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Lynchburg Virginian. [volume] (Lynchburg [Va.]) 1829-185?, January 16, 1845, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024649/1845-01-16/ed-1/seq-1/

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" ■■■—"■■ ■■■■-■■ ■ —■ ■ ■ I . ■■——mmrnrnrnmmmmmm——J
••’■’hr tr»ttln« ol ilit Miiair*. iaia«| liar l anoia «»i ih« M«nl««.'*
ur ***»’ *t.i _i.v^niium;. nii iiMm 'nmM\t...nuvm in. im.v ~ ~ ' “ ~ ~ f«
if publish'd semi-u>eekly, (every Monday and Thursday,)
it Tyur Dollars per annum, payable in advance. *Vu sub
serif tian will be reesiredfor a shorter tune than six months.
in.i no paper trill be discontinued, (except at the discretion
f the Editors,) until all arrearages are paid.
qj. jfjj TERTIS EMEJYTS inserted at 50 cents per
9f uars (or less) for every inner form insertion, and 37 i
ents per sptart (or less) for every outer form insertion.
nrBRY ADVERTISER is required to note, on his
fuenuseriptt hoxe long he wishes his advertisement inserted ;
advertisement, not so noted, will be insetted till iIs dis
continuance be ordered.
yOR YE»9fU*V rfl) TERTIS LYCi the terms are , foi
gvf privilege of two squares, $40 , for one square, $25 ; for
fatsqiare, inner form, §1.5. Every yearly advertiser
is til h required to confine his advertising to his particu
' lor line of business.
k gfmJOR PflLYVEYa executed neatly and expeditious
v and on reasonable terms.
i'»it i:t:.\T,
AND immediate poFseasi.hi otvrn, the 'IVnament
fjf'iiii on Main Street, lately occupied by (•. Follats
be* &. Co. h*< a Shoe St ire. 'Fne upper pari i* a
very durable FAMILY KLSlD F. N C K, For trnoa *p
ply to 11- DO\ D &. Co.
•Jan 13 Is
iTIUKill VVI t AKI.Oiil\ti.
f MI IF. subscribers having taken u Store mi Main Si reel,
fl next clo ir to I lenry Sumpter, would ml’.rut the cit
izen* id Lynchburg ilut they are piiyarcd to wait upon
nnv in the
arovr ij.ir or nrmi*■<:**,
who may favor llinn with a call.
They will he notified at all times of any change that
may take place in the Fashions; and uil who patronize
them will be sure of having their work done in the la
test style.
All wink warranted to suit. Terms, casli and no
.fan. 13 is
.Vi •»• a & I ./ u r a s a . ft t: ,v t .
ON the square helow tlie Franklin II .0*1, .Main triet
and marly opposite Mr. A. 1). Tyne’* (»inccr\
Store, beg have to return thanks to their Iricnds and
the jnihlic. for the very liberal patronage extended to the
firm of JH$f»p. T. Diuguid & Co., and to iul irm them ihui
they may he futnid at lliutr new stand, pit-pared to rxe
Ai.it KiXDioi* w■> Tin ire i.txcor
ta st.xI Ml,
in the neatest and in.mi substantial manner, and on il.r
fcimrtcst ii iitce.
IVy are prepared to mike all kills of Mill
('listings, Cwlgci ii*, ( ranks, Tobacco Screws and Pres
***«, Flattii re of every pattern, Sinkers, Segments; and
tn line, every arm It pertaining to the /uanufae tire ui
Tobacco, As v\c intend paying particular attruti n t.•
tin* Uu»t branch of..or business, w» respectfully sol.cil
culls lr .in the Tobacco Manufacturers.
\\ t-; icip the attention of the Fanners to our pat
ter.* ui M and Board* and Plough P-.tn s.
i:i. m u (inu.
Attached to our Foundry, we have also i Black S' ill
Sin ji, itiMiiagi d hy one of the hrst wurkinen tn the up
p.-r r..omiiv, wh-rr-ail work in that hue will be done
with iK.-amcMi and despatch.
JESSE V Dll GI'l!),
N. I» Wc Inve f.>r sale a ic.v ut Baldwin’s Superior
( oru Cub Crushers. .). T. I)
J. M.
Jan. 13 is
B.atul fur Xaic*
J N OB!'1)1 KNFK to the last w ill and testament » i
B id .1 • »scp!i \\ line, dee.. I shall expose in sale, by
way of p ililic Auction, iip.n itn premises, on Saturday ,
tlie 1st day id February. I.*'15, (be
t i« i i t o r n. x x c>
upon which said dpeedant resided, sit and in ibe outin
ly wf Hi dt .nl, adj -iuing hie I. tnds of TiIBun,oi A. F • jSs,
leq., Bateau I S\ . Nance and ollic*rs--coiilu;iiiug i»y old
430 ACRES,
v loch w ill be surveyed again belom die day « f side.—
About one-third of ibis Traci is in woods, and
G O 0 I) T OHAC C O L A N I) .
*1 lie eli an d I .and lies remarkably well, ar.d is vv» II n~
dapti-d to the growth id all kinds of grain, particularly
I rrms — 1 he sum of five hundred dollar* \\ ill be rc
«jn i H’d in rash. I pun the bn la nee, a credit ofniie, two
hi'ii three years wil1 lu given, the poreliasrr «»r purrhis%
«r* giving bond with iiml’oihled security, and the title
retained uu:j| the purchase nionrv is paid.
MICA.lAil I) WIS. It. S.
for N. Rob. rt-on. Slier.IT > f Bedford,
and as such Adin’r.uilli the will an
nexed ol Joseph White, deceased.
Bedford, Jan. 13 ilF
l9 Bti:S5&SZ.VCii
r o it n !•; \ i .
JJnrrA TI1K I loove on rhtireh Street, obliquely
iRl* ■ LA °PP°S*10 lb,; " abinngtoii —Atqdv to
Jam 13 2t
DlVUiie %Nfi> Tfil l(fT9«
|^0W on hand, a fine assortment of Dinnurand Tea
* Fliina, c. insisting in part of
Blue Iflantyre, )
Black do [ v c ,
III.. ,• Xe«-patterns Si shapf*
Black du J
W Into Granite, Sc*'.
^ Ti\ i sb;ts.
W bite Granite, While (. hirta, both Fnglish and
rrcnch, enamelled Bloc raised Figure, lustre raised
r i^ure, Gilt F.dge, (■ 111 Fdge and Line, 8tc. &r , in
--‘f any size u,at may he desired from o‘2 pieces up.
ie Dinner set* w ill also tie made to suit the wishes of
the bulpras to size. And being determined to sell low,
fersuiia wbo want would do well toeall and sen for
• icinselves, nt the siqn rj the tig I'ilchtr.
1). W.MOORF.
■Fan. 13 ts
«>A lO\SI(i UllvA i ,
"2 •« p.,rlll k„.„
^ibhla. New Orleans Molasses.
•J boxes Covering’* double Loaf Sugar.
20 bags R,„ Collet.
For salp low, by
, , J. G. St E. G. MnCLANAIIAN.
•Ian. in
ox to\sua!ii:\ r.
5 HMDs, new rropN. O. SL’(.*Alt,
60 bl>l$. No. 1 lltrrings,
For «:i Ih low. hy
_J»"- 9 y,
N HAND, ail wwfTrtrrjem nl.Jpt Ornaments for tbr
, Neek, Hail •pins, Combs, &.i\, Stn„ «bieb wil
be Sol,| low, |,y j, \y MOORE,
, „ Sien rf Inc Hie Pilcher.
•hn. 9 * J is
_ lavuuUitral.
I resident of t!\ .\V»p Im di n vluricvltural Society,
at Us regular <rjtt««i meeting, on the I ~>th *Vor , I M l.
i [ri nLISHKl* HV III L’ N A SI MOWS HlilU.«T OK TUB MKM! t Us. J
I ($-ntUmcn:—K e wav w ell congratulate our elves and
• acli < ther, that lie » vuing Mines of n great pcluie*l
| contest having ||s>«*il, we are now permuted to enter
**I",'1 lh® e\« ry *'k emun rns ol I in- i trim r hit
returned from thejdd of |ndiiiea| conflict, to listen to
rlie sober Coiiversu^ois ol lus brother lanner*, aod the
smile ol the good iuusew tie, with the prattle of tun »
°ence arotiod li e diiiehtic elide, reminds him, that lie
lias hull high Julies t pel form to himself, lor his latoilv
uml his eouotry, — in he discharge o| w hich, he known
no party and m bound to render no political fealty— ||,
aiiemls not now , at lip r< strum, t » mingle his applause
wiih that ol :he n-ulljiulc, who catch the’ w ords ofsome
orator as he is adv< (Ming Mie « luitiit* of individuals to ol
liee, or is :i mo sing httitniUry men against the tendencies
"i a pan leu la r s) stem nt government — lie is tut langt r
J summoned in tin* lerloniiQliCG nf Ills obligatims
at the | »• * I Is, but lies Called to tits own fields—-to
the fireside— to the rm \ nu lit of the ( h usutes of n rutal
file, and to the purstil el that happiness, w hit h, at last,
is most ensdy loin* found, where Ins null) .nty is re
strained by no written n !«•*—no constitutional hatriers—
hut is guided l y s-'bt r st use, sound jmljmeiit, by t»rn«*ii
eal ex pern-nee, and ly ixamples winch may he pndiln
hly a. o lerl—remembering, that lie ih responsible as the
head id a miniature *?owiiimeui, lor all the dr; nitiiien's,
iiniied as tin y arc in hi n, anti concentrated as thev mu it
be in him alone.
The gp'at first study 4 the man who malms Agrietil
lure Ins every day purstil!, K the v« dumcof nature itself,
as it is spread out hid ire him. There he rends learns
to love the beauties of that world of which lie is pan
there lie is taught order, arrangement, system and econ
omy— tl ere he finds mi tlisi-md, hut all is harmony.—
I In* plants that spring up at his bet, the ll iwi rs that
are ••stealing and giving odour’ all around him,the ! l.ulc
of grass lli it point* i s linle spire above the clod, the
dews and the genial showers, will which they are vva
j lered—the air,the* loud and the light with which they are
1 nourished—arc daily teaching him how he too may con
tribute to aid the designs of ihe great Maker of all.—
The whole earth itself, the lit Ids, the rocks and the
studs, the forests and the wate r lulls, point him to the
w isdom w hich is every w here displayed; and he reads
daily with the hook before him, lln ugli he may never
: I avc eejoyed Ihe advantager ei| e miiioii schools or Itarn
nJ evllejiK. Ills 11 ible may leach him to love his neigh - J
I lieu as hio.se If, to do unto others as he would licit tliev '
-diould do unto him; hut lie* oust already have leanied I
tlial the re is a (jod, and that he is a («od to w hom hm j
thanks re eluet t ir the countless blessings be e ej iys.—
I reun Ins \< \ pursuits, the man who tills the* »ui|. Ini's
■ I v:»n•«g• s w Iiledi even ihe* collegian rai n >t boast, il he
w ill tint learn *.o profit by them. I Its Lcueli* is are- all a
round him. and he is happy in the heliel licit 1 he*y are
-.cpolled af no charge, save that gratitude winch is due
lo Him who has bestowed them upon his creatures, f r
j iheir hem fit and improvement. All may partake of this
•oeiniiful provision it i* true, Imt more espe e-i.illv may
hey appropriate it to themse lves, who in ihe* lie I.'s,ntiel
■■•I the firm, in the* epiie i ami seclusion ed’ country hie*,
have e-ven ihe beauties and tin* w gliders of nature* l cfute
hem, with tiit,*' fir contemplation and r» lb • inn, u: :n
crrupied hy the* bustl? I couiiuereial «>r pr .le rhiuiiuI pur
tits. (Ji i,staidly is the mind led to dwell t<<o upon
1 bjed*, that thus become i udearrel to us. Coiisiaut
! I y i si I lie* stall lifted up to higher aspirations, while we
luvu the* e.eeupati'*u which calls these feelings into ac
tion, and ( ring back w itb fond remembrance each incident
•I e ur early teuebing, or tin* fust le ss, ns ,pf childhood j
'bus given us on the paternal firm, w here w e listened to
!.‘te pi nightiiaii'* voice, or heard ihe echo ul ihe wood
na ,’s axe.
Agr.ciilmrp Indeed may be sai 1 tu be the companion
,1 terliugs, encouraged as they are by its systernat
e p irsuit, w hdc i: is .ils . I!»** handmaid ol morality and
i ci.tl order. It purifies tin* passions ed the human,
j'oari,it inspires a love of liberty, pr ,iiiPle*s a patriotic j
: ardor, and (ills the* mind with religion* sentiment* ar.el I
i b*v<.tin i:. I duly, and linrnkluim ss winch is daily re ode r •
• d, f r llu* i > d which snsiac s us, and winch we* l am 1
j ;.>• given usas the reward ul our toil. Ol all the various I
pmh ssj.,iis, arts or sciences, it surely cannot be tanked •
sevoiiel lo any. It seems to he the natural pursuit ol J
man, and the' earth is our* 1'iat we may enj »y the fruits !
fu r* . I', 'i’he* ( reator lias made its tillage the first, as '
tl is ihe* no de si pursuit. A p*rv • rsion of the order ol
tliii gs, lead at one tune, depressed the standing of Agri 1
enlilire, ami III a rorresp u iing ratio bad elevn'ed tliat
classed citiz il*, who filled the h'armd profcssi. ns, or
who betook themselves to the "erchandiv, to the ch)
set ur the t;.t inting bouse, The studeni who entered an
academy, a* the k**n of an attorney, or who claimed a
descent from some disciple ul Ksculopm*, sue.ned,
by a 8 <rt of ge .oral ci:is©ut, to occupy a higher
rank am ng his fellows, than he, wh i derisively, was
sjul to he, only the son ed' a farmer—a country buv.—
\nd often have the sensioilities of modest youths been
made keenly to fee l an infirmity, w hie h e xiste d oi ly in
the fancy ol those, who n^uim d to themselves the pri
vilegc of rating society, not hy the in »ral worth ol its
mem' ers, but by the desigiiaiiems and titles give n to its
v nr us e | esse *. An dher state of things, now :no*t hap
joly exists, and the farmer, his wi!c. Ins s m or his
daoghier are regarded as mien r lo none of the best ol
the either clas • s. The benighted age lifts passe d away —
the clouds of prej id.ee have dispersed, and the bright
beaming sail of kinivvleijge is Iasi tending lo itsmcridi*
a'i b igbl. Iviueation is beginning to bn di(fused
’ iirnogii.'iii inn laud, ann sen m o is stepping in in mm
ns ii ll i.*nee to licit bran-h of industry which once, it
was thought, mpiircd oi ly the hue arid tin* ploughshare, j
In* n\»» and the spa ie to make it profitable enough for
sui*|» men ns Inrinerb used to he r sleemed. The clergy
and other educated classes, were alone requited to he mi
j tia'ed into the miscalled mysteries of bunk learning.—
| Science could claim no votaries tram ibe turm or the
, neighborhood of the barn-y;.rd—the association was »h.»ck
| ing to the rf fim-menIs of a privi'a.ed older. Now, how
ever, depressed as is our Agriculture, students maybe
! as often Inti mi among the suns of those, who depend on
bis branch of industry lor their financial “ways and
means,” us among the other claw**, which hi Iasi, are
! iiit lliu germs of Agrictihuro. The farming intercut is
dial which concerns thegreitest number, and embrace*,
' -ii fact, all other pursuits,which are but minor and rubst
! diary. Lawyers and physicians, l lie mechanic arts and
ihe various branches of manufactures, are all essential to
ihe operations ol uei.eral society. I3ut w Ire are the client*
i of iic attorney ) Those whose land titles are perhaps
j disputed, or w hose c miraets must be enforced in a court
' "f justice. Where .are the doctor** patients ? '\ l ey are
among ihe ploughmen ai the farm house. Who aril
! those that r rprire the aiJ nod the handicraft ol the
I siiii'h’s shop, the b*oin, the Blmlile and the shears ? —
Tin v are tin se w hodiive the team and speed the plough.
Who, but ibe merchant, Knows so w« II the value o! a
I pr.ui.pl and punctual country euatoincu? Kven llm man
1 in r on the deep, ns ho looks to bis compass, or sets bis
-ail fora d sant clime, recollects that ins ship bears now
i the freight, that once the earth gave11 the husbandman
1 is the earnings of his labor, which lie is now sending to
| feed the hungry in another land,
Statesmen, warriors, men of science, no reliant* and
1 mechanics, have all, in ihe history of our own republic,
' Ixen taken fn m the ranks of the farming community, to
! till ami adorn tin ir respective professions. The civic
wreath and the chaplet that crow ns the hero, have both
befii w oven by the yeoman’s hands; the decorations of
ihe labor r»* brow, hLv*a Item* d the hi Ji estimate which
‘ fret men plan* up m virtue ami honor, and tab ills, w be
! tie r found ill the high, the low, the middling or llm hum
j bier walks of life. All form the mass, the great body of
' ibe people, dependent on e.i di other, while all are hound
; to contribute to the promotion ofihe. c mmon weal, hot
; ea di is left free to pursue that occupation, which, in his
, opinion, will best comport with the general welfare of
J bimselfand those under his immediate charge.
To pursue any great obj*d with the hope of ultimate
I Sgccts-, we must have same e.ijiyment in the attempt to
j attain it. In Agriculture, lie is sure to f.»ltrr by llitt way
side, w ho takes no pleasure in it* pursuit, or w l.o ruga
ges in it simply to while away an awkward interval of
; tune, which lie fain would fillup with some occupation
1 more interesting, or winch he is led to imagine, would
prove more agreeable or profitable, lie is thus ever
halting he!ween an evil, as lie esteem* liin own calling,
on the one hand, ami perhaps a false estimate of «ome
other pursuit on the other. Ilia lile exhibits a serifs of
blunder*. as he himself suppose*. After years of prepara
lion lor systematic husmtss, he at last concludes to bear
Ins present ills, rather than be at the trouble of bringing
about a reformation ol his course. Ago lias made him
sometimes indifferent to the schemes ut his cat Iter v cars,
ami olien a l.il-e pride, compels him to follow the beaten
tract,though it leads him aa he is well a ware, to s uy Hut
the pond of his would be destination. I In learn lie may
be j« e ed 1 r his change, if he pursues a new system,
and he at last soil is, seemingly us a martyr, maintain
mg hul a heresy, while in truth he is without l.iith in
licit which he lias practised, and lias duly taught by Ins
example. Ii cannot lie loo IrerpienlIy rnprated thai Ag
rieuilure to lie pursued wi'li success, must alioid its v*
taii. s, pleasure, if not profit; the former may be ieah/ d,
the hitler olien is luit anticipated. I in pleasure.* may Ik
found as has been said, in the first lesson* of those vol
times that nature unfolds to us, but when science aids
us with its mighty iiillueticc, as it is now tming, we
may open another volume, replete with the richest stores
of learning, giving us a fountain ol enjoyment at which
may he quailed the purest and most iclr« slung draughts,
which dr light us n t only for the moment, hill we have
tlieni pleast'd with llie ell'cels upon the whole system.
The old systems of fanning, are very gradually
\ icldhor iii tin new ; and modern improvements have been
greatly stimulated hv u more correct knowledge of the
i on.position of different Hull* as they l.ave been exhibit
's! by chemical analysis. .Science, human know lodge,
have ( it,tided us to make experiments upon minerals, up
on vegetable and animal ina ter, upon cln\s and 1-•auiN.
stoiu s, sands and i arn us .substance* w ha h ill mm strati
the ml.ipt a lion of all things,a Inn si in the form of manures,
to particular crops. The quantity tube applied, the
uni* mcuppiicjiinn, ami me ciirei promt mi, tin v (» i»*»t n
shown to 11.c salislnctlon ol even (lit* most prcjodlet (I
I o w Itm s tIin auci't ss wlnelt h is attended the el)'arts ol
those. \\ h>i, w till a pariiul Knew ledge and limited means,
hut with untiring energy, have devoted themselves to
tlm improvement <1 ihetr lands, is of list If, il would
seem, snlli -n ul lo induce all t.» hdluw in their footstep*;
but such Is out the ease, as we daily see, in a rule oi a
lew miles —over, sometimes, almost barren wnotes, pre
banting In ihe w earird r\ ejierc and tin re only , a solitary
gresn spot, I 'enees decayed — Imuses diUnita'ed—patch
( s ul brambles, w illi a little corn at intervals, between
the gullii-s, *r il mav hr, a little wheal 111 » fie d ol
cockle,—all admonish us that the proprietors r* quire
s line! Ii ing to siimulate thrill to make at leant a respeeta
hie appearance. 'I'o route them from their listlcssne**,
they must he. as has been again and again said, hr pleas
ed w i ll their occupations. Nothing can impart ihisab
si'lule requisite lo su cress, so read I i y (to i man thus sit
unit'd,) ns to satisfy bun that Ins lands, with proper
management, are capable of yielding as uhuiidant crop*
h*- tim e of Ins neighbor, w lio has uluM'iy set Inui a w nr
iky example. I'o do this, h" must first determine to in
Short liin.self with his farming puisnitR. lie most have
a landnhle pride, in ’1118,0*111 other ordinations, who
1 xfleets 10 le puercssfiil. I lu re is an ambition which 1*
ns cornu rnd tble in the farim r, as il is indispensable lo
make ihe thrifty mechanic, or the sum ->f«11 studeiii.—
The nearness ami Inisines* habits of ihe fits', aeqiured at
Ins trade, never fail n» make Inm also a good dinner, il
he changes his occupation for this pursuit. The last,
w hen ho lea ves the classic walls I » tread ihe pallia ol
manhoi.d, ka* generally a store ol useful knowledge, and
if percharico lie becomes a farmer, he also bus llio habits
<d industry obta tied in acquiring it. Ill* mind is one
of arrangr incut arid order, and lie is Mill desirous of cm
ploying that mind, now, to make IhuihcIi useful to his
I *tn11y and his fronds, lie has an honorable desire not
so in urn lo i xct I his neighbors, as l ha L liiinsi If, with all
the farmers of hi v ••in ty,should oeestm in. cl at > 1, e
qinl lo the best, whom lie step or of whom he read*.—
i le has learned that utiihiiton which degenerates into1
selfishness and whit h is ihe parent of envy and of jeal
ousv, is iim It a vice, and that like poor land, with no do
termination lo improve it, ihe mote he ha* of it, ihe
floorer he is. Hut the mart who has an exhausted far. 11
wit It no desire- to see It made productive, who has :»11**
a ml gullies with no pride that would delight m seeing 1
Hit 11 clothed with luxuriant crops, need not h»po to he
interested on n farm. I .Vs urb net his repose, let him ;
rest in peace. Such a mail cannot he made to believe
that gvpsuin or lime are beneficial lo any crop as firni
hz»T8 ol the soil, or that a rich coating til rlovcr is any ^
idler than II nt-sionc*, which lie will tell you he fire *
lor*, a* :t means of enriching his land, because they are !
always tlu re, shading the ground awl rout nothing.
’i'o become properly interesli *1 on the farm, 11* owner
must he generally at his p si; lie must see tin* Matins 0/1
eta mil —he must hnnsell he part and parcel of the great 1
revolution in w hich he haa embarked, and of w hich he
is in lift the motive power. ‘ 11• • who by the plough
.vould lliriv", himself m ist ti.ht-r hold nr drive,” is a .
saying no less trite than tree. Il lias been also suit),
that no man can serve two musters: n.*r ean a man profi
tably divide Ins lime, heiween thu pursuits of Agricnl
lure and other important oceupaliona of active life. I lit*
farm sh mid Ik* Ills domain, as his house is his castle. ~
\Yunlever i& congenial with thie | urailit.it is proper lie
should sometimes embark in. Audit may he that he
ran ofien turn aside from Ii s immcJiale (Julies to lessen 1
tiie labors of 1 hose w hich more appropriately belong in
her, who is ihe partner in the concern, and frequently,
as she is ihe belter half, is also 1 lie better larmcrol the;
Iw11; m >re capable ol managing, contra-*! mg and advising,
than In*, who assumes to direct. Her advise may be ol
leu inosi profitably fnllnwid, hut
** Ah, gentle dames ! It gars mr greet,
To ilimit how rnoiiy cou*< Is sweet.
I low many lenghten’d sago advices.
The husband Irae the woe despises !”
'To |>e eunlenlrd on the lorn, iis home r-hnuM Imtlir
abode of all his allectiou*. The neat and coinloriahlc
house is checiless wiihuul iis eudearuikniis. I ho nw
sheds iia fragrance unbended. without iIih presence and
the smile ol her who has taught ll lo look glad al the
coming of him* who forgets his labors for the while to be
Inpny with his la oily. Il»* is neither regardless o: the
apora.-s ice of ins fields or hie homestead—hi«* nhj.-ci h lo
secure the comfort of linos. It with those who are de
pendent upon him, at d this is gri ally promote d hy tin s
liulu conveniences, w hich are esl« con'd hy su:n ■, as use
leas, a? altogether tinncrv-^ary. They, often howevir,
|ns,t-u ilo* la’.ours of h:s t'i.:::!y and render home more
attractive to all; his wild and his children, love the
spot whi'h he has made morn dear to them hy the
efforts which they sen have been bestowed lor their
happiness, more especially, i'lie house, it neat and com
lor i aide externally, will generally present in ns interior,
ml radiums which the happy man feels, arc so many ties,
that, though they hind him to iiis home, yet urge him to
perseverance mid reiiewid exertions. 1 he garden walks
which he treads in his innmerns ol leisure, the clustering
“fl iwers that drink the dew” upon their borders, the
family group which there congregate will) Inin, never
fail lo call him from the crowded street,or the busy mul
titude, to his own loved home. W Iren away, lie re
members that home* though u be hut a collage. &. he has
lens back to be within ns sacred precincts. This feeling
is common to the human heart when its a flections have
been properly cultivated, but it is often, only called in
to action by ihe means that are thus brought «iailv to act
upon it—sometimes by tr.fles light as air,—but which,
when neglect'd, turn litis paradise into a want*, where
the heart is desolate, where ilio affections, finding no fel
lowship, roam abroad, and home is the l.«sl spot on v\ Inch
it may he hoped they will haven ntered.
ii is unt hy any means of small importance, what ap
pearances we make in the eyes of those whom wc would
influence by our course; hut ihe tanner should not he in
: sensitde to Ids interest, il ho has lost the spintv w hieh
would prompt him to tin* display «»l an Imncst and honor
| able pride. I lit* ou n advantage sh mil J leach him, that
I Ins mock, his horses, his catile, his hogs and his ‘diet p,
should b« such that he would not disown them, should
. ht chance to meet them oil Ins premises, iiis very tart
| "I tlies© animals, w liit'li cultivate Ills crops ami supply
him with ?• ml, tins mail© them objects of interest to linn,
ami h© will dally titer rune that rare, a* he become* more
ami omr© a I inched in hi* imrsuils. Ill* fanning ufen
ail* claim a |N<rtion ol hi* attention also, hut il be in mutf
leirnl a* lo the order ami appearance ol these too, lie may
he Isirlv set down a* eateles* a* to In* fence*. In* dllehe.*,
fus aishle*. In* barn ami hi* buildings generally. Those
h.'iihI. mallei* a* they are esteemed, being in our view of
itiiit'li iti!|tnrtaiiro, H t mmol be tbmigbl ol bur littiv mo
ment, bow bis fields are tilled, how lb* ground la
ploughed, and in a word, how the crop t* made to w liieh
.ill are to lo k lor food ami raiment in the dry nr the
wet season, the good nr the hail crop year.
Nothin * Iuihs.i much tended Io beget n habit of Indif
lerenrc.io bring about a mnU-iii (if it can be eulled such,)
»>f slovenly farming, and the al 00*1 total neglect ol our
laud* in \ itgiuin, in the cultivation of tobacco |i*
suecrH's'ul production from llm earliest sHtleiiiettfs n|
ibe country, hi soil* naturally rich, aliinulaled the ru
pnlity ol th >-©, who, nmlimitg a ready profit from their
labor, Were taught to look to this plant alone, to satisfy
their dt -.tr« « l.i1 © muter* in pursuit of gold dust, they
itegloeted the improvement of their farms- tlm scythe
and the reap hook, tho take and ilot shovel, were only
used ai I ■•i.-ure moments; they ware abandoned for ihv
tol-aeeo field. New grounds were the order ol the day;
the obi lands were regarded** of bill© value. I*\»re*t
tiller f 'res! was felled, the land cultivated for a lew
year* up and down tlm lull, anl then given up, a prey to
pemog si.iiins a11.i warning nil.is, Hull tiroVn llit» eioit tt
veil beyond ilie urjibeta to w luclt ilie tohucro waa intend
id lo Ik Rent. No gm^s crops, no manure to fiul (lint
which i»u t ii ra 11 y was do posed in spring up, no system of
etillivall n was pursued intended to iriain tin* soil, nr to
nem lit it in any I*.mi. I.and was cheap, the country
thinly p *| ulan d, the lunge* li*r stock of all deseripti his,
moat abundant, and tobacco too commanding a high
price, confined as was its production, mainly t«» the Old
Dominion, Tio.sc cause-, thus operating, nmuug a
young uiul hardy race, drove the tillers ol the soi? into a
course tli it evidently cannot now he safely pursued,
l ee pi.uni is e| our country went forward with UHetlol
steam process, and cleared the forests, as* they imagined,
w iih the hope of becoming suddenly rich. Their sue
e« »sors must he taught to follow slowly another course,
which wll terminate at the point ol safety, if it he not
it the summit of their hopes also. In travelling enr
little pal.iw ay, we often cross the footsteps of uur pre
deeessors, now, in some portions of the country, fast fa
ding lioiuuor view, yet often mere than dia'inol enough
le npprisf us of tie* direction the others had taken.
< hir course must he onward and onward still; we must
press on however with the firm and steady step, with
the unfaltering purpose to reach at last our object. It
we eanu.it hope to he made suddenly the possessors ol
fortunes, we may, by perseveranee, in time, he wise#
tiougli 11 have discovered that the lew who have gone
w itli i • nive eauae o lame at their extreme poverty.
Kxpeiiencr lias learn* d us a truth- we have been pur
suing a I*.ininm that entild hut terminate to nor disndvan
tage. The nv.stems tout have been followed, have lift
os mom to do than we could Ii.ivh desired, and we seem
forced lo cultivate ton much I iml; we labor upon loo
great a nirlaee; we extend teo widely all our farming
operations -a single farm of a thousand acres Islamic
tint gh lor half a doxeli—Vet we often sen twice this
quantity, the property of a single individual. It lu ea
piilde of'demonstration that one acre of land, properly
iiiipmved and cultivated, will yield more than fifty now
doon sene farms. Ilave we lie! seen lu our reaper live
counties during the past season, whole fields of corn that
have not yielded 10 bushels to the note! aye, home not
live huslu'U! Yet we know that a single aeie has been
made in yield in our own Slate, more than 100 bushels!
If the man then also devotes lo tills portion of hie crop,
his whole year’s labor on fifiy acres, nod reaps hula
scanty reward, would hut bestow it on five, which he
Ins thus had tone lo improve, ho would he better remit
Derated, ami might produce on this little spot, as much,
in all probability, as he obtained from his fifty. Let him
diminish Ids land one-half under any circumstances,
and devote bis time and his labor to the hull retained; lin
will seen discover that lo* is gainer by thn change.—
Hundreds, indeed, arc now* working large farms, who
would do well In aril one half and appropriate the pro
creds to the purchase ol mater ihIh for the preparation of
artificial manures, lime, plaster and rlover seed. Such '
farmers, employ mg in labor from six to twelve hand*,
may often hr neon at public Kales, where they have at
tended in purchase corn, pork and other necessaries of
life, for the cotisumpt on of lliemselvvs ami families.
Should you visit the farm of such a man, you will see '
corn growing wle re the name ciop was grown two years
before, the intervening year having been filled by the
production of a wheat or an oat crop, on the same land,
w hieli is fhe next year to hear uiiother of ilie same crop 1
Vmi will find loin “scuffling to live,’ ’hut barely making 1
enough to winter Ins i-a.llo <1101 to feed Ins family till
spring; you will see no preparation lor feeding the moiI,
winch from i s exhausted condition, its long and arduous
service, requires ten times as much sustenance as lie has
bestowed upon all the working animals of the farm.— ;
||e is ever taking’from the soil ond never adding toils
productivein hh. Like the animal body, it requires
something to sustain if, and without it, it must decay
and become lifeless. The symptoms of its decline are
visilile, hut the means by which it may he re animated,
is it were, are l«» some extent, within the reach of all,
yet they will not apply them. I low often do we see
in abundance <1 manure lying in h' ape, w here it has ae
(MimolMi-tl l l y .ns w ii iiiii ;i i' w i• >«i■ ni a rum no.u,
thai looks as if the proprietor were actually experiment
mg to ascertain with how little labor, (on the poorest
land.) n crop could he made, or w hat degree of poverty to
the soil, was Inst adapted to the smallest yield. His
wood yard of iiRelf, Iroin ihn vast accumulation ol well
rotted eh ps, which have incorporated with Vlie earth
tod litter about it, lor age . uliun-t, would furnish a sup
ply o| valuah e manure, hut the pile tw sulh red to re
main untouched, tor the reasons that me owner’ a father
or his grandfather did not remove ft in their time, It he
•Mimes to he regarded ns a sort ol heir loam, and is handed
down from sire to son — runs through all tho generations
of a fimily, whose members have been constantly stri
ving to heller their condition by every year aiming at a
.(•to r crop; hut each successive year has shown them to
»e corn-buyers. Their annual income has been only the
proceeds oi a hogshead of big tobaee or it may bp, now
and then this failing, it has been supplied by the sale of
one of tin* hands out ut the crop.
It you should visit the hack yard of llm kitchen of
sueh a fanner, you will there fi id another hank, com
poyed <>f sweeping* and ft-dies, looking a* it portions ol it
had her o there li ne, yvl.t r. of llm memory ol tho cook
runneth not to the contrary. Those who inhabit the
kitchen pallor have a supi rslitious idea if this old ae
(piaintanco were taken nlT, all the good lurk of tho (am
,|y would goofi'w nil it. and that the turkey* and chick
ms w.mld die of tho gapes. Should you leel inclined to
examine the stack-yard, you will there s.*e p ies of old
straw, chaff. &,c., that t-.r many years have bee i sulT r
cd to lie as if only to mark thcRpot where hi* wheal
or his oats ate to be deposited alter t!.e m xi harvest.
I'lie corner* of hi* fences, (ill the Woods, and olien near
his hare stalls and m.littered Habits.) can scarce he Been
fur the vast piles of leaves and rich mould that lie im
bedded in jhem. Wherever you turn to view Ins prcun
i-cs, you *ce materials that might he appropriated to
! the making of manure and enriching Ins laud; yet none
J (,f these seem tube required, bec.iusa his f.it t*r r made
j tobacco there w ithout all this labor. I lint er.p supplt
! ed nil his wants, and the soil Rerun* to think, land w Inch
| was once rich enough lor that crop, is j|"wl enough lor
'any offer. How easy f r a mao. on a rmail farm,
■ to turn all these things to lus advantage, yet how lew
: m fact, pay the slightest attention to them. All that is
required, to render many con tented and happy, is a little
| crop of indifferent corn and tobacco. 'I he lust Iris poor
cattle rarely taste, for there is not enough to bread the
I the family, and ns for the latter, being neither chewer*
or smokers, they enjoy no portion ol this luxury of the
(owner. They must depend then on the top stack and
! ihe few shucks n contains, but these are generally ex
hausted by the first of February. Alter this they may
live » n their owner’s !;op»s of a bright and early spring,
which is to pasture on the budding season.
1 A little attention to hay making would remedy many
i nl iIn* evils of our preset!I svsiem; nn«l ample meadow*,
'■veil on the high binds, would supply, on all our farmn,
•••any <*l our and wains feed the sntlrring stork through
ibt* dreary winters wtnrli sometime* rouliuue, in our
itioiiuiain climate,down to tho first of May. (‘lover,
timothy, lo ids u d otrhard grause* require but little
l*»l‘"r to produce the richeal and must luxuriant growth,
l.ind, which is abundant and cheap, is easily unpro
ved lor Mich purposes, and worn nut old Helds mnv be
•lius made to fill our barn* wnh provender, whirli, I
not only w ill supply pleinilul IimhI lor the stunk, hut will
' onsiiutlv add lo the bank id manure, fioitt wl tell the
farmer must st last draw Ins money, and in which he
must look Si r bis supplies. Till* bank docs not require
the incorporation ul a joint stork company to gut into op
eratiuu; n admits of no constitutional or Hnuunal objec
tion-.. it may ,»e set up upon the individual home cap
i'ul ol any tanner, und it will nevei suspend us pay
menisil properly managed, u will al7.ul facilities lor
making bis corn rr>q»; n w ill lend him its aid in top
dressing* lor bis vvloat or bis gras*, ami n will never
withhold its supplies in Ibe iimsl piesaing nines, it re
quires no endorser, and ns accommodation are not, for a
peiiod ol ()0 or IK.) day*, but they are extended through
a lib* time. It is necessary, however, that the foster
mg rare id the owner should be e instantly extended to
it, and he mu»I labor tarrlully lo keep il regularly
supplied vv itb Ibe pr per elements, so a* to cause it to
expand intl.er than to contract its issue* The farmer
then, who relies only on the casual supply of manure n I
nulli Ills lots, i* wanting in duty lo himself. lie must
endeavor to increase iln* supplies of the loud nf In* laud
and ol Ins crops hy nil ilie means at Ins command. A
lew wisps ol straw, nii I .1 In lie III ole s ml top fodder will
no! supply llicitt, ns they lire utisnlllcicnl f r his slock
ll«' must, llu rel .re, make 11 ay; and not only line, lull j
• lie leaves o| die lorest musi also lie raked up and haul* 1
ed with Ins corn slulk* lo ilie firm pen; there they will !
lie incorporati il with the general mass, ami constantly
add to Ins means of improvement, while they have al
read) answered, to some extent the purposes of feeding
and bedding Ins cattle also. Too lit 11«* intention is often
paid to Hu* manner of saving or securing the luiur of the
barn yard alier n has been gathered together. It not
unlreipieiilly happens tluit this great re« eptaels is so sit !
uated that the materials are nearly nil lost before they
are hau'rd oil’ ami applied to the land. The barn ami 1
ilia stable yard, olten on a lull side, are furrowed by ev
cry rain tlie 1 fills up m l Item, and the water lias alreudy
removed to tlm bed of suino stream, what it was intended
hliould lie conveyed by the earl or ilie wagon to tlm »ur ,
l*ee of s Mile I ivounlc field.
Tliia fanner is dial orbed by the call* made up .
on Ins bauds to go with all spaed to drive the hogs ami '
tlio euws from the pillage vlneli they are inll orng up
on tus corn or ins wheat field. They, iticvcd by the!
pi lie In Mg* nl hunger; and, il c.ipnhle ol thought or of rea
sin, esteeming II perlinpa, no robbery lo steal from their J
master from him wlm might have plenty, yet lus no .
thing to Iced with, have escaped lium n sorry eucloaure
10 seek n better range. All the luiaineNs ul the farm is
thus arrested, Ibr hours, and the crops seriomdv injured.
Tins iiiigln lotvii been prevented, if the fencing had not j
been neglected, or it gate* or druw rails had been placed |
at the various points of entry to Ins fields, where the
fences having been pulled down nml the rails deranged, I
have tillered the lirsl invitation* to the wt iek to enter
upon the plunder of the crops. The must indifferent
iemws nre sometimes found mi those farms where limber
ih amiiulunt. 'The extravagance of our predeeenora,
lints, it is true, led many ul iih hut little of this material i
lor touring purposes; yet, in all I uuls, where ibis is 1
the ease, tlm still was originally ol the finest <pjnlu I
ly, is siHceiilxblu <d an easy reclamation and gen
einMy abounds in flue stone lor making enclosures.—
Truer* made of tins material never admit of the
entry even id’ the sand lull hug, though he may
have, iua high degree, that form nhirh fi's him f»*r no
easy ingles* an I egress, when once he ha« hnpiired the
skill o| “shooting through edgewise, to use the ex pres
sum sometime* tippled In the habit* of this most mis
ehtevous animal, as lie Income* lo be, win tt If 11 to Iced
himself m a haneii pasture.
It cxeiica no little surprise among persons who reside
in those States where fanning is systematically puisu
ed, to see when travelling ii| Virginia, thru our farmer*
h ave the stone scattered in tlm field, or heap tha n up,
and tlm empiiry nntufally suggests itself, why they do
riot use them (or fencing purposes. A Pennsylvanian,
11 about lo select a lariu amongst us, would eliooao out*
that had stone enough up mi it to made hi* enclosure*.—
It is unnecessary here, to speak of the advantages of the
atone mole ol leticing over the other. Neatness, du a il
ity and security would recoin m ud, of themselves, mom*
fences, lu s.iy nothing of the saving of all (•ad* and ear j
riages employed on the farm, as well ol*o, rt i the Having i
ol the land over which the stone is seaterrd. The litre |
is not lar distant, however, when tlm Piedmont region j
of Virginia, where storm abound*, will present thou
sinds of these fences w ! ere one is now scarcely to lie !
ft mi rif I. It is w ell perhaps, f»r those wlm are to come of- j
ter iih, that necessity is t..m 1 driving us, w lm occupy the !
older settlements, to this improvement so lately resorted
i« iii sparely populated or in tobacco grow log neighbor
hoods. Neal fences, neat farms, and good tillage nre but
Mohiumn seen, where the lauds arc new and the timber is !
abundant, lor ihc |iro<lticlivcio ss ol the one and the sup- |
ply of the oilier, render it unnecessary lobe, ns is some
limes hi id, “over iiid?.*# Ii is rather Amusing than 1
otherwi*e to trace tin? pmgr< ss of improvement of all ,
kind* within our own recollection. It i* visible every)
where, and in nothing ih it more strikingly exemplified
than in the comfort nod taste of the modem building*
anti dwellings, as compand with the more ancient.— j
Thiti iinprovtoohul will Hlill he progressive, as the: coon
try gr .w * older and ns the jieople nro taoglit to led ami j
apprectulo the ml van ugi h not only of comlorl hot ol
eouvenmnec. The facilities fir travelling and that coil
slant intercourse which i« kept up with all portions ol
i lie Union, ns w ell ns our own State, have, within a few,}
year*, tended greatly to promote this spirit among our j
people. Men w ho mingle with their follow mm, anil |
see a portion of tin* world beyond ilieir own immediate ,
circle, nre apt to catch the influence* which are at work |
around them; they learn to leach, and are themselves
instructed. An observant farmer cannot ride l» thecx !
iremeiies of Ina ow n county, withorn feeling when he re
turns that he has been benefit ted—that he has added
something to his stock of knowledge which may be
nsrlol in future in Ins own operations, lie indeed
lives to observe, anti he never falls to apply Ilia know!*
ctlyc, thus obtained, to Home useful pur|N,*e. Heap
proprtaten it to his own stock, and lie knows that he ha
hut drawn a drali m favor ol all his brethren, whom
turn, have contributed their share also.
|i would seem that all admit the ncemsiry of good |
husbandry and the advantages resulting from well filled j
barns and homiliful supplies of the necessaries and oom- I
fulsof lile; but how toarpiire them must easily, is the j
great desideratum. The purpose «d our society is not to 1
teach the most proper mode ol farming: f is object ih to j
bring together a firming community, having the same
c miiimn aims, the same interests, though the various
members may pursue each a different course, and a nys
tern which others might not approve. As neighbors
and friends wo compart* opinions — wo unite the fruit*
..four labors, ns an offering on the common altar—we
make an annual exhibit of uiir progress—and we present
our v tew 9 in the freedom of our hearts &. the liberality ol
our callings—they are thrown as the widow’s mito into
the general stock. We reason and we advise. We em i
d» avor too, to profit by what wh sec, and to be instructed
ny what we hear. We arc lift free to receive the good
:«<id rejt ct the had. Our object is mutual improvement.
None of us esteem ourselves too wise to be taught, and
none arc si ignorant ns to be incapable of imparting
Horne little portion of me ui know ledge to his neighbors
and his Ir e i Is while we do not proles* m teach, we yet
labour to no rive instruction, and thn free interchange ol
thought and the exhibition of the specimens of our labor,
brought as It > nrp in review before each member, are
eminently useful. The effect is seen in other portions
of our country w here >oeicties of a aimilai character have
been success!ully conducted lor a scries td'yeTS. It i>
to ho regretted that in our own ncighhurhoml, few, com
pare ivcly, can be brought to unite their * (furls with our
'own, to promote the objects st whi b we aim. There
are hundreds, who deplore the cumitliuf) uf the country,
'ami ihe beggarly prodoott of ibair own and iheir neigh
bour's lands, who find tha system fast leh'ding twrieeay,
w ho miiII cannot he roused to a single effort to produce
re action. They become members, readily, uf some ho
mane or benevolent society* wliteh baa fur its object the
improvement of man's moral or intellectual condition,
and they have done so, that their example and influence
might operate upoh other*, w Viilc they are ao ineonaiatent
ns in withhold rill aid in any form, f rom the improvement
»f the soil which he ha« ta till. They will cheerful
ly unite tn .cclaiui the inebriate, they turn ttide
the intoxicating cup, hilt they will land no help to the
c\Initialed in-hl«, which, now that, all save these has
been s|H ut in Ins baeliiunlian revelries, are the only re»
sources left for the support of himself with a large/
holpUaa and dependent family. We would not condemn
tliui benevolence which la thus found exmting itaell.—
We would not dissent from the belu*I, now to general in
ihe beneficial cfTecia produced by it—we would not chide*
Inti approve il« operation; yet wo say the influence which
it hn* already wielded and is now exerting, by the con
cent ran d < (Torts *1 ua friends, t* an argument in farur uf
union anil conceit, for the accomplishment of other b***.
utahle and lso.i«bt.» rui poses. Societies, such sa our«,
we think, in an enlightened community, ought justly to
commit,>1 ihn support and receive the couuteuauce of all
who are lbs friends of us aims ami Its object*. We yet
hope tones it mom generally pal run ised, that Its in flu*
nice w ill be leii in all our borders and that no «*ppo*ilion
w ill stay da progress, till it shall have aided in plaeing
our (arming interest* uit the high ground they are vnti'kid
to occupy.
A* another most i (H -leni mean* in the promotion of a
spirit ot improvement m Agriculture, we should not «*
nut to notice iImi establishment of neighborhood elnbt
These clubs atMcuildtf ut the houses of the various
members, w lo rn each hi a conversational form, give* the
co upany the benefit of his f.iriiing experience for the past
mouth or two muni lie or quarter id the year, at the ttuiut
of ihn meutinga may lie fixed by ihe club regulations.
Vlading cniiuiiitleea and committees of inspection are al
so appointed, whose liiismse* it is to examine the farm«
of tlm members mid report their condition, with the man
Rgemsul of ene.h proprietor, the system he pursue*, the
quantity ami qirility uf hit crops. Ins slock, ihe manner
of keeping lua limning uienaila, the eondilion uf hie
fences, Iiim ditchea and Ins (arm buildinga. In this way,
each member has to a great extent, the benefit uf hit
neighbor's experience, and what is found lobe valuable^
th given generullv to tlie publu *. hrough Iht medium ut the
press. A stimulus is also given to all the members who
exert themselves, to make a becoming appearance at the
periodical examinations, and an Ima cable rivalry is aU»
produced among 11mse who have voluntarily imposed
•in themselves mu critical review, i lie ucm nn o* mw*
UHMiiciaiinns arc not extended however to ninny of those
who ought to hn participant*. Three club* In *mw ra •
sea arc composed of only n Irw wealthy individuals with
whom tin* men of'email farm* mid limited means do n**l
hod llial limy ran compete, at least in the sumptuous
dinner* and fine wines, that are o'\en provided in great
prolusion for the club mirting*; hence they do not be
come iiminbera. To obviate tliia difficulty, the practice
of meeting at the house* of the member* should he die
print'd with the inertings should he held at aoma grove
or spring or out house, which of course should ba desig
nated at the preceding regular »* ri ling, and to that spot
each member should carry a snark, to be given lo a gen
eral Hiork for the hoorfit of the wh ile company. 1ml not
the ntemhera atsumhle lo rat expensive dinners and to
drink costly wines, hut tor their Improvement, which is
generally loat Might of, w hen conviviality take* the place
ofilm proper business before them, rhea# club* should
he auxiliary also to some county society, and should an
minily report ilmir progress, w ith an outline of their ope
rations. lo this manner, incalculable good might be done;
the w hole community might he brought to be interested
and wrought up, from drat npaihy which seems lo be
entailed upon it, mid this old ( o umon weal ill once more
become first amongst tho forem »at of Itie States of this
Tho piesent season of tho year admonishes ua, aa tluv
trust* of winter an* approaching, that also soon ahall the
hoary brad of age unfit its for the more active business of
the lann. We should then endeavour, aa we carefully
lay hy the mere wmter’a supply in our store houses I*
lay also the foundations of our future comfort* in after
lime. We should aim so to nrrsngn our farina, so to
build our houses, and so to improve our lands in the
spring -tide of life, that old age ahall have but little to do
with the hut liras and tlm cares that attend our callings.
The aim of all Jiould lie to make the evenings of their
d.-tya peaceful and happy and tranquil, but this cannot be
so, if penury in our purses and poverty in our lands,
winch we have inherited, mIiiII be left aa the only lega
cy wn can bequeath to ouf children. Their life's aun set
may he dimmed also hy the clouds that intervene, and
the lust lingering rays may lie o’er eaat With the mist*
Unit this, our morning, might have dispelled, bet not
ours be the melancholy reflection, that we have laboured
louo purpose, while olhera around ni by dint of ruegy
noil judgitii tit, which have taught them how to improva,
have become to be prosperous. Though with some, the
harvest may almost have passed and the summer be near
to its dose, yet upon their snug and well arranged farms,
ihey may feel happy in the thought that other* art to
he happy alter them. Their Works will iur ive and
ilicir improvements live after them also. They may
hivcn happy and beneficial influence in all after tuna.
That such may be the fortune of all, in a country like
our*, with here and there an exception, with which ad
versity has had to do, them can he nit question. The
proper use of the means with which we have been fa
vored will insure it. No country need be mora ferule
than our* has been, and ran now be made; no climate
can he more healthful—soil, productions, natural advan
tag.'s, are all in our favor; and yet we seem to disap'
point our destiny.
(ientleimm, you have been detained too long to any Jan y
thing of the benefit* that our community ia reaping Imm
thu facilities afforded ti* by labor saving machine* and
the modern improvements in Agricultural Implement*!
If our fore-lathers produeeJ more on new lilnds than we
do, it seems to have been well designed that vcienceand
the mechanic ails have come happily to our relief on tha
iio. n inese, iup preseir age, mi surpass* »ii'w
have gone before; and w« may well ho warranted in the
belief, that in some respects at least, wa have nut do
generated from out ancestors. The flail has given place
to the threshing machine. The lalmrious pit saw to lb#
steam and water mill. Tobacco rolling has been super
ceded by th« Improved condition of thocommon road, the
rail mad sod the canal. Tho clumsy plough, hss yield
ed to that which now look* as if it were aelf-moving,
w hile it is self sharpening. 'The perpendicular mod#
of ploughing, has been abandoned, for the h«*rt*»nlal,
sod we hive found too that the ascent of the high**!
mountains may he overcome by tho wheel carriage ami
ihe steam car. when before, their height* weru thought
to be accessable only to the hunter and the gi ne which
he pursued.
Our countrymen are daily demonstrating the vast ca
pacities of this beautiful land, and we may well he proud
of it as our native home and the home ul our children.
Let us not forfeit our birth right, hut inaiutain in the
last mn institutions a nd preserve unimpaired that aa
ered in ion, whose fl.ig protects our labor and can en
force the rightful reward of American skill and donut
tic industry.
ewwnwwff" - - ”■ »
■ IM’IIAlu: AtaiSST MUK*
rSlIIF. auhacribar Itss been appointed Rtib-Ageni o
JL the New York Cuntributiunahip Fit. Itouranoa
! office N’n. 07, Wall el reel. Thia company inpa-ep
building* in general. Merchandise, Household Furni
tore, and every description of Perauoal Prupettjr, against
loan nr damage. by Are.
The subscriber is prepared to receive, and policila ap
plications fur insurance in rhip Company, from lira citi
ler.auf Lynchburg and of the purrutmriintf rountry.
-- A. H. ARMISTEAD, SuteAt«t.
Dec 3 *

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