Newspaper Page Text
s THlf STORY OF A WALK OF WHITES PO TSS DISPATCH . BY C. F. LUMMIS. Narrative of Sport, Adventure and Hardship During a Trip on Foot From Ohio to the Pacific Coast. CHAPTEBI. TUB SIAST FBOM. OHia lut why tramp? Aren't there railroads Pullman enough, that you must walk? That is what a great many of my friends said when they heard of my determina tion to traTel from Ohio to California on foot, and very likely it is the question that will first come to your w.!ti(1 5n reading of the longest walk for pure pleasure that is on record. But rail roads and Pullmans f iA r Tipln riSZj?& us hurry through life and miss most of the pleasure of it and The Start. t of the profit, too, except that jing ;, only half-satisfying sort .which can footed up in the ledger. was aftef neither time nor money, hut not life in the pitiful meaning of the ir health-seeker, fori was perfectly well 1 a trained athlete, but life in the truer, ader, sweeter sense, the exhilarant joy living outside the sorry fences of civili- on, living with a perfect body and a fcened mind, a life where brain and brawn 1 leg and lung, all rejoice and grow alert ether. I am au American and felt aiaed to know so little of my own coun- as I did and as most Americans do. I s young, only 26, with educated muscles full experience of the pleasures of long i6trian tours, that is, such tours as are lerally deemed Ions;. Furthermore, I ,hed to remove from Ohio to CalifornVa. Had a Xamber of Motives. o here was a chance to kill several birds h one stone, to learn more of the country 1 its people than railroad travel could r teach; to have the physical ioy which y the confirmed pedestrian Knows; to ,e the mental awakening of new sijjhts 1 experiences; and to get, in this enjoy e fashion, to my new home. ?hese are the motives which led me to iertake a walk of 3,507 miles, occupying . days. There was no wager direct or in ect; no limitation to a specified time, nor f other restriction to make a slave of and ruin the pleasure of the walk. It s pu-ely "for fun" in a good sense; and most productive four months of a rather rring life. There was no desire for noto ty indeed I found it generally more nfortable to tell no one on the way my ect, and thus to avoid the stares and mens of strangers. The journey was n fatiguing, but never dull; full of hard p and spiced with frequent danger in its ter halt, but always instructive, keenly eresting and keenly enjoyed, even at its dest, and it had some very hard sides, a first half need be but briefly outlined, it was through a well-settled country h little adventure, and though interest ; to me, was no more noteworthy than Inv other pedestrian trips in the East. The "West Was Full or Adventure. 3ut from Colorado westward it was an ex lag series of adventures far more of an oenence than I had at all expected. If narrative tells only of my own doings 1 impressions, you must remember that I japed alone, so there is no one else to ire the story except the dear dog whose tkful chumship for 1,500 adventurous les, and whose awful death on the desert e left mc some of the sweetest and some the saddest memories of my life. The uap cost many times the amount of a st-class passage by rail; yet in view of Attacked by a Dog. e time covered by the expedition, the ex tant pin sical enjoyment, the rich store information, the whole museum of curios d mementos, and above all the exper nce, it was very cheap. I have it to thank at later, when overwork had brought tralysis upon me, and lost me the use of e knotted left arm of which I was once so oad, I came back to the wilderness to ady and live among the wonderful races h! scenes whom I nad found in walking r5 the continent , On the 11th of September, 1884, 1 left the etsiuit old town of Chillicothe, O., which jd been for two years my home, for Cin BBftti, and from the latter city began, next ir, my long walk I wore a close but not ht Knickerbocker suit one who has not arned the science of walking doesn't -earn what a hampering there is in the ag--egate in that two feet of flapping trousers !ow the knee with flannel shirt and low, wht Curtis & Wheeler shoes. People who not wall: all the time should wear thlck ded, heavy shoes for a tramp; but, if one to make a business of walking, the best av is to be as lightly shod at possible, and t the soles and ankles toughen and rengthen without "crutches." Since arning to campaign in the Apache mocca a I have always preferred a few days of we feet and subsequent light-footedness to rpetual dragging of heavy shoes. My fte vent on by express to "WaKeeny. an., where I was to shoulder it; and my aeril valine and light but capacious duck aogMuek made their daily inarches on the reader shoulders of the express companies. Kot a Tound of Extra Weight. The first rule of -Balking for pleasure is to alk light, and for that reason I had long jo discarded the bicycle for long trips. It very pleasant to ride, but when you have i carry your "horse," which would be jout half the time on such a journey, is is - 1x4(1 as a ball and chain. Even a real horse ould have made impossible many of my ost iniere'tirg experiences, and I have i't&e to be thankful a thousand times that was free Irom ail such encumbranoes. ' In y pockets were writing material, fishing ckle, watches, ard tobacco, and a small reiver, wUich was discarded for a44-cali-er at Denver. A strong hunting knife, the lost useful Sf all tooLs, hung at my belt, and lamoncy'LcUiicxtmy skin was buttoned 'iXr ML b. THREE THOUSAND MILES. 5300 In 52 BOgold pieces, which would no suffer from perspiration as paper money would, and was of small denominations as was necessary in a trip whsre the changing of a 520 piece would have cost my life in 100 places. It might be interesting to state my expe riences in trudging across the corner of Ohio, the whole length of Indiana, and Illinois: but It would make this story too long, and tou would prefer that the space be saved for the greater interest and excitement of the tramp in the farth'.r "West The most prominent memory of the first week is sore foot! T hud been walkinir aeooddealfor years before starting on the tramp; but the ground was uumeu up nuuuiuugut, "v .e weather was still very hot, and walking all day, day after day, on that baking surface soon made my feet sore as one huge boil. But the experienced walker does not nurse such blister. If you" sit down and cure them they come back as soon as you resume the march. If you will shut your teeth and trudge on, and bear the extrems pain for a few days! the rebellious sores gradually toughen into self-cure, and the cure is per- manent throughout the journey. So I limped ahead, with very sorry grimaces and a sorrier gait, but without giving up, and by the time I stood in Missouri my feet were as hanpv as all the rest of my body. A bad sprain of my ankle just at starting cured itseit in tne same way. Contended W1Ui Beat and Rain. The, weather was hardly the best for walk ing. AcrosB the first two States it was op pressively hot, and then I had several days oi wanting m me puuiiu ram. xxunoci, it could not drench the spirits within, and it was welcome as an experience. Crossing the noble bridge which wades withgiant legs of franite across the Father of "Waters at St rouis, I followed the general course of the Missouri Pacific Bailroad across Missouri, having some funny experiences with back country people, and at last a bit of adven ture a little west of "Warrensburg. From over the hedge of a cozy little farm house a huge savage dog leaped in pursuit of me. He did not come to bark that was plain from the first hut on business He evidently liked strangers raw. He did not pause to threaten or reconnoiter, bnt made a bee-line for me, and when close, made a savage leap straight at my throat My hunting-knife chanced to be at my hand, and as ne sprang I threw up a light switch in my left hand. He caught it m his big jaws, and in the same instant, with the in stinct of a boxer, I gave a desperate ''upper cut" with my huntmg-knile. xne strong, double-edged, eight-inch blade caught him squarely under the throat and the point came out of his forehead, so fierce had been the blow. He never made a sound except a dying gurgle, and tugging out the bedded blade by a violent effort, I hastened to de part, leaving him stretched in the road. Two Tramps Put to Xlight A couple of days later two cheap tramps of the ordinary sort "held me up" during one of my returns to the railroad. They were burly, greasy fellows, the first glance at whom assured me that they were cow ards, and not worth serious treatment They were both so much larger than I that they did not deem it worth while to take even a club to me, and one of them grabbed my coat with sublime confidence. My weapons were handy, but unneeded. The largest fellow stood just in front of the rail, so loose, so unbalanced, that it would have seemed a sinful waste of opportunity not to tumble him. Just as he reached his left hand for my watch, biff 1 biff! with left and rights his heels caught on the rail and down he went as only a big and clumsy ani mal can fall. Then I whipped out the knifo and started for the amateur robbers with a murderous face, but chuckling inwardly a chuckle which broke into open laughter as they fled incontinently down the track, their tatters streaming behind upon the wind. It was cheap fun and no danger, for I was armed and they were not; and the laugh lasts whenever I recall their comical cowardice. At Independence. Mo.. I heard a good deal of the notorious train robbers and mur derers, the James "boys," and had a long talk with Frank James, who was the brains of the gang, as his unlamented -brother Jesse was its authority. He looked very little like the typical desperado a tallish," slender, angular, thin-chested, round shouldered fellow, of cunning but not re Eulsivc face, and an interesting talker. The ome nest of the outlaws was about Inde pendence, and many of the citizens who were not their sympathizers had partici pated in some of the exciting attempts to capture the criminals. Frank was as free as you or I, a prominent figure at the coun try fairs, and"a rather influential personage all of which struck me as a trifle odd. How He Fixed the Mosquitoes. For several davs after leaving Kansas City, where I made a very brief stay, since cities are plenty enough and I was walking to see something less hackneyed and more interesting my course lay along the pretty vallev of the Kansas river, properly named the Kaweily, but in common parlance the Kaw; and very pleasant days they were. My feet were all right now and there was no drawback to absolute enjoyment except the mosquitoes, which hung about me in clouds, biting even through my thick, long stockings, whose red was almost lost under theit swarm. But that was for one day only. A Tnivvanno Tiron I nniirn n imaaa rP netting, sewed it into a long cylinder open PUT TWO TEA3TPS TO FLIGHT. at the bottom, and gathered at .the top so that it wouldjustgoover the crown of my broad hat, from whose brim it fell to my feet After that the bloodthirsty little pests got no more satistaction from my veins. At Lawrence, too, I visited the Indian school, then just being completed, where some of my swarthy young friends of later years are now being educated, and also wit nessed some fishing which seemed very odd. The Kaw abounds in huge catfish, ranging as high sometimes as lSOpounds, and they are fond of lying in the SRld waters below the sheeting of the Lawrence dam. There ore three or four old boatmen who go fish ing for them under water, and with curious tackle only a big, sharp, steel hook secure ly strapped to the right arm. Diving into the current they grope along the bottom until they touch the eel-like hide" of one of these "hornpouts," and then jab the hook into the fish whei ever they can, Uke a gaff. There is then a fearful struggle, for a large fieTi h creat strength when in his native element, and shortly before my visit one of the most expert oi mese uiver-nsnermeu hooked a "cat" too big for him, and was dragged about and drowned before he could unstrap the hook from his arm and thus es cape. Stepped Upon a Battlesnake. I made quick workof "stepping off" .Kan sas; and, after the Kaw Valley had fallen behind me, with daily growing interest A couple of hundred miles from Kansas City it beeim to feel as if I were gettine "really out west." In one day I stepped upon a young rattlesnake whicn was lucialy too cold and sluggish to strike me before I could jump off and saw my first "dog town" with its chattering rodents and stolid owls, my first sagebrush and cactus and cattle rancho. And the plains impresseed me greatly. They seemed lonelier and more hopeless than mid-ocean. Such an infinity of nothing such a weight of silence! The outlook was endless; it seemed as if one .could fairly see the day after to-morrow crawling up that infinite horizon! The 15.000-acre ranch seemed verr big to me then, and was very interestihe with its 8,000 sheep, 500 high-bred cattle, a score of cowDoys, ana otner tnings in proportion. The night I was there the coyotes jumped a high lence ana maae saa navoo among tne valuabb sheep in the corral; and this seemed still more as if I were coming to the borders of an interesting laud. vAt Ellsworth, which was then a rather "hard" village, I first found the cowboy dandy in all his glory of 520 sombrero, his fringed and beaded dogskin coat and chap parejos (seatlcss overalls to protect the legs from thorns), his costly boots with ridicu lous French heels, his silver-inlaid spurs jingling with silver bells, and the pair of pearl-mounted six-shooters at his belt I was shy of him at first, but have since found him a very good fellow in his rough way, and have experienced at his hands in the Southwest countless pleasures and no trouoies. Seventy-Nine Miles In a Say. Prom Ellsworth T made a strong spurt, just to see what I could do in 24 hours. The conditions were very favorable the hard, smooth turf roads are admirable to walk upon, and I was in perfect trim and unin cumbered. In 24 hours I had trotted to Ellis, an even 79 miles. The distance was made in 21 hours, and the record would have been better had I not fallen asleep when I sat down to rest and thus lost three hours. "Walking and I were on good terms now, and every day scored from 30 to 40 miles; but that spurt from Ellsworth to Ellis was the longest day's walk I ever made.? At Hays City a cowboy who had gambled away Mb money, pistols and pony concluded to walk with me to "Wallace, where he had a brother that he "reckoned would stake him." He had lost his money at a pleasant bull-fight at Caldwell the preceeding Sun day, and was evidently used to very tough companionship, but I found him good hearted, lenient toward my ignorance in matters whereof he was expert, and alto gether a very spicy and entertaining com 'rade for the 131 miles in which he shared my "bed and board." "Walking was agony to him in those tight, tall-heeled boots, but he was game to the end of his toes, and hobbled on so pluckily that I gave up my haste and adopted a gait which was easier for him. A Rifle and a Blanket At "Wa Keeny I took up my rifle and bought a blanket, as the nights were grow ing cold. It was a big one while it had to be carried, but when Cowboy Bill Henke and I both had to curl lip in it at night, it was very small, andl could get neither enough of it to keep ouithe" winds of the plains, nor' to escape from my companion, who nearly snored my head off nightly. But we had a very good time by day, popping prairie dogs and snakes and herons, watching the big halls of the curious "tumble-weed" which dries up in the fall, cracks from the stem, and at the invitation of the vagrant wind goes tumbling somer saults off over the plain to visit its relatives may be a hundred miles away racing with that most agile of snakes, the "blue-racer," of marveling at the speed with which his horny-nosed cousin, the "auger-snake," will fo down through the hard dry turf, making is hole in a very few moments. At "Wallace I left Henke to his brother, and pushed on alone over the bare, dry, endless, waterless plains, sometimes reach ing a wee and shabby slab town, but more often sleemns out on the crisp, brown crass. It was getting up in the world, too. In the less than COO miles from -Kansas City I had been steadily climbing an inclined plane, and was now nearly 4,000 feet above the sea. Indeed, alter passing the Colorado line there were very few days in the next 1,200 miles when I was at an attitude much less than 5,000 feet The Last of the Buflaloes. A few years before the vast plains of the Southwest were black with countless herds of buffalo; but the pot-hunter, the hide hunter, and worst of all the soulless fellow who killed for the mere savagery of killing, had already exterminated this lordly game. The last ol the buffaloes was killed at Chey enne "Wells, just as I passed a grizzled old bull, who was the sole survivor of the nomad race. But the turf was cut everywhere still with their deep, narrow trails; -and every now and then I came fo the grass-grown "wallows" where the great bovine hunch backs had scooped out "bowls" in the turf by revolving upon their backs, to be rid of theitormentlng swarms of gnats. 1 had grown rebust as a young bison my self. "Out-of-doors" is a glorious tonic, and when T rose ach morning from the brown lap of Mother Earth, I seemed to hayc re alized the fable of Antseus. My lungs were growing even larger, my eyes were good for J stood out on my skin like a little strand of twice tneir u&uui iaue, uuu every amen cord. As for my feet, they were much In the condition of those of the bareboot Georgia girl of whom Porte Crayon tells as standipgby the hearth. "Sail" cried her mother, "the's a live coal under yo' foot!" Sal did not budge, but looked up stupidly and drawled, "Which foot, mam?A To U continuaX next Sunday. thesDMMerprince CTRAS8nA.TXD JOB THB DISPATCH. There was, one time, a young Prince, whose father was an enchanter, and who by his magio arts could bring to pass whatever he desired. He loved more than all his lands and treasures his only son, and his one wish was to see him happy. One power which this magician had was to produce a change of seasons whenever he desired to do so, and thinking that the Prince would be most delighted with summer, it was al ways summer where the King's son was. In the palace garden the flowers bloomed constantly, the birds sang, the sun shone, and the air was always warm and mild. If the prince went iortn into tne cuy, iuo winter snow, which was deep on the street, immediately thawed, the chilling winds be came soft and balmy, and the trees which had hung with snow and ice became covered with gay blossoms. Thus the boy grew up in the midst of sun shine and flowers, and he was called Prince Summer. But he was a wise little fellow, and understood all that his teachers taught him. "When but 10 years of age, he discovered that his life was very different from those around him. One day his father found him sitting in the garden, with a sad look on his face, and he seemed lost in thought "What is the matter, my son?" asked the King, "has anything happened to displease you, or haves you some wish that has not been gratified?'' Prince Summer looked up into the kind face bending over him, and replied "My father, you are very good, and it is so beautiful here. The sun shines, the roses bloom, and the birds sing. But don't you think it is tiresome always to see green trees, sunny skies, and to feel warm breezes? My books tell me that with other people there is a time when the leaves become red and yellow, and the withered ones fall to the ground in such numbers that the chil dren, running in the forest, make among the dried leaves a beautiful rustling. Could I not see that time, father?" "You speak of fall," replied the King, "and it snail be as you wish, but, my son, the summer is the most beautiful. Then the skies were overcast with dull, gray clouds, and a rough wind began to blow over the fields and whistle through the trees. The boy clapped his hands with joy; fnr he had never before seen a storm, and it pleased him to watch the branches bow and bend, as if nodding a greeting one to the other, and to see the leaves whirl about in the autumn wind. Then the t Prince gathered the ripe, red apples, which had fallen under the trees, and running through the forest, wondered at the brilliant colors of the maples and the rich brown and yellow of the oaks." "I thought .summer so beautlfnl," said the Prince, "but this delightful autumn is even more so." Thus the weeks and months went by, still the fall weather remained about the castle, and the King's son did not murmur for the summer. But one day he went again to his father and his face was earnest and thought ful, "My son," said the King, "what troubles you? It grieves me to see your young face so sad." "My father," was the reply, "you are so food to me that I am ashamed to complain; ut the gardener's son tells me that he has seen both summer and winter, and that there is yet another time, when it is very cold, and the earth is all white, as if strewn with sugar, and the water in the lakes be comes so hard that one can walk upon it Then in this season there is a beautiful feast loir onllprl flhristmos. when cifts are ex changed and every one is happy. OJ father, it coula see mat time. - "You are wishing for winter, my dear child," said the King, "and your wish shall be granted." Suddenly the air became colder and the wind rougher than before. Then, when snow flakes fell thick and fast, the Prince's delight knew no bounds. He clapped his hands and shouted for joy. The next morn ing the roofs of the houses were all white, and the trees and bushes were bend ing under their burden of snow. Through the streets of the city glided gayly-decked sleighs filled with nappy people whose voices chimed pleasantly with the jingling bells. "When the snow nad been swept from the lakes and ponds there was hard, firm ice to be seen, over which skaters with gay shouts were soon speeding. The Prince could find no words with which to express his pleasure. Clad in warm furs he would exclaim while gliding over the ice on his skates, or driving in a sleigh over the frozen snow: WnO couia Biga xor summer or autumn when the beauties of winter are at hand?" . , Then came the joyous Chnstmas-tide with its carols 'and gifts, and the King's son thought that he would be content to know no other season than winter. Three years passed by. In other lands seasons came and went; but in Prince Sum mer's land it was always winter. Even in the middle of July the streets were filled with snow, and the trees were bare of leaves, and the lakes were covered with a thick coating of ice. However, it happened that the Prince went again to the King.and said: "My father, I have a favor to beg of you." "Say what it is, my son," returned the King, "for you know that my one desire is to make you happy." "This snow-white winter is very beauti ful," said the Prince, "but I long to see again the green trees and the bright flowers, to feel the warm air, and to hear the twit tering of the birds." "Then," said the King joyfully, "you wish for the summer again?'1 "Ho, father," replied the Prince, "they call it spring." "You shall have your wish," said the King, "but the summer is the most beauti ful of all" , xl r At once the snow disappeared, the frozen surface of the lake melted, a warm breeze stirred the leafy brancheSj and the storks re turned from their home in the South. The Prince wandered through the palace gardens, listening to the songs of the birds and gath ering the sweet wild flowers, which so lately had been buried under the snow. But when several years had passed and tbe Prince had grown to manhood, he went to his father and said: "Father, give me that season which you have chosen for me. Give me summer always and I shall be content" Now the King was delighted, and when summer once more reigned above the palace he said to his son: "It is now time that von broutrht vour bride to the palace." The Prince agreed with his father, and at once set out on his travels. But each of the beautiful Princesses whom he sought said: "No, I do not wish an enchanted Prince, who cares only for summer and pleasure. My husband must be brave, and willing to face all dangers, and any kind of weather." Sad and discouraged, the Prince returned to his father, and when he had told of his failures, he said: "The summer is deljght ful, the fall is refreshing, the winter is full of pleasure, and the spring has many joys; but none of these satisfy me." "Alas, my dear child," sighed the King, "there are but four seasons, and with all my magic arts, I can create no other." 'And I wish for 'no other," replied the Prince, "only let them come in their turn to me as to others. Summer ceases to please when it is always present, and winter joys grow dull if not followed by spring. Dear father, make no one season for mt; let me have all" "It shall be as you wish," .said the King, and breaking his magio wand, he flung the fragments from him. The old man then gave his sword and crown to his dear son, and placed him on the fhrdhe to rule over the wide land. One day, a few years later, the handsome Prince, with a hundred brave knights, all mounted on spirited steeds, rode irom the castle gate, and when he returned he brought with him as his bride the most beautiful Princess in the land. This hap pened in the summer, then came fall, which was followed by winter, after which came the spring. And thus, -year out and year in, each season came in its turn, hrineinsr its joys and pleasures to the wise King and yueen, wno ruica so Kinaly ana weu over their people. The Prince was no longer known as the enchanted Prince Summer, who cared only for his own enjoyment, but his fame went abroad through the country as a great King, wonderful for his brave deeds. Paysie. SOME ENI6MATICAL.NIJTS. Panics for the little Folk That "Will Keep Their Bndns Busy for Most or the "Week If They Solve Them Correctly Home Amusements. Address communications for this department toE.TL. Chabboues, Lewistown, Main. 1575 eebus. 0 LAWB w C1.E. 1576 ANAGEAM. Tho scientist, humming a cheerful refrain. "With telescope searches the starry domain. He spies tho Great Bear and the sweet Pleiades, . . .. . . The cresent moon tremDUng above tne aarJK trees. ., And Kegulus, too, scarce seen through the And he thinks as he sweep3 o'er the galaxy That for 'star-gazing 'tis a most glorious night. . But now In the "West there appears a dark "While deep In Its bosom the thund6rs growl 1UUU. .... u The Storm King's abroad! he Is mounting on Hetllngs his dark banners athwart the blue His legions, upborne on the wings of the Bush onward, and leave not a twinkler be- And, gaining the zenith, they swiftly de- soend . To blast every hope of our itar-gazlng "WTiO sullenly snaTls as the window he hars: I'll Just go to bed, for there'll he "no mora stars.' ,p H. 0. Liuomiw. 1677 BLANKS. , (Example: My uToaswonM-uj., am very to him. Ans. Pa shall partial.) i. x saw timi' pui uwo . M.J4.-W -.-- the dish If I not ... 2. It was a they usedjjiivthe- stage scenery; hut the plant at the center of the Stage was a genuine . a. I have driven the times from the pansy bed to-day. She Is the mos$ mis chievous I ever saw. 4. Does Ned's to much? It seems to be Ned's ambition to be like him. h 6. I wonder what grudge the- me that they are always out of sight when I fish for them. I never see so much as a of them "I.aI?anEi5n tori Trtienmy comrade fancies tbero Is one near, 1578 CTTRTATLED DECAMTATIOX. "Centerthis all," Said stingy Paul; "Bula and shame shall us befall. ' 'Just look 'at that , " A second hatl Madam, a halt at this Icalir? 1579 ADDITKWT AHD srUInpUOATIO-T. T O K B M Ii A O I H 8 VENI Iftl h s 1 t s Ii s A I. H ' Ii 8 I B K I H A S H SITS L B.A K H C A B A follower of a very useful meohanlcal can ine will give the key to tho ahove example. m K. E.A.Dnsa. 15S0 DECAPITATION. 1 all to hoar a man rehearse All that he had for dinner; How this was bad, and that was worse, The cook the veriest sinner. St. Paul he was a gentleman Next what was set before hlmj I wonder If he had a plan To stop them, should menbore hunt I wonder, would he calmly sit, "Willie some such bore was growling, And show displeasure not a bit Not even by his scowling: A. 1M 158L HIDDEN BUILDINGS. I knew a Mr. Scott, a generation or so ago, who claimed to be a descendent of Sir "Walter, but in no way did he resemblo the poet: he was, In truth, utterly lacking In the good qualities he delighted to rehearse as belonging to his ancestor. A lawyer at the bar never shot eloquence from his tongue more forcibly than did this man when dis coursing upon the writer of Marmlon. A Quaker who was one day listening to his genealogical toasting said to him: "Thou seemest very proud of thino ancestor. Since thouarenre8oproud.of the fame that was this man's, I only wonder If he would have been as proud of thee. If thy grandmother had an opal a century ago, that Is no reason why thou shouldsthe proud of the colored glass In thy ring." The man thu9 addressed Jumped into a cab instantly and disappeared from view. ETHYL. 1582 CTTETAII.MENT. It Is a. first to try to all, "When harshly falls each tone; It takes a courage, too, not small, Inoompetence to own. Some never know they can't complett And murder tunes through life; They fancy theyhavo voices sweet, Their ignorance Is so rife. Bitter Swzct. 1583 DOUBLE ACROSTia JTorcb of Six Letters. 1. A farm. 2. To impregnate with aro matlcs. S. A kind of grass. 4. A biographi cal name. 5. An Iron Instrument for hold lntr'a ship at rest. 6. Natal. Initials Related by blood. Finale Dominions of an Emperor. Combined. A foreign country. A O. B. 1584. CHABADE. The first is always last, Tho last a tfirmination, 4 The whole is not soon past, But Is of long duration. "Wicked Wnx. TOTt JTTNE. There will be three fine prizes to be awarded for the best three lots of answers to the puzzles published during the month. Send In the answers In weekly Installments. ATffOTOTFTa S 1565-1. Uncle Sam. 2. Stephen A. Douglas. S. B F. Stephenson. 4. Henry M. Stanley. 5 Dr. Franklin. 6. Earl of "Warwick. 7. Joseph Hopktnson. 8. John Ericsson. 9. Julius Casaar. 1ft. Henry VIII, of England.' H. Daniel Webster. 12 Thomas Jefferson. 13. Jessie Brown. H. Herodotus. 15. St nelena. 18 John Milton. 17. Sir Walter Scott. 18 Virginia Dare. 19. Duko of Well ington. 20. Nero. 2L Attlla. 15CG Castors. , . 1567 Adirondack: Sad-Iron, .sink, drink, card, sack, ark, rink, rock, crank. 15CS Sham-o. I5B9 Because he is de me wer (demure). 15711 Snowbound. 1571- P PAT BAKED B A K O N E T PARTNERED, PARONOMA8 IA TENEMENTS DERANGE TESTE D I S A 1572 Past-oral. 1573 Tallahassee. 1674 Long, on. THE GIPSIES' GUEST. Wakeman Spends a Brief Period "With His fiommany Mends. EVENING SCENES ffi THE CAMP. Oat on tne English Broads ;n a Curious Floating Gipsy Home. PLEASURES "WITH THE EOD AND GUK. COSBZSrOlTDIKCI Or TEX DISrATCH.l The Bboads, England, May 29. It was a pleasant reunion that one given me with Gipsy friends, from th'e accident of crossing Burness Fells from Buskin's home at Brant wood, and stumbling upon their picturesque camp at the fellside edge of Dalepark, where, in the late afternoon I found only the old men and women, the sentineling Gipsy dogs, and the very young Gipsy chauvies or children in possession of the lovely glen which formed their temporary home. By and by, as the shadows lengthened, the camp gradually began to awaken with returning life. The fires which had smoul dered the day through were renewed by the now bustling old Gipsy woman, and the pots and kettles sung merrily oi good things to come. Gipsy men and women began coming into camp from all directions', and nearly all came smgly or in groups to tbe tent I had been given, to emphasize my welcome as the "Gorgio Chal (the non Gipsy friend to the Gipsy) who was al ready known for his wanderings with their "brothers and sisters" in the far-off wonder land, America. A Title to Be Cherished. Ah, you who read these words will never know the thrill that gladsome welcoming term has brought to me in all lands for a quarter of a century past. "Gorgio chal!" "Gorgio chall" Those words of Gipsy trust and endearment follow me ever out into the other world of labor, struggle, endeavor. They pursue into the haunts of men where life rages andactivities roar. They call from striving and winning, from race and place, almost as the sweetest of all home-sounds to me. They come across invisible hills and meadows when the brain is tired and the pen weary. "Gorgio chall" "Gorgio chal!" They are as the sound of summer melodies, of singing birds, of falling waters, when one all but faints in the withering city's ways. They call to me even in dreams. There is surely the Gipsy taint in my blood; or I am become Gipsy vagabond alto gether. I would- not resist the spell if I could. They are my own, these tawny folk, who press around to thrill my heart and mist my eyes with the heartiest, truest, sweetest welcomes I ever knew or can know in all the wide, wide worldl Nearly all brought trophies of the day's outing. "Women who had been among the TJmbnan "statesmens" farms, were laden with poultry, butter, eggs, cheese, knots of homespun yarn, and many an article repre senting hours of toil, which had been ex changed for a bit of gibberish and a "for tune!" while those from the villages of Am bleside, Bowness or "Windermere, and some who had even journeyed to far-off Kendall, chattered gaily over trifling purchases and' gewgaws of worthless tinsel and color. Never Drink "When "Work's on Hand. ' How and then a Gipsy appeared in the lively condition of spirits indicating that day's jockeying among the wise yokels of the remoter hamlets; but while some general sport was naa witn tne leuow, 10 was not difficult to see that his weakness was the subject of general disapproval. Indeed there is an universal unwritten law among Gipsies that all men may profit from. The adage runs in this wise: "Only a Gipsy fool letteth his wits fly away through drink, when he hath aught to do.'' And there is a word of wisdom in the little sentence, if these rude people did make it. But soon the camp was everywhere filled with life and activity. Horses neighed: donkeys braydd; digs charged and tumbled over children and Detween horse's heels; while old men and women seemed to renew their youth and smiled and gabbled upon and with home-comers with each other, and, as if with the empty air. Snatches of song' begun by Gipsies at one extremity of the camp, were taken up and finished with a flourish at the other. Here are single stanzas from three of them, called respec tively, "By Day and Night," -The Night ha dome" and 'Obee! Cheel" (Silence! Be still!): By davles (day) and rat (night) Be as sly as a cat, Or the bing (devil) will pull out his harro sworaj "With a wink, through the hedge, Or from off some near ledge, He will spring out and chop off your sherro (head)! The night ha' come, the stars are out, The campflres twinkle 1' the hedge; Butsuroas I'm a Gipsy lout, If "hobbies" sneak this camp about, The stonos will rattle from the ledge. An heads will break, my word I pledge My word I pledge, my word I pledge! On the drom (road) there is much that Is trying; Make dickering do for thy buying. Be as wise as an owl, But If "bobbles" should prowl, Just give them a fine lesson In lying. Look them square In the yak (eye), If they warn ye; Hit them plump In the nak (nose), If they scorn ye; 1 For it's "Cheel oheel" when the "bobbies" come: Then it's "Chee! oheel" when the "boobies" come; For it's better to be lying than crying. ETenLng in the Gipsy Camp. Mingled with the lusty notes of these En glish Gipsy songs were merry "tally-yo-hosl" rung out on the evening air by return ing horsemen to the campside singers. Now and then some daredevil of a fellow (and often "a Gipsy woman, who is as much the horse's master as her Bommany lord) would oome pell-mell, full gallop into camp, with a whoop and halloa, and, dashing through the brush to tether, make the tree limbs rat tle and clatter in passage, while approving ?houts or half-serious yells and objurgations ollowed with the laughing children and ecstatio dogs. Soon came the supper the really ene great universal home meal of the Gipsy day. They were a long time at it. as they always are, and as much fun as food was taken. Then with the cheery camp-fires brightly burning, here and there a lantern nung from elevated cart-thill or swaying oopse .wood, and with blazing cressets in honor of the stranger, first came my orti tales of all the wondrous good fortune of their own kind in America; then children's games and all manner campside jollity; followed by singing and dancing after marvelous jigs and reels upon "raal ol' Cremonys;" until at last sleep and silence settled upon the Parkdale Gipsy camp and the one "Gorgio Chal" within it, with that amplitude of rest which so comes with loving touch to no other people on earth as to this outcast Bommany race. A nnnnh-vtratnttle Known. The outcome of my visit to my Gipsy friends was making the acquaintance of a curious and interesting corner of England, of which I had never before heard, and which must also be to most Americans quite an unknown region. It is variously known in Great Britain as the "Norfolk and Suf folk Pens," the "Broads of East Anglia" and, provincially and by fowlers and sports jnen, as "The Broads. " One of the families of this Gipsy Parkdale community annually visits the Broads, lives in a puntboat as a floating camp home, and while the women dicker and docker among the lowly peas ant families, the men, often with the women and children's assistance, make a good deal of money by weaving and selling all man ner of rush and osier bags,, pouches, crates and baskets required by ienmen, marsh men, eel and mussel catchers and the num berless sportsmen and yachting parties that frequent the region. Our party comprised "ol granpqp "Wharton, tinker, fiddler and what-not; his son, Uriah "Wharton, a splendid type of the shaggy, huge, manly, kind-hearted English Gipsy; a huge hulk of a ion with his father's sunny nature and frame; the wife, little, sharp-faced, sharp-eyed and sharp-tongued: three as pretty Gipsy girls as one could wish to nnd for poem, .romance or idyllic company, Fashion Helinda and Bess; and a number of Gipsy brats of both sexes and all sizes and ages so bewilderingly mixed with the family dogs that assortment and de scription are ntedless. The Floating Summer Home. "What with visiting Gipsy friends at Keighly, Doncaster and Lincoln, we were three days reaching our destination, the village of Hickling, near Hickling Broad,in Norfolk; and a short tramp from Hickling, accompanied by a village cart well laden with Gipsy belongings, brought us to the waterside. Here, hard by an old daub-and-wattle cottage, whose peasant owner roared out an alarming welcome, we found our punt This was already in fine order for the season, the cottager having cared for U in the winter, and got it in readiness against the Gipsies' commg; and in an hour mors the floating summer home was launched, the evening' meal in preparation, and snug quarters for all the motley crew arranged for the night. Consulting the map of England, it will be noticed that the shires of Norfolk and Suffolk push out boldly from the nearly north and south English coast line, into the German Ocean. The shore is here a massof sand hills and dunes. Nearly the entire surface of the two shires behind it is but a few feet above the level of tbe sea, andin many respects is similar to Holland, which is but 100 miles distant to the east. The whole eastern portion of the shires is dotted with extensive reedy and marshy sheets of water, of but from three to six feet in depth, with a hard smooth bottom of marl. These lakelike marshes or lagoons are feed ers to the Bure, Yare and "Waveney rivers, all of which form confluence, and flow lazily into the sea, at the ancient city of Yarmouth. These lagoons are provincially called "The Broads." No one knows how or when the term originated. Their borders are chiefly flat and marshy. But many are richly wooded to the water's edge, giving them a peculiarly picturesque beauty, particularly in contrast with wide flat or slightly undu lating fens by which they are surrounded. A Paradise for the Sportsman. Altogether there are nearly 50 of these broads, all communicating with each other by lazy currents called "dykes," or with the rivers, which they feed; and their total water surface is about 5,000 acres. They team with fish the roach, bream, perch and pike and are the resort of countless water fowls. Eels and mussels are taken from them by the ton. In their quiet, their "un usual diversity, the characterful folk who live beside them, the almost countless miles of river and dyke waterway for small boat ing and yachting, the quaint and sunny old inns-of-call dotting here and there the silent shores, and the genuine possibilities for securing fish and game among them, they no donbt possess sweeter and subtler charms than any other known resort in England to the naturalist and sportsman. My tawny friends belonged to neither class, but our house-boat possessed quite as many provisions for necessary comfort as many of the hundreds of aristocratic yachts which haunt the recrion. and its crew and passengers were quite as care-free and merry. The boat itself was about 24 feet in length and perhaps eight in breadth. Properly speaking.there was neither "fore" nor "aft," hut the terms were interchange able at wilL At one end was a little com partment, having at its own extreme end a comfortable bed for the Gipsy and his wife,, with a capacious door-closed "locker" be neath. In this all the provisions and valu ables were stored. Extending toward the middle of the boat were four bunks, two on either side, with sliding windows above. In these slept Fashion, Miranda, Besi and a couple of the lesser progeny. Still in front of this was the most curious compartment of all. The Fire That Nerrer "Went Out. In its center, on the bottom of the punt where there had been made a solid bed of baked clay, shaped like a gigantic saucer, was the Gipsy nre that is never allowed to go out; and above it the real Gipsy crooked iron kettle stick, firmly embedded in the clay. Here is where our kettles sung, and where the sweet perch and luscious pike were broiled; while the smoke escaped sometimes through a round hole in the roof, but generally and principally where it listed- This was kitchen and parlor in our boathouse. Necessary utensils hung against the walls, but could not quite hide many eflorts at decorative art, from the illustrated papers, pasted solidly in their places, and given antique and gsnerous coloring from the smoke of the burning "hovers" of peat. Amidships was our salon. It was not large, but, as "gran'pop "Wharton" re marked, "Hit 'ad good prospecs, an' airy ones!" This was covered by an old sail that had once done duty with the Yarmouth her- I ring fleet. Here our hearty meals were ta&en; ana mis puv-e was aiso vuo num. room where the nimble fingers of the Gipsies wrought the pouches and baskets of flag and osier. Beyond this, and extending to the end of the "boat opposite that occupied at night by father, mother and daughters, was a little shed-like coop, where the Gipsy grandfather, the huge lad, myself and a few of the children had comfortable bunks for the night; and on top of this, something after the fashion of the "upper deck" of our American willow-ware hawkers' wagons, was a sail-covered place where the stores of baskets and pouches were kept until sale the showroom as it were for the fishers and hunters of the lagoons. On the "Waves. Then came the nights and days of this strange, quaint life with my Gipsy friends among the "Broads." "We seldom re mained long at one mooring. There were countless cottages of farmers, fenmen and marshmen to be visited. The Gipsies were welcome everywhere. Old anglers and fowlers pausea in their wherries, gave cheery greetings, often made purchases, and never passed without flinging "white money" into our outlandish punt. Many of the passengers of yachts visited, patron ized and tipped us handsomely for our ever ready secrets of where the perch and pike were hiding'. All day long It was greeting and parting; now a wherry with a single occupant fierce and restless in quest for game; now a boat load of roystsrers, care less of all but carelessness and enjoyment; now a market boat being "polled" or rowed, or both, to the market village, with the en tire family on board, as in Holland; and nowjerhfips some lone naturalist in hungry harmless quest of rare butterflies and bugs. Then came evenings when the sun went down in forests of waving reeds flaming the thatches of some low-lying cottage on opposite shore, wierdly lighting the arms of the huge windmills of the region, bring ing to a looming nearness the grim Norman towers of some far olden church, or gilding the top of some medieval ruin as" with gold. Then as it sank from sight, the waters for a moment were purple, the reeds puce, and then, in another moment, everything was pitchy black, until the stars, shining in the depths above and from the waters beneath, seemed to envelope all. Edgab L. "Wakeman. . UTTXHELirS MAIDEN SPEECH. How He Covered Himself "With Glory at a Banquet to His Father. Few people who read the Emperor "Will iam's speeches in the newspapers have ever heard of "William the Second's maiden burst of oratory. It occurred in 1880 at Koenigs bcrg, the occasion being a banquet tendered to the then Crown Prince Frederick nnd his son, Prince "William. The Crown Prince sat at the head of the table, pipe in mouth, and a big bumper of claret m front of him, to all seeming enjoying himself to his heart's content. ....... . He showed no particular inclination to talk a fact which seemed, to have a restless effect unon his son fer the young Prince suddenly got up, bowed to his father, and launched out in passionate verbiage on the duties of a soldier, and the glories of thS Fatherland. The Crown Prince at first looked astonished, and then a smile, of sat isfaction and pride wreathed itself amid the. paff3 of his pipe, and turning to the general who sat by his side he said: "Well, "Will inm ia not auite his mother's boy, hut he luits his father to perfection." THE MILK OF A TREE. Balata Found to Be a Very Good Sub stitute for Gutta Percha. LIBRARIES ON THE RAIIROADS. Hew Photography Which Will Eeproduce Colors on a Screen. 1 LIFEBOAT MADE OP STEEL .TUBING twairrjj ronini dispatch.j The threatened failure in the supply of gutta percha has caused considerable anx iety among the manufacturers of goods in which it is employed, and they are now turning their attention to balata as a sub stance that will meet many of the require ments of their trade. Balata is the solidi fied milk of the bullet tree, one of the most striking objects in a "West Indian forest, or on the hanks of North American rivers. Balata collecting is a paying trade, al though the life of the collector is a hard one. The ground he traverses is often we and swampy. In many cases .he has to wade long distances knee deep in water, which may at any moment be up to his arm pits. "When the collecting ground is not far distant, women accompany the men and cook or assist in laying out the calabashes and collecting the milk, whilf the men fell and Ting the trees. The collectorssell the miltto the agents, and never dry it themselves. The price for pure milk is 51 a gallon, and for clean, well dried balata 23 cents a pound. "With fair weather a man can earn from i to 55 a day during the season, and an industrious and expert collector has been known to make 520 in three days. The milk, is dried by be ing exposed to the air in shallow wooden trays, the inside of which are previously rubbed with oil, soap or grease so as to pre vent the balata sticking. This product com mands a higher price than gutta percha, to which it is in many respects superior. In ' point of fact it has been the practice among manufacturers to treat it as a better class of gutta percha, and its name ha3 consequently never been prominent. Automatic Kail way Library. An English journal states that the traveling-English public have taken very kindly to the penny-in-the-slot machine which have of late come into general use in rail way stations in England, and the percent age of loss by fraud or willful damage to the various dispensers .of matches, candles, scents or other articles, is stated by the companies interested to be remarkably low. This fact has an important bearing upon a new enterprise in the same direction, which is about to be carried out on an extensive ureile. A company, under the style of the Bailway and General Automatio Library, Xjimitea, has been formed, having for its ob ject the furnishing the traveling public with healthy literature, while passing from place to place, for the moderate sum of 1 penny per volume. Boxes to the number of 183, 000 have already been contracted for, and are to be placed in 600 hotels, and in the carriages of 17 railways, while 31 steamship companies have agreed to allow their ships to be fitted with these automatio libraries. The French patent is said to have been sold for 560,000, and negotiations are on foot for the sale of other continental and the American patents. Steel Tubular lifeboat. Anovelty in life-saving apparatus is a steel tubular lifeboat, which has been built for service on the coast of "Wales. The length of the -boat is 35 feet; breadth, 10 feet; depth amidships, 4 feet. The hull is formed of two tubes, which taper gradually in a circular section toward the stem and stern, where they turn inward and upward ..-$ toward eacn. uiuw uuu is 1 no.u eiu, -thus forming one hqmogenerous structure. The hulls are constructed of mild steel plates of 1-16 "inch thickness, formed to the re quired shape and afterward galvanized. The boat is divided by bulkheads into 18 separata watertight compartments, so that even in. case of partial fiiiury the floating capacity, can always be relied on. A carriage is also provided, which the boat can be launched from or conveyed by on land to within the shortest distance by sea to a shipwreck. Improved laim Tennis Marker. Tennis players will "hail with gladness tha advent of a tennis lawn, marker, which will do its work well and expeditiously. Such a device has been patented in England, and it consists of a vessel to contaiu the color, mounted like a wheelbarrow on a running and marking wheel The delivery aperture and spout by which the color is conveyed to the marking wheel are normallyclosed by a stopper or valve on a swinging arm, so weighted as to automatically swing away from the aperture when the barrow is raised. In other words, all that is necessary is to run the wheel around the lawn, and the marker, fed by a self-regulating supply of color, fhnlVa out the courts evenly and clearly. An Easy "Way to Silver Glass. Glass may be silvered by dissolving cryt talized nitrates of silver in distilled water and adding ammonia and tartaric acid. It is necessary to clean very carefully the glass to be silvered, which is then placed in avessel and the solution poured in. Tha vessel is next put away in a quiet place and kept at a temperature of 40 to 50 centi grade. "When thtfglass is silvered it may be carefully washed in a very gentle stream of water, and then dried at a moderate heat As the silver would tarnish by exposure to the action of the atmosphere, it is advisa ble to varnish it. For this purpose, amber, dissolved in chloroform, will be found aa admirable preparation. Photography of Colors. Closely following on M- Lippman is an inventor of another system of photograph ing in colors, who proceeds on the theory that there are four primary colors, green, red, blue and violet. He accordingly take four distinct postures simultaneously bv means of" four lenses, in front of which respectively is a screen of one of the four colors named. The negatives are developed in the ordinary manner, and in throwing the pictures on the screen four lenses are again used, having a common focus, each of the pictures being projected through, a screen of the color originally used. The re sult Is that a picture is produced which in cludes the colors of the original. Cheapening; Gas Dy Blending. Blending gas as a means of effecting special improvement has, it is well known, long been used for raising the quality of wine, but a new application of the process is now being made. A new method of pro ducing gas from oil and mixing the same with coal gas has been invented in Eng land. It is said that the new process has a wonderful effect in enriching the gas as a whole. It has the further recommendation of considerably cheapening the supply. WAGES PAH) AT LEXPZIC. Haw Men and "Women Workers Fare as the Busy German City. The following statistical table, published by the Commercial Chamber of the city of Iieipzic, gives a good idea of the wages paid in one of the busiest centers of the Father land. The wage-workers are divided into six classes, according to the average amount of money they earn all the year round. These are the figures: Marks per day. Men. "Women First class,' taming above.. 8 50 8.733 Second class, earning above 3 3-3 50 8.S93 Third class, earning above.2 51 3.U 15,&a Fourth dais, earning above 2.M 2.50 12.S70 yirthclas5,eamlngabove..a&'t-z.0O S,Ml Sixth dau, earning abOTe.l.SI-2.90 J, J7 M- M 112 3 2.617 10,54 A German mark i eaual to aa Amorisa Lguarter-dollAT. :$ S SSI r$ 'J 1 ' 1 k r ' .b L s.j WfBL -X 3S?