THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH. FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1S90.
FOUND liTHE MMLS.
A Pen Picture of the Work of
the Dead Letter Office as
SOME EXPERT GUESSERS
"Who Can Almost Tell the Address
of Any Resident of the Country.
CURIOSITIES WITHOUT NUMBER.
Rattlesnakes and Skulls Some of the
A LITTLE PKOP1T FOR THE TKEASUCI
"Washington; Dec 23. The queer
things that go through the mails and finally
land in the Dead Letter Office in point or
number and variety discount the contents
cf a half dozen dime museums. Everything
imaginable, Irom a bar of soap to an ax
handle, and from a Doem of passion to a
brace of revolvers, finds its way into the
mails, and, if it go astrav, eventually finds
itself in the Dead Letter Office. Once a'year
there is a sale of the miscellany that has
thus accumulated, and from 5,000 to 10,000
articles of more or less value pass into the
hands of owners other than those for whom
they were originally intended.
Letters forwarded to the Dead Letter Office
are of two general classes mailable and un
bailable. Mailable letters may be ordinary
unclaimed letters, letters returned from
hotels, letters bearing fictitious addresses,
letters returned from foreign countries, or
dinary letters without inclosurcs sent to
writers and returned on failure to deliver.
I'lasscil as unbailable are all letters con
taining unmailable articles, letters held tor
pctage, letters misdirected or only partially
addressed and letters without addresses.
Besides these letters there go astray in the
mails every year vast numbers of news
papers, magazines and pamphlets, parcels of
third and fourth class matter, and registered
articles, both of domestic and foreign origin.
The Kate of Loss Ter Day.
About 18,000 letters, parcels and packages
get lost in the mails every day in the year,
and they find their way to the Dead Letter
Office. As this collection of daily mail
comes in it is assorted according to classifi
cation and the work of regulation begins.
Fifteen or 20 men and women are engaged
la assorting and opening the letters and
parcels, while in the gallery above are
seated 60 young women intently reading the
hundreds of missives, tender and otherwise.
They determine whether a letter is of suf
ccut importance to be returned to the
writer, for with them it is a matter
ot business, and not of sentiment.
They only know how many ardent
messages of lfve thi, have cruelly con
signed to the Haines, for all letters that are
not returned to the writers, after a vain
search has beeu made for the party of the
fcccoud part, are destroyed by fire. Could
walls have ears, and eyes and tongues as
well, the Dead Letter Office might unravel
many a mystery and tell why "the letter
that he lonzed lor never came." How many
a lover's heartache these young ladies might
ease by ouly a word, a sign, letter or line
none but themselves know.
Letters that are misdirected or only par
tially addressed are turned over to a lady
operator, who has acquired skill by long
practice, and is familiar with the name of
every city, town, village and hamlet in the
civilized world, knows all the streets and ap
parently the contents of all the directories
published in this country and in Europe.
A Very Knowing; Person.
She knows that William Jones lives on
a certain street in San Francisco as well as
the carrier does who delivers the mail in
"William's district, and if one of William's
friends addresses a letter to him at that
stieet and uumber, and inadvertently writes
Chicago or Los Angeles instead "of San
Francisco, she knows that the letter belongs
to Willidin, and she changes the address
without opening tne letter and sends it
along. If a thick-headed correspondent ad
dresses a letter to James Smith, "White
Knoll, Tex., the lady to whom this letter
finally comes knows at a glance that there
it no White Knoll, Tex., and that the writer
meant it tor James Smith, White Mound,
Tex. Sometimes a letter comes along with
John T. Brown on it and nothing
more, excepting the postmark of some little
town away down in Southern California.
Experience lias taught the young women
that nine chances to one the letter is for
some other town in the same section of
country, and as a John T. Brown lives at a
certain number on a certain street in San
Francisco, the letter is sent to him. "With
each of these letters there goes to the post
master a slip instructing him to ascertain if
ti-.p voung lady'a calculations are correct,
rd if wrong to return the letter, bo that it
may be sent to some other "William Jones or
James Smith or John I. Browu, if such
tnere be, to whom the circumstances will
apply. It these methods fail, as a last re
sort the letter is opened, and takes its
chances with the hundreds of others whose
importance determines their disposal. Thus,
oy the aid of almost infinite knowledge of
t.incs undjolaces. the faculty of decipher
ing all kinds of chirocraphy, and f.imiliar
;tv with English. German, French, Span
isi, Italiau and Kussian, the young lady is
enabled to send to the rightful claimants
nearly SO per cent, ot these misdirected or
partially addressed letters unopened.
The Three Official Languages.
Only three languages. English, German
and French, are allowed in the mails, so far
as the addresses are concerned, but a variety
of tougues creep in. The average fnrpinor
takes it fcr granted that he who runs niiy"
,.1 .....1 L. 11 .!. IJ ! . . .-
it''"!" iuai du iue wuriu is not only la
minar with his language, but reads and
writes it as well, or rather as poorlv.as biai
Miif. Occasionally a letter addressed in
Hebrew or Arabic or Persian or something
else equally abstruse so lar as American
postmasters are concerned, gets into the
mans somehow, and when it reaches New
York after its ocean voyage it is sent along
to the Dead Letter Office to be deciphered and
rcaddressed in English, so that the post
masters whose linguistic accomplishments
are limited may deliver it in the good old
Such letters as bear undecipherable ad
dresses and all others that cannot be re
turned without opening are turned over to a
force of operators who systematically go
through them, merely cutting the envelope
and removing any valuables they may can
tain. Each man opens about 2,000 in a day,
and after money or drafts or checks are re
moved the opened letters,in packages of 100
each, are sent to the readers, the CO un
sentimental young ladies in the gallery
above. Articles of small value that are not
returned to owners, such as books, picture
cards, etc, are divided among the hospitals,
orphan asylums and charitable institutions
ol the District of Columbia. The money,
checks or dralts taken from letters is re
turned to the sender, unless the party for
whom it was intended can be found. Some
times, of course, neither party can be dis
covered, in which case the Government is
just that much ahead. In 1887,'or instance,
there was taken from the mails nearly
SSOO.000, and ot this amount 56,072 06 could
not be restored to owners. The annual auc
tion sale also brought in a revenue ol ?2,
121 12, thus making a total of nearly $10,
000 realized by the Government on matter
received at the Dead Letter Office.
Quito an Interesting Collection.
Connected with the Dead Letter Office is a
sort of museum where curious articles that
come in the mails and cannot be returned
to owners are placed on exhibition. In the
cabinets, which extend round the room, are
shown articles innumerable and varied,
many ol which have histories. There are
pictures and toys and jewelry without num
ber. Several Indian hatchets which were
unclaimed give to one of the cabinets an
archsclngical appearance, and a pair of In
dian pipes of red sandstone cross each other
in truly peaceful style. One of the rare
curiosities is a sheet of parchment on which
is penned the Lord's prayer in 54 languages.
It is said to be a duplicate of a parchment
which hangs in St. Peter's at Home. It
came to this country in the mail from
Europe in 1842, and as there was no trace of
its origin and no owner for it was discovered
here it was sent to the Dead Letter Office
and has been there ever since.
One ol the prettiest things is a lady's fan
made of stork feathers, the plumes being
rarer and richer than the finest ostrich
plumes. It is most magnificent in appear
ance and doubtless graced the costume of
some court beauty in the Old World, it
.came to this country from Europe many
years ago, but no clew to its owner or origin
was ever obtained. In one of the cases there
is a box of wedding cake, which came to the
dead letter office six years ago as "un
claimed." It is getting a little old and dis
colored and by this time would probably be
pretty dry eating. Considering its present
characteristics, it might be excellent "wed
ding cace to dream on." It certainly has
all the elements uecesnary to produce a
fanciful nightmare. Rosaries are quite
common in the cabinet and crucifixes are
A Pious Mother's Gift.
A most beautiful crucifix of solid gold
rests in a carnelian case. It was found in
one of the Southern potoffices at the close of
the war, and was marked "unclaimed." It
had been sent, probably, by some pious
mother to her son who perished on the field
of battle or in the hospital. There was no
name attached, and nothing to tell the story.
Near it, partially concealed in a little en
velope, is a lock" of dark-brown hair. An
inscription, in a nervous hand, reads: "This
contains my hair. Charles Guiteau." It
was put into the mails by the murderer of
President Garfield, without any address,
just as it appeared in the cabinet.
A few years ago there came to the Dead
Letter Office a tin can on which no address
was found. The can was opened and 16
lively looking rattlesnakes made their es
cape. There was a scene in the Dead Letter
office for a few minutes. Everybody got on
the chairs and tables and the rattlers were
left in full possession of the floor. Finally
they were dispatched and 15 of them .were
pickled in alcohol. One was missing, but
nobody knew it. It was supposed that IS
were enough and that none had escaped. A
few days later, one sunny allernoon, a long,
sleek-looking rattlesnake crawled from
among the papers in the chief clerk's desk,
and, unobserved, made his way to where a
younc lady visitor was sitting. His snake
ship slily crawled to her feet, and gracefully
winding himself about her slender ankles
tightened bis folds. The young lady noticed
the intrusion, and hastily looking down saw
the wily serpent, was horrified and very
properly fainted. The rattlesnake offered
no further insult nor injury, but fled in
alarm. He was killed, and, artistically
incased in a glass jar. He now adorns the
Not a Very Pleasant Feature.
From one of the cases grins a human
skull. It is brown with age, having appar
ently lain nnder the clay for a long time be
fore its resurrection and its journey through
the mails. There was no address nor post
mark when it came. All that it bore was
the inscription, "Jimmy McDuff," carved
on the frontal bone. Jimmr McDuffisthe
name of a murderer who perished on the
scaffold out "West a few years ago; but the
skull is not believed to be Jimmy's. Some
body evidently sent it as a joke to some
friend acquainted with the circumstances of
Jimmy's taking off.
A rather novel letter on exhibition is in
the form ot a pretty pink shell, on which is
inscribed a tender message. There was 21
cents postage due when it reached the
owner, but she declined to pay that much,
even for a novelty in the way of a letter,
and it had to be Sent' 16 the Dead Letter
Office. A pair of woodpeckers of most
brilliant plumage hang in one corner of a
case and are there because tney were un
claimed. They are stuffed.with sawdust,
and are finished in the highest style of the
A negro doll baby, black as H. Bider
Haggard's African chief, TXmsIopogass, leers
at the visitor from one of the cabinets. It
was addressed a vear or eo ago to a young
society lady in New York, but ascertaining
the contents of the package, she declined to
pay the postage and it came back to the
Dead Letter Office.
Some of the Other Curiosities.
A bootblack's outfit, a wood saw, a hat
box, a gold-headed cane, snuffboxes, gold,
silver and bronze medals, coius of all kinds,
countries and ages are among the curiosities
collected. The metal basis for a set of false
teeth is in one of the cases. It was un
claimed and came to the Dead Letter Office
several years ago. A short time since an
oM gentleman who visited the museum
recognized the remains of his former set of
false teeth. He had sent tbem to a" dentist,
he said, for repairs, but lost trace of them
entirely. As he had bought a new pair be
said he had no use for the old ones, so they
remain in the Dead Letter Office.
A huge ax, such as is used by firemen,
came in the mails a short time ago and
landed in the Dead Letter Office because it
was unmailable for three reasons it issbarp
poiuted, it is overweight and oversize. Axes
are not allowed in the mails, although some
people seem to think there is no limit pre
scribed. There are persons who would start
a thrashing machine or a sawmill through
the mails if a postmaster conld be found
reckless enough to give it a start.
LAW OFFICERS HTDICTED.
Tho Prohibitory Law a Rich Jlino for
Justices and Constables.
Des Aloises. Dec. 25. Some ot the Jus
tices and Constables who have grown fat on
the methods employed to enforce the prohib
itory law in this (Polk) county have
at last come to grief. The grand
jury yesterday returned bills against
a number of them. The charges are
conspiracy to defraud the county, threats to
extort money, blackmail, and making false
retnrns of warrants. Justice Collender and
Constables Kellar, Burdick, "West, Hamil
ton and Cleggett were indicted for conspir
acy to defraud; Constables Pierce, "Westand
Hamilton for blackmail, and Clegget was
also indicted'for making false warrants.
Some idea of the extent of the operations
of these Justices, constables, searchers and
spotters may be obtained from the statement
of their feebills rendered against the connty
during ten months of the present year in
criminal caes, nearly all ol which relate
to the prohibitory law, amounting to con
siderably over $50,000. The probability is
that for the year tbey will exceed $60,000.
"When the present officers were defeated
for renominatiou in September last
they became incensed and " greatly
increased their activity. The pace at
which costs accumulated was not generally
known, however, until the transcripts were
filed with the Board of Supervisors in No
vember. So exhorbitant were they that the
board refused to allow any of them, and
passed a resolution asking the grand jury to
investigate the matter and report their find
ings to the district court. It is probable that
the other justices, three in number, and the
constables serving them will also be in
dicted. The grand jury has returned a joint in
dictment for conspiracy against Aldermen
Smith and Sheldon and ex-Aldermen
Drady, Morris, Macy and Reynolds. This
is the sequel to their recent trial and ac
quittal on the charge of willful misconduct
Tho Ladles Delighted.
The pleasant effect and tho perfect safety
with which ladies mar use the liquid frnlt laxa
tive. Syrup of Figs, under all conditions-make
it their favorite remedy. It is pleasing to the
eje and to the taste, gentle yet effectual in act
lug on tho kidneys, Uver.and bowels.
NEGROES IN CLOVER;
Communities Down Sonlh Where
They Vastly Preponderate.
TRAITS OP THE NEGRO CHARACTER.
Their Improvidence, Their Yanlty and
Their Love of Display.
CATTLE AND HULKS Y0EED TOGETHER
rconaEsroxDrxcE ov tub mspxTcn.j
MontgomIrt, Ala., Dec. 24. A great
deal has been written recently about tho
"New South," which means, I presume, the
development of the rich mineral resources of
some districts and the rapid building of
manufacturing towns and cities in conse
quence. These towns dofiot differ materially
irom places of the sjme class everywhere,
except, perhaps, in two particulars that
the mass of common laborers are negroes,
and that the -white people differ slightly in
their customs from the white people at the
Among the leading manufacturing towns
of the South I have found but one that
varied from the above description. This is
Ft. Payne, Ala., which is distinctively a
Northern town, almost all its people having
come from the North. I mention it espe
cially because when two years ago, on a
Queen and Crescent Railway train, I ran
past where it now stands, there was nothing
but a cotton field. Now it is a large, fine
looking town, with water works, electric
lisht, blast furnaces, rolling mill, and sev
eral other factories, giving an idea of how
some of these new towns grow.
The Old South is the Theme.
Bnt it is about the "Old South" that I
started out to write the agricultural dis
tricts where the Yankee has not invaded.
Here the customs are much the same that
they have always been. The"black belt"
extends east anil west across Alabama and
Mississippi. In Alabama it is from 50 to 70
miles wide. It was originally covered with
a dense growth of cane, hence it was called
the cane-brake country. It produces im
mense quantities of cotton, hence it is called
the "cotton belt." ' The soil is black, hence
it became known as the "black belt, ' and
there is now another good reason for calling
it the black belt, as at least four-fifths of
the population are black.
On Saturdays the colored people flock
into the towns in such numbers as to liter
ally blockade the sidewalks, and their ox
teams blockade the streets. Last Saturday,
at Greensboro, Ala., two gentlemen of our
party counted the persons as they passed the
hotel, and there were 100 blacks to nine
Their teams and outfits are odd mostly
oxen, mauy of them driven singly. Some
teams consist of an ox and a mule, others of
an ox and a cow.
Animals Unequally Yoked Together.
During this forenoon I saw a man driving
a yearling calf in shafts, while, since I be
gan writing this letter, I saw from the car
window a "poor white" driving a cow
hitched to a wagon, on which the family of
a woman and two children were moving.
Their wagons are very antiquated, but few
of them having bodies, and none of them
This season of the year is the time to see
the country negroes, and indeed all the
planters are in the towns in masses and in
their glory. They are now marketing their
cotton, and they "make" surprising quanti
ties of that plant in this black belt The
negroes have worked all the spring, summer
and autumn and have subsisted on scanty
allowance. Very many of them, I am in
formed, have scarcely seen a dollar within
that time. Now they are having the ex
quisite pleasure of marketing their crop and
spending the money what little is left after
they have satisfied the liens of tbcjnerchants
who, during the working seasons furnished
tbem corn, flitch and seed.
Many may wonder why they buy
cotton "seed. The answer is, that most
ot them, like many of their brothers in
white, are not very provident, hence they
sell all their cotton seed at a low price In
the fall and pay two or three times as much
per measure for what they need in the
spring. Their improvidence can scarcely
be wondered at, when it is remembered that
for generations they were not required to
form habits of providing for themselves.
An Easy Prey for the Fakir.
But it exposes them to many evils. They
are easily imposed upon by venders of
nostrums and gew-gaws of every kind, and
sharpers, understanding this, strike the cot
ton belt at the cotton selling season.
I saw fakirs in almost every town
with always a crowd around them.
Some merchants have an auctioneer on the
sidewalk in front of their stores surrounded
by the dead stock which has accumulated
during the year.
In one town I saw a "flying Jenny"
("merry-go-rounds" we call tbem North).
This was crowded all day long with negroes,
both young and old, and if by any means a
negro man or woman could get hold of a
quarter they would stay right at the
"Jenny" until the last penny was gone.
At Sclma, Ala., there was a circus there
the day we were there which had
brought in most of the population for
many miles around. Happening to ride
out two or three miles into the country that
morning I met the typical young couple
of whom we have all heard, but perhaps few
of us have seen, walking to the circus band
in hand. The lookot anticipation on their
faces told plainly where they were going,
while the general air of perfect bliss said
plainly as words,
"I'm his Annie, he's my Joe."
In justice to the colored race, I must say
that this couple seemed to be of pure Cauca
The Negro's Love for the Circns.
The circus parade passed through the
town with the wagons about a quarter of a
mile apart; thus a very small circus made a
long parade. The whole affair was of such
a character that, were it to appear on the
streets of Pittsburg, the small boys would guy
it out of town. The negroes, however
seemed to look in wonderment at the
painted clowns and wagons with fierce, wild
animals painted on the outside.
The negro women of the towns effect cheap
hats or bonnets, but those of the country
still adhere to the slave style of handker
chief tied around the head in turban
fashion. Their dress makes up in bright
ness and variety ot colors what it lacks in
quality and quantity.
Ano'ther inanner'in which they exhibit
their improvidence and also their love of
display is in carriage driving on the Sab
bath. The negroes of the towns who earn
weekly wages hire the finest livery car
riages on Sunday, and seem to delight in
driving back and forth through the prin
cipal streets of the towns.
An amusing feature is the lofty scorn
with which the town negroes look down on
the "common country nigger."
City Swells and Country Contrasts.
This is not surprising, as there is great
difference in condition, social position, edu
cation and general make-up between the
well-fed, fairly dressed negro of the towns,
and the long-haired, lank, stoop-shouldered
"yaller niggers" of the mountains, who, in
imitation ot his neighbor, the poor white,
scratches a little cotton patch among the
rocks, hauls a bale to market with a cow and
invests the proceeds mostly in "tcrbacker"
and corn whisky, or those nondescript
mortals who live on cracked corn, turtles
and malaria and gather upholsterer's moss
in the swamps of the "Bigby" Eiver. These
are the extreme classes. The masses of the
plantation negroes are better situated.
"Whether the pride or the town negroes is
not an indication of advancement and a
budding ambition that will ultimately ele
vate the race I leave to philosophers to an
swer. On my first visit South I ooneeived what
is so far as I know an original theory
namely, that in the black belt, and perhaps J
much of the country South of it
the negroes will gradually push out
the whites and buy, own and rule those
districts, sending their own race representa
tives to Congress and the Legislatures, and
possibly holding a balance ot power. Sub
sequent visits and further inquiry and ob
servation has shown one great obstacle to
the speedy realization of this theory.
The Negroes May Crowd Ont the Whites.
It Is, that while many of them work very
hard and practice close economy and severe
self-denial for to or three years, and thus
pay for a piece ot land, a very large per
centage no sooner feel that they are really
holders of real estate than their love of dis
play overcomes their judgment. They
mortgage their plantation for carriages,har
peas, fine clothes and the .like, and
in two or three years it is gone
and they are back again at the foot of the
ladder. A small plantation of 100 acres
only averages in price about $1,000.
The white planter class of the South are
superior physically, mentally, socially, and,
so far as I can learn, morally. In these re
spects they are at least the peers of the man
ufacturers and merchant class of the North.
Perhaps the point at which they differ from
Northern people more than in any one par
ticular is their deliberatencss. They take
their time. They all covet wealth, some of
them so much that they assume its priv
ileges on rather a narrow basis, but there is
not that mad rush after it that we fee North.
They seem to highly esteem social duties
and privileges. Every handsome young
lady and they average well in this respect
is surrounded by admirers, who have time
to listen to her gay small talk and humor
her whims, not only of evenings, but during
business hours; and men find time to devote
considerable attention to their wives, even
after they are married.
John a. McConnell.
SEIZURE OF THE MOGUL
CAHADA IS PARTICULAR ABOUT
An International Dispute Jnst Passed Upon
by the Customs Department Features
of a Difficulty Which is Hot Yet Finally
Otta-wa, Ont., Dec 25. The case of
the American tug Mogul, which has called
forth a circular from the United States
Treasury Department, has just been passed
upon by the Customs Department. The
case was stated by Mr. Parmalee, Assistant
Commissioner of Customs, who is thoroughly
familar with the whole question of coasting
and towing in the waters off British Colum
bia, which became a matter for special at
tention here as far back as 1877. In that
year a seizure or two for violations of the
towing laws were made by Canadian cus
toms officers, and Mr. Parmalee then re
ported as to the extent of the Canadian jur
isdiction in tne fa traits or Jb oca, an opinion
which upon reference was confirmed by the
Minister of Justice.
A vessel from Yokohama was brought
from sea into Esquimau harbor last March
by the American tug Mogul. This was reg
ular enough. The vessel was then to be
towed from Esquimau to Victoria, or from
one port in Canada to another. The 'Collis
did not venture to do this, but her owners,
who also own the Mogul, adopted
the device of having a Can
adian tug tow the vessel out
lour or five miles, where she was dropped
and taken up by the Mogul, which was in
waiting, and by her towed to Victoria.
There the Mogul was seized, and onlv re
leased on depositing $400. The owners cal
culated on satisfying the law by doing the
towing from one port in Canada to another
outside the three-mile limit. Mr. Parmalee
points out in his report that the treaty of
1846, signed in Washington, runs 'the
boundary line through the middle of the
Straits of Fuca, which extended -the juris
diction of Canada some 18 miles from shore,
and consequently the Mogul was within
Canadian waters. Mr. Parmalee produced
an official map issued by the United States,
which runs the boundary line through the
middle of the straits. The department has
consequently imposed fine of $400 on the
Mogul, whose owners thus forfeit her de
posit. Another similar charge is pending against
the Mogul. Adverting to the treaty of 1848,
which makes navigation free over the entire
straits of both countries, Mr. Parmalee
points out that Canadian vessels have been
compelled, many of them at a loss, to enter
and clear at PortTownsend, in Washington,
which was declared by the customs officers
there to be the only port of entry for Puget
Sound. The American officer was remon
strated with, but it was not until last month
that Canadian vessels were permitted to
enter and clear from such sub-ports as Ta
coma and Seattle.
The towing and coatting regulations of
both countries have long been a vexed sub
ject, but Minister of Customs Bowell has
always held that it should be settled with
the question of reciprocity in wrecking, and
not made a matter by ifrelf. It looks as if
British Columbia is to be the scene of inter
national dispute over this, as over the ques
tion of sealing and transshipment in bond.
HELPB TO HTDTJSTRY.
New Patents Issued to Inventors at Points
Tributary to Pittsburg.
During the week euding December 24 the
following patents were issued to persons in
Western Pennsylvania, Eastern Ohio and
West Virginia, the list being furnished by
O. D. Levis, patent attorney, of 131 Fifth
Daniel A. Cameron. Pittsbnrg, crank connec
tions; James T. Connelly, Milton. Pa,, device
for tapping stay-hole bolts; E. Duinty Uoul,
Bluff, Fa., cablo grip; John C. Good, Seneca,
O.. straw carrier; Alonzo J. Griffith, automatic
railway signal; Chester K. Haun, Col am bus,
O., window screen; II. J. Harris, Niles, O..
screw connection in metal rolling mills; George
M. Koni. Allegheny, hook and ladder turn
table truck for fire departments: same, electric
street light, two patents; John H. Sherrv, Can
ton, door check; John F. Scbultz, Martinvillc,
Pa., has fastener; Charles L. Smith, Pittsburi,
step-ladder: John J. Tlioma", Rochester, appa
ratus for mannfacturering gas; James 13. Wal
ton, Dayton, burner for crude nil or other
liquids; Joseph Massor, Lewnburg, Fa., hosiery
trademark; Bernard Til. O'Buylan and J.
Thompson, Corning. O., neck-yoke: Thomas J,
SIcMnrray and VV. B. Fisher. Marion. O.,
sulky; William R. Kinnear, Columbus, metallic
ceiling, 2palents; James A, Hargan, ship's
davit; Will'am H. Bryant, North Amherst. O.,
channelling machine, reissue; Oliver Birny
and A. Lare, Means, O., post driver.
Snpply Short of Demand and Prices the
Highest of the Season.
- Christendom's greit festival was univer
sally observed by our merchants, so that the
market editor lound bis occupation gone.
Not a commission house or wholesale estab
lishment of any kind was found open yes
terday morning. Produce trade during the
first half of the week was unusually heavy,
and stuff has seldom been as well cleaned up
as it was on Christmas eve.
Turkeys were in short supply and brought
much better prices than at Thanksgiving
time. So many of the large manufacturers
having adopted the custom ot donating a tur
key to their employes, a glut in this line
very rarely occurs. Not more than once
in the past decade has supply exceeded
demand, and then the weather was very un
favorable. With a crisp, bright Christmas,
such as has been granted us this year,
whetting appetites to their best, every thing
in turkey lines was promptly taken at the
highest price paid this season. Commission
men all report this week as one of the most
active in the history of trade.
Al. Daggett Complimented.
Biemikgham, Conn., Dec. 25. Three
expert accountants in the service of the
United States Government appeared at Al,
Daggett's postal card factory to-day and
thoroughly examined the books. They
found everything in a satisfactory condition
and complimented Mr. Daggett.
THE WEIRD LEGEND
That Casts a Spell Over Supersti
tion Mountain in Arizona.
A STEAKGE TIUBE OP-DWARFS
With a Beautiful White Queen That Im
pelled Hostile Attacks.
SOURCE OP HBK W0NDEBFUL POWER
Santa Fe, N. M Dec 2S. One of tho
strangest and most weird tales ot super
stition comes from the mountain regions of
Arizona, hardly a score of miles from the
capital of that Territory. Here, in the des
olation of the mountain fastnesses, where
only the hardy hunter and prospecting
miner ever walk, is a lone mountain peak
that extends high into the sky and which is
called Mount Superstition, a name civen it
by a race of Indians that at an early period
roamed over this part of the country, which
at a later epoch became the hunting ground
of the savage and treacherous Apaches.
At the extreme western edge, on the sum
mit of this ghost-haunted mountain, can be
seen to-day the crumbling ruins of an old
stone fort, from which a grandview of the
country is to be had. Within the inclosure
that surrounds the walls of this old fort is
perhaps an acre of land, or rather rock.
This mountain is the possessor of a strange
Indian legend, and has for years been held
in such veneration by the red men in Ari
zona as to prevent even the most intrepid
warriorsfrom hunting upon or even visit
A Tribe of Dwarfs.
In the early ages, prior to the establish
ment of missions, which the archives show
to have been more than two centuriesago,
there came up the Salt Kiver Valley a
strange tribe of Indians, who settled at the
foot of Superstition Mountain. Tbey were
not a race of giants. Instead their stature
was about 4 feet, and they came' into the
valley 1,000 stroug, and brought with them
a droveof strange animals evidently sheep.
At this early age Arizona was the home of
the warlike Papaco and Pima Indians, who
held in lee simple the valleys, while the
mountains were held by the savage
These strange invaders were peaceful and
followed the avocation of farming, and the
Apaches regarded them as possessing super
natural powers and as holding strict com
munion with the Great Spirit; and for this
reason the squatter tribe was not molested.
The Indians at once began work by irrigat
ing and tilling the soil. On the summit of
the mountain they built a stone wall,
whereat night they slept in security from
the encroachments of warlike neighbors.
The rellgidus rites of the strangers sur
prised the Apaches. When the sun rose on
the Eastern slopes, the dwarfs would rise
and, facing the orb of light, stand motion
less until it had risen above the mountains.
Then they would lie face downward for sev
eral moments, during which incantations
were performed by the medicine men, alter
which they would rise and go about 'their
White Qneen of the Dwarfs.
The dwarfs occupied their little domain
for five years, when tho Apaches, who had
traded with the "little men," were given a
surprise. The Apaches had often noticed
that the central figure in all the religious
rites of the dwarfs had beeu a woman much
taller than the dwarfs, commanding in ap
pearance, with A white skin and long flow
ing light hair. In their ignorance and su
perstition, the Apaches attached to this
qneen supernatural powers. During the five
years tbey had never seen this woman in the
valley and they noted that the little Indians
regarded her as a deity.
About the middle of the summer of the
fi.'th year the Apaches learned that a body
.of armed warriors were marching into the
conntry from the south. They prepared for
defense, but learned that the coming
warriors were only in search of the dwarfs,
and tbey abandoned hostilities.
In the meantime the Apaches noted the
agitation of the dwarfs, and saw them mak
ing preparations for resisting a foe. Great
piles of stones were piled on the edges of
the precipices overlooking the valleys, the
sheep were driven into the mountain and the
rude farming utensils taken to the summit.
The Apaches, who are natural born assas
sins, had no grievance against the dwarfs,
bnt were not displeased with the prospect
of war, for they thought it would be to their
A Woman in the Case.
The chief of the Zunis, as the invaders
called themselves, told a strange story to
account for the hostilities of the tribe
against the Q warts. He said that a dozn
years before, the priests of his tribe had
journeyed to the waters of the rising sun.
Here they found among a tribe of Indians a
beautiful" pale-faced squaw. By a barter
the priests secured the woman and brought
her home, where she was held in high ven
eration and reverence. The tribe regarded
her as possessing supernatural and divine
powers. The chief now in command of the
invaders proposed to wed her, but she fled
and took refuge with the dwarfs, who were a
branch of their tribe, which was an off
shoot of the Pueblo Indians.
The chief commanded the dwarfs to sur
render the pale-face squaw, but they par
leyed and migrated. The chief had now
come to secure the woman aud punish the
dwarfs. The invading warriors were about
700 strong and were armed with bows and
arrows, rough spears and stone battle-axes.
The dwarfs were scarcely armed at all, and
the Apaches figured on easy victory for the
invaders. The armed warriors followed the
mountain ridge, and approached Supersti
tion Mountain without attempting to scale
its steep sides.
Weird Picture of Beauty.
It was on a bright warm afternoon that
the invaders approached the fort. Not a
person was in sight but one, and she, the
white woman, stood outside the rough walls,
by the side ot a muddy pool, about 100 feet
from the wall. She.knew that not an arrow
would be shot or a spear thrown at her, and
she stood there, her hair streaming in the
breeze, a picture of beauty that even the
untutored Indians could not help but ad
mire, a fitting gauntlet of battle for the
knight rrrants of old.
Urged by their chief, the Indians made a
wild rush toward her; but she stood still,
the most perfect confidence marked in every
feature of her beautiful face. When the foe
was but a short distance awayshe picked up
an alia or earthen jar and emptied the
contents into the pool, then ran quickly,
scaling the wall by a ladder that was drawn
up alter her.
In a moment halls of fire seemed to roll
over the mountain. Many of the Indians
fell dead on their way to the fort; others,
terror stricken, jumped over the precipices
and met their death. The chief was one of
the first killed, and the disorganized band
retreated, while the Apache sentinels, who
had been stationed to watch the battle, fled
in terror. Several hundred ot the invaders
perished, and not an arrow was fired.
Awed by the White Squaw.
The Indians who escaped said at once
that their dc!eat was brought about by the
Great Spirit, aud returned home. After
this the wonderful powers of the white
squaw were spread through the country into
every Indian tribe, and was sufficient for a
time' to protect the dwarfs. Two years after
this a hand of Chlricahua warriors, the most
blood-tbirsty of the Apache nation, visited
the Pinals in the valley. While intoxicated
on'pulque they attacked the dwarfs in the
night', and met a like'receptiontothc Zunis,
which killed many of them. '
From this time the little dwarfs were un
molested for several summers, when they
disappeared as suddenly as they came, go
iug to the southward. The Apaches called
the white woman "Pale-faced Lightning,"
and claimed that she bad disappeared in a
blaze of fire, and that the dwaris; knowing
their protector had gone, fled to a more
seenre place. The spirit of the pale-faced
iquaw is now supposed to reside in, a cave J
in the" mountain, and not one of the Indians
can be hired, to this day, to go up Supersti
tion Mountain. '
A Natural Electric Battery. I
The phenomenon that' so surprised the
Indians is explained by a gentleman resid
ing at Phoenix, Ariz. Mr P. O. Bicknall.
He says that on the northside of the preci
pice, near the old (fortification, is a dyke of
pyritous iron, and on the south side the
mineral appears in the form of copperas.
In the latter there was a small hole in which
water impregnated with salt was constantly
dripping. From this, across the mountain,
were veins of copper in the native state.
The copper stringers connecting the ledges
rested on a kind of slag, produced by vol
canic heat. Here was a positive and nega
tive pole, connected with a good electric
conductor, and a chemical decomposition
taking place that would prodncc a current
sufficiently strong to" be destructive to ani
mal life. '
Hamilton's "Resources of Arizona,"
third edition, 1884, makes reference to the
"Cave of the Spirit Mother," as it was
called by the 'Indians, and which is sup
posed to be the cave where the spirit of the
white squaw lingers, as follows: "In
another cave, on the sonth side of Salt
river, on removing the debris, pieces of cot
ton and cotton cloth have been fonnd six
feet below the present floor. The relics
were in a good state of preservation, the cot
ton being of a silky fiber. One of the pieces
of cloth showed a rude attempt at ornamen
tation, having small eyelets worked by
some sharp-pointed instrument."
The author might have truthfully added
that the crumbling bones of a solitary
human being were also found in the cave.
A DECLINE IN COKE.
Shipments Decrease to the Amount of 860
Carloads The Car Famine Is Still Un
brokenSeveral Operators Running on
Short Time Throughout the Region.
rSFSCIAt. TXX.ZGB.1H TO TUB niSFATCK.I
SCOTTDAIiE, Dec. 25. The coke market has
not yet rallied, and another decline was notice
able last week. It is drowsy and irregular.
The volume of coke shipped from the region
last week bears an ungratifjlng contrast with
the preceding week. The car famine still seems
to hold the key to the situation, although the
legitimate demand has suffered a material
diminution. Furnace men are still gauging
the orders to imperative wants, while other
causes, such as the blowing out of furnaces on
account of the quietness of the iron market,
are also embarrassing the trade. The car famine
is unabated. The blockade on the Baltimore
and Ohio road has been cleared and the
ladened coke trains are gotten to des
tination with as much rapidity as ever on that
line. While the Baltimore and Ohio
shipping equipments are inadequate, tbey are
decidedly better than tbey hare been. The
Fennsyiracia Company Is still furnishing a
fair supply of cars, but the Lake Erie Com
pany, although getting a large slice of the coke,
is unable to meet the requirements of the pro
ducing companies. The Cambria Iron Company,
operators of four large plants in the region,
have been considerably inconvenienced by the
want of ample transportation, and have just
bad 100 individual cars completed, many of
wblouare already in service. Theindividu.il
cars of other companies have been of material
assistance daring the car tronbles.
Since the banking of 25 per cent of the whole
number of ovens in the recion, the amount ot
production stocked on the yards has been less-
l.senetl. The mountains of coke which have thns
previously stated, manv of the Schoonmaker
and Frick plants lanl off last week in order to
ship this overplus coke to market. A leading
operator was seen to-day and said: "The un
favorable conditions which surround the iron
market have had much to do with the unset
tled state of the coke market. In my opinion,
though, trade will brichten up again just as
soon as the dissatisfaction overprices is allayed,
which will be soon. I can see no change
in tho car famine, and are reliably informed
the region is short abont 250 cars per day. The
car supply will likely get better, ton, as the
wants are not quite so extensive. On acconnt
of the existing coke rates many con
sumers are purchasing the inferior produc
tion of competing regions at greatly reduced
prices. 1 am prone to believe that everything
will come around all right, though, and the
region enjoy a prosperous winter trade."
The Valley furnace men are still clamor
ing for reduced prices', and their de
mands have been presented to several
leading companies, tbat will make a reply
to-morrow. If a reduction Is not conceded, 25
furnaces may be banked, which would have
another deteriorating; effect on the coke mar
ket, as produciion would have to be limited to
their consumptive requirements. Efforts are
'being made to prevent the Intended movement:
even one of the furnace men's organs is en
deavoring tocheckmate it Should the operators
refuse their considerations, perhaps hundreds
of ovens will have to be banked.
The operators hereabouts are a unit in the
desire to maintain the present prices.
There lare over 4.000 ovens cold in the region
and about 12,000 in blast. The Union
Works laid off one day the past
week, on account of the snow storm.
RalmyranS days; McClure 6 days; Cochran
and Hrcla 5 days, and Hostettor 4 days. The
Dexter plants here also lost a day on account
of the blizzard. Some of the Frick works ran
5 and 6 days; others only 2 days. The
Schoonamaker plants laid off 1 day. Ship
ments last week decreased 60 cars, and only
averaged S67 cars per day as against 1,010 cars
of the previous week.
Following is the record of consignments: To
Eoints west of Pittsburg. 3,473 cars: to Pitts
nrg and river tipples, 1.050 cars: to points east
of Flttsburg, 1.073 cars; total, 5,200 cars.
Followiutr is the record nf the preceding week:
To points west of Pit tjburir, 3.410 cars; to Fltts
burg and river tipples, 1,(00 cars; to points east
ot nttsuurg, oou cars; total, u.cou. uose prices
aro as follows: Furnace coke. $2 13; foundry.
12 43; crushed. 2 63: all f. o. b. cars at ovens
per ton of 2,000 pounds. Freight rates are as
To rittsDorfr fo"0
To Mahoning and Slictiango Yalleys 1 33
To Cleveland. 0 1 70
To Buffalo. N. Y 2 25
To Detroit, Mich 2 33
To Cincinnati, O 2 05
To Louisville. Ky 3 20
To Chicago, III 2 75
To Milwaukee, Wis 2 S3
To St. Louis. Mo 3 So
ToEas.St. I.ouls 320
To ltaltlmore 2 17
To Boston 4 00
This will make prices at these points of con
sumption as follows:
1'olnt. Furnace. Foundry. Crushed.
Iiuuuik. ...... ....f-otj
.11. and S. Valleys 3 50
Cleveland 3 S3
Buffalo 4 40
Detroit 4 50
Cincinnati 4 SO
Louisville 5 35
Chicago 4 DO
bt. Louis 5 50
East St. Lout 5 S3
Baltimore 4 32
Boston 6 15
S3 13 S3 35
4 13 Ui
4 79 4 90
5 10 5 30
5 t 5 85
5 20 5 10
580 6 00
5 M 5 83
462 4 S2
LOCAL UVZ ST0CZ.
Condition of Markets at Fast Liberty Stock
Following is report of transactions for the
week ending December 23:
CATTLE. HOGS. SHltEr
Thursday J.OOO .... e.400 880
Friday M 10 3.373 000
Saturday 550 430 2.150 rat
Sunday 1.300 1,0(0 4.27; 4,730
Monday 550 150 4.K50 1,100
Tuesday 140 30 1.930 - 99(1
Wednesday 500 .... 1,800 660
Total 4.D30 1,610 24,095 10,510
Lastweek 5,900 3,040 3.1.600 15.410
Previous week.... M'JOl 3,6V)! 35,6251 14,080
Thursday 2 I.53H 37
Friday S4 3.SS3 130
Saturday 2.U32 ....
Monday 1,336 7,C40 3,242
Tuesday 214 336 639
Wednesday; 12 2,095 184
Total 1,648 16,972 '4,252
Last week 3,031 27,372 7,179
Frevlousweek 3,613 23.4(8 7,540
BB0KE THROUGH THE ICE.
A. Conple From the Michigan University
Drowned While Skating.
Akk Aebor, Mich., Dec. 25. The sad
drowning of two students made this a
gloomy Christmas for those who remained at
College during the holidays. Last night
about 7 o'clock Frank E. Dickinson and
Minnie Brundage left for the mill pond to
skate, telling their friends tbey would re
turn about 10 o'clock.
Tbey did not return, however, and as
time passed by Mrs. Brundage grew wor
ried, and finally at 3 o'clock this morn
ing started a searching party. The search
ers found a hole in tbe ice and a muff lying
near by. They commenced dragging and at
3 o'clock this afternoon found the bodies.
Both victims are medical students. Mr.
Dickinson being from Dubuque, la., and
Mill Brundage from Long Island.
TALK OF AN Of P DAT.
Some Fresb Gossip, but no Busi
ness on the Local Wall Street,
SMITHPIELD STKEET PICKIKG UP.
Kejjotfations lor Properties on Two of tbe
SOLID BUSINESS KING IN PUTSCH E0
Fourth avenue was as quiet as a church
yard yesterday. Brokers made no attempt
to do anything in the forenoon, and after
dinner they were too full for utterance.
Turkey was king. The absence of bustle
and bustle was in marked contrast to the
usual animation. Heal estate dealers
talked encouragingly of the ontlook of busi
ness after tbe holiday, and stock brokers
expressed confidence that business would
soon pick up with'them. AH gave ont the
opinion that the improvement in money
matters would soon be felt in every depart
ment of trade; and as this is what everybody
thinks, it must be true.
Smitlifleid Street Values.
Smithfield street is now ranked with
Fifth avenue, "Wood, Sixth and Market
in point of business advantages, showing
that theacenter of trade is working eastward,
and values, in consequence, are hardening.
In May last ten properties jnst above Fifth
avenue changed ownership at $2,500 at foot
front. Since then an offer of 53,000 a foot
for a property further up the street has been
refused. Below Fifth ayenne, in the neigh
borhoodof the postoffice, an offer of $3,500
was refused not long ago. Marketable
property is rather scarce on Smithfield
street, which in part accounts for the steep
figures asked. Another reason is its
peculiar adaptability to almost any kind of
business. It is tbe connecting link between
Pittsburg and the Southside.
Deals on the String.
Humor is again busy with the Smith
property at the corner of Sixth and Lib
erty streets. "While it is pretty certain tbat
several people want it and are willing to
pay a good round price for it, nothing de
finite can be said as to the state of the
negotiations. A gentleman who professes to
know something of the intentions of the heirs,
says tbey are considering the practicability of
erecting a building on the property themselves.
In this connection It Is pertinent to state tnat
there is a good prospect of a deal at an early
day in property on Fifth avenue between -Wood
street and McMaster's alley. It is a fine loca
tion for a first class business block.
It is much to the advantage of Pittsburg, and
accounts in no small degree forher prosperity,
that the is not handicapped with nnprodnctive
environments. There is scarcely a town with
in CO miles of the city tbat is not full of busi
ness, aud increasing in population beyond
precedent. Building is active and manu
facturing interests developing at a marvelous
rate. With prosperity all aronnd as well as at
home there is little danger tbat business will
Solid Business Only.
It is a snbject of common remark among
business men tbat there is les speculation in
Pittsburg than In any other city in the coun
try. Solid business alone receives recognition
and support. So long as this course shall be
pursued there can be no paralysis save such as
is due to the exigencies of trade the world over.
Tbe man who bnilds a mill or factory has rea
sonable assurance of a steady market for his
products, and tbe workman who buys a lot and
puts a bouse on it may rest content tbat he has
made a cood Investment. Pittsburg is built
upon a rock, against which panics beat in vain.
When baby was sick, we gave her Castorta,
When she was a Child, she ciiedforCastoria,
When she became Miss, she clung to Castoria,
When she had Children.she gave them Castoria
Who carry CLOTHING will find It to their
interest to see ns and get our
prices .before purchasing.
OUR ENTIRE LDJE OF
Men's, Youths', Boys' and Children's
Suits, Overcoats and
Must be closed out to make room for our
SPRING and. SUMMER stock, now In process
of manufacture. Before removing to our new
building we offer our entire stock at' greatly
COMPLETE LINE O?
Foreign and Domestic Woolens and
Mail orders receive prompt and careful at
tention. Special inducements to the trade.
M. Oppenheimer & Co.,
713 Liberty St. and 712 Penn Ave.
STEAMERS AND EXCURSIONS.
Dublin, Liverpool & London.
FROM NEW YORK. EVERY THURSDAY.
Cabin Passage. $35 to $00, according to location
of stateroom. Excursion. $63 to S93.
Steerage to and from Europe at lowest rates.
AUSTIN BALDWIH & CO.,
General Agents, 53 Broadway, New York.
j. j. Mccormick.
sel-I-D Agent at Pltuburc
UNITED STATES MAIL STEAMERS.
Steamers every 3a tu rday from New York t
GLASGOW AND LONDONDERHY.
Cabin passage to Glasgow or Londonderry.
tSOaudJtfO. Koundtrlp,UtllO. becoud cla, SM.
bteerage passage, fjo.
Mew York to Gibraltar and Maples direct,
Cabin. S30 to 1109. Steerage. SM.
Travelers' circular letters of credit and drafts for
any amount Issued at lowest current rates.
For buoksof tours, tickets orfurtherlnformatloa
apply to IIENDEIteON BHOTHF.KS. N. Y., or J.
J. ilctJOKMICK, CDandWI Smithfield it.: A. D.
bCOREK&SO. 15 Smithfield t Flttsburg; F.
M. SEMFLE, 110 Fcdesal St., AlleEbenr.
nlWARD 1JNE NEW YORK AND LIV-
j ERPOOL. VIA QUEENSTOWN-From
Pier 40 North riven Fast express mail service.
Servia. Nov. 1. 8 a m
Ilmbria-.Nov. 22. 2 n m
Etruria, Nov. 8.2pm
Aurania, Nov. 15, 7 a m
Servia, Nov. 29. 7 a m
Oallla, Dec. 3.9:30 am
isotnnia, n ov. iv, iu a m
Tirana, uec a, noon
Cabin passage J60 and npward. according to
location; intermediate. tSS Bteerage tickets
to and from all parts ot Europe at very
low rates. For freight and passage apply to the
company's office. 4 rlowling Green, New Yort.
Vernon H. Brown t Co.
j. j. Mccormick, ess and 401 smithtieid
street, Fittsburs. oc27-D
virnrri! stak lm b-
rou qtiEEiisTowN and Liverpool.
' Koyal unit United States Mall Steamers.
Germanic. Uec. l,a:30amOenninie.Jan.2S.7:30 am
AdrlatlcJanf7.S:Ji:pmrAdriailc Kb. 4, 3pm
Brltamitclan.l4,t):3uamfrcutonlc Feb. 11. 7am
'Celtic, Jan. :i 1 p ml'Celtlc. Keb. 18, J pm
irrom White star aoek, rootoi West Tenth sw
Second cabin on these iteamen. Saloon rates,
S0 and upward. Second cabin. (33 and upward,
according to steamer and location or berth. Ex
cursion ticket! on favorable terat. Steerage, pn
White Star draft payable on demand In all the
principal banks throughout Great Britain. Ap
ply to jch.n J. Mccormick, est and i smith
field St.. Flttsburg, or J. BBUCE lSilAi, Gen
rat Agent, 41 Broadway. KewXorc, , jc3-D
A PSELATE-8 OBSEQtTIES.
Tbe Funeral of an Illustrious Catholic DV.
vine to Occur Saturday.
New Yoek, Dec 25. The funeral of tho
Very Kev. Benedict Murname, Provincial
of tbeTasslonist order in the United States,
who died last night at Dunkirk, N. Y.,
will take place Saturday morning at 10:30
o'clock, from St. Michael Monastery at
Tbe ItL Kev. Bisbop "Wigger, of
Newark, N. J., will sing the pontifical
mass of requiem. Other prelates bigh in
the Catholic Church will be present.
A clear skin
Boils, pimples, blotches on the skin,
eruptions, etc., evidence the fact that
the blood is not in good condition. !
These symptons result from the effort
of nature to throw off the. impurities,
in which she should assisted by
This will remedy the disturbance, and
bring speedy and permanent relief by
forcing out the poison, and will build. .
up the system from the first dose.
Boob; on Blood and Skin Diseases free
Swift Specific Co., Atlanta, Ga
WHOLESALE -:- HOUSE,
JOSEPH EM 4 CO,
Embroidery and White Goods Department-
direct importation from the best manufac
turers of St. Gall, in Swiss and Cambric Edg
ings, Flouncir.es, Skirt Widths and Allovers,
Hemstitched Edgings and Flouncings. Buyers
will And these goods attractive both in price
and novelties of design. Full lines of New
Laces and White Goods. UPHOLSTERY DE
PARTMENT Best makes Window Shades in
dado and plain or spnn fixtures, Lace Cur
tains, Portieres. Chenille Curtains, Poles and
Brass Trimmings; Floor, Table and Stair Oil
Cloths in best makes lowest prices for quality.
WASH DRESS FABRICS.
The largest variety from which to select
Toil Dn Nords, Chalon Cloth", Bath Seersuck
ers, Imperial Suiting. Heather & Renfrew
Dress Ginghams. Fine Zephyr Ginghams.
Whitney & Stephenson,
57 Fourth Avenue.
"DEfVDT U'B SAVINGS BANK.
riiUi lift 0 gi FOURrH AVENUE.
Capital. KmoOQ. Surplus. S5L670 29.
D. McK. LLOYD, EDWARD E. DUFF.
4 President, Asst. Sec Treas. '
percent interest allowed on time deposits,
0RYIS BROTHERS & CO.,
44 BROADWAY, NEW YOKK,
( New York Stock Exchange,
Members New York Produce Exchange,
( Chicago Board of Trade,
Invite Speculative Accounts for
cash or on liberal margins.
JOHN H. OAKLEY & CO,
BANKERS AND BROKERS.'
Stocks. Bonds, Grain, Petroleum.
Private wire to New York and Chicago,
It SIXTH ST., Pittsburg.
S14 PUN.-I AVENUE. 1'JTTbUUUU. p U
As old residents know and back nles of Pitts
burg papers prove, is tbe oldest established,
and mo3t prominent physician in tbe city, de
voting special attention to all chronic diseases
MCDni IO and mental diseases, physical
IMLn V UUO decay.nervous debility. lack of
energy, ambition and hope, impaired memory,
disordered sight, self distrust, basbfulnesj,
dizziness, sleeplessness, pimples, eruptions, im
poverished blood, failing powers, organic weak
ness, dyspepsia, constipation, consumption, un
fitting tho person for business, society and mar
riage, permanently, safely and privately cured.
Dl finn AMP! 0IM diseases in all
ULlUU niiL OlMli stages. eruptions.
bones, pains, glandular.
swellings, ulcerations of tongue, mouth, throat.
nicers, oia sores, are cureu ior me, ana pioou
poisons thoroughly eradicated from tho system.
or life, and blood
1 1 Dl M A D V kidney and bladder derange-
uuiiirt's I j men is, weaic cacK, gravel, ca
tarrhal discbarges, inflammation and other
painful symptoms receive searching treatment,
prompt relief and real cures.
Dr. Whittler's life-lone, extensive experience
insures scientific and reliable treatment on
coromon-senso principles. Consultation free.
Patients at a distance as carefully treated as it
here. Office hours, 9 a. M. to 8 p. jr. Sunday.
10 A.M. to IP. M. only. DR. WHITTIER. 8U
Penn avenue. Pittsburg. Fa.
Buffering from the effects of youthful errors, early
decay, wastlne weakness, lost manhood, etc, I will
send a valuable treatise (sealed) containing fall
particulars for home core. FREE of charge. A
splendid medical work: should be read by every
man who is nervorn and debilitated. Address,
Prof. F. C. FOWLEK, ITIoodug,ConiU
SPECIALISTS In all cases re
quiring scientific and confiden
tial treatment! Dr. 8. K-Lake,
H D I? P S l ft nlfie and
most experienced specialist la
. . . 1 T .n S T, . . Unnrtawa 9 tn 1 P
strictlv confidential. Office
noun to "" """r-'',;: ; ,
jr. Consult them personally, or write. DoctobS
Lake, cor. Penn ave- and 4th st, Pittsburg, Pa,
"WoocX's liosiJla.ocl3a.e- :
tiir cnciT F.-VRI.IS1I REMEDY.
Used for 33 years
by thousands suc
anteed to cure all
forms of Nervous
and the excesses
of later year.
or. Ask dru prist
for Wood's Phos-i
package, 11; six, $5. by mall. Write forjjampbletj
Address The.Wood Chemical Co.. 131 Woodward
and all the effects.
phodlne; take no,
v- Detroit, aiicn.
.-3oMin nttsMtfs; Fa., byjoseoh Flemlac
Boa. Diamond and Jl"l&8S.MWTSwkIowk .
GRAY'S SPECIFIC MEDICINE
NERVOUS DEBI LI TY.
LOSS OF MEMORY.
mu particulars la pamphlet
sent free. The genuine Orays
bpeclflc sold by druairUU onlyln.
yellow wrapper. Frlce, fl par
package, or six for p, or by malt
- - . -. go irtciu, ol ifruc. ur -
mt THB GRAY alEDlCINB CO, Buffalo, Jl. Y
"WiA.- miTk.r. hv s Hill 7. AX l corner
Emlthltolil and U Uerty sts. mhl7-W-DWfc
P"D XT C to every man, joung,middle-aged.
r R fc. I and old; postage paid. Address
Dr.H. Du JlontiaSl Cohimbus A ve., Boston Jiass. .
m - MT I,.
room iruiu 4c
LA Ti"n?C!,iJf-0DEFlI.LSarsart V.
A I I TjiT) superior to pennyroyal oft "
Phll.Vnn. . . 2:mj1.t,. wS r3
, r - .- "V-,X
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