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4: 9je Bifpfclr. ESTAISTJSUED FEBRUARY 1S46. Vol. 5, Xo. JOG. Eulercd at Pltbtburg. rostoDce. XovcmbcrH, 13J7. as second-clans nutter. Business Office Corner -Smithneld. and Diamond Streets. News Rooms and PublishinglHouse 7S and So Diamond Street, in New Dispatch Building. EASTERX ADVERTISING OFFICE. ROOM a. TBIBUXKBril.DIXn. XKW-YORIC -vtiere com plete files orTIIK DISPATCH can always te round. Foreign advertisers appreciate tlie convenience. Home advcrtlwr and frlen.lv of THE DISPATCH, while In Xew Yorii, are ! made welcome. THE DIsrATCItt rmulaTluonlntat Urcxtano's, f Cmon Strum, Xew lurk, and If Art dr I Overa, Piris. Franre. trur amone eho his been aisap pointed at a hotel neict sutiut ran obtain if. TERMS OF THE DISPATCH. rOhTAGE TRIE IX THE CXITED STATES. , Daily Dispatch. One Year ....'.......? 8 CO ' Daily Dispatch, Ter Quarter. '..... 2 00 Daily Illt-PATCH. One Month TO Daily Dispatch. 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Tlie courtesy of re turning rejected manuscripts tnW1 be extended v-ftcn startjyr jor that purjwse arc. inclosed, but (he Editor of Tnr DisrATcrf trill under no cir cumstances be responsible for tlie care of unsolic ited manuscripts. rOSTAGK All persons who mall the Sunday Issne or The Dispatch to Mends should bear in mind the Tact that the post Egc thereon is Two (2) Cents. All double and triple number copies t The Dispatch require a 2-cent stump to insure prompt IelU ery. PITTSRURG, SUNDAY, MAY 21, 1S91. THE TEST OF EXl'EEIEXCE. Tlie time seems ripe for remarking that tlie grand plan of preventing bant fail ures, by tlie issue of Clearing IJouse bills, and thus pledging every bank in a given city to protect any one that may besubject to a rnu, has not, been exactly vindicated by recent events in Philadelphia. When our esteemed Eastern cotempo raries last fall ere sounding the praises of this device for drawing the teeth of mone tary panics The Dispatch took occasion to remark that its real uselumcss nugnt De limited. To sustain by the united strength of banks one that was recklessly or dis honely managed would be simply io ex tend its unsoundness to the entire banking system. Banks that demonstrated their soundness might be aided in that way; but, as they rarely need it, the doubt remained w hether it was wise to put into operation a plan to relieve incompetent or dishonest banking of the natural penalty of failure and extinction. The Philadelphia case affords an emi nent illustration of that principle. Here, the financial system of Pennsylvania was called into aid an imperiled bank. It was done on the plea that the bank was really solvent, and the aid extended suc ceeded in postponing its failure some ""rnorilhs. But it did not succeed in avert ing the final calamity, or in preventing the rottenness of the bank management from coming out It may have permitted som'o on the inside to escape loss before the crash; and, on the other hand, the extended time permitted other and innocent parties to.be drawn in. The rtfost tangible result of the scheme of combination seems to be that statement of the defaulting City Treasurer that the State deposits are represented lyy a lot of clearing-house due bills, which have mysteriously disappeared, and would be worth nothing if they could be found. This experience may convince our finan cial friends who were so loud in their plaudits last fall that the wisest plan is to let each bank stand on its own bottom, suffer its own penalties for mismanage ment, and enjoy its own rewards ior good judgment and honest policy. SMOKE IS DECKEASrXG. This morning's contribution to smoke literature contains some things of great interest It seems that the cause for com plaint is disappearing, while the lost ordi nances have appeared. Both facts are pleasant to chronicle, as is Chief Bigelow's btatement that he will take action if the matter is brought to Ms attention properly. This is, in a measure, a victory for the la dies, and should stimulate them to greater efforts. The Dispatch, which com menced the crusade, is glad to aid them in. their work for clearer skies. The extracts from a Chicago report show that much benefit has been obtained in that city by the use of smoke-consumers. The same and really greater benefits In proportion can be secured here. Our re cent acquaintance with the sky's bright blue has shown it to be preferable to leaden gray, .and consequently the latter will not be endured. Let the good work go on, and to the ladies, all credit OITK LrjG.lL HOLIDAYS. A bill has been passed and approved bringing the enactments with regard to legal holidays into a single statute. This Is referred to by the Philadelphia Time as revising "our patchwork legal holiday legislation." The legal holidays were all brought together in one act some fifteen or sixteen years ago. The only additions are Labor Day, on the first Monday in September, and the Saturday half-holiday, ' from June 15 to September IS, which may be describedas asortof "go-as-you-please" legal holiday, being available or not for the presentation or demand for payment of notes or drafts, while non-presentation does not constitute neglect or release the indorscrs. The enumeration of the legal holidays under this act presents wi curious feat ure. The holidays are Xew Year's Day, AVasbington's Birthday, Good Friday, Me morial Day, Independence Day, Christmas Day, Labor Day, "ail days desig nated by the Governor or President for thanksgiving, fasting or prayer," and the Saturday half holiday. It will be seen that of what may be desig nated the religious holidays, Good Friday, of Catholic origin, is named specifically, while the Puritan holiday, or Thanks giving Day, is specified by the words' quoted. But. the provision for that day leaves a wide margin of possibilities. The Gover nor and President mi",ht omit to issue any proclamation, and the result would be that Thanksgiving Day would not be a legal holiday. Or, what presents greater scope for imagination, an exceedingly de vout Governor or President might desig nate a Ions list of holidays for thanks giving, fasting and prayer- They would under the law be legal holidays, and, whihj theirproclamatidn would not necessarily create a devout state of "mind' on the part of the public, the law leaves it -within the powerof .an executive fb-stop demand and protest on commercial paper to- an almost indefinite extent While- the Legislature was about the work of revision it might have turned' out an enactment somewhat less loose in Its language than this. rOETTJJvVTELY iMPBACTJCABKE. A new terror in the line of cornering the money market takes the exact shape of a gold lock-up. One of the inventive finan cial waters some time ago suggested the modus operandi as follows: With a margin of hut$10,000abord operator could borrow from banks $3,000,000 at 3 per cent, leaving the gold of itself, untouchable, to be sure, hi the vaults of the bants as se curity Tor itself. The banks couldn't touch it, the borrower wouldn't -want to touch it, and that system pursued by a dozen clear headed men would soon lock up Such quan tities of the precious metal as to causo a rush upon the Treasury of the United States for its Bold, -which, in turn, being locked up, w ould send the price within a month, to a premium of 20 to 30 per cent. As a sequel to this delightful little theory for convulsing the money market and paralyzing legitimate business, a para graph reports that "ten "bankers in Wall street "had put up 580,000 each to pay the interest on 5100,000,000 of gold," which they are going to lock up for 60 days. Only two comments are necessary on this proposition. First, the idea of borrow ing gold and making the bank lock it up is only possible when the bank is a parry to the conspiracy. A man may be able to borrow money for sixty, days at C-10 of 1 per cent on good collateral; but no bank in the ordinary way of business Is going to hold the specific money which he borrows. It simply undertakes to honor his check for the sum he borrows in current funds. To suppose that banks will do what is suggested involves two things. First, the banks must be especially anxious to re duce themselves to a condition of suspen sion. An increase of 25,000,000 in loans or a decrease of 5,000,000 in reserve sends the rate of money in New York up toward the panic line. But this proposition sup poses that the banks will go pn loaning to an amount that would wipe out their re serve. The next supposition is that they will be so anxious to create a convulsion as to violate tlie national banking law. That law forbids a bank to loan more than one-tenth its capital to any- one bor rower. This proposition proposes they shall lend more than their capital to a single syndicate, without security, for the beggarly profit of 6-10 of 1 per cent If the object of keeping out of the hands of the receiver were not important enough to prevent such a conspiracy the preserva tion of their charters might be. Xo doubt there are men in New York reckless and ignorant enough to enter on such a Black Friday sort of speculation and throw the finances of the country into convulsions on the desperate hope that they might make something. But it may be taken for granted thac the banks are npt so enamored of panics as to give their activs participation to such a scheme, without which, it would be impossible. TVILL "WITHDRAW THE BILL. That the authors of the certificate of In debtedness bUl were not altogether certain of the measure's merits, was shown by yes terday's decision to withdraw it After having been forced through both legisla tive branches in spite of much opposition from Pittsburg citizens, its fate will be a surprise, even to those who knew its de fects. The chief of these were, as has been shown in The Dispatch, .its uncon stitutionality and lack of necessity; and though they were rather long In making themselves apparent to the bill's friends, they showed up in time to prevent a veto. What next will be done in the matter cannot be foreseen; but if it should be dd cided that extraordinary means must be taken to pay for tlie street improvements already made, it will now probably strike the gentlemen in charge that the people should be allowed to declare by vote their confidence in the certificate of indebted ness scheme. And if still another plan is proposed, the hope is that it will have more to.commend it than the one just de ceased.'' "WHICH ABE INSURGENTS? The right of the United States Govern ment to capture the Itata on the high seas is being discussed by our New York co temporaries with a zeal that leads them to refer to each other as "Juvenile Putten dorfs" and "Dogberrys." In view of the rapidly vanishing chances of the United States vessels doing anything of the sort, we can relegate that knotty international abstraction to the hair-splitters. But a word as to the national attitude toward the Chilean party that controls the Itata and Esmeralda is pertinent The general assumption is that we must treat this party in the struggle as "insur gents," at once ."denying them the rights of belligerents and preventing them from using any ports. But that classification ought to rest on unquestioned facts. The only statement'of the issue involved in the civil war that has reached this country is that it is a struggle between the President and the Congress. According to the state ment the issue between them is whether the President has the right to arbitrarily collect .taxes without the" authority of Congress. If this is true and it is as yet undisputed the Congressional party in Chile is' fighting tho same cause as the Parliamentary party fought for in Eng land against Charles L and our revolu tionary predecessors against England when this nation was founded. Can the United States afford to take the ground that the legislative branch of a nation, fighting against the unconstitu tional encroachments of the executive, are "insurgents?" We think not It is not the business of the United States to take sides in the matter at all; but to assert that either party is Insurgent is virtually tak ing the side of the other. A ritEFEKEXCE FOR LAW-BKEAKrXG. There is food for reflection in the formal announcement in Philadelphia that ttie fight of Coxe Bros, against the Lehigh Valley road has produced a contract be tween that firm and the Reading. This mining firm gives the latter railroad 1,500,000 tons, of additional shipments an nually, and the Lehigh Valley loses that amount of business. The most salient feature of this new -development Is the persistent preference of the corporate methods for violating the law. The case of Coxe Bros, against the Lehigh Valley disclosed a device to enforce a material discrimination; and the com mission ordered it rectified by a reduction of rates. The anthracite roads were re ported by all their organs to present an unbrokeji front of defiance to the order of the commission. But tho mining firm found relief by this contract with another road;and the contract-in Itself constitutes anothercase of violation of law. It is possible "for a railroad to make a contractjry which an increase of tariff can be secured Illegally," If the Beading road W'PVVTTi!" the had made a contract -giving Coxe -Bros, a I public rate, the same as that enjoyed by other shippers, it would be legal. But the preference of the corporate methods for placing themselves in defiance of law is so marked that the road 'which furnishes the relief makes the contract rate a secret one, and commits a violation of the Inter-State Commerce act beyondlall question. It would have been difficult to find a more varied expression of the conviction of vari ous great railroad corporations that it is not necessary for them ta-obey the law. It remains to be seen whether those charged with enforcing it share the conviction. A BCSTNESS BASIS. The movement of the striking workmen to organize and contract for building work should command public approval,. except for one consideration. Any effort as that should be based on business calculations. purely and simply; while co-operative movements, started in the middle of a strike are likely to be. inspired by enmity. We believe there is a good field open in Pittsburg for skilled workmen, either car penters, stonemasons, "bricklayers, or all three combined, to undertake the business of taking contracts for jerforming the labor of building, or for furnishing ma terial as well Every such enterprise has got to be conducted with skill and intelli-' gence or fail. But if the right kind of men take hold it will work a reform in the building trade, and illustrate how labor disputes may be avoided by making men their own employers. But if men go into an enterprise of that sort simply to punish employers for a wage dispute, they will start ona wrong prin ciple. They should only do so after care fully looking over the ground and con vincing themselves that they can do good work at reasonable prices and make a fair profit It is necessary to remark that subsequent examination by Auditor General' McCamant shows that the State is the creditor of the Philadelphia City Treasurer to a. much larger amount than was stated in his inter- view of Wednesday. The statement pub lished in yesterday"s Dispatch snows that the amount figured out by tho State official comes to $925,000, which practically "bal ances the $930,000 acknowledged by the City Treasurer, and which is represented by clearing-house due bills that have disap peared. "Whether the State is richer or poorer for the revised figures is a matter of individual opinion. The Florida House of Representatives has started to discipline the newspaper correspondents by voting to turn out all who criticise members severely or impugn their motives. Florida legislators are evidently more ambitious of being criticised as cham pion donkeys than for the misdeeds which tho obnoxious correspondents first pitched upon. , State railways in enterprising Australia are not working out a very satilactory show ing. The service is declared to be poor and and returns inadequate. In Xew South Wales they paid 3 per cent on money bor--rowed at 3.91 per cent to build them with; in Victoria they paid 3.8 per cent on. money borrowed at 4.21 per cent. The remedy of State ownership as a solution of our corpor ate evils Is not a promising one. It will be much better to try the plan of making the corporations accept tho rule of statute and economic laws before jumping from the frying-pan into the fire. Colonel Elliott F. Shepard is now giving dinners to Chinese diplomatists. This is very different on the surface from the ex pectation that the righteous Colonel would declare war on the Chinese empire for its rejection of Blair. But the Colonel has no doubt reflected that the dinners will be the most deadly. "Ix the face of the batch of vetoes that Governor Pattison has sent to the Legisla ture in the past month, it cannot be denied that he is working hard enough to earn the salary of a first-class clerk." No; and, in the fact that the vetoes are sustained without regard to party, and have inspired a laud able caution on the part of the Legislature to turn out bills that -will stand scrutiny, it cannot be denied that lie is working effect ively enough to cam the salary of a first class Governor. The report that the smoke of our burned forests has reached Cuba, is published; but there is a doubt whether after all it is not the scent of those American-made, cigars that has most offended the Cuban nostrils. The Boston policeman who arrested a citizen for kissing his wife has evidently been studying tho assertion that the old Blue Laws forbade that sort of thing, and was determined to put a stop to it. -His action, however, is not more unique than the- comments of the police Judge, who remarked that the. arrest was not an out rage because the kissing was "an unusual act," though not. criminal, which does not speak well for the judicial idea of marital felicity in Boston. The Pennsylvania and Philadelphia treasuries bid fair to be in a position whence they can tender to the United States Treas ury their sincere sympathy in regard to that matter of a past surplus. The presence in one of our hospitals of a case like that famous one in Xew York, where a foreign substance has been inad vertently swallowed and lodged in the wind pipe, enforces the lesson against making the mouth a temporary receptacle for all sorts of things. In this case, as the sufferer is a little boy, he represents the class most prone, to that habit and least to be blamed. It is to be hoped that the surgical efforts to remove the obstacle will prove successful. Axd now it is cruelly explained that the young Kaisdr deomeditnecessary to declaio, "I alone am master" on account of a report that the Hon. Thomas B. Eee'd intended to visit Germany. The frost and droughts may be regarded as happily ended, and the hope may now be entertained of steady growth for the crops. It is possible of course that the vagaries of the season may now give tho country a doso of excessive weather; bnt the hope is for abundant yields. Even the Dolaw ore peach crop liar is constrained to admit that tho crop is not destroyed, and tho yield this sea son is estimated by the millions of baskets. Ex-Sexatok Blatk regards ex-Consul Corte with mild disapproval as ho wonders how these foreign diplomatists can bo so fool ish as to disqualify themselves by talking too much. Jersey justice is reported to have demon strated itself for arresting nnd fining a young man who committed the offense of wearing hish rubber boots "on tho public highw ay. Xo doubt the Justice who admin istered the law in this summary fashion did so under the deep-seated snspieion that the prisoner was contemplating some gum game. APOLOGIA MEA. To the icift of his bosom, who chideth his too amatory rxrset. Chide not yonr spouse because he sings Of half a hundred loTes, Of Daphne's lialr, and eyes, andTingi, Of Chloe's fans and gloves; This is a mercenary time, . And tlic&e degenerate, days, And so our spouse mntt sling his rhyme, Kccanse because It luy.i Think hiin not flcUo b the wind, Xur deem Ida heart untrue, SecaiibC he rhymes a thousand times. And not oneverse to you; Leave him to turn tncni as he wlU A wife such homage spurns;' You have hla heart, and, better still, '" The juln'eaj that terras. Ttmplt$aT, W71 -EcraSBTJKia-- v -HispAtch, OUR DETECTIVES PERIL. Dangers, of Detecting Crime and Arresting Criminals ISoger O-Mara' Knighta In spector McAleese's 'Good Work Lucky ntzgorald' Close Call-SIcTighe's De liveranceDetective Kobinson's Little Picnic . - t A day or two ago I asked Tolice Inspector JfcAleeso, as he sat at hta-desk in the Public SAterv Dnnartment at City Hall, with a great heap of correspondence on police matters before him, if he naa nos some siory or per sonal peril to tell me. Ho shrugged his broad shoulders, and said with a laugh; "Why, bless youf I never take ony ' desperate chances; you must go to my men for that sort of thing. There are lots of them Who've got adventures to tell of, I'm a tyro still m police business. Fighting fire was my call ing till the last year or two, and 1 told Mr. Brown when he asked me to enter the police service that I didn't Snow how to arrest a man, never had arrested a man, and didn't know that I could learn. Ho insisted on my coming all the same, and here I am doing my best to serve the city." There is no mistake about it, Inspector Mc Aleese has done tho city good service al ready, and is likely to do more. The evil-, doers of the First police district know what ho has done, nnd respecta,blecitizens, if they will look about them and compare to-day with yesterday, must realize the.change for the better. If the malefactors fear him, a good . many who perforce como in contact with the police have cause to like Inspector .QLCAieese. 1 saw a iictio.womu.ji, -wim a wan, haggard -face and draggled black dress, ap proach the desk in Central station last night where tho- Inspector was sitting. Just as the night force or policemen were assembling. The woman edged up timidly botween tho detectives, and choking back tho tears told Inspector McAleese tho old, old story of a drunken husband arrested on a Saturday night. The Inspector listened patiently, al though it -was a chronic case, I know,nnd said gently, -when the story was told: "You come back in a couple of hours and you can take the old man 'home. lie's too dcunk to go now; he's better locked up," and tho woman, with a tearful "Thank you!" crept away. And though he disclaims any share in the perils of policing, tho detectives tell me that whenever men aro short and. work is plenty Inspector McAleese isn't Slow to jump in and. hustle. His broad shoulders, strong arms and sharp eyes are as powerful in their way as his brains and moral vigor. Iloger O'JIara's Kecord. Eveiit man on the detective force lias had ' a ticklish experience or two, a narrow shave of sudden.dcatb, and most of them from the veteran cSief, Boger O'Mara, to tho rawest recruit have known what it is to lay bands on men' who regard murder as nothing more than a necessity that their calling imposes. Roger O'Jlnra probably knows" more desper ate criminals by actual acquaintance, and has bad the nippers on a large percentage of them, than any other detective in the State. His hair-breadth escapes would fill a book, and they have filled innumerable pages of newspapers, court records and police his tories already. The stories. below are taken at random from a big -sheaf gathered from the actors' lips: Fitzgerald Under Eire. "When I was a police lioutenant in. the Fifth ward, about Christmas time 18S5-6," said Detective Pat Fitzgerald, commonly "called Lucky Fitzgerald, "Ihadsomeof the toughest experiences I "have ever known. The closest call of my lifo, I guess, came about that time. The. liquor store of Mrs. Xichols at 2890 Pcnn avenue was broken into and a lotof Jewelry, and money stolen be tween 1 and 2 o'clock in the morning. The news of the burglary reachedthe Twelfth ward station very soon after, ana Officers Fat Pender, George Wagner and I started out at once to find tho men we suspected. We found two of them about I o'clock in a saloon at Thirty-third street andFenn. It was one of tho .benefits of the all-night saloons that we could often, find thieves there; every burglar drinks al most, and I could "rely' upon a good many saloonkeepers and bartenders to keep mo posted on the movements of professional thieves and thugs. The man I was after, Dan Young, and his pal McCaffrey, were taken by surprise and offered no resistance. I took Dan loung, and as wo were about to leave the saloon Dan asked me to let upon his left arm, saying: 'I want ter get a chew er cut an' dry!' I loosened my hold on his left arm and he reached down into his pocket for the tobacco. If I hadn't been watchlng him closely I should not have seen him draw a gun with his right hand and aim at me under his arm, for lie meant to attract my attention to Mis left hand and tho to bacco. I grabbed for tho pistol, and got it Justin time to send the bullet into the floor instead of my body. It was no time for half measures, and I struck out for my life, and succeeded in flooring Dan before he ,could fire anothor shot at me. By that time Juccanrey had got away from Pender and Wagnerand he had a revolverleveled at my head. Ho fired but 'missed me, and then running to tho bar he began to throw beer glasses at Us. There we had it about as hot as I ever saw it for ten minutes, but Young and McCaffrey got the worst of it; and we dragged them off to the station. They had some of the plunder in their pocketastill. "After we d locked them up, I went out to find the third man of the gang, Campbell. He was in Giles' saloon -when I entered, combing his hair before tho glass. I didn't caro about taking any more chances that night, so when I said: 'I want you, Camp bell,' and he started back and lifted his hands in a threatening wav. I Just let him have one for luck in the middle of the fore head with my billy, and he fell liko an ox. When wo searched nim wo found his share of the swag from Mrs. Xichols' place: some diamond jewelry and $200 in bills in his clothes. That ended tho toughest night's work I'd had for many a year. It w as a quick job, too, that arrest, nnd trial and conviction followed without delay. When Dah Young was asked by District Attorney Porter if he was a professional, thief, he answered: "Xo, a professional burglar." His professional pride cost him dear, lor he got five years In the pen, while his pals escaped with 18 months. It's kind of singu lar, too, that ho wasn't 'out of the pen any time before he fell into my hands again. A short time ago he went into Heck's saloon and demanded a glass of beer. He was pretty drunk and tho bartender declined to serve him. 'You won't give me a glass of beer,' said Dan, 'then take that!' and he blazed away at the bartender with his gnn. The bartender 'Juked' and tho shot hit a clock. That w as Dan's idea of killing time. He won't have a chance to be playful for some time, as I and Dotectlvo Robinson ar rested him, and he's now serving three nnd a half years in the pen." Clial Dick to the Rescue. "Tub Ugliest place I ever was in was up at Johnstown after the flood," said Detective John P. McTighe. "Bob Robinson and I had arrested a great big hulking Westerner, the toughest-looking wretch 1 ever saw, as a suspicious character. Our prisoner was one of those desperate ruffians who flocked into Johnstown that May looking for plunder, nnd quite equal to committing murder to get it. We first took him down to the Cambria City lockup, but theio woro three or four feet of oozy mud in tho cells so -we couldn't secure him there. Then -we started back with him toward the Cambria City depot where we meant to cage him in a freight car. As we went a crowd gathered about us and a lot of toughs began to swear at us. Tho crow d was swelled by tho people who were waiting to be fed at the Commisariat depart ment at the railroad" depot, and by the time we neared tho track there were several hundred men around us, threatening violence if wo did not let our man go. The toughs understood what w e ere doingand wanted the prisoner released, and tho decent people didn't understand what the noise was about and pushed into the cron d to find out. Conse quently there was tots of confusion and things began to look ugly, when a man on a gray horse came down the hill, to whore wo stood, at a gallop. The crowd davo way and the horseman rode up to us and proved to be Chal Dick, tho Cambria county Sheriff, who was such a terror to evil doers in Johnstown in those days. He carried a carbine, and as soon ns ho'd discovered- from us who our prisoner was ho raised the weap6n to his bhoulder, and would have shot tho man had not Robinson and I interfcrrd. " 'Then, I'll give tho wretch two minutes to leave town!' wild Chal Dick, still keeping tho gun to his shoulder. We let onr prisoner loose, and you ought to havo teen tho gait he stiuck down the track toward Sang Hollow. You could havo played checkers on tho tail of his coat, and 1 w ns never more re lieved to be rid of a prisoner, for the crowd that cheered Chal Dick would have Just as lief jumped on us." Bob Kobinson's Hard Knocks. "I hkveb hit a man so hard with so little effect," said Detective Bob Robinson in his quiet way, as he sympathetically rubbed his head, "as I did that day hist summer when Fitzgerald and I were bringing back that negro who killed a man at a picnic out on tho Castle Shannon road. Forawhile in that car it looked ns if wo were bound togot done up. I had tho alleged murderer in tile seat bc sideuiuwith tlienippcison. Ilukcpt quiet enough, but thcio were a score ol colored toughs in tho car, fioui Washington, D. c., Baltimore and other placcsaf u 'distance, w ho didn't care what they did since tbey were aware they -weren't known here and could easily make their escape. There were four of us offlcirs, but what wero we against two or three car loads of drunken.' negroes armed- with -. - TWV rf. rsuKDAx, tm&y -figrim.' guns, razors andclubst, ,They .could. Jiave Lsniasueu " " "j..w!V n luKomer. Luckily, we were able to 1 keen'emeplit-np. The fellow who gave most trouble was a big darkey who cai won "- uuuut ayara long n4j-allbe.rliaW revolver. Whie.ll lm-flnnn. I ished over his head, shouting all the while: I 'Pso out in ther woodsr Nobody can touch mo.- lie poKisu "" ; " uico, ana alter I'd cautioned him to quit fooling I hit him with a billy. Imightaswell have struck a lamp-post; he shook his betid and went on. shouting, though I hit him twice again. From then till we reached the depot it was a Tnnh ftTlri tumble njfutr the Worst TTvIlflPin j. In, Tor you see I'm a new hand at this work. lnereuow wun mu uik ivoiver sneaked on behind a freight car when the train stopped, but I had the satisfaction of nabbing film, and hfl gotTO days at the works to sober Mm next morning." , 08S OH TZE .HUSBAND.' How His TTlfa Tested His Knowledge of Dress and the Test's Result. Youth's Companion, The seminary where Mrs. Langham's daughter was a pupil ono night gave a recep tion) at which that lady was unable to bo present. Her husband, however, was there, and solemnly promised before he left home to bring back information regarding the prettiest dresses worn by the girls. "Xow," snld Mrs. Langham, when he re turned, having left tho daughter to spend tho night with a schoolmate, "what.was the handsomest dress there? Sid Edith look as well as any of the'girlst" "Oh yes, yes; better than most," said Mr. Langham briskly. "What did Jenny Sears wear?" "Well, I should think Jenny had on a green sack, or something, and a kind of & blue cape over her shoulders." "A cape and a sack, and at a reception! My dear, do think again!" "Oh, I'm quite sure of it! I noticed her particularly. And there was Belle Smith. She had a light blue dress, if I remember rightly, trimmed with purple." Mrs. Langham regarded her husband In some scorn. Then she deliberately set a trap for him. ."My dear," said she, gently, "what did Edith wear?" "Oh, Edith? That black and white check, to bo sure, that she wears to school." "That proves it," said she. ."After this I shall know exactly how much to depend on your knowledge of dress. Edith woio a new white muslin. Xever mind, dear! Go to sleep. "We can't all.be clever in every direc tion!" IT IS A POSITIVE CTJBSZ. Tlie Contact "With Christian Nations Has Injured Japan. DetroltXews.J ' The contact of tho Christian nations with Japan has been a positive cure," said the Rev. J. R. Porter, delegate to the As sembly from tho Iand'of the rising run. "It is generally conceded that the morals of Japan are much worse than 30 years ago. Japan has taken up tho vices, if not the virtues, of the Occident. This is due to tho commercialism of the Yankee and his Euro pean neighbors." "How about tho new Constitution of Japan?" "It is still an exDeriment. But it is re- bearded ns a success for the people. Tho Diet has had but one session, and that was very lempesiuous. cut ine .met won in every contest save one, the estimates, which was compromised. Standing army? Japan has 30,000 regulars and a militia of 100,000. The military system it after the French. "Sunday is a legal holiday and 'is given to amusements. Tho great religious demand of Japan is autonomy. The missionaries must be.helpers. The natives, in brains nnd zeal, do not need tho direction of American or European boards. It is fast coming to this: The. missionary must sten Into the back ground. He must work in tho rural districts. leaving the centers of population to the, eaguuiiy una uunpumon ot ine nauvo worK ers." Dr. Porter and wife are home on a year's furlpugh. AN0THEB CATEEPILLAbTsTOEY. Millions of Them Blockade Trains on the Milwaukee Railroad. Mankato, Miuif., May 23. All trains on the Milwaukee-Railroad-this morning were de layed at a point seven miles out of this city by millions of caterpillars, which had crawled upon the rails to sun themselves. Sand boxes wero soon exhausted, and two engines were hardly sufficient to move the tram. The morning freight was an hour and ten minutes in going two miles. The caterpillars wero ground. into masses of grease, over which the wheels slipped lfke so much butter. Tho caterpillars have been a pest in that locality. - PEESOffAL POINTS. L. O. Koehbio, lately Professor of San scrit and the living Oriental languages in the Cornell University, is master of bo less than 30 languages. Catherine "Weed Barxes, a niece of Thurlow Tweecl, resides at Albany, X. Y., and is recognized as tho leading woman amateur in this country in the art of photog raphy. Duffield Osboexe, the novelist and author, is young and rather delicate in ap pearance. His hair and mustache are be coming tinged with gray. He' is a member of the Authors' Club and lives in Brooklyn. Dr. IiObimee meditates starting an. en terprise in or near Boston as a rival to the Chautauqua movement. It is to be called the Temple Educational Union. Bible study, literature, science and social and political economy will be included in his system. Yvette-Goilbert, the reigning concert hall favorite of Paris, is said to earn $S00 an evening, and for a couple of songs in a drawing room she receives $100. Her father and mother are concierges, and a few years ago she was poor and obscure. Johx "W. Thompson, of the Ballston Spa National Bank, of Ballston Spa, X. Y., who assumed the Presidency of the predecessor of that' institution (the old Ballston Spa Bank) in 1815, and has uninterruptedly held the same position to tho present time, is un doubtedly the oldest bank President in the country. Antoine ClLA.ru, the French sculptor who recently died from influenza, executed u bust of President Caraotlast year, making his model in Bonnat's tstudio, where that painter was at work simultaneously on a portrait. He was a bright, vigorous gentle man of S3 years, and was-often seen at re ceptions and fetes with a lovely daughter, who completely tyrannized over him. Mrs. IiELAND Stanford has decided to turn the Lathrop Memorial in Albany over to the trustees of the local orphan asylum, and endow it with $3,000 a year, s"o as to se cuie relief from personal attention to this charity, which she founded in memory of her parents several years ago. Xew cares in connection with the Leland Stanford Uni versity will prevent her visiting Albany as frequently as hitherto. Emperor "William, to the surprise of many people, has appointed Prince Albrecht of Prussia, at present Regent of Brunswick, the successor of Count Von Moltko as Presi dent of tho National Commission of Defense. The Prince is a cousin of tho lato Emperor Frederick. Ho is tho handsomest living member of the Hohenzollern family. He is one of tho tallest officers in the army, being almost six feet six inches in height. Pbixcess Louise, of Denmark, daughter of the Crown Prince of that country, and Prince Eugene, third living son of the King of Sweden, aro engaged to be married. The bride is a descendant of Queen Louise, of Prussia, mother of the lato Emperor Will iam. Prince Eugene, who was born in 1863; and is a cousin of 'the bride, spent several ycar3 in Taris in tho studios of celebrated painters and became an artist of some pic tensions. General Ekanz Sigel does not look well, and it is evident that the hard experi ences of life have told upon him. He is but CO years of age, yet it is half a century sinco ho was a student of the military school at Carlsrnhe, in Germany, 43 years-since he hold command in the Baden Revolution, 40 years since he came to New York, and 30 years since he entered upon services in the war for the American Union, in which ho won renown. Admiral "Worden, who commanded the original Monitor in its historic fight with tho Mcrrinmc, still shows in his lace the heavy peppering ii ith guupow dor which ho rocciNcd hi that engagement by t'.lo explo sion of 11 rebel shell at the peephole to w bich his eyo was applied. He isllvlng unostcnta. tlously In Washington, and it is difficult to get him to say anything about himself o about the battlo in whioh-he won distinc tion. He esohews all articles of dresa which ;would Indicate his profession. , , -j MURRAY'S" SUSINGS:T '"" i J ' a. A "Woman In atf Office Building "What tho Stamp Man la tho- Postoffice Has "to En.. dure .Restaurant Prices for &ie Sexes Sprlns'Loafers. ' ' " trnost a stape conazsPosjjEST.J Xkw-York, May 23 The utter helplessness of most women when brought mto contact with tho active business world is often amus'ng and always interesting. AVen a woman goes intd ono of the great offlca. buildings down town in search of somebody or somethlng'she is. usually at once'deprlved of what common sense she may ordlnarlty keep In stock. Tho probability- is that she will Inquire of the first person slid meets' whether Mr. Somebodyhas-an office there. This person may be an utter .stranger to the city. If ho isn't he vill refer her to. tle bul- leuu or mo junnqr or ine elevator man. Xow this bulletin may possibly contain 100 or 200 names and may be spread" all over the walls of the corridor, or postedup alphabetl-" cally in the dark elevator. In any case It is confusing to a woman" not familiar with the scheme. She may see half a dozen uniformed men and boys rushing about but can't tell an elevator man or assistant Janitor from a dis trict messenger or telegraph boy. hbe will get off at tho wrong floor, get lost in the halls, get into ever so many wrong offices' and finally arrive at her destination in a white heat of worn-. What strikes .her as the most remarkable thing about It all is that nobody seems to know anything about anybody else. Men may occupy an office in one of these buildings for years and know nothing whatever of their next door neigh bors. And what strikes the office men and everybody connected with an office building as most remarkable is the fact that' women, as a rule, are utterly oblivious to signs. They will go directly past tho plain gold let tering that announces men and business and inquire In the very next room. A wo man can find anything in a bureau drawer or at tno oottoni 01 a trunK ny insiinci, which is more than a man can do. But she soars above signs. The Price of Flats. A bctldkb and large flat owner on tho Westside says that rents are stiffening up in that neighborhood in spite of the recent; erection of numerous flat houses. He owns four large, double, brownstone fiat houses west of the Boulevard, and four or five blocks from the Seventy-second street ele vated station. Last year this time about three out of every ten fiats were vacant. Xow tbero is about one in ten empty, and tho rents have been increased in some of the more desirable. Several large flat houses have gone up in the vicinity during tho last year, and suites of eight rooms and bath in tb ese range from $1,200 to $1,800 per annum. The high priced are probably no better than can be had elsewhere for half the money; but they are all on the Grand Boule vard and are said to be quite swell. TheXew York of the future where is It to be when there is no more ground to build upon this side of Harlem? And where are the myriads of decent people on small salaries going to live? The Great American Game. The other day a couple of gentlemen were lunching rather elaborately at a promi nent cafe. One of them sighed frequently and looked at his watch and inveighed against the necessity for work. "Bahl" ex claimed his companion, "you would not know what to do with yourself. You thrive upon an active life. Besides, you have been everywhere and seen everything, and if you had $5,000,000 to-morrow you couldn't enjoy it. Xo, sir now, look here, old man, what is your Idea of pleasure? What would you do right now if you had $1,000,000? Right off hand, now what would you do?" "I'd knock off this lunch and go out and seethe ball game for the first thing." In about a minute: "1 don't see anything so awfully funny about that!" How to Get Good Rates. If you want to deal with Xew York truck men, cabmen, street venders and many small tradesmen at bottom figures wear poor clothes or send somebody else. The well dressed man who carries about in his per sonal appearance the. signs of prosperity will often bo compelled to pay. double. He will frequently be made the victim of various kinds of extortion, and will get no sympathy from any quarter. On the other hand, the poor have a soft heart for each other, and the appearance of poverty insures the lowest cash price for goods or service. If you don't believe this, try it on some favorable occasion and you will be both amused and instructed. "What the Stamp Man Endures. "There are a good many absent-mindod men among the business men of Xew York, as the records of the postoffice will show. Those who mall letters without any address and those who mail addressed letters with out any stamp, are on hand in force every day. The man who incloses money in snch letters is not wanting. I went over from the Astor House one day and talked to a clerk through a six-inch window about it, buying a dollar's worth of stamps at tlie close, as an evidence of good faith. When I arrived home, some six miles away, I discovered that I had given a $5 bill to the stamp man and had come away without the change. The next morning I was somewhat nervous concerning that $4, and hastened to the postoffice. The stamp clerk was serving a long line of customers, but, as soon as I approached and uttered the first word, im mediately and silently handed out four $1 bills. "I didn't know but what 'among so many fools," said I, "you might easily forget one." "Possibly," he drily retorted, "but you were the most conspicuous one yesterday. Twos, did you say, sir?" Sunday Afternoon In Gotham. Oxz of the wonderful sights to be seen in Xew York at this season of the year is the throng of variegated humanity that flows' into the city in the early evening of Sunday. This crowd is composed of the middle and lower classes, chiefly, who flee to the coun try north of Harlem, to the ferries, to the railway stations, to the boats on the river and bay, during Sunday forenoon to enjoy flie only holiday they havo in the week. Men, women and children of all ages and every nationality are to bo seen, and num bered by tens and hundreds of thousands. Tho ele- ated trains from Harlem between the hours offiandO o'clock in the evening swarm with these flushed pleasure seekers. And tho fun and flowers! There is noth ing like it elsewhere upon, top of earth. Xcarly everv other woman and child comes in literally 'laden with flowers and grasses and the usually stuffy air of the cars Is redolent with the delicious perfume of field and farm. They tell the story of a delight ful day spent beyond the oppression of brick nnd mortar and blazing stone. Separ ating here and there along the route the atoms of tiieso countless human swarms bear tho evidences of their day's pleasure in their browned faces and buoyant steps to their homes. It Is a charming sight and ono never to be forgotten by the beholder. It testifies with Irresistible eloquence of the future grandeur of tho American metropolis that has so much variety within easy reach and at so small a price that the poorest laborer can enjoy it. "Why Bachelors Should Rejoice. TnEobservantandfrugaleaterwillnotethe difference in price between the same articles served in the gentlemen's cafe and the ladies department of thesamo establishment. But he will never understand why there should be such a uifference. Articles of food sen ed in tho ladies' restaurant are usually from 10 to 23 per cent higher in price than the same in the gentlemen's cafe- Tho reason niay bo that gentlemen w III not bo imposed on when alone. When accompanied by ladles they expect and take It as a matter of course. Men naturally prefer to dine where they can read, chat and smoke withont restraint, and it seems a little odd that this fact is not seized upon to compel them to pay the same price for their food as they would have to pay for it if in nnother room accompanied by ladles. In many restaurants even the wines, malt liquors, etc., are marked up on the bills of faro in tbol.ulles' department. The coffeo that costs 10 cents a cup inthecafe, is25 u hen associated with skirts. Xor is this differenco confined to what you cat. A gentleman uloue can get n room lor Irom$lto$2. Irlio ii accompanied by his wife tlie sumo kind" of accommodations will cost him $3 to $5 per day. This exactly re verses the ordinary methods of business life. The stores and every class of trade that appeals to women for their custom cut prices down to tho last cent and a split nickel Is the rule of every sale. Gentlemen who buy their underclothing and fancv arti cles at the women stores can always get things cheaper than at the mcn'suralshing stores. The plain Inference or this incon gruity Is that the increased price of food in the ladies' restaurant is an imposition that is tolerable and tolerated only through the w eakncsj of human nature. , Seats on the Steamers. The steamer chain, that lino tho curbing in frout of tho shops where a spcci.tltj- Is nuido of travelers' outfits indicate tho ap proaching exodus- of the "more" restless Americans. The names and addresses painted pn these show a.largeo proportion of peopleiof other cities.- "f. Henry Jones," "Mrs. Henry Jones," 'JU Jones,!,..MUa 8a- 'f7 "mantM Jones," "Bill Jones." or their equiv- I nlents Show how the foreign ragernnsjn some' jamiues.as Uio. chairs mentlonea not nnfreqnently demonstrate. When the .ex perienced traveler sees these things he men tally figures up tho tips and tronbletbey roprpsent, and the recollection of it all quite reconciles himio remaining in New York. "Wo haVo orders for'moresteamez chairs,!' said a dealer, "than" we ever had before at this season of the year. "J do not know whether this means more travel abiX'Ad-or whether it is bccause-people are learning that a dock chair i necessary for comfort in a trip across the Atlantic1. If I were the executive authority of a line of ocean-going steamers I should favor'supplylng rny ves sels with deck chairs for (he accommodation (if first-class passengers. There is no mora sense In making passengers pay for a scaton deck than there is in compelling them,, to buy Jhelr own blankets. Loafers of the Spring Time. 1 The first balmy days of spring hrJngtont the Broadway loumrer In force. "It is oiie , of 'the most trying things, don't you know,1'' remarked a lady, "to walk down uroauway from Thirty-third street to the Fifth avenue corner on account of the coarse-featured and ill-bred men who loaf along the store fronts, theater and hotel entrances and barrooms. They daro not speak to a lady, but they im pudently stare at her and make sneering re marks sometimes to each other about her. Very often this is done within her hearing. nat. is sue to uo? 11 she so mncu as iooks up indignantly they nil gaze at her point blank and perhaps laugh. Of course nothing can be done with them. The Coleman House iront, the Brower House corner and tne theater entrances and hotel steps are the worst. I know tlie police have tried to break it up, and succeeded in a measure last sum mer, but it is a greater nuisance than ever lately. If I complain at home my brother says. Then why don't you keep off of Broad way?' Just as if nobody hud any right3 there but tho actors and the loafers." A Newspaper and a Newpaper Man. The retirement of Colonel John A. Cock eriU from the TTorW will not surprise those who are conversant with the recentmanage ment of that paper. Colonel Cockerill Is the man who made the World possible. Ho conr tributedto its success more than anybody else, not excepting Mr. Joseph Pulitzer, and while Cockerill was invested, with tho supreme authority that great journal reach ed its highest efficiency and public popular ity. The management, having become an irresponsible, hydra-headed concern, always at sixes nnd sevens with itself, the decline was certain and only a matter of time. Xo great newspaper was ever built up or main tained any length of time that was not con trolled in Its practical workings by a single dominant, master mind. And even a poor sort of master, in such a case, is better than half a dozen good ones. The history of American Journalism abundantly illustrates this. Tells the Time by His Beard. "Inever carried a watch in my life," said a Xew Yorker of SO. '.'A watch is a habit, not a necessary article. XO man who carries a watch can be any more regular in his habits than I am. I can get up at a certain minute, and do so every morning. I can tell the time of day by reeling my face. The beard grows exactly so much, and you can come within a reasonable time of the hour bypassing the hand over your chin. Xot that it is often necessary, because regular habits soon become second nature ana you never think of wondering about the hour. Of course, the man who lives on trains and boats a good deal has to wear a timepiece and a time table." Charles Theodore M curat. THE SEDUCTIVE POLKA. Jt "Was Invented in the Tear 1830 by an Austrian Female Cook. Paris GaUgnanl. The origin of the polka is being discussed in some of the Parisian journals. The uni versally popular dance is said to have been inventedin 1830 by an Austrian kitchen cook, who, finding herself dull in her kitchen, sang and danced to the well-known measure. The cook's mistress having surprised her during the performance she was requested to dance and sing in the presence of the composer, Joseph Xeruda, who took notes of the performance. The polka passed into Prague, then to Vienna, and was danced for the first time before the Parisian pnblicby a Hungarian artist at theOdeon Theater in 1810. Plenty of animated polka music was written successively by Lanner.trauss and FranciB Hunai. Bat the real polka mania did not break ont in Paris till the year 1514, when it was danced with great success Dy a select iew as the Salle Vallentlno, in Rue Saint-Honore, the premises now occupied by tho Xouveau Cirque. Crowds used to assemble round the dancers to admiro tho " different pretty figures which composed the true polka, wnich -was then acquired with great diffi culty, and was not the simple close of the rushing dance at present known by that name. So popular w as, the polka in Paris not half a century ago that the dancing masters bad for clients ladies and gentlemen of all classes, and even judges, lawyers and doctors did not disdain to take lessons in what was then considered as ono of the greatest acquirements ot a ballroom dancer. JEWEL m A SERPENT'S HEAD. A TVeU-Known East Indian Belief Appar ently Confirmed. Jewelers' Review. J There is a belief current in all parts of India that a certain vajiety of snake called shesh nag, when it attains the age of 1,000 years, has a precious jewel formed in its head. The Jewel, it is affirmed, possesses the quality of sucking up tho poison or the dead liest snake if applied to the wounded part. Strangely enough a Paris gentleman is re puted to possess this invaluable Jewel, ac cording to a correspondent of- a Gujarat! weekly, published at Wadhwan, in GujaratL The correspondent says that when the pres ent owner who, by the way, is now 63 was 23 years old, he lighted upon a snake of the above-mentioned variety, which he killed. Then he found the Jewel in his head. It has already saved several lives. When "Mr. Vidal, the collector of the district, was there, it was shown to him, too. Tho Jewel is said to contain a thin, crescent-like fiber, which uaceasingly. oscillates in the center. Tho Galkwar of Raroda, the Maharajah of Kolhapnrandsoveralof her native princes arq said to havo offered several bundled thousand rupees for this unique Jewel. Tho name of the owner is Mr. FramJl Dadabbai Govekar, Tarspur, Bombay presidency. An Editorial Announcement. East Palestine, (0.) BevelIle.J It's a girl, and not likely ever to kick a job press. " " DEATHS HEEE AND ELSEWHEEE. " Harry Dean. A telegram was received at Newark, O., to-day by Marshal Griffith from Undertaker Fred Klaucr, of Chicago, stating tliat there had been placed In his charge the remains of Harry Dean, who hail died uddenlyin that city. Harry was at the time on hU war home from the Hot borings, where he hail lx.cn clerking in the Eastern Hotel. Mi body will be taken home. Obituary Notes. Ebsst Junes Hahsel, the famous sculptor, born in 1811, died In Dresden Friday. Emmob Haikes, a prominent lumber merchant of Buffalo, X. Y., died suddenly Friday, In his 73d year. TnADDZCS Coojies, said to be 107 years old, died at his home, near West LonlsTllIe, DaTlcs eounty, Ky., Friday. Hox. James II, Lutiiek. M-)or of OlAn, X. T.. died yotenlay mnrulug. afced 63. after 1cm tlun a week's illness with the grip. Seth S. Cook, of btamford. Conn., widely Vnnn-n In the shoe trade ai a manufacturer, died Friday of paraljsls, in ills 63th year. Joseph FkOCdmajt, of London, who for nearly 53 years had been a director of 'ragged school" concerts and of other musical charities. Is dead. Isaac J. MEBBiTT.Conenl at Xassan.X.P.. under FresldcntPleree, died at Charleston. 8. C, Thurs day, aged 83. The body was taken to Xew York. (iKor.GF. G. McWhobtkb. at one time Chief Justice of the Florida Supreme Court, but recently a member of the State Railroad Commission, died at Ids country home near Mllto'i, Fla., Thursday nlRlit. Cabmes I'abse. for 17 years past Cashier of tlie First National llank of Pialnaeld, X. .1., died at his home In N'orth I'lalntkld Friday, after a long illness from consumption. Count Jouax ALXXAxnxa Fedbo, the rollsh patriot and poet, died Friday at SIcnnawlce, Posen, aged G2 years. Besides5' being renowned among his countrymen as a soldier and poet, the Count was a playwright of ability. Moxtkm SMITH, a ballad singer, glee composer and musical tutor. Is dead, at the age of 73, In Lon don. His prize glee, "sweet Zephyr," hxs been sung in eTery "civilized conntry since 1868. Mr. tnuliliwas onrcaleadlug tenor in grand opera at tRellruryLauc. VMUEL Lom:, once a rircus clown of note, died In Philadelphia recently, ngal TO. He was bom In Vlrglul.i. About TO years ago lie was a ennilr sluger at 15arnimi Macuni. Tlun lie berame a churn, and up t eight year s he had traveled wttli l)i Rlcr, 1'on.paugu, Barnaul, John Robin bun and others. A. C. PlUM-irs, founder of Slonx FalK S. D., and a prominent attorney and capitalist of that city, died Thursday olgtit -In Dubuque, where lie hart Keen visiting for sumo months. Mr. Phillips was-for inanV jell United Stales Consul at Fort Erie, opposite Buffalo. ' The reraaucf have been taken to Sioux Falls for Interment, CURIOUS CONDENSATIONS. "Lord, make u verr stylish' was the prayerof a little Xew York girl. Hole-in-His-Pants-is the name of an In dian buck who is attending court at Atchi son.. "The Murdered "Woman Likely to I.lve,'"i3' the atartling-headllne in a Buffalo I-paper. A cow at Itennett, Pa., ate a stick of dynamite, and her -owner-is-now afraid to milkjier. A Beading;, Pa., man has1 just received a letter mailed to him. by hliLSOldler brother 37 years ago. b -Aresident of Xast Liverpool voted a 1 one-dollar bill at the primaries by mistake , the other day. i A Meetztown, Pa., .man ate 150 oysters in three minutes on a wagr which he did not live to collect. ATbee-sting on the temple has entirely eradicated the rheumatism from the system of a Fallsington, Pa., man. A London tradesman recently received an order for 61 pairs of shoes for a royal Russian child only a year old. There are spiders no bigger than a grain of sand, which spin threads so fine that it takes 4,000 of them to equal in magnitude-a single hair. A woman at Bury HillO., now In tha 99th year of her age, is recovering from the grip, the first sickness that ever confined her to her bed. t The mineral production of Canada la 1890 reached the value of fia.OOO.OOO. Of the) metals, nickel was the most valuable, yield ing $1,230,000. The first steamship to fire a gun in ac tion was the Royal William, a sidc-wheeler, which crossed the Atlantic in 1S33. She was built at Quebec. An irrigation canal is in course of con struction at Gila Bend, Ariz., to be com- Sleted in six months, from which 200,000 to 10,000 acres will be irrigated. The oldest college in Xorth America was founded in 1531 the College of St. Ude. fonso, in the City of Mexico. The next) oldest is Laval College, Quebec. A2Tew York fakir has been arrested for sticking tulip blossoms into perforated Mexican beans and selling- them to unsuspecting-housewives as Chinese lilies. TheY". 2L C. A-'s of the conntry now own property worth $13,350,000. One thous and and eightv-three persons arc engaged as paid officials, and there are 225,000 members. The smallest republic in the world is said to bo Franccville, one of the islands of the Xew Hebrides. The inhabitants consist of 10 Europeans and 500 black workmen, em ployed by a French company. An Abilene man who has made a study of the qualities of Sand Springs, Kan., water claims that it possesses great fattening qual ities, and that in three years no grown per son in town will weigh less than 300 pounds. The latest investigations show that bac teria aro spheroidal, rod-like, or spiral. Under the most powerful microscopes they are found to have a granular mass in tha center, surrounded by a thin, structureless membrane. The amount of coloring matter stored in coal is such that one pound of the mineral yields magenta sufficient to color 500 yards of flannel, aurine for 120 yards, vermilion for 2,560 yards, and alizarino for 255 yard3 of 1 turkey red cloth. A well known Providence, B. L, cler gyman, believing that other things thai charity should begin at home, made his wife's low-necked dresses tho subject of re cent exhortations, bhe became so indignant that she has sued for a divorce. The Chinese paper currency is in red, white and yellow paper, with gilt lettering and gorgeous hand-drawn devices. Thebills, to the ordinary finnnciem, might pass for Washing bills, "but they are worth good money in the Flowery Kingdom. Tho total number of pupils enrolled ia the publio schools in Canada is 468,025; aver age attendance, 235,790; percentage of aver age attendance. 5L In 1S79 the average at tendance was 45 per cent of tho registered attendance, in 1S83 it was 50 per cent, and in 1SS9 it was 51 per cent. A farmer near Akron, O., claims to have a turkey gobbler setting on 25 hen eggs. and two roosters setting on turkcy-ggs. The roosters have been setting four weeks last Sunday and the gobbler two; the gob bler having hen eggs under hlm,.they will all three hatch next Sunday. Bccent developments in chemical science promote belief in the existence of elementary forms of matter not yet actually observed. Certain peculiarities In the spec trum of tho sun are thought to Indicate that much of its matter is still In such elementary forms owing to its intense heat. Two cases of pneumonia as a result of concussion of the lungs have been reported. A boy of n, who was forcibly struck on tha left side of tho chest -with a hatchet, began to cough about two hours later, and soon de veloped the symptoms of plenro-pneumonia, at the base of both lungs. A man of 22, -who strained his right side by trying; suddenly to stop the fall ot a sack or malt, developed all the signs of pneumonia in both Irmgs and died. . The mercurial'pTe3sure gange extending from tho bottom to" the top of Eiffel Tower has been completed. This is considered a notable achievement, jis it enables pressures to tie measured up to 400 atmospheres by a mercury column. The tube is of mild steel, something more than one-eighth inch inside diameter. In order to note tho height of tha mercury in the steel tube, glass tubes are located at intervals beside it, and are pro vided with, cocks communicating with the steel tube. A Baltimore freak'is a frog of good size and a trifle light in color, but apparently not different from any otherfrog. Thefreakish ncss developed when his f rogship was wor ried, when, instead of hopping off or giving utterance to the deep, sonorous note usually heard from frogs, ho simply opened his mouth and cried. Tho cry is nothing if not human, and suggests, both in tone and vol ume, a bad, peevish child. The cry is not a single, note, but several, and i continued even after the annoyance ceases. It is remarkable that nearly 30-per cent of the total female population. Is employed in remunerative occupations. In the last decade tho percentage was only 2L33 per cent of the whole. Out of the 11 classes of occupations women have increased com paratively in nine, viz.: Government service, professional and domestic service, trade, agriculture, fisheries, manufactures nnd as apprentices; while they have de creased comparatively a laborers and in personal service. In 1875 thero were 19 branches of industry in which women were notemyloyed; inlSSS tho number -was re duced to seven. SOME STJXDAY SMILES. First Passenger They say that every body is more or less superstitious. How is It with you? Do you bcUeve In signs? Second Passenger Believe in signs? You bet your Ufel do! I make myllrlng painting 'em. tSomertiUe Journal, "What is the differenco between the two dudes who Just passed andapalrof trnelorers?" I give up conundrums." "A pair of true loTersare two souls with but a single thought. 'While the dudes. Judging from their -vacuous faces, are two souls without aslngla thought." Sao Tork Press. ' airs. "Wickstaff My dear, this ribbon yoa have brought home for Fldo Is a shade too light. Wlckstaff-AU right. I'D. try It over. Mrs. Wlckstaff (the next day-My dear. I'm sorry, but the ribbon you have brought home to day. Is a shade too dark. Wlckstaff (wcarlly)-Then wait nntll to-morrow, and I'll change, the dog. Cloak Xeneur. Eminent Advocate (to Possible Juror) Do tou entertain any conscientious scruples against thc'lnfllctloii of capital punishment? Possible Juror (conndeatlyj - John Smith, 83 years old last grass, thank yc. Advocate (wrathfuUy)-I did not ask your name. Possible Juror (checrfully)-Xo. sir; hain't read nntbin' about the case. . Advocate (roarlng)-Are you dear, or a fool? Possible Juror-You'U haf to speak a little louder, I'm kinder hard o1 hcarln'. Advocate Accepted '.-Buck, W00I30. You who would woo This cour-e pursue: Dc boldl bo Is a woman won. . Rat hold' ' You must Iks humble, too: sa lw the two In ono Then Is- jour sweet, task done. Judge. If the Alliance member orders soup prlntanlera simply because It looks nice on tha bill of fare he must not kick if he gets .carrots and turnips cut ia slices and simmered with beaas aad peas In beef trottt. .vo Orlmns Flcaunti " '