Newspaper Page Text
r SECOND PART. ' A WELL-MADE HOUSE That Can be Handsomely Constructed at a Cost of 8,500. KO CHEAP EFFECTS AIMED AT, But Good Forms and Graceful Angles Ideally Concentrated. HINTS POE BOILDEES AND DECOEATOES rwnrrrxx ros the dispatch. ELDOM it is that a bouse, graphic hints j-of which are given in this number, can be constructed and fur nished for the total )J) Bum ol S,500. Hut sjtCS' I snc'1 's tbe case anl lores are somewhat concisely followed. At the very start it must be taken for granted that the ma terials used in the building are of the best quality from base to ridge; indeed, sufficient money is reserved, or apportioned off, to easily fulfill this con tract to the letter. There need not be any . " ", i-; neglect, for, with the amount specified, the work could be done by the day. Starting out then with the assurance of a splendidly made house, we will examine into the styles and details of the various im portant features. The structure follows no set design, its architectural lines being adapted from many well-known examples. The idea of the architect has been to con centrate good forms and graceful angles with an eye to looks as well as utility. As will be seen in cut 1, there are no cheap ef fects in the finish, no common posts or pilasters, abrupt or unnnisned places. The piazza is spacious and pretty, the pediment not over elaborate, the rail standard unique in pattern and the junctures handsomely carved and united. In breaking up the facade, great care was jsed not to repeat the forms of the windows, 1 dui to vary tnem, so that the sameness usual ly teen in the ordinary house might be obviated. The paneled vases and ornamental casings, as well as the stucco finish, all tend to impress the eve with a feeling of origi nality, while it is evident at sight that the daylight has not been excluded from any part The drawings readily suggest an ampli tude of adornment in the way of projections and sweeping lines while here and there will be noticed several hand carved entabla tures. The matter of color is optional with the client, but the architect suggests a red roof, colonial yellow for the clapboards and creamy white :or the trimmings This com bination will carry off the weight of the de sign, so that it will appear light and cheer ful, not oppressive and heavy as it might, if treated with darker tones. In cut 2 we have a good representation of the dining room. As will be seen a novel feature has been introduced in the shape of a mantel, which takes up nearly the entire side of the room. Near by a stained glass window furnishes the greatest portion of light needed and forms at once an unique and useful decoration. Surely it serves a better purpose than solid masonary or plas ter, and at night adds an atmosphere which' is highly enjoyable, an alcove window, in consequence of the plentifulness of light, may be heavily draped and used as the basis for a color scheme of the room, which may consist of dark tones. All of the furniture "and paneled dados are in old oak, while the cornice, frieze and what little wall space there is showing is stippled nnd relief designs applied by hand, .this relief being in colors and the back- P2:SF V m. r.r .fet - --." oirar 3-- --- ,-.fr.rt , llj rvit i --! I . Mi Jt -5--3! ito (a mB!??! I vPC"3 POO tiftOfir)? MzzrfsT &, piwn aSKflrn. I M. 4r 1 "kjf ffoky- I IT " h . fxrrr 'tiP. I ramp" Ov-- I HIITi i r -mbJ t Till I jT ll c- ltl UJ - JT I . CWter. KKwstr. g I W- J- Ceas mi 111 I mV X, II i W " 1 cotyurtr ground gray, including two brownish tints. The cabinet is of solid oak, and is specially made to fit the little corner it occupies. With the open fireplace and Oriental carpet this room may be counted very rich in all appointments, as well as supremely com fortable and handsome. The stuff used for window draperies is of a crimson tone and exquisitely set off with a blaze of sunny yellow, which hangs from the center of the vocco-chinese bar. Caught up at the center, draped in the upper cor ners and allowed to touch the floor, to the eye ensemble is certainly charming. The furniture, upholstery and rural decorations are kept in the same Key of color as the win dow draperies, while the frame work it of hand carved cherry. The wood finish is painted in gray, rubbed and polished, with tiny gold stripes, this brings up the tone of the room and saves it from monotony or somberness. "With the oak paneled hall way and a snug sitting room as well as pan try and kitchen, the first floor is completed. The second floor presents a cheerful view both as regards to light and furnishing. Flock paper is used on the walls in the two front rooms, where also a mantel with an open fireplace beneath assists in the decora tive scheme. The new cherry bedstead, with a lounge at the foot, and other specially designed pieces, including a wide French mirror and dressing case, sets off the room to good advantage. The carpets and draperies are of light colors and designs, the former being Moquet and the latter Velours and laces. There are including the spacious bath room, five rooms and a con servatory on this floor, the latter being really an extension of the hall by the use of the bay window. On the next floor, so well has the architect divided the space, there are storage and sleeping apartments, as well as a billiard or children's play room. rJ!5,.- !' :v In a brief article of this nature it is im possible to present an inventory of the fixtures of the house; all must be told in a tentative way and much which the good wife may desire to know about the localit y ot closets, pantries, the quality of table ware, the convenience of the rooms and ac cessories, must be left out and can only be made evident by studying the plans and ex amining the materials. Then, too, the lord of the mansion can not fully comprehend where all his money is going to be spent; he may desire a stable built which would alter the plans, and it a home body, he wants to know about the heating apparatus and plumbing, the storage room for coal and wood, where his den or library is to be placed and so on, but to such it can be said that the plans show all of these essentials, the client has but to read to know everything. The exterior, including the frame, cannot be surpassed for excellence in design or standard of materials, while the interior is devoid of chilling conventionalities, pina fore furniture coverings and "installment" jute upholstery all is wholesome, rich and unaffected. If the question of locality is considered there may be a discount given upon the price mentioned, as an instance, if the house is to be situated conveniently to the city or in some lively suburb where building materials are easily attainable, there would be a shading off from 8,500, but if the mansion is to be erected several miles from the railroad the full estimate will be re quired; at all events, an amicable adjust- 'vwYTo.Vr,'" meet of this matter can be made between client and contractor. They Wnnt n Land Court. Chicago, April 25. A large delegation of prominent citizens of New Mexico, hetded by Governor Prince, passed through Chicago yesterday en route to "Washington. Their mission is to urge upon Congress the necessity of passing an act to establish a Iand Court for the settlement of all titles depending on grants made by the Mexican Government previous to the treaty of 1848. The delegation will also make an effort to secure Congressional aid in the matter of irrigation. New silk waists in black, navy, garnet, $i 95 ud, at Rosenbaum & Co.'s. 7 ' - """ THE HTTSBURG DISPATCH. THE BRIGAND'S LAND. Glimpses of the Strange Sicilian Country Gained Daring A JOUBNEY AROUND MOUNT ETNA. Picturesque and Poetic Scenes on rerj Hand, Along "With SAD EVIDENCES OF HUMAN MISEEI lCOCKESrOSDENCB 07 TBI DISPATCH. 1 Naples, Italy, April 8. An ascent of Etna will suggest great opportunities for Sicilian observation in traversing the circle of cities and villages at the tremendous base oi the mountain. A road such as it is, nearly 150 miles long,forms the pinkish and dirty thread upon which all these lava threaded towns seem to be strung. Perhaps a fourth of the distance can be made by rail, along the Ionian Sea at Etna's eastern base. On our return from the ascent of Etna I persuaded Balbino to turn over the affairs of his tiny alberghettoor inn to his grinning and greasy helpmeet, and not only accom pany me on the tour around Etna, but to then remain my companion across the entire island to Palermo, over the old road upon which Roman, Grecian nnd vandal armies chased each other back and forth with such lively energy from 1,000 to 2,000 years ago. As Palermo, the beautiful, is the im perial city of every loyal Sicilian; as Bal bino had never set eyes upon it, and this would be his one chance ot a lifetime for seeing it; and as there was a pleasant re ward set at the other end of his friendly services; after extraordinary excitement and preparation for departure, we set out by rail to Giardini, a little nest of malaria and ver min almost halfway along the eastern Sicil ian coast to Messina, where we secured two excellent donkeys, leaving one half of their hire as caparra or earnest-money; made ex cellent provision for a week's out-door Hie, if the conditions of tbe lonely and filthy roadside inns rendered that necessary; and at once began climbing tbe mountain road, leading from the sea to the little hamlet of Gaggi, on our way around the northern foot-bills of Etna. Just before reaching the latter, we halted for a last look at the Ionian sea. To the northeast the lower reach of the Italian peninsula was plainly visible across the Strait of Messina; a score of cities and villages snowed their roots along the Sicilian shore-edge to the north; and so near that it seemed one could toss a stone into its ruinous streets, lay Taormina, the ancient Tauromenium, n perfect un housed museum of architectural monu- ments of all ages. OLD EISA'S GRANDEUR. "We were traveling toward the source of the Alcantara river, and the road lays along the brow of tbe mountain rangeabove. The flowing stream and its grand valley were continually below us to the left Beyond, and constantly in view, rose another range of mountains, and Etna's peak from 18 to 20 miles distant, loomed grandly above. Here and there through intervening valleys, were caught glimpses of populouscities lying still further up Etna's sides Fiedimonte, peo pled by mountaineers; Linguagrossa and Castiglione, where thousands of tbe peasantry are encaged exclusively in cultivation of hazel nuts, nnd Mojo, standing against the side of the most northern crater oi the Etna region. Indeed, all tbe way from tbe sea through Franca villa, where we rested at noon, to Kandazio, which we reached be fore dark, the scenery in every direc tion is of an Alpine character. Deep and clear-cut valleys, showing masses of luxuriant verdure; tremendous peaks cutting sharp against a sky of intensest blue; foaming rivers and feathery mountain cascades continually flashing upon the sight; high-perched ruins of Hellenic, Roman and tbe later Norman fortresses, everywhere reminding of a heroic past; and romantic capanne or huts peeping from foiest openings halfway to the clouds; with glints and gleams of color from the clothing of shepherds and mountaineers; all contribute to a winsome blending of the sublime, tbe romantic and the picturesque. We could see nothing of Randazzo by night; for Balbino found lodging for us at the house ot a friend, and the embracing, chatter, pipes, wine and floods of tearful reminiscences of these folk separated only by one mountain, but celebrating a reunion as though they had girdled the earth for the meeting, was ac enthralling spectacle. Bnt when the morning came and we had set out again, our host running beside us for miles on our way toward Bronte, and hid got op posite the medieval rookery, what A SCENE FOE A PAINTEE lav back there asrainst the side of Etna. Here were the peaks dividing the sources of the Alcantara, which circles the volcano to the north, and the Simcto, which sweeps about it to the south. Behind Randazzo to the north, the empurpled peaks we had let behind us the day before. To the east a half dozen ordinary mountains against the sun swept sides ot Etna like tiny purple warts against its stupendous contour. And then ancient Randazzo perched above a deep ravine, its Norman churches, tremendous towers and ducal palaces, a very apotheosis of Middle Age macnificenccandrjower. One cannot wonder at Frederick II. loving Ran dazzo, "the populous," or for drawing the magnificent old spot closer to his heart by conferring the title of Duke of Randaz zo upo'n one of his sons; nor can simple minded Balbino be blamed for be lieving that his insignificant little island of Sicily contains more area, wealth, power and people than all the rest of the world. Randazzo has a population of 10,000 souls; Bronte, which we reached lor mid-day rest, fully 10,000; Aderno, to which we came late at night, 14,000. Thriving villages dot the way between. Yet all of these are actually upon the sides of Etna, at times desolated, but alwavs fertilized, by its influence 1 The situation of Bronte, with its mass of rude houses, churches, convents and for tresses, is a curious study in the freakful ac tion of Etna. It lies "to the east of and above a deep valley, its buildings piled along up the mountain side in a most irreg ular fashion. Close to it, and frowning above it, is a huge almost perpendicular mass of lava. Etna boiled over one day and the liquid mush of fire came slowly down, as you have seen molten lead run a river half a mile wide at times, 100 feet deep at its puffy, oozy, breaking front. It came almost straight toward Bronte, and the people scam pered across the valley to see their city spunged out. DESTRUCTION AVEETED. But just before tnis could happen Etna had got through boiling. The lava stood there in a great wall and cooled off. Be tween the city and this precipice aie now the finest vineyards and olive groves in Sicily. Opposite tbe city to the west, mag nificent mountains lift their heads above the valley, and within the purple of their upper vallevs can be seen the Conventof Maniace, the Cathedral of Traina and the Convent ot St. Elias of Ambula, all founded by great Roer the Norman, while toward th'e huge cone of Etna can be seen rising above each other tbe lesser craters of Minardo, Rovolo and the Monti Lepre. Bronte also gave to Lord Nelson a duke dom. Tbe King of Naples, who conlcrred it, complimented Nelson with no empty title. It nets revenues are still 515,000 year ly. Leaving tbe city in the direction of Aderno, the road is cut throuch tremendous beds of lava; and we climbed one of the walls to trace the deep black surface of tbe furrow along the valley to the west, and op posite, to the very cone of Etna, which the eye could follow in its narrowing, sinuous line. Tbe entire way to Aderno, circling the wcsVjrn mountain base, is skirted br the PITTSBURG, SATURDAY, APRIL 26, 1890. Simeto river which is never out of sight, and, dashing tumultuously toward the sea, forms the western boundary of the volcanic region. On the one hand was Etna with its score of lesser craters and unsceakablv hid eous barrens, with here and there a bit of ainy neatn ana stunted pine, un tne oiaer, as far as the eye could reach, were moun tains and valleys, rich with cultivation, cov ered with fields of cereals and cotton, beau tiful on the mountain slopes with vineyards and olive groves, and, near every hut, hamlet, villa, and every manner of enclos ure, glorious with vines and flowers. But where we rode NO LIVING THING GEEW save withered heath. No stream coursed across our way; no fountain murmured by the roadside. The radiation of the sun from the lava road gave a heat intense and suffo cating; while the dust from the powdered scoria; at times seemed almost intolerable. Nearing Aderno rich masses of Indian fig and olive began shutting out the hideous lava beds, and the immediate surroundings of tbe weird old place are as luxuriant as can be found on the southern slopesof Cuba. One can hardly discover another queer old spot like this in all Europe. It is simply a solid mass of convents and nunneries, on the site of the ancient Sikelian city of Had ranuni, the religious houses, founded 740 years ago by Roger L, being supported by immense landed estates. Over one-half of the 14,000 souls are inmates of, or are in some way attached to, these institutions; while all the remainder, excepting the nobility and a few comfortable merchants, are mere dependents. Tremendous grated structures rise terrace-like above each other; and with prisons and old Norman keeps, comprise all there is ot the city save the huts of the lowly clustered beneath their walls, and the burrows of the lazzaroni reek ing with filth and disease. The distance from the Simeto river to Pa lermo is about 120 miles. We traveled this on our excellent donkeys in four days, with time to spare for brief excursions from the main highway to objects of special interest. The face of the country is mountainous, save where now and then infrequent level plains intervene. The mountainous districts re call some of the sterile and forbidding heights of Spain. The plains, though ex ceedingly fertile, seem uninhabited and as if deserted by some former people who might have possessed them ages ago. Italy and Sicily are "sunny" enough; cereals, fruits and flowers are almost tropically lux uriant; but how can the humane traveler rave over the GLOEIES OF PAGAN EUINS, the massiveness of medieval monuments, monasteries, cathedrals and fortresses, or the dazzling palaces of the nobility of to day, when almost the entire people of a land are the serfs of a few; when the lowly comprise all but the nobility, the governing classes and ecclesiastics; and when doubtless 2,500,000 souls out of Sicily's 2,584,099 inhabitants are as ani bitionless, ignorant and sodden as swine. An infinite comDassion fires one's heart for the hopelessness of such a people; and when interest in tremendous natural phenomena, classic regions and old age remains, lessens, the pitiable and pathetic side of life in such a land begins to possess and hurt you. Any land boasting no progressive farming popu lation masters ot the soil they till, without a fairly contented peasantry possessing se cure and well defined rights in their hold ings, is doomed to desertion and decay. I plied Balbino with all manner ot ques tioning as to where were the farmhouses, the peasantry's cabins, even the cottiers' huts, or Sicily. The little old innkeeper of Catania seemed almost unable to compre hend rry meaning. In all the distance from Etna to Palmers, and to the right and left as far as the eye could reach, but seven "farmhouses" had been seen. These were not farmhouses as we? know them. Each was a desolate stone structure, inhabited by the family of some soprantendente or over seer, where tools are stored, and in the busiest seasons of labor a gang of wolfish faced men and women are ted on slops, and herded at night on stone benches for sleep. THE BBIGANDS' HOME. The montanaro or mountaineer, the atore or plowman, the pecorajo or shepherd, the vignajo or vine-dresser, the vendemmiatore or grape gatherer, the miltere or, reaper, and ever manner of human animal that labors with flocks or in vineyard or field, is in fact a contadino or villager, living in low and poisonous hovels in cities or hamlets, from ont of wbicb, as we saw on several occa sions, the hollow-eyed crowds pour before daylight, munching their food as they dragged themselves to their flocks in the mountains or their toil in the vineyards and fields. It is very picturesque and poetic, no doubt. But some of the scales are drop ping irom my own eyes regarding these Mediterranean countries. The poet that can sing here to-day save against the curse of power and humau enslavement, has a coward's heart and a sycophant's tongue; and those echoes of the stately classics sounding through the centuries in the ears of one belore whose tear-stained eyes these nineteenth century serf-chattels pass and re pass in vilest bondage, become the loathe some and hateful mockeries of a wronged and outraged race. It is no wonder that brigandage still flour ishes in such lands, and that tne lowly who are too spiritless to become brigands hold a deep though secret sympathy tor this class of the population. I aiu sure I should organ ize, or become a member of, such a band, were I compelled to live in Sicily. They are not murderous fellows like their brethren of the Italian peninsula, or of Spain. They simply courteously relieve you of your lighter belongings, such as coin and jewelry, wish you good voyage, and return to their mountain homes, bestowing gifts among the poor and at roadside chapels as they go. Balbino gave me his word for it that they are tbe noblest DISPENSEBS OP CIIAEITY in the whole island; oftentimes succoring the deserted and starving; are not altogether in disUvor with the poorer clergy from their frequent timely munificences; and at death are duly shriven and occasionally mourned. They certainly intest the entire way between Catania and Palermo; and my good fortune at possesing an innkeeper of the humbler caste for a companion was more than once proven. Between this class of landlords and the brigands the best of an understand ing prevails; for without their custom inn keeping away from the larger cities would be a sorry vocation in Sicily. They are har bored in the little albcrgbettos as prized guests. Here they gain knowledge of the movements of parties worth plundering, and communicate the same to tbeir comrades in different parts of the island. Even the carbineers who are occasionally detailed as escorts to traveling parties are familiar with their faces and intentions.and preserve a dis creet silence to the authorities, unless inter fered with themselves. At every roadside inn from Aderno to Palermo we found these fellows enjoying themselves agreeably, and, on two occa sions, at Leonforte and Misilmeri, they were hobnobbing over their pipes and wine in a most delightful fashion with detach ments of soldiery. Nor were Balbino and myself ever shut out from this peculiar companionship. But the highest test of mutual trust and kindness was shown at Misilmeri. Here, as I bad offered Balbino the privilege of returning by steamer to Catania, he accepted my oQer and informed me that bis "friends" would pass both oar donkeys and their hire bacle along the way in safety to their owner at Giardini; alter which pleasant arrangement we descended the mountains by diligence to the beautiiul city of Palermo by the sea. Ed oak L. Wakeman. Tccnmseli nnd iho Telephone. I recently heard General Sherman ex press himself about the telephone, says a writer in 77ie Epoch. "It's one ot the big cest of modern nuisances," said the venera ble warrior; " I've tried the telephone 10,000 times and never knew it to work richt. If I want to send a message, I be lieve in puttinz a man on a horse and letting him'deliver it." A NEW EOKCE FOUND. Dr. Joseph Leidy on the Talue of Eeely's Recent Experiment. NEW THING IN PHYSICAL SCIENCE. Where the Inventor First Got the Idea That Eeaulted in DEVELOPING THE STRANGE P0WEE Philadelphia, April 25. The follow ing is a copy of a letter addressed to Prof. Dewar, of the Royal Institution of Great Britain by H. OxnardSvard: "Dear Pbop. Dewae A I have al ready informed you, I carried out your wishes in reference to Prof. Rowland, of the Johns Hopkins University, as far as tbe ex tending to him of an invitation to witness some of Mr. Keely's experiments in sympa thetic vibration was concerned. Prof. Row land was not able to witness any demonstra tions whatever, on account of an accident which had happened to the disintegrator; and he could not fail to have formed an un favorable opinion of Mr. Keely from all that transpired on that occasion. I next re newed the invitation to Prof. Barker, which had already been extended to him by Prof. Leidy, both these gentlemen being pro fessors in the Pennsylvania University. Prof. Barker was not able to be present. "The series of experiments which have been given for scientists, mechanical engi neers.and others, since my return, clossd on the 12th. Tbe steady progress, from week to week, since the accident to the disinte grator was repaired, has given beautiful evi dence of the wisdom of the plan adopted by Mr. Keely in the winter of 1888-'89, which led him to turn his attention to a class of experiments of quite a different nature from those which up to that time had been given for commercial ends; experiments which have not failed to convince all who at tended the entire series that Mr. Keely is dealing with an unknown force, the laws governing which he is still in partial ignorance concerning. He ad mits now that he cannot construct a patent able engine to use this force until he has mastered the principle, and now a fund, with the approval of scientists, has been appropriated for his use to this end; upon the one condition that he will waste no more time upon what is, known as "the Keely motor engine" until he has demon strated his ability to control reversions and in all points to govern the revolutions. ' THE PIEST EXHIBITION. His last engine was built to exhibit the practical nature of his discovery to capital ists, the managers of "the Keely Motor Company" (which company died a natural death many years since) hoping thereby to raise the price of its stock and to be able to furnish Mr. Keely to the end with the funds that he needed. But the exhibition of this engine was premature and did not succeed. There will be no further need of such exhibi tions in future, and it is, as it always has been, in the interest of the stockholders that the stock should not rise until the engine is completed; then the stock will rise to remain raised. From this time the interests of the stockholders will not be sacrificed, as in the past, to the interest ot stockjobbers. The experiments given surpassed preceding ones in the purity of the demonstrations, the in struments being in a better condition. In demonstrating what seems to be the over coming of gravity, for aerial navigation, Mr. Keely used a model of an airship weighing about eight pounds, which, when the differentiated wire of silver, platina,and gold was attached to it, communicating with the sympathetic transmitter, rose, de scended, or remained stationary midway.tbe motion ns gentle as that of thistledown float ing on the air. The experiment of illustrating "chord of mass" sympathy was repeated, using a glass chamber 40 inches in height, filled with water, standing on a slab of glass. Three metal spheres, weighing about six ounces each, rested on the glass floor of the cham-i . " . . I ber. The chord of mass of these spheres was B flat, first octave; E flat, second octave.and B flat, third octave. Upon sounding the note B flat on the sympathetic transmitter, the sphere with that chord of mass rose slowly to the top of tbe chamber, the posi tive end of the wire having been attached, which connected the, covered jar with the transmitter. The same results followed the sounding of the note in sympathy with tbe chord of mass of tbe other spheres, all of which descended as gently as they rose, upon changing the position to the negative. A TRUTH ESTABLISHED. "J. M. Wilicox, Ph. D., who was present, remarked: 'This experiment proves the truth of a fundamental law in scholastic philosophy, viz: that When one body at tracts or seeks another body, it is not that the effect is the sum of effects produced by parts of one body upon parts of another, one aggregate of effects, but the result of the operation of one whole upon another whole.' , "The experiments of the 12th closed with the disintegration of water, 12 drops of which we saw dropped, drop by drop, into the small sphere attached to the disintegra tor, alter exhausting the air by suction. A pressure of over 20,000 pounds to the square inch was shown to the satisfaction ot all present, and when Mr. Wilicox accepted Mr. Keely's invitation to take a seat on the arm of the lever, adding bis 2G0 pounds to the weight, applause broke lortb. Mr. Keely showed control of the ether (inter-atomic subdivis ion) by graduating the escape of the reidue, as he allowed it to discharge itself with a noise like the rushing of steam to an expul sion as gentle as the breathings of an infant. Tbe three subdivisions acted simultaneous ly, showing instantaneous association and disassociation. Tliesympatlietic globe was operated upon, 120 revolutions a second ceasing the instant that tbe wire was de tached. "I regret to say that Prof. Ira Remsen, who wrote to me that he has a keen sense of justice, was prevented from witnessing any one of this series of experiments, as lie in tended doing; nor have I been able to get the opinion of any physicist in whom I felt any confidence; but Mr. Keely is satisfied to have the support of such men as J. M. Wili cox, Ph. D. and Prof. Leidy, LL. D. Dr. Leidy was awarded the Lyelf Medal in 1884, when in London, and the Cuvier Prize in 1888, from the Academy of Sciences in France. He Is known in America not only as possessing the broadest of minds and tbe the gentlest of natures, but as holding in his heart that love for, and reverence ot, truth and justice which alone can confer tbe power of forming a correct and just judgment. WHERE HE GOT THE IDEA. "I would like to have yon make known in England that Mr. Keely is indebted to Macvicar's 'Sketch of a Philosophy' for turning his attention, in 1834, to researches on the structure of ether, and to Mrs. F. J. Hughes, a niece of Darwin (not Mrs. Watts Hughes), for the suggestions in her work on 'Harmonies of Tones and Colors De veloped by Evolution, which led him into the line of experiment that now enables him to show on a disc the various colors of sound (each note having its color), enabling him to demonstrate In Mrs. Hughes' own words that 'the same laws which develop harmonies develop the universe.'" Dr. Joseph Leidy has written the follow ing: "After having had the opportunity of witnessing a series of experiments made by Mr. John Keely, illustrative of a reputed new motor power, it has appeared to me that he has fairly demonstrated the discov ery of a force previously unknown to science. I have no theory to account for the phenomena observed, but I believe Mr.. Keely to be honest in his attempt to ex plain them. His demonstrations apnear to indicate great mechanical power, which, when applied to appropriate machiney, must supersede all ordinary appliances." The following additional statement is from James M. Wilicox. Ph. D author of "Elemental Philosophy." "After having witnessed on several occa sions and under favorable circumstances Mr. Keely's experiments in what he terms sympathetic vibration, I am satisfied that he has made new and important demonstra tions in physical science. He his made manifest the existence of natural forces that cannot be explained by any known physical laws and has shown that he possesses over them a verv considerable control." J. W. R'eynolds, M. A., writes: "Those acquainted with scientific progress must be struck with the fact that of late the more brilliant achievements have been made in dealing with the unseen. Tbe microscopist, the chemist, questioning the ultimate parti cles of matter, those who occupy themselves with the mysteries of molecular vibration, bear the victorious wreaths of successful dis covery, and show that every atom teems with wonders no less incomprehensible than those oi tho vast and bright far-off suns." SHODLD BE EETUENED. 'immigrant! Beeaminnlniane WIthlna'Ycar, According to Snrseon Hamlltoo. New Toek, April 25. Congressmen Owen and Stump, of the Congressional Committee on Immigration, resumed the in quiry at Castle Garden to-day. William Covcrly. Passenger Agent of the Anchor Steamship Line, testified that his line had biought 23,000 emigrants during the past year, one-third of them on prepaid tickets purchased here. Four hundred and seventy of these tickets were purchased "in blank." One-third of the Italian immigrants go home in winter and return in the spring. r James C. Savery, of the American Emi grant Company, said that his company had settled 100,000 families in the West. They had agents in Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Norway who solicited emigration. Witness said the Norwegian and Swedish emigrants could not be distinguished from the first cabin passengers. He said that 99 per cent of them could read the Bible and nine-tenths were church members, yet they were shamefully treated at the landing place here. Coroner Levy, as President of the Jewish Emigration Protective Society, tooK issue with Mr. Powderly that Russian Hebrew immigrants were not desirable. There are in the United States 1,250,000 to 1,500,000 Hebrews who are much better off hau abroad. Surgeon General Hamilton described a recent visit to Ward's Island Hospital, which he found in good condition. There were 200 people, 30 of whom were insane. He was asked: ''What action would you take"with an immigrant who became insane within a year after his arrival here?" 'I should advise his return to the coun try whence he came, with an escort if neces sary. If such action should be taken now it would reduce the number of inmates in the hospital about one-third. David Beakleley, manager of Stravss' or chestra, appeared betore the committee and said that the members of it were coming over here under contract. Tbe committee will meet again to-morrow. THE PEIDE OP A GE0USE. Fljins Into tlio Cornpnny of Sportsmen He Conducted Himself Nobly. We had got out of tbe road which Tan through the forest and over a rail fence, and were standing under a large hemlock when we heard a ruffled grouse in the dis tance. He came directly toward us and alighted on the ground about 40 feet away. There was a small gully or water course be tween us and the bird. Before he struck the ground he had taken about two-thirds of a circle to break his lightning-like fight. As soon as he lit he straightened up and took a survey. He soon saw us, but instead ot again flying he swelled up in a most pompous manner. Never had I seen a grouse appear larger or more magnificent. My brother looked at me, and I suggested that be snap a cap at him. Neither of our muzzle-loaders was charged. At the sound ? the,ffir .cap the Sr,onse WJ 'book himpoll hilt eaamarl rn rnrall hto hvaaat himself, but seemed to swell his breast out more. My brother continued taking caps from his pocket and snapping them at the grouse, bringing his gun up each time and taking deliberate aim until nine were exploded The grouse seemed to like the sound and to be fascina ted by it, and the scene generally. The man coming down the road with the dogs alarmed him, and, turning, he ran several feet and took wing, and we heard him going through the thick evergreens away in the distance. A GREAT MEETING EXPECTED. The District Grnnd Offlcer, B'nnl B'ritb, to be Hero To. Morrow. The officers ot District Grand Lodge No. 3, Independent Order of B'nai B'rith, will arrive in Pittsburg to-morrow morning from Philadelphia, to meet their friends and the members of the different local lodges at an open meeting to be held at the Eighth Street Temple to-morrow afternoon at 2 o'clock. This district has a membership of over 2,000, and is represented here by four lodges. Among the officers of the Grand Lodge expected here are Messrs. David Klein, M. C. Hirsch, M. K. Cohen and Jacob Singer, Esq., all of Philadelphia. The local officers are Josiah Cohen and Joseph Sladtfeld, Esqs. Addresses will be made by some of the prominent members, and a large meet ing is anticipated. PEEPAEISG FOE THE FDTDEE. Allecheny Looking Oat for Lmri for Becod Clasi Cities. The Committee on Rules and Regulations of the Allegheny Board of School Control lers met last night. It was decided to recom mend to the board that a standing commit tee on legislation be appointed. The pur pose of this is to have a committee in readi ness to watch any legislation likely to be enacted for Allegheny when it goes into the second class. They also recommended that the rules be amended so that the Committee on Grades and Text Books report to tho board at the meeting in May instead of in June, as here to tore. WAM'ED TO SDEEEXDER. Emlo Bej'a Coptic Clerk Betray IIU Em ployer'a Scheme. Cairo, April 25, A Coptic clerk, who was an employe of Emin Bey's while Emin was at Wadclai, has made a sworn de position before Mason Bey to the effect that the revolt of Emin's forces was solely due to the discovery of Emin's plan to surrender bis province to the Mahdi. Emin, accord ing to the clerk's statements, sent three messengers to tbe Mahdi offering to sur render, but they were seized and stopped by Emin's officers. The revolt followed this discoveiy. Mason Bey considers the state ment credible. AN IlIPEUlAIi MEETING. The Empress of India Meets Her Grandson, tbo German Emperor. Darmstadt, April 25. Emperor Will iam arrived here to-day. The Grand Duke of Hesse and tbe civil and military authori ties received the Emperor at the railway station, and the 'whole party drove to tbe new palace, where the Emperor was greeted by Queen Victoria and the Princesses. Afterward tbe Emperor proceeded to the Ducal Castle, and later returned to the pal ace and dined with tbe Queen and theDucal family. "V"il CHAPTER I. A shady noot, sheltered by willows not, perhaps, as sequestered as some people might have wished for but two souls were satis fied with the spot they had selected, there fore who should question its seclusion? But water is the conductor of sound, and when two lovers "go a-courtin' " on the river and choose for tbeir bower an island round which other lovers of boating are apt to wander, they really should be careful what they say. "Dolly, you know I love you, haven't I told you so thousands of times?" "Yes; but why?" What a confession for a man, who didn't know what love was, to bear! Fancy Dolly's sweetheart telling ber a thousand times that he loved her, and the only answer she could make him was: "Yes; but why?" Poor Dolly couldn't understand why he loved her. Sweet young things, to be so happy; they were in love, and there was an end to everything. What was the outside world to them ? A dreamland, and they were the only two mortals living in that land. Tbey must have been, for they didn't notice the solitary figure that punted nearly into their canoe. Tom, or whatever the poor deluded fel low's name was, looked crestfallen. He was thinking of Dolly's answer. "What ever does Dolly mean ? I keep telling her I love her, and she asks me why, and I don't know, so I can't tell her." I'm sure this is what he was conning over in his mind, for he must have told her scores of times she was pretty, and plump, and Well, I didn't know any more about her qualities, I could only judge by out ward appearances, seeing ber for a moment, and a pretty face always attracts, and Dolly's was attractive; consequently she must be pretty, and not vain; otherwise she wouldn't have asked why her sweet heart loved her, but would have con cluded that it was because she was pretty, for Tom must have often told ber so, and she didn't either believe him, or, like a little coquette, which, perhaps, she was, Dolly wanted to be told so over and over again. "Leave tbe turtle doves in peace; punt in, Jack, to the Belle Weir Hotel, and refresh the inner man." A briefless barrister an uncommon being family pride had made him one, personal pride would have made him someone who could make money. But "what will the world say?" had to be considered, and no trade conld be thought of. Consequently "the him" in question, more commonly called Jack Dainstey. was educated for the ,bar, and now, iu bis 25th year, was about as poor as a lellow possiDiy coma De, ana oy the advice of all bis friends and relations was, as a last resource, about to take unto himself a wife who could keep him. Bat love wasn't thought of. tVhat a state of affairs And until hearing Tom's confession and Dolly's answer, the idea of marrying with out love had not entered my bead. I'd been out in the world, met girl after girl, admired a pretty face, flirted outrageously and remained heart-whole, yet I was en gaged to be married to one of the prettiest girls in town. But our courtship was not romantic. I'd never told Madge I loved her; I'd asked her to be my wife in the same matter-of-fact way as I'd ask any man to brush my coat, she'd said the necessary "Yes," and we were engaged. Paragraphs appeared in all the society papers to that effect, and the world knew all about it. Many fellows called me a "lucky dog," others spoke of the truth when they said I was marrying that pretty Miss Mills for her money. Uonseience, you are my adviser, is there such a thing as love? Tell me, before it is too lute! Conscience answers "Yes, but you don't know what it is." Conscience, you are right. Here's the Bell Weir at last, and I'll toast your health in a quart of shandy-gaff, for I'm awfully dry. "Alice, is it too late? I'm to be married to-morrow, and instead of being the happiest girl in creation I am undoubtedly the most miserable. Alice, Jack doesn't love met" So spoke Madge Mills to her bosom friend the day before her marriage. "Madge, how absurd you arel Not love you. indeedl Why, men don't make a show of tbeir affections, that only happens in fairy tales or novels. Do you expect Jack to be always bending over you and whisper ing soft nothings in your ear? Because, dear, if you do, quickly uudeceive your young trusting sell, and be content with the unvarnished side of Jack's nature. He can't be all polish, as some men are, but then their polish often hides blemishes, whereas Jack 13 in the rough diamond state. It's for you to do all tbe polishing, and re member my words, Madge the advice of your matter-of-fact Iriend it rest with you entirely whether Jack turns out a periect gem, one tnat tbe whole world will covet, or spoilt in tne process oi transformation, ana consequently no good. There, dear, is a task lor you to master. Mould your hus band into shape, but be careful how you do it." "But Jack is such an uncommon lover, Alice, never caring to go anywhere with me. 'Oh, I hate dances, I can't stand crowds,' etc., etc. What must people have thought what must they think? Why, that he is marrying me simply for money; and yet-, Alice, how I love himl I appeal to you once more. Shall I, at the eleventh hour, break off the engagement and set him free, or shall I endeavor to win him to me, to make him love me, if I can?" "Wise young person! Make him worship at your shrine. Jack is a strange fellow. He doesn't care for girls who gad about, as he calls it, nnd every man is aftr; Jack, isn't that sort of a man who would be jeal ous it other men made love to his wife. Those men are fools, or tbe women are, to give them cause. He would be disgusted, and rightly so. 'Set your cap,' vulgarly speaking, at Jack, but don't let him see you are doing it. Use your woman's tact and fascinations. Let him see you are not like 'all women.' His love, respect and admiration is what you covet and only his. There, my sermon is ended, and you shall utter the 'Amen.' " "Amen, Alice, and thank you. To morrow morning Jack and I will be bound bv chains that death only can sever. If I win his love, it will be as a wife, not as a maid." "Madge! "Madge! Where are you? Here have I been hunting all over the house and grounds to try and find you. That fellow Standing's here, and wants me to go to town with him. He's found us out, and says we're making our honeymoon too long, and we ought to be back amongst onr old friends and our old haunts. But somehow, I'd rather stop here and be quiet. Wouldn't you?" "Yes, Jack." "Why Madge, I thought you'd have pined PAGES9T0I2. CV T vT-f-l i -wv. for town and gaiety, but you seem quite content with this sort of existence. We'va wu x J,mm life for a whole month. What shall I tell him?" "Whatever you like, Jack, although I'm perfectly happy here and I'm sure could re main so for a long time yet." "Madge, you are a funny mortal. StrangB how men are deceived in girls. Now I've gone out of my way to study you. I'm pleased with the task I've set myself. The morel study it, the easier and more inter esting it becomes. But perhaps we'd better make our 'start off,' before the London season begins. There's the house waiting i,ac 'warminP' ia Curzon street, so let's tell Standing he can jog back to town and inform our numerous relations, friends and acquaintances that Mr. and Mrs. JacK Dainstey will no doubt be seen about the streets and parks of London town in a few days. How will that do? Beside there's that case of mine coming on next montb, so I must be on the spot. Mv first brief ! Can it be possible? You've brought me luck, Madge for since I've been married I've actually been trusted, and I hope I shan't be found wanting." Jack, have you been happy here, happy away from everybody vou know, and all your old haunts?" "Happy, little woman, why I've never felt so happy in all my life." "Neither have I, Jack, and that's why I don t want to leave here. I don't believe we shall be half so happy in town, there are too many people who will want to be in our world." "Our world, why two people don't make a world, though two people can help to mar it. I hate meddlers and gossipers, Madge, they are my abomination. We'll have a flower garden without any weeds. It's a very difficult thing to have, but we'll try and have it, won't we, little one ?" "Little one." Jack was happy in mv so cietyand to-day he had spoken so tend'erlv to me. Was he beginning to care for me? Would Alice's words come true? Should 1 be the one to perfect him. If Jack learns to love he will give me the love of his life. The love that no other woman has shared or ever would. Yes, Jack is different to other men, and why had he ever married without loving for he had done so perhaps ha thought he never could love and one girl was the same to him a3 another. No, one should be different, and that one, was his wife. CHAPTER II. "HOJIE AND LOVE." "Madge, that case comes on to-morrow. I wonder if you'll care to come and hear my defense-- X hope I shan't make a stupid of myself. You've been so patient in helping me to put a 'bold front on and I want you to be repaid for your trouble and if possi ble to be proud of me for once." '"Of course it's possible. Alice and I have quite made up our minds to come, and you're sure to make a grrat success of your speech, if you'll only deliver it as you've read it to me. I'm not going to that dance to-night, Jack, I want to have bright eyes and bright cheeks in court to-morrow. I want you to be proud of your pretty wife." This came from my heart and Jack knew it and looked pleased. Can a man ever be blind to a woman's love? He must see it; no matter how much she strives to veil it, it shines through the thickest mist and is welcome. Darling, I am striv ing to win you, and the battle is an easy one, but I don't want your compassion I That won't satisfy Madge Dainstey. I wantyour love don't love me because it is your duty, or because you know I love you but be cause you can't help doing so. Will that day ever come, and will it be soon when mr husbanu and not lover goes on his knees to me and says, "Madge, 1 love you." What a dream of bliss. Will it ever be ? The court was crammed to overflowing, everyone was there. Most of "our circle" went out of curiosity. Anxious to hear what Jack Dainstey was go ing "to be up to." Numerous remarks had been passed, Alice told me after, at Lady Hill's the night before. Some had said Jack would be sure to do some thing great, he was made of the proper stuff, and had only wanted a brief to show tbe other fellows at the bar what he could do. Que man had commented on Jack's im provement since his marriage. "I never thought Dainstey was in love with that girl when he married her, but I suppose he must have been, for he seems to hang about her enough, and hardly ever spends his evenings at the club as he used to do. It's a puzzler to me. I can understand a lellow dragging alter a girl before marriage, but I'm banged if I can, after." , ' My hopes were more than realized, Jack was the lion ot the hour. His defense wag unanimously voted "grand" and bis client won tbe day. It was his first brief and was bound to bring bim fame, for he had made a great suc cess of it. In an hour Jack had made a name for himself, and tbe briefs would pour in now in dozens. This was the general opinion in court, ana time snowed people were right. "Well, Madge, what do you think of it all? You told me I should succeed and thane God I did. You can't imagine how worried and anxious I was over the whole affair. But your bright face gave me cour age and I went at it. Didn't I give them some tinglers? and how beastly 'sat upon' poor Hunter was, but 'all's fair in love and war,' and mine was 'war to the knife.' And so success has crowned my efforts? A brief less barrister no longer perhaps, dear, I shall be able to help my friends to a few I can't undertake vanity ot vanities." We returned to our little home feeling perfectly happy and satisfied. Alice had dinner with na, and completely overwhelmed Jack with compliments. Dinner over, we left Jack to his cigar and went off to my room to have a chat. Alice and I had not an opportunity for a gossip sine? my marriage and I had so much to tell her. "Hip! hip! hurrah! Three ringing cheers for Jack! What did I tell you. Madge?, you've got a husband in a thousand, but you 1 had to find it out and treat him accordingly ', and you are to be congratulated, Mrs. ' Dainstey, for you have fitted him into the right monld, and turned bim almost perfect, eh? Now do you regret your choice? Tell me, has he given you a black eye yet, or treated you very badly, or spurned your love, etc., etc., etc" "How you are rattling on, Alice. Do I look as though I'd been badly treated? It so, my looks belie me, for I have no cause for complaint. Jack is perfection in my eyes, and, Alice, he cares for me now, and he didn't once you knew it a well as I did that night, but you wouldn't tell me the truth. I've profited by your advice though and won my hnsband'to me, and mean to win him mure every day, until at last ha is mine and no one cm question hi lore for me. The world shall Mo within i 1 v, . tfiMS&y,-. O-: !&d EKHaiBC!