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03-“THE LYNCHBURG VIRGINIAN” weekly, (every 1 foil day and Thursday,) at , „ /uiari per annum; pay,Mr in advance. Au tube,rip I yd,torn,) until all arrearage, „t p„.~ r J It VSR Tins MSN !'•'> innerledalbO emit per nqunre ,r leu,I far the firnl uncrtiun, and U7J renin Joe , eery nubse ,oent innerltan. jf TJl'H PMXTISQ aececrted neatly and eapedittounly nod on rennenable lermt. I - Public s-nle of Iiiinil A Kegrof ti. / |»V VIII lie of a deed nflrusl executed bv Hiclmrd J tg_ Kllis, In the subscriber, on the 1/th day ol December, 1835, and of record in the Clerk-* ullice \mhersi county, "ill be sold at Pedlar Mills, in die county of Atnlierot, to the liigliest bidder, for cash, on Tuesday I lie‘3(iih day of November, the fullswing property, to wit: one tract of Land on Ot tet Creek, cutitaining 400 acres, more or less, ad joining the lands of Larkin llyars and others ; three other adjoining tracts, lying cm both sides of the Knchanted Creek, and containing together eight hundred acres, tiu're or less, adjoining the lands ol I Moses Martin, dec'd. An. ; three oilier tracts, ail adjoining, containing seven hundred and thirty one lilies, more nr less, lying «n the lurks of Pedlar riv er anil Horsley ’* creek, adjoining the Pedlar Mills' and otlieis; also one oilier Hart of Land containing yoO acres, more or less.on both sides ol Pedlar river, adjoining the lands ol John PavisiV Olliers; also, one |„t uf abou I une acre, with the Uriels Stole house i here on, at Pedlar Mills. Also the following Slaves, tn ! wit; OlhHIn, a man. and I’lanky Ins wife, and John now aged about Hi years, and Nancy now aged a I,out 13 years, with their increase, if any, since the ITlhUec. 1^35. The title In the aforenamed Land X Negroes is believed to lie indisputable, bill acting as titislce, 1 will convey such title only as is vested | in me by the deed aforesaid. Iffrotu inclemency uf weather, nr any other cause, the sale of the aforesaid property should not he com pleted outlie day named, it will be continued fiont day to (lav until finished. SAML. Me I). KKII), Trustee. I consent that the above named property maybe sold at the lime and place named in the foregoing advertisement and upon thp terms aforesaid, KlCHAJvlJ 8. KLLI8. Oct. 24 ids To llriffgc MSu tillers. ON Tuesday ilie 29lh inslaui, will be Ipf, at ilie Bridge across Black Water Creek, leading to Laughoruc's Mill. lo the lowest bidder, tlie te paiiing ol the said Bridge. THE C OMMISSIONERS. On. 24 2t lommissiomr's sale of Slaves. IN pumiance of a decree olilte County Court of Amherst, pronounced on llie 21 st ins', in ihesmt ol Tliiickvi against Ma\s, therein depending, die undersigned, llie Commissioner therein named, will, on Saturday the 5>'Ii day ol November, 1839, al the Tavern bouse of Mis. Sally Tayloe, in I lie county ol Amherst, opposite ihe town ol Lynchburg, sell, by way ol public auction, tin a credit ol nine mouths, the purchaser or purchasers giving bond w ill good personal security, the follow mg s c .i i• /: s , belonging to the estate ol the late Win. Binfold, de ceased, to wit : Lewis (a man between 2H and o() years of age,) M.utha(a woman about 2G yeais old.) and her throe children, Mary, Louisa, and a child in anus, name unknown. These Slaves ate unusually liktly. of good cha racter, hiuJ very valuable. 'The title to them is be lieved to be good, but the undersigned, acting merely as the organ ol tile Court, will m.t be responsible then-fur. DANIEL DAV.CWr. Del. 21 u»N Tni Dollar* Reuanl. STOLEN from my plantalio... in Bedford county, on Monday night the 21si October, a gray Horse. ** or H years old ; his mane hangs on the left side, lie has a little blemi»h in one of his eyes, and Ins ihe mark of gear; shod ali round, and paces altogether. I will give the above reward to any one who will .•.top and secure the IIoim*, with all resunable expenses. SOLOMON CLARK. Oct 24_ i s 'The imported Horse DAOII EE, *“ will stand the next Spring, 1840, k i*» Lynchburg, Virginia, lie is a ..» II rse ol fine size ami great V-ng.b; he was got by Muly.tbe sire of Leviathan, • Lirgri.ve and many other Horses cf note in the country. The terms, which will be liberal, and his pedigiee will be published id due time. ^ JOHN i\ WHITE. Otl, 24 at NOTICE. rruy undersigned, as agents lor the owner., (the j ‘'les»r»- Gillian's.) will inept with liny person oertrous ol purchasing any part of their ,i, itlomilain l.and, T roomy of Ax heist, known by tlie name of the ’’'K Surrey," on Wednesday next, ti e 30th inst. <>n tlie Land near t„ Mr. Eaton Carpenter’s, and "t lie accompanir d by a suivevor, anil prepared to .ell and survey off to purchasers such portions a. they may want. Terms at sale, but they will he ac romniodatinjr. The undersigned, J,dm Thompson. Jr. will, after closing sales of the Messrs. Gillian's tract, or such part as can be sold, pass on to his own mountain tract, ^joining that ol Ilie Messrs. Gilliatts’. containing upwards of TWENTV THOUSAND ACRES. *" v'nK ehietlv in Nelson county, and will in like, manner sell and dispose of that. All persons in A Hi rst or Nelson desirous lo purchase a Mountain tail"latl<!"’ Vi,hiable for raising Stocks of Hogs, Cat . e or Sheep' or lor producing tobacco, rye, pota 8 or sugar-beet, had lietter attend. JOSEPH K. IRVING. u. JOHN THOMPSON, Jr. ill. xi "IS I 10 sp" a Tract of Land, belonging lo eSkrfi '""'alts, called the Wincenler Tract, uric' 10c- cntitaing &U0 Acres; the |Cf '* ‘ l,Pr acre c ash, or $8 per acre, one-third 'and, and one and two yeais for tlie balance, e T's payment. J. K. I. & J. T.. Jr. Oct. 24 3i • L* 15 Valuable Slaves for Sale. \\ | ' *,e t°r cash, in the town of Pattons* "'irg, on Thursday the Till day of November 1*4 OH 15 VALUABLE SLAVES, lie uiigmg |0 ,|)B CS|.1|C fJj Rd^pfi Tinsley, dec’d, iun,e ul “>«*** V K R V V A I, I’ A RLE. WILLIAM A. WATSON, ,, . Administrator of R. Tinsley dec’d, Oc*. S4 3t Mwiihts .i.vii nje.iifjuns EN’S superior Silk Shirts Ladies' do do *Ws Rock do Met inn do " Lambs Wool do nier oo, Lambs Wool, and Duciskiti drawers o #M dualities. On hand and for sale at low prices hy 0 „ , MINT A MARTIN Is ii.its: ii.mts:: l li r o . w . c« a i 4\ 1: Main Sthkkt, (2d door front the corner leading 10 111e Washington Hotel, Mixl opposite tlie Dry Uomls Slure ol j Messrs. Turner A: If unveil,) ■ ^ II ^ 1* L I, for I lie libernl pnirnmrgr beretn A lure extended lu him, respectfully inform, the | citizens ol this place, and adjacent country, that lie is recently returned from ihe North, where he Ins selected personally a slock unsurpassed to this mar kel, for neatness, durability and unusually cheap._ I laviiia purchased in New Ymk exclusively for Cash, lie flatters himself that the inducements held lurlh cannot fail to please. Ilis assortment consists of extra fine HKAVKR HATS, of Ilia own manufacture, warranted superior lo any made in this sectional the cotinfiy, and much lower than formerly,—with a variety of C A l» S, purchased expressly for this market, consisting of Seal and Oiler, ol extra fine quality, suitable for the approaching season, jihJ warranted Jo render com loit and satisfaction. 'I lie reduction in (lie price of those articles, is worihy the attention ol the public ;—M u.sk Fur Caps, extremely low, together wiili a choice seler l ion ol } on ills' Caps, ol various qualities, Fur and ( loth. ( lnldreo’s lancy ('loth Caps, remarkably beautiful, and at prices such as cannot tail to please, with a I nge slock ot ll.ur Seal Caps, suitable f..r servants, i he attention of Cnuuiry Hallers anti Merchants is specially requested to my stock ol I rimmings which is the hugest ever ottered here, ami on as liberal terms as can be purchased ill's side ol New ^ nik. On hand a large assortment of Wool Hats, white and hlack, which are ottered at a modeiate advance on ongmal prices. The public me invited to call ami examine. GKO. W. G A INKS. Sept. 23 4tn .V O T M 1 t: . I K A \ K I) away from New London on Satur k^ day night tlie 12th mst. an iron-grey Mate—no particular marks are recollected, except th.it the lower part i f her tad is white. She was about ti years old last spring, and is perhaps I feet 8 or It) in ches high. She ran oil about dark, and went to wards Lynchburg ; and as site could not be heard ol on tlie road nor in tint place next morning, I sus pect she passed through town in the night, and made her way towards Tye Kivcr Warehouse, as she was raised about It) miles below that place.—Am person who may i ike up said marc, will please send her to Mr. Peters at 'Tye River Warehouse, ui to .loiin \\ . Si ratlin, near Stonewall Mills, Bucking ham, who will pay all charges. KOBKKT WILBOUKN. Oct. 21 3i Lini for sale. AM/MLL be sold, at public auction, on Friday the v ▼ 8«ll of November next my 'Traci of L uni, on Sock ('reek, on which I now icmde. The tract c oiiiains bet w> en 170 si ca al I NO aci’evi. lilies well, and produces Corn. 'Tobacco and small grain verv well. If lias a large body ol good ptre limber and is in good heart, a considerable portion ol tin* land having rested several years, without being grazed. It adjoins the lands ol ( ’apt. Withers, Kd miind Johns, dec’d, and others. The improvements are a good dwelling house wills *»ix rooms Ilatelv repaired, meal house, negro houses, i«iJ.M tobacco houses, stables. iYc. The w:»le w ill be for cash, subject to a claim ol John B. ( abrll, amounting, with charges attendant, to $121 1. to he paid to him on the day ol sale, which will be positively made on «lte 8th of November unless the inclemency of the weather should prevent attendance. A. S. IIKN’RY. Oct 21 18N .Vfir Stage tAne. PASSKN(jI£RS to the Springs, and other trav ellers, me hereby informed, that the under signed will commence running A new lino of Coat lies From Lynchburg to Dagger’s (DibielTs) Springs via tlie Natural Bridge, on Tuesday next, the 2nd dm/ n/'Juli/. Until further notice, we shall leave Lynch burg on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satin days, al hall after four A. AL, and arrive at Dibroll’s the same eve nings, before night. 'The next morning Passengers will leave Dihrell’s after breakfast, and reach the While Sulphur about .5 o’clock, P. AL Visiters to the Springs by this line will thus be relieved from I all niglu travel, and reach tlie White Sulphur or Lewi, burg, in two days from Lynchburg. The 'Turnpike is now finished quite to if* intersection with tlie Lexington and Covington Road, and in addi tion to the general novelty and splendid scenery it .affords, we would mention as peculiar objects of interest and curiosity, the passage through, not ore? I the Blue Ridge, along the margin of James River and commanding a view of the Mountain Canal, a beautiful prospect—the .Xatural Bridge, which Air ) Jefferson pronounced worth a trip across the Atlan tic to view — an j last, but not least. Dagger’s Springs, kept by Cits. L. Dibrell, where lie that has been once will like to be again. 'The undersigned intending to give their persona attention to this line, can confidently promise travel lers first rate Coaches and Teams, and careful and accommodating Drivers, and will spare no pains themselves to satisfy their passengers. WA!. A. GALBRAITH, IJKNRY L. DAY IKS. June 27 tf F.ifffti; «i-/'/,v or FALL «AOOI>S. rAM NOW receiving my Fall supply of Goons, which will comprise I lie largest assortment illet ed liv me in this market, and as many of the Goods have been purchased under peculiar circumstances, 1 feel cnnfiilenct in being able 10 offer smne excellent bargains, especially in the following articles : Broad Cloths and Cassiinerrs, Fiencli ami English Mi*n nos. black Italian Lustrings, Calicoes, Blankets, .Shawls, <Vc. cVc. FLANNELS. I can offer some line bargains in white, red and ' yellow Flannels. LINDSEY FOR SERVANTS. i A large lot purchased, ajuli will lie sold cheap. CLOAKS. A large assortment of Ladies’ and Gentlemen's Cloth, Catnblet and Merino. FUR CAPS. A large assortment, smne worth $20, CLOTHING. My stock ol READY MADE CLOIHING, will be unusually huge, and will comprise almost evei v aiticle of dress, with a handsome assortment ol Broad Cloth. Pilot and Beaver over Coals. Persons wishing to purchase, will do well in cal before purchasing. M* HAR1. Sept 26 '» ISilies IVom*l« l<> #-IO each. £\ HOT GUNS and PISTOLS, ^ Gun Bags, Shot Bells and Flasks, Pocket Knives and Scissors, Knives and Forks, i ...in- rjeiMiuw. oct. a 18 ■ “Take rare ofltioeoulsaatl the Dollars will lake rare of themselves." I 1 Mill T . l \IO\ OIAVIV^K IIIAk <vii*nvi/. ia.ooo. WILL receive Deposit?* ol all money cm lent in 11io State, anti issue certificates luudiuji lullv anti effectually all the propeity mil funds ol the In stitutiou, fm ilie payment thereof, within ten days notice, wuh interest (hetenn, from time ol deposite nil paid ; at the rate ol f» per centum per annum, lor all sums w hich shall have been on deposite tor less than one year; and 54 per. rent, per annum, lor all stlki s which shall remain nvei one year. Disrorvr day* Kvery Monday at half past eight o'clock I*. M.; at the office over the store* ol Mr. A. Hamiawav. DllllMTOICS. Henry Latham, .1. It. Reuwick, C. Mclvci, Henry J. Blown, Jno. Kinuier, Tlio's. (). Acn e, J.J. Salmons, C. Phelps, Tilden Reed. OITH3KS. Henrv M. Didlake, President, Ro. It. Shelton, Treasurer, J. \V. Dudley, Seeictary. Lynchburg, J utie 17 is i \\I> At. I Oi: SMA). IN pursuance ol t ho last willand testament of James Halley Rurtun, deceased, the subscriber w ill sell on the premises, to ilia highest bnldci, on W « dues day the 120lh day of November next. Ttu: Tn.it t OB' i,.i.Yii, belonging to the estate ol the said James Halley Button, lying in ihe County ol Nelson, about live miles flout ihe Houit House, eonlaming neatly Three i inn tin tt .teres. This Tract is very desiiabkf, being well adapted to thegruwrih n| \V heat,(*ot n. Tobacco, Ac..; has on it a cnmlottable Dwelling House and all necessary t hit I louses. At the same lime and place, will be sold, the Ctops of ( ol n, Rye, (tats, /• odder, i^v., the slock o| every description, consistitig ol Horses, luws, and Hog"; among them are a valuable Brood .Mare and two line t 'olts, and several very valuable M ilch ('ow s. A Im>, a complete set of Blacksmith's Tools, a mail Waggon and Harness, two small Waggons, a.I the Plantation i Tools, and Household and Kitchen l unmnie, and . I hiee Stills compleie. TKRM.S.—’The Land will he sold on a credit ol one and two years, a ml tin* ot In i proper l \ on a credit oil w elve months. Bonds with approved security will be required, and a deed ot tiust on the Land. ALLY. BROW N, Pteculot of Janos Italici/ Burton, dec'tl. Oct 10 * t20.N * .vo rat u. PC R S P A N T Io a d**ci ee ol the Cii r nit Supenor Court ot Law ami I *hanc»iy, for the county ol i Amherst, pronouneed on the -1 rh dav of April, 1 h:;*i. m the Chancery suit ot John B. l- oitone «Y Co. PIlH. and Benjamin Wright am* oiheis, Dele ml.mis, I shall proceed, on the ‘JDl h day ol ()clobcr, lHJi.t, to ! sell the TIC %« T Ol LA Y D, - m the said decree mentioned, containing one hundred and eighty three ac> eg, hounded by the Lands ol John 1 . Camden. Susan 1 nan Massie, John Campbell and others, upon ilu j premises, at public auction, to the highest bidder, ami 1 lor ready money* WM. K. COLK.MAN, D. S. for Kdmuml Penn, SIT If. ol Am herst county, and as such com’r. i Sept 30 1290 To . fit lit rs A', fill I tttrturs. r ID1K undersigned would respectfully inform I those who arc interested mi the inaiiulactittc ol Ilnur, that he is now in Lynchburg and will remain in this vicinity a lew weeks, foi the purpose of vend ing Fitzpatrick's Patent Smut Mill or Rubber Ibr cleaning wheal of final, smut, dot and other im purities; ami whatever it has been tried, its supe riority over all other machines ever before used, has been universally admitted, and wherever introduced, it has met with such universal favor as to supersede 1 all other machines in use at the time. |r is exten , lively used in t lie most celebrated nulls in the .States of New York, Delaware Maryland, and several oth ! ers, A: si veral have lately been put into mills in V irgi nia. 'There is one now in llaxall’s mill hi Rich mond, wlteie millers visiting tha place can have an opportunity of seeing it operate ; and there i> one tilso in Henry.S. Laugltorue A: Co's mill at this place, to which I would invite the attention ol mill owners in this vicinity.—Some of the most prominent quid lies of this are, 1st, that it requires but very little power to propel it ; 2nd, that it cleans the wheat exceedingly well and w ith great rapidity ; ami .Idly, that it is simple in its construction, and veiy dura ble. Millers wishing t" obtain any information tela live to this Machine will please address the subsen her at this place. N. B. All orders and communications shall he promptly attended to, and assistance lendeied in c reeling Machine sold. B. D. MACOMBKR. A^t. for L. L). Childs, Baltimore. Lynchburg. Aug H ts .v 9 r i 0 i; . \ HANNA WAY A THOMAS T. MOOR • MAN having associated themselves in bu siness, m future the business will be coriliuueiJ at the OLD STAND ol A. n.mnaway (next door to Lib erty Warehouse.) under the firm ol ay A .llooruinu, who offer to their Iriends and the public: in general a large and well selected assoitment c»l Groceries at wholesale and retail, which they will sell low for | cask or country pioducc. A. GANNAWA* . T. T. MOORMAN. Oct. 17 2w Sll/K. |||W| I'l'TTlNliS, with two Inula each, <il the genuine Morua | Maine.iuIis lor salt. Aj*|»lv lo llie auliM'ribi r. 'll. a. H1CI1AUDS. ()c t. 21 11 Smiths' Tools, irarranti-tl. j 4 NVILS, Vices and Bellows. ;<ll warranted.— _/jL Korsaleby II. B. RICHARDS. ( >rr. 3 t* S 4DBLCUV and Coacli Trimmings a superior assortment, just opened, lor-ale by H. B. RICHARDS. Sc pt 13 is I UST received, a supply of Lamp Oil, price lower I t" than usual. Also, tire Patent C.is Light, prepar I ed and sold at H. LATH AM’S Sept 12 (flank* fin* Sale. I roi.mi.vi, h'mm (he liichmvinl IF hiu. MR. NKNVTON’S VODKKSS. It is proper to olseive, in publishing the addicit til Mr. Willoughby N«-wion, winch came Hidden tally bcfoie thr Staunton ('onvrution, ili.it they who requested of him ns publication, wnr vnv l.n hum bring influrnerd by any dissatisfaction wnli ihr iii.in i icily preamble mil resolutions which were adorned 1 by the ('onvemion, ami whieh issued lioio (lie most accomplished pen of Virginia 01 (he I 'nioo. 'They designed not to bung the two productions into nv.d iv, bill impiessed mill the distinguished merit* ol each, they wished to In ing boi h beForo (lie ey e ol the pro| le of Virginia. Hence the call upon Mr. New ion, w huh was signed singly with an eye to the internal merits ol Ins address, and not w ith any reference to (he illustrious papeis adopted hy the t ’osvcntion. COR IlKSIM >N DKNCK. St a i vi'on, September ‘Jfj. To Willoughby .XtirtoH, l\n/; OcaiSii—I he t’onveiillon having to-day om i dined lo adopt the address prepared by yon, loi reu sous ol w right md iiioiiimiI, we, individual mem beta of that body, should lit* veil he less Irel niiicli < giutilied 10 »ce it spread beloio the people ol Vir gill la ill till' p 11 b I it pi ml*. We, I liei elore. icqucst that p» ioitMtinn .it \ oiii hand*, and inioeiii with high respect, vein friend* and felhiw-riir/.fn*, S. If. Lewi*, Win. S. Archer, IL II lIrndeison, Jnlm II. Pleasant*, li'd 11. Toler, (ienr. eT \eiby, Joint J. Jones, p. P. Ilnntei, Win. T. Semi, Joseph K living, K. K. W ilkin*. Hu hard Booker, n. H. Ali Candli*hf John A. Smith, Can Bowei*, John Tm krr, Win. Kobcii*cm, jr. liohmt l\. living, S. Patrick, K. Ivriniou, Rnbert C Carter, K P Pitta, S. \. Al. LeI,itid, .1 f) Davis, Presley N. Smith, .1. Williamson, J. ('litiwiimg, Al Pendleton. Leo. B Stephetiton, .l.uue* W.f’uati*, Sumiiel Colton, Alexai dei Br>aui, ('hailes Piirow, Robert White, I' lednuk Speeee, .1 Amblei, L W. (' liaiiibet lay lie, Jilai I’.. Page, S McRae, Kdwaid I. Smith, John Al idle 11, Win. M a**ie, Brian W. Nowlin, W. Al. Ambler, Bowling (’laik, Samuel Taylor, Vincent Witcher, Kdiuund P. Iluntoi, Tlliiili<u Leigh, I I oniy I'anlax, 'I In ma* S. Klouinoy. Soiion S. 11 iit is, Robei t B. W. Cniu.nl. Mr ay BeriV. TlllutbOU | ivall, fif-fillemen—In replv to vmir polite note, it ijiie*! ing the addii ** to tin* People ol \ iigiuta, olletedby me to the l ouv i tit in n, Im publication hi the | • bhc print*. I In \ e only to sa y i li.it il tun diem it at all calculated to ailvanoe the great cause hi which we aie all engaged, I have no ol p i liou to it* ptildiea lion, and tin iiiantlHCi tpt t* at yntif ncivu e. I regret that ritcnif.slnnci * placed it out ol my power to oflei it lo the t ’omiintlee, «»t to prtienl K to the t onveniion at an eailo i hunt. I ieinahi, gemlenien, with sincere respect, A out h mini. A c. WILLOPLIIBV NKWTON To Me*nr*. Win. S. Atelier, J. II. Pleasants, S II. L u w 11, Ac. TO Til K PKCPLK OK VIRLINIA. The pound i* rapidly Hppinaching when you will be called upon again In cxetri*e one ol the highc*t attribute* ol a lire and sovt-ieign peoplt . The elec lion of a Chid Al igislrate lo preside foi the term ol lour yearn over the extensive and diversified inter e*t* ol tli<* great Confedeiaev. is an event that ought at all times lo excite a deep mtereat, among a pro pie pmpeily appreciating limit lice institution*, and detci mined in maintain them in then ponty. But m tlm present condition ol our country, and of puli lie all nr*, it is calculafod to umpire hi the bream ol every reflecting patriot, mom than oidmary solici Hide. < >ur licpublie is no longer in it* infancy.— The rapid increase of [UHHil.ition and wealth ovci nut bouudle**. diversified and f«-rtiIc temiory,—the vast align.entalion ol the power and panonage of the (ieneial (ioveminrnt, — the inelani holy tiutli which history teaches and our own expet icoi e verifies, that nation* grow in coriliptlou as they iuri utse in wc.dlll and power, — all admonish us, that il we would avoid the fate ol loimer republics, and trausout our lice in si n til ion*, pure and uih uri upted, to our postciilv. we must ft.'url llnin with sleepier vigilance. 'I’ll* calm and dispassionate exercise of the inestimable right ol huHi age, by a viihiolisaud intelligent peo ple. is the best, indeed the only clfectua) salc-jiiard of lepohhcati institution*. N'o republic hi* ever lallcn by violence, until it* foundation* have hern sapped by cotruption. I )ccplv impressed with these tiuths, and with the importance ol the ciims, we Img leave trspecllullv, hut earnestly, to invite your at tention to some ol the nutin iuu* consideration* that should influence your votes at the approaching pic* sidentiai election. In executing the dmv assigned us, we shall eu deavour lo be governed by a spun ol can.lour and modeiaiion. We'lie conscious of no motive but nn ardent desire to promote the public, good. We *hall addics* you as a body of enlightened lieemeu, capable ol Understanding your true interests, and of maintaining your sacred and inalienable rights. We shall appeal to ^ our reason, scorning an address to your prejudices a* equally unbecoming in us, and insulting to you. Animated by such motive*, and governed by such principles, wo think we have a right to claim for the deeply interesting views that we design to present, the candid *ud dispassionate attention ol the impartial, consideiate and patriotic ol all parties. Tin* n ll< ni.ig mind, in surveying il»r rise, pro gress, and present state ol ilie Federal (invertiment, is at once ariested by I lie tapid and crioitnous increase | of executive power and patronage. So remaikabh* lias been tint change, tint the <!overnm«nl seems j to have undergone a revolution, whilst the written I constitution has remained unaltered. According to the theory oflhe Federal f’nnsiitntion, as expound ed by Hs original advocate-, it was supposed that the President would he a republican t hief magis trate, with little or no more power than the (Jovcrnor ol a State. How entirely has this theory been fal sified by experience ! The President, following the example ol the Ilritish ('town, '‘lias found the means of substituting influence lor authoiity, or the art ol gaming a majority in one nr the other of the two houses** for constitutions! power, and has thus become in fact the source and centre of all power, legisl ative as well as executive, and wants only the name <1 King, to c.oustit me hrn an elective monarch. I I he truth ol these dec liralions. that cannot be fjuev | turned by any catnbd and attentive observer ol the : course of the present executive, might be fully 111 Ubt rated and eiilorci d by recurring to the liinto iy ol the v .nous usurpations oftbe late adruinistta ( i urn. Whatever may be the cause of this remarkable revolution in our (roveinmant, the fact cannot be denied, that ilie power of the executive ‘'has increa sed, is increasing, and every patriot will admit, j ought lo be dimmi'lu d.** Among the objections so powerfully urged by the ! illustrious Henry, against the adoption ol the Fede j ral ( ^institution, its tendency to monarchy seems to l have been most seriously entertained, and pressed J with the greatest ardour. *• li has an awful *i|uml I mg, (said he,) it a<jmills towards Monarchy. Yum ^ President may easily Income :i Kiuj*. Your strong holds will Im* m llir hand* ol vonr enemies. It n on a supposition that yoiii American lluvernm* shall he holiest, (hat all the good tpiahins nl this Uuvert) ment lire touuded ; hut its drler'ive and imperfect const*nr.liott puts it in llieir power to perpetrate the worst o| misi In Is, should I lie v he hoi men. Ilyour Viiirrn aii (’hiel he a man ol amhitiuu and abilities, Ilow ea«v is H lot him hi tender himtell absolute."— Titcnc declai jtiuns. that st em to have hern ut'cred in thespnit o| piopbccy, have, m these latter days, hern well high fulfilled. ft is true that our Prest rent still we.ms tliegaihol » Keptihlu .m t 'litel IM a gistiatc. lie claims, indeed, to he a Pemocral ; the 11 lend id the people, espeeially ol the "lahotn mg people —And so gently does he impose Ins ell nos. that the people seem *rmce coiisemiis ol then let lets. I' iilort titialely lot the cause ol virtue and lien • lorn, the lolvoeate* ol powoi have resorted, and we teat loo N'lcecstdollv, to those d< signing arm hy wlneh the people have to every ago hern deluded and induced to regard (heir opprossois as then lies! Iiiends. The history ol the world will attesi, that those who have hren most studious to extend then power, have been mvaiiahly the most txnnvag mi in then adulation ot the p< oule The Knmtiu I'.mpe tots attained and prtpeiuaii d their poxvi r, by hheial donations among their lolhiweis, and hy ai i ay mg I he I’h hums Hjamst the I’atiieinos, and the I’roolr iigiitoM till' Senate Nn|tolrotl lio rut partis lias been j ii hi I v designated, Ity an elegant in ter. m* | lie " I >e in agog tie ol A! iln ii v b'rant e and Kohespu i t e, tin* most blood iIiiimiv ol tyrants, luul ever on In* lips the mien him and liuppuieH* td the peo|.le—-•* the deal people.” Ii isiltr peeul HI gloivol (Mil I'HUli try, that the people In ir aie one and hotimccnriiiiN \\ i have no nobiliiy and < ntmuniietn .m hi I nglaud, no pallleiaiit and plebiui* an in ancient Home. In tin* happy land, (icemen ol evciv condnioii ciqo> equal civil and political right*; and wealth and di* lull lion lie open to all who have virtue and intelli gent e to point llietn to (lie iv iV, and Hidiistiy to nig'1 tliein to ilit* goal. Theic « an be no Hmngri evidem e o| I lie pi ogi C** ol Co 11(I pi 1011. il till ol till' tapid advance* nl the tmv imneiil lowuids tit spot 1*1 w, i Inn the cl i in non* i llor I* i hat ate made lo de Mmy till* happy h iding nl identity and equall y it nmiig the people. *• U.vnle and vonquri,” is a mot to that has nevei (ailed lo lead to victory. And it I he iiiihl llpulou* niippn11ri * ol power, shall Mit reed ill then unhallowed attempt to dtv*lr mii nty into ela** s, and to at i a y 11..' poor against tin- m Ii, the milmly and iinuatmal alliance between despotism and a I alien demon at > will be eoiiNUimnaied. and our l bu mu* repiiblie, no lougei mini.nurd by the vitHie and iiitidligeuce id a united people, must share the melancholy hue that lias, siiinuir oi lap r, oveilaUcn evely lire (imctiiiin-nt that liaa pieccdcd it. I he lialm.il UK I ease Ml the | ill i tillage ol the Pifi deni wuh the « Xlciit ol our leiilloty and population, in iy o t omit, to j a|i. lot the lUginciiiii!mil ol K\t e utive influence. I»u' the liuet tu*e ol du* mniiiou* levtdiiliou lies deepi i, m the peisonal eh.imt tt'i ol the men who have admit iMeied the (love rnmt nt, and tin* mean* to which they have resulted in p. i pet mil e then power. Tin* vriy foillilai * ol public virtue have been ftirrii| led 'The mlimi* and hern tmu* doctrine h.i* been unblushiiigly proclaimed, iliai olliee* ire no longer givi n to tile .. worthy. Inn that “to ilit* vn lu»s In long the spoil*.” \oi ate I (lev co rile u I wuh thus app< a ling to the Nordid hopes ol Hu! irn it emuv legmu illn is ligtnmg tor the *pmU «d victory at tin* expense nl their cminliy'* niteni-t. I he iiiihc i u ptilotiH hii ppm Ir i * ol tin* enrrupt \d miliiHiialiou, diNrepaidmc llu* wholesome donum that the “pat milage ol 111 <* (inveriiuieiii sin.old urn be brought mm cm ll n wuh the licedoin ol elec no in,” have lately avowed, hi an elaborate irpmt, that it in mu indy the light but the duty of ihr* o|(i • eis ol tlie (Jovci oiiient to sustain the Lxtu Utive._ I liu* Imve llu y « nhslcil the aciive *ei vices of die i • *cr a I fibre hoblei*, a hand nmie mimeioii* than a Mantling army, and thus employed, equally thin grmus lo lihcity. |meie*ie(l, oigiiui/.ed, numeions ami disciplined, what but He muted opposition oi a vn Iuoii* people can rr.siftl ihcn power ? Taught l»\ experience that the I’lCMdrtirv • * within their gilt, how long w ill ii be, rie t laimiog it it* ilu ir own, like the I'nulorian tiuaidu ai Hoii.p, they will shamelessly idler tiie Kmpiie :it jim Hon t I he tiVeisliiidowing influence ul dm hxeciitive i x tends not only to the luo 11 mi sex ul I ’ongi «•**, I lit it has bn ii rxcicistd with Midi iUHinn.ilmg ail, an lo bet time alnuiNt il resist ihle III I lie Slate Legislll! III r S. and die pi unary assemblies ol die people. Sm h is the dm ia11 y oi human opiiiuui, Iliat tlieie ran be iio "tihjei t t*l geucial ui'ercNt agitated, on which then will not net essnnly be a division of parties. || npui uoii* in ( ongresN iio a lafonte me.outre of the I’.xec ■ I vt, aie lie.iiin b,dam rd, and a lew factions IJej ie *•* illative* oi relr.it toiy Senators aie ibe only • b-ta i Irs in In* way, ready means are mu ally found t > hi Imre their objection*, ni to remove du in Iroin tbeii seal*. \V 1111 -1 tlie f llimibr* of die fioveminenl pies* ate brought to bear upon the timid, the bl.iNdisb mem* of die Court and the poweilul ariuomy ol the Tieasmv are ditected in all their force again*! those, who, mo (inn to be dtiveu, yet byflalleiv and kind iu n* may possibly be led. A splendid mission lia.s peril Ip* been designedly (Hi vacant; a sent in. die Supreme ('out! in to be filled ; vacancies in llu* (’a bluet aie to be eit nied, |• • supply which, men ol ex pci iciice and capacity must besought; whilst him dictls ol minor office*, Irs* distinguished, but per haps mom lucrative, await the acceptance td the com ply n g Ir lends ol the l-.xecmive. (an any, who have studied him an n..tme, lie *urpii*edt that these glutei mg priKe*, ru ininally the rewaid td merit, but really die wage* ol cm i n pi mo, addressed a* they are to the ruling | a»Nion* td mankind, avarice and itmbi imn. shoidd be Mill.cieui to overcome du* easy virtue of many of om public men? ll, however, the two lloiise* ol ( -oiigirs* should have (11111111** anti viitue soffit lent tt> resist louhihe irimrsatid Idarnllshiiieiils td power, and tlielivoiitu me.mure ol the Lxrcutive is debated, tho I’icsidrnt is In airn hut not conquer t.d. lie next rallies upon the Slate Iu gi.-l itnn *. ll the Senator* have been refractory, lie appeals to the State Legislatures t*» instruct thrill, and the whole armoury ol the Ti e.isury is again liimight in aid ol tlii* appeal. If ho (ails heir, he next duet ts hi* iu llueiieft against llu* people in thrir piirnary assem blies ('ounti saic selected in which the election nf members was closely contested ; the “sink or gwim" oigfins of ilit* Executive in the States ate directed to gel up inatriK nous, and by dint of pc itmasinii. misre presentation and fraud, a majmiiy of the people are deceived into compliance, and induced in sign in structions to their Representatives, directly inconsis tent with their well considered, expressed, and re corded opinions at llie polls. The power of the Ex ecutive has thus become universal, omnipotent, irre sistible. Sweeping before it the Senate, the House ol Representatives, the Slate Lrgigl.it ures—■ nil the bar riers of the (’oustiiutton — it has seixed upon the tight i f instruction, heretofore deemed the most c herished safeguard of popular lights, and cm,veiled it into the most efficient lusli ument foi extending and perpetuating its dominion. The conduct ol the Executive in regard to the Suh-Treasury Hill, is a striking illustration ol the fmegoing views. No measure ever presented to the consideration i f ilie American people, has been mure generally condemned. It has been denounced over !|ud over again by the considerate of all parties, not only sus a ruinous and visionary projei :, destructive ofsthe commercial prosperity of ilm counttv, but as increasing the “patronage of the Prexidenf, already too great fur a R<■public,** and.conlerriog upon him powers dangerous to libeny ami subversive ol the principles ol lice Government. It has been repeated ly considered and repeatedly rejected by (Jongiess, by the Slates, and by lire People. Vet not w itbst.iud iug these solemn, deliberate and unequivocal indic.i tions ol the public will, Mr. VanUureri still persists, with an obstinacy that has no parallel, except in the I conduct "t that infatuated rHounrch, Ueotgt thy Third, m urging flu* min.us scheme upon a rehie i mu people, hoping, by Ini pmcvsinncpf #*to fatigue • hem into a compliance with hi* measure*.” Already the ihomleis o| Kxrcniivt* displeasure have burst upon honorable and independent member* of file Senate and House of liepiKsenlativrs, and of the Slate 1 .egmlaltil rs, who have dared to oppose line lavorile measure 1.1 the I*h idem ; and persons hold ing sulmidinalo Mlaliuti* in Him (loverimifnl, sup* posed |o lie disinclined to il* support, have been de nied the freedom . f opinion, and aibitrartly removed from (heir other*. Some, in a craven spirit, have al ready yielded to his influence, and avowed the slavish I'cletmin ilmn “to niiiU or swim wiih the President** w luUi other*, animated hv a nobh; patriot ism, have involved in penl all m ill** fearful contest between llielV pin and Preingative. 'I ho result wrll de < ide the important question whether the people and i In ii i ept ear ii I alive*, or l ho at bitrarv w ill of one man, sh .11 rule supreme in the government of this great iialioti. Hot it is mi our elec lions, Stole and Federal, that the influence oldie I.\ermive has l» *en most idiatue lesslv exen i>eil, and i* most extensively tell.—Slut? liiilhtH have, I i years, existed merely in name: but under I lie ovci shadowing influence nl the Fcdeiil Kxei mive. Stale m</it tjmiliiy has been almost anni hila'ed. r.I• i.iumih tui tiicinbrts ot the I .• gndalntry oil Minim Virginia, Ala me nr (icmgia, are conduc ted upon piiTisrly the same piineiple*. The peCli li ii <111 «I fnatinns nl the candidates |o advance iho local interests nl i|n ii i oii«.iiiiicutH, me not lor a mo on nl considered. Tlir rli-clmu, on one side, is mado tn nun ontiielv «»n Mir d» vuinni <»f lfi#“ candidates to • lie power* m Wa* hinghm—nnd dm 1’eoplc, n self deleiiee, are « ompelb d to make opposition lo til* l.xerutive i In* list <i ti i lie i r part. Thus, in effect, i In* Sta*e I , eg ltd at in c.s have become mr i e appendage* lo die ITdii.il 11 ove i t.mcul, mid <eased, in a great degree, to lulfil do ii original design nl local repre Nimiat iv«*m ol State Miiveteigui\ . Noi ls dii* all. rl*11*» linger of the I'lcsulent, il not seen, is l*lt, hi dm rlei inm id rvi i n inembei ol Congress thtolighotlt dm lrmon. Tlieeaml.dutes of the parly are not only supported by die whole inflm'iiee o| tin liovernnienl, hoi mr, m many e.isr*, noiniu.iled by die organs at Washington, wididie d0.1 met omleisiamlmg iliac die I xeruMve will ii'p ni die losses of the cumpm411 —and, if defeated by dir people, will provide lor the di*appointed aspirant* olflvrs more lucrative, it* not nitiie liorionthli*. \ml m dm election of dm Pit *ule»M liim-ell. tIns sumier influence in still more cotitiollmg. So that il may almost he Nitid with It till) that die nine has mrived when dm President, bv me.in* td patnmi «, mtiigm and t 01 rnptioii, cac ml only Neeme 111 m nan it* ii.ainm at pit -asure, but tin • tale lo ii 11 Im taut pi oplt the ,i|-pi• iIIItlit'lit nl In* NtHVeMor. Pin ,m* ‘•igmfii ant indie.ii ions of i be proclivit y of Dill 111 lillltloiiN lo lb j'Diism nndei out putt lit tU leis, it no 1 tin 1 1 him s el oppo ili«m could be found III die ills,tsl l nils lilt isiiM H of this I Hlllti *« .lllll III 1 ompi'lellt A d in III 1-<1 • at mil. ate Millici' lit to tally eve IV | >.» 11 Ktl to die | cm* lie. Bill other (",iiim*h dI uj posilmn. 11 til011unately lot die inteiest* ol <lie t;ntin ny, an* bill too abundant. We have ueidtm limn nor | Min i ec. mu would it In* compatible wnli die n.iHiit ol tins ,i cl 11 less, to entei into die loatlisoine drl.nl That w ill be 1 cm*i 11 d (m Inline publieal long, in w Ii it* 11 I h is, u lit beniieait d I * n dm unnmt* and rvi tb nrr, will lie plainly' |U esenlctl Inline lln people. j It in s' flic i e-tit hr lilt* pi erica t iniidvtil to die condi tion of die TieaMti n . ol dm t uriem y ami doriicHic «xt li.mgt s, of pnvale mid public. 1 1 edit, to tit 111011 ‘tl.ilr *.lii* disasliutls ( mist out in » . nl ll.c Mcklcsa 1 hiii i* o| ibis Admi'.i *11altoii. Ii ti as dm bo.isl of (ten .1 n kson, that, doting Ins Ailtriitiisiiatinn. I in Innl 1 o'111 !y diM bmg* d 1 In* ilrbt conli.n 1 t*«l doting tin* I 1 t nn nr lit tiefem e ol our national 1 h.ifaclt'i ; n <1, in l he i mil 'O ol 1 hi re i e hi s, in a time of proto in ti pe it e, ill si orbed no In by ureasioli.il 111 Upturn* ol I In* I lull ms on dir limiiif'is, die n venues ol tin cnuntiv have been cxhati led, a heavy debt lUCUtrcd, and die credit nl du nn(i. a lax. d lo an utiilMial tx'em 10 meet die d is I m im me nis of dm t rove rumen t. Tim 111 asme ol I hr* n il on h is no! old \ been exiiaV igant ly wasted, but indiums oi dm pukl.c money liavn bt I'll Itt’l II ally purloined by die I ml.less agent* o| llio I', *« re w ivr, il nnl will) I he rniiiiiv.ini t* ol dm higher nth < rn of dir t • ov 1 1 niut or, yei du.n.gh dun gm»« iieglrc t .111 I im tiinpt :et.* \ . The tJ»*raiigemeiit 1 I* miii'iii y and domeviu exchanges, occasioned by die N» Mil experiments ol die A«lministi.11 ion, has riot only greatly dimnmdod 11 ,■ extent and piofirs nl ion m il iradr, Im hproduced a coiiupl nvsIiiii ol shaving and ■< aiaiion. a*» iiijaiiuus lo ill** tin r II % as 11 is d rsi 1 m 1 in e o I ' he ml e 1 CM* ol the people Inn wo|d, a 1 exhausted Tieasmy, a debased cut n'ln v, an • in', massed « nuionToe, and an unpaired ereihi. public ami private, aMe.st the boasted financial abil 11 a s ol 1 his empi 11 cal Ad mm MU aiinn. We art engaged in ao.il lllaiM and unequal ron fltei—ilie raw mil lia nl lint people, animated sule'y by die love nl cniiinn, cuuiendliig against the ttgu l n ami disc iplmed forces of dm Kxecutive, wiih ih# moifu, ** I'n I hr victors l>h>ng the spoils” hi, /.mg upon their b infirm. Bui, Ii IIonv t mzeus. he no. dism.iNed I. e 1 us go into the halllo t lieered by do* noble example ml brilliant soceess of die gfo dims army of dir Revolution, which, though wuh 01.1 pay ii a d Nvjrhout rati.ms, not tidy kept die Bit I'nJj regulars in check, but finally Wiested 111«: «wur J 11 uni the grasp of power, and tesloretl if. on tll« ever memorHble plains of V- r/r, lo the hands of lh» aekiudwedged friend ol I'iredout at d father ol lu# country. I’hr paify nvtilt which we have to contend, are 0 n t artful .md designing. We »dial g** y mi, Icllow eiti/.ens. be upon your go ml ag unsi 1 lie it sir<itngt mr • The whole vocabulary nl party epithets will bo ex pended—all dm rcsouic. - of misrepiesentutioii and 1 l«( hood will be 1 \b .listed, t<» i!ec« »ve yon. Kverv ' flat t will lie 01 lie lo M.NV dissension in out liink* . I'lm leiirs ol some, ihc hopes nl othei**, die pr*j« - dies cl all, nv ill be addt eased. But, fellow tiu/.en*# hr Jinn — he united. Sutler nut v our l exolut i o 11 to Ijh shaken, inn your etju mi uni y in he d stnrheii by these designing an dices. 'I hey air the weapon* ol a cot »t*pi »nd recklc-s j arty, and may easily he mei ami »t\si>tcd by I be simple .mum nl tiutb. They claim lor the*iuht!Ives to lie J,h>nociuts—they unblushmyly tuill us / tdrrafixts. Ask them lire nieanlug ol JJe niocrary—il the uncontrolled s.vay ol one man is Lb - in cr.it) / Ask them il thc principles »»| Uepnhl - t amsm or Democracy, us held by our I nhers, ha\e men promoted by bringing llit) s vereiguiy ul ll ay Stales, in Hie persons ol their Senators, to Hit* lmii-1 stool «*l tlie hxecuiive ! li tin* oner dependence olfl I ilie (m»v« rnnit lit press and the lio>i ol Federal oflicr I in (tiers on Hi'- me i e caprice ol the Pi evident, is con 4^ paliblu witIt Democracy ! ll Hie ovei.shrtdowmjj| lollnenec o| the hxecuiive in Cool less, 10 ihe Statin Legislatures, and among ihe p< ople, liy winch thifl Slates have been shorn ol their dignity and right A nd become mere provinces ol a Central ivnpire ;■ Washington,!* coiims ♦•m with Deiuoi racy ! A*lfl die in, on the other h and, Hie meaning ul Fed crab- n.fj —if it consists m the inainleuance ol the rights ; iu dignity ol the State:-hi Hie support id ihe powe ol i he People and i he ju-t authority ol the r icpiesen tatives—in a determined resist mce to die encroach inents (d aibitiary power, and an ardent, smceio aiv tlevo'ed aiiaciio ent to ihe pinicrple* ofconstitution al liberty f If ilin.be Feili i.ilntn, then are Hi UVi/.-.v guilty, but guilty m cotiiuiou wulithu illus iriou> 11 impdeo, • j 1 \\ ho stei(iiuM the toin ntjd’n down ward age, To dmcrv prune; * witli Uu*s»ell anil .Sydney, and ihe list i f patriots wli consecrated by their blood the name of ll hi^ hi tl contest ever memorable m higlisli hLlorv, betwe< Prerogative ami Uigln —Then arc'ffe guilty iu cm mor, with Hie noble band of patriots til lire R,vul< lion, who. borrowing the name of llTtig from i| martyis in Ihe cause ol F.i.glish liberty, u»i.ih; it ve j liable m lire eyes of the world, nod t«rablc to T i anti and Tones only ! 1