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I ONE DOES 25AJE3arsičAit Of America Udri Ga! ""Wwefsanesfc 35». 'ZAJEDNIČAR' A*- v K J*? 't i til 1 tf/W ft ist Sign itane Tammies Reveal What Is It? States, 7 \n\n Editorial Page National Home Olflo-s CROATIAN FRATERNAL UNION Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Well Worth It the Croatian Fraternal Union bene fit from the Conservation Bonus Awards it pays Lodge Secretaries and Nest a n a e s o a i n a i n i n i n a o strengthening, their membership ranks be tween January 1 and December 31? Of course the Society benefits, as witness the fact that its Home Office processed 586 Junior and Senior applications alone during December, 1953, as the direct result of Lodge Secretaries and Nest Managers striving to qualify for a Conservation Bonus Award be fore the end of the year. Only one of the ten months devoted to the conduct of the Croatian Fraternal Union's 1953 Membership Campaign bettered the December turnover of 586 enrollments traced to those laboring to lay claim to a Lodge or Nest Conservation Bonus Award. November, 1953, brought in 756 Junior and Senior applications for membership to' overshadow the December total of 586 post ed, in the main, by our Lodge Secretaries and Junior Nest Managers. It should be remembered, however, that November happened to be the closing month of the 1953 Membership Campaign, the last opportunity for numerous Field Workers to cash in on the liberal monetary and other awards attending that recruiting drive. But that is neither here nor there in the final analysis, for all that really matters is that the Society came to profit, once again, from its Conservation Bonus Awards Sys tem and is grateful to those Lodge Secre taries and Nest Managers who took the time December to qualify for a reward for tain ing theip membership. Sooner Or Later of these days, only God knows when, man will learn how to conquer Polio and remove this dread disease from the Na tion's dwindling list of health menaces. Until then, we Americans must contribute to the Annual "March of Dimes" Drive con ducted by the National Foundation for In fantile Paralysis in order that this great, humanitarian organization may continue its ceaseless battle against the ravages of Polio and finally emerge triumphant. Most of us are well aware of the fact that Polio strikes children more often than« it does adults that there are thousands of boys and girls in our national midst who have been felled by the disease, youngsters who need our help to recover. While the National Foundation for In fantile Paralysis can ably argue its own case for your support of its cause, we feel that a Polio victim in the Society's ranks will ap peal far more to members of the Croatian Fraternal Union during the 1954 "March of Dimes" Drive and convince them of "the ne eessity of making a contribution. It is for this reason that we are reprint ing, elsewhere on this page of the English Section of the Zajedničar, a radio address i delivered January 9 last by bro. John Bro nich. a member of the CFU's Home Office Clerical Staff, who only recently saw Polio strike his young granddaughter. Bro. Bronich's appeal for contributions to the "March of Dimes" speaks for itself, for his words come from a heart heavy with sorrow caused by a ruthless disease. Yes, sooner or later, man will conquer Polio and make, the world a better place to live in. But what of those who come a crop per at its merciless hands in the meantime? Let the size of your 1954 "March of Dimes" contribution be your answer! AMERICANA This Administration be lieves that we must not and need not tolerate a boom- and-bust America. We believe that Amer ica's prosperity does not and need not de pend upon war or the preparation for war. We know that this great country can make the adjustments necessary to meet changing circumstances without encouraging disaster and without bringing about the economic chaos for which the Communists hope. Our system is the greatest wealth producer in the world in terms of the life and the well being of every citizen. President wight D. Eisenhower ENGLISH SECTION Established November 6, 1929. Published weekly By The Croatian Fraternal t^nion STEPHEN F. BKKICH, Editor-in-Chief Editorial Offices, 3111 Forbes St,, Pittsburgh 13, Pa. Telephones: SC'henley 1-4470 1-4471 Deadline For Material: Thursday Morning Of Week Prior To Publication WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 13, 1954 Capitalists All "THE Amei ican capitalist continues to be the chief international target of Russia's perverted propagandists. He the capitalist is depicted in the Soviet press as a pot bellied, bejeweled mil lionaire attired in a top hat and striped pants, a tyrant to hate unto death. Millions the world over have either heard or read the Communist myth that less than 100 families control the economy of the United States, that the rest of the American people are their slaves. It is, of course, true that America houses large corporations. But these vast enterpri ses are not controlled by millionaires, but by millions of average American citizens who are no more slaves than we are the President of the United States. In fact, nearly 7,000,000 Americans are themselves stockholders in the Nation's large corporations. There arc some 1,000,000 "cap italists" holding stock in the American Tele phone and Telegraph Company another 450,000 in General Electric. And yet, in neither of these corporations is there any single dominant holding bloc. But these are as nothing when ono real izes that there are approximately 90,000,000 Americans who hold life insurance certifi cates and, as such, have an equity in cor porate bonds held by insurance organiza tions. These too are "bloated capitalists." Capitalists or not, the aggregate of pay ments in 1954 to families throughout Amer ica from their life insurance companies will undoubtedly reach a new high during this year, probably over $400,000,000 monthly. Such a flow of funds, nearly $5,000,000,000 annually, will certainly represent a vitally important social and economic contribution to every community and help make the United States all the stronger. Still other American "capitalists" con tributing to the welfare of themselves and their Country are those who own United States Government Savings Bonds, the ordi nary men and women who arc privileged to do as they please with their earnings. During 1953, sales of the Government's Series E and Savings Bonds showed an increase of 23'V over the previous year, and three-fourths of all E Bonds which have ma- i tured since 1951 are still being retained by their "capitalistic" owners, under the auto matic extension privilege. These are facts which reflect the results of a continuous and highly effective cam paign on the part of many to sell Americans on the value of thrift through Life Insur ance, Savings Bonds and Stocks. They are America's answer to the Com munist hogwash that the United States is controlled by millionaires, that the many are being economically raped by the few. ^PEAKING of Communists, Representative James G. Fulton, Republican, Dormont, Pa., will endeavor during the current session of Congress to bring to a halt United States' aid to Yugoslavia. A member of the Foreign Affairs Com mittee. which would take up such legislation, Congressman Fulton intends to cut off American aid to Yugoslavia on the grounds that the United States can't trust President Tito any more than it can any other world figure of Communist stripe. Arguing that "a Communist is a Com munist" per se Congressman Fulton also wants to know "whether Tito has made a deal with Malenkov" before he, personally, will agree to any further material American support of the unsteady Yugoslav nation. Congressman Fulton opposed aid to Tito during previous sessions of Congress, but never mustered enough sympathy among his colleagues to knock the Yugoslav leader for a loop and put him out of business. As for how much aid Yugoslavia has re ceived from the United States, the Govern ment's Commerce Department records reveal that the Yugoslavs have merited 552 millions of dollars worth of American support since the end of World War II. Whether this has been in addition to military aid cannot be disclosed for reasons of security. Perhaps Congressman Fulton isn't the only American anxious to know whether the United States is pursuing a sensible policy in pouring millions into Yugoslavia. We, too, would like to knew whether Amcrica is get ting an honest iclurn for its money. For Supreme Prez Pittsburgh, Pa. Supreme President and Mrs. V. I. Man dich became grandparents /or the tenth time on December 2, 1953, when Boris and Jean Mandich announced the arri val of Cynthia Theresa Man dich and upped their family circle to three tikes. Boris, a University of Pitts burgh graduate, is a Con struction Engineer with the G. S. Richardson Engineers. The youngest of the Supreme President's two sons, he is now the father of two girls and a boy. All ton of the Man- dich grandchildren are mem bers of Junior Order Nest 19. Altogether, eighteen mem- are affiliated with the Cro atian Fraternal Union to give the Supreme President an ćx cellent arguing point to use when he goes about the seri ous business of praising the greatest organization of its kind in the world. At least, no one can say lie doesn't have the Society at heart. Our congratulations to Bo ris and Jean Mandich on their latest good fortune in life, and to little Cynthia Theresa best wishes for health and happiness. Stephen F. Brkieh, Editor What It Means For tulile reason we have never been able to discover, people insure their houses, their furniture, their auto mobiles and virtually ev erything of value they pos sess, but seldom buy life insurance without being so licited over and over again. Yet life insurance is the only means by which a man or woman can create a sub stantial estate by signing an application and paying moderate premiums. A life insurance policy is a certificate of deposit bought on easy terms which cancels at death all unpaid installments. It is a plan which makes possi ble the purchase of money for delivery in the future at times when it will be needed most. As someone wrote not long ago: "Life insurance is the organized love of men for their families the capitali zation of affection the prudence of years the riches of the poor the se curity of the rich. It is love and affection reduced to a science—thrift exalted to a profession. And the beauti ful part of it all is that it reaches its greatest value •n immediate cash when everything else is made un certain through death." Co'jnei! Bluffs "Nonparicl" is the Signal Cards In January Pittsburgh, Pa. Again this year, all aliens who are in the United States on Jan uary 1st must file an alien address report form during the month of January. Under provisions of exist ing immigration laws, this action must be repeated every year so that the government might have on file pertinent information on aliens who re side in the country. This annual requirement al so applies to aliens temporar ily absent from the country on January lst these indi viduals must report their ad dress within ten days after u w i- u •, returning to the United bers of. the. Mandich fan?ilv g^es The Alien Address Report Card (Form 1-53) may be ob tained from any Post Office or Immigration and Natural ization Office. The questions on the card must be answered and signed by the person con cerned and then handed in to any Post Office or Immigra tion Office during the month of January. They may not be returned by mail. This law does not apply to U. S. citizens. However, ev eryone can be of service to the government, and any of their friends or acquaintances who arc not U. S. citizens, by reminding them of their re sponsibilities in filing this report form. Technical assistance or fur ther information may be ob a i n e y o n a i n e American Service Institute, a Commuhity Chest Agency at 200 Ross Street, Pittsburgh, or by calling COurt 1-6010. Eastern Concert Dates i s u a e w o e n o w n e u u e s n e University Tamburitzans will be making their first big tour through the Eastern section of the United States very shortly. We urge our C.F.U. members to make a definite date to witness the Tammie« in action when they appear in and around the various cities. The first ptop on a busy schedule will be made on Saturday, January 30, in Bridgeport, Conn., at the Klein Memorial Hall, at 8:00 !PM on Monday, February 1, in Manchester, New Hamp shire, at the Palace Theater, at 8:15 PM Wednesday, Feb ruary 3, in Mt. Carmel, Pa., at the Victoria Theater, 8 PM. On Thursday, February 4, in York, Pa., at the Public High School Auditorium, 8:15 PM and on Sunday, Febru ary 7, in Johnstown, Pa., at the Cochran High School Auditorium, at 2:30 PM. Pittsburgh, Pa. The fol lowing address was made Jan uary 9. 1954, over the Amer ican Croatian Radio Hour, Station WMCK, by bro. John Bronich, a member of the CFU Clerical Staff. Its mes sage should serve to melt the hearts and pocketbooks of our C.F.U. members every where Bro. Bronicb's Appeal The director of this pro gram, bro. Tony Brajdic, who is also my co-worker at the CFU Home Office, has been in the practice of utilizing this time of year to bring be fore the eyes of our people a most noble cause, the March of Dimes Drive. His legion of listeners take great pride in his noble work, for they realize that he has joined the vast army of those who are endeavoring to re lieve the pains and the after math of that dreaded disease, polio, for those children who are so unfortunately afflicted. Brother Brajdic le a n e that my little niece, Bonnie Lou Burger, who is just five and a half years of age and lives in Farrell, Pa., likewise fell prey to the crippling plague. On the strength of my ex perience with the work of the March of Dimes Foundation, bro. Brajdic requested that I explain to his listeners just These questions and an swers should be "must read ing" for every member of the Croatian Fraternal Union of 9. Question: What is the Bill of Rights? Answer: The first 10 a mendments to the Constitu tion, adopted in 1791, are Answer: The Supreme Court has stated that ratifi cation must be within "some reasonable time after the pro posal." Beginning with the 18th amendment it has been customary for Congress to set a definite period for rati fication. In the case of the Should You Support The 1954 "March Of Dimes" Drive? how worthy of your support this organization is. The greater portion of the victims of this dread disease consists of helpless young sters, and who can say where it will strike next. It does not n e e s s a i y o v e a k e o s e who are physically weak or neglected, but many times strikes those who to all ap pearances are healthy, strong and as well taken care of as possible. This was the case of my little niece. Bonnie spent the greater part of last year living with my wife and me right here in Pittsburgh. Many will re member her as a lively, active and sociable little girl who al ways had a smile on her lips, a song in her heart and the love of dancing ingrained in her very nature. When she became ill she was immediately removed to the hospital in Sharon, Pa., and here every possible means of cure known to modern science was placed at her dis posal. She is now at home convalescing, still unable to walk but showing promise of doing so some day in the fu ture, thanks to the wonderful work of the March of Dimes fund, modern medicine and improved treatment methods. When I inquired of Bonnie's parents, my daughter and son-in-law, whether or not they received any assistance YOUR GOVERNMENT HOW DOES IT FUNCTION? Pittsburgh, Pa. Last week, the English Section of the Zajedničar began the serialized publication of 291 questions and answers pertaining to the Government of the United States of America. The first 8 questions and answers covered governmental procedure in general and touched briefly on the Constitution. We resume the series today with further questions pertain ing to the Constitution and? enter into Elections in the United States. fied in effect on February 8, 1933. Prior to this amendment the annual session of Con gress began on the first Mon day in December (Constitu- America, regardless of age. jtion, art. 1, sec. 4). As the terms o Members com menced on March 4, this And now, on with the series! Constitution meant that Members elected in November of the even numbered years did not take office for 4 months, and nor mally did not take part in a session of Congress for 9 commonly referred to as the months or more that is, the Bill of Rights. As a matter of session which began in De fact, the first 8 really set out the substantive and procedu personal rights associated with that description, while polls or had not stood for re 9 and 10 are general rules of election for this reason it interpretation of the relation was known as the lame duck between the State and Feder- session, and the 20th amend al Governments, all powers ment which shifted the dates not delegated by the Consti- involved is called the lame tution to the United cember immediately following election included Me e s who had been defeated at the duck amendment. It has not nor prohibited to the States,' entirely obviated the inconsis being reserved to the States or the people. 10. Question: How long may a proposed amendment remain outstanding and open to ratification? tency of legislation by a Con gress which does not repre sent the latest choice of the people, as witness the last part of the session of the 81st Congress. 12. Question: What is the most recent amendment? Answer: The 22nd amend ment, certified by the Admin istrator of General Services on March 3, 1951, as having been ratified by the legisla tures of three-fourths of the States. This amendment lim- 18th, 20th, 21st, and 22nd a-!its the President to 2 terms. mendments the period set was 7 years but there has been no determination as to just how long a "reasonable time" might extend. On the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the Bill of Rights, the 3 States of Connecticut, Georgia a nd Massachusetts, which had never taken action on them, ratified the first 10 amend ments which had been a part of the Constitution for a cen tury and a half. 11. Question: What is the "lame duck" amendment? Answer: The 20th amend ment, adopted upon ratifica tion by the 36th State on Jan uary 23rd, 1933, and certi- 13. Question: Why was a constitutional amendment ne cessary to change the date of the beginning of the terms of President, Vice President, and Members of Congress? Answer: The Constitution fixes the terms of President and Vice President at 4 years, of Senators at 6 years, and of Representatives at 2 years. Any change of date would af fect the terms of the incum bents. It was, therefore, ne cessary to amend the Consti tution to make the change. This shortened the terms of President Franklin D. Roose velt and Vice President John N. Garner, and all Senators and Representatives. January 13,1954. from the March of Dimes, a fund we have supported for many years, they readily as sured me that even today they are still receiving aid from this organization. They are wholeheartedly in agreement that it is a most worthy organization for our support. From this fund, vital instruments and medicines needed for the arresting and cure of this disease are placed at the disposal of the hospi tals and, consequently, the patients. This is just one case where we have witnessed the funds of the March of Dimes in ac tion to save a human life, and there must be thousands of similar cases throughout the nation. I, therefore, appeal to our people, and to the listeners of this program, that they dig into their pockets and support this noble cause, this year's March Of Dimes Drive. Re member, no one knows where the germ will strike next, or who will be in need of assis tance during the year. Make your pledges today by calling the March of Dimes o e a o a O e s e a 1-4221, or McKeesport 8 8888. Or, send your contribu tions to the March of Dimes, care of the American-Cro atian Radio Hour, Radio Sta tion WMCK, McKeesport, Pa. Do it today! Society's New Film To Be Widely Screened In Early Months Of 1954 Pi 11 s u Pa. The "This Is Your Croatian Fra ternal Union" technicolor film which had its premiere show ing in Chicago on December 6th, is very popular. A subse quent showing in St. Louis two weeks later emphasized/ this. The entire photograp^x. in the film was done by George Marchan of Chicago, while the narration was done by the Zajedničar's English Editor, Stephen F. Brkieh. By decision of the C.F.U. Executive Board as of Decem ber 9th, 1953, the booking of said film is to be made avail able to our Lodges or Central Committees by applying to the Sports-Educational De partment, 3441 Forbes St. No fee is charged for the renting of same. But we do expect our Lodges to cooper ate in the immediate return of same because if another Lodge in another community is booked to show said film a week later we have but one copy of the film, reproduc tion being a costly figure. An indication of how im portant the immediate return of the film and booking it at the one place, you have but to check the list of appear ances as cf today. Saturday, January 23rd, 1954, in Joliet, 111., under Lodge 175. Sunday, February 28th, United C. F. U. Lodges Annual Meeting in Pitts burgh. Lodge 4, Etna, Pa., will show the film Sunday, April 11th, in conjunction with their 60th Anniversary. April 18th the film will be in Farrell, Pa., and on April 25th the film will be shown in Gary, Indiana, under auspices of Nest 10 which plays an im portant part in the film. As we stated earlier in this article, the film is available to our Central Committees and Lodges. We hope that it helps to build respect and in terest in your Society. If your Lodge committee intends to avail itself of the film, please write to the designated de partment. Frank Braidic, Director Sports-Educational Dept. Aggregate of payments in 1954 to families through out America from their life insurance organizations will in all probability be over $400,000,000 montfely.