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Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, December 18, 1892, Image 18

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The Bemarkable Journey Ao
f, complisned by Major Ker
bey, of Pittsburg.
Brazilian Officers Are the Greatest
Tyrants on Earth.
Monotony of the Fcenerj on tha
Eiver of the Tropics.
Major Kerbey has done it !
Hi many Pittsburg friends will be glad
to know that The Dispatch has received
& letter from him dated Fascasmayo, Pern,
sarin; that he is safe and sound.
He has completed a journey across
"Equatorial America," starting from Para,
Brazil, on the Atlantic side. The Major
cars it was a most eventful trip on steamer,
in canoe, on muleback and on foot up the
Amazon and over the Cordilleros and
the Andes.
No American veteran has accomplished
Each a trip and no American journalist, or
Continental either, has done this most in
teresting country. He says his note book
is full of data and interesting incidents
and adventures.
Far from being disheartened by the hard
ships of this journey of discovery, the
Major says that instead of returning North
he will go on South to Lima, from which
point he may return over the Southern
Andes trail on the Ucayoli route, or perhaps
go through the Straits of Magellan to Bio
de Janeiro, Buenos Ayres, etc., to the
starting point at Para, Brazil.
Out on the flighty Amazon.
The following letter was written on
board the Joan Alfredo which carried Major
.Kerbey out of Para up the mighty Amazon.
He says:
As far as topographical appearances go,
the thousand mile3 of Alto, or Upper, do
not differ materially from the thousand
miles of Baja, or Lower Amazon. The
American traveler to Brazil who has
ascended the 100 miles of the delta to Para,
has seen trora the deck ot the moving ship
precisely the Eame panorama ot low lying,
dense tropical forest iringing a broad, yel
lowish band of water, that extends like a
ribbon under a bright, hot sky in its tire
tome way over 2,000 miles due westward.
It is something like going "West in the
earlier davs ot the Pacific railways, where
you are whirled thousands ot miles through
cage bush and sand; each day upon looking
out ot the car windows, one'iniagines from
the same extensive views tbat the car had
not been moving since your last observa
tion. You are out ot the woods there and
can whistle. You see farther if j ou do not
discover as much of interest as on the
Amazon, where nothing is risible but sky
find lorest. The one feature which however
strikes me as remarkable is that the further
toward the source we get, the river seems
to grow bigger. It at least impresses the
traveler as widening. "Ve know that our
neamer draws over ten leet of water and
the Indian pilots say there is sufficient
epth lor au ocean steamer of 18 leet
draught, even in this the dry season.
Hot a Very Rapid Journey.
There is a very considerable difference
however in the speed ot ascending vessels.
Those on the lower river do the thousand
miles to Manaos in four and five days,
while the same boat consumes 11 days in
making the same distance from Manaos to
Iquitos in Peru. This is partly due to
lesser currents below, as tae ocean tide
affects the flow for half the distance to
Manaos. Perhaps, too, the boats on the
upper river make more frequent landings,
and a stopof an Amazon steamboat at even
the most insignificant hamlet or hacienda
means a delay of at least half a day, per
haps i nours, according to tee social in
clinations of the officers, the business being
generally of a character that an hour's work
would finish.
There are but few towns on the upper
Amazon river, such as they are, being gen
erally composed ot a store and a row of bar
rack looking huts, which are almost always
located on some of the little affluents or
tributaries, so that the boat must leave the
main river and thread its war up a narrow,
but alwaj s deep river. It appears to have
been the practice of the Indians to avoid
settlements on the main stream, preferring
for reasons proper enough in their days to
conceal their villages, and the custom is
adhered to by their descendants, who are
now the principal inhabitants. Perhaps
another reason is that they were unable to
find any sufficiently high" ground on the
banks of the main stream.
The Capital City or Amazonas.
The capital city of Manaos is located
some six miles oil the Amazon proper, on
the Bio Negro. As indicating the absence
of proper information in regard to the in
terior country, a recent Government pub
lication issued by the "Bureau ot Informa
tion ot soutn American ltepnblics at
Washington contains an illustrated article
which pictures Manaos as an Indian village,
showing only a lew thatched huts and
canoes altogether a most absurd caricature
on the capital city of Amazonas, containing
an intelligent population of some 30,000 to
40,000 doing an extensive business with
America and the interior, and from whose
port steamships sail directly to New York,
Liverpool and other points weekly.
Ihere is not a thatched cottage in' the
place, but quite a number of three and foar
story business blucks, numerous storerooms,
a theater, cathedral, palacios. the hillside
and suburbs being dotted with tasty cottage
lesidences of cultivated people. There is
also a hotel in which French cooks are cm
ployed, the proprietor of which will charge
the traveler as much as the Fifth Avenue in
New York City. There are other hotels,
not so high in price, but where the tourist
may have all his wants gratified at a figure
nations, and can only be navigated by shirjj
carrying the Brazilian flag, unless negotia
tions have been made by treaty, granting
certain privileges in tbat direction.
A Great Country to Open Up.
When one remembers that there are up
ward of 50,000 miles ot steam river naviga
tion in the Amazon Taller, less than 5,000
of which are included in the main stream,
the importance of the restriction will be
come apparent. All of the tributariei are
navigable for the largest boats. Among
these may be named the Tocatins, nearest
to Para, which extends southwardly to an
undeveloped region for nearly 1,000 miles.
Above this the clear waters of the Topajoi
from the mountains of the far southwesterly
interior enter the Amazon at the American
colony of Santarem. The Madeira is navi
gable for 500 miles to the great falls, where
canoes take cargoes to the interior of
Bolivia. The Negro, on which Manaos is
situated, extends in a northerly direction,
its nnmerous tributaries reaching into
British Guiana, Venezuela and Colombia.
The Purns Li said to be wonderfully rich in
undeveloped rubber, and is navigable into
Bolivian territory.
The Javary is the dividing line between.
Brazil and Peru, and is becoming one of the
most proline sources ot good rubber, of a
fine quality, as also the Jurua, into all of
which it will be neoessary to navigate to
collect rubber and distribute supplies. As
a matter of fact, but little crude material is
handled on the main river.
Independence or Brazilian States.
It is one of the curious features to an
American traveler on the Amazon to find
that each State government is a sovereignty,
so that vessels going from one State to an
other are subjected to all the restrictions as
if coming from a foreign port. Another of
the difficulties attending this navigation is
tbat the Brazilian laws require all vessels
carrving their flag to be officered and
manned exclusively by citizens of Brazil.
We are ail children ot a larger growth,
sometimes, but a native Braziliero, how
ever old or experienced he may become, al
ways remains a boy in his way of conduct
ing business, and when Tested with a little
brief authority as a commandante of a ves
sel, fie makes a veritable Pinafore on his
ship. Generally, the average citizen has
but a faint conception of the rights of
others; with him a public office
is not a publio trusty but solely a private
opportunity lor personal gains. There are
well authenticated illustrations to prove
that captains ot Amazon steamers have
thrown overboard or landed in the woods a
cargo that was either shipped by an enemr
or consigned to some one who had probably
oflended his mother-in-law. Tber exercise
absolute tyranny in ali things, and will
take only such passengers as are personally
agreeame to tncmsetves or tneir mends.
How Love DIakej Passengers Swear.
"When once beyond the reach of the En
glish managers at Para the commandante of
a boat goes through the country like a con
queror on board a man-of-war, treating his
passengers as so many slaves or captives.
Probably they come by this, because in the
years past their principal passenger traffic
was confined to half savage Indians, the
officer: failing to advance with the civiliza
tion that has crowded around them. It
never occurs to tbe commandante of an
Amazon boat that a passenger who has paid
his fare and received a contract ticket could
possibly have any rights which he is bonnd
to respect
No matter how urgent may be the busi
ness if the captain should, ai frequently
occurs, be in love with a pretty halt-breed
girl living in a hut on the banks of the
river, he will anchor the boat outside for 12
to 23 houra while he goes asiforc and makes
love to his inamorata, and the passengers
fight mosquitoes on board and swear because
they are not allowed to go ashore too.
This is not so much the practice as formerlr.
There are always exceptions, and I am glad
to be able-Jto record these illustrations from
the words ftf our own commandante, who is
indeed a notable and honorable exception
to the rule. I am particularly fortunate in
having sailed under Commandante Carlos
Ferreira, a Portuguese naaigator, who is
universally known the length of 2.000 miles
of the Amazon as not only the most com
petent, but the most courteous officer in the
Amazon Company's service.
J. Oetos' Kerbey.
(CopyrtgTU, 1S9S, By BacheZer t Johnson.)
Allegro Moderate.
Music by C. J. WILSON
THE BEER OF BERLffi.l&T"treitfffi
Brewery Stock rays Very TVeJL
1. Lit tie Nell Is In dream - - land This beau - tt - ful
2. Now she ts near - ly twen - - - ty, .Tne world la so
j r;rTT g - :. ' ' l " a &
P ' ' ' '! Iff gj. .j, , P g
T ,3: """
So Exaggeration About the Stories
of Prodigious Drinking.
The Glasses Are Viz and the J. aw Prevents
the 'ale-of Foam.
Christ- mas
Joy - fu)
And a sweet dream of
But San - ta Clau3
old San - ta Clans, Brings vis - Ions of what he will leave,
has been replaced By a sweetheart whose name Is Will,
a s
She wants a pret ty
This mer - ry Christ - mas
tt Cfr si- el - -J-"1 , -STt -aS -at : a4 it Sr nt"-
dot - - ly That will talk and stand a lone And then she would like a nice carriage and crib, And a sleigh she could can all her own;
mom - - lng She will be a fair young bride I hope that he always will prove to be A San - ta Claus close by her side.
jj,, J J . . . , i . ' , , g g , , g stM"'. II ?" ? I I "r'T'i J i I fr 11-3
fAUeoro. " g ' , - w -x g P "T -G
Mer ry Christmas one and all, Iter ry Christmas great and small, Ring out mcr-ry chimes From the bel-fry tall, Ringing merry, merry Christmas one and all.
I 5 m m -- CZZ; - B.C.
Howard Fielding's Unique Plan for
Warming the Cold World.
Thiem a Chance to Steal and Gamblers
a 'Tire Ihing to 11 in.
Many Authors JJaUe a Great Mistake in Not
Studyinff Its Use.
So we find dialect, as a branch of litera
ture, worthy of the high attention and em
ployment of the greatest master in letters
not of the merest mountebank. Let no im
pious faddist, then, assume its just interpre
tation. He may know everything else in
the world, but not djalect, nor dialectic peo
ple, for both of which he has supreme con
tempt, which same, be snre, is heartily re
turned. Such a "superior" personage may
even go among these simple country people
and abide indefinitely in the midst of them,
yet their more righteous contempt never for
one instant permits them to be their real
selves in his presence. In consequence, his
most conscicntions report of them, their
ways, lives and interests, is absolutely of
no importance or value in the world. He
never knew them, nor will he ever know
them. They are not his kind of people any
more than he is their kind of a man; and
their disappointment grieves ns more than
his, says James Whitcomb Eiley in the
Many of the truly heroic ancestry
of "our best people" grew unquestionably
dialect of cast not alone in speech, but in
every mental trait and personal address.
It is a grievous lact for us to confront, but
many ot them wore apparel of the common
est, talked loudly and doubtless said "this
away" and "thataway," and "Whatchy"
doin of?" and "Whur y goin' at?" using
dialect even in their prayers to Him who,
in His gentle mercy, listened and was
pleased; and uho listens verily unto this
hour to all like prayers, yet pleaded; yea,
haply listens even to the refined rhetorical
petitions of those who are not pleased.
In this charitable season, when the rich,
who need nothing, get so many presents,
while the poor, who need everything, get
an advance of 2 on their rent, I often take
an hour to think of the great gifts I would
make if I had wealth. I generally wrap a
piece of cloth around the clapper of ourbell
so that people with bills can amuse them
selves without annoying others, and then I
sit with half-shut eyes and make every
body happy in my mind. Afterward I go
out and buy a present for Maude some
thing useful, something we can both use, as
an umbrella, or an easy chair suited to a
Sf 1 1 ''i
to suit ms taste. There is some azitation
about removing this capital city lowerdown
on the main river to Parantins, yet it will
hardly be accomplished, as the harbor is
superior to any that could be found in the
Tbe Map-Makers Do If ot Agree.
The Brazilians have a capricious way of
changing the name of the rivers as thev do
their governors and the streets ot their
cities. Some ot the recent geographies and
maps from Bio indicate the Amazon as only
that part of the river between Manaos and
tbe sea that nows north of tbe Island of
Marajo; all that portion west of the junc
tion with the Xegro is marked as the Soli
moes, yet despite these makers of rivers on
paper, the mighty Amazon will retain its
claim to original distinction from the very
head waters at the base of tbe Andes to the
sea, and at the Bocca, its old gold colored
waters force a path for a hundred miles over
the bosom of the blue ocean, depositing its
tands where will some day perhaps arise
another continent, or extend the Amazon
valley other leagues to the east.
Though the Amazon was ostentatiously
declared free to all nations in 181)6, yet but
few seem to know that tbe decree of Dom
Pedro II literally applies only to what is
known as the Amazon proper, and the nu
merous and important tributaries with their
separate affluents are in themselres equalin
size to the upner Amazon, eaeh separately,
being far more valuable in natural resources
than the main ttreacvarenot yet free to all
Reptiles and Birds are Generally
Afflicted Than Any Other.
London Lancet
A contemporary states that cancer is re
ported to have made its appearance in one of
the ponds of the Dnndin Acclimatization
Society of Kew Zealand. American brook
trout only have been attacked, and none of
the fish suffering from cancer have recov
ered. The statement that tbe disease has
hitherto been unknown among fish is open
to serious doubt. T&zt growths are often
found in animals, especially when they
have been, kept long in confinement. The
animals which die in the gardens of the Zoo
logical Society are rarely of much use for
dissection, as tbey so 'commonly suffer from
tumors of the bones and viscera.
Such diseases, probably, also occur in a
state of nature, but would most likelv lead
to early death, the animal succumbing in
the struggle for existence. In fish myxo
matous and sarcomatous tnmors have been
seen. The fish Platax arthriticus has been
known from the time of Hunter as possess
ing very commonly, if not always, in the
adult dense bony tumors symmetrically dis
posed on many of its bones. Beptilcs and
birds appear to be the lower animals that
are most subject to malignant sarcomatous
A Handy Music Fen.
A new pea for copying music consists of
a pen and penholder with two tubes which
project from either end of the pen. very
much after the style of the "swizzle stick"
which plays an important part
in the evolution ot tbe sundry
refreshing beverages affected by "West
Indians. These tubes are studded at tbe
end with pieces of rubber in the shape,
respectively, of open and closed music
notes, and an ink -pad is also supplied. In
writing minims or semibreves the "open"
tip is pressed lightly on the pad, and then
the characters are quickly dabbed on tbe
music lines, and the' "closed" tip serves for
crotchets, etc, the upright stroke being
made by the pen,
Joy for the BUI Collector.
person six feet two inches in height and so
thin that he must depend for his comfort
entirely npon the upholsterer.
I am liberal, you see, in real life; but
when I fall to dreaming there is really no
limit to my generosity. I give to all the
people who do not deserve it, and this re
quires a great wad of money. I bestow
gold pieces upon our janitor, and the sur
prise kills him, and he dies very, very
hard. This is one of my pleasantest fan
cies. The last time I gave him anything in
reality it was a half dollar, and I remember
chasing him down three flights of stairs in
order to borrow-30 cents of it back to pay
the iceman. But in the Christmas season
of my dreams there is no currency except
red gold, and tho beggar on Park Eow by
night no longer blesses me for a plugged
Canadian dime.
A I'erpetnal Two Dollar Loan.
The object of such an institution as
Christmas is to make people happj and
somehow the undeserving have a capacity
for enjoyment which is rarely found
among tbe good. Take mv friend Jimmie,
for instance: Iknow what Jimmie would
like for a Christmas present, and he shall
have it when my dream comes true. What
Jimmie wants is a perpetual two-dollar loan.
A lump of monev would afford him no per
manent satisfaction, be would probably
lend it to some other poor sinner, and
never get it back. He conldn't understand
"cases," and to get them and spend them,
and then want them twice as hard the next
day. I will have a machine built for Jim
mie, and at any hour of the day or night he
shall be able to drop a tale of
woe into the slot and get two
sinkers. I have comparatively little
knowledge of machines, but I think tbat a
machine can be built strong enough to take
in one of Jimmie's stories without getting
seriously out of order. Perhaps it can al'o
receive his promise to pay without fail on
the following Saturdar and never start a
rivet; but I shall not ask the mechanic whoJ
mases n to' guarantee tne -macnine in case
Jimmie should bring back the money. He
always means to do it, bless him, and it
does bis heart good to feel the honest,
manly determination to prove his gratitude
by prompt payment. But the first time he
does it the sun and moon will fall out of the
sky. If the machine worked without the
sto'ry and the promise it would be of no nte
to him; so they shall be essential, because I
wish to make him bappy, as he hasn't been
heretofore, I'm afraid; for, after all, you
know, it isn't real" good fun to be a bor
rower when people are so stingy with tneir
There is a man who tliraji makst as paj
his fare when we ride together on the ele
vated road. I am going to give him a
bushel of tickets. Of course I do not ex
pect him to deposit any of tbem in the box,
but I think it will give him pleasure to
have his pockets full of them when I step
up to tbe window to buy for him and for
myself. He gets a great deal of fun as it is,
by following me up the stairs crying, "Let
me eet 'em; I've got a dime right handy!"
He couldn't be forced up ahead of me by
an hydraulic press. He likes to see me
change a bill at the window and receive the
handful of strange bogus which the ticket
seller always gives, especially if he has
previously had the pleasure of rejecting my
last dime on the ground that it has been
bitten by a mosquito. Then I hold out my
hand tnd take Mulberry Bend nickels and
flattened bullets and Chinese farthings at a
pint and a half to the cent, and fan tan chips
and wampum till my pockets bulge out
with the worthless stuff.
All this the fellow who never pays his
fare enjoys to a certain extent, but I want
him to get even more fnn out ot it, so I
shall give him the tickets. I would like
also to do something for the ticket-sellers.
and I am thinking of giving each of them a
quart of brass suspender buttons, which can
be readily passed "as $3 gold pieces by men
who have hadr as much practice as they
The Man TVIio Keeps You From 'Work.
I shall remember the man who drops in
to tell me stories while I am at work.
There will be a new chair in my office for
him after Christmas day. It will be stuffed
with eider down and upholstered with
sticky fly paper, so that he cannot be led
away by generous impulse. I am a very
hard worker; it is not so hard, I think, for
anybody else in this world to work. When
I am engaged in finishing something which
really must be done two or three days be
forebut, of course, I can't, and the old
boy will be to pay about it then mv legs
Coil sinuously around those of tbe chair: mv
tongue hangs out, and buttons fall oil my
I used to think tbat nothing could stop
me at Mich times no; even the'principles
of English grammar. But I had never
known McGarragan and his stories in those
davs. He is due here now in five minutes,
and at least I must finish what I, have to
say about him before he arrives, otherwise
I might be led to speak of him unkindly.
He doesn't like my office chairs, poor fel
low. He shall certainly have a new one at
Making the Typewriter Happy.
I shall buy 313 umbrellas for mv type
writerfeirl. Probably it will not rain on
more davs thtn that during tho coming
year. So she will have an umbrella to take
out to lunch whenever she leaves hers at
home, with the wind east, the sky overcast
and the weather bulletins explicit for a
clear day. I -shall not tellher that the
umbrellas are hers; she will enjoy them
more deeply if she thinks they are mine. I
will have one readv every day, and I will
request her to bring it back within 15
minutes, one win, ot course, leave it in
Some of the Greatest Cooks of
Land Suggest New Dishes.
Palatable Delicacy for Breakfast and
Other iuggestiona.
Next to buying and making articles for
Christmas gifts there is no subject of so
much interest to lady readers just at this
time as that of how to prepare choice
dishes for the Christmas dinner. Becog
nizing this fact The Dispatch has re
quested six of the greatest masters of the
art of cooking to favor it with their views
on Christmas cookery and their favorite
recipes for preparing some choice Christmas
dishes. Their replies, printed below, com.
prise a most interesting symposium:
A Voice From Delmonlco's.
The chef- of Delmonico's, New York,
writes as follows:
Ever since the days- when a huge boar's
head, holding a lemon in its mouth, was
carried in great state along the whole length
of tbe immense banqueting hall to grace
the head of the table at the, Christmas din
ners of the old feudal barons of Britain,
Christmas cookery has occupied a large
share of the attention of mankind. There
would, seem to be some strongly kindred
sympathy between man's heart and his
stomach, for whenever the former is filled
with iov one of the first thintrs he does is to
fill tbe litter with choice edibles, and thus
among all people in all countries and all
ages of the world it has been the invariable
custom td celebrate with a feast every joy
ous occasion from a holiday to a wedding.
What shall we have for Christmas? Of
course we mnst have tnrkey and mince pie,
oranges, nuts and raisins, but what can we
have that will be newl
' Let me suggest a poor man's temperance
plum pudding: Take one cup of' .finely
chopped suet, one of milk one of currants,
three and a half cups of flour. Mix and
add one teaspoontul of soda and spices of
all kinds to taste. Beat up to a dough.
Put in a pndding dish, place the latter in a
steamer and steam tor three hours. This is
one of tho most inexpensive of all plum
puumns auu a surprisingly good one. xne
substitution of currants for raisins is an
economy which by no means detracts from
the merit of the pudding,
For a "Christmas cottage padding" take
14 ounces of suet, four ot currants, five of
sugar; a pound and a quarter of flour, the
same quantity ot stoned raisins, a quarter
butter and flour. Season to taste, add a
little port wine and catsup and stew the
whole until the turkey is thoroughly done.
This will be found a delicious Christmas
"For "tnrkey poulec" cut two pounds of
lean veal and two of fat bacon, two larze
carrots and two onions into a large dish, add
one-halt pound fresh butter. Stew till veal
is very white and bacon partially melted.
Pour over them three pints of boiling broth
or water, add four cloves, a small bnnch of
thyme and parsley, a bay.leaf and a few
grains of white pepper. Boil for an hour
and a half, then strain and in the resultant
liquor boil a turkey, to which it will impart
an indescribably rich and delicious favor.
For roast goose sauce put into a saucepan
a Ublespoonful ot made mustard, half a tea
spoonful of cayenne pepper, a glass ot port
wine and a pill of craw. Mix and warm
and pour it through a slit in the apron into
the goose's body just before serving.
Chef of Welcker's, Washington.
--- same quantity oi stonea raisins, a quarter
who waits tor her in the shelter of bur
doorway on rainy days, bhe shall not
know how many uiore umbrellas I have, for
that would put a damper on her innocent
mirth. No, she shall have just as much
fun as in the past, when I had only my
wife's umbrella (and forgiving spirit) to
depend upon.
There is a man who lunches with me al
most everv day, upon whom I would like to
bestow some token of my regard. His front
name is Billy and, judging by the way lie
eats, I should say his last name ought to be
lioat, out ne travels under an alias, un al
ternate days I pay for tbe lunch. ,That
seems no more than fair. On the other day
he matches quarters with me to see who
shsll pay, and lie "sticks" me with a regu
larity which I hesitate to ascribe to chance.
A Gift for the Matchlnjj Fiend. -
I hardly know what to give this friend.
It would seem as if so thrifty a man could
require nothing. If there is anything he
wants, whv doesn't he go and match quar
ters for it?. I might givo him an invitation
to lunch with somebody else, but that
would not express my real feelings toward
him. He is an entertaining fellow, and he
abstains from paying lor things on principle
ana not irom meanness, wnv snouid nnv.
body pay for anything when tuere are "solt
marks" like me born every minute? I will
give him a bottle of old Dr. Manhattan's
Perpetual Appetizer. I will get him a
quarter with two heads on it, and dated odd
on one side and even on the other. He fills
his place in the economy of nature. Yes,
it is oertainlyin tbe economy department
that his place is found.
I would remember all such fellows as
Billy. They are the men who can be made
happy by a present They can appreciate
the advantages of acquiring property in that
way. Natnre furnished them with this ap
preciation, and if we have anything left
after they get through, we should give, tuem
a part of. it. Why Should we give to )tha
generourman 16 the giver? Xo we aend
our watches to the blacksmith ? Certainly
not; we send them to the pawnbroker. I He
knows what to do with them; he has proba
bly had them before. Xet us, in like man
ner, bestow onr Christmas gifts nporj tho
person who knows how to take, who is an
expert at it. who takes everything is slcht.
This will be a good exercise, in generosity,
ana alter you nave uone it once or twice,
a nutmeg, a quarter teaspoonful of ginger,
tne same or sail ana or cloves in powder;
mix these ingredients thoroughly, add four
well-beaten eggs 'with a quarter pint of
milk, tie the pudding in a well-floured
cloth and boil it for four hours.
Here is a nice tauce I call "Boasted duck
ling sauce"Ar "Chantilly Sanford:" Peel
six sour apples, cook them and then pass
them through a sieve. Add two ounces of
scraped horseradish. Let it get cold. When
ready to serve mix with double its volume
of whipped cream with a little sugar in it.
Serve cold in a sance tureen. The above is
a most excellent sauce to serve with ducks
and geese. C Rauhofper,
Chef of Delmonico's.
He Dotes on Plum Padding.
The chef of Willard's, Washington, D.
C, writes:
To my way of thinking there is no better
Christmas dish than plum pudding, and
there Is practically no limit to the great
variety ot ways in which it may be pre
pared. It may justly claim one of the old
est places in Christmas cookery. It was
originally known centuries ago as plum
broth or plum pottage oriporridge. Each
of the ancient authorities directs tbat a
broth of beef or mutton be first made and
thickened with brown bread. It is then to
be thoroughly boiled, during which process
certain prescribed quantities of raisins, cur
rants, prunes, cloves, mace and ginger are
to be added. Though once so highly popu
lar as Christmas good cheer this plum-broth
is now wholly obsolete. For the plum pud
ding which has succeeded it I think the fol
lowing recipe, recently designed by me.
will be found one of the very best extant. I
may add that it was a great lavorlte with the
distinguished lady in whose honor I have
named it I call "it Christmas plum pud
ding a la Mrs. Harrison.
Take of stoned Malaga raisins six ounces;
of snet, chopped, six ounces; currants,
eight onncei; bread crumbs, three ounces:
flour, three ounces; three eggs; a smali
blade of mace; one-sixth of a "nutmeg, and
same quantity of cinnamon, all pulverized
finely; half a teaspoonful of salt: half nint
of milk; sugar, lour ounces, and a glass of
sherry wine. Add one ounce of citron,
chopped fine; one orange cut into small
pieces, and candied lemon one ounce. Beat
eggs and spices well together; -mix the milk
with them by degrees, then tho other in
gredient!. Dip a fine closely spun linen
cloth into boiling water, and put it in a
hair sieve. Flour it a little, pour in the
mixture and tie it up close. Put it into a
saucepan containing six quarts of.boiling
water, and keep filling it up with boiling
water as it boils away.' Must boil six
hours at least Yosep Butleube,
Chef ofWillard'i,
Berlin, Dec. It
OME of the finest
buildings of Berlin
belong to -the brew
eries, and the beer
business here is fast
going into big stock
companies. The
Nurenbnrger Drew
ery has lately com
pleted, at a cost of
several hundred
thousand dollars, a
palatial beer hall
and restaurant on
Friederichs strasie, and there are a num
ber of other equally expensive establish
ments here. In the Nurenbnrg Hof every
thing is fitted out after the style of a hun
dred years aga The paintings on the walls
are by the best artists of Germany. The
iron work is wrought in old patterns, and
the immense five-story building is a verita
ble museum.
I got my dinner in it the other night and
I found it crowded with all classes of Ger
mans, who, singly and in families, sat
around the tables of its various rooms and
drank beer. It is the same almost any honr
of the afternoon or evening, and the beer
saloon is to a large extent tbe parlor of the
Beriihese. You find beer balls in every
block, and every night 500,000 beer glasses
are emptied again and again by the people
of this city, and 1,000,000 lips smack them
selves together as the amber-colored liquor
flows down their 500,000 gullets.
An Average or Forty Gallons Each.
The beer drnnken by tb.e Germans almost
surpasses conception. This nation swallows
enough every year to make a lake more
than a mile square and more than six feet
deep, and the amount is so great that it
averages more than 40 gallons annually to
every man, woman and child in the coun
try. There are ten glasses of beer swal
lowed in Berlin to every glass of water, and
the average beer glass here is about six
inches high and it holds nearly a quirt
Some Germans thinK nothing of drinking
several of these glasses in an evening and
there are thousands of men in this city who
drink two gallons of beer every day of
their lives and I hear of men who drintc
from a dozen to 18 quarts every day, year
in and year out A student who does not
drink 10 or 12 qnarts at a sitting is looked
upon asa baby and I see young men here
every night who get away with enough
beer to fill 40 or 50 glasses of the American
size. The women drink with the men,
though they do not consume the beer in
such great quantities, and babies are given
ueer to urinK nere as soon as tney are
weaned, and they drink it to the day of
their deaths.
It is interestine to note the manner of
drinking. The beer is served either in
large glasses or in stone mugs with covers
upon them, and it is not uncommon for a
man to pass his mng to his friend and for a
man and his wife to drink out of the same
mug. Drinking is always done slowly, and
xtie stocc companies who own the brew
enes are making money, and the English
capitalists have been investing to a large
extent in German brewing stock even as
they have done in American stock. By the
way, i understand that the American brew
eries bought by the English are paying
satisfactory dividends and that their stock
is considered valuable in London.
I visited some of the breweries in Ger
many and I find that beer is made here
much,the same way -it is' in the United
States. It is against the law to use any
thing else than hops, barley and water in
making it, -and the breweries are run mucn
less expensively here than in America.
Even in the largest establishments the mas
ter brewers do not get more than 55,000 a
year and in the small breweries thev re
ceive from 51,000 to $1,500 a year. First
class helpers get 530 a month and second
class not more than 520. The most of these
men lodge In the brewery and they have the
right to drink from six to eight quarts of
A. Glass of Weiss Beer.
A Picture One Sets Every Day.
the really deserving msy'stand a ohan
getting lometbtng out oi you.
h.q'wasd Fold;
New Christmas Dishes Not Eay.
.The chef of Welcher's, of Washington
To give new recipes for Christmas dishes
is not so easy a task as thenninitiated might
imagine. There are certain dishes that have
long been considered sacred to Christmas,
and no new ones, however excellent, that
the most transcendant cnlinary cenius
conld devise can ever hope to displace
them. Mince pie, for instance. Even its
very name has been a subject of fierce con
tention. Tbe Kuglish Puritans, of Oliver
Cromwell's time, insisted that it should be
called mince and not Christmas pie, and at
length positively prohibited its concoction
and consumption, devoting a great deal of
superfluous energy to "putting it down" in
a prohibitory not a gastronomic sense,
and being bitterly lampooned for their pains
by the satirical poets of the time, one of
whom thus delivers himself:
AU plrrms the prophets' sons deny.
And tpice broths are 400 hot;
Treason's in a Decoinoer pie,
And death within tbe pot.
Co-equal with mince pie in popular favor
as a Christmas dish is turkey, which we are
always accustomed to see upon the Christ
mas dinner table n tbe form of a roast, but
this is by no means the only wav in which
it may be suitably prepared for "Christmas
cheer. Forthe approaching holidays I have
designed a new dish which, I call "Turkev
Harrico. " Cut all the dark meat from a
large, fat tnrkey. Stew for a few minutes
in a little brown gravy sonp; have ready
some carrots, turnips, celery and onions.
Fry them in butter for Some 'time, then add
them to tho turkey stew and thicken it wit
From Boston's Most Famous Chet
The chef of Young's, Boston, replies
X do not think tbat dinner and supper
should be slighted on Christmas any more
than on any othar day. I will give for my
first recipe directions for making a deli
cious dish for the Christmas breakfast ta
ble. Turkey and Potato Croquettes Cut the
meat of one tnrkey, mash about eight po
tatoes, chop finely six hard boiled eggs,
mix all the ingredients, salt and pepper to
taste and add a gill white wine, shake into
oroqiiittes and brown nicely in butter.
Terrapin a la Maryland Cook terrapin
well before taking meat from the shell,
then cut the meat into one inch pieces,
place in a saucepan on a hot range with an
ounce of fresh butter, season with a pinch'
of red pepper and salt.cook for five minutes,
then add a glass of sherry wine, add yolks
ot three egzs well beaten 'with a half pint
sweet cream, shuffle all together till it
thickens a little and serve quickly.
HEP.MAJT J. Beeghaus,
Chef of Young's Hotel, Boston.
Notes on Christmas Cakes.
Ebbitt House, Washington,
It is a poor Christmas without good
Christmas cakes, and I present herewith
some new recipes for tbe same, which will
be fouud excellent
Christmas Cakes a la Betorm take half
pound raisins, one egg, half pound warm
butter, a teaspoonful pounded cinnamon,
i pounds flour, thrjie-quarters pound
sugar, and make into J stiff paste with a
Iittlu milk. Koll thin, cut in round cakes
and bake in slack oven.
Christmas cjUes a la Blaine Butter one
pound, flour two poun is, raisins half pound,
currants half pound, moist sugar one pound,
two beaten eggs,quarter pound figs chopped
fine. Make the whole into a paste, roll
thin, cut in round cake3 and bake five
minutes in a moderate oven.
Chef of Ebbitt House, Washington.
The weight required to crush a square
inch ot brick varies from 1.200 to 1,500
the beer is taken in sip by sip, some per
sons pftcn taking three-quarters of an hour
for a glass of beer.
"Why They Do Not Get Drnnk.
In this way the blood is heated np slowly
by the drinking, and there is no drunken
ness. The beer glasses are of uniform size,
regulated by law, and there are halt classes.
as well as the ordinary schooner. The law
provides 'that the cus'tomera shall get full
glasses of beer and not foam, and as an in
stance of the economy of the Germans there
is, near the top of each glass, within abont
one-eighth of an inch of its rim, a kittle cut
made with affile, and the law provides that
the beer without foam must rise to this
point I have seen ladies and gentlemen
grow very angry and send back their glasses
when the foam reached below this, and
there is no chance of making a fortune here
out ot beer gas lor beer.
Beer is universally used in Berlin at
meals and it is not an uncommon thing to
find it at the breakfast table. It is drunken
at all the restaurants and a German concert
wonid be incomplete without a glass or so
to wash the musio into your soul. We sit.
up late at night here and tbe average time
ot going to bed is long after 10 o'clock. It
is safe to say that three-fourths of the peo
ple spend their evenings in the beer gar
dens and all sorts of societies meet in gar-
dens and in saloons and drink beer while
they hold their discussions. The drinking
is by no nrans confined to the lowest
classes aud the Kaiser himself is said to be
fond of bock beer and to be able to get away
with his full share ot the liquid.
A Flttsbnrg Girl in JTnedrlchsrnhe.
Bismarck is fond of beer, and he has a
restaurant connected with his estate at
Friedrichsruhe, wbich is run by a German
girl who has lived some time in America,
and who was a resident ot Pittsburg. I
got ssveral glasses of beer here during my
visit to Bismarck, and the German maiden
told me that Bismarck often came in dur
ing his walks and took a glass of beer flesh
from the wood. He would takiit out into the
little garden and sit down at a table and
sip it, and he would then come back and
take two of these immense glasses and
carry them off to his house. The moment
I alighted Irom the train I saw a servant
carrying a glass of beer up to the old
Prince, and just as I was about to leave I
san Bismarck's cook and one of his serv
ants clinking their glasses at the gate lead
in'irom the grounds to the saloon. I took
a kodak picture ot them, and the German
girl insisted that I should take anotber'and
put her into it, which I did.
Ak7reat deal of liavanan beer is druncen
heretin Berlin and Bavaria makes, perhaps,
the best beer in the worl.i. The Hof Brau
Haus at Munich ships its beer everywhere
aud Bavaria makes about one-eighth of all
the beer that is used in Europe. It turns
out nearly 9,000,000 barrels of beer every
year mid it drinks $G,OUO,OU0 worth of beer
annually. The Bavarians drink more beer
than any other people in the world, and
the average Munich man drinks from one
to two quarts dailv and ali the Bavarian
men over 16 average thrge quarts a day.
There was a festival not long ago at one ot
the Munich breweries which was attended
by 800 persons, and these guejts during that
evening drank 600 gallons of beer, or about
three quarts and a half apiece. The Nuren
bnrg beer is largely used here and the Pils
ner beer is also drunken to a large extent
Berlin itself makes excellent beer, and the
breweries both here and oyer the rest of
beer a day, while master brewers can drink
as mnch as 20 quarts or can give or sell this
amount to.their friends. The taxation on
beer is one of the great resources of Ger
man revenue and everything connected
with beer pays a tax.
Tbe queerest beer 1 have ever seen is the
famons Berlin product, known as Weiss
bier or white beer, and I shall not forget
my first experience with it A man con
nected with our consulate asked me if I
would not have a glass and he took me to a
"white beer" faloon and ordered a conpla
of glasses of white beer. A moment later
the waiter brought them. Each glass was
big enough for a baby's bath tub and there
seemed to be fully two quarts of beer in ic
It was the color of golden syrup and the
foam which ran over the top' was as whits
as snow. Each glass was abont e'ght inches
in diameter, and I am snra that the con
tents of mine would have filled tbe crown
ofmypluehat I had to take m tn-n
hands to lift the glass to my mouth and I
can't say tbat I liked the beer as well as
ourlage'ror the Bavarian product Tho
white beer is largely foam, and it is not un
common for the Germans to drink four
qnarts of it at a sitting. It is not so heavy
as the Bavarian beer and a great deal of it
can be drunken without intoxication. It
is shipped from here all over Germany and
quite a good deal of it is exported to tha
United States.
The Walter Girls or Germany.
A large number of the beer restaurants
here have girls.for waiters, and, as with tha
barmaids of Jjondon, the prettier the girl
the easier she gets an engagement There is
one noted beer cellar known as the Elyssenm
""'"i ima nuuui. -o gins in its empiov,rang
ing in ace from 16 to 2i These girls are very
pretty, and you go in and order a glass of
beer orsoraething to eat, and the maiden
who brings it expects to sit down and chat
with you, and she will not at all object if
you ask her to drink or eat with you. I have
taken several meals at the Elyssenm, and I
ated one of the girls the other night as to
howshe liked her position! She told me sha
did not like it very well, but she could not
help herself. Said she:
"I have to drink with any man who asks
me beciuse itmeans an extra sale for tha
house, and this drinking and eating at all
hours of the day so disarranges my digestive
apparatus that it takes away mv appetite.
It used to be they kept us" here till
long after 12 o'clock, but the laws now
provide that we shall close at 11, and
it is not so bad. Our wages are about a
mark a day, and they are not enough to sup
port us."
There are numbers of other places of this
kind in Berlin, of different stages of re
spectability, and they are largely
frequented by the students and other young
men abont the town. In some of the better
class restaurants girls are employed as
waiters, though the average waiter here
is a man in a swallow-tail coat There ara
more swallow-tail coats in Europe to the
square inch than there are to the squara
The Student Takes H Regularly.
acre over the rest of the world, and tha
majority of these belonc to the waiters.
Even tbe smallest hotels bere keep their
waiters in full dress, and, in fact, the best
dressed and almost the best looking men
yon see in Europe are the waiters.
Feaxk G. Cabpexteb.
Philadelphia Doctor Alone Bas
Cases Under fits Treatment.
Philadelphia Tlmei.l
Because the men on the opposite sides in
the field are not seen squaring off and strik
ing at each other in regular Sullivaa-Cor-bett
style, it does not follow that there are
not scientific ways in which in the tussles a
team can bo materially weakened or some
particular aggressive member of it disabled.
Let any man in fair condition be suddenly
thrown to tbe ground and then have one or
two heavy men, or it may be seven or eight,
or even more, fall aud throw their weight
on him. Possibly bis hand may be under
one of their feet, or in the fall one of their
forearms may have choked him across the
neck. How much wind and energy will an
average man have atter one such experience
as that?
And yet it is a common football experi
ence. Many a man is hurt more in a foot
ball fight than he cares to admit, and so he
makes light of it and plays on tor the sake
ot tbe college or team and from self-pride.
But games appear to be growing rougher,
and there are a great many "accidents" and
injnries, and, taking all the teams in and
around Philadelphia, it would lie astonish
ing if the extent of the injuries received in
football were known. There is one doctor
in Philadelphia who bas on hUlist 30 cases
ofinjurvat football, and they are nearly
all cases requiting surgical treatment
How to Restore Frozen Potatoes.
Frozen potatoes can be restored to pala
tableness by peeling them and letting them
lie in a cool place with plenty of cold water
poured over them. In 24 hours all the sugar
which has been formed during the freezing
process will have been removed, andihs
potatoes can how be boiled in fresh rwater
and will be found to be perfectly palataUtf

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