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'JffliMBMMifigMIKilaiisg MaaMBMa iT-TiiBBMLliMWMEMWBHHff 'MBWr-BBHW-lEWPrlSfcnaWFsW Hi I V'lTirBWnffTffii I f T rT'iiniffHrTmnWrrTWri "l, Hf Jin r i tfiTTrPill v fj j t' ?? YOUR SUMMER TRIP. Do not fall to choose jOHr hotel ' from the- excellent list pub lished to-day. ou -will find it a great assistance. FORTY SEVENTH TEAS. ALL HOMESTEAD SLEPT IN PEACE UST NIGHT Under the Ample Protection of the Citizen Soldiers of Pennsylvania, NO DEMONSTRATION MADE "When the Troops Entered Because Their Arrival Was Unheralded. Uncertainty as to Time Kept the Bands of Music at Home The Advance Line of Eighteenth Regiment" Skirmishers Quickly Scattered a Group of Curious Strikers The Civilian Watchmen Re placed by Military Sentries The Sud den Change of Scene General Snow den at the Head of His Command Features of the Occupation. Homestead, the great Carnegie steel work and the situation in that recently belliger ent village, are all in possession of the National Guard of Pennsylvania. The guardsmen entered the town without inter ference, without bloodshed, without even firing a shot. To-day the place will wear as warlike an appearance as it did just one week ago, but great is the change in condi tions between then and now. The entry of the troops into Homestead yesterday was as skillfully arranged and executed as the time tables of two railroads would permit. The troops bad an un pleasant time of it during the preceding night. When they left Pittsburg Monday afternoon they went out, not under orders of their superior officers, but under secret orders issued to Superintendent Pitcairn, of the Pennsylvania Bailroad, by General Snowden. The fact that the orders were unknown to them, and, as subsequent events proved, practically countermanded those given to the colonels and other subordinate officers just before they left Pittsburg, disturbed them considerably. The First Knowledge of the Soldiers. They expected to go to Blalrsvllle. "When their cars were switched into the side tracks at Badebaugh junction, they supposed it was only to be a brief detention while the tracks were being cleared ahead; but when the Sheridan troopers came in from Tyrone it became apparent that Badebaugh was to be the concentrating point. When General Snowden'sprivate car came, shortly before midnight, the word was soon 'li!l along the lire that the trains would- u suit so inn nomesieaa wouia oe reached just after daybreak. This was the first in timation the boys had that their trains might not poll out at any moment, and a general feeling of ease soon prevaded the army. Many of the militia had not provided themselves with rations, supposing they would have been in camp at midnight and that foraging expeditions would be started out. A potato patch nearby furnished a meal for many a hungry soldier, and, roasted in a wood fire with the "jackets" on, they made a palatable meal for a hungry man. The Actual Movement on Homestead. At 3 o'clock in the morning the word was sent out that the trip to Homestead would begin in half an hour. After that the boys hugged the cars closely, fear ing to go far away lest 'the train should leave them. "With little or no -sleep, many of them hungry and ont of sorts generally, the men were kept in a state of suspense until about 7 o'clock, when the Tenth and 'Fourteenth Regiments started with Battery C t or Swissvale, with orders to take a position on the high hill overlooking the Monongahela river oppo site Homestead. Soon afterward the gallant Eighteenth of this city pulled out for the objective point, having been given the honor of be ing the first regiment to enter upon the re cent scene of war. The trip was slow and tedious, and after numerous long waits the train pulled in on the Port Perry branch at Brinton station. About this time bulletins were posted in Homestead stating that the troops had been detained at Badebaugh junction, so completely misleading the people there that when, 15 minutes later, the train bearing the Eighteenth Begiment crossed the Port Ferrybridge, following out the programme indicated by The Dis patch a few hours previously, there was only a small crowd on hand at Munhall sta tion to receive them. General Snowden's car, containing himself and staff, with Gen erals Wiley and Greenland, Sheriff Mc Cieary and ex-Sheriff Gray, pulled in ahead "' me x.ignieemn ueiore junnbau was reached. They alighted and stepp.ed out on the track in front of the crowd. rittsbnrg Troop In the Tan. Immediately on the arrival of the car of the Eighteenth Begiment, Company F, under command of Captain Awl, was ordered out and started down the north track next to the company's property in quick marching step. When directly op posite the crowd, which had gathered and moved uneasily to the left and were watch ing closely, Company E was halted, and a skirmish line was formed facing toward the crowd. The order, for ward march, was given, and the line ad vanced quickly across the rails. The people did not seem to realize their position at first They shifted, with evident reluctance, a step or two at a time away from the ap proaching line of bine coats and flashing bayonets; but finally, seeing there was no other way out of it, they broke and ran out of the way clear over the embankment on the south side of the track. The tract being clear, the remaining companies of the Eighteenth, led by that of Captain W. H. Davis, were advanced down the track, posting pickets as it passed along - - t ,-.- t i ii i i i pi p n?nn rrirnror -it i i i i it rirr i v n .tti mi n Ti rr t hmmiTwrn n r jTi'i ii ii nr r i innBrii--arfiiMrrfTfifg'ff'ttfi-"i -if iMrfirrrfrrarfry-y rT -rsmm$rT7m m m an iii nuwn mn i w -'0Zk ' -. . -C (r B jd I SS . f V-f a ' - III r, fI-TiWiM zZZtvw IfcrT !', "tfVJ wsEk i ' I "'pfef JOT J2L 'I I Eighth avenue from Munhall station toward Homestead. There was not a hu man being to be seen about the steel works, not a striker on guard around it, and it was not deemed necessary to put a military picket there at one. The Eighteenth marched down Eighth avenue, with colors flying, drums playing a lively tune and the men deporting themselves like veterans, notwithstanding the blazing sua tint-poured upon them.- The ueople began "Jto.jiock to the place from down town," surprised that the troops had entered the borough limits without their knowledge. 2ot an ugly word was said, no demonstra tion of any kind was made. When the road leading up to the old City Farm was reached, the Eighteenth turned and marched clear to the top of the grassy hill. Here they found a battle front looking down on the town and came to a parade rest. Hrlslllng Bayonets Predominate. In a few moments the Fifteenth Begi ment, closely followed by the Fifth, with drums and colors, executed the same maneu ver, taking their alignment from the Eigh teenth. The regiments thus drawn into a column formed an almost unbroken line of bristling bayonets clear across the top of the old farm. From their elevated position the soldiers presented a formidable appearance and attracted the people of the village by thousands to view them from the streets below. Subsequently the Eighteenth withdrew from the farm and went swinging down into the heart pf the boroueh, placing guards at all-cross streets as "it advanced, and gradually going'throngh the process of changing the borough from an apparently quiet and peaceful civil gov ernment to one of martial law. While all this was going on a somewhat similar change had been effected on. the opposite side of the river. A party of gen tlemen who had gone out early yesterday morning to view the descent of the troops into Homestead from the hilltop at Swiss vale, were met by a score of regularly .sta tioned civilians, who, with a very apparent show of authority, demanded to know the destination of the visitors and the object of their presence. After satisfying themselves the visitors were non-combatantB the work-' era pickets, for such they acknowledged they were, permitted the gentlemen 'to pro ceed. The Chance or an Hour. The visitors left the place under .guard for an hour or two and when they returned were astonished at the change thai had been effected. The civilian pickets were no where to be seen. In the grove along the road there were instead three regiments of in fantry, the Tenth, Fourteenth and Fourth and full completement of artillery. The soldiers, tired out by their night's exper ience on the cars, were nearly all lying stretched out full length under .the grateful shade of the trees enjoying a much needed rest. There were guards on duty but it was not such a strict guard as that of an hour before and pedestrians not attempting to enter the line were not interfered with. Colonel Hawkins was asked what had.become of the original picket. He said he had noticed some men hanging around the place when he came, but they had fled at the approach of the militia. This Incident clearly illns trades the change along the banks of the Mononeahela. THIS YOUSO MAK DIDH'I WOBK. Grievous Mistake of Three Militiamen and How It TVas Eesented. A yonng college man decided to go ont to Swissvale yesterday morning to view the entry of the troops into Homestead. , In his desire to get an early start he dispensed with his usual morning shave, but thought he would make up for this omission in his toilet by donning his swagger neglige suit, which consisted of a jaunty cap, silk shirt, coat, tan shoes, and to emphasize all, white duck trousers. On his way to the point of i' - "wt !'.'- ' ' v w flf " sebst TOmttw " PITTSBURG, WEDNESDAY.- JTJLY 13. J892 THE ENTRY OF THE VANGUARD observation he was stopped by three militia men who said rather apologetically: "We don'twant to do yon fellows any harm; we sympathize with yon, my friend, for we, too, are workingmen like yourself." The young man wbs "all broke up." But he recovered himself shortly, and collecting all the disdain he had in stock replied: "I don't work; I go to college." And the militiamen turned and walked away, realizing that they had made a griev ous mistake. For a long time the young man stood still, wondering when Pittsburg ers would be able to appreciate a really stylish outfit when they saw It. Then he strode back toward the city. liO CO-OPERATION WANTED. General Snowdrn Tells a Committee of the Workmen That the State' Soldiers Need No Help A Dramatic Scone at the Headqaarters of the Militia. On the crest of a grass-carpeted hill just south of the plant and overlooking the borough, stands a small, gray-tinted build ing, known as the Mifflin township school house. It is here that General Snowden has raised the white silk banner of the division. There is nothing fanoy or ornamental about the general headquarters, end, save the silken pennant fluttering before the main entrance, there are no visible indications of tne presence of the Commander in Chief and his aides. it was beneath this fluttering banner and within the sabred confines of what the mili tary gentlemen term official ground, that General Snowden received a committee ot the mill men yesterday afternoon. Hugh O'Donnell was the Chairman of this com mittee, but Captain Kuhn, of the Amalga mated Association, was the spokesman. After the customary military courtesies had been exchanged, Captain Kuhn said to the General; j "We have come to offer assistance, sir, in maintaining order." He Needed No Assistance. For a moment the General toyed with the ends of bis luxnriant mustache, and then in a cold, clear voice made this reply: "Gentlemen, I need no assistance, and I shall preserve order myself at all hazards." "But General," said Captain Kuhn, "we have preserved perfect order here, and in spite ot the'fact that thousands of strangers have visited Homestead during the past week, there has been perfect order main tained in th? borough." Then It was that the General, with a wave of his hand toward the deserted mills which stood silent in the valley below, indulged in this bit qf sarcasm: "I have heard that yon have, but in the opinion of the State of Pennsylvania, you have made a lamentable failure, and that is whv these troops are now gathered here." ''But," protested Captain Ivuhn, "we are members of the Amalgamated Association, and we are here, representing that organiza tion." "I do not recognize' the Amalgamated As sociation," retorted the General. "Well, then," responded Captain Kuhn, "we are here as members of the Advisory Committee of Fifty." Would Co-Opsrate Only With the Sheriff, "Gentlemen." quickly answered General Snowden, "I do not know such a committee. I thank yon for your offer to aid in main taining the public peace, but duty compels me to tell you that I only recognize yon as citizens. I am here by the order of the Governor to co-operate with the Shenffin the malntainance of order and the protec tion of the Carnegie Steel Company in the possession of its property. I wish you a very good morning." This curt dismissal was an evident sur prise to Captain Kuhn and his associate. However, thev bowed politely to the Gen eral and made their way across the fields to the headquarters of the Amalgamated Association. Late in the afternoon the same-committee, reinforced by a number of prominent mill men, paid another visit to the Division Headquarters. This time, according to the words of the spokesman, the committee desired to make a complete and absolute surrender of the town, but the diplomatic commander politely declined to accent the offer. This second Interview between the mill men and General Snowden terminated the diplomatic skirmish. . w. rsv .-,- - of state Droops upon THEY WILL QUIT TO Workers in Three More Car- negie Mills Back Up the Homestead Men. ANULTIMATUlf DELIVERED The Carnegie Company Mnst Recog nize Their Organization. As the Chairman Refuses to Do This a Great Strike Seoms Inevitable The Men at a Meeting: 1,600 Strong: Take the Action Almost Unanimously Amalgamated Officials Beticent The Breaking: of the Contract Not Considered - in the Step The 'Mill Officials Say They Have Quit Talk ing: and Will Saw Wood Hereafter Efforts to Get the Edgar Thompson Men to Stop Work Reception of the Workers' Committee at the Company Offices. The contest between the Carnegie Steel Company, Lim., and its workmen at Home stead yesterday afternoon assumed a new and portentous phase. The workmen at the Upper and Lower Union mills in Law renceville and at the Beaver Falls mill de cided to strike to-morrow afternoon unless the management shall, before that iime, agree to enter into conference or arbitration with the workmen at Homestead. This strike may lead to others, and there are hints that not only the Keystone Bridge Works but the great Edgar Thomson mills at Bessemer may become involved in the struggle. The end may not be even there. Last Sunday separate meetings of the workmen in the two Union mills were held, and fhe duty ot the workmen there toward their locked-out brethren at Homestead was discussed at length. The result of this meeting was that a general meeting was held yesterday forenoon in St. John's Hall in Lawrenceville, and word was sent to Beaver Falls to send representatives to a second meeting to be held in the afternoon. A Committee Requesting Recognition. i The morning meeting appointed a com mittee, which waited upon the Chairman of the Carnegie interests and presented to him a request from the Lawrenceville work men that he enter into conference with the. Homestead men, with a view to securing a peaceful settlement of the differences. The Chairman declined to agree to such a prop osition, and the committee retired. The meeting in St. John's Hell yesterday afternoon was a large one. There were 1,500 men present, representing the two Union mills and the Carnegie mill at Beaver Falls. In these 'three mills there are employed about 3,600 workmen, of whom about one third are members of the Amalgamated As sociation. The meeting was in the nature of a mass assemblage and was not confined to the association. There were representa tives of the machinists, bricklayers, carpen MORROW NOON m$ww - TWELVE PAGES V v m i h the scene of recent ters, laborers and other classes of employes who are not included in the Amalgamated Association. The meeting was in session from 2:30 until 4:30 o'clock. The Question of the Contract. The situation was very fully discussed and the temper of the men was plainly .hown in favor of interference. It was rep resented that work being done at iiome- stend before the"lock-out occurred had been transferred to the Union mills and that the wort men In this city were therefore being usedlto defeat their brethren at Homestead. The question ot the violation of contract was discussed at some length. The Carnegie Steel Company had signed the scale with the Amalgamated Association for the three mills represented in the meeting, and the association had therefore made a contract to operate the mills for one year from July 1. It was maintained, however, by several speakers that the company would forfeit its claims on the association if it declined to confer with the authorized representatives qt the association concerning a scale in some other mill The report of the committee which waited on the Chairman of the company was pre sented, and several motions were made. They all gave way finally to a motion that a committee of two from each mill be ap pointed to present an ultimatum to the com pany, to the effect that the three mills would close, after the finish of the day turn to morrow afternoon, unless the company should at oncej consent to confer with the scale committees concerning the wage dif ferences in the Homestead mills. The Tote Ws Almiit Unanimous. This motion Prevailed by an almost unanimous vote, Vhe committee was named by the' Chalrmtn, and the meeting ad- journed. The ommittee, in working clothes, at once vi ited the office of Patrick superintendent of the B. Dillon, generi three mills, in fori ed him of the ultimatum of the workmen, : d asked him to convev the information t the general offices of the company. , Sir. Dillon expressed the opinion that the men -nele making a mistake, but he promised to i rm the company of the conclusion reache Within 15 min es advices of the action had reached the CI irman and his subordi- nate officers. At o'clock a repdrter for The Dispatch a d at the general offices to learn what actionjwould be taken. The Chairman had departed for his residence in Homewood. Secretary Lovejoy was found in his office. In atswer to a question he said: "The Chairman will not talk on this new issue. We hav decided now to do no talking, but a lot of Jwork for the next few days." The news of thy action taken by the meeting soon spresil throughout Lawrence ville, and groups oimlll men and citizens stood about the strJfets discussing the action. Mill workers who Cere spoken to were of the unanimous opinion that the right course had been pursued, aid that the meeting had performed somethi fg in the nature of a coup tl etat. It . plain tnat tne men d, and there is a strong were very determi feeling ot synipat! men. with the Homestead VI hat A mal ited Offlcla s Say. The news of the lion of the men at St. Johns Hall reac :d Amalgamated head- auarters at an earl-, hour alter the event A reporter who cal :d there at 7 o'clock met Secretary Madden ind Assistant Secretary Kilgallon, who wei not willing to say any thing more than hat they had been in formed in an unofik al way of the action of tne Lawrenceville torkmen, ana coma not t-avunvthingon th ubject President Weihe .iring the evening at of the CongresMor.al tended the sessio Committee, and con until the session of not be interviewed ,he committee was con- eluded. He was t i after that and asked en in the three mills what authority- thel under Mr. Dill! charge had to order a direct orders of the strike without t Executive Board. Mr. Weihe said: no official Information "I have receiv in regard to the! .ctlon at Lawrenceville. J strife. All I know is what yon now tell me. On such information I cannot express an opin ion. I must wait until I receive an official report from the Vice President for the dis trict. Mr. Sheehan." "Have the mill committees of the Union mills received any authority from the Ex ecutive Board in advance to take such ac tion?" "Not to my knowledge." No Question on kdle Flxnlng;. "Will there be a violation of contract by them if they strike, after the scale has been signed." 'The scale was signed for those mills, but there. is no qnestion ot scale in this con troversy." Further than this President Weihe de clined to go, and although he was willing to discuss, with the reporter for The Dis patch, the complications of the situation by the action of the St. John's Hall meet ing, he was not in a position to say what action the Executive Board would take. It was learned last evening from some of the iron and steel workers in the citv that agents of the Amalgamated Association have been for three or four days working with the leading men in the various de partments of the Edgar Thomson Steel Works at Braddock, endeavoring to persuade the men in that great establishment to declare a sympathetic strike, for the sake of the Homestead men. There is an evident ex pectation among association men that the Braddock men will come out, but they are unable to give any substantial grounds for their expectation. A Braddock man who was in the city last evening said the diffi culty was that the men in the Edgar Thom son works remembered that the Amalgam ated Association refused to turn a band for them, when a private appeal wa made for assistance during their big contest five years ago. THE LITTLE BILL AGAIN. This Time the Famous Boat Is In State Em ployWill Be Used to Carry Messages for the Troops General Snowdon Found Homestead Boats Too Slow. The tug, Little Bill, famous for the part she played in the Pinkerton excursion into Homestead a few days ago, is now In the service of the National Guard of Pennsyl vania, and will ply back and forward be tween the two military camps until the Gnard is called away. Last 'Wednesday morning the Little Bill steamed through the muddy Monongahela waters, towing the two Iron-clad barges that bore the 200 odd pinkerton detectives with their weapons and ammunition. The barges were towed to the spot that subsequently proved of such fatal interest, and when hos tilities were commenced was steamed to a place of safety by her discreet commander, Captain Rogers. During the hottest part of the fight, when bullets were flying tnrough the air ot early morning, the Little Bill, with a full head of steam on, escaped and, beyond a few desultory bullets, came out unharmed. I General Snowden chartered the famous little tug this afternoon, and henceforth her duties will simply be to carry messen gers from the two brigades which lie on opposite sides of the river. General Snow den said there was no significance nor any thing out of the ordinary in chartering the tug. "Nothing in fact," he continued, "but a mere coincidence. A vessel of some kind is needed, as there must be rapid com munication between the two brigade head quarters. The was nothing here bat an erratic ferry, so the Little Bill, being the onlv boat obtainable, was chartered." There was some anticipation that the boat would be fired upon by the strikers on sus picion that she was conveying more Pinker tons to the scene, but no trouble occurred. The crew was rather nervous as the boat steamed out of Pittsburg in the afternoon. The Little Bill has kept up steam almost constantly for the past week, and the Cap tain evidently expected to be called on at any time. Sympathy for Homestead. The Furniture and Carpet Salesmen's As sembly No. 3857. and the Warehousemen's Assembly No. 7190 held separate meetings in Knights of Labor Hall last evening. Both assemblies passed resolutions sympa thizing with the Homestead workers and denouncing the action of the Carnegie Steel I company in employing Pinkerton during tne trouble, men J h J?aC'-JSr3cBfsnBBssM YUUR SUMMER TRir. Do Hot tall to choose jroHr hotel from, the excellent llst pub lished to-day. Ton will llnd It a great assistance. THREE CENTS INNER SECRETS OF PIERTONS' FATAL1SSI0N Laid Bare by the Members of the Congressional In quiry Committee. POLICY OF THE SHEBIFF. Chairman E. C. Frick the One Wit ness So Far Examined. Correspondence With the Detective Agency Produced The Explana- ' tlon of the Hiring: of the Guards A Disposition on the Part of Demo cratic Statesmen to Touch Upon the Tariff The Witness Declines to Give the Cost of a Ton of Steel or Iron The Details of the Wage Difficulty and the Dispute Which Culminated So Sensationally The Plnkertons Were to Be Deputized by McCleary The Committee's Visit to Homestead. The Congressional Investigating Commit tee put in an arduous day's work yesterday. They visited Homestead in the afternoon, and in the evening commenced the exami nation of Chairman H. C Frick, of the Car negie Company. Chairman Oates is a terrific worker, and there is not much fun for the men who labor with him. The end of the session is so near at hand that he is anxious to return to Washington as soon as possible. Ex-State Chairman James Kerr proved a great help to the committee, and he arranged most of the details. When the committee arrived in the city in the morning two hours behind time, owing to a freight wreck near Greensburg, they found the Btreet car lines blockaded with the Orangemen's parade, and not an omnibns or carriage in sight at the depot. Not Mnch of a Reception. After waiting awhile for something to turn up, Chairman Oates with the members started on foot for the Monongahela House. This wa3 Democratic enough to suit any body. The morning was hot, and all but big Bynum soon relinquished their heavy grips to colored boys and newsiet In In dian fashion the party trailed along to the hotel, mopping their brows and roasting their tough luck in not particularly elegant language. Colonel Oates is very economical with the Government's funds, and believes in walking to save carriage hire. Bynum and Boatner mildly protested, and said if it was a Senate investigating committee, the members would not only travel in style but h,i7e a commissary. At the hotel Judge Buffiugton, United States District Attorner Lyon, Marshal Harrah and Winfield Colville called to of fer the use of the courtroom and their as sistance. Colonel Oates, as soon as he saw the hall in the Monongahela House, decided to take it. He thanked the Government officers and appointed Ed Kearns as ser geant at arms to notify the witnesses, etc. The Carnegie lawyer In Conference. P. C Knox, the attornevfor the Camesrie j firm, was on hand early and held a short conference with Mr. Oates. He promised that Mr. Frick would be present to testify at any time fixed by the committee. President Wm. Weihe, Burgess McLuckie and other labor leaders soon arrived, and offered their services and any assistance they could give. Chairman Oates thanked them in his polite Southern way, and said he would certainly need them before the committee finished its work. After breakfast the committee held a short conference and decided to visit Home stead first. Their object was to look over , the ground and note the physical condition, so that they could more readily understand the stimony. Superintendent Pitcaim furnished the committee a private car for its use. The party went to the Fourth ave nue station, and the train crew waited pa tiently an hour for them at the Union depot. Finally, when the start was made, the train was delayed along the road and in Home stead by the movement ot the troops. Bur gess McLuckie accompanied the party, and took great pleasure in describing the battle In detail to Mrs. Upton, the only lady on the train, and her husband. Mrs. Upton is the daughter of Judge Taylor. The Survey of trie Battl'fJe'd. In Homestead all was bustle. The com mittee watched Battery B unloading the gatling guns, and Judge Broderick remarked that it looked like business. While wait ing for a special engine to take the car to Munhall, Bynum and Boatner amused the balance of the party by telling hard luck stories and some of their funny experiences in campaigning. Hugh O'Donnell was among the first call ers, and he furnished Chairman Oates with a list ot witnesses to be called. He was in troduced to all the lawmakers, and had a pleasant chat with each one. Chris Evans, National Secretary of the American Federa tion of Labor, was on the car. He is here to look into the trouble, and report to his organization. A number of the citizens and workmen visited the car, and for a time the committee held on informal recep tion. At Munhall the coal and iron police stopped the party and closed the gates. A short parley ensuad, and then Otis Childs, a member of the firm, appeared. He was introduced all around, and looking over the small crowd, augmented by reporters and visitors, he asked Colonel Oates if all were to enter. The Chairman replied that the majority were newspaper men, that he did not know them personally, bat he wonld vouch for their good behavior. This was satisfactory, and then the view of the recent bloody battle ground was com menced. , Questions as to the Conflict. The committee walked down to the water's edge where the Congressmen asked a nnmber of questions about.the location of 'no guaras ana trenched. There how the men were in was nothing about th 1 . -w&iaifJ?x": e- x&i mL&.Ly2R&im,f&-JS&.?&t JH. Jts