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-V rx 'Vnifiiriv PITTSBUEQ DISPATCH, "THUESDAT, NOYEMBEE 3, 1892. ,- a ". 'sr' -v ;-. ---ri-s---. - niu . ' - ."- "yW - I Pi ,-,-, ., Sf' IeB$proj. ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY is is. Vol. 74. No. 173-Enterea at Flttsburg Postoffice November, 18S7, as second-class matter. BUSINESS OFFICE, Cor. Smithfield and Diamond Street. News Rooms and Publishing Honse, 78 nnd 80 Diamond Street, New Dispatch Building. EASTERN ADVERTISING OFFICE. ROOM 76, TRIBUNE BUILDING. NEW TORE, where complete flies of THE DISPATCH can always lie found. THE DISPATCH Is on sale at.LEADING HOTELS throughout the United States, and at Brentano's, S Union Square, New York, and 17 Avenue de 1' Opera, Paris. Franee. TEISMS OF TUB DISPATCH. POSTAGE FREE IN THE C3TITKD STATES. JIAILT DISPATCH One Year. 8 8 00 Daily DisrATcn. Three Months 200 Daily Dispatch. One Month 70 DAILY DISTATCH, Including Sunday, lyear.. 10 00 Daily DisrATCn, Including Sunday, im'ths. 550 Daily Dispatch, including Sunday, l month 90 Sunday DisrAicn. One Year 2 50 Weekly Dispatch, OneTear. 1 25 TnE Daily DisrATCn Is delivered by carriers at 31 cents per week. or. .including Sunday Edition, at accents per week. REMITrANCES SHOULD ONLY BE MADE BY CHECK. MONEY ORDER. OR REGISTERED LETTER. rosTAGE Sunday Issue and all triple number copies, 2c; single anddouble numlier copies, lc PITTSBURG. THURSDAY. NOV. 3. 1S92. TWELVE PAGES UNION" IS STRENGTH. There is already evidence that the paper on freight discriminations which 3Ir. G. T. Oliver read before the Chamber of Com merce is bearing fruit The business in terests of the city are awakening to the seriousness of the prevalent railroad in justice toward Pittsburg, and realizing that reform can only be secured by com pact organization. In another column will be found further evidence of inequity in rates and general dealings with the lords of transportation, and arguments on behalf of the establishment of a freight bureau, as furnished by Mr. J. IL Rich ardson. It behooves every man in Pitts burg to join in this united effort by adding his strength to the agitation, by publish ing all he knows on the subject and giv ing his counsel and subscription to the movement. It was a curious coincidence that just as the long-suffering and misguided patience of Pittsburg is giving way to a spirit of energetic demand for its rights, Eastern railroad men should make their appear ance here on behalf of manufacturers who claim that Pitlsburg is receiving favors at the expense of Eastern places. The local agents on this occasion upheld this city's interests, and persuaded the visitors that they had their due. It is noticeable, however, that this delensive action of the local agents, while good In its way, was in striking contrast to the vigor of the offensive forces, who were acting solely as the mouthpieces of shippers in their districts. One of the lessons to be learnt from the Middle States Traffic As sociation meeting ot yesterday is the need which it demonstrated for a strongly or ganized body to persuade local freight agents to do their duty by their patrons in no perfunctory manner and to carry the war into the enemy's country when Fitts buig's interests and rights are at stake. This is an age of keen competition amoug cities, no less than among individ uals. The fittest city survives, and the city fittcsc to survive is the one which is best united to promote its own interests, secure its own rights, and display its ad vantages to the world at large. Public spirit can do more for Pittsburg than private enterprise, and private enter- pr.se should see that it can derive im mense benefits by pooling its issues in general matters for the advancement of the municipality as a whole. THE PAKTY OF CALHOUN. The Democratic return to the doctrine of Calhoun in its plank on the tariff has naturally attracted much attention in this campaign, but no more than it deserves. It is a significant fact in characterizing the economic vagaries of that party that by an overwhelming majority it flew in the face of all the statesmen who helped to make the country great, and adopted exclusively the doctrine of one man who framed for the purpose of nullification and who sowed the seeds of the great at tempt to disrupt the Union. Aaainst the Democratic assertion that any purpose of protection in a tariff act is unconstitutional is to be set the as'ertions of Washington, Jefferson, Hamilton and Madison in the early history of the coun try, togeth.er with the specific declaration of the first tariff bill ever passed that one of its objects was the development of heme manufactures. Later comes the authority of such men as Web ster and Jackson, who opposed and defeated the especial doctrine of .Calhoun. It is a striking and significant fact that the Democratic Con vention of 1892 refused to make a declara tion of conservatism and care for indus trial interests in revising the tariff, re jected Ihe teachings of Jefferson, Madi son, Webster and Jackson, and nailed the flag of Calhounism to the mast as its chosen banner in the fight of extermina tion against American industries. It is little to the purpose that the Dem ocratic candidate has in the middle of the campaign rejected his own platform. The party which as a party attempts to revive the doctrines of Calhoun after the events of the last half century is not to be trusted with power in this country. NO LAUREATE FOR US. The difficulty which England is having over the laureate question is indicated by the report that Mr. Gladstone has braved Mrs. Grundy and offered the title to Wm. Morris and that the poet, true to his Socialism, has refused the Government patronage with scorn. Undismayed by this example the New York Sun comes forward with a suggestion for a poet laureate in the United States. That jour nal thinks it would be well to elect a poet laureate by popular vote, with the right of suffrage given to women as well as men. This it thinks would be better than to leave the election to both Houses of Congress under Presidental veto. As to the appointment by the President, subject to the veto exerted by Senatorial courtesy, the Sun does not deem such a plan even worthy of notice. Whatever plan should be adopted the idea of an American poet laureate to be chosen under our political system con tains a promise of the horrors. Great and successful as our political organization has proved in overcoming the problems of a new century it has never given any promise of the exercise m popular elec tion or Presidental appointment of that literary discrimination necessary to select a poet laureate with any approximation to judgment It is easy to predict that after the nation had gono through the excitement of a few laureate election , in which the candidates' religions and social beliefs, his personal record and his pri vate behavior would be all ventilated, we would be able to present a list of selected poets rivaling the English one, compris ing Shadwell, Tate, Row, Eusden, Cibber, Whitehead, Warton and Pye. This is the English list for.a century and a quarter. The peril of furnishing to posterity a similar list of American laureates is enough to veto any such rash suggestion as that of the Sun. The United Suites has as much need of a poet laureate as it has of a court painter. We can encourage genius without resort ing to the idiotic fortuities of a by-gone age j PROBABLY A WIND STORM. The threatened conflict between the State and Federal authorities with regard to the manner of holding elections, while it has been productive of a gocd deal of noise, is not so far ominous of anything worse. The spirit and letter of the enact ments can be followed in order to secure a fair election for both sides. If either side desires to get possession of the polls so as to carry the election byfoul means that party will be responsible for the trouble. Su far as the subject matter of the pres ent dispute is concerned the Democratic party is the one which shows such a desire. The administration under the Federal law claims the right of Federal super visors and deputy marshals to be present during the casting and count of tho ballots. Federal upheld This right is defined by the statutes and lias been by .the United States Su- Court It does not conflict preme with any essential feature of the State law adopting the Australian ballot, though there may be an unimportant con flict with some of its minor details. To permit the Federal supervisors to dis charge the duties fixed by the law can neither invalidate the election nor pre vent a fair count, as the entire conduct of the election will be in the hands of the officials under the State law. The only "function of the Federal officers is to pre vent criminal tampering with the elec tions. Under these circumstances the atti tude of the New York Democrats in rais ing the issue assumts a very questionable hue. It is made more so when we re member that the Democratic Legislature of New York has altered the State law so as 'to take away the representation of both parties on electiou boards. What other purpose can there be in these steps except to put it into the power of Tammany to steal the election? if there is any other motive for raising this small-sized edition of nullification the New York Democrats will do well to produce it. The party that defies Federal law, in order to grab an election by the notorious methods of Tammany, makes a very posi tive and damaging exhibition of its ten dencies. But we think the conflict will turn out to be mainlv of the nature of a wind storm. THE ELECTION BETTOR. After the election prophets come the election bettors. The rest of tho week will be occupied by the gentry who im agine that they do their parties yeoman service by offering to bet large quantities of wind with a small percentage of cash on the success of their favorite candi dates. We read already in the organs of the respective parties that sums counted by t"ns of thousands are offered in various cities more or less remote from the point where the statement is made on the vic tory of the given orgnn's party, and that no one of the other party has put in -an sppearance to take it. The large sums thus alleged to be seeking takers en both sides, and the inability of the bettors to get together, suggests the case of Mr. Pott and Mr. Winkle, who displayed their bloodthirstiness toward each other by each running away to another town, where they unfortunately met and began to fight by seeking opposite corners of the hotel parlor. If there were any foundation for the superstition that elections can be affected by tho bettors of either party, to what a level of idiocy would it reduce our poli tics! As it is the demonstration of idiocy is confined to the bluffers. THE WILDCAT PARTY. The experience of the country in the circulation of Stato bank notes is fortu nately preserved in official documents. The annual message of the Governor of Indiana said in 1853: The speculator comes to Indianapolis with a bun ale of bank notes in one hand nnd the stock in the other. In 21 hours lie is on Ills way to some distant point of the Tjnlon with what he denominates a legal enrrency, authorized by the Legislature of Indiana. He has nominally located his bank In some remote part of the State, difficult of access, where ho knows no hanking facilities are re quired, and intends that his notes shall go in the bands of persons who will have no means of demanding; their redemption. In the same year Michigan's Governor said: At present wo are Riving chai ters to tho Issues of banks about which we actually know nothing, in whose management we liavo no participation, and are thus literally paying a large tribute for what generally in the end proves to be a great curse. The Governor of New Jersey said: In many cases our banks, although osten sibly located in New Jersey, have thoir whole business operation conducted by brokers in other States. The facility with which they may be organized and located, without reference to the wants of tho com munity or the business of the place, is de structive to all the legitimate ends of bank ing. The state of affairs thus set forth in offi cial language, in addition to the memory of every man over fifty years old, was abolished by the 10 per cent tax on the circulation of all banks save the national system. This provision the Democratic platform proposes to repeal. Whether this is merely a sop to the Southern hatred of the national banks, or a concession to the Democratic affection for worthless money, is not Important The vital fact is that the Democratic policy as declared in its platform simply opens the door to the restoration of that chaotic condition of the currency. It is amusing to observe the species of logic by which Democratic organs try to justify this return to the wildcat money of the era of Democratic supremacy. The Philadelphia Record comes forward with the assertion that when the State bank system was wound "Up $101,000,000 of notes were retired without loss to holders. Marvellous! Now suppose the Record should inform its readers how much of the State bank circulation became worth less in the hands of holders during the twenty-seven years before its retirements and how much of the national bank cir culation has turned out bad in the hold ers' bands in the twentyeven years since. A camparison of those ratios would be very interesting. If our cotemporary was frank enough to make it The Record goes on to quote what it as serts to be the real Issue of the campaign in the words of Russell, of Massachusetts. " The people of the country will nover con sent to an increase of the national debt solely for the purpose of making a basis for national banks." No one proposes an Increase of the national debt The repre sentation of that as the alternative is flat misrepresentation. The national bank system can be maintained by extending the range of solid securities to bo used as a basis for circulation. ""Even the much derided sub-treasury proposition would furnish a more reliable basis of value for the currency than Democratic idea of flooding the country with notes based en tirely on private credit, The wildcat plank in the Democratic platform is the most striking exposure of Democratic unreliability on financial ques tions that has been made for a generation. What the American workman has to consider in casting his vote is whether or not he wishes tho barrier which preserves his wages at an American standard to bo le moved. If he wishes to lower American wages to the European level he cannot do better than vote the Democratic ticket. If American citizens believe that the best thing for this conn try is to repudiato na tional Industries and encourage foreign competition, they cannot do hotter than vote for Mr. Cleveland. If American men of business believe that experience is worth nothing, tbat tho Protective tariff Has not been productive of prosperity, and that a wild-cat curiencyis more conducivo to the steady giowth of commerce than the na tional monetary 9ystem, they should cist their ballots for the Democratic nomineos. These are the Democratic claims, and com mon sense cannot indorse them. If civil service reform began at home both parties would find plenty of work to do within their own borders and the coun try would be all the better for their efforts to banish corruption and establish political puiity. Uncertainties are plentiful in this campaign. But the greatest uncertainty of all is as to the intentions of the Democratic party. The gieat certainties before the peo ple are that Protection is a national benefit, and that the utterances of the Chicago plat form are a menace to the country's pros perity. Commerce cannot flourish undor the load of an unstable currency, and Amer ican industry can only be fostered by the exclusion of the products of foreign cheap labor. He who bets on the result of the election is not quite as bad as he who sellB his vote for cash down or piomissory considerations. But there is not much to be said for his wis dom and integrity. As the time for the election draws nearer the uecessi.y for anything mateilal to base estimates ot success upon is more and more overlooked by the gentleman who are shmit.ng to keep their courago up. Evoiy thing that is in bight and a good deal that is out of sbht is claimed by everyone that wants it. The wisli at this time is father, mother, biother, sister, cousin, aunt and all tho other lelatlves to the publicly ex pressed thought at this time. What a relief it will be for the "inde pendent" press of New Yoik to be able to resume its criticism of Tammany misrule without lear of incurring Cleveland's dis pleasuie. As 31b. McAllister's four hundred do not at present control the politics o.' New York, the attempt to tiace Air. Thomas P. Gilroy's descent from a royal race is not likely to have much effect on his chances of obtaining the Mayoralty. By the by, it is a curious coincidence that New York should be the city that 1 as made a specialty of cul tivating both, social and political toadyism. There is a notable contrast between the eagerness to secure the re ard lor suppress ing tho Cooleys and the dilatory negligence that allowed their long-continued immunity. After November 8 the various' politi cians who made ante-nomination state ments that various caudidutes could not carry various States, and who have since contradicted themselves, will have an op poituuity of saying '"we told you so" how ever thoc.it jumps. And at the same tiino they will he able to toll an uninterested pub lic which time they meant what thoy said. The blanket ballot is likely to be blank-ety-blauked on November 9 unless politicians get rid of an inclination to prolanity, and learn to accept defeat with equanimity. Laporte, Indiana, has abolished the telephone girl by inaugurating a new auto matic call system. Chicago can talk to New Yoik with ease nnd comlort ovor the long distance wire- And still Pittsburg contains antiquated instruments and the city cannot talk to the suburbs without losing its tem per over the inconveniences which hinder communication. Political rainbow painting cannot go on lor more than five days, and the aitists are choosing thoir pigments rather for hiilllant effect than for lasting qualities. What a pity it" is that Mr. Cleveland does not see his way to addressing Tam many Hall on the evils of political corrup tion. Or perhaps so simple a duty could bo more easily performed by that eminent spoilsman, ox-IIcadsman Stevenson. Heaven helps those that help them selves is a sound doctrine that Christian Scientists need to stndy and act upon. Uninterested citizens are too plenti ful and disinterested politicians are too s carco in Trcsidental years. IN THE PUBLIC ARENA. Jerry Simpson has made 63 speeches in the campaign so far. In 18 months Mr. George Grossmith cleared ovor $105,C00 by his humorous sketch, 'Piano and I." The retiring Austrian ambassador at Berlin is Count Szechenyi, and his successor is Count Szogyenyi. , The Bureau of Horticulture at the World's Fair has a promise of a largo num ber of plants, measuring from 8 to 34 feet high, from Mr. Jay Gould. Mb. John Jacob Astor is not only a director of tho Rider and Driver Publishing Company, of Now Y'ork, but a regular con tributor to its editorial and nows columns. Vice President Morton is as much of an enthusiast in hen farming ns'is ex-President Hayes, and will have one chicken house in which 1,300 yonngsters will And a home until they aro ripe for nock wringing. Princess Marie of Edinburgh, the betrothed of Piince Ferdinand ot Kou mania, is a beautiful and clever woman and has already won a warm place in tho heart of tho Queen of Roumania, Carmen Sylva. Ex-GovernorMerriweather, of Ken tucky, attained the aso of 83 last Sunday. Beside serving the Blue Grass State as its chief magistrate, he was also United States Senator, succeeding Henry Clay in' that ofllae. Me. Louis A. Dent, who has been ap pointed United States Consul at Kingston, Jamaica, will sail for his now post next Fri day. Mr. Dent was private secretary to Mr. .Blaine during the latter's term as Secretary of State. Captain J. W. Lawlor, who sailed from Boston June 5 in a 12-foot boat on a transatlantic voyage, and who was last heard from at North Sydney, C B., about three months ago, has been practically given up by his friends as lost. Miss -Dickens says that in the "Old Curiosity Shop" her father reproduced in Little Nell much of the character of her Aunt Mary, Mrs. Dickens' yonnger sister, who died while scarcely more than a child, and ofwbom Mr. Dickens was very fond. II ow Do Ton Know? Kansas City Times. Cleveland will be elected. CAMPAIGN NEWS AND, COMMENT. After all the instructions that have been given out concerning the new ballot system there is still uncertainty in the minds of some voters, and a number of inquiries have reached Tnu DisrATCn In. response to these the statement is repeated that the proper and most convenient way to vote a straight ticket ot either of the old parties is to place a cross-mark to tho risht of the word "Republican" or "Democratic" wherever It appears on the ballot, according to the voterjs political prefeience. In Allegheny county this will require five marks. The first will cover the 32 Presidental electors, the two Congress men at large and Judge of the Supreme Court. Another mark is required for the district Congressman, one for State Senator, in districts which elect this year, and one for tho Representative ticket. The final mark is necessary lor the county ticket, composed of Judge and Coroner. Ptohibi tionlsts, Populist and, members of the Social-Labor party must ' place u mark to the right of each one of their candidates' name?, as they are undor the general head of "By nomination papers." Tho salest way to vote a mixed or split ticket is to place a mark opposite each name for which it is desired to vote, though a citizen who only desires to use his personal preference in the local nominations may mark tho first group and then make his selections Irom tho others. The most common error under the new system, as shown bv experience in Ohio and olscwhere. Is that a number of votors place tho cross-mark opposite the name of the first candidate instead of the party designation. In Pennsylvania this year such a mistake would only permit tho ballot to oe counted ior tne nrst elector. EX-POSTMASTER GENERAL JAMES has been credited with tin intention to vote for Cleveland. This is a mistake The assur ance is given that he is the same steadfast Kcpnblic.tn that lie was when a member of Mr. Garfield's Cabinet. Commissioner of Internal Eevenue Mason has returned to Washington from West Virginia after several weeks' partici pation in the lively canvass in that State. He is convinced that Piosident Harrison will bo le-elected, and that he will get tho electoral vote of the little mountain Com monwealth. "Tho majority for Mr. Cleve land in West Virginia four years ago was aDout 500," said Mr. Mason, "and wo expect this yeav to reverie tbat order nnd give Mr. Uar.ison the majority. I have been through the State, and I know there aro excellent giounds for the faith the Republicans have. We 1 ave made a vigorous fight and have put tho tariff in tho foreground, believing that to be the great issue, West Virginia being largely a manufacturing State. The Democrats have dodsed everthlng but the lot ce bill, and have mado that paramount to everj thiug, but it has no terrors for tho people of my State. Tho Republicans will give the electoral vote of the Stato to Mr. Harri son, and we will also elect our State ticket." Tho commissioner takei u decidedly Repub lican view of tho Congressional outlook and piedicts that die Democrats will lose three of the four. Democratic members of tho State. "Mr. Pendleton, in the First dis trict," said lie, "lias no possible sliotv to bo returned, and Mr. Alderson, of the Third district, we feol will, beyond any doubt, be defeated. The Republicans of the State aro claiming the three districts, and say that tho only one in doubt is that represented by Mr. Wilson, whero the Democrats are mov ing heaven and earth to return the great champion ol Democratic free tiade." The fact that the weather for the past day or two ha been better adapted to thoir "gum shoe campaign" has given tho Buck eye Demociats some slight encouragement. TJndeb the caption of "The Great Problem in the JVest" the independent Washington Post editorially observes: "Serious and thoughtful men of both parties are asking thomselvos whether tho mote enthusiastic Democrats are not leckoning without their host when thev make calculations on tho possible gains of the thiid party in certain Western States. The inquiry is fascitfating, perhaps, bnt is it not both illusory and dan gerous T Suppose, for example, that the Populitescairy the tlnee States in which they seem to have a chance. Nebraska has eight votes, Kansas ten, and Nevada three 21 in alL Suppose, then, that Mr. Cleveland should cany New York ana Wisconsin, and Mr. Harrison Indiana, New Jeisey, Connecticut and West Virginia. That, if tue other calculations of the experts be coriect, would throw the election into tho House of Representatives. Suppose, however, that Mr. Harrison gets 210 votes in tho Eloctoral College and Mr. Cleveland 203-suppose anything, in fact, which would giro tne electors of Nebraska, Kansas, and Net ada the balance of powor what warrant is thorc for tlio assumption that tho Populito electots of those three States would cast their vote for General Weaver, and so refer the election to a Dem ocratic House? Is it at all assured that when the issue actually confronts them when they have to choose between Harrison and Cleveland without any possible chance of electing their own man is it at all assured that in such an emergency they will delcat Mr. Harrison und elect Mr. Cleveland by the simple piocess of throwing the elec tion into the House of Representatives? All this is mere speculation, but it Uiuteiesting, and it opens up a channel of thought tbat has not yet been explored." As an offset to his political prospects Mr. Cleveland has now a steam yacht worth a comfortable lot tune. Mr. E. C. Benedlot now speaks of his yatch, the Oneida, as "Mr. Cleveland's yacht," but as It costs over $30,000 a year to run tho boat, Mr. Cleveland does not claim the property, but leaves it m Mr. Benedict's hands, only asking for a ride in her once in a while. Mr. Benedict and Mr. Cleveland were out fishing, and the ox Preslaont was bragging how many fish ho could catch. Mr. Benedict, while having profound faith in Mr. Cleveland's ability to catch votes, was inclined to doubt his ability to catch fish in the quantities of which he was boasting. As he gave expression to his doubts, Mr. Cleveland proposed a bet, and it came about that the ex-Preldent wagered his highly valued fishing rod, the gift of an old friend, against Mr. Benedict's yacht that he would catch a certain number of fish in a certain length of time. To everybody's sur prise, Mr. Cleveland won, but be hasn't claimed the yacht. "The President" is the term used at national Democratic headquarters in speak ing or the Democratic candidate. Ho is not alluded to as "Mr. Cleveland," or as tho "ex President," or as "Governor," but as "Presi dent," this being descriptive of him both in a past tense, and, as the Democratic man agers fondly dteam, in a futuie tense as well. EX-ATTORNEY -GENERAL PALMER, of J Pennsylvania, has returned to Wilkesbarre irom an extensive European trip. In speak ing of the feeling on the other sideregaid ing the Presidental contest he says: "There seems to be more interest in England as to tho result of our elections than there is in Pennsylvania. The London Times, Standard, Spectator and Telegraph all assert that a tariff for revenue only, such us the Doinocrntic platform proposes, will be as good for Eng land as actual free trade, lor the reason that it would open American markets to all man ufactured goods. They are, therefore, shout ing for Cleveland aud predicting his elec tion. The denunciation of the McKln loy bill is very severe. The solici tude of English manufacturers for the welfare of their Ameri can competitors is really touching. I suppose tho proper thing for any man to do who wants wages reduced to the English scale is to vote lor "revenue only." Per haps it would bo a good, thing to suricnder and allow England, Fiance, Germany and Austria to manufacture lor us, tun) our mechanics and millhands into larmers, and raise grain to pay for what we need fiom abroad, but I do hot think so. Let all tho machinists, painters and bricklayers who want to work ten hours for$l 20, und all the laborers who banker alter 70 cents for a day's work, walk up like men andvoto for, Cleveland aud reform." The old New York expression of "com ing down to Harlem river" with a cortain majority is no longer accurate. New York City's limits have been enlarged and the little Bronx river is now the dividing lino of the two sections. Tho Trust They Like. Omaha World-Herald. A beer combine is the latest grinding monopoly. Consumers say that thoy would rather have trust for the drinks than a drink trust. Strange Bedfellows, Indeed. Chicago Inter Oceau. Democrats in New York are happy. Cleve land and Graco and Croltcr have all climbed Into the same bed, and the tiger guards the door. OUR MAIL POUCH. The Kev.Mr.WUHams ami the Encyclopedia Britannica Answered as to Alleged Jes uit Maxims Kindly Close of a Contro versy. To the Editor of The Dispatch : 1 see In to-day's issue what purposes to be an answer by Mr. Williams to my question put to him some days ago in regard to his assertlrn that the Jesuits taught the prin ciple, "The end Justifies the means." His words were, "We aro not accustomed to act on the Jesuit maxim, 'The end Justifies the means.'" I requested the gontleman to kindly name the Jesuit who taught this, and the book and pago where it was to bo found. He fails to do this in his reply, and repeats tho charge on the authority of some unknown writer in the "Encyclopedia Britannica," who bases his opinion on some principles found in the writings of the Jes uits nnd.othcrs. Those will bo examined by and by. Let mo eay right here, that tho "Britannica" is very poor authority on such a question. I am satisfied Mr. Williams is better informed than the . man who wrote, that article In the "Britannica," and far less prejudiced against the Catholic Church. Mr. Williams says he ought not to notice my question because it was anonymous. I gave my initials, F. K. What more does tho "Britannica" writer glvo at the end of tho aiticle quoted bvMr. Williams? only Initials (R. F. L.) I thank Mr. Williams for his kind words about the saint of the Catholic Churoh and beg to assure blm tbat 1 have none but the kindest feelings for my non-Catholic friends and fellow citizens. Now to his answer: He says that in making the asser tion which I denied "I used a popularly cur rent phrase." Where is Just where Mr. Will- lams made the mistake. There liavo been "populasly current phrases" from remote times, such us "Can anything good come one ot Nazareth?" and, like this phrase, they aro often erroneous and cause mischief Jnst as this phrase helped to prejudice the Jews against our Lord. It is the duty of a public teacher and scholar to sift such phrases and see what is in them, chaff or wheat. To show that what he asserted was cor rect Mr. Williams rerers me to "an un doubted authority," the "Encyclopedia Brit annica." Now, as far as this matter is con cerned, tho Brltaniiica'3 authority is no more and no less than the unknown (to me) writer of that article on the Jesuits, and, as the writer Is evidently prejudiced against the Church and Jesuits, his authority is not "undoubted." In this article Jesuits we read, for instance, "Two causes liavo been at work to produce the universal lailuro of the great company in all it plans and ef forts. And first stands its lack of powerful intellects." Ye gods! "A Daniel come to judgmentl" What will the illustrious alumni of the Jesuits say of the "powerful intellect" which conceived that judgment? I ask is K. F. L. "undoubted authority" on the Jesuits after thai? Well, let us hear him as quoted by Mr. Williams: "The result of dispassionate examination of these and kindled works (F. Gury, Ligouri and Scavini) is that the throe principles of prouabilism, of mental reservation, and of Justification of means by ends aie recognized maxims of the society." Merely stating that Ligouri was not a Jesuit but the Founder of the Kcdemptorists, and that tho question is not about "probabllism" or "mental reservation," let us seo what proof tho learned encyclopedist gives lor asert ing that the Jesuists teach "the end justifies tho means." Buscmbaum is quoted: "Cum finis est licitus ctiam media licita" "When the ond is lawful, the means are lawful." Are we to understand this to be the same as "tho end Justifies the means." In the maxim quoted irom Buscmbaum there is no question of Justifying means. To justify means neces sarily implies that the means are unjust, as means good or indifferent In themselves need no justification. Busembaum does not speak heie or uuhiwiul means. Why try to make him say what he does not? Again, from tho same: "Cui licitus est finis etiam licent media" "To whom the end is lawful the means are lawtul also.' Does Mr. Will iams deny this? If it bo law'lui tor him to raise corn in his field, for instance, is it a crime to say that It is also lawful for him to till the field, procure the seed, olan; it and cultivate it? Deny this principle in its clear and obvious sense, and you dony that a man can ever realize any lawful end similar reasoning applies to the two other principles quoted lint nowhere does R. F. L. show us that the Jesuits teach the maxim "The end justifies the means." Now, let me refer Mr. Williams to the work of one of the Jesnits mentioned in the E. B. article, Gury, and give him the title of the wo- K and the page, so be may get bis information at "fli st hands," The work is "Compendium Theological Moralis," fourth cditiou, 1SS8, Auctore, P. Joanne Petro Gury, 8. J. Pars L "De Actlbus Humanis," page 5. Gury, treating on this subject, says: nno nuuquam ias est maium. quantum vis leve, ad bonum quoacumque procurandum; nam, JuxtapervuIgiAim axiomaexapostolo depromptum (Rom. iiL, 8) nuuquam sunt iacienda mala ut eveuiant bona. "Ic men tliitibinon llcot etiam ad vitam hominis salvandam." "Wherefore," says Gury, "it is never right to do evil, however slight, to procure any good whatever, for, accord ing to the well-known axiom of the apostle (Bom., 3, 8): "Evil things are never to be done that good may come." "Thus,' continues Gury, "it is not lawful for thoe to lie even to save a man's life." Now, Mr. Elitor, is not this the very opposite of the principle "The end justifies the means?" Certainly to save a buuian lire would bo a good end; but this Jesuit, Gury, says it is not lawful to procure even that end if you have to lie to do it. Why? Because Gury, S. J., holds with St. Paul and tho whole Catholic Church that "evil must never bo dono that good may come." Iu the lace ot this how can an honorable man hold that the Jesuits teach "the end Justifies the means?" Tho Jesuits have been acensed of many tliimrs. but I think their worst enemy will haruly accuse them of stupidity. But stupid indeed would they be if thev taught those two opposite principles "The end justifies tho means," and "evil is never to bo done that good may come." The doc trines of faith anil morals held and taught by the Jesuits are simply tho doctrines of the Catholic C lunch. Tuey are in the front rank or her faithful and loval sons. Mr. Williams complains that I did not give my name to the public. My reason was and is that I dislike notoriety, and besides, my name Is of small moment to the public. You, Mr. Editor, may, if you please, give my name and address to Mr. Williams if he deign to ask them, but please continue to keep them fioui the public for the reasons I gave. I agree with Mr. Williams In bis dislike for controversy, and s'ato positively this ends tho dispute as taras 1 am con cerned. And now I bog the gentleman to forgive any seeminsly unkind word I may have .written, assuring him I set down naught in malice. I again thank him for his kind words aoout the saints ol the church and its members in general. I never saw Mr. Williams to my knowledge, and may never meet him on this Bide tho grave, but I do hopo with all my soul tbat he and I will be nt the right hand of the Master on the Last Dav. F. K. PiTTSBtmo, November 1, 1892. THE FBESIDENI'S BESPONSE. n KepUes to Those Who Sent Him Mes- sages of Sympathy, Washisotow, Nov. 2. The President to day requested the publication of the follow ing card: "The expressions of sympathy with mo and our family in our great sorrow, from in dividuals, from societies, from church con ventions, from public meetings, from politi cal clubs and committees of all parties, and, indeed, from all our people, have been so tender and so full of respect and love for Mrs. Harrison that I reluctantly abandon tne purpose of making a pergonal uckuiiwledmeut of each. Wa are giateful, very giatefnl for this great cup of good will and for your prayerful inter cessions. May Goa give to each of you in every trial that graco and strcngtb which you have asked for us. "Bex jAJtnt Habbisoh." Both in Season. Boston Herald. Political uflairs are a gond deal liko charity J nst at prosont. They begin to hum. DEATHS HERE AX1) hLSEWHERT. Ernest Voss, Journalist. Ernest "Voss, who stole 2,000,000 marks from a eivinzs bank at Vernon, Germany, in 1S31. was recently found dead in Ills room In Hoboken. Vo-s was a director of the hank which he robbed. Ills theft wrecked it. Instead or imprisoning Voss he was adjudged Insane and committed to a,i insane asylum. He escaped from tlie asylum and disnnnertML Voss was cmoloved ns editor Of a TNew York Ueriuan paper. Obituary Notes. ROBEK1 GBANT, Professor of Astronomy In tbe University of Glasgow, aged 78 years. Is dead. Rkv. James A. Donnelly; pastor of St. Mary's Church, llollidaysburg. died at 1 o'clock A. u. Wednesday. TI,e luneral will be held to-morrow. J. P. Dold. a well-known business man of Brad dock, died Tuesday evening of typhoid fever, axed 33 years. He had been a resident of the borough lor 15 jeara, and was a prominent mau In secret societies. Mi:s. I.ocisaA. Spade was burled Tuesday at Cressou, having died of heart disease Saturday. Mrs. Spade was Dom at Danville. Pa., In 1802. and was married n 18J2, and she has 141 descendants. Thirteen of these are children, CS grandchild ren. CO arc Ri eat grandchildren, nnd two babes tbe children ol" thelatur. SOCIETY AND CHARITY. Ingathering of the needlework Guild Contribution From the Home of Incur ables Pittsburg Soprano Married in Illinois SInsicale at Shadysldo Social Chatter. Yesterday all the attention of the society ladies of tho two cities seemed to be taken up with the ingathering of tho Needlework Guild. They arrived at the Third Presbyterian Church, of Pittsburg, at 9 o'clock in the morning and stayed till nearly six in the evening, being busy in tho work of receiving all sorts of clothing from the many contributors who are desirous of helping in this excellent cause. There was clothing of all descriptions, including made up garments ior people of both sexes and all aires, from the infant in long clothes to the old man and woman who require warm labrics to keep thoir blood in circulation, and who, like the babies, care nothing lor bim styie oi garments so tnac tuey are com fortable. Underwear of various materials, sacques and wrappers, nightgowns, flannel ana other skirts, women's shn wis and mit tens and men's shirts, sheets, towels, com forters, shoes, slippers, hoods. Jerseys, etc There seemed lo bo enongh clothing piled up to clothe and keop warm all tho poor people of Pittsburg twico over, btft every thing was given away before the close of tho ingathering, and more could have been dis posed of had it been there. The Home for Incurables was represented by two large dolls, dressed, and a number of pretty paper flowe'rs. Thoy were made by tho inmates of the Home, who, although they leceivod thoir sharo of the goods brought to the inuathering, felt that thoy should do something for the benefit of the Soutlisido Hospital. These dolls will bo placed in the booth at the fair setaside for the purpose of showing the graces of doll land. This is a beautiful thouzht on tho part of tho poor sufferers, who cannot enter very much into tho pleasures of tho outside world, and lew of whom will be able to attend the fair in the Postofflce building next week. Mrs. W. A. Horron, president, and Miss Mary K. Dawson, secre tary, of the Pittsburg branch of tho Needlo work Guild, wore in charge yesterday, and are spreading the influence of the guild as far and fast as they can. Every charity in the two cities was remembered with big bundles or drygoods. The ladlesof the Pittsburgbranch worked so hard yesterday that they think it would be advisable to give two days to the next in gathering, so that they will have one day to receive aud the next to send out. ihe Alle gheny branch will hold its ingathering No vember 17 in Carnegie Hull. Tho Ingather ing of the Snuthslde branch will be held on the same day in St. Mark's Guild House. C One of the principal social events of the week will be tho mosicale Friday evening at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. S. Jarvl3 Adams, at "Grand View," Slmdyside. The proceeds aio to go toward the furnishing of the nurses' dormitories of the Homeopathic Hospital. The mu-icalo will be under tho auspices of the lady inanagors ot tho hos pital. Yesterday morning Miss Iv. J. Smith, daughter of Mr. J. G. Smith, of this city, was married to Mr. James F. Hedges, a business man of Buffalo. The ceremony took place in a parlor of the Seventh Avenue Hotel in the pretence ot the immediate relatives and friends of the couple. Rev. A. E. Ellis, pastor of tho Sniitlifierd Street M. . Church, offi ciating. Mr. and Mrs. Hedges will reside in 15UUIUO. Miss Mary Beesley, soprano of the Third Presbyterian Church of Pittsbnrg, who has been visiting her mother in Jack sonville, HI., wns quietly married there Tuesday evening to Mr. Alex. Forbes Adams, of the firm of Jones A Laughlin. The bride was educated in Dresden, and has for some time beenoneof the popular vocalists of this part of the country. Her father died last July, and on this account the wedding was not announced beforehand. Mr. Adams' father, who nlso died lately, was a clergy mau of considerable reputation in the Scottish church. Mr. and Mrs. Adams will bo at home to their Iriends in Pittsburg at Shady and Fifth avenues, alter tills week. Pbof. Chain, of Germany, was one of the entertainers at Mrs. George II. Taylor's delightful "talk" yesterday afternoon. He delivered an address on "Germany." These "talks" havo become one of the most popu lar forms of entertainment in Pittsbur-; and Mrs. Taylor has received a great many com pliments on her novel idea aud there is a larger attendance every week. Gossip or Society. A .MEirrrso is to be held to-morrow evening by the Woman's Auxiliary to tho Keeley League, in tho parlor of tho Keeley Insti tute, Oakland. Among those expected to be present are J. M. Kelly, Mrs. Ellen M. Wat son, Mrs. S. S. Gibson, Mrs. S. S. Collins, and Mrs. Hughes. The laaies of the Ninth U. P. Church, Alle gheny, lire to open the bazaar in Semple's Hall to-day. Great preparations nave been made for the event, mid there is every rea son to hope that it will be a success. To-day Miss Elizabetn McCreary, of Erie, is to be married to Mr. Harvey McBrier, formerly of Allogheny City. Mr. Harrv Thompson, of North avenue, Allegheny, has gono to Erio to act as best man. The Ladies' Aid Society of the Bellevue M. E. Cburch have cards out for the annual supper at the church this evening. A tood musical and literary programme will be pre sented. tekat for music lovers will be tho choral servicbut St. Paul's Cathedral next Sunday morning. Mozart's Twelfth Mass will be sung, a boy choir assisting. The first meeting of the season of the Mat rons' and Maid's Euchre Club took place Sestcidiy afternoon at the residence oi Mrs. enry Bailey, Cliff street. In the Baptist Church, Unlontown, last evening, Mrs. Emma WilFon, of that city was to uecome tne oriae of Mr. narry tx. Howard, of Masontown. Mb. James Chesfubd, of Wilkinsbnrg, will entertain the members or the Young Peo- Ele'a Society of the Ii. C. Church, of Wukiiis urg, Friday evening. A LECTUBE on "iomler Life" will be de livered by Mr. George Reed, or Harrisburg, November 17, under the auspices of Post 3. Mr. C. A PAnKEB, well-known as a member and stsgo managerofthe Andrews and other opeia companies, has settled in Pittsburg. A DELioHTruL progressive euchre was given last evening by Mrs. Fleming at her home on Irwin avenue, Allegheny. A Good Point In the Campaign. Baltimore Amerlcan.i One moral of a close campaign is that it Is l-.ai'd for floaters to get on swimmingly. TUB NATIONAL GAME. Who says that 13 is an unlucky numbert There aro 13 baseball players in tho Boston club. Chicago JJaiU All this rejoicing ovor the close of tbe baseball season is premature. It has not clo-ed. It has simply gono indoors. Chicago Tribune. Tue verdict will now bo that our city has not only tho bc3t club in existence, but very nearlyirnot quite, the best club over gath ered. Boston Hera d. Evidently there is something wrong in tho management of baseball affairs, which, if not corrected, may lead to tho shelving or the national game. Baltimore Herald. i-r is quite evident tbat during the winter tho baseball magnates will havo to devise some plan to lescue the game or else suffer n more disasti ous sefsou in H0J.M'as7Ungton Poj. The Boston" toam seems to have had both luclc and the umpires on its side, and the re sult of the championship contest will do much, nd doubt, to disgust Cleveland lovers, orbasoball with the national game. Cleve Idt.d Le ider. It is to be hoped that when the beason of 1893 opens there will be new people, of a better character, engaged to uphold baseball than the majority of those who were promi nent in the sport for a numberof years past. Han isburg Star. Baseball will be promoted and elevated by the happy and reputable boliavior of its more celebrated representatives as they finish their endeavors for the year. It augurs oil fora genuino revival of popular interest in tiie sport at no distant future day. L'iooi Jyn Eagle. BistDLL has apparently served its day audits dajs seem near an end. Perhaps there may bo a renaissance. But tho ball players have come to the end of their string; they can piny very little better; there is no more progress to be mado. The people have seen it all. Th'ey are tired of reviewing it. Kansas Ctty Times. CURIOUS CONDENSATIONS. Chicago has 1,000 peddlers. Gun caps were first used in the English army in 1S22. The annual sale of Eapflish postal cards is about 230,003,000. Damascus silks were imported and worn by Roman ladles A. D. 81. There are in the United States 5,333 public or subscription libraries. Ancient battering rams were manned by 100 or 130 men, generally captives. Singing and dancing were first brought on tbo stage by Andronicus B. C 210. The best honey in Persia is collected from the orange groves at Kanyeroon. The peculiar flavor of Bavarian beer is due to the use of pine tops in its manufact ure. A prominent geologist claims to hays found a fossil forest in Custer county, Idaho. The Empire of Japan comprises nearly 13 030 cities, towns and villages, in which 10, 000,000 people live. The first attempt to lay the Atlantia .cable In 1S57 proved a failure, the cable con tinually snapping, The oak in a general way requires to grow from 120 to 200 years before it is fit to out for large timber. Onr production of meat in 18S3 was nearly half as great as that of Europe, with its population of 350,000,000. The limit of the capacity of the earth is 5,293,4CO.0CO souls, and this number' will ba reached in less than IS7 years. The new whaleback steamer to be bnilt at Everett, "Wash., will be360 feet in length, 12 feet beam and 26 Xect in depth. Greek dandies, like Alcibiades, allowed their hair to fall on their shoulders, and at night rolled the curls round a stick. In 1840 we produced l,800,0uO tons of coal: In 18G0 tho quantity mined was 15,000, 000 tons, but in ISsd it was 112,000,000 tons. Jonesboro, Ga, has a resident who, it is reported, has only spent $3 in the past six vears ior clothes. He is said to be worth over $10,000. Gideon defeated the Midianites B. O. 1215 through fright nt the sound of crashing earthenware and the flash of lamps during a night attack. Tbe pyrometer measures heat in de grees and fractions, and will give accurata figures even though the heat runs up to tho unthinkable intensity of 7000. An automatic match igniter is a recent novelty. You pull a lever, a match travels alongaroughened surface and Is then thrust out of an opening already ignited. The very finest specimen of engraved gem now in existence is a head of Nero, carved on a first-water diamond by the brothers Castanzl in the year 1700 A. D. It would take three and one-fourth thousands (3,253) of tho little vegetable narasltes which crow on the human hair to cover the white center ot a nonpareil "o." From 1G70 to 1700 there was great ill will between tho pit and boxes, the occu pants of the latter being accustomed to spit into the pit at frequent intervals. In 170 J a royal edict forbade the practice. There is a certain city in the southern part of China whose inhabitants observe the .-,anie Halt in walking that we do. and yes thoy 'frequently api car to strangers as if they were walking on their heads. The Harvard facnlty has announced that during the fall and winter practical courses will bo given to medical practition ers in bacteriological diagnosis of Asiatio cholera. Imported germs will bo used. Mr. and Mrs. Charles P. Jacobs, at Pendelton, Ind., have celebrated their gol den wedding anniversary. Tho dinner was spread upon tho same table cloth upon hich the wedding feast was served 50 years ago. Noblemen in scores were created by Christophe, a negro, who ruled as Emperor of Hay ti from 1811 to 1S20. Among the titles conlefred were thoe of the Duke of Manna lade, the Count of Lemonade and tho Earl of Brandy. The report of the Comptroller General of Georgia shows an increase every year since 1879 in tbe assessed value of property In that State subject to taxation. .From $231,959,518 in 1879 It has increased, to Stp, 753 531 in 189i Desecbo, an island adjoining Porto Rico.is infested with rats. There aro millions of them there, and it is unsafe fora man to set toot on thi Island. Thoy have destroyed 'all the goats, which were formerly bred there, and aro now eating the shrubbery. There is a point near the famous Stony cavo, in the Catskill Mountains, where ics may be found on any day in the year. This locality is locally known as the Notch, and is walled in on all sides by steop monntalns, some of which are more than 3,000 fee: high. Death Valley, CaL, nothwithstandinj its suggestivo name, is tho abode ot mora curious and wonderful specimens' of animal creation than any place of its size within the limits or the Unitod States. The oldest of the creatures, perhaps, is a species of rodent called the "kangaroo rat." Since the war of '70-71, 22 years, ths military expei.ditures of France have been fifteen milliards three hundred and sixty eight millions of francs, or about $3,800,000. 000. This sum is exclusive of the five milliards paid to Germany as an indemnity, of the sum expended on the navy, and of the amount used in building strategic rail roads and tho payment or military pen sions. ORIGINAL AJTD JOCOSE. Alt INTEERCPTED SERENADE. The world now slumbers peacefully The moon her silent vigil keeps; o sound Is heard except my song. It tells of love which never sleeps. Of love that lives for thee, sweetheart, 'Twill last forever and for aye; Of love that's born of heaven above. It beams as docs the sun's bright ray. Awake I and listen to Its words. Unless you do I'm broken hearted Her papa's voice now plainly says ComeoITt Your love for school's departed. HE was a theatrical m anager. The other day ha advertised for actors for a new play he Intended sending oat. I happened to be In the neighbor hood of his office at the time applicants were told to call, so I concluded to step in and llnd out how a dramatic company was picked. I told the manager I was editor or the Thespian Ivffer. and also in formed him what I wanted. lie seemed delighted aud gave me a theatrical cigar and asked me to bo seated, no doubt ejecting me to give him a send off In my paper in return ror his kindness, but, I sincerely hope he expected me to say that his com pany would draw better than bis cigar. I hadn't been seated long before the first applicant put In an appearance. lie was a tall, thin lellow, but be was not smooth-faced, nor did he wear a fur lined overcoat, and for that reason I did not think he was an actor. Oh, but how I changed when I heard him tell about the people he had been with. He walked up to the manager's desk, and In a basso-profundo voice said : "1 come In response to your advertisement for actors." The manager was busy writing, and without looking up from hl3 work asked; "Who was you ever with?" "I have supported," said the basso-profundo, "Mr. Booth. Mr. Jefferson. Mr. Irving and 3Irs. Langtry. and I am what you might call a 'daisy'." Them's good people." remarked the manager. By this time he had finished his writing, and lean ing back In his chair, continued: "Bnt.' supposs you go over to that side of the room," pointing directly across, "and walk natural over to tbU desk." "Over to this desk" seemed to be the office boy's cue. for be came rnshlng In with a yardstick, and kneeling down by tne applicant, who had taken bis position by the opposite wall, crawled along the floor and measured his every step. When they had reached the desk the office boy arose and whispered something to the manager, and the manager said to the applicant, "You won't do." By now the room was filled with actors wanting a Job, and. In turn, they were all asked, "Who was you ever with?" and then put through tba walking exercise, and not a single one got an en gagement. I thought It very strange and said to the mana ger: "You haven't been very successful, but, tell me, why yon didn't take some of them. They all said they'd been with good people." "Or course they did;" remarked the manager, "but an actor out or a job will He with his tongue, but always forgets about his stride." "What do you mean?" I asked. "Simply this," replied the manager; "that every one of them people has been with bum com panies, what's got stranded: but they can't fool me. Why. every one of them, to a mao,tepp4 Just the distance between tics." J ,2L,