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THE T„. effort. tv.n\*ke pf UNLESS 7 JUNICA i «, t929. Published, weekly By The Kditorial Offices, 3441 Korbrs St., IMttAhurgh Telephones: SChenley 1-4470 1-4471 18, Pa. i "ZAJEDNIČAR* What Is It? General Datum mac ma(^e under an cons 1 1 1 titu'cions or laws. wti« rnnr rnnvpsontafivpc! nf eXpress for yie so ]c an( express pur- 0 rev partnients o government, an va men (To Be Continued) I Tony Brajdic Moji« John NagUch, Sec'y. \n\n Editorial Page National Home Offices CROATIAN FRATERNAL UNION Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Let's Celebrate year 1954, still in swaddling clothes, bids fair to go down as one of the most successful in the long antl colorful history of the Croatian Fraternal Union. Commemorations of the first water will undoubtedly be the order of the year, for 1954 will find the Society itself observing its 60th Anniversary, the Zajedničar its 45th Milestone, and the English Section of the Official Organ its 25th Birthday. Just how the Croatian Fraternal Union's 60th or Diamond Anniversary will be celebrated remains to be seen. Save for the September, 1953, Supreme Board decree that the celebration is to be co-sponsored under the auspices of the Executive Board and the Society's United Lodges of Western Penn sylvania Committee, we know of no plans, program, etc., being studied at the moment in respect to this particular observance. As for the English Section's Silver Anni versary, which will not fall until November 6, 1954, we do have many ideas running through our head which may, or may not, add to the attractiveness of these six pages during the highly promising months ahead. Heading the list of these purely personal plans is one calling for a series of articles stemming from the pens of organizational Correspondents who held sway in the English Section twenty-five years ago. Each of these writers of yesteryear will be invited by letter to recall those days of 1929 in writing, to favor our new generation of readers with a historical review of an era which saw the Croatian Fraternal Union em brace the English Speaking Lodge Movement for reasons of self preservation. Whenever possible, photos and snapshots ^Ting the serious and lighter sides of halcyon days of 1929 will also be re- tS• 25th Anniversary the English Section a' worthwhile,' memorable occasion. Many of our readers no doubt possess such a photo or snapshot. If so, we would appreciate it very much if they would for ward these pictorial treasures to us at their convenience. All will be returned. Anticipating the cooperation of all con cerned. we plan to inaugurate this series of commemorative articles and pictures in the February 3 issue of the English Section and. publish the material on a semi-monthly basis throughout the rest of the year. All in all, it should be a truly great year for the Croatian Fraternal Union, both in the United States and Canada, a "Year of Action" from beginning to end. The Future current indications are entirely misleading, unless men vested with na tional responsibility are talking through their hats. America is in for another year rife with a prosperous overtone. Generally, the Nation's professional economists foresee a 1954 production decline of 5 per cent, possibly more, from the 1953 level. The drop, however, would still make 1954 America's second straight prosperous year*. In other words, the predicted decline would leave nothing worse than a "mild re cession" in its economic wake. Not in agreement as a whole with the professional economists are the leaders of America's manufacturing industries, em ployers of the largest number of people. Such giants as the Aluminum Company of America, the Ford Motor Company, Swift and Company, the United States Rubber Company, and Cluett. Pcabody and Com pany, to mention only a few, feel that job prospects for 1954 are substantial. So does President Dwight D. Eisenhow er's administrative family, which has ex pressed the collective view that the Autumn, 1953. dip in business activity is but a "read justment of probably only a few months' duration." Surely the President would not be misinformed by those he trusts. True, unemployment has reared its head in a number of industrial centers during the past several months. But, by and large, none of the situations have come to alarm those who follow America's economic ups and downs much closer than we do. All this of the moment, a time when government leaders, industrial tycoons and veteran professional economists agree that the immediate future is promising. Let us hope pray that they are right in their roseate predictions ENGLISH SECTION ... tSatabtishirt November Croatian Fraternal Union Of America, STEPHEN F. BKKICH, Editor-in-Chief Deadline For Material: Thursday Morning Of Week Prior To Publication WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 6, 1954 Well Done k yjANY were the noteworthy individual and collective recruiting feats which helped make the Croatian Fraternal Union's 1953 Membership Campaign one of the most productive in a number of years. Among the outstanding field achieve ments recorded during that drive was the one accomplished by Los Angeles, California, Lodge 177, which set out in 1953 to com memorate its 60th Anniversary Year by enrolling at least 60 new members, or one for each annum of its fraternal life. Originally, the Lodge had hoped to en roll the 60 new members by June 14, 1953, the date of the public salute in honor of its Diamond Jubilee. That hope was not to ma terialize for numerous reasons all good until much later in the past year. To us, the fact that Lodge 177 reached its goal in the long run is far more impor tant than the "argument" that it didn't do so in time for the June 14, 1953, fete. What difference does it make when you accomplish something for the good of your Lodge and Society? Or is the old saying "Better late than never" no longer accepted as a truism worthy of following when we take on a task of the first magnitude? The members of Los Angeles Lodge 177 have every right to be openly proud of their 1953 Campaign record and should feel no remorse whatsoever for "failing" to sign their quota of 60 new affiliates before June 14, 1953, as they had fervently hoped to do only to come a temporary cropper at the hands of conditions beyond control. As the Vice-Chairman of the Society's 1953 Membership Campaign Committee, we congratulate the member ship of Lodge 177 on a job well done. May their 1954 record be no less a con trtbutionj_to our.fraternal welfare.. Alien Law EVERY alien in the United States on Jan uary 1 must report his or her address to the Federal Government during the month of January. That's a strict law! Members of the Croatian Fraternal Union subject to the law should go to any United States Post Office or any Immigra tion and Naturalization Office before the end of January and obtain an official "Alien Address Report Card, Form 1-53." Those concerned should then read the instructions on the back of this card, answer all questions on the front thereof, sign the card and promptly hand same to a clerk in the Office they visit. The card must be handed to a clerk, and not forwarded through the mails. An alien, or his parent or legal guardian, in the United States who willfullj' or in excusably fails to report his or her address during the month of January is liable to be taken into custody and deported. Further more, imprisonment or a fine may be levied before deportation proceedings are carried out against a law breaker. The Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, United States Department of Justice, Washington, D. C.. points out that this law is being enforced for the good of America and that aliens who abide by it have nothing at all to fear. If you arc a citizen of the United States, the law does not apply to you. However, you will be assisting your Government, and any of your fellow members, friends or acquain tances who are not American citizens, if you will remind them of their responsibilities concerning the Address Report and advise them to cooperate promptly. Aliens failing to heed your reminder and advice are not worthy of enjoying the hos pitality of the United States of America. AMERICANA Let our object be our country, our whole country, L-v and nothing but our coun try. And. by the blessing of God, may that country itself become a vast and splendid monument, not of oppression and terror, but of wisdom, of peace and of liberty, upon which the world may gaze with admiration forever. Daniel Webster. "Democracy is based on the conviction that there are extraordinary possibilities in ordinary people." Harry Emerson Fosdick YOUR GOVERNMENT HOW DOES IT FUNCTION? Pittsburgh, Pa. To acquaint our readers and mem bers with some of the most vital facts pertaining to our United States Government, vital statistics which should in terest every citizen of this great land, we are reprinting a series of 291 questions and answers covering the numerous faccts of our American Government.. This is a comprehensive story of the history and func tions of our American Government interestingly and accu rately portrayed in a concur-f rent Resolution No. 24, U. S.'power is avoided, and rcspec Senate, submitted by William tive powers are assigned to F. Knowland, United States the departments best fitted Senator, from California. trusting the entire adminis- tration of the state to their representatives whom they|pose Answer: The Constitution to exercise them. Constitution 6. Question: What is the supreme law of the land?" 1. Question: What are the essentials of a republican form of government? Answer: The Constitution, Answer: A republic may be,ja^,g United States defined as- a government je,.«jn pursuance of" the w i e i v e s a i s o w e s o n s i u i o n a n e a i e s directly or indirectly from electing them, for a limited the great body of the people, e States. Judges and is administered by per-.throughout the country arc sons holding their offices dur- ^oun(j by them, regardless of ing the pleasure of the people havior. 2. Question: What is the ressntative democracy An,swer: A pure democracy ,, ./ _1 ber 1187 was the result of a is a form of government in .. i i s u e s i o n y e e e a e s which the management of af-! ,. ,, to a trade convention held at fairs is kept actuallv the, .. "T. ,, .Annapolis in 1786. The idea hands of the people them- selves so that the citizens by popular vote make all the laws, levy taxes, decide ques tions of war and peace, de termine all other matters of policy, and select and super vise the officials who carry on matters of public business which are of such a nature as to require personal and con tinuous attention. In a representative democ racy the people govern them- selves, but they do so by en- authority of the ything in separate State period, or during good be- ,. ... -7. Question: Was a new Constitution the expressed ..... object of the Convention of difference between a pure orj17^?0 direct democracy, and a rep- Answer: The Philadelphia Convention of May-Septem- was that representatives of all the States should meet to consider the defects in the existing system of govern ment and to formulate "a plan for supplying such de fects as may be discovered." This suggestion did not meet full approval o George Washington and others until it was approved and made official by the Continental Congress. The Congress in giving its approval did so restriction that thg convention should be Answer: The founders ofjas shall when agreed to in our country decided that our Congress and confirmed by form of government should be that of a republic or rep resentative democracy. They recognized that a pure de mocracy is neither practical nor liable to endure. 4. Question: What is the purpose of the American Gov ernment? choose for that purpose. |0j? Confederation and report 3. Question: What form of fog to Congress and the sev government do we have in the|Crai legislatures such altera United States of America? jtions and provisions therein jsjng the Articles the States render the Federal Constitution adequate to the exigencies of government and e e s e v a i o n o e Union." 8. Question: How may the Constitution be amended? Answer: Amendments may I be proposed on the initiative Answer: The purpose is ex- of Congress (by two-thirds vote in each House) or by convention (on application of two-thirds of the State legis- prcssed in the preamble to the Con s i u i o n, which states: "We the People of the United States, in Order to latures). So far, there has ne form a more perfect Union, ver been a convention called establish Justice, insure do mestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, pro mote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and es tablish this Constitution for the United States of Amer ica." 5. Question: What is the meaning of "separation of powers?" under this authority. Ratifi cation may, at the discretion of Congress, be cither by the legislatures or by conven tions, in three-fourths of the States. To date, the 21st a mendment, repealing the pro hibition .amendment, is the only one to have been ratified by State conventions: The first 10 amendments were practically a part of the original instrument (being ratified in 1791), the 11th a- contains in separate articles mendment was ratified in provisions for three great de- 1795, tive Power" in the President: and the third article states i that "the judicial Power of the United States" shall be vested in the Supreme Court and such inferior courts as Congress may establish. The! doctrine of separation of pow- i ers is that no one of those three branches is to encroach ujinr another, except insofar as authorized by the Consti-! tution. Essential functions of the legislature are not to be usurped by the Executive nor I by the judiciary. In this way f, dangerous sonccntration of1 the 12th amend- in 1804. Thereafter, no legislative, executive, and ju- amendment was added to the dicial. There is a significant Constitution for 60 years, difference in the grants of After the War Between the power to these departments a e s three amendments The first article, treating of :were ratified (1865-70), fol legislative power, vests inf lowed, by another long inter Congress "all legislative Pow- before the 16th amend- crs herein granted" the see-|ment became effective in ond article vests "the execu-11913. ifoin* the man Qf Dimes Hospitalized Vets Await Annual Show TAMMIES AND RADIO REVUE TO DO HONORS Pittsburgh, Pa. Enter tainment for the hospitalized veterans at Aspinwall, Pa., will be featured in tamburitza style when the Duquesne Uni versity Tamburitzans visit the hospital on Thursday eve ning, January 7th, and the A e i a n o a i a n a i o Hour Revue will present their program on Sunday evening, January 10th. This will be the first ap pearance in the New Year for the Tamburitzans of Du quesne University and the hospitalized veterans anxious ly look forward to their ap pearance during the holiday season. The Radio Hour Revue is comprised of popular talent from the Greater Pittsburgh area and the personnel in cludes: Charles Horvatich, of Lawrenceville, Pittsburgh Bill Rendulic, Jr., of McKees port and Danny Pavlic of Ver sailles, popular accordion due: The North Side Kolo Club Reno George and His Polka teers and the Kossovo Taip buritza Orchestra. These programs have? beer: presented annually during the holiday season for the enter tainment of the hospitalized veterans since World War II by Tony Brajdic, Director of the American-Croatian Radio Hour (WMCK), McKeesport. Nest 467 Will Hold Party January 17 •JUNIOR ORDER DIRECTOR TO BRIEF YOUTH Pittsburgh, Pa.—The mem bers of Junior Nest 467 are anxiously awaiting the ar rival of Sunday, January 17, which will bring with it a gala Party held under the auspices of CFU Lodge 19. e e s i v i i e s a v e e e n scheduled to get under way at 2:00 PM. The Javor Hall on North Side Pittsburgh should be packed to capacity on that eventful day as the young sters are in for a bagful of treats and entertainment ga lore. Nothing is being over looked by the members of Lodge 19 in planning a su perb affair for their junior affiliates. To acquaint the kiddies with at least the fundamental benefits which the Croatian Fraternal Union has to offer them for their future securi ty, the Society's Junior Or der Director, bro. Michael Grasha, has accepted our of fer to be on hand and address the gathering briefly. Eureka, California, Nest 170 Juniors StilS Talking About Christmas Party LODGE 249 MEMBERS OUTDO SANTA CLAUS E u reka, Calif. The jun ior affiliates of Nest 170 were treated to a gala Christ mas Party on December 12th, with quite a number of youngsters in attendance. Under the financial spon sorship of "St. Helena" CFU Lodge 249, the event turned out to be one of the high lights of the holidav season. Picture Oil Pagr 9 Our stage was beautifully ar ranged as a bright living room whose centerpiece was a brilliant Christmas Tree. It was surrounded by a fireplace from which gay yuletide I stockings dangled, while a huge pile of Christmas gifts for the kiddies was in evi- dence under the tree. Our program began at 8:00 PM with Janice Susich giving a touching rendition of "Si lent Night" in both the Cro atian and English languages. She was accompanied on the piano by Olga Simpson. Mi chael Ayers, Lana Poscic, Me linda Ayers and Pat McGara ghan gave a Croatian recita tion. This was followed by Linda and Shirley Dudley blending voices in the song "Upon a House Top" and a piano duet y Michael and Melinda Ayers. Annette S e a h, Cynthia and Alexis Carroll, those tiny tots of five and six years of age, did a beautiful job of "Tiha Noci". A piano, violin rendition of "I'm dreaming of a White Christmas" by Richard and Pat McGaraghan, was very well received by our audience as was the "Jingle Bells" song by Johnny and Karen Kovacovich. Lest we overlook any ar tists, we hasten to mention His message will be given in the English language in order that the younger gen eration may grasp its mean ing, and be instilled with pride and respect for their great organization. Our parents should realize that it is never too early to start preaching the spirit of fraternalism to their young sters, and hold the ideals of our Society ever before their eyes as they grow and later assume the leadership which we have passed on to them. Children of Nest 467 will be admitted free of charge to this party and we hope you parents will also take this opportunity to gather around and spend a pleasant after noon in social communion with your family and friends. Our plans for the day are such that your child will be the loser unless you circle the date, January 17th, right now on your calendar and trek out to Javor Hall bright and early on that afternoon. the piano solo by Lana Pos cic, the Pascic, Ayers and McGaraghan children singing "O Holy Night" accompanied by Zdenka McGaraghan, and their recitation of "Christmas is Coming." Some of the older members took to the stage at this point to act out a skit entitled "Our Silver Wedding Anniversary." Paul Jadro, who is not affili ated with our organization but attends all our doings, presented a skit with his friend Bill Early, an act which they performed years ago for the benefit of various clubs and Lodges and which usually brought the house down. Then from E n i 1 a w, Washington, the Vukovich family, which is temporarily residing in Eureka, entertain ed our members. Joe Vuko vich and his two sons, Joey and Frankie, rendered sever al selections on their" tambur itzas. Needless to say that received a great ovation and were called back for several encores. The Committee, consisting of Matilda Susich, Margery Bandy, Mary Sepic, Antonia Blazina, Ann Stanich, Paul Jadro, John Susan, Ray Ce tina, Constantine Susan, Al bert Pavlich and Dan Sepic, closed the program with two old time favorites, "Te Tvoje Čarne Oči" and "Ja Sam Maj ko Cura Fina." After the program our Lodge President, Ray Cetina, donned the outfit of old St. Nick and distributed gifts to all the youngsters present. All absentees will receive theirs through the mails. Refreshments were served later in the dining room which was gaily decorated ia January 6 1034. Croat Radio Hour Seeks More Dimes McKeesport, Pa. The America n-Croatian Radio Hour, (WMCK) McKeesport, will begin its fourth year of raising funds for the March of Dimes on Saturday eve ning, January 9th, when local tamburitza orchestras will be featured on the weekly pro grams during the month of January. Frances Zamaria, of Ran kin, a victim of polio will again serve as Honorary Chairman of the program drive committee and* will make weekly appeals to help raise funds for the 1954 March Of Dimes Campaign. She will be assisted by her mother, Mrs. Caroline Zama ria, who has always been an active worker for the March Of Dimes. Every Dime Welcomed The Director of the pro« gram, Tony Brajdic, has been elected to the Allegheny County chapter of the March Of Dimes Committee and hopes to be 'able to surpass the program's record of $5.00 per minute for this year's drive. Contributions to the March Of Dimes will be graciously accepted by addressing them to the March Of Dimes, c/o America n-Croatian Radio Hour, Radio Station WMCK, Elk's Temple, ^»McKeesport, Pa., or you may phone your pledges during the program on Saturday evening by call ing McKeesport 88888 if you are a resident of the Yough Valley district, or dia. Homestead 1-4221 if you re side in the Greater Pitts burgh area. Give Until It Hurts The American-Croatian Ra dio Hour broadcasts are heard every Saturday eve ning from 6:30 to 7:30 PM over Radio Station DtfttCK, McKeesport, which is 1360 on your radio dial. We must make every effort to raise money for the March Of Dimes in order to provide medical care or iron lungs for those who need them. But the biggest job is to encourage the doctors to work in their laboratories to try to discover a vaccine that will lick polio forever. Tony Brajdic, Director the Yuletide fashion. The officers of "St. Helena" Lodge extend to the Home Office Officials and the en tire membership of the Cro atian Fraternal Union, their* heartiest best wishes for a Happy and Prosperous New Year. We thank the Editors qf the "Zajedničar" bros. St©? phen F. Brkich and Philip Vu» kelich, for their wonderful and uplifting articles and past favors in publicizing our events. We send our appreci ation to the Committee mem bers who rendered their as sistance to us during the past three years. To you who helped in any way to support and promdte any ventures of the Lodge, we are exceedingly grateful. Without your splendid coop eration we could not have gone ahead. Let's hope that you will continue to support Vour officers and Committee in 1954. Ann Stanich, Scribe Lodge 34 Secretary In. Switch To New Addrem Pittsburgh, Pa. We ask the members of CFU Lodge 34 to take note of the fact that your Lodge Secretary has changed his place of res idence. All future mail should be forwarded to John Nag lich, 30 Seneca Road, Bethel Borough, Pittsburgh 34, Pa. Or, you may call me, tele phone COlonial 3-9271.