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IHSBBBBBwSjsBjsjBtsjKaTXsaTSZTIinsHHflBnlllEijBSBliSJBm J J l!iRisIjBlSBsRJPB sssssTssTsssss"ssl1TWTiisss"sTTs'in iM"sWllsrsBflsssrFfpi f iiTnr JF SkIoRBHIHHBrHm slSHISHEMRBRHRPTSVHPBBrffMli'1 FtT THE PITTSBURG :IR0N IS ALL EIGHT, -But Business in Other lines Shows 'no Great Improvement! SCARCITY OP KEADY MONEY Has Caused Greater Caution in the Spec ulative Fields. THE TREASURY SURPLUS I5CSEASIKQ rtrECTAI. TXLZOBAX TO THX DISrATCII.1 New York, August 23. Special tele grams to Sradstreet's indicate no note worthy change in the volume of general merchandise being distributed, except that ,' moderate increases are reported at Phila delphia, St Louis, New Orleans, St. Jo seph and Omaha. There is an average movement at most other points, and at al most all the general belief favors an active fall trade. The unfavorable feature at the week is found in fears of stringent money, more particularly at New York City, where the bank reserves have run low. Demands from the "West, customary at this season, coupled with the absorption of funds by the National Treasury in excess of its payments, are responsible for this. At Chicago, where funds have begun to flow to the country more freely, lenders are firmer. Boston, too, reports a closer scanning of commercial paper, owing to recent textile mill failures, and at Providence, B, I., from the same causes, there has been considerable uneasiness in financial circles. COLLECTIONS EASIER. On the other hand, mercantile collections. South West, and Northwest, are easier, and interior merchants feel encouraged by the generally favorable crop prospects. The Louisville leaf tobacco market offerings and sales are the heaviest on record, with strong and advancing prices. Pine barleys bring the highest prices ever realized. Stock speculation is disturbed and prices are irregular, under the fear of financial stringency and the possibility of western rate troubles. The underlying tone of the market is hopeful on the crop situation, but the tendency is to await developments in connection with money. Bonds are dull and a little lower. Call loans at New York are firm at 6 per cent. Foreign exchange is dull but less firm. Demand sterling $4 87 Baw wool is duller and weaker, with price concessions to cash buyers. Demand is slow and prospects for manufacturers are less favorable. A special meeting of wool manufacturers has been called for Septem ber 17 to discuss the situation and such tariff changes as may be recommended. Raw cotton is active and 3-lGc higher at New York on good spinning and export demand, slow crop movement and small stocks. Crop prospects are only marred by reports of damage from worms. DRTGOODS LINES. Domestic cotton and wool dress fabrics and foreign dress goods are generally more active with jobbers at the East, owing to a larger Southern and "Western demand. A heavy distribution of ginghams has been made at New York at concessions. Agents report a moderate demand, the most activity being in reorders of cotton goods. Prices are rather more irregular. Some makes of woolen dress fabrics have been marked up by agents. Print cloths, on the contrary, are weaker and 1-lGo lower at New York. Southern brown cottons are in buyers' favor owing to large supplies. Some .leading makes of prints are slightly re duced. Woolen men's wear goods are quiet Importers of foreign goods report the autumn lrr.de several weeks late. Pig iron is firm, as the very heavy pro luctis readily absorbed. Southern makers 'ecline to sell at concessions. Bails are . arce and $1 higher on the month. All 'domestic iron and sieel markets are expand ing. Steel blooms, billets and slabs are in urgent demand. It is announced, semi officially, that the agreement between the American copper mine owners and foreign operators that tne large amount of copper sow held her under foreign ownership shall not be sold here, while exports of 32,000 tons per annum will be allowed as against last year's exportation of about 39,000 "tons. BBEAD3TTTFFS DEFBESSED. The breadstuff markets have been de pressed and prices lower all around. This is caused by a decreased demand for flour, wheat and corn, both for home use and for export Western deliveries of wheat are restricted, but Eastern offerings are freer. The latter is true of corn East and West, and of oats. Wheat leaves off lc lower. Exports of wheat (and flour as wheat) ag gregate 2,703,145 bushels (both coasts), against 1,914,412 bushels last week and 2, 336,620 bushels in the week one year ago. The aggregate exported July 1 to date is 13, 593,290 bushels, against, 15,990,600 bushels in a like portion of 1888. Dealings in hog products have been of fair proportions, but prices are lower in sympathy with the West Cattle and hogs are off 1020c at the West Importers of raw sugars after a somewhat protracted resistance reduced prices one fourth cent and refiners bought with com parative freedom. European cables are de pressed. Befined went off more freely at the modified prices, some grades advancing one-eighth cent on the improved demand. Speculation in coffee has been tame and prices are one-sixteenth to one-half cent 'lower. News of rains in the Bio Janeiro district, which helped depress prices, it is said ' was received by some operators here some days before the public learned of it Business failures reported to Bradttreet'x number 213 in the United States this week against 177 last week and 1C7 this week last year. Canada had 13 this week against 24 -last week. The total of failures in the United States, January 1 to date, is 7,427, against 0,585 in 1888. DUN'S EEVIEW. B. G. Dun & Co. 'sweekly review of trade Bays: The monetary pressure, of which so many warnings have been given, has oper ated this week to modify an improvement in general trade due to excellent crop pros pects. It is quite the fashion in stock ex change circles to represent the rise in lead ing rates as artificial and intended to effect prices of stocks, but the truth that specula tion of various sorts had previously with drawn too much money from the support of iegiumaic uusiness ana productive in dustry, and tne tendency of apprehension as to the future has been to cut down time loans still farther, while many of the lend ers have preferred to place their money on call with readily negotiable collaterals. The treasury meanwhile has been collect ing its surplus revenues from the people at large, but .disbursing it to the holders oi bonds and lenders at monetary centers. The result has tended for months to cause a faulty distribution of the monetary supply. GEEATEB CAUTIOIT. . The suspension of important mills results in greater caution as to loans, and a quick arrest of purchases of materials for wool and cotton manufacturers. Thus at Boston the wool market has been completely unsettled again, sales for the week amounting to onlv 1,100,000 pounds, all in small lots, and con cessions of 1 to 2 cents would be necessary in order to move large lots. At Philadelphia the money market is tight and the banks scrutinize closely be cause they have little to spare. At Boston banks who supply customers discriminate very closely. Here the demand for com mercial paper is verylight, and four months' paper ranges from 67J per cent -. The money markets of interior cities are far better supplied; at Chicago by liberal receipts from the country, ana at most other points because the demand has as yet been only moderate, but some closeness is noted at St Paul withtloir collections, From all quarters improvement in business is re ported, with fine prospects for fall trade consequent upon large crops. IK inn INTEBIOB. At Chicago the actual transactions are about equal to last year's in clothing, a lit tle larger in boots and shoes, and 18 per cent larger in drygoods. The grocery trade improves at most points, excepting as to sugar, for which the demand has been mnch aflected bv the operations of the trust, and raw is a c lower. Coffee is in better de mand and Jc higher, and the serious injury to the Eastern potato crop- by wet weather has caused a sharp advance. Butter and eggs are also higher, and cotton 3-lGc for spool, notwithstanding a decline of 4c in print cloths. The splendid crop prospects begin to have their legitimate effect upon prices of bread stuffs and provisions. Hogs have declined this week 20 cents per 100 pounds; lsrd 12 cents and pork 60 cents per barrel; oats and corn half a cent cacb.tbc latter with sales of 5,000,000 bushels, and wheat has declined IK cents, with sales of only 7,500,000 bush els. The speculative movement in wheat has been defeated by liberal receipts from the farms, and when the farmers market freely early in the season the prospect for fall trade is excellent and monetary pres sure is not generally of long duration. IRON AND STEEL. The iron and steel business appears still more encouraging, but the rapid increase in supply renders consumers more confident as to lower prices. Secretary Windom's confidence that bonds would be offered freely in case of an advance in the rates for money appears to have been justified thus far, the offerings and purchases this week having been quite liberal. The treasury nevertheless holds $2,000,000 more cash than it held last Saturday, and, as has been ex plained, bond purchases do not put much money at the right spot to meet commercial needs. Happily toreign trade at present threatens no drain. The business failures number 206, as com pared with a total of 213 last week, and 201 the week previous. Por the corresponding week of last year the figures were 214. A PBOTESTANT -LEAGUE Organized to Counteract the Possible Politi cal Eflect of Parochial Schools An Amendment to the National Constitution to be Asked For. rsrECUI. TELEQEAlt TO Till DISPATCH.! Saratoga, August 23. A meeting com posed ot 100 persons, mostly clergymen, from various sections of the country, was held here to-day for the purpose of consider ing the possible political and religious effect of the general establishment of parochial schools throughout the United States in con nection with the Bonian Catholic Church, and as aVorking part of that great religious system. The . meeting was private, being held with closed doors, and none could gain admittance who could not show a ticket of invitation, the desire being, in the in cipiency of the movement, to have only those present who were known to be friendly to the purpose to be furthered. The name adopted for the organization and movement was "The National League for the Protection of American Institu tions." Under this name auxiliary socie ties are to be everywhere formed and encour aged and literature on the subject prepared and circulated. One of the avowed objects of this association is to procure an amend ment to the Constitution protective of American institutions and prohibiting leg islative appropriations tor sectarian or de nominational purposes. This evening a large public meeting was held in furtherance of the objects of the national league just organized. The Bcv. Dr. Minor, of Boston, was President The principal address was made by Bev. Joseph Cook, of lioston. .Letters of hearty co operation were read from -Bishop Coxe, of Buffalo, and ex-PresIdentHjll, of Harvard. Said the speakers: "Our movement is and will be defensive and not aggressive. We shall make war upon no man's religion, but upon the political dangers which threaten us. There is no safety to our institutions so long as any man with a ballot in his hand is dictated to by any other man." A BBAYE DHPMMEB. After 25 Tears IIo fleets tho Man Who Saved nil Life on the Field of Battle Promoted by Gallant Gen eral Phil Kearney. (SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISFATCH.1 Sr. Paul, August 23. A very romantic meeting between two old soldiers took place in Minneapolis a few days ago during the national convention of Foresters. B. B. Levy, of New York, who was attending the convention, has been specially designated as a hero oy an act ot Congress, when the war broke out he enlisted in ' the First New York Volunteers as a drummer, being only 16 years of age.. xlis regiment was bard pressed on the re treat from Bichmond under McClellan, and the boy dropped his drum, took a gun from the hands ot a comrade and charged in the front rank. The color bearers were shot down, and the Stars and Stripes were for a moment trampled under foot and in immi nent danger of capture. But only for a moment, lor young Levy rushed back and, fighting desperately, seized the colors and bore them triumphantly back to his retreat ing regiment An eye witness to this heroio act was General Phil Kearney and he at once pro moted Levy from drummer to color-sergeant When the time of jhis regiment was out he re-enlisted in the Fortieth New York. At the battle of the wilderness Levy was wounded by a compound fracture of the thigh was left on the field for dead. A brave surgeon who stayed by his fel low comrades at the risk of his life tended Levy's wounds. Before he could be removed from the field Levy was captured by Colonel White's guerrillas, but alter several weeks was re captured by Northern troops. His acts of gallantry were reported to Congress, and by special act he was decorated with a cross in recognition of his services and bravery in saving the colors at Bichmond. While in Minneapolis he accidentally overheard the name of Dr. O. J. Evans, and, wondering if it could be the same gallant surgeon who had saved his life on the battlefield, called at his address. Sure enough it was the same, and for the first time.in 25 years the two comrades met and clasped hands with a feeling only old soldiers can understand. FOR BREACH OF PROMISE. A C3-Yrar-OId Wldoir Saes a Man Half Hor Aire. Kingston, August 23. The particulars or an interesting breach oi promise suit for $5,000 comes from Kingsbury. The parties are Catherine Noonan, a 65-year-old widow, with seven children, and Daniel Heenahan. who has seen less than half that number of years. The fair widow alleges in her com plaint that Daniel promised to marry her on three different occasions, his last vow to take her for better or worse being made on the Fourth of July. He now refuses to marry her because she does not get home from her work a 7 o'clock in the evening, at which time he is ready to begin his court ing. On the other hand the fair Catherine claims thai, having to go out washing tor a living, she is obliged to stay out some even ings tilt 9 o'clock or later. She likewise al leges that she had lost much valuable time with Daniel under his promise of marriage when she could have had her choice lrom a score of aspirants or her band. For all of which she wants 5,000. CLARA BELLE in to-morrouft Dis- taga and relate the effect of the elixir of life' jo I ' Jtfi J'rVI ' W.WWW J(MlC ,UUj, PITTSBTJKG, INSURANCE BUSINESS. Of the State of Pennsylvania, as Shown in the Annual Beport of THE INSURANCE COMMISSIONER. Great Increase In the Number of Policies Written the Past Tear. LESSONS TAUGHT BI THE BTATIBTICS (SPECIAL TM.EOBAM TO TBI SISFATCB.1 Haebisbubo, August 23. The second part of the sixteenth annual report of the Insurance Commissioner of Pennsylvania, just issued, contains the reports of 6 com panies of this State, all located in Philadel phia, 32 life companies of other States and 6 accident companies. It also contains the reports of 11 assessment life companies and 4 assessment accident companies of this State and 29 assessment life and 9 assess ment accident companies of other States. The total paid for insurance in Pennsylva nia in 1888 was $21,918,689 44,of which $ 12, 334,708 98 were premium receipts of life companies. The Pennsylvania companies received from business in this State $2,568, B93 10 and companies of other States $9,706, 115 82. The premium receipts of Pennsyl vania stock, fire and marine companies were $3,032,186 79, those of Pennsylvania mutual fire companies $974,171 97 and of other States $5,587,631 70. The aggregate paid for insurance (.$21,948,699 44) is $1.78$, 070 86 greater than the outlay for insurance in 1887,of which $1,163,793 28 were receited by companies of other States and $315,451 40 by Pennsylvania companies. The accuent and casualty companies ol other Statesldid an increased business of $32,591 40, maling the aggregate in 1888 $272,159 80. A. GREAT INCBEASE. I The companies of this State issued f,978 policies last year, insuring $14,286,81 on lives of citizens of this. State, an increase of insurance of $4,533,175. In addition, J0.233 industrial policies, insuring $3,836,273 were issued. Companies of other states issued 14,812 policies in this State, insuring $46, 598,756, and 238,540 industrial policies, in suring $25,514,711, making an aggregate ,by all companies of 287,563 policies, insuring $90,236,554. ' The total losses paid by life compaaies in this State in 1888 were $5,918,046, of which home companies paid $933,865.15, and com panies of other States, $4,984,181. The insurance in force at the close of ihe year 1888 upon lives of residents of Pennsyl vania, including industrial insurance, of small amounts, aggregates 655,450 policies, insuring $365,447,545, of which 35,200 poli cies, insuring $71,409,365, were in companies of this State, and 620,250 policies, insuring $294,038,180, in companies of other States. ACCIDENT BUSINESS. The accident companies held in force In this State at the olose of the year 9,485 policies, insuring $23,095,440; the Pennsyl vania life companies 51,979 policies, insur ing $138,669,786, against 46,639 policies, insuring $124,233,034, at the close of the year 1887. The same companies had a total net premium income of $5,441,987 51 in 1888, against $4,726,574 55 in 1887, and a total income from all sources oi $7,294, 606 in 1888, against a total income of $6,398, 519 83 in 1887. Their entire expenditures in 1888 were $4,628,527 11, of which sum $3,047,291 81 were paid to policy holders. In 1887 their expenditures were $3,789, 609 77, and policy holders received $2,506, 251 CO. The entire income of the assessment life companies of this State was $978,076 88 and expenditures$910,169 66. Of the sums ex. pended $635,507 84, or 65 per cent of the entire income, was used in the payment of death claims, and $274,661 82, or 28 per cent of the income, went to expenses of manage ment The total number of members at the beginning oi the year in the companies of this State was iH,4uy ana at its close -',iitj. OT1IEB ASSESSMENT COMPANIES. The assessment life companies of other States, licensed in this State and reporting to the Insurance Department, show in 188! a total income of $10,618,620 31 and exi penditures amounting to $9,581,319 58. Of their expenditures about 68 per cent of the income went to the payment of losses and 21 per cent to general expenses of manage ment. The 12 assessment accident companies re porting to the department show in 1888 a total income of $1,712,075 91, and expendi tures, $1,661,080 91. Sixty per cent of the income was used for expenses and 30 per cent in payment ot losses. In referring to deieatea legislation "de fining the power and assigning the legiti mate field of operation of beneficial associa tions beneath the rank of assessment life companies," the Insurance Commissioner says: "Although this bill by its terms did not apply to societies doing business entirely througn the lodge system, it was no sooner made public than a number of these favored orders were in full cry against it Its pro visions were misrepresented, and the members of the orders, through their numerous lodges, induced to petition the Legislature against its passage. THIS POTEST INIXTTENCE was reinforced by the beneficial assocfations already under the ban of the law, but who expected to obtain better terms than this measure proposed to accord them. Of course the bill had no chance against this combined opposition. Perhaps, upon re flection, the active opponents of the bill may conclude that their victory is a barren one. The orders had not thn ' shadow of a reason for their opposition, as they were not affected. The associations directly affected are in a worse plight than ever. The bill defined and contracted the powers which the court decided they could not exercise, and now they are in peril of immediate dissolution,' or at the best of be ing confined to such powers as the court may in its discretion determine." Speaking of the bill for the incorporation of friendly societies, vetoed BJr tlje Govern or, the Insurance Commissioner says it "was objectionable because it afforded ev ery facility for the creation of small insur ance companies with general powers and in adequate or sham capital and failed to pro tect the interest of the insured." THE ASSESSMENT PIONEER Insurance Commissioner Poster devotes considerable space to comments on the busi ness of the United Brethren' Mutual Aid Society, of which he says: "It was the pio neer ot this State in the assessment life in surance business, and was supposed from its, organization to be under the special guardianship or the re ligious denomination whose name it bears. Its rapid growth and apparent success promoted the organization of many imitators and rivals, and it may be said to have stimulated the craze, lor this kind of insurance, which reached its climax in the disreputable graveyard business. He then shows that the average insurance of the so-' ciety diminished from $21,241,500, in 1878, to $9,891,250 in 1888, while the cost per $1,000 increased from $19 80 to $43 55. "This record," says the Insurance Com missioner, "tells its own story of constantly diminishing membership and constantly In creasing cost Any comment on the lesson it teaches would be superfluous. The ag gregate amount of assessments required to pay death losses on the insurance in force December 31, 1888, during the ten succeed ing years, assuming that the losses occur according to the table of mortality, and that uo new members enter the list and the old ones remain to the end, would amount to $3,236,007." WHAT IS NEEDED. . - mornw -isaoj 9 C0ianus10n.er- "J " proceedingsJrataJ aiiUAe. SATURDAY, ATCHTST instituted against the society are for the purpose of having the officers removed and placing the control of the society in the hands of its members, where it properly be longs. . , The loss of life and accident companies in the Conemangh Valley was $333,060, which amount does not include the losses sustained by beneficial associations and orders not re porting to the Insurance Department The loss of the Mutual Life, of New York, was $100,000; New York Life, $42,500; Equita ble, $25,000; United States Life, $18,500; Fidelity and Casualty, New York, $20,500; Peoples Mutual Accident Association, Pittsburg, $21,500, and Northwestern Ma sonic Aid Association, Chicago, $15,000. The losses ot other companies ranged be tween $60 and $9,000. BABNUM'S WBECEED. Many of the Most Valuable Animals Killed in a Ballrond Accident The Dun- nee Will Amount to Aboat 940,000 Scenes of Confusion. Watebtowit, N. Y., August 23. The second train of the Barnum & Bailey show was wrecked late last night about two miles and a halt east of Potsdam, while en route on the Borne, Watertown and Ogdensburg Bailroad, from Gouveneur to Montreal. A broken axle was the cause. Thirty ring horses, including one of the four chariot teams and two camels, were killed. Six cars were derailed and two were telescoped so that everything in them was crushed. There were three trains conveying the shows. The first train, which carried tents and their belongings, passed into Canada safely, but the second train, conveying all the animals belonging to the shows, met with an awful disaster. The scene is one of confusion. At either side of the track are distributed the bodies of the dead horses. with here and there a poor beast which had received injuries that rendered it useless tethered to fences. At the side of the highway were one camel, sacred cows, steers and various other animals which were rescued from the de railed cars. The cars are crushed and twisted into all sorts of shapes and piled upon the track in a seemingly hopeless en tanglement The elephants, which were in the first car that was derailed, and were not hurt, have not been taken from the car, and are swaying their bodies angrily as if dis pleased at their unusually long confine ment. Barnum's paUner, J. A. Bailey, is at the scene. He says it is difficult to esti mate the loss at present, but it will be in. the neighborhood of $40,000. He thinks the loss of the day's receipts at Montreal will be about $18,000, and some or the horses that were killed were valued at thousands of dollars each. Money cannot replace them, as it requires two years for training them, after the right kind have been secured. The trick ponies which have attracted much attention were among the animals killed. The $7,000 stallion, which was driven by Mrs. AdampForepaugh, Jr., was also killed. It is said that Mrs. Forepaugh wept bitterly and could not be consoled when she learned of the death of this horse. The pretty white mul, which performed re markable tricks, is nlso among the lost Seven of the eight cnarlot horses are dead. There are about SO head of live stock stabled and pastured near the scene of the wreck. These were ikea from the derailed cars. Eleven men v ere taken out of one of the cars through th s roof, there being no other way of egress. The night was very dark, and this mai e the work of rescue much more difficult Bonfires were built at a safe distance from the wreck, and they shed some light overlthe ghastly scene. The Arabs were much teiiified at first, but when they found that nonebf their patty were in jured they worked brlvely in rescuing oth ers. Stock cars ha vel been brought here to convey the animals to) Montreal, and all the oeiaus nave oeen arranged for transporting the remainder of the" show as soon as the track is cleared. Ihe total number of horses killed is now. reported as 33; two or three others are expected to die. Some were killed to relieve their sufferings. OP DIFFEREST CHAEACTEB But Both Suits Acalntt the Same Company Court! News. Mrs. Elizabeth Flbn yesterday entered suit for herself and two children, Catharine, aged 12, and Edward,aged 7, against the Allegheny Heating Company for $5,000 damages. It was stated that on June 7 gas that leaked from the company's main on Preble avenue exploled, and severely bruised the two children. The leakage, it is claimed, was caused ly the neglect of the company. I A. A. Thompson, of lArch street, Alle gheny, yesterday sued tie Allegheny Heat ing Company for $l,000uamages for breach of contract He had arranged to have his dwelling supplied witht gas, and paid for the first quarter, when tile supply was shut off without any just reason, putting Thomp son to great inconvenience. James Lee yesterday entered a suit in ejectment against Julia Kennedy and John B. Kentner for possession of a lot on Jeffer son street, Second ward, Allegheny. An application was filed yesterday for a charter for the Ebenezer Baptist Church. The trustees of the church are "W. S. John son, Isaao Morton, Nelson Bryant, J. Carter and Alex Barbour. THREE ROBBERIES IESTEEDAT. The House Breakers Wero Unusually Busy In Two Cities. AL Johnson, a negro, was arrested this morning by Chief Xirschler and Acting Cc';f Glenn on suspicion of robbing three houses. About 3 o'clock he forced his way into the houses on Brighton avenue, and stole table linen and eatables.. Mr. A. S. Patterson, whose place was robbed, was just moving into his house, and had the goods promiscuously scattered abont At the Harrisburg Hotel, on Penn avenue, the rooms of "William Haney and John Zeider were entered and their trunks rifled. A gold watch, two gold chains and $85 in money were taken. The stores of Biddle & Funora. 151 "Wylie avenue, and J. H. Gamble, just adjoining, were entered and robbed at an early hour yesterday morning. In the former' the burglars secured about $50 worth of jewelry and $10 in cash, while in Gamble's they got abont $25 worth of jewelry and trinkets and $1 50 in cash. The burglars in both in stances effected an entrance by prying off suubicra m iuo rear oi me .stores, xhere IS no clew to their identity. Jack's Una Brldgs. A charter was granted at the State De partment yesterday to the Jack's Bun Bridge Company, capital $25,000. The bridge will be built over Jack's run from a point near California avenne extension, in Allegheny, to a point on the opposite side of the river. The shareholders are: John L. Gullett and D. F. Henry, Allegheny; J. H. Dawson, Bellevue; S. L. Fullwood and L. H. Mathews, Pittsburg. Abused n Team. Yesterday Humane Agent Samuel O'Brien went to Sharpsburg and entered three charges of cruelty to' annimals before 'Squire Bobinson. The de fendants are Thomas Godfrey, formerly of this city, and his farm hand. It is said they abused a team of horses on the Kittan niug road in Ohio township, and J. Adam Metnart, for working horses with sore shoulders. 'Warrants were issued, and the hearings will be held this evening. MOLE 8AW8NAVrWSg-g morrow1 Dispatch by A. 1L B. in an tttut- DISPATCE 24, 188 NO"W FIEST BCUpippHOLD. A Tale of Author of "Under Drake's Flag," ALL RIGHTS CHAPTER XL ATTACK ON A "WAGON TBAHT. Sergeant Blunt, you will take a detach ment of 14 men, ride down to Port Eliza beth, and escort some wagons back here. There will be a party of, native levies to come back with you, so that they, with your party, will make a pretty strong force.' The dangerous point is, of course, the Addoo Bush. It is, I hear, full of these Kaffir villians. Going down you will pass through it by daylight; and traveling fast, there is no fear of their interfering with a party like yours. Coming back, the Fingoes will let you know of any danger, and I should hardly think that the natives will venture to attack sb strong a party; still, as the wagons willTe laden with ammunition, and these fellowsalways seem in some way or other to know exactly what is going on, you cannot be too careful." "Very well, sir. I will do my best in the. matter." An hour later Bonald started T.ith the detachment. They traveled rapidly and reached Port Elizabeth on the third day after starting without any adventure what ever. The wagons were not ready to statt, for a heavy sea was setting in, and the boats could not continue the work of un loading the ship that had arrived with the ammunition two days before. Bonald.after seeing that the horses were well cared for, the rations served out, and the cooking commenced, strolled down to the beach to watch the heavy surf breaking on the shore. The encampment of the native levies was on the shore, and a white officer was in specting their arms when he arrived. Bo nald stood for some time watching the group with amusement, as some of the men were in blankets, others in karosses of cow skin, many with feathers stuck in their hair, all grinning and highly amused at the efforts of their officer to get them to stand in regular line, and to hold their muskets at an even slope on their shoulders. Some of their wives were looking on and laughing; others were squatting about by the shelters they had erected, cooking mealies for din ner. The officer, who was quite a young man, seeing Bonald looking on, said, rue fully: "I don't think there is any making sol diers out of these fellows, Sergeant" "I don't think they would be any the bet ter for it if you could, sir," Bonald said. "The fellows will fight after their own fash ion, and I do not think any amount of drill would improve them in the slightest; in faet, it would only puzzle and confuse them to try to teach them our discipline. They must fight the Kaffirs in Kaffir fashion. "When it comes to regular fighting it must be done by the troops. All that you can expect of the native levies is that they shall act as our scouts, find out where the enemy are hiding, prevent surprises, and pursue them when we have defeated them." "Do they not try to drill them np at the front?" "Not at all, sir. It would be quite use less to attempt it So that they attend on parade in the right number and their own head manJooks after that nothing more is exnected of them. They march in a rough body anyhow, and when it comes to fight ing they fight in their own way, and a very useful way it is." "Well, I am very glad to hear you say so, Sergeant I have been doinc the best I can to give them some idea of drill, but I have, as you see, failed altogether. I have no orders except to take command of these fel lows, but I supposed I was expected to drill them to some extent; still, if you say they have given it up as hopeless in the front, I need not bother myself about it" "I don't think you need, sir. I can as sure you that no attempt is made to drill tbem in that way in the front" The young officer, with an air of relief, at once dismissed the natives from parade. "I am in charge of the party that is going up with you to-morrow, sir, or at least as soon as the wagoni are ready for you." "Oh, is it you, Sergeant? I heard that a detachment of your corps was to accompany us. I suppose yon have just arrived from King "Williamstown.?" "I came in about an hour aeo, sir, .and have just been seeing that the men were comfortable." "Did you meet with any Kaffirs on the way down?" ""We saw no signs of them, "We came through the Addoo Bush, which is the most dangerous point, at a gallop. Not that there was much chance ot their attacking us. The natives seldom.attack unless there is some thing to be got by it : but we shall have to be carelul as we go back. "We shall be a fairly strong party, but others as strong have been attacked; and the fact of our having ammu nition the thing of all others they want is, of course, against us." "But how will ther know that we are carrying ammunition? "From the Hottentots, who keep them in formed of everything," Bonald said. "At least, we have no doubt whatever that it is the Hottentots. Of course, the General doesn't think so. If he did, I suppose he would keep tbem out of camp; but there is only one opinion in the ranks about it" The conversation was interrupted by yells and screams from the natives and a general rush down to the beach. "There is something the matter," the young officer said; and he and Bonald went down to the edge of the water. They soon saw what was the occasion of the alarm among the natives. Some of the women and bovs had been down at the edge of the surf, collecting bits of wood, thrown ashore, for their fires. A boy of some 14 years of age bad seen a larger piece than usual approaching the shore, and just as the waves had thrown it up he made a dash into the water, eager to be the first to capture the prize. Ignorant, however, of the force of the water, he had been instantly swept off his feet by the back rush of the waves. The next roller had carried him some little dis tance up, and then borne him out again, and he was in the midst of the surf. He could swim a little, but was helpless in the midst ot such a sea as this. The natives on the beaeh were in a state of the wildest ex citement; the women filled the air with their shrill screams, the men shouted and gesticu lated. "Nothing can save him," the officer said, shaking his head. Bonald looked round; there was no 'rope lying anywhere o'n the fliore. "There's just a chance, I think," he said, throwing oft his belt, tunic and boots. "Make these fellows ioln hand in hand, sir; I will swim out to him he's nearly gone now and bring him in. "We shall be'rolled over and over, but if the line of saea can grab us and prevent the undercurrent from carrying us out again, it will be all right" The officer was about to remonstrate, but Bonald, seizing the moment when the water had just swept back, rushed in, sprang head foremost into the great wall of aonroachin? water, and in halt a minut 'later appeared A..IA I.l.t.M.. ....t A fuJL ...WAV.... A.l. 1 took him to th side ofthe drowning boy, whom he seized by his woolly mop of hair; then he looked toward the shore. The young officer, unable ,to obtain1 a hearing from the excited Fingoes, was usingiiscane PUBLISHED. Adventure. "Yjth Clive in India,," etc., etc RESERVED. vigorously on their shoulders, and pres ently succeeded in getting them to form a line, holding each other by the hands. He took his place at their head and then waved his hand to Bonald as a'sign that he was ready. Good swimmer as he was, the latter conld not have kept mnch longer afloat in such a sea; he was obliged to continue to swim from shore to prevent himself from being cast up by each wave which swept un der him like a racehorse, covering him and his now insensible burden. The moment he saw that the line was formed he pulled the boy to him and grasped him lightly; then he laid himself broadside to the sea, and the next roller swept him along with resistless force on to the beach. He was rolled over and over like a straw, and just as he felt that the impetus had abated, and he was again beginning to move seaward, he felt himself seized. For a few seconds the strain was tremen dous, and he thought that he would have been torn from the friendly grasp; then the pressure of the water diminished, and he felt himself dragged along, and a few sec onds later he was beyond the reach of the water. He was up on his feet, feeling bruised, shaken and giddy; the natives, who had yelled with joy as they dragged him from the water, now burst into waitings as they saw that the boy was, as they thought, dead. "Carry him straight up to the fires," Bo nald said, as soon as he recovered his shaken faculties.- The order was at once obeyed. As soon as he was laid down, Bonald seized the blanket from one of the men's shoulders, and set the natives to rub the boy's limbs and body vigorously; then he rolled him in two or three other blankets, and telling the men to keep on rnbbing the feet, began to carry out the established method for restor ing respiration, by drawing the boy's arms above his head, and then bringing them down and pressing them against his ribs. In a few minutes there was a faint sigh, a little later on an attempt to cough, and then the boy got rid ot a quantitv of sea water. "He will do now," Bonald said. "Keep on rubbing him and he will b ail right in a quarter of an hour." As Bonald rose to bis feet a woman threw herself down on her knees beside him, and, seizing his band, pressed it to her forehead, pouring out a torrent of words wholly beyond his com prehension, for, although he had by this time acquired some slight acquaintance with the language, he was unable to follow it when spoken so volubly. He had no doubt whatever that the woman was the boy'B mother, and that she was thanking him for having preserved his life. Not less excited was a native who stood beside him. "This is their head man," the officer in terpreted, "he is the boy's father, and says that his life is now yours and that he is ready to give it at any time. This is avery gallant business, Sergeant, and I wish I had the pluck to have done it myself. I shall, of course, send a report about your conduct Now come to my tent I can let you have a shirt and pair of trousers while yours is being dried." "Thank .you, sir; they will dry of them selves in a very few minutes. I feel cooler and more comlortable than I have done for a long time; ten minutes under this blazing sun will dry them thoroughly." It was another two days before the sea subsided sufficiently for the surf boats to bring the ammunition to shore, and during that time the chiefs wife came several times up to the barracks, each time bring ing a fowl as a present to Bonald. "What does that woman mean,Sergeant?" one of the men asked on the occasion of her second visit "Has she fallen in love with you? She takes a practical way of show ing her affection. I shouldn't mind if two or three of them were to fall in love with me on the same terms." Bonald laughed. "No, her sou got into the water yesterday and I picked him out, and this is her way of showing her gratitude." "I wonder where she got the fowl from?" the trooper said. "I haven't seen one for sale in the town anywhere." "She stole them, of course," another trooper said, "or at least if she didn't steal them herself she got some of the others to do it for her. The natives are all thieves, man, woman and child; they are regularly trained to it Some times fathers will lay wagers with each other as to the cleverness of their children; each one backs his boy to steal something out of the other's hut first, and in spite of the sharp watch you may be sure they keep up, it is very seldom the young sters fail in carrying off something unob served. It's a disgrace in a native's eyes to be caught thieving; but there's no dis grace whatever, rather the contrary, in the act itself. There's only one thing that they are as clever at as thieving, and that is ly ing. Xhe calmness with which a native will tell a good circumstantial lie is enough to take one s breath away." Bonald knew enough of the natives to feel that it was probable enough that the fowls were stolen, but his sense of morality was not sufficiently keen for him to hurt the woman's feelings by rejecting her offerings. "The Kaffirs have proved themselves such an ungrateful set of scoundrels," he argued to himself, "that it is refreshing to see an exception for onee." As soon as the ammunition was on shore it was loaded into three wagons, and on the following morning the party started. It was slow work, after the rapid pace at which Bonald and his men had come down the country, and. the halting places were the same as those at which the troop bad en camped on its march, up the country five months before. The greatest caution was observed in their passage through the great Addoo bush, for although this was so far from the main stronghold of the natives, it was known that - 4fev JH ill ay ffJ1 PAGES 9 TO 16. there were numbers of Kaffirs hiding there, and several mail carriers had been mur dered and wagons attacked. The party, however, were too strong to be molested, and passed through without adventure. The same vigilance was observed when passing over the sandy flats, and when they passed through Assegai bush. Once througn this, the road was clear to Grahamstown. "Here they halted lor a day, and then started on . the road leading through Peddie to King "Williamstown. After a march of 15 miles they halted at the edge ot a wide spreading bush. They had heard at Grahamstown that a large body of Kaffirs were reported to be occupying this bush, and accordingly when they started in the morning, Bonald had advised the young officer in command of the Fingoes to pass through it by day light "There is no making a rush," he said, "we must move slowly on account of the wagons, and there will be no evading the Kaffirs. I do not think that there is mnch chance of their attacking such a strong party as we are; bnt if we are attacked we can beat tbem off a great deal better in the daylight than at night; in the darkness we lose all the advantage of our better weapons. Besides, these fellows can see a great deal better than we can in the dark." They started as soon as it was light The Fingoes, who were 100 strong, were to skir mish along the road ahead and in the wood on each flank of the wagons, round which the detachment of rifles were to keep in a close body, the Fingo women and children keeping just ahead of the bullocks. Scarcely a word was spoken alter they entered the forest The wagons creaked and groaned, and the sound of the sharp cracks of the drivers whips alone broke the silence. The Kifles rode with, their arms in readiness for instant use, while the Fingoes flitted in and out among the trees like dark shadows. Their blan kets and karosses had been handed to the women to carry, and they had oiled their bodies until they shone again, a step al ways taken by the natives when engaged in expeditions in the bush, and which seems designed partly to give more suppleness to the limbs, and partly to enable them to gjide through the thorny thickets without being severelyscratched. They had got about halfway through the bush without anything being heard of the lurking enemy, when a sudden outburst of firing, mingled with yells and shouts, was heard about a quarter of a mile ahead. "The scoundrels are attacking a convoy coming down," Bonald exclaimed. "Shall we push on to their aid.Sergeant?" the young officer who was riding next to Bonald asked, , "I cannot leave the wagons," Bonald said: "but if you would take your men on,; sir, we will be up as soon as we can." The officer shouted to his Fingoes, and at a run the natives dashed forward to the' scene of the conflict, while Bonald urged the drivers, and his men pricked the bul locks with their swords until they broke into a lumbering trot In a few minutes they arrived on the scene of action. A number of wagons were standing in the road, and round them a fight was going on between the Fingoes and greatly superior numbers of Kaffirs. Bonald gave the word, and bis men charged down into the middle of the fight .The Kaffirs did not- await their onslaught, but glided away among the trees, the Fingoes follow ing in hot pursuit until recalled by their officer, who feared that their foes might turn upon them when beyond the reach of the rifles of the troopers. Bonald saw at once as he rode up that although the Fingoes had arrived in time to save the wagons, they had come too late to be of service to the majority of the defend ers. Some half dozen men, gathered in a body, were still on their feet, but a score of others lay dead or desperately wounded by the side of the wagons. As soon as the Fingoes returned and reported the Kaffirs in full flight.Konald and the troops dismounted to see what aid they could render. He went up to the group of white men, most of whom were wounded. "This is a bad job," one of them said; "but we thought that as there were about 30 of us, the Kaffirs wouldn't venture to attack us. We were all on the alert, but they sprang so suddenly out of the bushes that half ot us were speared -before we had time to draw'a trigger. ' "What had we better do, sir go on or go back?" This question was addressed to the young officer. . "I should think that now you have got so far you had better, go on," he said. "The Kaffirs are not likely to return for some lit tle time. I will give you halt my Fingoes to escort yon on through the wood. Don't you think that will be the best plan, Ser geant?" "I think so, sir. I will let yon have half my men to go back with them. The rest of us had better stay here until they return. But, first of all, we will see to these poor fellows. They may not be all dead." Most of them, however, were found to be so, the Kaffirs having sprang upon them and cut their throats as soon as they had fallen. Two of them who had fallen near the group whichjiad maintained the resist ance were, however, found to'be still living, and these were lifted into the wagons. Jnst as the party were going to move on toward the coast, a t groan was heard among tho bushes by the side of the road. Bonald and two of the troopers at once proceeded to the spot "Good heavens!" the former exclaimed, as he leaned over the man who was lying there, "it is Mr. Armstrong." He was lifted up and carried into the road. An assegai had passed through both legs, and another had transfixed his body near the right shoulder. The point projected some inches throush the back, the shaft having broken off as he felL Bonald seized the stump of the spear, and with the great est difficulty drew it out from the wound. "Cut his things off," he said to the troop ers, "and tear up something and lightly bandage the wound. I am afraid it is a fatal one." Then he hurried off to the men. "Were tfiere not some women in the wagons?" he asked. "Yes, there were three of them," the man said; "a girl and two women. The women were the wives of two of the men who have been killed. The girl was the daughter of another. I suppose the natives must have carried them off, for I see no signs of them." t , Bonald uttered an exclamation of horror; he knew the terrible fate of women who tell into the hands of the Kaffirs. He returned to the officer. "What is it, Sergeant?" he asked, "any fresh misfortune?" "A young lady I know, daughter of that poor fellow we have lust picked up, and two other women, hare been carried off by tho Bathes." X .-r-'