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THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH, WED3SCESDAT, FEBRUARY - 2ft 1890.
;)J; IQUEEiS WHO WORK, Fair Girls in Their Teens as u Absolute Enlers of SCHOOLS IN THE COUNTRY. ITheir Difficult Tasks Performed for Mere Pittances. KOTE OP WAENIHG SOUNDED it The low salaries paid country school teachers hare resulted in the employment of - a great many youthful educators. It is claimed by some that such inexperienced persons cannot maintain the schools'&s they should be, but The Dispatch correspond ent has investigated this phase of the trouble. Other features of the question trill be treated in additional letters. rrsox a. st att cohrxspoxsext. Bakebstowu, Pa., February 25. That "village schoolmaster" oi whom we used to read has long since been gathered to his fathers. Now and then yon still see some age-stained picture of him. Circle it with the educational framework of 1890, and it seems unreal, the pedagogue almost a myth. Hang it up in front of the modern teacher's desk in a Fine township school, and it be comes a mere caricature; for look behind the desk, and there sits a little queen instead of an ogre. Old, cross and ugly was that early tutor. How familiar hare ancient magazine prints made his image to us! The spectacles pushed back ou the bald head; the bandana hand kerchief hanging out from the pocket of that long, greasy-looking coat; switch in one hand and book in tbe other; a general bear ing as though he had grown up at the feet of quaking as though they saw only a raw head and bloody bones. VEST TOUKG TEACIIEES. Fresh and pretty, youthful and gay, gen tle but firm nine words which best describe a large class of country and village school teachers in Allegheny county to-day. "But it won't do," somebody croaks, "for there are many school marms iu the rural districts who are widows and maiden ladies." Well, my abreviated description is not a misfit for even some of them. But by re ferring to the last annual report ot County Superintendent Hamilton it will be fouud that be granted certificates to 117 teachers, most of whom were under 18 years ot age. I heard yesterday of two of them, now teach ing in a certain township some distance south of this, who are only a little way ad vanced into sweet sixteen. The County Su perintendent adds that the female teachers outnumber the males in Allegheny county 4 to 1, and that many of these are under 21 years of age. The fact that the education of children is intrusted to such a great ex tent in this county to such younggirls is used by Prof. Hamilton as a note of warning. He blames it on tbe evil of low salaries, which was the topic fully discussed in the first letter of this series. Her inexperience he would makt a barrier to tbe admittance of young girls as teachers, if possible. HEK BT7DE QTABXESS. Be that as it may, I watched two or three young school marms manage as many schools yesterday iu a manner that certainly pronounced them worthy ot their hire, and considerably more than what their hire amounts to. One ot them tan eh t in Pine i township. Tbe school is one of those tvpical I little white buildings that you will find so frequently put down right iq the corner of a grove, on a triangular clearing at the side of one of the roads. If you are not sure whether it is the county school, look it several of the window panes are broken. Then if the'wooden steps at the door are all nicked up with initials and names, you may be sure you are not mistaken. A half de molished coal shed close by is another in fallible indication. Inside, the rough desks and benches have been just as fully demoralized by tbe jack knife and youthful tomahawk. Blackboards do not appear to have afforded room enough for the soaring genius of Pine township Gourleys and Morrows, and the once-white plastered walls are ornamented at almost measured regularity with sketches resem bling late campaign cartoons ot Pittsburg's Mayoralty battle. The innocent arts oi peace, however, are typified by two long rows of hats, hoods, cloaks and lunch bas kets, while the scratch of pencil on slate, or the upsetting of an ink bottle calls you back to noble educational thoughts. A GOOD TEACHES. And the little lady teacher called the wandering thoughts of tbe ink spiller back to his duties at the same time. "When I was able to make the teacher understand that I was not one of the new census supervisors, she seemed to feel safe there was no danger of her age becoming public property. She is one of the youngest teachers in the county, though. It was soon apparent she was a born educator, a systematic trainer. "I only have 23 pupils here," she ex plained. "They come from territory a mile and a half around. I have tried to properly grade my school for even these 25. This! have done by making four divisions. Iu the A division I teach geography, grammar, arithmetic, penmanship and physiology. B division takes in the simpler forms of phy siology, geography, arithmetic, language, spelling, reading and writing. In C divi sion still simpler1 forms of these studies are taught. D is the primary division." Here was a person teaching pretty nearlv all that is taught in a large city school, where teachers get twice and nearly three times as much salary for conducting a class in merely one set ot tbe studies, while she must teach all branches. SMALL PAY FOB HARD WOEK. This young lady receives $35 per month. Xast year she paid $15 per month board.and living more than 20 miles from home laid out abont $7 60 per year for visits home. She teaches seven months, ind then puts in the other five months as a student at one of the State Kormal schools, where she has to pay for tuition a part of her small earnings. In Pine township there are four schools, with as many teachers. Th.y get $35 per month each, one of them being a man. In Bichland and "West Deer townships I made particular inquiry as to the ability of the very young teachers! I got satisfactory replies in most cases. Some were put down as inefficient, "and getting all they were worth." But tbe exposure these young wo men have to put up with, the lonely loca tion of their schools, the kind of material they have to deal with in their pupils, and the responsibilities they can't help but feel when tbey find themselves in a disorganized, ungraded school all these must appeal for better salaries for even "the very youthful teacher." Yet, there are grounds for objections to the employment of teachers at a too inex perienced age. These objections are well worded In the report of County Superin tcndentiHamilton, to which we again have recourse. ,He says: TOO LITTLE EXPERIENCE. It is a significant fact that tbe demand for teachers last year was so great that to secure teachers enough to Oil the schools we were compelled to issue certificates to 117 persons who were without any experience whatever in tbe work of teaching. In the course of my visits most of tbe teachers were found to be earnestly, honestly and faithfully discharging their duties to the best of their abilities. And while many were absolute failures in tbe school room because their ability was not equal to tbe demands made upon it, yet be it said, to the credit of our teachers, that but few were found wno were wuiiniiy neglecting tbe proper I performance of their duties. This class of I teachers which makes an hottest and deter- mined effort to sneceed and yet fails, or at most does very inferior work in the school rooms. Is a surprisingly large one. This is due to the fct that but t ew4eachers, less than per haps 20 p"er cent oi them, remain permanently in our profession, or for a sufficient length of time to gain an experimental Knowledge of the work of teaching. The great majority of our teachers belong to the transient class. They leave it eventually to enter more remunerative callings. The vacancies thus caused in our Tanks must be filled by new recruits. Tbese recruits aver age perhaps one-sixth of our teaching force, and it is to be expected that many of them, though faithful and honest in their efforts, must be classed as WEAK AND INEFnCIEXT teachers. We have a right to expect that tbe results of the work of these 117 inexperienced teachers, for instance, would be unsatisfactory. I believe that 25 per cent of the money now paid to the teachers of Allegheny county is wasted, not because of the carelessness or extravagance of the directors, but because thevara cnmmTiri tn 0mninv vntini &nd inex perienced teachers, who cannot, and do not do the work for which they drawthe pay. I am notaf raid to trust the education of tbe young to intellectual, cultured women with well disciplined minds and mature judgments, yet I believe we are steadily drifting toward a danger point by allowing this important work to be left in the hands of very young ladles of limited scholastic, attainments and I'of un matured minds persons whose jndgment by reason of youth must be very defective. Many of these young teachers came from families where they bad very meager advantages for culture. Such persons can scarcely have a proper conception of the great realities of life, by which tbey are to train the children. Surely tbey are not the best qualified persons to pre pare our boys for the responsibilities of life. Not only have tbe men become a YEBY SMALL MIJfOBITY in our profession, but many of those wbo re main are charged with being poorly qualified for the work of the school room. This charge, so doubt, has some truth in it- Yet, back of all these conditions, which bave given this work into the hands of very young ladies and poorly qualified men, there is a cause, and to produce a more desirable effect we must change tbe cause. This cause is found in the fact that tbe earning power of a man is greater in any business than in the work of teaching, and that tbe earning power of a lady is greater in our profession than in any other work in which she can engage. For this reason alone many young ladies who know they must earn their own living seek to enter the profession as early as possible, regardless of natural fitness or special preparation for the work. It is more a question of tbe relative earning power of tbe sexes. Do not misunderstand me. I am not opposed to female teachers, or to paying tbe competent ones well for their work, lonly favor having more of the competent and less oi me very young ana inemcient. xais irouDie should be checked by offering better induce ments to the good teachers, and thus retain In tbe profession more good men. A LIVING EXAMPLE. The six-foot countryman, who drove me out through Pine township, interrupted my meditations at this point, as we neared the railroad station, on our homeward trip. "I was a school teacher myself once," he said. "Have you a bank account now?" I asked. "Not from teaching," he laughed. 'It was ten years ago, and in Cambria county. My school was in the woods of those mountains not far from Ebeniburgx I was examined and elected teacher in the same day. He laughed heartily at this, as though Dela mater tactics of the modern Cambria county might have rnled in the county institutes there years ago. I got $20 per month. I would have starved if I had not had an uncle up there who boarded me for 10 cents a meal and threw the lodgings in for har vest time work. And I would have died had I taught school another term. I guess it was not in my line, stranger. I'd rather saw wood any day. The bullies of the school were the Giles boys. The township expected they would cow me like they did tbe dude who taught before me. But I did not use the switch on them once. Soon their father told me they had learned to read verse about with him Jit family worship. But I cuess I spared the rod too much, and the school was too much for me at the end of the term. Then I went to farming, then oil drilling." "What do you do now?" "Mv brother and I have the store and postofEce down on the railroad in Butler county. Our store is not like yours in the city. "We keep a little of everything I drugs, medicines and shoes, you know, and lately we nave aaaed to our assortment a brickyard, lumber yard, coal and limestone quarries and, oh, I forgot, a grist mill, too. Yes, I got a little bank account, but I had to stop teaching school." L. E. Stofiel. A Noteworthy Exception. From tbe Kimball, South Dakota, Graphic 2 "While the columns of the Graphic are open to any and all unobjectionable adver tisements, yet it is quite impossible for us to speak knowingly of the various articles of merchandise advertised. Particularly is this true of patent medicines. But there are exceptions occasionally, and a note worthy exception is the celebrated Chamber lain's Cough Remedy. This now univers ally known medicine has been advertised in the Graphic for four or five years, but not until recently had we any personal knowl edge of its wonderful efficacy, which has come about through the prevailing influenza and the stubborn cough that has so oft en attended it. In the writer's family this medicine has on several occasions this win ter cured a cough that baffled any and all other remedies; and the number of families in Kimball and vicinity in which this rem edy has been used with like effects attests to its value as a specific for coughs and colds of every nature. For sale by E. G. Stuckey, Seventeenth and Twenty-fourth sts., Penn ave. and cor. "Wylie ave. and Fulton st; Markell Bros., cor. Penn and Frankstown aves.; Theo. E. Ihrig, 3610 Fifth ave.; Carl Hartwig, 4016 Butler st., Pittsburg, and in Allegheny by Jii. i. necK, iJ. ana ii jceaeral St.; xnos. E. Morris, cor. Hanover and Preble aves.: F. H. Eggcrs. 172 Ohio st., and F. H. Eg gers & Son, 199 Ohio sU and 11 Smith field st. wsu Be Quick To secure a pair of shoes cheap, at Cain & Verner's. wr Sonnenberg's Society Gallery, Mo. 35 Fifth avenue, Pittsburg, is the finest and best arranged in the State. Cabinet photos at reduced rates. Have You Had The grippe? is the question of the day. If the influenza or any other disease or overwork, have pnt you into a weak, debilitated condition, you should immediately take Hood's Sarsaparilla. It tones every part of tbe body, invigorates the liver, creates an appetite and entirely over comes that tired feeling. Renewed My Grip. "Hood's Sarsaparilla has renewed my grip. I am 65 years of age and was all run down and discouraged. 1 bave taken Hood's Sarsaparilla and on looking myself over find tbat I am much better. In fact quite a chap. Of course the med cine will not discount my years, but it conies nearer to it than anything else." CUAS. B, Lonq, Bhrcwrbnry, Mass., Jan, 3, 1S90. N. B. Be sure to get Hood's Sarsaparilla Sold by all drnggists. Si; six for $3. Prepared ily byCL HOOD t CO., Lowell, Mass. (00 Doses One Dollar FULLVALUEFORTHE MONEY BLOCKER'S lbs. tUD. Kits. Bo. dutch COCOA ISO Cups for tuo. Choicest, Purest, Best. Maitaieons-with Boiling Water or Milt U. S. Dzfot. 35 Herccr St, Itear Toat At reUll hj all le&dinc CTOoers and jXrafgiita. GEO. K. STEVENSON 4 CO., IMPORTERS OC&50-WS B LOOKER'S COCOA For sale wholesale and retail fcr JAMESLOCKHART, 103 Federal Street, noWMVH -tilcchenv. Pa Sodden Death. Heart disease is developed by modem civili zation, and Is increasing to an alarming extent. Let him wbo suspects tbe existence of this cause of sudden death take Dr. Flint's Remedy, and let all persons read bis treatise on "Heart Disease," which will be sent on application by Mack Dm g Co., N. Y. Jrwr A handsome home cheap. Only $15,000, on reasonable terms, lor a complete brick house, on Forest street, Oakland. The house is latest style, elegantly finished and papered and complete with latest improve ments and conveniences to the smallest de tails. Fine appearance. Choice location. Five sold in a short time; only three left. See W. A. Herron & Sons, 80 Fourth avenue. w Foue special styles cambric and lawn aprons, extra value, at 25c. Finer and larger ones, also extra value, 60c. Jos. Hoene & Co.'s Penn Avenue Stores. Sailed Shoes Selling rapidly at Cain & Verner's, Fifth avenue and Market street. WF See our new neckwear. James H. Aiken & Co., 100 Fifth ave. Soiled bhors Selling rapidly at Cain & Verner's, Fifth avenue and Market street WF Blarriaae licenses Granted Yesterday. Ktme. Riamfc I Charles Freyer Shaler township J Fercllla Clark i'lum township I William A. Johnston Pittsburg 1 Llulo L. Lederer Pittsburg 5 feimon A. Shelton Pittsburg ) Leacy Uoore Pittsbnrtt 5 Lonls Klein PltUborjt J Louisa Uobbcrt Plttsiurs; ( William A. Koss Hlnton, W. Va Edith J. Mitchell -Oilmont borough (Jacob Stader Pittsburg; Katie Kahl , Pittsburg ( Arthur Erdmann Pittsburg Amelia H. Bereit Pittsburg DIED. CONNELLY On Tuesday, February 25, 1SS0, at 930 P. M.. at the residence of Matthew Cotes. Shakespeare street. East End, Pateick Coxnbllt, in the 21th year of his age. Notice of funeral hereafter. CRAIG On Monday. February 21. 1830, at 11:20 P. m., Isaac cbaio, Jr., in the SUth year of his age. Funeral services at the residence of his father, No. S3 Sherman avenue, Allegheny City, on Wednesday afternoon at5 o'clock. Interment private. HARRIS On Monday. February 24, lS90.atl o'clock t. si.. Catherine Harris, in the 74th year of her age. Funeral at tbe residence of her daughter, Mrs. H. P. Gazzam. 74 Arch street, Allegheny, Wednesday at 2 o'clock p. m. Interment private. HARKTNS On Monday, February 24, 1S90, at 90S p. it., Dennis Harrxvs. in his 70th year. Funeral from his late residence, rear of 161 Cass ave., Ninth ward, Allegheny, on Wednes day, at 8 JO A. M. Friends ot the family are respectfully invited to attend. 2 HANEY On Tnesday, February 25. 1890, at 130 P. u., Mary Ellen, daughter of James P. and Jane Haney, aged 5 years 2 months 18 days. Funeral from the parents residence, 2605 Carey alley, Bonthslde, on Thursday at2r. M. Friends ot the family are respectfully invited to attend. HAMILTON On Monday. February 24, 1890, at 1:30 p. m., Jane Ann, wife oi James B. Hamilton, aged 39 years. Funeral from her late residence. Second street. Elizabeth borough, Thursday after noon, February 27, at 3 o'clock. Friends of the family are respectfully Invited to attend. 2 JONES On Monday. February 24, 1880, at 10:45 p. at. Theodore Pressly, son of Joseph W. and Maggie Jones, aged 10 years, 7 months and 24 days. Funeral 'from his parents' residence, La fayette street, Hazelwood, on Wednesday Morning, tbe 26th instant, at 9 o'clock. Ser vice at St. Stephen's Church, Hazelwood, at 10 A. is. The relatives and friends of the fam ily are respectfully invited to attend. MDRPHY Sunday.February 23, at 11 o'clock p. if., Terence Murphy, aged 83 years. Funeral from bis late residence. No. 1407 Car son street. Southslde, Wednesday mobniho at 9 o'clock. Services at St. John's R. C. Church. Friends of the family are respect fully invited to attend. 2 MACDONALD Tnesday morning, at 8.S0, Jas. Macdonald, at his residence, corner of Third and West streets, Homestead, aged 73 years and 2 months. Funeral service at 9.30. Interment private, 10.30. Friends leaving Pittsburg can leave 820 and return from Homestead at 1 o'clock. MOORE On Tuesday, February 25, 1890, at her residence. No. 154 Center avenue, Pitts burg. Mary Wilson, wife of William J. Moore, in the 58th year of her age. Funeral services at her late residence, on Thursday, February 27, at 2 o'clock p. m. 2 MORROW On Sunday. February 23, 1890, at 3 o'clock p. 2L. Mrs. Mary Alice, wife of Charles Morrow, in the 37th year of her age. Funeral from the home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Small, near Walls station, on Wednesday, FeDruary 26. at 1 p. M. Friends of the family are respectfully invited to at tend. McCAXL Suddenly, at his home. 153 Luna St. East End, on Sunday. February 23, 1890, at 3.30 p. at, John S. McOall, iu bis 71st year. Funeral services at the Park Avenue Pres bvtenan Church, East End, on Wednesday, 26th Inst, at 2 P. M. Friends of the family are respectrully invited to attend. McPHERSON On Mondav, February 24, 1890, at 5:45 p. 1L, MISS MARY MCPHERSON. Funeral services at tho family residence, near Sharpsburg, on Wednesday, February 28, at 3 P. St. Interment at Greenwood Cemetery. 3 O'MALLEY On Tnesday. February 25, 1890, at 5:15 o'clock a. M., Nellie, daughter of P. S. and Maggie O'Mailey, aged 7 months and 20 days. Funeral from residence of parents, 2423 Jane street, Southside. on Thursday at 2 o'clook p. M. The relatives and friends of the family are respectfully invited to attend. 2 8MITH On Monday, February 24. 1890, at 3 o'clock p. il. Pearl Madeleine, only daugh ter of R. E. and Maggie Smith, aged 3 years 5 montna ana zi aays. Funeral from the parents' residence. Leets dale, on Wednesday, February 28, at 10 o'clock A. M. Relatives and friends of the family are respectfully invited to attend. TOWER At Dallas, Texas, February 24. 1890, Mrs. M. A. TOWER. Funeral services at tbe residence of:ber son-in-law, A. F. Brooks, 258 Locust street, Alle gheny, on Friday, February 28, at 2.30 p. m. Interment at Monongahela City on Saturday, 8 WALLACE On Monday, February 24, 1890, at 9:45 P. 1L, HUGH WALLACE. Funeral services at his late residence, 106 Beo ond avenue, on Wednesday at 2 p. k. Friends of the family are respectfully invited to attend. ANTHONY MEYEK, (Successor to Meyer, Arnold Co., Urn.,) UNDERTAKER AND EMBALMER, Office and residence, U34Penn aveiue. Tele phone connection. myl0-69-Mwrsu JAMES M. FUIAERTOll, UNDERTAKER AND EMBALMER, NO. 0 SEVENTH SXKEBT. Telephone 1153. ap27-82-wrsu FLORAL EMBLEMS. ORCHIDS AND ROSES OF RARE BEAUTY. A. M. & JT. B. MURDOCH, CI n SMTTHFIELD BT. Telephone 129. no20-xirr Established 1840. JOHNB.fScA.MURDOOH C08SM1THF1ELD 8TREET. Our new Illustrated Catalogue for IfflO of Re liable Vegetable Seedo, Beautiful Flower Seeds, Hardy Rosea. Fruit Trees, Grapevines, Ornamentals, etc. Is now readr. teli-KWV GEO. A. SMITH, FUHERAJj DIRECTOR, 1W Fourth Avenue. Allegheny Office, 232 Beaver Avenne. fel8-S5-jnvr v T) EPRESENTED IN PITTSBURG IN lSd AfiSSTH . . Jtm,698S8. Insurance Co. of North America, Losses adjusted and paid by WILLIAM h JOKES. SI Fourth avenue. Ja39-s2-s WBW ADTKRTTSEMimTS. RICH GUT GLASS. We have just received a very nice assortment of Cut Glass Punch Bowls, Berry Bowls, Water Pitchers, 'Water Bottles, Tumblers, Fineer Bowls, Toilet Bottles, Olive Dishes, Celery Boats, etc., which are very handsome. Tho maker of our cut glass took the highest prize at tbe Paris Exposition. Come and see it; wo know you will be pleased with the goods and prices. WATTLES & SHEAFER, JEWEIiEBS, 37 FIFTH AVENUE. fel9-irwy In stock, another lot of our tremely low-priced Tea Tables at 2.50. ex- Right here we wish to note the near approach of our opening dis play of new goods for Spring of 1890. The design and workman ship will be up to their usual high standard. Fos the most satisfactory results we would suggest an early inspection. P.CSchoeneck&Son, TIIIjIBERTYST. OPP. WOOD STREET. fe23-wsu 1.15 -FOB A- Either in Bright Pebble or Kid HIMIELRICH'S. Consider the Shoe, It's a Spring Heel, Worked But ton Moles, perfect fitting, and in all the widths from AA to D. So far the ex planation is what you feel satisfied answers the pur pose; the next the price, the very low price for a first quality shoe WILL SAVE YOU Many a Dime IN THE PURCHASE. The demand for these Shoes at this price is great, therefore no time should be lost in being fitted. -- HIMMELRICH'S, 430 to 436 Market St. Braddock House, 916 Braddock Ave. feZ3-WTBU MANUFACTURERS AND MERCHANTS INS. CO.. HI Wood st, 1-ittsburR.Pa. Capital. B50,O00O0 Assets, January 1,189a S70.211 70 Directors Charles W. Batchelor, President; John W. Ckaifant, Vice President; A. E. W. Fainter, Robert Lea, M. W. Watson, John Wil son, Joseph Walton, Wm. G. Parle, A. M. By ers, James J. Donneu Georce E. Painter, John Thompson. Wm. T. Adair, Secretary; James Little, Assistant Secretary; August Ammon, General Agent. ia22-S2-MWB wnL PHOTOGRAPHER, 18 SIXTH STREET. A fine, large crayon portrait' ffis teethes before ordering elsewhere. Cabinets, 48 and Kl CO per dozen. PROMPT DEOJVEBX ociS45-xwrsn Established 1832. BROOM CORN. Broom Manufacturers Supplies PEANUTS. ROBERT DICKEY k CO, 77 WATER ST. AND M FIRST A VE. TtleDhone IBS. ' XeJ3-8H'-invi' 2 H t Misses Hi too m NEW ADTEKTISBIKSNTS. . As we annex the building 140. on April 1, we shall sell our entire stock of best makes of this spring's CARPETINGS -AND- DRY GOODS, amounting to 120,000 worth, at prices that will make room for bricklayers, carpenters and painters, as our business is on the increase and needs more room. T, M, LATIMER, 138 Federal and 46 South Diamond Streets, Allegheny, Pa. fel9-irwTSu DANZIGEE'S -- We are now vance styles in showing ad- SPRING WRAPS, SPRING JACKETS, SPRING CAPES. Children's Jersey Dresses, Children's White Dresses, Infants' Long Cloaks, Infants' Short Coats. LADIES' JERSE YS, LADIES' BLOUSES, LADIES BLAZERS, LADIES' WRAPPERS. See our new Ladies' Shirt Waist, a decided novelty. We show exclusive designs, latest styles and at lowest prices. TJie largest and most complete line in thecity. DANZIGER'S THE MONEY SAVING STORES FOR THE PEOPLE. Sixth Street and Penn Ave. Sell BOOKS, BOOKS, Cheapest .prices on record. From 40 tot5o per cent less than publisher's prices. Price list mailed free oi charge. Write br call for it DSTlsit our Ihousefurnishing partment de- Fleishman &Co. PITTSBURG, PA. fe28 STORAGE. PENNSYLVANIA STORAGE CO., , Wandal-Waterst, cor. West. JFacIUUes lor stedoe all kinds of merchaadlsa in large or Brrrnll j"T"tll'ti Separate and Bilvato aimrtmenta ft bouse. "hold goods. . Telennone 1M4. &6t-mr NEW ABYEKTISKMENTS. B. & B. Dress Goods Sale This Week v We imported 2,000 pieces dress goods, suitings and cashmeres, for spring more than we should have. Our shelves, counters and on top of the shelves, and in our wholesale rooms upstairs we are likewise overcrowded -with this immense stock. To promptly extricate our selves from this dilemma and to fur ther popularize our stores, we shall commence this morning a Dress Goods Sales ot elegant new goods at prices unequaled. In place of marking some large lots of French and German TAILOR SUITINGS. $1, we mark them 75c; these are 38 to 40 inches, and we assert without fear of contradiction, you have never seen such desirable goods sold at 75c. Large lots of 50-inch new import ed tailor suitings we mark $1, Si. 15 and 1.25, instead of 1.35 and 51.50, which is the usual and gen eral everyday store-keeping way of marking like goods. Another lot of 50-inch Scotch stripes and plaids; prevailing price in well regulated stores is $1.25. We mark these $x. It is your patronage we want, and we propose that the best quality and our advantageous prices shall merit the preference of that pa tronage. ANOTHER INSTANCE WHY 50-inch American fancy striped all-wool goods, adapted for ladies' long garments,! children's wraps, desirable and new, we mark 85 c, and not $1 as they are worth, but 8kc will pay us a fair small profit and move the quantity, and in the end we will make more money, and we have furnished them less than they are elsewhere sold. 50-inch English suitings in in dividual dress patterns, 1 yards each, at $2 a yard, that are simple, quiet, dignified in design and col orings the value thereof speak for themselves. Finest imported BROADCLOTHS in choice colorings for tailor gowns in latest Paris colors. High class PARIS ROBES or dress patterns at moderate prices; distinctive styles. .New 36-inch double-width Amer ican cloth suitings in checks and stripes, 33, 45 and 50c; these are at rear of stores, adjoining the broad cloths. 100 pieces pure all-wool ladies' cloth suitings at 25c only. 27 inches wide,but the best quali ty ever retailed at 25c, in solid plain colors and best shades. This extraordinary dress goods offering commences this morning; additional salesmen will be in the departments as we are determined these extensive importations shall be so interesting that this early season's dress goods business shall be a phenomenal one. French Challis. These we imported largely, and we believe so firmly in 'a large de mand this season that we have es tablished a special challi depart ment at center counter in dress goods and silk room. The price of these best challis is" 50c We don't claim this is any less than regular prices. We do claim superiority of styles, and ask your approval of said claim, which we believe you'll indorse if you inspect this exquisite challi collection; we have some of last season's 50c chal lis patterns that we bought at a bargain and will sell at 25 and 35c. Cloak rooms are receiving new jackets, long garments and shoul der capes every day. New lace curtains. New portieres. New draperies. New upholstery goods. - Boggs&Buhl, Allegheny. The new Bilks, wash goods, em broideries, dress trimmings deserve special mentioaspace prevents. eM-lO NEW ABVXRTISEjrEXTS. NEW BLACK LACE DRAPERY NETTS -Awr- FLOUNCINGS. We have just opened a, large line of all the newest designs and effects in Striped, Flow er and Figured TJhapery' Nets, Cbantilla, Marquise and Hand-linn Spanish Flounc ings. Narrow, medium and wide widths in laces, points and other new patterns. Latest Paris Novelties in Black Passe menterie and Crochet Trimmings, Pointed Leaf and Galloon Patterns; Fancy, Colored and Black Embroideries. Black and Col ored Fringes, for Sash Trimming. Fronts and Panel effects. Your attention is called to a special line of WHITE INDIA SILKS, "Which we are offerinir at very low prices. Also, BLACK INDIA SILKS, BLACK STJBAHS and BLACK GEOS OBAIN SILKS. We do not often call attention to these in our advertisements, and do not talk as much about them as the regular drypoods stores, at the tame time the values we offer in them are equal to those offered in any of the dry soods stores in this section of the country. . DRESS LININGS Is another important line of coods to which we do not oitea call attention, and are many times surprised 10 hear our customers say that they did not know that we kept Linings. We have the largest and most extensive as sortment of Linings thai can be found in. any establishment in this city, as we make a specialty of this class of goods, and feel assured that yon will have a larger assort ment of Sileaias, Percalines, Cambrics, Crinolines, Italian Cloths anil goods of this class in general to selict from than is usual ly found in any one store. Also, Seam Bindinga, Whalebone Casings, Beltings and everything in the dress finding way, you will find an extensive assortment and at the lowest priees at our store. Special discounts to dressmakers. Samples and prices furnished to out-of-town customers on application. HORNE & WARD, 4J. FIFTH A YENUE fe25-T JWE HAVE JUST RECEIVED THE MOST COMPLETE ASSORT MENT OF FINE CHESTS! Ever shown in this city. Our stock em braces all the latest and Most Desirable Goods In the Market, And we invite the ladies of Pittsburg and Allegheny to call and examine. R. P. Wallace & Co. 211 WOOD STREET -ASD- 103 and 104 THEKDAVE. felS-wrsa Opening of our New Betail Shoe Store, No. 433 Wood Street, Abont March 20. W. M. LAIRDS' 003sra?iisrTT.a?i03sr -01- S, : MS, : ill 00 During the past two weeks we have been holding our Mammoth Bar gain Clearance Sale, with results beyond our expectations. Each day has brought us new customers. We intend to make this sale still more at tractive, and have selected several lots from our immense stock for spe cial mention. Shoe prices discounted: LOT NO. 1. A very choice selection of Ladies' Dongola, Straight and Turned Goat, hand-welt Button Boots, worth $4 and 4.50, for $3.40 a pair. LOT NO. 2. Ladies' Dongola and Straight Goat.Welt Button Boots, Common Sense and Opera lasts, perfect fitting, real value, 3.50, to be closed out in this sale at 2.69 a pair. LOT NO. 3. Ladies' Fine Dongola and Straight Goat, worth $2.$q and S3, reduced to $2.18. LOT NO. 4. Ladies' Dongola and Goat,Common Sense and Opera lasts, reduced to 1.48. This" is a rare bargain. Misses' and Children's Department brimful of bargains 25 per cent r less "than regular prices. WHERE MEN CAN SAVE MONEY 420 Pairs Fine Calf, Con gress, Bal. and Button Shoes, all styles, every pair warranted, closing ou at $2.18 a pair. 546 Fairs Men's Fine Calf Sample Shoes of all descripy tions, worth $3 and 1 3.50, going rapidly at 2.50 a pair. 348 Pairs Men's? Fine Kangaroo, Bal. and Button Shoes, reduced from 4 to 2.90 a pair, Any amount of heavy goods upon which we give unparalleled bargain such as Men's Working Shoes atSi.25, $1.50 and 1.75. Bargains in our BOYS' and YOUTHS' DEPARTMENT too numer ous to mention. -.Laird's Mammoth Bargain Shoe Stores. RETAIL STORES, 400 and 108 MARKET STREET HPIHHp f HEW ADVERTISEMENTS '1 5 SPECIAL SALE MEN'S SUITS! We have made a bis cut in the price of every medium and heavy-weight Suit, 4n both Sack and Cutaway styles.. Our Clothing is not surpassed by any, and our prices, which are always as low 'as tbe lowest, are now pushed down still further in order to reduce our stock to normal size. Bemember, every quality has been included in this reduction. k 9 Tailors, GUM aM Hatters, 161j 163 Federal St,, Allegheny. We have just opened a line of Spring Overcoats of the nobbiest shades and styles, in various grades, from (10 up. Don't fail to see them. fe22-wrsu THE" NELLIE BLY -I I iijk L The above cut represents our new Hat named in honor of the Pitts barg globe-trotter. Aside from its name, it is one of the most sensi ble, stylish and comfortable Hatsj we have ever intrpduced. Canbd" worn either for dress or traveling. KNOX'S SPRING HATS will be on sale 8. Saturday, February -- PAULSON BROS. 441 WOOD STREET. feSsrwr THE PKTE3T MXAT-FlAVORIKO STOCK LIEBIS COMPANY'S Extract of Meat. TJSE IT POB SOTJPS, Beef Tea, Sauces and Made Dishes." Genuine only with fae-simile of Justus von lebiss SIG2TATUBE IS BLUE I2TK Across label. Sold bv storeleecers. crocers and drnrrfsta. ' UJiBlUU tAIttAtr U- AUUAX CO. Lil in. ited. London. au21-M-ws rs, : Sliprs, WHOLESALE HOUSE. 515 WOOD STREET. JOHNFLOCKER & CO JULH UT ACTUXXBS OT Rocker's Lubricating Hemp Packing FOR RAILROAD USE. Italian and American. Hemp Packing Clothes lines. Twines. Bell Cord, Flsn Lines, Chalk Lines, Night Lines, Sisal Bale and Hld( Rope, Tarred Lath Yarn, Bpnn Tarn, etc. . WORKS East streei, Allegheny City, Pa.. OFjaCE AND SALESROOM-SB Water H," Pittaburg. Telephone No, 1370.; lelS-pwa