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Lynchburg Virginian. [volume] (Lynchburg [Va.]) 1829-185?, December 24, 1838, Image 2

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Wro»n. ll-q «■* •'-" "•'« I’*-""" Mr. Cl.»i|* »
mrndmcn, ,o •'•<• mt lo '!.<■ I«>;
|Ma.i«. 1540. n»d dn.-i.lMl <u 111* Brs»li»e-yr»» . 1
uus 26, a* iolfoe-t: . .. . ,
\*rT|_Mp««s. Call"*'". Clig °f Iventurlj.
Claylon. Cmi-mIm*. i‘ > « Fu«rr. K<M«tn. Mrr
HcJ |V^n„„, R..r«. K-'*k“.,. Smith ..f
Indiana. S;rn<r, Swift. T'llmadgr, and liplnn
1, js-JlTS A'Ipi*. Benton. Itrown, llnrliainn.
Clav of Ala' a inn. Cnhwn, llni.bnr.!. King, Lumpkin,
l.v.in, Mnrri*. Niclm!'«. .V n II. Rmrcs l*ie*H n.
Ron nr. Rnl. S*n*dh of t\>nn*rucm. Slrangr
Walker, Wall, William* ©f Maine, Williams ot Mis
sissirpi. W right, and \ • nnt*~%
I'll© bill tvtin'll Ol dr red to be engrossed bra
thud reading, without a (Jiiisiun.
Mojcd.iy« Dec. 17, ISdi?.
Mr. Fry asked leave 10 submit the following irs
oluiion :
Resolved, That the President ol (he l n toil S;.»tr*
be requested to cotirnwricstr to ibis House (u not ,
incompatible with the public inteirat) wheihei.
since tf*e con’incncemerit ol the pientnt >csmoii ol
Congress, any call lias been made upon the Execu
tive Depsttmenl ol this (tuvrintm lit, by tlieCovernor
of Pynnsvlvani *. for an armed force ol United Stain,
troops.sn’l wltal l©lih ial) correspondence (if any) has
tnksii place between him and the Covcrnor ol a.* d
fctate in relation to s.«id call ; aud whether any
ermf, powdi r, ball, or buckshot, cr other am
munitions ol war. have been futni*hed by the Uni
ted States to any ol the troops hi Pennsylvania,
recently called out by older ofihe Executive ol that
Objection being made,
Mr. F. u oved a suspension ol the rules, on
©vhie h motion,
Mr. l>r.*TTY demanded the yeas and nays, which
were otAh red.
Mr. Wis» said, if it was tn older, le should hk«
the gentleman to xtjOc tho » bjeet ot the rf solution.
Mr. W . did t ot know lluit he h.td ai y ji.»i tic 111 «iv > I
lectinn to it.
The (.'ll A 111 s„!tl it won !tl not be m oid< I bn. by tie
unanimous coiinnt <»l the Uoiise
Mr. Fry - I «J he had no otpcli* n if ihe H< use
would indulge him. (C 'iirs ol *• No “ No )
The quest :on was I hen taken, and ilio in Its wete
• uspeuded—)chs 11>8, n,)H «r>.».
The resolution heme befmr ihe House,
Mr. Ci >uiMi submitted the following amendment,
which Mr. In accepted ,<s n nmditu hio n.
•• And whethci iuiv ofhi rr ofthe f. S. instigated
or participated in certain h»ta riotous pioi n ding •
in the State of PrniiM Iv iM as alleged 111 the pun
(amadou i-fihe (iovcn.i-r «i s.ud r^iaic ; and what
measured, if ar >. the Pirmlcut has ’aken to invesii
gate and | mush vn I at is , and w heiher stn.li officer*
still remain in the semce < l the I S.
A long and animated d< bate • i -in 1 on (hr above
proposition, m which Mcsms. Blunt.), I*» i i;lKi>.
Naylor, McKk.nvo, and Bratti participated,
when it was agreed to without a ihvtsitin.
There he n no other husr « s* ht h*ie the ( n mi
Petitions and iiipmioii.iI* w- 1 then picsentcd by
Messts. Palmi:>ti n. Brim s, hi.i.>Hu, and
Kurd, of M .iss.uhmcur.
[Mr. pAi’.Mr >ti n p»c*fnted l lie j • -iUmn < 1 1 lenty
Hatch for imlemn.i v on ncronnt ol Firm h spolia
tions prior to 1*00 ; ol Mai) Pag \ lor Kivolulion
«ry | ersmn : ol Niiiai.us \\ end. On un ie.se ol pen
nun ; of Ur vi Brigham and J 1 oilms id I)unstable,
Mass, for tile irjectluii ot ptopos.d* Oo the aililiis
sum it.to the Union ol St ii« *> whose constitution ma)
tolerate slavery , < t I. II I® Nn d ■ < y a > I * ol hi i
women ol Chrhudfoid. M •>.. of Sally W oods and
49 other women ol |)m;Mible, Mass.; aid /« i, is
Brow n and 1 » other immm I Shirley, lor
ihe immediate abolition ol slavciY in the lhslnct
of Columbia ]
Mr. G rk>.m li. presented a petit on liom Notih
fielil, M I'.s., h r opening nc guliali ns and interna
l mil a I inlet course w iih II v 11 . which w as it (cued io
the Committee on Foie gu \ thins
Mr. Wm tiujved a iccon uleiaiion of ili.tt n lei
Mr. How win thought (he gentleman had bdlri
lei it go to the < oniniiitee, lur these petitions had
come in evny \« i
Mr. WlRR could mil ; for he legal (led it as a sub
j» ct id w hob sale ..malgamaliun, mcui pointin',; a black
Republic with a while one.
Mr.(Jltr NNIII.L denied that il was ci her tin one
or the ollii r.
The petition, how ever, gii ing rise to debate, w as
ortlf red lo lie ovr i.
Mr. Rrr.n preseuicd a similar petition fiom Nan
Mr. XV isi ohj* <-fed to its recej tion.
Mr. An.lMs tailed lur the vea* and nays ; which
w f re ordered.
Mr. A. then ptoi ceded to addies* the House, at
length in ruppnrt of the tight i>l petition, and espe
cially in reference to tins p iiticular (jneshon, show
ing the expediency of an eaily recognition ol the
Republic of Ha) ti.
Mr. Wm insisted that these petitions were part
and parcel (.1 Abolition ; and lie tend the petition at
length, which asked also, lor the abolition of shivciy
in the I >p»'j u t ol ("olumbia, ihe non admission ot any
new slave Ni ue, A e
Before the question was labrii.
On in of ion of Mr. (! ut > m ll,
The House adjoin in d.
t a 1.1» i; x r 13 a; t».
- ■ ■■ ■ -
€ofi*i:iis.ui i'ii x ti.v.vkk
On'OM l i: II AM 04 li A AD AMS,
HAS now «>n hand and is prepare d fo wiiiki "•
repair Si ills. Kettles. .uul Tin-Ware ol ,vr,>
desci iption, 11 hole sale a>ni lit tail, on tlio most km
tollable tcims. Tin or Copper Roofs, Clutters, and
Spouts, put up in town or country on the most ap
proved plan—Stoves, Stove Pipe and Shoe l Iron
work, all warranted to be well executed. I all and
examine for yourselves.
N. B.—Old copper, dec. taken in exchange.
August 27. wts.f
Clastiral, filimli^h anil .Mathemat
ical School.
A will commence on Tuesday, the Ft ol Jauuuiy
next, and terminate on the hi t Jay of May* 1 he
courseofinsiruction F very comprehensive, and u
nites the advautages of modern discoveries and im
provements, with the strictness of the auto nt method.
Every pupil wRI be considered us engaged, from the
day ofeutrance to the end of the session, unless oth
erwise specified. Tuition fees the same .is hereto
fore. JOHN CAIlV.
Dec. 17 w2t if
KIM I VI at>\.
THE St BSCHIBKK is now prepared to t.ike
Pupils as B< ardors. Persons wishing to send
heir children from home to School, arc invited to
•end them to the subscriber, with a promise on his
part that all suitable efforts shall he made to pto
mote their advancement in learning, and presetve
I heir morals. Pupils will be received at any time,
though not for a shorter period than a session hum
the time of entering.
Terms for tuition, $15, per session, payable in ad
Boarding of pupils $50 er session, one half in ad
vance, and the other halt at the expnation of die
The couise of instiuctn n stieh as is pursued by
the best leachcts in tins place.
The subscriber hereby n.l* nns his friends and
the public, that he proposes opening a Private Boaid
ing House, ai lii2i lesidfucK on mam street, a short
distance above tl;e L’nioti Hotel, on the fust of Janu
ary uext; when he will be prep, red to accomnio
date about tru Day hoarder* in good .style and on
masonal le leims. For i riF i particular, apply to
Ibe aubsc riber. b. U. TOMPKINS.
N«v- 22 U if
N» w York, Dec, l7ln.
\Vp lave biter hifehgt n< •' from 1 tarn e, not j ar
tu ii! *■ ?v itiipi11mitt, t#i>i Milled in fh‘ refit interest to
%tcor© Mint© nuftc f*. i * dates from II vre inn to
the 7th. They lumiidi I-o idon advices to thc.nh.
Ktuihsli ks Weie heavy.
The tmnri I*e , r.l.e Hudede Letifchfitiherg wtth
the Guard Duh U'* Man© ol Kii*im h oftieialy »u
D«(H)Ce<b Prirec bolni Napoleon will thus be
( Ornc allied to the Impen d family of Huwi i.
Thr ( ourirr Frmic.ii* fintli fault with the policy
of Lord Pslmen tun intending mi Loghsh fit«i into
the Gulf ol Mexico.
!.© Jourral Genet .d do l'ranci* s,i\ —"Wi learn
from ol fit lal soiiicih, and ulndimaybe pnsntively
depended upon, that the Holland and Belgium eon
lerenc© in London has decided pm»iltv> ly on the quit*
lioti of the *24 articles. I,tixenitiiirg Is to I c returned
to Holland. The deduction from the debt in fa
vt r of Belgium t* in*tgutftc.iiir. Tb<- I irru h ministry
has given its lull afc'cnl to the on ution ol the ‘2 l ar
tides. It is not certain, says otu correspondent, that
Belgium »vii! resist, tliou h she .i.wtirdly b <• tbe
means, particularly wIm-ii the agitation wb.eli pei
vadr* tin Klietnsdi province* is taken into consider
ation. The ( athnlie democratic puny lie peifect
ly agreed on tlir polo v icsolanrr. but the Bml par
ly harsn financial convulfion, and ilrsnn to cun
rede. 'I*he proceedings of the Belgian ' ’lumbers on
this sni p i i arc looked for with impatience.*’
Bril i r a pole on ami his suite left I■’em on, s 11 'til
t n* morning in two carnages and four, and mi oil
f ir Lrxing'itn at II o’clock, by the Bumogham
i.iilwiv \ crowd was colleeied to see the I’m ' 1
de| .ot, by wbmti be was rpcafed'v f ilt ered—a com
pluncnt w hirh appealed to afionl him gratification.
Mr. Ste* cnsoii, fire V. ,V M mister, Icing till avis
it to < > I. Wtlilain, St Ncwvirad Abbey, last wed..
with bis ladv. llie gallant (’otoiiel and Ins lady, bn
Unfit 11 (i » Ii e» a ■! Ins I nly . I. uly ( bn ham and mil
cr*. visited seven! of the principal niantifactorirn in
Notincliain. Ill* Kxcollenry was mii'ptl liy the M a
yor to a public dinner, but Ins limited stay proven
tc d him ui < c pi tig the invitation.
/'mui the .VfW t/rlciin$ /In, Dei
t'AI'Tl KK Ol' ST. .n \.\ UK I’UiOA.
' I * 11 c* I’m lull steam vessel Meteor, < 'ommandunt
Haiboffn. iinivril 11 * If last ML !.f. in IJ11« * d>V* Imili
\’i ra t'rnz, bringing dr span. Ins l.*r tin- l i« i. < 11 < ’*»»»
mil, \s I;it’ll cuiit.iiu tin- (nllow ii g vrry mieiPMiiig in
telligem c :—
After the n.\al (f Adtinial I'aiililm nil 11»«* coast
o| Mexico, Alt In n*), one li e r < ii'in.ii ill is. was
despatched to tin* i uy of .Mexico, to ii.a In* known I *'
llifi i| lllllMll lli« lift 11 ll 'ii.in ol I i im f. A lew
il.i \ * aft*/ In- n mu ill, without binging any vatu*
( •( hit v i■ |»lx Tin- • * xt morning a h iit i w.nrc
c civ* if, in wh ill Al iMnldin xx as injui sir I In re
p ill to .1 Map. i, in "i dtt in Ilf at xv ill) i In envoy m if
lilt c nvfi niiirnl. nod In i n»l away .i part nl Ins Im
ri . I li;it M vmm iniglil nnl app(on In In- i (impelled
In yield In x i olence I In .imior a I misnilid to I lie
lit nt Co ml it mo, bn t iel11>fil positively In listen to the
second. I le therelore look hi* d» pal I ll i **. and xv.is
saluted xx iih i salvo i I iiinetm ii gui s nn ln> erwraiice
into V eia < ‘i uy.
< )'i Ilia i <* l tit ii . lie stated lliat the envoys had nc
( epfed all the fundi tin is imposed by I i inc, with a
single exception, vi® : that by vii i tie of xv ho h Alex
ii o xv, n in nuthm i/.e ftiles by i • tail to he made by the
French : and that tl e envnyil had wished to i nin-nli
ill** government tefcpeeiing lilts point Al liaiiMin
added, that he h id grant* d them a lew cl. vs n me,
but .is at the expu ilioo ol this pi i o l, ill** replies
still continued uiiNatisl.irtniy. hostilities xvnuhl im
mediately cmnmem
i >u the rooming nl the 27lli, the bond) vessels
t'xilop Hid \ uh an were inxvi .1 by the ste.imbnatv
•is la t as ti e in i'Mb' ol I be lin.i's xx bub hnillnl I he • ist
ern side. x% I n i * • they am ‘limed The .\eieiile, emu
inanded hyiM* . diniial, the; tiloire and Iplugenie,
took their | ares .dleiwaids on llie line In the
liieanxvhile, miii c *1 the Mexicali envoys went on
bomd ol the .i«l111«i al's vessel and sought In oblnm a
respite. Al 2<r> past txvo, they It*It the litgatc. I he
s gn d i" prepare I i a« non was given at *J-S minutes
past txxo ; lli lue i un.iiam ed, and cuntiulied lieaily
lour hnuis without imt'i iuhsuhi—The prince de
Joluville, unw illing to M inam an idlo spectator, ask
ed petmissmn "I \<1 illir«il Uauldin Intake s pail m
the act mu, and without xx. Ming lor Ins leply, raised
ill** in colored (lag nn In.aid the t ’leole. discliarged
a bmadsiilf) at the tnrtri *■*• and kept up loi some time
a heavy h e. 1 'Im t 'ruin xx as struck by sex ei id hill-'
lets. The bomb tdiells * lice It'd most dreadful hitv
m within the fortress. The situation ol IIi«t poxxdci
maga/,me being knoxxn, shells wem tlnoxvn dim liy
upon the spot. Tliiee of them exploded with so
much violence that the decks ol several of the
I letich Vessels nt ihe disiam e ol moio than a mile
were strewed with their liagments.
The t'liiilln , one ol the stioogest towns ol the
hut, expluded about •) o'clock, I*. Al. 'I he portions
ol the tint demolished hv the liigan s xveie hi a must
deplmahle comlit ion, hot h I he eudnasurrs being en
I ire Iv dismounted mid banned to pieces. At >
o'clock, the guns ol the .Mexicans were insuly m
lent rd.
Til*1 fngate I. T (iloii c xv as then reimned Iv the
steamboat Aleteore. T lie lire ol the txxo otlieis con
tinued until night fall. It xx as thi n kept upslffwlv
by the bomb vessels. .Inst as the frigate, \dmnal
whs about to «et tail, a ramie approached from t)i«
forties*, and demanded a truce, that the dead and
the wounded who were buried under ;ho nuns
might be xvithdiawu. The admiral replied that he
could not grant a mice, hut that he would *eiid a
summons to capitulate, ami tli it it it xveie not signed
by mx o'clock A* Al. of tin* 2Hih, he would recoin
i niciice his attack on the fort and city. The terms
i I the suireuder were Receptor), and at break of day
1 all the boats ol the squadron were sent to ranv oil
the test ol the gam-on. The surgeons of the dit
Ini'iJt vessels vx» re likewise sent to attend the wound
I ed of the enemy, xx ho weie subsiquciitly u nloved
to \ i ra t 'rn/..
In tl is action, which xvascontinued txvo hours and
I a hall by txvo rd the frigates anil lout t»v thu thud,'
eight tb nil sam I halls and three hundred and I went y
j bombs xv ( le thow n into the fmtress. ( i;, j|jo French
side »> iik n xx ei c killed, one ol whom was a midship
man, and thirty-thieo wounded, two ol whom were
In c ase tins attack hat! proved unsuccessful, a force
composed ul «MHI marines and 300 c-tnnniieeis was
• cady to assauh the tort, and the steamboats being
I mulshed with bridges to lie east upou the walls,
the castle would have he* n carried by assault
The Mexicans have tulleicd immensely — the cap
! tain of the Meteoie, with whom hi conversed, g ive
ns a touching description of tli • carnage. The
i shore w as covered w ith the dead and dying, and the
piteous cries of the latter were lie id amid all the
dm and tumult of the battle.
We must not omit adding that throughout this at
I ir the conduct el \dmiral Hauldm was marked bv
generosity. Ilereliumcd limn firing upon the city,
ai d though he was strongly advised to attack the
•ort during the night, w ho li would have . iven him
ail immense advantage, he replied that lie would only
fight the enemy in the day . l'henther vesse's be
longing to the srjtiadion, took no sh ire i i the action,
as there was not room enough lor the.r opera
The Ficnch vessels still continue to cruisse in the
neighborhood of the coast of M xico, to pievenl the
eoiruoce ul vessels in any other port than that ol Ve
la Crus.
We are fold that the I uglisli consul had request
cd admital Hauldm to span* Ins house, if he attar ked !
the city. The admiral promised to observe Ins request.
—liy a curious lability the only bomb that reached
the town, Ir ll and exph ded near the dwelling of
this iunciiuiiury, carrying away a poilion of tin
The French squadron now consists of i?3 ves
sr Is.
VKAN(' 1: AM) MFXkO.
i his important but not unexpected intelligence is
given above. The attack ol the French was made
with gieat boldness, and the Mexicans appear to
have behaved better than they have generally been
known to do in battles with one another and with
foicigii cn tinies. On ibis occasion their resistance'
crmiiiiueil as long as retu.lance was practicable. '
l lie bill t>| Si. Juan de l ilo.i seems also to Imve in
timidated tIn? Mexican commander of the forces in
tile ciiy ot \ era (.1 uk into a kind ol capitulation, by
w hich lie was psimuted in Keep a small number I
til troops tn that city mi rely lor the pi t set vatmn of j
Iftfliquilby. ill* tattle commands the town, * • -!
id g built i‘U 4 tttVt.il! ivlai.il 111 M»« «l i* I suer to
Hkt yard* fioin tin lat»c«. The harbour !**• be*
twe/ti 11. * town *rnl the c:»rH.-* and is very intCCUre,
the anchorage being »n bail that vet#*U me thought
uiittal# ui.lf made l.iU to ring* fixed in the Wall* of
tiro cestb*.
It mil bn rstnemb rail that for• long time after the
Spam o.Ib wi re dm< n (rcHli Mexico. they held po»
9(.««ton i i the c stir «4 St. Juan de TJItoa. and di fled
all the tflmnof the Mexican* to dislodge them, till
t.1 rnit.< brought them to term*. The Mexican*,
however, wen Hi the lucaniimecompelled to refrain
from U’ong the mean* of offence and coercion
winch aeeiiK d t * * I* * at hand. '] hey held poxn'^
non of Vera t 'nr/., winch is com mended ly lb*
[ inis of tin e ‘•t’e, ami they were obliged to enter
into a larit n . rrcinem wnll the Spaniards that they
would not 1*1 in* rfri the c:i*tt« for ft :»i of retaliation
upon tin t"wn. 'I lie r astl* was blockaded by •be
Mexican* «s r licetu.illy is it conhl be done by their
leeldn in.vv. and entianew into Vera <*M1» was en
tin !y (.In»nl upon vessel* front sea by the guns of 'In
i mile. In ibis *»ate of llih.gs the cotntneice «*l
Vei l t rn/ wa% transferred to Alverado, a small
i tni about fori v mth s tn the south east, built mi
the tmf them I mk id the small river railed Alvei a
do. I Ins irsournenl removing to Alvetado i» ft t
to the Mr xicar.s for the present, .is the Fmmu Ii arc
un<)|'|'o*.rd master* nf the neighboring sea*, and it
ifftiN.iif alio to land a force suflu icntly huge to
I ike |.0'**esvii ll of the town of Vt la ( |i /. at.d to 0
vei ron the adjar er,t ronntr v .
Tiir castle of St .lu.iii ifi' I llo*a is a vriy impol
i.u.t acquisition for the I'rcudi, m the prrrnt pus
lure nl affairs, ami, we think, its logs must bring the
Ale xiran gov< iiimcnt to decide hi favor of m iking
peari' on l In* ten; s offered by their rue my. Their
foreign trade is annihilated, their principal seaport
< 11 it it i * d, the < out i giro us country subju ;.it< dor ovn -
• we d and the high road to the city of Mexico open
to the invadei. Thai road is nut so impraclH able
. ills generally supposed to be, and as it was for
rm ily. \\ lien syinti ins of iriMirreclion against tbi
authority * f the mm ci country first began to dis
play tin iiibcIvo, tin viceioyg i xpended '■>*! suing on
11s imp iiveineiit, in older In keep open the com
municntiuii between the capital and coast, and their
• x.>iiij In Ins been 1 Mowed by the new govern
ment. A vc y large port ion nl the route is finished
hi i he finest manner, ami i ho ugh sume |i.i i tg ul it an
exceedingly rough, no as to be almost impassible to
« images—>ot Mh-.m* obstacles wool 1 soon disappear
beloic the snem r and pm-evei aiicc of >i I tench Al
my. liven thuiv five te.im ago, when Humboldt
visited lire country, In was if opinion that the
load might be * , sily iinpiovi d to Midi a degioc as
to admit i lie 11 atispoi t.iiion nl w heat and flour lioui
tile table land ol Mexico to Vila t'ru/.. 1 lie dis
truce hetwm n the capil.d ami the coast is only a lit
tie upw ,n ds ol t w o humhed miles, which might be
e.Mily t r.ivt i *»ed by an army in I lie space cd leu days,
w it 11 pro visions and at I lilt ly. Wl.it number of t loops
would be* necessary, it is not tor us lo say ; that
must de] end on lhnr quality, ami the quantum ol
M'sist.ince winch the- Ale xio ms w oiild oppose to them.
11 t hesc p- e mho lepuldic aus dm old take it into l heir
heads to evince ihe paliiolistli cud coinage bet urn
log a tire nil imh] eucleut li.it ton, they have men
and m voiii« i s in abumiance to icmln any attempt id
tin kind aboitive. Rut the Mexicans air not Ru
in.iiim < 1 the time nl < ' imiltUN. 'I hey are not likely
to oppose with i fi> c t the mai ch ol the model ii (• a ills
into ilimi capital. They would throw their gold
into one bc,dc, and would tamely look on while
the enemy’s geneial thrtw Ins twotd into the o
\\ oh n populalion of i ight millions cd' souls they
have Miflnc-tJ a hamllul <d undisciplined, half armed
hunters m di-p si'-, 'he hi ol one cd their l.urest
provinces, who ahead* licLing to xpc.ik with confi
deuc e and sniiio plaiiMhihly, cd then power to rn
dangc i tl« city of Alexico. Rut nothing is nmie
conc lusive ol the piisillanimily cd the Mexican peo
pie aid then le.ideis ili.ui the .submission cd the
loic s in \ i i t ( in/ to the demands ol Admiral
H.iuldiu. \\ nh four or live- ilmu-.ind soblic istn that
city ..ml Us vie muy, they permitted the castle to he
assaulted and i.ikcu in open day, without a single at
tempt to divert the enemy's attention, and yvuliotit
lii mu a gun ! although they wen* eye w itnesses of
I Im engagement at the distance ol Hit) yards, within
c o tit pit tc point blank i.mge ol a cannon shot ' Ad
mitting that the nit u U was made on the? <• ft side of
the castle, wlirie the fleet was Bale from a camion
ado from Vri.i t’niz—yet it appeals that the works
w cm demolished lie-lore the I’leneh got pos-i <s.iuii
• I them, ami consequently they weir unprotected
from suc h means cd annoy '.nice as the Mexican Hen.
Rincon had it m bis powi i to ap| ly with i lh ct. It
seems to us that tills* annoyance would have obliged
the I i «*ii4 11 to abandon the raptured place? in a very
little lime, had it been used with the smallest degree*
of skill and i' solution. Instead of this lie evacuate**
his cavn position, without ollering the lightest re
sist.nice, ami at the first summons !
\ mlcr present eucuiristanei's, we cannot believe
that France will increase hri demands upon a mi
lion thus prostrate. She may it quire imlei -itiifica
I ion foi the? e x | a* nci'S ol ihe* cx| edit uni she has sent
out—in pruec'i ding thus far sin* would ask no mote
lit.m strict justice and the vantage ground she has
edit.lined would seem to attlhon/.c. Rut to iclm
cjuish the advantages which hei new position gives
her, ami to adhere litcially to Iter original d> mauds,
without itquning any thing else*, would be mote
consistent with reputation for power ;n ol m.ignanim
tty. Money, nicit! money, is no object fora great
nation to light fur, except when it assumes the mi
tine ol a debt jnitly due—a compensation lor inju
ries actually indicted and spoliations committed — m
that case it becomes id untied with the national lion
or, ami not a cent can be n hiiquished without dis
giace. As to retaining pcimaueni possession of
St. .Iiian, w c* eannul believe that the pi"jeet ever en
tiled into ihe Miiml of t ho French government la
itM'lf, unconnected with possessions on the i.cigh
boring continent, it would bc a barren, useless and
pernicious acquisition. It would . doid no har
bor, or e ven sale anehoiage for ships ol w ar or m i
eh ml vessel--, and the climate is awfully fatal to the
constitutions ol strangers ; ,unl mme than all, if the
.Mexicans should ever pluck lip courage to make a
manly use ol ill resources which they have at their
disposal, the castle would lie untenable—it could not
even be repaired or re Constructed in the I ice of the
hombanlmeut with which it might be assailed by a
skilful cm my on the side of the town. It could he
of mi rise to I lance, except as a station to annoy
ami overcome the Mexicans, and that is an object
scarcely woilh the attention 4>l so powerful a na
\\\l \L 'll I. TI N< i o I ilic SitukhoMcis
■ Ol ilm t Vn/.t N,' S w im.s i; Wh.iit Lynchburg.
" ill he held it ihe nflice ol the Institution, on Thins
(lav • veiling 3d January. IkiP. at ti o’clock. A
punctual ; tiemlanee is vet y net e.ssnry, as matters ol
importance will ho presented l«n consideration.
December 17 if I3J
.v <t> t s ( a:.
\\ ILL lio sold on the \?.l of January next, at
▼ * the late residence ol Samuel Moorman, dec’d.
(blat ( ieek, t amphcll € t\ ) the eropot J’obacro,
< otn. Podder. (bits. Il iy, Straw, Shucks, Ac. also
the stork oi < in\s,
Oxrii, IIoks *ln*t*|>
2>llsi ISoj'srs, amongst |
" Inch an* m \ ( i .»l Imr ,
I > M M >L) h 1 > COI, IS. an old W a so n and .i pun!
* K ( art. with all ill'* p) .1 ni ;ii ton tools—I here is a sett
«»| Blacksmith tools, will he sold at the same mm*,
l^'iins made known on day ol sale In the Adminis
,n»,or* Tims. T. MOOB.M W I
,,ec-17 3t it ♦
kniliK liv, ^Enirorlft «V Ceunln
.8 s: * k s
\!. V I i (i!. I.or iVoin‘J5 rls. to SI 00 per yard,
. iml received and.On vale. In
1 T i ri;\ |S v\ DlTFELi
oo.l. ,h
immo si n i \iia.i,:(a;\< !'•
lllltmcl of a IfHerfront Watkins ton.
^ „ me aware • 1 mt Mr. Atbeitou’a Resolution*
on Abolitl' ", hail b«#»u concocted •»» a CiU.< U« of
1 South' in > d Northern Van Uircn membersnM on*
I gri-«. Tin* impropriety ol .Southern men makiug
this Miihect a matter v(party arrangement ami ' “in*
i promised is glaring enough, and is sufficient t<» bring
,llC n,,,.( ,!ri*i«'iil foi detonation uj■■ n flic proceed
' ,ng# |{ii| u hat terms of truffle ient reprob itioti nil
I,,, found lor the Southerners, who agreed with the
North, to ri< 'ode then dchbetairons—upon < ur pro
' j,pr!v_i whole class of gentlemen Ih ii*, personally
| and seciiomlljft as mush interested as property, hap
pmess andlilo « ill uiaUe any one ? It t* at om e an
individual injury and n.suit, and Jreasoti to tin. slave
1 holding section.
* The Caucus. I have reason to believe, was got
i,p i v Mr. ——— and his I. ind parasites. ( I >11
\J \N PRKSIDKD (! !; a 1 the « n-mdy id . II im
p■,i!a111 Southern r*l»ie 'sw s formally committed
to the couirtl ol non s4sv* ho!ders, from mere party
i iiwiih rations [ I have bel * % * * 1 tor some time, that
cerium . th man of the S-.utli. never regarded the
ijuev.iou f f Abolition but mi engine for party * I
h et ; hut the uiadm s* ol this late wet staitles me.—
When Pinckney introduced In* resolo ton. ilic gen*
i|P,nun allmUd to. deiioiii.ee I and caused him to be
denoimi d as an iiicendia,y, ami the prominent to
pics of elimination were, I *1 That fie had concoct -
id his resolutions with the Van Bunn party; and
d. That lie had smremlend the right ol rcccjttiun.
Both of thes« incidents aj pcitam to tin, present reso
lutions ; and besides, a negative j t< gn ml is u ade m
favor of Abolition to the District—piovided it hr. not
./< nr J '■ Hit I>urj> > < of of trim jr tlurery \n the Stair.',,
I'll us they liaie surrendered all that we have been
, on,ending for, lor lour years !
“ 11 n as arranged by the ('aliens that the South
mi Whigs should have no opportunity ul being
! heard. 'I In* Previous IJiisimn was c tiled, not cer
tainly to silence the Abolitionists—lot there is noth
mg they so ninth desire as lo have the lavings ol the*,'
load fanatic*given to tin* public—but to silence the
indignation ol the Sooili'em Whig*', ami their expo
suteol the base and atrocious pi m et ding."
[/{ichmond W ilt#.
<ji;m:k \l dratiot.— rr»i« Philadelphia u.
I Stairs (la/.cite) of the l7th,sav* :—“ \Vn weiewait
• iJ on yesterday by a gentleman who had read the
se veral article* which have appealed in the public
papers within a (civ days past, i« I alive to (Jen. (j it a -
i lo r, and were by hem icejnerstenl lo stale that any
distress wairiiul has bcetu server! by the* general gn
• riiim nt upon (Jen. (Jiatiot in the* usual form, at
the next term ed t her I oiled State s ( ’otirt ter be liedd
mi Si. Louis, Mi- oiiii, aid until a decision sbal'
| have b» ini made i v that ( uurt, a ati'peo.sioil e l pub
lic opinion i i fed."
/ torn thr /' /'/"<•. < Aim rutin, IAce. 17.
FROM 11 A K Ii isi; I K(;.
111 lire Senate! on tins 1 3t 11 ilist. after son.e debate,
the ted leaving te solution was ael opted : —
" IF olveel, I hat a (’nmmittt < i.e* appointed to in
ejuire into and re port the; lae Is, so lar as they can he
constitutionally ascertained, in relation to the*
two bodie s claiming to be the House of Rep
icscutatives. in order that the* Senate may have be
fore? ii sue Ii evieh nee as may e nable them to eJetei
lima' whetlii i any body i now l ed !n<g sessions with
whom the Senate e an emiiinui n ate as the House
ot Representatives: and ili a such coiuiuiltee have
power to neiiel lor pe'iwn s and pipcts"
'i he* followiii«£ a> e the' committe e*: Messrs. Flatly
(city.) Kwing, livin, Stern l, ai;el Kingsbury.
A Coinmntce* ol the Senate* lias made a report
that M e sxrs. Me ( lay and Rail, the W hig comli
elaie*s 11e»in Huntingdon, Mtllio, A:c. diMncl, ate
Hliedy elected, inslo o| ol Alessrs. F.ver and 1 row,
the ^ an L in en e end.el.lies, who leccivcd (heieiuru.
Idle lepoit lias not h e u acted on.
\n business itpprais to have been done in the
I louse ed Rep esui.it tve on Tliursday or Fi id w
/ i" a the Haiti more Hulriul, /be, 18.
FROM ]| ARRiSRl K( F-—The .Senate ol Penn
sylvania, on S itmd ly, hv a vote ot l'.l to 11,
adopted tlo; ic-olulnu repotted by the* ( 'omiuittee,
in the c. e* o| thy H:li S«*. atoiial elisltict, dccl iiiog
M< s^|s. .1 \mis M. Li Li. and Uniu.r.T I’. AI aiu i. \ v.
the W lug candidate - duly e he t ol. I hey have there
loro t;»ke n llietr scats, and thus mocontcs:eel e ase has
j he;e*n disposed ol. Idle actual, r« gulai returns ol
election m the seveial counties funning this S *na
t"* i.d dis!nt i, exhibit an aggregate m ij juty of near
j three* huiidicd m lavor ol the Whig candidates ; and
it was only by tin1 high liauded, end htretnlore tin
h«'ai I ed, measure ol ejecting the entire* vote ol a
; county (Huntingdon, which gave 800 majority lor
the Whig candidate*.) that the Loco Foco return
judges ot the district, could so mould and mutilate
the I Cl u ins, to give any pretence of success to the
loco loro candidates. \ ct tins high-liande d measuie
, w.»s adopted — lollovved up by a tin il conte st in the
Senate ; and the claim.', thus founded ! ol tlo* loco
candidate s, vocdciuusly supported by the polito ans
.Old preses ol t lie* part V !
I he ( oiomille e* ed the Senate appointed to e*i ejuire
and report upon tlie oi gaui/.atmii ed the two b.di. s
i now claiming to be the House ed IF piesentaiivt s,
made an pent on Saturday, accompanied with the
testimony upon which it was loutuled. The Com
mittee exaiinneil three elite ci s ami individuals be
hinging to each branch of the House, under oath.
1 heir testimony is stated to e xlnbit very littly ells*
ciepaney, as to the* statement eif the proceedings .it
the orgam/..it mu ol these bodies. Thu i* port o I the
committee, as cLew here stated, w as in lavor ed re
cognizing the whig ui Cuunr.liain House, iis the
one legally e-1 giii i/ed — From eei tain a lie . cel mloi ni
' ality thciem, and pciliapsto give fuithei time for
I filet tion, ii nil •• sober second thought" among the*
• people the report w as re committed. It was ex
I en ted to he again betoic the Senate y ester el ay or
tej-tlt.y. I he report is said to have given much
j olleiice to the members ol the" Provisional (loVeiii
me*iit’’ now at Hiimsbuig ; and it ,s evident that the
civil auihoi mes deeme d another outbreak possible,
hum the circuumance that tin* military of Cumber
Iand .o.d Aihous li.ul been reejuued to In* in readiness
to keep tho peace, and support the laws.
1 he Committee in the other contested cases in
the Senate (Philadelphia county, and Chester, Mont
gomery and Delaware disliict) were to have been
appointed \ i*Me*rd.iv .
Coriopondouce of the Baltimore Patriot,
l-.xliacl til a letter received yestcrday afternoon
! i') llic K.ulruail curs, tlutcil.
\ «'hk, I’oiiii, |)ppcmbery7 16.38.
I lie pttascngers in the Harrisburg stage, which
arrived here this morning, stale, that the committee
. ot ihe .Senate, appointed for the purpose inquiring
" hit'll was the legitimate House of Representatives,
made a repot l to that I odv on Saturday, ri -oginz „g
'If Whig, ot Cunning! tin hi inch, wliit h report was
re-eommilteil to the same committee, who would in
all probability r.. ri it in the Setiate to-dav. 'I'lie
volunteers liom Philadelphia were relieved on S,,t
nril.r by a driaelniKUt ol ,,'n ,i,t Ion |i(lm C’ai lt>le,
mid lelurued to the city that day. There were (ly
ing lepoits m I I ii risking, ol the marching ol a bo
dy Ol men from Berk’s county. In sustain the rebels,
hut they were nut ascertained to lie true.
Vn extra hum the Harrisburg Keystone (hnco
l oer .) dated at one o'clock on .Monday morning,
vehemently rails upon its party throughout tile
. late to take up arms in deleucr of ilie stand taken
hy the members Irom Philadelphia county, and an
nounces, in terms at bitter denunciation, the arrival
olliesh troops Irom some ot the interior Counties.
By out news liom Harrisburg to day it will he
seen that thret of the Whigs have ■ edeti from
the Cunningham House and joined ■ he Hopkins
House. Tire correspondent of the Baltimore Pa
trim, says:—"The members of the Cunningham
House declare (hut this desertion does not effect
llieir position in the least. That they were legal
ly organised in the li.st instance, ami that* thru
position is not and cannot be efleetcii by a mere
vacamy occasioned by the refusal of a few indi
vidual uiembers to discharge their duties as IUpie
sentalives. This position they consider siren th
ened hy rite lac. that these three gentlemen had
pievious y qualified as inembcis ol tlie Cuunni"
h im House. On the oilier hand, ilis argued that",
ilie ( uuniiij;ii;im House is now without a quorum
ol members, they cannot legally he considered as
a Hour 4iI it«*|)ii*scnt:u\c.s, Ijumuso iliry could mu
l'Vl!v l, n‘ '*f busiiM s -. even if iIipv were rcco^niz,
:. J d> sucli. 1 offer uu oi'iutou u|>ou lliix vexed vub
The Globe mvi the course of the seeds ‘ mu t
settle the |eud.M and a member from Pennsylvania
rxj>rcn«cd the opinion in GongrChS on V\ ednesday,
ibill the dilfli uliy %vas *etiled, [Compiler.
Accounts from*Detroit up to the Cih show that
ih»’ little exhibition of patriotism in that quarter has
been done up with dispatch.
No engagement* took place after the •skirmish at
Sandwich. The Patriots dispersed At the approach
of a detachment ol Royalists from Fort Malden, in a
confus'd manner. Some took to canoes and gained
ihe Amen* in side, and others fled to the woods.
The Royalists captured some dozen ol them. I he
Steamboat Ene brought into detroit aeveral prison
ers, who were examined and seven were commit
ted for trial.
I). Tbellar was apprehended on the 5th, on a
charge ol setting on loot a imlitaiy expedition a
gainst the provinces. H« was bailed out lor lurther
t.iab .
Not a C Hindi in joined the Patriot invaders when
t hey landed in ( atiad.i.
'The local authorities ol Detroit arc taking the
inost efficient measures to pi curve our neutrality.
From (he Albany Argus.
We arc happy to slate, that through the vigilance
an 1 perseverance of Captain William Vaughan,
master U. S. Navv, of Sackett’s Harbor, and deputy
mats halJ. AV. 'Turner, of Oswego, Wm. Johnson
j has been recaptured and delivered to the marshal.
His arrest was made on Monday nigh’, by ( apt. V
near Tabers, Oneida county. Mr. 'Turner, accor
ding to the Syracuse Staudatd ol yesterday, having
spent the last eight days in the pursuit ol him, and
having finally got on the right trail in that vicinity,
succeeded in the accomplishment ol tljeirdesign.
He was delivered to the custody of N. Harrow, Esq* i
the marshal at Syracuse, on'Tuesday morning, anil
was brought to this city and committed to prison by
the tiiarshal, accompanied by Mr. 'Turner, yester
day afternoon. I It* submitted quietly pi tin* arrange
ments of the maishal until Ins arrival xt Utica, lu.t.
from that city to this, was turbulent and ref.ictory.
From the Sarket's Itarbor Journal) Per. q.
Knki ino* or Gkn. Vo>- Siioii.tz—We have
been informed by a gentleman who witnessed the
scene that the Patriot commander. Von Shonh/..
was hung in Kingston yesterday morning, nnd that
(Ad. AbbyatiilMr. George wete to be executed on
Wednesday morning next, and perhaps Mr. VVood
itiIf, though the Governor’s sanction of the convic
tion and sentence of Wondrulf hid not been receiv
ed at Kingston when our infoimant left.
Our New ()i l< a ns slips I n form is t li it Judge La w -
rente, of the I '.S. District Court of Louisiana, lias
taken another high handed piop.it) committing to
prison, lor an alleged contempt rf court, another
Deputy Clerk. Air. \. (J. Flygnet. who, like
his late pi edict --sor, A! r. Collins, refused to •'divei
a certain record to the Clerk appointed hv the J udge.
im asme of tl is character, while the question nl
the legality^)! the Judge’s at t in removing the t 'Ink,
remains lo Ik* decided hy the Supreme Court ul the
I 'oiled Stall s, is,*to say the* 1< ast of it, disrespectful
to the filter tribunal, and also to the Circuit Judge
w ho differa d in o pm inn with him on the subject.
Tf F.SU A! rI I()N 1 N N ATC11 F.Z.—By ilie
Natchez Courier extra, we learn that banks in that
city held a meeting, by delegation, on the bill lost,
at which they adopted and published a icsolutinti,
for the lull ami complete resumption of spe cie pay
ments, by tin se institutions, on the liist « f January
next — resolving lo redeem with specie, or its equiv
alent on or alter that dav, all their notes, as well
post notes, payable at distant periods, as notes paya
ble on demand, when presented for payment.
UFA V Y DAM AGES —Wo li m. from the
Natchez, (Al iss.) (’niiro r o! the C'iih nit., that in the
case «f Adolph Fsqta against Uerrnult l)c St.
Sanveur, for slander which was rceently tried in tin*
Circuit Ci on of that county, Judge Coulter piesi
ding, the jury returned a veidict for the plaintiff,
with dam.i es to the amount ol thirty thousand dol
N, /. bounty in ferment.—The Legislature nl Ver
mont have pas-oal an act ottering go c ents for cvei v
pnun I of cocoons hereafter raised in the State ;'Jo
cents lor evi rv pound of raw silk reded fiom co
coons; and the same sum t*• r every puiirid of sew
ing silk manufactured therein.
Promfii I * a rtthition. Mrs.Jennings Yeatman,
aged forty years, residing in Fitzwaler stieci, AIov
amensmg, was delivi M'd on the night «»I the bill inst.
of four full grown children—three ol which are i nw
living and dniug well—ilie lourtlt was a stillborn
child : and the unfortunate mother expired in the act
"f its pan tii nion, the resources ol her Constitution
j being insulficieut to withstand a shock so violent
ami unnatural. The three living ac very 8; rightly
looking daughters—the I urthwasa male.
[ rniUult tph i a 'Rimes.
James /lit er and. Kanawha Company.
The Stuck holders assembled in the Capitol on
i'licsdav evening—and Air. Dorman of Rockbridge
was called to the (■'hair. Air. Cabell, the President
ol the Company, occupied near three hours in read
ing an elaborate Report on til** progres ol the Works
and the condition of the Funds. I L* submitted an
estimate nl the sums which would be necessary to
to complete tin* whole work, ami pi'ijcts for the man
ner of raising them.— The meeting, alter having
appointed Committees, &c., niljnured over till last
evening. [Cnquircr.
The Special Report on Air. Sw.iitwunit's defalca
tion has ai h ngi !i appeared. T. e amount is aster
, tained to he 1,374,1 id. The abstiactions commen
ced in 1830.
i he Logislaiuie »)( Illinois me! ui Vandalia, on
ih“ !>d instant. In ili • Senate the Lieut. (lovernor
took the ( h.nr, and Bknjamin I’o.mi (W.) of Cliu
ton, was elected Secretary hy a strict party vote.
For Bond 21 — .M. L. Covell, (L. F.) 17. Two Sen
ators absent, both Loco Focos. In full Senate the
vote will stand Whig 21, Loco Foeo 10.
In the House, alter several balloting*, W. L. I).
Lwino, (L. F.) ol Fayette, was elected Speaker,
having received LI votes.— A. Lincoln (W.) ot
Sangamon, .'Id—II. L. Wkhii (Con.) ot Alexander,
2—-amJ two scattering. Six nicmb'ts absent, three
Whigs and three Loco Focos.
B A N KI N( i IN MlSSOl |{ |,—The St. Tennis
Uepublican oflhe7th instant, contains a letter from
John Smith. Piesident of the State Bank of Mis
souri, in reply to certain friendly queries of a mem
ber of the House, ( Or. ( run, Imm Callaway.) in
which he expresses himself decidedly favorable to
the lecominendation of Lovernor Bogs, namelv,
that the Bank should be "allowed to issue notes
of the denomination of five dollars. The other al
ternative. ol f lovernor B\s. Message, namely, prohib
tion of the circulation of foreign bank notes under
ten doll.ns. Mr. President Smith declares, would be
“a dead letter on the statute book.” This “looks
rebellious” indeed against the dogmas of the Ball
The New Orleans Jockey Club Purse, 2500, four
mtle heats, w as won on the 8th hist, by wagtier, the
brag nag of \ irginiu, beating Sarah Bladen, Ten
nessee s fovoiite. 1 lie following was the result :
.1. S. Wamson'srli. c. Winner, 4 years old liy ,Sn
Charles, dam Maria Wesi, Marion, 100 lbs. 1 I
A. L. Ijmeamiii.s s. I. Sarah llladen, 4 years.
olil, by Lmatliun. darn Mormuua—'17
lbs. |
Labourers Wanted.
I \\ ILL M\ E liUoial hire lor a few able bodied
8 NEdUOES for year I-09.—I wish ,|so to hire ;
sum- BUI S, say from 12 lo Hi veais old.
Dec.!) HOs
^ I M I f. house on 1-1 deral 1 lill, near my residence
■ lor several years jaisi occupied by ihe late
I'atuck II. Cabell. jVllCAJAII DAVIs lr.
Nov. I il l,
tmaf: :
i.i m mu lie, »m:imeu ji,
It is possible that there may be some justice in
the objection urged by some | ersous to Mt. Riddle's
admirable Letter to John (J. Adams, that it betrnvs
rather loo much egotism—that it is rather too much
alter the fashion ol the bulletins of Napoleon. w|,ich
more frequently illustrated the genius of the (heat
Capiaiu tlran lire pro" ess ol the Grand Army,—j(l
it must lie allowed that it any man evi t had justifiable
cause for self-adulation, Nicholas Diddle is that
man ; and that, ifaclf-praise, even by indirection, ever
failed to dim tiro luslic of a brilliant intellect, or t0
derogate from the dignity of gteat actions, it is m
the instance before us. It 11 a good man struggling
with the storms of fate,” be an object worthy of an
gclic admiration, lie is not less entitled to tire same
tubule who conies out ol such a contest not only vjc
t,.nous over his enemies, but over himself; who, ^
the hot crucible through which Ire lias passed, has
preserved an equanimity of temper w Inch Zeno might
have envied, and w liich contrasts so beautifully with
the vindictive fierceuess and ihu brutal coarseness
with which he has been assailed. Say what they
w ill of Nicholas Diddle, he is a great man—atnlpos
u my will so decree, when the passions and ptejn.
dices of the present di.y shall have subsided, and the
actions of rite prominent personages in the events of
the last fewr vents shall be-Ticwed through the odd
but cvcar medium uf unbiassed and unclouded te.t
\\ e design to on r no muusm on ,ur. U.Uulc’*
It hit. Like cvt ry thing from that gentlemen's pm,
it is tun lucul to it-quiii/ a word, either in expbina
lion or deiente. But we will take this occasion to
say, that w e u johcto hear that the Bank over which
he presides w i'h so much ability and usefulness has
determined to retire both from the field of politic*
an I Irons the “ cotton trade.” Into a connection with
both, u c know, that it lias been in a manner coerc
ed— into the foi liter, by the ms. met of self-defence,
w Inc ! Iii ii ito banks, albeit they have no souls,
as w ell as m men, who In ve ; and into thelatter, by the
deplorable c mditiuu ol’ilio country, whose interests
it has so gi atly promot'd by us timely iuierposiliou,
and w hose honor it plucked up by the roots from rho
vast ocean ol deb; into which it had been lictdlestdy
plunged, and which at one period threatened uni
versal bankruptcy and loss of credit.
Ba ilvs can never eonnee.c themselves with polities,
or tnlei into tho combinations and slides ol partus,
without ii i'liy both to themselves and to the coun
try— and this fact, which they aic as well iiware
oi as those who man.lot m st trepidation at the po$
bihihy o! such connection, furnishes the strongest
.u.sianty ol all al-senre of danger from this quarter,
rite l . S. Bank, btloie and mu c its incorporation
l»y Pennsy Ivaata, has, we admit, iOinew li.it no
lated this general rub*; but, as we before re
marked, it was h reed into this unnatural position by
the assaults of its enemies, who constituted a foi
iiiidable,n;iy, an almost omnipotent political party—a
p.irtv, who -.e chief never u tiered a threat ol d it unci
align w hich they were not ready to echo,—who m -
ver inaiked a victim fur do (ruction that did not fall
under lus attacks, except this Bank. Here, indeed,
he was it.i ed : foi he met, in it- presiding officer, r
•• fuein i i worthy of Ifis steel;’* a man, who, withe
quid native genius, possess a 1 a -pirn, if less fierce,
as stulmrn as 1.is own, and, though “ mild as the
Z”p!ivr, resistless as the storm.” The same great
ruliug iholive. thctelore, which, in general, keeps
Banking institutions tree limn pally connections,—
st i iuiciist.—is duceu (his Bank to foim such a con
m cnou. 'I he stiile li s at last ended, however;
and we it peat our gratification that Mr. B.ddlt* avails
111 in s If of its cissat iufi to retire lioni a contest, in
w hich.il he has suffered much obloquy, he inis reap
ed m my laurels.
Banks ought to have as lit tie to do with trade aswitli
politics. They have no right to inteifere with the
nieiehai.t in Ins Icg timale oicupation, and to drive
him, as, by their immense capitals, they are enabled
to 11• >, from the marts ol tialfm. B it, while this
position will be universally assented to, it is not less
evident that .Mr. Biddle, by dcvi mug from the gen
eral principle, during tilts hue commercial convul
sion, rendered t ssential service to his country, and
particularly to the South, the price of whose great
staple he sustained, while, by his advances to the
planters, ho rescued them from insolvency and ruin*
Having accomplished his " duly to his country ns a
good citizen,” by tins well-tum d interposition oflns
vast resources and boundless ciedit, it now becomes
him to retire from a position which he can no longer
occupy in justice to the con.munitv, and without
provt.kii g the bitter hostility of those who have been
Ins staunchest friends. Sagacious enough to per
ceive this, as well as influenced by a high sere'll
obligation, which- seems always to be his rut
principle of action, ho announces his withdraw...
liom this field with promptness and without resciva
tiuu, and thereby removes one of the most formida
ble objections to Ins inimitably conducted institu
tion. \ud thus ends the "Experiment,” so far as
the 1. S. Bank is concerned !
The Washington correspondent of the N. V
Journal ol Commerce takes a correct view of the
A nti-Abolition Resolutions, as they purport to be, but
as they j , truth arc not, recently adopted by die
House ol Representatives, when he says :
“It is a little remarkable that the South can be so
easily persuaded to accept tins proposition as a con
cession. They must know that what is given t<»
them as a boon, can be no avail, if they cannot claim
it as a matter ol right. To accept ol any thing as
a compiomise, or as a concession, is a virtual aban
donment oftheir just right. If the Constitution can
not protect them, it will be worse than idle to call
upon the aid of an accidental and temporary majori
ty in Congres. If they have really no better securi
ty lor their rights than what they can get by such
temporary expedients as these, their condition is de
plorable. • 1 believe they have a better security—the
security of the Constitution; and, when they come
to know their true friends, they will find them among
those w ho wit hunt being parti/,ans, have often proved
their determination u> support the Constitution as it
is, and not such as the capiice or the interest ol t
phemeral parties may choose to make it.
“'Lit cause of the South is too good a cause to
be allied, as it now i«, with any party, as a party. R
is moi tifvin g to those who at all times, and under
all circumstances, have been the unwavering, though
imt pretending to be tFie exclusive, friends to the
Southern side of this question, lo sec the South
courting small j any interests and seeking strength
in n alliance the first condition of which is an hn
plied abandonment on her part, of all her Constitu
tional guarantees.
“It is, peihaps, a matter of some .importance, 1,1
tference to the public imere^is, that-the Abolition
11 test ion should be kept out oft amgress . but it would

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