Newspaper Page Text
BECAUSE UNIOM Pittsburgh, Peomytraaia Zolton Fazekas Alcros On Rise Eatabiiihed Rmmbet C. 1M9. PibliiM WMklT By The THE I14-15, "ZAJEDNIČAR* =1894-1959= U THE i i jeofc i Sincerely, v Marijana Relich Member, Lodge 351 Politics, Inc. c.c What, no redactors! \n\n National Home Office* CROATIAN FRATERNAL Salute To CFXJ The proclamation, executed several weeks ago, appears on page 7 of this issue and comes on the eve of the Versailles Lodge 146 Banquet to be held Saturday evening, March 14, in honor of all members of Lodge 146 who have been affiliated with the Croatian Fraternal We are equally as grateful to Burgess Zolton Fazekas for his civic gesture, for in issuing his proclamation he has brought the Foundation to the attention of every citizen of the Borough of Versailles. That he might have done so because he happens to be a member of Versailles CFU Lodge 146 is of no great importance. After all, a man doesn't have to be a member of the CFU to do a good deed. What matters is that Burgess Fazekas is interested in educating young people to such an extent that he was perfectly will ing to issue a proclamation calling attention to the Scholarship Foundation. Thank you very much, bro. Fazekas. SPEARHEADED WEDNESDAY, MARCH 11,1959 HE IS sincerely interested in the undertaking, Burgess Zolton Faze kas of that community has seen fit to pro claim Saturday, March 14, 1959, as "Cro atian Fraternal Union Scholarship Founda tion Day" in Versailles, Penna. Union for 45 or more years. S i n i i a n y e members of Lodge 146 will turn over the net proceeds of the March 14 festivities to the Direc tors of the Croatian Fra ternal Union Scholarship Foundation, Inc., for use in conjunction with their ambitious program of ed ucating many deserving young CFU students in the United States and Canada. This will mark the first time since the chartering June 27, 1958, of the Founda tion that a Lodge of the Society has done as much in behalf of what we dubbed months ago as "Operation Education, CFU" and have since been selling with all the editorial forces at our command. We are already on record (Feb. 18, 1959) with editorial recognition of what the members of Versailles Lodge 146 are about to do in behalf of the CFU Scholarship Foundation, Inc. We are no less grateful to them at this time. BY the recruiting ef forts in 1958 of bro. William J. Zivitz, who has his heart set on winning a 1960 trip to Yugoslavia, the members of "Al cros" Lodge 720, Aliquippa, Pa., now rep resent the Society's second largest English Speaking Lodge in Western Pennsylvania. The "Alcros" passed the 200-mark in membership on Feb. 1, 1959, and are now second only to "Liberty" Lodge 234, Pitts burgh, with 258 members, on the CFU's West Penn E.S.L. scene. Our congratulations to the members of "Alcros" Lodge 720 on this near miracu lous for these times achievement and to bro. Zivitz our sincerest best wishes for continued "good campaign hunting" in 1959 and the realization of his fond dream of visiting Yugoslavia in 1960. Of the many such units of long stand ing in this area, only 10 Western Pennsyl vania CFU English Speaking Lodges can point today to memberships of 100 or more. They are as follows: Lodge City Member* 234 Pittsburgh 258 720 Aliquippa 201 736 East Pittsburgh 171 706 N.S. Pittsburgh 169 738 New Brighton 164 770 Verona 157 76 S. S. Pittsburgh 155 718 Rankin J. 153 v 143 McKees Rocks 148 705 Farrell 141 In addition to being the only double century E.S.L. units in Western Pennsylva nia, the members of Pittsburgh Lodge 234 and Aliquippa Lodge 720 are also assured of electing their own Delegate to the CFU's 10th Nat'l Quadrennial Convention, to be held at Detroit next September, We would say that the other 8 Lodges ia itaove em d# likewise. ENGLISH SECTION Croatian Fraternal Union Of America STEPHEN F. BRRICH, EngUsh Editor Editorial Office«, 3141 Forbea Street, Pittsburgh IS. Ft Telephones: MiJseum 2-4470 2-4471 Caeolieited article«, manuscript«, letter*, picture*, eM. nabmitted to THE ZAJEDNIČAR »re forwarded at the owner's risk and THE ZAJKDMCAR express!) denie* any responsibility for their safekeeping or retorn. THE ZAJEDNIČAR reserves the ri^ht t« edit, revise or reject any article *r ether matter submitted tor pabUeatioa. Historic No. 1 PUBLIC observance Sunday, March 15, 1959, of the 65th Anniversary of N. S. Pittsburgh "All Saints" Lodge 1 should attract a sell-out crowd to the Lodge Hall at 1546 East Ohio Street. If the walls of the Lodge 1 Hall could speak out March 15 during the Banquet to be held in conjunction with this celebration, they would narrate the earliest history of What is today the Croatian Fraternal Union and hammer home the fact that the Society came perilously close 64 years ago to go ing out of business on these same grounds in North Side Pittsburgh. Then church property, the Lodge 1 Hall of today was the scene in 1895 of the 2nd Convention of the original Hrvatska Zajed nica, considered by CFU historians to be the do-or-die year in the annals of our people in the United States. There seemed to be no future ahead for the Hrvatska Zajednica when the 2nd Convention of that Society was called to order 64 years ago in the Church Hall. There had been no stampede during the infant stages of the organization to join its membership ranks. On the contrary, there were many going around casting grave sus picion upon its fraternal waters and demor alizing the then recent Croat newcomers to the United States. It took all the thunder in President Ivan Ljubic to convince the Delegates to the 1895 Convention that the Hrvatska Zajednica was worth fighting for as representing the only hope for the Croats living in America at the time. He was right, of course. Furthermore, he had succeeded in saving the 1895 Con vention Delegates from themselves no small accomplishment in those "anti-hun kie" days. So, the name of President Ivan Ljubic and the Lodge 1 Hall at 1546 East Ohio Street, North Side Pittsburgh, are not just two more pen entries in the historical led gers of the Society of today. In fact, there would be no celebration in the Lodge 1 Hall on Sunday, March 15, 1959, had President Ljubic been a weak leader during the course of that stormy Convention of 1895, the year they separa ted the men from the boys. He was THE difference. Is This The End? MAY WELL be that the staging March 1959, in Steelton, Penna., of the Society's 16th Annual Basketball Tourna ment will decide the future of these once popular hardwood classics. We say as much because the time Ima come to take an agonizing appraisal. of what is about to transpire in Steelton. The pure and simple facts of life are that only four (4) teams are entered in this year's Senior Division of play and but Six (6) in the Junior Division to prove if nothing else that organized basketball interest within the Croatian Fraternal Uni on is as dead as the proverbial dodo. The decline of basketball as a major CFU sport has been gradual and can be attributed in the main to the high cost of flooring a Lodge or Nest team. Few Lodges even fewer Junior Order Nests are in a financial position to out fit a basketball team, see it through organ ized seasonal play, and send it to a tourna ment many miles and dollars removed from its home surroundings. But this is by no means peculiar to tkš Croatian Fraternal Union alone. No. The days of independent basketball in America are done. Fan interest in the sport has been taken over lock, stock and barrel by high school, college and profes sional teams. So it is that there are no longer in ex istence CFU Basketball Leagues nor any semblance of a request in recent years for the Home Office to bring about the organ ization of such circuits. So Lt is that interest in the Society's An nual Nat'l Basketball Tournaments is now at, to put it mildly, rock bottom. So it follows that the Delegates to the Tournament Meeting in Steelton this week end should think twice before they throw this editorial over their shoulder and de cide to carry on in spite of the growing odds against them 65th Anniversary By Stephen F. Brkich English Editor the Hrvatska Zajednica, to day the multi-million dollar Croatian Fraternal Union of America, was held June 21-30, 1897/ in Wagner Hall, Mc Keesport, Penna. There were 16 officers and 37 delegates present as Ivan Ljubic opened the Convention with the hope that the ses sions would be "harmonious and productive." In the end, it took all of nine days to bring this Convention to a close. After the usual prelimina ries, President Ljubic asked for a report on the strength of the organization. Treasurer Josip Buneta re ported to the delegates that the Society's cash on hand a mounted to $3,229.58. How- ever, after making some ne cessary adjustments the to tal assets of the Hrvatska Za jednica of those days were boiled down to $2,055.64. Ljubic Takes A Walk Among the first moves made by the 1897 Convention delegates was to elect Josip Marohnic as the official as sistant recorder of the pro ceedings. Telegrams of greetings were ordered dispatched "to all the larger cities" Pitts burgh, Red Jacket (Calumet), Mich., Chicago, New York, New Orleans, San Francisco, St. Louis, and Zagreb, Cro atia. Fourth Convention The 4th Convention of During a disturbance on the floor, President Ljubic left the hall and refused to re turn. The delegates then ap pointed a committee of three to talk things over with the Society's Chief Executive and ask him to return to the scene of action. The President finally re turned and immediately re quested an audit of the Soci ety's books to determine the basis of the charges which certain parties were making at that Convention. President Ljubic was speci fically charged with author izing expenditures of certain sums of money in an effort to organize new lodges. Rising to the defense of the President was Petar Pavlinac, who pointed out that what had been done was with the approval of the Supreme Board. This satisfied the del egates and the late bro. Lju bic resumed his post as Chair man of the Convention. Roses For The Prexy After the hassle had sub sided, and the Chairman was back in harness, Western del egates Hajdic and Rebrovic, led by Josip Marohnic, pre sented President Ljubic with a bouquet of roses. This act caused delegate Sladovic to jump to his feet and shout "Humbak" at the Chairman in particular and the Hrvatska Zajednica in general. What he meant to say was "Humbug!" a derisive jibe of those times. Peace restored, the Johns town, Pa., Lodge 5 delegates requested a donation to aid in the building of a Croatian Home. Not approved. It was next decided, and this without much of a wran gle, to change the name of the Hrvatska Zajednica to Narod na Hrvatska Zajednica (in English, the National Croa tian Society). Zegudovic Reinstated The delegates then asked Treasurer Josip Buneta to give them another accounting of the Society's assets. He obliged by reporting that he had with him $2,729.58 in cash and $500 on deposit in a bank. (The Croatian P. 11) Philadelphia Conclave Cost CFU $175,956.33 TIME IS drawing near when, over the signatures of the Supreme President and the Supreme Secretary of the Croatian Fraternal Union, a call will be issued for the con vening of the tenth regular convention. In recent weeks we have re ceived several letters from our members, requesting in for a i o n concerning the next convention. I do not think it will be amiss to set out some of these answers for the information of those who are interested. For example, members em ployed in mines and mills are asking when the convention will be held and its approxi mate duration, to enable them to make arrangements for their vacations at their places of employment. By decision of the Ninth Convention, the tenth con- and raising our young chil dren are our main concern, we don't have time to look in the past to find out why our lod ges here don't get along all we want is to teach our chil dren here our Croatian songs i and dances and, of course, the tambura. I played one for 10 years in McKeesport, Pennsylvania, I and I know from experience what an exciting social life the children can have. I Thank'you for taking time out to hear one "Crow" who just won't be discouraged. We have 19 children signed in already not bad for two months. Sincerely, Mrs. Helen Kleps Member, Lodge 99 165 Colorado Highland Park 3, Mich. Dear bro. Brkich: May I take a few moments of your time to commend you on the English Section of ,the Zajedničar for the week of February 11, 1959. Detroit Next Convention City By V. I. Mandich Supreme President vention will be held in De troit. The Supreme Board has already entered into an agreement with the Statler Hotel, calling for the open ing of the convention on Monday, September 21st. The agreement covers that whole week. It Is anticipa ted that the convention will adjourn the following Sat urday afternoon, Septem ber 26th. In so far as the Supreme Board and the Executive Bo&rd are concerned, an or der of business and rules of order will be prepared, calling for the completion of the con vention's work in six days. If something unforeseen delays the order of business, the con vention will have to hold eve There's Nothing Quite Like Letting Off Steam 5014 Oaks Rd. Brecksville, Ohio Dear bro. Brkich: To be frank with you, those behind the recently organized Cleveland Junior Tamburitza Orchestra are depending a lot on you for your cooperation in publicizing our new organi zation. As large as Cleveland is, our people are so disorgan-! ized when it comes to cultural activities and it has affected' our bowling leagues, too, for we have no organized men's teams. We are a young group of parents of different lodges trying hard to succeed in spite of all the bickering of our senior members here, Because we are of the age bracket when earning a living Detroit, Cleveland Correspondents Let Their Hair Down While I realize that some of our older members, who like to see more in the Croatian Section, might have been put1 out by all the space taken by! the English Section, I think that occasionally it is a good idea to put some of our acti vities in the English Section since the day is not too far off when, of necessity, our work will be carried on in that language. As an old (not in age, but, in experience) campaigner, II was particularly gratified at! your listing all of the per sons who are signing up peo ple in the CFU. However, at the same time, I was a bit shocked at the other information. For spme time now I have been curious about the actual net success of our mem bership campaigns. For instance, I have felt very strongly about campaign trip prizes being given out be fore the new members so signed have been in member ship for at least six months. This, as you will recall, oc curred in the last Yugoslavia campaign, where the trip was taken the same year as the campaign took place, By the time some of the campaigners took the trip, some of the people they had signed into me e s i p, 'merely to ensure them the right to make the trip, had long ceased to be members of the CFU. This is morally and economically wrong for us to do! Russia Opposed Union of Croah'ans and Serbians EANWHILE, the exiled Croats had left Rome and moved to Paris because Italy had become less and less propitious to their political activities. A general meeting was held in Paris at the Ho tel Madison, where it was de cided on April 30, 1915, to form a Yugoslav Committee, instead of Croatian, with Trumbić as President. On May 6, Mr. Declasse re ceived a delegation of this Committee who had brought a Memorandum listing nation-1 al territories of the Southern Slavs in the following order:' (a) Serbia arid Montenegro (b) Bosnia and Hercegovina (c) Dalmatia with all islands (d) Croatia and Slavonia with Rijeka and Medjumurje (e) Southern part of Hungary in the River Drava valley,: formerly Vojvodina, Backa and Banat (f) Istria with is lands and Trieste (g) Carni-i ola and Gorizzia and (h) Southern Carinthia and the Yugoslavia In World History By Stjepan Gazi Member, Lodge 20 Southern Styria with adja cent part of southwestern Hungary. Russian Says "Nyetf* The Committee's President Trumbic in an interview with the Russian Ambassador Iz volski explained to the latter the Committee's plan to unite the Croats and Slovenes with Serbia. Izvolski declared that such a plan was contrary to the Russian policy which would not admit the mingling of peoples belonging to the Or thodox faith with adherents of other creeds and that, therefore, Russia would never allow a union between Catho lic Croats and Slovenes with Orthodox Serbs. He was even move expli cit to H. Wickham Steed some days later on the sub- insisting that the ning sessions. May Keep Cost Down The question of convention expenses paid by the Society will have to be considered. From the last convention to date, we have deposited in a special account the sum of $30,000 annually from the general administration fund, and $5,000 from the Junior Order administration fund, to cover the expenses of the tenth convention. With ac crued interest, the Convention account now totals $147,772. 54. e E i o n v e n i o n which was held in Los Ange les in 1951, cost the Society $167,982.94. Per diems paid the delegates for time spent traveling were $10 and for at tending the convention, $20. The Ninth Convention, held (Detroit'- P. 10) Further, I have questioned whether w e are actually growing as our campaigns would indicate or are these merely paper figures which a careful analysis could blow up. According to brother Bel la's Feb. 11, 1959, article, the latter is true. We then have a problem before us which we should attempt to solve, since we do not build the Zajednica if on the one hand we sign up twenty new members, and on the other we lose 19 or 21 through cash surrenders or expulsions. I know from the exper ience of the past year in my own Lodge that we have lost untold numbers of members through cash sur re n e s who, perhaps, might have been saved to the organization. This is a job each Lodge official must work on day and night, not only how to sign up new members, but most important, how to keep those we have signed up into mem bership. I see I have prattled on long enough, but I intend to write again on this subject. I just wanted to let you know that not only as a cam paigner for the ĆFU but as a long-time Lodge official and, I think, a faithful work er for the CFU, I am inter ested that the members be told the truth about our oper ations. If something is wrong, we should be told about it, rather than be constantly dusted with the Pollyanna powder of "everything is rosy and won derful" only to wake up some morning and find that the huge organization is no longer there. Croats must remain by themselves. On May 8, 1915, the mem bers of the Committee settled in London. They had scarcely done so when they addressed a Manifest of the Yugoslav Committee, similar to the one of Paris, to the British Nation and the Parliament on May 12. Pašić Assures Italy The political activities of the Yugoslav Committee were directed towards the follow ing goals: 1. Liberation of the Southern Slavs from Austria Hungary through dissolution of the Habsburg Monarchy. 2. To prevent Articles 4 and 5 of the London Treaty, which conceded Croatian and Slovenian lands to Italy, from being applied. 3. To bring about the union of Austrian Southern Slavs, Serbia, and Montenegro (Seven Point F. 11) March 11, 1959 Horsing Around With The Editor •, American families own ing life insurance certificates, or policies, received benefits of $7,275,000,000 in 1958, as compared with $6,655,000,000 in 1957. Also interesting to note is that during 1958 about 33 million families in this coun try had every one of their members covered by some form of health insurance. Life's Like That Says Chanteuse Rosina Pagan: "A person seldom gets his head above the crowd without sticking his neck out." A survey by "Mill and Factory" magazine shows that 94 of the firms ques tioned believe industry lead ers should take a more active part in politics, such as run ning for local political offices, holding plant political meet ings, and speaking before lo cal groups on matters poli tical. What, No Editors! Attorneys head the list of occupations in the Penn sylvania House of Represen- tatives, with 41 of the 210 as semblymen listing themselves as barristers. Other occupations repre sented in the same body are tailor, morgue superintendent, funeral director, police cap tain, coal breaker repairman, miner, and boilermaker. Just Around Corner I Sunday, March 29, 1959, .will mark the earliest obser vance of Easter in eight 'years. i Out To Sell Caps A new U.S.A. outfit to be known as the Nat'l Cap and Cloth Institute has been launched in an effort to rt-, vive the popularity of caps. I Back in the 1920's Amer I i a n s annually purchased nearly 55 million caps, but with the advent of snap brim I hats popularized by the gangster element o the moonshine era the sale of caps has steadily declined to the point where less than 25,000,000 are marketed to day. Ah, There, Madame According to the Bon Ami Institute, your wife spends 23% of her working day in preparing meals, 13% in dishwashing. Any argu ments? One more thing: Do yott know that the Little Woman now uses 888 cans of food a year to keep your family from starving? Bar Elks Hardiest Credit columnist Hal Boyle with this one: "A wild elk lives to be about 10 years old a zoo elk to 25 and a Lodge Elk if he doesn't graze too long at the bar to 70 or more." Population Dep't The U. S. population to now above 175,000,000, or 24,500,000 greater than in 1950, according to the Census Bureau. Females are slightly in the majority, with 50.5% of the total. The biggest problem to a rise since the last national census of almost a decade ago are the 15 million people who have reached or passed the age of 65 years. Got Wrong Number Two young women were exchanging the timfc of day when one of them noticed something odd and remark ed: "You're wearing your wedding ring on the wrong hand." "Yes, I know," said the I other, "I married the wrong man."