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Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, December 18, 1892, Image 20

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024546/1892-12-18/ed-1/seq-20/

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S'VaHB" PlTTSBtma" DISPA0XD3SCrND"AY.-4 DEOEMBEE" 18; 189S
'20
3 a mttu '
fc
UNCLE TJfS CABIH
WMe It Is Too Intangible to
Show at Chicago There
Is Another Belie
A HALF JIILLION WOMEN
Signed the Address to Their Sisters
in the States and
THE SIGNATURES STILL EXIST.
Eecord of the Teecher Family and the
lurvivinjr llcmbers.
ELTEBITI OF THE PEEACDEE EATHEB
nmTTTEV TOR THS DTSFATCTLl
Within the last few weeks, another of the
nation's most cherished traditions has been
imperiled. The ruthless hand of the idol
breaker has already chattered public con
fidence in that iond idyl of childhood,
"Washington and the cherry tree, and the
tame iconoclastic agent has shaken the
beautiful laith once so universally yielded
to Whittier's heroine, Barbara Freitchie,
and novr, aiasl the ax of doubt and unbelief
is laid at the root of another treasured pil
lar in the American Temple of Tradition
and "Uncle Tom's Cabin" is pronounced a
ravth!
With characteristic enterprise the man
agers ot the Chicago Exposition, in reach
ing out for striking attraction, decided to
have the original cabin of Mrs. Harriet
Beecher Stowe's dusky hero at the ap
proaching Fair, as a sister attraction, prob
ably, to the miniature Parthenon,
Libby prison, the Columbian caravel
and the Shakespeare cottage. They
had been informed by some imagina-
c.
Harriet Beeeher StotM.
tive Southerner, that the genuine cabin, in
tact and but slightly impaired by time's
ravage;, could be found upon a plantation
at Natchitocnees, La., on the Bed river,
lormcrly owned bv a planter named McAl
piu, and now by a Mr. Chapin, who has
guarded the cabin as an almost sacre 1 relic
lor many rears. This alleged re.ic was cir
cumstantially described as being built of
cypress logs.'aad ktandiug in-the middle of
a cotton fit Id.
How the T!onli TTas Suggested.
Unfortunately for the conclusiveness of
tbe identification, there is not iu anv of her
writings, n pinch of evidence that Mrs.
Stowe was ever in Louisiana, or knew of
the existence 01 the canin in question, or of
its owner. With her open pen, she has ex
plained how the umqne character of TTnde
Turn cau.e to be introduced to the world. In
an introduction to the earlier editions of
her amous book, she relates that she 'had
been called upon to write the letters lor a
former siae vonian a servant in her own
Jsniily to a slave husband in Ken
tucky, who, ihoagh trusted with un
limited liberty, and free to come and go on
business b-tween Kentucky. and Ohio, still
refused to break Ins pledge 01 honor to his
master, tnoujh the latterdclerred Irom year
to year the keeping ot Ins promise ol free
dom to the slave. "It a the simple
honor and loyalty of this black man, u ho
lemainrd in slavery rather than violate a
trust, that lir-t impressed her with the pos
kibility ot Mich a character as vears after
ward, was lelinea!ed in 'Uncle Tom.' "
But though ths cabin itself, so tronght
with sympathetic memories to two genera
tions, mav well have been the Action of the
writer's creative genius, and hence too in
tangible to be fcuccesfullv put on exhibi
tion bv the entei prising Chicago managers,
there is a s ibs.nutial and accessible memo
rial ol "Uncle Tom's Cabin" that should
Henry Ward Beecher.
not be overlooked It lorms a part of the
history of the nation. Mrs. Stowe's book
sppeafed in 1852, and between April and
Decvn.ber ot that year, had run through 12
editions in England nlone. It set the phil
anthropists ot the world to thinking, and
then to acting: U;-on its modest author
there poured -ucli a torrent of letter from
all parts ot the enlightened world as hnrdly
any book had provoked since Guttenberg
set his first tyres.
tt hit Jliut Be Shown at Chicago.
Whittier, Garrison, Jenny L'.nd. Gold
tebmidt, Prince Albert. Dioens, Macaulav,
Heine, George Sand, Florence Nightingale
nnd Frrderika B-emer were among the first
to recognize the great spirit of human free
dom and a unlit v which the quiet and un-
asuming young American matron had
called into sudden activity. Translated into '
many laugraies the book was red and
wept over m almost every nonie in Christen
dom. In the infidel countries of continental
Europe It excited a great spiritual revival.
An ?dilre "to tl.e women of America,"
begmi bv Lord Shaftesbury in England,
tiuvrlru ns far as Jerusalem, so great was
the desire to eign it, nndwben all the names
were written it made a compact mass of 26
Icum voiuinesnith the names of over 500,000
wfmieu oi all ranks, from royalty to the
porest. It is still inoct in its solid oak
case "a monument ot feeling" and worthy
to grace the ery iront of historic exhibits
at Chicago.
Few American families have produced
more hSttorr-aiakrrs than the -Brechers.
Lvinau Beecher. vi Boston the progenitor
ot the ikuious group ot six sods who entered
the minlt.rrf and lout daughter was a
1
"
-4 cirfv .w vk. xsiSnsow
leading OalvarHstic preacher, forefbleiln'the
pulpit and addicted to sectarian denuncia
tion to an extent that might nbt be comiil
red in good taste in these days of liberalism,
and "higher criticism." An amusing inci
dent concerning him is related by Mr. C K.
aTuckerman, who happened to be one of his
auditors on aTainy Sunday when the thema
selected for discussion was procrastination
in religions observances. The clergyman,
after tbe usual Calranistic manner, depicted
In vived tones the punishments that awaited
the impenitent procrastinator. To better
illustrate the point, he referred to the
neglect of a mother one of his congrega
tion who pat off the -presentation of her
baby for baptism till too late. The child
met with an accident that caused its death.
"That infant," said the preacher, "who
might have been an angel in heaven, is now,
through the negligence of its parents, a
tenant of belli" Consternation seized the
audience. One gentleman near the pulpit
rose, seized his bat. and signified bis dis
gnrt by leaving the building.
His Sans Not So Severe.
Strangely enough, the severe Calvinism
of the father was distinguished among the
traits of his children by its absence. Lyman
Beecher's sons and daughters and their de
scendants are to-day widely distributed
over the Union. Catherine Beecher, the
eldest daughter, after a brilliant career as
yO
JUrx. Entry Ward Beecher.
an educator, died some years ago aged SO.
Harriet, the most famous ot the girls, and
for a time associated with Catherine in edu
cational enterprises, married Prof. Calvin
E. Stowe, of Andover. Three daughters
and a son were born to them. Mrs. Stowe
now a widow and quite old and feeble is
quietly fading away at Hartford, where she
lives in a quaint and pretty house adjoin
ing Mark Twain's more pretentious domi
cile in the rear. Her intellect has weak
ened perceptibly in the last few years and
she is not permitted to go out unattended.
Her household consists of her twin daugh
ters, maiden ladies of 47, a couple of ser
vants and a nurse. Her son, Bev. Charles
Stowe, lives half a mile distant and her
sister Isabella Beecher Hooker, famous as a
Woman suffragist and orator, lives nearby.
The Eev. Edward Beecher the mono
genarian of the family, and a most remark
able specimen of well preserved physical
manhood has been widely distinguished
as teacher, pastor, college president, author
and editor, for nearly half a century. All
the Beechers were endowed with vigorous
physiques, but Edward was about
the most remarkable in this re
spect. He never smoke or drank, and
yiT
fK
Edward Beecher.
he was inordinately fond of exercise. The
life of Henrv Ward Beecher is, of oourse,
familiar to the public.
Considered Greatest or All.
"William Beecher. whose home for many
years was in Chicago; Charles Beecher,
pastor of a Congregational Church in Penn
svlvania; Thomas K. Bccher, also a
Congregational preacher at Elmira, N. Y.,
are all members of the original group, and
men of means, fame and distinction in
their several spheres. In his own imme
diate section, at least, there are manv who
consider that Thomas Iv. is the greatest of
all ot Lyman Beecher's sons. He
has been occasionally drawn into
politics, having been candidate for of
fice on the tickets of the Bemo
cratic,Greenback and Republican parties in
different campaign". Thirty o-sd vears ago,
he founded a church in E miraand declined
to dedicate it until, it was out ot debt. In
all that time it lias never been quite clear
and lias consequently never ben dedicate I.
But it is a very successful church, never
theless. Thomas, who, dimmer nnd winter,
wears a starched t el vet cati and rustv cat,
lile a German immigrant, devotes nearly
all his salary to cl.arity. He has no
tethetic tastes, like his brother Henry
"Ward, who loved a horse and had a passion
for billiards and fine paintings. He calls
on his peusioners with a bushel of pota
toes or a sack of flour and is not above
letting people know that he can drink a
glass of beer with appreciation. He can
mend a clock quicker than an ordinary
Ciockmaker and has repeatedly overhauled
the city timepiece and corrected its faults.
He is greatly loved and his immediate con
gregation to say nothing of its beneficiar
ies almost worship him. If good works
keep every one, it will be many rears be
fore Thomas IL Beecher now 68 grows
reallv old,
Colonel James C Beecher, now dead, was
the soldier of the lamous larailv a career
that has a flavor both of Hedley Yickars
and Havelock. Many instances are related
of his bravery and magnanimity.
Ebes Clayton.
A New Mexican Hallway.
It is learned that the Mexico, Cuernavaco
and Pacific Hallway Company is about to
establish permanent offices at Denver. It
is now constructing a broad-gauge line from
the City of Mexico almost directly south to
the Pacific Ocean. The terminal point will
beat Palasaida. a fine harbor. Here con
nection will be made with the Pacific line of
coast steamers.
m
tp .
Thomat K. EkcSt
A TENMILLION-DOLLiAR CATHEDRAL.
;rf; . . ... IPi'lllyi Jate"etf
CcOKRispoJTDiifCi or rax dispatch. J
New Yoiik, Dec. 17. The cornerstone
of the great Cathedral of St. John the
Divine will be laid with imposing cere
monies on December 27, and a few of the
men prominent in the movement since its in
ception who will go back in memory to the
eventfnl meeting at the deathbed of Bishop
Horatio Potter will see in the exercises of
the day the consummation of the devontest
wish of that great clergymen.
The idea of erecting a Protestant Episco
pal Cathedral, of creating an epoch-making
event in the history of the Church, had its
inception in 1870 in the minds ot many who
were near and dtar to the late Bishop. In
trusted to him, it grew in scope and gran
deur until, at least in conception, it became
the great structure of which the corner
stone is now to be laid. The first 17 trus
tees were named at abont this time, but the
stirring events of the next few years, end
ing with the great panic, gave the project a
set-back from which it took a dozen years
to recover. In 1883 and in 1881 meetings
were held, but all to no purpose.
At the Bishop's Deathbed.
In 18S6 it was found that but nine of the
seventeen, trustees were among the living,
and nnder the original compact it took a
majority to act. The bishop lav dying.
Several of the trustees were abroad, and
after almost superhuman efforts the eight
men were finally brought together, and the
first steps looking to the actual construc
tion of the eathedral were taken at the bed
side of the late Bishop Potter. The vacan
cies in the Board of Trustees were filled,
and then work began. Bishop Potter, the
NO SOCIAL BARRIERS.
Dnbrotherly and Unchristian Rela
tions Rapidly Disappearing.
HCL0SIVENESS IS NOW A SIN.
Progress of the pirit of Democracy in
Church and cliool.
DUTI OP TI1K PKITILEGBD CLASSES
nrnrrrw roa thi dispatch.!
God can answer prayer. And man can
answer prayer. It is a great mistake to
think that all reply to our petitions must
be left to Go'. A company ol men and
worsen imploring God to stir up the hearts
of his people to acts ot Christian generosity,
and meanwhile keeping bark their means
from the treasury of God, is a spectacle to
make all evil ang'ls smile. The best way
to get prayers for money answered is to an
swer them ourselves. God works by mak
ing good example contagious. One gives
and another gives. A single generous soul,
fired with the "passion of compission,"
e iger to help, glad to make sacrifices, in
spires a neighborhood.
Sometimes prayer is pernicious. Prayer
is a hindrance to the spiritual life whenever
it takes the place of action. Let us, by all
means, pray. It is impossible' that there
should be too much right praer. We
migbt pray without ceasing and yet not
pray too olten if we pray aright Bnt
prayerwhich is pretense for idleness, prayer
which is but an indolent desire that God
should do for us what we arc quite able to
do for ourselves that is pernicious prayer.
Helps Those Who Help Theinseltes.
God always does His part, but He never
does our part Sometimes God waits for us
to begin before He begins. When the peo
ple of Israel, in the old story.'were to cross
the Jordan, God purposed to help them over
by making a path for them throngh the
midst of the water! But no path appearel.
Down rolled the tumbling stream swelled
with all the harvest rains, until the feet ot
the foremost touched the brine We must
act, then God will ac'.
We pray, "Thy kingdom come." Every
day we say that prayer. But what do we
expect that God will do in answer? Will
He cleave tbe heavens and come down?
Will He turn into literal reality the glow
ing symbols of New Testament prophecy ?
Will" He come in clouds, with myriads of
attendant angels, and soinewhere,'at Jeru
salem or London or New York, sit upon His
golden throne ot rlory and compel the
homage of mankind? How shall the king
dom come?
It is evident that when the King came he
surprised e Terr body. Men looked for
crown audrcepter, or at least for sword and
buckler. Tile King would come, they
thought, in appearance like the kings of
Borne, a Herod, an Augustus. But ihe
King came as a little child, born of ob
scurity and poverty, cradled in a manger,
born in the household of a village 'car
penter. People could not believe it It
was incredible that this son of a Nazareth
merchant, whose mother and brothers and
.' - ' in ww i-Wii- H-H- 4 liiBjii-lll 1 lliy y? i!lF" i it i
(e-dpal
Up ao & n a 0 3?000 && x H
Gsround fldn
Qass o o Jrasi-
present head of the diocese,issued his famous
address, in which occurred the following
notable remarks:
"It will be the people's church, in which
no reserved right can be bought, held or
hired on any pretext whatever. It will be
the fitting shrine of memorials of our
honored dead. It will supply the especial
need oi this material age, a commanding
witness to faith in the unseen."
The fund grew. Contributions came in
from the Yanderbilts, the Asters, Pierpont
Morgan, from the estates of deceased mem
bers ol the Protestant 'Episcopal Church,
and in 1887, less than a year alter the mem
orable meeting, enough of a fund for a good
payment on the site was at hand.
The Mte Cost Nearly a Million.
In November, 1887, the old Leake and
Watts' Orphan Home grounds were bought
for 5850,000, and the new cathedral will
stand in perhaps the most picturesque spot
on Manhattan Island. Its towers will look
down upon the Hudson and the Palisades
will be within view. Far off the busy cities
of Hoboken and Jersey City will be seen
from the towers of the edifice, and its great
spire will, on the east, be in sight of all
Harlem and the hills of Long Island.
Fresh appeals for funds met with hearty
responses, and a sum that would cover the
erection of a portion of the proposed struc
ture was at last at hand. It took 13 vears
to build St Patrick's Cathedral on Filth
avenue, and it -was proposed to have the
new building several times asjarge. Time
was valuable, and event) must follow quick
upon event in tbe history that was to cul
minate in America's greatest church struc
ture. It is now believed that 15 years will
elapse before the building is completed.
This means that 37 years ti ill have elapsed
between the conception and the culmina
tion, more than a generation of time, in
sisters everybody was acquainted with in
credible that he could be the Christ
The Kingdom Is In the Hear
.So fond are we of the spectacular! So
desirous of the dramatiel It is next to cer
tain that the kingdom when it fully comes
will be found to have had its first subjects,
and even at its meridian glory still to have
its chief citizens, in carpenter shops, and
tailor shops and mills. Cobblers and cooks
will be among its honorable men and
women. Certain it is that the kincdom of
God comes not by observation, is not to be
found where most people would be likely to
Iook for it Certain it is that the kingdom
of God is within us, is not to be seen in
dress, nor uniiorm, nor badge, but is in the
hearts, and shows itself in the lives ol
those who belong to it.
The kingdom of God has come .already.
What we prav lor is not its beginning, but
its consummation. We pray thai it may
fully come, that evervbodv mav some day,
and speedily, promise allegiance to the
King.
And this, I say, is one of those prayer
which we ought to ansnerin large measure
our own selves. For it is plain tharthe al
legiance of all is the allegiance ol each.
Whoever desires the conversion of the
orld, let him be first converted. Who
ever wishes for the betterment of society,
let him improve himself. We who pray
for Hie kingdom of heaven, are we all of us
subjects ot that kingdom loyal, earnest,
enthusiastic and aggressive in its service?
Always Works ith Tools.
It is true that God can work without ma
terials or tools. It is also true, however,
that God always works uith materials and
tools. When He has a message for the race
He never delivers it Himself out of tbe
clouds, He sends a man to carry it; He tells
His great truth to a saint or a scholar; to a
poet or a prophet, and so it reaches all the
rest ot us. The revivals of God, the revo
lutions which have dethroned the powers
ot darkness, and have crowned the light,
began every one of them in the heart ot
some good man who had learned some great
truth from God and went straightway and
told his brother. It if idle to dream ot a
regeneration of the race without a regenera
tion of the individual. The kingdom of
heaven,, i hieh Cometh not by observation,
cometh not by legislation, either. Not from
without but- from within work the energies
whioh will some day convert the race.
God's chief instrument for the bringing in
of the kingdom ot heaven is the inspiration
ot example.
The greatest of all reformations began
when one man can.: out of a carpenter shop
and went about doing good. There is no
book like it, no argument like it, no sermon
comparable to it. It is tbe lite that tells,
that influences, that kindles the fires of en
thusiasm. The kingdom of Heaven In our
immediate neighborhood waits upon us.
When we become its loyal subjects there
will be no lack of others. Whether or not
the Lord's prayerwill be answered depends
upon ourselves. "Thy Kingdom corns"
first in my own soult "Ihy Kingdom
cojae" O King, behold me here to-day,
thy subjectl
,The Democrat and the Aristocrat
The question, then, is what constitutes a
loyal subject of the kingdom of heaven.
And I want to say this morning that no
body can be a loyal subject to the kingdom
of heaven unless he is a democrat, not an
aristocrat An aristocrat is one who cares
a great deal for a lew people; a democrat is
oue nho cares a. great deal for a great many
people, lor ali people. The anstocia't
chooses the society lor the congenial, de
sires to associate with the elect ot the eleot,
sympathizes to the depths ot his. soul with
West E,le?atioi'
which many noted Injthe work have already
passed away.
The Design of the Structure.
The architects from whom plans were
asked took up the task in a most commend
able spirit, and four men fieured in the
planning of the great cathedral. Thevars
Messrs. Heins and La Farge, W. "W. Kent
and General W. Sooy Smith. The structure
which they evolved in thought is of the
round-arch Gothic order, planned in many
details after tbe early Christian churches,
following notably the Santa Sophia Church
at Constantinople and St. Mark's at Venice.
But Gothic characteristics could not be laid
aside with impunity, as the church was to
some extent wedded to this style of archi
tecture. So the centraldome is surmounted
by Gothlo spires, and the conspicuous feat
ure of this design is in the manner in which
these spires'seem to grow out of the struct
ure seem to take root in the very founda
tions. The Latin form is followed in the
plan, but striking departures are made in
the termination of the transepts, which are
simply the apses of the chancel swung
around. These accentuate the Bomanesque
character of the design.
The 12 great piers which support the
dome are to be dedicated to the apostles.the
one of especial magnificence being that de
signed for St. John. The dome is enriched
by scenes from the Apocalypse, and the
symbolic decorations as they are carried
upward change from the particular to the
general.
'The Board of Trustees.
The plans were accepted in July, 1891,
and the Board of Trustees, in which few
changes have since been made, comprised
the following gentlemen: Bishop Potter,
Geo. M. Miller, Dr. P. K. Cady, Morgan
Dix, E W. Donald, Geo. H. Houghton, W.
B. Huntington, E. A. Hoffmann, David H.
that great poet who said, "People bore me
beyond endurance; I detest folks." But to
the democrat nothing human isunconeeuial,
all people are interesting, all the needs, the
interests, the ways of men are of concern.
To. him the lotos gods, whom that great poet
pictured, "careless ot mankind," are desti
tute of all iiivinity. He puts his iaith in a
God who cares, who loves, who is the father
of us nil.
Nothing can be plainer than this: That to
love those who love us, to please those who
please us, to invite those. who will invite us
in return, and to stop there, is not Chris
tian. That is simple human nature. Jesus
Christ did not need to come into this world
and suffer on the cross in order to teach us
that, or persuade us to lo that The very
publicans and sinners, He declared, do as
much as that. But to love those who hate
us, to serve those who revile us, to do good
to those who would willingly harm us, to
seek the society ol the uncongenial, to give
to those nho cannot give to us, to ask to
our houses those who cannot ask us in re
turn, to seek no', so much to get pleasure
for ourselves as to give pleasure to others,
to love our brethren even as Christ loved us
that is what I man by democracy. It is
synonymous with Christianity.
The Duty of Personal Obedience.
Evidently the first characteristic of a
loyal citizen is personal obedieuee. And
the last characteristic of a loyal citizen is
personal obedience. Whoever would be
long to the kingdom of heaven, which is
tbe kingdom ol Christ, must do the will ol
Christ That is essential and imperative.
He is a Cnnstian who follows Christ, who
measures all things by the standard of the
approbation of Christ, who would not will
ingly say a word which he would not like
to huve Christ hear, nor do an act which he
would not like Christ to' see. He' is a Chris
tian who tries to be like Christ, to speak as
Christ would speak, to deal with all hard
questions as Christ would deal with them,
to be the kind of neighbor Christ would be,
and the kind of citizen Christ would be, to
be a Christ-like man or woman. The best
Christian is he who most reminds the peo
ple with whom he lives of the Lord Jesus
Christ He who never reminds anybody ot
the Lord Jesus Christ is not a Christian at
all.
And it is plain how democratic Christ
was. Down He came among tbe people,
shared their poverty! sorrowed in their sor
rows, helped them over their hard places,
called Himself the Ron of Man. They
were all his brothers and his sisters; yes,
the most ignorant; yes, the meanest and the
lowest. Nobody ever accused ,Tons of
Naznreth of being an aristocrat Nobody
ever turned to Him to find an example of
social narrowness. Jesus loved the people.
He devoted Himself to the people. He
made Himself the servant of the people.
He came not to be ministered to. He said,
but to minister to others.
Eellglon Is(Not Narrow.
The trouble is that we commonly take
Christ as our pattern tor only a small part
of our lives. We do no not realize as we
0U"ht that the kingdom ot Christ includes
under its rule the whole ot hunia-i life.
Christ is to be followed just as closely iu
the domain of business nnd ol society us
He is in those matters which we narro'vrly
call "religious." The subject of the king
dom is a subject and a citizen no matter
where lie goes. Every hour of social lile
must be brought to the test of the example
and the approbation of the Lord Jesus
Christ.
I do not know where tbe kingdom of
heaver; should more naturally be looked
for than in the Church. Properly the
Churcli and the kingdom of heaven should
have the same boundaries. Xtu Church
jf
Green, "V7. Bavard Culling, "vT. "Vy". Astor,
B. T. Auchmutv, J. Pierpont Morgan.Ham-
ilton Fish, Cornelius Vanderbiit, J. B.
Eoosevelt, Samuel D. Babcock, S. P. lash.
The completed building will nave the
following dimensions:
Feet.
Total lenzth 6M
Total width through transepts 293
Width or front J5
Height of frontgaule IS
Height of front towers MS
Helrht of flanking towers 158
Height of central towersi 5
Height of dome (Interior) 233
Width or nave .. 93
Span ot central tower 96
.Length of chain and ambulatory 15
The contributions to the cathedral fund
have now gone up to much over a million,
one contribution of $500,000 having recently
been made, but the name of the donor is
not to be made public until January. The
first part of the structure to be completed
is the choir loft, which will have a seating
capacity of 2,000.
The Exercises Next Week.
Services in connection with the corner
stone laying will be exceedingly impres
sive, invitations having been extended to
and accepted by all the bishops of the
church. The venerable Bishop Williams
will take a prominent part in the ceremon
ies, and among the addresses to be delivered
will be one by Bishop Potter, the celebrant
bishop, and one by Dr. Deane, of Albany.
The musical portion of the programme is
In charge of Bicbard Henry Warren, or
ganist and choirmaster of St Bartholmew's
Church. A floored space' to accommodate
1,000 is being provided, and the roof, a tem
porary structure, will be' covered with can
vas. V
The cathedral when complete will cost
fully JIO.OOO.OOO.
ought to be made up altogether of citizens
of the Christian kingdom, and all who are
subjects under that allegiance ought to be
in the Church. Social democracy ought to
prevail within the Church. Everybody
knows, however, that social democracy doe's
not prevail either in the Church or any
where else.
The rich and the poor stand apart, each
an exclusive company. Even farther away
from all others vou will find the people
who are neither rich nor poor, but who are
kept by what they call pride Irom associ
ating very freely with either rich or poor.
At any common gathering ot Christian
people for social purposes you will find the
rich talking to the rich, and the middle
class to the middle class, and the poor to-tbe-poor.
True Conception of Society.
If, as most people think, the chief end ot
society is personal enjoyment, and the right
purpose iu going into it is the purpose not
ot giving as much pleasure as possible, but
of getting as much pleasure as possible, all
that distinction is right But such a con
ception oi society is unchristian. We may
be quite sure that in the kingdom of heaven
the people who have gifts and graces and
ideas and experiences and opportunities,
will not be content to exchauge tbem
among themselves, they will desire to share
them with those who are less fortunate.
What a hopeless task, to have all the dough
in one pan and all the yeast in another, and
expect bread! What a hopeless prospect,
to have all the culture and the wealth and
the refinement and the arts of pleasurable
living, bound up within the circles of an
exclusive society, and all the people need
ing inspiration," encouragement, leadership
and sympathy outsidel
Thank God, that tve are beginning now
adays to see what a shame, what a loss, but
an unbrotherly and unchristian state ot
things, this is. And in city alter city
though not yet in Pittkburg men and
women of highest education and social po
sition and advantage are seeking nut these
brethren of ours, who, afterall, differ from
us chiefly in not having had the chanee we
have, and are making their homes among
them and bringing tbe
Light of Culture and Christianity
into dark places. They do not go in con
descension, they do not put oil a mauner
which they would not think of using with
their friends in eltgantly furnished rooms.
They are as natural and friendly and as
courteous with a laundress as they would
be witb a lord. They g as friemlsl They
have emancipated themselves Ironfall arti
ficial and foolish and wicked narrowness,
nod have made themselves the neighbors ot
the poor.
Everybody appreciates a friend. Jesus
Christ was a friend. And what He asks of
us who are among the privileged classes is
that we be the friends, honestly, unre
servedly, personally the friends, ot the
unprivileged. Only by beginning villi
genuine and equal friendship can one very
greatly help another. Tliese College Set
tlements where those who have had a
chance take the hands of those who
have had no chance, and become their
triends, are outposts, everyouo of them, of
the kingdom of God. Every jiarish ought
to be a colouy of the kingdom of God.
Geokge Hodges.
Calculations based on the observation
or the refraction of light have caused it to
be supposed that the air becomes so rare at
the height of about 60 miles that the dis
tance may be regarded as the limit to Its
sensible extent, but othor calcnliuious,
made during the present century, of the dis
tance linm tile earth at wnicti meteors
lituite, indicate that the atmosphere extends
to upward of 100 miles.
A POPULAR OLD MAN.
Washington Very Much Interested
in 90-Iear-Old Gen. Jones.
HOW SEWAED BAD HIH ARRESTED
For Writing to Jeff Davfo, Though He Was
Ignorant of Secession.
HAD A HAXD IX SEYE.V GREAT DUELS
fcosaesrosDixcz or Tnz dispatch.!
Washington; Dec. 17. X remarkable
national character is now in Washington
a 90-year-old statesman who had the honor
of naming two great States of the Union,
and who has been an intimate friend of all
the Presidents, with one exception
Grover Cleveland from James ilonroo
down to Benjamin Harrison. He descended
upon the capital on the reassembling of
Congress, and so great a furor has he cre
ated since his arrival in official circles that
he is now feted and petted by society as no
one else has been for years, and has become
tbe rage of the hour. He is General George
Wallace Jones, of Dubuque, la., the oldest
ex-Seflator of the United States, the last
delegate from Michigan Territory, the first
delegate from Wisconsin Territory and the
first Senator from the State ot Iqwa, having
served in that post 12 years.
This man, though thus old and linking in
his own personality the distant past with
the living present, is still in the very prime
of health and Intellectual vigor, and pos
sesses without doubt a greater fund of in
teresting reminiscences of public men and
things in America th'an anybody else now
7i&
Gen. Oeorgt fTallace Jann.
living. His memory is perfect, his man
ners that of a Chesterfield, and his conver
sation simply charming.
The Intimate of Great lien.
A person with only a slight develop
ment of the bump of veneration must needs
uncover in his presence, even out of doors,
n knowing that be was an attendant on the
Marquis de Lafayette while touring in
America, that he was the class
mate and e-mrade in the Black Hawk War
of JeSerwn Davis, Zachary Taylor and
Lewis Cass, that he was the bosom friend
of John Q'lincy Adams, the confidant of
Andrew Jackson, John C Fremont, Mar
tin Van Bnren and Franklin Pierce, the in
tl mate companion of Henry Clay, Daniel
Webster and John G Calhoun, the col
league in the House of James K.PoIk,John
Bell, Abraham Lincoln and Alexander H.
Stephens, and In the Senate tbe everv-day
associate of Thomas H.Benton, Charles
Sumner, Stephen A. Douglass, William
H Seward, John a Breokinridge, Howell
Cobb and James Buchanan.
At Vincennes, Ind., where the General
was born, he was often as a boy dandled on
the knee of General William Henry Harri
son. In 1827, owing to delicate health, he
went to the then Territory ot Michigan and
engaged in lead smelting. In 1832 he served
in the Black Hawk War, and in 1835 he
was elected Democratic delegate (the last
one) from Michigan Territory, which in
cluded the vast domain now comprising
the States of Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa,
Minnesota, North and South Dakota,
Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Washington
and Oregon. Ever "since he has been a
Democrat, although he voted in 18S8 and
tbis vear for Harrison in the consideration
of the fact that "Old Tippecanoe" had
dandled him on his knee when a boy.
Speculating With Webster.
On the Fourth of July, 1836, at General
Jones' instance, the great Territory of
Michigan was divided, and the Territory ot
Wisconsin 'ras Iramed from it and named
by him in a bill he introduced for the pur
pose. Wisconsin Territory then em&raced
the whole of Michigan Territory except'
tbe present States of Michigan. With
Daniel Webster in that same summer va
cation be engaged in some land speculations
in the new Territory, Webster furnishing
the money, loaned him by Messrs. Corcoran
& Biggs, and Jones the experience
and supervision, with the result that
Webster reaped 530,000 in profits and Jones
520,000.
Shortly afterward General Jones was
elected as delegate from Wisconsin. He
served lour years, but nas defeated for the
third term by his connection as second
with Hon. Jonathan Cilley, of Maine, in
the fatal duel with Hon. William J.
Graves, of Ken ucky. On the Fourth ot
July, 1838, through his instrumentality,
the Territory ot Iowa was in turn created
from the Territory of Wisconsin, and named
in accordance with his suggestion.
On General Jones' retirement irom Con
gress President Van Buren appointed him
Surveyor-General of the new Territory ot
Iowa. When Iowa was admitted as a State,
in 1847, he was made Senator Irom that
State, together with Augustus Csear Dode,
sou ot Senator Dodge, ot Wisconsin. Young
Dodge and General Jones drew lots for the
long term and Jones won. Through his
close friendship with President Pierce, dat
ing fromtllie latter's service in Congress, he
was larcely instrumental in having Jeffer
son Davis appointed Secretary of War in
1853.
He Believed In the Code.
Senator Jones in his time was a great be
liever In the "code," and figured in seven
different "aflairs of honor," although a
principal in onlv one. In 1826 lie carried a
challenge from Governor Dodge to Dr.
James H. Balph. Shortly alter that he
carried a challenge to Dr. Balph from R b
ert TL Brown. Neither challenge waa ac
cepted, ami Balph was set down as a cow
ard. In 1827, while studying law in St.
Louis, Jones was himself challenged by an
ovet-hasty young army nlScsr, Lieutenant
Williams, ot South Carolina. He promptly
accepted, and all the arrangements were
per'ected, when the Lieutenant, being the
aggressor, apologized, and the affair w is de
clared of). Later iu the ame year Jones
served as seennd in a bloodless duel be
tween Thomas W. Newton and Ambrose H.
Severe.
But the greatest duel with which General
Joues was connected was the historic con
flict in 1838 between Cilley, of Maine, and
William J. Graves, near the Marlborough
road, outside ol Washington, growing out
of a heate 1 debate in Congress. In that
debate Cilley charged that James Watson
Webb, editor ot the New York Courier and
Enquirer the man nho gave the naiue
Wlii " ,ne wing party nan accepted
bribe. Webb arrived in" Washington that
evening, and, hearing of the incident, sent
a letter to Cilley iu regard to it by the hand
of Gravea
Itifles Chosen as the Weapons.
Cilley declined to receive the letter, where
upon Henry Clay, surrounded bv a 'quad
ot admiring Whigs, declared that thir re
fusal to receive it was a personal insult to
Graves, Graves, though a close friend of
Cilley, was then prevailed on to challenge
Cilley, naming rifles as the desirable wea-
-fions. Through the influence pf Frank! fa
Pierce, then a Congressman, General Jones
was induced to act as Cilley's second. Thref
rouu ds were fired, and on the third round
Cilley fell dead. The hubbub that ensued
In Congress and throughout the country
was extraordinary. An investigation was
ordered, which after long and animated de
bate resulted in tbe passage of stringent
laws characterizing duelling as murder.
In 1850 Jones again aeted as a second, thil
time to General John C. Fremont, who had
Challenged Senator Foote, of Mississippi,
on the field of honor, but tbe duel was never
fought Eight years later Jones carried a
challenge once more from Senator Dodge,
of Wisconsin, to Colonel William Selden,
formerly Treasurer of the United States
under Jackson and Van Buren, bnt the
quarrel was compounded and the duel did
sot take place.
General Jones and Jeff Davis.
Four days after General Jones' terra
as Senato'r expired, on March 8,
1859, President Buchanan nomi
nated him as Minister to Bogota,
the most Important diplomatic post in South
America. After President Lincoln's in
auguration he was recalled, and right hera
comes in a strange chapter of Senator Jones
history. In May, 1S61, while still m Bo
gota, and thinking iu the absence of any in
formation to the contrary that Jefferson
Davis Fas still a United States Senator, ha
wrote to him as an old friend requesting;
his good offices in the desired promotion of
his son, who bad been appointed Second Lieu
tenant in the cavalry service bv President
Pierce. ' This letter was inclosed with
official dispatches to the State Department,
but owing to the unsettled condition of
South American affairs and the tardiness of
the mails, it did not reach Washington
until after Davis bad become President of
the Southern Confederacy. The letter was
accordingly intercepted and held at tho
State Department, and, nnder the peculiar
circumstances, its contents were miscon
strued by the powers that were.
Beturning to America, Jones reached
Washington on December 5, 1861, saw his
old friends, President Lincoln and Secre
tary Seward, was received at the White
House by the President, and was accorded
a diplomatic dinner by the Secretary of
State in the mansion now occupied by
James G. Blaine, facing Lafayette Square.
Arrested by Seward's Order.
At the State Department then in the
Treasury building on December 19 Jones)
badegood-by to Seward, who on parting;
pledged him over a bottle of wine, and
then took a train to New York with his
niece, intending to proceed thence home to
Iowa. Arriving in New York, he went at
once to the New York Hotel and registered.
Before laying down the pen and leaving
the clerk's desk, be was arrested and next
day conducted before Chief of Detectives
Kennedy, whose only explanation oi ths
arrest was the production of a telegraph,
tape, on which was written this dispatch:
Washisotox, D. C, Dec 19. 1S61.
To the CWer of Detectives. New York city:
Hon. George W. Jones, returninz Minister
from South America, leaves hero for the
Hew York Hotel. Arrest him and send hist
to Fort Lalayette. Wixliax H. Seward.
No charge was brought against General
Jones, but nevertheless he was confined for
several months at Fort Lafavette as a polit
ical prisoner, and no explanation has been
given to this day of Secretary Seward's con
duct in tne matter.
In this connection General Jones' last ac
counts as Minister to Bogota, amounting to
several thousand dollars, were never al
lotted by tbe State Department and remain
unsettle'd. It is to have these settled by act
of Congress that the venerable nonogen
arian is now in Washington. Once wealthy,
he is wealtv no more, and he needs what is
due him. Bills to that end were last week
introduced in the Senate bv Senator Wil
son, of Iowa, and in the House by Coa
gressman.Henderson, ot the same State.
AH EZIBAOEDINABY E2ITAPK,
Hovr an .English Nobleman Got Even With,
ills Dead Predecessor.
Philadelphia Press.i
In a shady lane near Totnes the attention
of visitors is attraeted by a tall cross of tho
finest Aberdeen granite, which, together
with a ponderous slab of the same material,
occupies tbe corner of a field. On it is in
scribed the name and arms of the late Duke
of Somerset, with the following extraordi
nary lines at the toot:
"The tweltth Duke was the Sheridan
Duke. He defrauded and nearly ruined ths
Seymour family. This stone was prepared
by the thirteenth Duke in his lifetime and
was erected here in pursuance of his ex
press direction."
It appears that the Duke, who died last
vear, suffered all his life from an idee fixes
concerning some imaginary wrong done by
his predecessor, and the obnoxious head
stone was refused admittance to Bury Pom
peroy Cnurchyard, although a fund was left
in perpetuity for its maintenance and it
cost over 100. As a matter of fact, the
twellth Duke was a min of considerable
talent The Miss Sheridan he married fig
ured as a queen of beauty in the E.'linton
Tournament, and in no way deserved the as
persions thus cast upon her by this inexcusa
bleactof posthumous spite. The "Somerset
Stone" was visited during the summer by
thousands of tourists.
BAiTLES IN THS OCEAff.
The Warfare of lower Animals Very Simi
lar to That of Slan.
Pall Mall Gazette J
Becently a lecture was delivered at tho
Boyal Normal College for the Blind before
the Upper Norwood Library and Scientifio
Society by Dr. Benbam of Oxford on "War
and Its ESec:s,ax Seen in Marine Organ
ism." At its close.Dr. Conan Doyle, why
is the President, in proposing a vote of
thanks to the lecturer, remarked that Dr.
Benbam had spoken of tbe struggle which is
continually going rn between animals, as,
for instance, between shark and shark and
mackerel and mackerel, and so it was in our
own daily lives.
Just as in animal life the weakest went
to tbe bottom, and nothing more was heard
of them. It was only now and azain that
they had some idea ot how strange a power
li e was. He remembered reading that of
1,000 students that matriculated on one oc
casion 890 were unacc unted for. Life with
us was just as strange a power as in the low
est animals. Although we do not learn
to develop spicules, as in the case of soma
ol the fish which had been illustrated by
the lecturer, we do try to improve and bet
ter ourselves. Curious as it might seem to
some, just as with the lower animals, ws
are working to some glorious goat As wa
develop it was possible, he humorously re
marked, men would be as far above us as
we are above the jellyfish, but not in our
time. .
m
LETTERS OF HEINEICH HEINE.
A Collection Written to nis Favorite Sister
About to Be Published.
New York Tribune.;
The admirers of Helnrich Heine in Ger
many are rejoicing over the decision of
Mme. Charlotte Embden, the poet's favor
ite sister, to publish 122 of bis unpriuted
letters, now in her possession. The letters
wete written to Mme. E'nbden and her
mother. Beginning in the poet's univer
sity days and ending a few weeks before his
death, 40 years ago, they are said to thro-v
a bright and favorable light upon his char
acter, and to show deep love tor the mem
bers ot his family. They will form, in a
sense, a continuation of the poet's me
moirs. Mme. E'nbden intends also to publish at
the same time a volume of remimsce.ices of
her brother, aud to correct therein a num
ber of mistakes in existing biographies of
Heine. AsMme.Embden is now IT.' years old
and correspondingly teeble, she will be as
sisted in the important wore by her son,
Baron Ladwig Embden. The books will bo
illustrated, and will contain among other
things a portrait of "Fntti Mathilde," tha
poet's wile, su well knoitn to readers nf hit
poems. No portrait of her, it is said, hM
ever been published.
ilalasV Tiff

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