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'4? 3?fn - THE PITTSBURG- -DISPATCH SUNDAY, NWEMBER3fx1889. jua VSS ' r "tV Ki SV HefiOYAL BOAR HUNT. fA-Day With the Imperial Meet in the Dark Grunewald Forest POBLE-DIAKAS IK THE CHASE. IFolloirinjr the Honnds Through Thicket 3 And Flood. . fA Wltl) bacetocaptiire tub nunnir , ICOKRESPOKDENCE Or THE DIEFATCn.l BEBLIN, Or-toVr 20. BE 3d of November is the day sacred all over Chris tendom to St. Hubert, the patron saint of the hunt. Everywhere In the -wide world those who love the sport by field and forest reverently remember it. Tor apes it has been the fashion in Germany to celebrate the day bv hunting meets in the forests of the Empire, and every son of the Fatherland owning a dog and a gun and who can obtain, eitberby favor or purchase, the right to shoot over any of the spacitns preserves, goes out with his hunting com panions to make a day of it. Royalty observes the day in right kingly fashion, and the great Grunewald forest is annually the scene of one of the merriest and most picturesque hunts in Europe, usually led by the Emperor himself. Until a tew years before his last illness the late JAGB SCHLOSS, Emperor "William was never known to miss the Grunewald boar bunt, and there are "many noble families in Germany that treas ure as priceless relics the tiny bits of "'bruch" they secured whn "in at the 'death" on some ot thoe occasions in which the gallant old Kaiser himself gave the animal the "fang," or dagger stab in the lungs, endinsr its career and closing the chase. The Grunewald is a magnificent game preserve, situated about ten miles west of Berlin and between this city and Potsdam, where the -imperial fam ily live in summer, late the torest near "Versailles, it is kept in the style of two cen turies ago, and its dark recesses and deep, tangled thickets afford abundant shelter for Count JHchard Dohna Bchlobitten, Master of the Sounds. large game, and at the same time are ex tremely duugrruus to the hunters who follow the boar on horseback. Jlany a good steed is'maimed or killed outrichthy the reckless ness of its rider in attempting to force it through the thickets and pitfalls of the Grunewald. A BKTZ.T.IA3TT MEET. The meet will take place in the imperial forest, and will be as brilliant as any of its yredecessors. Emperor "William "himself ibas invited the members of the Potsdamer Jleiterverein to attend the "Hubertus-Jagd," flrsteeplechase; butunfortunatelyhewillnot le present in person at the hunt," as he will be absent in Greece. His brother-in-law, .Prince Frederick Leopold, of Prussia, son ot the "Bed Prince," Frederick Charles, the greatest of living German military heroes, 'will be his representative as leader ot the hunt By 12 o'clock the courtyard of the old hunting castle, the "Jagdschloss," will be crowded with a very gay assemblage. Presently a group of men in the uniform of castle gamekeepers ride out of the courtyard and make for the pens in the forest where the boars are kept for several days before the hunt. These attendants all wear pink, with jockey caps, and their signal horns hung by f 11 'lv tj ineir siaes. xne crowd outside the walls know now that the sport will soon begin. "Within all is preparation, mounting and saddling and tightening of girths amid the liveliest chatter. The post of honor as leader of the chase is taken by the Prince, while immediately behind him stand the entire party, ready for the signal. Herr Palm, the Master of the Hounds, with his bright pink suit, high top-boots and a pair of black eagles surmounting his jockey cap, sits on a strong brown horse, his "wald horn," or forest bugle, slung across his arm in readiness and its silver coils twined arnt his neck. Around him are 25 couples ol impatient hounds, held in leash bv tris as sistants, and straining for the gate. Tby are mostly wnite-and-tan and show the marks of fine training and thorough haudling. They are of the same breed as those used for fox hunting in England. THE HTJST BEGETS. A quarter of an hour elapses. It seems an age to the impatient cavalcade, which would fain be in motion. At last a blast is heardlrom the gamekeepers ontside, an- 9 nouncing that the boar has be n loosed. Fifteen minutes more pass, aivd then the master of the hunt, Count Kichard Dohna Schlobitten, advancing to the Pi ince,salutes him and says: "Your Boyal Highness, it is . tiine7or the hunt to begin." Prince Fred erick Leopold raises his hand, Herr Palm salutes, and then, lilting the waldbom to his lips, blows a long and powi-rful note that t re-echoes shrilly throughout 1 he castle. At the first sound the gate is opejed, the hounds leap ap, and, tuggintr at thr ir leashes, pass through and the hunters follow, amid the cheers and vociferations of the crowd stand ing outside. The ladies, ride splendidly. Foremost t among them is the lovely Princess Char lotte, of Saxe-Heiningca, the sister of the Emperor, who sits her thoroughbred with afirm aud .confident saddle like a Diana of the chase only the goddess didn't do her hunting on horseback. It was the Princess' father-in-law, yon may remember, who became so famous through his model theater. He is believed bv manv in Europe to be the- greatest 'stage manager in the world. Near her is. .Fraulein Von Prill witr, and immediately behind the latter comes the Countess Bohenau. These two attend -every meet of the hounds. The hnntintr part i rirht "In the middle of the Grunewald woods. A little distanct from the castle is tine wide and deep river Havel, along whoso banks thereisabundane cover. Should tlnj boar, however, take it into his head to cross the river, he is prac cally.safe from th't hunters; for, long before they could cross in boats, he would have dis appeared in the forest. But the hounds are off on a keen scent, and as they pick up the "faehrte"ofthegame, they give cry that tells the hunters where to follow. Now the whole field is in full chase. Hofjagermeister Graf von Dohna leading gallantly on his powerful black horse. Presently he turns and makes room for the ladies, lor the chase is yet young, even though the joyous bark of the bounds can be heard at intervals, indi cating that they are still on the track. The prancing of some of the horses ridden by the ladies causes a delay. Jl. field of good eiders. It is a large field, and all the renowned riders from Berlin and Potsdam are out. Prince Schwartzburg, of Budolfstadt, Count von Arn'm; Graf Kanitz, chief chamber lain of Prince Leopold; Graf Pappcnfceim, a Bavarian and a lineal descendant of the great chief who fought Gustavus Adolphns 3t Lutren; Herr von 'Willick, a well-known General of staff; Herr von Tepper-Laski, one of the best known sportsmen in the Empire; Herr von Meverinck; Herr von Krosigk, Emperor "William's successor as commander or the Hussars, the crack corps of the army; Graf Ziethen, the grandson of the lamous Jneld .Harsh al ot i redencK the Great, and many others are present mounted on fine horses, mnstlv thoroughbreds. .Nearly all the animals ridden are of pure Prussian breed, or halt English, bait Prus sian. The Emperor is exceedingly partial to Prnssian horses, and this fact has set the fashion where heretofore there were manv English horses Used in the hunting field. Our Prussian brred is slow but more endur ing than the English, and in every way better adapted for the rongh work of a boar chase. t But there, again, is the cry of the hounds. It shows the way, and all the riders follow in full force, with Fraulein von Prillwitz quite in front. She is a daring rider and takes many chances that make even men GEUKE'WAI.D. shndder; but she is fairly eclipsed by the PrincessCharlotteofSaxe-Meiningen.whose skill in the saddle is the admiration of all Prussia. In any field she holds her own and has often been in at the death. She comes dashing down the field at the head of the hunt, her Prussian mare having given the Fraulein's English thoroughbred her heels. Graefin Hohenau, too, courageously pushes to the front on her bav horse, which is rather unmanageable; but she, like a pretty horse-breaker as she is, contrives by rare skill to keephim in line. THE BOAE AT BAT. Bight on, through the firwood, sweeps the chase. Suddenly the boar turns to the left and makes for the lake near Hundekehle. The huntsmen blow the signal: "Water near," and like a flash the whole pack of h unds follow the hunted brute into the water, swimming alter hitn. For the first .ime we cm now see tbe .game. He is a huge, unwieldy fellow, a boar probablv weighing 1,000 pounds. His ugly snout is well out ot the water, and his thick, curling, wicked-looking tusks shine white in the sunlight, which also reveals his deep-set fangs as he turns his head to glance back at the hounds. There is a lot of fight in him, lor the swim will cool him and make him better able to give the dogs battle. Bigbt .icross the lake he plunges, the hounds gain ing perceptibly, but not enough to overtake him. The field rides around the margin and arrives m time to see the boar strike the trand, shake his stubby hide an instant and i hen dash oft; with the whole pack once nore in pursuit on dry land. Now besins a splendid run, a vue. The field scatters somewhat and each rider tries to do his best, for the end is not far off, unless the boar should take to the river. The brute is soon tired and the hounds bring him to a halt, although thev keep off at a respectful distance, knowing' his boar ship s tactics at this stage of the sport too well to cultivate a closer acquaintance. Thev are surrounding him on all sides, yelping and rushing in short circles, but HEEIt PALM AND held in check by the huntsmen, for even in the maddest moment of the hunt the splendid training of the hounds is ap parent. There is a fnrious rush of horse men, but Graf Dohna is first on the spot. He springs from his big, black horse, and running forward without a moment's hesitation grasps in his strong, muscular hands the right bind leg of the boar, which is now half recumbent on its haunches, rest ing for a fresh effort. There is a furious struggle, but the powerful grasp of the hntjagermeister is not to be shaken off. He raises the brute's prisoned leg still The Princess Charlotte. higher, and as he does so the whole weight of the boar is thrown forward on the fore legs and be is rendered powerless. Snort ing with rage and rooting in the turf, he is held in this position despite his struggles until Prince Leopold comes up with a dozen others. The royal leader of the hunt dis mounts, and with his jeweled hunting dag ger gives him the "fang" a well-aimed thrust that penetrates the left lung and the heart, causing death instantly. shaking the bbuch. This is the supreme moment of the hunt! As the bofjagermeister releases the boar's legs, and while the latter'lies bleeding and dead, the Prince's aid-de-camp, with his hunting knife, cnt from the nearest pine tree a bunch of needles, which the Prince gaily distributes to those who hnppen to he present tbe moment the "fang" is given. ii'SmcssSsufi-vt. -. JGl . vM?aUtAS. ""IC.- " -VtSssagsgSjggiS; None who are not on the spot at the instant of victory may share the "oruch." As each of the fortunate hunters places his spray of pine in his hat or coat the bugles sound the "Hallalli! Hallallil Hallallit" the signal of the death of the boar. This brings all the laggards to the spot, hot and breathless with nding and their horses flecked with foam. Then, with his hunting knife, Herr Palm administers the "curee" to the dead boar, cutting it open with a single dexter ous stroke. One of his assistant then takes out the liver and intestines, which are flung to the pack of dogs and quickly devoured. After the chare all return to the Castle Grunewald, where dinner awaits them. Merry .W -. . - pct;vi 4Ki- Distribution of the Brush by Pa Leopold. and hungry, chatting giily over the suc cessful sport and without even an attempt at toilet, the hunters sit down this time to a regal table. Unlike the lunch in the fore noon, which was eaten in the courtyard, the dinner is a stately and imposing affair, the sole peculiarity being the utter absence of even the semblance of preparationon the part of the diners. Thev sit. down just as they come in from the forest, their hunting suits torn and bloody, or soiled by tumbles from their horses or contact with trees and bushes. Even the ladies look slightly be draggled, some having their long habits and their hunting gloves stained with the marks ot the chase, but all are pleased, and it is a happv party, indeed, which, disregarding the conventionalities, do justice to the good cheer their Imperial host sets before them. Baeon von M. NATIONAL GUARD NOTES. Mns. J. C. Kay, the wife of Major J. d. Kay, of tbe Eighteenth Rep men t, has been ill for sometime with a severe case of typhoid fever. Lieutenant James K. Treacy, who has been traveling for the past six weeks through the South, is expected back In the city this week. The unfavorable weather of the past week virtually closed tbe rifle ranges ot both of tbe local reciments. The season has been extended to tbe 16th inst, after which scores cannot be counted tor records: A meeting ot the members of Company A, Fourteenth Regiment, is called for this after noon at 2 JO o'clock at tbn company armory. Important business will be brought up, and every member should be present Captain R. W. A. Simmons, of Company H. Eighteenth Regiment, was reelected to command of tbe company last Tuesday even inc. The election was conducted by Colonel bmith. Captain Simmons had no opposition from tbe 33 menbers in line. Captain "William M. Awl, of Company F, Southside, calls a special meeting of the members ot bis command for to-morrow even ing at 8 o'clock. Every member ot the com fiany is expected to be present as business of mportance will be transacted. The record of some ot the Eastern regiments in sendinsr in their money for the Hartranft monument should stimulate the organizations In the Second Brigade to get a lively "move" on themselves. As yet no command has for warded any money lor this purpose, although both the local organizations have gotten down to work. A 'MEETING of the officers of tbe Fourth Regiment is called for to-morrow evening; November 4, at the Central Armory, at 7:30 p. M.. sharp. Captains of companies are ex pected to turn in at orice to the regimental headquarters, one copy of their inspection roll, ono copy of tbe abstract of daily roll call, ana two copies of the muster and pay roll. The Massachusetts National Guard has dis carded steel targets for rifle practice, and adopted canvas targets worked on tbe window sash plan. Steel targets have many advantages the main one being tbe cheapness of mainten ance after they are once placed in position, but for good results in the way of ra id scoring and safety and easo to the markers, nothing has been found better than canvas frames. The building used for storage purposes on the rifle range of tbe Eighteenth Regiment at High Bridge, was broken into last Tuesday and a quantity of material, including two rifles, was stolen. This Is the second time during the season that depredations have been committed on tho range, and It is safe to say tbemiscreants will be given a benefit if caught. Tbe range of this regiment next season will probably be lo cated a little further out tho Castle Shannon Railroad, as tbe present site has been sold for building purposes. The Potter trophy, consisting of a bronze figure entitled the "Last Cartridge," was won a.wc ,S$$Bp V-fcj.2SW5at THE HOUNDS. by a team from the First Regiment last week. Ihe contest was confined to teams from the irst Brigade exclusively. It is expected that a numher of new trophies and medals will be offend for competition in the Second Brigade next season. For money can not be nut up for that purpose, but they should be limited to certain classes of marksmen, for in that man ner rifle practice will he encouraged amonc the poorer marksmen. Captain John P. Penny, of Company G Eighteenth Regiment, was favored last week by an Invitation from the Reception Committee on the Pan-American visitors to turn out his command, ana show the Southerners how the Pittsburg militia can drill. The selection of this company by tbe committee was certainly a wise one, as G undoubtedly stands at the head ?l '-I . t Jrst-class companies in this end of tnehtate. If room can be gotten on tbe wharf at Duauesne way Captain Penny expects to put hi command through a skirmish drill, which, when well executed, is an interesting sight Qcaktermastee Robert Patteeson, of the Fourteenth Regiment tendered his resic nation to Colonel Perchment during the past week. Lieutenant Patterson gives as his reason S,fi5i!!te.Ptbe Pressure of private business, but It Is Intimated by those who know that the real cause of tho resignation will be known to tbe public very shortly, and that the details I11 make Interesting reading to guardsmen. Lieutenant Patterson is an entbusfast on mili tary matters, particularly in the shooting line, and was spoken of as a candidate for the cap taincy of one of the companies of the regiment a short tim e ago. The ordinance granting Battery B and the Eighteenth Regiment the Fifth avenue market house and grounds for the purpose of erecting an armory, was unanimously passed through Select Conned last Monday, and at the next meeting of Councils it will undoubtedly be sanctioned by the Common branch. The raising of funds to erect tbe building will be started at once, and from the feelings expressed by a num ber or tbe more prominent merchants, manu facturers and baukers, but little fear is felt that the necessary amount will not bo quickly raised. It is expected that tho building will be ready for use in one year's time. THE State Fencibles Battalion, of Philadel phia, under command of Major Chaw, visited New York City last Tuesday, as the guests of the Seventh Regiment They were given a royal reception, and in tbe evening before a large audience of the notables of tbe city, showed the New Yorkers how the Pennsylvania boys can handle themselves by giving an exhi bition drill. Tbe movements were executed In the Armory or the Seventh, and as a whole were voted by Colonel Appleton and the officers present to be the flne't thing of tbe kind ever attempted in New York City. Tbe Fencibles were attired in their scarlet and gold uniforms, with bear skin caps, and turned out 200 strong. JiyTSa.. - -lh' f V f. JJ-eiS",'! 53 -,? n- t- AN UNA1ERICAN IDEA Bessie Bramble Asserts That Oar Girls Do Not Seed Chaperons. BOYS NEED THE MOST WATCHING. Good Mothers WJll Always Sear Good Daughters. THE B00ES OP UDK0PEAN SOCIETY rWKlTTEK FOB THB DISrATClt.l An earnest and eloquent plea for chap erons is made in a recent article by Mrs. Admiral Dahlgren, but there is hardly a word in it that will not equally apply in favor ot the boys of the same class of which she writes having guardians. "The first, best and most-to-be-desired chaperon for any young girl is her mother;" so also it may be said that the' first, best and most-to-be-desired guardian of a young boy is his father. In fact, as may be readily pointed ont, a boy really needs a guardian more at the age when be begins to sow wild oats than does a girl on entering society. Airs. Dahlgren asks, "Why should a mother not chaperon her daughter?" On the same ground of protecting him from the wiles and pitfalls of this wicked world, why should it not be the proper thing for a lather or mother to chaperon their sons who are even more prone to go astray than are the daughters? Numerouiiappv homes are oftentimes thrown into a sUte of dismay and distraction by sons of 18 or 10 going off on sprees, spending their days and nights in riotous living, being enticed and beguiled by artful and designing women, and making entirely unsuitable marriages, which mar their lives and bring unbappiness to their friends, and yet nothing is said about their being kept straight by the constant presence of a chaperon or guardian. It is not im pressed upon a mother by society that she must keep her eye upon her sou and accom pany him everywhere, so as to prevent his taking up with improper acquaintances, to interpose formidable barriers to hisfalllngin love with ineligible girls, and to place in surmountable impediments in the way of his ruining his happiness by a mad mar riage. The impression is more than likely to the contrary that her oversight, influ ence and watchful care are no longer needed or desired after the first faint symptoms of a mustache appears. Not long ago a promi nent man affirmed in lordly fashion that "at the age of 13 a boy should be cut loose from his mother's apron strings, and be taught self-reliance and independence that at that age he should be taken from a woman's management and thus grow up to be a man rather than a milksop." Other men probably have the same opinion, as so many of tbem show a contempt for the mother's opinions and thus incite in the boys a dis regard for her wishes. "WHY GIBLS NEED CHAPEEONS. But why should boys be let loose upon the world at an early age, while it is held that girls must be watched and guarded and chaperoned until they are married, even if that does not happen until they have reached the season of the sere and yellow leaf? The special duty of a chaperon, says Mrs. Dahlgren. "is to euard her marriage able wards as far as is possible in receiving the attentions of men." This construed by the unwritten law means that the chaperon is to discourage the advances and assign the cold shoulder to prospective lovers whose fortunes and family particularly the former do not come up to the de mands of a good match, and to encourage and promote the advances of the "eiigibles" who have the reqnisite cash to keep up style, whether they have any claims to character and brains or not. It is duly set forth that chaperons are necessary for un married girls because they are held to be "guileless, artless and confidine." Qualities very lovely and attractive, but yet verv dangerous, as Mrs. Dahlgren obseryes, in society owing to the inexperience of the carefully guarded girls when "launched from their home moorings into the swift and dangerous currents of the voyage of life." In view of the society girls as thev are very well-known "being guileless, artless and confiding," most people will laugh at the transparent pretense, while the idea that a chaperon can make their fond illusions sale realities, is something to upset the gravity of a marble statue or an adamantine rock. The chief reason as we gather from Sister Dahlgren'splea for chaperons is "the preven tionoi' their unmarried wards from making ineligible marriages," but the newspapers and common experience show that when girls are mo t strictly secluded and guarded, they are far more liable to elope with the coachman, or the gardener, or the swindler, than when allowed to exercise freedom nd to enjoy the pleasure of congenial company. It is not wonderful that so manv inde pendent American girJs scoff at this im ported Europeau fashion, and scorn it as implying suspicion and distrust of their ability to conduct themselves vrith decorum and proper dignity. They have been trained to self reliance, moral sense, and perception of right and wrong in the American style, and do not take kindly to such SYSTEM OF ESPIONAGE as prevails in the aristocratic circles of Europe, where so-called gentlemen only put on their good manners in their own set or cast. Two American ladies of culture and refinement thought they might go out on the streets of Berlin, trusting to their gray hair not to be ibsulted, but they were summarily jostled off the sidewalk into the gutter by some of the Emperor's grand officers, who laughed and jeered at their dismay at such rudeness. When the nobiljty ol Continental Europe is composed of such unmannerly boors ot course protection is needed for women; but where are the officer!! of the army in this country who would so treat women ot any age? It must take great love and reverence lor a title, much pride and fondness for petty distinction.-much bowing down and sniveling after high position to enable American women to live with and endure such men. What wonder is it that so many of their marriages with impecunious Princes, and Counts, and Barons, and petty iordlinzs turn out to be most miserable and unhappy? But this European system of chaperonage for unmarried women is not, as is claimed, for the protection of the virtue of girls it is simply a foreign fashion which those in love with European styles are endeavoring to bring into vogue in tnis country in their attempt to establish tbe same restrictions of caste. Sister Dahlgren'a remarks as to the necessity ot chaperons for the young ladies of society do not apply, it would ap pear, to the thousands of young women working in stores, factories, counting houses and schools. These go to their daily em ployment alone withouta chaperon, whereas by the code ol those who are attempting to establish the European system for the pro tection of young women this would be a ter rible infraction otgood form, and subject them to the suspicion of impropriety. These go to their merry makings and recreations with their triends without the re motest idea that they need to be pro tected by1 a chaperon from commit ting errors and indiscretions, and for the insuring of their proper behavior as re gards men. They no more dream ot wrong or impropriety than did their mothers be fore them, who went to singing schools and sleighing parties and Fourth of July cele brations with their "beaux," and to "whom the name of chaperon was unknown. "Vir tuous mothers train up virtuous daughters," said a good old lady from the depths of long experience, "and "if the girls of society must have a chaperon always on hand to keep tbem straight it is quite evident to mv mind that there is something wrong about their bringing up or elso men are an amazing sight worse than they were In my day." AN UNAMEBICAN IDEA. The majority of the young women of America have grown up without the idea that it was improper for them to appear upon the street without a maid tagging alter them, or a chaperon to insure that they be have properly. They know they can re ceive calls from gentlemen in their own homes and entertain them without the slightest loss of dignity or self respect They know they can be trusted to conduct themselvei with the utmost propriety under all conditions and in all places. They know they can cross the American continent alone without receiving a rude word, or the faintest shadow of an insult, and this idea of importing the European plan of making it not respectable for any young woman to appear in public anywhere without a cha peron is obnoxious to them, since it implies suspicion, distrust and espion age, and to suggest such weakness of character, ignorance, and innate depravity as can oniy oe controlled by constant watch ing. It does not seem tp occur to those who eem so anxious to enforce this restriction of caste upon the social code of this country that they thereby imply that the morals and manners of people of wealth are so bad that to protect and preserve their daughters from misconstruction, scandal, and perhaps insult, it is a matter of neces sity that they should never appear in public without a chaperon, a maid or a man-servant, as is the style in Spain and France, and Europe generally. But these should re member that no more moral, refined or en lightened nation exists upon tbe globe than the United States, where millions of women never even dream of the necessity of a chap eron to preserve them until a husband claims them in marriage as "blushing roses" rather than "nign-neaoea sunflowers. in no conntry in the world are women less liable to insult than in our own. In Spain, in France, in Germany, where the "chaperon idea" prevails most largely, no woman can walk the streets without danger of being molested or insulted, unless" she has money enough to nire a servant to accompany her. in this country, where "chaperons" are an innovation, and an attempt to establish caste, a girl who conducts herself properly is as sale alone, as if she had a dozen duennas dancing attendance upon her. In Continental Europe, where the education of girls is conducted on tbe plan of seclusion and surveillance, where chaperons are looked upon as certificates of character, where women of the higher classes have none of e THE PBITHiEaES OF FEEEDOM until married, and not to any large extent then, unless the husband so chooses, or is indifferent, the state of society, as shown in books the pic tures of the times is not distinguished by the highest virtue. French novels show a condition of morals and manners among the higher classes as can hardly be found in this country among the lowest of the low. Men there, bjr tbe forceof example and education, become imbued with the idea that chivalry, deference, decency need only be shown to women of their own class, while all others may be insulted at pleasure. American women who have traveled in Europe give fnll testimony as to the boorish rudeness of men in Continental countries who claim to be gentlemen as it is manifested to strangers, and ladies without escorts, and never cease thanking Heaven that American men are not "as other men air," either as to morals or manners, . Jr. . . .. When bister dahlgren or other persons insist that a chaperon is essential to the protection of young girls from misconstruc tion, hazard of good name, and risk of scandal they cast a slur upon the millions of the grandmothers and mothers of the land who have lived, and loved, and mar ried and never thought ot a chaperon as essential to keep them straight. They re flect upoh the purity and virtue of the many young women who gp bravely out into the world and work their own way in the professions, and trades, and otner pur suits in order to maintain themselves and those dependent npon tbem. Moreover this European plan in its dis trust and suspicion would imply that American men had become so demoralized, that only the presence of a chaperon or duenna conld prevent their taking advant age of the "artless, guileless innocence" of their wards in a manner that might subject them to tbe hazard of misconstruction, or possibly scandal. The American girl who has been brought up to freedom, independence and self-reliance does right to resist this European in novation. It is a system founded on sus picion, and begets lying andintrigue, elope ments and hasty, ill-considered marriages. A GIBL'S BEST FKIENB. A good mother is a daughter's best friend and confidant. She is wise and thoughtful and careful over her daughter's best inter ests, even though she may not be sitting up in the solemn grandeur of her best black silk as a chaperon. She knows what com pany her daughter keeps. She is aware of all that is going on. and ha3 confidence that her child will not disgrace her training, or swerve, under any circumstances, from the principles o right she has so deeply im pressed upon her mind. It is the merely fashionable and frivolous beings who are engaged in the sale of young girls to the highest bidders, who take to this European system of keeping them under gnard until an "eligible" with suffi cient cash can be secured to purchase the artless, guileless beings, antl thus take tbem off their hands. J.t is simply a slavish following of a foreign fashion to prepare American girls lor the Hatzfeldts, and Mandevilles, and Harlboroughs of the for eign markets, whose sins nre condoned by sillv women for the sake of their titles. The ridiculousness of tbe chaperon busi ness is shown by tbe fact that any woman is eligible for the officevrho is married, be she ever so wild and disposed herself to run against the proprieties. Most people have seen cases where the chaperon by her ex ample encouraged the inlraction'ot good form, and was the leader in all that was harum scarum and against the rules of de corum. The fact is that this European idea is sim ply not a plan for the protection of vonng girls, but is only an endeavor to se"t up a restriction of caste such as exists in Europe, where the favorite idea as to women is se clnsion, surveillance and subordination. Such n system cannot flourish in this land of freedom. The American girl prides her self upon her self-reliance and her ability to take care of herself. It is stated that in Mexico no Mexican young girl can walk the streets unattended without being insulted, but American girls can do just as they do at home, and the Mexican does not dare to molest her in any way. He knows better. The world wonld lose a great deal of fun if there were no "snobs." But among the many ot these who are found in society none excite more hilarity than Mrs. Blank, who dilates on the danger to reputation of a girl going anywhere without a "sTinnpyrone," when she herself before marriage used to work early and late in a factory, and had never felt the need of a guide or protector, and who went to the circus, and to church, aud to Halloween parties alone with John, while her mother stayed contentedly at home with seven children and dtrned the stockings for the family, never dreaming there was anything in their being together either wrong or dangerous. Bessie Bramble. American Art Exemplified on pitchers. Successfully compete with any of the Old World produc tions. Special designs, only obtainable at French, Kendrick & Co.'s, 616 Smithfield St., opposite City Hall. A glass of F. & V.'g Iron City beer at night insures quiet sleep. Don't be misled. Stick toHhe old relia ble Wainwright's beer. All dealers keep it. 6525 is their telephone number. Tasa C. Baeueelein Bbewing Co., Ben netts, Pa., opposite Forty-third st, Pitts burg. Telephone 1018. Tho Very r.niMt. Marvin's Little Lord Tauntleroy and Cinderella Cakes are juit out, and are tbe finest on the market. The children cry for them and the old folks refuse to be com forted without them. Grocers keep them. TTSSU Cash paid for. old gold and silver at Hauch's, No. 295 Fif (h ave, vpsn A PESSIMISTIC YIEW Of the Result of Holdins the World's Fair in the United States. IT WILL MAKE THE POOR POORER. The Optimist Says It Will Increase Bents and Wages. K0W 18 THE TIME TO BDILD A HOUSE. rwamxit tor thx dispatch.'. The pessimistic view of the project for a World's Fair in 1892 is about this: Very soon after Congress selects the city where the fair is to be held, the cost of living in that city especially the rent rates will advance, but there will be no commensurate increase of pay to the wage earners, who constitute the majority ot residents; there fore, the fair will benefit landlords, mer chants and great corporations, but it will leave poor men poorer than they were be fore. It is positively sinful, continues the pessimist, to arrange a half-year of junketing for millions of people, induring them to waste their time and to spend money that many of them bave not earned. It is labor not play that creates wealth and makes a great people. Better keep the World's Fair for a time when poli tical disorders may disturb or threaten the existence of the Government. Then its in auguration wonld be statesmanship. This very year a World's Fair saved France from anarchy and Boulangerism. Every body knows that Christopher Columbus dis covered America. No need ot a World's Fair to advertise that fact. His memory is kept green in song, story and geography. THE OPTIMISTIC TIE'W is that the fair will benefit everybody; that the cost of living will increase slightly as it always does during prosperous times, and that earnings will increase largely; that new industries will spring up, suggested to inventive Yankees by the foreign exhibits; inventive that vast sums of foreign money will be left in the conntry: that the already great tide of immigration will flow faster than ever; that a much-needed export trade will be stimulated; that the usual depression of trade in a Presidental election year will not recur in 1892; that the fair will be a peat educator, and that it will be a grand and patriotic demonstration, due to tbe memory of Columbus and worthy of a great people. The architect shares the optimistic view, bat it must be admitted that rents will ad- First Floor. vance, perhaps greatly advance, in and around tbe city where the Fair will be held. Forewarned is forearmed for the prudent man. Let him build a house and stop pay ing rent. A PBETTY HOUSE. Following will be found a brief descrip tion of an attractive design: Size of structure Width, including porch at end, 66 feet; depth, including veranda and rear porch, 51 feet. Height of stories Cellar, 7 feet; first story. 9 feet; second story, 8 feet 6 inches; attic story, 8 feet Materials for exterior walls Foundations, brick; first story, clapboards; second story, gabies, dormers and roof, shingles. . Interior finish Hard, white plaster throughout. Soft wood trim throughout, stained and finished like hardwood. Double floor in the first story, the finishing floor being hard pine. The main staircase in both stories is finished with quartered oak. Inside sliding blinds for all front windows; outside blinds for all other windows. Exterior colors All clapboards, ltght drab; trim, including water table, corner boards, casings, cornices, bands, veranda Second Floor. posts and rails, dark drab; outside doors, stained to imitate hardwood; outside blinds, bronze green; sashes and brickwork, Poni peian red; veranda and porch floors and ceilings, oiled: shingles on side walls treated with linseed oil and burnt umber; shingles on roofs left unfinished. Accommodations The main rooms and their sizes, closets, etc, are shown by the plans given herewith. Beside these there are three finished in the attic and there is a cellar nnder the whole house. The cellar has a concrete floor and outside and inside entrances. Tbe first floor rooms are large. The parloralcovehasa fireplace and is furnished with bookcases. Over the bookcases are pretty windows which may be glazed with stained glass. There is a fireplace and an upholstered seat in the hall. The bedrooms are of (air size and there are many of them au essential requirement for a large family. Colonial features predominate in the exterior. Cost In the vicinity of New York City, 3,700. To reduce cost, omit finishing the attic rooms to save $200; substitute ash for oak stair finish to save about 100; Jbuild a smaller cellar, say under the kitchen and hall only to save about 5100. Copyright by B. W. ShoppelL Too Ijate to Mend. There is a point beyond which medication cannot go. lie tore it is too late to mend, per sons of a rheamatio tendency. Inherited or acquired, should use that benignant defense against the further progress of the super tenacious malady rheumatism. The name of this proven rescner is Bostetter'i Stomach Bitters, which. It should also be recollected, enres dyspepsia, liver complaint, fever and ague, debility and nervousness. Cabinet photos, $1 per doz. , Lies' Pop ular Qallerv, 10 and 12 ixih it, , rrsn Perspective View. 81' i 1 I j&d? s?iM AT ITEMS OF INTEREST. A kite-size portrait in oil, by Mr. Emu Foerster, Is shown at Young'. Avxbt line bisque figure, fresh from tbe Paris Exposition, may be seen at Gillespie's, The work is entitled "Night," and the manner in which the figure' is posed is extremely grace ful and at the same time devoid ot any appear ance of being studied or formal. The Anjei,ts" has arrived safely in New York and now reposes in one of tbe vaults of the Garfield Bate Deposit Company. It baa been permitted to enter tbe country free of duty as the property of the American Art As sociation, and will shortly be exhibited in New York and subsequently in other cities. An exhibition of works by tbe sculptor Bayre will be opened at the American Art Gal leries in New York during the early part of the month, to continue Until tbe middle of Janu ary. The proposition of at the same time hold ing an exhibition of 100 works by coumporary artists is also being seriously considered. It looks now as If the Verestcbagin collection of paintings would remain in the United States, as tbn bond that was given for their entrance into tbe country free ot duty, has been allowed to lapse, and the full amountof the tariff bas now been paid for them. The collection will probably be hem entire ir some time to come, and exhibited in different cities, after which tbe works comprising it will most likely be sold. AXiABGE oil painting shown at Mayer's Is the work" of Mr. Xohn Johnson, tbe scene painter. The subject is a landscape with mountains in the distance and a small stream winding its way through sunny meadows toward the foreground. This work is a very pleasant one as regards composition, and it bas some share of technical excellence in spite of the fact that it shows manv touches character istic of the scene painter rather than the pro fessional artist. Quite a pleasing little picture of a conntry road, the work of Mr. H. H. -Stevenson, is shown at Mayer's. This work is fn oiltlut it is almost the same, subject as a study in water colors which he exhibited a short time ago; the same objects are comprised in tbe picture, though seen from a pjsltion somewhat re moved from tbe point from which he made tbe previous sketch. This picture has fiome very good qualities, but it wquld b improved by elng carried to a higher degree of finish as re gards detail. The effect aimed at is that of a bright, sunny day in midsummer, and this quality has been fairly well rendered. It is a work painted direct from nature, which gives it a freshness and character that can scarcely be attained in any other way. and which con stitutes the greatest cnarm of such works. A numbeb of important works are exhibited at tbo Gillespie gallery this week. That they are by celebrated artists will appear upon the mention of tbe names of Tracy, McElbaney, C. E. Grant, Percy Moran and J. A. Walker. The picture by Tracy represents a hunting scene with a group of men, horses and 4ogs halting in a corn field. The effect rendered Is that of tbe season when antumn is far advanced antl pressing closely upon the bleak days ot winter, and the landscape Is toned to a sober brown. There is some fine drawing shown fn tbe fig ures of the men and the dogs, particularly the latter, and tbe manner in which each separate stalk of corn stands out in relief i well worthy of remark. The painting by McElhaney is a pleasant composition, showing a young girl with a pensive look in her eyes, leaning against the railing of an old bridge. "Watching and Walting,,r is the title of the picture by Grant, and it is one that is well known here through reproductions. A female figure seated by thewindow of a room in an old colonial mansion. Etchings ol Mo ran's picture bave also been frequently seen in this city, and In this wort, too, a yonngglrl forms the subject of interest. The picture by Walker is called "The Courier," and in charac ter it presents a strong contrast to those men tioned above. A horseman riding at full speed through a villaze street on a cold, bleak day in winter is a subject that not only permits but requires the exhibition of great skill in draw ing, and Mr. Walker Is tally equal to the task. The picture la strong in action and good in col oring, and reminds one somewhat of tbe work of Beauqueane. To KANT persons the question as to what constitutes the subtile, butat the same time im portant, difference between the coloring of an oil painting and a close imitation of it by the method of chromo-litbography, remains a most profound mystery. In tbe eyes of the average observer the chrnmo may even appear to be the most refined and delicate work of the two, and some persons there are who feet disposed to believe that paintings are not really superior to lithographs, but are only valued more hfehly on account of their relative scarcity. Many, otuu aiuuug luuae woo xeei me weaicness and insufficiency of the macbine-mado pictures, are yet at a loss to account for these unsatisfactory Saallties. There are also a few persons who, questioned concerning their ideas on this subject, would be found talie entertaining the belief that It Is only a question of tithe when pictures will be turned out by this method (bat will equal painting, if not surpass it. To describe such expectations as vlsiouary is put ting It very milaly indeed. Aside from the fact that no mechanical process can ever equal in delicacy the work of tbe human hand, there are in painting a hundred ways of producing an effect to one that is available in lithography, or any otner method of reproduction. In printing colore. from blocks of stone orotber material, it Is pnsslbfe to use very delicate and agreeably tinted inks, but there mnstererbe an almost infinite distance between their shades as regards tone, and gradation can only . be secured by printing the colorsrdellcately one above the other; this is tbe method actually employed, and of late years it has been brourbt to a de prftft of nerf entinn thrit 1ava linf ntT -Ann. vf or further improvement. In painting also the BupenmposiuoQ oi colors is a method fre quently resorted to. but as a means to an end it is only one in a hundred. Thn fnnnrfitttnn nt all fine coloring in painting rests upon the pos sibility of blending the colors npon the work itself, something which cannot be done to an appreciable extent in -any other graphic process. There are $o many other auxiliary means ot attaining desired results which ren der the painter's art one of almost limitles-t possibilities. Ilievarlatiqn in the qualities tf the pigment used some of which are of great body, dense and onaane. while, othmn in thin. transparent and rich is an important factor in the production at rich and truthful coloring, and the composition of tbe medium with which they are used Is scarcely less so. Oil paintine" is merely a generic term, signifying paint ing that is done with pigments ground in oil. but in tbe execution of which many differ ent kinds of vamish-like mediums are used, each ot which exerts a material influence upon the appearance of the finished production. Tbe necessity for an almost infinite variety of methods will be readily understood when it is remembered that any object upon which the eye may rest, although we are accustomed to think ot it as of some particular shade of color, is in reality Composed of innumerablo and almost Imperceptible gradations which lend variety to every inch of its surface. It is the faithful rendering of .at least a part of these subtle cradations thatconstitniM th ncrniiir rich and pleasing qnaljty of painting, and it is the utter impossibility of ever doing anything like justice to them in chromo-lithography which marks the wide difference1 between the two arts. In lithography or any othcrmechanl- uuttu, Qcr iuiuuhui uiu piciurB is sore to be of about the same character or quality, nith tbe inevitable result of the whole work being tame and Insipid. SnI Generis. Yiele (greatly excited) Don't you know, B-B-Biffie has got his c-c-cane-head fast in his month, and c-c-can't get it out! Vanderbuff (coolly) Can't it be dupli cated? Viele Y-Y-Tes; but B-B-BifBa can't Puck. VELVET CARPETS AT 8 CEVTS That Have Been Senium nt 81 98 All Season, ror One Week. Daring the week commencing; November. 4 we will offer 3,000 yards of velvet carpet at 80 cents per yard. We also offer extraordinary Barfalni ja remnants of all grades of carpet. Come la and see the. JBerders to matea all Teaanant of fine esrpete. Special prfees pst on foar rises of fine Smyrna rsgi for week- fceffiaaing Novem ber ..-., BdWaxb Gbortzinges, Wf d W eaa atefiSje. , An Zventr. rfZZMm m' Salesman Well, whateherwant?1' Customer I want to buva hat. 6 tit Salesman Why didn yer say to? AT&oVgt lively now. anis ain t no morguel a Customer I, don't like to be spokes 1 like that. Salesman Yer don't? Well, whatche stoppin'the wheels 'f trade ferT" DidEyerJ ever see a real nai i a Customer That's enough! Goodday Salesman Just wait a moment., sir?) recognize yon as tbe ticket seller at thelm perial Central station. I tried to .buy? ticket of von yesterday, and T'ye i nit. en deavored to give you an imitation of tha. wav you treated me. What's the size," sir.?! Puck. ' BEECHAICTS Pills cure bilious ancf Turryrms ilia 1 Pxars' Soap secures a beautiful complexion". Cash paid for old gold Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth ave. and silver'at wtsu , upur nmu p mil. is. w. itwi.ui.1., Residing at Apollo, and foreman of fap sec tion of tbe West Penn BaOroad, havingfca, large number of men In his charge, has for many years been a great sufferer 'from' Catarrh of the Stomach and a diseased 'con dition of the liver. His stomach gave him much pain and it felt sore on pressure. His bowels were constipated, and he had a very- dark, sallow complexion. He had no ap petite, and what little food he did eat seemed to do bim no good, for he had a sick, J nauseous feeling after eating. In faetth very sight of food wonld often make him" sick at the stomach. He had a dull pain v over his eyes. "He conld not sleep, and hsT was always tired, and more so on getting upfe' in the morning than when he. went to bed.':? As the disease- extended to bis throat and ' lungs he did much hawking and spitting and he felt a weight and pressure in his lunga It was while in this condition that he con- suited the Physicians of the Catarrhasd '. .Dyspepsia .institute, at sa xtnn avenae, who told him he could yet be cured. . , Although he said he had already trel with fiiteen doctors', receiving no permanen benefit, and had bat little laitb, he befssf treatment. Of the result he says: , j v jj "il disease was of 18 years standinz-i. now feel like a new man. I havestgooeV appetite, sleep well- feel rested in the morrP ing and am glad to state that Ihave been cured: of alt the above conditions by tbe Physician orthe Catarrh and Dyspepsia Institute. ' "P H.B.KUNKLE.W Mr. Knnkla is wen known among railroad men in-Allegheny and Armstrong counties, j The Catarrh and Drsnensla lustltnte is ner- manently located at i23Penn ave for the curs of Catarrh. Dyspepsia and Diseases of "Women.1 tjonsuiiauon irae. umce n ours, in a. jlio V. Jt and 6 to 8 T. stv Sundays, 12 to 4 p. x. POJ-7srwTSu' Some Children A. CrTOWinffj' Too Fasti become listless, fretful, without ener- j gy, thin and weak. But you can for-1 iiry tnem anq Duua them up, eyine use of SCOTTS ; EMULSION OF PURE COD LIVER ML AM HYPOPHOSPHITES Of Y.lmn anil SaAa. i Thev will take it readily, for It is al most as paiataoie as mm. And it j should be remembered that AS A ?B- TE5TITE OS CUBE OT COTOM OS C0LB5, j HI MTH THE Oil AW YMM, IT IS MitfMUEO. AvoidsubtltuHonMogertdA oc2-2SotWTSB. CURED of BRIGHT'SOISEASEiy Mr. James Clark bas, for IS months, suffered -. untold misery from Bright' disease of the kid- neys. a naa great pain and soreness in an kidneys and across-tne small of bis back, ana ' more or less soreness all over his body. Tbe nnne yoinxi crava mm frrAt nam ana con tained much albumen and uric add. HelosE all desire for food, and be conld net sleep. a. , fnnnri h mfmnrv fat fMHtio nit he ffTOWJyKfc, weaker and more feeble until lie was obliged to"9 give up all employment. Having read in thoy papers testimonials irom patients cureu uj m. nhvsiclans of the Polynathin Institute Of dl eases similar to his. he beean treatment with them. He says: -J take great pleasure la" tating to the people of Pittsburg thatlbave been entirely cured of tbe above disease, and in every way reel use a new man. "James ClaimC Mr. Clark Is well known in Pittsburg and caal be seen every day at bis old nlace of emplOT-1 rnent, tbe Lucy Furnace, where this statemaaSJ can oe easily proven. DS.SE BmeaW tha Polrnatl le Medlsai 1 le Mrraanntlv located at PittsbUHL ftMl avwue, for the treatment 'it all forme ot ktt-J BevsAdnrlna-rrduieaseSL 39eehowa.MA.ia4l tir.?caSter. x. fted. ltatr.'x.-f .bBIIIiBbH BsilMC' F illllllllllliitk- -. f& rtL, A .iiliillllllllslssssV isF- " . slssssssssssssssssssssik t" sjja. trfLiiiiiiiiHk i LViiiiiiiiiiiithk 3 wsVVVVJ(V $iissVIVIVIVIVIsssVlsF use-ivTMeni . fflti m if t .'-!