Newspaper Page Text
FOR TWO WEEKS. .
Adlets to March 14 4,629 Last Year 2,660 Increase..... .... 1,969 Best Previous Two Weeks' Gain, 1,778. TORTX-SEVENTH YEAK FOR TWO WEEKS. A41ete to Marek 14 4,629 Last Year 9,660 Increase 1,969 Best Previous Two Week' Gain, 1,778. Me iWtaos PZTTSBUEG. TTTrTRSDAT, MAUCH 31. 1892-TWELYE PAGES THREE CENTS mMm 0 1 HARRISON CLEVELAND At Present Discussed in Washington as Prob able Candidates FOR THE PRESIDENCY. The Present Occupant of the Place to Have His Own Way at THE MINNEAPOLIS CONVENTION. Grover a Favorite of Nina of Every Ten Democratic Congressmen. The Ex-President's Attitude on Silver No Longer an Obstacle to His Re nomination Sporting Politicians Bet. ting That Cleveland Has a Walkover Congressmen Squaring Themselves on the Silver Dilemma Potitlons Signed for Effect Expose of the Methods of the Pension Office Clerk Young's Place Wanted for Someone Else Why Miller's Appointment Is Hung Up in the Senate. tSrCIAIi TELEGRATinC letter. i Btmuu or The Dispatch, l WABHiaoTOir, D. a. March 30. With an agreeable cessation ot war and silver talk, politics again comes uppermost, and with it an assertion that Harrison has declared that unless the desire to nominate him at Minneapolis appears to be prac tically unanimous he will not permit his name to be used in the convention. Mr. Harrison may 'well say this, and I do not doubt that the authority which reports it is correct, Mr. Harrison is a very shrewd man. He did not speak until the opposition which two months ago threatened to be' very formidable had dissipated itself. At this time, within a very little more than two months before the assembling of the Re publican Convention, it is clearly apparent that there will be no opposition worth men tioning against the renomination of Harri son. Within the last two days I have con versed with a number of Republican leaders, some for and some opposed to the President, and they agree that, win or lose, Harrison will again be the candidate of the party. The opposing leaders no more de pend for revenge for the offenses of the President on defeating him in the con vention. Their time will come after his nomination. Less Anxiety for June Than November. Mr. Harrison is far less anxious about the result of the convention than he is about the result of the election. No one is better in formed than he of the value of the services of Quay, Piatt, Clarkson, Dudley and others in the campaign of 1888. He admits that his present position is due to their shrewd work and the munificent subscriptions they secured. He knows that without similar tactics and co-operation he cannot succeed in 1892. Yet at this moment the relations between the President and everyone of the gentlemen named are much strained. Prob ably everyone of them would prefer a Dem ocrat of a less reserved and top-lofty dis position than Harrison in the frame of mind which has wrapped him about for the last year. Will he, therefore, make peace with these men to further his chances for election? As I have said, Harrison is a shrewd man. No matter what his personal tastes may be, he will not let them stand in the way of success, and one of the spectacles of the near future will certainly be a restoration of the amicable relations between the President and the strategists of the party, whose possibly too frequent claims for recognition aroused his resent ment and resulted in a feud which at one time had a very ugly complexion. The Way Paved for Beconclllatlon, Already the way is paved for a reconcil iation, and there is almost no doubt that the Pennsylvania and New York delegations will be found at Minneapolis in the thick of the cheering for Harrison's renomina tion and a platform containing an enthus iastic eulogium of the magnificent adminis tration of the last three years. These men can do without Harrison, but Harrison can not do without them, no matter what quar rels they may have with the people of their own States. Their counsel and labor are necessary to Harrison's success. He knows how to secure their services, and he will get them. Harrison is not a fool. On the other hand, the Democratic "situ ation" has been undergoing a rapid crystal lization during the last two or three weeks. The Hill boom has reached its apex and is tobogganing down on the other side at a pace that kills, if obody talks of him now as a possibility. Gorman does not seem to awaken any enthusiasm as a possible, make shift to defeat Cleveland. The venerable Palmer gains no adherents. Cleveland Apparently Inevitable. Even his worst enemies are beginning to admit that Cleveland seems to be inevit able. The change of opinion during the last week is astonishing. The killing off of the silver bill is so direct an indorsement of the unequivocal position of Cleveland that the scenes in the House have had the com plexion of a series of Cleveland ratifica tion meetings. I have never witnessed so complete a revulsion of feeling on any sub ject as upon this of the Democratic nomina tion. Sporting politicians who one month ago were bettinj: that Cleveland would not be heard of in the Chicago Convention are now watering even money that he will have a walkover. Cleveland's attitude on the silver question is no obstacle now. It is a common saying that "if not Cleve land it will be a Western man." But the name of Boies is the only one that anyone can call to mind in all the great West, and at the name of Boies Democrats shake their heads not knowing why, but merely that it does not seem to fit into the condition of things. Just as the State conventions are abntit to begin to pile one on the top of another Cleveland ap pears to be the man of the hour. If a vote of the Democrats in Con- ( gress were taken to-night, Cleveland would' receive the suffrage of nine of every ten members. Congressmen Squaring Themselves. Free silver members circulating petition, in favor of the report of a special order anc cloture for the Bland bill secured 105 names, all told, and then ceased their labors.' It seems that it was not their intention to ' get a majority of the Democrats. They were merely working to square themselves with their constituents. Telegrams poured in upon them demanding that they go ahead and do their utmost to secure the number of signatures wanted by Speaker Crisp, and so they must needs start the peti tions. Livingston, of Georgia, and other members passing the papers about, ex plained io members that it was not the pur pose to call up the bill, but merely to sign "for effect," and so 105 free silver men signed the petition "for effect" The scheme was quite ingenious, and the mem bers who signed are let down more easily than they would have been otherwise. Whatever else may be shown by the Raum investigation, "it will certainly ex hibit to the world a lack of discipline, a real disorganization wholly incompatible with the business-like conduct of any publio office. Some of the Facts Brought Out Clerks lying about and undermining each other; higher officials using their positions to intimidate the female employes in their divisions; scandals in which women and men ot the bureau played a part, and In volving some of the highest officials; olerks dismissed for trivial offenses, while others guilty of outrageous malfeasance were re tained in office; dismissals by wholesale of clerks who merely criticised 'the conduct of the officer who furnished the press with in formation with regard to the curious opera tions of the bnreau; clerks of the most ob- jectionanie character retained in omce through the influence of Dudley and Lemon, pension claim attorneys; exam iners permitted to spend their time when in the field securing names of possible pen sioners for the use of pension attorneys; the virtual "running" of the bureau by Dudley and Lemon. These are the pictures that have been conjured up by the committee, and all is not yet told. The plain deduction from the developments is that not only should the Pension Bureau be reorganized from top to bottom, but that the whole pension system should be reorganized, and some plan adopted to weed out the thousands of frauds that are drawing pensions through the shrewd work of attorneys and their own hard swearing, and a way found to prevent wholesale swindling of the Government in future. Cleric Young's Case to Be Considered. Senator Cameron gave notice to-day that to-morrow, after the morning hour of the Senate, he will ask for an executive session to consider certain matters which have been under discussion, and it is assumed that it is his intention to call up the proposed ex pulsion of James R. Young, of Philadel phia, for 18 years a trusted employe of the Senate and for most of that time executive clerk. So long and general has been the indignation of the Washington correspond ents against the outrageous treatment of Mr. Yonng, that the Senate will probably tro verv slow about concluding the process of dismissal, though it is the fashion of Sen ators to speak contemptuously of corre spondents and of the press except when they desire to use them to further their own selfish purposes. Never was there a more unjustifiable, in excusable and contemptible attack made on the reputation of an innocent man than this one upon Mr. Young. The most intimate friends of the gentleman never, in their direst extremitv, would have thought of asking him to divulge the least hint of the performances ot the star chamber session of the Senate. A reserved man at all times, his mouth has been heremetically sealed in regard to the secrets he was sworn to keep. Those who Enow him best know the abso lute impossibility of his having tcM any thing at any time that he should not have told. A Place Wanted for Someone. Every newspaper man in the city would make a solemn affidavit that he has never had one word or one hint from Mr. Young in regard to executive secrets. The worst of it is the Senators who are attacking him know this as well as the newspaper men know it, and that makes their conduct all the more contemptible. They want his place and have taken this means to get him out. That is the long and the short of it It goes for nothing with them that since he has been excluded from executive sessions, the newspapers have had as full reports of the proceedings as before. Let me predict that if Mr. Young is dis missed the secrets of executive sessions will be given more fully than ever, and that some of the secrets ot the past, untold out of respect for the Senate, will be given broad publicity. One of the smallest of those secrets is a motion many times made to go into executive session to prevent some drunken Senator from making a fool of himself and from lowering the "dignity" of the Senate under the eyes of the galleries. It will be made more clear than ever before that the only persons who perjure them selves by giving out news of executive sessions are Senators of the United States. Possibly this continuous trouble over such exposures will eventually bring about the abolition of the monstrosity of secret per formances of the representatives of the people in this so-called Government of the people. Why Miller Is Now Held TJp. It is rumored here that Senator Quay is not holding up the appointment of Miller as Collector without presenting a reason for his action to the President It is said that he has assured the President that since his nomination Miller has busied himself working for Representative Dalzell for Senator, and that he (Quay) could hardly be expected, in such circumstances, to do anything to further his confirmation. Louis McMullen, ot Allegheny, was here to-day to endeavor to secure the release of Assistant Postmaster Myler on payment of the shortage with which he is charged. Mr. McMullen was accompanied to the Postoffice Department by Representatives Stone and Dalzell, and the matter presented to Mr. AVanamaker, who holds it under advisement Hon. John L.Mitchell,who was this even ing elected Chairman ot the Democratic Congressional Committee, is a wealthy citi zen of Milwaukee, and was chosen on ac count of his promise that if he were elected he would come down with the dust He is an ardent Cleveland man, as is also Law rence Gardner, of the District, who was elected Secretary. Lightner. BIG STRIKE ON THE RIVER. Every Boat on the Mississippi Expected to Be Tied Dp To-Day. St. Louis, March SO. Special Long shoremen from Dubuque to New Orleans will strike to-morrow, and every steamboat on the Mississippi river will probably be tied up. About 5,000 laborers, roustabouts, coal-passers and deck hands will go out, and over 1,000 engineers are almost certain to follow. The laborers demand 25 cents an hour and engineers 50 cents. Owners will tie up and starve the men out. Meetings were held this afternoon and evening in this city, labor agitators ad dressing the men. The police fear blood shed. Death or an Ex-Congressman. Watertown,. a D., March 30. Ex Congressman Charles G. Williams, Registrar of the Land Office, died to-night He rep resented the Racine, Wis., district in Con gress for ten years and was a brilliant orator in Congress in his day. uirls. NEW JUSTICE IN JERSEY. Refractory Children Nearly Scared to Death by a Battery. DOCTOR AND SUPERINTENDENT Of the Place Invent a War to Punish That Is, to Say the Least, AS EFFECTIVE AS IT IS INGENIOUS (FECIAL TXLZQBAU TO THE SISFJLTCS.1 NEW Yobk, March 30. The Newark City Home, Bituated at Verona, N. J., is an institution where inoorrieible boys and girls are placed to be reformed. The insti tution has its own laws, its own way of doing business, and its own manner of pun ishing the boys and girls who will not behave themselves. It is a very simple way. The boy or girl misbehaves and is led into the dark chamber. Then an elec tric punishment takes place only the vic tim is not killed, merely shocked into behaving himself. An electrode is put behind the ear at the base of the skull, another electrode is placed at some pan of the body, a current of elec tricity is turned on, and the victim howls with all his might until the punishment is over. This method of punishment has been in vogue at the Home for some time, so that the State of New York cannot claim the honor of having first introduced electricity as a method of punishment A Model Home for Boys and Girls. The Newark City Home is situated back of the little mountain town of Verona, on the side of the Orange Mountains. There are about 300 inmates of the Home. Of this number about 100 are girls. The Home is intended for boys and girls between the ages of 7 and 21. It is a city institution, run ac cording to the laws of the State of New Jer sey. The Superintendent is one C M. Har rison. He is a well-known citizen of New Jersev, and has held his position as Super intendent of the Home for several years. The children are sent to the Home by the police justices of Newark, and are kept there either until they are of age or until some venturesome farmer is found to take one or two of them to work for him on his place either as farm hands or housekeepers. Even after they have been let out to the farmers the Home has the right to recall them in case they return to their bad habits. Interesting Means of Punishment But the methods its Superintendent has of punishing the worst of his prisoners are interesting. The idea originated in the mind of the village doctor, a man of the name of Whitestone. He has been the 4 physician at the .Home for several years, and was at one time, under Superintendent Spears, the doctor employed at the -State Penitentiary. He had in his office in the little yellow house down on the road lead ing to the Home, he said, a small galvanic battery which he used on some ot his pa tients. The battery would give a slight shock and also could give heavy shocks when required. His idea was to administer shocks to the inmates who would not behave themselves. The Superintendent thought it a very good idea. There were at the time quite a number of vicious boys in the Home. They did not fear the whip, nor did they mind starvation on bread and water. In fact, they were incorrigible. So the next time one of the boys drew a knife on one of his fellows and tried to cut him or otherwise hurt him, the Superintendent had the boy brought to him. He took him into a little room on the basement floor. The room was darkened. The only furniture was a small, round table in the center. The Doctor and His Whlpper. Besides the Superintendent the only per son in the room was the doctor. Henad under his arm a little square box. The boy looked around, and not seeing a whip, or anything like it, began to get frightened and to wonder. He was told to take off his coat, and did so He was used to that Then he was told to roll up both his sleeves. He did so, wondering still ntore what was about to happen. Then the doctor put the little box on the table and opened it The boy looked anxiously in its direction. He had never seen a battery before, and did not know what to make of it. He could not understand what all the little buttons and the lever, all that was to be seen in the box, meant. The doctor fumbled around and produced the electrodes. There were four of them, but only two were used. The battery was supplied with the hand-pieces of ordinary batteries, but these were not used. They looked too simple. One of the instruments of torture is an ordinary piece of wood about ten inches long. On the end is a round piece of metal, shaped so as to fit into the neck at the base ot the skull. Covering the metal is a piece of sponge, very thin. The other consists of a piece ot wood of about the same length, at the end of which is a brush or cat-of-nine tails, only the tails number about 60, and are of very thin wire. The wires are about three inches long and as thin as a thick hair. A Boy Nearly Scared to Death. The Doctor connected the instruments of punishment with the battery. Then he Soured a little water on the sponge at the ead pf the first instrument This one he handed to the Superintendent Mr. Harrison applied it at the base of the boy's skull. The boy by this time was nearly dead with fright, and trembled like a leaf, so that they had to make him sit down in a chair. They made him told his bared arms over his chest The Superintendent held the instru ment, with its cold sponge, in place. Then the Doctor turned the switch. There was a buzzing noise. The doctor picked np the little whip-like instrument, touching the boy's flesh sudddenly, and the boy howled and jumped two feet from the chair, as CO or GO currents of electricity Eassed through him. The Superintendent eld his electrode in place, and the doctor applied the brush or whip in half a hundred places on the boy's arms and face and neck, wherever the bare flesh presented itself! Every time the current was closed the boy howled, probably thinking that his death was a matter of a very few seconds. When they had scared him sufficiently they turned the current oft and set the boy free. The Superintendent's Explanation. Superintendent Harrison was seen to-day. He is a large man, with a florid face and a big' nose. He did not want to talk about his electricity, but finally said: We've got a pretty vicious lot here, al though I look upon them as if they were all my children, and so I stand up for them. There are about 800 of them in all, and some of them are very murderous. I don't like to put the vicious ones into the dark cells, and I don't believe In flogging them. Elec tricity is the best punishment We only use a small battery and don't icive thecnlpiits a heavy charge. There is hardly a voltage of 1 used, so that you see the shock Is very small. We don't use it except when the oi fense is very great or one of long standing. We only use it on boys who commit awful rimes, or who assault their fellows with nives and other murderous weapons. here has not been occasion to use it to pun jsh a boy forassaultfor some time, but ahoy was punished about two weeks ago for a vicious crime. The doctor keeps the Instru ments down at his office. The boys, when asked about it, explained the workings of the battery, and said that it made the culprit feel as if 6,000 long needles were being run through him. "It feels as if de insides was bein' shook out of you," exclaimed one boy. Dr.Whitestone.it is said, tried the battery in the penitentiary with considerable sue- NEARLY 200 PEOPLE BURNED. THE CAPITAL OF BCBMAB ABOUT DESTROYED BT FIRE. Intense Suffering of the Natives At Least 2,500 of Them Injured Mandalay Still on Fire and No Help at All in Sight 25,000 Homeless. rBT CABLE TO THE DISrATd!.! Calcutta, March 30. Dispatches from Mandalay, the capital of Burmah, say that fire has been raging there since 11 o'clock last night Three-fourths of the city is in ashes, and the fire has not been checked. Among the buildings already gone are the old Palace, the new Govern ment telegraph office, and two convents. The whole business portion of the city has been swept away. The loss of life has been between 75 and 100, as far as known, and scores of persons have not been accounted for. No search has been made for bodies, as the people have been fleeing to the open country all day, trying to save their house hold goods and escape the intense heat which envelops the ruins. They are camp ing at a distance from the city, without food or shelter, and calls for help for them nave neen sent out oy me autuoriucs. The fire is said to have been caused by the coals from a fire in a native's hut in the lower quarter of the city. There is no provision against fire in the city, and the people did not wait to fight it, but fled panic-stricken before it The roads to Amarapura are crowded with fugitives, who will seek help in that city. The suf fering will be intense, as the rest of the city will be destroyed before morning, and about 25,000 families will be homeless. Chief Secretary Symes has appealed to the English in Rangoon for aid. He tele graphs that thousands will die unless food and medicines for the injured are sent at once. Several physicians left Rangoon for the city to-night, and food will be sent to morrow. The residence of Sir Alexander Mackenzie, Chief Commander, was bumed this morning and two of his servants were mortally injured. The total number of those severely burned is thought to be about 2,500. Latest re ports say the loss of life Was underestimat ed. It may reach 200 and perhaps more, al though many now thought to be dead may have been only missed in the confusion, or may be on their way to nearby villages in search ot food and shelter. HAXK0XE WATER FILTEES To Be Bnllt for New Orleans by a New York Company. New Orleans, March 30. Special The New Orleans Water Works Company has contracted with a water purifying com pany, of New York, to filter the Mississippi river water with which it now supplies New Orleans. That water is now too full of mud and sand to be palatable, and as a consequence' the people have depended al most wholly ojicistern water -for drinking fiurposes, tnptzesulti being long water fam nes in periodslof drouth, with a very high mortality in consequence of the use of rain water. The water works company has tried va rious experiments to purify the water,- but has been unsuccessful. It has now ar ranged with the New York company to supply it with 30 filters that will filter and purify 20,000,000 gallons of water day. It is claimed that this is the largest filtering or water-pumping plant in the United States. It is expected to be in full opera tion in six months. DIED IN HIS PULPIT. Sudden Coll of a Preacher While Attending a Parishioner's Funeral. Reading, Pa., March 30. Special Rev. Joshua Schultz, while assisting in the funeral services of Abraham Krauss, at Palm station, died suddenly in the pulpit. Deceased was of the Schwenkfelder de nomination and aged 82 years. He was sitting on the sofa in the pulpit, while 'Rev. William Anders was reading a Scripture lesson. Suddenly Mr. Anders noticed Mr. Schultz fall back and his head leaned to one side. Without a word or sound of any kind the aged clergyman passed away. Excited people rnshed forward, carried the body to a side room, and after the funeral it was taken home in the hearse which he had preceded in the funeral pro cession. Deceased had preached the ser mon at the house. Heart failure was the cause of death. A WOMAN CLEBK OF COURT. The First Ever to Serve in That Capacity In the United States. Little Rock, Auk., March "30. Judge Henry Caldwell, Judge of the Eighth Circuit Court, to-day appointed Miss Ade laide Utter Clerk of the Circuit Court of the United States for the Western division of the Western district of Missouri at Kan sas City. This is the first case on record in the United States where a woman has been appointed clerk of a circuit court Miss Utter is a young lady, a few years past 20, and has been the deputy of Clerk Watson at Kansas CKy for several years. She was efficient and faithful to her duties. About ten days ago Watson was ran over and killed by a freight train. Since this accident Judge Caldwell has received over a dozen applications for the position, all being male applicants except Miss Utter. CONNECTICUT WHITS CAFB Warn Two Prominent Ladles. In a Flaming Poster, to Leave Town. NOEWALK, CONN., March 30. White Caps early this morning posted a notice on Mrs. Esther Lyons' residence at Saugatuck, warning her and her daughter, Miss Georgie, to leave town. Both ladies are prominent Miss Georgie has been receiv ing the attentions of a business man of this city, which fact is supposed to have led to the notice. The poster was four feet square, bordered with crape and embellished with skulls, cross-bones and coffins. The work lis pre sumably by the same band which last fall ducked a couple for illegally living to gether in Dame Village. SLED ON GOSPEL HILL. Emma Fox, a Young Altoona Girl, Either Mnrdsred or a Suicide. Altoona, March 30. Special Some minutes before 10 o'clock to-night Emma Fox, aged 20, was found on Gospel Hill, an outlying district in this city, dying from the effects of a revolver shot in the abdo men. She was unconscious and died with out speaking. The revolver was found f ullv ten feet away. The girl is of good parentage, and why she ahould kill nerself, if she did, is a mystery. Her brother, with whom she was residing, refused to talk on the affair, but has been consulting officers. THE SEAL SITUATION AT PRESENT. CULLOM DROPS OUT. With Many Thanks to His Friends He Retires From the Race. HE SEES HARRISON EVERYWHERE An Open Letter Sent by Him to Ei-Hayor Koche, of Chicago. HOES INDORSEMENTS FOR GLETELAND Washington. March 30. Senator Cul lom has sent the following self-explanatory letter to ex-Mayor Roche, of Chicago: United States Senate, ) JVasbimqto, D. C, March 28, 1892. ( Hon. John A. Roche, Chicago, IU. Mr Dear Fbiesd Your favor of the 2itb, in which you inquire concerning my wishes In reference to the seleotion of a delegation to he chosen by the Republicans in the sev eral Congressional districts and by our State Convention to represent the party in the National Convention, to be held at Minne apolis in Jnne next, has been received, and I take pleasure in answering you frank ly as to my position. I have said to Republicans who have writ ten to me and to the gentlemen representing the press who have Interviewed me that I would esteem it a high honor to have the support of the Illinois delegation in the National Republican Convention for Presi dent of the United States, and would be pleased to have such delegation do all that honorably oould be done to secure for me the nomination. Mr. Cullom Declines to Bun. I have had many letters asking me to leave my post of duty here and come to our State and take part in the campaign going on there between candidates for the several State offices, and also to look after my own interests in the selection of delegates to the National Convention. I haver declined to do -so, inCCXtTtritmiltlltriaonoritel at lib erty to leave my official duties to take part in any campaign for myself or anyone else, and would not do so for any office. To the people or the State of Illinois, who have honored me repeatedly with their con fidence and whom I have served officially for many years, I am grateful. I desire, however, that my name shall not be longer used as a candidate for the office of Presi dent The people seem to favor the renom ination of President Harrison, whose admin istration has been able, clean, courageous, and patriotio. 1 am a Republican. I believe in the prin ciples and policies of the party, and I ex pect always to do my part, as I may be able in upholding It while in power and in secur-, ine for it. victory. We have oefore us, in Illinois and In the nation, a great and stub born battle. Harmony the Great Desideratum. We must have harmony in our ranks if we are to be assured of success, either in the State or nation. Our State and National conventions should be wise in the selection of candidates who are most likely to give our party success in the State and nation, and by success give assurance of the con tinuance of our present wise, strong and pa triotic foreign policy; a well-considered fiscal polioy, the foundation principle of which is honest money for an honest people; a revenue policy under which American trade and industries will be carefully fostered and American labor jealously pro tected: of an internal policy that will make navigation safe and sure on our great rivers; that will give commerce between the States protection from extortions and unjnst dis criminations; that will give the country a pure and competent civil service; that will compel regard for the rights of every citizen in everv State; tnat will make the Govern ment puissant in its parts and invincible in their unity. With respeot, I am, Very truly yours, S. 11. Ccixox. DEM0CBATIC CAMPAIGNERS Selected by the Congressional Committee, Which la About Beady for Work. Washington, March 30. At the meet ing of the Democratic Congressional Cam paign Committee this evening Hon. John T. Mitchell, of Wisconsin, was elected Chair man; Lawrence Gardner, of the District of Columbia, Secretary, and J. L. Norris, of the District of Columbia, Treasurer. The Chairman was authorized to appoint the Executive Committee. The following are the names of the States and members of the committee so far as they have been fur nished to the Secretary of the meeting: Alabama, John II. Bankhead; Arkansas, Thomas C. McRae; California, Thomas J. Geary; Colorado, A. B. McKinley; Florida, Stephen R. Mallory: Geoigia, Charles T. Mores; Idaho, Joseph C. Straughn; Illinois, William S. Forman; Indiana, Charles A O. McLellan; Iowa, Thomas Bowman: Kansas, S. F. Neely; Kentucky, James B. McCreary; Louisiana, Samuel M. Robertson: Michigan, Justin R. Whiting; Mississippi, T. H. Stockdale; Missouri, Seth W. Cobb; Montana, William W. Dixon; Nebraska, William J. Bryan; Nevada, Georze W. Cas sady; North Dakota, William B. McConnell; Ohio. John G. Warwick; Pennsylvania, Will lam Mutchler; South Dakota, S. G. Johnson; Tennessee, Benton MoMillin; Texas, Joseph W. Bailey.Vlrglniajyilliam A. Jones; Wash ington, Hugh C. Wallace: West Virginia, John D. Alderson; Wisconsin, J. L. Mitchell; Wyoming, James C. Baird; Arizona, Marcus A. Smith; New Mexico, Antonio Joseph; Oklahoma, Dudley B. Madden: Utah, Jonn T. Cninc; District of Columbia. James L. Norris. A CLEVELAND CONVENTION Held by Erie County Democrats Who Are for Grover All the Time. Erie, March 30. Special" The Demo cratic County Convention- met here to-day. The resolutions adopted regard it the para mount duty of the party to correct and re form the tariff bill of the last Congress; de plore the death of the late Hon. William L. Scott; bind the delegates to the National Convention to support Grover Cleveland for President so long as his name is before the convention; and at the instance of the Robert E. Pattison Club of Union City, eulogized the Governor for his vigorous ad ministration, the condition of the State finances, etc., and expresses the hope that he may yet be elevated to the Presidency of the United States. The delegates chosen to the State Con vention are, from the city, Messrs. T. 8. Alberstadt. Frank Dalzel and Joseph P. i O'Brien; from the Second district, Messrs. Alfred Short, of North East; Mott Sher man, of Albion; John N. Marks, of Cony, and Frank Ensworth, ot Waterford. Hon. J,lhn C. Brady was the choice of the con ' ;on for delegate to the National Con r , J' wa a Cleveland convention. &V TotY Jo "Tan Succeeds Byan. BeLi A)jZ 4 ,". 30 Special To succeed Seci. "VCr 'rCi Ryan, resigned. Governor McKin." fy Of pointed Colonel Poorman, of this, pla-. ' He has been an active Sherman man for years and was one of his prominent lieutenants in the Sena torial fight The Potter County Convention. Cottderspobt, March 30. The Repub lican Convention to-day recommended W. L Lewis as delegate to the National Con vention. VERILY A VIRAGO. A 90-Year-OId Patriarch Flees From Home In Fear of His Wife She Married Him for Bis Insurance, but He Holds on to Life. Palmer, Mass., March 30. To-day it became known that A. V. Blancbard, one of the oldest and best known residents of this town, had left his wife and gone to live with relatives in another State, fearful for. his life. Blanchard is nearly 90 and was at one time head of the firm of A. V. Blanchard & Co., widely known scythe manufacturers, and was wealthy, but of late he has been in somewhat straightened circumstances. About eight years ago Mr. Blanchard, then a widower, married a widow from the adjoining town of Wilbraham, she being well along in years. At that time Mr. Blanchard was in poor health, had a paid-up policy of $20,000 on his life, and it did not seem as if he had much longer to live. He rallied, however, and since nas been quite robust He new says that his wife, disappointed by his not dying as-expected, bai systemat ically abused him during the last 'eight years. He has not had enough food to eat nor clothes to wear, and the clothes given him by friends have been bestowed upon the hired " man. He says his wile, who is a large woman, younger and more active than he, knocked him down and pounded him, threatened to kill him and otherwise mal treated him, and he dared hardly to go to his brother's house or remain more than a few minutes, as a beating was in store for him on his return if he over-stayed his al loted time. About a rear ago he was sick for a long time, and a physician has said that he was being slowly poisoned. A few days ago friends, learning his con dition, gave him shirts, stockings, handker chiefs, etc., which he had been without all winter, and yesterday, taking advantage of his wife's absence, he made the best of his way along the railroad track a mile to the village and took a train for Hartford, Conn., where he is now with his niece. SILVER MINES CLOSE DOWN. Owners of Formerly Profitable Works Forced to. Close for Awhile. Denver, March 30. Special Reports from various parts of the State announce that large and profitable mines are being closed down on account of the low price of silver. J. H. Ernst Waters, General Man ager of the great Tellurides Mines in the Marshall Basin, and Dr. Henry Paul, Gen eral Manager of the Aspen Consolidated at Aspen, have received instructions to close down the properties ot their respective companies on account of the low price of silver. The Aspen mine fur nished employment for over 400 men. In this, together with the other properties of the same company, over 900 men are thrown out of work. The Tellurides mines, under Mr. Waters management, employ 700 men, and every one will lose his place. The entire affair, which is regarded in the light of a calamity to the great silver-producing sections "of the State, is directly traceable to the defeat of the Bland bill in the House. The quotation for to-day is &5 cents, and if the prediction ot some members of the House that it will go to 60 proves prophetic, then the mines of Lead ville and Aspen will be forced to suspend operations. Reports from other camps show that many other properties are preparing to close. THEY WORKED PITTSBURG. Two Female Forgers Said to Be Known Here Come to Grief In Chicago. Chicago, March 30. Two young women, May Hamilton and Nellie Thompson, are under arrest charged with forgery. They say they are book agents, and their arrest was made after they had attempted to se cure cash from two Chicago breweries on checks that had been forged. They say they have male confederates, bnt refuse to name or locate them. They are believed to be the same pair who last fall successfully worked a similar cheme in Pittsburg, Cleveland and other Eastern cities. THIS MORNING'S NEWS. Topic -Pw. Harrison and Cleveland-Talk 1 Whipping With Electricity 1 Collom Not a Candidate , 1 War Balloons In Use by Germany 1 License Applicant Kept Waiting 2 Senator Quay Hold a Levee 2 Bomanoe of the Central Station 2 Editorial Comment and Social News 4 Oosslp of the National Capital Hill a Target In Ohio & A Talk With Senator Blair. 6 Ingersoll's Eulogy of Whitman 7 Borrowe Started the Drayton tftory T The News of the Sporting World 8 Ohio's Bedistrlcting Completed 8 Banm Still on the Back 8 Tho Reign of Anarchy In Paris. 9 Business News and Gossip . 9 Tariff Debate In the House 10 The OH Scout's Field Report 10 Live Stoek and Commercial Markets 11 The Tariff Leagues ot the Parties 12 w BALLON IN ACTUAL USE. Germany Has Solved the Problem of Air Navi gation, and Is TESTING SKY SCOUTS Who Look Down Into Russian Camps, Forts and Cities. THEY SAIL 'GAINST THE WIND, Are Beyond Rifle Range, and Gin Be Managed With Ease. Russian Officers Vainly Try to Ban; One) Hovering Over a Fort Citizens of Warsaw Startled by a Search Light Which. First Looked Like a Comet Maneuvers in the Air That Have Aroused the Czar's Warriors A New Departure That Will Revolu tionize Modern Warfare How Cities Can Be Destroyed and Armed Camps Annihilated From On High. St. Pktersbubo, March 30. The pres ence of balloons over the forts and encamp ments in Poland are becoming more fre quent than ever, and this fact is' cansing much indignation among army officers, who are helpless to prevent military secrets from becoming known to the German officers, who are known to be taking observations from a height that places them beyond the reach of any bullets aimed at them. One of these balloons from the German frontier recently appeared at Kovno. It hovered above the fortress there until the offieer in command became so greatly ex asperated that he ordered some of the soldiers to fire at the balloon, and if pos sible to bring.it to the ground. Had the soldiers been able to hit the big silken bag floating so high in tfc air and make a hole in it, it would hare meant a horrible death for all its occupants, but the range was too great, and the powder burned in the at tempt wa3 useless. The Germans continued their observations, in no way bothered by the firing, and when they concluded they returned whence they came. ""-Heifveti the'ATBrfifNiivIgation Problerm The impression grows stronger daily that the Germans have at last solved the long studied problem of aerial navigation. These balloons that have appeared over various places in Poland are nnder perfect control. They move in any desired direction and the wind currents hare no perceptible effect on them. In fact in at least one instance it is known that the balloon sailed directly against a strong wind. Some of the ob servers accounted for this on the ground that the upper current in which the bal loon sailed was moving in the opposite direction from the current nearer the earth. This argument was rendered fallacious in a very short time by the balloon stopping over the military camp at Dombrowico, and then maneuvering to obtain positions from which the camp could be studied in detail. The motive power employed and the means adopted for steering are utterly un known, but all the facts in connection with the appearance of these balloons go to show that they are under absolute control. The possibilities of a perfect system of aerial navigation are thoroughly understood by Russian officers, but they are absolutely helpless to guard against them. It is the fact ot this utter helplessness that renders their indignation more deep and bitter. Search Lights Focused On Warsaw. A few nights ago the inhabitants of War sawwere startled by an intensely bright light that fell from the sky upon the city. All eyes were turned upward, but nothing could be seen save a path of light that ended in a small focus. Many people in their ex citement thought it was a comet in close proximity to the earth, and were greatly frightened. Suddenly the ray of light swept in another direction, and when their eyes became accustomed to the darkness that followed they could see far up in the sky a balloon. Then it dawned upon the people that it was an electric seareh light that had caused the brilliant illumination and that the Germans were continuing their observations of Russian defences with its aid. The balloon remained over the city until 1 o'clock in the morning, when the light was extinguished and the balloon, heading westward toward the frontier of Prussia, disappeared. Later another balloon was seen over the Proushkorf railway station. It remained stationary for a time and then started in the direction of the fort works near Kelets, where it hovered a while, when it returned across the frontier. Modern Warfare Knocked Sky High. Reports of similar occurrences have been received from Sosnovisty and other places along the frontier. The balloons came from Prussian Silesia in the night time and pro jected the rays of powerful search lights ia every direction. The balloons, which were at a gret height, remained stationary, sometimes for the space of 40 minutes, and would then proceed in any desired direc tion. There is no doubt that the steering1 apparatus, whatever it is, is admirably adapted for its purposes, for the balloons apparently answer to it as readily as does a vessel to its helm. Russian officials hold that with managea ble balloons the .whole system of warfare will be changed. It is self-evident that none of the present fortifications would be able to withstand an attack from above them. Shells could be dropped with almost unerring certainty, and no city could de fend itself from an enemy far up'in the air beyond the reach of any missile. Even modern cannon with their great range cannot at present be used against balloons, for the reason that gun carriages have not been made that would allow of a perpendicular elevation, j&iim-.