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?rT i vJS - a.v if" f HE SNOW QUEEN. -BT- ERNEST H. rWMTTElT FOR THE DISPATCH. : ERVHTA was a Queen over a mighty country. She was one of the most beautiful women of her time, but withal she was exceptionally proud and haughty. Many of the handsome young courtiers of her dominion had prayed her to elevate them to the position of her husband, hut Servina always said that a queen was only to be married to a king. This, how ever, everyone knew to be impossible, be cause all the kings living just then were already married. Thus affairs went on; and although the courtiers continued to show their unswerv ing love and devotion to the Qneen, she never encouraged any of them. 'One day, it was about the middle of win ter, the country was covered with a deep, soft carpet of snow, and the lakes as well as rivers were frozen over with a strong cover ing of ice, Servina announced to her court that she intended to hold a great skating festival and tournament on the ice in the part lake behind her castle. Everyone was delighted with such an announcement, and preparations for a magnificent day of enter tainment on the ice were at once commenced. "When the day at last arrived everything was in the grandest perfection of complete- ness. xneuay n c' """ - as smooth as glass. It was in the afternoon when Servina and her attendants arrived, and from that moment the fete began. The Qneen at once entered into the frolicking Alfonso Starts or the Jforth J'ole. -: enjoyment with s rim, and when the sun sank behind the hills and the ever-growing Shadows Indicated rapidly approaching darkness, Servina became vexed that she was to go home already. Suddenly an idea seem to have struck her. ,, "General," she said turning around to one of her attendants, ''go at once to the prison in the city and bring all the convicts out here. Let each one carry a flaming torch in his hand and have all the prisoners stand along the banks of the lake. 1 do not want to go home yet and if we have these convicts around here as light bearers I shall be able to see and the inn can last for hours." The general went to execute her order, although he thought the queen was very heartless to have these men stand around the lake in this bitter cold weather. Several other people thought so too, when they heard what the Queen intended to do, but none dared to interfere with her. When the poor miserable convicts came they were put around the entire lake and ordered to stand as silent and still as lampposts. The consequence was that they shivered and froze until the very marrow in their bones had nearly turned into ice. But the Qneen did not mind that as long as she enjoyed herself. What was it to her, that one after another the prisoners fell beneath their flaming torches, frozen to death. She never stopped enjoying herself, wrapped up in warm ermine furs and cloaks until even the last convict had been killed lrom the terrible frost. Then she gave orders to go home. But just at the moment as she was about to step off the ice behold! a roaring, thun- idering noise reverberated through the air. f : h The &now fairy's Castle. and in another second an apparition ap peared before Servina and her astonished courtiers and friends. "Servina, woman, queen!" the vision shouted, "this day has shown you to have no heart, no feeling, nor the least of human compassion. "Why should you sacrifice the lives of these poor people by having them freeze to' death, while you revel in enjoy ment? Enow then, that X am the Fairy of Snow artl Ice. I bring the snow from the heavens to cover busy nature beneath a bed of needful repose. I hide the flowers roots under my soft, white bed to rest and sleep until the spring. I cover the rivers and lakes with ice to give peace and quiet to the inhabitants of the water; but never did I want to kill anyone with ice and snow. But as yon in your passionate desire have sacri ficed a hundred lives to death in ice. and snow I will punish you as you deserve. Be then 'n the lutdre a 'Queen of Snow!' " "Ko more had the vision said this when Servina's form changed into snow, and while she looked like a woman she never theless had lost all her former beauty and attractiveness during this transformation. 'True; she could speak and walk, but her voice sounded cold and harsh, while her walk was clumsy and very undignified. The courtiers flew from her as if she were a viper, and soon she was almost entirely Only Alfonso, the true and brave, her most devoted admirer, remained -with her, and he tried to console her. 'If j-ou had been turnea into a snow HEINRICHS. mountain I would not forsake or leave you," he said, "and I will see what can be done to move the severity of this snow fairy to revoke her sentence." '"Ah! I am indeed very sorry," said Ser vina, "I nevsr thought I was doing so very wrong lu letting those prisoners ireeze to Heath. "What is the difference whether they d e in their dungeons or in the open air, it i . the same is it not?" "Well, this is no time for arguing that point," said Alfonso; "Jet me say goodby and I will go to a wise witch, whom I know; perhaps she will bo able to help you and brine back your former self." "Go, Alfonso, and believe me, I promise you that I will many you and make you my king if you are successful. I will also make a vow' that in the future, meekness, humbleness and kindheartedness shall be my queenly characteristics." Thus said Servina, and then the young man bid her farewell. t He immediately went to a wise witch, who was renowned and famous all over that country for her cleverness, and told her of the occurrence. "What am I to do to find this snow fairy?" he asked the witch. "Tell me where she is, and I will invoke her to for give Servina for this time." The witch then told him that he would have to bathe himself in a bath of mercury in order to make his skin able to withstand the coldest climate. "When you have done that," continued the witch, "take this swan and ride on it to the land of Alcandora, which is a country immediately surround- W &.. The Snow Fairy Grants Alfonso's Meanest. ins the North Pole. There the snow fairy lives. But mind you get to the country by yourself, only accompanied by this swan, who will fly with you through the air until you get there. Take no food either, nor any weapons, because the people of Alcandora detest weapons. Now go, and make haste!" The young man at once took the bath ia the mercury and he fouHd afterward that he was covered with a skin of that peculiar metal, which prevented any penetration of the frost. Then he jumped on the swan's neck and flew northward. In due time he arrived in Alcandora and the first man he met he asked where the snow lairy lived. "Her castle is on the North Pole," the man replied, "but hurry and get there be fore it gets dark, because she intends to make a trip to Russia to-night, where she has to deliver a load of snow every 24 hours." Alfonso hurried, and he just got to the fairy's castle as she came out of a second storv window sitting on a great big snow clond and evidently ready for her journey. The young man told the fairy that he had come fronQueen Seroina with the message that she was indeed very sorry for having angered her, and that she was prepared to make any reparation required for her wrong doing, provided the fairy would change her again from her form of a snow queen. The fairy realized at once that this young man must be very devoted to Servina to have undertaken such a perilous journey for her sake, and therefore she replied: "Young man, I admire your devotion, and for your sake I will forgive Servina on the condition that she goes to the grave of everyone of those dead convicts and kisses each one on the forehead." Alfonso was delighted. He thanked the fairy, remounted his"" fleet swan and flew back to the Queen Servina, who impatiently waited for him. When he returned the Queen was still in the shape of a snow woman. He at once told her what the snow fairy had said, and Servina expressed her willingness to comply with the command. The hundred corpses of the hundred convicts were brought before her and she stooped down and kissed every one on the forehead. To everybody's astonishment each corpse at once became alive again as soon as she kissed the cold brow, and when she had kissed the last con vict's corpse, behold the snow melted from her form and face and Servina was again as beautiful as ever. She was greatly rejoiced and so was Al fonso, especially when she made him her husband and king. This, of course, made the other courtiers mad, that they had not gone to the North Pole. But it was too late now, because Alfonso had carried off the prize. 2('0T FOB HIS OWH BENEFIT. An Old Yankee Willing to Bin the Pledge, Bnt Not to Keep lu New England Magazine. 1 Major John was a stalwart, ruddy, middle-aged gentleman, fond of good clothes and good cheer. He had the habit of going into the village tavern about 11 o'clock in full dress and taking his repast alone in great dignity, with something to drink as well as eat. One morning, somewhere near 1830, the parson, who was about on a tem perance mission, found him at table, sur rounded by his viands. "Major John," he said, "I wish you wonld sign this temperance pledge, not of course oecanse you neea it, out lor tne bene fit of the rising generation, you know." 'Certainly, parson," said Major John. "Bring me a pen, landlord." So the Major wrote his name in a bold hand; and the parson went his way rejoicing for the new sheep in the temperance fold. But the very next week the parson, in that very same tavern, found Major John at the very same table, taking his breakfast, and with not one bottle less." "Why, Major," he cried, "you signed the temperance pledge last week." "So I did, parson," says Major John; "but then I did it, yon know, for the benefit of the rising generation." A Conine Tourist. Baltimore Bun. 3 v In the course of a hearing yesterday in the case of a child bitten by a dog, Judge Stewart said: "The power possessed by dogs of finding their way back home is remark able. I remember reading of a dog which was sent from Scotland to a man in Patapsco Neck. Some weeks later the dog reappeared at his home in Scotland, having found his way to a vessel bound to that country. How the dog did it is more than I can say." The Iiast Straw. iFnPKi' Mr.Bilnap (disappearing) B'goshI even th' sign painters lie in this peaky taown. Judge, fSSx . "wiiWflS A NIHILIST SESSION. Iran Smirnoff, a Former Siberian Exile, Describes His Initiations ADMINISTERING THE IRON OATH. The Obligations of a Member of the Dreaded Organization. HOW A SECRET MEET1KG IS CONDUCTED IWSITTEX FOB TEX DISPATCH. The evening of which I am about to speak was in the middle of the '70's. I had then just returned after a few years of forced sojourn amid the snowsof the bitter North, not because I was a Nihilist (as indeed I was not at that time), but simply that I had been known to, associate with suspected Nihilists. An example of Russian justice. I felt that I had already suffered sufficient fortbe cause to identify myself witH it. I therefore ap plied for membership. Two friends inter ested themselves to obtain my wish for me. I knew they had succeeded, but I was not apprised of the day or hour of my initiation. It was an evening in midwinter, with the snow knee deep on the ground, and the feathery flakes still falling thick and fast. The oppressive stillness which always accompanies a snow storm, added to the gloom of the sceae, and as I stood looking out on the prospect all the sad events of my very sad lile flitted in silent array be'ore me. I wondered if my friends in the far North ever paused to think of the poor exile who had passed some of the best years of his life in their midst. How well I remember the long winter nights (in deed it was nearly all night, only four hours daylight) in which the Ispravnik's pretty daughter Dariye and I renewed new pledges of undying affection, when a sudden sum mons from Petersburg ordered my immedi ate return, and our dream of happiness was rndely shattered. I promised to return, but now other ties claimed my attention, and I was fated never again to see my pretty snow bird the Ispravnik's daughter. The sonnd of bells was wafted through the thickly falling snow, and my medita tions were suddenly interrupted by the stopping of a small sleigh i; front of the house. It was driven troika fashion, and the pretty arch over the horses' heads was visible through the gloom. The two friends of whom I previously spoke, jumped out, and entering the house, informed me that I must hurry on my great coat, as they had come to conduct me to a meeting of the circle, meaning the Nihilists. As I was putting on my coat, a mask was suddenly thrown over my face, plunging me into midnight darkness. I was conducted to the sleigh, and then began a drive, which I thought would never end. I feel quite sure I was driven through the same streets twice and across the iron bridges which span the Heva and back, but never a word escaped the lips of my companions during the mem orable journey. At length we arrived at the place of meeting, situated in the Vasi lewski Ofttroff. I must here digress to say that many of the names which I use are fictitious, others are so well known to the world that there is no necessity to give other than their own name. THE IEWT OATH. The meeting was held at the house of Madam Ann Popoft. Still blindfolded I was led into the room where the members of the circle were assembled. I was as yet ignor ant of my surroundings, when a lond voice from a distant part of the room addressed me in the following language (I afterward heard it was the Chairman): We, the members of NarodniaVolla (people's will), ask you on your honor If you are aware of all you haTe to endure by associating yourself with our cause, cold, hunger, contempt, deri sion, hatred. Insults, nay! even a fearful death. In case of your arrest have you courage to bear the tortures the Government mayinfiictfortbe purpose of forcing you to reveal the secrets of the BrotberhoodT Are you ready and willing to sacrifice yonr life for the canso if necessity demands it? Think well, and, if vour courage fails you, tbere is yet time to retract, and we will take you back from whence yea came; but if you feel you can wholly submit to our con ditions we will require you to take the Nihilistic or Iron Oath. At the same time, I warn you that the obligations of the Brotherhood are hea7y indeed, and it requires Btrong determina tion allied to an indomitable will to fulfill them to the letter. Up to this time I had not spoken. I was pondering deeply on all I had heard. The Chairman, possibly mistaking my silence for cowardice, again addressed me, saying: "Now, for the last time, in the name of your country and all vou hold dear, are vou ready and willing to assume these obliga tions?" I was somewhat awed bp the sol emnity of the occasion, but I found strength to say in a clear, distinct voice, I am ready, and determined to take upon myself ail re sponsibilities mentioned, and become a memoer oi tne secret order ot -Nihilists. The chairman again spoke:. "Brethren, if any person present has any objection to in terpose against this man becoming a mem ber ot this band, let him or her state them or forever after hold their peace." No dis senting voice being raised, he ordered the removal of the mask. I was then told to face the assembly and hear the Nihilistic or iron oath adminis tered to me. This oath is most binding in its obligations to perform all things allotted to you, even to taking life itself. You are compelled to swear that you will be faithful in all things and stop at nothing which will advance the cause. That all yonr acts will be guided by the greatest secrecy. At thj conclusion you are made to swear that you regard yourself as the sworn foe of the Des potic Czar and his Government, and that you will use every means within your power to compass their destrnction. There was something so uncanny, or weird about the whole affair that it left a deep and lasting impression on my mind. The dimly lighted room; the awed but eager faces which sur rounded me, I can never banish from my memory. In my later and more nature years I look back shudderingly, and realize how recklessly I offered my own life to sacrifice, and how willingly swore to take the lives of others if an imaginary necessity demanded it. It was not until I had taken the oath that I learned how mixed was the assembly which had witnessed my renuncia tion of self. A COMMON CAUSE. There sitting together were officers of the army and navy, members of the Imperial Guard, Government officials ot high rank, professors, students, gendarmes, merchants and a few peasants. A common cause made all equal, and a member of the Imperial Guard clasped the hand of his brother peasant. All class distinctions were for gotten in the struggle for freedom. Dr. TJrsuroff, the President, was a hand some man of perhaps 40 years, who had identified himself with the Nihilists for the last ten years. ,Madam Anne Popoff, in whose house the meeting was held, was the Vice President She was afterward arrested as a suspect and died in prison. Her history was particularly a sad one. She had a beautiful daughter, Malanys, who at the age of 17 was arrested with a number of other students; she was of a deli cate constitution, and the shock and con finement brought on rapid consumption, and she soon joined the numberless victims gone before. The father died of a broken heart, and on his death-bed, begged his faithful wife to avenge their child's death by every means in her power. Possessing ample means she became a devoted Nihilist, and many were the plots arranged in her home under the very eyes of the police officers. There were also present several young ladies, students of a neighboring college, fair young girls just budding into woman hood, most of whom are now in exile, while others either succumbed to the long journey to liberty or died in prison. My heart is sad, indeed, when on taking a retrospect of the past, I see arrayed before me the faces of the noble men an womend who offered them selves a sacrifice on the altar of freedom. That evening I for the first time saw Sophie Perovskayr whose name will be handed down through all eternity. She had a noble face fall of sublime enthusiasm, but I soon learned she was" a member of the Terrorist party, which up to that time I knew very little about Her rapid and ve hement utterance rather startled me at first, but I soon grew accustomed to her forcible denunciation of the Czar and his Govern ment I saw her once afterward, when the almost fatal act of displaying lhe precon certed signal was assigned as her part in the forthcoming tragedy. When questioned in regard to her fear of consequences, she re plied: "I know no fear; no greater honor than this could be conferred upon me. Poor Sophie Perovskayr, nobly born, gently nur tured, ended her lile through the hangman s rope, and finds rest in a nameless grave. Her co-worker Jelaboffwas also present, but it would occupy too much space to give individual histories. THE INSIDE "WORK. After we had spent some time in conver sation, the Secretary motioned for silence; he' date not rap for fear of attracting atten tion from outside the house. Some of our people had lately joined the Becret police for the purpose of learning what people and houses were suspectedr and the President had received an intallible warning that we wonld have to be very carefuL All eyes were turned to the Secretary, who proceeded to read cipher letters from the different pro vinces, which announced the nnmber of ar rests, and where arrested, the progress the cause was making, and an account of the work accomplished by agents of the society. The expenses for the past week were de clared to be 785 roubles, while the contribu tions amount to 1,096 rqnbles. The balance in the treasury was stated to be about m,w roubles. It was apparently a large sum to have on hand, but they were reserving their funds for a special purpose. They intended increasing their field of operation. Madam Anne Ivanovna was ordered to the province of Baratoff to take a position as teacher, and at the same time disseminate Nihilism. One of the high dignitaries of the Empire secured her the position. His name though well-known throughout the world I caunot mention here. He was aware of her object Michael Isakoff was ordered to the shores of the river Volga thereto labor among the Starovers, or Old Faith men. These people are bitterly opposed to the Czar and his Government, and hesitate not to avenge the insults heaped on their forefathers. They are a powertul factor in the Empire, and have always allied them selves to the Nihilist cause. Isakoff being rich was expected to defray his own ex penses. Next several names were proposed for membership, then a collection was taken up which amounted to 850 roubles, includ ing 450 roubles sent by M. Philipoff, of the Biazan Province. The Chairman thanked the members for the noble work they had performed, and encouraged them to further good deeds in the future; then, after be stowing on -me my new name of Soukinsv noff (no Nihilist is known by his own name) declared the business part of the meeting concluded. DISABMING SUSPICION. Music is not apt to arouse suspicion, so we enjoyed some fine singing of Kussian songs, and a piano solo. We indulged in tea, wine, and, as became good Bussian subjects, cigarette smoking, varied by pleas ant conversation on various subjects. About 11 P. M. the meeting was adjourned. The room selected for meeting in is invariably provided with a fireplace, in which all papers are destroyed before separating. This work usually falls to the Secretary's lot, so Madam Sophie Paulovna, the per son filling that office, destroyed all the cipher letters and documents nsed during the evening. Thus was every trace of our secret assigned to the flames. Our leave taking was made in hushed whisperings, and our departure conducted in the same stealthy manner in which our entrance had been effected. Two went first who reconnoitered the street outside, and at a prearranged signal given at a short dis tance "from the house, two more ventured forth. In this way was the gradual dis persion of the assembly accomplished, and each one reached his home without having excited the suspicion of the police. On stormy nights such I have just described, particular caution was required, as many people on the street at once would lead to questioning and perhaps an investigation. We separated with hearts full of hope fortbe cause. But of the members present that evening, three I never saw again. Sophie Perovskayr as previously'told died in the hangman's hands. Jelaboff shared the same fate, while Elinkoff yielded up his life, from the effects of the same bomb which so cruelly killed his imperial master. Such is the life of the Nihilist in Bussia. But as every cloud has a silver lining, we can only hope that the clond will disappear and the silver lining make its presence felt across on which will be written the one word Free dom. Ivan Smibnoff. SMELLING INSTEAD OF EATING. A Woman Who Satisfies Her Appetite by Inhalllng Odors. Detroit Free Press.j 'Talking of people eating," said a robust looking woman yesterday, "did yon know that a great many people take the most of their food through the nose" "What do you mean?" inquired her friend. "Just this. I can satisfy my hunger at any time by merely inhaling the odors of cooking. The aroma of coffee, for instance, sustains and exhilarates me. A beefsteak flavor is as satisfying as a full meal. Any cook will tell you that" "Then why should people eat?" "They don't eat when they can get a full meal of cooking odors. Thy is why tramps hang around the open doors of kitchens and restaurants. Did you never -feast on the smell of warm gingerbread? I am very fond of candy, but I never eat it, as the substance does not agree with me. But I bur a box of it every week, and when I feel candy hungry I take the cover off and inhale the delicious flavors. The candy itself I give away to those who are not yet educated up to feeding through the olfactories." The friend looked at her with amazement, but she only remarked sadlv: "What an awful thing it is to be a crank." A Christina Carol. listen; the bells in the steeples In jubilant gladness ring To welcome the coming of Christmas And the birthday of the King Who was born in the lowly manger of Bethle hem, long ago. When the song of the herald angels Was sung to the world below. Thou hast clad thyselt in raiment Of spotless white, O earth. Like a bride on her marriage morning, To celebrate Christ's birth. O, were onr lives as spotless, Onr hands unstained with sin, And the latch of each heart were lifted To let the Christ-Child in. Bring of thy pine and holly, O earth, this Christmas Day, And wreathe in their green the altar Whereon our gifts we lay; Gifts ot most grateful homage Laid low at the feet of th'e King Who leans from His throne to listen To the sound of our worshiping. Bring to the dear Lord's altar The sonl's white flowers to-dar. Let the rose of thy love shed Incense Sweet as the breath of May. Let the lily of faith eternal Lift its cups of myrrh to Him Whose love is the star that leads us Through ways that are dark or dim. O.sarth, send back to Heaven The grand and the glorious strain That startled the wondering shepherds On far Juaea's plain. Glory to God In the highest, Sing it again and again, On earth be peace, on earth be peace. Good will, good will to men. Men . Rexford in Ladies' Borne Journal. From Night to Moraine ' Last night I heard a bird singing A plaintive, pathetic strain. As if In the strife of its tiny life It had caught the note of pain; And I said: "O world of sorrow, -Art thou with wrong so stirred. That thy grief and woe in tears must flow Through the song of a little blrdr" But this morning I heard the bird singing A Jubilant song, and sweet, And every note from that swelling throat With happiness seemed replete; And I said: "O world of gladness. Though hast sunshine enongh for all: Though the night hath fears, and sorrows and tears, . . Joy comes at the morning's call." Emma F. Powd, XwW Cmftmto. A NOBLE PBOFESSM. Bessie Bramble Talks About Oar Public School Teachers and TAKES ISSUE WITH DR. HcCOSH. How Political Machine Methods Interfere With Education. QITING THE PAN-AMEBICANS A SHOOK. rwarmnr ron ra narATcn.i "There are some professions whose daily work-fends to do good, to spread happiness or promote morality, and the teacher has the gratification of knowing that in his daily employment he is increasing the intelli gence, and thereby augmenting the felicity of those who are under his instructions." This sounds like one of the nice mbral essays heard at lbe Teachers' Institutes, and mostly delivered by the brethren who pro pose to teach until they can be admitted to the bar, or go into politics, or the pulpit, or some more lucrative business. Other learned and garrulous men who, as a general thing, are crammed with conceit and classics are always as they assert profoundly im pressed with the dignity and elevation of the teacher's profession. They always claim for it a power for good, not even second to that of the pulpit, and a respect for it inferior to none in the world. They glorify it as a calling of greatest honor and supremest importance, and nob lest achievement. But, as is frequently noted, notwithstanding all of this high praise not to call it cant most of them get out of it at the earliest possible moment. Dr. McCosh however, whose words have been qnoted, stuck to the busi ness, and won fame and name and fortune, and now that he has retired from the more laborious duties of the teacher's work, he takes pleasure in the thought that he has pupils in almost every part of the world that are doing credit to his teaching, and exercising an influence for good as a result of his work. It may be that, if teachers were better paid, those who are eminently qualified and gifted for such business would be glad to avail themselves of the opportunity to follow out their natural bent, and give their best energies to a pursuit as congenial to them selves and improving to others. But the fact is that men mainly take to teaching school in these days because it is a good stepping-stone to something else. It is a pursuit which, for them, requires as the average director views it no experienre whatever. A man, green from a country college, or fresh lrom the bogs, who can secure good political indorsement, can, without question or protest, be elected to the position of principal in the public schools at a high salary, though HE MAT KKOW HOTHHTG of the work and have neither natural abil ity to impart instruction nor faculty of man agement to make a school a success. Mer chants engaged in trade know the value of experience. Thev insist upon that as essen tial iu engaging their assistants. A woman cannot get a place to sell ribbons and laces and tapes unless she has had "experience." Green hands are looked upon by business men as a nuisance. They will not employ such unless compelled by stress of necessity. In all lines of employmentalmost competent hands are demanded, and tne valued ana trusted assistants are those who kuow it all by having climbed from the bottom. But this business rule is oftentimes re versed by the sapient, or rather sap-headed, school directors. They have no scruples about experience when it comes to the point of electing a callow college man, who may have perhaps some indications of a mus tache, over women in the line of succession, who know more about the details and dis cipline of a school than he can master tn ten years. A case to point a moral comes to mind where a competent principal, whose administration had been distinguished by success for years, was recently "dropped" to make a place for a book agent, this injustice being done merely at whim of the directors, or rather on the score oi politics and per sonal favor. Such cases are not uncommon, and they' snow that dt. .BiciMsn is not well posted as to the public schools, when he makes the assertion that "no doubt the teacher has not the same opportunities of earning money that merchants and lawyers and bankers have." But to counterbalance this, "he is in a more independent position than many others, and is not liable to the reverses, cul minating, it may be, in poverty or bank ruptcy, to which members of other higher positions are exposed." The knowledge of Dr. McCosh, as to teachers, is evidently confined to colleges and universities, where the professors are promoted, or pensioned. or die, but are never "dropped." When he offers as a compensation for the absence of chances for the teacher to make money, that he is in a more independent position than many others, he shows that he knows noth ing of the toadying, and truckling, and sub serviency that are needed to secure the favor of a Board of directors BUS BT POLITICS, rather than by any consideration of the good of the school, and the efficiency of the teacher. When he talks of the teachers not being subject to reverses, as are those in other pursuits, he did not consider such in stitutions as the Lawrence Bank where the little savings of some teachers were deposited for the rainy day of which they are in con stant jeopardy owing to the unreliability of many school directors, and the mutations of politics, and the trickeries of those in politi cal authority. Dr. McCosb, by his own account, taught school for 37 years, and like most teachers who have an enthusiasm and taste for the business, he found his highest enjoy ment in teaching and in seeing the good result of his labors in his pupils, but were he a principal or a teacher in some of the public schools he would find that his main work wonld be to "stand in" with the ward board so as to insure his yearly re-election. Enthusiasm, capacity, taste, and aptitude for the business are not important points as to teaching in these days. The teacher who has none of these qualities will draw the same salary as if he were in full possession not only of these, but of the fabled virtues of the gods. The inexperienced young man at the top will be given twice the pay of the able and efficient woman who has risen from the ranks and is distinguished for eminent service. It cannot be denied that teaching holds ont to men engaging in it such inducements as are offered to tyros in no other occupation or profession. A lawyer knows that he must climb a rugged road," and that not until he has made a reputation can he expect to reap large profits. The doctor knows he has to acquire Bkill and reach eminence before he can hope for fame and I at fees. But the conceited collegian who has luck, and who desires a chance to make a good living while he gets ready for something else, goes to teach in tr and crets as much salary as it he had been in the profession for 20 years. Such do not go into the work for the love of it, but for the cash and convenience, until their plans are ripe, and their way is made clear for something they more highly es teem, and more ardently desire than the great work Dr. McCosh so lauds and mag nifies in his essay on the trials and triumphs of the teacher. SHOCKING THE PAM-AMEEICAirS. When the Pan-Americans visited the great Michigan University at Ann Arbor they were vastly astonished to find the sys tem of co-education in successful operation. It was rather a severe shock to their notions of proper etiquette to find young men and young women receiving instruction to gether in all of the higher branches of edu cation. They are said to be accustomed to the system of secluding girls in convents for instruction, where the object is not to teach them to think, or to entertain "views," or to develop their Intellectual capacity, bnt rather to educate them in the old way of possibly a little general smattering of secu lar knowledge, s few ftahioMbfe weon- plishmente, and sufficient grounding in moral precepts and religious dogmas and doc trines as will make them devout and devoted members of the church, and humble and obedient wives, But even this is only coil fined to the very few, for the majority of women in South America receive no school education whatever. Even in Brazil, of which we have heard so much of late. 84 per cent of the population are illiterates. As stated in a recent report, the number of illiterates reported in Venezuela was 90 per cent of the popnlation. But if the "Pan-Americans" were sur prised at the exhibition ot Co-education ia a great university where the old theories as to the education of women are dailv disproved and exploded, they were stunned with "the mostsignificant fact concerning the new civilization, as announced by President An gell when he said that "the United States recognizes na sex in intellect." Among the new ideas with which the South American delegates were crammed during their junk eting expedition around the country they doubtless have stowed away this section of the woman question. It is hardly to be wondered at that they had such desire to see and know the women of the country. With their recollection of the colossal mass of feminine ignorance at home, it would not he surprising if they connected the backward ness of their countries in civilization with the fact that the education of their women wasdeplorablyneartothelineof the dark ages. But if, as the President of Ann Arbor stated, the "United States recognizes no sex in intellect," it certainly does in edncation, since even in Pennsylvania the average salary of men teachers is much higher than that of women doing the same work. THE TEACHEB'S SOCIAL BANK. One thing that Dr. McCosh deplores is that the teacher has not as high a social status allowed him as the other learned pro fessions; but he is quite persuaded that the time is not far distant when the teachers of youth, lower and higher, will rank with the lower and higher grades of the ministers and lawyers. But this is even now claimed by the wordy orators at the "Institutes;'"but the claim can hardly be sustained as a matter of practice,- There is a sort of la tent contempt in most men's minds for the pedagogues. Although they mav be chock full of wisdom, top-heavy with learning and slopping over with profound ideas, their opinions are rarely asked as those having anthority. The Chamber of Commerce, composed of practical business men, does not go to the schoolmasters for information, or confer with them on matters of importance, as the pagans of old held counsel with their oracles. Although cred ited with being profound iu philosophy, skillful in logic, masterly in argument and burdened with brains, yet they are not con sulted in matters of great weight and mo ment. The men who have risen from the ranks through sheer force of energy, enterprise ana ambition to places of power have little respect for those who plod along taking everybody's dnst on the highway of life. Still the good doctor thinkt the teach ers may reach the social position they shonld have, considering the importance of their work, if they behave themselves, and urges that "success in this commendable enter prise will depend upon their gentlemanlike and ladylike bearing." This would seem to be rather a reflection upon the manners of the teachers, but spoken bv an eminent and distinguished one of their craft it should re ceive careful consideration. Bnt the good doctor does not hit the point as well as he might. The teachers, as a class, do not take pride in their profession. Men teach until they can find something else that will pay better women, in the main, for the same reason. Not many find in it their highest enjoyment, and the best development of their talents. Only the rare few feel that in teaching they are doing the highest good of which they are capable. To them it is pleasure, enjoyment, real hap piness to form the tender mind, to inculcate good principles, to implant noble thoughts, to cultivate truth, honesty and worthy am bition. EFFECTS OF THE MACHINE. Such teachers deserve to receive the great est honors, the highest pay, and all that goes to show real appreciation of true merit. But by ,'the machine" thev are all leveled down. The bright, able enthusiastic teacher ranks with the dull, stupid creature who has hardly two ideas to rattle together in her head, and whose sole ambition is to get married and get out of the business. So little are good teachers appreciated by some of the school boards of Pittsburg that if Dr. McCosh himself were a teacher in tbe schools they control he would be "fired" at the next election in favor of some pudding headed trickster who could secure the "in flooence" of the pothouse politicians. That some radical reform is needed in this matter cannot be denied. It is true that in some of the wards the local boards are com- I posed of intelligent men, who can be trusted to elect teachers ot high character and emi nent ability, but in others teachers of such low order of intellect and limited capacity and deficiency of manners are placed in position as drag down the standing of the whole profession. Until something is done to take the power of election out of the hands and votes of ignorant and unscrupu lous men the status of the teachers of the people will go lower rather than higher as Dr. McCosh predicts. Until teaching can be made something better than a makeshift for the many, and something beyond a per quisite to be peddled around by ward bosses, the dignitv and elevation talk of the prot fession will be only cant rather than truth. It may be said, moreover, that while some of the teachers of Pittsburg are worth a hundred times their present salaries in money, and exert more influence for real good than any of the pulpits, yet there are not a few whose worthlessness, is monstrously overpaid at the lowest figures who are. indeed, not worth their salt and whose incapacity is endless labor-saving for the.devil. If the worth and virtues of the former could be recognized by increased salaries without putting a premium on in competency, no voice could be raised against a large advancebut when it means pro moting stupidity and rewarding incapacity, it is not wonderful that those who pay kick. As according to the present machine methods the profession instead of being ele vated is rather degraded, the excellent, the worthy, the most talented taking rank in many cases with the incompetent and un faithful. If some remedy for this manifest injustice cannot be devised the teacher will fall short of the honors claimed for him by Dr. McCosh for many years to come. Bessie Bramble. Not Bound for the Stan. Savannah News. The steamer City of Jacksonville, of the St. John's river service, got into a dense fog while on her way down the Tiver the other night A traveling tourist, anxious to go ahead, went up to Captain Shaw, who was at the wheel, and asked him why they had stopped. "Too much fog; can't see the river," replied the precautious captain. "But," said the tourist, "you can see the stars overhead." "Zes," said the captain, "but until the boiler bursts, we are not going that way." The passenger, went to bed. In Far Cathay. It daily meets my dreamy eyes, That old world scene by farther seas. And all unchanged; the water sighs Still in that bay, and still the breeze Kings low, sweet songs amid the trees. Here stands a house quaint, shadowed o'er By clnst'rlng branches; wavelets fill The river wbisp'rlng near tbe door; That white path meets the threshold still. And birds chirp love with bill to bill. That rude old bridge still spans the stream, The passers few are passing yet: Tbe boat is there it doth meseem The sailors sleep mayhap forget--For ne'er was sail since furled or set. The bay spreads out clear, placid., bright A summer sea fringed round with green: Afar some isle, mayhap, in sight Bisinc from ont its breast is seen. And houses mirror in its sheen. And all is still norVolce, nor song, Comes the enjoyment to abata Of that fair scene fair, though a wrong It tells (ot lovers father's hate Upon, a willow pattern plate. -S, Mm JMuttt, in BitnH fnt JPrm. THE FIRESIDE SPHDTX A Collection of Fnfgmatfcal Its for Home CracMng. Address communications for this department (oUB. CHASBOUBX Lewision, Uaine, 833 A CHINESE MATTM. - ? i ttt Dei rj?; tx m - 4 4 J. H. Fezandu. 840 ONE HUirDBED AOE3 TO GHESS L What is the foreigner's agar 2. The criminal's age? 3. The ace of the gray-headed slnnerT 4. The inn-keeper's ageT 5. The cow-catcher's age? 0. And the age of the man at his dlnnert 7. What's the tanner's ageT 8. Tbe peddler's age? 9. The age of the wealthy plumber? (3) 10. The wood-dealer's ageT 11. The coil-dealer's ageT 12. The age of the frisky drummerT 13. What's the coachman's ageT 14. The cabman's ace? 15. His age who wields the plough T 16. The clothier's age? 17. The truckman's ageT (3) 18. His age who loves a rowT 19. What's the servant's ageT 20l The overseer's ageT 2L What tbe age of the collector T (2) 22. The butcher's ageT (2) 23. The storekeeper1 j age. 24. And the age of a protector? 25. What's the poor man's age, 26. The worshiper's age, 27. Tbe age of a man at prayer? 23. Tbe profane man's age, 29. Tbe drinking man's age. 30. The, age of a man on a tear? - 3L What's the traveler's age, (2) 82. The brakeman's age, 33, And what tbe age of the preacher? 34. The weighmaster'a age, . 3d. The sovereign's age, 38. And what the age of the teacher? 37. What's the age of man, 38. The age of woman, 39. And what's the age of the lover? (3) 40. The widow's age, , 41. Tbs infant's age, 42. Of tho man that's half-seas over? 4i What's the age of a son, 44. The age ot a daughter, 45. Of the man that's older than you? 40. The deadhead's age, 47. The Congressman's age, 48. The age of the letter "S.Q.T" 49. What's tbe prodigal's age, 60. Tbe acrobat's age, 61. Tbe age of an under-sized fellow? 62. The locksmith's age, 62. The tu rakey's age, 54. And what was the age of Othello? 65. 53. 67. 68. 69. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 60. What's the vagrant's age. The emigrant's age. The age of. tbe sailor at sea? The soldier's age, (2) The banter's age. And what's the age of a tree? (2) What's the miller's age, The pronhet's age, The age of the barbarian? The farmer's age. (2) The cashier's age. And the age of the herbarian? 67. What's the doctor's age, 68. The scoffer's age, 69. His age who meets his girlT 70. And what's the dope's age. 71. The nobleman's age, 72. The man's age two points from an earl? 73. What was the age of "Uncle TomT1 ' 74. Tho age of "Bnrke of OursT" 75. The age of an English poet? (2) 76. And the age that notes the hours? 77. And what is the age of the flannel shirt? 78. Of the man who's back on his rent? 79. The age of a country parson? SO. Of the man on plunder Intent? 81. And what Is the age we live in? (2) 82: The age of the mathematician? 83. And what is tbe age ot tbe cloth maker? 8L And the age of the loud musician? 8a. What's the age of the fleeing Irishman? 86. His age when brought to a halt? 87. The age of the story-teller? 83. And of the fermenter of malt? 89. What is the age of tho man that is mean? 90. The age of tne dealer in wine? (3) 91. Of the man that's got the best of It? 9i And theage of tbe grunting swine? 93. What's the age of the man who has dinedT 94. And the age of a man depressed? 95. And what's the age of tbe darkey? 90. And of him not so dark as tbe rest? 97. What's the age of the telegraph boy? 98. Of the man completely strapped?" 99. Of woman before she's married? 100. And the age of him who raooed? - -. JUS Dboxio. 841 ENIOMA. A species of quadruped, brown, white or gray. Or black perhaps other hues total will say. ' By ladles 'tis nsed, to give them an air Of having abundant, luxuriant hair. Or a printer, who works at less than the others. Is termed a complete by the regular brothers. BlITJDiSfMT, 842 DOUBLE ACROSTIC, L To begin again. 2. A dish of stewed meat. 3. One of the chief divisions of a poem of soma length. 4. Cracked with cold. .Prf malt. A large mass of stony material. Finals. An idol formed of wood. uomoinea, uquixorm asbestos. Bice a 843 DOUBLE LETTEE ENIGMA. In "pence makes pounds;" In "dollars" ronnd; In "sue" and see; In '"prides" abound, A. primal is an object meet. Oft filled with gleaming gold. Unless the owner is compute. Last of his wealth untold. BittebSwext. 844 CHABADE. A. first Is now before you, fast; fiain as can be nothing last; Perhaps you're total, though, and see Ho first In place where it should be. DickC. AKSWEBS. 8321. Ate, bate, cate, date, fate, gate, hate. Kate, late, mate, Nate, pate, rate, sate. Z Bill, dill, fill. gilLbilU JUL kill, mill. Pill, rill, silt till, will. 3. Bane, cane, Dane, fane, Jane, Kane, lane, mane, pane, sane, vane, wane. 8331. Dee. don. 834 (Sixteen miles Ian hour. The distance B C being twice the distance A B, the distance C C will be twice the distance A A'. Now, this distance A A' represents the rate of speed ot tbe vessel A less the speed of the passenger on board ot A, tbat Is to say 11-3, or eight mfles an hour, and twice this, oris miles an hour, will be the rate of speed of the vessel C. 835 Day-star. 835 Stumbled, tumbled, 'umbled, bled, led, Ed. 837 L Murat Halstead. 2. Secretary Win dom. 3. 1 nomas De WittTalmage. 4. "Joseph Benson Foraker. S. James Gillespie Blaine. 838 The mouth, with tongue and teeth. HfHilHBPI A HtHFECi imiii!iai! JTlTTiTCl IIUMJIil A parelr Wrotihln (Compound that expels all bad humors from the system. Removes blotch es and pimples, and makes pure, rich blood. ap2-68 Isnfiensgrrom tn ef fects or youthful cr E I ron, e&rir decay, lots TftltuMfl treatise (sealed) "fnU nanteolai for horn, core, tn of TfSr. tfi OVrOWUERi MeethM, Conn, j QQJBnft'&wmnm KEW otntna WoIfrsAOMEBIacking BEATS the World. ItlsthftBe HARNESS DRESSING The BEST for Men's Boots " Ladles " Children's" AESOI.VTET.Y WAXKKPBOOT. SOFTENS and PRESERVES the Leather Omee a week for men's loots axd ma a month fir otu' is ample for perfect remits It makes to handmmeet ana most durable polish yon erer aw. Ton dant iutre to gram and nreat with a black ing brash. Be wise and try it. Because jvnr grandfather worked hud is no reason too shoola not spare yooraelf this worse than useless labor. Bold by Grocers, Prnggists, and Shea Dmlm. WOLFF A RAMD01PH. phodelpm 3IEDICAL. DOCTOR WHITTIER 814 PKNN AVENUE. riTTSBCBG. PA. As old residents know and back flies of Pitts burg papers prove, is the oldest established and most prominent physician in the city, de voting special attention to all chronic diseases. JSffSSSNOFEEUNTILCURED nlCrMni ICand mental diseases physical IM t It V U U Odecay. nervous debility, lack of energy, ambition and hope, impaired memory, disordered sight, self distrust, bashlulness, dizziness, sleeplessness, pimples, eruptions, im poverished blood, falling powers, organic weak ness, dyspepsia, constipation, consumption, un fitting the person for business, society and mar riage, permanently, safely and privately cured. BLOOD AND SKIN.t2rTn5 : blotches, falling bair. bones, pains, glandular r swelling?, ulcerations of tongue, mouth, throat ulcers, oia sores, are cureu ior me, ana piooa tarrhal discharges, inflammation and other painful symptoms receive searching treatment, prompt relief and real cures. , Dr. Whittler's life-long, extensive expert, ence, insures scientific and reliable treatment on common-sense principles. Consolation free. Patients at a distance as carefully treated as it bore. Office hoars 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. Sunday. 10 A. ST. to 1 P. H. only. DR. WHITTIEB, 8li Penn avenue, Pittsburg, Pa. no30-sso-wk. How Lost! How Regained, KMOW THYSELF. JJL-t-i ; SCXEIVCB OX Til tt'JB A Scientific and Standard Popular Medical Trtatiss on the Errors of Youth, Premature Decline,Nervooa and Physical Debility, Impurities of the Blood, Bes siting from Folly, Vice, lgnortnce. Ex oesses or Overtaxation. Enervating and unfit ting the victim for Work Business, the Mar riage or Social Relations. Avoid unskillful pretenders. Possess this) great work. It contains 300 pages, royal Sra. Beautiful binding, embossed, fall gilt. Price, only SI by mail, postpaid, concealed in plain wrapper. Illustrative Prospectus Free, iljoa. apply now. The distinguished author. Win. H. Parker. M.D.. received the GOLD AND JEW. ELED MEDAL from the National Medical As sociation, for this PRIZE ESSAY on NERVOUS and PHYSICAL DEBILITY. Dr. Parker and a corps of Assistant Physicians may be con sulted, confidentially, by mail or in person, at tbe office ot THE PEABODY MEDICAL IN. SIITUTE, No. 4 Bulfineh Si, Boston, Mass., to whom all orders for books or letters for advice shonld be directed as above. anlS-G7-Tnrsnwk Health is Wealth Dr. K. c West's Nerve a.ib Bract Treatment, a guaranteed specific for hysteria, dizziness, convulsions, tits, nervous neuralgia, headache, nervous prostration caused by tho use of alcohol or tobacco, wakefulness, mental depression, softening of tbe brain resulting in insanity and leading to misery, decay and death, premature old age. barrenness, iops of power in either sex, involuntary losses and spermatorrhoea caused by over-exertion ot tha brain, self-abuse or over-indulgence. Each, box contains one month's treatment. 1 a box, or six boxes for So, sent by mail prepaid on re ceipt of price. WE GUARANTEE SIX BOXES Tocure anycascWitb each order received by ul for six boxes, accompanied with 5 00, wo will send the purchaser our written guarantee to refund tbe money If the treatment does not ef fect a. cure. 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