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'fMOWILLE'S GRATE A'Yisit to tbe Spot Where Lie the Bones of a French Soldier I2J THE DIM, PEIMEVAL FOREST. Tbe last Besting Place of Brave General Braddock. A EAILEOAD ON HALLOWED GEODKD rWBITTEX FOB THE DISPATCH.! FAYETTE SpeINGS, October 2. "This is the way to Jumonville's grave, but it's a bad piece of road and you'll have to leave your horses at the top of the last hill and foot it through the woods for a quarter of a mile, because there's only a cowpath after that, and it lies part of the way in the bed of the run, bnt the run's dry now, so you can walk on the stones." This from the bright little mountain lad-who was piloting us from the "Washington Spring road to the secluded glen where the gallant young Frenchman, whose death was long the theme of song and story, has lain undisturbed since that memorable 28th of May, 17M, when "Washington began bis military career and practically opened the ball of the French and Indian war by surprising and capturing his hidden camp in this wilder ness ravine. Jumonville was killed at the first re, and ten of his men fell by his side All of the survivors were captured by "Washington and The Grave of Jumonville. his Indian allies except one fleet-footed Ca nadian, who escaped and carried the tidings of the disaster to Fort Dnquesne. "We followed our little guide through the woods in Indian file, clambering across fallen trnnks and dodging overhanging boughs, recalling, as we picked our way. a visit made to this romantio spot more than 20 years ago, and wondering how the scene was impressing certain young people in our party to whom we had many a time and oft descanted upon the weird and solemn grand eur of these primeval trees, beneath whose shadows it was twilight at noonday, and where a Sabbath stillness reigned per petual; where maze after maze ot feathery ferns grew with almost tropical luxuriance through which one must tread warily for fear of stepping upon "that terrible serpent .with the tiger's skin aud the castanets on the end of its tail,"" which is a habitant of these mountains and makes its w inter quarters in Rattlesnake Lodee, a mile or so away. Here and there along tbe pathway were vistas, or bits, as artists say, at ex quisite beauty, but, instead ot penetrating deeper into the gloom ot the forest as afore time, the way seemed to grow brighter as we proceeded, and we began to doubt our own memories and the sagacity of our guide, but the little fellow said he was certain sure we were going straight to tbe place, and added encouragingly. DESECBATKTO A HEBO'S GBAYE. "It isn't much to look at now, for a good bit of the timber's been cut down. The hogs run through here and root up the ferns, and the boys from the Soldiers Or phans' School at Dunbar's Camp come over here on Saturdays and scatter the stones from the grave. "Why, just a couple of weeks ago, some of them tore down the cross frcm the top of tbe pilel" Think ot it, guardians and educators of such as these think of the sons of soldiers desecrating a soldier's gravel And instill into your wards, if vou can. a spirit of man n i l rrr-i m n Mm .1,111 11 liness and reverence, causing each to bear in mind this maxim: "He who respects not the resting place of the dead, will be found not to respect the rights of the living." "We keptonour way.and sure enough, with the sunlight streaming upon it, and bare of moss and vine and fern, and partly thrown down, was the once picturesque cairn, from the foot of which, in the long ago, we had gathered partridge berry vine and Bobin Hood, carefully preserving it to this day, in memory of tbe spt where was fired the "first shot of the war which resulted in the domi nation forever of the English-speaking race on this continent. Some of the stateliest trees that had stood lor more than a century like grim sentinels ubout the grove have been felled, probably for fence rails or fire wood. On several ot the stumps 150 rings are distinctly marked, registering a growth ', of VPy vears- Surely, with timber, tinjrsr everywhere on this mountain, these pyne might have been spared. The young artists of our party finished several hasty sketches just as the shadows began to fall, and we reluctantly turned our footsteps toward the highway, earnestlv hoping that some of the public spirited citi zens of Fayette county will unite to pre serve this memorable and still charming spot from further desecration. It is this and other sites,hallowed by deeds of valor and self-sacrifice during the history of the last 20 years of the colonies, that lend to this whole region a fascination indepen dent of its grand mountain scenery and its revivifying air, and which awaken a more general and lasting interest than the superannuated innkeeper's lore of the palmy days of the National Pike, what time Andiew Jackson took whisky straights at Chalk Hill or Henry Clay played poker till I o'clock A. m. at the Old Stone House, or Dr. Braddee robbed the United Stales mail at Turkey Foot, or Jenny Lind sang like a lark with the landlord's daughter at Farmington. They are entertaining anecdotes and stories, still they are but local gossip about famous people who passed to and fro, "Will-o'-the-Wisp like, over the great highway stories of yesterday, signifying nothing. But tbe story of Jumonville's grave, Fort Kecessuy, Dunbar's Camp and Brad dock's grave, these are a part of the history ol three nations and they are a part also of the history of a man, who, taken all in all, was the greatest and best of his time. THE GBEAT PIKE. The mountain roads that branch off from the pike are so narrow that in many places vehicles cannot pass each other without one or the other turning into the woods. On our return we met a gentleman in a buggy, who, to let us go by, obligingly drove his horse up a bank several feet high, at the im minent risk of an upset. Atiour horses turned eastward into the pike at tbe summit, and tbe wooded mountains rose spur after spur before us, we rere reminded of an exclamation made at this point, long ago, by a dear little girl now at rest among the delectable mountains of immortality. As she .stood up in the wagonette 'to view the glorious landscape she said : "Oh, see the pike I It looks like a big white cable stretched over the tops of the trees, with the other end pushed intothe sky." "We can find now no more apt de scription of the famous road as It stretches away toward Cumberland and is lost in the bine of the horizon. Major "Washington was but 22 years old when he won his first victory by tfie capture of Jumonville's party, and it ib rather sad dening to follow him, flushed as he was with his triumph, to the little stockade fort, hastily built by his jaded and harrassed soldiers, and named Fort Necessity, from the pinching hunger the men endured while at work upon it As we wandered about it this beautiful October day, trying to define the exact line of earthworks and went stumbling through the tall swamp grass that covers the ground, we came upon a rod or more of the embankment, which was all we conld be certain was a part of the original earthwork, though Mr. Fncenbaker, on whose farm it is located, says the entire diamond-shaped inclosure, about 100 feet long, is still plainly visible when thti grass is short, except the eastern end, which is crossed by the lane and run. A thorn bush, full of red berries, is growing in the western angle, and near that the trunk of a dead tree stands white and ghost like. Some years ago a society of gentlemen from TJmontown laid tbe foundation stone for a monument in the center of the plot, with appropriate ceremonies, but the super structure has never been erected, and treas ure seekers have pried the stone from its bed, and it now lies on the surface, a melan choly reminder of the society's infirmity of purpose. A MCTURE OP THE PAST. "With the sky so blue above us, it was hard to picture the devoted baud fighting here all day long in the sullen rain, till with both strength aud ammunition ex hausted they were compelled to surrender to a superior force. It was hard to picture the unlucky Van Braum bungling the transla tion of the'twice modified articles of capitu lation, by the light of a flickering candle, in the midst of a pelting storm. And hard also, to picture the little garrison marching out of the fort in the early morning, with drums beating and colors living, though their hearts were heavy and their faces wan. It may be that the wave of adversity which here passed over the youthful com mander, chastened bis elated spirit and helped to prepare.him for his high career. A mile and a half west of Fort Necessity, on the National pike, is the supposed site of Braddock s grave A neat white fence sur rouuds it and the inclosure is filled with a clump of fine young evergreens and de ciduous trees. To the late Josiah Sing, ot Pittsburg, belongs the honor of having beautified and rescued it from oblivion. General Braddock wished not to survive his defeat, and against his will was carried from tbe field. "When the little cavalcade which bore his litter reached the point at the meadows where he is supposed to have been buried, he became too feeble to proceed further. "Washington and the faithful Stewart, who remained constantly at his side, saw that the end was near, but Genera Braddock seemed not yet to realize it, and turning to them exclaimed: "Who would have thought it I" Only a few hours before he expired he said hopefully: ""We shall better know how to deal with them another time." "Retracing our way westward, we turn once more into the "Washington Spring road and keep on till we reach Dunbar's Knob. Here the incompetent and tardy Colonel Dunbar lingered till too late to support Braddock, and, when news of the shameful defeat reached him, destroyed all the artillery; am munition and valuable military stores that had been collected at his camp with so much difficulty, and fled toward Ft. Cumberland, without even attempting to cover the retreat of Braddock's shattered array. From the knob that still bears the name of Dunbar's Camp there is a magnificent prospect, some 30 miles in extent a peace ful, pastoral landscape. Turning our backs upon the miles of plain, dotted over with grazing meadow, stately grove and farm and town and hamlet, the Cumberland Mount ains rise, range beyond range, before us till we can scarcely tell which is mountain and which is sky. THE SHADES OF DEATH. "While we are idling up here and filling our lungs with the health-giving ozone, a rumor comes from New York that a Wall street syndicate contemplate the building of a railroad through this interesting region, and that soon the shrill whistle of the loco motive will reverberate through the soli tudes where the strokes from the axes of Washington's pioneers echoed as they blazed the first road through "The Shades ol Death." Mr Shriyer Stewart, owner of vast tracts of mountain land, is said to have already granted right of way through 1,000 acre's and to have donated all the timber needed for ties in laying the tracks over the same. Other far-seeing men are following his ex ample of liberality, and the road will prob ably be under way in tbe near future. The route will require some bold and difficult engineering, but the valuable resources of the territory which the new road will make available justify the undertaking. With this additional feeder and outlet for the grand coke and iron industries already flourishing in the county, their increased prosperity seems assured. With tbe prospect of this great opening up, we feel like making a most earnest ap peal to the public spirit and local pride of Fayette's best citizens to preserve, as well as may be, the historic shrines within her borders. Leave it not for the lover of the pictur esque or the student of history, who makes a pilgrimage hither to replace grave stones and finger boards with his pious hands, or to copoking about in the marsh mud with his pilgrim's staff a-searching for the true boundaries of the Old Fort S. IiATIilEE. Resembling a Sweetmeat. By the occasional nso of Hamburg Figs, which is less like a medicine than a sweetmeat, tbe bowels and liver can te kept in perfect condi tion, and attacks of constipation, indigestion, iles ind stck headache prevented. 25 rents, lose, one flg. Mack Drug Co., N. Y. Thsu Bustles Blast Go. Come and get any style of bustle for 10c at the closing-out saleol F. Schoenthal, 612 Penn ave. Five Hundred Clnb tickets yet to be returned to Elite Gal lery, C16 Market street, before November 1. Lucky possessors please call. . The Beat Ptnce to Bay Watches' Is t Hauch'e, No. 295 Fifth ave. A good watch for 4. Also large assortment in finer grade of silver and gold watches. Come and see prices before buying. Established 1853. Cabinet photos, 51 per doz. Lies' Pop ular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth st TT8u Highest prices paid for ladies' or gents' cast-off clothing at De Haan's Big tf, Wylie aye. Call or send by mail, wsa "Where Braddock Sleeps. fr X-vt THE. A-FEW EXCEPTIONS Taken by Bessie Bramble to the Opinions of Men and "Women on A SUBJECT FULL OP INTEREST. Thej Treat Too Lightly the Question of What They-Would Do IP THEIR SEXES TVERE EETERSED iwmrrzir Ton thx dispatch. The articles written by famous literary women, as to what they would do or not do if they were men, were surpising, but when it came the turn for celebrated men to sav what they would do if they were women, it was even more amazing. In her answer Ella Wheeler Wilcox, while relating what she would do if a man, shows exactly what she most longs for as a woman to make her happy. She wants a husband to be more gallant and attentive to his own wife than to any other woman to make the happiness of his home the chief ambition of his life to write no letters to anyone, save Lis wife, that the whole world might not read. Very sage advice, too, that most men should make a note of and consider and be wise. Then if she were a anal she would rule the home, not by phy sical supremacy, but by force of character. This teems to indicate that Sister Wilcox does not believe in marriage as a free and equal relationship, but rather in the decay ing doctrine of the supremacy of sex, where the husband is head ot the house and the wife is subject to his will. Now we venture to sav that there is but little content or real felicity in any marriage where such ruling prevails. A good man in these days, who loves his wife and desires her happiness, repudiates any such doctrine in practice, whatever he may hold in theory. He is as devoted to maintaining her dignity and equal rights as to his own. Under the sway ot mutual love there is no desire to domi neer on the part of either husband or wife, but rather a disposition to give way. Moreover, a man may have great force of character and, capacity to manage a Stand ard Oil Company, or have supreme charge of a Braddock steel works, or, for that matter, run the affairs of a whole country, but yet be a failure as head in his own house. Many men of highest virtue- have tried it and failed. Even our own beloved and sainted Lincoln could not by force of character secure such supremacy, while Brother Blaine, as the story goes, who makes so high a record in the political man agement of tbe State, is said to have little or no influence in domestic affairs. tactobs nr -woman's success. Fanny Davenport's idea of being a man is that hecanmore easily attain to high success in the dramatic or other professions than a woman. To him the world is wide and open; he has no hampering barriers to overcome, no social impediments to over ride, no certificates of highest character to submit He goes upon his own merits mainly, while she is subjected to severest criticism as to beauty, dress and abilitv. It may be said, too. that the ad miration and approval of the Prince of Wales is a large factor in the success of a woman on the stage, as witness Mrs. Lang try, who has raked in, it is said, nearly 81,000,000 of American money on that score and on her reputation as a professional beauty, where women with greater intellect and talent have tailed to climb the giddy heights of fame or to achieve great fortunes. In view of all this, it is little wonder that Miss Davenport feels bitter, especially when the domestic career of the great beauty has been as little to be proud of as her stage gains in cash have been great. Mrs. Frank Leslie if a man would, as she confesses, greatly enjoy his free oppor tunities in business, and would endeavor to live up to a woman's ideal of a good man. Considering tbe great advantages that Mrs. Leslie admits she already possesses as a woman, viz.: "an outlet for energy" "a voice in the ear of the world," and "an in fluence beyond the walls of home," in addi tion to friends and fortune, it is surprising to those whose limits are narrower, whose op portunities are contracted by poor pay and hard work whose talents have had no chance for play, that she, with apparently all of the good things the gods provide, should still long for a man's chances in the world. But it even she, with all herwealth of privileges, still complains of lack of free dom, how much more reason have millions of women to feel bitter over the irony of fate which compels them to live lives without a firospect ot advancement, without a hope of nxury, with no capital to begin with, and no time from dreary dailv toil and poverty to secure the education for which they so ardently long. Shut up in our homes are many discontented women, who feel in themselves the power to achieve success in some pursuit for which they have capacity and an ardent, longing desire, but by the prejudices of the world, the sneer of Mrs. Grundv, the conventionalities of so ciety, the cares of housekeeping, they are debarred from doing what nature and inborn taste seem to dictate. Countless bad house keepers there are, thousands ol miserable cooks and poob, shiftless women; who are failures in what they are told is their sphere, who. in other pursuits, might find work for which they were by heaven endowed, and which they could perchance do well. Poor teachers, wretched house keepers, those who fall short oi their calling in many ways are not to much so for lack of education, but from their incapacity and want of adaptability. The superintendent of a training sohool for nurses says: "We can train these women for nurses, we can teach them everything to be known in the business, but after all is said and done, it is only the born nurse who" achieves marked success. It may be the same with husbands. Those born with the tact and qualifications to make a wife happy, generally know how to do so, while others with the best intentions fail in just-the little things that women love. Mrs. Cnster evidently has this in mind, when she says, if she were a man, she would make it her 'highest pleasure to make a wife happy by constant demonstrations of love. Mrs. Mary J. Holmes conveys the same idea, when she remarks that, if she were a man and had a wife, she would try to be as attentive to her, as though she were the wife of some other man. This unanimity by women of genius and sense on this point shows pretty plainly that men, as husbands, are apt to be careless and inattentive to those who would most value and appreciate their devotion. But if most of the answers of these gifted women to the question, "What are some of the things you would do, or not do, if you were a man," were perhaps a little disap pointing to their many admirers and sisters, the replies of tbe distinguished literary men to the question of what they would doif they were women were not less remarkable for lack of instruction and point of interest Bnrdette would be a helpless, lazy, ignorant, useless girl of whom nothing could be re quired. One of those great useless lumps of women who are a drag and a burden upon those connected with them all their lives long. According to Brother Burdette they have tbe best of all that is going, and would have a special bliss in being spared the com pany of the "monter man." Joaquin Miller has evidently a poor opinion of the Bisters. He thinks tbey spend their days in "gallivanting" the streets, annoying the drygoods clerks and thinking ot nothing but flirtations and fig leaves from morning until night He further avers that there is no evidence extant to show that either God or man has ever had a chance to rest since a woman was created. The picture he presents of the poor brethren Is truly a sorry one, while the greatest boon he seems to ask for them is for women to be quiet in word and deed; and dress. It is greatly to be feared that Brother Miller and the other good brethren, like unto him, will haye A STILL HAEPER TIME In days to come, 'for there Is little chance PJp?TSBTTE(3 - , DISPATCH, that the dear sisters will ever be greater in word and deedthan at present In fact, tbe signs of the times are that they will make a good deal more noise In the world in the future than thev have In the past The dress and the demeanor, tbe flirtations and the fig leaves of the "garrulous parrots,' as he calls them, are what seem to disturb Brother Miller's equanimity with regard to the sisters, but we can comtort him with no hope of a rest from them until he goes hence, where only is there rest for tbe weary. Women are discovering more and more new uses for their tongues, and pens, and talents. Theyare developing more physical force for "gallivanting" and "going on, and Instead of leas attention to dress they are giving more to it in order to have, just what Brother Miller would have, more of health, and comfort, and comeliness." But while the talented Joaquin was some what rough on the women, Chauncey Depew gives it as his experience that tbey have minds as vigorous as tho-e of men, and what they most urgently need is education, and if he were a woman he would strain every nerve and make any sacrifice to obtainit But while Brother Depew urges education so strongly, it remained for Admiral Poiter to advocate lor women weak-mindedness and iaziness. If he were a woman, he would show sweetness of temper, a loving heart, and an absence of all strong-mindedness. Woman, as he seems to think, was made not to work, but to "charm man in his hours of ease," and be a clinging, depend ent, guileless creature, who should spend most ot her time in sitting upon her hus band's knee. Dr. Talmnge declares in the most positive manner his detestation of an effeminate man and a masculine woman. It would be entertaining to know just what he means by a "masculine woman." Does he take the same view as Dr. Dix, that college training will make a good, sweet girl unwomanly aud that she will grow to have what "seems a man's soul staring at you domineeringly and Insultingly from a woman's forehead. ' This seems to be holy terror ever before the mind of Dr. Dix, and yet, notwithstanding the girls have got into Columbia College, and are to be educated just as are tbe boys in opposition to which he has wasted so much argument and eloquence. Oh, these dearly beloved brethren, bow sadly anxious tbey are to keep women within the bounds marked ont for them by the prejudices and narrow notions handed down from days of barbarism. Judging by the manner in which they keep hammering away at the subject, it might be thought that every blessed woman was everlastingly trying to climb over the fence set around her, and had to be continually thrust back and be sat down upon hard. asking foe paeticulaes. Who are the "masculine women" who are held up as such frightful ex amples to their sisters? If the dear brothers would mention a few of them for our warning and instruction, it would perhaps save many from following in their footsteps. Do they mean the women who have gone into the pulpits to preach and to teach? Do tbey mean those who have been admitted to the bar? Do they mean Frances Willard, who is the head ot the W. O.T.U., or Mrs. Stanton, or the Women in Kansas or Wyoming? Dr. Mary Walker is about the only one who presents a masculine ap pearance, but that only goes as far as dress. Dr. Mary is as devoted to the principle that such dress is what will insure "peace, plen ty and calm, sweet health," not only for women, but men as well, that she is full of tbe courage of her convictions as was old John Brown, whose soul is marching on. Those who know her, and especially the old soldiers, speak of her as every inch a good woman. Another favorite writer, Edgar Saltus, ad vocates laziness and silence in women. If he we're a woman he would do nothing impor tant would wear no corsets and simply live to charm and be silent But with all that these famous literary men have said as to what they would do if they were women, not one remarked that he would raise a large family not one said he would like to keep house not one said, if he were a woman, he would be the ideal wife or mother. But while the most of them treated the question facetiously, still there is a good deal of instruction to be gained from them by women, who can see behind the re turns. They touch on the whole woman question. It is somewhat strange that not one of them said, if I were a woman I would stay at home and darn the stockings, or always be arrayed in charming style and meet my husband with a smile. It is a little strange that none of them said he would like to spend his days in mission ary work and find his reward in heaven No one expressed any desire to be a society girl and to bave a chaperone. Nor to be a teacher nor to be a doer of great and good deeds nor to be the writers of powerful books like those of Madame De Stael, or George iiliot, or Sirs, btowe, or Mrs, Hum phrey Ward. No one professed any desire, if a woman, hardly one evinced any desire to be of that class "who will do her husband good and not evil all the days of his life whose heart doth safely trust in her who considereth a field and buyeth it and planteth a vineyard who openetb her mouth with wisdom, and her tongue is the lawot kindness; whose children arise up and call her blessed, and her husband also he praiseth her give her of the fruit of her hands, and let her own works praise her in the gates." If they had only told women what tbey consider best in them to do seriously, it might have been a sermon that would have done good. But by treating it flippantly, as most of them did, it was not hard to see that they have not all yet outgrown the old-time idea that they constitute "the superior sex." Bessie Bramble. On Time, And very early too. That's what anyone should be in treating oneself for inactton of the kid neys and bladder. Tbe diuretic which ex perience indicates as supplying the requisite stimulation to tbe organs without excitfng them, fs Hostetter's Stomach Bitters. Don't delay; Sidney lnaotionl and disease are not far apart. For fever and ague, dyspepsia, consti pation, rheumatism and nerve debility, also use the Bitters, FITTSBUKfcERS NOT SLOW. They Know a Good Thins When They See It. We have great confidence in the practical common sense of the people in this com munity. Propose to (hem ft new idea or system of conducting any large enterprise, and if it is good you can rest assured of their support No better evidence of the truth' of this statement is needed than the wonderful success of the Everett Club, or co-operation plan of selling pianos adopted by Alex. Boss, of Allegheny. This plan is simple, but very effeotive. Mr. Boss proposes to conduct the piano business by making large contracts for 350 pianos at one time, thus getting the lowest possible cash price and saving each member of the club at least $75 in the price of each piano, at tbe same time he gives everyone an opportunity to get a fine piano. The plan is so arranged that members can pay m the way most convenient to themselves, from $1 a week up to the whole amount Since this plan has been adopted Mr. Boss has had to increase his force of employes six times, and they bave all they can do to supply the demand. The system is good, and the people know it All thai is necessary to convince anyone is to examine the piano and understand the plan. Send for circular to Alex. Boss, 137 Fed eral st, Allegheny. f I'll bo Jlcsered. This is what Hobbs, dealer in groceries, etc., would have said had he seen tbe bar gains at the closing-out sale of F. Schoen thal, 612 Penn aye. These is no beer equal to Wainwright's brew. No other manufacturers produce such s fine flavored, clear, wholesome bever age. All dealers keep it Families sup plied direct if desired. Telephone 5525. TUSU Don't Lose The advantage given by Aufrecht's Elite Gallery club tickets offered until November L Only a few days left 516 Market street Cash paid for old gold and. silver at Hauch's, 295 Fifth ave. Cabinet photos, $1 per doz. Lies'rPpp ular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth st .xtsoT " H -" SUNDAY, OCTOBER 2T,v BEHIND THE SCENES. A Famous Young American Prima Donna Describes Many CUSTOMS AT THE GRAND OPERA. Hon" the Multitudinous Skirts of the Ballet Girls Are Hade. SENSATIONS OP A PAEIS DEBUTANTE cohkesfoxdencx op the dispatch. Pabis, October 13. I feel some hesita tion at taking up my pen to give to the public any particulars respecting my stage career, as it has been so briet and I am still so young and inexperienced. But my American .friends haye been very kind to me, and have altogether surprised me by the interest,they have manifested in my suc cess. And perhaps I may have something novel to tell concerning the practical side of the representations at the Grand Opera; so, at the persuasion of a friend who has been for many years past occupied with journal ism, I will try to say some"thing which, I trust, will be found worth the reading. I made my first appearance on any stage in Mareh last at the Grand Opera, as the heroine of Gounod's opera of "Borneo and Juliet." When I first finished my studies with Madam Marches! some months before, the managers of the opera accorded me a hearing, but refused then to engage me be cause, as they said, I did not sing in the French style. They told me to go at once in search of a French professor of vocaliza tion and to study with him for some months, and they would then give me an other trial. Bnt I did not take their advice. It was M. Gounod himself who taught me the role of Juliet. I studied with him incessantly for a month before making my debnt, and he kindly consented to preside over the first rehearsal with full orchestra, which was ac corded me. The musicians of the orchestra-on that oc casion paid me the great compliment of lay ing down their instruments and applauding me at the conclusion of my grand aria. This 1 acknowledged by coming forward and bow ing. Madam Bitt, the wife of one of the directors,who was present in tbe auditorium, came behind the scenes at the conclusion of the act "It is an unheard of thing for our mn sicians to applaud a debutante, Made moiselle," she said; "and I think you ought to recognize the fact in some special way. So, at the conclusion of the performance, I made a little speech of thanks in French to them, which apparently gave great satis faction. AS EXCLUSIVE THEATEB. It is contrary to all rules of the French opera for an untried foreign singer to be per mitted to make bis or her first appearance on any stage on these formidable boards. "The Opera is not a singing school," is the phrase generally hurled at the head of aspiring novices. A long course of prelim inary experience in the opera houses of Vienna, or Italy, or England, is considered necessary in such cases. With native-born vocalists the case is naturally different They are trained in the traditions of, the establishment, and educated by professors of the Paris Conservatoire, and are there fore acceptable to the operatic managers of Paris as soon as their studies are finished. But the fact that I, Ving an American, had never before ap; eared in opera on any staee, was greatly against me. When, some months, earlier, I was en gaged at the Opera Comique and was to have my debut in a revival of Bizet's opera of the "Pearl Divers," M. Halevy, who has charge of the estate ot the deceased com poser, positively refused to let me appear in that opera, saying that "the glory of Bizet was not to be entrusted to the hands of a debutante." Bnt, fortunately for me, M. Gounod was most kind in his acceptance of me, both for Juliet and Marguerite. I owe much to the lessons of the great composer himself. Then the De Beszke brothers, both Jean and Edouard, were also kindness itself in giving me the benefit of their consummate knowl edge of stage business and their great experi ence of dramatic effect At every rehearsal they took infinite pains- to give me such hints and directions about acting as my total Inexperience oi the stage rendered in valuable. I also studied the role of Juliet thoroughly with M, Pluque, the leader of the ballet at tbe Grand Opera and the first professor of operatic acting in Paris. He was the teacher ot Mme. Bose Caron and of Miss Ella Bus sell, both celebrated for their dramatic suc cesses in opera, as well as of countless others less known to tame. For it must be compre hended that the style of acting on the lyrio stage differs in many essential respects from that adopted on the lyrio boards. The gest ures are not only lareer and more marked. but must be so timed as to accompany, so to speak, the effects of a song. It is therefore worse than useless for the students of stage singing in Paris to take lessons, as some of them do, from tbe professors or the perform ers of the Comedic-Francais. I studied also with M. Pluque the role of Marguerite in "Faust" and I expect to profit by his les. sons as long as I remain in Paris. A VAST STAGE. -The first thing tbat struck me when I walked upon the boards of the Grand Opera was the vast size of tbe stage. It is fully as large as the auditorium itself, and can ac commodate without crowding 1,200 persons. Another great peculiarity is the great slope ot tbe stage, it iooes perfectly nat from the front, bnt rises at the back to half the height of ode of the lobbies beyond the level at the footlights. -Not having taken this difference into consideration 1 bruised mi self severely on the occasion of my first ap pearance in "Faust" When Marguerite falls senseless in the church scene, my fall, calculated for a flat floor, brought me so violently into contact with the slope of the boards as to half stun me for a moment. The dressing rooms of the performers are far from being very luxurious. They are of good dimensions, but their furnishing is of the scantiest A few chairs, a table, and curtains at the windows, comprise the con tents of each of them. There is a little closet at one side containing a washstand with a very small wash bowl and pitcher, and some pegs for the hauging-up of the garments not in use. There Is also a fire place, and tbe chimney invariably smokes whenever a fire is lighted, wbjch is -often necessary, since the gieat furnaces that warm the entire house are always called into requisition at the latest possible date in tbe autumn, and are extinguished as early as possible in the spring, on account of their immense consumption of coal. One can imagine how injurious to the throat of a singer must be the atmosphere of her dress ing room when it is literally bine with smoke. The French Government has been often appealed to by the directors to have this state ot things remedied, but their re quest has never received the slightest atten tion. The costumes of the Grand Opera are all made on the premises. A vast room, just under the roof, is allotted to the worjr. people, who sit around there on benches against the wall, and sew, and drape and trim unaertbe supervision of Mme. Floret, the dressmaker-in-chisf of the establishment It was to Mme. Floret that 1 addressed myself when I desired to have the magnifi cent and elaborate costume provided for Juliet in the fourth act of the opera (the bedroom scene) exchanged for a dress more in accordance with what the great.English act resses have worn in the past, namely a wliite crape or cashmere wrapper trimmed with white lace. The chief dressmaker, however, ssponded: "Mademoiselle', Juliet must wear heliotrope or lilao in that scene, as she is in mourning for Tybalt," which,consid- rlnf? that Tllhttlt bftH hppn flTnln nnt 91 hours previously, argued that Lady Capulet nao. naa a aressmaKerj in me nouse to I rjjnf? TT f 1889 , make up the family; mourning, and that" she had worked without losing any jimS f; .The materials used for the costumes are bought wholesale and are stored away till wanted. There is an immense consumption of tulle aud tarletane for tbe dresses' of the female members of the ballet troupe. Mile. Mauri, the premiere danseuse, Is the only one whose multitudinous skirts are all made of tulle. The other dancers have the three or four outer skirts only in tulle, the rest being composed of tarletane. PBEIMBING THE COSTUMES. Each one of the leading members of the company is provided with a dresser whose business it is, not only to assist the artiste in dressing duiing a performance, hut also to superintend all the details of the costume, to see that the shoes are clean, the train well brushed, the laces, chemisette, etc.perfectly fresh, and everything in tact in faultless order. This arrangement relievesthe prima donna's mind of a good deal of respon sibility. The costumes are always furnished by the establishment; but if any one of the singers desires to wear a dress of her own providing, she can usually settle the matter with the director. Thus when Mile. Hell bron appeared at the Grand Opera as Marguerite, she was allowed to haye her first costume composed ol Chinese crape, and made for her at one of the leading dress makers of Paris. But the model prescribed by the traditions of the house must always be strictly followed. Marguerite must always wear a tight-fitting white drei3 with a long train in the second and third acts of "Fanst" The correct and picturesque mediaeval costume worn by Miss Ellen Terry in the Lyceum production of the drama of "Faust" inLondon and afterward assumed by Mme. Albani in the opera at Covent Garden, here in Paris is not to be thought of for a moment; it would be con trary to tradition I The acoustic properties of the Grand Opera House are very peculiar. The voice of a singer must possess remarkable "carrying" qualities in order to fill the auditorium in any adequate fashion. Anything that is spoken on the stage must be uttered close to the footlights if it is intended to be heard by the audience. This is so well understood by the members of the company that they con verse together with perfect freedom at the backof the stage when not engaged in the bnsiness of the scene, being sure that what they have to say will never be heard beyond the footlights, which, in fact, it never is. There is one point, sot far from the prompt er's box, where the voice in singing is more easily heard than at any other place on the stage. This was well understood by M. Jean de Beszke, and he is accustomed always to stand there when the business of the scene permits him to choose that position Such are a few of my impressions and ob servations as a member of the Paris Opera Company. Many more things might be said that would be new and inteiesting to the general public, if not to professionals. But I think I have written enough to show what an important center this house is for the preservation and development of true musical and dramatic art Emma TUmtw. HIS BEAR WAS .A CALF. The Amusing Mistake Binds by Hunter From the City. Stir Tork Evening World. I am a resident of the Twenty-fourth ward, this city, and one day last month I made up my mind to go fishing. My wife advised me to take my gun with me In case I should have a chance at a wild duck or so. I went to a favorite spot of mine where I had fished before with great success and had hardly placed my pole in order and com menced to bait my hook when I heard a great commotion in the woods near by, and saw an animal that looked to me like a wolf or bear making straight for me. I dropped my pole, seized my gun, took good aim and blazed away. The beast turned and, bellow ing with pain, ran back to the woods, I in pursuit The next minute I heaid a man's voice in great anger yelling: "Who fired that shot? I will be. darned if some darned fool did not shoot that calf!" You ought to have seen me run. I be lieve 1 did not stop until I reached home, and the worst oi it was I forgot pole and fishing-tackle. When I related to my wife and mother-in-law what happened to me, they both as with one voice, exclaimed: "What a blind fool you are, Barneyl" and wanted me to go back for my fishing-tackle, but I didn't. s COLOMBIA AS AN EL D0KAD0. A. Bich Country Whose Resource-" Are Stilt Comparatively Undeveloped. November Harper's. The forests of Columbia abound in trees which are used for building purposes, for dyeing, and for cabinet work; and balsamic plants and gums, medicinal and otherwise useful to man, are no less abundant. In the exhibition of natural products which took place in the capital of the republic in 1870 there were more than 700 kinds of the above-mentioned woods. The country also abounds in rich mines of gold and silver, in iron, copper, lead, emeralds, amethysts, rubies, rock-ciystal, marble, porphyry, jasper, jet, salt, coal, sulphur, lime, gypsum, and other mineral products. On the coast, especially on the coasts of the Isthmus of Panama and of the bay of Bio Hasha, are found pearls arid coral. Notwithstanding the abundance of these natural riches, however, the develop ment of the material resources of the coun try has been hitherto almost completely neglected. Influence. The morning broke upon a sullen world; A heavy mist encompassed sea and landt The city's smoke hung low on every hand; Tbe roses stood wfth velvet petals furled. Like pouting maids wfth prettv lips half-curled, Waiting, with droopfnt; heads and cheeks nn. fanned. Their zephyr lovers, a dejected band; While listlessly the languid windmill whirled. Then, suddenly, a ray of golden light Fell on tbe earth; the cray mist stank away. The smoke sped upward in majestic flight. The zenhvra suns- a merrv roundelay. The roses laughed, the windmill whirred de light. The sunbeams danced, and all the world was gay. mma C. Dowd,in Youth's Companion, BODY BRUSSELS CAKPET9, Of the Celebrated Lowell and Harttord Blnlce-, Reduced to 81 a Yard. These are the best makes of these well known brands, and have been selling at (1.40 all season. ' We want to sell 5,000 yards this week. They are not remnants, but full rolls. Many of tbe patterns will not be repro duced for next spring, is the reason tbey are so cheap with us now. Borders to match all patterns. Remember, $1 a yard; worth $1.40, and cheap at that EstVABD GROETZINOER, 627 and 629 Penn avenue. A Notable Sale, And one that is well worthy the attention of the citizens ot Pittsburg is the immense assignee's sale at auction at 723 and 72S Liberty street, corner Eighth, being the en tire stock of a New York importing dry good", carpet and rng house, amounting in value to over 8160,000. The goods are all of the very finest quality and are sold in quantities to suit the purchaser. A sale o't this macnitnde is of rare ocenrence, espec ially as everything is without limit or re serve. No matter what price yon may offer, you gel the article, whether it be a piece of print or fine silk. Those who would secure some of these choice goods should make it a point to attend at once. The sales are held daily at 10 A. St., 2 and 7i30 P.M. i i For Comfort Get one of those montenao or- chinchilla overcoats, at Pitcairu's, Hi Wood it. Blaib's PrLia Great' English gout - and rheumatic remedy. Sure, prompt and effect ive. At druggists'. XTSa n-W, wn K3t .' . - 3F. " " ' ISIT.GOINGTOEffl? B7 Far ' the Most, Frnltfnl Topic of Ordinary Conversation. AKOIEKT SIGNS ABD PORTENTS. The Work Jfow Accomplished by the Great Weather Bureau. GOETHE'S 1DEA8 UPON ATMOSPHEEE rWBlTTKr TOB tax. DISFATCn.I "What of the weather?" "Is it going to rain?" The world seems to have been born with a chronic anxiety about the weather. As a stimulant to conversation it is not a mere matter of form, but controls it, because it controls everything else. King Weather rules religion, character, cuisine and archi tecture. Is ic going to rain or snow? be hot or cold? are inquiries that are directed to every one we meet. There is no theme so general, no subject upoq which each and all can talk as intelligiblyas his neighbor. Each morning millions of people scan the newspapers for tbe weather report, and read thq unfailing pronbecyof the skies oi the coming day. Even marriage and death notices yield to this sovereign. Fifty centuries passed before the world was able to predict certainly the weather of a single day, but with the es tablishment of the Weather Bureau not 20 years ago, if we follow the weather report we may know davs before what the weather in all probability will be. The value of such a science cannot be overestimated, bnt the most important office of the bureau is giving warnings of approaching storms to vessels. The weather Is an extremist "It never rains but it pours." In a wet season it rains to-day because it rained yesterday, and more than likely will rain to-morrow for the same reason. It is climate that effects our entire natures. The bright, enterprising Westerner, tho languid Southerner, tbe sharp, scheming Yankee, are all specimens of climatic influence. We may resist, bnt CLIMATE -WILL COXQTTEB in the end. Some days are like a dreamy poem. Tbey drive away dull care and felicity takes her place. Some days are filled with celestial fires that exhilarate and electrify, until all the world seems to smile. Then comes the gloomy, downcast, lowering clouds, and the world looks at life through smoked spectacles. Woe to tbe suppliant for favors on such a dayl Some one has said, "What is a Yankee but John Bull plus the American climate?" But whac a transforming power King Weather has had, in this instance. During this year the war of the elements has combined against onr entire country from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from the North to the South have the cyclones and floods devastated our land. "It is the stars." The stars above us govern onr conditions, quoth Shakespeare, and in this age, too, the "weather witch" credits Jupiter with all the storms and delnges of the past year and all the prospective horrors of the coming year, until his power as a ruling planet has passed. But to abuse the weather, we dare not, for the rain means as much as the sun light it means life and growth, and is as necessary to man as to vegetation. "Old Probabilities" has his rivals certainly, in the almanac followers, in the good old Dutch, and in the Indian, and their old signs seldom fail either. "If it rain before 7, it will clear before 11." "A rainbow in tbe morning, a sailor's warning," but "A rainbow at night, a jailor's delight," and others, invariably prove the truth of the old signs. Yet King Weather is as capricious, moody, severe or tender as the monarebs of tbe olden days. Hence there is speculation when we look at the clouds, tbe moon, the sunset or the stars, and "All signs fall in dry weather." Goethe . gave a very picturesque cause for therainr but as for the science of IT welT,"no matter. He said: "I compare the earth and her atmosphere to a obeat xJTixa sznra perpetually inhaling and exhaling. If she' Inhales she draws the atmosphere to her, so that coming near her surface it is condensed to clouds and rain. This state I call "water affirmative." Tbe opposite state he called "water negative." That it has rained cats and dogs and pitchforks, fish, flesh, manna, fowls and toads, we all have heard; that it has never rained umbrellas the most credu lous will not doubt,' for whoever had an umbrella when he needed it most Yet "it is a wise man that carries an umbrella ou a dry day." "Old .Probabilities'" signal stations are getting more numerous every year. At Mt Washington the altitude is over 6,000 feet, yet observations are often made in a balloon. The result of each ob servation, all Over the whole country, is telegraphed in cypher to the Signal Office at Washington. The work at these stations is simple, being only a reading of the instru ment at stated times and of transmitting to Washington the results. From these the bulletin of "probabilities" for tbe ensuing 24 hours is made out and telegraphed to all newspapers in the conn- ; try who are willing to publish them for the benefit of their readers, and to all boards of trade, exchanges; societies, seaports, etc., etc When momentous storms are raging telegrams are dispatched, received, acted uponand filed. The iiumensity of this sci ence is absolutely wonderful, and yet its system is perfection Itsel ' Every report that reaches tbe Signal Office is carefully preserved on me, ana at tne end ot each year tbe office possesses a complete history ofthe meteorology of every day in the year. This scientific forecasting of tbe elements 'Influences a)l the civilizations of the earth, and each year it value Is becomin-rmore apparent M. M. The Warning ot the Bash. It ts on)y the weird rustling lX)f a withered, wind-blown bush. That stands by the roadside stgbtng In the autumn evening's hn-b; It thrills as though ft were human, And feels encroaching death That tinges wfth bsctio beauty Its leaves list what It saltbr I dreamt sweet dreams in springtime days, I slept 'neath the summer moon, I sbed soft tears fn autumn's haze. But tbq chill came all too soon. Dream on, yonnc lover, while you may, Life's roses bloom for soma: ' Basic In warm love's effutgent ray, Yet chilling ago must come. One must go first, and one remain Alone oo the road to death, And sadly sfgb, as now do I, In tbe autumn's frosty breath; Tbe hopes you bear, tbe charms yon wear, Mast tose their mystic lignt And winter's snows drift o'er the rose That once was fair and bright Pass on! I can bnt whisper low, Wfth these withered, wind-blown leaves, I stand alone, and make my moan Like a trembling soul that grieves. Pass on, leave me desolatel Ere long I shall be dumb, With not a leaf to sigh my grief When chllllnz death shall come. Annie E Baker in Philadelphia Ledger. Growlns Old. Tbe world takes care that you shall not forget Ihe name and number of your years; Its watcbf uleye wtll notice, never fret, Just whp.n the first gray hair appears. Of coarse It offers me tbe ripht of way. But here tbe covert truth is told. Its actions speak, thongh naught Its lips may Say The meaning's plain "he's growtsg old," It seems quite pleasant to tbe world I mean, When it can tell you wbat you Know. There It stands upon Its memory, clean, How old you were a year ago. You board a car, tbe world is there before, ItTlses. "tafces this seat, 'tis cold," But 1 know well that eacb word bints at more Translated it Is "growing old." I would not mind If It were not so true Its thought- and mine so far agree, Tbat Is my limbs are not so limp and new, Yet I like not this making free. I have a secret, thongh, you mar not guess. Plain spoken world, so bard of tongue, I read, God's mercy never growetb less, And In tbat light I'm growing young. Wm. hylt in Norriitotm Herald. "A OEM of the' first water," Dr. Ball's Cough Syrup. Jf nee only 36 cents. ., 5-15 ' ffflATTTil&QDEKJJ'S GiOTS;Cjrg Good Evidence That Great Britain's Rales' la Kot n -ipendibrift. "' ' Newca-tla (Eng.) CbrontcIe.J The tineen has a large hand. She takes ? seven-and-a-half in gloves. HerJagersawT extremely short, and -out of proportion w the size of ber hand. The Queen will wear nothing but black gloves generally tfeey; 1 are Ot Kla, out sometimes sue wrau nm gloves. These also mu-t be dyed blaefc., Her Majesty commenced to wear one-tmtto gloves at the beginning of her reign. To- day, when no shop girl thinks anybody real ladv without six buttons, the QaeeB ha only got to lour. She refuses altogether te" conform to fashion. She only wears about two dozen pairs of gloves a year. Eaek pair costs eight shillings and sixpence. In fact, the Queen of Great"BriteiVad Ireland and the Empress of India it'4t cidedly economical in ber glove. bill. Tfcee are 8 great many fashionable -wewM wbe think nothinz of a elove bill it it only cee In 100 a rear. Manv women will S9ed - 20 on gloves during the six weeks of tW"vl season by wearing two or tnree pairs a osy.- Catarrh 'i IS a blood disease. Until tae poises fan expelled from the systeai, there oca "be no cure for this Ioatbsesie m&", dangerous malady. Therefore the oolyj effective treatment is a thorosgh effarae i. of Ayer's Sarsaparllla the best et aH , blood purifiers. The sooner yoa begM" the better ; delay is dangerous. " i wag troubled with catarrh for ever $ two years. I tried various remedies., and was treated by a nnrnber of phye4- rlani. Vint rmvlverl no hpnpflt nntlt T began to take Ayer's Sarsapadlla. A.' A few bottles of this medicine cured me ot tnis troublesome complaint aud ceaa- ieteiy restored my neaitn." jeesejsu loggs, Holman's Mills, N. O. B "When Ayer's 8arsaparilla was re-, ommended to me for catarrh, I was i-j clined to doubt its efficacy. 'Haviag; tried so manv remedies, with little bea- efit, I had no faith that anything -wemK; y cure me. X became emaciated ixom lees - had nearly lost the sense of saeH, saipj mv Rvstem was badlv deranced. I was' J about discouraged, when a frtead "WgeeV , me to try -flyers oarsapanns, sea e- I erred me to persons wnom n Baa en of mtarrh. After takinz half a Aei bcttles of this medicine, lam osavfeeeelj that the only sure way of treattsc ttts.j obstinate disease is throueh the bJeefll Charles H. Moloney, 113 Biwet-, Loweli, .Mass. Ayer's SarsapanlliJ 7RXF1SXD ZS -V: Dr. J. C Ayer & Co., Lcwel, MmiV' fries l: six bottles. M. We Mat-Ms. . MmM Astrachaii'y SHOULDER U-aJT-CJO., f $12 OO. J, fi, MM l HI. yl m ww,6 r Hatters rtlHiiu Cop. WOOD ST. & FIFTH AYKf 02eVff-TnWS Stop -tt&ttA Chronic Cough Nit! i or u yoa ao not it mar heestM task aamptlre. For " r rff-n. fftr-rtiisB. General DebUUy and HbsHna SitSmZ there Is nothing Ilia SCOTTS Fmulsion Of Pare Cod Ilrer QB. HYPOPHdsPHITM Of Idme, ana It Is almost as palate Wo as better thaa other so-called A. wonderful flesti prodaoerv Scott's Emulsiti There are poor lmitatteM. Ma Oc2-ilWS-fji 7l CL. l GUN WA is a Chinese- PhyiM Owing, to existing laws hacaaaot medicine in America, bo ne nas Una of Chiaets herb aad vi which, iB-tearl of simply relleyini Strike at the VERY ROOT OF MS perform cures tbat are notblnsr lew veloMr A friendly talk and CONS with Qua Wa COSTS NOTHING, le but a small sum for his remedies, wbtalj, genua ana narmiew to taae.re un-rrinz in their effects. Thev 8 SfE CURB all Wood, nervou- and ebroaisi xoung, miaut-aeei or nut am, qnlcklT restored to PKRFSCT PI HEALTH. UUN WAUaF.KISN. AFFLICTED. If you canBOtealL in perfect confidence. Bend for tttt life, and his circular on Cancer. Tw Worm. Rheumatism. Caiarrh, Fees ne or uesu inclose c itassiM n OSce hears, 9 A. at. to 12 x.;lSa r. Jt -fff JUM ---pw-Mm---i ---------- - $-?', VJT - JLN W i 04OPenn -A.ve.,:Pl.ttsb OCB-WSB Mc ONEY TO IRELAKU, SCOTLAJTa . SMieiana csb beet. Be teat are tee "vueqae sank.' wnten are Hanker, merchants anil tr-d bars Agency MAX SCHAM1 Bumnneia-t, niUDarjr EflStf TtMKrrHI Udmuxittf 1 M,m,- Vdu.OUrStlii.iaHC WHniu.Nm. HIM -.in. Pid-I Di I ttu.it - I 9Ewv ""Hfe SP t I! r i.7 ' i oel-tajJB g-MP 1 w S, towkmA?a few 5Jr i , BaJf'S sV I hbBB la Mkfj . eeJJM ?