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Pittsburg dispatch. [volume] (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, June 07, 1891, SECOND PART, Image 17

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THlf STORY OF A WALK OF
WHITES PO TSS DISPATCH .
BY C. F. LUMMIS.
Narrative of Sport, Adventure and Hardship During a Trip on Foot From
Ohio to the Pacific Coast.
CHAPTEBI.
TUB SIAST FBOM. OHia
lut why tramp? Aren't there railroads
Pullman enough, that you must walk?
That is what a great
many of my friends
said when they heard
of my determina
tion to traTel from
Ohio to California on
foot, and very likely
it is the question that
will first come to your
w.!ti(1 5n reading of
the longest walk for
pure pleasure that is
on record. But rail
roads and Pullmans
f iA r Tipln
riSZj?& us hurry through life
and miss most of the
pleasure of it and
The Start.
t of the profit, too, except that jing
;, only half-satisfying sort .which can
footed up in the ledger.
was aftef neither time nor money, hut
not life in the pitiful meaning of the
ir health-seeker, fori was perfectly well
1 a trained athlete, but life in the truer,
ader, sweeter sense, the exhilarant joy
living outside the sorry fences of civili-
on, living with a perfect body and a
fcened mind, a life where brain and brawn
1 leg and lung, all rejoice and grow alert
ether. I am au American and felt
aiaed to know so little of my own coun-
as I did and as most Americans do. I
s young, only 26, with educated muscles
full experience of the pleasures of long
i6trian tours, that is, such tours as are
lerally deemed Ions;. Furthermore, I
,hed to remove from Ohio to CalifornVa.
Had a Xamber of Motives.
o here was a chance to kill several birds
h one stone, to learn more of the country
1 its people than railroad travel could
r teach; to have the physical ioy which
y the confirmed pedestrian Knows; to
,e the mental awakening of new sijjhts
1 experiences; and to get, in this enjoy
e fashion, to my new home.
?hese are the motives which led me to
iertake a walk of 3,507 miles, occupying
. days. There was no wager direct or in
ect; no limitation to a specified time, nor
f other restriction to make a slave of
and ruin the pleasure of the walk. It
s pu-ely "for fun" in a good sense; and
most productive four months of a rather
rring life. There was no desire for noto
ty indeed I found it generally more
nfortable to tell no one on the way my
ect, and thus to avoid the stares and
mens of strangers. The journey was
n fatiguing, but never dull; full of hard
p and spiced with frequent danger in its
ter halt, but always instructive, keenly
eresting and keenly enjoyed, even at its
dest, and it had some very hard sides,
a first half need be but briefly outlined,
it was through a well-settled country
h little adventure, and though interest
; to me, was no more noteworthy than
Inv other pedestrian trips in the East.
The "West Was Full or Adventure.
3ut from Colorado westward it was an ex
lag series of adventures far more of an
oenence than I had at all expected. If
narrative tells only of my own doings
1 impressions, you must remember that I
japed alone, so there is no one else to
ire the story except the dear dog whose
tkful chumship for 1,500 adventurous
les, and whose awful death on the desert
e left mc some of the sweetest and some
the saddest memories of my life. The
uap cost many times the amount of a
st-class passage by rail; yet in view of
Attacked by a Dog.
e time covered by the expedition, the ex
tant pin sical enjoyment, the rich store
information, the whole museum of curios
d mementos, and above all the exper
nce, it was very cheap. I have it to thank
at later, when overwork had brought
tralysis upon me, and lost me the use of
e knotted left arm of which I was once so
oad, I came back to the wilderness to
ady and live among the wonderful races
h! scenes whom I nad found in walking
r5 the continent ,
On the 11th of September, 1884, 1 left the
etsiuit old town of Chillicothe, O., which
jd been for two years my home, for Cin
BBftti, and from the latter city began, next
ir, my long walk I wore a close but not
ht Knickerbocker suit one who has not
arned the science of walking doesn't
-earn what a hampering there is in the ag--egate
in that two feet of flapping trousers
!ow the knee with flannel shirt and low,
wht Curtis & Wheeler shoes. People who
not wall: all the time should wear thlck
ded, heavy shoes for a tramp; but, if one
to make a business of walking, the best
av is to be as lightly shod at possible, and
t the soles and ankles toughen and
rengthen without "crutches." Since
arning to campaign in the Apache mocca
a I have always preferred a few days of
we feet and subsequent light-footedness to
rpetual dragging of heavy shoes. My
fte vent on by express to "WaKeeny.
an., where I was to shoulder it; and my
aeril valine and light but capacious duck
aogMuek made their daily inarches on the
reader shoulders of the express companies.
Kot a Tound of Extra Weight.
The first rule of -Balking for pleasure is to
alk light, and for that reason I had long
jo discarded the bicycle for long trips. It
very pleasant to ride, but when you have
i carry your "horse," which would be
jout half the time on such a journey, is is
- 1x4(1 as a ball and chain. Even a real horse
ould have made impossible many of my
ost iniere'tirg experiences, and I have
i't&e to be thankful a thousand times that
was free Irom ail such encumbranoes. ' In
y pockets were writing material, fishing
ckle, watches, ard tobacco, and a small
reiver, wUich was discarded for a44-cali-er
at Denver. A strong hunting knife, the
lost useful Sf all tooLs, hung at my belt, and
lamoncy'LcUiicxtmy skin was buttoned
'iXr
ML b.
THREE THOUSAND MILES.
5300 In 52 BOgold pieces, which would no
suffer from perspiration as paper money
would, and was of small denominations as was
necessary in a trip whsre the changing of a
520 piece would have cost my life in 100
places.
It might be interesting to state my expe
riences in trudging across the corner of Ohio,
the whole length of Indiana, and Illinois:
but It would make this story too long, and
tou would prefer that the space be saved
for the greater interest and excitement of
the tramp in the farth'.r "West The most
prominent memory of the first week is sore
foot! T hud been walkinir aeooddealfor
years before starting on the tramp; but the
ground was uumeu up nuuuiuugut, "v .e
weather was still very hot, and walking all
day, day after day, on that baking surface
soon made my feet sore as one huge boil.
But the experienced walker does not nurse
such blister. If you" sit down and cure
them they come back as soon as you resume
the march. If you will shut your teeth and
trudge on, and bear the extrems pain for a
few days! the rebellious sores gradually
toughen into self-cure, and the cure is per-
manent throughout the journey. So I
limped ahead, with very sorry grimaces and
a sorrier gait, but without giving up, and
by the time I stood in Missouri my feet
were as hanpv as all the rest of my body.
A bad sprain of my ankle just at starting
cured itseit in tne same way.
Contended W1Ui Beat and Rain.
The, weather was hardly the best for walk
ing. AcrosB the first two States it was op
pressively hot, and then I had several days
oi wanting m me puuiiu ram. xxunoci,
it could not drench the spirits within, and it
was welcome as an experience. Crossing the
noble bridge which wades withgiant legs of
franite across the Father of "Waters at St
rouis, I followed the general course of the
Missouri Pacific Bailroad across Missouri,
having some funny experiences with back
country people, and at last a bit of adven
ture a little west of "Warrensburg.
From over the hedge of a cozy little farm
house a huge savage dog leaped in pursuit
of me. He did not come to bark that was
plain from the first hut on business He
evidently liked strangers raw. He did not
pause to threaten or reconnoiter, bnt made
a bee-line for me, and when close, made a
savage leap straight at my throat My
hunting-knife chanced to be at my hand,
and as ne sprang I threw up a light switch
in my left hand. He caught it m his big
jaws, and in the same instant, with the in
stinct of a boxer, I gave a desperate ''upper
cut" with my huntmg-knile. xne strong,
double-edged, eight-inch blade caught him
squarely under the throat and the point
came out of his forehead, so fierce had been
the blow. He never made a sound except a
dying gurgle, and tugging out the bedded
blade by a violent effort, I hastened to de
part, leaving him stretched in the road.
Two Tramps Put to Xlight
A couple of days later two cheap tramps
of the ordinary sort "held me up" during
one of my returns to the railroad. They
were burly, greasy fellows, the first glance
at whom assured me that they were cow
ards, and not worth serious treatment
They were both so much larger than I that
they did not deem it worth while to take
even a club to me, and one of them grabbed
my coat with sublime confidence. My
weapons were handy, but unneeded. The
largest fellow stood just in front of the rail,
so loose, so unbalanced, that it would have
seemed a sinful waste of opportunity not to
tumble him. Just as he reached his left
hand for my watch, biff 1 biff! with left and
rights his heels caught on the rail and
down he went as only a big and clumsy ani
mal can fall. Then I whipped out the knifo
and started for the amateur robbers with a
murderous face, but chuckling inwardly a
chuckle which broke into open laughter as
they fled incontinently down the track,
their tatters streaming behind upon the
wind. It was cheap fun and no danger, for
I was armed and they were not; and the
laugh lasts whenever I recall their comical
cowardice.
At Independence. Mo.. I heard a good
deal of the notorious train robbers and mur
derers, the James "boys," and had a long
talk with Frank James, who was the brains
of the gang, as his unlamented -brother Jesse
was its authority. He looked very little
like the typical desperado a tallish,"
slender, angular, thin-chested, round
shouldered fellow, of cunning but not re
Eulsivc face, and an interesting talker. The
ome nest of the outlaws was about Inde
pendence, and many of the citizens who
were not their sympathizers had partici
pated in some of the exciting attempts to
capture the criminals. Frank was as free
as you or I, a prominent figure at the coun
try fairs, and"a rather influential personage
all of which struck me as a trifle odd.
How He Fixed the Mosquitoes.
For several davs after leaving Kansas
City, where I made a very brief stay, since
cities are plenty enough and I was walking
to see something less hackneyed and more
interesting my course lay along the pretty
vallev of the Kansas river, properly named
the Kaweily, but in common parlance the
Kaw; and very pleasant days they were.
My feet were all right now and there was
no drawback to absolute enjoyment except
the mosquitoes, which hung about me in
clouds, biting even through my thick, long
stockings, whose red was almost lost under
theit swarm. But that was for one day only.
A Tnivvanno Tiron I nniirn n imaaa rP
netting, sewed it into a long cylinder open
PUT TWO TEA3TPS TO FLIGHT.
at the bottom, and gathered at .the top so
that it wouldjustgoover the crown of my
broad hat, from whose brim it fell to my
feet After that the bloodthirsty little pests
got no more satistaction from my veins.
At Lawrence, too, I visited the Indian
school, then just being completed, where
some of my swarthy young friends of later
years are now being educated, and also wit
nessed some fishing which seemed very odd.
The Kaw abounds in huge catfish, ranging
as high sometimes as lSOpounds, and they
are fond of lying in the SRld waters below
the sheeting of the Lawrence dam. There
ore three or four old boatmen who go fish
ing for them under water, and with curious
tackle only a big, sharp, steel hook secure
ly strapped to the right arm. Diving into
the current they grope along the bottom
until they touch the eel-like hide" of one of
these "hornpouts," and then jab the hook
into the fish whei ever they can, Uke a gaff.
There is then a fearful struggle, for a large
fieTi h creat strength when in his native
element, and shortly before my visit one of
the most expert oi mese uiver-nsnermeu
hooked a "cat" too big for him, and was
dragged about and drowned before he could
unstrap the hook from his arm and thus es
cape. Stepped Upon a Battlesnake.
I made quick workof "stepping off" .Kan
sas; and, after the Kaw Valley had fallen
behind me, with daily growing interest A
couple of hundred miles from Kansas City
it beeim to feel as if I were gettine "really
out west." In one day I stepped upon a
young rattlesnake whicn was lucialy too
cold and sluggish to strike me before I
could jump off and saw my first "dog
town" with its chattering rodents and stolid
owls, my first sagebrush and cactus and
cattle rancho. And the plains impresseed
me greatly. They seemed lonelier and more
hopeless than mid-ocean. Such an infinity
of nothing such a weight of silence! The
outlook was endless; it seemed as if one
.could fairly see the day after to-morrow
crawling up that infinite horizon!
The 15.000-acre ranch seemed verr big to
me then, and was very interestihe with its
8,000 sheep, 500 high-bred cattle, a score of
cowDoys, ana otner tnings in proportion.
The night I was there the coyotes jumped a
high lence ana maae saa navoo among tne
valuabb sheep in the corral; and this
seemed still more as if I were coming to the
borders of an interesting laud.
vAt Ellsworth, which was then a rather
"hard" village, I first found the cowboy
dandy in all his glory of 520 sombrero, his
fringed and beaded dogskin coat and chap
parejos (seatlcss overalls to protect the legs
from thorns), his costly boots with ridicu
lous French heels, his silver-inlaid spurs
jingling with silver bells, and the pair of
pearl-mounted six-shooters at his belt I
was shy of him at first, but have since found
him a very good fellow in his rough way,
and have experienced at his hands in the
Southwest countless pleasures and no
trouoies.
Seventy-Nine Miles In a Say.
Prom Ellsworth T made a strong spurt,
just to see what I could do in 24 hours. The
conditions were very favorable the hard,
smooth turf roads are admirable to walk
upon, and I was in perfect trim and unin
cumbered. In 24 hours I had trotted to
Ellis, an even 79 miles. The distance was
made in 21 hours, and the record would
have been better had I not fallen asleep
when I sat down to rest and thus lost three
hours. "Walking and I were on good terms
now, and every day scored from 30 to 40
miles; but that spurt from Ellsworth to
Ellis was the longest day's walk I ever
made.?
At Hays City a cowboy who had gambled
away Mb money, pistols and pony concluded
to walk with me to "Wallace, where he had
a brother that he "reckoned would stake
him." He had lost his money at a pleasant
bull-fight at Caldwell the preceeding Sun
day, and was evidently used to very tough
companionship, but I found him good
hearted, lenient toward my ignorance in
matters whereof he was expert, and alto
gether a very spicy and entertaining com
'rade for the 131 miles in which he shared
my "bed and board." "Walking was agony
to him in those tight, tall-heeled boots, but
he was game to the end of his toes, and
hobbled on so pluckily that I gave up my
haste and adopted a gait which was easier
for him.
A Rifle and a Blanket
At "Wa Keeny I took up my rifle and
bought a blanket, as the nights were grow
ing cold. It was a big one while it had to
be carried, but when Cowboy Bill Henke
and I both had to curl lip in it at night, it
was very small, andl could get neither enough
of it to keep ouithe" winds of the plains,
nor' to escape from my companion, who
nearly snored my head off nightly.
But we had a very good time by day,
popping prairie dogs and snakes and herons,
watching the big halls of the curious "tumble-weed"
which dries up in the fall, cracks
from the stem, and at the invitation of the
vagrant wind goes tumbling somer
saults off over the plain to visit its relatives
may be a hundred miles away racing with
that most agile of snakes, the "blue-racer,"
of marveling at the speed with which his
horny-nosed cousin, the "auger-snake," will
fo down through the hard dry turf, making
is hole in a very few moments.
At "Wallace I left Henke to his brother,
and pushed on alone over the bare, dry,
endless, waterless plains, sometimes reach
ing a wee and shabby slab town, but more
often sleemns out on the crisp, brown crass.
It was getting up in the world, too. In the
less than COO miles from -Kansas City I had
been steadily climbing an inclined plane,
and was now nearly 4,000 feet above the
sea. Indeed, alter passing the Colorado
line there were very few days in the next
1,200 miles when I was at an attitude much
less than 5,000 feet
The Last of the Buflaloes.
A few years before the vast plains of the
Southwest were black with countless herds
of buffalo; but the pot-hunter, the hide
hunter, and worst of all the soulless fellow
who killed for the mere savagery of killing,
had already exterminated this lordly game.
The last ol the buffaloes was killed at Chey
enne "Wells, just as I passed a grizzled old
bull, who was the sole survivor of the nomad
race. But the turf was cut everywhere still
with their deep, narrow trails; -and every
now and then I came fo the grass-grown
"wallows" where the great bovine hunch
backs had scooped out "bowls" in the turf
by revolving upon their backs, to be rid of
theitormentlng swarms of gnats.
1 had grown rebust as a young bison my
self. "Out-of-doors" is a glorious tonic, and
when T rose ach morning from the brown
lap of Mother Earth, I seemed to hayc re
alized the fable of Antseus. My lungs were
growing even larger, my eyes were good for
J stood out on my skin like a little strand of
twice tneir u&uui iaue, uuu every amen
cord. As for my feet, they were much In
the condition of those of the bareboot
Georgia girl of whom Porte Crayon tells as
standipgby the hearth. "Sail" cried her
mother, "the's a live coal under yo' foot!"
Sal did not budge, but looked up stupidly
and drawled, "Which foot, mam?A
To U continuaX next Sunday.
thesDMMerprince
CTRAS8nA.TXD JOB THB DISPATCH.
There was, one time, a young Prince,
whose father was an enchanter, and who by
his magio arts could bring to pass whatever
he desired. He loved more than all his
lands and treasures his only son, and his one
wish was to see him happy. One power
which this magician had was to produce a
change of seasons whenever he desired to
do so, and thinking that the Prince would
be most delighted with summer, it was al
ways summer where the King's son was.
In the palace garden the flowers bloomed
constantly, the birds sang, the sun shone,
and the air was always warm and mild. If
the prince went iortn into tne cuy, iuo
winter snow, which was deep on the street,
immediately thawed, the chilling winds be
came soft and balmy, and the trees which
had hung with snow and ice became
covered with gay blossoms. Thus the
boy grew up in the midst of sun
shine and flowers, and he was called
Prince Summer. But he was a wise little
fellow, and understood all that his teachers
taught him. "When but 10 years of age, he
discovered that his life was very different
from those around him. One day his father
found him sitting in the garden, with a sad
look on his face, and he seemed lost in
thought "What is the matter, my son?"
asked the King, "has anything happened to
displease you, or haves you some wish that
has not been gratified?''
Prince Summer looked up into the kind
face bending over him, and replied "My
father, you are very good, and it is so
beautiful here. The sun shines, the roses
bloom, and the birds sing. But don't you
think it is tiresome always to see green
trees, sunny skies, and to feel warm breezes?
My books tell me that with other people
there is a time when the leaves become red
and yellow, and the withered ones fall to
the ground in such numbers that the chil
dren, running in the forest, make among the
dried leaves a beautiful rustling. Could I
not see that time, father?"
"You speak of fall," replied the King,
"and it snail be as you wish, but, my son,
the summer is the most beautiful.
Then the skies were overcast with dull,
gray clouds, and a rough wind began to
blow over the fields and whistle through the
trees. The boy clapped his hands with joy;
fnr he had never before seen a storm, and it
pleased him to watch the branches bow
and bend, as if nodding a greeting one to
the other, and to see the leaves whirl about
in the autumn wind. Then the t Prince
gathered the ripe, red apples, which had
fallen under the trees, and running through
the forest, wondered at the brilliant colors
of the maples and the rich brown and yellow
of the oaks."
"I thought .summer so beautlfnl," said
the Prince, "but this delightful autumn is
even more so."
Thus the weeks and months went by, still
the fall weather remained about the castle,
and the King's son did not murmur for the
summer. But one day he went again to his
father and his face was earnest and thought
ful, "My son," said the King, "what troubles
you? It grieves me to see your young face
so sad."
"My father," was the reply, "you are so
food to me that I am ashamed to complain;
ut the gardener's son tells me that he has
seen both summer and winter, and that
there is yet another time, when it is very
cold, and the earth is all white, as if strewn
with sugar, and the water in the lakes be
comes so hard that one can walk upon it
Then in this season there is a beautiful feast
loir onllprl flhristmos. when cifts are ex
changed and every one is happy. OJ father,
it coula see mat time. -
"You are wishing for winter, my dear
child," said the King, "and your wish shall
be granted."
Suddenly the air became colder and the
wind rougher than before. Then, when
snow flakes fell thick and fast, the Prince's
delight knew no bounds. He clapped his
hands and shouted for joy. The next morn
ing the roofs of the houses were all white,
and the trees and bushes were bend
ing under their burden of snow. Through
the streets of the city glided gayly-decked
sleighs filled with nappy people whose
voices chimed pleasantly with the jingling
bells. "When the snow nad been swept from
the lakes and ponds there was hard, firm
ice to be seen, over which skaters with gay
shouts were soon speeding. The Prince
could find no words with which to express
his pleasure. Clad in warm furs he would
exclaim while gliding over the ice on his
skates, or driving in a sleigh over the frozen
snow: WnO couia Biga xor summer or
autumn when the beauties of winter are at
hand?" . ,
Then came the joyous Chnstmas-tide with
its carols 'and gifts, and the King's son
thought that he would be content to know
no other season than winter.
Three years passed by. In other lands
seasons came and went; but in Prince Sum
mer's land it was always winter. Even in
the middle of July the streets were filled
with snow, and the trees were bare of leaves,
and the lakes were covered with a thick
coating of ice. However, it happened that
the Prince went again to the King.and said:
"My father, I have a favor to beg of you."
"Say what it is, my son," returned the
King, "for you know that my one desire is
to make you happy."
"This snow-white winter is very beauti
ful," said the Prince, "but I long to see
again the green trees and the bright flowers,
to feel the warm air, and to hear the twit
tering of the birds."
"Then," said the King joyfully, "you
wish for the summer again?'1
"Ho, father," replied the Prince, "they
call it spring."
"You shall have your wish," said the
King, "but the summer is the most beauti
ful of all" , xl r
At once the snow disappeared, the frozen
surface of the lake melted, a warm breeze
stirred the leafy brancheSj and the storks re
turned from their home in the South. The
Prince wandered through the palace gardens,
listening to the songs of the birds and gath
ering the sweet wild flowers, which so lately
had been buried under the snow. But when
several years had passed and tbe Prince had
grown to manhood, he went to his father
and said: "Father, give me that season
which you have chosen for me. Give me
summer always and I shall be content"
Now the King was delighted, and when
summer once more reigned above the palace
he said to his son: "It is now time that
von broutrht vour bride to the palace."
The Prince agreed with his father, and
at once set out on his travels. But each of
the beautiful Princesses whom he sought
said: "No, I do not wish an enchanted
Prince, who cares only for summer and
pleasure. My husband must be brave, and
willing to face all dangers, and any kind of
weather."
Sad and discouraged, the Prince returned
to his father, and when he had told of his
failures, he said: "The summer is deljght
ful, the fall is refreshing, the winter is full
of pleasure, and the spring has many joys;
but none of these satisfy me."
"Alas, my dear child," sighed the King,
"there are but four seasons, and with all my
magic arts, I can create no other."
'And I wish for 'no other," replied the
Prince, "only let them come in their turn to
me as to others. Summer ceases to please
when it is always present, and winter joys
grow dull if not followed by spring. Dear
father, make no one season for mt; let me
have all"
"It shall be as you wish," .said the King,
and breaking his magio wand, he flung the
fragments from him. The old man then
gave his sword and crown to his dear son,
and placed him on the fhrdhe to rule over
the wide land.
One day, a few years later, the handsome
Prince, with a hundred brave knights, all
mounted on spirited steeds, rode irom the
castle gate, and when he returned he
brought with him as his bride the most
beautiful Princess in the land. This hap
pened in the summer, then came fall, which
was followed by winter, after which came
the spring. And thus, -year out and year in,
each season came in its turn, hrineinsr its
joys and pleasures to the wise King and
yueen, wno ruica so Kinaly ana weu over
their people. The Prince was no longer
known as the enchanted Prince Summer,
who cared only for his own enjoyment, but
his fame went abroad through the country
as a great King, wonderful for his brave
deeds. Paysie.
SOME ENI6MATICAL.NIJTS.
Panics for the little Folk That "Will Keep
Their Bndns Busy for Most or the "Week
If They Solve Them Correctly Home
Amusements.
Address communications for this department
toE.TL. Chabboues, Lewistown, Main.
1575 eebus.
0
LAWB
w
C1.E.
1576 ANAGEAM.
Tho scientist, humming a cheerful refrain.
"With telescope searches the starry domain.
He spies tho Great Bear and the sweet
Pleiades, . . .. . .
The cresent moon tremDUng above tne aarJK
trees. .,
And Kegulus, too, scarce seen through the
And he thinks as he sweep3 o'er the galaxy
That for 'star-gazing 'tis a most glorious
night. .
But now In the "West there appears a dark
"While deep In Its bosom the thund6rs growl
1UUU. .... u
The Storm King's abroad! he Is mounting on
Hetllngs his dark banners athwart the blue
His legions, upborne on the wings of the
Bush onward, and leave not a twinkler be-
And, gaining the zenith, they swiftly de-
soend .
To blast every hope of our itar-gazlng
"WTiO sullenly snaTls as the window he hars:
I'll Just go to bed, for there'll he "no mora
stars.' ,p H. 0. Liuomiw.
1677 BLANKS. ,
(Example: My uToaswonM-uj.,
am very to him. Ans. Pa shall partial.)
i. x saw timi' pui uwo . M.J4.-W -.--
the dish If I not ...
2. It was a they usedjjiivthe- stage
scenery; hut the plant at the center of the
Stage was a genuine .
a. I have driven the times from the
pansy bed to-day. She Is the mos$ mis
chievous I ever saw.
4. Does Ned's to much? It seems to be
Ned's ambition to be like him. h
6. I wonder what grudge the- me that
they are always out of sight when I fish for
them. I never see so much as a of them
"I.aI?anEi5n tori
Trtienmy comrade fancies tbero Is one near,
1578 CTTRTATLED DECAMTATIOX.
"Centerthis all,"
Said stingy Paul;
"Bula and shame shall us befall.
' 'Just look 'at that
, " A second hatl
Madam, a halt at this Icalir?
1579 ADDITKWT AHD srUInpUOATIO-T.
T O K B M
Ii A O I H
8 VENI
Iftl
h s 1 t s
Ii s A
I. H ' Ii 8 I B
K I H A S
H SITS
L B.A K H C A B
A follower of a very useful meohanlcal can
ine will give the key to tho ahove example.
m K. E.A.Dnsa.
15S0 DECAPITATION.
1 all to hoar a man rehearse
All that he had for dinner;
How this was bad, and that was worse,
The cook the veriest sinner.
St. Paul he was a gentleman
Next what was set before hlmj
I wonder If he had a plan
To stop them, should menbore hunt
I wonder, would he calmly sit,
"Willie some such bore was growling,
And show displeasure not a bit
Not even by his scowling:
A. 1M
158L HIDDEN BUILDINGS.
I knew a Mr. Scott, a generation or so ago,
who claimed to be a descendent of Sir
"Walter, but in no way did he resemblo the
poet: he was, In truth, utterly lacking In the
good qualities he delighted to rehearse as
belonging to his ancestor. A lawyer at the
bar never shot eloquence from his tongue
more forcibly than did this man when dis
coursing upon the writer of Marmlon. A
Quaker who was one day listening to his
genealogical toasting said to him: "Thou
seemest very proud of thino ancestor. Since
thouarenre8oproud.of the fame that was
this man's, I only wonder If he would have
been as proud of thee. If thy grandmother
had an opal a century ago, that Is no reason
why thou shouldsthe proud of the colored
glass In thy ring."
The man thu9 addressed Jumped into a cab
instantly and disappeared from view.
ETHYL.
1582 CTTETAII.MENT.
It Is a. first to try to all,
"When harshly falls each tone;
It takes a courage, too, not small,
Inoompetence to own.
Some never know they can't complett
And murder tunes through life;
They fancy theyhavo voices sweet,
Their ignorance Is so rife.
Bitter Swzct.
1583 DOUBLE ACROSTia
JTorcb of Six Letters.
1. A farm. 2. To impregnate with aro
matlcs. S. A kind of grass. 4. A biographi
cal name. 5. An Iron Instrument for hold
lntr'a ship at rest. 6. Natal.
Initials Related by blood.
Finale Dominions of an Emperor.
Combined. A foreign country. A O. B.
1584. CHABADE.
The first is always last,
Tho last a tfirmination, 4
The whole is not soon past,
But Is of long duration.
"Wicked Wnx.
TOTt JTTNE.
There will be three fine prizes to be
awarded for the best three lots of answers
to the puzzles published during the month.
Send In the answers In weekly Installments.
ATffOTOTFTa S
1565-1. Uncle Sam. 2. Stephen A. Douglas.
S. B F. Stephenson. 4. Henry M. Stanley.
5 Dr. Franklin. 6. Earl of "Warwick. 7.
Joseph Hopktnson. 8. John Ericsson. 9.
Julius Casaar. 1ft. Henry VIII, of England.'
H. Daniel Webster. 12 Thomas Jefferson.
13. Jessie Brown. H. Herodotus. 15. St
nelena. 18 John Milton. 17. Sir Walter
Scott. 18 Virginia Dare. 19. Duko of Well
ington. 20. Nero. 2L Attlla.
15CG Castors. , .
1567 Adirondack: Sad-Iron, .sink, drink,
card, sack, ark, rink, rock, crank.
15CS Sham-o.
I5B9 Because he is de me wer (demure).
15711 Snowbound.
1571- P
PAT
BAKED
B A K O N E T
PARTNERED,
PARONOMA8 IA
TENEMENTS
DERANGE
TESTE
D I S
A
1572 Past-oral.
1573 Tallahassee.
1674 Long, on.
THE GIPSIES' GUEST.
Wakeman Spends a Brief Period
"With His fiommany Mends.
EVENING SCENES ffi THE CAMP.
Oat on tne English Broads ;n a Curious
Floating Gipsy Home.
PLEASURES "WITH THE EOD AND GUK.
COSBZSrOlTDIKCI Or TEX DISrATCH.l
The Bboads, England, May 29. It was
a pleasant reunion that one given me with
Gipsy friends, from th'e accident of crossing
Burness Fells from Buskin's home at Brant
wood, and stumbling upon their picturesque
camp at the fellside edge of Dalepark,
where, in the late afternoon I found only
the old men and women, the sentineling
Gipsy dogs, and the very young Gipsy
chauvies or children in possession of the
lovely glen which formed their temporary
home.
By and by, as the shadows lengthened,
the camp gradually began to awaken with
returning life. The fires which had smoul
dered the day through were renewed by the
now bustling old Gipsy woman, and the
pots and kettles sung merrily oi good
things to come. Gipsy men and women
began coming into camp from all directions',
and nearly all came smgly or in groups to
tbe tent I had been given, to emphasize my
welcome as the "Gorgio Chal (the non
Gipsy friend to the Gipsy) who was al
ready known for his wanderings with their
"brothers and sisters" in the far-off wonder
land, America.
A Title to Be Cherished.
Ah, you who read these words will never
know the thrill that gladsome welcoming
term has brought to me in all lands for a
quarter of a century past. "Gorgio chal!"
"Gorgio chall" Those words of Gipsy trust
and endearment follow me ever out into the
other world of labor, struggle, endeavor.
They pursue into the haunts of men where
life rages andactivities roar. They call from
striving and winning, from race and place,
almost as the sweetest of all home-sounds to
me. They come across invisible hills and
meadows when the brain is tired and the
pen weary. "Gorgio chall" "Gorgio
chal!" They are as the sound of summer
melodies, of singing birds, of falling waters,
when one all but faints in the withering
city's ways. They call to me even in
dreams.
There is surely the Gipsy taint in my
blood; or I am become Gipsy vagabond alto
gether. I would- not resist the spell if I
could. They are my own, these tawny folk,
who press around to thrill my heart and
mist my eyes with the heartiest, truest,
sweetest welcomes I ever knew or can know
in all the wide, wide worldl
Nearly all brought trophies of the day's
outing. "Women who had been among the
TJmbnan "statesmens" farms, were laden
with poultry, butter, eggs, cheese, knots of
homespun yarn, and many an article repre
senting hours of toil, which had been ex
changed for a bit of gibberish and a "for
tune!" while those from the villages of Am
bleside, Bowness or "Windermere, and some
who had even journeyed to far-off Kendall,
chattered gaily over trifling purchases and'
gewgaws of worthless tinsel and color.
Never Drink "When "Work's on Hand.
' How and then a Gipsy appeared in the
lively condition of spirits indicating that
day's jockeying among the wise yokels of the
remoter hamlets; but while some general
sport was naa witn tne leuow, 10 was not
difficult to see that his weakness was the
subject of general disapproval. Indeed
there is an universal unwritten law among
Gipsies that all men may profit from. The
adage runs in this wise: "Only a Gipsy
fool letteth his wits fly away through drink,
when he hath aught to do.'' And there is a
word of wisdom in the little sentence, if
these rude people did make it.
But soon the camp was everywhere filled
with life and activity. Horses neighed:
donkeys braydd; digs charged and tumbled
over children and Detween horse's heels;
while old men and women seemed to renew
their youth and smiled and gabbled upon
and with home-comers with each other, and,
as if with the empty air. Snatches of song'
begun by Gipsies at one extremity of the
camp, were taken up and finished with a
flourish at the other. Here are single
stanzas from three of them, called respec
tively, "By Day and Night," -The Night
ha dome" and 'Obee! Cheel" (Silence!
Be still!):
By davles (day) and rat (night)
Be as sly as a cat,
Or the bing (devil) will pull out his harro
sworaj
"With a wink, through the hedge,
Or from off some near ledge,
He will spring out and chop off your sherro
(head)!
The night ha' come, the stars are out,
The campflres twinkle 1' the hedge;
Butsuroas I'm a Gipsy lout,
If "hobbies" sneak this camp about,
The stonos will rattle from the ledge.
An heads will break, my word I pledge
My word I pledge, my word I pledge!
On the drom (road) there is much that Is
trying;
Make dickering do for thy buying.
Be as wise as an owl,
But If "bobbles" should prowl,
Just give them a fine lesson In lying.
Look them square In the yak (eye),
If they warn ye;
Hit them plump In the nak (nose),
If they scorn ye; 1
For it's "Cheel oheel" when the "bobbies"
come:
Then it's "Chee! oheel" when the "boobies"
come;
For it's better to be lying than crying.
ETenLng in the Gipsy Camp.
Mingled with the lusty notes of these En
glish Gipsy songs were merry "tally-yo-hosl"
rung out on the evening air by return
ing horsemen to the campside singers. Now
and then some daredevil of a fellow (and
often "a Gipsy woman, who is as much the
horse's master as her Bommany lord) would
oome pell-mell, full gallop into camp, with
a whoop and halloa, and, dashing through
the brush to tether, make the tree limbs rat
tle and clatter in passage, while approving
?houts or half-serious yells and objurgations
ollowed with the laughing children and
ecstatio dogs. Soon came the supper the
really ene great universal home meal of the
Gipsy day. They were a long time at it. as
they always are, and as much fun as food
was taken.
Then with the cheery camp-fires brightly
burning, here and there a lantern nung
from elevated cart-thill or swaying oopse
.wood, and with blazing cressets in honor of
the stranger, first came my orti tales of all
the wondrous good fortune of their own
kind in America; then children's games and
all manner campside jollity; followed by
singing and dancing after marvelous jigs
and reels upon "raal ol' Cremonys;" until
at last sleep and silence settled upon the
Parkdale Gipsy camp and the one "Gorgio
Chal" within it, with that amplitude of rest
which so comes with loving touch to no
other people on earth as to this outcast
Bommany race.
A nnnnh-vtratnttle Known.
The outcome of my visit to my Gipsy
friends was making the acquaintance of a
curious and interesting corner of England,
of which I had never before heard, and
which must also be to most Americans quite
an unknown region. It is variously known
in Great Britain as the "Norfolk and Suf
folk Pens," the "Broads of East Anglia"
and, provincially and by fowlers and sports
jnen, as "The Broads. " One of the families
of this Gipsy Parkdale community annually
visits the Broads, lives in a puntboat as a
floating camp home, and while the women
dicker and docker among the lowly peas
ant families, the men, often with the women
and children's assistance, make a good deal
of money by weaving and selling all man
ner of rush and osier bags,, pouches, crates
and baskets required by ienmen, marsh
men, eel and mussel catchers and the num
berless sportsmen and yachting parties that
frequent the region.
Our party comprised "ol granpqp
"Wharton, tinker, fiddler and what-not; his
son, Uriah "Wharton, a splendid type of the
shaggy, huge, manly, kind-hearted English
Gipsy; a huge hulk of a ion with his father's
sunny nature and frame; the wife, little,
sharp-faced, sharp-eyed and sharp-tongued:
three as pretty Gipsy girls as one could
wish to nnd for poem, .romance or idyllic
company, Fashion Helinda and Bess; and a
number of Gipsy brats of both sexes and all
sizes and ages so bewilderingly mixed with
the family dogs that assortment and de
scription are ntedless.
The Floating Summer Home.
"What with visiting Gipsy friends at
Keighly, Doncaster and Lincoln, we were
three days reaching our destination, the
village of Hickling, near Hickling Broad,in
Norfolk; and a short tramp from Hickling,
accompanied by a village cart well laden
with Gipsy belongings, brought us to the
waterside. Here, hard by an old daub-and-wattle
cottage, whose peasant owner roared
out an alarming welcome, we found our
punt This was already in fine order for the
season, the cottager having cared for U in
the winter, and got it in readiness against
the Gipsies' commg; and in an hour mors
the floating summer home was launched, the
evening' meal in preparation, and snug
quarters for all the motley crew arranged
for the night.
Consulting the map of England, it will
be noticed that the shires of Norfolk and
Suffolk push out boldly from the nearly
north and south English coast line, into the
German Ocean. The shore is here a massof
sand hills and dunes. Nearly the entire
surface of the two shires behind it is but a
few feet above the level of tbe sea, andin
many respects is similar to Holland, which
is but 100 miles distant to the east. The
whole eastern portion of the shires is dotted
with extensive reedy and marshy sheets of
water, of but from three to six feet in
depth, with a hard smooth bottom of marl.
These lakelike marshes or lagoons are feed
ers to the Bure, Yare and "Waveney rivers,
all of which form confluence, and flow lazily
into the sea, at the ancient city of Yarmouth.
These lagoons are provincially called "The
Broads." No one knows how or when the
term originated. Their borders are chiefly
flat and marshy. But many are richly
wooded to the water's edge, giving them a
peculiarly picturesque beauty, particularly
in contrast with wide flat or slightly undu
lating fens by which they are surrounded.
A Paradise for the Sportsman.
Altogether there are nearly 50 of these
broads, all communicating with each other
by lazy currents called "dykes," or with
the rivers, which they feed; and their total
water surface is about 5,000 acres. They
team with fish the roach, bream, perch and
pike and are the resort of countless water
fowls. Eels and mussels are taken from
them by the ton. In their quiet, their "un
usual diversity, the characterful folk who
live beside them, the almost countless miles
of river and dyke waterway for small boat
ing and yachting, the quaint and sunny old
inns-of-call dotting here and there the silent
shores, and the genuine possibilities for
securing fish and game among them, they
no donbt possess sweeter and subtler charms
than any other known resort in England to
the naturalist and sportsman.
My tawny friends belonged to neither
class, but our house-boat possessed quite as
many provisions for necessary comfort as
many of the hundreds of aristocratic yachts
which haunt the recrion. and its crew and
passengers were quite as care-free and
merry. The boat itself was about 24 feet in
length and perhaps eight in breadth.
Properly speaking.there was neither "fore"
nor "aft," hut the terms were interchange
able at wilL At one end was a little com
partment, having at its own extreme end a
comfortable bed for the Gipsy and his wife,,
with a capacious door-closed "locker" be
neath. In this all the provisions and valu
ables were stored. Extending toward the
middle of the boat were four bunks, two on
either side, with sliding windows above. In
these slept Fashion, Miranda, Besi and a
couple of the lesser progeny. Still in front
of this was the most curious compartment of
all.
The Fire That Nerrer "Went Out.
In its center, on the bottom of the punt
where there had been made a solid bed of
baked clay, shaped like a gigantic saucer,
was the Gipsy nre that is never allowed to
go out; and above it the real Gipsy crooked
iron kettle stick, firmly embedded in the
clay. Here is where our kettles sung, and
where the sweet perch and luscious pike
were broiled; while the smoke escaped
sometimes through a round hole in the roof,
but generally and principally where it
listed- This was kitchen and parlor in our
boathouse. Necessary utensils hung
against the walls, but could not quite hide
many eflorts at decorative art, from the
illustrated papers, pasted solidly in their
places, and given antique and gsnerous
coloring from the smoke of the burning
"hovers" of peat.
Amidships was our salon. It was not
large, but, as "gran'pop "Wharton" re
marked, "Hit 'ad good prospecs, an' airy
ones!" This was covered by an old sail that
had once done duty with the Yarmouth her-
I ring fleet. Here our hearty meals were
ta&en; ana mis puv-e was aiso vuo num.
room where the nimble fingers of the Gipsies
wrought the pouches and baskets of flag and
osier. Beyond this, and extending to the
end of the "boat opposite that occupied at
night by father, mother and daughters, was
a little shed-like coop, where the Gipsy
grandfather, the huge lad, myself and a few
of the children had comfortable bunks for
the night; and on top of this, something
after the fashion of the "upper deck" of our
American willow-ware hawkers' wagons, was
a sail-covered place where the stores of
baskets and pouches were kept until sale
the showroom as it were for the fishers and
hunters of the lagoons.
On the "Waves.
Then came the nights and days of this
strange, quaint life with my Gipsy friends
among the "Broads." "We seldom re
mained long at one mooring. There were
countless cottages of farmers, fenmen and
marshmen to be visited. The Gipsies were
welcome everywhere. Old anglers and
fowlers pausea in their wherries, gave
cheery greetings, often made purchases, and
never passed without flinging "white
money" into our outlandish punt. Many
of the passengers of yachts visited, patron
ized and tipped us handsomely for our ever
ready secrets of where the perch and pike
were hiding'. All day long It was greeting
and parting; now a wherry with a single
occupant fierce and restless in quest for
game; now a boat load of roystsrers, care
less of all but carelessness and enjoyment;
now a market boat being "polled" or rowed,
or both, to the market village, with the en
tire family on board, as in Holland; and
nowjerhfips some lone naturalist in hungry
harmless quest of rare butterflies and bugs.
Then came evenings when the sun went
down in forests of waving reeds flaming
the thatches of some low-lying cottage on
opposite shore, wierdly lighting the arms
of the huge windmills of the region, bring
ing to a looming nearness the grim Norman
towers of some far olden church, or gilding
the top of some medieval ruin as" with gold.
Then as it sank from sight, the waters for a
moment were purple, the reeds puce, and
then, in another moment, everything was
pitchy black, until the stars, shining in the
depths above and from the waters beneath,
seemed to envelope all.
Edgab L. "Wakeman. .
UTTXHELirS MAIDEN SPEECH.
How He Covered Himself "With Glory at a
Banquet to His Father.
Few people who read the Emperor "Will
iam's speeches in the newspapers have ever
heard of "William the Second's maiden burst
of oratory. It occurred in 1880 at Koenigs
bcrg, the occasion being a banquet tendered
to the then Crown Prince Frederick nnd his
son, Prince "William. The Crown Prince
sat at the head of the table, pipe in mouth,
and a big bumper of claret m front of him,
to all seeming enjoying himself to his
heart's content. ....... .
He showed no particular inclination to
talk a fact which seemed, to have a restless
effect unon his son fer the young Prince
suddenly got up, bowed to his father, and
launched out in passionate verbiage on the
duties of a soldier, and the glories of thS
Fatherland. The Crown Prince at first
looked astonished, and then a smile, of sat
isfaction and pride wreathed itself amid the.
paff3 of his pipe, and turning to the general
who sat by his side he said: "Well, "Will
inm ia not auite his mother's boy, hut he
luits his father to perfection."
THE MILK OF A TREE.
Balata Found to Be a Very Good Sub
stitute for Gutta Percha.
LIBRARIES ON THE RAIIROADS.
Hew Photography Which Will Eeproduce
Colors on a Screen.
1 LIFEBOAT MADE OP STEEL .TUBING
twairrjj ronini dispatch.j
The threatened failure in the supply of
gutta percha has caused considerable anx
iety among the manufacturers of goods in
which it is employed, and they are now
turning their attention to balata as a sub
stance that will meet many of the require
ments of their trade. Balata is the solidi
fied milk of the bullet tree, one of the most
striking objects in a "West Indian forest, or
on the hanks of North American rivers.
Balata collecting is a paying trade, al
though the life of the collector is a hard
one. The ground he traverses is often we
and swampy. In many cases .he has to
wade long distances knee deep in water,
which may at any moment be up to his arm
pits. "When the collecting ground is not
far distant, women accompany the men and
cook or assist in laying out the calabashes
and collecting the milk, whilf the men fell
and Ting the trees.
The collectorssell the miltto the agents,
and never dry it themselves. The price for
pure milk is 51 a gallon, and for clean, well
dried balata 23 cents a pound. "With fair
weather a man can earn from i to 55 a day
during the season, and an industrious and
expert collector has been known to make
520 in three days. The milk, is dried by be
ing exposed to the air in shallow wooden
trays, the inside of which are previously
rubbed with oil, soap or grease so as to pre
vent the balata sticking. This product com
mands a higher price than gutta percha, to
which it is in many respects superior. In
' point of fact it has been the practice among
manufacturers to treat it as a better class of
gutta percha, and its name ha3 consequently
never been prominent.
Automatic Kail way Library.
An English journal states that the traveling-English
public have taken very kindly
to the penny-in-the-slot machine which
have of late come into general use in rail
way stations in England, and the percent
age of loss by fraud or willful damage to the
various dispensers .of matches, candles,
scents or other articles, is stated by the
companies interested to be remarkably low.
This fact has an important bearing upon a
new enterprise in the same direction, which
is about to be carried out on an extensive
ureile. A company, under the style of the
Bailway and General Automatio Library,
Xjimitea, has been formed, having for its ob
ject the furnishing the traveling public with
healthy literature, while passing from place
to place, for the moderate sum of 1 penny
per volume. Boxes to the number of 183,
000 have already been contracted for, and
are to be placed in 600 hotels, and in the
carriages of 17 railways, while 31 steamship
companies have agreed to allow their ships
to be fitted with these automatio libraries.
The French patent is said to have been sold
for 560,000, and negotiations are on foot for
the sale of other continental and the
American patents.
Steel Tubular lifeboat.
Anovelty in life-saving apparatus is a
steel tubular lifeboat, which has been built
for service on the coast of "Wales. The
length of the -boat is 35 feet; breadth, 10
feet; depth amidships, 4 feet. The hull is
formed of two tubes, which taper gradually
in a circular section toward the stem and
stern, where they turn inward and upward ..-$
toward eacn. uiuw uuu is 1 no.u eiu, -thus
forming one hqmogenerous structure.
The hulls are constructed of mild steel plates
of 1-16 "inch thickness, formed to the re
quired shape and afterward galvanized. The
boat is divided by bulkheads into 18 separata
watertight compartments, so that even in.
case of partial fiiiury the floating capacity,
can always be relied on. A carriage is also
provided, which the boat can be launched
from or conveyed by on land to within the
shortest distance by sea to a shipwreck.
Improved laim Tennis Marker.
Tennis players will "hail with gladness tha
advent of a tennis lawn, marker, which will
do its work well and expeditiously. Such
a device has been patented in England, and
it consists of a vessel to contaiu the color,
mounted like a wheelbarrow on a running
and marking wheel The delivery aperture
and spout by which the color is conveyed to
the marking wheel are normallyclosed by a
stopper or valve on a swinging arm, so
weighted as to automatically swing away
from the aperture when the barrow is raised.
In other words, all that is necessary is to
run the wheel around the lawn, and the
marker, fed by a self-regulating supply of
color, fhnlVa out the courts evenly and
clearly.
An Easy "Way to Silver Glass.
Glass may be silvered by dissolving cryt
talized nitrates of silver in distilled water
and adding ammonia and tartaric acid. It
is necessary to clean very carefully the
glass to be silvered, which is then placed in
avessel and the solution poured in. Tha
vessel is next put away in a quiet place and
kept at a temperature of 40 to 50 centi
grade. "When thtfglass is silvered it may be
carefully washed in a very gentle stream of
water, and then dried at a moderate heat
As the silver would tarnish by exposure to
the action of the atmosphere, it is advisa
ble to varnish it. For this purpose, amber,
dissolved in chloroform, will be found aa
admirable preparation.
Photography of Colors.
Closely following on M- Lippman is an
inventor of another system of photograph
ing in colors, who proceeds on the theory
that there are four primary colors, green,
red, blue and violet. He accordingly take
four distinct postures simultaneously bv
means of" four lenses, in front of which
respectively is a screen of one of the four
colors named. The negatives are developed
in the ordinary manner, and in throwing
the pictures on the screen four lenses are
again used, having a common focus, each of
the pictures being projected through, a
screen of the color originally used. The re
sult Is that a picture is produced which in
cludes the colors of the original.
Cheapening; Gas Dy Blending.
Blending gas as a means of effecting
special improvement has, it is well known,
long been used for raising the quality of
wine, but a new application of the process
is now being made. A new method of pro
ducing gas from oil and mixing the same
with coal gas has been invented in Eng
land. It is said that the new process has a
wonderful effect in enriching the gas as a
whole. It has the further recommendation
of considerably cheapening the supply.
WAGES PAH) AT LEXPZIC.
Haw Men and "Women Workers Fare as
the Busy German City.
The following statistical table, published
by the Commercial Chamber of the city of
Iieipzic, gives a good idea of the wages paid
in one of the busiest centers of the Father
land. The wage-workers are divided into
six classes, according to the average amount
of money they earn all the year round.
These are the figures:
Marks
per day. Men. "Women
First class,' taming above.. 8 50 8.733
Second class, earning above 3 3-3 50 8.S93
Third class, earning above.2 51 3.U 15,&a
Fourth dais, earning above 2.M 2.50 12.S70
yirthclas5,eamlngabove..a&'t-z.0O S,Ml
Sixth dau, earning abOTe.l.SI-2.90 J, J7
M-
M
112
3
2.617
10,54
A German mark i eaual to aa Amorisa
Lguarter-dollAT.
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