Newspaper Page Text
the prrrsBURo dispatch. Sunday, june 5. isoa
AROUND JHE WORLD
Anson's Voyage- Oyer 150
Years Ago Hasn't Its
Equal in History.
OF KEABLY 2,000 MEN
Only 195 Survived the Cruel Cruise
of the War With Spain.
THEY MADE ONLY ONE CAPTURE,
Bnt That One Was the Richest Ever Made
in a Single r.ottom.
FACTS RIVALLING MARRTATTS TALES
rWKITTEX FOR THE DISPATCH.
Of all the voyages around the world, from
the days ot Magellan to the present time,
not one equals in interest the famous voyage
of Cnnimodore Anson in the good ship
Anson, following as he did Cxuam,
Drake, Cavendish, Woodes-Roers, Dam
pier, Selkirk and others, has been desig
nated "the last of the buccaneers," as
Cxuam was undoubtedly the first at least
in the Sonth seas bnt as Anson sailed
with a regularly organized naval squadron,
and in a time ot declared war, he scarcely
merits the appellation.
Perhaps one reason why Anson was thus
called was because the voyagers immedi
ately following him Cook, Bougainville,
Carteret, Wallis, Vancouver, La Pirouse,
Galnett, Flinders and others, had a nobler
aim in view than that of the cruisers
science and discovervl
W ar From Mashlnc Ofl an Ear.
The war with Spain in 1740 was precipi
tated in England by the cruel treatment or
one Robert Jenkins, master of the Rebecca
ol Glasgow, by a Spanish Guarda Costa.
"When Jenkins appeared before the House
of Commons he told the members that alter
the Spanish crew had maltreated his men
they savagely cut off one of his ears, put it
into his hand and bade liitn take it home
and present it to his sovereign.
The burst of indignation which inflamed
ell England rendered war with Spain in
evitable. It is told by Jenkins, upon being
asked by a member ot ihe House of Com
mons as to his feelings at the time of his
maltreatment, he made the memorable
reply: "I committed my soul to God and my
cause to my couutrv." Walpole said these
words were put in his mouth by another.
The English Government prompted hostili
ties even belore the declaration ol war; but
the motto of those days taken from tha
buccaneers of -the previous century was:
"No peace beyond the line.
lh J.DElich Dan of Campaign.
The intention of the Government at first
was to send out two squadrons, one to pro
ceed direct to the Phillipine Islands via the
Cape ot Good Hope; the other to round
Capa Horn, scour the coast of South Amer
ica, and then to cross the Pacific and join
The latter part of the plan only was car
ried out. A squadron was fitted out for this
purpose and consisted 01 the following ves
sels: Centurion, tiO guns, 40J men, Commo
dore George Anson; Gloucester, 60 guns,
300 men, Captain Richard Norris; Severn,
fiO guns, 300 men, Captain Hon. E. Legg;
Pearl, 40 guns, 250 men. Captain M.
Mitchell; Wacer. 28 guns, 160 men, Cap
tatn Dandy Kidd, Tryal, 8 guns, 100 men,
Captain Hon. J. Murray.
In fitting out these vessels the Admiralty
displaved an amount ot stupi lity, and even
brutality, hardly to be conceived of in
these days. It had been originally settled
that part ot each ship's company should
consist of soldiers, and the regiments which
were to furnish them had been specified,
but a most execrable and unhappy change
was made in this particular. Instead oi the
SOU sailors of whom he nas short ot comple
ment, Anson only r-ceived 170, and of
these 2 were from hospitals and 93 were
Embarked an Armv of Invalid..
The land force of the expedition was in
tended to consist ot 500 soldiers; but instead
of embarking suitable men, orders were
issued for 500 iinali's to be collected from
among the "out-peusioners" of Chelser Col
lege poor iellows whom old age, wonnds
and disease had long unfitted for any active
The wiseacres of the Admiraltv thought
the invalid the "best seasoned" and fit
troops ior the occasion! Most of the men
were over 00, and some upwards of 70 years
ot ase. Not one of these aired warriors,
Eotne ot whom had survived the carnage ot
the Itnvr.e and at Blenheim, lived to revisit
his native lnd.
The 6quadron was delayed sailing so long
that the Spanish Go eminent had time to
dispatch information to South America, to
put the colonies in a state of defense, as
well as to equip a squadron of six ships ot
war four o them ot the line under Ad
miral Josef Pizarro, to intercept Anson on
Neer was there a squadron worse
equipped, or sent to sea under greater dis
advantages. But that did not deter the
active and vigorous spirit of An6on, who
now hoisted his broad pennant as Commo
dore, and soon afforded presumption that
the resources of his own mind were capable
of counteiacting some of the evils which
were eu'aiied on them.
The squadron sailed from St Helens
September 18, 1740, and after a tedious
passage arrived at Madeira on the 23th of
October, where, having taken in wine and
other refreshments, the Commodore con
tinued his course, narrowly escaping from
the Spanish fleet under Pizarro.
A ICrcord of ickn-ps and torm.
Even at this early period of the voyage
much of that sickness prevailed in the
squadron by which its crews were soon af
terward so fearfully thinned. Anson or
dered -xtra air scuttles to be cut in each
ship tor more effectual ventilation.
"On tne 18th of December the squadron i
anchored at the Island of Santa Catalina, on i
the c an ot Brazil, aud landed the sick to .
th number ot some hundreds; but. through
the insolence and treachery of Don Jose
Bvlva de Paz, the Portuguese Governor,
thev were very poor! v accommodated; and,
aiter burvin? great numbers, the sickness
rather increased than diminished."
The ships were here fumigated, cleansed
and washed with vinegar.
January 18,1741, the ships tailed for Port
St. Ju lan, in Patagonia, where they an
chored IheTrjatwas here refitted. On
the 7th ot March they passed the Straits of
Maire, and here the trouble began. The
stormv season came on, the ships were
separated, and encountered appalling diffi
culties and unparalleled distress. The Cen
turion was lor 58 days under reefed courses,
a d ail this tune was trying to double the
ciieaded Cipe Horn.
In wearing ship, by manning the fore
shrouds, one ot the ablest seamen was
thrown overboard. Thev were unable to
lower a boa', vet as the historian (Chaplain
Walter) tell" us: "We perceived that he "
swam vtry stronjr, and it was with the
inmost concern that we found ourselves un
able to assist him."
Cowpei's XVpjnofthe Castaway.
Upon this inc. dent the poet Cowper
founded his exquisite poem ot "The Cast
away." In it occurs the terse:
or, ciuelas It seemed, could ha
Then haste itselt conde-nn;
Aware that flight In such u tea
Alone cou.d succor them.
Tei ciuel tell it xtill to die
Deserted, and his friends so nlsh.
Meanwhile disease again raged among
the crew to a melancholy degree, and a
scurvy of the most virulent kind carried dis
may to every heart. It was no uncommon
thing for those who were able to walk the
deck to drop down dead in an instant, aud
many perished in this manner.
In those days sailors afflicted with the
acurvjr were, upon reaching land, buried up
to their necks in the earth. The late Com
modore J. C. Long, U. & N., told the
writer he had been treated in this way as
late as about 1820.
The Severn and Pearl bore up for Bio
de Janeiro, and never rejoined the squad
ron, which was now redused to the Cen
turion, the Gloucester, the "Wager, the
Tryal, and the Anna Pink (itoreship(. On
the 23d of April thee were so completely
dispersed in a storm that no two of them
were in sight of each other.
The Commodore, having succeeded in
doubling the capa, steered for Juan Fernan
dez, but was so much iu doubt as to the
longitude that, having arrived in the lati
tude of the island, he steered east (instead
of west) until he made the main land of
Chile. He then put about and arrived at
Juan Fernandez June 9, having lost much
valuable time, by which they estimated
they lost 70 or 80 men.
Drath'a Harvest Without a Battle.
"Three months before had seen them with
a crew of npward of 400 healthy officers and
men, besides the quota ot supernumeraries;
but of these 200 were buried and 130 were
on the sick list."
The Tryal arrived a day or two after
ward, having lost 34 ot her small comple
ment. The sick and afflicted of the two
ships were carried ashore, and refreshments
ot all kinds speedily obtained, but it was 20
days before the mortality ceased and for the
firi ten or 12 days they seldom buried less
than six each day.
"While here the sailors caught or shot
some goats whose ears had been slit, and
were therefore conjectured to have been
thus marked, some 30 years before, by
Alexander Selkirk," (Robinson Crusoe.)
On the 2G;h ot June the Gloucester ap
peared in the offin;. Boats with men and
provisions were seut to her; but as she had
lost two-thirds of her crew it was not until
the 23d of Jnlv that she could make the
anchorage, 146 days from Port SU Julian!
About the middle of August the Anna,
storeship, arrived, which caused much re
joicing, as all fears of scarcity o provisions
were now 'removed. This vessel was the
last that joined them. She had suffered but
little, "having been forced into a com
modious harbor of the Peninsula de Tres
Monies, not fur to the northward ot where
the unfortunate Wagner struck, and her
crew were then enduring much misery."
TLe Anna, being found not seaworthy, was
Nearly Two-Thirds TTr Dead.
The three men-of-war had left England
with 9G1 men on board, of whom 626 were
dead before this time; and the number that
were left were barely sufficient to man the
Centurion, an appalling circumstance, when
they expected every day to fall in with the
fleet under Pizarro."
What became ot Pizarro we shall soon see.
On October 8 the squadron, considerably
relreshed, left Jnan Fernandez, and on the
11th they captured a large Spanish, ship
from Callao. They learned from her of
Pjzarro's failure to double Cape Horn with
his squadron, and that the Spaniards of
Pern thought all of Anson's ships had per
ished. The Tryal was next destroyed, as unsea
worthy. There now remained but the Cen
turion and Gloucester.
"In one of their prizes they found an
Irishman who gave them some particular in
telligence which induced the Commodore to
They landed a force at Paita, captured the
town, and obtained a very rich booty in plate
and merchandise. The Spanish refusing to
ransom the town, it was burned. Some
prisoners were taken, whom Annon treated
courteously nd welL The ship now went
offAcapulco to look for the Galleon from
Manilla, and touched at Quibo Island on
Alt Ships Gone bat One.
Upon their arrival at Acapulco they
learneu tnai me iraileon had already ar
rived; and that, moreover, sho would not
leave that fortified and safe harbor for a
year. Anson then went further up the
coast to Tejupau for wood and water. On
the 6th ol May, 1742, the ships started
across the Pacific Ocean. The scurvy broke
out again and made fearful havoc among
them. The Gloucester was now in so leaky
a condition that on the 13th of August she
was abandoned, and burnrd, and the Cen
turion was left alone. On the 28th of
Augus', after a very long passage and which
is partly to be attributed to very bad
navagition, the Centurion anchored at
Tinian, one of the Ladrone islands.
At this time only 71 men were capable of
standing to a gunl The rick were landed,
and refreshments in the shape of beef,
pork, poultry, with vegetables, watermel
ons, oranges, limes, cocoanuts and bread
trnit, were obtained in abundance. On the
12th of November they arrived at Macoa,
then, asnow, in the hands of the Portuguese.
"Tne Chinese, a eople always jealous of
strangers, vexatiously harrassed the Com
modore by equivocating measures as to re
fittins the ship; hut his firmness and con
ciliating carriage counteracted the shuffling
of the Celestials."
They shipped here 23 new hands, and the
officers and crew now amounted to 227
healthy men, "whicn, thoucn still a short
complement, was superior to what they had
lately been used to."
Flshtlnjr Come, at last.
The Commodore now gave out that he was
bound to England, via Batavia, and ac
tually received on board the mails for tha
latter place, and on the 19th day of April,
1743, the Centurion sailed. When clear of
land Anson called all hajids and announced
his intention of cruisinjr off Cape Esnintn
Santo, Sainar Island, and having another
"toy" for the galleon. The crew responded J
wiin uiree encers.
From the30thof May to the 19th of June
Anson cruised off Cane Espintu Santo,
drilling his men constantly at the great
guns and small arms. At sunrise June 20,
Midshipman Charles Proby from the mast
head announced a sail to windward. "The
general burst of joy which this occasioned
wa3 heightened to rapture when she was
60on afterward seen from the deck, coming
down before the windtoward the Centurion.
The Comtnod re wis somewhat surprised to
see her advance steadilv on without chang
ing her course, and seeing her take in her
top-gallant sails and fire a gun induced him
to suppose she was making a .signal to her
consort to hasten her un. But tlit Wfcv
vessel was already in Manilla,
and it afterward appeared that
the Spanish commander instantly
conjectured how matters stood, and
trusting to tie British ship being weakly
manned, as well as from a conviction that
an action could not be avoided, he beat to
quarters, hoisted his colors and stood boldly
on. She w as much larger than the Cen
turion, and had a full complement of men;
but though pierced for 64 guns had onlv 42
mouuted, exclusive of a row of brass pleira
roes which eacli carried a tour-pound ball."
A Memorable Victory on the Sea.
The crew of the Centurion, though short
in number, were in good health, well
trained and distributed to advantage. On
the lower deck each full gun's crew fought
two guns. At 12:30 p. m. the ships closed,
and the action began, which was smartly
maintained, and attended with great slaugh
ter to the galleon, but with little mischief
to the Centurion. The small arm men in
the tops ot the Centurion shot down every
officer but one who appeared on the quarter
deck ot the galleon.
"British valor and foresight then pre
vailed; the Spanish colors were hauled
down, and our gallant stars were amply re
warded tor all they had undergone by the
After engaging her, says Anson in his
official report, "an hour and a halt within
lcs than pistol shot, the Admiral struck his
fla to the main topmast head. She was
called the Nuriitra Scnora de-Caba Donga.
Don Gironiuio Montero, Admiral; had 42
guns, 17 of which were brass, and 28 pied
raroes; 550 men, 58 of whom were s'lain,
and 38 uounded. Her masts and riggine
were shot to pieces, and 150 shot passed
through her hull, many ot which were be
tween wihd and water, which occasioned her
to be rery leaky. The greatest damage I
received was by my foremast, mainmast and
bowspirt being wounded, and my rigging
being shot to pieces, having received only 15
Bhot through mv hull, which killed but two
men and wounded 15. I was under great
difficulty in vavigating two such large ships
in a dangerous and unknown sea, and to
guard 492 prisoners.
Richest Capture On Record.
The galleon had on board 1,313,843
"pieces-of-tight;" 35,642 ounces of virgin
silver, some cochineal and a large quantity
of merchandise. It was calculated after
ward that the total amounted to no less
than 1,000,000, the largest sum ever cap
tured in a single bottom. On the 11th of
July the Centurion anchored with her
prize at Macao, to the great wonder of the
"Heathen Chinee." The prize was sold to
the merchants of Macao.
It is interesting to note the errors in the
longitudes of Anson. Though he had on
board W. Pascoe Thomas, "Teacher of the
Mathematics," and who appears to have
been pretty well versed in the theory and
practice of navigation, the longitude was
frequently as much as eight degrees in
error! This is the more remarkable as
Dampier in 1687 fifty-six years before An
son was only about three degrees in error.
But Dampier was the most skilful navi
gator of his day, and a very remarkable
To resume: The Centurion having dis
posed of her prize, sailed for home about
December 15, 1743, and, after an excellent
passage, in which she touched at the Cape
ot Good Hope, arrived at Spithead June
"Thus did a single ship, out of a whole
squadron, regain England, and of 1,980
men who had embarked in the summer of
1740 exclusive of the crews of the Anna
and Tudustry onlv 195 were restored to
their homes. The Centurion's safe arrival
was a subject of much public exultation.
The treasure of the calleon was drawn in
triumphal pomp through the city of Lon
don in 32 wagons, which were preceded by
a band of military music playing national
airs, and guarded by a detatchment of sea
men and marines of the victor ship, amid
the shonts and acclamations of thousands of
spectators. The crew was paid off with im
mense sums of prize money.
. Captain W. H. Paekeb.
ORIGIN OF TH2 NAME AHEEI0A.
Jnles Slarcon Says the Word Was Taken
From tLe Indian Language.
M. Jules Msrcon, of the Paris Geograph
ical Sjciety, has lately spent a great deal
of time in making researches into the ori
gin of the name "America." The popular
notion that America was so called from the
Christian name of Amerigo Vespucci is, be
says, wholly unfounded, the name really
being taken from "Amerrique," the Indian
name of the monntains between Juicalpa
and Libertad, in the provinces of Chon
talcs, which separate Lake Nicaragua from
the Mosquito coast.
The name in the Maya language signifies
"the windy countrv,"" or "the country
where the wind blows alwi " The
Christian name of Vespucci was Jberico in
Italian and Spanish, and Albericus in Latin,
but it is subject to a great number of varia
tions, and consequently M. Marcon suggests
that the name Amerigo is an adaptation of
Amerrique, added to Vespucci's name to
distinguish it (Amerrique being a name
already known and applied to the New
World) in the same way as we say now
"Chinese Gordon" to distinguish this par
ticular Gordon by suggesting one of his
heroic feats. Vespucci's claim to the dis
covery of America is put out of court by
the fact that he was in Seville when Colum
bus made his voyage. He did, however,
make two or three voyages to the New
World later on, and being a vain man and
acquainted with map-makers, he would be
nothing loath to see his name associated
with the vague splendors of the new con
tinent THE PACIFIC FISHERIES.
Alaska Is Fast Becoming tha Great 5almon
New York Times.
As to the importance of the Pacific fisher
ies, taking 1839 as the last year of which re
liable statistics of the salmon-canning in
dustry were obtainable, the vast total of
1,287,060 cases of salmon is presented as the
yield of Alaska, Washington, Oregon and
California. This was worth at first cost
$7,000,000. Taking the whole canned product
during the 14 years prior to 1889, the Pacific
salmon were equivalent in weight to
1.000,000 head of cattle, and "exceeded the
latter in economio importance and lood
Every year there are more canned salmon
coming from Alaska. In 1883 there were
36,000 cases; in 1889, 675,000 cases. But
how long this enormous supply will last is
not known. The yield in Oreeon was at
one time apparently diminishing. Captain
Collins writes: "It would seem that in any
event Alaska is to be the great salmon
region ot the future. lintuh Columbia
shows the ame increase in silnion products.
In IbTG she made 10,000 case of salmon; in
1889, 414,400 cases. British Columbia sells
one-halt ot her products in Europe and
about one-fifth in the Eastern States.
A Stir That Isn't Coming to Amirloa.
One of the new faces that charm on tfie
English stage is Hiss Ethel Mathews. She
is quite a novice
yet, but already
a favorite with
Londoners. I n
the five years of
her career as an
actress in parts
that require girl
ish charm and a
bliughumor,Miss Mathews has had
the advantage of
Ethel MathetLs. the Kendals and
other cultivated players. She is at present
taking the part created by Miss Marion
Terry, a sister of the divine Ellen, in "The
Magistrate." An unusual feature of her
declared ambition is that it does not Include
an American starring tour.
Played Billiards Without Balls.
According to an eye witness a peculiar in
cident happened one evening recently in
the billiard room of a hotel at Tacoma,
Wash. The room was crowded and all of
the billiard and pool tables were occupied
bat one. Two gentlemen entered the room
attired in full evening dress. Engaging a
billiard table, the boy brought the balls,
but the players, to his utter astonishment,
told hiin they did not need them. Remov
ing their topcoat, coats and hats, they took
cues and commenced a mimic game. They
made the customary moves around the
table, studied apparent plays, made tha
customary grimaces at misplays, and regu
larly counted their strings. A wondering
crowd gatheied about them. They thought
the men were crazy. A funny part of it
was that they never smiled, took the "guv
ins" of the crowd serenely, and, when the
points were marked up, paid for the game
and unconcernedly walked out The solu
tion of the mystery was that the imitation
game was played on a wager.
A New F'an for Exploring Africa.
Sxn Francisco Chronicle.
The old-fashioned method of striking
across the dark continent in search of new
territory has been abandoned. One man
takes a district in the upper Kongo, another
a bit of East Africa, another a corner of
Mashoualand. In this way the course of
rivers, the strength of tribes and many other
interesting facts are discovered. It will
take only a few years at the present rate to
leave no part of Africa unexplored.
i CHILDREN OF AFRICA.
Mrs. French-Sheldon Gossips on
New Phase of Her Experience.
DO K0T CAKE P0R PLAYTHINGS,
Broke Up Her Dolls and Shot Holes in the
Kites She Brought.
SHE ENTHUSES A WHITER TO POETRY
rWMTTIjr FOB THlt DISPATCH.!
It seemed to me, I remarked to Mrs.
French-Sheldon at Washington the other
day, that Stanley had told us very little
about the women and children of Africa
of love, family life, marriage, manners, fun,
games would she speak of them?
"Yes," she said, ''but 'love' there is no
such word in the languages of the savages
whom I saw. Thev have words for 'like,'
for 'pleasure,' for 'husband,' 'wife' and
'friend,' but none for 'love.' No word for
'love' and none for 'God,' whether spelt
with a large or little 'g.' They have no
idea of immortality whatever, and of course
no word to express it
"Now, do you gee what follows from the
fact that they have no God? Why, of
course, they have no oaths. One may travel
among them for months, as I did, without
ever hearing an oath. When they give way
to anger they must get their satisfaction
out ot "You are a pig!' Tou are a toad!'
TTou area goat!' 'Yon are a junglemauP
This is the extreme ot their ungual anronts.
Sometimes they fight, but they haven't; any
thing to swear by, differing in this from
Mark Twain's cap'tam, who, you remember,
'wove a glittering streak of profanity
through his garrulous fabrio that was re
freshing to a spirit weary of the dull neu
tralities of undecorated speech."
A fries Meeds a Lot of Saws.
I asked what was apparently needed most
bv the savages among whom she traveled.
'"Saws!" she said. "No, not Bibles or hymn
books or missionaries, school books or
schools, but saws and axes and augurs
means of working easily in wood. Ten
thousand dollars' worth of tools and ten
carpenters would go a good way toward
civilizing all the wild men between Zanzibar
and Kilnianjaro. Saws are what they need,
and I am going back there some time and I
shall carry a cartload of saws."
African children have been verv little
talked about, and I asked Mrs. French
Sheldon if she could tell me something.
"Yes, I am glad to," she said. "Africa
under the equator is the children's para
dise. In all those months, among children
every day, I never saw a child struck, and I
heard a child cry only twice while in the
Dark Continent Up to the age of 6 or 8
children go asjnaked as they were born;
after that they wear a small piece of cloth
or leather, and are little men and women,
learning to be bread winners. There are,
of course, no schools; but the young ones
early begin to learn learn to work; the
girls to sew in their rude way, and the hoys
to swim, and to run, and to use the bow and
Different Work for Each sex.
"There is a definite division of labor be
tween the sexes; the men kill game, do the
fi?htinsr. make the weapons, (fundas). and
fabricate the women's ornaments, while the
women work the gardens and plantations,
tend the herds, and build the dracean hedge
of canes. The married woman dresses
simply in some animal's skin drawn round
her shoulders; the unmarried woman in a fig
leaf apron. Girls are often married at 10;
at 15 they are old maids. After the age of
6 they are children no longer.
"1 saw a pretty comedy in front of my
tent on Lake Chala one morning. A boy of
about 6 was playing with a little girl of 5
or so in the stately, serious fashion of the
equatorial tots. He walked around facing
her, and flourishing his wooden spear, and
he said to her in a loud and boastful voice:
'Seel When I shall be el moran (a war
rior) and thou en dito (a belle) I shall con
quer many and wear the bearded collar,
and thou shall be ray wife, aye? Thnu
shalt have more beads than all ot Endella's
wives, aye? I have spokeul Now walk
thou with me, and show my fellows how a
sultana ought to look!' and the t.To midgets
went circling pompously round about"
Don't ppreclaia Dolls and EUrs.
"About playthinss?" I said, "have tbeso
children no plaything?"
"Hardly anything that can strictly be
called playthings. I carried out a lot of
dolls and they would not play with them.
They broke them up. I carried some fine
Jananese kites in the shape of birds and
fishes, but, instead of being amused by '
them, the little boys drew their pows aud
shot my poor fliers full of arrows. I car
ried some mechanical chickens that could
hop a little ways and peeD. But these got
me a reputation for witchcraft, and came
near breaking up my caravan. It I had had
a phonograph along, I should probably been
burnt as a witch. It is dangerous to trifle
with the intelligence of the African."
"I iudje from what you say that women
have considerable freedom in Africa?"
When I asked this question Mr. Sheldon
leaned bark on the sofa and laughed
laughed till her very blue eyes half closed,
and her autumn-leaf hair quivered, and her
pink slippers twinkled.
"The desire for lreedom seems to be
largely a matter of fashion," she said.
"Everr married woman in Central Africa
wears lily-shaped iron bells on her wrists
and ankles, so that her husband can always
find where she is somewhat like the sheep
in flocks on the common.
The Womm Favor Polygamy.
"Polygamy thrives in Africa, and every
wife seems to be glad of it For, as th'e
wives have to do the farmwork. thev are
always glad when their mutual husband
brings another wife to divide the labor.
They receive her with enthusiasm when she
appears sing to her and feed her with
sweetmeats. In the family kraal each wife
has a hut of her own a boma and it is
verily her castle. Her husband never enters
till he has knocked and called out 'hodi?'
(mav I come in?) and received the answer
'karlbool' (welcome.) The equatorial peo
ple are very polite.
"At every new village I came to in that
tour of 2,000 miles I advanced alone and
held up in my hands a bunch of grass the
signal of peace and was received with
friendly salutations. They are very cour
teous to each other, too. If they meet a
hundred times a day thev exchange the
'ah, kwahari' (how d'e do?). When a
man wants a wife he first buys her from her
parents, and then hunts the fleeing girl into
the woods and captures her. It is the uni
versal fashion for her to run away when he
comes after her."
Was Golnz to Shoot Some Men.
"No insubordination in vour command?"
"Never but once. At the foot of Mount
Kilima-NjarQ eight of my guard refused to
obev mv orders to move on. The Sultan ot
Zanzibar, in swearing them in, had given
to me the right-to kill any man who dis
obeyed, and I had to enforce my authority."
I inquired if she did that iu the tradi
tional manner of her sex. She lausrhed and
said: "No, sir; I did not cry! Two of the
men yielded. The other six were mar
shalled before me and I aimed a rifle at the
leader and ordered 'Pall in! one, two and
he tell into the column. The same policy
brought each one to submission."
I asked ber if she would actually have
"I would!" she said, and her very bine
eyes flashed like an are light "I would
fc&va shot them in their tracks, one by one,
without flinching. It was either authority'
or dea for me, don't you see?"
It is im necessary to say that the enter
prising narrator is quite cosmopolitan in her
language and manners and far from prudish;
but she is also facile and pictorial ot speech,
melodious of voice, and so witty and sell
poised as to be quite capable ot surprising
audacities, whieu make her less conven
tional but more Interesting. She obviously
kuows all of human nature, for a woman
would not be likely to explore savagery till
the had thoroughly exnlored civilization.
I Hue is a solidly ouut, comely woman,
- - '-p.-., . .-- t; i
slightly less than the average height of her
sex, with dainty feet and hands which "she
loves to decorate and which respond sympa
thetically, with an agreeably modulated
voice, brown hair and eyes as blue as indigo
on the whole, rather an attractive per
sonality, and I wonder that some savage
chief didn't seize her for his own and build
for her a "boma."
Come, O, my Muse, Allonsf
O, Franoli with the Sheldon attachment,
Cerulean eyes, golden thatchment,
Gemmed tinners and slipper a-qulver,
And vofco like a soft ruunhu river,
And nose like a princely Egyptian,
And lips that bewilder description
O Sheldon, pel mft me to ask ft.
When erst thou wert slung in thy basket,
Or, wishing the weather were colder, "
Wert tripping.with nun on thy shoulder,
Defiant ot Afiicnn arrow,
Jiom ocean to Kilima-NJaro,
bo fleice when the line was assaulted,
So cool when the caiavan halted,
O, French, with the ligatured Sheldon,
To wlloi we vooiferate "Well Uonel"
in that emiatorlal junirle
Betweet Zantbar and Uwungle,
XDOSed fill tlinf. IniiAeAm. nr-nnaim
With nosts of the coloiea persuasion,
Ho lankee or Briton or Asian.
O, Sheldon, with Frenoh aud the hyphen,
While facln ' the tel-rihln tvnhnn
Why didn't somo cliloftliat was bigger
Jhan others some kin of a nezro
V hst trobble your outfit and make yon
His Queen to the Wahaga take yon.
And huilu, when compliant he found you,
A nieo little 'boma" around votit
O wouldn't he with pride have been jrlddyt
I'm glad ho abstained, but why did he?
W. A. CaorpuT.
WHAT WOJIEW WAKr 10 SHOW.
Dare on Coarse Skin, Dazzling
Kosai nnd Itoand Shoalderm
Of the numerons inquiries sent to Shirley
Dare by readers of The Dispatch, she has
found time to answer the following:
A Sbwickley Girl I am in despair
ahout my nose. It shines so that at times
it is absolutely dazzling. Of course I use
powder, and the luster is dimmed for pei
faaps ten minutes. My nose perspires
dreadfully it is the only part of my face
that does perspire. What can I do?
Use equal parts of pulverized boras and
prepared chalk as a powder. Plaster the
nose with this moistened with glycerine at
night or melt fine castile soap and rub on
the nose nightly. Keep a piece of flannel
to rub the nose frequently instead of pow
dering it by day. Mild purgation and alter
atives are called for and correction of all ir
regularities of health and habits.
Second Can you tell me how to make my
If you have a friend you can trnst, clip
the minute points once a month and apply a
drop of glycerine niehtly with a fine hair
Third How often should a Turkish bath
be faken? Is once a week too often?
Not if one has fair health and strength.
It is often enough tor any one.
Fourth What exercise can I take to keep
my shoulders back? I lean over a desk all
day, and I am afraid I am growing round
shouldered. Throwing the arms back till the hands
touch 40or 50 times daily1 is good. O sit
bolt upright, let the arms hang down easily
with elbows stiff and straight, raise the arms
two feet from the sides and swing them back
till they touch the sides again with the
upper arm, keeping the forearm out This
exercise should be easy and comfortable. If
the palms of the hands are kept uppermost
then the shoulders naturally fall back.
Painful gymnastics are not to be recom
mended tor sedentary, nervous persona
Skipping rope, throwing it backward over
the head, also corrects bent forms, and is the
best of exercise for the whole body. Or go
to the end of a room, face a wall, nnd throw
bean bags backward over the shoulders, 40
or 100 times in succession. Beans are espe
cially healthy when taken in this form. This
is the sort or letter I like to get from a wo
man, who thinks about her habits all round,
and docs not concentrate ber apprehensions
on a few pimples or on her grav bangs.
M. J. I wish you would advise me what
to do for my skin. The pores are coarse.
Some years ago it was only on my nose,
now my forehead and chin arid face around
my nose are all large pores and my face is
very flabby. I have tried steaming it every
day for six months. It brought out a red
rash that did not disappear for three
Hints from just such experiences are in
valuable, proving that there is no specific
mode of treatment for the disorder known
as a bad skin. Massage is not a general im
prover, steaming is not, salves and creams
are not To be of service and safety these
remedial processes must be selected and
used with as much care and knowledge as
goes to the work of a physician. Steaming
the face" is a risky performance, and the
woman who tried 'it daily tor six months
was lucky to get off with an inflammation
that was cured in three. The most
intelligent and experienced French cos
metic artists do not advise the
use of hot steam, as it tends to
make the face wrinkled and bajrgy, just as
the skin of the hands is after soaking in hot
suds and steam over a washing. Wonjen
who intend buying a steam apparatus for
home treatment had better send the money
to starving Russia, for it will do their com
plexions more good and save facial neu
ralgia most likely. The cure for enlarged
pores must be internal, if the improvement
is to be at all lasting. The skin of the lace
is very sensitive, the blood vessels numer
ous, and local irritation predisposes to the
disorder. As ior steam treatment, a woman
might as well apply a mustard plaster
daily for the same length of time 03 the
heated vapor, which draws the blood to the
surface even more powerfully.
Were a specific called for, upon honor, I
should name bread of entire or unbolted
wheat meal. The readiness with which
the disagreeable appearance of the large
glands vanishes when this bread becomes
a fixed diet is delightful. But as it is easier
to live on golden plovers'.egcs than to se
cure a constant supply of good bread, one
must fall back on the established treatment
A hearty purgation to begin. A table
spoonful ot Epsom salts in a small cup of
coffee first thing in the morning or a pill at
night, not a mercurial one. Follow this
with half a teaspoonful of the salts in half
a cup of hot water, with five drops aromatio
sulphuric acid daily for two or three weeks,
to clear the system of its accumulated
wastes. By this' time a coarse nutritious
diet should render such medicines unneces
sary. Hot alkaline baths to stimulate the
skin all over, twice a week if not daily,
tenderloin steak twice a day and sunsnine
every hour will supply nervous energy and
strength. If these are unattainable the
same preparation of iron, strychnia and
quinine must be a poor substitute.
Mrs. W. M. What will make the eye
lashes grow dark and heavy?
An old and very clever book says a decos
tion of dandelion plant and root will restore
this growth, applied nightly. Olive oil is
reported as having a satisfactory effect on
the lashes. Use it six week3, and if the
growth starts, have a discreet friend clip the
tips infinitcsimally. Lauoline might be of
use, as it seems to make hair grow every
where it ought not
M. P. What is eood for a red nose?
The nose is an Index of the state of the
alimentary organs. If inflammation or ul
ceration exist there the nose reddens in sym
pathy. It it comes from a tendency to
erysipelas,poultice with cooked cranberries,
and take sweetened lemonade or cream of
tartar water, drinking a pint in the course
ot tbeday.taking it preferably an hour before
meals. White vitriol the size of a pea dis
solved in a plut ot waim water was recom
mended bv a well-known physician of New
York to a pati-nt with a nose inflamed by
Polly Pe ibody What can I do for my
feet to make them soft They are very
hard and dry and feel uncomtortable?
.patne in water not as tney can Dear,
with a teaspoonful of borax to the pail of.
water, 10 minutes nightly or oftener as con
venient Keep the water hot till the end
of the bath, dry the feet thoroughly and
rub all harsh parts with plenty of vaseline
or any of the petroleum jellies, 'and wear
thin stockings to bed. In a week or two
the skin will be fine, soft and sufficiently
moist Ihe perspiration sometimes cannot
get through the calloused thickened sur
OARSMEN IN COLLEGE.
Walter C. Dohm Tells How the Crews
Of lale and Harvard Tmin.
THEY BEGIN WITH THE NEW YEAR.
General Gymnasinm Work Firat and
MEN WHO WILL ROW THE GREAT RAOE.
nntirrajf ron the dispatcs.i
What would you boys think if beginning
with the 1st day of January you had to go
to school seven times a week? If absence
for even a single day for any other reason
than sickness positively would not be tol
erated? And if the beginning of spring and
summer vacation meant the beginning sim
ply of longer hours and harder work?
Would you not think life not worth living?
And yet this is exactly the sort or thing
to which each year a score of young giants
4he very men who by reason of their physi
cal strength feel the restraint mare than
others submit and submit willingly and
gladly. The school they attend is the gym
nasium; their recitations are held in an
eight-oared shell, and their final examina
tion over a foui-mlle course on the Kiver
Thames at New London, Conn., before a
score of thousand yelling half frenzied spec
tators, who line the river banks, follow on
the water in steamboats and on the shore by
trains and open cars.
Not Much Fnq In the Training,
The work of the athletes in whose hands
lies the boating reputation of Yale and Har
vard begins in earnest immediately after the
Christmas vacation, though for weeks before
the men have been taking preliminary ex
ercise. There are but eight seats for oars
men in each boat, bnt perhaps 50 or 60 can
didates apply for the positions at each
The athletes are first taken to the gymna
sium, where their muscles are hardened by
constant exercise. The "wind" is improved
by running, care being taken of course that
each man is warmly clothed before he starts,
and that he Is well rubbed aud dried before
he resumes his ordinary costume. On Sun
days the discipline is relaxed somewhat and
the men are required to take only long
Then comes the exercise in the impro
vised "rivers" in the gymnasiums. Each
university has a large rowing tank, in
which is fixed the "boat" The water passes
through troughs when the oars besin to
work, and a current is established flowing
around the boat That the resistance offered
by the water to the oars may not be too
great, large boles are cut in the oar blades.
Here the men are taught the primary prin
ciples of rowing. At first the sliding seats
are fastened, and day after day for weeks
the men are "coached" in the correct
method of using the arms and swinging the
They first Cralse in a Heavy Barge.
About the middle of February or the 1st
of March, ontof loor rowing is begun not
in a shell, but in heavy barge. By this
time the three-score candidates have been
reduced to a dozen or 15. First, the men
who show a lack of interest are told they
need train no longer. Then go those who,
though willing, have not the weight and
strength to make them available.
Once on the water the men begin with
a very slow stroke. Individually and by
pairs and by eights the men are taught by
masters of the stroke who come from Bos
ton, New York, Philadelphia and even
Chicago. The stroke is dissected and each
part is explained until the oarsman knows
the stroke from A to Z. Brute force alone
cannot make a boat go at le,ast not fast
enough to win a race and this is dinned
and hammered into the heads of the mm
who want to do all the work with their
muscles, until they forget that they have
such a quality as strength.
From the barge the crew steps into the
lisrht, cranky, paper or cedar shell. Then
the trouble begins anew. In their efforts to
keep the shell from rolling, the men seem
to torget everything they have ever,
learned. Gradually, however, they be
come accustomed to their new seats, and
then the "coachers" go to work to the more
delicate points of the stroke and to teach
the men uniformity in their work, that the
whole eight may row as a single man.
The Time for the Final Choice.
The regular 'varsity crew is selected as
soon as possible. Harvard, particularly,
makes this a point, to decide early upon the
oarsmen who will represent her on the
Thames. It is an open secret that the easy
victory of the crimson over the blue last
summer was due iii a great measure to the
fact that the eight oarsmen who won the
race had been working and rowing together
since the February preceding. Yale's
crew, on the contrary, had not been
definitely chosen to within a month of the
There are many names that will become
familiar to the hoy who reads rowing news
this year. There is urptain "Hob" Cook,
the father of Yale's stroke, who runs up to
New Haven trom mnaueipnia as otten as
possible to give the crew the benefit of his
advice; and when Captain Cook can't be
present, John Rogers and Alfred Cowles,
also ex-captains of the Yale navy, will be
there to carry out Cook's instructions. At
Cambridge tne most familiar names will be
those of "Charley" Adams, "Harry" Keyes
nnd Captain Perkins, of last year's victor
The Captains Are Veritable Qlanti.
Then there are the captains of this year's
crews. Few, even of Yale men, would
recognize, under the name of John Augustus
Hartwell, the athlete who for five years has
been famous on the football field and on the
water as old "Josh" Hartwell. Captain
Hartwell entered college in 1886, when he
was but 16 years old. He lias roid in three
victorious crews, those of 'S8, '89 and '90,
and he played last fall on the football
eleven that defeated the teams of both
Princeton and Harvard. Captain Hartwell
is 6 feet 2 inches tallrand weighs 179
Captain Keiton, of Harvard, though not
so well known to the outside world as Can
tain Hartwell, is every ounce an athlete,
and that means a great deal, when one con
siders his weight of more than 200 pounds.
"Pa" Kelton, as he is known to Harvard
men, is a scholar as well as an athlete, and
when he is graduated this summer he will
be very near the head of his class, though
he has taken his four vears' college course
in three. Walter C. Dohm.
The Oldest Living KnglUh Authors.
Lord Tennyson is the oldestliving En
glish author, his first book having been
published in 1830. Mr. Gladstone comes
next, his pamphlet, "The State in Its Rela
tions With the Church,'' appearing eight
Sen Francisco to Nw York.
J, Edwin Stone, the pedestrian now en
route from San, Francisco to New York,
wrote from Logan, la, on his arrival there:
"Since I hv been on ray walk across the
continent I have suffered greatly trom diar
rhoea through change of water. I was in
duced to try Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera
and Diarrhoea Remedy, and say with pleas
ure that it is an article of merit and has
done all for me that it was represented to
do." Every traveler and every family
should be provided with a bottle of this
remedy. 23 and SO cent bottles for sale by
WHTnllow bedbugs to keep you awake at
night when a bottle of Bngine will destroy
theuiall In half a ininuteT 25 cents.
Cjlbsuba AwmjrGS Don't fall to see them
if you want uwnlnjrs. At Mamaux & Son's,
638 Penq avenue. Tel. 1072. wsu
STuamsMiunnAAlrail nftnlAd anil antnnail-
jaAUOH Si JXaKRAJTi IT 0r 11X001.
AN IMAGINATIVE ROMANCE OF ARCTIC EXPLORATION.
WEITTEN FOB THE DISPATCH
BY HERBERT D. WARD.
fcYNOPSIS OK PREVIOUS CHAPTEB3.
In a sleeplns car Journeying from the VTenl to Chfcaso ore sir chance acqnatntaneesv
Millionaire Vanderlvn. ot Cuieagoi Prof. Wilder, inventor of the Aoropole; Serjeant Will
twfcr, who was wrth Greelvand with Lock-wood on their Polar expedition; Royal Sterne, ft
technical Institute student; Jack Hardy, who is goln into real estate in Chicago, and Fred
eiickBall, an astronomical tutor. Out of a Jesting remark a serious expedition to the
North Pole in Prof. Wilder' airship is arranged. Millionaire Vanderlyn furnishes tho
money. Wilder the conveyance, Wtlltwig the experience, nnd the three yonnger men the
enthusiasm. Jnst as they start officers anlve to serve an injunction on Wilder. Theaction
Is brought by Hennepin, who claims the airship is his invention. After some exciting ex-
Serlences the officers are persuaded to desist. The airship Rets on, and when over Lake
liehUan Sergeant Willtwisremembers that he left his supply of matches in Chicago- Only
a row can be fonnd in the pockets of the explorers and they are preserved as If they wera
sold. Soon a strange, new sickness steals over the party. It is like seasickness, only more
severe. Whilo thev are prostrated by It they narrowly escape dashing against a mountain
top in Canada. All goes well until in tho far north they eipy a ship In the ica and from is
a man is signaling. They throw him some provisions, go on and finally reach the pole.
A 'GHASTLY .BEXDEZVOTJS.
"What a fool!" he gasped as he fever
ishly wrote down crooked figures that
would rank him with the greatest discov
erers of the world. His voice came in
hoarse whispers. The Sergeant supported
him as he spoke.
"That barometer is all right The air i
rarefied, as if we were on a great height,
because " he couched as he went on, "be
cause we are in a partial vacuum caused by
the rotation of the ellipsoid at the Pole.
You see, the currents of the air rise from the
shoulders of the earth.tangent to the earth's
surface. Yet the wind blows." Thus
science and feeling had the usual contest
'You're right! You're right! That's
worth coming up for! That's one problem
solved." The Sergeant tasted the point
of his pencil, and was jubilant for the mo
ment Now the tntor calculated eaeerlv, as it he
were afraid that his strength would not hold
out As it was, he could hardly drag one
foot before the other. Read what befell the
crew of the Jeannette arter the ship was
nipped and sunk, and you will understand
a little of the tutor's condition. At last, he
looked up with a wan smile.
"I make it just 876 feet W. N. W. from
where I sit I think I will be able to get
there." , ,
With infinite care they measured the
space between them and the mystic goal of
their journey. A strange exhilaration ani
mated, the tutor. He tried to burst into a
college song, but his vocal cords only uttered
Only a hundred feet more! The Sergeant
took from bis breast, with the hand that
was not supporting his companion, aUhited
States flag, and solemnly regarded it Fifty
feet morel They halted. Even in that
dreadlul temoerature perspiration oozed
from the faces of both.
"My country, 'tis of thee," sang the
tutor. At the end of the first line his voice
hushed into a sob. Ten feet morel Before
them was the pole. They stopped and
stared. The first human eves that ever
looked upon the dream, the despair and the
murderer of thousands gazed at it sternly,
and then at each other. The tntor would
have fallen had he not been held in strong
and tender arms.
Before them lay the North Polel
Then the commander of the Polar expe
dition took the flag and fastened it to the
head of the staff. Ho took from his belt his
ice-pick to make a hole, and cut blocks of
ice and snow to prop the pole up. For ten
minutes he dug powerfully. The tutor,
leaning upon one arm, watched him as if
hypnotized. With the other hand he fum
bled beneath folds of fur. After several
futile nttemnts he brousht out a book.
"What's that?" asked the digcer resting.
"It's only a prayer book one I happened
to have. Pat it under the flag-staff when
yon plant it It'll make a good foundation
for it, if you dont mind." The young man
fell back exhausted.
"All right!" said the Sergeant. He conld
find no more words. He bent to his work,
to hide the fact that he was unmanned.
"Good God!" cried the Sergeant, sudden
ly starting back. "What's this?" he
shrieked. His eyes glared with terror, and,
with the fear of his being suddenly stricken
mad, he sought the tutor for confirmation?
no, for denial.
"What is it? Speak!" cried the tutor,
starting up like a corpse galvanized.
"My God! I dare not look again. It's a
Fearing that the final excitement had
actually curdled a steady bead into insanity,
the tutor jumped up and bent before the
shallow hole. Beneath the translucent ice
and snow, embalmed and lifelike, a hand
stretched itelf outto him. A finger al
most touched the air.
Impossible! Not here! They stared at
each other. Tbey laughed hysterically. One
of them cursed his senses. Nay, they de
ceived not There lay a hand perhaps at
tached to a body to an explorer. Can It
be to another, a previous discoverer of the
Pole? Yes, even so! Human ambition
bent before the ghastly remains. There is
nothing nen; nothing undone under the
Two hours of superhuman work laid the
chipped body entirely to view. The life
like, emaciated face of a man mocked at the
futility of their achievement. It seemed as
(rhe bad breathed only a minute before. A
sardonic smile still distorted the mouth, as
if it had prophesied this denouement He
might have lain there ten years, a hundred
years, or ten thousand. Men have eaten
with relish the meat of a mastodon dead
3,000 years. Compared with this corpse4the
mummy of a Pharaoh is a caricature of the
human race. The one is a revolting sketch
in tan bark; the other lay belore the as
tounded explorers, almost palpitating in his
own flesh and blood. He looked as if a cab
alistio word would raise him to life. But he
was as hard as flint
That he died of starvation and cold was
evident. His shoes were only a few tattered
sl.ina partly gnawed. His attitude indicaU
ed a final yielding to a forlorn struggle. One
hand was bent at his breast and evidently
clutched at soniethinc.
The sergeant tugged at It It broke off
.like a stalagmite. He drew the arm out
and tore open the tattered garments. There,
came forth 'a British flag I
This was more than the, patriot conld
Tho incarnation of AjMrigaa amduj-.
A Stanliyg IHtJOvr!.
ance, doggedness and maenificent push
staggered before the emblem of British
pluck. To find another man before you was
not so bad, but to be superseded by a rival
nation this was not to bo endured.
The Sergeant now acted like a madman.
He cursed the flag, the man, his luck and
tne evil star that presided at his birth
Then, beside himself, forgetting his sense of
honor, he began lo wrench the flag to pieces.
Who knew of it? The only witness to his
defeat lay frozen before him. None should
Bnt the tutor touched his arm. "No," he
said, gently. "We mnst not, we cannot,"
and he took the obnoxious flag from tha
Sergeant's tense fingers. Aj he did so a
paper fell heavily to the snow. It had evi
dently been carefully folded in the flax for
preservation. It was the log of the ill-fated
man, written in lead pencil With tre
mendous difficulty the exolorers deciphered
the tortuous scrawl of a numb hand.
"1821, September. Am sole survivor of 28
men ot Franklin expedition. Franklin
dead, No hope of rescue. Had to die any
way. We marched, to the north to die as
near the pole as possible. Last observa
tion at 82 28' 26 days ago. I- " Even as
he had written, the torpor had reached his
arm, and after thrusting this missive of nn-
J7n Tutor's Effor'.
paralleled heroism into this flag which, aa
sole survivor, he carried upon his heart, he
But what diabolical agent brought this
man here, then? If the last observation
was made at the eighty-second degree, how
could this starved and frozen creature make
his way from thence, nearly 480 miles? It
was a monstrous impossibility.
Such thoughts demanded an answer; and
the two dumfounded men demanded a solu
tion from each other. They glared at tha
dead face, but it rendered no account of Its
grewsome presence. Then, to cap tha
climax of this day, the Sergeant sat down
and cried, like a man shaken with a terri
ble sorrow, or like a woman relieved from
an awful anxiety.
"Oh oh!" he sobbed In broken tones,
"it's all right. Of course he's here."
"Ho?" stammered the tntor, looking
for all the world like the dead man. In
glassiness of color.
"Thank God! Oh "h he didn't comet
He drifted! He just happened here!"
This scientific and simple solution re
lieved the amour-propre and the madden
ing distress of the explorer so suddenly, so
utterly, that the great sobs came as a bless
ing. "We can raise our own flag, anyway,"
remarked the youns man. Sergeant
Willtwis did not notice how feebiv the
words were spoken. He only thought of
the honor of taking possession of the land
and of doing it honorably.
"When will it emerze between Spits
bergen and Nova Zembla?" mused the Ser
geant as he raised the pole.
"I think the English flag ought to float
there, too," observed the tutor. "It got
"But it wasn't its fault" The Sergeant
glanced at the pleading eves of his com
panion. They looked as if they belonged
to a body translated. "It shall fly below,"
he added. Relnetantlv he tied the British
flag to the halyard aud made ready to raise
it The tutor struggled to his feet and
stood before the flags. For a moment both
removed their fur caps and bowed their
heads before the emblem ot their nation,
placed on the proudest eminence in the
The beautiful Stars and Stripes floated
fair and free above their heads.
"Can't it go a little higher?" urged the
tutor In a whisper, pointing to the British
flag. "Somehow I think it deserves it,"
faltered the shattered man. Mumbling a
little reluctantly, as if it detracted from his
glory, the Sergeant raised the under flag
-s :S- sfeSM
"There! that's enough!? he growled. "Oh,
my boy I we haven't eaten tor five hours.
Come! let me carry yon back. What have
I been doing?" Remorse smote him too
late; he saw the anguish of death in the
'Not yet," he breathed.
Crawling even upon his knees, the gen
erous youth, with a last effort, stood np and
raised' the undermost ensign until it floated
on an equality with its conquering rival.
The Sergeant look at him helplessly. This
act killed the boy. He cast into the face of
the Sergeant an imploring, a commanding,
a loving look, tried to speak again, and
passed, like hundreds of Arctic heroes,
softly into the other world.
As be breathed his last, the most beauti
ful phenomenon of nature saluted his
marchins soul. Ahout the sun, two other
suns of marvelous radiance were seen to
shine. They glowed in the colors of the
blue, the yellow and the orange. Their
iridescent rays kissed the face which soon,
n. its eternal tomb on the neighboring
Island, would never know change and de
cay. With bowed head the bereaved man, now
the loneliest man in the world, set bis back
upon the dead hero, upon the triumphant
flass, bis face against the glittering par-
hell on, and (aught, with broken steps, his
hut of ice.
IT0 ft OuMmma, An
J I t
f .... 1
' . ) . ' i ' 4.Ai,J ,3L
lv c .jfitAi.. -s! 2L,J?i JfcrtMU A j. la'.-JL'sU .. t . 1i t i Ini i n ' ,' ?n 1 "TfSraff fcitfn '-iValfcAfljlSrn i iTifl1 nMTff tt.t . A..fcfcrt. j4"nv a . - BSHBHSByflllHWJkSBMaBP