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Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, February 02, 1891, Image 1

Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024546/1891-02-02/ed-1/seq-1/

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Appear TO-DAY In
In the Silver Transaction and
Other Speculations Upon
Because of Their Inside Knowledge
of the Policy of the Leaders
of Congress,
The Pennsylvania Senator Instructed
Mr. Test to Tell the Whole
Truth to the Committee.
Xew Xames Up for the Portfolio of the
Treasury, While the Arrangements for
Windum's Funeral Are Beinz Made.
Washington, Feb. 1. So many con
ictlnr stories bare been circulated as to tbe
motive which led Senator Vest to tell tales
en Don Cameron that the Senator has made
a statement of the (acts. He says he regret
very much that his testimony before the
committee has given Senator Cameron's
opponents in Pennsylvania a pretext to abuse
and misrepresent him because he had the
courage to vote to lay aside the closure rule
and take up the apportionment bill.
According to SenatorYest.be went to Sena
tor Cameron after certain interests had accus
cd him (Vest) of being a member or a con
tributor to the pool, and explained the em
barrassing position heivould be in unless he
treat before the committee and made a state
ment. Senator Cameron promptly advised
him to do so by all means and tell tbe whole
Cameron Wanted the Truth Told.
"Suppose tbey should ask me if I ever
knew of any Senators purchasing silver
while the legislation was pending," in
quired Senator Vest.
"Tell them the truth," replied Senator
Cameron, without a moment's hesitation.
Time passed on and Senator Vest went be
fore the committee and had about com
pleted the statement when Representative
Uates, of Alabama, asked whether he knew
any Senator who had purchased silver
within a certain period, and he was obliged
to answer "yes." Then he related what he
knew of his own personal knowledge re
garding tbe transaction between Senator
Cameron and Dave Littler. There was no
intention on the part pf Senator Test, he
says, to injure Senator Cameron, and the
latter, who tully understands that, is not as
much disturbed over tbe matter as some of
his friends.
A Factional Fight la Missouri.
The facts seem to be that Representative
Dockery, of Missouri, who instigated the
investigation, is an aspirant for the Demo
cratic nomination for Governor, and he is
especially unfriendly to Senator Vest. It is
alleged that Mr. Dockery hoped to impli
cate Senator Vest in the tool transactions,
knowing him to be a personal friend of Sen
ator Cameron. There is no evidence yet,
however, to show that Senator Vest specu
lated in silver, and then Mr. Dockery un
dertook, so it is charged by Senator Vest's
friends, to make it appear that he (Dock
ery) fixed things so as to induce Senator
Cameron to vote against closure.
Tor one thing, the attempt of the special
committee of the House of Representatives
to ascertain the facts relative to alleged exis
tence ol a silver pool has drawn attention to
the general subject of gambling among men
in public life. It was the opinion of all
persons about Washington who have their
ryes open, even before this investigation
was heard of, that there are a considerable
nun bcr of members of both Houses of Con
gress who deal in stocks and margins and
who constantly speculate in commodities
the market of which is affected by legisla
tion which they help to enact
How Some 11a o Become Wealthy.
It is well known also that many men in
public life who have become wealthy since
being sworn into office acquired their wealth
by reason of being able to speculate upon
their knowledge of probable legislation. It
will not be surprising, therefore, if the
Silver Pool Committee manages to uncover
a few men in Congress who invested their
money in silver on the probability of a rise
in its value upon the passage of a free silver
coinage law.
It is not at all unlikely that the testimony
ill develop the fact that other public men
than Senator Cameron have had a hand in
speculation. Hut if it be true that public
nun in "Washington indulge in gambling of
tins sort, it is equally true that public opin
ion has long ago driven from the capital
gambling houses, while in years gone by
public men were in the habit of gathering
night after night and openly risking their
money upon the turn of a card. There is
cot in "Washington to-day what is generally
known as a gambling resort. There is not,
n far as the public knows, a single faro
bank or roulette wheel in operation, and the
men who gamble do so in their private apart
ments or in the rooms of hotels and other
places which the public and the law have no
right to enter.
The Great American Game.
Poker playing is, of course, as popular
as ever as an amusement in "Washington.
Games may came and game may go, but
poker is the only species of card gambling
that has taken a lasting hold upon the af
fections of AVashingtoniaas. A few years
ago tl.c game of hearts was drjggcdfrom
obi.vion and lor a time seemed to threaten
the supremacy of the great American game.
Hearts had its day, but that day is gone
and poker again reiens supreme.1, It is
more popular than ever, and it is rare that
.men in 'Washington who sit done for a
Quiet little game indulge in any other
species of gambling.
Poker is played in the elubs universally,
and some pretty big stories are told about
games for high stakes indulged by Senators
and Representatives, officers of the army and
navy, civilian officials and men about town.
There are'"many cliques of these men who
play so constantly that the games are almost
continuous, and names are given to dis
tinguish them. There are, for instance, the
army game, the navy game, the dudes
game, the club game, the hotel game, the
official game and the senatorial game.
Playing of the Toga Wearers.
The last game is tbe one which attracts
the most attention. Time and again denials
have boen made, apparently based on good
authority, that any Senatorial game exists.
The fact is, however, and it is well known
by everybody who keeps posted on what is
going on in "Washington, that there is a
Senatorial game, and that it is in progress
almost constantly night and day for several
months in each year.
This game is a well known to men who
play cards as any of the theaters or hotels
are, and during the time when Congress is
in session any man who is properly intro
duced can join this little game and be as
sured of meeting foemen worthy of his steel.
The Senatorial game is located in a so-called
hotel up town, and is composed, as regular
players, of some of the most prominent and
well known men in the Senate.
These men form what is known as the
charter members of the club, and those who
are taken in from time to time are called
recruits. There are three or four members
ot the House who are almost daily seated at
the Senatorial game and, strangely enough,
two of them have never been suspected of
playing by their colleagues.
One of the Members of the Fool.
One of them is a member from Chicago,
and in addition to being a poker player, it
is said that he is a member of the alleged
silver pool, and that his persistent efforts to
secure increased coinage of silver at the last
session were largely due to his heavy in
vestments in bullion. The third member of
the House who belongs' to the Senatorial
game is the representative of a rural con
stituency in Kansas, and there is probably
not one man in the House who has not per
sonal knowledge on the subject who would
believe for an instant that this man ever
sawagameof poker.
Yet, according to the statement of one oi
the constant participants in the game, this
hayseed member is one of the most expert
players who ever opened a jackpot. He has
a face that no man can read and an appear
ance of utter childlike innocence. It is said
that he played like a vulture, not for amuse
ment, but lor money, and that when en
deavoring to free his competition out of
their cash he takes no note of time and cares
not to either eat or drink.
Senator Cameron is still at Fortress Mon
roe, and will remain there possibly a few
days longer. His friends here say he is
highly gratified by the action of the Penn
sylvania Legislature, and quite willing to
support the elections bill according to in
structions, early and olten, whenever it
comes before the Senate. It is said that
Edmunds, Hoar and Aldrich have all de
clared they will never speak to or in any
way recognize Senator Cameron again, but
even if this be true, it will hardly do serious
injury to Mr. Cameron's feelings, as he is
known to have very little use for any of the
Senators named.
Thousands of People, However, Take a Pass
ing Glimpse of the Residence The An
cient Burial Ground in Which the Re
mains Will Be Interred To-Day.
Washington, Feb. L The callers at
the residence of the dead Secretary of the
Treasury were very few to-day, and confined
to relatives and intimate friends, but
thousands of citizens and visitors walked
and drove past the place, to have a glimpse
ot the home of the official who died so
tragically at a great feast, and who was one
of the most popular Cabinet officers
ever known to the "Washington
public. The residence of the late
Secretary is a magnificent brown
stone, on Massachusetts avenue. It was
not owned by him, but was rented. It is in
full sight of the mansion on Scott Circle,
which be had erected for his residence years
ago, and which was the means of defeating
his re-election to the Senate. Pictures of it
were circulated throughout his State, show
ing what a grand house he had built and
lived in, and none of the rural members of
the Legislature dared to vote for him.
Massachusetts avenue is now one of the moat
fashionable promenades.
Ancient Rock Creek Cemetery, wher the
remains will be interred, is situated on a
beautiful slope, a part of which is occupied
by tbe National Cemetery, directly north of
the Soldiers' Home. It is an eighteenth
century burial ground, with a quaint
eighteenth century church built of brick
imported from -England surrounded with
old brick tombs with memorial slabs laid
horizontally and shaded by magnificent oak
trees. "Not tar. from the church is the
clergyman's house, embowered among trees
and vines, the open spaces thickly set with
beehives, the whole a striking counterpart
of the old English glebe mansions.
On a pretty slope, close to the main drive
of this cemetery, friends of the late Secre
tary selected a spot which will be the burial
ground of the family. It is not far from
the marble vanlt where lie the remains of
Francis P. and "Montgomery Blair, and a
little above it, toward tbe church, are
several brick vaults, decayed and ivy
covered, in which are entombed some of the
earliest oi the distinguished families ot
Controller Lacey Mentioned for the
Treasury Vacancy.
Washington, Feb. L Another name
has been added to the list of probable ap
pointees to the office of Secretary of the
Treasury. This time it is Edward
S. Lacey, of Michigan, the present
Controller of the Currency. He cannot be
regarded as a candidate for the place, but
his friends are considering the advisability
of at once urging his name upon
the President Secretary Windom enter
tained the very highest opinion of Controller
Lacey's ability as a sound and practical
financier, and especial value was attached
to his last annual report, which is said bv
the Treasury officials and financial authori
ties in Congress to be one of the strongest
documents ever issued from the Treasury
K. Mr. Lacey's views on the money question
are in accord with those of the late Secre
tary Windom, and the two men were in
constant consultation on financial questions
daring the past year.
It Is Thought That It Can Be Completed by
March i.
Washington, Feb. 1. The Senate is
shaping its business with a firm determina
tion to adjourn March 4, without leaving
behind it the necessity for an extra
session. The fortification bill comes np
to-morrow as the unfinished business,
and the pension appropriation bill, J
now on the calendar, and the District of
Columbia appropriation bill, soon to be re
ported, will follow in order. Sandwiched
between the above named appropriation
bills will probably be the eight-hour" bill
and the copyright bill.
Mr. Bland and other House free coinage
silver men are growing more restive daily
at the failure of the Coinage Committee to
act on the Senate silver bill, and have an
nounced their determination. If the commit
tee does not settle the matter, at the next
regular meeting on Wednesday, to precipi
tate thejfight to the floor of the House
without waiting for a committee report
While the present condition of the appro
priation bills is not encouraging, as com
pared with previous Congresses, no donbt is
entertained of the ability of Congress to
complete Its absolute necessary legislation
before noon of March 4.
Superior Officers Forced to Resign Because
of a Dispute With Her Ordinary Regu
lations Do Not Apply The Transfer of a
Washington, Feb. 1. It has been
many years since a woman wftlded as much
power in a small way as does Mrs. Kate
Smith, known as the Queen of the Census
Office, who was recently requested to re
move her home from the Elsmore Hotel.
Her field is small and her official status is not
high, but no pnny official dares to
oppose her. She is the second assistant
chief of the eleventh division of the census
office, which has charge of the subjects of
farms, loans and mortgages. Her salary is
$1,600 a year, but her gorgeous wardrobe and
mode of living would indicate that she
had borne other source of revenue. Some
time ago her immediate chief, tbe first as
sistant, incurred her antipathy, and there
was a struggle between the two as to which
should be victorious. The first assistant re
signed. She comes and goes whenever she likes
and is not restricted in this respect by the
stringent rule which is supposed to be en
forced against all. This rule was issued by
the Secretary of the Interior, with the
injunction that there should be no favoritism
and that all should be kept , to
the regular office hours of from 9 to 4. The
watchman in charge of this particular di
vision adhered faithfully to these instruc
tions.anu, consequently, Mrs. Smith's name
often appeared among the delinquents and
absentees. This fact eventually came to the
notice of the Secretary, who complained
sharply of this infraction upon the rules of
the bureau. Mrs. Smith did not like this
notoriety, but still did not want to have her
freedom restrained. Accordingly she re
monstrated with tbe dutiful watchman in
her capacity of second assistant chief, but
that proved to be ineffectual.
Finally there was a grand flare-up be
tween the two, and Mrs. Smith appealed to,
her chief. She was listened to, and the
watchman was summarily removed to
another branch of the service, and by a
special dispensation she remains unmolested
so far as her coming and going are con
cerned. She has been universally dubbed
tbe "Queen of the Census Office," and her
influence with the chief officers of the bu
reau is the subject of much comment It is
said that Bhe is uneducated and ill-fitted to
occupy the office that she holds. It is re
ported that she comes from New York, but
her political backing is unknown.
He May Try to Bring the Case Up In the
Bouse To-Day.
Washington, Feb. 1. Representative
Dalzell hopes to get an opportunity to-morrow
to present to the House his proposed
resolution calling on the Secretary of tbe
Kavyto give to the House all the cor
respondence and other information in
his possession in regard "to the
case of Commander Belter. Mr.Dalzell has
thoroughly canvassed the House on the sub
ject and his proposition to overhanl the case
is received with general favor, but tbe diffi
culty has been to get a time. This may be
overcome to-morrow. Representative Mc
Kenna, of California, is similarly interested
in ex-Minister Mizner, and is endeavoring
to get through a resolution calling for the
correspondence, etc, in his case. The two
representatives, working toward the same
point, may succeed.
Both oi the secretaries, but especially the
Secretary of the Navy in the case ot Con
mander Reiter, have been severely criticized
in official and civil circles for their severe
and peremptory action, and many naval
officers, who are probably more thoroughly
versed in such matters than Secretary Tracy,
have privately given to The Dispatch
correspondent their opinions that Com
mander Reiter acted exactly within the
regulations, and the Secretary's treatment
of him wa harsh and unwarranted. It is
very discouraging, however, at this date of
the short session to attempt to get any wrong
righted through the intervention of Con
Reed and McKinley Refuse to Even Consider
the Reciprocity Measures.
rrnoM a staff coiuiEsroNDiraT.
Washington, Feb. 1. Blaine's friends
are considerably stirred up over tbe state
ment made yesterday by "Representative Mc
Creary, of Kentucky, from the Committee
on Foreign Relations, that the Committee on
Rules had refused hitherto to provide any
time for consideration of even one of the many
bills reported by the committee providing
for reciprocity with various foreign conn
tries in accordance with the reciprocity
passage of the tariff bill. As Mr, Reed, Mr.
McKinley and Mr. Cannon are the Repub
lican majority of the Committee on Rules,
Mr. Blaine's friends appear to think that
their refusal to fix a day for reciprocity
measures is a direct blow at Mr. Blaine and
his pet scheme, and that McKinley is taking
this method of avenging himself on Mr.
(Blaine"for the latter's remark that there was
nothing in the McKinley bill that would
enable a farmer to sell one more bushel of
wheat or one more barrel oi pork.
It is well known that Speaker Reed does
not hold the Secretary of State in very high
estimation, and that reciprocity met with
little favor at the bands of the leading Re
publicans of the House. It is, therefore,
assumed that the Committee on Rules, for
the several reasons hinted at, have con
cluded to crush by refusing to consider
them, anyof the 17 bills, which are said by
all high protectionists to be just 17 steps
toward free trade.
John C. New tho latest Subject of Gossip
for the Flaco."
Washington, Feb. 1. In pointing out
the impossibility of securing anyone to
succeed the late Secretary Windom from a
distance within ten days, the Post to-day
The President opens wide the door for specu
lation, and to those who read between the lines
hit determination to place John C. New, of
Indiana, now Consul General at London, at tbe
head of tbe Treasury Denartment, seems ap
parent. Mr. New was very desirious ot enter,
ing tlio Cabinet, and it was thought that at one
time he had the Treasury Jn his grasp. Since
he has been in London be has been in corre
spondence ui tli Secretary Windom and tho
President on financial matters and his quallfl
cations are such as to admit of no donbt re
garding his ability to nil the position. That
Indiana has already one Cabinet officer
wouldn't, in all probability, deter the President
from appointing his friend to the vacant
The Saloons' of That Country Will Be
' Eegulated by Law.
Emperor William Anxious to Eestraln the
Sale of Liquor.
Berlin, Feb. 1. It is expected that a
general law for the suppression of drunken
ness will be enacted and put in force in all
the States of the German confederation be
fore the year is ended. A bill on the sub
ject has been prepared by the Prussian
Government and has received the approval
of the Emperor, who, from the day he suc
ceeded to the throne, has persistently de
manded some restrictions upon the sale of
intoxicating liquors.
For nearly three years the Government
ministers have been engaged in collecting
statistics and evidence on the points con
cerned, and deoisions at last arrived at have
already been sanctioned by the Bundesrath.
The bill decrees tbe withdrawal of saloon
licenses and the imposition of fines upon
saloon keepers who encourage persons of in
ebriate habits.
The drunkards themselves will be fined if
tbey are poor, so ns to prevent them from in
dulging in the vice of intemperance, and
terms" of imprisonment are to be imposed in
cases where a monetary fine would presum
ably not have the desired effect
The Poorer Class Furnishes the Moral In
struments of the Country.
Berlin, Feb. 1. While talking to ad
vanced thinkers about the School of Reform
Movement, a gentleman took from his
pocket a statistical review, based mpon offi
cial reports, to prove that the poorer classes
have their share of university education, in
spite of the assertions to the contrary by
Socialist agitators, their favorite studies
being theology and philosophy. For every
695 larmers, for every 516 artisans, for every
164.of the mercantile and professional classes
and every 603 capitalists, there is one uni
versity student Fifty-four per cent of the
students whose fathers belong to the labor
classes study theology; 2 per cent take up
jurisprndence or medicine and 40 per cent
adopt philosophy.
Among tbe sons of the lower grade of
public officials the per cent is as follows:
Theology, 52; medicine and jurisprndence,
3 per cent, and philosophy, 42 per cent It
would seem, therefore, that the Government
draws its chief moral instruments, namely,
tbe clergy and the school teachers, mainly
from the very classes whose -ethical and in
tellectual enlightenment constitutes the
greatest danger to a rnonarchial regime.
It Is Thought Emperor William Is Af
flicted as His Father Was.
Berlin, Feb. 1. Tbe Kaiser absolutely
dislikes being made the pbject of pity on
account of hiibo'dlly ailments. Tliere'tnay
be some ground for this extraordinary pre
cautionary measure, and I am told that it
originated in the fact that most Americans
before coming to Berlin stop en route in
Paris, and thereby become impregnated
with false or interested French notions in
regard to the German Emperor,- bnt the
pallor on the Emperor's face tells its own
The affectation in the ear is taking an ag
gravated form, and last week tbe Emperor
was three days in bed and saw no one, ex
cepting on the most urgent business. His
indisposition was kept a profound secret,
and may have been only of a temporary
character, but on the other hand there is
strong ground for believing that this prom
ising scion of the Hohenzollern family, like
bis father, is afflicted with some cancerous
Bnt Two German Papers Have Anything
to Say of It
Berlin, Feb. 1. Only two papers com
ment upon Signor Crispi's resignation. The
Sageblalt says that the Prime Minister's re
tirement will not more affect the triple
alliance than did Bismarck's dismissal.
Crispi's successor will be forced to follow
the policy of his predecessor, or he will
jeopardize' the most sacred interests of
The Boerstn Courier says that the triple
alliance is a necessity for Italy, recognized
by the Government and Parliament alike.
Crispi and his opponents will not remain at
enmity forever, and the change of ministry
involves no change in international rela
tions. .
Turned Out as Receptacles for Dr. Koch's
Consumption Cure.
Beelin, Feb. 1. An idea of the great
ness of tbe demand for Dr. Koch's lymph
may be had from the official report of the
Doeheru glass works, which states that
1,000,000 of five gramme bottles for holding
the lymph were ordered, and have been
made by the company since NovemBkr.
Tbey are made of a very fine glass of a
specially good quality, and are furnished
with airtight glass stoppers.
Over the Bering Sea Negotiations Not
Being Resumed.
London, Feb. 1. To the great surprise
of diplomatists the negotiations regarding
the Bering Sea difficulty has not been re
sumed. Mr. Lincoln has not yet seen Lord
Salisbury, though it is nearly a fortnight
since he arrived from Washington.
Both Governments are awaiting the result
of the "Sayward" appeal. '
The Queen Not Liable to Slake It Because of
Typhoid Fever.
f nr pnKLAr's cable coxfast.i
London, Feb 1. The Queen sent a spe
oial commissioner to. Florence, Italy, to re
port upon the typhoid fever scare. He
brought back word to the effect that the
fever had abated, but since his return the
epidemic has increased, so that it is not
probable that Her Majesty will fulfil her in
tention of visiting that city.
Because lie Was Refused It, a Boy Does
the Fasting Act
Berlin, Feb. 1. The son of a carpenter
named Rianthal, living- in Rackwitz,.
Silesia, lad of 20 yearsi was refused a
second plateful of .pudding at dinner, where-J
upon he swore that he wonld never touch
food again, and has since lived on water
only. Last Friday the physicians chloro
formed him and poured two cups of milk
down his throat When the lad came to
,himjelf he ate a hearty meal.
He says that he kept himself alive by
drinking water and sleeping only, as he had
neither money to buy; nor friends to give
him food, so that there could have been no
deception nor collusion in the matter.
German Socialists Think They Should Be
Paid for Property Seized.
Berlin, Feb. 1. The fact that the Gov
ernment, under the influence of a transitory
sense of justice, is talking about restoring
the salaries of Catholic bishops and priests
sequestered during the Kultur Kampf, has
emboldened the Socialists to raise a cry of
restitution on their own account. They
claim that under the regime of Prince Bis
marck 100,000 marks belonging to Socialist
societies or individuals were confiscated by
thejiolice at one time or another, and that
an incalculable amount of Socialist litera
ture was destroyed. Newspapers were sup
pressed and private and public institutions
belonging to the party were abolished.
For all these ravages of the Iron Chancel
lor the Socialists desire to be compensated,
and they think that the present melting mood
of the Government offers them an excellent
opportunity for sliding in their claims.
He Declares Ireland Will Soon Have Its
Own Parliament
-Dublin, Feb. 1. Parnell spoke at Ennis
to-day in the following stirring and de
termined words:
"We stand now without doubt on the thres
hold, of real legislative independence. Our
native country. Ireland, now as always, stands
fast to her claim to bo sovereign within her
own kingdom. She refuses to stand any
English vetoes ana declines to obey tbe orders
ot any English Minister, as far as ber own busi
ness is concerned. While always ready to give
a guarantee that no harm can possibly result
to the great imperial interests ot the United
Kingdom by the confession to Ireland of
legitimate freedom and independence, on the
other hand Irishmen are determined that tbe
solution of the problem is to be not merely a
treatyof peace between two nations, bnt a real
and lasting settlement of a vexed question.
"In a few days yon shall know the trnth of
my present declaration; you shall know that
you have won a settlement of the question,
which shall be everlastingly creditable to yonr
patriotism. Yon will have a Parliament which
will not be a mere mocsery, a body of poppets;
but will possess real power to protect tbe In
terests of every class of the people. Power, if
need be. to settle the land question; to secure
tbe disarmament of the Irish constabulary and
to convey it from a standing army of occupa
tion to a civil force of protection."
Soldiers Have Possession of the City and
Many Arrests Are Made,
By Associated Press.l
Oporto, Feb. 1. Perfect quiet reigned
in this city to-day. Government re-enforcements
have arrived from all parts
of the country. Three hundred civil
ians and soldiers were arrested
to-day. All of the Republican
clubs have been closed, and all of the Re
publican newspapers have been seized by
the Government
The front of the Town Hall and several
buildings in other streets, where conflicts
took place yesterday are much damaged and
battered. The King's portrait which bung in
theSWn Hall, was destroyed by the re
bellious soldiers who made the building
their stronghold. Several of the soldiers
who were wounded in the conflict died to
day. Most of the insurgents who sur
rendered themselves were con
veyed aboard a man-of-war to-day.
It is estimated that 24,000 shots from rifles
and machine guns were fired during the
fighting. Several more insurgents to-day
submitted to tho authorities. The police
have arrested an actor named Verdial, who
read the insurgent's proclamation of the
Portuguese Republic from a balcony of the
town hall.
Prof. Koch's Farewell Reception.
Berlin Prof. Koch, who is abont to
start for Egypt, gave a farewell reception
to his laboratory assistants to-day
The Professor says that he will
probably be absent from Berlin abont three
months. He explains that he only partially
disclosed the method of producing lymph
because he desired to stop the rush of doctors
to Berlin.
If he had described the method of manu
facturing more fully, he says, he would
have been more worried' about tbe
details. Great discontent prevails among
medical men regarding the published
account of the method of manufacture of the
lymph. They have made numberless at
tempts to produce the lymph, but they find
Prof. Koch's description totally inadequate
to enable them to make it general.
His Lite Was a Busy One, Most of It Being
Spent in the Service of the State Tils
Phenomenal Majority for Treasurer
Other Offices Held.
West Chester, Pa., Feb. 1. Samuel
Butler, who was at one time Treasurer of
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, died
this afternoon about 3 o'clock at his resi
dence in this borough. Mr. Butler had for
some time been a great sufferer Irom stomach
troubles, that defied the skill of his attend
ing physicians. His illness was long and
severe, and it was known several weeks ago
that his death was only the question of a
few days.
Mr. Butler was 65 years of age. He was
born in this county and has been more or
less intimately connected with public af
fairs during his whole life. He was elected
to the Lower House of the Legislature in
1S7G, and in 1S78 was re-elected for a second
term. In 1879 he was elected State
Treasurer by a majority which was then re
garded as phenomenal, it reaching about
58,600. For years prior to that time he had
been one of the directors of
the National Bank of Downington. When
the Farmers' National Bank of West
Chester began business he was elected its
President, a position to which he has been
annually re-elected since. He has also been
since its organization one of the directors of
the Chester County Guarantee Trust and
Safe Deposit Company. y
He was one of the lour sons of James and
Mary Butler. One of his surviving brothers
is William Butler, who is no w United States
District Judge for the Eastern District of
Henry Wolf Ends His life After a Quar
rel With His Wife.
Scio, O., Feb.l. Henry Wolf committed
suicide here last night by shooting, after
having a row with his wife, whom be ac
cused of improper conduct The body was
refused Christian burial by the town trus
tees, but friends later on succeeded in in
terring it The friends of the dead man are
mucji-exci ted over the action of the trujsteei,
Socialist Secrets Given Away By
Many European Agents..
Ej His Old Associates. Who Are Extremely
Bitter Toward Him.
Philadelphia, Feb. 1. The radical
wing of tbe Socialist movement in this city
is in a flurry of excitement, caused by tbe
statement of one of their leaders that for
some months past a number of spies have
been in their midst. This announcement,
although made only a few days ago. is
practically the culmination of an inquiry
which has been going on for over a year.
Ever since Sergius Shevitch left for
Europe a suspicion has been growing in the
minds of many of his co-workers that he
was a spy in their ranks, and, further, that
be was the chief of a band of spies in the
pay of the German Government
Since his departure, Shevitch's friends
have been active in denouncing this story as
a fabrication, and are overjoyed at the re
ceipt of a letter from Sbevitch, dated Riga,
explaining his position and satisfying them
completely of his innocence of the charges.
It is now stated by those who made the
charge against Shevitch that there are other
spies at work, and that there is evidence that
they have in the past reported directly to
Shevitch. Shevitch was known as a leader
among the radical Socialists, and his ex
treme views have, on many occasion's, en
gendered the most bitter strife in the Social
ist party.
Branded as a Spy
Time after time he has been estranged
from the Socialist Labor party, and the
leaders of the German movement, who have
great influence here, have at every oppor
tunity denounced him; in fact, William
Liebknecht, the head of tbe German
Socialists, has branded him as a "black
hearted spy." In this city the charge
against Shevitch, and his denial, are being
discussed freely, and the friends and enemies
of the famous leader are about equally di
vided. But since it has been stated that other
spies are at work the excitement has in
creased. A prominent Socialist said to
night: "This is not the first time we have
hacLspies to deal with, and it will probably
not be tbe last I am sure, however, that
there are both men and women posing as
Socialists who are informers, and who send
to tbe Government they represent all tbe
information they can get as to the men en
gaged in tbe work here and in the old coun
try." '"With what object?" queried the re
porter. "In order to get such an acquaintance
with tbe movement at home as they could
not possibly obtain there. Shevitch, I am
sure, had something behind his life that be
never wished to be known. He was never
with us in the full sense of the word.
Work of tbe Spies.
"He was always apart from the workproper.
He had the confidence of the people cer
tainly, that ia of a certain class, but, those
who knew him best trusted himleastDnring
the troubles which preceded the Haymarket
affair, and which ended in the hanging of
the seven Anarchists, Chicago was a hotbed
'of foreign Jtpies, and in a, measure, I think
justly, for the 'avowed intention of these
men who call themselves Socialists, and
really are nothing but lazy loafers, was fo kill
or do anything to further their own ends.
"The Socialist Labor party has no con
nection with these people, and yet it is
classed with them by the public generally.
It was by the aid of spies in this country
that the German Government managed to
suppress our paper, and when we issued it
from Switxerland to know who edited it and
where to locate It
"Further than this, numbers of our party
who return to Europe are subjected to all
tbe persectious possible. They are followed
step by step, and the time they leave this
country and the ship they sail on is all sent
ahead. I have no hesitation in saying that
almost all the troubles with the police in
Germany which Socialists have are primar
ily traceable to American spies."
A Female Russian Agent
A Russian Anarchist, who is well-known
in the meetings held every Sunday at Tenth
and South streets, said: "Spies? Oh, yes,
we knew there were lots of them in this
country. They come in our meeting and in
our 'groups,' and all we do is well known.
Why, at one meeting we had on November
11 last year, at which Mrs. Parsons spoke,
there was a woman spy, who is now living
in New York. She has been in the move
ment and is now going back to Russia.
"Why is she going away? Because she
can do nothing, for we know what she is,
but when she gets back Bhe will go to our
friends and begin worK afresh."
"What do you think of Shevitch?"
"I don't know him, but I do know that
among the Socialist Democrats thereare lots
of men and women who watch us and give
away all they can get. This is the way the
International Working People's Associa
tion was broken uo, and now they want to
hurt us again. I know that in our meet
ings are spies," added tbe Anarchist, "and
I know that our friends in Russia are being
arrested on information which could come
from nobody except a spy in this country;
but as these spies go back to Russia we
know what to do with them. We remember
our friends and know how to punish our
"Explain your meaning."
"No, I will explain nothing. We know
our danger and are willing to take the con
They Break Out Afresh Over tho Dismissal
of Old Employes.
New Yore, Feb. L It was thought in
Wall street that when the old Sugar Trust
was reorganized a couple of weeks ago the
troubles of those interested in the trust would
be at an end. It was announced to-day that
H. O. Havemeyer and his friends, who are
in the ascendant, had decided to part with
certain employes. It so happened that these
employes had always been in the service of
the F. O. Matthiessen & Wiecher's Sugar
Refining Company, a prominent corporation
in the trust
John J. Jurgensen, Vice President of the
Matthiessen Company, has been dismissed.
His salary has been $25,000 a year, and he Is
a millionaire. The next important change
is the departure of R. T. Rich, lor 17 years
tbe salesman lor the Matth:csen Company.
Tho saliry of Mr. Rich was $10,000 a year.
Twelve clerks, with an average salary of
$2,500 a year, were also turned adrift.
Auditor Pavey Talks Abont the Consolidated
Fire Insurance Company.
Springfield, Feb. L Auditor C. W.
Pavey, when informed of the statement
of the ofScers-of the Consolidated Mutual
Fire Insurance Company that the lailure
was due to his arbitrary and unwarranted
rulings, said such charges were untrue.
When an examination was made, as re
quired by law, and the company's assets
were fonnd to be impaired, be had given it
JU rtava In wMAn tn tyi&Va trnnA it atspta hv
special asseHment. At the end of that time
a farther extension of 40 days was asked
and he had given 20 days.
Special examination" of the company's
affairs November 14, 1890, shows the total
assets at that time were $35,865. There were
unadmitted assets of $3,597l mostly pre
miums over three months past due. The
liabilities were 575,079. The assessment de
posite notes on contingent liability of mem
bers footed up $289,604. This showed a de
ficiency of assets of cash funds as compared
with the liabilities of $39,213.
Auditor Pavey said there had been more
complaints against this company in the last
three months than against all tbe others,
and that they should have been closed up
A Fr escriptlon for Quinine and Morphine
Given by a Medical Student The Drug-
' gist May Have Made a Mistake and Re
versed the Proportions.
Netv York, Feb. L Miss Helen Potts',
daughter of George H. Potts, the weaMhy
railroad add mine owner, who lives at-j4.sh-bury
Park, and has an office at 40 Wall
street, died suddenly thi3 morning in the
boarding school of Miss Ldia Day
from morphine poisoning. Hiss Potts
who was a beautiful and accomplished girl,
20 years uld, had been an inmate of Mis3
Day's school for about a year, finishing her
edncation. She had been troubled with
nervousness and insomnia for some time,
and had received a prescription from Car-
lyle WHarns, a medical student and a
warm .personal fnendsof herself and her
led for 25 grains of
of morphine, to be
qn"f ;,8i,v'J
one of which was to
oe taKenii.
t . -ore on Sixth
avenue. Mr. BsL S
.&7i- "J of the
capsules and gaveftheVjfo Yhi s Potts.
telling her to foljiow direcsr" K iiat day
.J ?- 'J J
Mr. Harris left Awn for Old is, t Comfort
and while there he received a letter from
Miss Potts, sanng that the medicine had
given her a sgiVere headache. On Thursday
last Mr. Harfis returned to the city and
calling on Kiss Potts told her to continue
taking thtcapsules.
Last evening the young ladv took another
capsule; and at 11 o'clock her roommates
were awakened by her heavy breathing and
theyfound her almost unconscious. Medical
aid ,was at oace summoned, and the doctors
pronounced the patient to be suffering
from narcotic poisoning. They worked
with vigor, and restored her by 3 o'clock in
tbe morning, leaving her at that time out of
all danger. At 4 o'clock tbey were again
summoned, to find her at the point of death.
All their efforts were unavailing, and she
died at 11 o'clock this morning.
The.e are several theories as to the cause
of death. The prescription may have been
put up by an inexperienced druggist, who
substituted morphine for quinine, the whole
grain of morphine might have got into one
capsule, or the girl might have had the
prescription renewed and died of the cumu
lative action of a large number of the cap
sules. The Coroner has charge of the case
and a thorough investigation will be made.
Greeks, Italians. Arabs and Negroes Engage
in Deadly Combat
Chicago, Feb. 1. In a tenement house
situated in the Italian quarter and occupied
by nearly 50 families, representing Greece,
Italy, Ar.ibia.and Africa, a drunken free-for-all
fight broke ont to-night among the
inmates. One man will die and several
were injured. Arabia and Greece were
pitted against Italy and Africa. Knives,
pistols, shovels and other articles of warfare
were freely used. M. Trod, a Greek was cut
in a horrible manner and had his head al
most severed from his body. Francisco
Bartre, another Greek, received two ugly
knife thrusts in his right side. The fight was
becoming general when the police arrived
and charged the mob rescuing Trod and
Bartre who were removed to the hospital.
Four others were locked up.
When the police withdrew with their
prisoners, hostilities were recommenced.
Smarting under their defeat, the Greeks
and Arabs took up a position on the fourth
floor of the building, keeping watch over
the paling surrounding tbe light Shalt, and
awaited developments. The appearance of
the first Italian on tbe lower floor was
the signal for attack, and a per.'ect fusilade
of bullets whistled around the unfortunate
Italian's ears. Beating a hasty retreat, he
summoned his forces, but the trouble was
quelled by the police without further dam
George Jacobs, a Well-Known Democrat;
Dies at Harrisburg.
Harrisbtjrg, Feb. 1. George Jacobs,
of Mifflin, Juniata county, died in this city
to-day after an illness of eight, days. The
remains were this afternoon taken to Mifflin,
where they will be interred on Wednesday
at 2 P. 21.
Mr. Jacobs was a classmate at Frincton of
United States Senator-elect Irby, of South
Carolina, in 1874. He was 38 years old.
Until a lew years ago he had been tbe law
partner of Congressman Aikinson, and at
the time of his death was the solicitor ot the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company for the
county in which be had lived. Mr. Jacobs
took an active part in political affairs. As
the opponent of Dr. Atkinson for Congresss
in the district now represented by that gen
tleman, he reduced tbtf Republican majority
materially, as he did when he was the Dem
ocratic candidate lor State Senator.
The Sioux Chiefs Are Having a Great Tlmo
at Washington.
Washington, Feb. L The delegation
of Sioux Indians who are here to confer
with "The Great Father" about their griev
ances are enjoying all the pleasures of sight
seeing, and every effort is being made by
those who are in charge of them to render
their trip to the Capitol enjoyable. On
Monday night the chiefs will occupy four
boxes at the National Theater as the guests
of Manager Canby, of Francis Wilson's
Comic Opera Company.
As none of the hostiles have ever been in
a theater or seen a theatrical performance of
any description, the glittering spectacle
of "the "Merry Monarch" will doubtless be
a decided novelty to them.
District Grand Lodse Meets at Milwaukee
and Elects Officers.
Miiavatjkee, Feb. L The District
Grand Lodge of the B'nai B'rith met in
convention here to-day and elected the fol
lowing officers: President, Leon Schlosser,
Uf Chicago; Vice Presidents, Max Asher, of
Milwaukee, M. N. Hansman, of Grand
Rapids, Mich.; Treasurer, M. Micbaells, of
Chicago; Recnrdihg Secretary, E. C. Barn
burger, of Chicago; Member of General
Committee, Israel Von Baacleu.
The Treamrer's report showed receipts of
30,233, and disbursements of $28,621.. The
receipts of the endowment fund were $12,
088, and disbursements $10,156. The reserve
endowment" fond of the Grand Lodge .is
Riotous White Miners in Central Ala
Dama Kill Negroes Who
Conflicting Reports sj to the Exact Kuan
her of fatalities.
BiEiiiNGHAir, Ala., Feb. 1. Carbon
Hill, a mining center 30 miles from here, is!
in the hands ot rioters. The first bloodshed
occurred on Friday night Then fonr ne
groes were shot dead and five others severely
wounded, three of them perhaps fatally.
Thy nine negroes were surrounded while
asleep in their cabin and shot down before;
'they had an opportunity to escape or offer
Two companies of State troops have been
ordered out by the Governor. There has
been more blood shed to-day, but it seema
impossible to learn the extent ot it From
the most reliable reports obtainable it seema
that not less than eight or ten negroes have
been killed, and possibly more. A number
of white men who have been concerned in
the shooting have banded together and defy
arrest The reports from these by wire are
meager and conflicting, leading to the belief
that the facts are being suppressed.
Many More Reported Killed.
A train from Memphis on the Kansas
City, Memphis and Birmingham Railroad,
which arrived here at 9 o'clock, passed
Carbon Hill between 5 and 6. The train
men report that seven negroes were killed
in the cabin Friday night instead of four as
at first reported, and that nine more were
killed last night.
One dispatch from there, received early
this evening, says the only trouble since
the shooting Friday night was thi.t a white
man, named Murray, last night shot two
negroes, killing one of them and badly
wounding the other. Murray and his
friends then banded together and defied
arrest. Other reports by wire say that more
negroes were killed, while one says nona
were killed.
These conflicting reports lead to the belief
that the mob are doctoring all dispatches
sent out The train men who came in to
night state positively that 16 in all have
been killed, and that more would be shot
to-night, unless they all left town. The
town of Carbon Hill is two miles from tha
raiiroad station, and when the train passed
there this morning, not a white man was to
be seen at tbe depot, except the agent As
a rule there is always a crowd at train time.
No passengers got on there to-day.
Asking for the Aid of Troops.
This morning the Mayor of Carbon Hill
wired Governor Jones at Montgomery ask
ing for troops to help preserve the peace.
Several messages passed between the two
officials and this afternoon the Governor
ordered the Birmingham Rifles and Jeffer
son Volunteers of this city to proceed to
Carbon Hill on a special train. The two
companies left here at 7 o'clock, bnt the
train was delayed and they will not reach
Carbon Hill until after 10.
The Sheriff of the county is not at the)
scene of the trouble, and the troops were or
dered to report to the Mayor. The two com'
panies carried 60 men rank and file. News
paper men have gone out with the military
and will obtain tbeiaets when they arrive,
bat. full reports, cannot be obtained to-nigh tj
owing to the distance of the telegraph office
from the scene of the trouble and the fact
that there is only one wire and one operator
for all business.
All the trouble there seems to have grown
out of the determination of the white miners
to drive away tbe colored miners. Tha
negroes, so far as can be learned, have mada
no resistance and no white men are reported
killed or wounded. Eight hundred to 1,000
miners are employed at tbe Carbon Hill
mines, and only 125 of them are negroes.
Shot Down Without Provocation.
Nearly all reports agree that negroes have
been shot down without provocation, and
that-white men concerned in the shooting;
defy arrest The reports differ only as to
the number of the killed and wounded.
Reports from one source say six have been
killed, while other reports say 16.
A late telegram from Carbon Hill says
that no fresh outbreak has occurred to
night The special train with the military
on board arrived at Carbon Hill at 10:30 P.
M. The troops were joined en route by tha
Sheriff of the county, who knew nothing
of what had occurred during the day to
cause the Mayor to call out the troops.
A telegram from a member of one of the
companies says tbey have notyef learned
what the situation is. They heard one re
port to the effect that only one negro had
been killed to-day. There was no one at tha
station to meet the troops and explain what
they were expected to do.
A Baptist Pastor Summarily Deposed Vj
His Flock.
Elizabeth, N. J., Feb. 1. There is
trouble in Shiloh Baptist Church here,
which has resulted in the pastor being7
deposed by a vote of the congregation.
This action was taken at a business
meeting of the church last Thursday night,
after a stormy session, and the pastor, who
was present, was notified to attend a meeting
ot the trustees Friday night, when he would
be paid off. He did not go to this
meeting, but instead appeared in the church,
to-day and wanted to officiate. For a time
it looted as if there wonld.be a rumpus,
and some ot the worshipers left the
room. The pastor had several sup
porters, but they were largely in tha
minority, and after a lively discussion,
ending in the congregation ratifying tht
previous action, the clergvman finally con--eluded
to accept the verdict of the church
and retire.
There was no service except a prayer meet
ing, and now the congregation is looking
for another minister. The cause of the)
trouble is said to be the lack of harmony be
tween the pastor and Board of Trustees on
financial matters.
A Doctor Who Urges the President to TJtlllj
Abandoned Barracks.
Boston, Feb. L A novel scheme, but
one which seems to possess some merit, has
been laid before President Harrison by Dr.
William T.Parker, of Salem.whowasUnited
States army sergeant at White Earth Indian
Agency, Minnesota and subsequently at
posts in Texas, Indian Territory! and New
Mexico. He has made a specialty of lung
diseases and suggests that the abandoned
military posts in New Mexico and Colorado
be turned into national sanitariums.
Dr. Parker is deeply Impressed with tha
extraordinary value of the climate in
the alleviation and cure of con
sumption. He has traveled exten
sively in Europe and thronghont tha
United States, and he says that nowhere in
tbe world can consumption be so success
fully combattcd and overcome as in
tbe wonderful climate of Northern
and Central New Mexico and Southwestern
Colorado. He cites in his letter to Presi
dent Harrison the active measures taken by
tbe English and German Governments in
the treatment of consumption, and urges tha
Importance of Government aid in tfck
country. ,

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