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Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, July 07, 1892, Image 2

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the oddly assorted spectators turn their at
tention to the disconsolate Pinkertons.
ISnrstInc of the Threatened Storm.
As the procession was formine the people
fell slowly back, and for an instant it looked
as though there would be little or no
trouble. But when the advance guard of
100 dust-stained Homestead men shouldered
their guns and the prisoners picked up their
battered luggage and mechanically fell into
line, the long threatening storm burst.
Over -the railroad tracks the
procession moved with. measured
steps. It made its weary way
between the towering red walls of the de
serted mills surrounded on every side by a
howling, cheering mob of frantic humanity.
The Pinkertons marched in single file, and
on either side of each man was an armed
guard. At first the mob devoted its
energies to jeering and hooting the captives,
but long before the outer ramparts of the
works were reached the air was thick
iiNMplpI 3 fluff
WtK'B r may ft -5- tG'tflln I
i.. i&i
W "YfVfV.-' J
Proclamations Didn't Count.
with stones and debris hurled by the mad
dened populace. In their eagerness to do
physical damage to the prisoners the
workers lost sight of the fact that hundreds
of their own men were exposed. Several of
the guardsmen were struck by the flying
missiles, but the general aim of the fast
growing multitude was accurate.
fet:ndins in " Ttaln of Stones.
In the beginning the dazed Pinkertons
made no attempt to defend themselves.
They did their best to dodge the stones but
even before tliey reached the outer gate
their bodies were covered with bruises and
wounds. "When this pageant arrived at the
gate directs opposite the railway station at
Munhall it paused in its journey to allow a
a long lreight train to tiass. This interrup
tion lasted only a few moments but it mnst
have seemed an hour to the wretched pris
oners. At last the final car rumbled past
and the journey was resumed.
Over the Pittsburg, Virginia and Charles
ton tracks they stumbled, then down the
sloping side of the roadbed into the little
gullv at the side of the station. At this
juncture one of the prisoners dropped a big
yellow valise from sheer nervousness. The
mob pounced upon it like a pack of hungry
wolves. Thev severed the flimsy lock and
in less time than it takes to describe it the
valise was opened and its contents scattered
in the dust A big red-faced man picked I
up a frefhlv-laundried shirt and waved it
itinHriAn cTiita4 Yirt irofAl i 1
oer his head. Thousands of inflamed eyes
caught a glimpse of the shirt, and then as if
by arrangement a dozen grips and bundles
were wrested from the prisoners.
The Air Filled With Underwear.
Soon the air was filled with all sorts and
conditions of underwear and clothing. This
nique episode tickled the people, and for
-Sit one diverted their attention from the
privftgers. During the brief breathing
?lel.?lhe guards moed closer to their cap
t:veand the gaps in the long column were
cl&scd up. Just beyond Munhall station
the road takes a sudden bend.
When the leaders turned the bend they
were confronted by a veritable wall of
excited humanity. In the front ranks of
this new and unexpected obstacle were a
group of women armed with brooms and
dubs. It looked then as though no human
power could prevent a collision. But
thanks to the quick wit of one of the lead
ers the danger was averted and what bid
fair to be a bloody tragedy was trans
formed into a comedy. It happened this
One woman, who appeared to be the
queen of the battle, raised her broom, and
iu a thrill voice said: "Where are the dirty
blacksheep? Let's have them, boys." At
this critical juncture the leader shouted in
a voice so loud that it could be heard by
all, despite the din and confusion: "Why,
my good woman, we want our shirts laun
dried and we are going to make these
tramps do the job at cut rates."
Ulade Way for the Procession.
This rough joke was cheered to the echo
and by good luck changed the fickle humor
of the mob. "Make way for us," com
manded the joker, and strange to relate the
women obeyed. Slowly and reluctantly
the people crowded up against the high
whitewashed fence of the company and in
the narrow lane the column advanced.
Thus with bowed heads and laggard steps
the Pinkertons marched on. They did not
dare to even glance at the stem white faces
and graining eyes of their victors and
although the road was rough and their bur
dens heavy they made no sign.
At the intersection of Heisel street and
Eighth avenue there is a hill. At the foot
of the hill and fronting on the avenue is the
big brick hall in the top story of which is
located the headquarters of the workers.
This afternoon the headquarters were
closed, but from one of the open windows
extended a long pole from which hnng a
large American flag. When the column
reached the crest of the hill those in the
front ranks looked down into a veritable
sea of 6tormy humanity. More than a
thousand determined looking men and pale
faced, talkative women were passed on
either side of the avenue.
An Ancry Crowd Waiting for Revenge.
This human gauntlet was at least a
quarter of a mile long and extended from the
brow of the lull to McClure street, a
distance of several city squares. For fully
an hour these men and women had stood
and waited for the captives, and, as a
natural sequence they were in no pleasant
humor. Great clouds of yellow dnst heralded
the advancing column. Over the hill they
came, this motley company. There was a
moment of perfect silence as solemn as it
was portentious and mighty cheers with a
perfect war of hisses and cat calls followed,
The line never faltered. The
leaders knew that human gauntlet
must be passed, come what would, and
wisely decided that the best plan was to
pioceed with all "possible speed. The
armed escort met with an ovation, and the
first batch of prisoners, who were at the
very heels of the rear ranks, managed to es
cape the attention of the crowd. But for
the long line of bleeding men that followed
them the conditions were not so pleasant.
A tall, handsome woman in a blue calico
gown began the trouble by throwing a
handful of dust right in the eyes of one of
the prisoners. The man stopped in his
tracks and uttered a groan of agony.
".My God, I'm blinded," he moaned.
A i oman Knocks a Man Down.
"Serves you right, you dirty cur," re
plied his fair assailant as she pulled from
the pocket of her gown a bit of jagged
stone and hurled it with crushing force at
i iiu w.iift ii? x " rim in ens
m :!.
the suffering man. The stone struck him
in the month, and although he was six feet
tall and weighed at least 200 pounds he tell
face downward on the road. Two of the
guards raised him io his feet and led him
away. This man was badly hurt, the blood
gushing from an ugly wound in his right
cheek and tour of his teeth were shattered.
Mere words cannot describe the scene that
followed. Despite the pleading of the
guards and the protests of a fewconservatlve
men, the mob vented its spleen on the dazed
and wounded prisoners. Men were knocked
down, pounded with clubs, stones, and
wonfen spat in their faces and tore their
clothing, amid screams, cheers and hisses.
It was a perfect pandemonium. Most of
the men assaulted were blgaf bone and had
filenty of muscle, but they were as infants
n the hands of their frenzied assailants.
They pleaded for mercy, but, alas! none was
The Assailants Were Foreigners.
It was plain to everybody that the mad,
blood-thirsting multitude was not composed
of the Homestead men who had, at the risk
of their lives, fought a battle on the river
front early in the day, but consisted, for
the most part, of rough, unthinking for
eigners. And the saddest part of it all was
that all this horrible brutality occurred
under the folds of that great flag hanging
Jrom the window.
It is meet and proper to say right here
that the genuine workiugmen and their
plucky leaders did all in their power to pro
tect their wretched prisoners, and had it
not been for their tremendous exer
tions, many a Pinkerton man would be cold
in death to-nisrht.
At last, alter a long time it seemed an
age bat was really 4G minutes the last
prisoner had passed throngh that nerve
straining ordeal and was hurried down the
avenue. Then with a shout the mob dis
5a To at I-ast In the Building.
Once they had passed the flag-decked hall
the captives found it a comparatively easy
journey. To be sure they were subjected
to all manner of insults and suffered sundry
kicks and bruises, but compared to what
they had undergone these experiences were
of small moment.
The column moved down Eighth avenue
to a small side street which leads to the
big frame building. The Pinkerton men
were hurried through across the threshhold
and then the great door closed with a bang,
the big Key turned in the lock and that
tragic parade through Homestead streets
was over. For a time at least the invaders
were out of harm's way, and this mot dis
graceful incident of what has proved an
awiul dav was closed.
He Does Not Care to Talk Secretary Love
Joy Deplores the Conflict Why the
I'iukertons Were 'ot Rescued Official
Statement From the Firm.
The officials of the Carnegie Steel Com
pany were very reticient last evening and
would say little or nothing concerning the
Homestead trouble. Secretary Lovejoy,
when asked if the company wonld take any
action now that the situation had reached
such an extreme, said: "No, we will take
no action whatever. Our property is at
present in the hands of the Sheriff and we
will do nothing at all until the Homestead
works are again placed in our possession.
AVe naturally deplore that the affair has at
tained such appalling proportions.
v"J" .f"-,"" ?
General Manager a. u. .tries coma not
. K . . . .
would mate no statement whatever. After
the train bearing some of the Pinkerton de
tectives had arrived in the city three of the
Pinkertons made their way to the office of
the Carnegie Steel Company. What they
had to say, however, could not be learned
as they were immediately taken into a pri
vate room and closeted for some time with
H. C Prick, P. L. F. Lovejoy and other
officials of the company.
Conld Not Hire Towbnats.
The Secretary of the Carnegie Steel Com
pany was asked late last night:
"Why wai no help sent to the barges
at Homestead so the men ne"ed not sur
render?" "Everything was done that could be
done. The Little Bill went up to Port
Perry with the wounded men. There
was nobody on the boat but
Captain Rogers, one Pinkerton man named
Robinson, the captain of the boat and the
erew as they came back. They were to tow
the barges away and render what aid was
needed. They were fired upon and the boat
was riddled. One of the watchmen named
named John McCurry was shot, and the men
had to run the boat for a hiding place.
They came to Pittsburg, where the condition
of the boat shows what sort of usage she re
ceived." "Why did you not send another boat up
"For the good and sufficient reason that
we could not get one. We offered 510,000
to any captain or owner who would take a
boat to Homestead and bring the barges to
the city. We could not get a man. "We
sent word to a number of men. They said
it would be going to almost certain death
and no amount of money would tempt them.
The company has had all the men wounded
in its service sent to the hospitals and they
will have the best of care at our expense.
AVe have received little or no information
since about half past five o'clock, when
direct communication ceased after Mr.
Childs left"
Carnegie Company's Official Statement.
The management of the Carnegie Com
pany last night issued the following state
ment: Our Homestead Steel Works were, on July
1, taken possession of by a mob, which was
immediately thereafter organized by the lo
cal representatives of the Amalgamated
Association of Iron and Steel Workers, and
all our mechanics, mill men, and even fore
men and supeilntendents or departments,
were forcibly denied admission thereto. Wo
weie also notified by a self-styled advisory
committee that no Ores would be permitted
at the works, lest the men become excited
to further unlawful acts. This continued
until 'estcrday, when we called upon the
jsherifTof Allegheny County fop protection
and assistance in regaining possession of
our property.
The Sheriff went to Homestead, and on
on his return sent deputies to the works,
and posted a pioclamatlon ordering the
men to disperse. His deputies were routed
and his proclamation torn down. The Sher
iff then, through his chief deputy, nttemp -ed
to take 3J0 of our watchmen, who w ere
sent to the works by boat last night. These
men were met more than a mile below the
works by an armed mob of Amalgamated
men, who followed along the river bank and
fired rifles and revolvers at the boats. Tills
shooting was continuous for 25 minutes be
fore one shot was returned from the boats,
which was not until the boats were tied up
at our landing.
On the arrival of the boats the mob tore
down a large portion of the fence about the
works, and filled the bluffabove the landing,
keeping up a continuous fire, and wound
ing three of our watchman. Then, and not
until then, was the file returned, resulting,
w e are ad vised, in some loss of llle. The
mob was so large as to prevent the landing
of the guards, who are at this time on the
boats, u waiting orders from tho authorities.
We are not taking any active part in the
matter at present, ns we cannot interfere
with the Sherlffin the discharge of his duty,
and are now awaiting his further action.
A Worker Killed anile Waved a Loaf of
Bread tit the Pinkertons.
A sad story is told of the shooting of
Feres, the Hungarian. As the Little Bill
came down at 10:30 o'clock yesterday morn
ing, Feres rose from his shelter with a loaf
of bread which he shook at the boat ex
claiming "you cannot take this from our
mouths." He was shot from the barge, a
ball entering his mouth and coming out at
the back of his head.
rattison Says AH I Quiet
Hakrisbobg, July 6. Governor Patti
son said at 10:30 to-night that his latest ad
vices from Homestead indicated that all is
quiet. A private telegram from Colonel
Connelly, at Pittsburg, stated that a peace
ful solution of the difficulty is now probable.
Ions List of the Victims of
Tragedy at the Home
stead Steel "Works.
Large Knmber of Persons Wounded,
Many of Them Seriously.
Coroner JIcPoTrell Will Make a Searching
Coroner McDowell will make a thorough
and impartial investigation of the causes of
death before an inquest is held over the
bodies of the men who were killed yester
day at Homestead.
Two bodies, those of one striker and one
Pinkerton, arrived at the morgue yesterday
afternoon, but Coroner McDowell was
obliged to go to Homestead in the evening
in order to view the other bodies. He in
stituted a partial investigation, but found it
was very difficult to obtain information
owing to the state of confusion.
The jury to be impanneled will consist of
citizens of Pittsburg and Alleghenv who
are neither members of labor organizations
nor prominent capitalists, thus insuring a
true and impartial verdict to be rendered
without prejudice for or against either
The remains of the two bodies now at the
morgue have been properly enbalmed and
the Pinkerton guard wilL no do ubt be
shipped to Chicago, the Coroner having re
ceived a telegram from W. A. Pinkerton to
the effect that he would advise later in re
gard to disposition of remains.
The other victim, Joseph Sappa, evidently
one of the strikers will be held for further
identification. The remains of the other
five, now at Homestead, have been prepared
for burial at their respective homes. The
time and place for interment not yet being
The List or the Dead.
Following are the names of the dead on
both sides, so far as yet reported:
J. W. KLIXE, a Pinkerton, of Chicago, was
shot through the head. lie was 35 years
old, heavy-set, weighing about 180 pounds,
and had a heavy mustache.
JOSEPH SAPPA, a striker of Homestead,
was shot in the left knee and died from tho
effects of tho wound in the Mercy Hos
pital. He was 10 years old and a native of
Austria, being about 5 feet 10 inches high
and dark complexioned with dark hairand
PETEK POKEIS, aged 25, and single, a
laborer at open hearth furnace, was shot
in tho mouth.
SILAS WAIN, aged 25 and single, had his
head shot off with a cannon ball, fired
fioni the other side of the river, while
standing with his brother in the steel
yard. He lived with his parents in Home
stead. JOHN E. MORRIS, aged 28, ancla worker on
rolls in steel works, was standing near the
pump house, when a rifle ball struck hlin
in the head. He fell Into a Alton about 10
feot deep and was terribly mangled.
HENRY ST1EGEL, aged 19, and a driver for
PierA DannaU, was standing in Dr. Vogle
man's yard, when a rifle ball struck Mm
in tho left side of the neok.
Shot Himself by Accident.
THOMAS WELDON, aged 30 and married,
was killed by the accidental discharge of a
rifle in his own hands. After tho Pinker
ton men had surrendered and left the
barges, the strikers rushed onto them to
seize the guns. Weldon pieked up a rifle
and attempted to smash it when it dis
charged, the bail taking effect in his abdd
mon. EDWARD CONNORS, 40 years old, who
lived on Montgomery street. New York,
and was one of the Pinkerton detectives.
He was shot through the left arm above
the elbow, and the wound was not neces
sarily dangerous, but fiom lack of medical
attention, having been IS hours on the boat
without attention, he died from loss of
blood and fever at 11:20 last night. It is
said he had been 36 hours without food.
The list of the wounded in the city hos
pitals at 11:30 was as follows:
Homeopathic Tlogplta'.
CAPTAIN FEED W. HINDE, of the Pinker
ton detectives; age 41 years, residence'
Now York; bullet wound in lelt leg, the
ball having penetrated the leg and was
found in the wounded man's right leg.
above the knee; bullet extracted; wound
not dangerous. v
GEOEGE nr.'EOTTEK, age 46 years, resi
dence Homestead, was a mill worker and
a member of U. V. L.; bullet penetrated
the right thigh at the trochanter, shattor
ingit to pieces, and without entering tho
abdominal cavity, a most miraculous
thing; came out just in the middle of the
abdominal wall and In the middle of the
pelvis. The bullet was found just under
the surface of the skin. The wound is not
considered especially dangerous.
West Inn Hospital.
CHARLES SNOTHEAN, aged 28 years, resi
dence Chicago, Pinkerton detective; in
jured while getting off the boat after the
surrender by falling over a board pile; not
E. K. SPEEK, age 40 years, resident of Chi
cago; Lieutenant of Pinkerton De
tectives; bullet wound in calf of right leg,
by accident, by one of bis own men; not
JOHN E. KEBBNEIiL, age 33 years, home,
New York; Pinkerton detective, shot
through hand and had a scalp wound. The
patient left the hospital after his injuries
were dressed.
PATRICK GROW, age 40 years, home Chi
cago: Pinkerton detective; flesh wound in
forehead and wound In left side, the bullet
passing around the back under the skin
and extracted from the right side; not
considered dangerous.
EDWARD McQOVERN, ago 33 years, home
Philadelphia, Pinkerton detective; shot
throngh calf of left leg, and from lack of
attention is in a dangerous condition.
Mercy Hospital.
MILES LOUGHRAN, aged 24, mill -worker,
residence, Homestead: bullet wound in
loft leg, bone fractured and leg will have
to be amputated; not considered danger
ous. Sonthslde Hospital.
JOSEPH ZSIBO. 27 years old, mill worker,
residence Homestead: bullet wound in left
thigh; bullet extracted and condition not
considered dangerous.
Allegheny General Hospital.
JOHN 3ICCTJRRY, ago C4 years; home,
James street, Allegheny: was boatman on
the steamer "Little Bill;" bullet wound in
abdomen considered very dangerous,
but the patient was resting easy
last night. Tho wounded man Is tho uncle
of Sergeant McCurry, of the Thirty-sixth
ward station, and. Councilman McCurry,
of the Twenty-eighth ward.
The imprisoned Pinkertons say that
seven of their men were killed outright and
11 wounded. They believe several dead
men were thrown off the Little Bill into the
A Watchman Said He Had No Idea the
Barges Were Going to Homestead He
Kept From Being Shot at by Disem
barking at Fort Perry.
One of those hired to watch the barges in
Manchester told an interesting story last
night. His name is Claire and he lives on
Sixth avenue. He was engaged as night
watchman and commenced work last Thurs
day evening. He said he was hired to
watch the barges Iron Mountain and
Monongahela and understood his trip was
to the new Beaver dam.
''I was hired by Captain Eodgers, who
was thought to own the boat, and felt confi
dent that the service I was engaged for was
at the new Beaver dam."
Mr. Claire, being asked how far down the
river he went, replied, to Davis Island dam.
Ho stated his boat laid there for a couple of
hours. A Ft, Wayne train stopped and its
passengers, who were loaded on the barges
lie said, were the men to take the place of
the Homestead employes. When Claire
understood the situation he demanded to
leave the boat, but its commander
stated they were hired to do Government
work at "Baden, and that the channel
at that point was to be cleared of rock. Mr.
Claire stated ne was to receive 52 per day
and all the crew were hired at the same
rate. There was seven on this boat and the
watch was divided into two crews.
Mr. Claire stated that when he saw the
loading of the barges completed,.he consid
ered his disembarkation a necessity, and
"hen the boat arrived at Port Perry he
left it, and taking the first train arrived in
Pittsburgh to read of its final landing in
the morning papers.
Odd Fellows Will Condnct the Last Seniors
This Afternoon.
At norfa copies of the following notice
were posted at the depots and other con
spicuous fclaces at Homestead:
L O. O. F.
llembdrs of Meisrdale Lodge. No. 991.
I. O. O. IF., are requested to meet In their
lodge room at 2 o'clock p. M. July 7, 1S92, to
attend the funeral of onrlate brother, John
E. Moriis. members of all sister lodges are
respectfully requested to meet with us.
I x. J. BTROUir, touie urano.
Owen S. Swisher, Secretary.
A Te'Jegram to Worklncmnn From
ton, N. C Official.
The following telegram was received last
evening by Mr. Will Boss, of this city:
! Wikstos, N. C., July 6, 189i-
WlUEoss, Pittsburg:
To the worklri'innn of Plttsbunr: The
sympathies of the working men ot Winston,
Jr. O. U. A. M.. J. W. Bradford.
dhiI or Police.
To Aid the Sheriff in Queu
ing the Distnrhances
at Homestead.
An Individual Summons Is Served
Upon Many Prominent Men.
He Insists That Civil Authorities Hake
Further Efforts.
Sherifi McCleary last evening issued the
following proclamation:
All good citizens are hereby summoned to
appear at the Sheriff's office to-morrow
(Thursday) morning at 0 o'clock with arms
and subsistence to aid the Sheriff in sap
pressing the riot now in progress at Home
stead. William H. McCleakt, Sheriff.
JCLT6, 1892.
This proclamation was exhibited in pub
lic places throughout the city, while an.
other call similar to this was printed upon
small blanks and addressed to citizens. The
second call read exactly like the
first, except that it begau with "You
are hereby summoned," instead of
"All good citizens are hereby summoned."
These were sent to various responsible male
residents of the county. The list of the
lucky or unlucky men could not be obtained,
but it is estimated that from 1,000 to 2,000
individual calls were sent out.
Hush to the Sheriff's Ofllc.
When Sheriff McCleary reached his office
in the Court House yesterday morning and
learned of the engagement between the
Pinkerton detectives and the workmen at
Homestead, he was for a moment com
pletely overwhelmed. He had been
in the office scarcely ten minutes
when visitors began flocking in,
either to offer advice or learn
what move the Sheriff would make. Among
the first to call on Sheriff" McClearv were
Judge W. D. Porter, Senators William
Flinn and John Neeb, C. L. Magee, W. A.
Magee, District Attorney Burleigh, Samuel
Wakeknight and Lawyers P. C. Knox and
E. B. Petty, and Hon. James H. Keed.
Most all of Sheriff McClearv's callers
made a long stay and in less time
than it takes to tell it the room
was crowded with a throng of men
who seemed intent upon discussing
the various phases of the Homestead
situation. About 10 o'clock President
William Weihe, of the Amalgamated Asso
ciation, entered. Mr. Weihe's appearance
changed the aspect of affairs somewhat, for
when he approached the Sheriff the latter
immediately conducted him to a private
room, to which Hon. James H. Beed, P. C.
Knox, E. B. Petty, the Sheriff's attorney,
C. jL. Magee and several others were ad
mitted. This was the first conference in the
Sheriff's office, but all through the day sub
sea uentlv conference after conference was
Fruitless Conference With the Carnegles.
It was decided at the first meeting in the
Sheriff's office to send to the officials of the
Carnegie Steel Company and see if some
sort ot a settlement could not be effected
from that source. Mr. Petty, who
was delegated to go to the of
fice of the Carnegie Steel Company,
returned from a consultation with General
Manager Frick and Lawyers Knox and
Keed, however, and when asked about the
result of the discussion intimated that it
had been fruitless.
Sheriff McCleary, after consultation with
Judge Ewing and his counsel, K. B. Petty,
decided to wire. Governor Pattison. The
following telegram was sent:
Governor Robert E. FattUon:
Situation at Homestead is very grave. My
deputies were driven lroin tho ground and
watchmen sent by mill owifers attacked.
Shots wore exchanged and some men killed
and wounded. Unless prompt measures are
taken to prevent it, further bloodshed and
great destruction of property may be ex
pected. The striking workmen and their friends
on the ground number at least 5,000, and tho
civil authorities are utterly unable to cope
with them. Wish you would send instruc
tions at once. W. H. AIcClkart.
After sending this message the Sheriff
turned to his friends and said: "I believe
it would be suieide for me to take my men
to Homestead. We conld not begin to
cope with those 5,000 workmen, and I will
do nothing till I hear from the Gov
ernor. I expect a reply soon
and will then know what to do."
If the Sheriff was entirely in the dark,
however, he wai much worse off when the
Governor's reply was received. It stated
that Governor Pattison would not interfere
nutil the Sherifi had exhausted all means in
his power.
President Weihe Visits Homrstead.
About this time President William
Weihe, of the Amalgamated Association,
learning that the conference with the Car
negie Steel company, had resulted in noth
ing, declared his intention ot going to
Homestead on the 10 o'clock train to see if
he could not -do something to pacify tho
locked out men. Iu this determination he
was seconded by Sheriff McCleary.
The next telegram sent to the Governor
from Sheriff McCleary read as follows:
Governor P.obert E. Pattison. Harrlsburg:
Tho works at Homestead are in possession
of an armed mob. They number thousands.
The mill owners this morning attempted to
and a number of watchmen, when an at
ack was , made on the boats, and six me n
on the boats were badly wounded. A
number of men on shore were killed and
wounded. How many cannot say. Tho boat
later came down and was flied on from,
shore, and the pilot compelled to abandon
pilot bouse. I have no means at my com
mand to meet emergency. A large armed
force will bo required. Any delay may lead
to further bloodshed and .great destruction
of property. Ton are therefore urged to act
at once. W. 11. McCleary, Sheriff.
Hardly had the ink dried upon the mes
sage when Sheriff McCleary as if inpired
by a sudden thought, caught up his pen and
acain began to write. When he had finished
he exhibited the following:
PiTTSBcno, Pa., July 7, 1802.
Yon are hereby requested to close your
saloon or liquor house until the present dis
order in Homestead and illflliu township
William H. WcClkahv, Sheriff.
A Third Appeal for Aid.
The reply of the Governor to the Sheriff's
second message was similar to the first, ad
vising him to exhaust all means in his
power first. At 2:30 o'clock the Sheriff sent
a third message, which read:
After a personal visit to the Homestead
woilts yesterday morning and careful in
quiry as to the suiroundinzs Iendeavmed
to gather a force to guard the works, but wn s
unable to obtain anv. I then sent 12 depu
ties, almost my entire force, to Homestead,
but they were driven from the grounds. The
mill owners early this morning sent
an armed guard ot 300 men by river. Boats
containing this guard were fired on while on
their way up the river, and when they at
tempted to land at tho company's
grounds were met by an armed mob
which had taken down the company's
lences and taken possession of the landing.
An encounter, in which a number were
wounded, took place. Several are report
ed dead. The Coroner has just Informed
mo that one of the guaids has just died.
The guards have not been able to
land, nnd the works are In posses
sion of the mob, who are armed
with rifles and pistols and are reported to
have one cannon. Tho cuards remain on
the barges near the landing, having been
abandoned bv the steamer which towed
them there. The civil authorities here are
powerless to meet the situation. An armed
and disciplined force is needed at onco to
prevent further lossof life. I therefore urgo
immediate action on your pare.
The Governor replied as follows:
Your telegram indicates, that you have not
made any attempt to execute the law to en
force order, and I must insist on you calling
npon the citizens for an adequate number
of deputies.
Besides the telegrams from the Sheriff
numerous private telegrams were also re
ceived by the Governor, some advising him
to call out troops and others counseling a
more conservative course. Two or three
prominent citizens of Pittsburg intimated
in confidential messages to the Governor
that the local authorities had not exhausted
their resources to preserve the peace
and that before extreme measures are taken
it would be well for him to visit Home
stead. Governor Pattison said last evening
that he did not contemplate any further
action at present In his opinion Sheriff
McCleary has not done all that it was pos
sible to do to maintain good order and he
was not disposed to interfere with the
military until every civil means had been
At 4:30 o'clock, when Governor Pattison's
last message was received. Sheriff McCleary
determined to follow the Governor's advice
and exhaust every means in his power. It
was then he concluded to make the indi
vidual call, and he detailed several men to
address envelopes to private citizens con
taining the following summons:
Mr. : Ton are hereby summoned to ap
pear at Sheriff's office to-.inonow(Thursdav)
morning at!) o'clock, with arms and sub
sistence, to aid the Sheriff in suppressing
riot now in progress at Homestead.
Wx. H. McCleary, Sheriff.
PrrrsBtJRO, July 6, 1S93.
Calling Upon Prominent Men.
Chief Clerk Marshall, of the Sheriff's of
fice, use used no particular system in secur
ing the names of citizens to which the above
call was addressed. He simply utilized a
city directory, but the name's beginning
with A. B and C were the ones that suffered
most. The summonses were filled in with
the names of persons known to the Sheriff,
including some of the most prominent citi
zens, business men, attorneys and others.
They were given to four deputies to serve.
The Sheriff has the power to commit
to jail any one refusing to serve.
Among those called upon to serve were O.
P. Scaife and Senator William Flinn.
Shortly before 6 o'clock President Weihe
returned from Homestead and reported to
the Sheriff that his visit had been practic
ally useless and it was impossible to
quell the spirit of the work
men. President Weihe, together with
other members of the Amalgamated
Association, were then invited into a 'con
ference with the Sheriff with a view of find
ing some, method for releasing the Pinker
ton men from their confinement at Home
stead. The Sheriff's office was as much of a
reception room in the evening as
it was in the morning. Among those
to call after 6 o'clock were ex-Sheriff
Cluley, ex-Sheriff Hunter, ex-Sheriff Grey,
Vincent Stevens, E. J. Bandolph and W. J.
Brennen, Esq., attorney for the Amalga
mated Association.
At 8 o'clock the Sheriff left on a special
train for Homestead to bring back the
Pinkerton men.
After They Had Been Pillaged They Were
ISurned by the Workers.
When the last of the"Pinkerton deputies
had left the barges the mob rushed on and
pillaged them of everything that was valu
able. The whole inside had been racked
by the dvnamite The Monongahela had
been fitted as sleeping quarters and the
Tennessee as a dining room. There was
very little furniture. The sides were
pierced by hundreds ofbullct holes.
After they had been pillaged the mob in
its rage finally set them on fire and they
burned to the water's edge. The warning
delivered everywhere to the surrendered
Pinkertons was "remember Homestead."
One rinkerton Who Won't Flsht.
McKeespoet, July 6. Spra'al. One
of the Pinkerton men who came from Phila
delphia arrived in this city this afternoon.
He said he did not desire'to go to Home-1
stead, and all. the money that could be oi
ferewaa not sufficient to take him there.
Pinkerton Men Tell of the
Awful Agony They En
dured on the Barges. -
Were Told That They Were Wanted
to Act Only as Watchmen.
A Feir Contemplated Suicide During the
One of the most graphic narratives of the
experience of the men on the barges was re
lated last evening by A. L. Wells, a stu
dent at the Bennett Medical College, of
He came down with six wounded Pinker
ton men who were brought to the
Union station at 7:10 lost even
ing. He is a short, muscular
man probably 32 years of age, wears a
slouch hat and full sandy beard.
He was elated over his escape from the
mob, and was a willing talker.
"I was sent on here by the Pinkertons,"
he began. "They told the 124 of us who
left Chicago that we were wanted
as private watchmen. They ex
pected us io get inside the
works, and then if we were besieged and
any were injured I was to take care of
them. The men'who came on are not regu
lar employes of the Pinkertons, but were
picked up at random.
Didn't Know Where They Were Going. 1
When we arrived in Pittsburg we wera
joined by 207 from Xew York and Brook
lyn. They had also been informed that
they were wanted simply to act as
watchmen, and I don't believe there were
half a dozen men in the whole party who
had any idea of the extent of the trouble.
"I don't know exactly where we were
put on the barges, but it was some dis
tance below the city. All of the men were
armed with clubs ahd billies, but only 20 of
them had guns.
"Long before we arrived at Homestead
the firing commenced, and the bullets were
.dropping all around us, but until we got
within easy gunshot no bullets struck the
barges. It then began to dawn npon the
men that there was serious trouble ahead,
and we began to prepare for a systematic
"When the steamboat left us the bullets
flew around like a cerfect hail storm and
pattered against us from every side. For a
short time the men with the guns made an
attempt to return the fire, but after 10 or 12
of our party had been wounded we gave it
up as a bad job. ,
A Scene of A wlul Terror.
"The groans and curses of the wounded
mingled with the prayers and pleadings of
the dying, as they laid in the bottom of the
barges; the whistle and ring of the bullets;
the reports of the guns, and the shouts of
caution, formed a scene of indescribable
horror. It was n terrible experience, and
one that blanched the cheek of the most
"We were caged like rats in a trap. The
situation was desperate. The chances were
100 to 1 that not a man of us would get out
alive. After we had run up a flag of truce
for the third time, and each time it bad
been snot down, we gave up nil hope?- .The
dynamite bombs thrown at us blew
out one side of a barge as though
it were paper, and I saw men in the party
who were contemplating suicide in prefer
ence to enduring the terrible strain, which
wonld undoubtedly end only in death if no
mercy had been shown us. If we had known
the awful treatment which we were subse
quently led to undergo, it is a question
whether the men would have capitulated
when they did.
Took the Word of the Leaders.
"We relied implicitly upon the word of
the leaders to give us protection, but in
stead all but lew of the wounded were
tortured worse than if they had fallen into
the hands of savages, liven some of the
men who were injured were kicked and
beaten into insensibility. It was a sickening
sight, brutal and barbarous to a degree al
most past belief. I never imagined that
such scenes could be enacted in a communi
ty of civilized men.
"The terrible suspense and mental aeony
suffered by the men while on the barges was
nothing to the awful attacks after they
reached the shore. There was not a man in
the party but would have left the country
and never came back if they had been al
lowed to depart."
Another happy man was John E. Crid
leon, of New York. He is a tall, handsome
young lellow, probably 27 years of age,
dressed in a new summer suit of
light material, and apparently intelligent.
He spoke with a slight English
accent, as he related his experience. He
had been shot in three places. There was a
bullet buried in his scalp over his left
temple, another had gone through the
palm of his left band and was buried under
the skin on the back of his hand, while a
third was imbedded in his left heel.
Ee Anticipated No Trouble.
"Like the others I was led to believe that
we were wanted simply as private watch
men, and I anticipated no trouble. There
were 207 of us! I think, came from New
York. If I had known the condition of
affairs at Homestead I should never
have gone out. After we got out
there, however, there was no way of
getting back, and we had to make the best
of it. There were over 30 Pinkerton uni
forms on board which we were to put on as
soon as we should reach the works, but
from what I saw the strikers now have pos
session of all of them.
"When we were finally allowed to leave
the barges' I ran up among the first and was
one of the few who were not beaten. I ac
counted for this by the fact, that my face
and hands were covered with blood, and on
the whole I presume I looked more like a
dead than a live man.
All I want is to get out of Pittsburg
and Pennsylvania as soon as possible and I
think that is the wish of every man in tho
There were a number of the Pinkertons
registered at the St. James Hotel last
evening, but soon after registering they
started Out, and had not returned at a lata
No Mercy for a Dying Pinkerton Man at
ainnhall Station.
Probably one of the saddest sights yester
day was at Munhall station, where the
wounded had been carried. One man lay
there dying. He feebly called for water,
while the mob of males and females scoffed.
One man more humane than the rest brought
it to him. A woman knocked it from his
band with the cry that he should die. And
the crowd yelled, "Kill him." In spite of
the protests, another drink was brought and
given to the sufferer.
All Gave Fictitious Names.
When the Pinkertons were In prison yes
terday afternoon, an effort was made to se
cure their names, but all gave fictitious
names and homes. The Amalgamated Asso
ciation claimed to have an official list of the
names, but they refused to give it out.
r u.
mj&ikdi lirf

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