THB HOT FIGHT
Tar Senatorial honors in Ohio grout
Interesting. ?B& DISPATCH ha
a- special commissioner viatcntng U.
Hg&portswill be full and impartial.
A romance of the time of Christ, bv
Elizabeth luart JPhelps and Rev.
Serbert J). Word, will commence in
next Sunday1 x DISPATCH.
PITTSBURG, MONDAY, JA2nJAHY 6, 1890.
TO GET El
OMo Democrats Propose to
Treat Their Opponents
AS THEY WERE DONE BY.
Their Plan to Gain a Clear Majority
BY BEDISTEICHAG THE STATE.
"A Comparative Calm on Sunday in the
GEN. FMAHOK GAIKIKGIN P0PDL1EITI
Ohio Democrats are congratulating them
selves on their ability to now get even with
the last Republican gerrymander ot the
State, which gave the former only 5 of the
21 Congressmen of the delegation. Their
plans give them 14 or 15, which would
change the complexion of Congress. No
change is reported in the Senatorial situa
tion. The candidates rested Sunday. Mc
Mahon is thought to be gaining in popu
larity. CFEOM A STAFF CORBXSFONDEJTT.l
Columbus, O., January 5. Few persons
outside of Ohio realize the full significance
of the Republican defeat in the State at the
recent election. If the boldly-expressed
purposes ot the Democratic leaders here
count lor anything, in all probability the
narrow Republican majority in the present
National Congress will be wiped out, pro
Tided, of course, that the results in other
sections of the country are abont the same
as in the Congressional contests of 1688.
There is probably no State in Ihe Union
in which a redisricting gerrymander can be
more neatly executed. In 1884, when the
Republicans elected their ticket by a good
round majority, the Democrats secured 11
of the 21 Congressmen under the plan of
districts, adopted by the Democratic Legis
lature, which had been chosen the year
A TEST BADICAL CHANGE.
The next General Assembly was Repub
lican, and the political map was changed so
radically that, on practically the same vote,
16 Republicans and 5 Democrats now con
stitute the State delegation in the House of
"Tea," said Hon. V. R. Hysell, who will
to-morrow be elected Speaker of the House,
"one of the most important matters that will
be attended to this session will be the re
districting of the State. This 16 to 5 repre
sentation is outrageous, and must be attend
ed to as soon as possible. The 'Republicans
will hardlv have good ground for complaint
if we take a little the best of it nnder the
sew regime in order to even up matters a
At least o gerrymandering bills have
already been prepared. One of which is said
to have the sanction of the persons in au
thority, proposes to create 14 Democratic
and seven Republican districts.
TWO LEADERS TO BE BETIBED.
Under the arrangement of this bill, both
HcKinleyand Butterworth, the Republican
leaders of the presentdelegation, are to be re
tired from active service, while Grosvenor,
who was rather conspicuous in opposition to
his party candidate,Foraker, in the late elec
tion, is given a sure thing in a district with
about 6,000 normal Republican plurality.
McKinley's constituency is to be so ar
ranged that he will be forced to run in tbe
five counties of Stark, Holmes, Wayne,
Medina and Carroll, or change his resi
dence. The first three of these counties are
Democratls, and the entire five gave Camp
bell a plurality of 2,405.
Representative John E. Monnot, who
is entering upon his second term and is one
of the Democratic leaders of the lower
House, hails from Canton, which is also the
home of McKinley. To The Dispatch
correspondent he said: "I think the protec
tion Major will be in the soup. Democratic
Stark county, which always repudiates Mc
Kinley, lias been attached to a Republican
district about long enough. I cannot say I
am in favor of this particular bill, however.
It is based on the Campbell-Foraker Tote.
A PBEFEEABLE FLAX.
"We may, and I hope we will, keep that
up, but we want something more certain to
base districts on. I prefer taking the vote
of 18S8 for such a purpose."
Another bill has been prepared, which
uses the figures of the Presidental contest as
a guide. In this measure Republican Carroll
county is taken from the McKinley district,
as proposed in the other scheme, and added
to the adjoining one. This is regarded as a
more reliable plan. Representative Mon
not. by the way, is prominently mentioned
as the probable nominee for Congress when
the Democratic district is duly constituted.
He is the author of a free schoolbook bill
which he nearly forced through the last
.Legislature, and is very popular in his sec
tion pf the State.
Lieutenant Governor-elect Lampson, who,
unless he is superseded by Marquis, the
Democratic contestant, will preside over the
deliberations of the Senate, and may have a
great deal to do with the matter, was asked
his opinion concerning the gerrymander
outlook. He said:
HOPES FOB THE BEST.
"Something of the kind will undoubtedly
be attempted by the enemy. Their margin
in the Legislature is very narrow, however.
Two Democratic members of the House are
sick now, leaving them with only one more
than a quorum. It remains to be seen
what can be done."
Another plan which some radical Buckeye
Republicans have suggested to avert the im
pending disaster is an appeal to the present
Congress to pass a law providing that the
elections ot 1890 throughout the country
must be held in the same districts as in
18S8. Democrats here, however, langh
this proposition to scorn. They assert that
the scheme would be revolutionary, and
could never pass through Congress.
It is the general opinion among politicians
that a redisricting hill that will insure at
least 12 Democratic districts will pass, and
will hold. This would be a Democratic
gain of seven and a Republican loss of an
equal number, making a net Democratic
galacf 14 members in the next delega
tion ''froa Ohio. M the present
publican majority in the National House is
eight, the reason for the expressions of joy
among the leaders of the Democracy here
can readily be discerned. Bancboft.,
A COMPAEATIYE OAEM.
Sunday Apparently a Dor of Kelt la the Sen
atorial Aspirants' Camps McMnhon
Gaining in Popularity
He' No Bolter.
Columbus, O., January 6. A compara
tive calm reigned about the political resorts
to-day. The minor politicians who were
here for the Legislative offices have, with
the exception of the few lucky ones, de
parted disappointed. It would have re
quired a second miracle of the loaves and
fishes to supply one-half of them with
places." The Senatorial struggle, however,
if not so noisy, is more bitter and intense
"We are resting to-day, as all Democrats
keep Sunday," annonnced Walter B.
Ritchie, hustler-in-chief of the Brice con
tingent. Ten minutes later The Dispatch
correspondent saw Calvin himself take a
doubtlul Representative into the deserted
billiard room, where, for a solid hour, he
poured logic and eloquence into his ear.
General McMahon's stock is rising,
though still outshone bv the brilliant and
many-colored rainbow which rests its west
ern horn on the Lima oil fields, and has at
least one pot of gold at its other extremity
in Wall street. Mr. McMahon says:
NOT A BOLTEB, AT ALL.
"I hope you will deny for me, with all pos
sible emphasis, the charge that I am organ
izing a bolt against Brice and Thomas. I
confidently expect to beat them both in the
caucus. The story was originated by my
enemies, with the intention ot doing me an
McMahon certainly produces a more fav
orable personal impression than any other
candidate. A Representative who is cred
ited to another man for the first ballot, and
consequently does not want his name blaz
ened in that connection, said: "McMahon is
by all odds the best eqnipped man, intel
lectually, in the field. A man who served
eight years in Congress with a brilliant
record, and was selected because of his
eminent ability to conduct the case against
theBeltnap frauds, would make a first
class Senator from any State."
These words, coming from such a source,
are significant. 'They indicate that it is en
tirely probable that the anti-millionaire
members may finally combine upon the
poor man from Dayton.
THOMAS PEOPLE BLUE.
The Thomas workers were very un
obtrusive to-day, and it is stated that they
are much discouraged by the allegation
that it was the Brice clan which secured
the organization of the Legislature yester
day. Certain it is that they are now very
modest in their claims. On the otberhand,
the Brice enthusiasts gain confidence with
eacn passing nour. borne ot tbem now go
so far as to assert that their favorite will
have the votes of three-fourths of the mem
bers on the second ballot
Al Carlisle leaves the city to-night on a
flying trip, but will be back on Tuesday, to
stay to the finish. He says: "it is a sure
thing that Brice is a winner. More than
that, he is conducting a cleaner and more
respectable canvass than any other candi
date. No, I have not got any figures, but
the caucus will prove that my predictions
NOT A PAXNE CAMPAIGN.
One strong point made by the Brice speak
ers is the entrance of a decided objection to
the comparison of his campaign with that of
Payne's, six years ago. They say that
Payne's candidacy was kept an entire secret
until after the election and sufficient pledges
had been secured to nominate him. On the
contrary, it was frequently announced dur
ing tbe State campaign that Mr. Brice
would be in the field if the Legislature was
Democratic, and his canvass has been con
ducted in an open and public manner.
-fudge Thurman's home is tbe JMeeca to
which all of the visiting Democrats hasten
for inspiration and guidance. The venerable
statesman,! however, is taking absolutely
no part in the present contest. Several
weeks ago he stated that it would be a scrub
race. He now says: "This remark of mine
has been distorted in many ways. I simply
meant that the fight was open to all comers,
and that the man who could secure the most
votes would win. I shall therefore Bay
nothing further until the matter is settled."
It is becoming very fashionable to - com
pare any one of the Senatorial candidates to
the present distinguished Democratic rep
resentative from this State. Bancboft.
KO USB FOR ME. THOMAS.
Representative Connts Wants a Senator Who
Will Help HI. Party.
trnOM A STAFF COEBISPOSDEfT.I
Columbus, O., January 5. There has
been considerable speculation as to the Sena
torial preferences of Representative Counts,
of Shelby. Relerring to Mr. Thomas' can
didacy, Mr. Counts said: "I haven't
any use for him at alL If
the Democrats of Ohio send
him to the United States Senate, we shall
have another Payne. Nothing will be done
for the party, and we might just as well not
have carried the Legislature.
"So far as the Senatorship is concerned, I
want to vote for some one who will hustle a
little and do something for the party at
home, as well as reflect some credit upon
BEICE'S FIEST SETBACK.
Not Likely to Have a Burly a Caucus as He
rrctonA staff coreespokdest.i
Columbus, O., January 5, State Sena
tor Howells, who is oneoithe committee ap
pointed to arrange for the all-important cau
cus, tells me to-night that it is almost certain
to be held on Thursday. The Brice con
tingent would prefer to have the date a lit
tle earlier, while their forces are still in
This is the first instance in which the
Brice men have lost a point Their op
ponents desire all the time that can be se
cured, in which to effect a combination, if
HEAT! DAMAGES CLAIMED.
Injured Passengers Demand Large Sam
From Railroad Companies.
ISPECIAt.TZXraBJkX TO THEBISPATCn.'
Youngstown, January 6. Mrs. Susan
Wise, residing at Clarksville, Pa., has com
menced suit against the Pennsylvania Com
pany, claiming $25,000 damages. She
alleges that while leaving a train at Clarks
ville, on the Erie and Pittsburg Railroad,
she was thrown violently from tbe platform
by the train starting, receiving injuries of a
Jobu Fram, of Sharpsville, Pa., has also
commenced suit here against the Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad Company, claiming 510,
O00 damages for injuries received.
A CROWDED HOSPITAL ON FIRE
Patient Carried Oat lata the Snow and
Llkelr to Die From Exposure.
Tacoma, January 5. Fire broke out
this afternoon in Fanny Paddock Hospital,
which was crowded with patients. They
were carried out ,into the snow and saved.
It is thought the sudden change and excite
ment will be -fatal to a number. The fire
wm ttttaguiiaed. -,.
. A G. A. B. SPLIT.
Threatened Disintegration of the Order In
New Orleans White Member Refuse
to Ran the Risk of Being Con-
trolled by "eero Posts.
rsrxcxii tzliouh to-the msri.Tcn.1
New Orleans, January 6. The fight
In the Grand Army of the Republic, grow
ing out of the organization of a colored post
Cailloux Post in this city, promises to
be a very bitter one, and may lead to the
disintegration of the order here. Members
of the five white posts say ppenly to-day that
they will surrender their charters, leaving
the negroes an open field. There are 100
negro soldiers to each white Union veteran
in this department, and the negroes, even
though they promise not to enter tbe white
posts, will by sheer force of numbers cap
ture the department organization and run
things to suit themselves, to the utter anni
hilation of the white element.
The white members think that the social
features of tbe Grand Army should be con&
sidered and the negroes left out. It seems
that the matter oi their admission some
time ago was considered, and the whites
voted unanimously against it. Captain
Gray, who brought in the colored post the
other day, was then against it. and, when
elected Department Commander, he sol
emnly declared that his right hand would
wither before he would sign the charter of a
negro post There is no doubt that Captain
Gray is in bad odor with his brother mem
bers, and they charge openly that his action
was intended to revenge himself on them
because they would not tnrn out at the Jef
ferson Davis funeral, and they even accuse
him of saying: "Well, if they will not
turn out with the whites, I will give them a
chance to tnrn out with the negroes."
Captain Gray seems to be unaffected by
the storm he has raised. He says that while
he has been roughly handled by some
papers for the position he took in the mat
ter of Mr. Davis' funeral, acting as pall
bearer, his course has been approved by
others. His loyalty had been criticised by
members of the G. A. R. The G. A. R.
men were trying to carry water on both
shoulders, he thought, on the negro ques
tion, and he was tired of it
THE POLICE AT FAULT.
No Clew Tct to Mrs. KnlOo'i Murderer
Mln Parcell Prostrated by Ugly Hu
mors and Theories Calmed
by Her Friend.
rEPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH. 1
Tbenton, N. J-, January E. The ill
success of tbe police up to date in finding
the person or persons who murdered the
young wife of Dr. Arthur S. Kniffin, Thurs
day night, or early on the follow
ing morning, has brought down upon
their heads the censure of the
entire population. It leaks ont to-day that
the police fancied other means might have
been employed to cause her death, and
hence decided that it would be well to have
the contents of her stomach subjected to a
Two of the witnesses, Coroner Bower said
to-dav, would give' evidence to show that
Dr. Knifhn and Miss Purcell were friendly
enough to engage in demonstrations of
affection upon the streets.
Druggist Patterson, it is said, will testify
that he was among the first to enter tbeKnif
fin apartments Friday morning, and that
he perceived no odor of chloroform -at all
about the premises. He will add that to his
knowledge Mrs. Kniffin had heart disease,
and that it is his opinion that a burglar was
strangling her, and that in-her fright heart
Several dentists who have been inter
viewed say it would be difficult to murder a
person with chloroform. It takes from five
to 15 minutes, they said, to put
a person who is perfectly still
and receptive under the influence of
the drug, , Miss Purcell, they add, could
not have lain Irom 3 o'clock in the morning,
the hour of the appearance ot the burglars,
according to her story, until 8 o'clock,
when she was discovered, under its in
fluence. Miss Purcell was much acitated to-day by
the talk connecting her with the perpetra
tion of the murder. The expressions by
many friends of the utmost confidence in all
her statements served to calm her some
what HOREIBLE CRUELTY CHARGED.
Iniane Inmate of an Almshouse Found In
a Fearful Condition.
Chicago, January 5. The reports of the
horrible treatment of insane women in the
DuPage County almshouse are declared in
an official statement to Governor Fifer to
night to be well founded. The state
ment is signed bv Dr. F. H.
Wines and Rev. C. G. Truesdell,
both members of the State Board of Chari
ties. The women were covered with filth,
naked, and ate off the reeking floor. When
bathed at all it was by male attendants, and
at night the women's cells were left un
locked. The two women thus treated were
incorrigible, and to this fact, and the
ignorance and carelessness of the keeper, the
report attributes the disgrace.
Both women have been removed to the
State Asylum, and tbe report recommends
legislation to give the State Board of Char
ities jurisdiction over the county authori
ties in such cases. One of tbe women was
insane when, a dozen years ago, she arrived
from Germany. A law is recommended to
the Legislature giving the State Board
power to return such patients to the place
from which they came.
DETERMINED TO KILL HERSELF.
A Woman Who Figured In a Recent Tragic
Cane Takes Morphine.
rsrSCtll. TELXGUAX TO TITE DISPATCn.l
Youngstown, January 5. At midnight
last night Mrs. Charles Edmonds made a
desperate attempt to commit suicide. Two
months ago her husband threw his father-in-law,
John C. McCreery, downstairs for mis
conduct, and three days later he died, it is
claimed, from tbe effects of the injuries re
ceived. Mrs. Edmonds has since been liv
ing at home with her mother. Last evening
she called on her husband, who has com
menced suit for divorce, but no settlement
wbb efiected. While returning to her
I mother's home she purchased a qnantity of
morpuine. w nen tne lamiiy retired sue
went to a well and mixing the morphine
with water drank it
Physicians succeeded in saving her life,
and though weak to-day, it is probable she
will recover. This afternoon Mrs. Edmonds
said that since her husband refused to for
give and condone the wrong she had done,
there was no reason for living, and that sbe
would make the next attempt on her life a
LOST BOTH OP HIS LEGS.
Probably Fatal Accident to a Brakeman In
South Oil City.
rsrSCIAX. TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH-l
Oil City, January 5. George Wilcox, a
brakeman on the Western New York and
Pennsylvania Railroad, had both legs am
putated while jumping off an Allegheny
Valley train in South Oil City to-day. His
injuries are thought fatal.
The injured man was 24 years of age,
married, and lived at SalUbnrg.
President Dodge, of Madison, Dead.
Hamilton, IT. Y., January 5. Rev.
Ebeuezer Dodge, D. D., LL.D., President
of Madison University, died here early this
morning of peritonitis, .after an illness of
lui than tares davi aaed 60 roars.
That Question Seems to be Preparing
tor a Negative Answer.
CONGRESS EEQUIEES MONTHS TET
To Do Anything Definite in Settling' the
Contest as to Site.
BLOCKS OP FIYE DT TBE U. S. SENATE
Quay uO. Cameron Agree on a Eusslan Usister, and
The quarrel over a site for the Worlds
Fair bids very fair to knock the whole
scheme out Tnere isn't time to do any,
thing-creditable by 1892. 'What little time:
there is will be shortened by about four'
months before Congress acts definitely as to
site. Dalzell and Bayne both talk about it
Blocks-of-five Dudley is likely to get before
the United States Senate for investigation.
Yoorhees asks it
FROM A STATT COBRESrONBEtT.
Washington, January 15. Never wai
there a project equally national in its scope.
and aims, in such a state of utter chaotic
uncertainty within so short a time of the
date of its realization, as is the World's Fair
in commemoration of the discovery of Amer
ica. Only two years remain before the an
niversary of the event which it is proposed
to celebrate arrives, and up to the present
moment not one step has been taken toward
starting the exposition.
The Senate has appointed a committee to
consider the claim: of the rival cities, and
the House will probably follow the Senate's
example some time this week. Hearings
will commence on Wednesday, before the
Senate Committee, but in the ordinary
course of events no decision can be arrived
at by both Houses of Congress for at least
WHY IT TVILL TAKE SO LONG.
After the hearings before both committees
will come the debate in each House and ths
passage of the bills, then a conference com
mittee of the two Houses will be necessary
on the two bills, and the combination bill
reported by tnis committee will have to be
again submitted to a vote in both House
and Senate. All this takes time, and it
will probably be the end of April before any
definite decision is reached as to where the
fair should be held.
"In view of all these contingencies and
the shortness of the time which will then
remain for the erection of all the buildings
necessary for the housing of the exhibits,
and the collection from all parts of the
world of the products of the nations, the
opinion is gradually increasing among
Congressmen that the idea of a world's
fair should be either postponed or al
together abandoned. The argument is
made that the United States would bring
disgrace upon itself by inviting the world
to inspect an exposition hurriedly brought
together and insufficiently housed. Time
is necessary to create a fair that would not
sufler by contrast with the recent exhibi
tions of other countries, and time is the one
thing lacking to provide such a fair in 1892.
It tookParlathreffwhola years to start herwaeneral for- information as- to what
Exhibition. Only one and a half years
will remain for the United States to get
ners in operation Dy tne spring ot xwjz.
MAY ABANDON A FAIE.
It would not now be surprising if it should
be eventually decided to commemorate the
four hundreth anniversary of Columbus'
discovery by erecting a monument to the
great navigator in this city and putting off
indefinitely the fair project Of course no
such talk as this will be listened to by the
gentlemen who are now in Washington as
the representatives of cities desiring the fair.
The. New York plan is to delay action at
Washington and to concentrate all their
force and power upon the Legislature at
Albany. The Legislature will probably be
asked to visit New York City to look at the
site, etc., and when in the city they will be
handsomely entertained. They will be
urged to allow the city of New York to
issue bonds to the amount of 515,000,000 or
$18,000,000. It will take several millions to
put their ground into shape, tearing down
the Bloomiugdale Asylum, removing build
ings, etc., but the improvements will be
permanent and will greatly enhance the
value of the property, making these grounds
a great center, and it is expected that ever
after it will remain a great attraction to the
whole people. With ?23,000,000 in sight,
they think they can come to Washington
and ridicule the $5,000,000 guarantee fund
WASHINGTON'S PLAN DIFFERS.
The Washington plan does not contem
plate a world's fair, bnt a Pan-American
celebration. At a conference of the repre
sentatives of the four cities, held a few days
ago, the Washington people declined to
change the expression "New World Expo
sitiffn" to "A World's Exposition." Many
of them agree that they have not the room
or the facilities for a world's exposition
as planned by New York and Chicago, but
they want a celebration of the Central and
South American States, and since the idea
of having a lair at all is to commemorate
the discovery of the new world, their propo
sition is regarded as a sensible one. Wash
ington desires that none of her citizens be
appointed on the committee, but that the
Government should handle the whole fair
from beginning to end, the necessary
finances to be derived from a $15,000,000
As to the respective strength of the four
cities in Congress, probably Chicago and
New York have got the most votes pledged.
New England, New Jersey, New York,
Delaware, and part of Pennsylvania are for
New York1. Wisconsin, Ohib, most of " Illi
nois, part of Michigan, Minnesota, Kansas,
Colorado, and the Pacific Slope form the
bulk of Chicago's column, and scattering
votes through the South and Southwest are
also claimed for her. Two or three of the
Southern Illinois members are for St
Louis, on account of their proximity to that
MONEY AND THE MICHIGANDEES.
Michigan was solid for Chicago until a
short time ago, when New York suggested to
the jobbers and wholesalers of the Western
country that if Chicago got the fair all the
business of 1892 would also go there. The ar
gument "fetched" the Detroit merchants,
and now more than one of the Michigan del
egation is wavering between Chicago and
New York. 'The strength of St Louis comes
from Missouri, Texas and the South Atlan
tic States, while Washington has the votes
ofapartof Pennsylvania, Virginia, North
and South Carolina, Maryland and a num
ber of scattering votes throughout the coun
try. There is undoubtedly a strong sentiment
in favor of the National Capital as the
place where the fair should be held, but her
great difficulty is that should it come here
the Government would have to, foot the
bills. To this the strict construction
ists of the South, where sbe would have to
look, for her votes, are strongly opposed.
Naturally politics have entered into
the discussion, and, speaking in a
general way, the Democrats in Con
gress are opposed to seeing- the fair
eo to Washington, because it would place
in the hands ot the .Republicans some $10,
000,000 or more of money, together with
patronage, in a Presidental year. In the
same way the Republicans do not want the.
fair to go to New York,where the expendi-
woBia ea coBiroiia .oy xasnaay ana
would probably insure the Democraoy
the State in that year.
IT COMES UP WEDNESDAY.
To increase the uncertainties of calcula
tions, there has come the growing sentiment
in favor of no fair at all. But in spite of
this the four interested cities, propose
to fight it out, and on Wednes
day, beore the Senate commjttee, they
will inaugurate their respective Con-
ressional campaigns. As a general thing,
members of Congress who do
not live in the vicinity of one of
the contesting cities do not care to express
an opinion in favor of any place, and. gen
erally speaking, they show a great deal of
indifference in regard to the whole matter.
The lack of interest is marked. Possibly
this is largely due to the fact that they are
sick and tired hearing about it, and do not
want to be bothered with it until the ques
tion comes up for decision. '
Of the Pennsylvania members, Represen
tative Dalzell said "this evening: "While I
would be inclined to favor Washington as
tbe place for the exhibition, because of its
being the capital of the country, and be
cause it would be of great permanent benefit
to the city, it looks doubtful if a majority of
Congress can be brought to vote for any
place where the expense would have to be
borne by the Government as would be the
case if it were deeided to hold the fair here.
DALZELL FEABS DELAY.
"After Washington I think I wonld favor
Chicago, as that wonld mean the expendi
ture of a larger amount of money in the
country at large, and in Pittsburg, by visi
tors, than if it were held in any other city.
With the fair in Chicago an immense
amount would be spent on the rail
roads, and Pittsburg would be the chief
stopping place between the West and
tbe East; but unless a decision as to the
site can be reached speedily, it will be too
late to hold the fair anywhere, though, of
course, with the superibr energy and hust
ling qualities of our people, We could do
the work ot preparation in about half the
time that any foreign country would."
Representative Bayne also admitted that
on account of the increasing shortness of
time tnere' was a growing possibility that
the fair would not be held at all. "With
the four cities -each pulling against the
other," said the Colonel, "it is prob
able tbe contest will be prolonged
unless some way can be devised to short
en it. which does not appear now. Possibly
the Committee .on Rules may invent some
method, such as providing that on the roll
calls the place having the least number of
votes shall be dropned each time until a
choice is made. Without some such pro
vision there is no telling how long tbe con
test would last, as it is quite certain no city
will have a majority in the beginning, and
probable that no one could secure a majority
so long as all are in the field to be balloted
BLOCKS OF FIYE AGAIN.
Toorhee Will Move In tbe Senate To-Day
to Inve.iisnte Dudley He FIgnre
on tbe Big Political Scn.a-
tlon of the Year.
rSFXCW. TXXXQILUf TO TUX DI8FATCH.1
Washington, January 5. Senator Dan.
Yoorhees has prepared what he regards as a
bombshell for the Republican party. Under
his management, there is to be an investiga
tion, or, at least, a full exposure, of the
methods of Blocks-of-five Dudley and the
Republican manager in Indiana at the
election in '88.
Senator Yoorhees has drawn up a resolu
tion, which he proposes to introduce in the
Senate to-morrow, calling'uDon the Attorney
steps had been taken by the Depart
ment of Justice toward prosecuting
Uolonei jjudley tor mi illegal conduct in
the campaign. Senator Yoorhees' resolu
tion will call for copiesof all correspondence
on the subject, and all other papers on file
at the department in connection with the
Or course Mr. Yoorhees knows very well
that the Department of Justice has taken no
steps whatever in the matter, and his object
in presenting the resolution is simply to get
the blocks-of-five scandal before the Senate
and the country, so that he will have
an opportunity to make a speech
and force an investigation which will be the
political sensation of the year.
When the resolution of Senator Yoorhees
is introduced to-morrow it will probably be
referred to the Committee on Judiciary, of
which Senator Edmunds is Chairman. The
Democrats think that the committee will be
compelled to report it back favorably. If
the reply of the Attorney General develops
nothing, Senator Yoorhees will see to it that
tne light of investigation is turned on at
full head, and the truth about Dudley's
methods brought to the surface.
QUA! AND CAMERON AGREE
That C. C. Harrison, of Philadelphia,
Should Minister In St. Petersburg.
SFKCTAI. TXLXQBAU TO TEX DISPATCH.
Washington, January 5. It is an
nounced to-night for the first time that both
Senators Cameron and Quay, of Pennsyl
vania, as well as all the Republican Con
gressmen from that State, have united in
recommending to the President and Secre
tary of State the appointment of C. C. Har
rison, the rich sngar refiner of Philadel
phia, as Minister to Russia.
This does not insure Mr. Harrison's ap
pointment, by any means, but this unity
among tbe Pennsylvanians is remarkable
enough to be significant. Two foreign mis
sions have already been conferred upon citi
zens ot Philadelphia the Brazilian mis
sion upon Robert J. Adams and the mission
to Greece and Roumania.upon Colonel A.
Mr. Harrison, his friends are just now
anxious to have it understood, is not a rela
tive of the family of the President.
UKCLE RUSSELL'S SIG SEE
In Hi Bonnet, for White House
Honey, and Holilstcnfc.
SFECUI. TELEQEAK TO TUB DISPATCH.
Washington, Januarv 5. General Rus
sell A. Alger, Commander-in-Ctiiet of the
G. A. R., will in a few days start out to
make the greatest preliminary swing around
the circle ever undertaken by a Presidental
candidate. This trip is to be made
ostensibly in the interests of the Grand
Army of the Republic; but no one who
"knows Commander-in-Chief Alger, and is
aware of the loud persistency wim which
the Presidental bee buzzes in his bonnet,
will doubt (or a moment that politics and
business will be blended.
According to the statements the gentle
man will start out in his private car, and
has arranged to visit every State Encamp
ment in the Union before he reaches his
home in Michigan next summer.
TEAINS SNOWBOUND FOE DAIS.
The Worst Blockade Ever Knoira In the
Merra Finally Broken.
Sacbamento, January 6. One of the
worst snow blockades ever known on the
Sierra Nevada Mountains has been raised
by the railroad company's forces and the
rotary snow plow. The plow left Bine
Canyon yesterday evening, where it has
been stalled lor 24 hours, and proceeded
toward Collar, Cal. Prom Emigrant Gap
the westbound overland trains were able to
follow on behind the plow to Colfax, and
from the latter point the- plow will return
and clear the track to Cascade, which, will
free the snowbound tram lying at Summit.
Nothing will then stand in the way of the
four eastbound trains now held at Colfax.
The first of the released westbound trains
is expected to arrive at Sacramento some
time to-night. The others will follow as
soon m possible.
Ringing Replies From Prominent
Men on the Workday Question.
YIEWS OP POLITICAL ECONOMISTS.
Senators, Congressmen and Collegians in
Favor of thaHoTe.
TBE EEAS05S FOE THE EEDUCTIOff.
On the Other Hand, Many Ljndoa Wuslngmea Ire
Opposed to It.
One hundred answers have been received
from prominent men to requests for their
views on the eight-hour workday question.
Most of the replies are enthusiastically in
favor of the proposed reduction of the time
of a day's labor. A great many foreign
workmen are opposed to any reduction.
tSPZCIAC. TXLEOBAM TO TBX DISPATCH.
New Yoke, January 5. The Executive
Council of the American Federation of
Labor has had prepared a circular letter, in
which it expresses the determination of
many of the organizations affiliated with
it to demand on May 1, 1890, an eight-
hour workday. This circular letter has
been sent to many nrominent men through
out the country, with a request for an ex
pression of views on the subject. Nearly
GOO letters were sent ont, and about 100
answers have been received.
The enthusiasm with which the writers
have discussed the subject has greatly inter
ested the Pederation. Nearly every writer
professes to be heartily in sympathy with
the desire of the workingmen to get a work
day of eight-hours, and likewise with their
efforts at mental, moral and physical im
provement. The letter presented these two
THE QUESTIONS PRESENTED.
In view of the wonderful and ever-Increasing
Inventions of and improvements In wealth-producing
methods, should the working people of
our country be required to work more than
eight hours per day? What would, in your
opinion, the effect of the general reduction of
tbe hours of labor to eight per day have upon
the economic, social. industrial andcommeTClal
condition of the people of our country?
Prof. R. E. Thompson, lecturer on politi
cal economy in the University of Pennsyl
I have reached the conclusion that while the
change probably would be attended with some
disadvantages which it Is not always possible to
foresee, it would be, on the whole, a decided
gain to society, both economically and mor
ally. Senator Henry W. Blair, of New Haven,
writes that he thinks the workmen onghi not
to be worked -more than eight hours a day.
"All the work which should be done in this
world can easily be done in eight hours
SenatoriHoar, of Massachusetts, writes:
I have for many years been of onlnion that
for ordinary labor eight hours a day Is enough,
and that nv.would be a public benefit If that
should be tbe limit of a day's work in ordinary
manufacturing and mechanical employments.
ALWAYS ADTOCATED IT.
Senata?S6awart;Tjf Nevada, saysr
I voted for and advocated tbe original eight
hour law which was passed by Congress, and
have been an advocate of the reduction of the
lours of labor for many years.
Congressman Edwin S. Osborne says he
thinks thlt workmen ought not to work
more thanjeight hours. "A shortening of
hours onght to improve their mental condi
SenaWr John J. Ingalls, of Kansas, says:
If there are any working people In oar conn
try who deeire to work more than eight hours
per day rthfnk" they should be permitted to do
so. A g eaeral reduction of the hours of labor
to eighty day would. In my opinion, have a
benenceat' effect npon the manhood, independ
ence and citizenship of the people, if enough
could be elrned In that time to support the la
borers and their families, and If tbe interval
were spent In rational enjoyment or intellect
ual Improvement. Having been for many
years in the habit of working from 12 to 10
hoars a day myself, I should personally favor
Senator W. E. Chandler, of New Hamp
I wish only to say that while I think the cus
tomary working day should come to be one of
eight hours, and that women and children
should be by law prevented from working more
in some avocations, yet I am not prepared to
say that adult males should he prohibited by
law from working as many hours a day as they
DEPENDS ON CTECtrMSTANCES.
Senator George F. Edmunds replied hur
riedly, in this way:
As regards tbe fixing of a day's labor at eight
hours by arrangement between the employer
and the employed, 1 think the matter depends
so largely uDon circumstances, varying with
different conditions, climate, nature of occupa
tion, etc., mat no general ruie can D9 iaia down
upon the subject
Congressman Henry F. Blount writes:
I suppose youfquestion. No. 1, contemplates
as working people only those employed where
machinery is also employed. If so, and I
answer in the affirmative, what must I say for
that other grand army, who are in onr domes
tic service a far larger number than our mills
employ? I do not consider their hours exces
sive as a day's work, and 1 do not see that the
stonecutters wbp work eight hours, and the
brickmasons who work nine hoars, are In bet
ter condition morally. Intellectually, or socially
than workmen who labor ten hours a day. and
I do not see that they are superior to those (of
their own color) who are serving in responsible
positions and work even more hoars.
Congressman Cliiton R. Breckenridge, of
Pine Bluff, Ark., sent this reply:
FEOM A PAEMEE'S STANDPOINT.
Workingmen have a right, individually and
collectively, to say what they will take for their
labor, just as a farmer, or a group of farmers,
have to say what they will take for their wheat
and cotton, and, also, to decide for themselves
how much they will sell. They will never be
able to get, of course, more than the actual
market value, based on demand and supply and
the state of tbe trade, but they can come much
nearer than now to getting this and tey will
soon know how to advance the consumption of
the product of their labor. I wholly dlisent
from your idea that they "should be required"
torors more or less tnan eigm nours a uay.
This is a matter for their own agreement. In
This is a matter for their own agreement
a free and orderly country which is by far the
best state nobody will be permitted to "re
quire" each things of. people not a
charge and not convicted of crime.
Congressman Amos J.
in reply to the questions:
First every worklngman onght to be able to
make a Rood living for his family, and save
money, by eight hoars' -work per day. If it is
possible to aid him to do this by legislation,
snch legislation should be had. Congress has
alreadypassed an eight-hour law. Its operations
have been hindered and obstructed in some
cases by arbitrary officials, bat time and per
sistent work in Congress is clearing the field,
and I hope soon to see the day when every man
in the national employ, who is compefled to
work more than eight hours per day after the
passage of the act shall receive pay for extra
THE OTHER QUESTION.
Becond, I believe that the generaTSdoptlon of
the eight-hoar system would stimulate man
hood, guarantee independence, and throw ad
dltional safeguards around American citizen
ship. Tbe Republic would be stronger and
the nation greater with it
Prof. Simon N. Pasten, of the University
of Pennsylvania, writes:
Efficient work for eight hours ought to give
the workman the material basis for a living.
There are, however, serious dlfficnltles in tbe
way of a radical change in the hoars of labor.
There must be a complete readjustment of
prices to new standards, and the friction of the
change will be an, important obstacle to the
movement unless all tie Interested partita be
come so Interested in its success that tBroe-
pente BwrtHj-zKiBe e.nH eso.
a mattee oe fOimcfr&jjISER'S MEAMESS.
Irtrd Randolph Charchlll's Petition on the,
S-Honr Qsestlon Regarded a a Bid
for Pepatnrity Many Work
London, January 8. Lord Randolph
Churchill's second letter on the eight-hour
question is attracting quite a good deal of
attention, and is regarded in a variety of
ways by the different sections of politicians.
The Ministers generally regard it as a rather
wild bid for popularity and power, but in
the Tory circles of less responsibility the
letter is otherwise interpreted. In London
the conditions of labor are essentially differ
ent from those which obtain in any of the
great towns of the North. It is not the rule
here for men to work in conjunction with
great investments in machinery. This les
sens tbe amount of opposition from power
ful capitalists, to be encountered here, as
compared with most of the English
cities, in regard to the eight-hour
Slan. Lord Randolph Churchill
i evidently counting on this fact
In his attempt to commit the Conservative
candidates in London to a position on the
labor question which will give them the
support of many followers of the Socialist,
Jphn Burns, and take the wind out of the
sails of the advanced Liberals.
On the other hand, however, there is quite
a strong party in the working class who are
afraid of the eight-hour system, because they
fear it will involve reduction of pay. Piti
fully enough, men can be found who are
working an average of 68 hours a week, yet
who protest against a proposal to lessen
their period ot working. They can
hardly be blamed, however, for their fears,
since disinterested political economists
are by no means agreed as to what
effect a compulsory eight-hour law
would have upon wages. At all events,
Mr. John Burns has. within a few days, in
timated to tbe Liberal leaders that the,
Tories are ready to concede all the Socialists
demand on this point .
"WITH DEAWN SWORDS.
The Two Pactions of the Knights of Malta
Try to Heal Their Difference A
Sqnnd ot Police Pre
rsrzcxiz. rugbim to Tint dispatcs.i
Philadelphia, January 6. A bitter
war is being waged among the Knights of
Malta. There are two factions, each claim
ing to be the only true Knights, and these
met last night in this city by their repre
sentatives, but if they expected harmony to
result the meeting was a failure. The
meeting, which was of the Chapter
General of New York and the Grand
Commandery in this city, convened
last evening, and remained in session until
early this morning, and had not the police
been called in the meeting most probably
would have resulted in a free fight lhe
meeting was called for the purpose of dis
cussing which is the representative order of
the Ancient ana illustrious uraer oi tne
Kmzhts of Malta in this country.
The New York representatives arrived
dressed in full regalia, and entered the hall
with drawn swords. The two factions
seemed most bitter and antagonistic toward
one another during the meeting. Each
cheered and applauded its speakers, and
hooted and jeered their opponents.
Toward morning the bad feeling,
which had been growing worse.
all night, reached a white heat The speak
ers called each other traitors. Grand Com
mander Piercejvas ordered by the Chairman
to leave the hall! He refused, to go, and his
supporter 'dared the Chairman to attempt
to put him out To make matters worse,
the frightened janitor turned down the gas.
The light was turned on again. Then
both sides drew theirswords, while pande
monium Teigned. A squad of police rushed
in and prevented a fight, but the meeting
broke up in the greatest confusion.
HISS JACKMAN AGAIN ABDUCTED.
The St Zionlt Helreta Once More Stolen
From tbe Sidewalk.
rsrXCIAX. TH.IORJLM TO TOE DISPATCH. 1
Br. Louis, January 5. The tribulations
of a very young girl with some fortune were
further increased to-night At 6:30 o'clock
Miss Alice Jackman, the heiress who
figured in a sensational abduction case
some six weeks ago, was agian abduct
ed, in much the same manner as
on the first occasion. She is under th'e
guardianship of Br. John G. Taylor, a
prominent business man, but elected to live
with Mr. Taylor's married daughter, Mrs.
Charles Spink; At the hour named she was
standing in front of the Spink residence, on
Finney avenue, when two men seized her
and dragged her to a carriage and drove off.
The girl screamed, but before the neigh
bors conld interfere one of the men placed
his hands over her mouth, and lifting her in
his-arms deposited her in the carriage. The
vehicle was driven off at a gallop, and al
though the whole city detective force is now
on the hunt no trace of the girl or her ab
ductors has been discovered. Miss Jack
man has an estate worth about 30,000.
A WAI-DP TTEDDIHG.
The Countess de None, of Paris, Becomes
the Bnroness d'Eite.
rtr-ictAL TSXIOSAX to titx DISPATCH. I
Baltimore, Januarys. Baron Beres
ford, Alfred d'Este, of Italy, arrived here
this morning, with Countess de None, of
Paris. They were to be married here, but
at the last moment they decided to be mar
ried by Archbishop Ryan, of Philadelphia,
so they went to the Quaker City, were mar
ried, and at once returned to this city.
The present Baroness d'Este was, before
her marriage, Miss Elizabeth Brown Har
ney, of St Louis. She is the daughter of
General Harney, of the United States
tflGHTISG FIRE WITH SNOW.
Total Detraction or a Mining Town Pre-
vented bv Bnrd Work.
POETLAND, Oee., January 5. A special
from Wardner, one of the principal mining
towns in the Cceurd'Alene district of Idaho,
says that a disastrous fire visited the toWn
yesterday. Twenty-five houses were destroy
ed,including six three-story buildings. The
loss is estimated at 5100,000.
The reservoir in the mountains, which is
the only water supply, was empty, and the
men fought the fire with snow, thus saving
the town from total destruction.
THREE HDKDEED MILES FLOODED.
A Town Nearly Submerged and a Wide Ter
ritory Under Water.
London, January 5. Floods are reported
in the northwest portion of Queensland. A
part of the to wn of Normanton is submerged,
tbe water in many places being 20 feet deep.
All the adjacent territory is under water.
The floods cover an area of 300 miles.
Died While Walking to Church.
rSPECIAL TELEGRAM TO TKX DISPATCH.!
Ibwin, January 5. Thomas Fitzmaunce,
aged 90 years, dropped dead on his way to
church this morning. A doctor examined
him and pronounced death the result of
appoplexy. He will ba buried at Greens
SSM.IHH) Lon by Fire.
London, January 5. The Erste Fabri
ke. "Piaetork, the largest structure in the
Transvaal, has beea destroyed by fire.-, The
MM H.dOW.WW.v ,
' -Ves a Fortune, bnt 5ot One
for Wife or Danshter. -
HIS SOLE BE5EF1CIART.K'
Thirteen Sayings Bank3 Found, to Contaia -Si
125,000 of Bi3 Money.
OTHER TH0D3AHDS Iff A BEC1I CAS
round Hidden In His Cellar, Toother WIti a
A Newark miser who lately died .lets
about $150,000, it has just been learned.
Some of the money was hidden in fruit cans -in
bis cellar; He disinherited his wife and
daughter, and left all his money to a niece.
The will is to be contested.
rsrxcui. mioiux to ths dispatch.!
Netvaek, N. J., January 5. Thomas N.
Chapman, who died at 466 Orange street, a
week, ago, was generally regarded as a
wealthy man and a miser, but until alter
his death it was not suspected that he was
as rich as J t has turned out he was. He was
72 years old, and has resided in this city for
20 years, with his wife and daughter, whom
it is" said he starved and cruelly treated for
years. After his death it was found that hev ,
had 5125,000 in cash in 13 savings banks,
and a search of the premises in which ha
liyed brought to light $15,000 in bank notes,
gold and silver, and a first mortgage for
58,000 on the Union Avenue Presbyterian
Church, of East Orange.
THE HIDDEN TBEAStTBE TOOND.
Neither Chapman's wife nor his daughter
knew anything about the money or ths
mortgage. Just before his death he told his
friend and executor, Mr. B. P. Crane, a
Newark real estate dealer, that he had
some money concealed in the cellar. Oa
Thursday the cellar bottom was dug up,
and 512,000 in 5500 notes was found buried
in a fruit can. In an iron chest in another
part of the house $2,000 in notes and 5173
in gold and silver was found.
Chapman always slept with his vest on,
and his wife supposed that alL the money
which was not in the bans: was in an inside
pocket He was known as a miser to all of
his neighbors, and many stories are fold of
his meanness in dealing with storekeepers
of the neighborhood. Almost everyday ha
took a small basket and went to market to
pick up cheap vegetables and pieces of meat
over which he would haggle with the deal
ers until they would willingly sacrifice a
cent or two for the sake of getting rid ot
Chapman's crowning act of meanness to
his family was discovered when his will was
opened, and it was seen that he had practi
cally disinherited his wife and daughter and
bequeathed the bulk of his wealth to a
niece, a Mrs. Clark, of New York City. A
clause in the mil prohibited his wife and
child from attending his funeral. Ths will
gives his estate absolutely to Mrs. Clark,
and it will be offered for probate on "Wed
nesday. At the same time an effort will ba
made to ha?e it set aside, Mrs. and Miss
Chapman hope to be abls'to contest the will
so successfully that they will get all the
fortune which he left Chapman had about
565,000 when he came to ' this city irom
Seneca Palls in 1870, and he has not been in
any regular business since. The body was
jsent to Seneca Falls for interment last week,
and the house in Orange street was closed
up. Miss Yallie Chapman, the daughter,
is engaged W be married to Mr. Robert N.
Gatchell, of this city.
The Lnte Murderer Frnnken Used to Hoip
lll Wife at Home.
tSPICTAL TK.ZOBA11 TO TBX DISPATCH.!
New Yoek, January 5. Anarchist
Franken, of Brooklyn, who murdered his
wife, his 3-year-old child, and himself,
will not be cremated, in -accordance
with his request The en
tire family . will ba buried to
morrow, in the ordinary manner, at ths
Lutheran Cemetery. All day to-day tna
bodies of Franken and child were exposed
to public view at an undertaker's. Tha
body of the woman was not shown. She
had been dead some time longer than her
husband or the child, and after tha
autopsy her remains were inclosed in a
sealed coffin. The brother of Mrs. Franken,
who is tbe only known relative of the family
in this vicinity, visited the Coroner and un
dertaker later on Saturday evening, and
claimed the bodies of his sister and the
child. He is Philip Knarintr, a policeman.
Franken was not altogether idle. His
wife took in washing, but he did tbe heavy
part ot the work, and he did also all the
heavy housekeeping work. He carried
home-the laundried clothes, and made him
self useful in every way in which a man
MILLI0KA1EE T00EHIB IS DEAD.
The Man Who Made Nynck What
rBrlCTAI. TX&ZQKAX TO TBI DISPATCH.I
New Yobk, January 5. The Hon
"William Yoorhis died at his Nyacic home,
Saturday night, in the 71st year of his age.
He was born in Nyack, and to him the town,
owes much of its progress. He entered
business life as a boatman on the Hudson
river, and retained to the last his early
fondness for boats and aquatic sports. Ha
built several yachts, noted for their speed
Mr. Yoorhis was a brother of the lata
Commodore Voorhis. He amassed quite a
fortune by dock building contracts in New
York and Brooklyn. He retired from busi
ness in 1866, and leaves an estate valued at
MOEE THIS A MILLION DOLDAES
Paid by an English Syndicate for Milwaukee)
Milwaukee, January 5. The Angus
Smith system of elevators, A, B and C, lo
cated on the Southside, were yesterday sold
to an English syndicate. The price paid is
not given, but it Is understood to be mora,
than a million dollars. Their storing ca
pacity is 2,000,000 bushels. Mr. A. K.
Shepard, a former Milwaukeean, who has
recently returned from London, and who. It
is said, represents Enelish capital in soma
other ventures, engineered the deal.
He says the syndicate is the same that
bought the breweries in Cincinnati and
Syracuse, N. Y., some time ago.
GB0WLING AT POOR TUEZET.
Tho Bussian Bear Greatly Displeased at tha
Porte'a Cretan Policy.
St. Petebsbtjbo, January 5. The Bus
sian Government is displeased with, tha
restrictions, of the Turkish, Government
firman in regard to Crete, and has requested
the Porte to extend amnesty to everyone ia
thejiiland and to abolish tne state of siege.
A New African Expedition.
Brussels, January 5. The
Slavery Society is making arrangement lot :
"fc J .S ifl3 WtilT'V.V -CE
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