the stone steps. I consoled myself with the reflection that I had be 'ore known men speaking the same language to talk as much at cross purposes, and walked un into the gallery with the deacon in the lead. NOT PLEASING "WOEKS OF ABT. There were some old paintings on the walls of these stairs, but the light was poor and we only glanced at them. The second man met us, smiled, unlocked a door and ushered us into a room full of paintings, under a dim skylight Thedeacon left me to my own resources immediately upon our entrance. The exhibition,.! learn in a few moments, is not calculated to inspire cheerfulness. I find it impossible to appreciate the art that represents everyphase and incident of the torture heaped upon the noblest life the' world has ever known, as if that life had been totally devoid of sunlight from the manger to the cross. There seems to have been a morbid desire to select for treatment everything that is repulsive and that stirs up one's animosity against the perpetrators of the gross tragedy. There is so mnch of this that if there is anything elevating within sight it is drowned in the obnoxious surroundings. The tauntintr villain whose Irreverent and cowardly soul is stamped in his coarse face may possess artistic merit This is rank heresy in me, no doubt, but I have a weak ness that way, and could not but wonder what prompted these productions. Was it the ignorant demand ot the hour, or the ego tism of the artist, or both? Sensational stories do not rank with the pure in litera ture. Why should sensational art take the highest place? For the life of me I could not but wonder why the modern lover of the beautiful must needs go into ecstacy over these por trayals of degradation. I found it difficult, looking upon what was pleasing on the walls, to lift myself outside of the dark ness and the competent critic will say, per haps, that I am unconsciously paying trib ute to genius.. Well let it go at that A LITTLE TIPPING. We caught sight of the guardian of the place flitting about at intervals, but always ready to lock the doors after us. The Deacon gave him a quarter and he took us into a room containing a hostof engravings, and when we became satisfied with this, another quarter persuaded him into another room, oS the court, where he introduced us to some plaster casts and marble busts. These were cold alter the colors we had seen, and we wandered ont to meet the in cumbrance. He wore a smile of invitation, and thinking that we might wish to come again, we made up a quarter for him, dis covering afterward that one quarter might have sufficed for the entire entertainment and assured a second cordial reception. I never knew a Mexican to refnse any thing but once, and this was my first copper coin; he looked at it and passed it to a boy in the vicinity, and the boy was happy; when I had occasion to encounter the dig nitary again I gave him a half real; and he received it with a smile. It was his mini mum; when I gave him a real he bowed low, and a quarter produced not only a smile and a bow bnt a "Macho, gratia, Senor," well worth the money. - - - nunlirj's Patent Florida Bicycle. For land .Or waV"r. -Judg , Bt? THE CHINESE MEDICINES. An Americanized Celestial Describes the Methods Used by PHYSICIANS IN FAR-OFF CATHAY. Their Curious Ideas as to the Use and. Properties of l)rng&. SUPEESTITI05S OP THE PEOPLE rwxrrrEir fob tux eisfatch.1 For 12 or 13 years I have been a resident of the United States. Some years ago I de termined to study the profession of medi cine, and when I graduate from the Long Island College Hospital, as I expect to do next March, I will have the honor to be the first Chinaman to practice medicine in this country according to the English methods. Previous to attending college I had studied with Dr. 27. B. Sizer, of Greene avenue, Brooklyn. At first I did not enjoy my studies, and the operations in the dissecting room at the college were particularly dis tasteful tome; but I got used to them after awhile. I am specially fond of the theoretical study of anatomy, and last winter spent almost two-thirds of my time studying this branch. At first I found it difficult to understand the English language, and the long medical terms in Latin were hard to remember; but by diligent study and much practice I have succeeded in mastering the language, and can now speak and write it better than most foreigners. I have not decided where I shall settle for practice after I get my "sheepskin;" but the probability is I shall return to China, where my chances for pro fessional success wonld be much better than they would be in this part of the world. Of course the system of medicine pursued in the Western' hemisphere is far superior to that which prevails in China, and the more intelligent part of my countrymen freely confess this fact, and are now willing to employ the practitioners of the modern school in preference to the followers of the ancient Chinese methods. In some respects, however, the old method contains the ele ments of common sense; in case of fever, for instance, they give the patient a decoction made out of certain kinds of herbs. This causes hhn to perspire freely and the fever will be quickly diminished. CHINESE PHYSICIANS. The system of medicine (if it can be called system practiced by the Chinese must seem very curious to the inhabitant of the Western hemisphere. It is somewhat startling to learn, for instance, that in China any man can pursue the profession of a physician; no special education or diploma is necessary. Any man that thinks he is es pecially empowered to cure diseases, hangs his sign out and waits for patients. If he is successful, and has plenty of patients and makes cures, nobody questions that he is a learned man in his profession. The state ment has been made that if, on the other hand, he, constantly fails to benefit the peo ple who employ him, if patients constantly grow worse and die on his hands, his neigh bors and such patients as have withstood the effect of his treatment get together, take down his sign, chop it up and ignominously drive him from the place. This is not true. If the physician tails to cure, no blame is attached to him. The patient gets another doctor. It is not uncommon tor a sick per son to have three or four doctors,prescrlbing separately at the same time. The medicines of the Chinese have been handed down for many generations back. The Chinese doctor has a curious way of explaining how it was discovered that the several medicines in his pharmacopeia have the properties attributed to them. He will tell you that many centuries ago in the days when science and art were in their highest state of development in the Flowery King dom, a certain doctor of great repute, whose name has come down to latest generations, and always will live, discovered a transpar ent man. The man seemed to be made of glass, so that every organ, muscle and vein could be looked at and its workings be seen. The doctor (so the story goes) took the man and gave him in tnrn all the herbs that grow and looked into him and saw how they acted upon his system. All these observations he wrote in a book, and that book has since been the great source of medical knowledge for the Chinese world. PECDLIAE EEMEDIE3. That the Chinese are large consumers of medicine may be judged from the number of their drug stores. Such establishments abound in China; in San Francisco there are a score of such establishments, and in and around New York there are probably a dozen. Everv town in the country where there is a settlement of Chinese has its med icine store. These places employ three or four men in cutting, mixing and putting np prescriptions and in decocting and drying the large number of remedies that are gath ered from everv source. The assistant ex aminer of the Chinese customs service not long ago sent to the United States Treasury Department a printed list of Chinese med icines exported from Yaugtse ports. Among the remedies were tiger's blood, ground blood, bear's gall, asses' glue, tree bugs, elephant's gall, fossil crabs, fossil teeth. Job's tears, cow nair, glass, rhinocerous horns, cow a knee, puff balls, dragon's teeth, straw, hedgehog skins, dried silk worms, snake skins, crab's eyes, horse tails and centipedes. " , The Chinese medical writers do not know of Harvey's theory of the circulation of the blood; they make no distinction between venous and arterial blood. According to their theory, certain channels lead to different portions of the body, each channel com municating with a particular portion of the system. When a medicine is administered,' it passes through one of these channels and reaches the part of the body upon which it is designed to act At Pekiu there is the model of a bronze man in which the theory is illustrated, and the medical books state that medicines, no matter whether given singly or in combination, are sure to 'reach the organ for which they are designed. They feel the pulse, not only in the wrist, which has three pulses, but in the arms, the temples, the legs and feet There are 27 different conditions ot the pulses, and from their conditions the state of the various or gans is in part discovered. There are four methods by which a diagnosis is made: by observation of the tongue, eves, complexion and general appearance; by listening to the patient's breathing and the sonnd of his voice; by questioning the patient and mak ing him give an account of himself, and, lastly, by the pulse. THE SEAT OF INTELLIGENCE. They do not believe in the existence of a stomach. They think that the internal viscera is a sort of tree, the root of the tree being situated in the pelvic region. Ac cording to their theory the seat of intelli gence is not in the brain, but is measured by the size of a man's heart' the larger his heart the more intelligence he is possessed of. The seat of a man's affections is located in the liver. The medical profession in China is di vided into specialties, but the serious stndy of the profession requires a life time. Many of the best doctors become imbued with the spirit of the alchemist and believers in superstitions and supernatural influences. They arc quite successful in treatingsome simple di eases and their medical books give some very wise directions as to diet under certain circumstances, telling what kind of food will increase the strength, what is good for the heart, the liver, the kidneys, what food will excite a fever and what will allay it The department of surgery can scarcely be said to exist in China. A few of the native physicians have been taught some of the principles of operative surgery by some of the foreign physicians. They have no surgical instruments and none of the ex cellent contrivances which modern science has provided for the relief of injuries, de formities and diseases. Their surgeons set PITTSBlTKG DISPATCH, broken limbs; not long ago a specialist in this department, Leon Jack, arrived from San Francisco and opened an office in New York. When a man's arm is broken the' bones will be united, washes and salves will be liberally applied, then bandages and over all the dried, stiff bark of a tree with the concave side fitting to the arm, bound tight; in such a case nature generally assists in the cure and the arm will be sound and strong in a few weeks. For an amethetio I have read of the Chinese physician using a paste made from flour and a vascid fluid exuded from a live frog; this has tho effect of deadening pain in a finger, for instance, that has to be.cut, and has been known in China for many hundred years. But it is very rarely indeed that a Chinese doctor uses the knife. They consider themselves very expert in setting broken limbs. A PECULIAE CHALLENGE. A Chinese doctor in St Louis was scoffed at by an American surgeon and the China man challenged him to a contest "I want yon," said the Mongolian, "to break my leg and leave me to cure mvself. I will guarantee to be on my feet walking around town in four weeks." The American sur geon accepted this proposition, but backed out when the Chinaman added: "And after I get well I must break your leg and see if von can cure vourself as Quick." The superstitions among the Chinese people themselves in regard to the treatment of disease are too numerous to mention. Continued sickness in a family is attributed to the evil influence of "tbedestrovinireod" whom they try to propitiate; various deadly influences proceeding from the evil spirits are brought to be expelled by various re ligious performances; disease Is sometimes attributed to the anger of some' god, to the enmity of the spirit of a deceased person, and in the latter case the priests are invited to repeat the formula for dissolving or un tying grudges; they engage in idol pro cessions as a token of gratitude for the re covery of their parents from sickness, or in order to secure their longevity; some people wear the cangue one board tightly fitted about the neck and another with holes for the wrists, others wear handcuffs, and others simply carry a stick of lighted in cense, facing the idol in the procession and occasionally kneeling down in the streets. Sometime since the Chinese Evangelist, a Chinese 'periodical of New York, advo cated the erection of a home or hospital for sick Chinamen in Hew York. On account of the dread that the Chinese have of mu tilation of the body after death they do not avail themselves ot the city hospitals, ex cept as a last resort Many hesitate so long that they surely go there to die. It is con sidered very unlucky for a Chinaman to "Hie in a laundry, so the friendless Mongolian has no place to go except the hospital of which he stands in such fear. SOME SUPEESTITIONS. , The Chinese believe that the spirit of the departed hovers about the body until buried, and will be displeased if the body is injured in any way. It is related that a great Chinese chieftain was making his es cape from a besieged fortress with his wife when a bullet wounded the lady. She could go no further and dropped into a well to escape notice. The chieltain overturned a stone wall upon the well, filling it and killing the woman. He preferred to kill her and have her body hidden than to run the chance of her body falling into the ene mies' hands to be mutilated. Some Chinese think that American doctors like to get their bodies to make medioine of; they think the doctors cut Chinamen up, slice off the fatty parts, fry them up and dry out the oil. The'Chinese in this country are very kind to one another in case of sickness and dis tress. If a Chinaman is poor he can drop into the first laundry and get assistance in return for what work he is able to do; if he is sick it is all the same; he will do what he can and his needs will be supplied from the common fund. ' J. C. Thoms. HIS GARMENT WAS WOETHIESS. A Savage Tries to Tnrn a Newspaper Into Wearing Apparel. New York Son.l When savage people first come into con tact with the whites none of the wonders that they see is regarded with more sus picion than large sheets of paper. The native is apt to regaVd paper as a sort of ploth, and the fact that it tears easily and is worthless for most of the purposes to which cloth is put convinces him that it is a fraud. One or two Congo travelers have told of the disgust with which the natives at first re garded paper. The Congo tribes, by the way, ore on the lookout for sharpers, and it is pretty hard work for anybody to sell them a bad quality of cutlery or cloth. Savages soon find, however, that paper is not intended to serve the purposes of cloth. Then they cease to look upon it as a fraud, but they do not think it ranks high among the white man's manufactures, and they have little use for it A while ago Mr. Lumholtz was (raveling in the interior ot Queensland, Australia, where he met many natives who had never seen a white man Before. One day a crowd of natives were in the white man's camp carefully inspecting the explorer and his baggage, when a newspaper 1 gppened to .drop out of his pocket The natives un folded and spread it out on 'the ground. They decided that it must be an article of wearing apparel, and one of them tried it . on, ne wrappea it around nis shoulders like a shawl and sat down on the ground arranging his covering this way and that, and watching the faces of the crowd to see what they thought ot his elegant garment, covered as it was with many thousands of curious marks. Presently, however, an accident hap pened. While the savage was arranging his shawl, and trying to bring the corners together in front of him, the garment began to tear at the nape of his neck. A howl from the crowd called attention to the disas ter. The savage took his covering off, ex amined the mischief he had wrought, made the tear a little longer, and then with his finger poked a hole through the paper. That settled the fact that the article was worth less. The newspaper suddenly lost all in terest for the natives, who turned their at tention to less destructible objects. THE CHAKH WODLM'T WOEK. All Eight for Tiger Dun tint, but No Good Acalnst Tomcats. Newport Evening "World. 1 In one of the large newspaper offices in this city is employed a boy who, although very bright in somethings, is exceedingly dnll in others. In the same office is a re porter who, although still young, has spent years in traveling the broad expanse of God's domain. He has penetrated the wilds of Asia, traversed the burning sands of Africa, gone whaling near the North Pole and chafed American big game from Texas to Montana. This traveler one day re'cently was re lating to a group of fellow reporters some of his adventures in Africa, the office boy being a very attentive listener. When the reporter finished his tale the boy approached him. The tale had worked up his feelings and he was anxious to hew more. He wanted to know how they caught the lions and tigers, of which he had read so much about and which he had often seen in Cen tral Park. The traveler, who is fond of a joke, told the boy that the hunters simply stood still, when they met a lion or tiger, and stared them. This charmed them, and they would not bite. Then the hunters caught hold of their tails and ,yaaked them into a large basket, which they always carried along. This answer apparently satisfied the boy's curiosity, and he left the office that night with a smile upon his face. The next morning when, he appeared at the office he presented a sorry sight A large pie'ee of conrtplaster was stuck across his cheek and his hands were new with scratches. He made direct for the man who had told him how they caught lions and tigers, and, in a tearful voice, said: "You cannot catch tomcats that way, can you?" Now the other office boys gay him about the way to charm tomcats, mr?E? ' SUNDArT, JUNE 23, BILL ME AS A SPORT. He Makes His Bet at Jerome Park, Wins His First Money and COMES OUT. SIXTY CENTS AHEAD. Bill Saya He Isn't Much of a Sport, but Describes HOW HE JUDGED A COUNTRY EaCE nrarrrar xon tile dispatch.! GENEBALLY speaking, I am not mnch of a sport I have been present only on the occasion of a few justly cele brated trials of speed at the county seat. Therefore I do not know so much about horse racing as I do abont dress and eti quette. You ask me how to reorganize a last year's poplin dress, cut intwain as the French say.and prodnce a new garment with accordion pleatings and selviges to it, or now to be happy while being married. I can tell you instantly. But ifyourushup hurriedly and ask me what ticket No. 1302 will be worth in London where the Derby sweepstakes are for 50 each for 3-year-olds, half forfeit 300 to second ana 160 to third, black: to mate in three moves, each colt to weigh in at 126 pounds, fillies at 121, entries Duke of Portland's b. c. Donovan, bv Galopin, dam Mowering (T. Loates); also Mr. J. Gretton's blk. c. Mi guel, by Fernandez, dam Cream Cheese-or-Limberger-for-that-Matter, 156 (G. Barrett); also D. Balrd's br. c. Eldorado, by Sterling, dam Plainflower, 126 (T. Cannon); also Mr. Abingdon's br. c. Pioneer, by Galopin, dam Moorhen, 126, etc., where bettine, we will say, is 5 to 4 on Donovan,'12 to 1 against El Dorado, 17 to 1 each Pioneer and Laureate, by Gosh, dam by Politics, supposing Don- Bis First Experience With the Bookmaker. ovan take the pole and later on the persim mons, but shot out on u foul by Umpire at third quarter, Miguel for place and Cream Cheese against the field, I irould have to pause a moment and think before I could tell. AT A COTOTBY HOBSE EACE. The last horse race I attended was nine years ago. I have fotgotten whether it opened with prayer or not, but I know that we had almost everything else. A glee club sang, "Shall We Gather at the Elver?" We had greased pig exercises, and a tall man with a short breath and coat tail spoke of the blessings of agriculture. Then Bill Jackman's black -and-tan filly Early "Bose ran Tint Houstin's roan gelding Moses. It was exciting. It was to be the best two out of three from the iron bridge np to the schoolbouse and back. I was one of the judges. I had to either be one of the judges of the horse race or sing "Larboard watch Ahoy," so I said I would a,ct as judge. The first heat Early Bose did not seem to get down to her work very well, but Moses felt first rate, and barring a light squeaking sound caused by the chafing of his second and third stomachs, carried himself beauti fully. His large red nostrils were open as far 'back as the eye could reach, and his tongue was thrown back over his shoulder, regardless of expense. It was a beautiful sight I gave the first heat to Moses and the second to Early Bose. It was very ex citing. Betting ran high. One man bet a bushel ot early Dent corn against a honey comb bedquilt on Moses, and another man bet a coop full of prize hens against a Queen Victoria corn sheller on Early Bose. At the third heat it was like the chariot race in Ben Hur almost On the home stretch about half way from the school house. Early Bose stepped in a gopher hole and threw ber rider some distance. He rose, however, and pressing his hand to his brow for a moment, as if in deep thought, led Early Eose to the fence and got on again. Moses was, at the moment of the accident, about half a length behind, but this gave him at least 20 lengths the start When. within 1UU Jyards of the judge s stand, how ever, Moses corked himseli, and throwing his shoe at the same time, succeeded in corking an old gentleman who was sitting on the fence at the time. Moses fell heav ily, with his hind feet pressing gently against the sky, and while inUhat position, Early Bose loped put while the air was thick with huzzas. GOING TO THE BACES. Since that time I have not been an at tendant upon the means of horse racing un til recently, when I went up to Jerome Park in response to the kind invit ition of a well known gentleman of this city who did not go. He prides himself on his promptness, and has frequently lectured me in scathing terms for failure to be on hand and on time. So this is a rebnke which will meet his eye, I hope, and do him great good. We were to meet at the Grand Central Depot, and those who have tried to meet a friend and pick him out at that justly celebrated trysting place, or se lect him from a train of 13 crowded cars while passing through the tunnel, will re call the pleasing sensation. The gentle man's brother was on hand, however, and as he knew a little more about racing than I did, we had a good time. Jerome Park is situated somewhat north of New York City and is connected with that place by rail. For the first five or six miles the eye is gladdened by a stretch of brick lined tunnel, with justflight enough now and then to enable the conductor to collect tickets and the pickpocket to tell a fly-back or split second watch from a Waterbury without too much strain on his eyes. Jerome Park is a beautiful sheet of ground with a large and imposing grand stand on one side and a tall massive structure in the center, used for a summer residence and the abode of wealth. The track is so arranged that the horses' do not have to run to the end ot it and then back again, but many go on con tinuously until they get through. As the hour approached, people flocked to the grand stand, where they ate cold crabs and drank large goblets of froth at 10 cents a gob. Everyone was rife with expectancy and a bright sparkle was in every eye. Several plicemen were present, lending comfort and assurance by their presence and general interest in the race. Jockeys came up and practiced with their horses, and while they did so I figured out on 'the back of my programme .what the result would be if a hen and a half.in a day and a half, lay an egg and a half 'in n nest and a half, provided she be given a week and a half with a chance and a half. Jnt then the crowd yelled and someone said that Blue Bock had won in l:18i It reminded me of the old-timer WwSf Jr-H III TDltfo 11) fTEF" 1889.- "' who waited two hours with the closest atten tion while preparations were being made for a great race, and while he thoughtlessly turned around to spit, the race was won. how to save money. However, I saved $25 on this race by not betting on Trifler. My companion then said we would feel more Interest in the race, he thought, if we would bet a little. I said I would be willing to bet if I saw anybody who wanted to bet He said that wasn't necessary, we could go down to the pool room and trouble the pool a little and it would be all fixed for us. As I understand it this is a system bv which a party of obliging young men agree to take all the money bet and add it up and give back what is due each man, more or less. I got my friend to buy me ?5 worth of bet on a horse called Eric. It was then wonderful what an interest I felt in Eric I wanted his 'autograph to take home with me. He looked grand to me. He was the most graceiul horse I ever saw. Before that the other horses looked tolerably well, but afterward they seemed to have caved in at certain points and they walked lame. I now heard some one, say "They're offl" I saw a roll of dust like a big caterpillar crawl around the track and then 6,000 throats made the statement that Erfc had won. With a massive judgment worthy of one much older ,r 11 Was Exciting than I am, I had won the first money I ever made on a horse race. At first I thought I wonld go down stairs and place myself under the influence of a glass of lager foam. "But no," thought I to myself, "I will not let prosperity turn my head in this way. I will becalm. First I will get my money before the cashier Is too sorely tempted to go away with it So I went down to the pool room and sent in my ticket ' I received my original investment and 60 cents in cur rency, which I carefully concealed in the lining of my chimisette. I do not know yet what I will do with it Some think it irould be a good idea to go the continent with it for a few months. Others say bay Western Union, while still others say, buy unimproved real estate on Fulton street and wait for it to advance. I do not know whether I will do either." Fossibly I will wait till I get over to Paris, where things are cheap, owing to pauper labor, and then I will buy a watermelon. I remained a little longer at the races, but was so wrought up by the excitement that I felt quite giddy. That is one trouble about racing. A winner becomes so excited that he is unfitted for almost any kind of busi ness afterward. THE HACKMAN'S PEET. Finally I went below and ate a ham sand wich, which soothed my nerves a great deal. I would have enjoyed the day better if the evening papers hadn't dropped in, all along during the afternoon, with additional ac counts of the suffering at Johnstown. Why will the press print and circulate such news on the grounds where people are frying to have a little fun? I heard several sensitive people criticise the papers for this while I was at the races, and I thought I would mention it here and call the attention of the press to it so that it may never occur again. Those who have never left Jerome Park by means of . the carriage gate, should try Jt once for the exhihration of the experience. We were told that we could get a carryall there for Fordham and thus go home ahead of the. JVTje and the Cabby. crowded race trains, so went to the gate. The hackmen were there to welcome us and speak to us. I have a ripe experience as a man of the world, having been chased by hostile Indians who had never seen me with my hat off and who therefore desired to scalp me, and I have been used as a whisk broom by a large cyclone in dusting of! the cornices of the sky, but the gentlemen who caught us at that gate, yelled in our ears, breathed their hot, adulterated breaths into our wild, scared faces and pulled our grand stand badges off while promenading over our prostrate remains, reminded me more forcibly of Topbet as it was once described to be me by a clergyman who felt an interest in my soul, than anything I have yet passed through. Grand stand badges are not taken up, the conpon alone being removed, and so the ghouls at this gate can 'go in and see the balance of the race by rifling the corpses of those who do not know any better than to go out that way. People who desire to meet the gentlemen who robbed the dead at Johnstown can find the most of them wait ing around this gate on pleasant days at Jerome Park, waiting to do the hyena act in the broad glare of the day. They refused absolutely to return any vital organs to relatives of deceased. I may go through that gate again before the race is over, wearing a grand stand badge, but if so, I shall take the precau tions to get myself hermetically sealed up in a metallic casket Bill Nye. THE GERMAN SOLDIEE. Illnitrntlne tho Awful Bespcct Ho Fan to His Superior. From a Berlin Letter J We saw recently a little squad dawdling along in their uniforms through the heat, the most ambitionless hot, weary or lazy souls, dragging one foot after the other as if a cannon ball were iied to each. "Poor fellows," we thought, "how plainly every line about them tells the oppression and misery, of the whole brntal systeml" When all at once to our amazem ent, they stiffened up like ramrods, flung one leg out in front at an angle of 45 degrees with force enough to kick down a rampart, and then brought the heels of their ironclad members down upon the pavement like a blacksmith's hammer, the sparks flying in all directions. We looked on in amazement wondering what had happened to them, when in the distance appeared a diminutive corporal, the occasion of the whole excitement The same awe of their superiors runs through the entire German army. A common soldier having his boots blacked will instantly stand aside before the operation is completed, as a corporal steps up He, in turn, gives place to an officer, and in a few minutes three of these accommodating individuals are standing in a row, bolt upright, with their trousers turned up and each one with a boot blacked. When the fourth has been served he passes along with dignity, and each of the other three takes his turn in reg ular order, until the Common soldier is finally reached. wwr- ff'fp'P -1 EVERYDAY SCIENCE. The se of Machinery Increases the Wages of the Mechanic. F0TDBE OP THE STEAM EHGIHE. An. Interesting Test of the Eiffel Tower Elevators. SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL NOTES rpniPAnzD tob tBe disfatcti.I Beaders of The Dispatch who desire information on subjects relating' to indus trial development and progress in mechani cal) civil and electrical engineering and the sciences can have their queries answered through this column. It has often been stated that the intro duction of machine work has injured trades that relied before on hand labor. Many in stances can be given to prove that the con trary is the case. For example, the book compositor in New York, who works by the piece, now earns an average of 75 per cent on the rates of CO years ago. The time hand gets twice as much. Expert machine pressmen in the larger New York book offices are paid 520 and 822 a week, an ad vance of more., than 100 per cent If they are specially skillful or active they are paid a good deal more. They have steady em ployment and comparatively easy work. It is a significant fact that the Inchest wages are paid in those offices that have the most and best machinery. Low wages are the rule, almost without exception, in all offices that have little or no machinery. Instead of throwing men out of work, ma chinery has made a demand for more work, and it has raised the price of labor instead of lowering it. The prices of composition have not in creased as much as those of press work, the advance ot the latter being 100 per cent, and of the former 75 per cent The reason is plain. Composition has not as yet received any appreciable benefit from type-setting machinery. The history of labor-saving machinery in other branches ot industry shows that it is in the long run most benefi cial to the interests of labor and the labor ing classes, and helps by opening up new avenues of employment, to raise the inven tor and the operative to a higher plane, where they become as necessary to the capi talist and the employe as the latter can be to the former. Fntnro of the Steam Engine. It has been thought that the sphere of the steam engine would be greatly circum scribed in the future by the growing de velopment of electricity, but Prof. Thurs ton, of Cornell University, in an article in the North American Review, is inclined to the view that this invention is capable of vast improvement, and that it has not yet begun to exhaust its inherent powers. On the basis of the greater developments in the application of inventions to the steam en gine. Pro). Thurston predicts that the next generation' will see it consuming one pound of luel per hour for a single horse-power; that ships of 20,000 tons will be driven at the rate of 40 miles an hour; that the American continent can be spanned by fly ing trains in two days, and that transporta tion between the cities of the Atlantic and those of the Pacific coasts will be so cheap that the general average ot living will be vastly improved upon what exists to-day. Dnngerof Celluloid Manufacture. The French Government is abont to in vestigate the mannfactnre of celluloid, with a view to lessening the danger to life and property which attends the making of that inflammable material. Daring the past two years three celluloid factories in France have been burned, and in each case loss of life and serious injuries were involved. It is believed that the French authorities will prohibit the mauutacture of celluloid, within a safe distance of inhabited houses. The process of making, celluloid, which is composed in great part of- gun cotton, is too dangerous to De permitted in settled neigh borhoods, and there is no question as to the propriety of such establishments being iso lated. The terrible explosion about two years ago in New Jersey was not without its lessons in this respect Consumption of Coal by Ocean Racers. The tremendous speed which has lately been attained by the Atlantic racers entails a prodigious expenditure in fuel. Consid ering the consumption of coal even on the crack steamers so lately as ten years ago, it is almost appalling to read that one of the ocean flyers on 'her last trip used "only" 220 tons'of coal a day, or something over 1,600 tons, in itself a cargo for a sailing ship of the first class during the entire voyage. It seems safe to predict that the efforts of the engineers will now be devoted quite as much to the more economical application of power as to the generation of more power by their engines. The profit represented by a saving in the consumption ot coal has be come quite as important an object of desire in the Atlantic passenger trade as the at tainment of high speed. Lighting Railway Carriages by Electricity. After the terrible experience of the, last few years of fires started in railway trains during an accident by stoves or lamps, it is reassuring to know that at least one source of danger is. being removed by the superses sion by the electric light of the oil lamp on BILE POISONED BLOOD! Nearly every one Is occasionally troubled with bilious attacks, more especially in the spring months, after the svstem has been sur feited with hearty food during the winter. The action of the Liver is interfered with, causing an overflow of bile into the blood. The blood carries this bile into every part of the system, causing yellow skin, yellow eyes, liver spots, etc., and often serious cases of billons fever originate from tbis bile poisoned blood. A few doses of Burdock Bfood Bitters, taken on appearance of bilious symptoms, will remove tbem and protect the system from a probable serious attack. Run Down in the Spring. Tarn nalno-Bnrdock Blood Bit ters for Sick Headache and Bil iousness. It is tne nest meaicine i ever took. I was so run down this spring from overwork that my husband nrged me to see a doctor. I was scarcely able to stand and concluded to try B. B. Bitters first; tbe first bottlo is not yet finished, bnt I can go about my work with pleasnre already. I shall take an other bottle. Mbs. Johk Donnelly, care of Edward Doolet, 15 Lyman Street Springfield, Mass. I tell von for the benefit of oth era what Burdock Blood Bitters 1 has done for me. 1 nave been a sufferer for years from Liver Com plaint and weak stomach. At times I was so bad that I wonld apply to our family physician for relief, which wonld be but tempor ary.Last falllhad an unusually bad spell. My mother bought a bottle of Burdock Blood Bitters, and it gave me great relief. It helped me more than anTthlne I have BHi, HwBin BOTTLE Will Relieve Clogged Liver and Cleanse Bile Poisoned Blood. ever taken. It is also excellent for constipation. Mrs. LizzrB Gedbb, Ickesbnrg, Perry Co., Pa. LASTSPRING, Last spring my h-iltb became veTypoor. I had no appetite and my liver troubled me. I used several medicines, bnt obtained no relief until I was finally persuaded to try Burdock Blood Bitters. This medicine cured me. Mattd Fishebv, Flackvm,N7Y, ' many of the railroad lines. The element of safety is one of the greatest inducements for the introduction of electric lamps, as it is quite impossible for any fire to catch from them, while the oil lamp is never safe. One of the recent installations of the improved system of lighting is on the Michigan Cen tral road, where the cars are fitted with storage batteries. The expenditure of elec tricity is comparatively small, and the light secured is much more brilliant than that of the ordinary lamps. Tho Elflel Tower Elevators. A test was recently made at the Eiffel Tower, in Paris, which will be of great in terest not only to American manufacturers, but to the large number of American vis itors to the Paris Exposition. The en gineer of the American firm of Otis sub jected the Otis lift to a final trial before handing it over for public use. The eleva tor was heavily loaded, raised to a consid erable height and there fastened with ordi nary ropes. The steel wire with which it is worked was then detached, and the ropes were cut The enormous machine began to fall. It soon began to move more slowly, swayed for a moment from right to left then stack on the brake and stopped. Not a pane of glass in the lift had been broken or cracked, and the car stopped without the slightest shock. Metal In Place or Wood Ties, jtfv The Department of Agriculture hasbeerx looking into the subject of metal tracks on railways as substitute for wooden ties. The inquiry was expedited by the large destruc tion of forests of this country, and the large consumption of timber for railway ties. It is found that metal ties are able in point of efficiency to compete with wooden ones; that their use is extending, and that in point of economy, considering the first cost and durability, the result depends upon the ma terial, the state of the metal market and upon local circumstances. This report, aa bearing on the question of the preservation of our forests, is a most important one. Artificial 811k. The serious epidemics which have from time to time threatened the existence of the silk industry of France and other countries have drawn the attention of scientists to the problem of imitating the product of the silkworm. The difficulty has been over come by the chemists, who now produce in their laboratories not only a clever substi tute for, but an actual imitation of natural silk. The elasticity of this artificial pro duct is said to be analagous to that of raw silk. It can be dyed by the ordinary pro cess and it is said that in brillianey, tex ture and general beauty it even surpasses the natural product of the cocoon. Exploilxes and Detonation. In a paper recently read before the So ciety of Chemical Industry in England, the singular fact was pointed out, with refer ence to the relative rapidity of combustion and rapidity of "detonation" of explosives, that a dynamite cartridge one foot in -length occupied only one twenty-four-tbousandth part of a second in explosion. At this rate a ton of dynamite cartridges about seven eighths of an inch in diameter, placed end to end, and measuring one mile in length, would be consumed in about a quarter of a second by detonating a cartridge at each end; while a similar train, if simply ignited, would occupy several minutes lor its com bustion. Life of Steel Ralls. The life of steel rails is fixed bya German commission at an average of 35 years. This is the result of observations extending over six years made on railways in Germany, Austria, Hung iry, Holland and Belgium. The conditions assumed are an annual traffic of 3,430,000 tons and a minimum and maximum wear and tear of 0,007 and 0,017 millimetres. Natural Ga nad Veaetatlon. It is stated that since the introduction of natural gas SOO shade trees have been killed by natural gas leaks In the parks of Alle gheny City. DIPPEEENCE IN EGGS. 100 Hens Prodnce In Shells Abont 137 Pounds of Cbalk Yearly. Popular Sclence.1 In form and general aspect the difference among birds' eggs is endless. Some are elongated, some are spherical, some are dull on the surface, some are polished, some are dark, and others gray or white, others very bright The shape of eggs offers as much diversity as their size and weight They may be thrown, however, into six different typical forms the cylindrical, the oval, the spherical, the ovicular, oviconical and the elliptic. The ovicular form of eggs belongs to the Passera and Gallinacx, the oviod to the rapacious birds and the Palmipedes, the conical to the wading birds and some Pal mipedes, the short to some came and many stilted birds, and the spherical to nocturnal birds of prey and the kingfisher. If a farmer has a flock of 100 hens they produce in egg shells about 137 pounds of chalk annually; and yet not a pound ot the substance or perhaps not even an ounce, exists around the farmhouse within the- cir cuit of their feeding grounds. The mate rials of the manufacture are found in the food consumed and in the sand, pebble stones, brick dust, bits of bones, etc, which hens and other birds are continually pick ing from the earth. The instinct is keen for these apparently innutritions and refrac tory substances, and they are devoured with as eager a relish as the cereal grain or in sect. If hens are confined to barns or out buildings it is obvious that the egg-producing machinery cannot be kept long in action unless the materials for the shell are supplied in ample abundance. If you suffer from Headache, Nausea, Dizfz ness, Faintness, Alternate Costlreness and Diarrhoea, Yellow Complexion, Weakness, Ach ing Shoulders or any other symptom of bilious-, ness or Liver Complaint proenre a bottle 4 I B.B. B.t which will correct the clogged condi tion of the Liver, cleanse the blood of all im purities and tone up tbe entire system. It Is an acknowledged fact by all who have used BURDOCK BLOOD BITTERS THAT ONE BOTTLE CONTAINS MOBE CUBATTVE PEOPEBTIESTHAN GALLONS OF ANY OTHER MEDICINE KNOWN. A Horrible Condition. I was in a horrible condition from dyspepsia and a combination of other complaints. In the morning when I got ont of bed It seemed as if I could not stand up on account of dizziness. Hearing Burdock Blood Bitters high Iy recommended, I am now using the first bottle, and, although not having used qnlte a fall bottle, the dizziness has entirely disappeared and I am mnch better of my other complaints. I have tried many other medlcuies, with no relief. Mbs. Mart Chatoczt, 25 E. Bansom st, Kalamazoo. Mich. I bad been troubled with Liver Comnlalnt. Indigestion and Palnlta- tion of the Heart for are or six years and could get nothing to do me any good until I tried B.B.B. I used 13 bottles and now I am a sonnd man. I reel better than I ever did in my life. My digestion became all right and V i?i have no more trouble with my beartSji; I feel rerr eratef nl toward B. B. B.m and feel like recommending It ereryBit where. Yours respectfully, Frank!? Hickman, New" Straltsvule, Perry- Co., Ohio. -. - THISSPRING. I have been taking Burdock Blood Bitters, and using It in my family this spring.. FotK three years I hare had the dyspepsia. I .set st bottle or two of your Bitters and they bare cured me, and I never felt better ia fty lMe.it Is a sure cure for-dyspepsia, and best saodjeina jl know of. BcfiUZJTCB Covert, atitfc.