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PITTSBUEQ DISPATCH, "THUESDAT, NOYEMBEE 3, 1892.
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PITTSBURG. THURSDAY. NOV. 3. 1S92.
UNION" IS STRENGTH.
There is already evidence that the paper
on freight discriminations which 3Ir. G. T.
Oliver read before the Chamber of Com
merce is bearing fruit The business in
terests of the city are awakening to the
seriousness of the prevalent railroad in
justice toward Pittsburg, and realizing
that reform can only be secured by com
pact organization. In another column
will be found further evidence of inequity
in rates and general dealings with the
lords of transportation, and arguments on
behalf of the establishment of a freight
bureau, as furnished by Mr. J. IL Rich
ardson. It behooves every man in Pitts
burg to join in this united effort by adding
his strength to the agitation, by publish
ing all he knows on the subject and giv
ing his counsel and subscription to the
It was a curious coincidence that just as
the long-suffering and misguided patience
of Pittsburg is giving way to a spirit of
energetic demand for its rights, Eastern
railroad men should make their appear
ance here on behalf of manufacturers
who claim that Pitlsburg is receiving
favors at the expense of Eastern places.
The local agents on this occasion upheld
this city's interests, and persuaded the
visitors that they had their due.
It is noticeable, however, that this
delensive action of the local
agents, while good In its way,
was in striking contrast to the vigor of
the offensive forces, who were acting
solely as the mouthpieces of shippers in
their districts. One of the lessons to be
learnt from the Middle States Traffic As
sociation meeting ot yesterday is the need
which it demonstrated for a strongly or
ganized body to persuade local freight
agents to do their duty by their patrons in
no perfunctory manner and to carry the
war into the enemy's country when Fitts
buig's interests and rights are at stake.
This is an age of keen competition
amoug cities, no less than among individ
uals. The fittest city survives, and the
city fittcsc to survive is the one which is
best united to promote its own interests,
secure its own rights, and display its ad
vantages to the world at large.
Public spirit can do more for Pittsburg
than private enterprise, and private enter-
pr.se should see that it can derive im
mense benefits by pooling its issues in
general matters for the advancement of
the municipality as a whole.
THE PAKTY OF CALHOUN.
The Democratic return to the doctrine
of Calhoun in its plank on the tariff has
naturally attracted much attention in this
campaign, but no more than it deserves.
It is a significant fact in characterizing
the economic vagaries of that party that
by an overwhelming majority it flew in
the face of all the statesmen who helped
to make the country great, and adopted
exclusively the doctrine of one man who
framed for the purpose of nullification
and who sowed the seeds of the great at
tempt to disrupt the Union.
Aaainst the Democratic assertion that
any purpose of protection in a tariff act is
unconstitutional is to be set the as'ertions
of Washington, Jefferson, Hamilton and
Madison in the early history of the coun
try, togeth.er with the specific declaration
of the first tariff bill ever passed that one
of its objects was the development of
heme manufactures. Later comes the
authority of such men as Web
ster and Jackson, who opposed
and defeated the especial doctrine
of .Calhoun. It is a striking and
significant fact that the Democratic Con
vention of 1892 refused to make a declara
tion of conservatism and care for indus
trial interests in revising the tariff, re
jected Ihe teachings of Jefferson, Madi
son, Webster and Jackson, and nailed the
flag of Calhounism to the mast as its
chosen banner in the fight of extermina
tion against American industries.
It is little to the purpose that the Dem
ocratic candidate has in the middle of the
campaign rejected his own platform. The
party which as a party attempts to revive
the doctrines of Calhoun after the events
of the last half century is not to be
trusted with power in this country.
NO LAUREATE FOR US.
The difficulty which England is having
over the laureate question is indicated by
the report that Mr. Gladstone has braved
Mrs. Grundy and offered the title to Wm.
Morris and that the poet, true to his
Socialism, has refused the Government
patronage with scorn. Undismayed by
this example the New York Sun comes
forward with a suggestion for a poet
laureate in the United States. That jour
nal thinks it would be well to elect a poet
laureate by popular vote, with the right
of suffrage given to women as well as
men. This it thinks would be better than
to leave the election to both Houses of
Congress under Presidental veto. As to
the appointment by the President, subject
to the veto exerted by Senatorial courtesy,
the Sun does not deem such a plan even
worthy of notice.
Whatever plan should be adopted the
idea of an American poet laureate to
be chosen under our political system con
tains a promise of the horrors. Great and
successful as our political organization has
proved in overcoming the problems of a
new century it has never given any
promise of the exercise m popular elec
tion or Presidental appointment of that
literary discrimination necessary to select
a poet laureate with any approximation
to judgment It is easy to predict that
after the nation had gono through the
excitement of a few laureate election , in
which the candidates' religions and social
beliefs, his personal record and his pri
vate behavior would be all ventilated, we
would be able to present a list of selected
poets rivaling the English one, compris
ing Shadwell, Tate, Row, Eusden, Cibber,
Whitehead, Warton and Pye. This is the
English list for.a century and a quarter.
The peril of furnishing to posterity a
similar list of American laureates is
enough to veto any such rash suggestion
as that of the Sun.
The United Suites has as much need of
a poet laureate as it has of a court painter.
We can encourage genius without resort
ing to the idiotic fortuities of a by-gone
PROBABLY A WIND STORM.
The threatened conflict between the
State and Federal authorities with regard
to the manner of holding elections, while
it has been productive of a gocd deal of
noise, is not so far ominous of anything
worse. The spirit and letter of the enact
ments can be followed in order to secure a
fair election for both sides. If either
side desires to get possession of the polls
so as to carry the election byfoul means
that party will be responsible for the
Su far as the subject matter of the pres
ent dispute is concerned the Democratic
party is the one which shows such a desire.
The administration under the Federal
law claims the right of Federal super
visors and deputy marshals to be present
during the casting and count of tho
This right is defined by the
statutes and lias been
by .the United States Su-
Court It does not conflict
with any essential feature of the State
law adopting the Australian ballot,
though there may be an unimportant con
flict with some of its minor details. To
permit the Federal supervisors to dis
charge the duties fixed by the law can
neither invalidate the election nor pre
vent a fair count, as the entire conduct of
the election will be in the hands of the
officials under the State law. The only
"function of the Federal officers is to pre
vent criminal tampering with the elec
tions. Under these circumstances the atti
tude of the New York Democrats in rais
ing the issue assumts a very questionable
hue. It is made more so when we re
member that the Democratic Legislature
of New York has altered the State law
so as 'to take away the representation of
both parties on electiou boards. What
other purpose can there be in these steps
except to put it into the power of Tammany
to steal the election? if there is any
other motive for raising this small-sized
edition of nullification the New York
Democrats will do well to produce it.
The party that defies Federal law, in
order to grab an election by the notorious
methods of Tammany, makes a very posi
tive and damaging exhibition of its ten
dencies. But we think the conflict will
turn out to be mainlv of the nature of a
THE ELECTION BETTOR.
After the election prophets come the
election bettors. The rest of tho week
will be occupied by the gentry who im
agine that they do their parties yeoman
service by offering to bet large quantities
of wind with a small percentage of cash
on the success of their favorite candi
dates. We read already in the organs of the
respective parties that sums counted by
t"ns of thousands are offered in various
cities more or less remote from the point
where the statement is made on the vic
tory of the given orgnn's party, and that
no one of the other party has put in -an
sppearance to take it. The large sums
thus alleged to be seeking takers en both
sides, and the inability of the bettors to
get together, suggests the case of Mr. Pott
and Mr. Winkle, who displayed their
bloodthirstiness toward each other by
each running away to another town, where
they unfortunately met and began to fight
by seeking opposite corners of the hotel
If there were any foundation for the
superstition that elections can be affected
by tho bettors of either party, to what a
level of idiocy would it reduce our poli
tics! As it is the demonstration of idiocy
is confined to the bluffers.
THE WILDCAT PARTY.
The experience of the country in the
circulation of Stato bank notes is fortu
nately preserved in official documents.
The annual message of the Governor of
Indiana said in 1853:
The speculator comes to Indianapolis
with a bun ale of bank notes in one hand nnd
the stock in the other. In 21 hours lie is on
Ills way to some distant point of the Tjnlon
with what he denominates a legal enrrency,
authorized by the Legislature of Indiana.
He has nominally located his bank In some
remote part of the State, difficult of access,
where ho knows no hanking facilities are re
quired, and intends that his notes shall go
in the bands of persons who will have no
means of demanding; their redemption.
In the same year Michigan's Governor
At present wo are Riving chai ters to tho
Issues of banks about which we actually
know nothing, in whose management we
liavo no participation, and are thus literally
paying a large tribute for what generally in
the end proves to be a great curse.
The Governor of New Jersey said:
In many cases our banks, although osten
sibly located in New Jersey, have thoir
whole business operation conducted by
brokers in other States. The facility with
which they may be organized and located,
without reference to the wants of tho com
munity or the business of the place, is de
structive to all the legitimate ends of bank
ing. The state of affairs thus set forth in offi
cial language, in addition to the memory
of every man over fifty years old, was
abolished by the 10 per cent tax on the
circulation of all banks save the national
system. This provision the Democratic
platform proposes to repeal. Whether
this is merely a sop to the Southern hatred
of the national banks, or a concession to
the Democratic affection for worthless
money, is not Important The vital fact
is that the Democratic policy as declared
in its platform simply opens the door to
the restoration of that chaotic condition
of the currency.
It is amusing to observe the species of
logic by which Democratic organs try to
justify this return to the wildcat money
of the era of Democratic supremacy. The
Philadelphia Record comes forward with
the assertion that when the State bank
system was wound "Up $101,000,000 of
notes were retired without loss to holders.
Marvellous! Now suppose the Record
should inform its readers how much of
the State bank circulation became worth
less in the hands of holders during the
twenty-seven years before its retirements
and how much of the national bank cir
culation has turned out bad in the hold
ers' bands in the twentyeven years since.
A camparison of those ratios would be
very interesting. If our cotemporary was
frank enough to make it
The Record goes on to quote what it as
serts to be the real Issue of the campaign
in the words of Russell, of Massachusetts.
" The people of the country will nover con
sent to an increase of the national debt
solely for the purpose of making a basis
for national banks." No one proposes an
Increase of the national debt The repre
sentation of that as the alternative is flat
misrepresentation. The national bank
system can be maintained by extending
the range of solid securities to bo used as
a basis for circulation. ""Even the much
derided sub-treasury proposition would
furnish a more reliable basis of value for
the currency than Democratic idea of
flooding the country with notes based en
tirely on private credit,
The wildcat plank in the Democratic
platform is the most striking exposure of
Democratic unreliability on financial ques
tions that has been made for a generation.
What the American workman has to
consider in casting his vote is whether or
not he wishes tho barrier which preserves
his wages at an American standard to bo le
moved. If he wishes to lower American
wages to the European level he cannot do
better than vote the Democratic ticket. If
American citizens believe that the best
thing for this conn try is to repudiato na
tional Industries and encourage foreign
competition, they cannot do hotter than
vote for Mr. Cleveland. If American men of
business believe that experience is worth
nothing, tbat tho Protective tariff Has not
been productive of prosperity, and that a
wild-cat curiencyis more conducivo to the
steady giowth of commerce than the na
tional monetary 9ystem, they should cist
their ballots for the Democratic nomineos.
These are the Democratic claims, and com
mon sense cannot indorse them.
If civil service reform began at home
both parties would find plenty of work to
do within their own borders and the coun
try would be all the better for their efforts
to banish corruption and establish political
Uncertainties are plentiful in this
campaign. But the greatest uncertainty of
all is as to the intentions of the Democratic
party. The gieat certainties before the peo
ple are that Protection is a national benefit,
and that the utterances of the Chicago plat
form are a menace to the country's pros
perity. Commerce cannot flourish undor
the load of an unstable currency, and Amer
ican industry can only be fostered by the
exclusion of the products of foreign cheap
He who bets on the result of the election
is not quite as bad as he who sellB his vote
for cash down or piomissory considerations.
But there is not much to be said for his wis
dom and integrity.
As the time for the election draws nearer
the uecessi.y for anything mateilal to base
estimates ot success upon is more and more
overlooked by the gentleman who are
shmit.ng to keep their courago up. Evoiy
thing that is in bight and a good deal that
is out of sbht is claimed by everyone that
wants it. The wisli at this time is father,
mother, biother, sister, cousin, aunt and all
tho other lelatlves to the publicly ex
pressed thought at this time.
What a relief it will be for the "inde
pendent" press of New Yoik to be able to
resume its criticism of Tammany misrule
without lear of incurring Cleveland's dis
pleasuie. As 31b. McAllister's four hundred do
not at present control the politics o.' New
York, the attempt to tiace Air. Thomas P.
Gilroy's descent from a royal race is not
likely to have much effect on his chances of
obtaining the Mayoralty. By the by, it is a
curious coincidence that New York should
be the city that 1 as made a specialty of cul
tivating both, social and political toadyism.
There is a notable contrast between the
eagerness to secure the re ard lor suppress
ing tho Cooleys and the dilatory negligence
that allowed their long-continued immunity.
After November 8 the various' politi
cians who made ante-nomination state
ments that various caudidutes could not
carry various States, and who have since
contradicted themselves, will have an op
poituuity of saying '"we told you so" how
ever thoc.it jumps. And at the same tiino
they will he able to toll an uninterested pub
lic which time they meant what thoy said.
The blanket ballot is likely to be blank-ety-blauked
on November 9 unless politicians
get rid of an inclination to prolanity, and
learn to accept defeat with equanimity.
Laporte, Indiana, has abolished the
telephone girl by inaugurating a new auto
matic call system. Chicago can talk to New
Yoik with ease nnd comlort ovor the long
distance wire- And still Pittsburg contains
antiquated instruments and the city cannot
talk to the suburbs without losing its tem
per over the inconveniences which hinder
Political rainbow painting cannot go
on lor more than five days, and the aitists
are choosing thoir pigments rather for
hiilllant effect than for lasting qualities.
What a pity it" is that Mr. Cleveland
does not see his way to addressing Tam
many Hall on the evils of political corrup
tion. Or perhaps so simple a duty could bo
more easily performed by that eminent
spoilsman, ox-IIcadsman Stevenson.
Heaven helps those that help them
selves is a sound doctrine that Christian
Scientists need to stndy and act upon.
Uninterested citizens are too plenti
ful and disinterested politicians are too
s carco in Trcsidental years.
IN THE PUBLIC ARENA.
Jerry Simpson has made 63 speeches in
the campaign so far.
In 18 months Mr. George Grossmith
cleared ovor $105,C00 by his humorous sketch,
'Piano and I."
The retiring Austrian ambassador at
Berlin is Count Szechenyi, and his successor
is Count Szogyenyi.
, The Bureau of Horticulture at the
World's Fair has a promise of a largo num
ber of plants, measuring from 8 to 34 feet
high, from Mr. Jay Gould.
Mb. John Jacob Astor is not only a
director of tho Rider and Driver Publishing
Company, of Now Y'ork, but a regular con
tributor to its editorial and nows columns.
Vice President Morton is as much of
an enthusiast in hen farming ns'is ex-President
Hayes, and will have one chicken house
in which 1,300 yonngsters will And a home
until they aro ripe for nock wringing.
Princess Marie of Edinburgh, the
betrothed of Piince Ferdinand ot Kou
mania, is a beautiful and clever woman and
has already won a warm place in tho heart
of tho Queen of Roumania, Carmen Sylva.
Ex-GovernorMerriweather, of Ken
tucky, attained the aso of 83 last Sunday.
Beside serving the Blue Grass State as its
chief magistrate, he was also United States
Senator, succeeding Henry Clay in' that
Me. Louis A. Dent, who has been ap
pointed United States Consul at Kingston,
Jamaica, will sail for his now post next Fri
day. Mr. Dent was private secretary to Mr.
.Blaine during the latter's term as Secretary
Captain J. W. Lawlor, who sailed
from Boston June 5 in a 12-foot boat on a
transatlantic voyage, and who was last
heard from at North Sydney, C B., about
three months ago, has been practically
given up by his friends as lost.
Miss -Dickens says that in the "Old
Curiosity Shop" her father reproduced in
Little Nell much of the character of her
Aunt Mary, Mrs. Dickens' yonnger sister,
who died while scarcely more than a child,
and ofwbom Mr. Dickens was very fond.
II ow Do Ton Know?
Kansas City Times.
Cleveland will be elected.
CAMPAIGN NEWS AND, COMMENT.
After all the instructions that have been
given out concerning the new ballot system
there is still uncertainty in the minds of
some voters, and a number of inquiries have
reached Tnu DisrATCn In. response to these
the statement is repeated that the proper
and most convenient way to vote a straight
ticket ot either of the old parties is to place
a cross-mark to tho risht of the
word "Republican" or "Democratic"
wherever It appears on the ballot,
according to the voterjs political
prefeience. In Allegheny county this will
require five marks. The first will cover the
32 Presidental electors, the two Congress
men at large and Judge of the Supreme
Court. Another mark is required for the
district Congressman, one for State Senator,
in districts which elect this year, and one
for tho Representative ticket. The final
mark is necessary lor the county ticket,
composed of Judge and Coroner. Ptohibi
tionlsts, Populist and, members of the Social-Labor
party must ' place u mark to the
right of each one of their candidates' name?,
as they are undor the general head
of "By nomination papers." Tho salest
way to vote a mixed or split ticket is to
place a mark opposite each name for which
it is desired to vote, though a citizen who
only desires to use his personal preference
in the local nominations may mark tho first
group and then make his selections Irom tho
others. The most common error under the
new system, as shown bv experience in Ohio
and olscwhere. Is that a number of votors
place tho cross-mark opposite the name of
the first candidate instead of the party
designation. In Pennsylvania this year
such a mistake would only permit tho ballot
to oe counted ior tne nrst elector.
EX-POSTMASTER GENERAL JAMES has
been credited with tin intention to vote for
Cleveland. This is a mistake The assur
ance is given that he is the same steadfast
Kcpnblic.tn that lie was when a member of
Mr. Garfield's Cabinet.
Commissioner of Internal Eevenue
Mason has returned to Washington from
West Virginia after several weeks' partici
pation in the lively canvass in that State.
He is convinced that Piosident Harrison
will bo le-elected, and that he will get tho
electoral vote of the little mountain Com
monwealth. "Tho majority for Mr. Cleve
land in West Virginia four years ago was
aDout 500," said Mr. Mason, "and wo expect
this yeav to reverie tbat order nnd give Mr.
Uar.ison the majority. I have been through
the State, and I know there aro excellent
giounds for the faith the Republicans have.
We 1 ave made a vigorous fight and have
put tho tariff in tho foreground, believing
that to be the great issue, West Virginia
being largely a manufacturing State. The
Democrats have dodsed everthlng but the
lot ce bill, and have mado that paramount
to everj thiug, but it has no terrors for tho
people of my State. Tho Republicans will give
the electoral vote of the Stato to Mr. Harri
son, and we will also elect our State ticket."
Tho commissioner takei u decidedly Repub
lican view of tho Congressional outlook and
piedicts that die Democrats will lose three
of the four. Democratic members of tho
State. "Mr. Pendleton, in the First dis
trict," said lie, "lias no possible sliotv to bo
returned, and Mr. Alderson, of the Third
district, we feol will, beyond any doubt, be
defeated. The Republicans of the State aro
claiming the three districts, and say that
tho only one in doubt is that represented by
Mr. Wilson, whero the Democrats are mov
ing heaven and earth to return the great
champion ol Democratic free tiade."
The fact that the weather for the past
day or two ha been better adapted to thoir
"gum shoe campaign" has given tho Buck
eye Demociats some slight encouragement.
TJndeb the caption of "The Great Problem
in the JVest" the independent Washington
Post editorially observes: "Serious and
thoughtful men of both parties are asking
thomselvos whether tho mote enthusiastic
Democrats are not leckoning without their
host when thev make calculations on tho
possible gains of the thiid party in certain
Western States. The inquiry is fascitfating,
perhaps, bnt is it not both illusory and dan
gerous T Suppose, for example, that the
Populitescairy the tlnee States in which
they seem to have a chance. Nebraska has
eight votes, Kansas ten, and Nevada
three 21 in alL Suppose, then, that
Mr. Cleveland should cany New
York ana Wisconsin, and Mr. Harrison
Indiana, New Jeisey, Connecticut and West
Virginia. That, if tue other calculations of
the experts be coriect, would throw the
election into tho House of Representatives.
Suppose, however, that Mr. Harrison gets
210 votes in tho Eloctoral College and Mr.
Cleveland 203-suppose anything, in fact,
which would giro tne electors of Nebraska,
Kansas, and Net ada the balance of powor
what warrant is thorc for tlio assumption
that tho Populito electots of those three
States would cast their vote for General
Weaver, and so refer the election to a Dem
ocratic House? Is it at all assured that when
the issue actually confronts them when
they have to choose between Harrison and
Cleveland without any possible chance of
electing their own man is it at all assured
that in such an emergency they will
delcat Mr. Harrison und elect Mr. Cleveland
by the simple piocess of throwing the elec
tion into the House of Representatives? All
this is mere speculation, but it Uiuteiesting,
and it opens up a channel of thought tbat
has not yet been explored."
As an offset to his political prospects Mr.
Cleveland has now a steam yacht worth a
comfortable lot tune. Mr. E. C. Benedlot
now speaks of his yatch, the Oneida, as
"Mr. Cleveland's yacht," but as It costs over
$30,000 a year to run tho boat, Mr. Cleveland
does not claim the property, but leaves it m
Mr. Benedict's hands, only asking for a ride
in her once in a while. Mr. Benedict and
Mr. Cleveland were out fishing, and the ox
Preslaont was bragging how many fish ho
could catch. Mr. Benedict, while having
profound faith in Mr. Cleveland's ability to
catch votes, was inclined to doubt his ability
to catch fish in the quantities of which he
was boasting. As he gave expression to his
doubts, Mr. Cleveland proposed a bet, and it
came about that the ex-Preldent wagered
his highly valued fishing rod, the gift of an
old friend, against Mr. Benedict's yacht that
he would catch a certain number of fish in a
certain length of time. To everybody's sur
prise, Mr. Cleveland won, but be hasn't
claimed the yacht.
"The President" is the term used at
national Democratic headquarters in speak
ing or the Democratic candidate. Ho is not
alluded to as "Mr. Cleveland," or as tho "ex
President," or as "Governor," but as "Presi
dent," this being descriptive of him both in
a past tense, and, as the Democratic man
agers fondly dteam, in a futuie tense as
EX-ATTORNEY -GENERAL PALMER, of J
Pennsylvania, has returned to Wilkesbarre
irom an extensive European trip. In speak
ing of the feeling on the other sideregaid
ing the Presidental contest he says: "There
seems to be more interest in England as to
tho result of our elections than there is in
Pennsylvania. The London Times, Standard,
Spectator and Telegraph all assert that a tariff
for revenue only, such us the Doinocrntic
platform proposes, will be as good for Eng
land as actual free trade, lor the reason that
it would open American markets to all man
ufactured goods. They are, therefore, shout
ing for Cleveland aud predicting his elec
tion. The denunciation of the McKln
loy bill is very severe. The solici
tude of English manufacturers for
the welfare of their Ameri
can competitors is really touching.
I suppose tho proper thing for any man to
do who wants wages reduced to the English
scale is to vote lor "revenue only." Per
haps it would bo a good, thing to suricnder
and allow England, Fiance, Germany and
Austria to manufacture lor us, tun) our
mechanics and millhands into larmers, and
raise grain to pay for what we need fiom
abroad, but I do hot think so. Let all tho
machinists, painters and bricklayers who
want to work ten hours for$l 20, und all the
laborers who banker alter 70 cents for a
day's work, walk up like men andvoto for,
Cleveland aud reform."
The old New York expression of "com
ing down to Harlem river" with a cortain
majority is no longer accurate. New York
City's limits have been enlarged and the
little Bronx river is now the dividing lino
of the two sections.
Tho Trust They Like.
A beer combine is the latest grinding
monopoly. Consumers say that thoy would
rather have trust for the drinks than a drink
Strange Bedfellows, Indeed.
Chicago Inter Oceau.
Democrats in New York are happy. Cleve
land and Graco and Croltcr have all climbed
Into the same bed, and the tiger guards the
OUR MAIL POUCH.
The Kev.Mr.WUHams ami the Encyclopedia
Britannica Answered as to Alleged Jes
uit Maxims Kindly Close of a Contro
versy. To the Editor of The Dispatch :
1 see In to-day's issue what purposes to be
an answer by Mr. Williams to my question
put to him some days ago in regard to his
assertlrn that the Jesuits taught the prin
ciple, "The end Justifies the means." His
words were, "We aro not accustomed to act
on the Jesuit maxim, 'The end Justifies the
means.'" I requested the gontleman to
kindly name the Jesuit who taught this,
and the book and pago where it was to bo
found. He fails to do this in his reply, and
repeats tho charge on the authority of some
unknown writer in the "Encyclopedia
Britannica," who bases his opinion on some
principles found in the writings of the Jes
uits nnd.othcrs. Those will bo examined by
and by. Let mo eay right here, that tho
"Britannica" is very poor authority on such
a question. I am satisfied Mr. Williams
is better informed than the . man who
wrote, that article In the "Britannica," and
far less prejudiced against the Catholic
Church. Mr. Williams says he ought not
to notice my question because it
was anonymous. I gave my initials,
F. K. What more does tho
"Britannica" writer glvo at the end of tho
aiticle quoted bvMr. Williams? only Initials
(R. F. L.) I thank Mr. Williams for his kind
words about the saint of the Catholic Churoh
and beg to assure blm tbat 1 have none but
the kindest feelings for my non-Catholic
friends and fellow citizens. Now to his
answer: He says that in making the asser
tion which I denied "I used a popularly cur
rent phrase." Where is Just where Mr. Will-
lams made the mistake. There liavo been
"populasly current phrases" from remote
times, such us "Can anything good come one
ot Nazareth?" and, like this phrase, they
aro often erroneous and cause mischief
Jnst as this phrase helped to prejudice the
Jews against our Lord. It is the duty of
a public teacher and scholar to sift such
phrases and see what is in them, chaff or
To show that what he asserted was cor
rect Mr. Williams rerers me to "an un
doubted authority," the "Encyclopedia Brit
annica." Now, as far as this matter is con
cerned, tho Brltaniiica'3 authority is no
more and no less than the unknown (to me)
writer of that article on the Jesuits, and, as
the writer Is evidently prejudiced against
the Church and Jesuits, his authority is not
"undoubted." In this article Jesuits we
read, for instance, "Two causes liavo been
at work to produce the universal lailuro
of the great company in all it plans and ef
forts. And first stands its lack of powerful
intellects." Ye gods! "A Daniel come to
judgmentl" What will the illustrious
alumni of the Jesuits say of the "powerful
intellect" which conceived that judgment?
I ask is K. F. L. "undoubted authority" on
the Jesuits after thai? Well, let us hear him
as quoted by Mr. Williams: "The result of
dispassionate examination of these and
kindled works (F. Gury, Ligouri and
Scavini) is that the throe principles
of prouabilism, of mental reservation, and
of Justification of means by ends aie
recognized maxims of the society." Merely
stating that Ligouri was not a Jesuit but the
Founder of the Kcdemptorists, and that tho
question is not about "probabllism" or
"mental reservation," let us seo what proof
tho learned encyclopedist gives lor asert
ing that the Jesuists teach "the end justifies
Buscmbaum is quoted: "Cum finis est
licitus ctiam media licita" "When the ond
is lawful, the means are lawful." Are we to
understand this to be the same as "tho end
Justifies the means." In the maxim quoted
irom Buscmbaum there is no question of
Justifying means. To justify means neces
sarily implies that the means are unjust, as
means good or indifferent In themselves
need no justification. Busembaum does not
speak heie or uuhiwiul means. Why try to
make him say what he does not? Again,
from tho same: "Cui licitus est finis etiam
licent media" "To whom the end is lawful
the means are lawtul also.' Does Mr. Will
iams deny this? If it bo law'lui tor him to
raise corn in his field, for instance, is it a
crime to say that It is also lawful for him to
till the field, procure the seed, olan; it and
cultivate it? Deny this principle in its
clear and obvious sense, and you dony that
a man can ever realize any lawful end
similar reasoning applies to the two other
principles quoted lint nowhere does R. F.
L. show us that the Jesuits teach the maxim
"The end justifies the means."
Now, let me refer Mr. Williams to the
work of one of the Jesnits mentioned in the
E. B. article, Gury, and give him the title
of the wo- K and the page, so be may get bis
information at "fli st hands," The work is
"Compendium Theological Moralis," fourth
cditiou, 1SS8, Auctore, P. Joanne Petro
Gury, 8. J. Pars L "De Actlbus Humanis,"
page 5. Gury, treating on this subject, says:
nno nuuquam ias est maium. quantum vis
leve, ad bonum quoacumque procurandum;
nam, JuxtapervuIgiAim axiomaexapostolo
depromptum (Rom. iiL, 8) nuuquam sunt
iacienda mala ut eveuiant bona. "Ic men
tliitibinon llcot etiam ad vitam hominis
salvandam." "Wherefore," says Gury, "it
is never right to do evil, however slight,
to procure any good whatever, for, accord
ing to the well-known axiom of the
apostle (Bom., 3, 8): "Evil things are never
to be done that good may come." "Thus,'
continues Gury, "it is not lawful for thoe to
lie even to save a man's life." Now, Mr.
Elitor, is not this the very opposite of the
principle "The end justifies the means?"
Certainly to save a buuian lire would bo a
good end; but this Jesuit, Gury, says it is
not lawful to procure even that end if you
have to lie to do it. Why? Because Gury,
S. J., holds with St. Paul and tho whole
Catholic Church that "evil must never bo
dono that good may come." Iu the lace ot
this how can an honorable man hold that the
Jesuits teach "the end Justifies the means?"
Tho Jesuits have been acensed of many
tliimrs. but I think their worst enemy will
haruly accuse them of stupidity. But
stupid indeed would they be if thev taught
those two opposite principles "The end
justifies tho means," and "evil is never to
bo done that good may come." The doc
trines of faith anil morals held and taught
by the Jesuits are simply tho doctrines of
the Catholic C lunch. Tuey are in the front
rank or her faithful and loval sons.
Mr. Williams complains that I did not
give my name to the public. My reason was
and is that I dislike notoriety, and besides,
my name Is of small moment to the public.
You, Mr. Editor, may, if you please, give my
name and address to Mr. Williams if he
deign to ask them, but please continue to
keep them fioui the public for the reasons
I gave. I agree with Mr. Williams In bis
dislike for controversy, and s'ato positively
this ends tho dispute as taras 1 am con
cerned. And now I bog the gentleman to forgive
any seeminsly unkind word I may have
.written, assuring him I set down naught in
malice. I again thank him for his kind
words aoout the saints ol the church and
its members in general. I never saw Mr.
Williams to my knowledge, and may never
meet him on this Bide tho grave, but I do
hopo with all my soul tbat he and I will be
nt the right hand of the Master on the Last
Dav. F. K.
PiTTSBtmo, November 1, 1892.
THE FBESIDENI'S BESPONSE.
n KepUes to Those Who Sent Him Mes-
sages of Sympathy,
Washisotow, Nov. 2. The President to
day requested the publication of the follow
"The expressions of sympathy with mo
and our family in our great sorrow, from in
dividuals, from societies, from church con
ventions, from public meetings, from politi
cal clubs and committees of all parties,
and, indeed, from all our people,
have been so tender and so full
of respect and love for Mrs. Harrison that I
reluctantly abandon tne purpose of making
a pergonal uckuiiwledmeut of each. Wa
are giateful, very giatefnl for this great cup
of good will and for your prayerful inter
cessions. May Goa give to each of you in
every trial that graco and strcngtb which
you have asked for us.
"Bex jAJtnt Habbisoh."
Both in Season.
Political uflairs are a gond deal liko charity
J nst at prosont. They begin to hum.
DEATHS HERE AX1) hLSEWHERT.
Ernest Voss, Journalist.
Ernest "Voss, who stole 2,000,000 marks
from a eivinzs bank at Vernon, Germany, in 1S31.
was recently found dead in Ills room In Hoboken.
Vo-s was a director of the hank which he robbed.
Ills theft wrecked it. Instead or imprisoning
Voss he was adjudged Insane and committed to a,i
insane asylum. He escaped from tlie asylum and
disnnnertML Voss was cmoloved ns editor Of a
TNew York Ueriuan paper.
ROBEK1 GBANT, Professor of Astronomy In tbe
University of Glasgow, aged 78 years. Is dead.
Rkv. James A. Donnelly; pastor of St. Mary's
Church, llollidaysburg. died at 1 o'clock A. u.
Wednesday. TI,e luneral will be held to-morrow.
J. P. Dold. a well-known business man of Brad
dock, died Tuesday evening of typhoid fever, axed
33 years. He had been a resident of the borough
lor 15 jeara, and was a prominent mau In secret
societies. Mi:s. I.ocisaA. Spade was burled Tuesday at
Cressou, having died of heart disease Saturday.
Mrs. Spade was Dom at Danville. Pa., In 1802. and
was married n 18J2, and she has 141 descendants.
Thirteen of these are children, CS grandchild ren. CO
arc Ri eat grandchildren, nnd two babes tbe children
SOCIETY AND CHARITY.
Ingathering of the needlework Guild
Contribution From the Home of Incur
ables Pittsburg Soprano Married in
Illinois SInsicale at Shadysldo Social
Yesterday all the attention of the
society ladies of tho two cities seemed to be
taken up with the ingathering of tho
Needlework Guild. They arrived at the
Third Presbyterian Church, of Pittsburg, at
9 o'clock in the morning and stayed till
nearly six in the evening, being busy in tho
work of receiving all sorts of clothing from
the many contributors who are desirous of
helping in this excellent cause. There was
clothing of all descriptions, including made
up garments ior people of both sexes and
all aires, from the infant in long clothes to
the old man and woman who require warm
labrics to keep thoir blood in circulation,
and who, like the babies, care nothing lor
bim styie oi garments so tnac tuey are com
fortable. Underwear of various materials,
sacques and wrappers, nightgowns, flannel
ana other skirts, women's shn wis and mit
tens and men's shirts, sheets, towels, com
forters, shoes, slippers, hoods. Jerseys, etc
There seemed lo bo enongh clothing piled
up to clothe and keop warm all tho poor
people of Pittsburg twico over, btft every
thing was given away before the close of tho
ingathering, and more could have been dis
posed of had it been there.
The Home for Incurables was represented
by two large dolls, dressed, and a number of
pretty paper flowe'rs. Thoy were made by
tho inmates of the Home, who, although
they leceivod thoir sharo of the goods
brought to the inuathering, felt that thoy
should do something for the benefit of the
Soutlisido Hospital. These dolls will bo
placed in the booth at the fair setaside for
the purpose of showing the graces of doll
land. This is a beautiful thouzht on
tho part of tho poor sufferers, who
cannot enter very much into tho pleasures
of tho outside world, and lew of whom will
be able to attend the fair in the Postofflce
building next week. Mrs. W. A. Horron,
president, and Miss Mary K. Dawson, secre
tary, of the Pittsburg branch of tho Needlo
work Guild, wore in charge yesterday, and
are spreading the influence of the guild as
far and fast as they can. Every charity in
the two cities was remembered with big
bundles or drygoods.
The ladlesof the Pittsburgbranch worked
so hard yesterday that they think it would
be advisable to give two days to the next in
gathering, so that they will have one day to
receive aud the next to send out. ihe Alle
gheny branch will hold its ingathering No
vember 17 in Carnegie Hull. Tho Ingather
ing of the Snuthslde branch will be held on
the same day in St. Mark's Guild House.
One of the principal social events of the
week will be tho mosicale Friday evening at
the residence of Mr. and Mrs. S. Jarvl3
Adams, at "Grand View," Slmdyside. The
proceeds aio to go toward the furnishing of
the nurses' dormitories of the Homeopathic
Hospital. The mu-icalo will be under tho
auspices of the lady inanagors ot tho hos
pital. Yesterday morning Miss Iv. J. Smith,
daughter of Mr. J. G. Smith, of this city, was
married to Mr. James F. Hedges, a business
man of Buffalo. The ceremony took place
in a parlor of the Seventh Avenue Hotel in
the pretence ot the immediate relatives and
friends of the couple. Rev. A. E. Ellis, pastor
of tho Sniitlifierd Street M. . Church, offi
ciating. Mr. and Mrs. Hedges will reside in
Miss Mary Beesley, soprano of the
Third Presbyterian Church of Pittsbnrg,
who has been visiting her mother in Jack
sonville, HI., wns quietly married there
Tuesday evening to Mr. Alex. Forbes Adams,
of the firm of Jones A Laughlin. The bride
was educated in Dresden, and has for some
time beenoneof the popular vocalists of this
part of the country. Her father died last
July, and on this account the wedding was
not announced beforehand. Mr. Adams'
father, who nlso died lately, was a clergy
mau of considerable reputation in the
Scottish church. Mr. and Mrs. Adams will
bo at home to their Iriends in Pittsburg at
Shady and Fifth avenues, alter tills week.
Pbof. Chain, of Germany, was one of
the entertainers at Mrs. George II. Taylor's
delightful "talk" yesterday afternoon. He
delivered an address on "Germany." These
"talks" havo become one of the most popu
lar forms of entertainment in Pittsbur-; and
Mrs. Taylor has received a great many com
pliments on her novel idea aud there is a
larger attendance every week.
Gossip or Society.
A .MEirrrso is to be held to-morrow evening
by the Woman's Auxiliary to tho Keeley
League, in tho parlor of tho Keeley Insti
tute, Oakland. Among those expected to be
present are J. M. Kelly, Mrs. Ellen M. Wat
son, Mrs. S. S. Gibson, Mrs. S. S. Collins, and
The laaies of the Ninth U. P. Church, Alle
gheny, lire to open the bazaar in Semple's
Hall to-day. Great preparations nave been
made for the event, mid there is every rea
son to hope that it will be a success.
To-day Miss Elizabetn McCreary, of Erie,
is to be married to Mr. Harvey McBrier,
formerly of Allogheny City. Mr. Harrv
Thompson, of North avenue, Allegheny, has
gono to Erio to act as best man.
The Ladies' Aid Society of the Bellevue M.
E. Cburch have cards out for the annual
supper at the church this evening. A tood
musical and literary programme will be pre
sented. tekat for music lovers will be tho choral
servicbut St. Paul's Cathedral next Sunday
morning. Mozart's Twelfth Mass will be
sung, a boy choir assisting.
The first meeting of the season of the Mat
rons' and Maid's Euchre Club took place
Sestcidiy afternoon at the residence oi Mrs.
enry Bailey, Cliff street.
In the Baptist Church, Unlontown, last
evening, Mrs. Emma WilFon, of that city
was to uecome tne oriae of Mr. narry tx.
Howard, of Masontown.
Mb. James Chesfubd, of Wilkinsbnrg, will
entertain the members or the Young Peo-
Ele'a Society of the Ii. C. Church, of Wukiiis
urg, Friday evening.
A LECTUBE on "iomler Life" will be de
livered by Mr. George Reed, or Harrisburg,
November 17, under the auspices of Post 3.
Mr. C. A PAnKEB, well-known as a member
and stsgo managerofthe Andrews and other
opeia companies, has settled in Pittsburg.
A DELioHTruL progressive euchre was
given last evening by Mrs. Fleming at her
home on Irwin avenue, Allegheny.
A Good Point In the Campaign.
One moral of a close campaign is that it Is
l-.ai'd for floaters to get on swimmingly.
TUB NATIONAL GAME.
Who says that 13 is an unlucky numbert
There aro 13 baseball players in tho Boston
club. Chicago JJaiU
All this rejoicing ovor the close of tbe
baseball season is premature. It has not
clo-ed. It has simply gono indoors. Chicago
Tue verdict will now bo that our city has
not only tho bc3t club in existence, but very
nearlyirnot quite, the best club over gath
ered. Boston Hera d.
Evidently there is something wrong in
tho management of baseball affairs, which,
if not corrected, may lead to tho shelving or
the national game. Baltimore Herald.
i-r is quite evident tbat during the winter
tho baseball magnates will havo to devise
some plan to lescue the game or else suffer
n more disasti ous sefsou in H0J.M'as7Ungton
The Boston" toam seems to have had both
luclc and the umpires on its side, and the re
sult of the championship contest will do
much, nd doubt, to disgust Cleveland lovers,
orbasoball with the national game. Cleve
Idt.d Le ider.
It is to be hoped that when the beason of
1893 opens there will be new people, of a
better character, engaged to uphold baseball
than the majority of those who were promi
nent in the sport for a numberof years past.
Han isburg Star.
Baseball will be promoted and elevated
by the happy and reputable boliavior of its
more celebrated representatives as they
finish their endeavors for the year. It augurs
oil fora genuino revival of popular interest
in tiie sport at no distant future day. L'iooi
BistDLL has apparently served its day
audits dajs seem near an end. Perhaps
there may bo a renaissance. But tho ball
players have come to the end of their string;
they can piny very little better; there is no
more progress to be mado. The people have
seen it all. Th'ey are tired of reviewing it.
Kansas Ctty Times.
Chicago has 1,000 peddlers.
Gun caps were first used in the English
army in 1S22.
The annual sale of Eapflish postal cards
is about 230,003,000.
Damascus silks were imported and
worn by Roman ladles A. D. 81.
There are in the United States 5,333
public or subscription libraries.
Ancient battering rams were manned
by 100 or 130 men, generally captives.
Singing and dancing were first brought
on tbo stage by Andronicus B. C 210.
The best honey in Persia is collected
from the orange groves at Kanyeroon.
The peculiar flavor of Bavarian beer is
due to the use of pine tops in its manufact
A prominent geologist claims to hays
found a fossil forest in Custer county,
The Empire of Japan comprises nearly
13 030 cities, towns and villages, in which 10,
000,000 people live.
The first attempt to lay the Atlantia
.cable In 1S57 proved a failure, the cable con
The oak in a general way requires to
grow from 120 to 200 years before it is fit to
out for large timber.
Onr production of meat in 18S3 was
nearly half as great as that of Europe, with
its population of 350,000,000.
The limit of the capacity of the earth is
5,293,4CO.0CO souls, and this number' will ba
reached in less than IS7 years.
The new whaleback steamer to be bnilt
at Everett, "Wash., will be360 feet in length,
12 feet beam and 26 Xect in depth.
Greek dandies, like Alcibiades, allowed
their hair to fall on their shoulders, and at
night rolled the curls round a stick.
In 1840 we produced l,800,0uO tons of
coal: In 18G0 tho quantity mined was 15,000,
000 tons, but in ISsd it was 112,000,000 tons.
Jonesboro, Ga, has a resident who, it is
reported, has only spent $3 in the past six
vears ior clothes. He is said to be worth
Gideon defeated the Midianites B. O.
1215 through fright nt the sound of crashing
earthenware and the flash of lamps during
a night attack.
Tbe pyrometer measures heat in de
grees and fractions, and will give accurata
figures even though the heat runs up to tho
unthinkable intensity of 7000.
An automatic match igniter is a recent
novelty. You pull a lever, a match travels
alongaroughened surface and Is then thrust
out of an opening already ignited.
The very finest specimen of engraved
gem now in existence is a head of Nero,
carved on a first-water diamond by the
brothers Castanzl in the year 1700 A. D.
It would take three and one-fourth
thousands (3,253) of tho little vegetable
narasltes which crow on the human hair to
cover the white center ot a nonpareil "o."
From 1G70 to 1700 there was great ill
will between tho pit and boxes, the occu
pants of the latter being accustomed to spit
into the pit at frequent intervals. In 170 J a
royal edict forbade the practice.
There is a certain city in the southern
part of China whose inhabitants observe the
.-,anie Halt in walking that we do. and yes
thoy 'frequently api car to strangers as if
they were walking on their heads.
The Harvard facnlty has announced
that during the fall and winter practical
courses will bo given to medical practition
ers in bacteriological diagnosis of Asiatio
cholera. Imported germs will bo used.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles P. Jacobs, at
Pendelton, Ind., have celebrated their gol
den wedding anniversary. Tho dinner was
spread upon tho same table cloth upon
hich the wedding feast was served 50 years
Noblemen in scores were created by
Christophe, a negro, who ruled as Emperor
of Hay ti from 1811 to 1S20. Among the titles
conlefred were thoe of the Duke of Manna
lade, the Count of Lemonade and tho Earl of
The report of the Comptroller General
of Georgia shows an increase every year
since 1879 in tbe assessed value of property
In that State subject to taxation. .From
$231,959,518 in 1879 It has increased, to Stp,
753 531 in 189i
Desecbo, an island adjoining Porto
Rico.is infested with rats. There aro millions
of them there, and it is unsafe fora man to
set toot on thi Island. Thoy have destroyed
'all the goats, which were formerly bred
there, and aro now eating the shrubbery.
There is a point near the famous Stony
cavo, in the Catskill Mountains, where ics
may be found on any day in the year. This
locality is locally known as the Notch, and
is walled in on all sides by steop monntalns,
some of which are more than 3,000 fee:
Death Valley, CaL, nothwithstandinj
its suggestivo name, is tho abode ot mora
curious and wonderful specimens' of animal
creation than any place of its size within
the limits or the Unitod States. The oldest
of the creatures, perhaps, is a species of
rodent called the "kangaroo rat."
Since the war of '70-71, 22 years, ths
military expei.ditures of France have been
fifteen milliards three hundred and sixty
eight millions of francs, or about $3,800,000.
000. This sum is exclusive of the five
milliards paid to Germany as an indemnity,
of the sum expended on the navy, and of
the amount used in building strategic rail
roads and tho payment or military pen
sions. ORIGINAL AJTD JOCOSE.
Alt INTEERCPTED SERENADE.
The world now slumbers peacefully
The moon her silent vigil keeps;
o sound Is heard except my song.
It tells of love which never sleeps.
Of love that lives for thee, sweetheart,
'Twill last forever and for aye;
Of love that's born of heaven above.
It beams as docs the sun's bright ray.
Awake I and listen to Its words.
Unless you do I'm broken hearted
Her papa's voice now plainly says
ComeoITt Your love for school's departed.
HE was a theatrical m anager. The other day ha
advertised for actors for a new play he Intended
sending oat. I happened to be In the neighbor
hood of his office at the time applicants were told
to call, so I concluded to step in and llnd out how a
dramatic company was picked. I told the manager
I was editor or the Thespian Ivffer. and also in
formed him what I wanted. lie seemed delighted
aud gave me a theatrical cigar and asked me to bo
seated, no doubt ejecting me to give him a send
off In my paper in return ror his kindness, but, I
sincerely hope he expected me to say that his com
pany would draw better than bis cigar. I hadn't
been seated long before the first applicant put In
an appearance. lie was a tall, thin lellow, but be
was not smooth-faced, nor did he wear a fur
lined overcoat, and for that reason I did not think
he was an actor. Oh, but how I changed when I
heard him tell about the people he had been with.
He walked up to the manager's desk, and In a
basso-profundo voice said :
"1 come In response to your advertisement for
The manager was busy writing, and without
looking up from hl3 work asked; "Who was you
"I have supported," said the basso-profundo,
"Mr. Booth. Mr. Jefferson. Mr. Irving and 3Irs.
Langtry. and I am what you might call a 'daisy'."
Them's good people." remarked the manager.
By this time he had finished his writing, and lean
ing back In his chair, continued: "Bnt.' supposs
you go over to that side of the room," pointing
directly across, "and walk natural over to tbU
"Over to this desk" seemed to be the office boy's
cue. for be came rnshlng In with a yardstick, and
kneeling down by tne applicant, who had taken
bis position by the opposite wall, crawled along
the floor and measured his every step.
When they had reached the desk the office boy
arose and whispered something to the manager,
and the manager said to the applicant, "You
By now the room was filled with actors wanting
a Job, and. In turn, they were all asked, "Who
was you ever with?" and then put through tba
walking exercise, and not a single one got an en
gagement. I thought It very strange and said to the mana
ger: "You haven't been very successful, but, tell
me, why yon didn't take some of them. They all
said they'd been with good people."
"Or course they did;" remarked the manager,
"but an actor out or a job will He with his tongue,
but always forgets about his stride."
"What do you mean?" I asked.
"Simply this," replied the manager; "that
every one of them people has been with bum com
panies, what's got stranded: but they can't fool
me. Why. every one of them, to a mao,tepp4
Just the distance between tics."