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PITTSBURG-, TUESDAY, APEIL 21, 189L
PLACED jNTHE PARK, Forbes Street Entrance Defin itely Settled Upon as the Site for the MAIN LIBRARY BUILDING. Carnegie's Jlillion-Dollar Gift Tided, $700,000 Going to Schenley Park and Di- THE EEMALNDER TO THE DISTRICTS I'riies of 15,000 Offered to Architects Who Will Trepans Suitable Plans ior the Mrnclures. REPORT OF THE BUILDING COMMITTEE. IU Umbers Decide Tttt Tlry Carnot Aai to Piy the High Prices Aiisd for land ia the Hesrt of the (My. ESITCHES OF EIPEESENTATIYE UBBAEIES The Central Carnegie Library buildings will occupy the Schenley Park entrance. Definite action was taken yesterday on this question and it was finally settled. The Building Committee yesterday gave its re port to the Library Commission. The re port, as published in fnll below, is a lengthy one, and contains the result of the commit tee's investigations. The first question con sidered was the location ot the Central Li brary at the Schenley Park entrance. Care ful inquirv developed the fact that a down town site wonld be impossible to obtain without seriously crippling the whole sys tem. Locations in the immediate center of the city could only be obtained by an outlay of from 5100,000 to 600,000, while cmhing within easy walking distance of the business portion of the city could be se cured for less than $300,000. The committee deemed the expenditure of such a large ad ditional sum on the Central Library would necessitate so much cutting down on the amount allowable for district libraries that they would be very incomplete affairs. The question of whether the city might not donate a down-town site was considered, but soon dropped, as it involved the separa tion of the library from the mnseum and art gallery, which it was generally conceded should be at the pare entrance, where they could have room for additions in the future. The committee found that there would be a great saving of money in grouping the various buildings in one place. Taking all these points into consideration the committee decided to recommend the location of the central buildings at Schenley Park. The object of the committee is to have all the branch libraries complete in themselves. Trie main library will differ from them only in being supplied with reference books on all professions, arts and sciences. The fol lowing is the report as submitted by the committee: To the Board of Trustees or the Carnegie library of l'ltuburs: The subject referred to this committee ap pears upon investigation to take an almost indefinite scope. It was, specifically, to re port upon the character and cost of the buildings to be erected at the entrance of Schenley Park. But no definite recommen dation can be made as to location of build ings there without reaching a recommenda tion, positive or negative, on the question of locating buildings elsewhere. Any estimate of expenditure at the park entrance implies a complementary decision of the amount to be devoted to the erection of buildings at other points. The discussion of the merits or demerits of sites, apart from their relation to grouping or division of buildings and the appropriation of the building fund to either policy, is outside of the province of this committee. Upon chat aspect of the subject the committee submits the following con siderations: One fact should first be staied.definingthe powers of the board. The letter ot Mr. Carnegie to the City Councils of Pittsburg which forms the foundation for the exist ence of the board, specified the purposes to be attained by his donation. These were the erection of the building? lor, first, a library system to consist of branch libraries in the various sections of the city and a cen tral library; second, an art gallery as a part of the central building; and third, in the same group, accommodations for the various scientific and learned societies of the city. Since this proposition was made the basis for the work of the board, suggestions have been offered for valuable additions to the project by including a large public hall or auditorium and a museum of archae ology, natural history and kindred subjects. It is recognized that these propositions have met with favor not oniv from the members of the Board but from the donor of the fund. But it is essential that these additional features can only be at tained, if the fund at the disposal of the board proves sufficient after the purposes specifically mentioned by Mr. Carnegie have been adequately provided for. A proper respect for the terms of the donation will not permit the board to cut down or abandon the specified features for the sake ot includiug others that are not specified. A very wide liberty of definition is left to the board as to the character of the central and branch libraries. But the general proposition is indisputable that it must first provide the system consisting of a central collection of books, circulating libraries dis tributed throughout the various quarters of the citr, the art gallery and rooms for the meetincs of societies devoted to the arts and sciences. After adequate provision for these features is secured the addition of an auditorium and a museum may be expected, it the fund at the disposal ot the board is to managed as to cover these objects. Approaching the subject from this stand point, the first issue bearing on the location ot building at Schenley Park is that of lo cating any part of the buildings elsewhere. As a staiting point, the committee notes the general agreement that the art galleries and the museum if the latter feature is secured must be located ou the park entrance. The necessity of space for the future exten sion ot these features, and of protecting their contents from damage by smoke and dust, fixes their location at this point by general assent. Beyond this a large element of public opinion, which is represented on the board and on this committee, has ur gently maintained that for the sake of giv ing the widest utility to the central librarv ami the auditorium, it would be a good in vestment for a portion of the fund, to use it in purchasing a site in the business sec tion of the city, or closely adjacent to it. "With the vast ranee of arguments on the respective merits oi a down-town and park site, this committee lias nothing to do, ex cept as they bear on the appropriation of lunds to the various buildings. Tiie discus siou of thafquestiou with releiencc to a pur chased site is shortened by the fact that uo such site is presented at a cost which is re garded as permissible even by the element urging this idea in the abstract The committee deems it justifiable to so outside of its strict province in order to cor rect a misapprehension that the question of a downtown site has been dismissed without a due investigation ot its practicability. Jt has had submitted to it the result of investi gations made under the reference of the site question to the Executive Committee with the aid of real estate experts. In addition further investigations have been made, with the countenance of the Chairman, by a member who represents the opinion that a downtown site is preferable if it can be Sketch for building at park entrance, to of scientific and artistic societies, offices, etc obtained without crippling the building fund. The result of these inquiries is that 12 different locations either in the business center of the city or within ten minutes' walk of the concentration of transit lines have been under consideration. Certain of them, of limited dimensions, but central locations in the business quarter, would cost from $400,000 to $650,000. Oth ers of less advantageous character, but in the vicinitv of the business center, are ap praised at $325,000 to $400,000 for ground commensurate to the scope of the project, while the only locations where there is any hope of coming within a cost of $300,000 present such marked disadvantages as to make their cost far in excess of their value for this project. The bearing on the questions to be consid ered by the committee of this showing is practically, conclusive. It is evident that to devote half of the fund in the hands of the board to the purchase of the site would re duce the further realization of the scheme to the most meager proportions. The local libraries must be cut down so as to furnish small accommodations and-mean exte riors. Even then the utmost that could be devoted to the main buildings would furnish a total of accommoda tions and architectural qualities much inferior to the Allegheny building. Ko one would recommend the purchase of a site at such a cost, bnt the same considera tions apply in diminished ratio to the use of a less sum, supposing that a moderately el igible site could be obtained for $300,000. By reducing the sum assigned'to local libraries to $200,000 this would leave $500,000 for the main buildings. Equally divided between the buildings at the park entrance and the down-town site, this would construct, at both localities, buildings somewhat inferior to the one in Allegheny which is referred to in this report as a standard of compari son familiar to everyone. By so much as the buildings at one point might be in creased, in exactly the same proportion the other must be diminished. It is manifest that to adopt such a policy would necessi tate the abandonment of the auditorium and museum, except at the cost of a serious inroad on the stipulated features of the library and art gallery. In addition to that the reduction of the local libraries would mean the reduction of library ac commodations at the points where they will be closest to the people. It has been sug gested, from n source outside of the board, that for the sake of securing a down-town site, the feature of local libraries should be abandoned for the present. The committee cannot believe that euch a suggestion was made with a full appreciation of the 'im portance of this leature to the public or of the tact that it is one of the conditions of the gift. The local libraries form the ) 1 A mwmm Public Library and Town Hall at "Winchester, Mass., contains space for large oircu latinglibrary, public hall and minor accommodations. By somewhat reducing the rear extension it could be made a representative of the $75,000 class of local libraries, or even less; but as, it requires open ground around it, it is presented as an example of the most costly class. especial branch of this system that brings its use close to the masses. Ttf reduce the sum appropriated to them below what is needed to furnish adequate and creditable libraries in the various sections of the city, would be practically reducing so much of library advantages to the common people. To wipe them out would take the library facilities from the points where they have the greatest popular use, in order to con centrate them at a point which presents the disputed advantage of a location in the business center of the city. As these considerations are conclusive, in the opinion of the entire committee, against the purchase of any downtown location that is obtainable, the next matter that presents Itself is the question of locating a portion of the buildings upon other sites which, it is assumed, the city might offer for that pur pose if desired. " Here again the relative merits and demerits of the rival Bites for library and ball purposes, which will de termine the choice of the board, are outside of the proper scope of this report. It is within its scope to recognize that buildings of a certain degree of accommodation and architectural character can be erected at two fioints, comprising, perhaps, "a central ibrary and auditorium on one site and an contain Reference Library, Auditorium, Art Limit of cost, $700,000. art gallery and museum on the other. But the committee also reports that the division of the buildings would materially reduce the total results to be secured by their union at a single point. Experience amply dem onstrates that to bisect a scheme of building which is planned to attain certain results, increases the cost of these results 25 or 30 per cent, or what is more p to the point as statinc the question before the board, diminishes the results to be ob tained from a given expenditure, in the same proportion. It is a matter of simple calculation that, taking $700,000 as the maximum proportion of the $1,000,000 to be devoted to the main buildings, and dividing it equally between the two sites, a building can be placed on each presenting a combi nation of accommodations and architectural qualities 16 per cent greater than the building in Allegheny. Either of them can be expanded in one r both respects by re ducing the expenditure on the other. The accommodations of either or both can be in creased by reducing the architectural value, and vice versa. But the total of architect ural results and internal accommodations secured in any case, will be materially less, if divided, than if the buildings are com bined atone spot. This consideration, together with the un divided belief of the members of the com mittee that, compared with any other site to be obtained free of cost, the preference will be largely In favor of the park entrance, brings the committee to the recommenda tion that the main buildings be combined in a connected structure on the 19 acres of ground offered by Councils at the park en trance. Before determining the amount of expenditure to be assigned to that site, how ever, it is necessary to consider the qnestion which must be determined with it of the expeuditure for the construction of local libraries. The feature of local libraries established as an essential part of this system by the conditions of Mr. Carnegie's gift will be the most thorough means of bringing the widest facilities of general literature within the reach of every person in the city. It is no part of this report to tough upon the designation of points for these libraries, or the distribution of the fund to be spent in each district That is a work to be done, when the proper time ar rives, only by careful study on the spot of the needs and capabilities of each locality after consultation with the citizens of the several districts. The scope of this report deals necessarily with the sum to be appro priated to the system of district libraries as an entirety. That also involves considera tion of the extent of operations and degrees of usefulness of which this, branch of the scheme is capable. The use of branch libraries distributed in various sections of large cities has already been demonstrated elsewher to result in a circulation of general literature unattainable by any other method. In a city like Pitts burg, where there are sharply .'.efined topo graphical divisions,.it presents i'self as the method that will especially serve' be pur pose of giving the entire population the readiest access to the stores of general 'Jitera ture. The employment of the term "Branch Libraries" in this connection seems to hve produced an impression that they are to ue-j petty affairs, containing a limited supply of periodicals and possibly a few books, and that any demands for books beyond this limited supply must await the slow prooess of a draft on a central stock. A proper estimate will give these institutions an im portance immensely above that mistaken idea. Their true province can, as has been suggested, be better described by the term local or district libraries. It is the belief of the Committee that the local libraries' should be planned on a scope and capacity that will give to each section the fullest advantages of a com plete circulating library. To this end at a central point in each district a building should e ereeted of ample capacity, and of such architectural cbaraoter as to make it Galleries and Museum, rooms for meetings an adornment to its section. The size and library capacity of the buildings must, of course, vary with the population of each district, but it is the important feature of this plan that each shall furnish in itself ac commodations for an ample circulating librarv, and that a system of interchange between the various district libraries shall secure the result of realizing the largest definition of the scopeof circulating libraries, almost at the doors of the people in the various districts. By this theory the entire circulating department will be distributed among the district libraries. It does not contemplate any central circulating library. The department loosely referred to as a central library should be understood to designate only a reference library, contain ing works of a specialized character for ex haustive study in the different branches of research, such as cannot be distributed among the district libraries. The functions jlffi -n jkt - - - Iff p-. . .ii J2 m it m n Iqol 1 1 SPf T jlajqlf jochn II 1 o oil II oapj Elevation of library building at Johnstown. Cost about $60,000. Contains large library and reading room on oue floor, public hall on another and gymnasium and class rooms on third floor. of a central office with reference to circu lating libraries would be those of general superintendence, the purchase and appor tionment of books, and perhaps, though not necessarily, a species of clearing house for the interchange of books between the several districts. In order that his plan of local libraries may be fully realized, the committee deems it necessary to set aside such a portion of the fund as will provide each district with a building of ample accommodations and creditable character. In giving the neces sary value to each building it will be easy to make it include other features which will enhance its popularity. The first floor ot each building will naturally contain a library and reading room. It is suggested that the libraries be planned upon the alcove system, which permits the visitors to go among the books. This might be made subject to such modification as will enable a partial adoption of the stock system, in the future if the accumulation of books shall render it necessary to economize space. The libraries should provide shelf room for 5,000 to 15,000 volumes at the start with space for .luture growth up to a limit of 30,000 to 60,000 volumes according to the population and needs of the different dis tricts. The upper portions of these buildings could provide rooms for the meeting of read ing or question clubs, for chess rooms, and in most, if not all, cases an assembly room or small public hall for lectures, debating societies and musical recitals. The extent of these features would, of course, have to be varied, as the sizeot each building might permit, but it is the opinion of the commit tee that some or all of them can be provided in connection with every district library in the city, it is tatteu as a part or tne gen eral library project that literature of a specialized class provided by the board will be kept iu the reference library, but the suggestion may be interjected here that if the citizens of any district should desire to enrich their district library with any special collection of books the board would provide accommodation and custody for such gifts. The sum required to erect district libraries on the scale outlined at this stage is a mere matter of estimate, but the committee Is of the opinion that a sufficient amount should be reserved to insure generous provision of the accommodations designated. By setting aside $300,000 for that purpose the erection of five district libraries at an average cost of $60,000, or of six at an average cost ot $50, 000, will be assured. It is taken for granted that on the special investigation renuired I before these libraries are located, districts win oe iouuu oi less man tne average popu lation, but distinctly separate from other sections, the wauts of which can be met by buildings at less than the aver age cost varying down to $30,000. This will afford a surplus for the expansion of the buildings in the most populous districts to a possible limit of $75,000, or tor supply ing new districts beyond the number stated. The committee recommends that $300,000 of the $1,000,000 be reserved for the purpose of erecting local libraries. While this will 1 provide adequate and creditable buildings, the committee would further express its hope and wish that a further sum may be found available in the future for the ex tension of the local library system in any direction that may be found useful. Simply as illustratious of the class of buildings that can be provided for this de partment the committee submits herewith illustrations of library buildings which have been erected elsewhere, the different totals of cost and the varying accommodations and architectural qualities are given eb repre senting what can be regarded as the possi bilities in the plan of local libraries con templated by this report. Returning to the consideration of the main building, it sbonld be understood that beyond the recommendation already made, most of the suggestions are offered by the committee merely as possibilities of a com bined structure. To secure the highest de gree of perfection, it .is presumed that the designing of these buildings will be thrown open to the competition of the architects of the United States. In order that artistic talent may have the widest scope, no re striction should be placed upon it, save the essential conditions that, upon a designated spot of ground, certain specified accommo dations must be furnished within a stated limit of cost In connection with its recommendations I S i i I o""" --F" d The Carnegie Library at BradJoek. Can be reproduced as an example of the $50,0 00 class, with library, assembly hall, rooms for reading, societies and chess rooms, by cutting off the rounded corner on the left hand. Or by other modifications the design could be brought into a lower class of cost asto these necessary requirement;, the com mittee makes various suggestions with the proviso that they are taken only in that character and are subject either to improve ment, modification or rejection after the thorough architectural study of the project As to the accommodations contemplated in the building, the first department is the library. The necessity for an exact defini tion of the scope of this library has already been referred to. The committee under stands and so far as is within its power recommends that the distinctive feature of this department shall be that it is a refer ence library containing a supply of infor mation unobtainable otherwise for special study in all branches of research. For the accommodation of study, ample and well fitted reading rooms and alcoves will natur- I Library at Norwich, Conn. Cost $10,000 or by reducing the right-hand extension could be made to cost $30,000. The larger building could contain library and assembly roon or public hall and the smaller a library and smaller rooms for reading clubs and chess rooms. ally be provided, while for the storage of books, it is recommended that shelf-room be provided on the stack system with an initial capacity for 100,000 volumes and space for extension up to an ultimate capacity of 500,000 volumes. This is recommended as the important library feature of this building. It is not necessarily determined that the offices for the administration of the entire system shall be located here, as that eau be left for future experience to settle. As the most economical method of providing the privileges of a circulating library for the district surrounding this location, it is rec ommended that space be also given lor a iocai iiorarv, the accommodations and ' vuarucier oi wnicn snail ho no more im portant in .proportion to the population of that section than the other district libraries. As the concentration of these' buildings' on mis site will permit the addition of features which would otherwise be dependen t on the existence ot a surplus alter the library and art galleries are provided, the committee recommends us next in the order of location a public hall, or auditorium. Definite, areas can be assigned to these two departments withont need of re serving the possibility of their future extension. It .is, therefore, presumed that they will constitute the front of. the building and be connected by a central facade, into the corridors of which both will have ample openings. It is rec ommended that the hall have a seating ca pacity of not less than 2,000, and shall be suitable for any class of legitimate enter tainment The suggestion is made that for the greatest convenience the auditorium shall take the form of an amphitheater. It would naturally be surrounded by a large foyer, occupying the space between the ex ternal walls of the building and the internal partitions of the auditorium. Ample door ways should make passage practically un interrupted in case of necessity between the auditorium and the foyer, and exits from the foyer to the exterior of the building should be provided on each side. An interesting suggestion as to a matter of detail has been made. It is that the grand organ, which would be a necessary feature of the audi torium, shall be located in two parts, one on each side ot the stage, in the space usually occupied by the first proscenium boxes. This unique plan has been pronounced by leading organ builders to be entirely feasi ble. The plan of the art galleries and museum contemplates the possibility of their future extension. It is supposed that they would naturally occupyt the rear portion of the buildings, where there will be space for such additions in harmony with the architectural character of the whole, as maybe requited in coming years. This location of these de partments is, however, subject to modifica tion by an architect who has a plan for im proving on it On the supposition, bow ever, that the best disposition of the various departments will be in.the general form of the quadrangle, the report suggests that the art galleries and museums will occupy the I rear of the building. on each-side. On this piau tney wuum ue conuecteu wuu me library and auditorium, and with each other by corridors, along which the rooms for the meeting of scientific, learned and artistic societies can be located. Addi tional spaces for thefurtber extension of any of these features, for storage or package rooms, or for' administrative offices, should they be located in this building, can be found above or below the main departments. The committee is not at present prepared to make a definite recommendation as to the wall space required in the art gallery, or the wall and floor space required in the museum, which can only be done after care lul consultation with experts in each de partment Of course, both should give am ple space for large and valuable collections. The sketch submitted with this report should be understood to fix neither a guide for other desiens or a standard of excel lence. It is simply an illustration of the architectural treatment that is possible lor an arrangement ot this sort It is both ex pected that other designs will show a wide diversity from this one, and hoped that they. will surpass it iu external attractions anu internal facilities. The cost of a structure of this sort is capable of taking a wide range. The use of different materials, the presence or absence of various sorts of embellishments, can largely increase or diminish the cost It is probable that the accommodations com prised in this sketch can be secured by the use of the least costly materials as lowas $500, 000, while the employment of the most costly stones can raise the cost to more than $1,000, 000. Without, as it has already specified, recommending any adherence to this plan, the committee would report that it believes the accommodations outlined can be. com bined with creditable architectural effects at a cost not exceeding 8700,000. A rudimentary and entirely variable esti mate of the sums assigned to the different parts of the general scheme, by this plan, is of interest Of the cost of the main build ing it may be supposed the principal amount will be divided aiming the four leiding departments while a possible $40, 000 may be expended on the rooms for meet ings ofartistic and scientific societies. This would divide the remaining cost among the library, auditorium, urt calleries and mu seum at an averaire of $165,000 each. In connection with the library, an expenditure ..C .. n nr.A (Ofi nful niilrl nvntftrln r Willi niiL. dations Tor a circulating library for that especial section fuilv equal to the average obtained in the other district libraries at much greater cost. Upon this rough out line, a view of the possible cost of buildiugs for the various objects included iu the geu eral plan mav- be given as follows.; LIBRAEIES. Circulating..: tSftOOO IContinvQd on Twelfth Page,l PITTSBURG OUT The Order of the Umpire to Play Ball Will Be Heard Throughout the Length and Breadth of the Land To-Morrow. LEAGUE TEAMS STRONGER It is now an open question whether the present baseball campaign will be as success ful in all respects as that of 1889, when the interest in the Nation al game was so great throughout the coun try. Since then the favorite pastime re ceived a severe blow from which many men who were competent to judge predicted it wonld not recover for years. These forecasts have been decidedly gloomy and not well founded, as the signs at present clearly indicate. No sooner had the Players' and the National League set tled their grievances and concluded the cut throat policy carried ou last season than signs of reviving interest became evident everywhere and efforts to resurrtct leagues that had perished were made. The organizations that have already started the ball in the pennant campaign have done so under most auspicious circumstances, not withstanding adverse weather. This is not ably the case of the American and Western Associations, and this is one of the many reasons why the National League, the oldest and foremost of all base ball organizations in the field, looks forward to a most success ful year. The eight clubs that form the National League open their campaign on Wednesday next in New York, Philadel phia, Pittsburg and Cleveland, and from that date nntil October there will be no end of base ball. The New York Club, says the Telegram of that city, has left nothing nndone that will tend to make the event a memorable one in base ball history. Invitations, have also been sent to all the prominent clergymen, lawyers, artists, bankers and brokers. In all, from 10,000 to 15,000 persons are ex pected to be present at the opening game. , All the Teams Strengthened. In other cities a great demonstration will be made. It is estimated that 50,000 persons will be present at these four contests. If this figure is reached it will.Jrom the begin ning prove that there has been a general re vival of interest in the game. Not one team in the League is as weak as last sea son. Pittsburg and Cleveland have re ceived the greatest attention through the reinforcement of new players. Pittsburg thinks it has a pennant winning team, but the Cleveland men, who have had them for opponents in the South, do not anticipate defeat from the Pennsylvania world beaters. In the East, New York, Brooklyn and Boston each has its supporters, who are pos itive that the pennant will be won by their favorite club. When the make up of these clubs with that of Philadelphia is taken into consideration, it certainly looks as though the East had strong teams, although Chicago, Pittsburg, Cincinnati and Cleve land may land when the honors are dis tributed. In the coming struggle more than one element must be taken into consideration. The strength of the individual members of a team does not always win the pennant; neither does good management alone, nor team work without strong individual play ers. Tbe combination of all these qualities is rarely found in one club. In this campaign steady team work will cut a very conspicuous figure. The two main principles of team work are absolute obedi ence to the orders of the captain and a strict attention to the motto, "All lor one and one for all." Individual preferences must often be sacrificed for the sake of a possible chance of victory. A Glance at the Managers. For getting team work out of men, Anson has always been famous, but he never had such an array of talent to fight against as this season. Tetaau, Nash and Ward will be the new rivals ot the Chicago captain. In the past Ewing, Hanlon, Latham and Allen have been at tbe head of rival teams, and the big Swede with inferior players held his own admirably. There will be three teams' individually stronger than Chicago, but there will be none that can vie with it lor discipline and united effort, unless possibly it be the Brooklyn team. Ward's methods are not unlike Anson's in many respects. He makes his men practice a great deal, but he docs bis most effective work during the progress of the game. He encourages his men all tbe time, and yet is considered to be some thing of a martinet. Ward believes in touching tbe pocket to sustain discipline, and yet always gives the offending player a chance before fining him, unless it be a flagrant case where strong measures are necessary. Ward's entire team last season had the greatest respect and admiration for bim, and was a very happy family. Ewing'd methods are decidedly different from those of Anson and Ward. He com mands more respect from the players off the fieid than either of tbe other men and insists npon obedience to orders while on it. He is not the disciplinarian that Anson and Ward are, and too frequently he allows his good nature to interfere with business. Ewing has a great tact for getting over diffi culties with his men without producing any bitter alter effects. This will stand him well in hand this year, as with the men at his dis posal and perfect harmony among them he ought to keep the fljg he won in 1S89 here. Now York's Strong Aggregation. Such a strong team never was gathered to gether iu Hew York. Not only has the local management got a great regular team, but its array of substitutes was never better. Every position will be just as strong with a substitute in it as when filled by the regular man. Here are the players: Kecfe, Welch, Kusie, Ewing, Clrk, Buckley, Connor, Richardson, Denny, O'Rourke, Tiernan, Gore, Glasscock. , John Ward has his eyes not only centered on bis Brooklyn team, but be intends to make it exceedingly warm tor the New Yorks. If Ward could do so well with the team he had last year, how much better will he be able to keep his end up with a nine made up of first-class players. It was Ward's individuality that counted last sea con, and dou that be is surrounded with much superior material, local cranks are justified iu believing that he will make as rood a fight as any of his rivals. The Brooklyn' Club's new manager will infuse into the team a ('?gree ot life and vim which has been painlully lacking hereto fore. While he may not be quite as quick and sure at picking up a ball and throwing it as Smith, the released shortstop, he is so fur ahead of him in all other respects that there is really no room for comparison. In batting, base running, coaching and head work he will lead his men iu a manner that will soon make everybody feel that he is tne right man for tbe position. Ward, too, has not had to organize the Brooklyn team as he did the Players' Club a year ago. Most of the players already have had years of' experience, and with Ward's training, discipline and other man agerial characteristics, he ought to make tbe following team a very important factor in the coming campaicn: Lovett, Terry, Car ruthers, Kiuslow, C. Daily, Daly, Foutz, Collins, Pinkner, Ward, O'Brien, Burns, Griffin. Boston and Philadelphia. The Boston Club is not being bragged about as much as some of the other aspirants FOR THE . PENNANT. AND THE 'INTEREST REVIVED for the championship. It is much stronger than a year ago. It has added Quinn and Nash to its infield and Stovey to the outer earden. The batteries are the same as iu 1890, with the addition of Sullivan and Lake. The addition of Stovey is about tha only increase of strength to tbe clnb of 1889, and he takes the place vacated by Kelly. II the clnb wins the pennant it will not be through the individual strength of the team as much as through influences, managerial and otherwise, yet unknown to the average baseball crank. The full team is as follows: H. D. Stovey, J. Quinn, C. A. Nichols, W. Nash, J. Clarkson, C. Ganzel, C. Bennett; W. Brodie. H. Long, L. Tucker, M. Sul livan, F. Lake, James Sullivan. Manager, F. Selee. Of the Eastern teams the last bnt not tha least is tbe Philadelphia. This team has never appeared as strong on paper as it sub sequently proved to be in reality. It can be salely said, however, that the Quaker City never had a stronger team in tbe League than the present one. When compared with some of its rivals it may seem weak'in the box and behind the bat, as Gleason and Clements are the only seasoned battery. The club has three other pitchers in Shultz. Thornton and Esper, and out of these it may develop one good man. Harry Wright is not as hopeful of developing a good young pitcher as he was earlier in the sea son, and has been skirmishing about for pitchers and catchers lately with poor suc cess. None of the other League clubs is anxious to release any of its batteries, al though it seems as if some of them could do so without serious danger. But even in its apparently weak form this club may, as in seasons gone by, prove strong enough to make the pennant winners, whoever they may be, uneasy. It is still under the management of the veteran Harry Wright and has completed its preliminary training. One weak point that has always materially interfered with its suc cess has been its inability to do any batting worth speaking of. This year it Is very strong in this particular. With Hamilton, Shindle, Thompson, Clements, Delebanty, Mayer and Myers, it can present an aggre gation that any opposing pitcher may well feel afraid to face. Strong In the rield. This addition of batting strength will give tbe team a much better cbance than ever before, all else being equal. Myers is not as heavy a batter as some of the others, but he is one of the most reliable; the best man ou the team for a sacrifice hit, and the most scientific batter ot them all when it comes to placing the ball. This leaves only Allen and the pitcher as the weak hitters, but if the pitcher doss the balance of the work as well as Allen no fault will be iound with his lack of batting ability. While they are greatly strengthened in this respect the once great stronghold, base steal ing, has been neglected. Hamilton is the only one who is active ou the bases, Dele hanty, perhaps, excepted. Shindle also U fair, but that euds the list, for Myers, Allen, Mayer and Clements are all of no earthly use on' tbe bases. Thompson uses rare good judgment in his base ruuning and is greatly to be relied on in a tight place. IrffieTdfng'they are fully up to their usual high standard, and with good team work in fused by Manager Wright should do fine work. Delehanty can play an infield position in stood style, but it is an open question whether he can stand the hammer ing he will receive on first base. It is a position that requires good hands, and these Delehanty seems to lack. Myers and Allen need no comment, their work being their monument In Shindle they have an able ally, one who is cot only a reliable, but also a brilliant player. These four constitute as good an infield as the Phillies ever had, so far as fielding is concerned. The outfield contains Hamilton and Thompson, who will take care of their old "gardens," while Mayer will be used in center. This is bis original position, and, as anyone could easily judge by his fly catching around third, he is at home there. The 'Western Contingent. Now for the Western circuit of the League. Chicago, Pittsburg, Cleveland and Cincinnati will form this quartet of teams. As usnal, the Windy City aggregation will command great attention, as Anson is still its captain. He has a stronger team by far ' than he had last season, or even than he had in 1889. He is somewnat handicapped this season, however, in not gettinc the amount of preliminary practice of former years. Id Denver, where he took his team early ia March, the weather has been such as to pre vent Anson's men doing much outdoor playing. He i& not much dismayed by this setback, but, on the contrary, feels that a poor beginning may make a good ending. He ha", lour excellent pitchers in Hutchin son, Gurabert, Luby and Stern, and as back-stops Kittridge Nagle and Graff will fill the bill. The standing ot these and the other men of his team is too well known to need mention here. Pittsburg and Cleveland never presented suoh teams as this year. They are both. m hopeful of securing a place in the race. Pittsburg has spent money liberally in se curing tbe services ot Baldwin, Stratton and Browning, and probably King. These, with the old men, ought to make up a team that will keep all its antagonists on the anx ious stool. In its wotk down South it has not aston ished the people, and Cleveland has shown up just as well as the Smoky City club. The Forest City men are working well to gether, and they hope, also, to be a stum bling block to other aspirants for leading honors. These two teams will be as follows: Fittsbnrg, Cleveland, ClnclnnatU , Pittsburg C. Mack, J. P. Beckley. H. Stalev, F. H. Carroll. Charles Iteilly, J. Fields, S. Laroque, J. J. Smith, A. Maul, M. Baldwin, T. Berger, E. Stratton, J, Gal vin, and perhaps King. Edward Hanlon, manager. Cleveland D. T. Yountr, J. K. Virtue, G. S. Davis, Leon Viau. . J,. McKean, C. L. Zimmer, B. A. Beatin. O. Tebeau, C. L, Childs, K. Johnson, J. Knauis, J. Doyle, J. B. McAleer. Manager, R. Leadley. Very little is expected of the Cincinnati Club, as it has been late in getting together its team on account of the perplexities aris ing over the League-Association squabbles. Individually the team is not the weakest ia the League. In fact all the players have occupied foremost positions in leading or ganizations in the past ' This, with tha capable management of Tom Loitus, ought to assure the team's backers that if tbe team, does not start well it may end in a- position . satisfactory to all. At present this team is as follows: A. x McPliee, W. Holliday. Charles Badbourne, ' Charles Marr, J. G. Reilly, W. A. Latham, " T. J. Mnllane, W. Ehines, J. Duryes, F. ' J. Foreman, J.Harrington, B-Clark, James;. .K-eenan, . Koat, Lf. Smith, Y. AITOrd, blattery. Manager, Thomas Loftus. -sSa. The Largest Hearing Ever Held. Mayor Wyman heard 70 cases yesterday morning, the largest hearing ever held ia Allegheny. Each of the 55 persons ia the Hungarian speak-easy case were fined $1 and costs. "HELIO. 11861" "Hello." "Send me a case of Pilsner beer. Mj folkst like it best of arty beer we know." 4 V jpjjJBJ,!!