THIS IS THE SEASON
TO SI'-LI. ACT RENT HOCPES.
BUYERS AND RENTER
LOOK FOB BARGAINS
IX Tire EVERT MOBSKG DISPATCH.
DO YOU WANT A SITUATION?
MEMBERS OF GOOD OPEITNGS
ADVERTISED EVERY MORNING
IN THE COLUMNS OF
PITTSBURG, MONDAY, MARCH 30, 1891.
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UIMII lllIIMIIIIill 91IHI1HII II ADVERTISED EVERY MORNING
Hh- H. ib. K3 my .HkjlV JBb .Bll W . AAV An. 9H BH P" BV a V JbkRI HL. BW JBhl SAk . B. a.
tTlT 9 wJS? ' L " Si L ' H y " jy
President Gompers Coming Here
to Direct the Carpen
ters in Their
FIGHT FOR EIGHT HOURS.
He Says the Men Are Uncompromis
ing in Their Demand and "Will
Strike on May Firsts
BUILDERS ARE JUST AS DECIDED
That the Time lias Come to Stop the Grow
ing Cost of Building, and Will
Fight to a Finish.
ADJACENT COUNTIES AEE INVOLVED.
Tit Ltider of the Fefontioa Wfll Also Ttie dirge of
til Mirers' lagtt-Hrcr Dty DrnnJ
tni Will Tilt D;
TEKFORAET HE1DQUAETEBS IN PITKBUKO
Thirty days from to-morrow will see the
inauguration of one of the bitterest strug
gles between labor and capital and em
ployers and employes that has ever been wit
nessed in Western Pennsylvania. It was
hoped that compromises would have effected
settlemen of the difficulties, but there is
sow, unfortunately, no longer any doubt of
a determination on both sides to put the
issues to a trial of strength. The difficulties
alluded to are the eight-hour demand ot
the carpenters, and the eight-hour demand
of the miners, co-relatively with the scale
they offer for adoption.
Samuel Gompers has issued bis fiat in the
matter, and the fiat of the President of the
American Federation of Labor is only de
livered when that astute officer has weighed
every circumstance reflecting on the matters
at issue, and satisfied himself that he and
bis organization stand a reasonable show of
Position ot the Carpenters' Demands.
Dealing first with the carpenters, the posi
tion of affairs to-day is this: Both sides
have abandoned all attempts at further con
ferences, and are now preparing for the
struggle of the 1st of Hay. This is the re
sult of a communication received by a
member of the Builders' Exchange from
Mr. Gompers, in which the Fed
eration President says that the
carpenters are pledged to the
eight-hour day demand; that nothing less
wtil satisfy them; and that he himself w'Ji
arrive here to-morrow week, to take personal
charge of the campaign on their behalf.
The Builders' Exchange has accepted this
as finally outlining the policy of the car
penters, and has made no further attempts
at bringing about a settlement.
If the carpenters are uncompromising on
the eight-hour question, their employers are
just as determined to withstand the con
cession. The Builders' Exchange lias de
termined on the policy its members shall
adopt when the bio. v is struck. Tbey pro
pose to act as a unit. When the carpenters
strike there will be a complete cessation of
building operations. Every workmen al
lied with the Building Trades Council
which is directing the workers' movements
will be locked out; and, consequently,
other tradesmen connected with construct
ion will be rendered idle.
An Extensile Lockout Ahead.
The lockout will be extended to include
even planing mill hands, and, in fact, every
branch of trade connected with building
operations, and every worker whose em
ployer is affiliated with the Builders' Ex
change. The strike will extend through
the neighboring counties, taking in Arm
strong, Beaver, Butler, Lawrence, West
moreland and Washington, and the build
ing tradesmen ot Johnstown, Oil City,
Titusviile, Meadville, New Castle, Beaver
Falls and Washington will be confronted
with this movement on the part of their em
ployers, all of whom, through their ex
changes, are in harmony with and propose
to support the action of the Builders' Ex
change of Pittsburg.
The decision of the employers to put the
matter of the eight-hour demand to the test
of a struggle has not been determined upon
without much consideration. The argu
ments of tne builders against the demand
are not as it is well understood directed
against the length of the day's work, but
against the increase in wages in paying nine
hours' wages for eight hours work. They
urge that the workers have been steadily
advancing their wages, year by year, irre
spective of the conditions of trade, and now
the time has arrived for a stand against a
further increase in the cost of building.
Fearful of a Spread of the Movement.
They say further that to grant the car
penters an increase will be to encourage
similar demands from all the other trades
men and laborers, and they maintain that to
increase the cost of construction would be
to make building so expensive as to prevent
capitalists from embarking money in it as
an investment, because the high rents neces
sary to be charged to secure fair interest on
the outlay could not be obtained. On this
point the builders are unanimous in opin
ion and determined to fight all further de
mands from labor which will increase
As has been before pointed out in The
Dispatch, the carpenters themselves are
not harmonious on the eight-hour ques
tion. The bulk of them are satis
fied as they are, because tbey are
being well paid. The agitation
is being supported by that section of the
craft which is dependent on organixed effort
for a sustainment of its wages, against the
judgment of the better workmen whose
wages are not restricted by their employers
to the letter of the scale.and who are paid ac
cording to their worth. It is popularly sup
posed that the employer stands back of the
agreement, and does not pay one workman
more than another. This is a mistake. The
skilled men among the carpenters are p.iid
more than the tcale waees, but they are so
IIow More Than Scale Wages Are Paid.
While a shop pay-sheet may show a som
ber of men at an equal rate, the best men are
receiving more. The employer, recognizing
a particular man's ability,"sends his wife a
check at the end of each month for the dif
ference between what the man is really
worth and the wages laid down in the scale.
The Allegheny and Southside carpenters
are generally opposed to the agitation, and
there is no doubt that many of them will
refuse to be bound by their organization,
and will break away from it This is just as
certain as that the strike will occur.
When President Gompers arrives he will
make this city the headquarters of the
American Federation of Labor for the time
being. He is determined to carry his pet
policy of an eight-hour day into effect, and,
as he says, he will remain here and conduct
the campaign for the carpenters. But he
will have another, although similar, mis
sion in these parts. That will be the incep
tion of the eight-honr day's work among the
ir.ers. In this latter work he will be sup
ported by the Knights of Labor assemblies
of miners. President Eae and other officers
will be here at the same time, and will act
in conjunction with the President of the
Federation, who will direct both fishts.
Dark Outlook for the Coko Region.
This determination to enforce an eight
hour struggle decided upon some time ago
on top of the wage scale dispnte in which
the eight-hour day, though demanded, was
lost sight of in the more pressing question
of PaTi Rives the coke region dispute the
complexion ot promising to last for a longer
period than was generally supposed. From
the first to the middle of Hay was thought
to be about the time when the operators
would sec fit to resume work, for it is an
open secret that all the ovens required could
be fired and successfully operated in three
days' time if necessary. President Gom
pers' decision to bring the Feder
ation forces to bear on the coke
strike may result in developments
not yet thought of. The Amalgamated As
sociation has already promised to aid the
miners in an eight-honr struggle, refusing
to use non-union made coke or coal, and
influence conld be brought to bear on rail
road employes with regard to handling it
Mr. Gompers is credited with being de
termined on carrying the eight-hour dav in
the trades mentioned this year, and if he
goes into the mining regions with a cry of
"No Surrender," like the apprentice boys of
Perry, he certainly has the power to make
lively times in this neighborhood.
STRIKES IN ORDER.
BHOBT HOURS WILL BE DEMANDED ALL
OVEB THE COUNTBY
Brotherhood of Carpenters' Officers
Kimuterate Cities Where Efforts to Set
euro the Right and Nlne-IIonr Day Will
Bo Made Pittsburg, on the List
FrrCIAL TELKGBAM TO TBI niSFATCH.l
Philadelphia, Maroh 29. The build
ers and boss carpenters of both this city and
Camden will, in all probability, shortly be
come involved in a struggle with the mem
bers of the United Brotherhood of Carpen
ters and Joiners, whose headquarters are
located here. Concessions are to be de
manded from the builders all over the
country, and the struggle promises to be
come general. The brotherhood will make
a determined effort on Wednesday next to
secure the nine-hour day in Summit,Morris-
town and Long Branch, IT. J.; Bay City,
Mich.; Colurnbns, Ind.; Anderson, Ind.;
New Orleans; Pittsfield, Muss.; Sheffield.
Aia., and Wellsburg, W. Va. Jf tbe,.'
wands of the men arebor-conceded, striKS3
-will follow. The struggle in this city and
Camden will probably not develop nntil
In Sheboygan, Mich., the eight-hour day
has already been established, and the men
intend to go out rather than return to nine
hours. It has been decided to establish the
eight-hour day in Detroit, and strikes will
result if the men's terms are not accepted.
General Secretary of the Brotherhood, P.
J. McGuire, will return to-morrow from
Indiana, where he has been to adjust the
lockout at Indianapolis. The trouble there
involves 445 members of the union, and was
caused by the builders' effort to return to
the nine-hour day. The assistance sent to
them last week amounts to nearly $2,000.
On May 1, the Brotherhood officials sav,
strikes will occur in Pittsburg, Newark, N,
J.; Jackson, Mich.; Long Island City,
Minneapolis, Salt Lake Cilv, Springfield,
Mo., and fahreveport, La. The contest at
these places will be to secure the eight-hour
system. East St. Louis, 111.; Louisville,
Ky., and Milwaukee already have the
eight-hour law, and will on Wednesday de
mand some further advances. Some 40
other cities and towns throughout the coun
try will be agitated by an attempt on the
part of the men to secuie the nine-hour day.
It was also learned that on May 1 there will
probably be a movement by the carpenters
in this city to secure an advance In wages.
The same demand will also be made in 19
The officers of the Brotherhood are strong
in their condemnation of the Carpenters'
and Builders' Association of Chicago, which
has lured it is claimed by misleading
statements an army of men to that city by
golden promises of plenty of work-at big
pay. The result is that 25,000 able bodied,
skilled men are now in the Windy City, idle
and on the verge of starvation. There are
10 men to every job, and great suffering has
WBECK ON THE PENNSY.
Cincinnati Express Jumps the Track, but
o One Badly Injured.
rfrECIAt TKLEPEAM TO TUB DISPATCH.!
Philadelphia, March 29. At 6:30 this
morning the Cincinnati express, a vesti
bule train, consisting of four Pullman
sleepers, was wrecked at Devon station on
the main line of the Pennsylvania Bail road.
The train was running at the rate of 60
miles an hour, and at the enrve of the road,
about 400 yards above the station, the rear
car was derailed and overturned. The
brakes broke and the engine rushed on at a
tremendous pace. This left the train with
out any guide to stop it and the jars and
bumps occasioned by the overturned car
soon had the effect of derailing the others.
There was a panic among the occupants of
the sleepers. The cry of fire was started
and in the scramble to get out of the cars
more people were hurt than from the derail
ing of the cars. The injuries of the passen
gers were slight The cars, however, were
badly smashed. The railroad track at
Devon was completely demolished for about
WOBK FOB A NAVY YABD.
Accommodations to Be Prepared at Ports
month for Six New Craft
Portsmouth, N. H., March 29. Late
last night a dispatch was received from
Naval Constructor Wilson in Washington,
stating that orders have been forwarded to
this navy ysrd to commence on outfits, con
sisting of spars, blocks, boats, furniture and
cooperaee, for gunboats Nos. 5 and 6, now
being built at Bath; cruisers Nos. 9 and 10,
now being built at Baltimore; cruiser No.
11, being bnilt at Boston, and the new prac
A DESPONDENT GEBMAN
Tronbles By Tattinc
Through His Heart
frKCIAL TSXEGBAM TCI THE DIRPATCIT.1
New York, March 29. A young Ger
man went to the North Eiyer House at
West and Barclay streets Friday and asked J
for a room. lie gave his name as Joseph
Muller. He was a quiet young fellow, and
bis clothes looked as though they bad seen
better days. On Friday night he told the
night clerk that he was ont of money and
work, but had telegraphed to a friend in
North Dakota for a remittance. This morn
ing about 8 o'clock the people in the honse
were startled by a pistol shot from his room.
The door was forced, but too late to do any
good, (or the young German was dead, with
a bullet hole just over his heart
On the bureau were two scraps of paper.
On one was written: "lam from Germany,
the son of a druggist, and am despondent"
The other was a telegram which had not
HANGED INHER CELL.
SUICIDE OF A WOMAH CHARGED WITH
KILLING HEB STEPSON.
A ratnetic Letter to Her Husband, In Which
She Protested Her Innocence She
Preferred Death to Mingling With Con
victs in the Penitentiary.
:SPECIAL TEX.KGRAU TO TUB D1SPATCH.1
Denver, March 29. Several days ago
Lucy E. Anders, a resident of Colorado
Springs, was arrested at the instance of some
neighbors, charged with poisoning her 14-year-old
adopted son. Although she
pleaded her innocence, her husband, as well
as the grand jury, condemned her. On
Friday a verdict of guilty was brought in
by a jury, and Judge Campbell was to have
sentenced her on next Tnesday. Last even
ing she took a quilt from her iron cot in the
cell, made a loop, placed one end through
the bars, while the other she placed around
her neck; then pushing the cot away on
which she was standing, she strangled her
self to death.
Among the woman's effects a letter was
found addressed to her husband. It is full
of the most endearing terms, and in part is
"I wish to say a few things in my poor
way In regard to the terrible accusations
placed against me. In the first place, I
will say that my stepson, whom I am ac
cused of trying to murder, did not like me
when he first came to live with us, he hav
ing been prejudiced against me by his
grandmother, who disliked giving him up,
and neighbors filling his mind with untrue
charges, so that he never acted toward me
as though I was nnything toward him. I
know that he would have never thought of
thingsthat he has told without help, for he
has said that certain ones told him things to
say about me that he never would have
thought of, and if he has any poison in him
he got it of his own accord.
"Everything that was poisonous in the
house was within his reach. Hfrwas left
in the house alone quite often, and it is just
as probable that he might have tasted some
thing that way as it is that I should have
given it to him. I will close by saying that,
as God is my witness, I am innocent of ever
having committed a wrong in all my life;
bat this is a cruel world. My husband, the
only friend I have, believes me guilty. My
poor pareots died years ago. I have no
money to defend myself against the terrible
accusations; so, like hundreds of other inno
cents, I am made to suffer without having
done a wrong.
"Oh, God, why is this such a cruel world?
Here I am, innocent Still, rather than be
sent to the penitentiary to mingle with con
victs, I must commit suicide. You, my
husband, some day yon will understand
how cruelly I have been wronged. This is
a cruel world and innocents must suffer.
Lucy E. Anders."
A DASTARDLY ACT.
-'Attempt to Burn a Colored Orphan Asylum
in a Cincinnati Suburb.
ISrECIAI, TELEQBAM TO THE DISPATCH.!
Cincinnati, March 29. An attempt to
burn the Colored Orphan Asylum, in Avon
dale, and its 35 inmates very nearly suc
ceeded to-night. Shortly after 8 o'clock,
when the children were undressing for bed,
a strong odor of smoke and oil was detected.
One of the girls discovered smoke curling
from a crack near the window on the north
side. The matron quickly got the children
in line and marched them out The flames,
which were between the wall and the
plastering.' were finally extinguished after
doing several hundred dollars' worth of
Investigation revealed a startling fact.
The structure is of frame, resting on stone
pillars and leaving a space between the
ground and floor. In this suaee was fhiiml
the charred remnants of a large pile of kind
ling, over which kerosene had been ponred.
There is no clue to the guilty wretch who
started the fire, but the colored people say
the asylum has been long an eve-sore to the
whites, some of whom would not scrnpleat
any means to secure its removal. During
the exoitement Matron Dunlap and a 2-year-old
child were overcome by smoke and were
restored to consciousness with great diffi
culty. A FLOATEB FOUND.
The Dead Body of an Unknown Picked Dp
in New Tork Harbor.
rsrEciAi. TELKaaAV to the dupatcb.1
New York, March 29. The body of an
unknown man was iound in the water this
morning between the quarantine boarding
station and Fort Wadsworth. It was that
of a man about 35 years of age, 5 feet 7
inches tall and weighing about 150 pounds.
It had dark hair, a slight mustache and
small side whiskers. An examination
showed a deep, clean-cut wound in the fore
head over the right eye, and the right eve
was badly discolored.
The left leg was broken at the thigh. The
wound does notlook as if it could have been
produced by contact with rocks in the
A FATHEB'S DISCOVEBY.
He Bans Against the Corpse or His
Who Had Hanged Himself.
rSPECIAL TELEORAil TO THB DISPATCH.I
New York, March 29. Jacob Kranse
got up from bed at 3:30 o'clock this morn
ing and went to his kitchen to get a drink
of water. When he attempted to light the
gas his hand ran against the face of a
corpse. Hastily procuring a light, be
found the body was that of his son Frank,
aged 18. The boy had evidently stood on a
chair, which was overturned beside him,
and fastened one end of a bit of rope to the
It is thonght that the boy was temporarily
insane. He had been studying in a school
of architecture and building.
DEATH OF A NOTED JOCKEY.
Ed Storm, tho Well-Known Chicago Horse
man, Passes Away.
Chicago, March 29. Ed Storm, the
well-known Chicago horseman, succumbed
yesterday to illness from which he bad suf
fered for several months past.
Storm's reputation on the turf was made
as a steeplechase jockey, and in horseman
ship over the dangerous hurdles and water
jumps it is said he had no superior in this
SOUTH DAKOTA IS HAPPY.
.Timely Moisture Ushers in a Hopeful Sea
son of Seeding.
Huron, S. D., March 29. There was a
ieavy snow and rain fall this morning.
This afternoon a severe snowstorm set in.
and is now in progress.
The snow is full of water and will nut the
'ground in splendid condition for seeding,
TO CHEAT HABRISON.
Even the President Selected as a Tar
get by the Audacious
CLIQUE OP Sl'AHISH SWIKDLERS
Which lias for Years Schemed to Entrap
INQUIRY OF THE STATU DEPARTMENT
Washington, March 29. For several
years past attempts have been made to vic
timize people of prominence in the United
States in playing upon their credulity at
the expense of their purses. Just who the
would-be swindlers arc and to what extent
they have succeeded is not known, but suf
ficent data has drifted into the Department
of State to indicate that these operations
have been conducted on a broad scale, and
that the leader in them is intelligent and
well acquainted with the affairs of the per
sons selected as victims.
Whether there is one man, or whether he
has confederates, it is hard to determine,
although the indications point to co-operative
action. The fraudulent schemes are of
the same general plan, but details are
varied infinitely to meet the character of
the victim. As a rule, he is a person who
has at some time had a slight acquaintance
with a Spaniard.
The Usual Modo of Operation!
He receives a letter from a Spanish priest
telling him that a large sum of money has
been devised to him by this Spaniard on
conditions that always involve the advance
ment of a greater or less sum of money to
pay necessary charges.
The first notice the Department of State
bad of the swindle was a letter addressed to
President Harrison soon niter he assumed
his office. In this letter the writer, a Cath
olic priest, as he described himself, in
formed the President that a Spanish army
officer, after undergoing incredible vicissi
tudes of fortune, had died in Spain. He
bad delivered to the priest a satchel con
taining 200,000, which was to be turned
over to President Harrison on the sole con
dition that he would assume charge of the
officer's little daughter.
Incidentally, the amount of $5,000 was
needed to pay necessary expenses. The
matter was confidential, and the President
was to direct his reply in Spanish to the
priest, and inclose it in a letter addressed to
a Spanish lady. The priest also inclosed a
letter from a Bishop testifying to the good
character of the priest, bnt, perhaps from
inadvertence, or more probably to avoid
conviction if detected, the testimonial was
made out for a person oi different name from
thai signed by the alleged priest.
Another Prominent Man Tried.
The next person selected as a victim was
General Bartlett, of the Pension Office, in.
Washington. In this case a great quantity
of valuable plate was at stake, encumbered
with an innocent, angelic child of a Span
iard, whom the General really recalled as
an acquaintance of his early years. His
suspicions were aroused by the nnusual pre
cautions that were to be observed, and he
escaped without loss.
Then a prominent druggist of Paterson,
N. J., was picked out by the gang, but he
regarded the priest's letter as a practical
iofce and paid no serious attention to it
Early lest ' week a citizen of Cretan,.-I I
was told thif ttfPOOTn'jewers andlrtaiWeH
was buried in his neighborhood by a Span
iard he had known in bygone years. He
was to have a description of its location and
a part oi the proceeds of the property if be
would send the remainder to a daughter of
the Spaniard, bonding himself heavily and
remitting money to pay charges before re
ceiving the chart showing the location of
A member of the United States House of
Representatives last summer also came in
for one of these prize packages, which were
warranted to contain a fortune and a beau
tiful heiress. A letter was addressed to this
member from the "Parish Church of San
Jaime Atreida, Archbishopric of Toledo."
Crafty Wording of the Letters.
The letter, like the others, purported to be
from a priest Alberto Senar, in this case
located in the province of Badnjos, Sona
Maria Casillas, dalle Juderia, No. 23 Vil
lanueva La Sarena. This letter is chiefly
remarkable for the crafty manner in which
the priest seeks to prevent the exposure of
the swindle by making it appear to be to
the recipient's interest to maintain silence.
The priest's story is romantic,as is invariably
the case. An illustrious prisoner had died
in a castle- The charge upon which he
was confined embezzlement from the State
was cunningly stated with apparent inno
cence, although its suggestion indirectly ac
counted for the great fortune of 9,000,000
pesetas (about ?1,800,000) which the pris
oner had secreted.
He had selected the American C ongresa
man to act as his executor He bad an in
nocent, angelic heiress, and was willing to
allow the executor the fiftL'part of his for
tune for his trouble. The priest had been
told, under the seal of the confessional, that
the treasure had been secretly deposited by
the illustrious prisoner in the Bank of Lon
don, it happened that his baggage was in
possession of the court, and in a secret re
cess of one of the trunks was concealed the
receipt of deposit of the money. The pris
oner, in his will, had stipulated that his
executor should pay down 20,000 pesetas
($5,000) for the purpose of withdrawing the
baggage from the hands of the court
The Beason Given for Silence.
Because the bqggage would not be sur
rendered by the oonrt if the secret were dis
covered, the priest enjoins upon the Con
gressman a sepnlchral silence in regard to
the matter. Also he warns him that power
ful enemies of the deceased may take steps
to discover the secret, and says: "Fall not
into the temptation of revealing the secret,
since, if you remain steadfast, you pre
vent the eternal misfortune of the innocent
The priest signs himself, "Your Most
Affectionate Brother in Christ," and en
closes a letter from Antonio or Altavinos,
Archbishop of Toledo, duly sealed, enjoin
ing the Congressman to send along the
money, beginning with a draft of 52,500 on
London or Paris.
It appears that in this case, as in the case
ot the letter addressed to President Harri
son, the name of tbe priest, as given by the
Archbishop, is spelled differently from tbe
name given by the priest himself. More
over, the real Archbishop of Toledo is Don
Miguel Paya y BJco, and the pretentious
seals are proDaDiy not counterteits, but ex
The last communication on the subject
which has reached the Department of State
is from an attorney at law in Nebraska.
He gives a modification of the scheme which
was attempted in 1882.
Always Something Wrong About It.
In this case a pretended Catholic priest
had learned at the confessional that a pris
oner condemned for theft Irom tbe Qneen
ot Spain (there is always an in
sinuation ot the manner in which
tbe bogus treasure was come by) had dhd
leaving concealed in America a large
amount of money, a considerable part of
which he wished to leave to a banker in Ne
braska, if the latter would act as his execu
tor. This particular banker showed the
letter to the attorney, who investigated the
matter and saved the loss of money.
The attempt was renewed last November
upon another banker ot the same city.
Tbe old story was again modified, the
names were changed and the place of
writing .-watt Yalenciaj instead oi Balboa,
bnt the handwriting was the same as in the
first case. The documents consisted of a
forced exemplification of the will, a forged
certificate of the clerk of the court and
other papers. These also fell into the
hands of the same attorney and he led the
parties along in correspondence while he in
the meantime notified the American Minis
ter in Spain and the Chief of Police of
Valencia, nrglng the authorities to act.
MEXICO IS RESENTFUL.
NO BECIPBOCITY TBEATY WITH
COUNTBY AT PBESENT.
Tho Xailure of the Treaty of 1883 a Stum
bling Block Western Tanners and
Southern Mandfactnrers Favor a Treaty
Mining Interests Will Fight It.
fTKOH X 6TAIT CORBERPOHDEXT.l
Washington, March 29. The negotia
tions for a reciprocity treaty with Mexico
have been interrupted, and it is not likely
that Mr. Blaine will be able to accomplish
anything until the resentful feeling of the
citizens of Mexico against the United States
has subsided. The present state of public
.feeling in Mexico is a result of the failure
of the United States to ratify the commercial
treaty of 1883, negotiated by General Grant
nnd William H. Trescott on the part of the
United States. This treaty was not of Mex
ico's asking, but was suggested by the
United States. Although the Senate ap
proved of the reciprocal iree list agreed
upon, a clause was inserted in the treaty
providing that it should not go into effect
until Congress had ppssed a law to carry it
into operation by making the necessary
changes in the tariff.
That law was never passed. A bill was
introduced in Congress, but was reported
adversely by the Ways and Means Commit
tee. Another hitch is likely to occur over
the question of admitting Mexican ores free
of duty. While the Kansas larmers will
have 100,000,000 bushels of corn this year to
sell and will look with longing eyes to a
market peyona tneitio Urande, the Mexican
feels that he has in turn, millions of tons of
ore that he cannot smelt by his primitive
processes, and which he would like to sell
in the United States. But as the tobacco
producers were the most active in securing
the virtual death of the last treaty, because
tobacco was then placed on the free list, so
the mining interest will fight to the bitter
end the free admissiou of Mexican ores.
A reciprocity treaty with Mexico is not,
as stated, expected for some time. The Ad
ministration hopes, however, to see it an ac
complished fact before March 4, 1893. The
demand for it comes not only from the grain
producers ot the West, but from the manu
facturers of the South nnd Southwest. In
New Orleans, especially, there are a large
number of manufacturers who can ship their
goods across to Vera Cruz if a reciprocity
treaty is arranged.
SEEKING FOB A LOOPHOLE.
Treasury Officials After a Way Out or the
I rnOM JL STAFF COr.nESPONDEJJT. 1
Washington, March 29. Notwith
standing the pair of black eyes which the
Department of Justice gave to the proposed
new Philadelphia Mint yesterday by its de
cision, the Supervising Architect and Di
rector of the Mint still cling fondly to the
hope that all is not yet lost. Mr. Windrim
and Mr. Leech will consult Secretary Foster
to-morrow to sec if a loophole can't be found
which will allow the preliminary work in
connection with tbe erection of the bnilding
to proceed. Their object is to induce the
LSM-retary to. allow bids for a site to bo ad-
Their purpose is twofold. One is to se
cure tbe old deal and dumb asylnm site at
Broad and'Spruce streets, and" tbe second is
to commit the Government to the work in
such a manner that the next Congress will
be forced to proceed with it. The new Sec
retary will hardly take the responsibility of
ordering bids for a site for a building which
is yet unauthorized by law.
EASTEB CAME TOO SOON
For tho White Honse Grounds to Be in Con
dition for tho Egg-Rolling.
Washington, March 29. Owing to the
continued rain and snow of the past week
the White House grounds have been ren
dered soft and damp, and it has been wisely
decided to postpone the.customaryeee-rolling
there on Easter Monday. The children of
Washington have practiced this novel sport
nntil the day has come to be recognized by
an annual order of the President detailing
the Marine Band for their entertainment.
The thousands of little feet would not only
ruin the lawns, but the youngsters would
run tbe risk of catching heavy colds. A
postponement of the entertainment until
Saturday next is suggested, but the Marine
Band will then be absent in New Haven on
its concert tour, and the Third Artillery
Band may be used.
TO BEPLACE BAUM.
Ex-Governor Beaver Said to Bo Slated for
Commissioner of Pensions.
tritOM A STAFF COHRESFOMDEUT.l
Washington, March 29. The rumor
that Commissioner of Pensions Green B.
Baum is about to resign, and that Ex-Governor
James A. Beaver is to succeed him, is
again in circulationlandjthis time there ap
pears to be some truth in it It is stated on
pretty good authority that Beaver is to be
appointed at th& head of tbe Pension Bu
reau and his appearance is daily expected in
Commissioner Itaum refuses to talk about
the matter, and the affair will probably not
be made publio until Beaver arrives here.
THE FIBST TO FILL AN OFFICE.
Major Bathbone Accepts the Fourth Assist
ant Postmaster Generalship.
Washington, March 29. Major Estes
G. Bathbone, of Ohio, at present the Chief
Postoffice Inspector, has been tendered and
has accepted the office of Fourth Assistant
Postmaster General, created at the last ses
sion of Congress.
It is said to be probable that ex-Representative
Carter, of Montana, will be ap
pointed Commissioner of the General Land
Office, vice Goff, resigned.
CHICAGO'S GBEAT MOBTALITY.
People Are Dying So Rapidly That They
Cannot Be Baried.
.'SFECIAL TELEOKAM TO THE DIsrATCILl
Chicago, March 29. Two hundred and
seventy-fiye bodies which should have been
bnried to-day lie in Chicago homes to-night,
for the reason that undertakers could not
inter them. There were nearly 200
funerals and every hearse in tbe city
was pressed into service. Long lines
of carriages containing mourners wended
their way through the streets out to the dif
ferent cemeteries. Gravediggers were kept
hard at work all dav. An extra force of
men will be required for the next week, it is
expected, at all the cemeteries.
.The death rate for the past 24 honrs ex
ceeded tbe mortality of the preceding 24
hours, which was 150. Nine-tenths of the
deaths are duf to the grip and pneumonia.
Physicians are kept on their feet night and
day attending to the sick.
Mangled Himself Frightfully.
San Deandko, Oaii., March 29. Last
night J. Anderson, while temporarily in
sane, cut off his left let- below thn knee and
ljb.br left hand. srUhxbroadax. ,
AN ASSASSIN OF 12
Shoots a South American Prime Min
ister While in His Carriage.
RIPE FOR ANOTHER REVOLUTION.
Arrest of Many Persons Suspected of Con
spiracy With the Boy.
BUENOS AYRES UNDER MARTIAL LAW
SPECIAL TELEGP.AM TO TUB DISPATCn.l
New York, March 29. The following
advices have been received from private
sources in Bnenos Ayres: This city is ex
cited over an attempt made yesterday after
noon on the life of His Excellency, Gen
eral Boca, the Prime Minister of the Re
public. Three days ago President Pelle
grini read an anonymous letter, warning
him that attempts wonld be made on the
lives of himself, General Boca and General
Levalle. These three gentlemen, the writer
said, were the cause of the present political
General Boca likewise received similar
anonymous warnings. At the same time
suspicious groups of men were hovering
about the Government House and also in
Adrogue, where the President resides. All
these things were brought to the attention
of the President, and this accounts for tho
extraordinary military precautions taken
within the past fewdavs. Yesterday a Cab
inet council was held in the Government
House, in which the question of tbe London
negotiation was disenssed.
Shot Whllo in a Carriage.
The council lasted until 5:30 o'clock, when
General Boca gave some orders in the Home
Office, and, accompanied by his friend Don
Gregono Soler, entered his carriage. Tho
carriage was driven down Calle 25 de Mayo,
and, as it passed Calle Cangallo, Mr. Soler
suddenly addressed General Boca, saying:
"I think I heard the report of a revolver."
General Uoca said: "My God,I am wound
ed." They immediately alighted from the
carriage and found themselves in a great
commotion in tbe street Policemen were
whistling, people were running abont in
every direction, shouting, "Murder, assas
sin," while a large body ot soldiers came
running down street from the Government
In a moment General Boca understood
that an attempt had been made on bis life,
and seeing two officers holding a boy a lit
tle distant he rushed in that direction. He
asked the boy who told him to commit the
crime. The boy was so badly frightened
that he was unable to speak. The young
fellow was taken to the police station, where
he was identified as Thomas Sambrico, an
Argentine by birth, but an Italian by ex
traction. A Very Youthful Assassin.
He said he was only 12 years of age, but
it is believed that he is at least 14. He de
clared that he is out of employment, and
being convinced that General Boca was the
cause of the ruin of the country, he had de
cided to kill him. He said he had told his
brothers and same comrades oi his intention
and had practiced at target shooting in
On Monday last he followed the General
with the intention of killing him, but see
ing him accompanied by an officer he de
cided to await a more favorable opportu
nity. This young boy seems to be very in
telligent, and it ill. believed, he, has been
made the tooTof some Of -"General Ito'ea's
most bitter enemies.
Yesterday afternoon young Sambrico took
up his position in Calle 25 de Mavo. at the
corner of Crngallo. He stood at this corner
for several hours with one hand inside his
coat. When General Boca's carriage came
around the corner suddenly, the boy was so
completely taken by surprise that she hesi
tated a while, rushed after the carriage and
fired at it. The bullet pierced the hood and
cushions, making an ugly flesh wound in'
the General's back. The police hare arrested
25 persons as the abettors and accomplices
of the attempt on General Boca's life.among
them the parents and brothers of the young
Denies That He Was Influenced.
However the boy stoutly maintains that
he was not influenced by anyone, but acted
of his own free will. The police have dis
covered, however, that he was familiar with
the sons of a certain doctor, who have been
arrested. One of the doctor's sons had quite
a circle of young fellows like Sambrico,
whom he assembled late at night and
secretly received in his father's house.
Young Sambrico was well aware of tbe pun
ishment the law provides for his crime.
While General Boca's wound is not serious,
it is very painfnl and will confine him to his
bed for several days.
For several weeks there has been a general
feeling of dissatisfaction among the masses.
Immediately after the carnival an infinite
variety of rumors assailed tbe. public ear.
Some spoke of revolution, others of arrest
of high officials. The Government seemed
to think that danger was brewing and
adopted measures calculated to increase the
uneasy feeling about town. A decree was
issued last evening by tbe Government pro
claiming the city under a state of siege.
The greatest excitement has prevailed in
town to-day. This morning the Government
seized a number of horses at Belgrano for
the artillery batteries that arrived from
Zarape during the night. No carriages or
horsemen are allowed to enter the public
A Stout Medium From Baltimore Aston
ishes a New Tork Gathering.
1 SrZCIAI. TELEQBAM TO THB DISPATCH. 1
New Yoek, March 29. Adelphi Hall
was crowded during the celebration of the
forty-third anniversary of modern Soiritual
ism to-day, under the direction of the First
Society of Spiritualists. The feature of the
afternoon was the appearance of Miss Mag
gie Gaul, of Baltimore, a stout, ruddy-faced
and jolly looking young woman. With her
big dark eyes very wide open, ibe walked
up and down tne platform giving "tests.
To more than a score oi persons in various
parts of the audience she described the
spirits of departed friends or relatives,
whose spirits she said she saw, and who gave
her various messages.
Several people were affected to tears by
those messages. A tall, military-looking
man at the back of the hall seemed to be
especially favored. He acknowledged that
his name was Colonel Wentworth, and that
he commanded a New Hampshire Regiment
in the war. Several of his old soldier com
panions whose shades Miss Gaul said she
saw and whose names and messages she
gave, were recognized by him. He said in
reply to a question that be was proud to
count himself a Spiritualist, but he had
never seen Miss Gaul before in his life.
A PEOBABLE HUBDEB.
Suspicions Circumstances Abont an Old
tSrECIAij TELSGRAU TO TUB DISFATCO.1
Habbisbdbg, March 29. There is a
suspicion that the man whose body was
fonnd yesterday in a shanty a short distance
from this city was murdered. The Coroner
and his jury supposed him to be a tramp
and turned him over to the almshouse" au
thorities for burial. Since the verdict, dis
hargc papers have been discovered on his
person, showing his name to have been Dal
las Fischtborne, and his -residence Lewis
town, During the war be wm a bugler, and
(frtjggr --jrffiTT" r
LENT A THING OF TJIE PAST.
served in Company E, Twentieth Cavalry.
Sergeant Bates' history gives him an excel
lent record. His remains are at the city
almshouse, and will be subjected to further
examination to-morrow to ascertain how he
came to his death.
It was supposed that he died from expos
ure. To-day it ii stated that he was seen
with S30 dollars in his possession a day or
two before the discovery of his body, only a
lew cents of which were found on his per
son. Another rnmor is that he was seen in
tbe company of a lot of ruffians.
NEWS OF WRECKED SHIPS.
THE WAESHIP GALENA -ATED AUDI
NOT BADLY DA
A Spanish Steamer Ashorv
bat in No Immediate Dab.
Savers Criticised Tor Not Lao-. "A-
Boats to the Dictator. "Vr
Vineakd Haven, Mass, March
The united btates steamer Galena wv
floated off Gay Head at 10A. M. to-day
three steam tugs and the aid of a ship's
anchor and hawser which was carried out.
The Galena arrived here in tow at 2 p. m.,
and now lies alongside the wharf at tbe head
of the harbor. When tbe pnmps were set at
work it was found that tbe ship could be
readily pumped out Everything movable
was taken from the ship in "lighters, and at
high water Friday and Saturday tugs
hanled her, moving her a little at every at
tempt. This morning a fresh wind occasioned
considerable swell, causing the ship to rise
and fall in her bed, thereby enabling the
tugs to haul her afloat. The Galena leaks
only about one and one-balf inches per
hour, which indicates that there are no
holes in ber bottom, which is probably only
strained somewhat. Lieutenant Commander
George M. Book, who bas charge of the
ship, is awaiting orders from the Navy De
partment at Washington, and until they
are received it cannot be said what dispo
sition will be made of the ship. The work
of floating the United States tng Nina will
commence at once. She lies in the same
position as when she first stranded, and it is
thought she can he floated without much
A telegram from the Hatteras Life-Saving
Station says a Spanish steamer bound from
Galveston is ashore five miles south of that
station. The vessel is lying easy, close to
the beach. The Captain and crew are on
board, and there is no present necessity for
their leaving the ship. The engineer says
the steamer is light and is in no immediate
danger. There is a strong probability that
both vessel and cargo" will. be:g.a red.
Lientenani Walker, of the United States
Life Saving Service, arrived at the beach
this morning, and is making a rigid investi
gation Into the loss of life in connection
with the wreck of the bark Dictator on
Friday. There is a disposition here now to
censure the Sealick station life-saving crew
for not attempting to launch the life boat,as
it was shown that even a smaller boat conld
make the trip in safety, the bark's dingey
coming ashore witbont capsizing and bring
ing four men. Two of these men, after they
had gotten ashore, wanted to take the small
boat back for their comrades, but wore not
allowed to do so. Only two bodies of those
lost on the Dictator have so far been re
covered. DEATH OF A HILLI0NAIEE.
John Plankinton, Milwaukee's Great Pork
Packer, Succumbs to Fnenmonio.
Milwaukee, March 29. John Plankin
ton, Milwaukee's foremost citizen, died
about 9 o'clock to-night He built up a
great fortune in the packing business, in
which he was long associated with P. D.
Armour, of Chicago. He was the owner of
the Plankinton House and many of the
lnrge'business blocks in tbe city, and his
fortune was counted in the millions. He
was a man of great pnblic spirit, and gave
money and aid to every enterprise that
promised to advance the city's interests,
while his private charities were very large.
For two years past he has been out of
active business, a paralytic stroke having
nearly caused his death and forced his re
tirement from active business life. From
this, however, he partially rallied, and
while he bad lost the use of his voice, he
was able to walk ont as recently as 3 week
ago. A severe cold, taken last Thursday,
developed into pneumonia and finally
caused his death to-night
A FIGHT TO A FINISH
In Baltimore To-Day of Mack Interest to
rSPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCIM
Baltimore, March 29. Thero will be a
fight to a finish to-morrow between the ad
ministration and anti-administration Re
publicans in this city, when the primary
election will be held and delegates chosen
to tbe three legislative conventions. The
latter will in tnrn each name men to repre
sent the city in the special State convention,
which is tb adopt a constitution and by
laws for the future government of the party.
The work of appointing tha election
judges was delegated to a commission of
three, and the cbargo is made to-night that
the anti-administration people have been
given two of the three, It looks as if the
administration would get the worst of it
Should this be tbe result. President Har
rison will not have Maryland's eight votes
in the next national convention.
A BIG BAITIMOBE BLAZE.
Charles Rohr Packing Company's Estab
Baltimore, March 29. The establish
ment of the Charles Bohr Packing Company
was totally burned this morning. The
property was sold Tnesday last to Alexan
der Brown & Sons, but was still occupied
by the Bohr Company.
The building, machinery and fixtures
were worth about $75,000, and had an insur
ance of about 500,000. It was said to be tho
best-equipped establishment of its kind east
DETEBHINED TO ACT.
Universal Order of Co-Opcratlon Victims
Meet in Council.
rtrZCIAL TILKJHAM TO TUB DISPATCnt
Philadelphia, March 29. The 2,600
members of the muddled Universal Order of
Co-operation are not wasting valuable time,
but are following up their determination to
right their wrongs if prompt action will
secure their purpose.
Another meeting will be held in Lutz's
Hall. -at Bidge and Falrmount avenues.
Jhis afternoon to urge immediate action, J
Made by Irish Blackthorns to
Open the Way for Strong
SLIGO'S RIOTOUS SUNDAY.
McCarthy's Clans Forced to Cover Ik
hind Police and Soldier?.
MEMBERS OP PAELIAMENT HURT.
Doth Priests and Bishops Denounce Farnell
From the Pulpit.
THE LIVELIEST DAT OP TOE CAMPAIGN
Slioo, March 29T5-day has been the
liveliest day sor in the North Sligo elec
tion campaign By 8 o'clock this morning
the strjera were alive with people listening
to the mnsio of several bauds. The Parnell
0ontingent3, with their leader, were ont by
10 o'clock, engaged in personal canvassing.
In their zeal they even attempted to de
vote attention to Coney Island, in Sligo
Bay, although there are only 25 voters on
the island, farnell met with a hostile re
ception at Strand Hill, where he found it
jj "k ;ng yells of his opponents, and was
f g j compelled to retreat to Sligo.
m Formally, Denounced by the Prieats.
'The bishop of the diocese, together with
the priests of the whole district, denonnced
Mr. Parnell to their congregations at mass
Meanwhile the anti-Parneliites, Messrs.
Sexton and Collery, Maurice Healy and
Michael Davitt and their party, bent on an
nnfortnnate attempt to carry the fight into
the enemy's country, started at 9 o'clock in
the morning for the Tireragh district, ad
dressing small gatherings on their way till
Templeboy was reached.
Here hostile camps had been formed. Tha
Parnellites maintained sullen silence, but
their opponents with ringing cheers wel
comed the reinforcements.
Awed by a Lino of Bayonets.
The Parnellites gathered on the brow of
a hill, armed with blackthorns and other
weapons, threatening to move toward their
opponents, but the police interposed, and
with a line of bayonets awed the antago
nists, and the.storm subsided amid mnttered
threats and curses.
All now moved in the direction of Dro
more West, where, after a similar scene, the
Parnellites pelted their opponents vigor
ously with stones until they were chased
and clnbbed by the police. Michael Davitt
led his adherents off, all ducking their he.i.ls
and some covering themselves with rugs to
avoid the fusillade of stones.
Mr. Pinkerton, member of Parliament foe.
Galway, had his head cut and several others
were injnred. On trying to enter Easkey
the anti-Parnellites fonnd the road barred
by a formidable arrayof Parnellites, and on
the advice of the police they retreated in
tbe direction of Sligo amid another shower
of stones and other missiles.
McC.irthyltes Make Vows of Vengeance.
The party reached Sligo in the evening,
where they addressed a large meeting. They
gave a detailed account of the day's hap
penings and tbe treatment they had re
ceived, which tbey declared the Parnellite
leaders organized on the previous night in
Sligo. Thev all vowed vengeance. At tho
same time they complimented the police
upon the protection that had been afforded
A telegram from Ballina reports that Dr.
Tanner was seriously assaulted by a hostile
nob to-day, being knocked down and
dragged prostrate throngh the mnd.
BAN OVEB AN EMBANKMENT.
An Excursion Train Heavily Eaden Derailed
From au Unknown Cause.
BlBSHNGnAM, Ala., March 29. A dis
astrous wreck occurred on the Ensley City
dummy line shortly after noon to-day. A
train heavily laden with pleasure seekers,
and going at a rapid rate, ran oil the track
abont fivo miles from town, from no ap
parent cause, and tumbled down an em
bankment about ten feet high.
Alf Brown and Bob Taylor, two negro
passengers, were instantly killed. A. J.
Bigsby. the engineer, was caught under tha
engine and horribly crushed. His suffer
ings are excruciating and his death is ex
pected momentarily. Mr3. Dr. Bamsey
was badly crushed, and it is said her back
was so injnred that she will be an invalid
for life. Mrs. John Sullivan was pain
fully scalded. James Nelma had one leg
painfully strained. About ten negro pas
sengers were hnrt, more or less. Two of
them, it is said, will not recover. All were
residents ot Birmingham. Tbe train was
running very rapidly at the time of the ac
cident, the engineer endeavoring to make
no the thirty minutes he was behind tho
A EI0T0US TEMPEBANCE MOB.
It Consists of Both Men and Women, and 14
Led by a Minister.
Tifpin, March 29. The temperance war
fare at Bloomville contlnnes with addi
tional riotous demonstrations. Alter tha
demolition of his saloon Thursday night,
William Miller procured a new stock of
liquors and established himself in other
qnarters. Last night his place was visited
by a crowd of 13 men and 11 women, who
assaulted the proprietor and his barkeeper,
injuring the latter severely, and giving
both of tbem half an hour to leave town on
penalty of more severe treatment
Among the leaders of tbe mob was a
Methodist minister. Miller came to this
city, but announces bis determination to
return to Bloomville to-morrow, when
further trouble will be unavoidable.
PALMES AND THE CHICAGO FIGHT.
Will Report for Assignment at tha
Windy City Wednesday.
Springfield, III., March 29. Senator
Palmer will not go to Chicago until
Wednesday. He will be there Wednesday
night and place himself at the disposal of tha
City Committee to fill any appointment tha
committee may make for him to participate
in the extraordinary Mayoralty fight in
He is still suffering from tbe grip in a
mild form, and deems it unwise to risk,
catching a greater cold than he now has.
Four at a Birth.
.FrlCIAI. TELKOKA TO TUi DISPATCH.1
Schenectady, March 29. Mrs. John
Whitney, ot this city, yesterday gave birth
to four children, three girls and one boy.
All died within tut boor,
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