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Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, August 05, 1892, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024546/1892-08-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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A Big Crowd Tries to Stop
Old Men From Beturning
to Work in the Mill.
General Wiley Sends the Tenth
Kegiment to the Scene.
Two Companies Left Last Evening- to
Do Guard Duty and the Balance
Withdrawn Amalgamated Men Meet,
and Those of Their Number Who
Wanted to Go to Worfc Withdraw
Their Applications Business Men Of
fer Their Sympathy Warrants Is
eued for 15 of the Men Before Alder
man Biley.
Affairs at Dnquesne came to a crisis yes
terday morning, when about 100 of the
striking workmen attempted to return to
work. In response to the sound of the
whistle they started to work as they had
been accustomed to do before the trouble,
but as they neared the gate they were
met by a crowd of 400 or 600 men, who
halted them and told them to return to
their homes, but the men wanted to work.
Moral Euasion seemed to be insufficient to
keep them from the mills, and the people
began to emphasize their eloquence and
supplement their arguments by the force of
In the presence of Deputy Sherifl Young
ind nine other deputies, men were hustled
from the gate and roughly handled. Some
were lifted from their feet and carried
away. Foreman Millslogel, who resisted
jthe crowd, was beaten in the face and
knocked down. Weighmaster Timm was
caught by six men, and rushed up the road
about 50 yards, when Deputy Sheriff Young
told the people to disperse, but they paid
no attention to him.
Guards In All Directions.
Part of the crowd was stationed at Grant
avenue and Bailroad street, and part was
distributed along the hillside, stopping the
men who intended to go to work,from what
ever direction they came. Every avenue of
approach to the mill was so well guarded
that few, if any, workmen reached the gate
unmolested, and those who got that far were
turned back.
Deputy Sheriff Young immediately re
ported the condition of aflairs to Sherifl Mc
Cleary, and General "Wiley, in command at
Homestead, was notified. At 9 o'clock the
Sixteenth Begiment, consisting of 400 men,
was detailed to the seat of the disturbance.
Little time was lost in making preparations,
and they were loaded on box cars and gon
dolas, the train being made up of five cars.
The train reached Dnquesne about noon and
pulled up at the mill gate, where the sol
diers got oft Seven companies marched
through the gate into the mill yard, and
Company I, under Captain Fred Wind
sor, dispersed the crowd, which was surging
and howling in the street. As the soldiers
moved forward with fixed bayonets the dis
organised human mass slowly receded In all
directions. A few, however, took their
stand in the street and refused to move
further. ,
Knocked Oat the Barber.
Gus Kremme, a portly German barber of
Dnquesne, stood firm as the rock of Gibral
tar haranguing the soldiers upon the rights
of an American citizen until a soldier
prodded him gently in the stomach with a
bayonet, when he turned and fled. There
was no more disturbance during the day.
Deputy Sheriff Young stated that most of
the disorderly men were from Homestead,
and that 500 of the strikers had asked for
their old places in the mill, but that the
Homestead men would not let them go to
work. "The men here," said he, "will all
go back as soon as they have a chance."
At the headquarters of the Amalgamated
Association it was said that not many of the
disturbers of the peace were from Home
stead, and that only about 100 of the men
had agreed to go back to work.
The managers of the mill expect to have
every department running next Monday.
They wanted to put about 100 men to work
yesterday to repair machinery and make
preparations for running a full force next
week. The men will go to work this morn
ing under the protection of the military.
Seven companies marched down into the
mill and left Company E to do guard duty
at the gate until 2 o'clock, when Company
E was relieved by Company F. At 4:20
General "Wiley arrived on the train, and
alter making a survey of the situation de
cided to send back to Homestead all the
troops but Companies E and F, which were
left to do duty alternately in the mill and
at the gate.
Two Companies of Guards Xeft.
Accordingly, at 6 o'clock Companies A,
C, D, I, K and H, under the immediate
command of General Wiley, marched from
the mill and down the street to the river,
where the steamer Little Bill, with one
barge, was waiting for them. As General
Wiley and Colonel Willis J. Hulings de
parted with the six regiments, Major
George C Bichard was left in command of
Companies E and F.
Some time after 6 o'clock the soldiers
pitched their tents in tbe large field above
the railroad and went into quarters for the
night. About 200 cots were furnished them
by tbe Carnegie Company. The cots had
remained in the cellar of one of the mills
since the strike three jears ago. The offi
cers took up headquarters in a large dwell
ing house belonging to Lawyer Paine, and
situated opposite the gate to the mill.
The constable of Duquesne succeeded in
petting the names of 15 of the men who had
made themselves conspicuous by intimidat
ing those who wanted to go to work, and
Superintendent -Morrison made informa
tions against them yesterday before Alder
man Biley, charging aggravated riot, and
they will be arrested to-day. It is said that
the majority of them are residents of Home
stead. Alderman Biley refused to give
their names.
Both the Firm and the Workman at the
Upper Union Ml Is Purine Their Be
Kpectlve Programmes With the Same
Vigor They Havn All Alone Exhibited.
At the Upper Union Mills of the Car;
negie Steel Company, Limited, the labor
situation remains unchanged. Both the
firm and the workmen are pursuing their
respective programmes with the same vigor
that has characterized their efforts since the
strike commenced. Each side also reports
increased encouragement and success.
Tbe Press Committee of the Amalga
mated Association make the following
statement: "We know positively that ihere
are no more than 18 or 20 skilled men in the
Thirty-third street mill. No new men have
been added, but two men from the laboring
gang have been discharged. One of these is
a gasmaker. He refused to start the
fires in the gas department and was told
that his services were no longer required.
The other man refused to assist in making
charge on the 12-inch mill. He also was
paid off. The only mill running is the
guide and 12-inch, bat this is operated with
poor success. The crew employed upon the
12-inch mill attempted tomake five-eighth
round this morning, which is one of the
easiest sizes, and they made a fail
ure. Yesterday their efforts were at
tended with no better success. The
rolls were charged at 11 o'clock in
the morning and at 6 they had turned out
17 bars, all of which had to" be cut up.
"The breweries have also refused to de
liver any more beer at the mills and last
night a watchman was kept busy running
to the saloon on the corner and getting a
canful at a time. This proved rather
arduous work, as a retail saloon is
not allowed to sell more than a
quart To-day, however, the company
changed its tactics. The. non-union men
are now marched in squads to the saloons
for a drink. This is a temptation to the
locked-out men and it looks 'as if the under
bosses were inviting violence."
In denial of this statement Superintendent
Dillon ssvs: "It is false that we cannot
secure sufficient men to work in the mills.
Five of the departments are in operation
and before the week is out the other idle
mills will be running."
Statement of the Press Committee All
.Amalgamated Men Revoke Their Appli
cations for U ork at JUcqnesno Basinets
Men Offer Their Sympathy.
A meeting of workmen was held last
night at the old skating rink at Duquesne
for the purpose of inducing those who had
made application to return to work not to
do so. Spirited speeches were made by
Jerry Dougherty and other members of the
Amalgamated Association.
After the meeting the Press Committee
issued the following for publication: "All
the Amalgamated men that have broken
away from the Association and signed their
names at the Carnegie office to return to
work, decided at the meeting to-night to
withdraw their applications and stand firm
by the Association. In addition to this
quite a number of non-union men say that
they will also withdraw their applications.
They also state that no force was used in
keeping the men from going into-the mill
thls morning, as "has been reported, but
moral suasion."
This differs materially from the other ac
counts of the affair.' A number of business
men requested admission to the meeting to
offer their sympathy. They were admitted.
A number of speakers from Pittsburg were
present and addressed the men. The Asso
ciation seems satisfied that the militia has
been sent, as they claim a large number of
men who intended to go to work will not do
so on account of the military guard. The
Amalgamated people will hold a picnic to
morrow for the purpose of raising money.
The Amalgamated Association claims
that the men have not been fairly treated
by the pres, and this is why they made a
statement last night for publication.
When He Makes a Report In the Home
stead Case There "Will Be Several to
rollow ro Much or Too Little Politics
In It.
rrnoM x btxtt cobrespondest.i
Washington, Aug, 4. The Homestead
Investigating Committee had a brief seance
with the full Judiciary Committee of the
House this morning, when Judge Oates
read from the 'manuscript of his long report
until the House convened. Of course no
opinion was expressed by the committee in
regard to the part of the" report heard and
the prospect tor any report at this session
grows less and less if no prospect at all
could erow less.
A member of the sub-committee said to
day that no two of the investigators could
fully agree on the character" of the report
that should be made, and that it was quite
possible there would be three or four re
ports. It is apparent that there are many
phases to the disagreement One wants more
Pinkerton and less tariff. Another wants a
mild discourse to show that the tariff has
not protected American workmen. Another
wants all Pinkerton and no tariff nonsense,
and another one would go into the Pinker
ton and labor conflict features of the ques
tion more exhaustively than can be counte
nanced by the others.
While some pergonal bad feeling has
sprung up between members, the main
reasons for the lack of harmony are that
there is too little politics or too much poli
tics. The full committee may hear the re
mainder of Judge Oates' reoort to-morrow,
and may try to compose matters, but it is
not yet thought probable that any report
will be made to Congress at this session.
Three Thousand Men Quit at the Srade
baker TYagon Works.
The Advisory Committee at Homestead
received the following letter late last night
from South Bend, Ind.:
To tne President or the Union. Homestead, Pa.:
The Studcbaker Wagon Works, the largest
In the world, were obliged to shut down to
day owlns to 3,000 men refusing to work on
account of the company's using material
purchased of the Canezle Bteel Company.
Great excitement prevails here. Other
unions contemplate going out unless a boy
cott is made on all material made by the
Carneglo Company.
General Greenland Refuses to Disclose the
Purpose of4he Trip.
HAKKISBUKG, Aug. 4. rSwria'. "I Ad
jutant General Greenland, General Krumb-
naar ana otner members of the Governor s
staff left here to-night for Homestead.
General Greenland declined to disclose
the purpose of their trip. Before he re
turns the Adjutant General will nav the
Fifth, Fifteenth and Sixteenth regiments
on the held. ,
Tonmrntown Workers Won't Arbitrate.
YoUNGSTOWN, Aug. 4. t&jjedot It
was learned this afternoon from reliable
authority that, the Amalgamated 'Associa
tion, by an almost unanimous vote, decided
not to submit to arbitration in the settle
ment of the valley wage question, claiming
that bv this mode" of settlement they have
everything to lose ana nothing to gain.
The .Senate's Committee Not Expected to
Show Its Band This Fall.
Washington, Aug. 4. The Senate com
mittee of seven, composed of Senators Gal
linger, Peffer, Hansbrough, Sanders, Fel
ton, White and Hill, appointed to Investi
gate the employment of private armed
bodies in connection with labor troubles,
held a brief meeting this morning to map
out a plan of action. All were present ex
cept Peffer, who is ill, and Hill, w ho is in
New York and who will not return to
Washington this session.
It was decided that it would be hardly
possible to engage in the investigation
until after the elections, and as it was
thought that a smaller number might do
more and better work than the full commit
tee, Chairman Gallinger was empowered to
appoint a sub-committee, If that were found
to be advisable. The committee will at the
outset investigate particularly the employ
ment oi armed bodies as described, but It.ls
expected the inquiry will naturally drift
into a broad treatment of the whole labor
Papers for Its Construction Signed Yester
day In New Tork City.
Philadelphia, Aug. 4. Special.
The papers' were signed in New York to
day, for the construction of a new pipe line,
which threatens to become a most formid
able rival to the lines of the Standard Oil
Company. For a long time the inde
pendent producers and refiners of the
old oil field in the northwestern
part of the State have been seeking to
secure'a free outlet to tidewater for their
product, and by this latest movement they
think they have succeeded. The new line,
which will consist of two four-inch pipes,
one for crude and the other for refined
petroleum, will start at Bradford, IIc
Kean county, and ran directly eastward
through "Potter, Tioga, Bradford, Sus
quehanna and Wayne counties, to a point
on the Xew York, Ontario and Western
Railway, at or near Hancock, N. Y.;
thence it will follow the line to New
burg, on tbe Hudson river, where it is
proposed to erect refineries where the oil
can be shipped to New York by car or
The riipe line will be 212 miles long, and
will cost about $12,000,000, of which 560,
000 has already been raised In rash, while
satisfactory arrangements have been made
for securing the balance.- The right of way
has been obtained for the entire distance,
and it is said will have the line in operation
by spring. The new line is backed by the
members of the Independent Producers'
Protective Association.
Ihe Champion Found Plenty or Souvenirs
of American Occupation.
Honolulu via San Francisco, July
2a H. M. S. Champion left here July 13
for Johnston Island, and anchored off the
island July 18. The island was annexed
the next day. "Johnston Island consists of
two islands connected by a large coral reef
and sand bank. The place is honeycombed
and literally covered with birds' nests,
millions of birds making the islands their
home. Four huts were found the remains
of the American Gnano Company's occupa
tion. On the western end of the island
were found gear from a wreck. On the
beach were fonnd a whaleboat in a dilapi
dated condition, paddles, boathooks, casks,
medicine chest, tinned stuff and other pro
visions. The island is surrounded by coral reefs
and is difficult of access. There are no
trees on the island, but an abundance of
guano. A copy of a formal proclamation
was left on a place on the island. It is be
lieved that the British Government seized
the island to utilize it for a cable to be laid.
The United Slates Kot Mnch Concerned
Over Its Reported Seizure.
Washington, Aug. 4. The'report that
the British Government has taken formal
possession of Johnson Island in the Paci6c
Ocean does not excite much interest in offi
cial circles, for the reason that the island is
of no value for strategic purposes, and be
cause its supply of guano is practically ex
hausted. At the Department of State it is
said that the United States has exercised
jurisdictional right over the island since
1858, when an American guano company
landed a party thereon and occupied it
Territorial jurisdiction, however, has never
been claimed by the United States, and the
island has never been annexed.
The United States would exert its juris
dictional right over the island to protect
the guano company in the pursuit of its
business, but it is said there would be no
conflict with the territorial jurisdiction set
forward by any other Government In case
the guano company has abandoned opera
tions oft the island this Government wonld
have no jurisdiction whatsoever over it
The Blood or Men and Cattle Will Flow if
Threats Count.
Wichita, Kan., Aug. 4. A cattleman
from Arkansas City says bloodshed is
looked for between cow punchers and
Kansas farmers. Receiver Hatch, in charge
of the Presido county, Tex., ranche, is
hipping several trafnloads of stock a day
to Chicago from Arkansas City, and last
night a large number of these cattle broke
over the line and spread over the Kansas
Some 40 farmers, of the vicinity armed
themselves and notified the cowboys that
every animal found trespassing in Kansas
would be shot The cattlemen in return
promised that for every animal killed a
Kansas farmer, would bite the dust The
farmers are said to be patrolling the border.
General Scbofleld Talks With the President
on the Subject.
Washington, Aug. 4. General Soho
field had a conference with the President
to-day In regard to the participation of
United States troops in the ceremonies at
tending tbe dedication of the World's Fair
buildings at Chicago, in October next He
said subsequently that the military arrange
ments are not yet perfected, but that it is
probable that several regiments from nearby
posts will be sent 'to Chicago for the pur
pose. This will be in addition to the regi
ment now stationed there.
The nnmber of troops 'to take part, Gen
eral Schofield said, will depend on the state
of the country at the time, and whether
there shall be any necessity for their
presence elsewhere.
1 he Olivers Lease Iron Lands.
Duluth, Aug. 4. The Mesana Mountain
Iron Company has leased its principal
property, the northeast quarter of sections
8, 68 and 17, on the Mesana range, to the
Oliver Iron and Steel Company, of Pittsburg.
Smash the Door of a Wells-
Fargo Car to Splinters
and Two Bold Men
MAKE WAY WITH $20,000.
Robbers Halt the Engine and Com
pel the Crew to Assist Them.
: ti
Bend Frightened Passengers Scurrying
' Under Their Beats.
San Francisco, Aug. 4. The fifth bold
train robbery in the San Joaquin valley in
three years ocourred early this morning
near the small station of Collls, 15 miles
from Fresno. The robbers numbered only
two, and their method ot procedure was
precisely as in previous cases, except that
.they were not molested by any passengers,
and had a free field of work. '
They showed practice, and after rapidly
splintering the express car with dynamite
bombs they cleared up anywhere from
$15,000 to 120,000, jumped into a wagon and
struck off across the plains. Although de
tectives were on heir trail In a few hours
there is small prospect of their capture, as
they selected one of the loneliest places of
the line, and they showed such knowledge
of tbe country that there is no doubt they
belong near Fresno.
As the train was pulling out ofCollis,
just after midnight, the engineer and fire
man were paralyzed by the sight of two
men on the tender, who covered them with
shotguns, at the same time telling them to
obey their orders under penalty of death.
The Locomotive Almost Wrecked,
When the train pessed Bolindo station,
the engineer was ordered to stop and the
fireman, with a lighted cigar, was made to
touch off the fuse of the dynamite cartridge
which the robbers had placed on the piston
of the d.riving wheel on the left hand side
of the locomotive. The explosion was ter
rific, breaking tbe piston rod and partly
disabling the engine.
The robbers ordered the engineer to get
off the train and walk a short distance along
the track while they proceeded to bombard
the two doors of the express car by explod
ing dynamite cartridges, about eight in all,
which tore the doors into splinters and
smashed the floor of the car. The robbers,
masked and completely disguised, entered
the express carand covered Louis Boberts,
the messenger, with a double-barreled shot
gun and ordered him to open the Wells
Fargo & Co. safe.
Boberts set about doing this, but was so
excited and nervous that he forgot the com
bination, and so informed his captors, whp
thereupon struck him a heavy blow upon
the head with a gun and threatened to kill
him if he did hot immediately open the
Passengers Scramble Under the Seat.
With trembling ht Ads' ho did so and they
took out sacks of coin. When the des
peradoes exploded the first cartridge on the
engine the passengers poked their heads out
of the windows to see what was troinir on.
but they drew them back when they felt
pistol bullets and buckshot whistling past
their ears. There was a panic, aud passen
gers made a wild scramble under the -seats
to keep out of range of the flying missiles.
The explosion ot the bombs employed to
wreck the express car rocked and shook
the train with all the force of a violent
earthquake. A window in front of the pas
senger coach immediately beside the ex
press car was shattered into atoms by the
For 25 minutes the train was held. Only
one passenger attempted to interfere with
the robbers, and as he was armed only with
a small revolver he soon retired from the
unequal contest
' The express safe contained three bags of
coin, each holding $5,000. These the rob
bers forced the engineer and fireman to
carry to a wagon which they had hitched by
the side of the road.
The Messenger's Ilnngh Experience.
When the coin was thrown under the
seat tbe two masked men jumped in, ordered
the fireman and engineer to return to their
.train and departed on the trot toward
Fresno. Wheu the train reached Fresno
the railroad bands were still greatly ex
cited. The express messenger sustained a
severe scalp wound and a fracture of one of
the ribs. When the door was blown open
he was hurled against the roof of the car by
the force of the explosion.
William Lewis, the fireman, told 'the
clearest story. He said: "We were about
six miles east ot Collis when the engineer,
Al Phlpps, and I saw two men crawling
toward us over the water tank. They were
heavily armed. Each had a revolver in his
belt and a shotgun hanging from a strap
around him. 'Hold up your engine, you
d ,' cried one of them,and the other man
ordered us to hold up our hands. Both
were pointing revolvers at us, and we did
as we were told."
After we were stopped we were ordered
to get off the cab and were told that we
would not be harmed if we did as they or
dered us. The robbers thengave each of us
a cigar and told ds to smoke."
Kot Backward About Smoking.
"Did you smoke?"
"You bet we did. The engineer was
then ordered to put out the headlight and
to go ahead, about a quarter of a mile and
wait He did so. They made me get under
the gang plank, and then fired several shots,
I suppose, to keep anybody in the cars from
venturing out The robbers then left the
engine and went to the express car.
"I didn't hear them ask the messenger to
open the door. So far as I know, they be
gan throwing bombs at the car as soon as
tbev got there, losing no time in parleying.
I saw only two robbers. After opening the
safe and taking the treasure they came
down to the engine with it
" 'Come out, you d said one of them,
and I came out " They ordered me to help
them carry the money some distance down
the track, and bit me on the shoilders with
the butt end of their guns to emphasize it
I had to obey, and carried one of the bags.
After walking several hundred yards they
stopped, took the money from me and made
The Disguise Was Complete.
"Before leaving they placed.ii bomb on
one of the bars of the left side of the en
gine and exploded it by lighting the fuse
with a cigar. The bomb did considerable
damage and it took us nearly two hours to
repair the damage sufficient to make
it possible tor us to proceed. I
can't give a description of the robbers, be
cause their faces were entirely hidden from
view. The masks were made from some
light cloth. They wore dark clothes and
one had a wide-brimmed bat and the other
a narrow-brimmed one. They were very"
determined, and talked as if they meant
business and would stand no fooling; so we
did as we were told,"
The engineer told substantially the same
story. He said he saw tbe men get on at I
".mi 11 in.1.1 1. i-.i
n v"
Collins, but paid no attention, as he sup
posed they were tramps who had been
bounced from another train and wanted to
get to Fresno.
Some of the passengers got a good view of
the robbers. Newton Brown, a deputy
sheriff of San Bernardino county, was on
the train. When the train stopped and the
firing occurred he is reported to have
jumped off the car clad only in his pajama.
Armsd to the Teetn With Dynamite.
He started to go ahead, carrying a revol
ver In bis hand, but turned back on being
fired upon. He thought discretion was the
better part of valor. One of the robbers
wore an apron with ta large ponch, which
bulged out with ammunition and dynamite
cartridges. Both were heavily armed, and
those passengers who saw them were imme
diately convinced that train robbers are
people whom it is unwise to disturb.
Wells-Fargo's main office wires were kept
hot to-day. The company learned that the
wagon which bore the stolen money was
tracked nearly to Fresno, where the trail
was lost in the confusion ot other wagon
tracks. The detectives believe that the
robbers live in the vicinity and that they
are the same men who are responsible for
the heavy robberies within the last two
years. In this time Southern Pacific trains
have been stopped and looted at Pixley,
Goshen, Alila' and Ceres, all within 100
miles of each other. '
This country is as level as a barn floor
and is very sparsely settled. For miles no
houses are seen, and as the desolate hills of
Fresno and Tulare counties are only about
20 miles away it furnishes an ideal place for
a train robbery.
liny Always Go Scott Free.
Tn none of the robberies have the rriml-
nals ever been interfered with while at
work, and in only one case were any sus
pected persons captured. This was in
Goshen, for which two of the Dalton
brothers were held, but one escaped on an
alibi and the other broke jail and reached
the Indian Territory.
In view of numerous stage robberies
recently, Wells, Fargo & Co. have decided
to discontinue the stage lines in Northeast
ern California and Southeastern Oregon, on
which it does not pay them to send a shot
gun messenger to guard treasure. They say
the losses' eat up all profits.
Be Is Opposed to the Proposition to Abolish
Triennial Conclaves.
Denver, Aug. 4. At 8:10 a. m. a Bio
Grande special train bore away St John's
Commandery and the Grand Master on their
trip through the State before the opening
of the conclave. The party will re
turn to Denver Monday morning. Gen
eral Gobin said this morning that there
would be no radical changes made by the
conclave next week. A few knights have
suggested the abandonment of the triennial
conclaves, but General Gobin expressed
himself strongly in favor of their continu
ance. He did not think it likely that all
the Knights Templar of American would
be united in one grand encampment The
movement had been started before, but it
There are now about 90,000 knights in
the United States, a remarkable inerease
since the last conclave. General Gobin is
commander of the Third Brigade, Pennsyl
vania National Guard, and has been on duty
at Homestead, ranking second to General
Snowden. He thinks there will be no fur
ther trouble.
By a Filibustering Party Which Sailed From
the Vicinity of Key West.
Chicago, Aug. 4. Information was re
ceived here to-day by members of the
Cuban Club that another blow is about to be
struck for the freedom of their native place.
On July 25, it is said, a vessel bound for
Cuba sailed from the vicinity of Key West,
having on board a large number ot men well
drilled and equipped. A large supply of
ammunition was also carried.
The expedition is under command of Gen
eral Charles Boloff, who rendered brilliant
service to the Cuban Bevolution in 1868.
The fall details of the movement are not
known here.
A Member of a Granite Firm Bidden to
Ksmimber the Frlck Tragedy.
Quinct, Mass., Aug. 4. John L. Mil
ler, of the granite firm of Thonfts B. Mil
ler at South Quincy has received a threat
ening letter signed "Bemember Frick," in
which the writer referred to the fact that
Mr. Miller was with the strikers 13 years
ago, but that now he was against them, and
that when he was In sympathy with them
he was one of the leaders and one of the
most eager to take summary vengeance on
the manufacturers.
The writer further states: "You are now
in a position where you can use your in
fluence to have this matter settled if you
were inolined to. A keg of powder under
your mansion would make it a good tomb
for you."
An Earthquake In Wisconsin.
Milwaukee, Aug. 4. A slight earth
quake shock was felt at Burlington, this
State, and in this neighborhood last evening.
sV 'III 'hi III
'.''. 11.
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And Not One Clew Left by Which the
Murderer Can Be Traced.
And His Faithful Spouse Assassinated in
Their Own KTrellinj.
Fall Bivin, Mass., Aug. 4. Andrew
J. Borden, the millionaire mill owner, and
his aged wife were murdered in tbelr home,
to-day, just before noon, and, although there
were other members of the family on the
premises at the time, they heard no sound,
and the murderer escaped without leaving a
clew, so far as is known, although his cloth
ing must have been covered with the blood
of his victims.
The boldness of the crime and the -utter
absence of any apparent motive make It the
morer mysterious. At 11 o'clock Mr. Borden
was lying on the lounge in his sitting room
Teading a newspaper. He was seen by his
daughter Lizzie as she'passed through the
room on her way to the bart-to get ajuece
ot iron with which to mend a flower
pot The servant, Bridget Sullivan,
passed through the room at the same
time, with a pail of water in her hand.
She was on her way to the second floor to
clean windows. Mrs. Borden was In her
room over1 the parlor changing her dress
preparatory to making a visit te sick neigh
bors. A Daughter's Horrible Discovery.
Fifteen minntes later Miss Borden re
entered the house, and when she stepped
through the doorway into the sitting room
she saw her father's body horribly muti
lated and lying in a pool of blood by the
side of the lounge. She was overwhelmed
by the sight. Then she screamed for help.
"Bridget Sullivan was washing a window
in a rear room, but she lost no time in run
ning to Miss Borden's aid. Mrs, Churchill,
a neighbor, also heard the scream, and she
hastened to the house. She entered the
house by the front way, and the servant
commanded all approaches to the honse
from the rear, but neither saw anyone leav
ing'the house. '
Miss Borden then called for her mother,
but received no response. She ran upstairs
to her mother's room and fainted when she
opened the door. Her mother had been
murdered in the same brutal manner, her
sknll being crushed in by some heavy in
strument, apparently an ax. Mrs. Borden
had been brained by the back of the ax,
and, in addition, had been hacked with the
sharp edge until her head was chopped to
Both rooms in which tbe murders had
been committed were bespattered with
blood, but showed no signs of a struggle.
No attempt at robbery had been made.
Kot a Clew to the Blnrderer.
Who the murderer was, why he committed
the crime, or where he went, are tbe ques
tions which the police would like to solve,
but thus far they have found nothing that
can help them. They have arrested three
persons on suspicion, but the only sus
picious circumstances about them was the
fact that they were seen in the neighbor
hood about the hour of tbe murder.
Mr. Borden was a very large owner of
real estate in Fall Eiver. Charles a Cook
was his agent collecting his rents, and yes
terday paid to the old gentleman a large
snm of money from his rentals.- He made
regular deposits in the Union Bank, and
never paid any accounts except by check.
He left home as usual, about 9 o'clock
this morning, to take bis de
posit to the bank. About 10:30
o'clock his deposit Mas received at tbe
Union Bank, and be went from there to his
home, arriving about 10:40 o'clock and
going into the sitting room to recline upon
the lounge and read the newspaper. Mrs.
Borden went upstairs to make the bed in
the bedroom in the front of the house. No
one except the murderer saw them after
ward until the dead bodies were found.
Sir. Frlck Confined in lied to Avoid Sec
ondary Hemorrhages.
Mr. H. C. Frick is Improving very rapid
ly and expects to be out again next week.
He is able to walk around in his room. Mr.
Leishman states that his wounds are about
healed. The only reason he is confined in
bed is to avoid tbe possibility of secondary
hemorrhages which are liable to occur from
the gunshots.
Mrs. Frick is very much depressed over
tbe death of her babe, but she is in no dan
ger. She also is convalescing.
Carnegie Material Boycotted.
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 4. The Car.
penters' Union of this city to-day served
notice on all contractors of the city employ
ing union men that It would refuse to nse
Carnegie material hereafter.
"Will Be Tested Soon in a
Suit Charging Conspiracy
to Depress Wages.
Mr. Cox Thinks the Carnegie Combi
nation Is Not Legal.
The Unltlru? of Various Interests Under
a Limited Partnership Will Be Ques
tioned Tho Iron Firm Declines to
Take Any Notice of the Arbitration
Proceedings All of the People Ar
rested Beleased on Ball Ed Burke in
Jail on a Charge of Aggravated Blot
One Pinkerton Surrenders.
If nothing is accomplished in the end,
the men at Homestead are determined to
give the Carnegie Iron and Steel Company
a peck of trouble. One of the moves to be
made in the near future will be a test of
the legality of the great combination nnder
which as a limited partnership the various
concerns were consolidated with a capital
of 523,000,000. .
A charge of conspiracy to depress wages
will be made against the members of the
firm, and in this case the right of the con
solidation will be questioned. In addition
charges of riot and inciting riot will be
brought aeainst the firm, the Pinkertons
and the other men already arrested. The
indications are that snch lawyers as Ben
Butler and Bob Ingersoll will be hired to
prosecute these cases. For astuteness these
men are hard to beat, and the chances are
that one of the greatest legal battles ever
fought in the local courts will follow.
One Precedent to Be Cited.
To tbe laymen the conspiracy charge to
depress wages looks ridiculous; but Attor
ney John F. Cox said yesterday there was a
Pennsylvania statute covering the subject
and several precedents have been estab
lished. "Such a charge will be brought in a few
days," Mr. Cox began, "and there is good
ground for it in my opinion. In Schuylkill
county the employes sued the Morris Bun
Coal Company for depressing wages. Judge
Paxson decided against the firm. I have
forgotten the details of the case, but we will
refer to it at the proper time. I argue that
in the beginning the various mills like
Beaver Falls, Homestead, Duquesne,
the Edgar Thomson, the coke plants,
etc., were owned by different people.
They were bought up by tho com
,pany securing a controlling interest in
each and then they were consolidated. 1tv
is doubtful whether such a combination of
capital is legal under the State laws. Then
we will try to show that the interests were
united to regulate the wages of employes
and coerce them. Oar aim will be to breas
up this limited partnership. I understand
Mr. Carnegie owns 113,000,000 and Mr.
Frick has either 53,000,000 or 55,000,000 in
vested. I am not sure of the amount. The
balance is divided between the other mem
bers of the company.
DlflerSgFrom Judge Ewlnjr.
"I don't agree with Judge Swing in the
position he took at the hearings yesterday.
Before 1868 two men couldn't quit work at
'the same time if it was shown that they had
stopped for a common purpose and to help
each other. Under the law this was conspir
acy. Then in 18G8 a law was enacted giv
ing employes the right to stop work in a
body. In 1872 another statute was passed
giving the men the right to assemble and to
use persuasion, provided threats or menace
of violence were not made. Previous to
this Mr. Jones, the lawyer, was arrested
for marching at the head of a number of
men with a brass band to a mine at Smith
ton, on the Baltimore and Ohio road. The
firm claimed that the presence of the crowd
was a threat, and meant to scare their men.
jSo violence was offered, and the marchers
tried to persuade the miners to come out.
Mr. Jones was fined 5500 in the Greensburg
court. To-day we wouldn't think anything
about it.
"But the point I wish to make is this:
The right of men to assemble and discuss
their grievances is not denied, bat as soon
as they try to carry oat their ideas it is de
clared a conspiracy. When 3,800 men coma
together they must bare room to stand on,
and if they go on neighboring property I
claim It is not trespass. At Homestead the
morning the barges were taken the old em
ployes ran along the shore and begged the
men in the boats not to land.
Denies the Trespass.
"They had a right to be on the bank of
the river, and were not trespassers. They
didn't know that Pinkerton men were in
the barges, but supposed they were black
sheep, and they wanted to persuade them
not to land. The people down on the shore
were not armed, and simply because soma
irresponsible persons may have been no
ticed with guns up on the hill this did not
give the Pinkertons the right to shoot down
defenseless men in the crowd on the shore."
"Will any equity suits be entered?" was
"I don't know. That hasn't been de
cided," was the reply.
It was stated that Jadge Ewing, had
spent a good part of Wednesday night
looking up the law, and he had prepared
himself to make a strong statement from
the bench, but when the attorneys for the
prosecution against the Carnegies made' no
effort to hold them the Judge was prevented
from delivering his views. Adjutant Gen
eral Greenland says that at the Judge's con
ference on the Saturday before the troops
were called out, Judge Swing was emphatic
in condemning the- rioters.
Alderman King? Gave Him a Letter of In
troduction to Constable Walls.
Secretary Lovejoy wore his perennial
smile yesterday. Alderman King gave
him a letter of introduction to Constable
Walls stating that he had been released on
bail and instructing him not to serve the
warrant. Mr. Lovejoy was Iookpng for the
officer all dar, but the latter had evidently
heard what had taken place, for he did not

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