Newspaper Page Text
SHa5S2 ' -KJ5J3(Vi &&? 8 ,$13,000,000 WANTED. Seven. French Heirs Think They See a Nice Chance to Get Eich. AFTEB. HAKING HIS GREAT WILL GIrari Accumulated Property That TVas IV nicf-;ttiii Timii t THE HG'PEFCL ONES CLAIM ALL THIS, Aid Alsai Bay the CItj of Brotherly Lore Hasn't Dano Its rropcr rut Certain French heirs of Stephen Girard seeaciance to get about 13,000,000 of his estate. They claim Philadelphia has not obeyed the terms of the bequest to it, and also that there was property distributed under the terms of the will that was ac quired after the trill was made, and which, therefore, was not subject to its terms. This claim is, of course, untenable, but is inter esting as the basis of the hopes of the claimants. mrECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISrATCII.l ITEtv York, August 3. Miss Henrietta Girard, of Philadelphia, and Mrs. De Vars du Maine, of Paris, the former a niece aud the latter a grandniece of the founder of Girard College, are instituting legal pro ceedings to recover millions of dollars of the Girard estate, now held in trust partly by the city of Philadelphia and a Mrs.Eugenia Girard and partly by the State of Louisiana. Mrs. De Vars is poor, and Miss Hen rietta, who is now 75 years old, has lived almost her entire life in abject misery. Mrs. Eugenia Gi rard, one of the defendants, is living in Philadelphia. She is a native of that city and her maiden name was Ellen T. Hemp hill. She married a nephew of the philan thropist, John Augustus Girard, who died in 1870, leaving her without children, but in possession of a large part ot the Girard estate. She lives the life of a recluse. The story of the Girard succession, which is a long and intricate one, is as follows: HOW CIEABD GREW RICHER. Stephen Girard was born at Bordeaux, .France, in 1750. He passed his early youth in a seafaring capacity, and became master and co-owner of an American coaster. In 1769 he retired from sea life, commenced business as a small trader in Philadelphia, and ultimately realized a large fortune. This was further extended by his embarking in the business ot private banking in 1812, when he found himself able to advance to tne Government a loan of $5,000,000. A very liberal benefactor to the city of his adoption, he subscribed liberally to its charities, adorned it with many elegant buildings, and finally, when he died in 1831, bequeathed to it the bulk of his property, amounting to $9,000,000, with the proviso that a sum of $2,000,000, besides the proceeds of a certain proportion of the estate, out of which some legacies were to be deducted, would be devoted to the establishment and maintenance of a college for orphans, in which no ecclesias tic, missionary or minister of any sect whatever should ever be admitted even as a visitor. THE WILL NOT CARRIED OUT. But a most important provision of Girard's will was that all revenues accumu lating in the hands of the municipal corpor ation of the city of Philadelphia were to be applied to certain works of embellishment, charity and police organization. Filty eight years have elapsed since Girard's death, and apart from the college, which was- established only 17 years after his death, the city, the plaintiffs say, have done nothing to carry out the intentions of the testator. This infraction of the clauses of the will, it is claimed by the legal heirs, cives them the right to be put in possession of said unemployed revenues, aggregating to-day some $2,000,000. A compromise is expected by which the city will get rid of any further litigation on that ground. As to the suit proper against Mrs. Xugenia Girard, it refers to some G.OOO ceres of very VALUABLE WOOD AND COAL LANDS, situated in the richest section of Schuylkill county, which formed a part of the Girard estate at the time of his death, bnt having been bought by him posteriorly to the writ ing of his will could not be part ot the residuary legacy made to the city of Phila delphia, for, according to Pennsylvania laws, any property owned by a man after he has made his will does not go by his will, but accrues to his legal heirs, The courts of Philadelphia the claimants have been infotmed, recognized this tact as early as 1853, and 11 tracts of the Schuylkill county lands, estimated at $1,100,000, were consequently transferred by judgment to the heirs without any appeal from the city. But John Augustus Girard, the husband of Mrs. Eugenia Girard, who was at the time established in Philadelphia, managed to take possession of the 6,000 acres to the detri ment of the poor old maid, Henrietta, and of the far-awav Fiench heirs. a fat rrnnr g for the lawyers. A few months ago those of the claimants residing in Prance settled upon M. De Vars Du Maine a full power of attorney, and, in conroany with his wife, the gentleman sailed for Philadelphia. They held a num ber of interviews with Miss Henrietta Girard, Attorney Otterson, and a dis tinguished Xew York lawyer, Mr. Ednund Huerstel, of 290 Broadway, who will act as senior counsel during the whole proceed ings. Last week M. De Vars Du Maine, being taken suddenly ill, decided that he should return to France, and before doing so transferred the power of attorney to his wife. Another Philadelphia lawyer, Baron De Pardonnet, is in charge of another suit against the State of Louisiana, on behalf of the same heirs for the recovery of 208,000 acres of land belonging to the Girard estate and valued at $5,000,000. It will be seen that the whole contest is for the possession of some $13,000,000, to be divided .among seven heirs. Mr. Huerstel claims that a number of startling exposures in regard to the distribution of the moneys from the es tate will be made in a short time. WAKT THREE BEAKEJIEN. The Cause of n Strike on a Branch of tbo Lake Shore Rond. Cleveland, O., August 3. Thirty freight conductors and brakemen on the branch of the Lake Shore Railroad running between Ashtabula and Youngstown are on a strike for three brakemen to a train in stead of two. The company recently put a number ot mogul locomotives into service, doubling the length of the trains. Very little freight is moving, though the com pany says it can easily fill the strikers' places. A Godsend to Hntuanltj. "My wife has been sorely distressed for ?iany years," writes Henry C. Baymond, of ronton, O. "Her diseases have been so varied that I will not attempt to describe them. I have paid over $1,000 for doctors and medicines for her without any satisfac tory results. We read so much about Pe ruana that I was forced to try it. It has done her more good than all the doctors and medicines she ever made use of. Pe rm) a is certainly a Godsend to hnmanity." Sold by all druggists $1 a bottle. Dr. Hartman's "Ills of Life," sent tree to any address by the Peruna Medicine Co., Columbus, O., contains many other testimonials. i LATE NEWS IN BRIEF. The President has tendered the appointment ot Collector of the Port ot New Orleans to ex Governor Warmouth of Louisiana. Boston is making great preparations fortbe reception and entertainment ot President Har rison, who will stop tnere on his trip to Bar Harbor. The President yesterday appointed John R. C. Pitkin, of Louisiana, to be Envoy Extraor dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States to the Argentlno Republic. When the train for Quebec on the Grand Trunk Railway had parsed St. Lamberts, after going through the Victoria bridge, Friday night, an explosion occurred in the express car by which a messenger named Rogers was killed, the car completely wrecked and the express matter destroyed. Rumors are afloat that it was an attempt to blow up the Victoria bridge and was delayed too long. An Inquest will be held. It has abont been decided that bnt three of the O. A. R. posts of St. Loais will attend the Grand Encampment at Milwaukee. Delega tions from other posts will, however, gn, and a. battallion from Kansas City will be in attend ance. It may be, though, that more of the In tenor posts will be represented, bnt as it looks now Missouri will not have any more than 600 veterans In the parade. Postmaster Van Cott, of Now York, is thinking over a new scheme he has in bis mind for the improvement of the delivery of mail matter intended for foreign parts. lie hopes to be able to arrance a system whereby mer chants will be able to post letters within a quarter of an hoar of the sailing ot the steamer carrying the outward-bound mall. Ibis would be a big boon to the merchants. The shipments of iron ore from the Lake Superior mines for the last week in July reached the enormous total of 270,081 gross tons, this being the largest single week's work on record. The total shipments for the three months since navigation opened aggregate 3,391.327. This is 1.521.063 tons above the quantity that bad been sent to market by water on the corresponding date last year. A terrible epidemic of bloody flux has ap peared at Warsaw, 111. It came on last Monday in a light form and resembled dysentery, but on Wednesday it assumed a more serious phase, and now 15 people have died. Four deaths occurred Thursday and four Friday, the victims being mostly children. One hundred and eighty cases are now reported. Many of them, it is feared, will resnlt fatally. The peo ple are terror stricken and do not know what to make of the scourge The disease has also appeared at Hamilton, and it is said to exist in epidemic form at Canton and Kahoka, Mo. The reports of terrible dancer and great loss from forest fires in the Yellowstone Na tional Park are so much exaggerated as to be almost wholly unfounded. There have been, and are yet. some tires, but tbe soldiers have worked hard and successfully to overcome them. The fires are still burning, but there is no clanger. Tourists are scattered all over tbe park and feel no fears of any dancer whatever. The hotel people never have been troubled over possible harm, but have kept on steadily at their work of building now hotels at the grand can on and lake. Advices from Honolulu, received by the steamer Mariposa, state that the United States steamer Alert left Honolulu July 8 for Fanning Island to bring the Nipslc to Honolulu for re pairs. The United States steamer Adams was still at Honolulu when the Mariposa left there, July 27. The Adams intended to sail for Samoa a week before that time, but she was detained owing to tbe illness of her surgeon, who is suffer ing with pneumonia, and is quartered at tbe Queen's Hospital. Tbe British war vessel Espiegle sailed from Honolulu, July 27, under orders. It is supposed in Honolulu that there is some trouble in connection with the recent annexations to the British Empire in the south seas, and that the Espiegle will go in that direc tion. , The boundary line of Dakota, from Pem bina west to the Turtle Mountains, has long been a favorite place lor half-breed smugglers, who have made a practice of cutting timber on tbe American side and running it across, where they traded it for groceries and other necessa ries of life, Including an occasional supply of lire water. A depnty marshal, acting under orders from his superior, found that a regular code of signals had been established and were conveyed from one butte to another by half breed women, as a result of which the smug glers were informed of tbe movements of the officers and governed themselves accordingly. Ten half-breeds bave been arrested for smug gling, and such of tbcm as could not secure bail have been taken to Grand Forks for exam- nation. . At San Francisco yesterday a number of prominent capitalists met a committee consist ing of Messrs. De Tuck, West and Harassethy, of tbe Grape Growers' Association, and dis cussed a plan for relieving the wine industry of the State by distilling the surplus wines into a good uniform quality of brandy. It was agreed to organize a company with a capital stock of l:l,O0OjrXKl, divided into 10 OOOsbares of tlOO each. One thousand shares were subscribed for at the meeting. The company is to bo known as the California Brandy Union. Distilleries will be leased and constrncted in thoso parts of the State where cheap grapes and wines are found in excels. A central bonded warehouse will be established In San Francisco. Agencies will be located in all tbe large Eastern cities and in Hamburg and London. Of this year's surplus the comnany will buv 2,600.000 gallons which it will disdU into 5CO.0OO gallons of brandy. A meeting will soon be held at which a Board of Directors will be elected. The President has appointed the following named postmasters: Rollin A. Edreston, at Little Rock,Ark., vice T. W. Newton, removed; James K. Barnes, at Ft Smitb. Ark., vice F. J. Fleming, resigned; John C. Sullivan, at Du ranco. CoL, vice C. M. Hilliker, resigned; Will iam H. Donaldson.at Waterrown, Dak.. vice Lu cius M. Thomas, removed: Eugene B. Fletcher, at Morris, 111., vice J. S. R. Scovill, removed; Israel C. Cope, at Streator, vice M. J. Finlan, removed: William Wilson. Jr., at Washington, la., vice Georgo G. Bodman, removed; Edward S. Horton, at Northville, Mich- vice J. H. Woodman, removed; George W. Jones, at Im lay City. Mich., vice E. J. Laders, removed; Squire Lane, at Burlington. Kan., vice E. SI. Lockwood, removed; William E. Hogueland, at Yate's Center, Kan., vice E. V. Wharton, re movea: John S. Eastwood, at Eureka. Kan., vice W. W. McGrew. removed; Frank D. Allen, at Oswego, Kn.,vice John M.Landis, removed; W. C. Whltne. at Cawker City, Kan., vice J. W. Hughes. removed; Henry P. Kraus, at Reno, Nev., vice J. C. Hagerman, removed: Emanuel Schultz, at Mlamlsburg. O., vice C. K. Kinder, removed; W. Holrerstadt, at Columbiana, O., vice George Lower, re moved: John V. McKee, at Celina, 0 vico Jacob Krenscb. removed; Amos T. Dailey, at Van Wert, O., vice John Shaw, removed: James Israel, at il t Vernon, O., vice John D. Thomp son, removed; William A Winsboro, at Ban gor, Pa., vice V. A. Wagner, resigned; A. A. Thomson, at Carlisle, Pa., vice H. K. l'feffer, removed; Andrews A. Cathcart, at Blooms burg, Pa., vice George A. Coark, removed; William H. Fine, at Bristol, Pa., vice James Drury, removed; George W. Scbock, at Mifliln burgh, Pa., vice C. A. Eaton, resigned. Eve, Ear. Nose nnd Throat. When you consult Dr. Sadler, 304 Penn avenue, Pittsburg, you get the skill of 20 years' experience with 16,000 different cases, the results of which have not been surpassed by the best in the profession anywhere. He has even restored many who have been pro nounced hopeless. Cataract, disease of the optic nerve, iritis, crooked eyes, granulated lids, ulcers and opacities of the cornea, tu rners in lids, "weeping -eye," burns and in juries, catarrhal deafness, discharges from ears even when 10 to 40 years' standing. Send for reference. Tumors in ears, ca tarrh of nose, catarrh of throat, hoarseness, loss of voice, are all curable; the earlier treated the better the result. Spectacles ad justed. Artificial eyes inserted. CLARET WINES. Imported BrnndenberitFreres. Medoc, St. Emilion, St. Estepha, St. Julien, Margeaux, Pontet, Canet,St.Pierrie, 'Chateau Leoville, Chateau la Rosa, Chateau Mouton, Grand Vin Chateau Margeaux, Grand Vin Chateau Lafitte, by the case or bottle. G. W. Schmidt, 95 and 97 Fifth avenue, city. Merit Wins. The photographs made by Hendricks & Co., 68 Federal street-Allecheny, give uni versal satisfaction. We do not hesitate to guarantee our work every time, and stand ready to refund the purchase-price if the work is not satisfactory. Don't forget the number, 68 Federal street, Allegheny. Cabinets only $1 a dozen. The choicest lines of fancy flannels for blouse waists, seaside wear, tea gowns and shirting shown this season. Handsome colorings and effects all prices, from 25c to $1 a yard. Hugus & Hacke. Jab. McKee, watchmaker and jeweler, 420 Smithneld St., one door below Diamond st, formerly 13 Fifth avenue. The best place in the two cities for watch and jewelry repairing. Pine work and reasonable prices. 89 to Chicago and Reinrn 89 Via the Pittsburg and Western By., Thurs day, August 8; limit ten days. Train leaves 12;40 P. M. central time. Finest Work, Lowest Prices, Prompt deliveries, have made Hendricks & Co. the popular photographers of Alleghenyv yiMiiihn iiaiir'jAj,u' tt rfnrrorrirTniitfi'iifiki,i'llii HtfirWarfflTPTi n " w p i 'm infflmnTTHr iiriTHaMMtw,Triragn wiptitm irMr r j THE BLOWN TO NOTHING. The Industry in Which the Roberts Brothers Hade Millions MADE STfiANGE DEATHS F0RMANY. Annihilation of Human Beings by Means of Hitro Glycerine. OS THEORY OP HOW IT ALL HAPPENED. The Recklessness ot Shooters and Spontaneous Com bustion. ' The death of Dr. Boberts recalls many strange deaths caused mainly by reckless ness in, handling the commodity by the use of which, for exploding in oil wells, to increase their flow, he and his brother made millions of dollars. In some cases hardly a vestige of the victims remained, and the theory furnished for their almost total and instantaneous disappear ance is spontaneous combustion. rsrlCTAI. TELIOBAM TO THE DISFATCH.1 TnusviliLE, August 3. The death of Dr. W. B. Koberts, of Titusville, closes a conspicuous career. Koberts was the great "Torpedo King" of the oil country, and after the Standard oil people, the best known man connected in any way with the oil trade. The strange industry which he and his brother built up was peculiar only to the oil regions. His brother, Colonel A. E. Boberts, is also dead. Por years they enjoyed a close monopoly of the torpedo business, and both the brothers made mil lions of dollars out of it. When their Datents expired by limitation the business of exploding torpedoes in oil wells was taken up by whosoever chose to engage in the hazardous undertaking, and now scores of firms are supplying the trade which for merly depended upon "Torpedo Koberts," as the doctor was known. He was originally a dentist in New York, but coming to the oil country in the early days of the petro leum excitement, he and his brother engaged in the oil business and soon secured a patent on a device for exploding nitro-glycerine in the bottom of oil wells to increase the flow. The device was simple, but it proved to be one of the most valuable inventions of the age, and certainly far exceeded the wildest dreams of the young inventors. The device was simply a tube made of tin to hold the explosive, supplied with a cap for explod ing the substance. This was lowered into the well to the depth of 1,000 feet, if neces sarv, by means of a cord, and, when at the desired depth, a small iron weight called "go devil" was drooped down on the cord, and this striking the tube containing tbe nitro-glycerine a terrific explosion followed. These explosions shattered the oil-bearing rock and the result in nearly every case was an increase in tbe production of the well. The demand for these torpedoes was enor mous. There were anvwhere from 15,000 to 25,000 wells in the region and nearly all of them were torpedoed at regular intervals. HOW MILLIONS WERE MADE. The Boberts brothers got their own prices and their fortunes were quickly made. In a few years their several fortunes were esti mated at from $2,000,000 to $4,000,000. Every oil producer had to pay tribute to them, and finally the oil men sought to break the monopoly by attacking the validity of the patents. The producers or ganized to fight the patents in the courts, and long and bitter litigation was the re sult. The fight went on in every court for vears, and finally the Supreme Court of tbe United States decided in favor of the Kob erts brothers, and they continued to have the exclusive right to manufacture and use the torpedo for 17 years, the life of the patent. The torpedo kings,as they were now called, had scores of agents in all parts of the oil regions, exploding these torpedoes in wells for producers. Each torpedo was from 10 to 200 quarts capacity, and the danger in carrying them over the country was very great. The agents were called "shooters." They carried the nitro-glycerine in wagons drawn by one and often two horses. They often carried as much as 1,500 pounds of the deadly stuff, and yet these men would be come so reckless in their business that they gave little heed to the manner of their driv ing. "Torpedo accidents" were therefore a common occurrence. In dozens of cases man, team and vehicle were blown almost entirely out of existence. It was rarelv that a cigar box would not hold all of the driver that could be found. JCn one case, that of "Doc" Haggerty, no vestige of a human be ing was ever found, and a few pounds of flesh identified by the hair as being all that was left of two horses. This was the Strang est case of the many "torpedo explosions" in the oil conntry. It occurred early in December last, near Pleasantville, seven miles from Titusville. This was after the expiration of the Boberts patents, and others were engaged in the business. Haggerty was employed by George W. Van Veilt in hauliug nitro-glycerine with a two-horse team, and storing it in a magazine near Pleasantville. On this.occasion the wagon contained 1,400 pounds. The explosion oc curred atathe magazine, probably when be was in the act of unloading it, and horses, wagon, magazine and man were blown to atoms. THE FOBCE OP THE EXPLOSION " made a hole in the ground like an excava tion for a cellar, and the report was heard or felt in almost every part ot the county. Thousands of people visited the scene. Search was made for some remains of Hag gerty, but nothing was ever found either of his body or clothing. He was seen on the wagon 20 minutes before the explosion. Cnrious theories were advanced in regard to the utter annihilation of the body. Scien tific men said it was not improbable that the explosion had been sufficiently powerful to generate enough heat to entirely consume the body instantaneously. Hon. A. B. Bichmond, of Meadville, Pa., a man of scientific attainments, held that this theory was quite plausible. He had not originally advanced the theory, but he thought it might be found to be the true one. It was suggested that Haggerty might have fired a pistol ball into the nitro-glycerine from a safe distance, but no motive could be found for doing this outside of the fact that he had an insurance of $5,000 on his life. The insurance company is not en tirely satisfied that he is dead, their chief argument being that no dead Haggerty can be found. Persons familiar with the won derful annihilative power of nitro-glycerine, as witnessed many times in the oil country, have any doubt that Haggerty was com pletely obliterated by the explosion. It is known that the rotary motion of cyclones has generated sufficient heat to singe the feathers on chickens, and the force of this explosion must have been many times greater than any clyclone, and sufficient, therefore, to have consumed every vestige of the body and clothing of Haggerty. The numerous cases or spontaneous com bustion referred to by Charles Dickens in his preface to "Bleak House," were cited at this time to show that it was possible for a human body to be consumed in this way. Dickens disposes of "Mr. Krooks" by spontaneous combustion, and in the preface of the story he justifies himself by citing several well authentic cases that were known to medical science. 'One of these cases was that of a German saloon keeper at Columbus. Ohio. In ail these cases, in cluding that of "Mr. Krooks," excessive alcoholism was the cause. This did not figure in the case of , Hacgerty, as he did not use liquor at alii The writer of this was on the ground soon after the explosion, and a faint odor of fire was remarked. This was perhaps an hourjalter the explosion, or as long as was required to drive seven miles in a buggy over a rough country. MANY STBAXOE CASES. Heary Prance dni a mtro-glyccriaftl 1 - - - s V ' V " ,iu- stilLr r&&A&i$i&&.J.jLJ&iL' - ' niSlilBl'liii1 1 ' Tii'"J u , ' l&xL ?4 i , v v ' . "'- $ - j!-- PITTSBURG DISPATCH," wagon in the Kinzua district, in the Brad ford field, and was finally blown up like most of the "well shooters." 'Nothing was ever found of Prance but one knee-cap, picked up 200 'feet from the scene of the ex plosion. George Dolan was carrying two or three cans of nitro-glycerine in a bag through the outskirts of Bed Bock, a town in the Brad ford field. He fell and the glycerine ex ploded. The force of the explosion knocked down several houses, and all that could be found of Dolan was part of one foot, weigh ing less than a pound. He was a man who weighed over 200 pounds. An extraordinary case was that of Charles Berridge, who was'killed by an explosion in tbe Allegany, N. V., oil field. He was standing in a gulch, the sides of which were abrupt, and not many feet apart. A nitro glycerine magazine explodea near hhn and less than ten pounds of his flesh could be found. Tho ground, at the time of the ex plosion, was covered with new-fallen snow, and, although the body was so nearly annihi lated, not a single drop of blood stained the snow. The body of Berridge, except the ten pounds that were found, had disappeared somewhere, no one could tell where, as there was no mark on the snow anywhere in the vicinity to give any clew. Berridge was a prominent oil producer and diligent search was made for his remains. The number of deaths in the oil country from these explosions will probably reach 75 or 100. Near Scrubgrasx, below Oil City, two men were killed in one explosion, and all the remains that could be found were buried in a cigar box. A man on tbe opposite side of the river was badly stunned by'the force o this explosion. The men were pumping a well and finding hidden in the woods near the well a can containing what they supposed was lard oil they put some of it on the engine to lubricate it The explosion of course followed im mediately. The recklessness of men who handle nitro glycerine, is often remarked. Prance, whose death is noted above, at one time had an assistant in hauling nitro-glycerine, and their mode of unloading the wagon was to toss the cans to each other as if they were bricks. Each one knew that the failure to catch a can meant instant death, but they took the chances. The use of nitro-glycerine has been the means of adding greatly to the petroleum output. The increase, on ac count of it, is placed at many millions of barrels. . CANADIAN CAES May be Ued Without Paying Duty la Bail rond Traffic Between the Two Nations A Ruling That is Confirmed by All of the Precedents. Washington; August 3. The Secre tary of the Treasury this afternoon rendered his decision on the question submitted to him by the Collector ot Customs at Detroit, Mich., as to the dutiable or non-dutiable character of foreign built railway cars com ing into the United States from Canada laden or for the purpose of being laden with mails, passengers, etc The decision is as follows: TnEAStmr Defabtitent. -1 Office or the Secretary, WASHINGTON, August 3. Collector of Customs, Detroit, Mich, i Bib The department has fully considered the question submitted by you of the dutiable or non-dutiable character of foreign-built rail way cars coming into the United States and Canada, laden, or for tbe purpose of being laden, with mails, passengers, baggage, express matter or freight. Tbe records of tnis depart ment show that railway cars engaged in the so called transit trade, partly over the territory of the United States and partly over the terri tory of Canada, have never been regarded as importations subject to duty, but simply as vehicles ot transportation for the conducting of an established and lecallzed traffic In letters from this department to the Presi dent of tbe New York Central Railway Com pany, February 2, 1889, to the collector at Port Huron, April 27, 1870. and to tbe collector at Burlington, December 3, 1S78, and January 9, 1884 it was held that such practice was not obnoxious to the revenue laws of tbe United States, and did not subject foreign-built cars running in the transit trade between Canada and the United States to duty, since section 3,102, Revised Statutes, autbonzes foreign railway cars laden with importations to enter tbe United States and proceed to destination, and section 3,000. Revised Statutes, authorizes the cars of both countries to engage in inter national traffic and the merchandise so carried to be treated as "if the transportation bad taken place entirely within tbe limits of the United States." Tbe principle so adopted and announced has remained in torce for more than 20 years, and does not seem to have been impeached or ques tioned in or Dy any statute or other Congres sional action, or any judicial decision or treaty, or any departmental regulation or restriction in all that time; it being considered that the action taken by the department January 3, 1889, and which action was recalled and re scinded before the same had taken effect, did not amount to a disturbance or impeachment of the otherwise unbroken practice. In view of the long settled rule and practice npon the subject, the department does not deem it con formable to the public interest to disturb the decision deliberately reached and repeatedly affirmed, and must bold that tbe question is no longer open to administrative construction. It only remains to advise you that while these rulings are adhered to in deference to tbe reasonable requirements of commerce not to fiermlt such practice to deeenerate into a icense for the free importation of foreisn built railway cars into tbe domestic traffic of tbe United States under cover of the estab lished usage described in the preceding para graphs. Respectfully yours, W. Wisdom, Secretary. Cabinet photos, 89e per doz. Lies' Pop ular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth st. mwfsu Have your pictures taken on the ground floor at the Standard Photo Art Gallery, 70 Federal st, Allegheny, Pa. POWDER Absolutely Pure This powder never varies. A marvel of pur lty, strength and wholesomeness. More eco nomical than the ordinary kin ds, and cannot be sold in competition with the multitude of ow est, short weight, alum or phosphate pow ders. Sold only in cam. ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO, 106 Wall St, N. Y. oc5-m6-MWTStt DESKS A SPECIALTY. The Most Complete Stock in the city. BED ROCK PRICEa We also manufacture this wonderful combination Easy CSialr. STEVENS CHAIR CO. No. 3 SIXTH ST, ml2-S6-Su PITTSBURG.PA ASGOTT&KENNEWEI Manufacturer! of Ornamental Iron Fencing, Railing and Cresting. 34 BAMPSON ST, ALLEGHENY, 1A, Specially Adapted for Cemetery Lota, jel3$.Th8a 9ml - royals;wj A T Win lBHlk Am Ia i ft3ssy 2 -iiii4 - EBBl w sctndat; awcjst NEW ADVERTISEMENTS!. IN OTJR POPULAR BRAND OldHonesty Will be found a combination not always to be had. A Fine Quality of PLUG- TOBAC CO at a Reasonable Price. Zookfor the red Htin tag on each plug. If you are looking for a FIRST-CUSS ARTICLE -IN- Chewing CD Tobacco DON'T FAIL TO GrVE OLD HONESTY A FAIR TRIAL. Ask your dealer for it. Don't take any other. JNO. ETNZER & BROS., LOUISVIIiliE, KY. mh2-35-8S v The, Ball Corset has soft eyelets. Soft eyelets are loops of corset lace stitched into the corset; softer, smoother, pleasanter, neater, more womanlike than metal. The Ball is the easiest ever worn by woman. The ease is due to covered coils of fine wire spring in the sides: These springs hug the figure gently, and yield with every little strain. The Ball is "boned" with Kabo that never breaks or kinks or rolls up or shifts from its place. You can wear a Ball corset two or three weeks; and, if you don't like it, return it to where you got it and get your money back. The manufact urer pays the merchant to do that. Chicago Cohset Co., Chicago and New York. HERBERT WALKER ARTIFICIAL EYE MAKER, 65 NINTH ST. jeKWSSu 'fin KAUFMANNS' ARE BUILDING AGAIN! Yes, we're at it again. Our large building erected but four years ago isn't so large after all. Our trade has outgrown it It is this fact that has compelled us to obtain a long lease hold on the site formerly occupied by the Chronicle Telegraph building. This new addition (40x120 feet) which will be built in conformity with the architecture of the general store, will increase our room to nearly 100,000 square feet the largest space occupied by any Pittsburg business house. Cur contract calls for the completion of the work on or before November i, and, you will readily admit, it will take "some mighty tall hustling" to complete the building at the agreed time. Within a few weeks the heavy wall running parallel with the newly acquired prop erty will be torn down (or nearly so) and then the dust and dirt will fly thick. In the mean time we.will make strenuous efforts to save our goods from being ruined by the flying ' brick and mortar. How'll we save 'em? By selling them, of course. With this object in view we will to-morrow morning commence a .'. GENERALBUIIDING AND ENLARGING SALE at which every article or garment in our store will be offered at away below its regular price. Our loss may be heavy, but we must "grin and bear it," for, if we stick to our goods now, and allow them to become damaged or ruined by the dust and dirt, they will ever afterward stick to us and, then, our loss will be far greater. Now, then, let the fun commence. The people will dance, while we will pay the piper: Come in and buy any Suit, any Overcoat, any pair of Pants, any Vest, any Thin Garments, any pair of Shoes, any Hat, any Cap, any Trunk, any Satchel, any article of Gents' Furnishing Goods or any garment in our Ladies' Cloak Department FOR FIFTY CENTS ON THE DOLLAR. This offer should induce you to purchase not only to supply your present but future wants as well. Remember, we have no old stock on hand. Everything is fresh, new and stylish, having been made for this season's wear. Tell your friends and neighbors about this sale that they, too, may profit by it. It's a most extraordinary chance a sale not based on fuss and feathers (the substance of the so-called "sacrifice" sales now so conspicuously paraded in the newspapers by other dealers), but on facts made necessary by the building of the new and large addition ' to our store. It's a "mu3t" with us, and you know how cheaply goods can be bought of him who is compelled to sell. Remember, this compulsory Building and Enlarging Sale will commence to-morrow morning; half price for everything will be the watchword, and there'll be no let up until the last garment will be in the hands of the wearer. .-.KAUFMANNS' GRAND DEPOT, 1889.- NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. SUMMER UDNOHES. PRICES NEVER SO LO W. Chipped beef. 12c and Zlc per can Corned beef 12o and 18c per can Potted meats i comprising chicken, turkey. Dcriled meats duck, bam. lobster, tongue Sandwich meats )at20c,25c,30oand35cpercan Roast turkey and chicken 33c per can Boneless turkey and chicken 50c per can Lunch toncue SOc and Sue per can Pickled lambs tongue locperiar Pickled lobster. 45c per jar Boneless pljsfeet 30c per can Truffled liver sausaee 65epercan Chicken sassage 35c per can Vienna sausage 15c and 25c per can Imported Frankfort sausages 75c per can Fresh clams 12c and ISc per can Imported sardines 12c and 20c per can Imported boneless sardines.. ...25c.33c 15c can Fresh salmon 17c, 20c, 25c and 45c per can Spiced salmon 30c per can Pickled oysters 40c nd 75c per jar COOL DRINKS. Lemon juice SOc per. bottle Fruit syrups (all kinds).. .25c and 60c per bottle Raspberry vinegar 45c and 75o per bottle Ginger ale, imported SI 25 per dozen Ginger ale. domestic 90c per dozen Silurian mineral spring ginger ale. qts. $2 75 per dozen Root beer, extract 25c per bottle Birch beer. SI GO per dozen Grape sherbet 50c per bottle Send for the Housekeepers' Guide. Mailed free. k ) 18 DIAMOND, Market Square, PITTSBURG. le30 I Willi GIVE $500 to Anyone Not Using The True Tailor System If they will cut as perfect a fitting garment of any kind and give such exquisite grace and beauty to the form as I will with my system, using only a tailor's square and tape measure, which is every tailor's outfit and should be yours. In regard to tbe claims of the so-called "tailor systems" I will simply remark that any method which does not use a tailor's square and tape measure independent of pieces of pasteboard or graded scales cannot properly be called a tailor system. So do not be deluded or persuaded into buy ing or using a set of "graded scales," charts, models or machines called "tailor systems." Perfect Fitting Patterns cut to order and system taught The True Tailor System, P. O. PERKINS, Inventor, 445 Wood st., 3d door from Fifth ave. jy23-su FIFTH 3gTg" NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. -WW J.HIA.MOITD, Optician, 23 eixth. Street, Ilttsl)Tirnr. Spectacles and Eyeglasses correctly adjusted to every defect of sight. Field and Opera Glasses, Telescopes, Microscopes, Barometers, Thermometers, eta JMHXRTIFICIAL EYES made to order Wgmil warranted. Always on hand a SSSr large and complete stock. JaS-TTSSu THE GREATEST BUSINESS EVER DONE IN THE MONTH OF JOLY PICKERING WAS DONE THE MONTH JUST PASSED ! Put great as the business transacted was, it won't be a marker toward the enor mous business we will do this month of August if LOWEST PEICES ON BEG- . OBD will accomplish the much-to-be-desired object. PRICES ON EVERYTHING IN THE STORE. ABB LOWER THAN EVER THIS WEEK ! And people hare only to visit the popular corner Tenth and Penn Household Furnishing Bazaar to at once come to the conclusion that NEVER WEBE BE LIABE GOODS OFFEEED FOB SUCH LITTLE MONEY I No matter what your eye rests on, no matter what goods strike your fancy, the inquiry, "What's the price of that?" will be. answered by the naming of a fig ure which will astonish you. There's none of the several prices business about us. Go into some stores we could name and it depends a great deal on your per sonal appearance as to bow much will be asked you for anything you point out. In the stores referred to the salesmen will mentally estimate how much you can pay, and If he happens to strike you too high he'll drop a notch or two. As we said before, there's no such monkey-shine business about us. We serve everyone alike the rich and the poor. A poor man's hundred cents goes as far with us as the banker's dollars. We tell again, we've marked down prices to the lowest notch, and positively Sell on Time at as Low Prices as Other Dealers Charge for Cash. We can furnish a bouse complete, from cellar to garret, and give special terms to fcewly married couples in order to induce them to have happy homes of their own. Call and see us. We've a few remnants of carpets left which we shall al most give away this week. PICKERING'S OLD 3ced- r m rnjcftmma I7A T7TYI1 llClrlC Have you PEARS'soap AVE. AND SMITHFIELD NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. Mathematical and Engineering Instrument and Materials. Profile, cross-section, tracing and blue-process papers, tracing linen, etc Largest and best stock of Spectacles and Eye Glasseft ,. , KORNBIiUM, Theoretical and Practical Optician. No. 50 Fifth avenue. Telephone No. 1888. jy31-DSa BET.TABLE HOUSE, COR- TENTH AND PENN. au4 used'