THE PITTSBURG DISPATOH, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1890.
- HIGH C0UI1T EEFOKI.
The Supreme Court of llio United
States, Our Lofliest Tribunal,
IS KOY WORKED ALMOST TO DEATH.
Great Justices InterTiewed on the Possi
bility of tarlj Kelicf.
SAD SITUATIOX FOK A CENTENNIAL.
Chief Jnstice Folltr and Justices Miller, Bradley and
Intermediate appellate courts, to relieve
the unparalleled pressure on the Supreme
Court of the United States, are shown br
.the justices of that highest tribunal to be
almost an absolute necessity. Frank G.
Carpenter's interviews with the members of
the court are very important and full of in
f rrCIAt TELEGRAM TO THE DISrATCIT.I
Washington, February 3. The Su
preme Court of the United States will cele
brate its hundredth anniversary at New
York to-morrow. The judges are leaving
V.ihinKton to-day, and they will meet the
leading lawyers of the couutry at their cen
tennial celebration. One of the subjects
discussed will undoubtedly be as to the
future of the Supreme Court business. Al
ready the court is between three and four
years behindhand in the settlement of its
cases. There are about 1,600 cases on the
docket, and it takes three full years from
the time a case is entered before it can be
called up before the court. With a view to
giving jpur readers the ablest opinions upon
the subject, your correspondent to-day inter
viewed the justices in regard to it. Tbe senior
man upon the bench is
JUSTICE SAMUEL F. M1XLEB.
He has been a Supreme Court Judge for the
past 28 j ears. He is without doubt one of tbe
ablest jurists in the United States, and he is, as
will be seen from his interview, tue pioneer
among the Justices in tbe attempted reform of
the business of tbe Supreme Court. I found
him in his study at bis residence on Massachu
setts avenue. He was sitting at a desk covered
with the printed records of cases. He looked
up from the consideration of a mass of testi
mony as I asked him tbe question. He said:
"The business of tbe Supreme Court began to
overwhelm its members as far back as 185S and
CO. Then tbe war began, and dunng this
period, as no cases came from the South, and
as there was not a ereat deal of litication
throughout tbe country during the war, the
business of the court fell off so that the Judges
were able to dispose of it. At the close of tbe
war, however, came an enormous increase of
business. A large number of cases which had
accumulated during the struggle were thrust
NETT BUSINESS CAME TX
from the Southern States, and the business of
the Federal Courts increased to such an extent
all over tbe country tbat in one year tbe court
bad docketed more cases than it could dispose
of. I came to tbe Supreme Court bench in
lbGZ In 1865 and IbGS the business of the court
bad grown to such an extent that it was im
possible for tbe Judges to keep up with it, and
I then made to tbe Judiciary Committee of tbe
House, of wbich Mr. Wilson, tbe present Sen
ator of Iowa, wasChairman, and to the Ju
diciary Committee of the Senats. at the head
of which was Senator Harris, of New York, a
statement of tbe condition of tbe business of
tbe court and of tbe necessity for some imme
diate relief. After I bad sent in a memorial to
these committees a clerk of the Senate brought
a bill to me which had been introduced by
Stephen A. Douglas in ISM. This bill con
tained many of the same provisions as that
which has been several times before Congress
and wmen has passed at tnree separate times
oneortbeotber of the two bouses. The sub
Stance of the bill was the creation of
A COURT OF APPEALS
For each of the nine circuits into which the
judicial system of the United States is divided.
Very shortly after this Mr. Harris, of the
United States Senate, from New York, intro
duced a bill which, after two sessions be suc
ceeded in passing through that body. His bill
provided for tbe creation of this Appellate
Court. Tbis House, however, did not act upon
it during that Congress, and of course it failed.
Several j ears after this, at tbe request of the
Supreme Court jndges, nearly all of whom
agreed to it, I handed to General B. F Butler,
who was tben Chairman ot the Committee of
Revision of tbe Laws, a similar bill, wbich he
introduced in tbe House and bad referred to
his committee. During that session of Con
cress this bill was reported and passed the
House of Representatives after one day of
vigorous debate. Tbe Senate, however, failed
to act upon it during tbat Congress, and tbe bill
was lost. A cumber of years after this Senator
David Davis, who had been for many years on
the Supreme Court bench, introduced a bill of
the same general features into the Senate, and
after an effort of two or three years he suc
ceeded in securing its passage by a decided
majority, but as in former Congresses the
House of Representatives failed to act upon
IF THEY CAK ONLY COXCUE.
In every one of these instances in which a
vote has been obtained upon such a bill it has
been passed by such a decided majority ot one
ot tbe Houses as to show that all that la needed
to secure its becoming a law is action during
some Congress by both houses. This bill has
been considered several times by committees of
tbe Bar Association of the United States and
in every instance it has met with the approval
of those associations. A year ago the Bar
Association appointed a committee to enforce
upon Congress tbe necessity ot passing this
bilL It has also tbe approval of tbe members
of the Supreme Court, and while
there are some members of tbat
Court, perhaps, who would nrefer some
other measure, it can be safely said that the
whole body would rather have this bill passed
than to allow things to remain as they are.
THE HAEDEST V70BKED COUET.
"Our court itself," Justice Miller went on,
'has done everything that lay within its power
to remedy this evil. It has, by a rule, required
almost every motion and incidental matter to
which the court is called upon to act to be sub
mitted to it in printed form. The arguments
and statements of facts are printed to avoid
the consumption of time used in presenting
them orally. It has, by a rule, reduced the
period of time allowed for an argument in a
case from eight hours to four hours, and it has
in various other ways facilitated the progress
of tbe business of the court and required the
condensation of arguments and the economy of
time in the submission of cases to .the court.
It sits four hours every day to hear arguments,
except Saturday, and that day it sits all day in
Srivate conference to decide tbe cases which
ave been submitted to it. It meets promptly
at tbe hour of opening the court and it never
adjourns until within five or ten minutes ot the
time of adjournment.
THEY WORK AT HOME ALSO.
The Judges of the court being furnished
with printed records of the cases and with
printed arguments of the counsel Save tnese
lying on their tables in their offices at home,
and devote the evenings and the mornings to
the consideration ot these cases. It is proba
ble tbat in the business of the court, taking tbe
hearing of tbe oral arguments four hours a day,
the examination of case3 at their rooms, the
time at conference Saturday, and tbat taken
tip In writing the decisions, the members
of the Supreme Court spend more hours of the
day at their work than any otber body ot men
engaged in tbe public service of the United
States. This will be further understood when
it is seen that the court sessions is about eight
months long with a few recesses as at Christ
mas or other holidays.
"Another remarkable fact in regard to this
court," said Justice Miller, "is that it decides
all the cases submitted to it as fast as they can
be argued and presented by counsel, and at tbe
end of each term it leaves fewer cases unde
ciaed of those that have been submitted to it
than any other appellate court in the United
ONLY ONE POEM OF BELIEF.
"These facts show tbat the relief which the
people are entitled to on account of the delay
of justice must come from Congress, and can
sot come from the court. The proposition to
Increase the number of Judges ot the court is
of no avail, for every Judge considers every
case and makes up his own mind about it and
gives his vote upon its decision. There is no
EuDdlvlsion of labor by referring cases to a sin
gle Judce or to any smaller number of Judges
than the whole as a committee, by which tbe
court can be relieved. It follows that Instead
of an increase in the number of Judges to f a
dilute the work of the court, it only tends to
delay it, as the Court, like a team of horses,
musi go the gait of tbe slowest. The most ac
ceptable and tbe soundest solution of the ques
tion would appear to bo the creation of an in
termediate appellate court in each Judicial cir
cuit, with a limited right of appeal from that
court to the Supreme Court, similar to -what is
now known as the Davis bill, or possibly the
creation of one such intermediate appeal court
for the whole of the United States, sitting at
CHIEF JUSTICE FULLEE'S OPINIONS.
I next called upon Chief Justice Fuller. I
found him at his residence on Massachusetts
avenue, aud chatted with him for half an hour
as to tbe condition of the court and its busi
ness He objected to being quoted in au inter
view, but allows me to use the substance of his
conversation, which is as follows:
He stated that it had been apparent for years
that the Supreme Court was overcrowded, and
that without going Into detail he thought the
recommendation bv the President in his mes
sage should be acted upon by Congress and an
intermediate court created. He lias held this
view, he said, for the past 10 or 12 years. He
spoke of the impossibility of the Supreme
Court taking care of its cases, stating that
there were 1,500 cases on the docket, and tbat
it takes three and a half years before a case
can be reached. "The best," said he. "that
can be expected of the Justices at present is to
dispose of as many cases as are added, which,
of course, leaves the samo number always
MAKING BETTEE PEOGBESS.
The Chief Justice thinks that the court is
now disposing of a few more cases than for
some time past, but says it has been hampered
by not having the full number of Judges on the
bench. He referred to the proposition of
dividing the Court into sections either increas
ing the number of Judges or leaving me num
ber as it is, and allowing the sections to pass
upon certain classes of cases, the court as a
whole having to disposo of constitutional ques
tions or the opinions in all cases to be exam
ined by the whole court, and said tbat such a
division might result in reducing tbe docket
somewhat, but be thought it would detract from
the dignitv and weight of tbe tribunal, and
ould probably add to the labors of the Judges,
instead of lightening them. As to the proposi
tion for the creation ot an intermediate ap
pellate patent court at Washington, which
would find the facts and to that extent simplify
the work upon appeal, the Chief Justice thought
that this would probably reduce the work one
sixtb. He spoke in high terms of the late Sen
ator Davis' bill for the formation of an inter
termediate appellate court, and he said tbat
such a court bad proven successful in Illinois.
JUSTICE JOSEPH P. BBADLEY
has been on the Supreme Bench for 20 years,
and 'is regarded as one of the most learned
jurists in the country. Although 77 years of
age he is extremely active, and does more work
in a day than tbe average man of SO. Judge
Bradley is essentially a self-made man, and tbe
attainment of his present position is the result
of his own indefatigable eflorts, prosecuted
often under the most adverse circumstances.
His knowledge of patent law and mechanical
devices is prodigious, and be figured with
especial prominence during the recent patent
litigations before the court. I called upon him
at his residence on 1 street last night, and he
stopped from bis legal tasks in tbe midst of a
pile of law volumes to give me his views.
"Although either of the measures before
Congress would relieve the surplus business
before the court, I would draw up a measure
different from either of them if the matter
were in my charge. The members of the court
feel oppressed with the enormous quantity of
cases before the tribunal
TEULY A SLAVE'S LIFE.
"I am up at 6 o'clock in the morning and do
an hour's work before breakfast, after which I
go directly back to work again and continue at
it until I go to the court. After it has ad
journed for the day the opinions are to be
written, and I am here in this library continu
ously after dinner umil midnight. It is a
slave's life. The public has very little idea of
the slavery of a judge's life. Sitting in open
court, as you see, is not halt the job.
"If the court were divided into three
branches," continued Judge Bradley, "three
justices would bave to do the entire work of its
section, including the writer of opinions, which
ts the hardest part of the work It would, of
course, facilitate the work, but the judges'
labors would be increased even much beyond
what they are now. N o scheme has ben pre
sented, to my knowledge so far, which is en
tirely free from objection, but all the justices
are of tbe unanimous opinion that some ex
pedient should be adopted to afford relief.
A CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTION.
"There is a difference of opinion as to the
constitutionality of any measure to divide up
the court for facilitating its business and tbe
Constitution says there shall be one Supreme
Court only. Tbe highest courts in England
and France, however, are divided up into a
number of courts. Tbe English High Court of
Justice, for instance, is divided into a dozen
branches whers equity, criminal, ecclesiasti
cal, admiraltv and other cases are tried separ
ately, aud the English have a court of appeals
above and as a pur: of their High Court of
Justice, which is their highest tribunal next to
the House of Lords. The Cessation Court of
France is divided up into several departments.
Justice Brewster, though tbe youngest of the
judges, comes fresh from the law and he is
Derhaps tbe best representative of the feeling
of tbe people as to the backwardness of the
business before tbe court. Said he: "The con
dition of the Supreme Court business is an out
rage upon tbe people. Cases are not reached
tor from three to four years after they are
placed upon tbe docket, and the greatest of in
justice often results from such delays.
I WILL CITE ONLY ONE
instance, and that is in life insurance cases. A
man Insures his life with the idea that if he is
cut oil his insurance money will pay for the
support of his wife and the education of his
children. He insures, we say, for 56,000 in two
or three companies. He then goes on with his
w ork, satisfied that his children are provided
for. He dies, and for some reason or otber the
insurance companies refuse to pay the money.
Suit is brought and decided in favor of the de
ceased. Tbe case is appealed by the rich cor
poration. It comes before our court, and it
takes four years for us to reach it. Bytbe time
it Is settled tbe children who were to be edu
cated by this money nave grown up and the
wife, it may be, has lived in tbe most destitute
of circumstances. The lawyers throughout
tbe country are interested in tbe question, and
it is a question which ought to be settled by
tbe present Congress. This is the long session
of Congress, and it is the first session lifter tbe
1'resideutal election, when there usually is
much business and little politics. I have
thought over the matter for years, aud the
opinion I have is not tbe result of the short
time I have spent in Washington on the bench.
My opinion is one which I hold in common with
the other Justices.
PAITn IN INTEBMEDIATE COUETS.
" I believe there should be intermediate ap
pellate courts," continued Judge Brewer, "in
each of the districts, to decide all cases of a
limited amount, their decision being subject to
appeal when the sums involved exceed that
amount, or when great questions or great points
of law are involved. For instance, it such
courts had the settlement or all cases of 10,000
and under, the burden taken from the court
would be immense, and in addition to this, if it
were possible. I would like to see. and I think
many oi tne oincriusuu ie iu iavur ui it,
an intermediate Court of Appeals for the
United States to sit upon patent cases here at
Washington. As It is, one-fourth to one-firth
of our business is made up of patent cases."
"What should be the nature of these inter
mediate courts?" I asked.
'Such courts," replied Justice Brewer,
"could easily be constituted. We have now
two classes of District Courts tbe District
Court proper, which tries only criminal cases,
and tbe Circuit Court, which tries civil cases.
CIKCUIT COUBTS FOE APPEALS.
"It might be arranged to have the District
Courts made trial courts for both classes of
cases, and the Circuit Courts made courts of
appeal. Two Judges would need to be added
to each Circuit Court, making tho number
three. This would not materially increase tbe
expenses of our judicial system, and it would, I
think, so reduce the volume of the business
that we could manace it."
Justice Lamar was recovering from an at
tack of the grip when called upon, and his
voice was so hoarse tbat he coula hardly speak.
He told me that there was no doubt of tbe im
mediate necessity of the court being relieved,
and be thought that a division ot the court
into sections, which should pass upon certain
cases, would be of no avail, as these cases
would bave again to be passed upon by the
whole Scourt, and allowing them to be decided
without being so passed upon, he said, he con
sidered unconstitutional, and he seemed to
favor tbe Davis bill, and believed that there
should be some kind of an Intermediate appel
late court or courts.
Feank G. Caepentee.
Mnrrlnse Licenses Granted Yeaterday.
(John KoberUon Chartters township
i Bridget Coyne Cbartlera township
I Joseph Kosilko Johnstown
t Julia Urntovics McKeesport
(Joseph Walter Pittsburg
I Anna Seltz Allegheny
( DennU O'Brien HtUbnrr
I Anna Finn Pittsburg
( Harry M. Van Cleve Sewlcklry
I bertha r. Bean HayavUle
( Daniel A Allihouse Westmoreland county
J Hne K. uonwauc Pittsburg
J Frankit Zlnk Allegheny
KUeSchleht...... , West Liberty borough
(Joieuh Alanglt Pittsburg
William H. Lanlgan Allegheny
M, Catherine Foster.. .....Allegheny
SUnlslaw Marouowitl Pittsburg
Anna Lewandoweskl Allegheny
Ueorge Johnson , McKeesport
Eunis Dougherty McKeesport
Edward E. Crnthers West Newton
Etta E. Smith Pittsburg
Henry Jenkins Allegheny
Annie Hilton Allegheny
Kranx Sohteskl Hli8Snr',r
Franclska Kopps Pittsburg
Patrick Dougherty p.!J:sJur,t
Katie A. Sheehan Pittsburg
Samuel Davidson E!!'Snrg
Ellen Dunbar Pittsburg
James A. Boyle H2i?.e?Md
LanraE. Welsh Pittsburg
Daniel Burton Mifflin township
Maggie Burknart Pittsburg
TTiva s isiiiis Allegheny
Dessle B. Davis Pittsburg
Edward Powell ..Mansfield
Emma A. Jackson McKeesport
Monroe Graves Eii!s5"K
Sarah E. Johnson Pituburg
Edwin D. Jordan A!,leK?en7
May A. Johnson Allegheny
"Why take disgusting drngs when a few
doses of Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup will cure
ANDERSON On Sunday, February SL at 6
A. it., at his residence, Anderson. W. Va,
Thomas Andeeson. in his 80th year.
Funeral from his late residence, Febbuakt
BRUGGEMAN On Monday. February !L
1890. at 1 o'clock r. M., at her residence. No. 23
Avery street. Allegheny, Maria Makgbetha,
wife of H. H. Bruggeman. in the 74th year of
Funeral from tho German Lutheran Church,
on the corner of Middle street and North
avenne. Allep-henv Citv. on THURSDAY. Feb
ruary 6, at 130 P. m. Friends of the family are
respectfully invited to attend. 3
r"TTTRirnT.MAt s-.vi v. -w.- Sabbath. Feb
ruary 2, at his residence. No. 81 Esplanade
street. Allegheny, WILLIAM CniSHOLM, in the
59th year of his age.
Friends of the family are respectfully invited
to attend the funeral services at 2 P. H.,
COOK On Mondav. February 3. 1890, at 7:15
P. M., 8AKAn E. COOK, in tbe tb year of ber
age. at the residence of her aunt, A. M. Ware,
249 Sandusky street, Allegheny.
Funeral on Wednesday, at 2 p. m. Friends
of the family are respectfully invited to at
tend. CBAIG-On Sunday, February 2. at 11.20 P.
M., at his residence, Harrett street. Beltzhoorer
borough, William Cbaio. in his 42d year.
Funeral from bis late residence, Beltxhoover
borough, February 4, at 2 p. M. Friends of the
family are respectfully invited to attend.
DAVIS On Sabbath morning, February 2,
1S90. at his residence, Gleuwood, Thomas YV.
Davis, aged 55 years.
Funeral services at the chapel of H. Samp
son, 75 Sixth avenue, on Tuesdaymoenino at
10 o'clock. Interment at Unlondale Cemetery.
DEPP On Monday, Februarys, at 3.15 A. X.,
Martin Depp, in the 58th year of his age.
Funeral on Wednesday mobnino, Febru
ary 5, at a30, from his late residence. No. 72
Adams street, Allegheny. Requiem to be held
at St. Joseph's Church, corner of Fulton and
Franklin street at 9 o'clock. Friends of the
family respectfully invited to attend.
DUGAN-On Sunday. February 2, 1S90, at 6
p. M., Peteb, husband of the late Eliza Dugan,
aged 65 years.
Funeral from his late residence. Solar street,
between Forbes and Fifth avenues, on
Wednesday morning, February 5, at 830.
Requiem High Mass at St. Agnes' R. C.
Church, Soho. at 9 A. m. Friends of the fam
ily are respectfully invited to attend.
2 Indiana (Pa.) Dapers please copy.
HULTON At Hulton. Pa., at 6 o'clock
Monday evening, Ida Stewaet, wife of John
Funeral notice hereafter.
HOLT On Sunday, February 2, 1890, at 6.30
a. jl, Elizabeth, relict of the late Amos
Holt, in tbe 49th year of her age.
Funeral services at her late home. No. 6202
"Walnut avenue, Twontieth ward, on Tuesday,
the 4th inst., at 2 p. St, Interment private. 2
HOWARD On Sunday. February 2. 1890, at
9 p. jr., Herman A. Howard, aged 42 years.
Funeral from his late residence, 3604 Butler
street, on Tuesday at 3 p. m. Friends of the
family are respectfully invited to attend.
Members of the O. U. A. W. are requested to
attend the funeral.
Philadelphia papers please copy.
HEBRON On Sunday,February 2, 1S90, at
8 p. jr., Mrs. Margaret Hereon, in the 99th
year of her age.
Funeral from the residence of her son-in-law,
Hugh Roney, 43 Anderson street, Alle
gheny, on Wednesday morning, to proceed
to St. Peter's Pro-Cathedral, where requiem
bigb mass will be celebrated at 9 o'clock.
Friends of the family are respectfully Invited
to attend. 2
IRWIN On Monday evening at 650. Maey
J. Irwin, in the 72d year of her age, at the res
idence of Thomas S. Stewart, Stewart station.
Funeral notice hereafter.
IRWIN On Monday, February 3, 1890. at 9.30
A. m., Mary Ethel, daughter of Joseph N.
and Margaret Irwin, aged 2 years and 9 months.
Funeral services at the residence of ber
parents, Vespucius street, Gleuwood, on
Wednesday, the 6th inst., at 9 o'clock. In
Blairsvillc, Pa., papers please copy.
JONES At Milwaukee. Wis., on Sunday,
February 2, at 8 o'clock p. it, Melzina L.
Jones, younger sister ot Mrs. James M.
MCCARTHY On Monday, February 3, 1890,
at 5 a. m., Dennis McCabthy. aged 24 years.
Funeral will take place from the residence of
his sister, Mrs. Quinn, on Thirty-third street,
on Wednesday horning at 830. Friends of
the family are respectfully invited to attend.
McDONOUGH On Monday, Februarv 3, at
Mercy Hospital, Michael McDonough, in
the 22nd year of bis age.
Funeral will take place from bis aunt's resi
dence, Mrs. Connors, No. 23 Second street, on
Wednesday. Februarys, at 8 o'clock a. m.
Friends of deceased and also members of No. 2
Division, A. O. IL, are respectfully invited to
McELHERREN On Sunday, February 2.
1890, at 3.30 p. m., Mrs. Jane Hodgson
McElhebben, in tbe 59th year of her age.
Funeral from the residence of ber daughter,
Mrs. Strasser, on River road, near Chartlers.
Services Tuesday at 12. Funeral private at
a later hour.
McGINTY At the parents' residence,
Tweut) -sixth street, Southside, on Monday,
February 3, 1890, at 11:30 p. m., Thomas, son of
13. A. and Catherine McUinty, in tbe 20th year
of his age.
Notice of funeral hereafter.
NEUFFER On Sunday evening, February
2, 1890, Mrs. AMALIA NEUFFER, widow of the
late G. A. Neuffer, aged 6S years.
Funeral services will be held at the residence
of ber daughter, Mrs. Selma Moldenhaur, 4558
Peun avenue, on Wednesday at 10 A. M. In
PARSONS OnSunday, February 2, Axfbed
Funeral services at his late residence, In
gram, on Tuesday, 4th inst., on arrival of
train leaving Union station at 1:05 p. m.. Eastern
standard time (no stop at Fourth avenue sta
tion). Friends are invited to attend. Tbe re
quest is made tnat no flowers be sent. Inter
8CHMITT On Sunday, February 2, 1890, at
11:30 p.m., at his residence, 2715 Jane street,
Soutbside, Stephen Schmitt, in his 60th
Funeral Wednesday morning at 9 o'clock
from St. Peter's R. C. Church. The friends of
the family are respectfully invited to attend.
WALTHER On Monday morning at 9
o'clock, Louis Waltheb, In the 30th year of
his age, son of Herronimus and Johanna
Funeral will take place on Wednesday
mobnino at 8 o'clock from the residence,
No. US Freeland street. Thirty-first ward. Tben
will proceed to St. George Church for requiem
mass. Friends of the family are respectfully in
vited to attend. 2
JAMES ARCHIBALD & BItO..
LIVERY AND SALE STABLES,
117, U9 and 136 Third avenue, two doors below
Smithfield st, next door to Central Hotel.
Carriages for funerals, S3. Carriages for operas,
parties, ic, at the lowest rates. AU new car
riages. Telephone communication. myl-U-Tra
-p EPRESENTED IN PITTSBURG IN 1SU
ASSETS . 19X171,69833.
Insurance Co. of North America.
Losses adjusted and paid by WILLIAM L
JONES. 84 Fourth avenue. ia20-s2-D
WESTERN INSUKA.NCE CO.
Assets .-. $443,60187
NO. 4U WOOD STREET.
ALEXANDER NIM1CK. President.
JOHN B. JACKSON, Vice President
fe22-26-TT3 WM. P. HERBERT, Secretary,
1 ,, illlUUULiii
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BPECIAL DRIVES IN
Huck and Damask Towels
At 12Kc, Knotted Fringe, 19c, 29c and 35c
Worth double. Special Drives in
Jackets at $3, Formerly $5 and $10.
Splendid Shapes and Finish,
Misses' and Children's Cloaks
Are selling rapidly. The prices they are
marked causes it. Many beautiful garments
still on band, but they will not be here long.
CORSETS AT HALF PRIOR
Not all makes, but some of tbe very best,
BARGAINS SIMILAR TO ABOVE IN
710 Penn avenue, 710.
27 Fifth avenue after April L
teeth; $5, $8, $10.
Gold fillings from Jl up. Amalgara, SOe;
silver. 76c; white alloy, .
Gold Crowns a specialty.
DR. J. M. McCLAREN.
Corner Smithfield and Fourth avenue.
Bod j Bnissols at 80c,
as the new importations are now
Such Double Width Imported
and American Dress Goods and
Suitings and Novelties at 25, 40,
50 and 75c the ladies say they have
50-inch Suitings and Mixtures at
25 4 5 and 75c; these are at
rear of store adjoining the bargain
50-inch Imported Goods at $1,
real value 1 50; their equal you
have never seen: the price is $1;
the colors are choice.
One case 16-inch Silk Plushes at
25c; just half price, but they are
all Terra Cotta shades and they'll
go quick at a quarter.
27-inch Black Silk Costume Vel
vets (or to make velvet sleeves or
trimming if you wish) at 2 50 and
3; -too many of these fine goods
and the "surplus must be reduced;"
the Velvet and Plush Shelves must
be emptied to a great extent to
make room for the New India and
Wash Silks, of which we open 200
pieces to-day, surpassing in dis
tinctness of style, quality, and
coupled with our usual low prices,
are worth your attention. Fashion
predicts a large demand for the
new Wash striped India Silks and
Surahs, and deservedly so, as these
goods are very stylish; others beau
tiful in their elegant simplicity.
Some $13 50 Paris Silk Novel
ties marked down to $5, and some
other lots of choice ones at $1,
$1 50, 52, $3 and $4.
Dollar Black Silk Armure Roy
ales at 7")C.
One case Black Silk Surahs at
24-inch Black Silk Surahs at
prices, for fine goods, that are
much less than you can buy them
for in April or May. Elect for
yourself whether this is a good in
vestment or not We invested in
several thousand yards, because of
the great bargain, and we propose
turning them out at such prices as
will make a stir this week at the
Fine, elegant 24-inch Black Surahs
will do it, and the bargain Black
Silks shall assist if prices and qual
ity will accomplish it They have
never failed to do so with us in the
past 20 years, and we know they
The complexion of the Dry
Goods business, so fashion says, is
"Scotch;" it has been quite "Eng
lish, you know," for some time.
We open to-day some advance
styles of Dress Goods and Suitings
that are French, German, Scotch
and English, our own direct im
portations, and one particular lot
that are 50-inch Scotch Cheviot
Stripes, made in America, and
when they are made here we be
lieve in saying so. The remarkable
part of it is 50-inch wide at 50c,
new and stylish; if they had come
across the water or had a foreign
ticket on they would sell at $1 25,
and there will be goods sold this
season at $1 25 and $1 50 that
have no more style and possess no
more merit than these do. If you
prefer the $1 to $3 kind they will
be here, and some are opening to
day. The Cloak Room Bargains no,
not that sacrifices that are selling
hundreds of fine garments daily,
this week is to be effective in clear
ing the Cloak Room.
Several hundred pieces new
Zephyr Ginghams, Anderson's cel
ebrated, and the choicest yet
shown; and the 4-4 American and
Scotch Zephyrs, that are great
rivals of Anderson's, at 25c; 500
pieces of these for selection.
Our particular 3-4 Zephyr Ging
ham, extra fine, at 15c, gotten up
expressly for Misses' and Children's
Dresses, is the greatest Gingham
card; dainty, fine and medium
styles, 15c All these fine Ging
hams are at the center counters in
Dress Goods and Silk Room.
. 115, nil u9- m
Federal Strfet, Allegheny
THE MONEY SAVING STORES
FOR. THE PEOPLE.
SPECIAL and IMPORTANT
to every man in the two cities.
A startling; bargain sale of
Quaker City Shirts
3,500 of these grand cus
tom made Shirts now on sale,
Big men will find just what
"they want right here, as the
sizes run up to iSj4 inches.
Come quickly if you want
them, as the quantities are
limited. The maker's price
on these popular Shirts is
from $18 to $27 per dozen.
We offer you your choice of
the entire lot at
75c EACH. 75c EACH.
Our grand Bargain Sale of
Ladies' Fine Aprons
is creating wide spread atten
tion. We offer 500 dozen fine
Cambric and Swiss Aprons;
over T5 neat and pretty de
signs to select from and usual
ly sold at 35c and 50c each;
your choice 24c each.
Also 500 dozen elegant em
broidered Aprons; 20 new
and pretty designs to select
from, and goods usually sold
at 75c and $1 each; your
choice 49c each.
Our special sale of Ladies'
Muslin Underwear, Embroi
deries and Torchon Laces.
Exceptional values at our
world famed popular low
Sixth Street and Penn Ave.
We now again call your attention to the
fact tbat oar
EMBROIDERIES, WHITE GOODS,
LACES, DRESS DRAPERY
NETS, VEILINGS, Etc,
Are now open. In the line of EMBROID
ERIES we have all the new ideas in very
fine Baby Edgings with Inserting to match;
Hemstitched and Pointed Patterns in en
tirely new effects in Edgings and Wide
Skirt Elouncings in many new ideas never
before shown in the war of plaitings; plain
and hidden hemstitching.
In the line of LACES we have an elegant
assortment of Torchons, in fine edgings with
inserting! to match, also Torchon and Me
'dicis Laces,narrow to skirt flouncing widths.
In WHITE GOODS, a choice line of
apron widths, fancy Checks, Stripes and
Plaids, also a full line of all staple goods,
Nainsooks. Soft Finish Cambrics, Loos
dale Cambric, Berkley Cambric, French
Nainsook or Paris Muslin in tbe light and
medium weights, India Linens, Victoria
Lawns, Persian Lawns, Linen Lawns,
Striped and Plaid Indian Dimities, French
Batiste, a very nice soft finish material; Sea
Island Nainsooks. All the newest ideas in
Plain and Hemstitched and Tucked Reverie
Muslins, also a special line of Nainsook In
sertings for tbe fronts ot children's dresses
All the newest ideas in Face Veilings in
Plain and Spotted Nets. A beautiful line
of Black Striped and Figured Dress Drapery
Nets ranging from $1 to $4 per yard.
We will be pleased to send a line of sam
ples of anv to ont-oi-town customers if they
will so indicate to us.
We have opened another large lot of those
popular selling styles of Ladies' Corset Cov
ers with "V" and'ronnd shaped necks, rang
ing from 25o to $1 SO.
Also a large lot of new fine Hand-Embroidered'
Our sale in this department during, the
month of January has been so successlal aud
the lines of goods so highly appreciated by
our lady customers that we will continue
this sale during the month of February, or
at least part of it.
All tne 25c to $1 goods yon will find on
ihe Center Ribbon CountTS, and the finer
goods in tbe back part of tbe store.
HORNE & WARD,
41 FIFTH AVE.
DON'T READ THIS!!!
You might proflt by ltl 1 1 DR. 0. 8. 8COTT,
621 Penn are., can cure without pain the worst
cases of ulceration In two or three treatments;
other dentists require two or three months.
Uest vulcanite sets of teeth. IS. Best work in
the city. No pain in extracting. Only office
where mineral base is made. Oldest estab
lished office In the two cities. The only place
where Scott's absolutely safe Anaesthetic is
THE AMERICAN FIRE
Total Assets, January L 18ST e.301,858 69
EDWARDS &KENNEY, Ag'ts,
QO FOURTH AVE., Pittsburs F.
3fc Telephone 76a ja23-41-TT8
JAS. MNEIL & BRO.,
BOILERS. PLATE AND BHEET-IRON
PATENT BHKET IRON ANNEALING
With an Increased capacity and hydntoUa
machinery we are prepared to famish all work
In oar line cheaper and better than by the old
methods. Repairing al general machine
work. Twenty-ninth rtieS d Allegheny Vai.
ley Railroad, &&S-Tia
OUR - STOCKTAKING - DONE
Grand Wind-Up of the Season.
We have commenced the clearing out of our winter stock in
order to make room for the arrival of New Spring Goods which
will begin to pour in rapidly in a very short time. And we shall want
every inch of room we can get. From now on all our energies will be
concentrated on one object that of clearing out every winter-weight arti
cle and garment in our whole store. With this object in view we have
still further reduced prices to such a phenomenal degree that we expect
our goods to
FLIT OUT OF OUR HOUSE
LIKE A FLOCK OF FRIGHTENED BIRDS !
Nothing wrong with the goods in question; they are in the best of
condition; they are the best the market offered when laying in our win
ter stock. You can wear and use them at once, or lay them away for
another winter with confidence and satisfaction and with the knowledge
that you have secured choice, desirable, dependable goods at bargain
prices. We expect a tidal wave of close buyers and people who know a
good thing when they see it to fill our big store from now on and
tackle the princely bargains we shall offer with a vieor which will plainly
say, "We have come for some of the good things you offer, and we're
going to have 'em" And that's what you'll do, sure.
TURN THIS OVER IN YOUR MIND!
YOU WANT Gcl reliable Clothing, Hats, Furnishing Goods and
Footwear at what you know are bargain prices; where
will you be most likely Jo find them? If you want fresh water the place
to seek it is where it is running constantly, not where it dribbles slug
gishly away. If you want good goods, then, you should seek them where
the current of business runs fast, so that goods don't have time to grow
stale. If you want to buy at lowest figures the best place to buy is
where the most business is done (this is at Gusky's), for as a bank can
always loan a large sum of money at a lower rate of interest that a small
sum, so a merchant, who makes large sales, can sell at a smaller per
centage of profit than the firm whose sales are few and small.
BE SURE YOU VISIT THIS SALE OF OURS.
IMPORTANT NflTIPF Our Annual Distribution of Coal to the de-
imrun.Hni nunut. serving poorof Pittsbarg and Ailegheny
is now on. Twelve thousand bushels will be distributed in loads of 25
bushels each as under:
280 Loads by the Association for the Improvement of the Poor,
100 Loads by the Ladles' Relief Society of Allegheny.
50 Loads by the Dorcas Society of Pittsburg.
50 Loads by the United Hebrew Belief Association.
Tickets entitling the holders to participate in the distribution will
be given out by the officers of the societies named, to whom application
must be made.
The February number of our "Illustrated Monthly" an 8-page
paper full of humorous and laughable sayings now ready and sent free
to any address. Be sure you write for it.
LAST AND DEEPEST GUT IB
Stock Taking being over, we have ransacked every department and
found a surplus stock in many of them, which we intend to disposo
of quickly by
CLOAKS Fine Seal Plush Sacques marked down to 812, 815, 816 60,
formerly 820, 825, 830.
Jackets, 81 50, 82, 82 50, 83, 84, 85, 86 two-thirds lopped off.
Newmarkets, 85, 86, 87 50, 89 75 just half price.
Newmarkets, 812 to 820, reduced from 825 to 8SO.
JERSEYS 81, 81 50, 81 75, reduced from 82 50 to 84.
Blouses for Misses, 75o, reduced from 81 50.
Ladies' Jersey Blouses reduced one-half.
RIBBONS 640 pieces pure Silk fancy Ribbons, Nos. 22 to 40, your
choice 25o a yard; formerly 62c and 75c.
CORSETS Nice, clean goods, 35c, 42o, 50o, 75o and 98o. All marked
LACE CURTAINS New Lace Curtains, our own importation, 680,
75c, 81, 81 60 to 85. Odd pairs of Lape Curtains at half price.
NEW GOODS Beautiful, well-made Muslin Chemises at 25c, 37c, 60o,
52c, 75o, 8L
Night Dresses, 6O0, 75c, 81 to 83.
New Skirts, 50o, 75c, 81 to 85.
Corset Covers, 16o, I80, 20c, 22c, 25o to 75o.
White Goods and Apron Goods, newest designs.
New Embroideries, Laces, Lace Flounoings, Draperies and Veilings.
Full lines of Spring Hosiery and Underwear at popular prices.
510, 512 and 514
Our goods are too solid in
quality to admit of sky-rocket
talk. Though we don't make
a great hurrah over them, the
prices are extremely low.
It will be a difference of a
number of dollars to you if you
buy clothing now that you
will need within the next two
months or early next fall.
Trousers to order, $5,
$6 50, $7 and $8.
Prices that are without
their profit, but we seek your
dollars by giving almost two
Sixth street and Fenii aveaie.
300 to 400
THREE OF A KIND
HARD TO BEAT.
THREE QUALITIES OF UN-
At 50c or 3 for $1 38.
At 75c or 3 for $2 00.
At $1 or 3 for $2 88.
Nothing to equal them in the two
FLEISHMAN & CO.,
Mail orders, rewire prompt attention.
4 5 &.-.- ..,! v
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