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lelp, advertise In THE DISPATCH.-'- MKK.'.JfrMWtrMWMMMrei.'S Help, 'WTi ip?" Parcbaaen can be found for evtrrtfclaf i7m .:K ifWANTSnrejilwsji presssrtlyrcsyoads) offered For Sale In THE DISPATCH. THE DISPATCH la tbe best advertising medlom In Western Pennsylvania. Try It. 4 "? f Taen aarerusea IB iu a Biarajv-p. Kent Estate can be neld tbrswett adrer tisesseat In THE DISPATCH. a. FORTY-FOIfllTH TEAE. THEY YIELD HS E q Every Well in the Old Reliable " Murrysville Field Worth I Keeping Open. ' THE TERRITORY UNIFORM. A Review and an Interview With an Official Worth Reading. HOW WELLS ARE MADE GOOD AS NEW A volume of facts might be written in reviewing the noted old Murrysville natural gas field. Indeed numerous volumes, not altogether devoted to facts, have been mitten about it by, or for, people with axes whose edges had become dull enough to need grinding. That is not the purpose of The Dispatch's field reviews. The aim of these is to deal with nothing less tangible than indications based upon facts, known and demonstrable. In that line, not only the review, bnt the interview herewith given will be found full of instructive mat ter. The Alurrysville district is tbe largest one upon which Pittsburg makes a drain for natural gas. The exact size of its gas pro ducing territory has not been determined, because It is not all developed. New fields have been fonnd in different directions, showing an increase in gas land which was sot thought of before. The new territory en the north of the field, in which all the large natural gas companies have secured lands, is of the most immediate importance. This Grapeville district is simply an ex tension of the Murrysville field, as the Salem field is of the Grapeville. They are all on what is known as the fourth anticli Tal, or on the Murrysville crosscut The extent of the developed territory is about 20 miles in length on the fourth anti clinal, and about 20 to 21 miles on the cross cut. The width of profitable territory will hardly exceed five miles at any point, and will frequently be under hat width. A CLEABEB IDEA OF IT. That wouldgive in round numbers, say 175 square miles, or 102,500 acres of profitable territory which has been developed. The limits of the outer edges have become so clearly defined that the gas companies, especially the large ones, have thrown up leases on many hundreds of acres. There is little need now of wild-catting. It was near Murrysville that the first great gas well was found. It is known as the Haymaker well. Tbe fight for posses sion of this well, which took place some years ago, during whicn Obadiah Hay maker was killed, is not forgotten by most readers. Atr. Wilton Weston, who claimed -to-control the land, and Mr. Bowser, one of lis employes, were convicted' of murder in the second degree. Mr. 'Weston was par doned out, it will be remembered, after serv ing several years of his sentence; Mr. Bow ser is still in the "Western Penitentiary. Naturally, one would wish to know if the old Haymaker well is still yielding gas in paying quantities. It is, for, although it has already furnished manv thousand cubic feet of gas, it is still in the line, but is now sot much, over 100 pounds rock pressure. PBETTT DEFINITE IX QUANTITY. No well in tne Murrysville district was ever found exceeding 600 pounds rock pres sure. There seems to be a definite quantity of gas, and in spite of the great drain which has been made on the district, the rock pres sure in all the new wells in the extension of the field remains at abont 500 pounds. Directly in the large fields, where there are so many wells, the rock pressure has greatly decreased, but the volume has not; or at least the volume has not appreciably decreased. "Within the limits of Mnrry ville proper there are about 60 wells; within the district, exclusive of the Grapeville and Salem extensions, there are about 2G0 wells. The Philadelphia Company and the com panies it controls, own about 150 ot these wells. The People's Company is the next large owner. As to the life of the field it may be said that it is very much greater than almost any other gas territory yet found. It is a fact that not one well m the entire district has been entirely abandoned. A well MAT BE TRANSFERRED to a low pressure line, but it has not been fonnd necessary yet to cut out a well entire ly. But there is a gradual and continuous decrease in rock pressure all over the field. It may be said that the average rock pres sure now does not exceed 100 pounds. This pressure, however is variable, and depends, as has been said in a previous article, upon several causes. Difference in temperature is one important consideration; the presence of salt water or water of any kind, isT another, witn all the precautions now known and used, the water will get into the well, especially if it is located near a run or creek. The average depth of wells in the Murrys Tille district is 1,300 feet, few run beyond 1,500 feet; the gas sand is about 100 feet in thickness throughout the entire territory. Only one well has been drilled entirely through the sand. There is a wide difler encemthe methods of drilling in the Wash ington county and in the Murrysville field. In Washington county clay strata are en countered. There is danger of the well caving, and it is, therefore, necessary gen erally to drill initially a 10-inch hole; this is cased to the distance that will cover the possibility of caving, and then the hole is drilled as a 6-inch, and finally made a 4-inch .hole, having to berecased twice. OF SMALL DIAMETER. In the Murrysville field there is no neces sity for h 10-inch hole, the wells are drilled from t to 6 inches, until casing becomes necessary, when they are never made more thereafter than a 4-inch hole. The only well that has gone through the sand is the only one which was drilled with an 8-inch bole. That was done as a matter of experiment to find the thickness of gas the sand. In drilling an ordinary sized gas well in the ilurrysvllle district it is invariably found that it is impossible to penetrate far into the gas sand at the first attempt with a 4-inch drill. The length of the drill with bit and stem has heretofore been only 30 feet; now tbey are using drills with from 40 to 44 feet stems. After the gas sand has been entered for a short distance, where the territory lias not been exhausted, it is im possible to hold the tools in the well. There is the CONSTANT DANGER OF LOSING THEM, even if they are not lifted out by they the force of the gas. This requires careful watching. The unraveling ol the rope is one sign of the rush of the gas. The officers of each company watch carefully the drill ing of these wells. If a new well is needed at once, and must be put in the line without delay, then the drilling is stopped at the very instant of the first fraying ot the rope. It is not so necessary now to turn in new wells so rapidly, and they are, therelore, drilled deeper ai the start than they were formerly. The question of one well or more is of so little importance that the larger companies do not care to pnrchase them in case they have been drilled for specula tion. Up on the hill, back of the Philadelphia Company's No. 31, 1 fonnd a well which looked as if it had existed from the time of Moses. It was shut in, all the iron was rusty, the derrick almost concluding to rot, and'all surroundings indicating abandon ment. AIT UNPROFITABLE FLYER. I wanted to know what was the matter with it, and it wasn't hard to find out An independent firm took a flyer in the Murrys ville field. They leased considerable good territory at exorbitant rates, and put down about a dozen wells. They hadn't any pipe line, and they didn't expect to bave any. Their idea was to sell their territory and their wells to existing companies. In the earlier days of the gas business such ven tures often proved profitable, but there is little incentive now for such work. "We do not care for one well, or two wells, or a dozen wells, "said a gas company official. "We have so many wells that one or two make little difference to us. Besides these wells are on the extreme western limit of the territory, and may not be stav ers." SHOUT SUPPLY EXPLAINED. The fact that one gas well more or less does not affect tbe snpply leads up to this: Whv is the supply occasionally snort? In the Murrysville district there may be five or ten, or even a dozen, wells connected with one line supplying a main. Whenever the rock pressure or a well goes below 50 pounds that well must be cut out of the line; at least it must be taken out of the line that has in it any well producing OTer 200 pounds rock pressure. A failing well, when it runs below a cer tain pressure, absorbs instead of giving out gas. A failure in pressure may occur-atany time, but nted not be, and mostly is not of a prevalent or radical nature. To cut out one well sometimes means the cutting out of a dozen in order that the connection may be properly made. It is often necessary to charge a low pressure well to a low pressure line, and to do this may necessitate in cutting a suf ficient number of wells to make an appre ciable effect upon the supply. The repair of a leak in a 10-inch main mar throw oat two dozen wells. In case of a sadden cold snap tbe pipes in tbe city may be drained before a heavier pressure can be pat on at the source of supply. All these things result in temporary shortages. In the Washington county district tbe great difficulty is that salt water Interferes with the wells, sometimes forming a substance as hard almost as steel, whic', mast be drilled oat; bat there is little trqable experienced in, the Murrysville district with saltwater. IT JUST BDTNS THEM. Sulphur water is its bane. That the gas rock In which the ess is stored Is porous has al- ".j wrwj .Hntii iwuuiu wic nnwi u a wen I reach that rode coodbr eas well. With 00 1 pounds rock pressure gas ean"hold up a column of water 1,000 feet Bigh and 4- inches in diameter. No -well is entirely free from water. Bat shoald the rock pressure decrease to 300 pounds, and there be a column of water 1,300 feet in height, there is great danger of drowning out the welL The greatest care must always be exercised to prevent this casastropbe. Should tbe water get into the gas sand, filling tbe interstices, it may not only destroy one well, but is liable to hurt others in tbe immediate vicinity. When tbe natural gas business was In Its Infancy it was supposed that all that was necessary was to drill a well until gas was obtained, and then let it alone. Experience has shown that a good well needs constant watching. Wherever there is much water tbe well must be opened at least once a day, to blow out the water. When the water gets too heavy to blow out, the well must be cut out of the line, baled out, and the casing must be lifted and repacked. A GBEAT CORBODEB. The sulphur water is also found m the Grape ville and the Salem districts, although they as well as the Murrysville field lie below the coal veins. Sulphur water has great corrosive qualities. Persons who have anything to do with pumps at coal pits know how it eats up iron. When it comes to a gas well its effect is this: tbe well has been donble cased and packed, and yet an increasing flow of water into the well will be discovered. Then the well is cut out ot the line, baled, and the casing lifted. It will be fonnd that, for a distance of from 60 to 100 feet, the inner casing has been eaten up in such a manner as to make it re semble a sieve. The Murry well, right in the village, was cut out of the line while I was there, for this very reason. It was allowed to blow for 24 hours, getting ont as much water as it could, and then was baled and the casing drawn. The facili ties for this work are such that the baling and re-casing only occupied one day. Not only the well, but the lines, are subject to danger from water. It is only recently that catch-basins have been put on the pipe lines. These catch-basins are "blown out," emptied of their water each day by persons employed to see to the condition of the pipe. Leakage into a well Is different from leakage into a pipe line, but only within tbe past two years has it been deemed necessary to establish catch basins for the pipe line. ONE SOUECE OF LOSS. The loss of gas through imperfect pipeage is enormous. Wherever I found a pipe running from a well which crossed any territory in which there was water, 1 found the bubbles coming up. Indicating a leakage. I have al ready spoken of leakage from the connections above ground. While a well under SO-pound pressure must be cut out of tne line, where other wells of 200 pound pressure are in the same line, o well giving a pressure oi omy ou pounds may be car ried in a larger size pipe under low pressure. Each of the companies is now realizing this fact. The Philadelphia Company Is putting down, as Is well known, a 36-incn steel riveted main from the Murrysville district. Through mud more than knee deen I followed that line in the neighborhood of Niblock station. Tbe line at tbe time that I was there was within two miles of Niblock station. In order to lay it it Has necessary to lift a 10-inch line, to pnt to one side another 10-inch line, and to ex tend a 16-inch main around to Niblock at right angles from the intersection of tbe 36-inch line Tiltn one 16, two 10 and one 8-inch lines. IT WAS UNAVOIDABLE. In making this change, there mast neces sarily be a shortage of snpply in Pittsburg. It was entirely Impossible to keep up tbe supply with a change of so great importance as this. To lay aline of this size at this time of the year involves more difficulty than a person living within tbe city limits might imagine. The pipe bad to be hauled over an untrodden road. That road consisted principally of a trench never re filled from tbe time the ten-inch line was laid. Talking to one of the men at Niblock station, a person in charge of tbe work, who complained to me that the PittMmrg papers had repeatedly complained that the line never would be laid, he said tbe trouble was simply tliat the contractor was too much m a hurry; be would tell the company that he would bave tbe work com pleted upon a certain date, but made no allow ances for weather, road or accidents. When tbat line Is completed there will be a better snpply of gas in Pittsburg. Large size pipes bave become an absolute necessity in carrying gas to the city. All the companies made a mistake at first in laying too small pipes. They are rectifying that mis take as rapidly as possible. VOLUME. KOT PBESSURE. A larger sized pipe does not give any larger pressure of gas; on tbe contrary, it gives less pressure, but it gives a larger volume. If it is remembered that the decrease In rock pressure I does not necessarily cause a decrease In vol ume In a well, this will be better understood, With small pipes it is necessary to carry the gas under high pressure in order to convey it any great distance. With large pipes tbe vol ume delivered Is as great, although under a lower pressure, and consequentlv slower flow. Increase in the size of pipes enhances the cost of carriage, but makes the supply more stable. Under low pressure tbe Murrysville field may furnish gas for many years to come, since, as has already been said, not one well in the dis trict has entirely failed as yet. Some wells bave been abandoned, it Is true, but tbat was because of loss of tools or some other defect, such as ''Jammed" casing, or something of that kind. No well has really "played out" I bave already said that the MurrysviUe dis trict is the one upon which Pittsburg has de pended, and tbe one upon which it most large ly depends. I have also said that tbe Wash ington county gas is repulsively odorous. Tbe Murrysville gas is much less so; in fact you can scarcely observe any odor whatever. In driving in the Washington connty field, tbe presence of a gas well was known before you saw it: in the Murrysville field you only know the gas well was there when you saw the der rick; and you didn't always see the derrick, be cause many of them have been torn down and used in other operations. NEW 'WELLS GOING DOWN. In the new field about ten miles north of MurrysvUle the Philadelphia Company has put down, or Is putting down, six new wells; the People's Company has four or five, the Equitable has completed three, and has two or three more drilling. The Black Diamond (or Park Bros.) Company is also operating in this substantially new field. Greater significance is attached to this field because all tbe new wells found there bave been of not less than 500 pounds rock pressure. It shows that the drain on tbe old portions of the field has not been so great in extent as was supposed, and these new wells help to carry gas from the old ones to tbe city. Tbe Grapeville field is one upon which much dependence can be placed for some time to come. It is only seven miles from Murrysville, and the nearest well to Greensbnrg in tbe field Is only Si miles. In the Grapevine field proper there are 21 wells owned by the Phila delphia Company connected by a 20-inch main with tbe Murrysville and Turtle Creek lines: 8 owned by the People's Company; 3 by the Yougblogheny Natural Qas Company; the Westmoreland and Cambria Company, and there are two or three owned by other com panies. The depth of these wells is about 1.300 feet, tbe same as I have already said Is the average depth in tbe Murrysville field. THE SALEM FIELD, in which five wells have been brought in re cently, is abont four miles beyond tbe Grape ville field. The last well which came in was one of the Yougblogheny Company, In this the gas sand was struck at 1,835 feet, and the bit, with a 40-foot stem, was sent 25 feet deeper Into tbe sand, making the total depth of the well 1,500 feet. This same company is now putting down a well on tbeextreme eastern limit of the anticlinal, as much for a test well as anything else. The advantages of the Grapeville and Salem fields are that they have not been so much filled with holes yet as to cause any appreciable diminution in rock pressure because of drain age of tbe reservoir. All of the new wells and most of the old ones show a general rock press ure of 600 pounds. The Apollo and Leechburg districts. In which, however, Pittsburg is not so much in terested, are still doing well, although they have been giving a local supply for some years past. There is not much attempt at extensions of supply in tbat direction; in fact, as several officials of different gas companies remarked to me: "We are not doing much wild-catting now. The apparent limits of the good territory are pretty well known, and thcro is no need of going outside them." A DBEADFUL DRIVE. Had I known the difficulty and the danger of a visit to Murrysville perhaps I might have hesitated. Had I hesitated I would bave been lost I would bave been lost in tbe mud, be cause of all roads that I encountered that from Stewart station to Murrysville was the worst. It was necessary to drive from Stewart sta tion to Murrysville in a back. In tbe back were two pipe line employes, myself, a lady, the driver and two boys. It was an eventful drive in so much that we bad to unload the two heavy laden linemen. It was impossible to argue with them; more than Impossible to get any money out of them, so we left them there. Where they went I don't know, tbe night was not cold; but they could not have suffered, un less it might be from mortification and regret the following morning. Once 1 drove at night over a road which as tounded me the next day when I looted at it, bnt It wasn't one-half as bad&s tbat road from Stewart station to Murrysville. Big. strong; fat horses there Were hitched td tbe -back. It Is well that they were big and strong, for no ponies could have ever gotten over tbat ground and carried us toonr destination bump, bamp, bump! the sound of running water tbat we couldn't see; the sliding sideways, tbe unsus pected dips into depths were such as to make us wish that we had paid up oar accident in surance policies. But we got there. In the next article I will tell of the Bellever non field. It has caused comment among those interested in natural gas, because so little is known of its actual quality. It would not be proper here to say what are tbe results of ob servations in it t3ufflcoit to say, however, tbat the-district has been carefully canvassed, and will be correctly reported. C. T. Dawson. QUITE COEEOBOEATIYE. What nn Offlclal of the Philadelphia Com pany Has to Say The Benefit of Large Pipes Questions Fully Answered. ' Not content with its own commissioner's gleanings in the field, The Dispatch de sired to bring as much light as possible, from the very best of other sources, to bear upon the situation at and near Murrysville. A well-posted city official of the Philadel phia Company was questioned yesterday in regard to the Murrysville and Grapeville fields. He had no hesitation whatever in replying to a series of questions, as fol lows: Question How many wells has tbe Philadel phia Company in the Murrysville field ? How many of theso were yielding, bnt have, wholly or in part failed ? Howmany wells bave other companies there T Answer We have, in tho neighborhood of about 150 wells altogether In tbe old and new Murrysville fields. The new field is extending further northward, where we get wells flowing with over twice the pressure of those in the old field. When I speak of the Philadelphia Company, of course, I include the Chanters and other companies we bave under our con trol. The other wells in the field, owned by out side companies, numberabout2Q. Tbe Grape ville field Is seven miles east of Murrysville." Q, What connection has it with the Murrys ville field, and by what sort of lines? A. There is a 20-incu line between them. A littregas has been discovered there, but noth ing to amount to anything. o. How manv wells has the Philadelnhia Company, and how many have other companies there? A. The Philadelphia Company has 21 wells, tbe Westmoreland and Cambria Company has 8, and about 5 or 6 are scattered among small companies. Among them are Chambers &. McKee, who have a line to their Jeannette plant Q, What 13 the approximate daily yield of these fields? A. The Philadelphia Company sells about 450,000,000 feet of gas per day from the above two and its Washington county fields. Q. What are the indications of permanency? A. The indications can better be illustrated as follows: Daring tbe summer the wells in crease in pressure, and during the winter there Is a direct decrease. iDurlng the cold weather there is a decrease of a few pounds, probaoly 5 and possibly 10 per cent. This Is caused by a heavy draft and the delivery Into large lines instead of small ones. From past experience it has been shown that tbe gas really accumu lates in summer. There is not so much drawn off then as there is when the weather is cold. 0 Are all these fields decreasing (if at all) in like ratio ? A. Tbe decrease is positively so decentive that an Interested person conld so represent a well that it would show an actual decrease in pressure, and within a few weeks It would again show an increase of 100 per cent Take, for instance, this case : Suppose a well has 200 pounds pressure by reason of the accumulation of salt. It will gradually drop until tbe gauge shows a pressure of 123 pounds. At an ex pense of anont 200 the well can be cleaned out and a pressure of 200 pounds regained, and put back into tbe line. The Philadelphia Company has not one well that has been ruled out perma nently. The only reason e discontinue a well altogether is on account of tbe tools making tbe well hard to handle, or some such reason. Q. Will It be practicable to further increase the pressure by tbe substitution of larger pipe lines? A. It will not be possible to Increase the pres sure by the Introduction o larger lines. This decreases tbe pressure, but increases tbe vol ume of gas. To better explain this, I will Illus trate: Suppose we take SO wells in a cluster. Tbe pressure on all of tbem is small when they are being worked- Suppose we plug up half of Continued on Sixth JPage, PITTSBURG, THURSDAY, A DEADLOCK WANTED By the Democrats of Montana, to En able Their Party to Gain TflO BHITBD STATES SENATORS. A Scheme to Prevent Any Election Until the Legal Period is Past, WHEN APP0INTHEN18 WILL BE MADE. Ihe Lower Houses to tn Organized and a Senatorial Quorum Prevented. The Montana Democrats have devised a plan which, it is thought, will enable them to elect two United States Senators. The details of the plot, as given below, are de cidedly interesting, as well as somewhat novel. rsrsexu. tzxeqbam to the disfa.tcs.1 Helena, Mont., November 20. Two thirds of the Democratic members of the Legislature have arrived here, and in a secret meeting have practically decided on a line of action. It has been conclnded that it would be playing directly in tbe hands of the Bepublicans to elect two Democratio Senators, with the aid of the contested Silver Bow delegation, as tho Republicans have arranged to organize the Lower House and send two Bepublican Senators to "Washing ton. Of course, in a contest before the Eepubli can Senate tho Republicans would be admit ted. There is a point, however, at which the Demoeratscan strike and win, and this they intend to do. The Senate is a tie, there being eight members of each party in it VEST NEATLY PLANNED. Counting the Silver Bow Democratic del egation the House stands 28 Democrats and 26 Bepublicans. Throwing out the Silver Bow delegation tbe vote of the House will be: Bepublicans, 31; Democrats, 23. Two Houses will be organized, one by each party, and each will claim to be able to do business because of a quorum. There will be but one Senate, however, and the Bepublicans will organize it through the deciding vote of the Lieutenant Governor. Bnt on the question of the elec tion of a United States Senator the Lieu tenant Governor has no vote, and by re fraining from voting on the Senatorial question the Democrats can prevent a quorum. This will FBODUCE A DEAD-LOCK, which the Democrats will keep up from, day to day for 90 days, beyond which time! the Legislature cannot legally sit Gov ernor Toole will then appoint two Demo, cratio Senators, who will go to Washington with mcontestibie certificates. It is said Governor Toole has expressed a willingness to appoint the Democratic caucus nomi. nees. The Bepublicans have been made aware of the scheme, but express the belief that some Democrat will be found willing tq break tbe deadlock in exchange for a promise of aid in getting through personal legisla tion. AH sorts of rumors are afloat One is to the effect that if the deadlock can be broken in no other way the Bepnblicans will force it by allowing the Democrats to select one Senator. The outlook to-night is that the Democratic nominees will be Hauser and Clark and the Bepublican nominees "Sanders and a dark horse. T0UNG EAUJTIH CHABGE. A New Pension Bnrenn Division, and the Commissioner's San In Ir. rSr-ECLAI. TBXXQBAX TO THE DISPATCB.t "Washington, November 20. Some im portant changes in the clerical force of the Pension Office were decided upon to-day by Commissioner Baum. Bichard A. Dun can, of Indiana, was made chief of the mail division. General Baum also appointed his son, Green B. Baum, Jr., chie: of a division at a salary of $2,000. The Commissioner has created a new division to be known as tbe Appointment Division, of which his son will have charge. The new Commissioner also issued an or der to-day tbat will put a stop to the prac tice which has been in vogue for some time, of two sisters from the Little Sisters of the Poor, a charitable' institution in this city, taking their position on pay days near the pay office, where all the clerks go for their semi-monthly pay. They hold a box in their hands to receive the contributions of those who desire to give something. ONE DEATHBED P0R TWO. A Pair of Tramps Who Were Chnmi DIo on the Same File of Straw. SPECIAL TELZOBAM TO THE DISPATCII.1 Buffalo, November 20. Yesterday morning at 6 o'clock. Peter Finnegan was fonnd dead in an empty stall in James Schrader's barn on the island in the lower part of the city. An empty bottle, which had contained the purest of whisky, lay by his side, and testified to the cause of his death. This morning, at precisely the same hour, Elias Walker's corpse lay on the same straw, beneath the same blanket, while be side the other whisky bottle was a similar flask. Finnegan's shoes had not been removed by the Coroner, and by J their side sat "Walker's. The men had tramped over half this country together, and were boon compan ions. Walker has friends in good circum stances in this city. Alcoholism has,cansed the death of both. They will be bnried side by side by the city. HO BOOM P0E THEM. Under tho New Law tbe Prohibition Party la Ruled Ont of Kansas. Kansas Cut, November 20. Unless the law providing for the holding of elec tions in this State is changed before the next election the Prohibition party will be unable to place a ticket in the field at that time. The law as passed by the last Legislature, and which supplements the Australian system, provides that no po litical party that did not at the last election poll 3 per cent of the entire vote cast can place in nomination candidates for offices. At the last election about 00,000 votes cast, oi which tbe Prohibitionists cast only 5,000. It is doubtful whether the Union Labor party will be able to place a ticket in the field at the next election, either, under this law. BUINED BY THE TIDE. Ilandsomo Avenues at Lone; Branch Badly Cat Up by Old Ocean. rspiciAi. imoBui to tbs dispatch.! Long BBANCH,November 20. The high tide this morning tore away a large part of the bluff ot Ocean avenue, between the Hotel Brighton and the Grand "View Hotel, where the big cut was made lay the storms of last winter. At several places between the great ocean pier and Hildreth's West End Hotel, the snrf also ate its path into the drive way. There is also a very bad cut near the foot of North Bath avenue. If measures are not taken at once to pre vent the further encroachments of the sea Ocean avenue will have to be abandoned and closed to travel before Christmas. ' NOVEMBER- 31, 1889. v A SHOET SESSION. The Genera Assembly of tbe K. of L. Com pletes Its Work and Adjourns Powderly's Salary Will Re main us Heretofore. Atlanta, November 20. "This has been the best and most profitable, as well as the shortest session, the General Assembly has ever Tiad," said General Master "Workman Powderly in his speech which brought the exercises or the General Assembly for 1889 to a close. The assembly has finished its work, and to-night the delegates leave here." Tbe treasurer stated that even if the order remains in statu: quo, the receipts of the order will exceed the expenses by $15,000 a year. Mr. Beckmire, of tbe Co-operative Board, was appointed to have general supervision of all the stores indorsed "by the Knights of Labor. He was instructed td see that Knights of Labor stamps are respected. The Knights recommended action by which it will be as easy for the people to borrow money from the Government as it is for the national banks to borrow it A number of cities were, candidates for the next General Assembly. Those receiving the highest votes were in the order named: Toledo, Albany, Denver and Birmingham, England.. Under the rules of the order the Executive Board is to select one of the three highest, and it will probably be Toledo. Mr. Powderly asked to have his salary re duced from $5,000 to ?2,000, but the Finance Committee and Assembly refused to allow it to be done. The assembly then adjourned finally. QUINTANA A KICKER. The Argentine Delegate Again Delays tbe Pan-American Congress' Work. Washington, November 20. The third day's session of the International American Conference was devoted entirely to efforts to perfect the organization and some progress was made in that direction, although tbe work is still far from complete. The re port of the Committee on Rules was laid before the conference. Though simple and direct in their terms and of the general scope of rules usually provided for the government ot such bodies, a long discussion followed their submission, Senor Quintans, of the Argentine Bepublic, taking the leading part and making many objections. Finally Mr. Blaine, to facilitate the transaction of business, suggested that the report be postponed until Friday, and this action was taken. Senor Quintana next called up his resolution providing for the appoinment of two secretaries wno were described by the presiding officer as an English-Spanish and a Spanish-English secretary. Before the matter conld be passed upon, Senor Romero called up tbe report of the Committee on Committees, and pending its consideration the question came up as to how the Chair was to be filled in the absence of MrBlaine. Another long dis cussion followed, and it was finally aeciaea to select tne president pro tempore by lot. This was "done, and, Mr. Blaine vacating tbe chair. Mr. LaForestrie. the Haytien delegate, assumed the duties of presiding officer. IT IS F1KHLT ESTABLISHED. Senor Valence Has No Pear of tbe Success of the Republic. rsrSCLU. TXXXQBAX TO TnEDISPATCH.1 Washington, November 20. Senor "Valente, the Brazilian Minister, said to the correspondent of The Dispatch this even ing that there was no doubt in his mind that the republic is firmly estab lished and that It will -be permanent TThe people haoffor jears expected such a" cnange, ana tneir minas were so tuny prepared for it that .they would fall in with the new order of things as a matter of course. The report of fighting at Bio was untrue, and the story that two or three of the provinces would appeal to Germany or other foreign powers to assist them in restoring the empire was absurd. Not a single prov ince but would accommodate itself easily to the change, and he did not believe that in popular elections the party ot the empire would make any formidable showing. Sofarashehimselfwasconcernedhewoula perform the functions ol his office as though nothing bad happened until the Provisional Government gave place to one regu larly elected, when he would ofier his resignation. It is almost certain, however, that Senor Talente will be retained here as .Minister, as he is about as good a Bepub lican as any man in Sonth America. K0 CONVICTIONS IET. The Trials far Election Prands In Florida fellll Going On. rSPECIAL TZLiailAM TO THE SISPATOH.I Jacksonville, November 20. Infor mation sent out from Washington last night, to the effect that the trials of cases of alleged frauds in Florida at tbe last Presidental election have resulted alreadyin three convictions, is seriously incorrect. Although numerous indictments have been fonnd by a so-called grand jury, and the other machinery of the United States Court has been persistently employed for the past six weeks for purpose of politi cal persecution, still no case for violation of election laws in 1888 has as yet been tried. S. C.Sadler, of Alachua county, against whom two indictments of this kind had been found, pleaded guilty to both when arraigned. They were mere technical informalities, and as yet the Court has not passed sen tence upon him. If tbe United States At torney General at Washington has been in formed that three convictions bave been secured his informant is either not posted or willfully misstates the case. AESENI0 IN THE WELLS. Poison Prom a Smelting Works the Sup posed Caase of Boveral Deaths. ISPECIAI. TXT.IOBA11 TO TBE DISPATCH.) St. Lotjis, November 20. The suburb of Cheltenham is excited over the discovery that several suddeu deaths which re cently occurred were caused by asenical poisoning. Great quantities bt arsenic are used at the Cheltenham Smelting works in the refining of gold and silver ore. The poison flowed into a huge sink hole and soaked through the ground into a number ot wells. The water from these wells was used by the families in which the deaths occurred. The alleced victims are Walter Knott, James Brady, Amelia Reichstadler, .Fred erick Manheim and Frank J. Paxton. Sam ples of the water are in the ban Js of chem ists for analysis. MARQUIS WILL CONTEST. He Thinks That He Van Possibly Been Elected Lieutenant-Governor. Columbus, November 20. Mr. Marquis, late Democratic candidate for Lieutenant Governor, was in consultation with the State Committee and his attorneys to-day, and states that the committee has decided that justice requires a contest be made for Lieutenant Governor. He will act accord ingly. Free Delivery for Little Washington. Washington, November 20. Postmas ter General Wanamaker has directed thai the free delivery system be established on January 1, 1890, at Jefferson City, Mo ; Green BaV. Wis.: Washinfflnn. Pa.: Inn id. JMich. j Santa Boss, dal., and Creston, la, - STANLEY ALL EIGHT. The Explorer Emerges From the Heart of the Dark Continent. FIERCE BATTLES WITH KATIYES. The Mahal's Grand Banner Captured in One of the Conflicts. AST QUANTITI OP ITOEI OBTAINED. Patrick Epa dutreed With Ootapllcity In the Plica nix Tarkllurden. Captain Wissman telegraphs the ap parently authentic information that Stan ley has certainly passed through the African jungles and is now in safety, together with Emin and his followers. The party fought a number of battles and were completely victorious. The English missionaries in Africa need protection. Berlin, November 20. A dispatch has been received from Captain Wissmann, dated Mpwapwa, October 13. The dis patch says: "Four of Stanley's men and oneofEmin's soldiers have arrived here. They left Stanley at Neukmma on August 10 and came by way of Noembo and Mweriewero, north to Mgogo, in 33 days, including 9 days on which they rested. Emin and Casati had 300 Soudan' ese soldiers and many other followers with them. Thsy bad in their possession a large quantity of ivory. Stanley had a force of 210 Zanzibaris, and was accompanied by his six lieutenants, Nelson, Jeppson, Stairs, Parke, Bonny and William. The expedi tion struck camp as soon as the messengers, started. Therefore the party should reach' Mpwapwa by November 20. "Emin and Stanley repeatedly fought and repulsed the Mahdists, capturing the Mah dists' grand banner. A majority of Emin's soldiers refused to follow him southward, asserting that their way home did not lie in that direction. Emin left two Egyptian officers in charge of stations. The messen gers bave no knowledge of the Senoussi, or of events in Khartoum -and Abyssinia." Captain Wissman adds that the English Missionaries at Kisouke and Mamboia needed protection until the fate of Bushiri was decided. Although on good terms with the natives, the missionaries were left un protected and had to be called inside the German station. Regarding neighboring tribes, Captain Wissman did not believe that the Masai would engage in hostilities against the station, bnt the marauding Wahehe, with whom Bushiri possibly had bis headquarters, had to be kept in check. Bushiri possessed only a few guns. A cablegram from London says: Captain Wissmann telegraphs that Henry M. Stan ley arrived at Mpwapwa on November 10- PATEICK EGAN CllABGED With a. Criminal Connection With tbo Colo- brated Fbsenlx Pork Mnrder The Proceedings of the Par nell .Commission. London, November 20. Continuing his speech in behalf of the Times, before tbe Parnell Commission, to-day,. Sir Henry James referred to the flight of Patrick Egan as proof of criminal conduct, and declared that there was other proof of his association with the. Phoenix Park murderers.' Sir Henry next referred toByrnes alleged cora plicitylin"tbeJ2inniers while he was acting, secretary for tne Parnelllte, party. Allud ing to the suppression of the s League's books, Sir Henry said' he dfd not wish to direct suspicion against Mr. Lewis, nor to make allegations against him. Still he could not hel ( thinking that that astute gentleman had been imposed upon regarding the missing books. It the commission could have got the books thev would have been found to contain records showing tbat Byrnes and other members of the, Parnellitte party were connected in a financial way -with the' Invincibles. The defense put forward by Sir Charles Russell on this aspect ot the case was open to the gravest suspicion. Sir Henry briefly touched upon the forged letters published by the Times. He said he could not go into the matter thoroughly, owing to the fact that the action for libel brought by Mr. Parnell against the Times was still pending. He could not even deal with the motives of the Times In producing the letters. Sir Charles Russell, Sir Henry said, had not suggested while acting as counsel for Mr. Parnell that the Times knew that the letters were forgeries. It was to be presumed that Sir Charles had spoken as he had been instructed. Mr. Davitt (interrupting) Not by me. Sir Henry reminded Mr. Davitt that Sir Charles was Mr. Parnell's connsel. Con tinning, Sir Henry declared that every one connected with the Times was interested in proving the genuineness of the letters. Pre siding Justice Hannen recalled the sug gestions made by Sir Charles that Mr. Buckle, the. editor of the Times, neitherapproved nor authorized the publication of the letters, in which attitude he differed with the manager of the paper. Sir Henry replied: "Mr. Buckle does not now and never has desired to stand aloof from his colleagues. Whatever might be alleged against the Timet, Its good faith' in the production of the letters could not be questioned." FOE THE PROPAGANDA. Cardinals Will Hereafter Bequeath Their Property to tbe Church. Rome, November 20. The Pope has or dered that the personal and real property of all Cardinals, who die and leave no surviv ing relatives, be bequeathed to the Propa ganda. Those having relatives must make a generous provision in their wills for the same institution. These and all other funds devoted to the use ot the Propaganda will be invested in foreign countries. This last regulation is to prevent seizure of the Papal revenues by the Italian Government. Bismarck After the Socialists. Berlin, November20. The trial of the Social Democrats charged with belonging to a secret society was continued at Elber feld to-day. Two of tbe defendants bave fled. Deputies Bebel, Grillenberger, Schuh macber. Harm and other accused persons pleaded not guilty. They denied that their society was a secret organization. THE PRESIDENT'S CANDIDATE. Harrison Sold to Favor MeKlnley for Speaker of tho House. ISrXCIAJ. TSLEOnAM TO TO DtSrATCB.1 Washington, November 20. It is re ported to-night that the President had shown a tendency to favor the candidacy of McKiuley for the Speakership, and some of the friends of other candidates are very mnch exercised in their minds abont it It is also said that Senator Allison, of Iowa, who is anxious to do all he can to bind Henderson to him in view of his own candidacv ior Senatorial re-election, visited the President to-day. and bluntly said to him that he wanted him to keep hands off the contest for the Speakership, and that the President assured him he had net said one word in furtheraase of the eaaikbtcy of anyone, GX TEN MEN WANT IT. 7a. A Scramble for'the FoMm afSergea; n(-Arras of the Senate. rSPXCIAI. TELEGRAM TO TBS EISPATCH.1 Washington, November 20. There is likely to be a lively fight over the office of Sergeant-at-Arms of the Senate, and if Col onel W. F. Canady retains, his position it will . not be for lack of aspirants to it At the present writing tnere are ten can didates engaged in an active contest for the place. When the Bepublican cau cus meets Senator Higgins, of Delaware, will propose the name of Colonel John Dunn for the place. Colonel Dunn was United States Marshal for Delaware under Grant and Arthur. Senator Sawyer will present the name of ex-Representative Guenther of Wisconsin. Senator Farwell, of Illinois, will urge the candidacy of Colonel Dan Shep herd, Chairman of tbe State Central Committee, and General Hooker, ex-Ser-geant-at-Arms of the House, will be pnt forward as acandldate by SenatorEdmunds, of Vermont Captain A. H. Reed, of Min nesota, is on tne ground prosecuting an active canvass for the place, and it is known that the Senators from the new States bave a candidate, and that Sen ator Evarts has another, bnt the identity of these last has not yet been revealed. Sen ator Sherman will make a determined stand for the retention of Colonel Canady. It has been announced in tho press that Colonel Swords, of Iowa, who now holds the position of inspector of furniture id the Treasury Department, is a candidate for Sergeant-at-Arms; but, in view of tbe fact that he has not tbe support of the Senators from his own State, this is highly improba ble. It ias been stated that the Pennsylvania Senators would push ex-State Treasurer Bailey for the place, but If the Pennsyl vania delegation in the House decides to support Leeds.of Philadelphia, for Sergeant-at-Arms of the House, it is hardly probable that Bailey will be pushed for the Senate position. FIGHT AMONG CHDBCHMEN. A Rector's Salary Redaced to 81 sue! an Archdeacon Hissed. rspscui. nxxoBAjf to thx dispatch, j Ottawa, Ont., November 2Q. The con gregation of St George's Eptscopal Church, Bt Catherines, are determined sot to ac cept the Bishop's nomination of a sew rector and to freeze the sew incumbent ont, and have therefore voted that the rector's salary shall not exceed $1 per annum, in stead of $1,600. At the Episcopal Church In Trenton, Ont, the Bishop has been endeav oring to force a clergyman of his own choice upon that congregation. Archdeacon Lauder was hissed when he announced from the pulpit last Sunday that the Bishop had determined to appoint the maa he had se lected. St George's Episcopal Church at Ottawa is also under the ban. Chief Justice Sir William Ritchie headed a procession last Sunday which inarched out of church be cause the rector wished the responses chanted. HLLED BI COMPRESSED HE. The Death of Three Miners Rosalt VrassI a Stagnlar Accident. rSPBCIAI TXXXGXAX TO THX DISTATCH.l Ishpemino, Mich., November 20. Gust Anderson and two Finns, names un known, were killed by the force of violently compressed air in .the Buffalo mine early this morning. A fall of ground was antici pated and preparations were, made for it, but it came three hours too soon. Seven men only were in the mine at the time of the accident They were warned of expected "runs" of ground and when a low rumble was heard tbey started running for the shaft Before they had gose 198 feei theywerer swept oT their feet by the power of tlualr essBpresaed: from behind and carried like chips in a gale to the shaft. -Three of -the. men were so bruised and shocked that they died to-day. The cave-in is an extensive oneaa area of 200x350 feet having sunk. At the deepest place the ground has fallen 150 feet from the surface. A NEW POSTMASTER IN TE0UBLE. Ho Has Stolen Xasjr Registered Fstekacea as Well as an Overcoat. Raleigh, N, O., November 20. The caie acainst Postmaster Stancil, recently appointed postmaster at the town of Selma, N. C, arrested on a charge of rob bing many registered packages, was to-day heard by United States Commission Ber nell. Stancil waived examination and was bonnd over to await action by the grand jury of the Federal Court. He was immediately arrested for stealing an overcoat from a store is Raleigh in Octo ber, and on examination was bound over to the State Superior Court OUR SENAT0ES AT WOKE Cameron and Qnay Looklsg for Places far FenniTlvanla Men. igrsciAi. xniosAv to the distatcx.1 Washington, November 20. Senators Cameron and Quay put in an industrious day visiting the departments sad consulting with officials is regard to Pennsylvania appointments. The Senators say that affairs are moving with extreme deliberation, but they hope to hear of further appointments for both Western and Eastern Pennsylvania within a few days. AN EPIDEMIC OP MEASLES. Six Hoadred Children Bio From the Ms ease la Two Months. San Fbancisco, November 20. Ad vices received by steamer from Panama np to October 20 nave been received. A serious epidemic of measles in Lota and Coronet, Chili, carried off upward of 600 children in July and August Public meetings in Santiago are to be held to protest against the- introduction of any more-immigrants. WOOD IN AN0IMEK SOLE. He Brings Salt for Altered Libel AsssJast Two Cincinnati Papers. Cincinnati, O., November 20. Suits were brought to-day by E. G."Wood, the man who gained some nptonety in the lata Ohio campaign in connection with the ballot box contract forgery.against the Times-Star and the Evening Post for $50,000 each for alleged libel in publishing certain charges against him. Getting Rven With the Corporation. Louisville, Ex., November 20. Mi chael J. T. Carney, a brakeman oa tbe Louisville and Nashville, who was perma nently crippled in a -fire resulting from a leak In a Standard Oil barrel, to-day ob tained a verdict tor 23,000 damages aeainst the Standard Oil Company. An appeaTwill be taken. Freight Cars Needed. The Pittsburg and Western Railroad has issued a circular notifying consignees that on and after November 25 they will be charged ?1 a day for each day, after two days, when cars are held without being un loaded, except In cases! where cars contain coal, coke, iron ore or limestone, wkea four days will be allowed. National Tabs Works lasveetUa. General Manager E. C. Converse, Treas urer W. S. Eaton, David W. Hitchcock and Edmund Converse, directors of the National Tube Com pany, are asking their annual visk to Im works at McKMtpert Mr. Flakier It expected there tt-stey. An as sistut general manager will Ik a$ polatad. THREE GENTS - rstfji, -x A'Weil, Back From Europe, fichus Liigiidii naiiumig ' of American Securities. ' a vui rttsf4 OUR MARKETS WAT-GHEDS r-r:m I I I M I H W" I I I M ' - mm s s I I B I 1H 1 1 ltfcs. I III II .jr E$Co1m lii 1 1 Inffl il I III. iii 4i A i'C ' C'V. V John Ball Has a Craze for Americanly -.PM Investments. 'S ELAINE ON TEUST3 BOBNB A. Leo Weil, of this city, back fromtit; . . .. ," .7 iF.$ ten-weesis sojourn in tne snanciai center oic8 the world, gives some most interesting factsLj about the standing of American securitiest WWtUi JUUgUSU AUVCBIAIJ3 UO iVUVfhdi OS Z i J jtccujjT auu tiiHcau caavsuuig mo uaii- hA..la- .....I ..S....11 ........--. .1. 1 T ness enterprises of the New Worldt:andl English agents are permeating American trade circles. The formation and floating "ofi British fiduciary plained. schemes are clearly 4 A. Leo Weil, Esq., of 103 Fourth ajenugf returned homo on Monday from a "ten- weeks trip to London- and Paris. Ho'waiy in London on professional business for some of the English syndicates operating- in this country. A Dispatch reporter calledoa him yesterday afternoon and asked him to explain the methods pursued by thV En glish syndicates in purchasing asi floating American industries. He said : ',.17 "I was much interested is that fubjeetw To understand the peculiarities of the baM3 nessit must be borne la mind that in Loa don all companies are brought out publicIrS and two-thirds of the stock must ba oSersslj for publio subscription to entitle its 1 to a place upon the stock board. English! companies invariably put is their proJJ pectuses a stipulation that the managesmaj will immediately after registry of thai pany and allotment of its stock sppJylrtrjS enlistment on the Sisck Exchange. Wi out this no investor will buy sharSsy as otherwise they fear a tie-up; while witsvssl j.;, i-i! n !i j. J.SJf! uauy quotation mej can easily uw puses any sioce tnev may nave nnrenasea., ' i HOW COMPANIES AEE EOOMEXli "There are a large number of 'coajjteyT promoters' in London. These are fometiasesj private partnerships or individoaJsVJbuti usually trust companies, ivndicates" or retr-V ularljr incorporated promoting compialasji "These 'company promoters bringjoatra the new enterprises, that is publish, the prosrij pectuses, advertise the business aud.oCer the shares of the proposed company far. pa W lie subscription. The company promoter? call to their assistance underwriters ISejl are organizations wno insure tne proasoter. that tbe public will subscribe for the of the-new company, and if the publia not the underwriter is compelled by his tract to take and pay for the sasse. "The application are generally teas made at the- urorjosed eomnanv's baskM7 whose names are published; aleorthese ofjitev brokers, solicitors, auditors, beard of direct ors and, oSeers. Tea will observe tht;tiM machinery or. brisking oat aa'Saglisst company is sesgewMi MaMraM, AGENTS IN THE UNITED 8TAXM. Jf "Promoting companies and syndicates s5j well ss some or tbe lesdrag bassos' bos W of London bave had. and have sow ael in this coastry soliciting options npo Iswf business and industrial enterprises hew When an option is obtained It does sot jM3 low tbat a sale will be made, as tbe p tion of deals consummated to options takssul is very small indeed. Theveare maayps-"! ties soliciting options woo are not aumoriasstj by any particular English parties; but wVsml they get their contracts they go to LojhsMm send tnem tnere and saws: tbea aooax wsssi one financial institution to another. L', "Having obtained an option, or If net tion is given, having discussed the prenssdl sale enough to warrant the belief that ttttl same can be conclnded on satisfactory tersSJl the English syndicate or company seasll some representative of a prominent first"! London auditors to examine the boolts'ofj the concern and make out a statement oMiti! income and earnings for a series of "tresis three to five years sometimes mora. Thjsj report of the" auditor is almost . .. ... -i to tna untun investor, and were a auditing firms whose reputations extesMlf over the whole European continent 1 whose influence and financial power., second only to the largest banks aaslf moneyed institutions. "Upon this report the purchase is fizwwtfl usually the price agreed upon Is a sum ! which the average profits per annum feral period 01 tnree or Pre years would pay oesaj A3 to 10 per cent. Having rued apes uwf .price, a contract is made whereby tie veadwij agree to sell to tne syndicate for said sassy; and the purchasers pay thereon a ess-tate amount as earnest money, and an glvssf s reasonable time, from three mentis usvitT pay the balance. The venders are genewtgy required to stipulate to subscribe for o third of the shares of the new ooapamy, asttt to retain the management of the baiassg.l "Having executed this agrees company promoter and tbe syndicate revise the figures and sometimes the facts to-' it their purposes and prepare a Brotpeetas far, the company. The caDital instead of Mm amount ior which the business was seldMsl increased abont 20 per cent The eenieftsj or showing of profits on this increase k stikl very , LABOE TO ENGLISH EVES u because of tbe following arrangement of Mst snares: as issue ot o per cent debeatasesV usually one-third of the whole capitsllk made; also one-third of the capital is IssumJ in preference snares, 1 per cent, tne otasr third is called ordinary shares, and the bal ance of the earnings, after paying 6 per ceai on the debentures and 7 pr cent oa, tbe preference, is annlied to dividends os ordi nary shares,, and hence 15 per cent on), A whole amount of purchase price by this tribution will be more than 15 on the c nary; and the advantages of first Uead benturesand first preference shares ss tbem also desirable investments, but,strf to say. the sale of the debentures isjtse troublesome than that of the other claiiHTjf. stock, due chiefly to the want of the lative element tnerein. "Ha vim: thus added 20 per cent fori profit, and upon companies of JS,Gf9,Mn capital and upward, this sum is veryi siuerable, and smaller companies are sej brought out BIG NAMES TTTSNtSHEB, The syndicate then applies to the pany promoter to organize sad out the company, the latter faiistMiiJsi' board of directors whose names are hmmssII to be a tower of financial strength. akeTeW tain first-class bankers, brokers aad srtsisj tors, tbe auditors make a new exaussMMii or sew report so as to meet tno.reqHiea of tbe new conditions tbat i.va maskl elaborate and detailed transcript frees"! oooKsot tne concern sua arter everyesHSH is ready, the underwriter is applied Mjaip is paid from 3 to 10 per ceat to gstswewese ...Kn.nh.vV ate aiMT.tts. 009 prospectuses are mailed ts paisss7IJB YNMHj & JfrvfcvjfQ g99pQQwM K J i -ri L.