Newspaper Page Text
THE HTTSBTIR&' DISPATCH MONDAY. BBRUAET 24 ' 1890.
Mje $nalcfj. ESTABLISHED.- FEBRUARY 8. 1S48. Vol. ii, So. 17. HntereC at Flltsburg I'nstofflce. November 14, lSST. as second-class matter. Business OEice97 and 9G Fifth Avenue. News Booms and Publishing House 75, 77 and 79 Diamond Street. Eastern Advertising Office, Koom 48, Trlbnne Building, New York. TERMS OF THE DISPATCH. POSTAGE FREE IK TOT! UK1TZD STATES. Dailt DisrxTCn, One Year. t W UAILT Dispatch, FerQuarter IM IJAILT Dibp ATcn, One Mouth 70 Daily Dispatch Including Sunday, l year. 30 CO Uailt llisr ATCU, Including Bunday.Sm'tbs. 2 50 DailT DisrATCH. IncludhigBunday.lmonth SO Sundat Dispatch, One Year S50 Wbekly Dispatch, One Year 1 25 The Dailt DISPATCH is delivered by carriers as iSce&Ucer week, or Including Sunday edition, at 0 cents per week. PITTSBURG. MONDAY. FEa 24. 18901 THE SOOTHSIDE'S WATEB. The analysis of three different samples of Water taken from the stream which empties into the Monongahela river just above the Southside influent pipes should, as it is pre sented in our local columns, startle the city authorities into prompt and effective action. The fearful combination and conglomera tion of pollution shown to exist there is enough to justify the complaints that the Southside people have made against the city government. "When this subject was revived it was de clared in these columns to be the duty of the city to secure a prompt investigation. That duty having been omitted, The Dis patch has undertaken it; and the dis closures made by Dr. Mnndorf s analysis of Beck's run water show that the need for such action was urgent. The polluted na ture of that stream without the schindery's addition is so marked that the latter is chiefly important for the peculiarly horrible nature of its contributions to disease. The idea that a dilution of such organisms can be furnished for the use of a city is disgust ing. The City Councils should lose no time in remedying Jais matter by promptly furnish ing the Southside with pure water from the city mains. DISAPPOINTMENT POE THE SP01XEBS. The assault of the spoils interest upon the Civil Service Commission has resulted in the utter discomforture of those who were trying to make their charges the pretext for starving out the reform. The assertions of favoritism on the Dart of the commission have been shown to be exceedingly attenua ted, whllenquiry has proved the improve ment of the Government service wherever the reform has been given a decent chance to do its work. Of course Mr. Hatton and his crowd of professed spoilsmen try to bluster about the defeat, but they are not worth considering. The people who are really disappointed are the more eminent leaders who dare not go back upon their party pledges without a pretext, but who had "let I dare not wait upon 'I would,' " in the hope that these charges would amount to enough to break down the commission. ALLEGHENY'S UNSETTLED ISSUE. A communication appears elsewhere, on the management of the Allegheny Free Library which argues at rather detailed length, that the City Councils cannot dele gate to anyone else the management of the library; that they ought not to; and finally produces the charge that the exercises of last Thursday were for the benefit of the aristocracy. The arguments would be worthy of some respect if it were not for the gratuitousness of the concluding demagog uery. As to the claim that the City Councils cannot delegate the powers of management, that is equivalent to saying that they cannot employ agents, janitors or librarians. The Councilmen hardly expect to take care of the building and hand out the books in their own persons. They will have to delegate powers, in order to do the work of the library. The further fact as to the legality of the matter is that the law under which Allegheny supports her old free library puts it under the management of the School Board. There is no impeachment of the City Property Committee, or any other depart ment of Councils in saying that it is not selected with reference to providing a steady and permanent policy in managing the library. Such a policy is necessary to give any such institution the success required. It can be obtained by combining in the management, a representation of Councils, of the Board of Education and such citizens as Prof. Brashear, John "Walker and others. A settlement ot the question on such lines would be creditable to Allegheny, and would stop the present disreputable squabble for the control of the property. As to the allegation that because it was necessary to select 1,200 people out of 120,000, to be present at the presentation of the property, therefore, those who got tickets were aristocrats, such talk is wholly foreign to any serious discussion of important public questions. HUDDLING AND HEDDLING. The claim of a Nebraska man that the fourth section of the Inter-State Commerce law prevents the making of cheap freight ' rates for the exportation of Nebraska pro ducts, and so establishes prohibitive - charges, is quoted by the Cincinnati Com mercial Gazette as "a statement of some of the results of our meddling and muddling reform demagogy." The fourth section forbids the charge of " - an actually greater rate on the short haul than upon a longer one, which includes the - Jess. Thus if the railroads wished to carry grain from Nebraska to the seaboard at SOo per hundred, it would prevent them from carrying grain from Indiana or Illinois at 35c Tne only way in which a prohibitory rate can be maintained by this section on the far "Western products is on the supposi tion that a prohibitory rate must be main tained on the intermediate freight Is the Commercial Gazette so anxious to have prohibitory charges on the freights of its section that it calls it muddliug and meddling to enact that they shall have.at least as good freights as the more distant parts of the country? THE PUTUEE 3A1XEOAD. An esteemed cotemporary in studying the growth ot railway traffic and the inconven ience and danger of surface tracks, comes to the conclusion that the perfected railroad will not only provide separate tracks for passenger and freight traffic, but will elevate its tracks above the surface of the earth. This development of the future it regards as necessary in order to do away with the difficulty and danger of grade crossings, the crowded portions of the earth's surface in cities. . The probability of improvement in some snchJIrectinaas-this is conceded; but the .--"criticism, on the expectation of universally S-elevated railroaas is that it sends the track in the wrong direction. The first requisite for the highest development of railroads is solidity of road-bed. That the elevation of tracks on trestles can permanently guarantee that solidity is 'not likely. Nothing Is so solid as the earth; and no means can be taken to to perfectly free the roads from the dangers either of a deteriorated road, or of interference with other uses of the surface as to sink the tracks below the surface of the earth instead of raising them above it The respective merits of elevated and sunken tracks can easily be studied.here in Pittsburg. "We have examples of both kinds. It is no blind chance which causes the elevated tracks everywhere to be sur rounded by the most unpleasant sections of the city and the sunken tracks in most cases to run through the most attractive portions. This is the natural result from the fact that elevated roads are noisy; dis figuring to adjacent property and a general nuisance; while sunken roads are less costly in the end, and permanently avoid all dan gers of grade crossing or broken-down' ele vated structures. It is epigrammatically said that "we need thoroughfares two or three stories high as much as we require lofty buildings." True enough for the great cities; but when we come to decide how the stories shall be as signed, it is no more than good sense to put the lightest traffic iuthe upper stories and the most ponderous weights in the basement. "When we come to adopt any reform of this sort, it will be cheaper and better to put the streets above the railroads than to put the railroads over the streets. AN INJTJBIOUS ECONOMY. An investigation into the salaries of school teachers in the rural districts of Al legheny county presents some remarkable results, as set forth in a special article else where. The fact that a large number of teachers in Allegheny county get salaries as low as $30 per month, ont of which they board themselves, and that the average in the rural districts is $38 58 for male teach ers and 35 80 for female teachers, is not creditable to Allegheny county. Neither can it be regarded as hopeful tor the best educational results. These wages are not more than equal to what moderately good common labor can command- upon the farms or in the cities. They are much below what is paid to any kind of skilled labor. It hardly is a matter for dispute that school teaching is as im portant and requires more skill than dig ging, plowing, building bouses or handling iron. Yet the wages that are paid, as shown elsewhere, really give an able-bodied man less inducements than can be obtained by digging In the city streets or steady work on the farm. Of course this is largely due to the 'great number of educated people who are willing to take ub teaching as a temporary ex pedient for whatever it will bring them. But that sort of teaching does not yield the result that the public wants. The taxpay ers should insist on better salaries and better teaching than can be had under suoh a system. Nearly four hundred dollars in fines paid by disorderly Individuals in Allegheny yesterday, shows that the art of misdirecting enthusiasm in the celebration of "Washington's birthday is not a lost one. That kind ot cele bration was laudably absent from the Amer ican Mechanics' parade. The important political information that "when Alger is President Mrs. Logan will be bis Secretary of State and she will be the brains of the administration," Is given to the nation by the Minneapolis Timet. This appears to be official; but is it not a severely back-handed compliment for a Presldental candidate, that he must rely on that estimable lady to furnish the necessary article of brains to bis putative ad ministration T If Senatol Blair would deliver his speeches in the strict confidence of executive session he might either get them published or accomplish the equally landablo resnlt of creating up the executive session. It is satisfactory, so far as it goes, to be assured by the New York Tribune that "The Memorial Arch Fund is growing steadily, and has already reached a figure which makes its completion certain." This would be very well lor New York if it were not for the appalling dearth of any such information with regard to the Grant Monument Fund. So long as that work remains unfinished New York's discredit is national. NewYobk is rejoicing over its pre sumptive victory in the "World's Fair matter; but If the New Yorkers had more of the West ern education they might know a certain tiro verb about restraining their vociferations until they got out of the woods. Senator Dolph'3 coast defense bill providing 123,000,000 to be expended for forte and cannon, in connection with the naval pol icy report In favor of expending nearly $300, 000,000 for a navy, all in addition to a pension list ot 90,000,000 annually, is calculated toeive foreigners a stunning idea of our construction of the motto: "Millions for defense." The fig ures may stun a few tax-payers as well. The women suffragists are represented as being desirous of establishing equality of wages between men and women by means of socialism. When socialism is able to change human nature they may succeed. The sale of the Chicago stockyards to au English syndicate will permit the Hon. a W. Allerton to devote the whole of his attention and a share of that- more important political factor, bis barrel, to the task of running for the United States Senate as the tanners' candidate on the platform that lump-jaw cattle furnish a salutary and staple portion of the world's meat supply. The analysis of Beck's run water given elsewhere is enough to prodnoe delirium among the Sonthslde people -without the resort to whisky which such water naturally suggests. The prolonged arguments of the Demo cratic papers that the alleged proposition of abolishing the duties on raw sugar would for tify the Sugar Trust, are convincing; but they do not sneceed in demonstrating the correct ness of the Democratic policy ot leaving the Sugar Trust undisturbed behind its present bulwark in the shape of the existing sugar duties. The Allegheny Free Library building is a credit to the Northsiae city. Conncils should take steps this week to Insure tbatthe manage ment of it shall not be the reverse. The mercury out in North Dakota went 40 degrees below zero last week, which beat the record of last year In that vicinity. But the blizzards obstinately refuse to visit the regions where tbey will do the most good, apparently in observance of a combination to increase the profits from machine-made Ice. At present it looks as if the cable cars on the Central Traction line will beat that fire engine test clear out ot sight. The statement that George Francis Train is going around the globe on another race against time will probably check any further attempts to follow that craze. Train may not beat the record, but he will undoubtedly attain tbe championship in the line ot making tbat sort of nonsense ridiculous. Martingln Early. From the Chicago Inter Ocean. Tbe literary society at Lancaster, Pa, offers prizes for "spring poetry.;' The surplus will undoubtedly accumulate rapidly. PEOPLE OP PE0MINENCE. Speaker Reed is opposed to the interna tional copyright bill. Posthastes General Wakamaxek Is selline "Phytalia for the hair." Speaker HtjsteD has clven up all hopes of going'to Paris as Consul General. The Russian grip in the person of "Count Zubof," has struck Boston in a cyclonlo way. Governor Waterman, of California, Is said to be a good farmer and a shrewd band at a bargain, but he is a very poor politician. Hesrt Watter3ow is still a young man. He celebrated his fiftieth birthday last week. His health is good and be is a very happy man. Dinah M clock Craik surrendered ber pension from the civil list fund for the benefit of the late Dr. Westlaud Mirston. and when she died the allowance was continued by Henry Irving. The Prince ot Wales bas become a very regu lar attendant at the sessions of the English Parliament, The fact is tbat the Prince is very much worried about the chances of the succes sion In case of his mother's death, and wants to make as many friends as possible. Governor Arbeit, of New Jersey, is a great reader. Ho has always kept up with the current literature and Is well informed regard ing the tendency of fiction in these latter days. He admires Rider Haggard.'s works, because they take the reader out of his usual groove. H. J, Messenger, Jr., Pb. D Associate Professor of Mathematics In the University of the City ot New York, will leave that institu tion at the close of the present college year, for the purpose of giving a year's special study to the mathematics of life insurance at the insti tute of Actuaries in London, The ex-Emperor of Brazil, who was much distressed. by the death of his wife, has slowly recovered from his domestic grief and is now ambitious of further political renown. He maintains a household far beyond his means, and hopes to live long enough to make an at tempt to regain his throne. His physicians fear that his brain is affected. I A TICKET SCALPER CAUGHT. Judge Cooler Sets a Very Kent Trap for a Railroad Broker. The Minneapolis Tribune is responsible for the following story: The last time Judge Cooley was in Chicago he dropped in upon one of the most obnoxious ticket brokers ot the brother hood and brought him into camp In a manner which gave the other scalpers cold feet for a month. "What can I get a ticket to New York for?" said he, leaning confidentially over the counter and tipping a wink to the man behind. "Seventeen," replied the broker briskly. "Can't you do any better than that?" re sponded Judge Cooley, persuasively. Well, -the broker thought that he could, and finally arranged to give the Judge four tickets way down below the legal rate. "Well, bring them round to my room at the Grand Pacific to-night," said the Judge. "I bavon't the full amount with me." So at the appolntod hour the broker appeared at ins rooms oi me jnage. The Judge reoeived him kindly. "Hold up your right hand," said be casually. The broker did. with some amusement. "Now," continued the Judge, "do you swear to tell tho truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth?" Til be if I do anything of the kind!'' said the broker, as his expression changed to blank amazement and his hand dropped like a shot. "Ob. I cuess you will." returned Judire Cooley with a careless drawl; "here's my. friend, the United States Marshal, sitting by my side, and you will be given over to his cus tody if you don't. So now sit down In tbat chair and tell Judge Cooley, of the Interstate Commission, all about those tickets you offered to sell him below the legal rate this afternoon. I want to know exactly how much each road got for them and your commission." The broker fell in a limp heap In the chair, and before he left the room the Inter-State Commerce Commission exacted some informa tion which strnck the brokers all in a heap the aay after. BEF0EE THE WINTEE SET IN. Somo Very Unusual Scenes In Connecticut Only Last Week. Wn-TjaiAimc, .Conic., February 23, Just before tho snow came and the mercury sneaked down into the zero corner, the Connecticut snake hunter put In some . lively work. A Columbia man killed a big striped snake that was sliding briskly along the country road, and C. W. Nichols, of Mansfleld,got a six-foot-long black snake. Snakes were killed in half a dozen other country towns this week. Henry Ed- warus, ot voveniry, cot a mua turtle mat was swimming on tne Drins oi a meadow pool. Mrs. Jackson's hen, of Williamsvilio, laid an egg tuac was eight inches in circum ference: myrtle bloomed In Deacon Gris wold's yard in Centerbrook; school children of Essex picked violets by the roadside; frogs were beard croaking at evening in the Connecticut nver valloy;Cbarles E. Emmons, of Moodus, got a tadpole and saw pomwogs in swarms in a crook; Mr. ilaronev. of Hillstown, picked up a handful of grass hoppers. Forty-eight hours later winter stepped to the rront or the'uieteorolorical plat form and winked at the icemen, who smiled broadly. KILLING DOGS WITH GAS. How Saratoga Policemen Reduce thn Sur plus Canine Population. Saratoga, February 23. Chief of Police Blodget, of this village, has invented a new process for killing dogs condemned to death by municipal authority. It is designed to take the place of the water box in use at most dog pounds, and Is certainly quick, clean and humane. His engine of destruction is ordinary illuminating gas, and tho victim receives the fatal dose In a largo box with glass sides, Into which a gas pipe leads. A day or two ago the first dog to meet bis fate in this way was killed, apparently painless ly. In 2 minntes and 12 seconds. He was a big follow, weighing 45 pounds. A little delay in filling the box, because of the escape pipe being open, lengthened the time, which, as a rule, will probably be not more than a minute and a half. . A BIG FAMILI OP SIX FOOTERS. Fifteen Boys and Seven Girl All of Re markably Large Growth. Biriunqiiam, Ala., February 23. John Roberts lives in Lamar county with bis wife and 22 children 15 boys and 7 girls, tbe young est of whom is about 18-years-old. There are six sets of twins in the faniilyJ All of tbe boys are tall, none being under ofeet in height, and ranging from that to 6 feet? iucbes. None of the children are yet marrleS, and tbey live under one roof in a double log Vbouse of three rooms and a large loft, tbe boys) occupymc the loft and the seven girls one of the lower rooms. Mr. and Mrs. Roberts are strong and healthy, and- have not yet attained a great age, their oldest child being about 40 yearswf age. The parents were married at ul- and 11 years, re specuveiy. A Very Pertinent Suggest! From the Savannah News. A Brooklyn philanthropist is trying to or- ganlze a syndicate to establish a system of free Turkish baths for the poor ot that city) While be is at that sort of thing he might do civiliza tion a service by establishing a systom of com mon, but vigorous, baths, in which a liberal use of soap is resorted to, for tramps and An archists. Telephonic Tansies. From the 'Washington 1'ostl Laporte, Jnd., comes to tbe front with a story of marriage by telephone. This sort of thing will probably be kept up until tbe contracting parties strike a bad case of crossed wires and get their matrimonial affairs so badly tangled that even a Chicago divorce court cannot straighten them out. DEATHS OP A DAY. V. H. Bead. tSrZCIAI. TELEGRAM TO TBS DISPATCH. 1 Wellsbdro, W. Va., February 23.-C. H. Beall, one of the largest wool growers In the State, died at his borne In the eastern part or this county this morning at 9 o'clock, of typhoid fever, after a month's illness," aged SI years. The Colonel, as be Is generally known, was one or the most progressive farmers of this section. Be was Vice President of the American Sheep Breeders Association, and whllo it is not generally known, he was the first wool grower to introduce the Spanish merino sheep west of the Allegheny Mountains, having bruught them from Vermont. Wnblnalon Brck. Washington Deck, aged 50 years, dlediasteven lng at his father's home, 113 South Eighteenth street. The deceased was a moidmaVer and ma chinist. He was a brother of William and James Beck, the glass jnanofactnren, and Mrs. Bedman, tho principal of the Humboldt School. - Thei funeral will take place to-morrow at 2 o'clock. THE CRITIC'S REVIEW. Channcey Rf. Drpew'a Book His Remark able Teraallllty How Justin McCarthy Dlakea History Interesting Some More Trnili In the Novel Line Thrown on the Market A Glance at tho Late Publica tion. A good-looking book with the picture of a good-looking man on the front of it; is entitled Oratiom .and After-Dinner Speeches. Mr. Channcey M. Depow is the author or, perhaps, it would be better to say, the orator. Mr. Gilder, of the New York Critic, is the com piler and editor, and the book bears tho im print of tbe new Cassell Publishing Company. This publishing bouse, long the agents of Cas sell 4 Co., has become an independent Ameri can concern. It could not start out more auspiciously than by the publication of the speeches of such an independent American as Mr. Depew. The speeches cover a wide range of time and topic. Some of them have tbe ring of tbe war in them. Tbe latest and best concerns tbe Columbus Quadri-Centennlal celebration. Tbe Union ijef .gue Club, the New England Society, and the Young Men's Chris tian Association have given opportunities which Mr. Depew has made fruitful. At the meetings held to commemorate such men as Garfield and Arthur, at banquets served in honor of Stanley and Irving, before audiences of doctors, of scholars, of politicians, of Sena tors, Mr. Depew bas said what is here set down. The following description of Mr. Depew shows off his versatility in a strong light: "He Is the President of the most powerful railroad corporation in the United States, President of tbe most Influential club, and President of the Alumni Association of ono of the two oldest and largest colleges: he Is the most popular orator and after-dimier speaker in America, and personally one of tbe most popular ot men." He is not, however. President of the United States, though he would like to be. Let it also be recorded that, being on a visit to Pittsburg for the purpose of addressing the x". M. C. A. of this city, he was invited to preach on the fol lowing Sunday at one' of our large churches and declined. He drew tbe line at preaching. For even Mr. Depew's versatility has limits. Or else his modesty hindered. One looks with sme curiosity to see it tbe speeches, which fitted admirably Into their set tings, and sounded very well in front of an au dience and at the bead of a table, are really worth anything divorced from the occasion. Speeches which are served up cold are of ten like second-band suppers. What do these ad dresses read like now at such a longdistance "after dinner?" They stand the test ad mirably. They were good speeches, fruits of Industrious tainting, almost all of them even better than the occasion, and of the sort which keeps. It Is a good thing to have them in a book. ( 60; J. R. Weldln A Co.) QNEofthe eminent men whom Mr. Depew welcomed to these shores was Mr. Justin McCarthy. And Mr. McCarthy's secona volume of The Four Georges ( Harper fc Bros., J. R. Weldin A Co.) lies on The Critic's table neighbor to tbe tbook of speeches. Mr. Mc Carthy can do what Mr. Depew has never tried yet, be can write novels and capital novels, too. But better than bis good novels are his delightfully readable histories. Anybody who wants to take up a short but thorough course of reading in English history is commended to Green's "History of the English People," and McCarthy's "History of Our Own Times." And if the "History of, Our Own Times" be preceded by "The Four Georges," and followed by Justin Huntley McCarthy's "England Under Glad Stone," then you have the whole of it. And 'you have tbe satisfaction of reflecting as you go on tbat you are reading books which are not only valdable as history, but as literature also. Everybody who had the pleasure of bearing Mr. McCarthy lecture when he was here in Pittsburg knows bow Interesting he can make his descriptions and his narratives. That same effective touch which brought out the pictures of Lord Randolph Churchill and the Hon. Mr. Smith, deals in this volume with tbe sec ond George. Walpole and Pitt are the great Ministers of the reign. JohnMorley also, a "Minister" of a somewhat different sort, added a fame to those days which will outlast its troubled politics. Pope and Swift wore the great men in literature. Hogarth was making pictures. Over on this side the water, as the days of the Second George drew near their end, young Mr. Washington was prac ticing at rifle-shooting with Indians for targets, and Fort Duquesnc, defending tbe Ohio, was tbe critical point in the contest. Brave Gen eral Braddock, mortally wounded, but crying out: "I shall do better another time!" was dying amidst a different kind of smoke from that which rolls to-day out of the chimneys of Mr. Carnegie's mills. Mr. McCarthy has an Important and interest ing story to tell, and be tells it after such fashion as attracts and Interests and delights the reader. V yrn. McCarthy says in bis "History of Our Own Times" that the English -orator whom both Gladstone and Disraeli declared to be the most effective speaker they had ever listened to had a voice which sounded as if one were kicking a tin kettle. It takes a good deal more than a voice to make a speaker. Never theless, a good-voice is worth while. Prof. E. B. Warman, In bis little book on The Voice (S2; Lee & Shepard; J. R. Weldin & Co.), undertakes to tell "bow to train it bow to care for it." Prof. Warman has had a long experi ence in this work, of. which this book is the fruit. To strengthen weak lungs, to teach peo- -pie to breatho, to strengthen the vocal organs so tbat they can be used for any length of time and even out of doors, is what the author promises. There are various pictures in tbe book, and in tbe pictures tbe orators are all ladles, but the directions are equally meant for parsons, lawyers and politicians. The physi ology of the vocal organs is given at consider able length, with accompanying- diagrams. There are pages of exercises. This is a scien tific, sensible and useful book. Meitheb scientific, nor useful, nor sensible are two novels whoso titles are tbe best part of them. And Satan Laughed, and Speaking 0 Mlens.ro uninteresting, unprofit able, and possibly if anybody could read them through pernicious. The; publisher whose reputation is affected by these foolish books Is G.'W. Dillingham. The Fallen Millar Saint, issued by the same publishing honse, is a book of poems written by an ill-advised young lady, who will presently be much ashamed of this venture into print. Some of the verses are so good and musical and sweet, that they make the charitable reader wish with added hearti ness that a little more scissors, blue pencil, discretion and good judgment had been put into the manuscript. iTJome and School" (50c; Lee & Shepard; H. n Watts & Co.) is the first bf four in a series of "Picturesque Geographical Readers," by Charles K. King. Herbert Spencer's remark that "Light takes tbe lead as a channel of per ception," and Isaao Watts' saying that "Noth ing tends to enlarge tbe mind so much as traveling" are the texts from which these read ers start "Home and School" Is printed In good large type, with plenty of pictures, many ot them photographs; and, with its chapters in easy narrative, makes an admirable beginning In the study of geography. From the home pond to the great ocean, from the map of the village to tbe map of tbe world, the little scholars pass in pleasant stages. We are im pressed by tbe good sense which marks the book. It is as much better tban the old map-and-auestlon way of teaching geography, as the new way of learning languages is superior to the old dreary and unprofitable drill in gram mar. oTTHE Dead Heart," when Henry Irving played It last September at the Lyceum Theater, in London, was accompanied by the distribution of a tasteful "souvenir," a copy of which cornea to us from Messrs. Cassell & Co. The flag of .France waves on tbe covert within is the story bf the play, and excellent plotures representing the characters in the crisis of the plot (J. R. Weldin & Co.) A pathetio story, set out against an un " familiar background is Pierre Loti's An Iceland lUhermfn (A, O. McClurg & Co.; H. Watts 4 Co.! f Li We noticed quite recently M. Loti's brilliant picture of a corner or North Africa in his "Xrfto Morocco." He is equally at home on tbe sea and within the regions of cold. "An Icclamd Fisherman" is a simple and touching love torL true to nature, striking "down to tbe primeval root or human pathos with tbe old. oVX tragedy ot love and death." It is "Loti's masterpiece." It is the old story of, the great, merciless sea. Kingsiey's chorus sounds persistently 2a its pages: "Men must work, and women must weep;" what matter It tbe harbor bar be moaning, out must go the boats, as tbe Leopoldlne went, into the face of tbe wind. The little church has its walls lined with tablets commemorating brave sail ors, who went out and never came back. The translation, in this case peculiarly difficult, is excellently and sympathetically done. ODD CHURCH MDSiC. Tbe Queer Practical Joke Played by a Russian Organist. From the Chicago Herald. I A handsome, clever and highly educated young Russian, bankrupt through operations on the bourse of St. Petersburg, came to this city some years ago with the wreck ot his for tune, and for a time figured largely in tbe most exclusive social set. After a time, all his money having been spent, be dropped out ot society, and for some years earned a precarious living in various mysterious ways. Later he took to tbe stage, and bis fortunes began to look Up. It was soon after bis latest turn of fortune that an old acquaintance, going to church in a fashionable suburb, saw the Rus sian bound on tbe same errand in company with some of tbe set with whom he bad mingled in earlier days. The Russian,- who is a highly skilled musician, was asked to Dlay tbe orjran. and everybody was delighted with tbe delicious, dreamy voluntary with which be opened. n. ujuutii mier tne i.ussian ana ms oia ac quaintances met again at the rooms ot a friend in New York, and tbe subject of that marvelous voluntary came up. The Kiissian was asked to repeat it, and he acceded to the request, saying at the same time that it was an Improvisation. Be played it as before, and all present were delighted. "Don't' you recognize it?" he asked. Several of them found something familiar in tbe music, but no one could place It "Listen," said tho Russian, "while I play it rapidly;" and Kitting down at tbe piano he rattled off wbatall recognized as "Johnny Got Your Gun." By playing it slowly with new notes skillfully interwoven, be bad produced tbe dreamy composition with which all nad been so charmed. ENGLAND WILL KEEP CANADA. Views of a London JonrnnI on the Question of Annexation. From the London Spectator.! x We cannot help thinking that a good deal of tbe Delief as to annexation being bound to come has arisen from assuming it as certain that if there were reciprocity or a Customs Union between tbe Dominion and tbe States, absorption must take place. We do not see the necessity. England does not absorb the countries with which she bas free trade, nor would America, even It tbe free' trade were re stricted to one power. Countries have often been strictly united, in spite of internal customs lines; while again, States have had practically free com mercial intercourse without amalgamation. It is quite conceivable that England, Canada, and America might politically remain to each other in the positions they occupy to-day, al though Canada and America admitted each other's goods free, and bad a tariff against those of England. No doubt the arrangement would bo a foolish one for Canada; but to speak of reciprocity as necessarily Involving absorption. Is not to realize how essentially illogical national sentiment often is. Canada might quite well think she would be injured, both by wearing English cloth and by adopting American institutions. In any case, a enstoms union Is further off tban Amer ican free trade, and, meantime, we need not be afraid of bills introduced Into Congress for ab sorbing Canada, That is a game two can play at, and the Dominion Parliament Is, we believe, occasionally Invited to pass measures for ad mitting tbe New England States to the federa tion of British North America. LIGHTED BI WOOD "GAB. Tbe Queer Method at Illuminating a North, era New York Village. NORTHWOOD, N. Y., February 23L Tbe sole manufacturing Industry of this locality is that of making charcoal, and wood alcohol, by dis tilling wood in closed iron retorts. The most striking feature of the works in the eyes of a stranger unaccustomed to such things, Is the method of illuminating them at night Pipes run from the retorts to tbe places where lights are needed, and as night comes on the gas from the retorts is allowed to flow through the pipes, and is fired where it comes out It is simply tbe combustion of tbe gas driven from tbeham wood by tbe application of beat The company owning the works have used the gas for illum ination simply because itwas convenient The gas plant consists of a series of cast iron cylinders placed like boilers In a brick furnace. It ear one end oreacn cylinder is a Dig hopper. Tbe hoppers are kept filled with sawdust brought from a bin by an endless screw tbat works in a wooden trough. From the hopper the sawdust Is conducted by other screws through iron pipes into tbe retort There it Is taken by another screw and pushed along to tbe rear end. Because of the heat of the re tort all of tbe volatile matters in the sawdust are driven off, and the wood becomes charcoal, when it is ready to be discharged through a pipe at the rear ot tbe retort. Tbe gas passes through pipes from tbe top of tne retort to punners, sucn as are nsea in common coal-using gasworks. Lime is the chief constituent of the purifiers. It Comes out with an odor not very much like tbat from bituminous coal. It smells more like smoke from an outdoor fire tban anything else. INSECTS AND EVOLUTION. Over a Million Different Species of Insects Upon tho Earth. From the Inter Ocean. 3 The seventh lecture of the course of popular lectures upon "Tbe Testimony of Science to Evolution" was delivered last night in Recital Hall, Auditorium Building, by Prof. S. A. Forbes, of tbe University of Illinois, bis sub ject being "Entomological Illustrations of Evolution." ' There are over 1,000,000 species of insects upon tbe earth, and no class of life is more use ful in demonstrating tho theory of evolution. There is no region free from insect life. What any animal can do some insect can do; what any animal ran eat some insect can eat; there is no mode of progression used by any animal mat some insect does not use. rneir suscepti bility of classification is most perfect Thus In the genus of coleoptera alone there are nearly 20 sub-divisions. They possess in the highest degree the qualities of central fixedness and peripheral flexibility. All of these are qualities called for by tho evolution theory. Prof. Forbes proceeded to prove these major premises and then dilated upon many special details, all In support of his postulate tbat all life started from a central point and' a 'single center of distribution. NINETEEN ENGINES TO A TRAIN. How Locomotives struggle to Get Through Western Snowdrifts. Washington. February 23. This morning Senator Stanford received a dispatch from General Manager Towne, of the Central Pacific road, which Informs him that the last passenger tmin but one which went over tho mountains used 19 of the most powerful locomotives and a push-plow to start It, and with this power got stalled near Emigrant Gap. Thus tho difficulty was explained of getting traiasover tbe mount ains. Tbe storm was abatlug at the time the dispatch was sent, and over 1,200 sbovelers were employed between Colfax anu Trnckee. It Won't Pny. From tbe Chicago Inter Oeean.1 Like a sensible man, J. Whltcomb Riley, tbe favorite Hoosier puot, has found out, without much loss of time, tbat playing the McQlnty act won't pay. It won't do even to experiment with McGInty. MEN WHO MI'SS TUB TRAIN. I loaf aronn the deepo Just to see the Pnllman scoot An' to see the people scamper w'en they hear the lnglnetoot; But w'at makes the most Impression on my some what active brain Is the careless men who get there jest in time to , miss the train. An' some cuss the railroad comp'ny, au' some loudly cms their stars. An' some Jest gallop down the track an' try to catch the cars; . An' some with a loud laff and Joke will poultice up their pain; Var'as kin's er people jet there Jest in tlmo to miss the train. An1 there Is many deepoa an' flag stations 'lthout name ' Along the Grand TrunE railroad that leads to wealth and. fame; An' men rush to these deepos as fast as they can ay. As the train of Opportunity Jest goes a than- derln' by. The Grand Trnnk Railroad of Success It runs through every clime. Hut the can or Opportunity they go on schedule time, .. And never are the brakes reversed tbey won't back up again To take the men who get there Just in time to miss the train. ... ' -S. W. Foil in Xanket Blade. OUR MAIL R0UCH., The Control of Cnrnrgie Llbrnrr Argued That tho Proposed Scheme It Illegal Councils Considered' Competent to Sinn ngo tbe Institution. - To the Editor of The Dispatch: An attempt is being made to placo the man agement of tbe Carnegie buildings in the bands of a commission composed of citizens. school controllers and Councilmen. It Is pro posed to entrust this commission with tbe ex penditure of money appropriated by Councils', the incurring of debts binding on the city and the selection of officers and employes selected by the commission. In my opinion the whole scheme is in plain violation ot law, and if con summated would be a constant menace to tne best interests of tbe city of Allegheny. I be lieve it would also subvert and pervert tbe generous and philanthropic purposes of Mr. Carnegie. Tbe Councils of tbe city are the legal custo dians of all public property. Under their official oaths Councilmen are to administer a public trust. They only can incur debts bind ing on the city, and the money flowing into the public treasury can only be paid out in accord ance with the plain method prescribed by statute. They only can elect and appoint the public servants. It bas been urred that nolltics would control the appointment of officials In the new Institu tion, tbat Councilmen are incompetent to judge of the competency of candidates, and unable to manaire tho art trallev. music ball and library In accordance with Mr. uarnegle's broad and liberal conception. The history of tbe city government justifies no such claims. Although tbe complexion of Councils changes at every municipal election, competent officials have been kept in office in spite of political rhanges. The present Treas urer has held office since 1858; the Controller since 1873: tbe City Engineer since 1875; tbe Superintendent of tbe Water Works since 1677. James E. Crow. Chief Engineer of tbe Fire Department, held office from 1803 until bis death in 181-9. Thomas B. Rodgers, ex-Ctty Solicitor, held office from 180 until 18S8 when be peremptorily declined re-election. Tbe present Superintendent of the Parks has held office for 12 years. The execntion of the duties of these several offices involved peculiar knowledge and special skill In each department No one will deny that tbe duties thereof were performed in a worthy manner, and Councils. In re-electing these officers to such extended terms-of service, have suown themselves capa ble of administering the public trust Imposed upon them. Can tbey not rise to the dignity of the new situation, select proper servants and adopt efficient rules for the government of the Carnegie buildines? Are the present Councils so lacking in knowl edge, culture and common sense tbat tbey can not perform the duties placed upon them by the people? Must theyseektbe aid of unsworn and unelected citizens'aud, contrary to law and public policy, entrust an aristocratio commis sion with the administration of municipal func tions? To do so is a confession ot weakness and Incompetency. Any Councilmen laboring nnder this impression should at once resign. The City Solicitor, Mr. Elpbinstone, in a written opinion, has advised Councils tbat they cannot delegate to any commission tbe powers and duties intrusted to and Imposed upon them by tbe votes of the people. I believe Councils will follow his advice. Municipal commissions were grievous sores upon the cities and boroughs of Pennsylvania, until the Constitution of 1S74 forbade their creation even by the Legislature. The com missions which erected the City Hall, in Pitts burg, and Improved Penn avenue, are among tbe many local examples of tbe vice of such institutions. Tbey are unrepublican, unsafe and a menace to the welfare ot the public. By their unbridled system of expending pnblic money, the treasury of every city in tbe State bas been bled aud burdens hard to be borne placed upon tbe taxpayer. The Councils of Allegheny should nip this danger in tbe bud. Mr. Carnegie intended the institution for tbe use of all the' people. If I were to choose be tween a management of Councils elected by the people and a system of government by an aristocratic commission, I would choose the former. We had a sample of the latter kind of management last Thursday nlgbt To what poor citizen were the doors of Music Hall open on tbat occasion? The everyday people of Allegheny were excluded, even the Guardians ot the Poor and other city officers were refused tickets, wnne tne nan was mien witn aristo cratic residents of Pittsburg and its suburbs. The citizens of Allegheny want no dictators to manage public property. Let me suggest a way out of the present dif ficulty: First Give the Board of School Con troller the right to use the library room and conduct the library as heretofore. Second Let Councils or some appropriate committee of Councilmen elect tbe officers and employes necessary for tbe care and manage ment of tbe buildings, taking special care to secure as Superintendent of the Art Gallery and Musio Hall, a man of culture and executive ability. This is the most important office to be filled. The man can be found. When elected. Councils will do as they have always done in the past I. e., keep him In office as lone as be Is a faithful and efficient public servant ine present councils are not constituted of political mendicants. In their numbers are many men ot culture.wealtb, business ability and common sene. To them tbe citizens can confidently look for an efficient discbarge of pnbiie affairs. If any are found unworthy the people have their remedy at the ballot box. Allegheny, February 22. Citizen. Gna Aleters and Kickers. To the Editor of The DIsoatch: In view of the gas situation in Allegheny of meters versus contracts let me say the kickers against meters are perfectly justified in their attitude, notwithstanding the Westinghouse people set up all kinds of claims for tbe relia bility and fairness of their system. Although not an Alleghenian, 1 am on tbe Chartlers ser vicea low pressure one, supposed to be main tained at four ounces, and no regulator be tween street and point;of consumption. Tbe Westlnghonse meters, being only volume meas urers, when this service pressure gets belowtbe normal one of four ounces (as is often the case and as bas been for the last few. days), say two ounces at the consumer's service pipe, it stands to reason tbat we. to get an equal and proper amount of gas, must open valves at the fires, to permit about twice the amount of flow. This means double the number of feet recorded at tbe me ter, and a doubled amount of dollars In tbe bill. With one ounce of pressure In tbe service the dollars are quadrupled, and tbis inverseness of performance the thinner the goods tbe more dollars would co on indefinitely, only tbat the exquisite two-meter mechanism finally fails to budge, and as if for shame's sake decently stops. The claim set up tbat justice and "fairness all around" is attained by this meter is falla cious, and in some measure I hope herein re futed. If not, why not? I should .like to ask tbe gas companies. Ehoixeer. Pittsburg, February 21. la the Attorney Rlghlf To the Editor of Tbe Dlsbatch: A certain young man, born and raised in the United States, and for the past 19 years a resi dent of Allegheny, who was 21 yeais old Mon day, the day before election, was refused per mission to deposit his vote at a certain polling place by the Election Board, they claiming tbat be bad to be a citizen SO days, or to be SO days over 21 years of age. Tbe young man in ques tion called on a prominent attorney of Pitts bnrg, and wat told tbat the board was right Please answer in the Mall Pouch column if that young man was entitled to a vote and what constitutes citizenship ot an American born, and bow much over 21 years he must be to vote. American. Allegheny, February 22. Facts About Ford City. To the Editor of Tbe Dispatch! In reply to "Reader's" query in Thursday's Dispatch, Ford City is located on tbe Alle gheny Valley Railroad, about 40 miles north of Pittsburg, in Armstrong county. It bas a popu lation ot 1,000 or 1,200. and bas not as yet any local government It belongs to the Eittsburg Plate Glass Company, who have large works there. Tbe. town was named after Mr. J. B, Ford, who is, I believe, tbe president of the company. There is one policeman on duty in tne town who is employed by the company. E. K. Neale, Aeustrono county, February 22. TOO LAZY TO LlYii, A Man Quite Willing for nis Funeral to Take Finer, From the Scottish-American. 1 Tbe laziest man in Scotland Is said to bave been the joiner who, after repeated dismissals from bis employment by bis master, was at length forcibly laid into a coffin by his shop, mates and carried oft for burial by way ot a joke. On the way they met a farmer, who asked if the man was dead. "No," was the reply, "but we Intend. to bnry h!u; bo I that lazriuit he should net be al lowed to lire." At the farmer's request tbey took oft tbe lid, when the farmer asked the lazy one if he thought he could eat two or three boiled taties. "Are they peeled r" inquired the man. ."No,".returned tbe farmer. - .- "Ab, weel, let tbe funeral gang on." A PAPER OF PAPERS. Yesterday's 20-Pngo Dispatch a Newsy and Interesting Number. What Is the use of putting ourselves to Incon venience. In order to purchase' bign-prlced magazines and new navels, when in oar own city ot Pittsburg we can obtain matter quite as now, quite as interesting and by authors quite as able? What is tbe use of expending so much moneyin boring these costlr nrodHCtions.when, in a Pittsburg daily paper, equally bright literature can be secured for one-tenth of the price? Take up Ths Dispatch good people, yesterday's Dispatch for instance, and glance through its pages. Twenty pages, replete with matter. Interesting in the highest degree, un usually extensive, and so varied that nearly every individual must find his own peculiar taste in literature gratified therein! But it is an old saying that "good wine needs no bush." Let tbe contents of yesterday's 20-page DIS PATCH speak for themselves. J. The Socialist trouble in Germany bezius to grow desperate. The Government candidates are being defeated everywhere, and the Kaiser is wrathful. Stepnlak denounced tbe proposed American extradition treaty with Russia, on the grounds that it will increase Siberian atrocity.. Queen "Victoria bas aroused herself, and will open the next London season. The Czar has summoned Prince Nicholas, of Monte negro, to St Petersburg to answer charges against his fidelity to Russia. J. "W. Lawler, while sailing round the world In a small yacht, got Into an English jail. Young Abraham Lincoln Is a good deal better. Stanley is mnch broken in health, and will stay some time In Egypt Canadians are kicking against Gover nor General Lord Stanley's household bill. The French government has agreed to pardon the Due d'Orleans, who will be conveyed secretly beyond tbe frontiers. Tbe Russian Government will immediately go towork on its great railroad through Siberia. The leading Democrats of Pennsylvania are organizing a clean and solid phalanx to charge for tbe Governorship. Chicago is reported to be in the lead In the World's Fair contest Indiana students raise a disreputable tumult at Crawfordsrille. i A dam on tbe Hassayampa river, Arizona, holding a big artificial lake, gave way. occas ioning much loss of life. Washington's birth day was celebrated with eclat throughout the country. Grover Cleveland spoke before tbe Southern Club, and Chief Justice Fuller before tbe Washington Club in Chicago. A shameful riot occasioned by a quarrel between two G. A. R. posts, occurred in Cincinnati. John Jacob Astor, bead of the Astor family, died of heart failure. Representatives of the original States met at Philadelphia, to discuss the erection of a notable national monument in that city. Delegates of tbe Funeral Benefit Association met in the G. A. R. Hall, Fourth avenue. The proceedings were very breezy, and debate was kept up till 1J3U o'clock. Congressmaa Bayne says that the President was pleased with his Pittsburg reception. Citizens are beginning to express very strong opinions against the con trol of their tree library by politicians. The Westinghouse bas produced a new airbrake for stopping cars .on street roads. Washington's birthday was splendidly celebrated in Pittsburg and Allegheny. Mr. Charles Abel leaves for Brazil in the interest of four prominent Pitts burg firms. He carries letters from Secretary Blaine and other notables. The sporting world, will find much that is spicy and entertaining in Pringle's review, and the sporting page. m. Frank G. Carpenter writes wittily of various Washington topics and personages. "The Fu ture Utopia" is the title of a graceful article by Shirley Dare. Brenan writes on Irish folk-lore. 'Beatrice." Rider Haggard's new story, con tinues to grow in interest "F. T. R." describes the colonial soldier as be was in bis prime. G. H. Landlson cbats on revolver and rifle shoot ing. Colonel Thomas P. Ochiltree's article on "Country Statesmen" is distinctly interesting; as also Is "Ideas of Culture," by Arlo Bates. Brenan writes the history of a table d'hote. Bill Nye is immensely tunny in "Sharing Great Men." "Come Forth." the Biblical story by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps and tbe Rev. Herbert D. Ward, continues; and James C.Pnrdy's rem iniscences of an old Pittsburg reporter never flags in interest Mrs. Frank Leslie conducts tbe usual "Woman's World" page. Ella Wheeler Wilcox writes of "Women Men Ad mire." Other contributors to this number are Fannie B. Ward (The Dispatch's special correspondent). "H. J. S.," Clara Belle, Rev. George Hodges, Judge H. A. Glldersleeve, Bumbalo, Bessie Bramble. L M. Pryor, Clyde M. Allen, H. L 8., Miss Grundy. Jr.. Wilson, B. P. ShUlaber ("Mrs. Partington"). Axel C.Hall breck, etc., etc. Paysle's fairy tale is, as usual, charming. Tbe dramatic, musical, military, art and society columns are full of interest to the initiated. GEOEGE'GODLD'S MOUNTAIN LODGE. The Meat Lor House Which the Million- alre'e Son Will Occupy. Kingston, N. Y February 23. Architect A F. Mason, of this city, has just completed plans and specifications for the erection of a mountain lodge for George J. Gonld on the bank of Furlough Lake, recently purchased by him. A site bas been selected and cleared of stumps, rocks and all obstructions. It is on a commanding eminence a short distance from the lake, and the surroundings are full of wild wood beauty. The contemplated building Is to be a two-story log bouse, the logs and all the timbers nsed in'it being left exposed In their natural state. It will have a broad and spacions veranda and a large wide hall, with old-fashioned open fireplace. Tbe main floor will con tain parlor, dining room and sitting room, and the second floor will be divided into sleeping apartments, halls and bathrooms. The wator' for supplying the bullaintr is conducted through pipes from a fine spring at an altitude of ISO feet above the building. As soon as the weather permits excellent roadways will be built and a telegraph line constructed to connect with tbe Ulster and Delaware Rail road at Arkvllle. Mr. Gould Intends to have everything In readiness for occupancy, by his family early tbe coming summer. A Hint to Organ Grinder. From tbe Kansas City Star. The fact that a New York organ grinder fell dead while playing "Home, Sweet Home" has brought out the naturally suggested joke about tbe "terrible warning." etc. When one stops to think ot the thousands of organ grinders who do not fall dead while toying with this venerablo air, tbe bollowness of the joke be comes apparent The ways ot Providence are inscrutable, and are not the proper subject for jokes more particularly thin jokes. ODD lTL'llS PR0H ABROAD. A Swiss newspaper announces that the grand prize of tbe Paris Exposition lottery has been won by an English young lady who is an art student at Genera. It Is reported from St Petersburg that the Russian physician. Dr. Bapchlnskl. announces tbat he has discovered that diphtheria is easily curable by inoculation of erysipelas. In the villages of Northamptonshire a fund has been started from which to pay 4 pence per dozen for the heads of sparrows, whose dam age to the crops has bocome unbearable. . Steam surface cars, or dummies, are used by the street railroad companies of Birmingham, and last year they carried 19,000,000 passengers with only 2 fatal and 41 minor accidents. Complaint is made that the craze for na tural flowers, ferns and rare plants generally is leading to the destruction of the British hedge rows, aud a law is proposed to make it a misde meanor to steal flowers or twigs. Miss E. M. Merrick, a London artist, who last year went to Cairo to paint the picture of tbe Khedive, has now received au order fur a portrait of Henry 31. Stanley, which the ex plorer is to present to Ihe- Eoyal Geographical 'Society. A French woman, whose name is Gabrielle Bompard, but wbo Is not related In any way to tbe heroine ot tbe sensational Gonffa murder case, bas applied to the courts for leave to 'change her name on account ot the unpleasant I notice ner present one attracts. THE service bullet for the new English mag azine rifle is, it is said, to be a compound sol dered bullet, one advantage of which is dlmln-': isbed friction, and consequent less heating of tbe barrel, experiments showing this to be ten degrees less after 12 rounds bad been fired. There u a movement in England to better the condition of the barmaids by including them withia the provisions of the act regarding working women in factories. It U said that now tbey have to work 100 boors a week and get bat from 26 to n 75, with cheap beard and poor lodging, CURIOUS C05DE5SAT1MS. Joseph Sheetz, of Geraantowu, Pa., Is 8) years old, and Is about to wed a young woman Of 27. Palmer Cox's Brownies, familiar to tha readers of St. Ifleholai, have been purchased by a patent medicine vendor and set to work in his service. A Mrs. Marshall, of Dubuque, lows, laughed so Immoderately at a joke shebeardV that her jaw became set and a doctor bad to break tbe bone to get her mouth dosed. A cat in Santa Cruz, CaL, has become so expert in climbing up tbe door and raising; the latch to get in that the carrying of a big rat does not now interfere with her performing tha feat "The Biography and Letters of Sarah Bernhardt 1834-1889;" by an old and wellknown military officer, is soon to appear in Pans. Tho book is to contain a preface written by a man now dead. Lemuel Case, of Ironton, "Wis., is said to be unable to drink a cup full of akuost any liquid without having it effervesce from his month as though be were an animated mineral "Kt Djpuon DOHie. Runaway marriages are so common in Georgia, an exchange reports, that many parents deposit Injunctions with tbe licensing officials forbidding tbe Issuing of marriaeS licenses to their children. The statue of Kev. Mr. Beecher, which is to be placed in Prospect Park, Brooklyn, is now being cast in bronze. It is to be of colossal proportions. 9 feet hish. and representing tho great preacher in soft felt hat and cape. It is not often the case that a man passes his entire life In the home in which he was'born, but such was the experience of Samuel Banler. a higbly-respected citizen of Porter's Corners! Saratoga county. N. Y who died recently, aged A j carl Tho Northern Arapahoes of the Indian Territory ate greatly excited over some mys terious appearance seen by a portion of the tribe in the 'Rocky Mountains. Tbe medicine men and chiefs bave become Imbued with the idea that the Christian Savior has appeared to them. The most valuable book in the world, according to the Rivitla Ttpograflca, is the Hebraic Bible at tbe Vatican. In 1512 the Jews of Venice tried to buy it of Pope Julius JL for its weight in gold. It would have cost them 1109,000 if tbe Pope had not refused to negotiate. Mrs. Longman, widow of the late Mr. Thomas Longman, died in London recently in her 76th year. She was the last ot tbe genera tion of the house tbat published for Scott Southey. Coleridge, Moore, Campbell. Svdney Smith. Mackenzie and Macaulay. She took a keen interest in all the great literary projects with which her husband was connected. Annie Besant, the English Socialist, who is about to visit New York, is a tall, thin, sad-faced woman, with wavy.darkbalr and "the pluck of a flamingo;" she edits a labor paper called tbe Kite; Is a sister-in-law of Walter Be sant tbe novelist; has lately figured conspicu ously and unsuccessfully in an action for libel, and is anxious to investigate for herself how Toman rule is working in Kansas. It is rumored that Dr. Kuorr. of Ger DUay, the discoverer of antlpyrine, tbe great grip remedy, baa made considerably over a million ot dollars by the winter's epidemic. The medicine sells at 1 40 an ounce, and Dr. Knorr gets a royalty of about 60 cents on every ounce sold. The demand everywhere was something; tremendous, trivevdollars per onnce was fre quently paid for the drug, and it was often un attainable at any price during tbe height of the visitation. A Cleveland artist says that a genuine artist is very much like a slngsd cat He is better than he looks. In speaking of artists in general he says that the artist of ability does not differ in appearance from the ordinary man. He says tbat in Munich when tbe student begins to draw from tbe antique be lets his hair grow long and carries paint box around with him. When be enters a more advanced class he cuts his hair reasonably short, and leaves tbe paintbox at borne. "When he gets down to genuine painting he wears his hair in the ordi nary styles and dresses like tbe ordinary mortal. The paragraph in a New York evening paper announcing tbe sale of the stallion Ko tbe King at Lexington for 531,000 caused not a little inquiry on the part ot horsemen as to tho identity of the horse, but on the otberband it was tbe source of a good deal of amusement to telegraph operators or those wbo understand the Morse aipbabet "Ko" is tbe term used by efficient telegraph operators to denote "colon" just as "si" is the marktransmltted for a semi colon. Tbe young man who copied the dispatch announcing the sale of Tho King, the famous son of George Wilkes, bravely put down tbe "Ko," and the copy reader gravely Inserted it in the head line. A newspaper man of Fannington, Me., visited a remarkable family; the other day, Calling at tbe home of Jonathan Scott Ellis ha found Mr. Ellis, wbo Is 93 years old, seated by the stove and reading a newspaper without glasses. His wife's sister. Miss Lydla Ballard, wbo win be 97 years old In April va seated in a rocking chair near by and knitting rigorously. Another sister-in-law. Miss Hannah Ballard. 84 years old next October, was cleaning up tbe dinner table and washing the dishes. Mrs. Ellis died three years ago at the age of 88. The old folks prefer to live by themselves and do all their own work and Father Ellis yet lefersto his sisters-in-law as "the girls." A Kalamazoo lumber dealer is said to be felicitating himself on having beaten tne railroads. He received a carload of lumber and paid freight charges thereon. Not having unloaded it,withm the required 72 hours, tbe railroad charged him demurrage, which be re fused to pay. He was told that he could not bave the lumber until he paid the demurrage charge. That did not scare him. He pro ceeded to break tbe seal, open the car. take out and cart away his lumber. The railroad agents sued him for an unlawful seizure, and the case went to court The result was that the law justified tbe dealer. This goes to indi cate that when railroads charge demurrage under tbe name of car service tbey are exceed ing their legal right in the premises. As one passes along the main traveled road leading to the upper end of the prairie, about a mile distant from Prairie duChien.ha can see a bit of ground enclosed within a pila of rock and debris on the rigbtnand side of tha way. If one's curiosity should lead him to in vestigate this lonesome spot, be would find tha ruins of a tomb of a once prominent and in fluential character in tbe great Northwest, and a leader of tbe British troops under Colonel McKay, who captured the American fort and forces at Prairie du Chlen in 1812. The tomb is that of Jean Joseph Roulette. A heavy mar. ble slab, overrun with weeds and underbrush and half obliterated, marks the spot where sleeps the hero of many a hard-fought battle, THE LAUGHING PHILOSOPHERS. Love may be blind, but he knows when the parlor lamp is too high. Binghamton Leader, The man who has no charity in his heart gives no quarter to the hotel waiter. Bolton Port. A philosopher says: "Love is light: hata tbe darkness." How comes. It then, that those wbo are smitten by Cupid's darts love the dark netsl Boiton herald. Cumso I see that a Denver detective has mysteriously disappeared. rangle He's probably found the criminal he was looking for and the shock killed hlm.EpoeX Fashionable Intelligence. "Theswallow tall hsahad Its day." "Perhaps so la Chicago. In New York the swallowtail la only seen at night." Bern lorH Bvening Sun, A 'WTDE HIATUS. The one great cause of all our woe, - We learn it but to rue: 'TIs the difference ' twlxt what we know And what we think we do. Sew Fork livening Sun, "My son," said the Judge, kindly, "do you think you are old enough to understand tha nature of an oath?" "Yes, slr,"answered the youthful witness. "1 reckon I've heard "most every kind there Is. I'm. tbe organ boy at St. Hezeklah's Church." CAt eago lYibune. Miss Highup It's perfectly icanrlalo! Did too bear about Ulsa De Pink? Miss Tiptop No. What has she done? MlssBIgbup V, the most immodest thing im aginable! Hue's let all the world know; the U crazy to get married by going and Joining "acook ery school."-A'to lork Weekly. - v jfifc. The "Waning of the HonevmoongHt jovellt'sawfnllylonesoToehere. iJBBB? a She Yes. We are worse off thaaWBjbtaios Crusoe. BHJ' ' He-Notsobadastnat. -f Bheies. twice u bad. There was. only one of him. Th'sre are two of as-Jast twice as lonesome. Sew lork Evening Sun, "I don't believe I am very-popular with your father," said Herbert, sadly. "No." she answered frankly, "you are not" "Do you know of anything I could do tosiaks hlmllkemebettar?" 'I don't thiak of anything." she answered, after some thought '"unless you could, go away somewhere and ale." Waehtngton rott.