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\\n. n. m.U'hTORD. _LV\< HBI Rft. HIIUM>\V 71QRM\<;, VOVEHBER 30, 1848. VOL. XXVII —84.
pr BUSHED BY BLACKFORD, TOWNLEV i DILLARD, Every M >m»ay and Thursday, Four Dollars per mnuin. payable tn advance. .Vo rub. t-rrption will be rcre v*d for i shorter tune than six months, a id’to paper will be discontinued, 'except at the discretion ofthe Editors.) until all arrearages arc paid oy* .1l)YFRVf*FMh~\~VS inserted at 50 cents per square (or less) for every inner form insertion . and 37 i cts ptr square (or less) tor every outer form insertion. £ I KK V -iD l'£It VISFit is required to note on his Ms koto long *w un.shcs his advertisement inserted ; an adver t i'-snent, not so noted, icdl be inserted till its discontinuance »e ordered FOR YK-1RL Y jnVERTISIMn the terms are ; for tie privilege of tw*> squares. . for one square ^25 ; for one tpCare. tuner f arm%\i. Every yearly advertiser will S' reqniredto confine his advertising to his particular line of business. .f-p- JOB Plll.\~Tl.\~D executedneatly and expeditiously $ ,donreasonable terms To tlie Inhabitant* of Lynchburg anil vicinity. ff.i.wfi/To.v »v .m.i.us, DAGUERRIAN ARTISTS, RKSPEOTFL'I.LY return thanks t.. the ladies and ffentl» men .1 l.yn. hburz and the «urr .unding country , (or the 1 Siral patronage best .wed ..n them during their residence in this pia *e They are now better prepared than ever to take O IGUERREOTYPE HIMATCRES, hiving procured from the North, at considerable expense, a Urge w heel for palishinz purposes, together with all the other r-cent improvements, which have nev er before been introdu ced in this State; and from Mr. Hamilton’s experience of near li rive years in Virzinia. and repeated visits to New York a ,d Mr. Adams’ experience as an operator four years in the, hrst establishments in New Y rk and Philadelphia, they are prepared, w ith the aid <»t a larze Sky-Lisht, to produce miniature-*. winch f*»r depths of tone, softness of light »«.l skid*-, beauty •»« ■•••luring, and easy and graceful po i in will deiv • unpetitiou. Indies and gentlemen are.rt suectfully invi’f.I to ■• ill at their rooms in the Cabell House, and examine the specimens. Li Ucne««c« inserted in Lockets, Brncelets, Brea«tpin«, kc. IaiUrnc«s*» i taken of*iek or decease*! person**, dwelling hous ed r »intry-seats in the be^tsty'e. Portraits and Daguer reolVinssaccurately copied. CHAS. F. HAMILTON, JOHN ADAMS. \ 0 — H. k V w *uld respectfully inform the public that thev have been taking Daguern (types by the ELECTRO-G ILVAAIC PlHH’ESS i .r two years past, and with their G dd-cnamelling process, Iheir miniatures are rendered imperishable in any clime. Nov. 27—lm siMii.ninL \i:\v \ 1‘VYbe lound at Lacy k Garland's ou tin-Basin. 123 L bushels of M (unt.uii Evergreen seed, the be«t improver >t the -soil known to the present age, as w ill t*e seen from the •fitter appended, tr<>raone of the largest and m »st successful farm rs in Wythe county. Jf'ytht Cnnntyy Va *Vor., Vlth 1848. .Messrs Lacy k ( iarland, (lints: -In relation to the Evergreen Seed, mv own ev p'-nence satisfies me, that when sown in con junctioi with / H»ver it excels a** a renovatc-rof land.any thing 1 have ever *■•*:!», and in addition surpasses anv of t he Grasses for late and earlv pasturage. It needs hut a trial to prove what l say. Yours truly. N n 27 |s IN" Regs Blasting, 1 300 do Mining, 300 do Sporting and Hide, 100 bbls. Biasiing— 100 lbs. each, Warranted of the best quality.and f.*r «*ale by DAVENPORT, ALLEN k CO. Agents tor the ‘‘Hazard’’ Powder Company. Ki'-hmond, Ya., N *v# 27—fit (1 ROUND PLASTEK .-.KH) t a*k> Piaster ii<>m the r “l,ubtc” Mills, warranted, Ur sale by I» YYKNPOKT, ALLEN k CO Richmond, Nov 27 — fit Agents i<»r the .Manufacturers. TO TH E L A DIE S. II'K have just received by Adams k Co’s. Express a bean- ' » ▼ til il lot of Ryan’s best Shoes, made to order, w hich we should he pleased to sh w the Ladies, as follows : best Black Listing G.iifcr Boots, thick soles, *• French Leather ** ** “ “ “ Kid k Morocco Bu«kins k Tit'S 61 4t “ Missis Kid u “ A beautiful article blue Lasting and Silk Gaiter Boots.— . Also, an extra article Gents’, I ..idic’s and Misse’s ».)ver Shoes. Call am! see them, at JOHN AY k S. 1). RLMBOl'GIl’S. N 'vember 27—ts. STEPTOE’S •lVie Grocery and Commission iUM\r>s. rpHE FIRM OF SMITHSON. STFl’TOE St Co. HSY 1. ing been dissolved, (as heretofore announced,) the under signed have taken the house • >ppositc Messrs Bryant k Tins ley’s, and next door t • Mr. J.dn H. St• iv’s Drug Store, for th- purpweof.->n.l ting a G ROCERY <!fc C OMMIS SION BUSINESS, under the style and firm of a Sc N B STEPT0B They hav. now *n hand, and will be constantly receiving, i a general assortment nt GROCERIES A' DOMESTIC DRY GOODS, HARDWARE, HATS, BOOTS, SHOES, kC which lb y are, and intend to continue,ofier nig at the lowest market rat'-s lor cash, ..r in barter tor coun- , try prodree. They • arnestlv solicit a call from their friends and the public, before t hey sell or buy. We wish t>> puit-base a large quair i v of AY heat, for which we i*ill p »y the cash A** beret ifore. Go rge Stcptoc, Jr. will attend to the sales of Tobae»*o upon usual Commission, and ‘U*-h other produce as may be consigned to the New Concern. G k N\ K. STEPTOE. ' N. R.—Our f awarding b-isincss willb^ conducted by Messrs. Step toe N. Taliaferro, at the Basin. G. k. N. B. S. Nov. 23—3t if—w4w Trust Male on the '2<l December Iaru " ot a deed »»f trust, txeculeti to the under* signed, on the l?:li inst., fir purposes therein spa c fi*»d, I shall proceed to sell, on Saturday, the 2d day »»f December u»»xt. the PRES^. MA( HIAERl, FIXTURES, PAPER, Ac . At. of "THE VIRGINIA PATRIOT AND SOUTHWESTERN ADVOCAT E.” ALSO, the Debts due the said firm of Young Si. Co., whether by note. bond, or often account. Tae sale will be made for CASH. .1 ROY ALL HOLCOMBE. Trustee. N.,v. 23—(2D P l It L I C SALE. W11L be stilii at public auction, to the highest bid ▼ f der, on Wednesday and Thursday, the *29th and h «if the pr*s*nt month,at the late residence ;»f Dabney F' tndejtter. dec’d. nil the crop of CORY, II VY. OATS AYD FODDER; HOGS HORSES AND CATTLE. Plantation Tn»1<, Smith's Tools, Wagons, Carts. Kuchen Furniture, &.c. TERMS -A1 sums .if five dollars and under, cash : over live d liars 12 months credit. Nuies with approved security will be required in all cases. It. W. POINDEXTER, Executor of I). Poindexter. N. B.— A" persons indebted lo the estate of D. Poin dexter, dec’d, will make payment immediately. Those having claims against sain estate will present their ac counts properly authenticated, that arrangements may op made to meet them. y 'V. 0-1-v'Nn, \V, P. Ex’tr. .i c.ucn. discontinued the Drv Good9 business. I take pleasure in returuid; my thank* tomv late customers and the public generally, tar tneir liberal [utronage. Being- desirous t . clo*e tip my btismess a* so >11 a« possible, aM persons indebted to B irtonk Hodts. Kodes k Burton, or K J. Burt»m, are requested to call at my « >riice over mv late Store*. and settle their accounts. • L. J. BL’KTON’. June 5—ts XAA LB.^. WOOL ll: LLs, • 1lbs. nice Wool, now on hand, a bargain will he "if- led to tflose. LACY it GARL.VN1). Nov 9—t, * blank BONOS for sale at this office. I CARTER & NOWLIN, GRUCERS. COMMISSION & FORWARDING AGENTS. /. r vn/Bf /if; iVf.. Hwe IN SI 1 . 'ir ‘ G< ><) 13>. N ' j'h • r in tx iangc i r country prjduce. i lie follow ng compri«' a part: - 1 *■ '. N ( • and P Ilie . s ;gar*, 10 do and obis. >1 >ia**es, 1*25 hag' Ri.». I-aguira and Ja\a Coffee, | l1* boxes \V dsey’.s Jv»af Sugar, 10 bbls - rushed, ground and clarified do 200 keg* Nails fr rn 4 t; 40 dv., 30 do b-»x an-1 lining do 30 boxes S .< 10 and 1U*$ 12 Glass, 125 *-<Ie.' ** /.<■ Leather, 10 bbl* Tanner'* t >i!. 2<» reams cap and letter Paper, 30 k>u:* b'a'ting P - a der, 20 do Kv Rifle do 30 boxes adamantine ami tallow Candles, 10 do bunch Raisins, 2 tierces new crop Hire, SO reams wrapping Paper, 150 'a- k* bait, 10 bbl* Mackerel, 1120 ib*. bli'ter- *1 Steel. 500 do shear and cast do 20 1). .xes Chee*e. •50 bbls. rectified 5Vlii«kg\, 10 do apple Brandy, 10 do American do Crar 1. s. igne»t and 1 Ourand Brandv. Rum and Gin, S. Madena. Port and .Malaga Wine, i, 4-1 and 64 I hjrnestics, N >*. 1 ami 2 Ozuaburg*, Blanket*. Calicoes, Checks, Boots. Wool Hat*. Caps. S*<;. See. They respectfully invite tie ir friends and the public gen- rally, in want oi CilLAP til >' >I)S. t.> - all and examine them. Nov 27—ts rori s.u.i;. PI RM AN I' to tfi - hi<i wi!| and testament of R »b’t. Hunter cW’d., f will sell, on the 14th day ot He-1 r*ember next, 1848, if fair, if not, on the nest fair dav,, rjii the premises, the T r a c t-o f L a n cl on whiwU he resided at the tune of liis d^ath , containi . g about in <bci:m;s. 1 his Tract is situated in the County of Appormtox. near the Sp un Spring, ami in the neighborhood < f Union Academy, and well adapted to Tobacco and all kind of, l»rain,a good portion ot .Meadow f,aml up >n it, lies re markably well, and has on it a good Dwelling house and other necessary out houses, a , Apph* Orchard up ti it. i Further description is unne ggjBBMaBBP ‘^ssary as persons wishing to buy would do well to view the land before ihe day of sale. The subscriber w ill show the land to any persuu wishing to Fee it. • Also at ihe san.e time and place will be sold two val- ' uable N e g r o Men, and all ihe stock of Horses, Cows, J>heep, Hogs, s<»me good Pork, Plantation Tools, on * I wo Horse and one Four Horse Wagon, Horse ( art, Riding Carriage, II use hold and kitchen Furni tur'*, Crop of Com and Fodder. . ! 1 ermsot sale of the Farid and Negroes will he madp known on the day of sale. A credit of twelve months will be given on the other property, with bonds and approved security. Cor all sum-; of five dollars ami upwards secur ity will be required, und r that sum ci<h. w \SIIF\GTON I1UN PER, E\’r. Nov. 20—ti ll) NOTICE, < red if Sale or Caml and Mlare«. 1)1 KSI \N i* to a decree of the Circuit Superior Court of L i .aw and Cliancery lor the count v ot Pat rick, pronounced it the last September t rrn of said Court, I shall on the 3d lay of January next, on the premises of Pleasant Thomas, I. .cased, late of tile county of Patrick, oiler for sale, to the’, highest bidder, on a credit of twelve months, the hands and Slaves of which -..id Thorn.. - died ized, except two Slat ■ -. 1.1 w is and Phillis, ami rcserv ini; I he w idotv’s dotver in the lands tt Inch have already been allotted to her. Pile said 1'K tCT OF LA NI»contains about •>.>() AC RES, anil lies °n Poplar Camp cri ck, in the . c county of Patrick, adjoining the lands of !■ ranees Turner, Jo seph Thomas and others. Its improvements consist of an EXCELLENT DWELLING IIOU»E, KIT< H!W’ and other necessary OL'T H () L S 1:1 .S'\ and tint A j * j > I ** Or -liar 1 anil Meadow. T-lie soil is ri eh and well adapt ed tot he production of all kinds of Grain and To bacco. The Slaves consist of Two uncommonly likely YOUNG 3IEN, from the ages uf 22 to 24 years, one being an excellent III. \ l ks.Ml 1 ll. R >nd and approved security will be re quired. Tlu title to the above property is believed to be un questionable, but acting as Commissioner of the Court, I shall only convey such title as is vested in me by viitue of said decre «•. JOHN AKERS, Com’r Nov *'•, is H — l-.r NEW CONCERN. e\(;leuovi: <v aoele. r|lHF. 5'itisi-ri hem have FTin.d a partnership under the J. style id Fiigjednve Sc Noell, and have ‘ purchased the stork ut (t mds lately owned by Mr. Thomas M. Wilkit son, Agt.. at wImse old stand they intend to pros ecute the l) It V (toons u A l) F. The stick has been purchased at a great sacrifice upon the original cost, and will he sold cheap. Intending to add, early in the spring, to their persent assortment, a full and new stock, they hope to share a pirtion ot the trade. 1 util that time, great inducements will he offered in the sale of their presentstock,—-which is composed mainly of new and seasonable goods. A1 .F it FI )■ S. FNGLFDOVE. JESSE M. NOELL. Viv. 2n_t< S/i furls, IVvHrs Sacks, NV. TTTE call th • attention of the I-adies to our sto k of matc ? ▼ ri.ils lor Yesi’vs, Cloaks, Sacks,See., such as Silk Me ri:ioS. Fringes, Gimps, fete., ol every style and variety. A f w ready made extra fine embroidered Cloaks and Sa -ks, at reduced prices. PETERS fee ST1GLER. N .V . ♦>—ts / \k7Tvk Y: lxk! \ ' 'TWIK subscriber would call the attention of the public to hi, *■ large stock of supeiior writing Ink, consisting of Black, Blue. Red, Carmine, Scarlet. Japan, and Copying. These inks are put in all size bottles, from an ounce to a . quart.and are warranted to be ot the finest quality. Mer chants. Clerks of Courts, School Teachers, Bank Ofllcers ‘ and others, would do well to supply themselves with an ar ticle which will stand tike test t time and experience. For sale by JOHN II. SEW, Druggist. Sept. IS—ts Domes t i c s. b lax k e t s . «fc<. 10 Dates 3-4, 7-S, 4-4 and 5-4 heavy sheetings anil shut ings, 2 bales heavy negro blankets, 20 ps fine blear lied cottons, 10 ps heavy 4-1 ticking, 50 sides (good) sole leather, Receiving per barges Exit and Rose. for sale by Oct 1G—ts GEO. BAGB1. rlMIE SUBSCRIBERS have on hand a very large stuck • f I superior Mackinaw, Whitney, London, Outfield and Twilled Blankets, which will be sold mu'ch lower than usu al. Call and see be tore purchasing. Nov G- ts PETERS 8s. ST1GLER. \ o t 11 i: TO Al.r. WHO HAVE WOOL. IlHE subscriber has fciKen up tin* notion that all those who have Wool to be carded will find the Blackwater Cot ton and Woollen Factory to be the place where it can be done right, and if nut v\ ell carded, or should it be spoiled, that tliev ''ill get 5<) cts. per lib. tor it—the wool bcirtg sent well cleaned. Cards now in operation, and w .rking well. .I AS. S. CREWlhSON, Agent. I shall be ready in a few Jays to weave Woollen Cloth and Jeans. June 19 —ts J- S. C. TO CaVTIUC'lORS. have un hand, suitable for Contractor*, T T 1200 lbs. Cast Steel, assorted size, 5.000 Feet Patent Safe y-Fuse. l.j.000 lbs. Round, Square,and Bar Iron, well as sorted 15,OW Ins. Western Bacon, prime quality, S Dozen •* Rowland” Shovels, also, \ lot of Crow Bars. Sledges. Mould and Rope. S. pt. IS—ts Me CORK CD & SIMFSO>. AGREE WITTEN, Grocers A Commission Merchants, LYX IIBI KU. YlItGINIA, n\YK on hand a large a id well selected stock of . Gr cerics, which will be sold low tor cash, or in exchange f-r oi untry prince. The following comprise a porti i < f their stock, viz ; 1 50 hags R » and Laguvra Coffee. 10 •• Old government Java coffee, 23 hhds. P. R . N. O. and St. Crux Sugars, lo h »xe« YY’oolsey and YY’oolsey’s >oap, 20 hhds. and bbls. Molasses, 175 kegs Nails, 10 bbls Tanners Oil, 7 tons Country Bar Iron, •5 “ Tredegar “ “ 30 boxes Sperm and Tallow Candles, 10 “ Adamantine “ 100 kegs Gun and Blasting Powder, 20 boxes Tea, 1 chest “ (vpry superior,) 1-5,0"0 His. Cotton Yarns, *2 Tierc« s Rice, 2.50 ) lh<. Cast Steel, 500 lbs. Shear “ 10 d' z. Spades and Shovels, 500 lbs. German Steel, 30 boxes Cheese, 15U Sacks Salt, 30 bbls. Mackerfl, 1,500 lbs. Band and Hoop Iron, 3,500 lbs. Castings. LIQUORS. 50 bbls. Mountain and Rectified Whiskey, 25 •• Uhl Rye, part very old and fine, 15 “ Apple Brandy, k pipe O aril, Dupuy Si Co’s Brandy, 2 “ A. Seignette “ 10 bbls. American dt 10 •• Sweet Wine, TO “ Madeira and Sicily Madeira. ml Mi S O, Calim es, V?-docking. Domestics, Oznahurgs, Fulled and Fluid Linseys, Cotton and Wool Cards, Bleachings, Pepper. Spice, Ginger. Salaratus, superior carb. Soda, > jo*- Brushes, Hemp and Cotton Lines, Curry-combs, &<•., Si(\ N iv.-uiber 20—ts JUST REC KITED AT THE ATir SHOE iElT STORE OF J. YV. Si S. D. HUMBOUGH’S, NEXT DOOR TO JOHN G. MtC LAN A HAN’S, .1 UiliUE.LYD If ELL SELECTED STOCK ! Of Hoots, Shoes, Huts and Capsy Trunks, Velices, Carpet Hugs, SutchcllSy T'mbrellas, Ste. Sic. Slc. rpHFA would call the attention of their friends and the ^ public. to their stock, which is very large, as they are confident a look will satisfy them it is the place to get bar gain**. To the l..adits in want ot articles in our line, we ft on Id say, that wc have spared no pains to get that which ft ill both please the fancy and render service. To Mer •hants in w ant of Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoes, we are satis- ; lit <1 we can oiler them such inducements as will obviate the necessity of tiieir going anv farther to buy—they will please give us a call ami satisfy themselves. Besides Beebe’s Fall style ot Hat**, we have a beautiful style called the Yeoman Hat, which i> much admired. To Manufactuiers and oth ers in want of home made Shoes, we would say we arc hav- , ing a verv large supply of stitch downs made, and will fur nish them verv low. —Also, home made welts, fine Boots, 8tc. ice. can be bought very low at Oct *26—ts ' J. VV. St S. I) RUMBOUGH’S. WOT ICE* THE CO-PARTNERSHIP OF SMITH SOM, STEPTOE* Co. IS dissolved by consent of parties. Either of the partners * are authorised to use the name ct the firm in settlement of Liic business. WILLIAM T. SMITHSON, NORBORNK B STEPTOE, GEORGE STEPTOE, Jk. P S. — All persons indebted to the late firm of Smithson. S I'Ki' i'o:. n. Co. will please come forward and settle their ac counts as speedily as possible. W . '1*. SMI I'lISON, N.B. STEPTOE, Nov. *2, ISIS. GEO. STEPTOE, Jr. HMII!'. INI tERSIGNEP begs leave to call attention to the 1 above notice, and to inform his friends and the public generally, that he will continue the business at the oJd stand i»t' Smit li-on. Steptoe &. Co., (opposite the Farmers* Bank,) ami that he i> now receiving a large and well selected stock of iniuily Groceries & Staple Dry Goods, together with an extensive assortment of Slats, t aps, Hoots, Shoes, A"e. 4V-, And aNo a good assortment of HARDWARE, w hich, with the additions that w ill continue to be made to his stock, will enable him to offer to his customers and friends general lv, a very desirable stock, which he is determined to sell •heap for cash or approved credit. Particular attention will be given to CONSIGNMENTS >1 PRODUCE of all kinds Prompt returns rendered, Sic. He most kindly and respectfully solicits the patronage of the ijuolie, inviting them to an examination of his stock. WIl.UAM T. SMITHSON, Opposite the Farmers* Bank. 1-ynchbnrg,Va. P. S.— Particular attention given to orders. W. T. S. Nov 2-ts For Kent file next year, pos sesion given 1st January, 1849, ilie To- | bacco Factory near Poe’s Tan-Yard, at present occupied by J«»hn Ward, Jr. 13—tlJ.m. A. TOMPKINS, Cashier. *8:4 O.V8P ifEQFlSiriOtV. rjlt l E 11 ard ot I directors ot the “Lynchburg and Ten JL nessee Kail Road Company,” have ordered a re quisition of two dollars per share, payable at the office ol the Company in Lynchburg, on Friday, the first day ot December next. The subscribers to the stock are requested lube promnt in responding to the above ordet F. G'. MORRISON, Treas. and CPk. of the L. &. T. R. R Co. Nov. 13—tlD I JAVIES GARLAND AND WILLIAM M. CABELL H AVE united in the practice of La »v, and will reg ularly attend the Circuit Sujierior and County Courts of Amherst, Appomattox, Bedford, Campbell and Nelson, and the town of Lynchburg. Address—Lynchburg. \ irgiiwa. JAMES GARLAND ".II continue, diligently, to pr.uuUe in the Court of Appeals. Oct 19—tf JSE I V G O O D S! THE subscribers are :n receipt of a large portion of their Fall Supply < f Goods, which will lie sold to our friends and the public generally, (who may favor us with their custom,) as low as they can be procured in this market. Our st ck being large and well njsorted, we are pre pared to sell, wholesale Goods on the most liberal terms, and would n-k a call from Country Merchants. The following comprises part of their stock :—Cloths, Cassi:litres and Vestings. French Merinos, Gala Plaids, and M •u>elaines, French Cashmeres and Lamartine plaids, splendid Velvet and Merino Cloaks, (new styles,) French work Capes and Collars, (all kinds) silk fringes. Gimps and Buttons. Merino Shawls, mode and fancy colours. Alpaccas. Silk warp black and fancy do. super fincy circs-; silks, Sso'ch plaids, and Ginghams, bes, Kid and Nik Gloves and Egyptian mitts. Scarlet, blue green and mode colored French Merino, Shoes, Boots1 1 lats and Caps, &.<*,. S»de Leather, with ;» heavy stock ofcoarse Goods, oi every description. CV1 and see. PETERS AND STIGLFR. Sep?. 21—ts. SCPERIOR LAMP (>IL.--Just received, a supply »f best icinter bleached LAMP OIL, warranted pure, lor ale by * JOHN H. SEAY, N«*vt Unijrjijt. 1UMP PLASTER—10 TONS LI MP PLASTER ^it^r sate by GEO. BAGBY. j Oct If) — t* Items of Intelligence. Simple Affinity.—We find this pretty and the geni ' ous epigram travelling incog : Some Water and Oil Oye day had a hull. As down in a glass they were dropping. And would not unite. But continued to fight, Without any prospect of stopping. Some Penrlash o’erheard, Andquitk ns a word. He jumped in the midst of the clashing, When all th ree agreed And united with speed, And Soap was created tor washing. Our ff ondrous Atmosphere.—The atmosphere risr9 above us with its caihedral dome, arching towards the I heaven, of which it is the most familiar synonvme and | symbol. li floats around us like that grand object which ; the apostle John saw in his vision-‘a sea of glass like un | to crystal.* So massive is it that when it begins to stir, it tosses about great ships like playthings, and sweeps cities and forest, like snow flakes, to desiruciion before it. And yet it is so mobile, that we have lived years in it before we can be persuaded that it exists at all, and the great bulk of mankind never realise the truth that they are bathed in an oceen of air. Its Aveight is so enormous that iron shivers before it like glass; yet a soap 1 ball sails through it with impunity, and the tiniest in sect waves it aside with its wing. It ministers lavishly 1 to all the senses. We touch it not. but it touches us.— Its warm south w'inds bring back color to the pale face 1 of the invalid; its cool west winds refresh the fevered brow, and makes the blood mantle in our cheeks; even ] its north blasts brace into new vigor the hardened chil dren of our rugged climate. The eye is indebted to it; for all the magnificence of sunrise, ihe full brightness of midday, the chastened radiance of the gloaming, and the clouds that cradle near the setting sun. But fur it the ■ rainbow would want its triumphant arch,” and the winds would nut send their fleecy messengers on errands round the heavens. The cold ether would not shed snow feathers on the earth, nor would drops of dew gather on the flowers. The kindiy rain would never fall, nor hail stonn nor fog diversify the face of the sky. Our na- ! ked globe would turn its tanned and unshadowed fore- 1 head to the sun, and one dreary, monotonous blaze of light and heal dazzle and burn up all things. Were there no atmosphere, the evening sun would in a mo ment set, and without warning plunge the earth in dark ness. But the air keeps in her hand a sheath of his rays and lets them slip through her fingers, so that the shad ows of evening are gathered by degrees, and the flowers have time to bow their heads, and each creature space to find a place of rest, ami nestle to repose. In the morn ing the garnish would at one bound hurst from the bos om of night, and blaze ab»»ve the horizon, but the air watches for his coming, and sends at first but one little j ray to announce h s approach,and then another, and by j and by, a handful, and so gently draws aside the cur- \ tain of night, and slow ly lets the light fall on the face of the sleeping earih, till her eyelids open, and like man, she goeth forth to labor again till the evening.— Quar terly Review. DISCOVERY IN MISSISSIPPI. In t lie Southwestern part of Franklin country. Mis-! sissippi, there is a platform or flow of hewn stone, neat- j ly polished some three feet under ground. It is about i»ne hundred and eighty feet long,and eighty feet wide, j It contains the North and South, and its surface is per fectly level. The masonry is said to he equal, if not I superior, to any work of modern times. The land above ! it is cultivated, but thirty years ago it was covered with | oak and pine trees measuring from two to three feet in diamter. It is evidently of very remote antiquity, as j the Indians who reside in the neighborhood had no knowl edge of i's existence previous to its recent discovery.— Nor is there any tradition among them to form any "idea of ihe object of the work or the people who were its! builders. rl here is also a canal and well connected I with it, but they never have been explored. A subter- ■ ranean passage maybe underneath. Further explora tions may throw some light upon its orgin. The First Result of taking no Pledges. The justice and appropriateness of the following re-i marks of the New York Courier will strike every read- ' er : . There is one feature connected with the election of General Taylor, that must be as gratifying as it is remar kable:—We hear nothing, or.very little, said about of fice. W e have never known a Presidential contest hi'h- ( erto which was not folio wed by a general scramble for spoils. As s on as the result was known, every suppo sed avenue to influence has heretofore been choked with applicants for office. Nothing of this sort is wit nessed now. Nnnfi claim office as the reward of party service. There is little S|>eculation concerning the change s thr t are always inevitable upon the accession of a new administration. Everylnidy s ems disposed to lei things take their course—probably for the sufficient reason that, even if they were to try, they could not pre vent it. All men, of all parties, seems to have confidence that General Taylor will act justly, prudently, and with re gard to I he public good in dispensing lire patronage be - hinging to his office, and none seem to suppose that they will improve their chances by clamorous appeals on the ground of personal or party service This is a most auspicious relief from w hat is usually ,and justly felt to be one of the most degrading features of a Presidential election. We trust that, in this respect, the future will not belie the past. CANNEL COAL—We learn from the Cincin nati Gazette that an extensive mine of Cannel has lately been discovered on the lands of W. M. Peyton, on Coal river, about 30 miles rfom its junction with the Kanawha, in Western Virginia. This Coal creek mine is said to be the most extensive one of which we have any knowledge.—Cannel coal is geneially found in connection with common bituminous coal, in veins of only a few inches; hut this voin is represented to be from three to five leet thick. It is situated ir» moun tain®, affording an opportunity to drift horizontally into its side. Another vein is found on Elk Tiver, in Kanawha coun ty, equal in quality to the first, though thinner. Its ex tent has not been ascertained. This is on lands owned by Messrs. Bradley, of Washington city and others. Still another vein has been f »und on the Kanawha, on the lands of Mr. Stockton. This is inferior to the other two veins, but valuable. FLA of the Lakei.—At the American Scientific Convention, in Philadelphia, an interesting paper was read 0y Prulessor Agass.z.ou the Fishes of Lake Supe rior. The remarks of the Professor were upon the geo graphical distribution of Fishes. He said that in "the cuorse of his travels along the great lakes of the north, he had found the fi-h of one species confined to one lo cality, which other fish never ini fringed unon; that the fish of the various lakes were entirely different, and that Lake Superior contains no fish similar toanv in Lake Huron. But lie also stated that although these fish went through dangerous rapids, yet they never passed from one lake to another, and that there is not a fish in either of these lakes which is to he found in the iakes of North ern F.urope or which could exist there. Thus is beau tifully exemplified the admirable distribution of animals, according to their habits of life. The, Professor went into numerous sicentific details upon the subject in which he cited cases to pruve his position. He also dilated up on some carious and interesting species offish found in Lake Superior, and said that North America wasllie only land where any s^ieeies of fish was found alive, sim ilar to the lossti remains. Lake Superior contains a speciesot this description. The Professor made some lurther remarks upon the similarity between living? fish and I'usstls. “Did your fall hurl you ?” said one Patiander to an ' other, who had fallen from the top of a two story house, i “Not in the taste honey, ’twas stoppin’ so uutck that i hurt nit/’ Foreign Correspondence. Paris, October 19, 1818. Yesterday my engagements .if business were such that! I was obliged to defer until this morning the use of my notes on the events of the week. Leisure d >es nut re main tn me for a digest, or the communication of half of what niv lirrri affirds. You nriv, therefore.be content w ith a mere medley. Our most important p litiral c .n-1 cern was the modification of President Cavaigaac’s eahi- I net. He and his real friends grew sensible, from the vo'es of the Assembly, that a considerable majority de sired a change, and required the substitution of men of the old school, of established superiority in talents and expe tience, for some of the ministers, obnoxious to particular distrust. 1 wo ex-deputies, w ho had been ministers of Louis Philippe, and whose agency in the committees and in the tribune of the Asse ubly recommended tli- in to u nivprsa! esteem and confidence, were prevailed upon to accept the departments of the interior and the public works. They are Du fan re and Vivien, in the place of Senard and Recurt. At the same time, Cavaignae con sented to part with Y’aulahelle, the historian, minister of public instruction, and welcome in his stead a lawyer of Angers, a republican of the eve, not tinctured with so cialism, a ready debater, a seilul ms and intelligent func tionary, yet not specially qualified for the post. The ministry taken by Dufaure. that of the interior, is fir, at this juncture, the most importan'; it determines the whole internal civil administration o 1 the country; it m iv exert | a decisive influence on the election of president of the re- l public, now, as with you, the engrossing subject. Little did any of the members of the Chamber of Deputies im agine, on the 24'h of February las', when the so railed , people drove them from the violated hall, that bef .re the I end of the next October, two of the most loyal tn the Or leans dynasty would be chipf rulers in tlie republic, and , most of tiie dynastic opposition in the chamber regulate the work of the committees and the sentiments of the ma jority ot tile National Republican Assembly. The mod ification was officially announced on Saturday, and Mon day fixed for the explanations of Cavaignae ami the pro gramme of the new ministry. Anxiety prevailed, pub lie and private, everywhere, on Sunday and Monday morning. On Monday, alxiut ten o’clock, in visiting a representative. I found myself in the midst of seven or eight of his cdleagites, moderate and sagacious patriots, who feared the Assembly might not be prepared for so 1 material a change in the composition of the executive j branch.for the new policy of fusion so hateful to the class es of extreme dem icrats, the contrivers, instruments, and apostles of the revolution of February. However, after | a most earnest and impressive debate, a skilful exp .siti m by Dufaure, and manly acknowledgments from Cavaig* nac, the Assembly passed, by a very large and imposing majority, a vote of confidence in the mixed administra tion. The Mountain breathed fury, fire and blood; some sixty of the adjacent democrats abstained from the urns. They would not pledge themselves either to support or j opposition, until they saw in what direction and by what policy the regenerated executive should he propelled.— The National was not content; at first, the editors essay ed to divert the president of the republic from the admis- j sion ut chiefs of the republicans of the morrow, so promi nent under the monarchy, so formidable in theii faculties j and personal consideration as Dufaure and Vivien. How exasperating a coalition for the red republic ! how invid ious a choice for the jealous and suspicious original dem ocrats of every denomination ami hue! However, the National has softened down, and happily qualifies its dis sent, as you will see by its leading article of yesterday, which I have caused to be translated for you, and which strikes me as applicable in part to our own country. On Monday evening, I accompanied my family to the , levee or public reception of Gen. Cavaignac. The old! lady, hi? mother, of plai t but prepossessing exterior, sat alone, near him, while he stood against tfie mant!e.,piece to welcome his numberless visitors. When 1 had sur veyed the company, through four spacious rooms, I could well exclaim that I had at length seen La Republiqiie i D emocratique et Sociale. Nover was there a more che quered assemblage; mure than seemed to me the young guarde mobile, ct uevant gamins of Paris; pell-mell wei« j members of the National Assembly, the new and the ex deputies; the diplomatic corps with their stars and other decorations; general officers and others in full uniform ; several of the ministers; a few ladies in splendid dresses; and here and there an officer of the national guards. Ca vaignac is thin; the usual expression of his countenance is anxious; he is tall and muscular, with an Arab face; I should conjecture that his health has suffered by the cares and perils of slate. NVe were present yesterday, at the installation, in the cathedral of Notre Dame, at' the new archbishop—a worthy, liberal prelate, and a learned the ologian. More concerning this ceremonial, herealter.— We had the pleasure of remarking the presence of Dr. Wainwright,of New York, Mrs. Wainwright and their daughter. It is affirmed, this day, that the final Vote on the constitution will be taken, in the Assembly, on the 27th and 28th irist., that the executive will propose the 25th of next month for the election of the president of the republic, and that the Assembly will adj mrn to the.5th December, after voting the Constitution, leaving a c un mil tee of sixty with plenary powers. Our advices from Italy and Germany are confused ami contradictory; by the end of the week we shall know the fate of Vienna and the real posture of affairs in Italy. The ’Assembly has ratified the elections of Martinque, and Monsieur Pory-Pary,a dark mulatto, one of the three re presen'at ives, defended them in a fluent, vehement and logical speech. There is much excellent matter in the number of the Revue des Deux Mmdes which was issued on the 16th inst. The twenty six pages devoted to Hungary in 1848, furnish a complete view of the causes ami nature of the struggle between that kingdom and the imperial gov ernment of Austria; the spectacle upon which Europe, since the successful insurrection at Vienna, gazes with the deepest concert). It has, in a manner, suspended in terest, here, in domestic events, every one feels that if the insurgents in Austria should prevail, the red republic iu France will be excited and emboldened to a no-.v and desperate outbreak. So far, that has succeeded in the Austrian capital, which was attempted and so happily baffled in Parts in June Iasi; if it fails now, the French government will have additional confidence iu the milita ry forces to which we are indebted for the existing tran quility. The history, dispositions, and aims of the races eng.i gaged in the conflict in Germany, and the lives and characters of the chiefs, gave a roman He cast to the sub ject, and infinite consequence to the results. The Re view describes young Germany as presumptuous, daring, and reckless, and sacrificing, in the case of Hungary, true German interests, to the Magyars who deny to the Sclavonians the very liberties u inch they extorted for themselves from Austria. In Hungary, the most violent of the revolutionary zealots did not venture to utter the word republic: the name of the king had too much sway and prestige with the rural masses, and even the popu lace of the crities ; they did everything in t hat name, but, in fact, with ml the royal assent. If no compromise bn effected, the shabow of the monarchy will soon disappear. We have another article of forty pages, an ample and most instructive disquisition, entitled German Atheism and French Socialism, justly associated thus, because, in truth, they have been formally and closely allied. The Scientific Chronicle decides, absolutely, in favor of Lev* errier, in the controversy respecting the planet Nepture. Pabinetls now disavowed on all hands. I am curious in relation to the further discussion which your Professor Pierce may bestow on his subject. Our principal new pamphlet is one under the title, Studies on Socialism, or Communism judged by history, by Franck, tire erudite professor of philosophy in the College of France. He trea's his subject with characteristic acuteness and learn ing, and shows that, in this case, there is really nothing new under the sun, nor anything which human experi ence had not decided. The dissertation, to the same of feet, of Cherbuliez, the Genevan profe-sor, is also much valued. We have a phinphtei of sixty*three pages, beau tifully printed, and dedicated to Pope Pius IX., on the Canalization of the Isthmuses of Suez and Panama, by the Brotherhood of the Maritime Company of Sail Pius, “areligious, military, and industrial order;” the author is M.de Magny. He understands the question, and writes With elegance; his sell erne may. however, appear tan - 1 lasii:. Under the treaty with New Grenada, lire L nited States will know how to achieve theand noble fruitful enterprise. Three productions of Lamartine’* prolific, and 1 may add restless, pen, are advertised as forthcoming in a short lime ; the first. Letters on Pro perty—whether in contradiction or emulation of the Ik» k of ’1 biers on the same topic, is not said ; the seomd, a History of the Revolution «»f 1818. and oflhe Foun dation of the Republic—.-which I should presume to he s ill leas trustworthy than his History of the Gironists. iiis art in narrative is an electro-magnetic gilding like that of Ruoltz and FJkinMon. The third is Raphael, “pages of his twentieth year,” which, as the publisher proclaims.all who have read the m muscript, pronounce it to he ll.e literary chef d’oeuvre of tin* illustrious author. Lamartine vamps his old manuscript., and plies his pen, still for money. F.uormous prices are paid for the copy* rights. After having delivered his briIlianl harrangue on the mode of electing the president of the republic, he as ked of the Assembly, on the plea of health, a conge of ten days. He is among his constituents of Alston. Jer ome Palurot in Search of a Republic, continues the moat popular of the new hooks. The recent number of the London Quarterly Review exhibits tts merits, and turns it to pul it teal account.—The History of Madame de Man tenon and the principal events of the Reign of Louis \l\r., by the Duke de Noailles, begins to attract, what it certainly deserves, the attention of the literary critics and amateurs. It cm tuns inedite.l details of the Revo cation of the K»lict ofNan’z. Walckenaer’s additional volume on Madame de Se'igne and her times, is like wise in some request.—Lord Brougham’s tract on the French Revolution reached us early. Much truth — much error.—His personal history and character de rogate from his effusions. The Loudon Times scarce* ly deals too harshly with him in the following para graph : “Lord Hr >ngham*s whole life is a s'ruggle against that law of our existence which makes every member of the human race one, and only one.—Of course it would be very amusing, and perhaps very useful, to be a dozen people at once. Hut that cannot he. Every man drags his own past behind him and carries his own future. Lord Brougham is always trying to cast Ins old slough, and come out glistening and gay in a novel exterior. Harry Brougha u is the tin kettle tied to his tail. Yet he can- ^ not lot get that he was once that friend of the people— Even iu tliis correspondence lie calls himself Lord Broug ham on Friday, and on Monday signs himself plain H, Brougham. Hed -osnot know whether he is ait Eng lishman or a Frenchman; and if the peopleof the fron tier had not committed a fatal impertinence in asking for his passport, no d mbt Charles Alliert by this time,would have owned part of his allegiance. We do uni think we have seen the last of his variations. Hut let not the French quarrel with hie pamphlet. It they will only tin patient, thev will have him Before long; and we shall hear of Lord Brougham being closetted with Cavaiguac, Lamartine, L uis Napoleon, or whoevej it may happen to be, just as hehised to ‘drop in’ upon his friend Louis Philippe at the Tuileries.” Michelet has just issued the first p**rt of the third vol ume of his History of the French Revolution. It is a tribute to the republic. .1. J. Ampere’s dimdeoimo,Greece Home and Dante, or Literary Studies from Nature,will not impair his reputation ns a savant writer. The tenth volume of the Scientific Exploration of Algeria—a work published by order of the government—is on sale. It bears the title Historical and Geographical Sciences. The stage has liefen supplied — I cannot say enriched—with a wild and immoral drama, by Leon G »shn; it bears th« palm, f.»r the moment, at the Porte Salute-Martin; and with a distorted composition by Alexander Dumas, Cut iline, a piece in five acts and seven tubltuux. It has a political drift thoughont. Cicero figures as the great con servative or renclinnnaire] on the whole, it serves to ex cite the anarchists more than to strengthen the cause of or der, which Dumas professed to advocate before lie failed a.s a candidate for the National Assembly. Mademoiselle Rachel has withdrawn from the Theatre de la Bejnibll que on the ground of discontent with tin* internal econo my, and the advice of her physicians. Her absence will be the more fell as she has never won stronger admira tion than iu her recent performances—especially the purl o^ Agrippina in Racine’s Brittunnicm. We might re j lice if a sea voyage should lie prescribed to her, to af ford you a chance ot witnessing her superiority as atragio actress over her contemp iraries. Th theatres are re gaining prosperity; the capital seems to me, in my ex tensive walks, to be as crowded as it was this season last year. WALSH. * City ok Mexico. Oct. 31,1848. Editort of the Picayune—Since my last there Irasbeen lit11e ut interest tu acquaint you of in n Udoit to Mexican affairs. However, as the departure of Mr. Clifford for 'he U. States affords me an unusually favorable op|*ir iunity to send a letter direct, I avail myself of die sam.3. — It may not be uninteresting to your readers to learn a fact becoming more visible every day here, that there is a growing feeling in favor of the Americana a mongst the people of this country, and especially a mongst those of the higher, wealthy and enlightened c lass of the people.—From unquesrionable authori y I have this circumstance,and I may add that amongst none is the desire to promote friendly and closely allying in terests stronger that aufongst the dark-eyed daughters of Mexico. They make no seciet of the matter—they avow it more distinctly and unequivocally that they “gu in” for annexation with Uncle bam or Uncle Sam’s sons. 1 imagine “the lattter” however would, by them, as by the Quakeress in the comedy, be “preferred.” In regard to (4 ivernment affairs, these are in as unset, tied a p isition as ever. It is still a matter of great donht whether President Herrera will be able to maintain his Government, and there is little doubt when lie goes by the board, that this unfortunate oountry will either bo convulsed by some military or other fao'ion.or, to save it self, pray to be annexed to the jj. Siates, as the only sav ing power ly which it can possibly be preserved from ut .ter annihilation. The Tariff bill, which is still tinder discussion,’*; oneof great moment,& would,iframed through tend more to increase the commerce of the Republic than all the laws enacted since its establishment. Congress has authorized the Government to borrow $800,000 “on the strength” of the next 3,000,000 that is to he paid by the United Matos. I have understood that the Ameri can Minister was conferred with on the subject,and iiisad j vice in the matter solicited, which was that as little be i borrowed as would b..rely suffice to keep the mill going, at least until he returns Ifoni the Ueited Mates. His opi nion was approved most fully by the Mexican Minister, ! and will hearted upon as nearly as possible. His Kxcel lencV, Don I mis de It Rosa, is waiting for the American Minister at Vera Cruz, and will, it is said, with his family and suite, become a sojourner in y«*ur city for a few days. He is a man of the first talents probably it) Mexico, and the fact of his being one of the peace coii missioners, as well as a high minded gentlemen, enti tles him to a friendly reception indie Republic of 'Jib North. In the former part of this letter I ornit’ed to mention a circumstance worthy of notice, and one which shows that the representatives of the people are beginning to think seriously of adopting the principles of lh»w»G of ifie sister Republic. The American tariff'd’ 1846 was placed in the hands of one of the leading members of die G -vern ment by our Minister, and is now lining translated, in or? der to be placed in the hands of the inemher* of bo h Houses of Congress. Alt hough Congress adjiurns, as I i have already stated,on the 2d,in all probability there will he an extra session of a limited duration, for the sale pur pos of the further discussion of the tariff question, and ihere is little doubt the American taiiffof 1846 "ill have no slight influence on dieamiiids of die men composing die Mexican Congress. Bui it must he confessed, and I have had to-day an opportunity of knowing that, so far as die present Gov ernment «»f Mexico is concerned, the warmest feeling to ward* all thing* American prevails. On the occasion of the American Minister taking his leave of the corp$ diplomatique it is impossible for me to depict the affec tionate warmth of feeling which was evinced towards him by the Mexican me.ffiers of the body—indeed as | am well informed, lie was adjured by every considera tion which could influence a man occupyioga prominent and e oiuent station that he would return to Mevi«* in die person of the American Minister mm** for the future welt ire of die M**vi** . led by tig ino®t enunen'