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Lynchburg Virginian. [volume] (Lynchburg [Va.]) 1829-185?, August 09, 1852, Image 2

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stop here, after having proved that the Whig
AdminittratkMi have at least been as economi
cal aa that of its Democratic predecessors.—
Rut we are not satisfied with such a result, and
must, in order to show how much more econ
omical it has been, urge the additional and im
portant fact that in the above sum of $28,343
1)65is included thee normousl v increased expen
ses which have been unavoidably incurred,
and which still continue, in consequnce of the
large acquisitions of new Territories. It is
Hot possible to come at the exact amount of
those increased expenses, but we will slate that
the army is now one-half larger than it was be
fore the Mexican war; that the pay of that por
tion of it on the Pacific coast has been doubled
hy Congress; and that the expense of main
taining troops there, as well as in the interior
ct Texas anJ New Mexico, w here the larger
portion of the army is oblige J to I* quartered,
is three, four and five-fold what it was at the
stations ocupicd by it previous to the Mexican
war. The increased expenditures in the War
Department under the above head over those of
J846, as shown hy tbeTreasury Report, is $4,
556.709 75.
The uaval force has also, in Consequence of
these accessions of territory, been considerably
augmented, and that portion which is now kept
on the Pacific station can only lie maintained
there at a vastly greater expense.
If to these items should bo added the ex per.
ses of the Civil Governments oft he new Terri
tories. and the whole increased expenses un» I er
nil the foregoing and other heads in consequence
of the accession of those Territories, they can
not probably be estimated at less than two
millions ofdollars; which, with the additional
expenditure of the War Department, would,
in round numbers, make $6,500,000 as increas
ed permanent expenditures on account of the
new Teiritories, besides the interest of the
War debt.
We have seen estimates carrying the w hole
additional expenses of the (rnvernment.in con
sequence of the acquisition of the new Territo- i
lies, as high as nine millions of dollars, and the
one w e now make is certainly within the ac
tual amount, and would be more so if the «p
propriations for the new custom-houses, hos
pitals, mints,lighthouses, dry docks, &c. in Cal
ifornia were included, os those items will count
by millions of dollars.
The final statement of the account would
then stand ns follows:
Total expenditures for the \cars
1850-’5l.$48,005,878
Deduct Mr. Polk’s
w ar items as already ^
shown.$10,954,484
Other items, as also
shown, which form
ed no portion of the
expenditure under
* Mr. Polk in a tune
of peace.8,707,179
Expenses of the new
Territories a, alrea
dy estimated.6,500.000
-• 26.161.963
$21,843,915
Leaving the sum ol' $21,843.915 to cover
the same items of expenditure which, under
Mr. l’olk's administration, previous to the
Mixiran war, coat $26,500,000, and showing
an economy t>( $4,656,035 in lavor of Mr. Fill
more'.! administration, besides the natural in
crease of expenditure which unavoidably re
sults from the rapid advance of the country
As already suited, tlie expenditures for the
ftscul year ending tho 30th Juno, 1851,
were.$48,005,S78
Those for the year just closed,
ending 30th June, 1652, asshown
above, and iucluding the same
items, were.44,125,000
$3,880,878
Showing a further economy of $3,880,878
by the Whig Administration inoneyear, which,
if continued ut the Same ratio lor the next fis
cal year, and for the four years of Gen. Scott’s
administration, would, at the cud of his
terni. reduce the annual expenditure to shout
$25,000,000.
We arc fully awarethat it is not safe to make
statements lor the future on this basis, where
so many contingencies may occur to mar the
calculations, though wcthinklhatour estimate
would come much nearer the mark than some
of the prophecies put forward officially under
Mr. Polk's administration as regards the fiscal
concerns of the Nation, and particularly those
in connexion w ith the probable results of tbe
Tariff of 1816.
In Mr. Secretary Walker’s Annual Rrport
to Congress in 1847, he refers totheTahle CC.
annexed 'o it for the probable increased ex
ports of domestic productions under a system
oflow duties, lor w hich he gives the following
figuies, viz;
In 1848.$222,898,350
1849 .329,959 993
1850 .488,115,056
The actual result as show n by official docu
ments is that the exports of domestic pro lue
tions were;
In 1848.$132,904,121
1849 .132,666,955
1850 .136,946,922
We sincerely trust that w e shall not err to
the same relative extent as the above in our
estimates of the probable reduction of the Na
tional expenses under the present and ensuing
Whig Administratins.
The Wooster (O.)Democrat offers a reward
offifty dollars to the Whigwho tells the biggest
Fin on Gen. Pierce, to be paid when Scott is
’. c lected.— [ Ex.
\ We are *-yt muc(, 0f a hand at pIbmng, but
wo w ill try our hand at it. So here goes. He
W AS THE UNANIMOUS CHOICE OF THE De.MO
CRITIC PARTY, PREVIOUS TO HIS NOMINATION’!
There, if anybody can beat thit, it w ill re
lieve our conscience wonderfnlly.—[Aurora
Standard.
We can. Hi will be elected. (May the
Lord forgive us!)—jl/ud. Benner.
Pshaw!—the shove is no w har. He didn’t
paint! (Fork that fifty over.)—[Decatur Press.
Not so fast gentlemen! He did write a letter
to Mr. Robert G. Scott, endorsing the Fugitive
Slavo Law, and he didn’t denounce Slavery,
and say that no one abhorred it more than he,
and two horses were shot under him, as he
gallantly led the brigade to the charge. There,
put the three together and send on the
money.—Mobile Ade.
Ml'stCAL. The Journal of Commerce says
the eminent vocalist, Madame Son tag, will sail
from Liverpool for New York August 25th,
and as the comes in Collins steamer, may be
expected there about ten days thereafter. Her
advent is antcipated with much interest in this
country, for abe has earned the reputation of
being the best female singer in Euinpe long
before Jenny Lind ever sang; and it is said by
those wholiave heard her recently in London,
where she ia at present performing a farwell
engagement at the Queen's Opera House, that
the power and sweetness of her voice are in
no wise impaired by time, and that ahe adds to
her professional accomplishments the universal
ly apprecialrd{qualllies|of a charming woman.
She is to aing in America only in the Concert
Room, and w ill probably make her first appear
ance at Cattle Garden about the 15th of
September.
A queer looking customer inserted his head
into an auction store, and looking gravely at
the “knight of the hammer," inquired,
‘•Can I bid, air?"
“Certainly,” replied the auctioneer, “you can
bid."
“Well, then,” said -the wag, walking off.
“I bid yen good night!”
JRaaks ll*r Sale at this Oflfer
:iaft '*•“
JAMES XcDOSALD, EDITOR.*
LYNCHBURG:_
aOHPAivT..AEG, t, 1M1
fr VIRGINIAN OFFICE* South side Firat Alley,
between Main and Third Street, adjacent tjGen. M.
Rucker’s Dry Good* Store and the Washington Hotel.
FOE PRESIDENT,
GEN. WINFIELD SCOTT,
OF NEW JERSKT.
FOE TICK PRESIDENT,
WILLIAM A. GRAHAM,
OP NORTH CAROLINA.
«- -
Electors for the Stale of Virginia.
ELECTORS AT LARGE.
JOHN M. BOTTS,
WILLIAM B. i'BESTON.
ELECTORAL TICKET. 0
l-*t District—John R. Kilby of Nansemond
i?d District—Edward K. Chambliss, of Mecklenburg
•id District—Thoma* S. Flournoy, of Halifax.
4th District—H. H Marshall, of Ciuiriotto
5tli District—Alex. Kive* of Alhemsile
fith District—Wm.C. Scott, of lVw-lmran.
7th District—Jem. Seg-ar, of Kli*«beth City.
8tb District—Knbt. Mayo of Westmoreland.
?lth District—llonry W. Thsnias, of Fairfax.
10th District—Alex. R. Bonder. of Jefferson.
11 tli District—Col. J. B. Baldwin, of Augusta.
1‘iih District—John ScJnds, ol Mm rue.
13th District—Waite- Breaton. of Washington.
11th District—John J. Jackson, jr.. of Wood.
15th District—T. Al. Gully, of Ohio.
(aoveramrnt KipnadilurfS.
A favorite charge with democratic slang*'
w hangers. is the extravagance of the present
Whig Administration. Do these gentry forg*-t
that the appropriations for Government are
made by Congress; and that the locofoco party
have, by means of their large majority in that
body, complete control over all financial legis
lati n, and are, thereby, responsible -Jbr the a
mount of public expenditures? Let them
show if they can, in what the extravagance of
the administration has consisted. Let them
point to particular occasions and specific acts
of wastefulness or corruption. Let them name
times, and sums, and uses. Indefinite and gen
eral charges will not do i 1 matters of account.
We particularly invite and challenge them to
show, on w hat occasion and for what purposes,
the public funds have been corruptly or ex
travagantly used by the present administration.
They cannot doit, and will not attempt it.—
Ifthe public money has gone in a wrong direc
tion—point it out to us. If there are treasury
thieves, name them. The Whigs were always
able, in the times of Jackson and Van Buren
and Polk, to give the amounts, of which the
Government was robbed—and the men who
did the pilfering. But now,we have only vogue
and sweeping allegations.
All who remember anything of the canvass
of 1840 recollect that one of the chief objec
tions, urged against the election of Martin Yran
Buren, was the constant robbery of the Treas
ury, carried on by the Government officials.
Millions were lost by the carelessness or
rogueries of financial agents. Let the history
of that Administration be contrasted with this.
Compare the books and strike the balance, and
let us see if the pledge made by the Whig
party, to reform the abuses and corruptions of
locofoco government, has not been redeemed.
So pure and elevated has been the character of
Mr. Fillmore’s Administration, that it has
spread an atmosphere of honesty around ail
the departments of the public service, and the
very word “defaulterhas gone into disuse
for want of application.
But our object, in speaking of this subject,
was to call attention to the article on our first
page, from the National Intelligencer. Read
it, and preserve it. It will furnish material for
closing the mouth of any one, who charges
extravagance on this administration. We
! particularly recommend it to the Republican,
the iast number of which stated that the ex
penses of the government were a million a
week. We invite the Republican to give us
the items. We challenge it to show in what
the Intelligencer's statement is erroneous By
that statement it appears, that if we strike out
extraordinary items of expenditure, arising al
most entirely from the war and other measures
of the Polk administration, the expenses of the
government, for the year 1850-51, were $21.
843.915—nearly fire millions less than they
were under Mr. Polk, for the same items.—
What has the Republican to say to this?—
What have the people to say? YY’ill they go
hark to the peculation and plundering of loco
foco rule, Or continue the government in the
bands of a patty, by which, its financial affairs
will he, as they have been, economically and
honestly managed?
The Republican soya that Mr Foss “reveals
the fact, in his affidavit, that both of the re
ports, as published in ihe Concord Democrat
and the Independent Democrat, [of what Gen.
I ierce said at New Boston ] were writt n
out by himself. Thj Republican has very
j optics to discover any such revelation.—
j Mr. Foss admits, that he ••furnished” the
[ report! o the Editor of the Manchester Dem
ocrat, but only testifies to the truthful
ness of the Concord Democrat’s account. Mi.
Goodale, the E litor of the Manchester paper,
states that “two gentlemen of intelligence and
high character” reported for his paper,and that
Foss' report was “substantiated by the other
in every particular.” It woulJ seem that the
editor of the Concord Democrat probably re
ported for himself—making three w ho?e ac
counts agreed. (At least there is no evidence
to the contrary.) We suggest to the Republi
can, that it had better publish Foss' affidavit,
and Good ale's letter, and Tack’s and Perkins*
endorsement, and let the publicjudg^ for them
selves. Is it afraid to let its readers know all 1
The Whig papers publish the statements and
evidence in full on both sides. Will the Dem
ocratic papers do the same t Nous verrons.
The Republican, who is so horrified at the
thought of Seward's supporting General Scott,
quotes largely and approvingly from a speech
of John Van Buren in favor of Pierce. In
this speech, John is made to say, “we will not
reject the wisdom which was hidden to Wash
ington, and Jefferson, and Madison, and reveal
ed only to Garrison, and Abby Folsom, and
Frederick Douglas, whenever they choose to
make a law that will be practically operative
for the surrender of Fugitive Slaves. In the
the meantime, if they desire to oppose the pre
sent one, 1 have no objection.”
John will not reject the wisdom revealed to
Garrison, Abby Folsom, and Frederick Dong
las, and has no objection to their opposition to
the Fugitive Slave law, and yet the Repub
lican says, “these are sound and conservative
views"/ Arc they indeed T Well, people
will differ about these things, and the Repub
lican has a right to its ow n opinions. Very
likely General P'crce haa the same way of
thinking
-*
From ibe Republic.
flare Tettiniaay Froa New Hsuip
»bire.
To show that the Concord nod Manchester
Democrats ate sustained in their versions ol
General Pierce’s speech at New Boston, we
append the comments of their local cotempo
raries, as issued within the last lew days.—
The papers we new quote from ate opponents
dT General Pierce, hut they are not, therefore,
to becxcluded fram the w itness box mi a ques
tion that must be settled by facts, not by gen
eral assertions or vulgar abuse.
The Concord (N.H.) statesman says:
‘•The speech of 6Vn. Pierce, at New Bos
ton, w tlie month of January l ist, has recently
hewn published at Washington, and soomi to
lave Created some stir there. B. F. Ayer,
esq., of Manchester, and Messrs. Norris, Peas*
lee and Hibbard, members of Congress, have
severally, by certificates w liicb appeared in the
Washington Republic, endeavored to refute
the presumption that the report of General
Pierce’s speech is correct. Mr. Ayer was the
only one of the above gentlemen who w ns pre
sent in the meeting at New Boston, and ho
denies that any such language was uttered.
The speech was reported for the Manches
ter Democrat by a reporter *peci#lly engaged
for the purpose; and there could at that time
have been no sufficient motive for giving any
oiher than a faithful transcript of the words ut
tered. Mr. Ayer was present to speak hi mat If
and could not be supiMised to be in so favora
ble, frame of min i for fixing bis attention upon
w hat may have bren suid by General Pierce,
as one w ho went there fir the sole purpose of
reporting for a newspaper. There is now a
motive to allege that the speech was not cor
rectly reported, but there was none then to in
duce a reporter to give any oilier than a faith
ful version of it.”
The Manchester (N. H.) American and Mes
senger enters somew hat more into detail, but
with a result equally adverse to (Jen. Pierce
and his apologias.
It remarks:
-We all recollect freshly and vividly the
Atwood split, and all its details—how, that
reverend turn-coat, wrote three letters w hich
agreed in no paitirul.ir—how he danced the
polka from New Boston to Concord, and from
Concord to Manchester—how he fell into the
den of lions (or asses) at the Manchester House,
and came out rolling his eyes in holy horror at
their wickedness—how he was reported to
have intimated to Frank Pierce that he had a
conscience, ami how Frank, with a very tar
tareari expletive, informed him that the inti
mation w as absurd, since he had belonged to
the Democratic parly forty years—how Mr.
AtW'ood hud stumped the State, and gratified
an infinite number of elderly ladies by the suu
vitas in modu of his address—how the election
lefi him “nowhere/* and how he retired at lust,
like Cinciimatus to bis plough.
We remember al-o howr Frank Pierce, i
the dead of last winter, with a patrol of shei
iffs, editors, runners, and echoes, went overt*
New Boston to bid for Free-soil votes. It via
a touch and go meeting, and Frank per forme*
w ith his usual hutten hole tact. He patted th
New Bostoners on their hacks, and told then
that the man who built his father’s chimney
lived at one time in New Boston, and tha
therefore he had a paternal regard for then
Among the other incidents of the mooting,
clergyman rose and addressed to him some in
terrogatories. In the course ol his answers.th
General leaned marvellously towards the Free
soilers. The speech was carefully noted doW!
at the time by a most estimable and correct ii
dividual present, arid published in the Mai
Chester Democrat in full, and in the Indrpena
ent Democrat in part. It is worthy of notic
that not a single Democratic paperinthe Stal
at the time denied the correctness of tlie Free
soil portion of the speech, and that some c*
them published reports in close agreemrn
with it. li should also be remembered tha
the speech was successful, and gained abou
two hundred Freesoil votes as can be shows
bv the returns of the votes.
“Well five months elapsid.ar.il Frank Pierc
was nominated for the Presidency, asparei
cellence the pro-slavery cautlidate; and all ih
South, from the Potoinac southward, sent uj
a shout. He was commended to them as al
right, and the campaign was commenced fu
riously in all the South by the Democrat?, they
representing Pierce as by far safer than Scott
on the Compromise. But suddenly some o
the southern papers discovered the New Bos
ton speech, and lorthwith published it. The
scales fell from southern < Ves, and the veil
from northern demagogues.
“Now another tack i> taken. It is declared
that the report of the speech is false. We ob
serve that B. F. Ayer, esij , (the gentleman to
W’hom ward five, of this city, has two or three
times given indications, that he had better re
main in private life,) and our friend Campbell
thedelender of the'commercial policy of Eng
land/and the opposer of the system by which
a huge portion of his patrons obtain their bread,
have addressed letters to Messrs. Norris, Hib
bard. and Peaslee, denying the teport in toto ;
and Messrs. Norris & Co., gave their preface,
and enclosed them to the Washington Union
The Union thinks the mutter thereby settle*
ar.d is in i cstacies.
eliave two '/jestlons to submit in cor
n*r,.!Ch w ith the matter. First, lire repo,
was false, why was it not denied at the tiro*
Second, can it fora moment be supposed, tha
after this lapse of of time, the memory of met
can be trLSted before a report made at the
lime?**
From the Portsmouth (N. H.) Messenger—
a Free soil print—we derive the following,
which tallies exactly with the explanation of
fered by every New Hampshire paper not com
mitted to the Pierce interest:
“Gen. Pierce, in a specli made at New Bos
ton, was reported to have said he loathed the
Fugitive Slave Law. The remark was by no
means an extraordinary one; for the speaker
was attempting to draw votes from John At
wuoJ.and to give the impression that it was
not on account of his opposition to that odious
law'that Atwood w as beheaded. The Hun
ker presses of Pierce’s party did not then de
ny that he made use of such an expression, as
the effect of it they believed would be saluta
ry.”
Having mislaid the last number of the Con
cord (N. H.) Independent Democrat, we avail
ourselves of the following paragraph, w hich
we find attributed to that journal by the Bus
ten Atlas : i
“We have receiicd a large number of let
ters from Southern men during the last fort
night, asking information in regard to this mat
ter. We take this occasion to say to one and
•11 that the language attributed to Gen. Pierce
above, was sjmken by him precisely as reported.
This language w as not only used at New
Boston, but also at Bradford and other places
in this State. Of this the proof is abundant,
and will be forthcoming in a shape to defy
cavilordenial. Wehave had no agency in
getting up the issue. And but for the charge
| of misrepresentation made against us w e
should have no interest in its decision. As it is,
i history will beset right '
The history is tolerably “right’, at present,
but it will wear anew'aspect when proof is
adduced that the obnoxious language used by
General Pierce at New Boston Was also used
by him at Bradford and other places in New
Hampshire. That is the assertion now made
by the Idepcndent Democrat, with a promise
that abundant evidence shall be produced “in a
shape to defy cavil or denial.
The true ire eftke Flint.
The following letter from Hon. Wm. T.
Haskell, of Tennessee was written, in reply
to one from the Whig Central Committee for
Middle Tennessee, communicating the result
of the correspondence w ith the Whig Centrsl
Committees for each of the other divisions
of the State, and requesting him to accept the
position of Elector for the State at large:
Jackson, July 19,1852.
Gentlemen: I have this momen* received
your letter inviting me to the candidacy on the
Whig Electoral Ticket in Tennnessee, for the
State at large, made vacant by the declination
of Col. Nelson, and give you at once a” hat
\ ty" ansaer.
I accept with ardor the post assigned roe.
and will proceed with alacrity to the discharge
of its duties.
We hare an invincible leader. Winfield
Scott ! Whose heart dees not throb at the
sound of that name ? A statesman, not a politi
cian—as the discharge of every delicate na
tional trust with which he has been chargeu de
monstrates—a man without fear and without
tepiOach—a soldier whose
•‘Fume fol.U in
This orb o’ the Earth”—
his name is the harbinger of victory, and he
has never known defeat.
A whig, true, known, and trustworthy
thoroughly sound On the slavery issues; he
knows “no North, no South, no East, no West,
nothing but his country.*' Horn in the South,the
North by virtue of bis accidental residence
claims with us an equal pride in his greatness,
and an equal share in his glory. And in No
vember next, the North and the South, the
East and the West, will accord to him the
chief honor of Mie nation, giving the lie to the
libel lfiat Hepublicsare ungrateful arid proving
j u*the world that in this great country great
men are properly appreciated and properly
| rewarded tor great public services.
Mr. Graiiim. our candidate for the Vice
j Presidency, stands approved by the general
; concession of ull parties and sections. Eminent
ns a Whig,distinguished for his talents,devoted
to the country and bis party—Tennessee, the
daughter of North Carolina, cla*m3 him as a
kinsman, and will evidence to him, an J to the
Mot her State, that she is not wanting in fraternal
or filial affection, or unworthy her illustrious
lineage.
Gentlemen, we have an eld fashioned victory
before us in Tennessee— a victory not more tc
be won than wished for. Yet let evry Whig put
on his armor and go manfully into the fight, 6<
that w hen the battle is Won, he may say with
every brother Whig—
“Victory sits on our helms*'.
WM. T. HASKELL
H. H. SlIEPP \RD. F. K. ZOLLICOFFER
E. P. McGinty, Committee.
: The Louisville Journal savs of General
I ... *
I Pierce: He started in politics, as a John Q
I Adams man and used his influence against
j General Jackson and the Democracy. Thi*
j may he rather startling intelligence to some ol
j the Democrats, hut the authority for it is no
less a personage than Isaac Hill, who, for more
than a quarter of a century and till the time of
his death, bore the Democracy of New Hamp
shire upon his strong broad shoulders. The
following paragraph is taken by the Ha>tfnrd
Courrant from the New Hampshire Patriot, of
1842, of which Isaac Mill was the Editor.
‘‘Frank Pierce commenced law business a
bout the \ear 1826, and hoarded with his fa
ther in Hillsborough. In that year he made
the old gentleman so far non-committal that hi?
name was then used as discountenancing the
senior editor of the Patriot iri his opposition
to John Q. Adams; he helped and assisted tin
federal lawyers of that day to call out tht
strength of his father’s name against Andrew
Jackson, and it was not until ihe close of the
vear 1827 that the sterling old patriot broke
aw ay from the pernicious influence of his de
generate son.”
This item of Pierce’s life is not given in his
recently published biography. It should, says
the Albany Evening Journal, he copied in the (
next edition; for it is only proper that the dem
ocracy should know that in supporting Pierce
they are supporting a “degeneraie son” w ho j
“assisted the federal lawyers” of New Hamp- j
shire to defeat Old Hickory. Will the “Old
Guard” lionor a man whose “pernicious influ
ence” helped to defeat Gen Jackson when he
first ran for the Presidency ?
Y\ e learn from the Republican of 2nd inst.
that “at the close of the war he (Gen. Pierce)
was the first to resign his commission.”—
Lest the Republican should fail t'» make it ap
pear that General Pierce was the first lo re
sign, we can inform it,that he took this momen
tous step beforexhu close of the war—w iihour
however, any detriment to the service, that
w e ever heard of.
\\ e like the spirit ami tenor of the extract be
low, from the N. Orleans Republic. It sounds
right, and w ill be echoed from one corner of
the Union to the other:
An Irishman's Tribute to Gen. Scott.—
At a lurge and enthusiastic ratification meeting
j in Cincinnati, Mr Gibbons, an Irishman, was
one of the speakers. lie spoke \\ ith Irish fer
vor, and g. ve his reasons for supporting Scott
and Graham in preference to the nominees of
the Democratic party, so called. Scott though
a staunch Protestant, was a Catholic man—
Catholic, in that his soul uaslaige enough to
Tolerate every form of honestly <n?ertaiued
relgious belief. [Appl.iusc* and cries of “sure*
and ain’t we all going for him?*’] When tin* cor
rupt and prejudiced English Government j
would, uith c Imracteristic cowardice in crush*
ing a fallen foe, have shot the Irish prisoners
taken in the last war u ith that country. Gen.
Scott sto« d up on the quarterdeck of an English
man-of-war—d’ye mind that boys? —onan Eng
lish man-1 f trar—and told the rpaidetted hire
lings ofthatldamnablegovernment that .for every
Irishman^ shot.a a Englishman should hiss the
dust! [Enthusiastic and long continuedcheerrs
for Scott] That dauntless bearing saved rnv
countrymer*. Andcanl forgetthe magnanimous
conduct of the conqueror of Mexico, w ho secu
red to a vanquished people all the rights of
property, and more than all this, nil the rights
and privileges of free and unrestricted worship?
Never! Gentlemen, my lather fought un
d» r Gen. Scott on the battle field and if it
p!ea6eGod, I am going to fight for him in this
political campaign. (Cheers.)
The Republican of the 2nd inst either says
itself, or makes Mr. Goode, of Bedford, 6ov :
“Scan his every vote while a member of the
House of Representatives and Senate, and the
name of Franklin Pierce w ill be found uniform
ly recorded in favor of sustaining the con&titu
tional tighig of the South.”
\\ hat does the Republican think of bis vote
refusing to a titizen of Virginia, who had re
moved into tile District of Columbia, perrois
lion to bring there two family servants ? Is
that Mr. Goode’s and the Republican’s idea
of the way the colstitutional rights of the
South should be sustained ? Let us bear from
you gentlemen.
--
Roanoke Beacon —Mr. J. W. Shields has
retired from the associate management of the
Beacon, published at Salem, Va. Wm, M.
Cook, Esq , for some years a member of the
Legislature, has taken charge of the editorial
department of the paper.
Sharp Shaotiiig.
There appear* lobe an unfominatedi*agree
ment beteeWn Gen Pierce** iriend Gov Steele
and his four friends the editor* of the Louis
vi'.le Times. Got Steele says that Gen Pierce’s
giving a cent's worth of rAndy to the boy ulm
was a total stranger to him may fairly be con
sidcred “Ike most illustrious event in his his
tory.’* w hereas the four Colonels, say that “?/
is emblematic of hislfe. scan it who will. Thu>
while hi* excel I one v ^heGov’nor admitsthathis
friend’s giving the rent’s worth of candy to the
boy who w as a total stranger to him rather sur
passes in illustrious merit every thing else he
ever diJj tbe four Colonels, in their superior
zeal for their idol, would fain make the world
think that hit chofelfc is made up of just such
acts.— Louisville Journal.
The English paper* favor the election of
Gen Pierce on the ground, that he would be
••a valuable practical ally to the commercial
policy of this country (England.)" By this
they meat that he would do all he could to aid
them in bicaking down American manufac
tures. and to place us entirely in the power of
British capitalists. Surely this ought to open
the eyes of our people. The man w ho favors
the commercial policy of Great Britain can be
no true friend of his own country.—- Char
lottesville Advocate.
It is said that when Gen Pierce heard of tin*
nomination of Gen Scott he fainted and fell
from the Democratic platform, receiving o
slight injury. We have not learned wheihet
the General has remounted it or not. It is a
dangerous place any how for a nervous man
like Gen Pierce.—Kan. Rep.
Hon. Paulus Powell is still industriously cir
culating the speeches of Messrs Toombs and
Gentry. We understand that a whig who re
ceived one sent it back stating that he hud no
use for it, but requesting MrPow’ell to forward
him oneof his own productions! This w’as rath
er severe on the Hon. gentleman, seeing that
he is a better distributor than makerof speech
es.— Char Adr.
IticavRn is Himsli.f Again.— We learn
fiom an exchange that Gen Pierce lias purch
ased a splendid Shetland pony, and is daily
practicing the equestrian art. We suppose the
General expects to make a trip up Salt River
this fall and has determined to make it through
by land on horseback—Kan. Repub.
Tim Whig Platform—The Louis*illle
Journal says: Nearly the whole population of
the country seem now to be upon the Whig
platform. The Whigs are standing on it, and
a good many of the Democrats are lying on
it."
The choicest argument used by the Southern
Democrats against General Scott is that he is
supported by Mr Seward, of New York.—
They argue, quite lusciously, as follow s : Sew
aid supports Scott; and therefore, if Scott should
be elected, Seward will control all the appoint
ments under the Scott Administration. What
better is that logic than this} Martin Van Bu
r. n .-upport8 Pierce should he lie elected, Van
Buteri will control all the appointments under
the Pierce administration.—Louisville Jour
nal.
Congress.
After a sesaion of' nearly nine month*, the
two Houses of Congress have agreed to ad
journ the 31st day of this month. Long ses
sions arid little labor are becoming character
istics of our National Legislature. This is,
with one exception, the longest ever held.—
The locofocos have hud a large majority the
whole time, and are responsible, as well
for its intolerable length, as for the next to
nothing it has accomplished. The people
should bear in mind that these interminable
sessions add greatly to the drabs made Upon
their pockets, to meet the expenses of govern
ment The great m iss of business yet remains
upon the tables of the Clerks, anti, as the hour
of adjournment approaches, will cither lie hur
ried through, without proper consideration,
and arnid the disgraceful hubbub and confu- j
eion usually alter.ding the close of a session—
or altogether neglected. The good of the coun
try requires that some remedy should be de
vised lor the great and growing e\ il of long
sessions, else it will shortly come to pass that
Congress w ill sit en permanence, and locofoco
ism,having once fastened itself upon the pub
lic Treasury, w ill hold on.like the horse lee* li,
until it drops from over fullness.
A Monument to Mu. Clay is to be erected
at Pottsville, Pa. to consist of a statue nine
feet in height, on a Grecian Doric co'umn of
cast iron, starling from a base of rocks—the
whole height of column and base C3J feet
above the r.eat lines being 133 feet above the
side walk on Centre erect, Pottsville, fronting
the monument. Inscription—In honor of Henry
Clay, America’s great Orator, Salesman, Patriot,
this monument was erected by the citizens of
Schuylkill county, and bequeathed to their
children as a record of their gratitude for his
illustrious services which brought peace, pros
perity and glory to his country, and a tribute of
admiration for the virtues which adorned hi**
Useful life, and won for his imperishable name
the respect and affection of mankind.
-,»
Mr. R J. Turner's Musical Entertain
ments at the Masonic Hall have given unmin- ;
gled delight to those who have amended them.
Mr. T. has one of the richest and most rnelo
dious voices to which we have ever listened.
The Piano accompaniment is conducted with
much taste and skill.
Angus McKaskil, the Nova Scotia Giant,
is now exhibiting his Polypherniun proportion*
at the Masonic Hall. He is probably the
best specimen of a Giant now extant—being 1
nearly eight feet high and “large according,'
though less t ban twenty year s of age. He is .» ;
promising boy, Angus is.
-— »
1 he Richmond Republican sa^s :
The Line of Telegraph wires from lhi>
place to Lynchburg, crossed 13th street be
low our office yesterday, and will doubtless be
ready for operation in a few days. The im
provement will bring Lynchburg w ithin speak
ing distance of the capital, and must prove a
gr* ■at convenience to the business portion of her I
community.
Immigration.—The total immigration to
this country for the seven months of the pre
sent year has been 179,051, w hile during the
corresponding months of IS51 the number was
but 162,579, so that notwithstanding tire at
tractions ot Australia, the immigration from
Europe to this country, is still on the increase.
The Louisiana Constitutional Convention,
by a dcciJcd majority, refused to strike out
the clause in the Constitution prohibiting and
punishing duelling. The vote on the motiou to
strike out was 20 for and 73 against.
Hon. Hkniiy A. Wise.— It is announced
in tlie Lcwiaburjj papers that Mr. Wise, one
nf the electors on the Democratic ticket,* is to
address the people of Greenbrier at their Au
gust Court.
Washington Correspondence.
Washington, Aug. 5th 1852.
'•Shall we fish in Fund v or fight?” ts a quo*
(ion which has of late, been often naked. Lie
fore l proceed briefly, to examine this question
of the fisheries. Hnd to show w hat we cluim.
under the treaties that ha^e been made, and
w hat is chiinud by Great Britain, I think 1
may safely say, that there is but very little
prospect of a fight; and, that when the smoke
of the ext iteinei.t, caused by the announcement
of armed vessels so near our coast,clears away,
our fishermen will be found, as ever before,
fishing i . the bay of Fundy.and the bay of dial
eur, hut (lot perhaps.in the little bays and har
bors that indent the coast
By the treaty of 1783.made immediately oil
the close of the war, American fishermen hud
liberty “to take fish of every kinJ, on such
part of die coast of New fbundland. (but not to
dry or cure the same bn that island,) and ulso,
on the coasts, bays, and creeks of uli oilier of
his Biilanic Majesty's Dominions in America.”
In addition to thi* liberty to take fish, the in
habitant!* of the 17. S. are also, guarantied the
“liberty to dry and cure fish, in any of the un
settled bays, harbors and creeks of Nov a f>co*
tia, Magdalen Islands, and Labrador, si* long
as tlie same shall remain unsettled.” The in
habitants of the U. S. were also “to continue to
enjoy, unmolested, tlie right to take fish of
every kind, on the Grand Bank and all the
other banks of Newfoundland, also in the
Gulf of St. Law1 retire, and at all other places
in the sea, where the inhabitants of both rnun
tries, used at any time heretofore, to fish.”
It will be perceived hy the extracts I have
given from the treaty of 1*783, that the liberty
to take fi.-h on the coasts, bays, creeks or bar
hors belonging to Great Britain, w as enjoyed
hy the inhabitants of the United States, almost
equally with Ihubli fishermen, und that they
were only restricted in the places, where they
were to dry and cure their fish. This unre
stricted liberty was the source of a good deal
of annoyance to the Colonies, and th« ground
of many complaints, and was the cause of the
insertion of the article relative to the fisheries,
in the Constitution of ISIS.
h)' the law of nations the dominion of ;i
country extends three niaiine mites beyond
the coast; and consequently the crown of Great
Britain had a right to exclude our fishermen,
from taking as well as drying and curing on
or within'a league of the coasts, over which
this Dominion extended. This however, w as
not done by the treaty of 17S.‘i.
The treaty of 1818 continued to the inhabi
tants of the United States, the liberty of taking
fie-h of every kind, “on that pail of the South
ern coast of Newfoundland, which extends
from Cape Kay to the Katiican Islands, on the
western and northern const of Newfoundland,
from said Cape Kay to the Quiripon Island*,
on the shores of the Magdalen Islands, and also
on the Coasts, bays, harbors, and creeks, from
Mount Ioby, on the Southern coast of Labra
dor, to and through the straits of Belle Isle,and
thence northwardly, indefinitely along the!
Coast; without prejudice, however, to any of j
the exclusive lights of the Hudson Buy Com !
pa»»y.” L also gave them the “liberty,forever,!
to dry and cure fish in any of the unsettled (*o
Ions as they it mainod unsettled}bays, harbors,
and creeks of ilie Southern part of the coast j
of Newfoundland, hereabove described, and j
of the coast of Labrador." Atid by this same
treaty the 1 cited States renounced “forever, i
any 111 ci ty heretofore enjoved Or ( Limed by |
tin; in habitants thereof, to take, dry, or cure
fish. on or within three murine miles of any of
the coasts.hays.creeks.or harbors of his Britan !
ic Majesty’s dominions in America,not included i
within tin-above mentioned iimi s." (That is tiie !
limits mentioned in the extracts given above.)
“Provided, how ever, that the American fidier- '
men,shall he admitted to enter such buys r;r i
harbors, for the purpose of shelter and repair- j
ing cl.linages therein, of purchasing wood, and l
of obtaining wafer, and tor no other purpose,
w halt Ver. But they shall be under such re I
stfictions as may be necessary to prevent their f
taki ig. drying, or cuiing fish therein; or in I
any other manner whatever, abusing the piiv- j
ileges hereby reserved to them.*'
AcCoidingto the British construction of this j
treaty, the Ainetiran fishermen are excluded,
not only from three marine miles of the coast,
but from all the bays, creeks, harbors, an 1 in
dents of the sea; the bays ami indents of the
sea, being included within a line drawn from
headland to headland, and this w ould exclude
American fishettnen from the bays of Funds
and Chaleur. This is the interpretation given
to the treaty, by the Lw officers of (Heat
Bri'ain, and the one which Great Britain, it is
said, now intends to enforce. For over thirty
yours, since* the treaty was made, this con
rtrutlioii has never been enforced, and the
inhabitants of the United States, have enjoyed
the liberty of fishing in the bav of Fundy,
and the other large bays ami indents of the
coasts of Nova Scotia und New Brunswick,
and the in-t'i!?*ieR; to the Colonial Secretary
in 1815 gave i: to”1 them.
On the part of the American Government,
it is contended that it was not tile intention of
the high contracting parties, to exclude Amer
ican fishermen from hays t'iat were more than
six miles in width—that, such hays ns the
Fundy end the bay ol Clialeur.^liould be open
al ke to the inhabitants <»f both nations. In
deed, the proviso in the treaty, which allowed
American seame n to enter the bays for the
sake <»f.shelter and to repair damages, shows
tins to havu been the iirniernta nd ing of the con
tracting parties; for the larger hays car,not be
considered in th:; light of bays for shelter in a
storm. This construction i* a'so given to it by
some of the Colonial papers, who asseit that
it is not the intention of the 1 lorne Government,
to enforce the legal interpretation of the treaty,
hut merely to exclude American fishermen
bom has s that are six miles in width and un
der
It is thought that the object of the Colonial
Government, in ashing a rigid enforcement of
the treaty, i-r to compel ns to accede to their
demand for a reciprocity of trade. And, it is
said further, that it w ill probably have that ef
fect, that the committees on commerce in both
House's, are preparing a bill to make th * field,
forest and sea alike, free to both nations, and
il at iliis w ill not only be nfimrm use benefit to
British fishermen, throw trig open our ports to
them, but enable the Amnricm fishermen to
make five dollars, w here they make two now’.
I he assembling in the hay of St. Lawrence,
a British fleet of nineteen armed vessels, to
enf*rce the British construction of the treaty,
w hich has practically been allowed t<» receive
a different construction for the last thirty
years, ought to he promptly noticed by the
Ami rican Government, sending to those wa
ters an Arm rican fleet 6<pjftliy ns large, to
prevent any open infraction of the treaty, tilt
the tw o Governments can come to a cjiiiet un
derstanding in the matter—J»ml there is *trong
reason to hope that it will be June. The
country may at least rest assured, that under
the present / clmiilbtnition, with Daniel Web
ster at tile head of foreign affairs, every thing
w ill be done, that can be,for the interest of our
fishermen; and. to see that the American flag
is not disgraced. My next letter I hope will
contain news of more interest to the readers of
the Virginian. TRIPLETT.
Gen. Scott had several Irishmen hung in
Mexico for desertion, and }et he has written
that lie never knew an Irishman who turned
his back upon his country.—Pennsylvanian.
Well, we suppose Gen. Scott didn’t know
these Irishmen. They may havel/rrn person
“I •cquaintanrra of your nominee, bjt not of
ours.— Lent. Journal.
Iteum of Kcun.
Inn Corn Crop.—This region of country
Ima »*e«*n favored recently with several moat re*
freshing rains «ml as a Cona*qm,e«> the crops of
corn now look uncommonly promising. From
many other portions ofthe State w*. have cheer*
ingacCountsinrelaioti tothisimportant staple—
and should no untoward event occur horenf
,vr* *be yield of con. this season w i 1 he gteut*
•?»; than ii has been for many Vein —Farm
rl Journal. *
I HE I Ravel through ti.is pla<v has been
gr.atly increased this season. The Valley
Stage*tire cron iM every day, a> d the immense *
\ alley travel is Dow eoi Cei I rating a* this point,
before diverging for the East utld West. The
Canalseagea are Crowded daily. The Canal lino
Opens a new s*reain of travel from the East;
and we pledict. it is as yet, but the foreshad
ow ing ol w hat it w id he in the cot rse of a few
years. — I^rx Gazette.
1 lie crowd Niill continues to increase at the
Roekhi idite Alum. Fuun twenty to thirty
leave Lexington • v -ry morning by the Alum
Spriiiif stages. We learn there are noAV about
•100 persona there.— Lex Gaz.
Mi s Dix w ho has acquired much Celebrity
in her efforts to reli. ve suffering humanity. is
now in otirtow n. The object of her vi.it'is to
place iu tin? Institution for the Deal ..nd Dumb,
located at this place, u couple of unfortunates
she has taken in charge. Mi-* r>. is sharing
the hospitality of our ex* client townsman, Dr.
Stkiui.Ixg, i»i wIk s * residence many of our
citizens w, re itn iiedto make the acquaintance
of the distinguished p' ilamhiopist, who has ta
ken her In a t in her hand and is**going about
doingjgood.’ —Staunton I indicator.
Organization oft he Oistnet ( W/V.—The Jud
ges comprising tin* Court of this District, with
tho exception of J tidge Alien, the President,
convened ut the Court-l{oys<* in this place on
Thursday last, the 2J*th inst. Judges present—
Edward Johnston K H. IUilv, A.S. Fulton
and George VV. Hofkivs. Mr. Charles J.
Cummings was i)« cted Clerk of the Court fbr
the term of bix years, and Mr. Jus P. Warren
w ns elected criel. Doth of these gentlemen
are residents of Abingdon.—Abingdon Virgin*
ian. _
Tin- Whig
The Whig-* of Rot kbridge had a real feast
last Monday. ( ol. Baldwin, the Whig Elec
tor. addrcs-cd a dense < rnwd in the Court
House. He muJe one of the most powerful
speeches we have prer listened to. Every
word of it told. We shall not attempt any re
port of tl.e speech, for every portion of if,
throughout the three hours that he spoke, was
so g*.od that ue don't know l.ow we should
discriminate in selecting any part of it. If we
were to undertake to do so. wo could.ut stop
without giving it all. ami that wo can't do, this
week. It was overwhelming in argument,
and rich in a e< d..ie and illustration through
out; enlisting the untiring attention of ilia
crowd, and calling forth rapturous applause
loud, enthusiastic, and prolonged. Whigs from
every poition of the countv were in attendance
and such universal, wholesouled enthusiasm, .
we never before witnessed.
Mr James (i. Paxton, the Democratic Coun
ty Elector, informed the Hudience—that there
would he no **Democratic" opposition to Mr.
Bald a in, as Mr. Deneale, the Democratic Dis
trict Elector, was sti/lsick.
On Monday night, the Whig feast was con
tinued. The Whigs had another etithusnislic
meeting in the Court House. The house was
again crowded. Many Country Whigs re
mained to pait.cipute in the evening repast.
Samuel McD. Moore. Hup, led off with one of
his best efforts. Dr. Paine made a spirited
and appropriate address. Tims J. Evansesrj,
ofthel'ityof Richmond, being present, uus
called upon and enchained the attention of
the audience for about half an hour, with u
most admi able speech.
Our friends elsewhere may rely upon it,
RockhriJgc is v* iJ«- awake now. We always
knew tho Whig spirit of Ifockhr ijge to be the
“true grit” but we confess we never saw it
aroused to such an extent before. She is going
with n perfect “gust of enthusiasm" for Sf-OTT
and (iitAll.VM. Tho Whigs of Rockbridge
need a little somethii g to stir them up, and a
deserter now and then does it to perfection. It
raises tin ir dan !er about right. Such an in
v moment pays a five per cent. i
P. 8. After Col. Baldwin hail concluded
liis rematks in the afternoon, Mr. James Dor
man *•defined h is position.”—Lex. Gaz.
All for Scott.—A friend brought us in
this morning a list often f-ubsc fibers, seven of
whom he d- dared from his own personal know
ledge had been Loco foe ns up to the nomina
tion of (Jen. Scott. That is the way the hall
rolls.— Cincinnati Atlas.
Vis, this is the way the ball rolls. Every
day we become mote and more sanguine in the
belief we expressed two weeks ago that the
Presidential contest will be virtually decided
Img \ efore the casting of the votes in No
vember. Itmightappil the Democratic lead
ers in this region to hear the w hole truth in re
gard to the uprisings of Democrats in favor of
Hen. Sco t in some portions of the interior of
Kentucky—Louis, doer.
Still Higher!
Yrdford again in the /.trendfinny.
Exce/tior svvmti tube the motto of th*' Lynch
burg Tobacco Manufacturers. We had
thought, find said, that £150 per hundred was
the ultimatum for the weed, in this country »t
least. But it lias reached n shude higher. A
lot w as S' Id yesterday, at Fiumd’s Wnrehouse,
by Mr. (Forge St# -pine, for ONF HUN
1 >Ht:I> AM) FIFTY DOLLARS AND
TWENTY FI V F CENTS per hundred, mid
purchasi d by Messrs. Buckner & Jones, of this
c itv. It w ns grow nin the Soul! side of Bedford
county by Mr. II. B. 'J ute,and was the pick of
his c rop—the remainder bringing 516 per iun
dr« d.
We have a bundle of this tobacco — or rather
the remains of a bundle, before us. and it seema
to us to pu.'Seas all the qualities of the article
in its highest state of pc rfi ctioe — fineness, rich
ness, and that peculiar firomaxc smell resem
bling the odor ol drie d peaches. We hope;
our enterprising young frit nils rn iy reap the
reward of tin lr determination to keep pace
with the times.
At the c ’ose of the break the company par
took of a collation prmid#d by Mr. Marshall of
Pittsylvania, the pcrillen an w In# obtained the
SL/0 per hen In ti for t>< me tobacco a abort
time since. T h« re was an ample supply of
fine old \ irginia-enred hams, fat mutton, Sec.
Ac. lcmoi ade, cakes, and a ten gallon fvh of
julep. We partook lightly, th#n went home
to (inner. On our it Hun. passing by the
Ware house, We called in to take a view of the
battle fi# hi. We were much surprised to find
nothing hut a few fragments of bread, undsornu
boi.es scattered over the ll« or, and the Julep
tub as dry as a powder horn. We inquired
w hat time the editors of the Virginian and Re
publican had 1# ft. * O, tiny staid sometime
alter you w# nt a* ay,” was the answer. This
accounted, of Course, for the disappearance of ^
the barns and mutton; hut w hat went with the
julep, we could nut conceitc, and were afraid
to enquire. We have bei n informed, however,
that there were no morr limit that day.
From the quantity of unusually fine tobacco
put up in Lynchburg this season,vvejudge that
chewers will have a feast for the next year or
two. Fifteen, Twenty and Thirty dollar* per
hundred are now common price*. All the fine
Tobacco grow nin the State mint now come
hero. Such prices cannot be Imd any where
else. China furnishes the world with its finest
teas—Lynchburg with its finest Chewing To
bacco. Planters, Chew erf and Dealers must
remember this.—Express.

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