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Pittsburg dispatch. [volume] (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, October 14, 1892, Image 2

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THE HTTSBURa DISPATCH, TBJDAJ, OCTOBER 14 1893.
&
real
estate exempt from local taxation.
In the table made on the basil of a di
vision of property into land and improve
ments the total value of real estate charge
able to land is 1,863.111.742, and to build
ing and other improvements 51,745,771,395,
making the total value ot real estate by this
classification ?3,608,8S3,137. This total is
$7,'J14,1S0 less than the total actual value of
all real estate given above. It must be
borne jn mind that the two estimates were
made on a different basis, that a discrepancy
of $7,250,000 less than one-fifth of one per cent
is immaterial inatotal of over $3, 000,000,000,
and that this difference really proves the
substantial identity of the data upon which
the two estimates "were made. This data
itself is probably not in all cases complete,
but it is conservative, giving results under,
rather than over, the actual facts.
Proportion of Land to Improvement Values.
Of the total value of 53,608,883,137, the
value of land is 5L6 per cent; of buildings,
etc., 48.4 per cent. That is, the value of
real estate in tbe State is about evenly divi
ded between land ?.nd improvements. The
great ariation in the relative percentage
of land and improvements in the several
counties will be noted. There seems to be
no law as to percentages in agricultural,
manufacturine and mining counties, or
those having large cities. In Philadelphia,
a large manufacturing county, with the
largest city in the State, but 36 per cent of
the value "of real estate is land, while in
Allegheny county, which is a county very
like Philadelphia in many respects, 57 per
cent is land. As a rule, however, in agricul
tural counties the land values are greatest,
as would be expected, while in the manu
facturing counties, and those having large
cities, the value of improvements is equal
to that of land, or greater.
The total actual value of agricultural
. property is but 73 per cent of the value of
township real estate. By far the larger
portion ot the property in townships is
larms, and by far the larger part ot the
taxes paid rh townships is assessed upon
agricultural property. In the table based
upon the division of real estate into land
and improvements subdivided into classes,
the valuation ot all the land in the State is
51,881,334,522, and of all buildings and other
improvements 1,754,525,949, making the
total value of real estate '53,635,860,471.
Tbe substantial accuracy of the statistics is
shown by the closeness with which the re
sults obtained by the three methods agree.
How the Land Is Divided.
Of the total value of land 5725,485,439, or
3a5 per cent, is agricultural; 5212,262,299,
or 1L3 per cent, is mineral; 5129,895,624, or
6.9 per cent, is manufacturing, and 5813,
691,160, or 43.3 per cent, is of other classes.
Ot the total value of buildings and other
improvements 5245,494,072, or 14 per cent,
is agricultural; 552,528,164, or 3 per cent,
mining; 5377,964,038, or 21.5 per cent, man
ufacturing, and 51,078,539,675, or 61.5 per
cent, other classes. Of the total value of
all real estate 5790,979,511, or 27 per cent,
is agricultural; 264,790,463, or 7 per cent,
mineral; 5507,859,662, or 14 per cent, manu
facturing, and 51,892,230,835, or 52 percent,
other property.
The manufacturing statistics are perhaps
the least valuable of any given above, as
they are the most incomplete. The com
mission found it almost impossible to obtain
figures upon the money invested in manu
facturing plants. The same difficulty was
met in estimating the values of mineral
lands and plants. The vein being hidden
makes it an uncertain matter to pass upon
the value ot it. So in working a mine or
oil well each ton of coal or barrel of oil
produced destroys so much value tliat can
not be renewed or restored. According to
the report of the United States State
Geological survey, showing the amount of
capital invested in the production of
minerals in Pennsylvania in 1890, the value
of the oil land is placed at 5100 an acre; of
of the anthracite coal, a little less than 5500
per acre, and ot the bituminous coal, some
5174 per acre. According to the estimate of
Mr. Wm. Griffen, of Scranton, the total
workable area of anthracite coal is ov,er
500,000 acres.
Getting at the Keal Value.
From the table of , real estate exempted
from taxation it appears that 5000,479,621
of real estate is exempt from taxation in
Pennsylvania, an amount equal to about
10 per cent ot the actual total valuation.
This is in round numbers double the valua
tion of exempt real estate reported by the
County Commissioners to the Secre
tary of Internal Affairs in 1S91, and 50 per
cent in excess of the amount reported in
1890, for it is a notable fact that nearly
550,000,000 more ol exempt real estate was
reported in 1890 than in 1891.
Ol the total value of exempt real estate
given in tne tawes, 51L',134,UU, or 5 per
cent is property of the United States; 14,
840,400, or some 5 cent is State property;
Fl8,lll,S20 or 6 per cent, is county prop
erty; 506,319,548, or '22 ccnt,.the property
of local governing bodies, as cities,
boroughs, etc.; 47,970, 09G, or 16 per cent,
is in sc'iools ot various kinds, and 138,231,
688, or 46 per cent, is churches, hospitals,
and other religious and benevolent institu
tions. Allecheny county has 44,500 00
exempted. The real estate of corporations
that pay taxes to the State and are thereby
made exempt from county or local taxes is
not included in the foregoing amounts, the
commission holding that the real estate of
such institutions is taxed directly or indi
rectly by the State.
The commission only estimated the value
of certain classes of personal property in
Pennsylvania, as it was impossible to secure
information on many points. The estimates
were made by persons who were as coin
1 ctent to judge as could be found.
The Tools or the Tillers.
The total value of agricultural imple
ments in the State is 57,167,016. The
method employed to obtain these figures was
to assume a value per farm ot 100 aces.
Opinions differ as to what this figure should
be some figuring 282 and others estimat
ing as high as 1,000. The commission de
cided that S20S per 100 acres would be a con
sen ative estimate and computed on that
basis.
The total estimated valuation of furniture
and the contents of dwelliugs is 368,083,
142. According to the 1890 census there
were in Pennsylvania 1,061,626 families,
averaging 4.95 persons to a family. These
families occupied 999.364 d-vellings or 5.26
persons to a dwelling. The number of
dr.elling houses in eleven cities in Penn
sylvania in 1890, which cities contain nearly
one-third tbe total number of dwellings in
the State, is given as follows: Philadelphia.
186,052; Pittsburg, 37,725; Allegheny, 16,543;
Scranton, 12,263; Reading, 11,693: Harris
burg, 8,164; Wilkesbarre, 6,952; Lancaster,
0,530; Altoona, 5.8G7; "VVilliamsport, 5,636;
Allentown, 5,070. Total, 303,395.
The value of lurniture to a family is esti
mated at 5308. The larger number ot the
dwellings being in the cities this amount is
considered low. The commission made in
quiries all over the State from dealers and
othere engaged in such business, who would
have opportunities to form judgment on
this point, and the average estimate
from such persons was about 5500. Ac a
low basis of calculation the Comniissiouers
estimate ihe total valuation of furniture
and contents ot dwellings at present at
450,000,000.
The Valuation of Live Stock.
The total valuation of livestock in Penn
sylvania is 5116,108,5S8. This amount is
divided as follows: Horses and mules. 572,
031,957; cattle, 528,821,108; sheep, 4,386,933;
Hogs, 6,017,260. The valuation ot live
stock in Philadelphia is included in the
total, but not in "the separate classes.
The total value of merchandise in stores,
2J8,66i,057. at first to the Commissioners
teemed excessive, but examination soon
dispelled this belief.
The report lor Philadelphia shows that
there are in that city 14,404 stores doing a
business or above 51,000 a year, that have
paid licenses, and over 2,000 whose sales
amount to le6s than 51,000 a year which
pay no tax. In addition to this there are
3,500 stores whose sales are below 55,000,
assessea mat nave noi paiu tne license, aud
500 in the other classes. This would make
a total of 20,404 stores in Philadelphia. In
view of these facts the Commissioners do
not think that 5107,000,000 as the value of
stock in store in Philadelphia is excessive.
This leaves the total value of the stock in
all the stores of the entire Commonwealth
outside of Philadelphia but 171,664,057.
cent These values do not include
Ot this 585,000,000 is . reported by the
County Commissioners as contained in
1 Pittsburg, leaving but 86,000,000 for
the entire balance of the Commonwealth,
Millions Invested In Vehicles.
Pennsylvania has 510,333,303 invested in
vehicles for hire, pleasure and work as near
as the commission can figure. It is esti
mated that there is $76,906,042 worth of
finished goods and raw materials at manu
facturing establishments. The valuation of
all kinds ot agricultural products in 1892 is
estimated at 5130)000,000. This is con
sidered a conservative figure.
The valuation of corporate property was
a difierent matter for the commission to get
at, owing to the list of the corporations of
the State being by no means complete or
correct. The commission took Auditor
General McCamant's report of March, 1892,
in which he estimated thai the capital stock
of corporations and limited partnerships
engaged in business in the State was
1,215,565.314. This does not in
clude manufacturing companies exempt
from taxation under tbe law. The
capital stock of corporations engaged in
purely manufacturing enterprises is esti
mated by Sir. McCamant at 175,000,000 to
which the commission holds that it would
be safe to add from 15 to 20 million to bring
it up to date. Building and loan associa
tions are also exempt from taxation, and in
the same report their capital stock is
estimated at 575,000,000. The commission,
in the absence of accurate data, estimate
the value of corporate property not in
cluded elsewhere in the report at $1,250,
000,000. They arrived at this figure in this
way. They assumed, after careful investi
gation, that the value of railroad property
in Pennsvlvania is 800,000,000.
The value ot street railwavs is some $50
000.000, of canals some 530,000,000, of tele
graph and telephone companies some 50,
000,000, ot express companies some 51,
000,000. Money Invested In Insurance.
The value of the property that is, the
loans on bonds and mortgages and collater
als and the stock and bonds held by the
stock fire insurance companies of the State,
exclusive of real estate, "which is taxed
locally is 533,024,332; that held by mutual
companies, 58,036,004. It is assumed that
the value of similar property of other State
fire companies in accordance with the
business done in the State should be as
signed to the State should be 6,497,512.
The life insursnee policies in force in the
State December 31, 1891, amounted to
486,719,502. A portion of the premium
reserve of the companies carrying these
policies should be held as against this and
should be regarded as Pennsylvania prop
erty. The personal property held by State
banks is some 40,000,000; by national
banks, some 5275,000,000. The value of
such property held by private banks and
bankers has not been ascertained. The
manner of obtaining the actual valuation
of property based upon insurance was de
cidedly novel. After considering the mat
ter for some time Mr. Weeks thought if he
could get at the amount of property insured
in the State it would be a starting point.
Novel Method of Securing Facts.
Conservative judges estimated that in ad
dition to the amount of insurance reported
to the Insurance Commissioner there was an
amount carried by what is termed "under
ground insurance" which was suffi
cient to raise the total risks in
Pennsvlvania at the close of
1891 to 52,000,000,000. The replies to
same 200 letters Mr. Weeks sent out asking
the best judges as to what percentage ot
insurable property in the State was covered
in whole or part by insurance showed that
in the opinion of those making returns,
property was insured for 67 per cent of its
value. After considering the subject from
many other sources, Mr. Weeks assumed
that 66J per cent of the value of property
insured was covered by the risk! This
would make a total value of property cov
ered by insurance 53,000,000,000. The ques
tion as to what proportion of the insurable
property is covered was more difficult, but
was disposed of in the same manner. The
reports from the most experienced compa
nies, checked and modified by correspond
ence, indicated that not over 60 per cent of
the insurable property oi Pennsylvania is
protected in whole or in part. On this
basis the figure of 55,000,000,000 was arrived
at as the actual valuation of insurable prop
erty, which the commission thinks is an un
der estimate. In considering taxes the re
ports says:
Tlio total taxes, licenses, etc., paid In 1S91
to all bodies in the Commonwealth of Penn
svlvania authorized to levy taxes, so far as
the came ccmlu be ascertained, amounted to
$49.5B4.Ku. This is divided as lollows:
Total taxes, licenses, eta, paid in Pennsyl
van min 1S9i
To State $12,022,527
County 5 630,48
Local bodies 31,730,891
Total $19,383,907
The amonnt of certain taxe. chiefly poor
and do? taxes, could not be ascertained. It
is possible that the total taxation of Penn
sylvania will reach $59,000,000 annually.
Tiio Bet cnue of the State.
The total revenue of the State for the
year ending November 30, 1891, was $13,
007,062 39. The commission assuming that
42,000,000 is the amount of taxes collected
for local purposes, less the county taxes,
the Stale taxes on moneyed capital and the
amount received from licenses, divides the
amount as follows iu a statement showing
taxes paid the several counties ot Pennsyl
vania and to local governments in the coun
ties, cither on their own account or 'on ac
count of the State: County tax, $5,630,488;
local taxes, 531.830,891; State taxes on mon
eyed capital and vehicles, 1,748,449; State
licences, 2,890,172. The receipts from cor
poration taxes amounted to 55,227,834 67.
The following table shows tbe relative
taxation by State and local bodies of cer
tain corporations:
ill
character or ' -. Connty
company. ; ,e Stale, and Total.
J? Local.
Hi
i 7
Flectrlc Light.... 3 S 1.828 f 139 1.965
Express I 7.080 5,082 12.1S2
Gas .ind Water.... 23 9.4S1 1,013 10,491
Limited Partner
ship 16.C62 30 186 ,46,218
Mining, M.inut.io
turlncandOU.. 326 123,093 815,709 640 802
Miscellaneous 4S6 53J.124 480.775 1,016.899
Miscellaneous 108 fi,U2t 77,187 102.216
Telegraph, Tele
phone, etc 38 49,619 11,218 60.837
Turnpike Road,
etc 11 512 l.SSC 1,393
Street Eallwajs... 16 153,200 133,259 236,489
Total LOCI $924.026 11.256.484 2.180,510
The State's Share of Taxes.
That is, of the 52,180,510 taxes paid by
those 1,061 companies, 1,256,484, or 58 per
cent, was paid to countv and local bodies,
while but 924,026, or 42 per cent, was paid
the State.
No valuation of these companies has been
secured; hence, no estimate as to millage of
fixation could be made.
It will be upon this line that further in
vestigation will be pursued by the commis-
HALCYON DAYS.
"A thingf of beauty is a joy forever !"
So let'your action to die saying match;
Your life all beauty will be if you're clever
In studying the "wants" in "THE DISPATCH."
I
O
In other words, one single unfulfilled desire mars
the beauty of life; but there is nothing that you need
that cannot be supplied from a daily perusal of
these same comprehensive "wants."
..et4.
w
sion in case it is decided to go on with the
matter.
The total taxes paid by oint stock fire
and marine insurance companies in Penn
sylvania in 1891 was 5407,386. There is no
way to distinguish between taxes paid in
Pennsylvania and those paid by these com
panies in other States. These companies
are taxed in Pennsylvania not only on gross
premiums and capital stock by the State,
but on all real estate owned. The total
value of property held .by these companies
is as follows: Eeal estate, $3,616,056; loans
on bonds and mortgages, $13,151,017; stocks
and bonds, 17,534,148; loans on collateral,
2,339,167; total, $36,640,388. This is all
the property held, and it is listed at its lull
value, as it goes to make up reserve and re
insurance fund. If all the taxes paid are
based, on this property the rate will be a
little over 11 mills.
The commission received reports from
railroads operating 4.528 miles of road
in Pennsylvania, that is 38.7 per cent of the
total mileage of road in the State. These
reports show as follows: State taxes on
gross earnings, $267,737; capital stock, 679,
295; funded debt, $173,719. Total, $1,120,751.
Uountv taxes, $38,741; city, townsnip, tor
ougn, etc., $549,535. Total taxes paid,
$1,709,027.
lhis report is very meager, ana tne com
mission says it refers to the report with a
good deal of hesitation.
Total Value of Pennsylvania Property.
The total assessed valuation of property
in Pennsvlvania in 1891, as returned to
Secretary of State, was $2,799,039,542.
Of the total valuation of all property
taxable for county .and local purposes
amounting to 2,217,965,943, $2,103,784,203,
or 95 per cent, is real estate, 44,869,486, or
2 per cent, live stock, and 69,312,254, or 3
per cent, occupation. Thirty-seven and
eight-tnths per cent of the real estate is in
townships, 11.2 per cent in boroughs and 51
per cent in cities. Ot tbe total of 52,217,
965,913, tbe value of township property was
5851,424,568, or 38 per -cent, of borough
265,618,128, or 12 per cent, of cities $1,100,
923,247, or 50 per cent Of the total value
581,073,599 moneys and vehicles, $124,582,
399, or 22 per cent, was in townships, 582,
126.256. or 14 per cent, in boroughs, and
$374,365,004, or 64 per cent, in cities. Of
the total value of property assessed,
amounting to 52,799,039,512, the sum of
976,006,907, or 35 per cent, was in town
ships, 347,744.384, or 12 per cent, in bor
oughs, and $1,475,288,251, or 53 per cent, in
cities. .
The total amonnt of taxes paid to county
qr local governments in Pennsylvania in
1891 either on an account or account of
States, as shown in the report of the Secre
tary ot State, is 538,249,447.
Of this amount $10,076,374, or 26.3 per
cent, was paid in townships, 4,814,056, or
12.6 per cent, in boronghs, and $23,359,017,
or 6L1 per cent, in cities.
The only taxes reported in the above
amount that are not taxes on some kind of
property are licenses. Deducting the
amounts paid on licenses, township taxes
would be 59,967,675, boroughs $4,508,988,
cities $21,383,851, and total 35,860,512. On
the basis of these figures of taxes collected,
the commission figure, the millage in town
ships would be 10.2 mills; in boronghs 13
mills, and in cities 14 mills, and total on
all property 13.4 mills.
The work involved in preparing the re
port was conducted by Joseph D. Weeks.
He was assisted in his labors by Dr. F. C.
Howe, an expert statistician.
WILL MEET HIM WHEff HE ABBIVES.
A Stranded Actress Receives Help and Goes
in Search of Her Husband.
Anna Schmick, a stranded actress, ap
plied to the Department of Charities for
assistance yesterday afternoon. She told
Chief Elliot the following story:
Her stage name is Allemania, and she is
a trapeze artist She traveled with her
husband, who is known as Sampson, the
strong man. Last week they played an en
gagement at a museum in Cincinnati, and
Saturday evening her husband collected the
money due to both of them aud made ofE
She discovered that he had started for
Pittsburg, and the authorities there gave
her a ticket through.
She first applied at Harry Davis Museum
and learned that he had been there the day
before, but not being able to get employe
ment, left for Johnstown to go on to Al
toona and Harrisburg, and finally to his
his home in Schuylkill county. She then
applied to Chief Brown, of the Department
of Public Safety, for means to go on, and he
directed her to Chief Elliot He fur-,
pished her with a ticket to Harrisburg, and
it is her intention to go there and wait until
her husband arrives.
Southslders Preparing for Columbus Day.
At a meeting of the Southside business
men last night a committee was appointed
to seenre permission for several firms over
there to have floats in the parade on Colum
bus Day. At least 1,000 glassworkers will
turn out, all the glass houses will shut
down and Geo. Macbeth will pay 5100
toward a band for tbe men. The business
men will meet again Monday night and the
ladies of the Southside will meet at Turner
Hall on Monday afternoon at 3 o'clock.
Found Dead In Bed.
William Good, 62 years old, was found
dead in bed at bis home, Ko. 50 Ohio ave
nue, Allegheny, yesterday morning. Coro
ner's Clerk Miller investigated the case and
is of the opinion that .death was caused by
heart trouble. An inquest will held to-day.
Her Lot a Hard One.
Mrs. Mary Smith yesterday received aid
from the Department of Charities. Hers
is a hard lot Some time ago her husband
died, leaving her in destitute circumstances.
She even had to sell her ' furniture to get
Mr. Smith a shroud and coffin.
Elks Will Bury Him.
William C. Erskine, who died at Mercy
Hospital on Wednesday from the effects of
an assault upon him on Dinwiddie street
some time ago, will be buried on Friday.
The Elks will have charge of the funeral.
Silk Lined Overcoats 815.
Just for two days, Friday ana Saturday,
we will sell 150 men's Vicuna overcoats, silk
lined thronghout to Wie edge of tbe coat,
garments that tailors charge $15 to make;
our price lor the two days, $15.
P. a U. a, Clothiers,
Cor. Grant and Diamond streets.
f
Don't Take the Bisk
Of Are or thieves, but keep your valuable
papers, bouds, etc., in the sate deposit v aults
of the farmers' Deposit National Bank, 66
Fourth avenue. Boxes rented at $3 a year
and upward.
Mrs. Chic Soldi
Just what I have been looking fort as she
paid for one of our. nob Dy hats lor her boy.
Come and see. E. S. Giles,
92, 94 and 96 Federal street, Allegheny.
Small in size, great In results; De Witt's
Little Early fiisers. Best pill for constipation
best for sick headache and sour stomach.
vM
o
o
t
.
V
KIDNAP AN EDITOR
P. Y.EoYnianek Is Hustled Off
to vWilkesbarre Without
.a Chance for Bail.
SUITS WILL BE BROUGHT
Against Detectives Murphy and Gal
lagher Who Arrested Him.
CASE NOW IN LAWYERS' HANDS
Thej Will Be Charged With Conspiracy and
Sued for Damages.
IIDEPHI'S LICENSE MAI BE BEY0KED
Detective P. J. Murphy, of Pittsburg,
and Constable D. J. Gallagher, of Wilkes
barre, are to be arrested for conspiracy and
a damage suit for 510,000 will be brought
against each of them. The prosecutors are
John Slovensky & Co., and the suits are
the outcome of the sensational arrest of
Peter' V. Bovnianek yesterday afternoon.
Mr. Bovnianek is the editor of a Slavonic
newspaper on Grant street Yesterday af
ternoon he was sitting in his office when
Detective Murphy and Constable Galla
gher went in. They said they had a war
rant for his arrest and read it to him. It
charged him with criminal libel and Be v.
Father Kossalko, of Hazleton, Pa., was the
prosecutor. The warrant had been
sworn out before a . Wilkesbarre
'squire. When the warrant had
been read, Bovnianek said he would go
with'them and gave bail. He walked frefm
behind the railing which surrounds his
desk. As he stepped alongside tbe officers,
one caught him by each arm and said they
were going to take him to Wilkesbarre.
Tbe trio started down Grant street Bov
nianek was fighting and protesting that he
bad a right to give bail. The officers
hustled him on.
The Journey to the Depot
This unusual scene attracted many men
and boys and by the time New Grant street
was reached there was a crowd of several
hundred people collected. When the party
turned on to Liberty, Mr. Bovnianek de
manded that a policeman be called and he
have the right to state his case. This was
refused. Just as the entrance to Union
station was reached, the prisoner made a
desperate attempt to free himself from
his captors' grasp. One of tbe officers told
him that if he did not keep quiet he would
mash his face. Finally the fighting, irri
tated trio got inside the gates at the Union
station and away from the crowd. Mr.
Bovnianek very calmly made another plea
for an opportunity to secure bail, but he
was refused. He was at last put on tbe
train.
A Rescuing Party Arrives.
It was about 4:25 that a carriage driven at
full speed drew up at the depot Attorneys
A. and W. A. Blakeley and Alderman
Eeilly alighted. They started on a run for
the Philadelphia express. Bushing into the
car the Messrs. Blakelevs demanded Bov
nianek's release. Constable Galla-
gner reiusea tnem. The car was
crowded and their loud conver
sation soon had everybody excited.
Men and women were standing on seats,
crowding the aisles and all crying, "What's
the matter?" The attorney's said they had
an Alderman witlTlhem and were ready to
give bail. Parties on both sides got con
siderably excited and there was a general
exchange of unpleasant compliments.
While this was going on. Max Schamberg,
the Austrian Consul, who had been sent
for, arrived. He entered the car and there
in that crowded place was sworn. He said
he was willing to go on Bovoianek's bail
for anr amount He said he was worth
5100,000.
An Interchange of Compliments.
Gallagher was standing up in his seat and
had the Drisoner behind him. Alderman
Eeilly demanded that the man be released
on bail. The constable folded his arms and
addressed the justice: "I am pleased to
meet you, 'Squire Beilly, and as a matter of
courtesy I would like to accede to your re-
auest, Dutas a matter ot duty 1 must take
this man back to Wilkesbarre."
"Then you refuse bail?" said Archibald
Blakeley, addressing the constable. '
"Yes, sir, I do," replied Gallagher.
"You'll be sorry for this, young man, an
swered the attorney. Then turning to De
tective Murphy he said: "Murphy, you
are a kidnaper. "
Mr. Murphy drew himself up to his full
height, and, with a look that would freeze
water on a July day, said: "Sir, you are
indeed very complimentary."
"I will make vou sorrv for this.MurDhv."
.said the elder Blakeley. Just then the con
ductor came in; it was then past the time
for the train to start The aisles were
packed with people and the conductor de
manded that the'people leave the car.
The Attorney Was Banning the Train,
Turning on him Mr. Blakeley said: "Sir,
I am running this train just now."
This proved true, for it was about ten
minutes alter time when the train pulled
out of tbe depot Bovnianek's friends had
to give up ana leave the car.
In speaking of the case W. A. Blakeley
said: "It was the most outrageous proceed
ing I ever heard of. Murphy and the con
stable overstepped their bounds and now
they are in a bad hole. The law clearly
states that a man when arrested shall be
taken before the nearest Alderman aud
given an opportunity to give bail. When
Mr. Bovnianek was arrested he asked to
be taken to Alderman BeiUey's office.
This was refused and in doing so the officers
broke tbe law. We will certainly make in
formation against them for conspiracy. We
will also bring a suit for damages azainst
' each of the officers. If we cannot recover
$10,000 Irom each of tbe men, it -will
be a very peculiar thing. We do not in
tend to stop with that but will go into
court and ask that Murphy's license as a
detective be revoked.
A Very Peculiar Story.
"The case throughont is a peculiar one.
The real trouble lies in the fact Mr. Bov
nianeK is the President of the National
Slavonic Society. Father Kossalko is a
member of the society and very jealous of
Bovnianek. He owns'the Jednota, published
at Hazleton, Lnzerne county. From time
to time he has been publishing libelous ar
ticles about Bovnianek. About 30 days
ago the latter won a suit against him aud
his editor, Jfrank Bucher, In the Allegheny
courts, and the two were sent to jail for 30
days. They were released several davs
ago, and now bring their charge of criminal
libel. The sole reason is to get Bovnianek
to Wilkesbarre where they think he will
not get bail This is a mistake, as be will
De bailed to-day.
"Bovnianek came to Pittsburg four years
ago from, Hungary. He is a. remarkably
bright man and at once got the editorship of
the Amenkamko Slovmske Koviny. He was
elected to the presidency of the Slavonic
Society soon after and at once Kossalko
commenced persecuting him. Not long ago
he published a story about Bovnianek.
The article Btated that the Slavonic So
ciety's President had been hung. A copy of
the Jednota reached Bovnianek's mother in
Hungary. The news caused her so much
griet that she died soon after.
"Bovnianek now has 16 different cases
pending against Kossalko and Bucher for
libel and other offenses. The grand jury
has found true bills in all ot them and they
will come ud for trial soon."
TROOPS LEAVE HOMESTEAD.
Deputy Sheriffs Now In Charge of the Town
Bfore Men Go Back to the Mills Gen-
. eral "Wiley and Chairman I"rlck Beview
the Departing Soldiers.
The departure of the militia yesterday
caused little excitement There was no
stampede of non-union men or assault on
those who came into the town after dark.
It is asserted at the mill, and not denied by
the men, that a heater named Stewart, a
locomotive engineer, a steelworker named
Dorsey and two carpenters went to wort
during the day, and Matthew Thompson,
who worked in the open-heartb, is to go in
to-morrow. One of the men who went back
told the foremen that CO Homesteaders were
ready to return. The 31 deputy sheriffs
have been divided into day and night reliefs
and they feel competent to patrol the town.
The order to break camp was a surprise
to a large number of privates in the Six
teenth Begiment, although they had been
led to expect an early departure. Colonel
Willis J. Hulings delivered one of his
characteristic addresses. As the troops
marched to the station they passed in review
Brigadier General John A. "Wvlie. who
stood hat in hand and acknowledged every
salute. The troops passed another gentle
man, lor whose interest apd the enforce
ment of good government they bad SDent 95
days on the field. He was Mr. H. C.Frick,
Chairman of the Carnegie Steel Company,
Limited.
Mr. A. John, manager of the rink here,
denies that Detectives Wall and Eosselle
found Pinkerton uniforms and blankets in
the rink during tbe search. He claims that
nothing was found.
During tbe day 14 new men applied for
and were given jobs, while eight left the
plant Of the new arrivals five claimed to
be skilled mechanics.
A MOTHEE'S LOVE,
Mrs. Mack's Awful Orclrnl nt thn Tnt uvi
TIpYinfr-
Wednesday night Mrs. Mack, the mother
of James Mack, who died at the peniten
tiary that day, was subjected to a very pain
ful trial. She was at the Lake Erie depot
on her way home with her son's body.
While waiting for a train Sheriff Grubb, of
McKean county, came into the station with
several prisoners for Riverside. Among
the number was John Mack, another of her
sons.
When Mrs. Mack saw the Sheriff she ran
to him and threw her arms about him, cry
ing a3 though her heart would break. John
Mack stood there, hearing his mother cry
ing for his sake, while a few feet away he
could see the coffin which contained his
brother James, and it was too much for
him. He broke down and cried like a
child.
Mrs. Mack now has two sons in tbe pen
itentiary. Patrick Mack was sent there a
year ago. John has a sentence of three
years and seven months to serve for rob
bery and assault
THEIB ANNUAL FIELD DAY.
Members of the Dnquesne Grays Shoot for
the Comprny Medals.
The annual field day of the Dnquesne
Grays was celebrated by that organization
yesterday at Whitehall. The company
marched to the B. & O. station at 9:30 A.
M. Upon arriving at their destination
preparations were made for the annual
shoot The trophies to be shot for were the
1843 medal for the best shot and best drilled
man, the Vick aud Moore medal and the
regular company medal. The 1843 medal
was' a new thing on the present members.
Its existence had never been suspected un
til af ew days ago, when "Pap" Kennedy,who
is custodian ol the relics, happened to run
across it in going over them.
John W. Chronister won the 1843 medal
and the company medal, and J. S. Swindler
the Vick and Moore medal. Abont 35
members of the company took part and all
were satisfied with the day's pleasure.
HEPUBLICAN MEETING.
Citizens of the Eleventh, Thirteenth and
Fourteenth Wards Assemble.
At the corner of Center avenue and Din
widdie street last evening a Eepublican
meeting was held. A stand bad been erected
and was gaily decorated with lanterns and
banners. At the appointed hour the Ee
publican marching clubs of the Eleventh,
Thirteenth and Fourteenth wards paraded
to the place of meeting headed by a band.
The meeting was finally called to order by
Temporarr Chairman W. C McEldowney,
who introduced as Permanent Chairman W.
E. Frazer. After a short address Mr. Fra
zcr introduced as the first speaker Captain
S. A. Wells. The doctrine of tariff and
Eepublican principles formed the gist ot
tne address.
Other speakers of the meeting were W.
H. Randolph, B. J. Powers and George W.
Blakely.
People's Party Men Meet
A number of gentlemen connected with
the People s party met at the Curry Insti
tute last evening. A lengthy address,
which it was proposed to put before the
public, was lead and adopted and referred,
to a Committee on Literature. It dealt
largely, with the ideas possessed by work
ingmen of both the Democratic and Be
puDlican parties, and asked every working
man to vote only the People's party ticket
The address dealt severely with Judge Pax
son, and referred to him as Chief and Eev
erend Chief Justice of the State, in meas
ures more lorcible than polite.
Presented With a Buffalo Coat
P. a Boyle, of the Oil City Derrick, was
in Pittsburg yesterday. He came to the
city to receive a magnificent buffalo coat
which had been presented to him by Editor
iticii.ee. o: tne .Larimee lieouoiican,
paper lormarly owned by Bill Nye.
the
Bepobe breafefast Bromo-Seltzer
Acts as a bracer 10c a bottle.
RP.
&
Sterling Silver
-FOR-
WEDDINGS.
The most complete stock in Pitts
burg. TEA SETS,
BERRY BOWLS,
PITCHERS,
SUGARS' AND CREAMS,
TUREENS, .
CHESTS OF SPOONS,
COMPORTS,
VEGETABLE DISHES,
ICE CREAM SETS,
BON BON TRAYS,
BUTTER SPREADS,
OYSTER FORKS,
BERRY SPOONS,
LADLES,' Etc
The latest Fall and
signs now displayed.
Holiday de-
E. P. ROBERTS & SONS,
fifth Ave. iand Market St.
178
OClO-KWV
I0B A HEW BESEBV0IB.
The Allegheny Public Works Committee
Recommend the Purchase of a Site.
The Committee on Public Works of Alle
gheny met last night . The contract for
grading, paving and curbing Sten street
from High to Pine street was let to Sloan
& Mcllwain at 39,725. The paving is to
be of Ligonier block.
The question of smoke consumers to be
placed on the boilers at the Eiver avenue
pumping station was discussed. The sub
committee reported that the Beed con
sumer, manufactured by theHiggins-Butter
Manufacturing Company, which firm agrees
to furnish three consumers at $150, and
to enter into a bond that tbe consumers
will perform their work satisfactorily,
was the best and cheapest and that the sub
committee recommends the purchase of
them. Mr. Gerwig suggested that the con
sumer of the Western Smoke Preventer
Company and that of the Higsins-Butter
Company both be given a chance, and
moved that one of each company's consum
ers be given a test of 30 davs each before
any definite action is taken in the matter, J
niiivuiuuuuu jiMscu. xuc imteru ODJOKQ
Preventer Company's consumer costs, $100
each, and it will require 18 of them to do
the work that three of the other companies
win uo.
The petition from the property holders
of West Jefierson street against tbe build
ing ot a sewer was laid over and tbe Chief
of Department .of Public Works notified
not to advertise for bids.
The .sub-committee appointed to make a
contract with the owners of Green Tree
Hill for the purchase of a site for a new
reservoir reported six acres and some
perches at 53,000 or $20,000 in all. There
port was approved.
HUGOS i HE.
LADIES'
FUR GARMENTS.
We show a line
ranging 'from the most
popular priced to nov
elties of. the highest
grade, comprising all
the new styles of Jack
ets, Mantles, Capes.
Storm Collars, includ
ing the new Cleopatra
and Princess styles,
Muffs, Boas, etc., in
all the fashionable
Furs, Mink, Stone
Martin, Persian and
Russian Sable Neck
Scarfs.
We call particular
attention to our Alaska
Seal Garments, . the
most attractive line we
have ever shown. The
styles are distinctive
and unexcelled, hand
somely finished, quali
ties the very best and
every possible advan
tage in price guaran
teed. The Russian Wat
teau Cape and Box
Coat are two entirely
new styles this season.,
Kersey, Beaver Diag
onal, Cheviot and
Fancy Cloth Jackets,
Wraps and Capes for
Ladies, plain and
trimmed, in a large as
sortment of the most
recent styles.
GOB. FIFTH AVE. UNO MflHKET ST.
OC9-MWr3H
SIMEN'S
$2:50 Calf Bluchers
for men's wear.
are the best
SIMEN'S
$2.50 Calf Congress are thebest
fitting man's shoe.
SIMEN'S " -
2. 50 Calf Balmorals are the
best in wearing qualities.
SIMEN'S
$2.50 Calf Balmorals and Con
gress, heavy sole, waterproof,
are the best for Mail Carriers,
Policemen, Gripmen and Motor
men. SIMEN'S
Calf Dress Boots at S2.50, S3,
$4 and $5 are the best.
G. D. SIMEN.
OHIO ST., ALLEGHENY, PA.
Fell From a Train.
Samuel Givens, aged 36 years, a freight
conductor on the Pittsburg, Chartiers and
Youghiogheny Bailroad, fall of! a train at
Duff station yesterday afternoon and the
wheels passed over both legs. He was
brought to the West Penn Hospital and
will very likely die. He is married and
lives at Essen station.
Tne Leading
Dry Goods House.
Pittsburg, Pa.,
Friday, Oct 14, 189J,
JOS, HOU i COS
PENN AVE. STORES.
Dress
Goods.
Go anywhere you will not find
collection of goods as complete as.
our present Autumn and Winter
Stocks, nor will you find prices to
rival ours anywhere if you demand
the same honest, reliable quality that
you always find in our goods.
Yesterday was the banner day of
the season for crowds, but to-day
will equal it these are bargains that
many careful, watchful buyers will
make it their convenience to come
after.
Scores of items more you will find
on the counters when you come to
day. 50-inch Fancy Stripe Wool Suit
ings, good styles, that are worth 75c
a yard will be to-day 50c a yard.
40 and 42-inch Wool Bourette
Suitings, also regular 75c quality, are
one of the popular 50c leaders to-day.
38-inch fancy all-wool imported
Suitings, jacquard effects, were made
for 75c goods, are 50c a yard.
42-inch imported all-wool Fancy
Crepe jacquard suitings that ought
to be $ 1 are among the 75 c bargains
to-day.
50-inch genuine English Suitings
in 20 entirely new, this season's
styles, of stripes and checks, on navy,
brown and black grounds, at $1 a
yard. This quality-of goods never
before sold under $1.25. They're"
the genuine London tailor suitings
only j5i a yard.
40-inch fine French Cashmeres at
50c a yard that are worth 75c all
fashionable new Fall and Winter
shades.
A real German "Wool Henrietta
that was never sold over any counter
under Si is 75c a yard. Comes in
nearly all the new street and evening
I shades.
36-inch Navy Blue real Storm
Serge af 50c that can't be matched
under 75c, and equally good values
in these extremely popular goods, 50
inches wide, at 75c, .$1 and $1.50 a
yard.
42-inch Ail-Wool Imported Fancy
Cheviot Suitings, worth $1.50, are
$i a yard.
E5!dGk
Dress
Goods,
The three big bargains mentioned
yesterday hold to-day plenty of
goods for those who come to-day:
46-incu Henriettas,
46-inch Scotch Cheviots,
46-inch WMd Cords.
All regular gi values. Also big
values in five different styles of fancy
Black Dress Goods, 38 inches wide,
that are the usual $1 grade, go at
75c a yard.
Two bargain lines of Black Wool
Henriettas, 46 inches wide, at 85c
and $1 a yard. Both, even the 85c
line, are equal to the usual Si. 25
quality of the average Dress Goods
Stock.
This is not a lot of undesirable
goods marked down to make them
sell, but are the pickings-up of special
lines that always come with a big
season's purchases. That they are
selling away under their real value is
easjly understood. Take advantage
while they last.
JOS.H0RNE&CO.,
609-621 PENN AVE.
ocU
DELP & BELL.
Eareains In Furniture.
Weliavojast placed on sale another
carload or onr wonderful
Cabinet Folding Bed at $18.
ThereirularDrice. or thls.ued In $25 every
where. 'Xhv are going last. Call early and
leave your order.
DELP & BELL,
IS and 15 Federal St., Allegheny.
IT. B. Seo the bargains we offer in cham
ber and parlor nits. seSJ-uwxsa
t m

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