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Pittsburg dispatch. [volume] (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, March 29, 1892, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024546/1892-03-29/ed-1/seq-1/

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Adlets to March 14 4,629
Last Tear 2.660
Increase '. - 1,969
Best Previous Two -Weeks' Oslo, 1,778,
f the Hatred and Greed
'Of a Blaclonailing
Police Inspector.
nought Out Upon His Retirement
From the Birmingham Force,
If the Charges Against the Discredited Ex
Official ire Sustained.
'TimlnerA More to Secure the Llbera
4on of Daly and Egan Black's Ke
Aisal of a Testimonial Benefit Leads to
the Publication of Damaging Stories
Abo at Hem He Has Made Money
.Enough to Go Abroad Peculiar Ideas
of Poetry His Former Colleagues on
the Force Acquainted With the Facts
la the Case AH All-Important Ad
mission by the Chief Constable.
.London, March 28. CocyripAt This
altera oon John Bedmond asked Home Sec
retary Matthews in the House of Commons
whether his attention has been called to a
paragraph which appeared in the London
correspondence of the Manchester Evening
JfoiZ on March 4, 1892, in which it is stated
that a certain ex-Inspector of police in the
provinces absconded; whether the police
officer referred to is the inspector who was
the chief witness for the Crown in the pros
ecution of James Egan and John Daly for
treason and felony, and who was In charge
of the police who arrested both of
them; whether this inspector has absconded,
and whether any charges affecting this in
spector's official career have come to the
knowledge of the authorities; whether he
is aware that a public testimonial to the
Inspector, leaded by the Mayer of Birming
ham, and another promoted by the police
of that city, were abandoned at the request
of Mr. Farndale, Chief Constable of Po
lice, acting on behalf of the authorities
and in consequence of the allegations in
question having come to their knowledge,
and whether, as John Daly and James
Egan were oonvicted largely on the evi
dence of this inspector, an investigation
will be instituted by the authorities into
his official career." '
The Prosecution of Egan and Dal-.
The Home Secretary responded tersely
that he had no information regarding this
matter which justified him .in authorizing
an investigation., Bedmond's question,
however, sets on foot a movement which is
almost sure to result in the liberation of
Daly and Egan, who are now undergoing a
life sentence in Chatham prison. The ex
inspector ot polioe referred to is none other
than James Black, to whom was principally
due the conviction of Michael Davitt 23
years ago, of Dr. Gallagher nine years ago,
and of Egan and Daly.
Black has been considered one of the
shrewdest detectives in England. Judges
without number have complimented him
upon his sagacity, and Sir William Har
court, acting as Home Secretary, caused an
honorarium of 100 to be given him as a
slight recognition of his skill in laying bare
so many political conspiracies.
The Dispatch reporter, who has -to-day
visited Birmingham, finds that Black is now
a discredited man, who is known to have
been long privy to a blackmailing scheme,
and who is at present a fugitive from home
owing to threats of an investigation of his
official career.
An Investigation to Be Demanded.
The facts ascertained by The Dispatch
porter hare been given to Bedmond, and
on them he will base a further demand for
. investigation, in which he will.be npheld
Alderman Manton, one of the oldest and
st respected civil officers of Birmingham,
10 has been for 40 years a member of the
tch committee, the branch of the munici-
l government which controls the police
jartment of that city.
UdermanManton Is now more than 80
irs, of age, and a Conservative, so that
'itics do not enter into his view of the
e. At the time of the conviction of
ly and Egan he publicly accused Black
manufacturing evidence against them, and
n wrote to William O'Brien, giving
isons why the sentences passed upon tie
;ged dynamiters should be contested at
ry point. JLo The Dispatch reporter
derman Manton said that after .the con-
tion of Daly and Egan the chief consta-
of Birmingham, who was then confined
is bed by illness, sent for Manton and
' him that the two men were innocent,
that a job had been "planted" on them.
The Alderman Out for Justice.
It is all out now," said the venerable
lerman excitedly, "and there must be a
'eminent inquiry. I have spent many
nless nights and long hours in prayer
this matter. There ought to have been
aquiry long ago. It is not a matter of
'.ics or party. Daly and Egan are inno-
men, and all that is necessary is to
alish an inquiry into the official career
ames Black. The attitude I have taken
ae matter has been in the cause of
teousness, and I am sure I shall be jus-
d. No one In Birmingham has ever
Med my good faith, but they all have
.ught that I have been mistaken. In-
iry, however, will .vindicate me, and
en the time comes those who make the
uiry shall not want proof."
'he circumstances which led up to the
.osure of Black are these: Early in Feb-
ry he tendered his resignation as In-
ctor of Police. The Watch Committee,
of whom, except Alderman Manton,
-e firm believers in Black, begged him to
insider, but he was obdurate. He was
1 that if he served 11 months longer it
lid make a difference of 5 shillings per
;k in his pension, but he insisted that
had particular reasons for leaving at
A rnbllo Testimonial .Proposed.
lien the Watch Committee decided that
Black's valuable services ought to bo
recognized by a public testimonial 'A'
committee composed of some of the best
known and most influential men In BIrm-'
Ingham was at once formed, the chairman
being Councillor W. J. Lancaster, Glad
stonian candidate for one of the Parlia
mentary divisions of Birmingham. On Feb
ruary 14, the following advertisement was
published in the daily newspapers:
It Is suggested that a testimonial should
bn presented to Detective Superintendent
Black on his retirement from the Birming
ham police force. The attendance of every
boay Interested In the above proposal la In
vited to a meeting to be held at the Queen's
Hotel, Birmingham, on Thursday next, the
ISth Inst.
The chair was taken at 7:30 P. M. Coun
cillor W. J. Lancaster, Chairman; A. W.
Still, Birmingham Gazette. Honorary Treas
urer; E. J. Abbott, Honorary Secretary.
The meeting at the Queen's Hotel has not
been held.
Black Declined the Proffer.
On February 17 the Birmingham newt
papers all contained the following com
munication from Black:
I have noticed that a movement has been
set on foot for presenting me with a testi
monial In recognition of my services In con
nection with the Birmingham detective de
partment. I fully appreciate the motive
whloh has prompted many kind friends to
Interest themselves on my behalf, hut at I
have already been granted a liberal pension
by the Waton Committee, and have received
other marks ot favor, I am dlslnolined to
trespass any further on the liberality of the
public. I propose almost Immediately to go
abroad for the benefit of my health, which
bas been very indifferent of late. 1 Benin
thank my friends for what they were willing
to do on my behalf. Jakes Black.
The Birmingham people thought it ex
traordinary that a police officer, whose sal
ary was only 250 per annum, and whose
pension was but little more than 2 a week,
should refuse to accept a testimonial which
was likely to amount to more than 1,600,
but they did not know that Blaok wrote hit
letter of declination under coercion. At
the same time that Black announced hit in
tention to resign from the Birmingham
police force, a young woman who was liv
ing apart from her husband, J. W. Elliott,
a wealthy old resident of Birmingham,made
a sudden demand on him for 3,000. Hit
solicitors not only declined to give her the
money, but threatened to bring suit for
divorce against her, with Black at co-respondent.
Inveigled Into a Hasty Marriage.
It turned out that Elliott, who was an
elderly widower with a grown-up family,
had married the woman at the Registrar's
office in London about 18 months ago, she
having brought a charge of betrayal against
him. It was also learned that the woman
was known to the young bloods of Birming
ham as Mrs. Half, and that she had pre
viously lived a rapid life in the suburbs.
When she brought the charge of betrayal
against Elliott he married her and took her
to his home in Jellyhyper Oak, one of the
most beautiful suburbs of Birmingham,
where she was recognized by his son, and all
his children left the house. They did
not live together long, however,
and separated upon his agreeing to
give her an allowance of 300 a year. When
she made the demand for 3,000 Elliott's
solicitors decided to look into matters, and
the police took charge of the case. It turned
out that Mrs. Hall had been Black's mis
tress for several years, and that it was
through his friendly advice to old Elliott,
when the charge of betrayal was brought
against the latter, that he had married her.
The reason that Black had resigned from
the police department so suddenly was that
he knew his secret had gotten ont and he
feared exposure, and the reason she had
simultaneously come down on Elliott for
3,000 was to enable Black-and herself to
take a continental tour.-'
Bow Black Worked His Game.
Sinco these facts have been whispered
about in Birmingham numbers of citizens
have oome to Chief of Police. Farndaletq
tell him of successful blackmailing opera
tions upon them by Mrs. Hall, and in
almost every instance Inspector Blaok's
kindly advice to the victim to pony up in
order to avoid a scandal had been the rea
son for submission. ,
Black has always been an unscrupulous,
daring and vindictive man. One of his col
leagues related to The Dispatch repre
sentative the case of a man named Sweeney,
who had been imprisoned for five years on
what he declared to be a trumped-up charge
of burglary. One day there came an in
former to Black, who told the detective that
Sweeney was out of jail and threatening to
shoot him to avenge the wrong he had suf
fered. "Is he?" asked the detective, ele
vating his eyebrows. "I'm much obliged to
you," and he ushered the person who had
called upon him out of his room.
The following evening Sweeney was again
brought into the police station charged with
attempted burglary. He declared he had
done nothing. The judge sentenced him.
after hearing Black's evidence, to ten years
penal servitude, a sentence Sweeney is now
Daly and Egan Believed Innocent.
A can easily be understood that the dis
covery of these facts in connection with
Black's private life and official career has
cast quite a new complexion on the Daly
and Egan case. These men, it has always
been declared by those who studied their
case, were innocent of the charges brought
against them, and there now seem every
reason to believe that they were the victims
of a vile plot Black's testimony was al
most the only evidence against Egan. It
was he who swore that a bottle ot nitro
glycerine was found hidden in the garden
attached to Egan's honse. But for (hat
piece of evidence it is morally certain the
jury would have at least discharged one of
the two men in the dock.
But in those days Black's word was law.
He was the paragon of truthfulness, and his
probity and Honesty were looked upon at
above question. Put him into the witness
box to-day, a discredited official steeped to
the lips in vice and infamy, and his word
would not be considered good enough to
hang a dog upon.
Set-Up Job on the Imprisoned. Men.
Alderman Manton and others have re-
Eeatedly declared that the police placed the
ottle of nitro-glvcerine in the garden be
fore they dug it up, and it would, indeed,
now appear as if there was much justifica
tion for that allegation. ? This is the phase
of the matter which appealed to Mr. John
Bedmond, and which he is determined to
probe to the uttermost depths. It he can
prove to the House of Commons that at the
time of the Eagan and Daly case Black's
character was such as to make his evidence
wholly unreliable, tho fetters must at once
be struck off the unfortunate men who are at
the present moment wearing themselves out
in penal servitude.
Black was of a most peculiar tempera
ment. He had but two ideas to make
money and to score successfully in his pro
fession. He is reputed to be wealthy, hav
ing large investments in South American
stock, although his salary was until recently
onlv 200 a year, and had not tor a great
length of time been fixed at that sum. He
was intensely vindictive against the Irish
Black' Idea of an Englishman.
When the chief constable of Birmingham
protested to him against the manner in
which the Egan and Daly case was being
worked up, Black's reply was: "I am an
Englishman." His notion of poetry was
that the best specimen of the art was to be
found in the burlesque of "Faust Up to
Date," where Mephistophela is made to sing:
Tbey may wriggle, thev may struggle, but
I've sot 'em In my eye;
And I'll have 'emltyes I'll have em, I shall
have 'am by and by.
These lines had a fascination for Black,
Continued on StvtnCh Page.
For at Jeast the Second Time
He Deliberately Steps Out
of the Way of
The Buckeye Goyenior Declares for
Harrison, This Trip.
To Find another Candidate, if He Has to Be
His Own Martyr.
Columbus, O., March 28. For the seo
ond time In his career Hon. William jMc
Kinley, Jr., has declined to place himself
In the way of Presidental lightning. At
Chicago, in 1888, when the National Be
pnblican Convention, thrown Into confusion
by Blaine's persistent refusal, was practi
cally groping in the dark for a candidate,
scattering votes, growing in number with
each succeeding ballot, were cast for the
young statesman, who was then a delegate
at large and Is now Governor of Ohio.
Many persons believed then, and some still
believe, that the convention was on the eve
of a stampede which would have practically
repeated the history of the nomination of
Garfield. Then it was that McKinley arose
in his seat, and in afewbut emphatic words,
announced that he was there as a Sherman
delegate and that he would be faithful to
his trust The current was turned in
another direction, and the nomination of
Harrison followed very shortly.
This makes another parallel with the pres
ent case, for Harrison is even more directly
the beneficiary of the declaration now made,
which leaves him no formal opponents but
General Alger, Senator Cullom and ex-Senator
Blair, none of whom have as yet shown
much evidence of strength outside of their
respective States. ,
McKinley Positively Not a Candidate.
. Governor McKinley to-night authorized
The Dispatch to announce definitely that
he is not a candidate for the republican
nomination for the Presidency this year,
and his manner in making the statement, as
well as the positive words, left no room
for doubt as to his intentions. The Buck
eye Executive's language in declaring him
self out of the field is even more direct than
that of Blaine's recent letter, and goes
further. While the Secretary of Stateras
content with the statement that he would
sot be a candidate, Governor McKinley an
nounces his preference openly, and pledges
himself to' the present occupant of the
White House. In answer to the plain ques
tion, "Will you be a candidate before the
Bepublican National Convention at Minne
apolis for the Presidental nomination?" the
Governor returned an equally plain- answer.
He said: "I will not President Harrison
has given us a strong, sensible, honest and
patriotic administration, and if a candidate,
I think will be renomInate.d."
Mr. McKinley made this statement after
a Conference with Chairman Hahn, of the
State Executive Commlttee.ahd other prom
inent party leaders,which lasted practically
all afternoon and part of the evening.
Whether the somewhat sensational defeat
of the Governor at last Friday's committee
meeting, for temporary Chairman ot the
State Convention to be held next month,
bad anything to do with to-night's an
nouncement is hard to ascertain.
Foraker's Scheme to Humiliate McKinley.
One of the points in connection with the
turning down of McKinley by the Foraker
contingent at this particular time, which it
it difficult to understand,isthe fact that the
FireAlann ex-Governor and his cohorts have
been, for the past three weeks booming the
resent Governor for the Presidental nom
lation. The same men who swear to sup
port McKinley for President did the voting
against him in the committee meeting.
This fact has led some of the Sherman men
to make the open declaration that no reli
ance can be placed in the promises of the
Foraker faction.and they now say that their
support of McKinley was only a scheme to
get him in the Presidental race for the
purpose of humiliating him.
Foraker's enmity to Harrison is well known
but it now appears that if he wants an Ohio
candidate to oppose the second term he will
have to enter the lists himself. Senator
Sherman is in Washington, but it is stated
here on the best of authority that his posi
tion is practically identical with that of Mc
Kinley. The veteran statesman is tired of
working hard every four years for a Presi
dental nomination which never seems to get
much nearer, and, b'esides, like the Gov
ernor, he is under obligation to the admin
istration for valuable assistance in his recent
Foster's Fine Hand Apparent
Here is where the fine hand of Secretary
Foster is apparent. It is the unanimous
opinion of the Buckeye politicians that the
President make a ten-strike when he placed
"Calico Charlie" at the head of the Treasury
Department, and they proclaim their be- I
net tnat no matter wno is at-me neaa oi tne
National Committee, Mr. Foster will closely
look after Harrison's interests in the cam
paign that is now closest hand.
Notwithstanding the odds against them,
the Foraker people are still full of fight,
and the ex-Governor has a wonderful hold
upon the "hurrah boys" element of the
party. Many well-posted politicians here say
that with the temporary organization of the
State . Convention already in his hands,
Foraker could demand and secure the dele
gation to Minneapolis for himself, if he so
desired. But, as he has been depending
upon McKinley entering the contest, no
movement in his own behalf has yet been
made. There is a strong possibility that an
effort will be made on behalf of General
Alger, but McKinley, Sherman and Foster
combined certainly have strength enough
to defeat any outsider.
The Governor Preparing for the Stamp.
While the Governor will not figure as a
candidate in the canvass of 1892, he will be
the reverse of inactivity. In fact he will
this week take the stump in the initial cam
paign of the year. An urgent appeal has
been sent from Bhode Island for his assist
ance in the election to be decided April 7,
and McKinley 's present intention is to leave
on Wednesday for the scene ot battle.
According to private advices received in
Columbus the struggle in the little New
England State is ot the most desperate
and uncertain character, and very important
matters depend upon the issue. Bhode
Island has been giving a small Democratic
plurality every election since the new
ballot' law went into effect, and it is
fenerally conceded that the vote at tbe
tate election this spring will determine the
electoral outcome in the fall. . Beside this,
Aldrich, who managed thenre'sent tariff law
in the Senate as McKinley did in the
House, it a candidate for re-election, and
his faiiure to make the riffle would still'
farther reduce the small majority in that
Protection to Be tne Battle Cry.
In view of these circumstances, and the
additional fact that the Democrats expect
Cleveland to take a hand .in the, closing
days of the campaign, the Bhode Island
Bepublicans made a strong call upon the
Ohio Executive to counteract the efforts of
the heavy-weight ex-President, aAd the ap
peal fell op willing ears. On the New
England stump McKinley will use the
same arguments in favor of protection and
the partv with a certain financialfpollcy
that were bo effectual in Ohio last fall. .
In answer to a question as to what he
thought of the workings of the new tariff,
Mr. McKinley to-night said: "I am very
well satisfied with it In its operation! it
Is telling its own tale." It is understood
that the Major will go Into details upon
this particular phase, in his Bhode Island
speeches, and show the effects of the law
after a trial of a year and a half.
The Amerious Club, which had Governor
McKinley scheduled to be In Pittsburg as
one of the speakers at the annual banquet,
April 26, will have to look elsewhere for a
stellar attraction. The date is the tame as
that of the Ohio Bepublican Convention at
Cleveland, and the Governor to-day wrote
the Americus managers to the effect that
business must come before pleasure, and
that he could not sit at the festal board with
them this year. Bancroft.
Old Trouble Breaks Out Again, With Fatal
Beanlts Five White Men Seriously
Wounded and One Negro Killed Work
of Regulators.
New Obxeans, March 28. Special
The old race trouble between the whites
and negroes in Gretna and vicinity, jnst op
posite New Orleans, has broken out anew,
and resulted yesterday in the killing of one
negro and the severe wounding of five whites.
This trouble became serious two years
ago, when a number of negroes were ordered
out of the town and several killed. There
has been quiet since, but some bitterness be
tween the races broke 'out into open hostili
ties yesterday.
A party ot white men went from Gretna
to Harvey's canal yesterday to fish. They
became involved there In a quarrel with a
party of negroes, headed by Jack Tirlman,
and were fired on. Five of the whites.
Nobles, Spaner, Haruff, Bartholomew and
Gidlow, were seriously wounded, while
Tillman, the leader of the negroes, was shot
in the head.
When the whites returned with their
wounds to Gretna it created great excite
ment there, and tbreatB of vengeance were
heard. Late last night a party of white reg
ulators made their appearance at the resi
dence of Tillman, who is employed at the
Cypress Company's mill, and battering the
door down, found their way into the house.
Tillman succeeded in escaping by a side
window, but the regulators pursued him,
and coming up with him within a few hun
dred yards from the house, riddled him with
Another nartv of white regulators. 75
'strong, visited the negro quarters at Har
vey s uanal, but tne negroes nau Deen
alarmed and the quarters were found de
serted and tho regulators returned to Gretna
without injuring any one. The Gretna
police are investigating the affair but seem
to'bave no clue as to who killed Tillman.
A Wllllamsbnrger't TVlfe and Children All
Die In a Single Day.
Brooklyn, N. Y., March 28. Special
Misfortune has followed few men in such a
short space of time as it has Peter H. Van
Hassell, a saloon keeper of Williams
burg, lis entire family, compris
ing his wife, an 8-year-year-old Bon
named Emil.'and a new-born babe are dead,
and will be buried together to-day, side by
side, in a grave in tbt Lutheran cemetery.
The three died within an hour of each other
last night The son was taken ill with the
croup a week ago, and all that medical
skill could do was unsuccessfully tried.
The little fellow died in the arms of his
father, at 7 o'clock last night Mrs. Van
Hasseil, who herself had been made ill by
the constant watchfulness and care oyer her
boy, was compelled to take her bed yester
day afternoon. She gave birth to a child
shortly after her son breathed his last Tht
new-born babe lived only 20 minutes. A
gossipy neighbor, who had made her way
unobserved into the death chamber,
whispered to Mrs. Van Hassell that .her son
was dead.
The shock threw the unfortunate woman
into convulsions from whioh she never
rallied. Thirty minutes after Emil died
and 20 minutes after the babe expired she,
too, breathed her lost, and within the
space of halt an hour Van Hassell
was made a widower and childless.
The grief of the man is intense, and it is
doubtful if he will survive the shock. To
day he acted as though his mind was un
balanced, and friends had to watch his
movements to prevent him from doing him
self harm.
The Junior Senator Introduces No Less
Than "three Bills In a Day.
Washington, March 28. Special
Senators Quay and Cameron were both in
their seats to-day for the first time in sev
eral weeks. The former has been constantly
threatened with pneumonia since his de
parture tor Florida sometime ago, and the
latter has been suffering from the effects of
an exceedingly painful surgical operation
Both are feeling cheerful to-day and Sena
tor Quay said he was confident-that a few
more days of braeing weather would bring
him around" all right.
The junior Senator to-day introduced in
the Senate Eepresentative W. A. Stone's
House bill for the restriction of immigra
tion, a bill to submit to the Court of Claims
the claims of the heirs of the persons lost
by the collision of the steamer S. N. Bun
ton in" the Ohio river, several years ago,
and a bill asking a pension oi $25 a month
each for two daughters of Colonel Edward
O'Brien, late of the 134th Begiment, Penn
sylvania Volunteers.
Iowa Bepublican legislators Decide
Abide by Election Pledges.
Des Moines, La., March 28. This even
ing the Republicans of the House of Repre
sentatives met to hear from the anti-prohibition
Bepublicans with reference to the
Catch license law. Besolutions of the con
vention were presented to-day by Messrs.
Wright and Fairbank. The latter made a
speech in which he called on the members
to give a law which would make a better
condition of things in counties where tho
prohibitory law cannot be enforced. After
a secret session the caucus announced that
a committee had been appointed to reply
to the convention resolutions. The reply
will be in line with the actiou already
taken in the House, saying they cannot go
back on the pledge given by the party last
year, to allow prohibition to remain tbe
law of the State.
Hundreds of Bullets Sent After Train Ban
dits Down in Alabama.
Birmingham, Ala, March 28. Spe
cial A. pitched battle is in progress be
tween a squad of policemen five miles
north of Birmingham and a gang of train
robbers who attempted to rob the L. & N.
train last night, and who repeated the
attempt to-night A hundred shots have
been fired, but it is impossible to find out
the results at this hour. Reinforcements
have been sent for and a special train-it
leaving for the scene with more police.
Before It Actually Began, ,for
Salisbury's Propositi6n
Will Surely Be
Although It Is Considered a Con
temptuous Communication,
No Decision Beached in the Senate's Exec
utive Session, tint
Washington, March 28. It was cheer
fully conceded at the State Department and
the Executive Mansion to-day that Lord
Salisbury has made a long stride toward an
amicable settlement of the Bering Sea dis
pute in his note in answer to the last and
decidedly sharp one of President Harrison.
It is, notwithstanding that fact, a some
what contemptuous communication. It is
written with a lofty indifference to the
almost stinging argument and logio of the
President, as though to rebuke an exhibi
tion of warmth and bad temper, which is a
sign of amateur diplomacy, and in which
the elder and well-trained diplomats of the
Old World could never be induced to in
dulge. This aside, it is granted that this new
proposition leaves the way clear for an
amendment of the treaty now under con
sideration in the Senate which Great
Britain may accept, and thus remand the
whole question to the arbitrament of intel
lect instead of force. It is conceded that
the United States will properly be defeated
in the arbitration.
Unfavorable Arbitration Prospects.
So much has already been abandoned in
the long argument as to whether the Ber
ing sea is mare clausum or more liberum,
that it is hardly to be expected that a court
which will almost certainly be constituted
somewhat unfavorably to the United States
will admit the principle of the closed tea.
We have not an opportunity, such as was
seized on shrewdly by Great Britain' in the
controversy over the codnsherle s, in which
England maintained that the three-mile
limit was not intended to follow the line of
the coast, but that the closed waters should
be those within a line extending from, head
land to headland. Secretary Bayard as
sented to this view, and Great Britain thus
secured for her own subjects the sole right
to fish in a great sea not less than the
Bering Sea, in so far as the principle is con
cerned. The agreeable feature of the affair is that
a peaceful end of the dispute is in sight
President Harrison does not regret this.
I am reliably informed that he was some
what frightened at his own communicatio n
when he saw it in cold print and read the
adverse criticisms of the British press and a
portion of the American press, and saw
British war vessels moving up the western
A Great Card for a Candidate.
Nobody will rejoice more than the Presi
dent that the friendship of Bussia and the
critical condition on the Indian frontier
made it next to impossible for Great Britain
to risk serious trouble with the United
States. His firm attitude on the matter has,
however, added much to his popularity; and
in the coming campaign he will get the
credit of having flung down the gauntlet to
Great Britain, the bully, as courageously as
he did to poor little Chile.
While there are some coldly philosophi
cal statesmen here who want war because
they think we are drifting into a condition
of plethoric stagnation with a tendency
toward apoplexy, and that a little blood
letting would do us good, the mass of the
official element, and especially thev upon
whom would fall the responsibility for a
declaration of war, are vastly relieved at
the conciliatory tone of Lord Salisbury's
communication, and hope that another bil
let doux or two between him and Harrison
may put an end to general publio interest
in a controversy which had so ugly a look
only a week ago.
Considered In Executive Session.
Lord Salisbury's reply to Assistant Secre
tary Wharton's dispatch of March 22,
notifying the English GoveThnent, by
direction of the President, that the United
States would defend its' honor and its
property in the" Bering Sea controversy,
which was received at the State Depart
ment at the hands of Sir Julian Pauncefote
yesterday, was laid before the Senate in
executive session to-day. It was ac
companied by a letter of transmittal
in which President Harrison, through Sec
retary Blaine, states that the administration
is entirely satisfied with the tone of
Lord Salisbury's letter, and that its con
tents warrant the assumption that the con
tention for a renewal of the modus vivendi
will be granted, followed bv the ultimate
peaceful settlement of all the points in dis
pute between the two countries.
The Senate was in executive session for
three hours, and it was expected that a vote
would be taken on the pending treaty of
arbitration before adjournment This action
was not had, however, and the treaty went
over with the understanding that a vote
will be had to-morrow. The treaty will be
ratified by a large majority.
Too Good a Chance Not to Talk.
Senator Sherman had talked with the
President and the State Department Coun
sel, John W. Foster, and it was agreed that
the details of an understanding based on
Lord Salisbury's proposals could be ar
ranged without difficulty, A protracted
debate followed.
Senator George, In one of his character
istically long speeches, advocated the rati
fication of the treaty, in which he made an
elaborate review of the points in the con
troversy, and congratulated the Senate and
his country, through the closed door of the
chamber, on the very bright prospects of
its prompt and amicable adjustment
Senators Morgan, Sherman, Vance,
Teller, Hale, Gray and others participated
in the debate, the three strongest men in
the list, Messrs. Sherman, Hale and Grav,
joining Mr. George in advocating the
ratification of the treaty, especially in view
of the fact that assurances have now been
given that the modus vivendi will be
No action was taken to-Gay on the resolu
tion providing for the removal of principal
clerk, J. B. Young, for the alleged offense
of betraying executive secrets. He will
not resign, and if the resolution Is pressed
it will probably be defeated by the votes of
Senators who will not consent to having
him made' a scapegoat for the shortcomings
of others.
It cannot be learned to-night that the
President has yet framed a reply to Lord
Salisbury's dispatch, but he will probably
do so to-morrow. The condition of Mr.
Blaine's health, if now such as to enable
him to give attention to State matters, and
neana joan w. x osier mucraiuutimo
negotiation! In the future. ,
British JSdftors Think Salisbury's Proposi
tion the Only Fair One.
London, March 2& In the House of
Lords, ' to-day, Lord Hersohell asked
whether Lord Salisbury would give further
information at to 'whether there had been
any modification in the terms of the Bering
Sea modus vivendi.
Lord Salisbury replied that the Informa
tion the Government had laid upon tho
table contained the whole correspondence
concerning the matter that had been , ex
changed up to within 24 hours of its publi
cation. He had absolutely no later in
formation. All of the papers here to-day comment on
the present situation of the Bering Sea
matter. The Times supports Lord Salisbury
in refusing to renew the modus vivendi,
notwithstanding that on March 2 it pubj
liihed an article in which it advo
cated a renewal of the agreement
The Star says: "The dispatches do not
give Lord Salisbury the better of it He
hne n4 haan aiMialelanf T.l Mialna no "
The JVetoi approves Lord Salisbury's pro;
posals. The Uironitie regrets tnat tne cor
respondence will not ..tend to popularize
The SL James Oaf "- "President
Harrison coolly p r v).. England
should act as if the Jff.i,, lrn ' were
estaoiisnea ana promoii. - ).
T.orH Hftll.hrtrv bnjt mftlff. A . '
'",,. ,1 'r,s.
whioh we hone not even election . "."':
auont to inuuee tne Amencau ,
.... ... . " rr
ment will reject'
Thirty Per Cent of the Foreigners in Paris
Leave Within a Few Days KIch lien
Warned That Their Places Will Be
Blown Up.
Loudon, March 29. The Farlt jor
respondent of the Tima telegraphs his paper
as follows:
Within a few days SO per cent or the for
eigners able to quit the city will have gone
hence. The Prefeot of Police should Issue a
decree compelling concierges to keep their
doors shut and to submit all Incomers to a
olose scrutiny. Unless such a decree Is pub
lished Paris will he a sufferer from a ruinous
In an Interview to-day M. Bulot said: "At
the trial of the anarchists in August last I
demanded the heads of Decamps and Dar
dare. Tho Jury,' however, was timid and Im
posed only three years' Imprisonment.
I "may say in passing, that Juries are
so cowardly that I doubt If any would con
vict Bavaohollf he was arrested. lam a
Radical, even a Socialist, but I reprobate
anarchism. It Is extremely probable that
there It a grudge against me. Decamps,who
Is a violent fanatic, and who is now In the
Polssy prison, is the real leader of the party.
His wife may be secretly Inciting his
Many householders to-day asked the police
for protection against tbe Anarchists, and
were Informed that it was impossible for the
officials to comply with every 1 eqnest. The
police told these people that everything
possible would be done to Insure their
The anarchists have sent a warning to a
wealthy distiller named Premier, living at
Romans, a town in Sromc, that his dis
tillery would be blown up with dynamite on
May Day. Tbey acknowledged they had no
grudge against him; they would destroy his
building simply because ho was the richest
man In the place.
Peck; of Wisconsin, Makes Move
That Causes a Sensation.
Ashland, Wis., March 28. A rather
sensational order was received from Gov
ernor Peck this morning summoning Dis
trict Attorney Sleight to appear before him
April 9, to show cause why he should not be
removed on charges of approving illegal
bills and increasing the emoluments of
bis office by securing office rent and
clerk hire and acting as attorney
for parties having bills against the
connty. Sleight came here from Hurley
two years ago. It is thought that the most
sensational charges will be made by the
Grand Jury.
The grand Inry convened this forenoon to
Investigate the charges of boodling against
county officials. Intense excitement pre
vails. The attorney is arguing before
Judge Parish that the grand jury
is illegally drawn, as lists of jurors
were handed in from newly-created
wards and towns not organized at the last
general election in 1890. Consequently
they could not be drawn from the last poll
list It is reported this morning that some
ot the alleged boodlers are ready to squeal
on condition that they go free.
The Bonanza Boss Almost Asphyxiated by
Escaping Gas.
San Fbanoisco, March 28. Special
It leaked out to-day that old Bonanza Mill
ionaire Fair came near leaving this world
and his milUons one night last week.
He lives at Lick House and keeps
a valet, .who attends to all his
wants. One of the valet's duties is to turn
off the gas, as Fair frequently drops asleep
while reading in bed. On this night the
volet turned off the gas as usual, and the
stopcock must have become loose, for when
the watchman passed in the hall soon after,
he noticed the odor of gas, and an investi
gation showed that it came from Fair's
Windows weiy thrown open and restora
tives applied, but it was some time before
Fair revived. A few minutes more and he
would been asphyxiated. Fair prides him
self on his keenness of sense of smell, and
on several occasions has been awakened by
tbe odor of escaping gas, but this time his
nose failed to warn mm.
All Doing Well, and Named for Both Sides
or the War.
Holit Spbinos, Miss., March 28. Mrs.
G. K. Smith, wife of a white laborer living
on a farm near this city, has given birth to
six babies, all boys, well developed, and
weighing in- the aggregate 45 pounds. The
mother and babies are doing well. The little
ellows have been named Lee, Jackson,
Van Dora, Grant, Sherman and BuelL
Tonic Pafc-
Irish Patriots Tlctlmixed. 1
McKinley Not a Candidate.. ....... ......... 1
Salisbury's Proposition Satisfactory. 1
Organized Against the Standard- 1
How the Suburbs Are Fllllnr Pp. 2
Xtutan'a Charges Dismissed. 2
Auditor McKlrayHeld for Court 9
An Allegheny Man's Itomanee. a
Editorial and Miscellaneous
The Gossip of Washington
What the Theaters Offer Thla Week. 4
Congressional Work and Baam's Boast...
Local Political News. 6
How the Silver Bill Was Killed 7
Details of the Ijist Electrocution 7
News of the Sporting World 8
Ki?ent in Towns Nearby .'.... 8
Proceedings of City Councils O
The European Budget O
Buftlnets'News and Gossip O
A Salty Veto From the Mayor 10
The OU Scout's Field Beport 10
X.lve Stock and Commercial Market It
The License Court Routine.... 13
Adleta to Slarcb 14 ,...4,62
last Year 2,660
Increase 1,969
Beit Previous Two Weeks' Gain, 1,778.
Ohio Oil Producers Said to
-Be Organizing to Punish.
the Standard.
And local Operators Would JTot Be
Surprised at Violence.
Bat Plenty of Eeasons Are Assigned for
the Organization.
The oil producers of Pennsylvania have
been considerably agitated for a week past
over a report that a secret organization was
being formed in' the Ohio oil field to attack
and destroy the Buckeye Pipe Line Com-
uy s property. The Buckeye company is
'." d and controlled W th stand-,,! nil
I .J.....J. A. Aiaa utcu iuuiuatcu LUUfr
- manv X n Ta . 3-.lS-...j.J t.x
,i purpose of the secret organization was
to destroy all the oil held by the Buckeye
Company, and in that way improve the oil
business in the Ohio field. It is a fact that
officials of the Standard Oil Company have
been warned of the secret organization, and
that as a result the company has doubled its
guards and ha3 taken extraordinary precau
tious to protect its property.
The grievance against the Buckeye Com
pany is said to be its determination to con
trol the Ohio oil trade by keeping about
15,000,000 barrels in stock and in that way
keeping the price down almost to the cost
of production. The Bnckeye people pro
duce about three-fourths of the Ohio oil,
and they control about one-half of that pro
duced by others.
The Ohio producers allege that the Stand
ard people have been holding their oil in
tanks to the disadvantage of the producers,
drillers and all concerned, and the organ
ization which they are alleged to be form
ing or, at least, contemplating, is being
produced by the same course and will be
fashioned after a secret organization knows
as "K 11"
Scared the Standard People.
This organization was formed in the up
per oil field in 1880, when the Standard
company, through fear of personal violence
and destruction of its property, was forced
to yield to the demand for a reverse of their
rule governing immediate shipment
In 1880 an organization known as "BZ 13"
was formed in the Bradford field during the
excitement and agitation attending the
existence of the immediate shipment rule of
the United Pipe Line. The immediate
shipment rule was that the pro
ducer should, sell his oil before
it was run into the United Pipe Line tanks.
Late one dark and dreary night a bodv of
hooting and howling men, all masked,
marched up Main street in Bradford. They
stopped in front of the pipe line
building and gave vent to loud and
prolonged howls, and shouted threats
hostile to the pipe line people and their
property. None of the members of the mob
were recognized at the time, and leading
operators the next day claimed that it was
only a joke perpetrated by
hoodlums of the city. Later oper
ators were found who admitted that
they were in the party, and that if the im
mediate 'shipment rule had not been
abridged, as it was immediately after their
visit, they would have burned every bar
rel of oil held by the pipe lines in the
An TJgly Feeling in Two States.
The organization now alleged to be form
ing contemplates the same action, and it is
announced that the ugly feeling among the
producers is not confined to the Ohio field,
but is apparent in the Pennsylvania field as
C G. Glatzon, the well-known oil pro
ducer, had heard that an organization sim
ilar to K 13 was being organized by the
oilmen in the Ohio field. He returned
yesterday morning from the Ohio field,
and he said the conditions there were
sufficient to drive the oil men to despera
tion. He continued:
The drillers out there are glad to get $3 per
dav. The producers are tied hand and foot,
and many of them are fighting bard to get a
living ont of their wells. The drillers In the
Pennsvlvauia field have been setting
$ and $5 a day, and the producers are
shiftlns about so ns to live, but the Ohio
people are really in n bad way and they do
not attempt to conceal their talk about
resorting to desperate andvlolant measures.
I can assure you that I have in no way
connected myself with the organization,
but I have heard it talked of rather freely
and nothing that misht occur out there
would surprise me.
P. M. Shannon, a director of the Pro
ducer's Oil Company and a member of the
Executive Committee of the Producers
Protective Association, the anti-Standard
association, said yesterday he
had not heard anything of a
secret organization similar to the
famous K. 13 formed for the same purpose
in 1880. He knew, he said, that the indi
vidual oil producers were much distressed
just now, and no move that they would
make, he said, would surprise him. Mr.
Shannon continued:
Oil Producers Facing Starvation.
I have heard many oil men talk violently,
hut I have not beard them talk of organ
izini. The fact is many of tbe oil producers
are at that point now that they
don't know Just where their next sack of
flour is coming from, and I am not surprised
at anything they may do. The Standard Oil
Company Is largely responsible for this con
dition, but the producers are by no means
blameiess. They are like a flock of sheep one
follows the other Into every new field and
overproduction Is the natural result. The
condition to-day is lanrely the same as it
was in 1830. when the famous "K IS" was or
ganized. Some time ago the Standard peo
ple announced that the present condition In
Ohio and Pennsylvania was due to Russian
competition, and that a 100.000-barrol well had
been struck In Southern Russia. We Inves
tigated the Standard reports and we found
that no large well had been struck in Russia.
On tbe contrary we fonnd that six of the
Iarsetoll wells In Ruslsawere producing
but 42,000 barrels per day, which was the
bulk of the output of that country.
The total dally production of the
Ohio field is about 36,000 barrels. It would
be profitable to leflne the Pennsylvania and
Ohio oil for the wax alone, while all that is
gotten out of tne Russian oil Is the tar. Cer
tificate oil in the Ohio field is worth about 13
cents, while the oil at the wells Is worth
about 35 cents. The Pennsylvania oil cer
tificates are worth tho ma as oil at the
well, which to-day was Wi cents per barrel
Working: the General Average.
Dave Kirk, one of the largest Individual
operators in the Pennsylvania field, said:
I have not heard of any movement looklnir
to the formation of an organization like "K
IS." I knownowever, that there Is much
discontent and dissatisfaction among
the Pennsylvania and Ohio pro
ducers over the conditions that
exist and 1 would not be surprlsod to hear
of violence toward the Standard's property.
One thing, however, if the oil in stock is de
stroyed, as is suggested by this mysterious
organization you speak of, the Stand
ard company will be compelled to
hear the bulk of the burden, as they
? reduce the bulk of the oil out there. In
ennsylyanla when a tank of oil owned by

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