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Richmond daily Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1842-1861, March 02, 1847, Image 2

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•*J Hf'impm*** and unanimity were then hi* watch
wuida. I it*m#diat* anion—anion bafor* Congress ad
jawrusd—»a* hw demand. No Ma|p. Delay* are dan
•" “• *'• must »ot*, and ton unanlmou ly and prompt
ly. I nail rrnamher lb* Senator's look and attitude on thai
ucraaion—the hi*dne*a ol in* to»h, tnd the masis'erialiiy
«l hi* attitude It *■< such a* hr oltan (a*ot* ua with,
especially when hr i* in a rriaw,and bungs forward aonic
ihuMT which ought to hr inatantly and unanimously rvyect
•<i -a. whan hr brought in hi* airing of abatracliona on
Thtnadar laai. So it was in lt»3h—prumpt and unani
i»..iia acinin, and a look to put down opposition. But thr
Srnair warr not looked down in lt»36. They promptly
and unammoualy rrluaad thr Senator's motion! and the
cn.i.and thr danger—good matured aoula !_immediately
piatp-ned themselves until wanted tor another orcaaton.
The peace ol the country waa then aaved; but it w as a
reap te only, and the apaech of tha arnator tr.nn Smth Car
ulina, ^f'tl ■* it waa. b- c rnica momenloua aa foraahadowtng
evert thing that baa subsequently taken place in relation to
the admission ol Tela*. In thi* bnal apeech we bar* the
ahad-iwaof all future movement*, coming in procession—
In advance oI the rventa. In ihe aigmficant intimanon,
■iual hed wrh the il——e "thr Texana prudently mana
ged their a flam, they (the Srnatei might awn be cailrd up
on to decide Ibo question of adm aaion:" in that pregnant
and qualified intimation, there waa a doubt that the Trgana
might not be prudent enough to manage their own ariam,
and might require help; and alao a viaiote feeling of that
paternal gua dtansbip which afterward assumed thr man
agement ol their affaire for them, in the adm •niliora to
unanimity, there waa that denunciation of any difTerruce ot
«>l opimou which alterwarda diap.ayed itaelf in the fero
ru>u< hunting down of ah whooppoaed the Teiaa treaty.
In ihe reference to southern slavery, and annoyance to elate
proper!I from Teiaa, we have the gertn of the "aelf.de- I
fence" letter.and the firat giimpaa ol tne abolition plot of ,
John Andrews. Aahel Smith, l. rd Aberdeen—I beg par- |
d utor le>rd Aberdeen lor natuing httn in aueh a connei- I
ion—and the World** Convention, with which Maitco, I
Teiaa, and the 1'nitrd State* were uiyatilid and banthoo
aied in April, lb44. And, III the Internet* of the mano-ac.
fitting ana naaigating State* of the north and raat, aa con
nected with Teiaa adintaaion, we have the teat of a.I the
communication* to tha agent, Murphy, and ot all th* let,
te>* and apeeche* t. which the Telia question, erven rear*
after* aids, gave r *r. We have all theae *jb*> quent rventa '
heree iadowed I. rth. And n »w, thr wonder t*. why all |
theae thug* were not lorraeen a ll'tle wmle bef re, wneu
T«x«* «a* being ceded to a noo-alavehoidiug empire I and
why, alter being »o moment and drad.y in Mav. Ib36,
all theae danger; aodden y went to aieep, and never waked •
up again until lb44? Tnrae are wonder* but let ue not 1
anticipate questions, and let u$ proceed with the narrative. -
The Cotigreaa of 1S36 would not admit Ten*. The 1
aenator Irom South Carolina became pinent: the Trias J
qu> alton went to alrep; and lor seven good years it made
nodiaturbauco. It Inert woke up, and with a auddrnncaa
and violence proportioned to tl» long rrpoac. Mr Tyler
was then i’reeident: the senator Irom South Carolina was
potent iind> r In* adinlnialrati. n, an- an n became hia Sec
retary ol Slate. All ibe spring* ol mtrigut and diplomacy
w. rc immediately act in motion to resuscitate the Trias
question, snd to re-n vest it w ith a.l the dangers and alarms
which it had worn in lc?36 Pass.ng overall the dangers
■ I annuyatice I rum Teiaa as possibly non-slavehuldtng,
jartttrn tty tne senator in Ib3'i, and not foreseen by him 1
in lb 13. w ith all Ihe tired lor guardianship then toreshadow 1
rd, and all ihe arguments then suggested; ail these imme
diate y develop, d themselves, and intriguing agent* traver
ard earth ami sea, from Washington to Trias, and from i
1. ndon to Mexico:—passing over all this, as belonging to
n , l*s- ol < videncc noi now to be used, 1 come at once to
tlie Inner of the 17th ot January, Iront thcTe&an minister
to Mr. I pshcr, the American Secretary of State; and the
an-wri to that letter by .Mr. ClLHollt, of April lllh ot
the same year. They arc both vital m tins case; and the
itral is in ll.ase words:
*• ’lr. \ nit '/nndl to Mr. I pvliur.
“ LlBATION of Tt u*. f
“ Washington, Jan. 17. l!>44 S
" ?!* • Ii is known lo you thot an armtsl ce hi* bet u
pr -denned between Mexico and Texas ; that that armis
tice hr. ■ teen obtained through the intervention of several
jt'enl p .were, mutually friendly ; and that negotiations are
now pending, having for their object a settlement of the
difficulties heretofore existing between the two countries.
A propo tt ii, likewise, having been submitted by the Pre
si onto! he Untied States,through you,lor the annexation
of T< xss 10 this country, therefore, .without in ncnting the
nature o' the reply wi tch the Prrsidet t < f Texas mav dt.
tect 10 be made to this proposition' 1 beg leave to suggest
tnst tt may h apprehended, should a treaty of annex id n
be e ni lu • I, Mexico may tbn k proper to at onre terminate
the armistice, break of all negotiations tor peace, and again
threaten or commence hostilities against Texas; and that
some of the other governments who have been instrumen
tal in obtaining th»tr cession, if they do not throw iheir in
fluence mi . llie Mexican smlr, may altogother withd a«
their good offices of mediation, thus losing to Texas their
friendship, and exp'sing her to the unrestrained menaces
of Mexico. In view, then, ol these things, I desire to sub
mil. through you, to his excellency the President of the
Unt’et Stales, this inquiry : should the President of Texas
secede to the proposition of annexation, would the Prmi.
dent of the United States, after the signing of the trea’y,
and before it shall he ratified and receive the final action of
ti e other branches of both gov< rnmente. m case Tcx.v
shotiM desire it, or wish her consent, order such number of
the military and naval forces ot the United Stales to such
i rc sury point* ■ r places upon ihe territory, or borders of
Texa*, or the (Julf ol Mi xico, as shall be sufficient to pro
tect her against foreign nggrtssonl
••This e. mtnunicanon, as well a* the reply which you
may in ike, will be considered by me as entirely confiden
tial. n n to be embraced in my tegular official correspon
dence to mv government, but enclosed direct to the Presi
dent of Texas for hi* information.
•* With assurances of my great regard,
I have the honor to be. very respectfully,
'* Vour obedient servant,
•• Isaac van zandt.
•• ii »n a r
Tint* letter raveiN tin Irur state ot the T< xas question in
January, 1814, and fhe conduct of ail parties in relati n to
i' 'IV*as arui Mexico, weary of the war, r«j» ***ng tinder
an armistice, and treating lor peace, Great Britain and
France -cling ti»e noble part «*f mediators, and rude tv rinj
t • make peace Our own government secretly intriguing for
attnt-xati in, acting the wicked part of mischief*makers, and
Hying to renew the war; and t.;e ii**ae of its machinations
m be ufi-iiccettfu! iinleHS the United States sb »u!d be in
volved in tbc renewed hostilities. That wj the question;
n.*d the It t-r openly puts it to the American Secretary
Ssat*. The answer to that ques'ion, in my opinion, shou d
lr*fe he n, tout :.»e President of the United S’ate** d d n i
know' f the nniiisuee and the peace negotiations at the time
r ni hr prop srd to Texas to do an act which would be i
p rf» .u us vi >Iati ii of tliore §acr»d engagements, and bring
upon heraeif the scourge of renew, d invasion and the stigma
of (isrfidf — that ho would not have made such a prop »s.il
for me whole round world, if he had know*n ot the armistice
and th* peace negotiations—that he Wished sticc* **» To the
peace-mak* rs, both for the sake of Mexico arid Texas, anti 1
been use Trans r.odd then come into the Union without I
th* least interruption to our friendly,commercial, and s-.cial
relations with <*ur staler republic of Mexico; and that, a* t• •
»«• • y lending the army and navy of the United S ates to
T* xa* 10 fight Mexico while we were at peace with her, it 1
would b»« a crime against God, a.id tnsn, and • ur own con
etitii ion. f r which bends might be brought tu me b »rk, :t
pres dt nte anu their secretaries, like const tutionsi king* and
mu r»r, * Mild beheld capitally responsible for cvpit^l
r: .i e- This, in my opinion, should have b« en the answer.
)> Jt the fir*! pirt of it—that of t ie scienter upon tnc point
of »hr armunc* *»nd the peace neg it at ions—cm Id no be
givrn in ft int >.f t ;c» ; f.»r the Department of S afe wa< fu
of c on nu ocafi «na i*ivi rig that informa'ion—one uf them
from tbc agent, (Murphy,) tn tire*- words:
•* To»- powers to be given to General Henderson arc to
l»t ot the fullest and most compltt*' character, so that no
impediment shall be found requiring further or other p w* *•,
or iiirrhti or other instructions I* it, inasmuch as tiic com.
rubai more of Texas n »w in Mrx c *, in treaty or m gotis
lion t o iling an armistice, are supposed nit- have c »i. |
* iudi d their tabors, and it is clear to the President of Tex
r. that «■> soon as this neg ftiation in relation to annex*
i • » knot* n to the government <>f Mexico, all negoust. n
0 j trial and ad other questions between Texas and Mexi
c . v. i ci a-**. Mid that the President of M» x co w iff insian: ■
1> c no'iienca active b •stilities against Texas, which Tex*
m is wholly unprepared, by sea or Ian 1, to resist,—*f h un.
d* ffi-M d mat the gorernrncnf of the United Stale*, having
Invped Tt-xas to this negotiation, wi : at '-nee, and before
any r g .nation is set on foot, pla c a sufficl- ni naval lorre
1 i : (»’ lif to pr icct the coast of T* I »s, and bo d a snffi
o- nt fore of cavalry, or other drier ption of mounted
t; .»ops, on the ouiithwestern b >rderof the Un t^d Stales, in
i ndmer' to protect or aid hi the proteetbm of Texas pend*
*•'*' i. • prop srd negotiation for annexati.in. f t*ust my
government will nt once *ee th* propriety of this co ir** >,t
P net, lof | i and ii impossible to induce this government
t«» cut* r i» .irtily into the measure of annexation witn-ut
an i« * nt.v e that my g •veroment w .uld not tail to guard
T> * * »** »t all tl n * vd« whir.i wi re nkrlv 1* a** d| fit.
*■ in co. n (pirnce of tier meeting and comp ying with the
wishes i f thi United States/*
D »:.»d ot tne kn< uledge of t c existence of the arni h
* ce, *nd of the opr mug of nrgntiatlon*, wa*, therefore, mi
i» ••**- *» Mr. Upshur, to whom t.»e letter of th« I7tf» i f
Jsnu *ry w is an JreErcd, gave it no answer at all. I) inng
i n iorly ays that hie I lc s** Spared, he answered not;
and I inent • > ibis pnricnlsriy injustice to the memory of
i! k mi . m a i who is n * more. Mr. N» - *n, the ait *rney
t o» r .1, his temporary sti*res«or in the Dr pertinent of Srare,
d'rt n«>t »n«wr' it f.i the Texan minister in Wsshitigi >n.
Imii It d d to Mr. Murphy In T« x-.», in reply t<i b» r or.*
IHM'ti* afi » to the same i irefi with th. rtter \|r ,N* **m,i
letter is ♦ » d the 11th of Msreh, si.d »s m (hi«s wi rd•:
••Of t'.»» anxiety i*f the Pre»id»ot to provide for the a .
m x iiiott of in* t» rnt rv of Tex i» to th-t of th*- I . H’.«f
I l u ItiVi been heret *■ »rc appnved, nnd of hit readmt *
tiv i <|*o jaiit . p'« n»pt y to (flir'tii'i* this desire, y u at*
w. II awara. II r* gtrda I r mea«u e as one **f v tal imp .r
*» c a. 1. t h ji.fi:r*, and a- rec. mmended by the lights
*• (iff • h>!> *.fs **>ond public policy
" itniau.l g these views, the President is pratift ’d f
I • re* ivr. >u »tic c *irsr you have p*ir«ued n y«*ur inters .ur>f
w ih ili* au i.or .1 s it T« xa«, t'.e evidences ».f a eord a
t *opir*>ti n in this (htn»fi*d i bj<*etfrf Ins policy; bu* in
a -io is »*.*.• to say, that whilst appr vu g t .e g»-n**r.*l t .n<
and it ii 'f of that rjtOfcmr«e, he »*yr is to p^rr ive, in tti<
p .».(.» given Ity y**u in >• * com t»timca,i m t • tf«* il t,
a a n Jones ot thel4ih(*f P* hruary, that you have safTer
id tour veal to carry you beyond the line of y ir in true
lion*, »< d t » c iiimit the President to rnea*ufss I r wh»c
ir> hasr.o ' ti. .tional auth« n#y to atipulata.
•• Tl e rupofifiit of ib«t srmy **r navy agvmst a for fig
p wrr, with w o h I e Uui'cd Htates are at p*aee# is n <
*» ithm th* rompr ler.cy of the Piesident; and whilst fi*»
not mu«-|ofs* J, $9 a we figure of prudent preenut on, •> f t
iftr tmiuary i*» ihoyfopiaed negotiation, to Cor centra r i
i«tilt ot M* f ico, and on t*ie s*»uihern borders of the Unite
h«i«, a naval and military force to be dirrr^d to the d
imuse o* tne inhahttants and territory ot Texas at 8 pr- p
* in* , o« • *nn< t i»» rmit the authorin'-* of that guvffnmn
in t.mie>(i to labor ntidrr the misapprehension that he hi
!»••«## to employ them at the p* nod iudicaf* d by y.»ur etij
••tti th»ae n»pre*aiorte. Mr Van 4andt, the eliarge d’a
It • ol the Texan governuienf, has l»een,Mtd I* n I In
d. r n w | o ta dat!y expected have, will lie tally advertise)
Au th * mean lima, toe President desire* ths* you will i
oner coiin'rrminJ pour instruction* to Lieut. Davis, m fai
u they are in conflict with three views.
**ln an) emergency that may occur, care will be taken
that the c mmander • of the naval and military force# o!
| t'»# I nited Sines shall be properly instructed. Your re*
1'iucsi that they may b© placed under your control cannot
be gratified.'*
This is very consliiuti >nal and proper language; and it it
had not been rt versed, there w ould have beeu no war w ith
I Mexico. Hut it was reversed. Soon after it wa© written,
the present senator from South Carolina took the chair of
kin Mr. P Mka y Un
Mr Murpny mentions i* coming on with lull powers, on the
1 faith of the pledge he had given, arrived also; and found
that pledge entirely cancelled by Mr Tyler's answer through
Mr Nelson; and heuiterltr refused to treat. The new score*
tary wa« in a sir* t; for tune was short, and Texas must be
had; and Messrs Henderson end Van Zandt would not even
begin to treat without a renewal of the pledge given by Mr
Murphy. That had been cancelled in writing, end the can.
cellatton bad gone t<* Texas, and had been made on high
constitutional ground. The new secretary was profuse of
verbal aamranccs, and even permitted the ministers to take
down his words in writing, and read them over to him
ss w as show n by the senator from Tens, [Ceneral Hors.
Ton,] when he spoke on this subject on Thursday last.—
Hut verbal assurances, or memoranda of conversations,
would not do. The instructions under which the minis
ters acted, required the pledge to be in writing, and pro
perly signed. The then ft’resident. present senator from !
Irxas, who had been a lawyer m Tennessee before he i
went to Texas, seemed to lock upon it as a case under the
statute of frauds and perjuries—a sixth case added to the
fixe enumerated in that statute—in which the promise is
not vaiid, unless reduced to writing, and signed by the per.
son to I* cnirgrd therewith, or by some other person dulv
authorised br him to sign tor him. The firmness of the
Texan ministers, under the instructions of Tresident llous- I
ton, prevailed; and at last, and alter long delay, the sec re- j
tarx wrote, and signed the pledge which Murphy hud giv
en. and in all the amplitude of hs original promise —
I hat lener was dated on the llth day of April, 1644, and
w as in these w ords :
.Vf CiittoMn to .Vriirt. 1 am 7andt and Hondo*ton
“Wii in .. .\. Apt II. 1844
“biMUin: Tbt ItiMt tdonaed bf Mr. Van Ztndi to
Ihc lair Secretary ol Siair, Mr Upshur. I.> which xou hvxe
cailrd mv attention, dated Washington, 17th Januvrv. I'44,
ha* ben laid hr loir the l’ro*’dent ol inr United Stall *.
"In ttp * It. 1 am wend In the Pn.iji-m to f»v that
* •' >• •'*•*•» t t • Nin ha* boon lntmctid to otdar a
strong naval force t< concentrate in the Gu t ol Mexico,
lo rnrrt anv emergency; and mat similar order* bate hern
i**urd by the Secretary of W*.; to m .ve the disposable
limitary forces on our southwestern frontier, for the same
purpose. Should the exigency ante to which you refer in
vour notr to Mr. Upshur, 1 am farther directed tty the Pee
sideiii to say, that dur ng the pendency of the treaty ol an
nexation. he Would deen. it hi* duty to use all the mean*
p *ced within his power by the constitution to protect T< x
a» Iron all tomgn inraaton. 1 have the honor to he. \,
•*j. c. Calhoun.
“Mew*. I. V*> Zanpt and J. P Hxvdxks i.v,
"Mniiatrra from the republic of Tcxaa.”
This ia the answer giyen by Mr. Secretary Cantors to
the demand ; and although a little de/p tie in the specification
ol the entertrrnrtra and the exifenctra m which our lorccs
were to fight the Mexicans, vet, taken in connexion with
the terms of the let er to wcieh it was an answer, and to
Which it refers. It Is sufficient v explicit lo show that it a
c'e.ir and absolute promise to do me thing which Murpny
nod prom red. and wh n President IN rr. through the At
torney General, Mr .Nelson, had retu* d to d , be, aa-e it
involved a Violation ol the constitution ol the L'nili u Stan «.
The proms,- «» clear and exp.icil to leud the armx a 1
navy to the President of Tv las. to tight tile Mexicans w hi.e
they were ai peace with us. That was the point_at peace
w,th us. Mr. C*; h rv's assumpsit w n cit ar and exp ,, it
Co that point : and, that no c.rcutnstanct of contradiction
or folly should be wanting to cr, urn this pi.Hof crime and
iinbecthti, it so happened mat on the same day that our
new aecietary here w isgiv.ng his written aaaumpa t to lend
the army and navy : 'tight Mexico while we were at peace
With her, the agent Murphy was c rmtuumcittng totht'TiX.
an government, to T» xt», tne refusal ol Mr. Tyler, inr c t
Mr. Nelson, .. :>■ ... ■- . .
Here is the letter ot Mr Murphy:
“Mr. Murj 4y lo Mr. Jonn.
'•LiuxnoXii thx I’xitLpSurt*,
wm«i i'i •■ ■ . Ipt IS, i'll
^ “Six The undersigned, charge (Port's res of tne Untied
States nrar thi g vernment o: the republic . f Texas, has
the honor ot informing Mr J, -.es, that whilst his govern
tit-nt approves ot the general tone and tenor ui his tnter
cjur,e w ith the government of the republic ot Tens, a re
gret is felt tn perceiving that his xeal for t ie accomplish
ment ot object* a the beni ti.-.n ami inicrnt ng to botn eoun.
tries had ltd turn b yond me strict line of his instruc t ois;
that the Prt - dent of the I n.ted Sta e.« c» tsider* liinisi ■
rx strained by the constitution ol the L’nion from the em
p oxinent of the army and navy agittut a f ,reign power
s* 1 til whom the Unite J Stairs are at peace; and mat u .ms:
li e Prrsidi nt ot the United States is n it tndtsp ,«ej, as a
measure of prudent precaution, and as preliminary to the
propored negotiation, to concentrate in the G i.f »t Mcx co
and on the ithern border# of the Untied Su'r* a suffiett nt
naval an.i imlitary force, to b>- directed to the defence of
the inhabitant* and territory of Texas at a proper time, h,
is unwi ling tha’ the authorities of Texas sh -aid apprenend
that he ha» power to employ this force t>t the period indi
cated in rny note to yon of the 14th of Frbruary iaat."
1C XCIXolb To-at >&r,ow.]
A Vm . Sin .1 *?. . . I , —1 ,, Pennsylvania In
quirer has beau lavore d with the firural ol aietterlrom
Tampico, which states that Lieut. Karn*, of the Fourth
V: til e-y, was at Tampico aw a,tug the Gen* rat's arr.xal_
lie was just from Vera Crux, w . thcr he had been sent
with h tlag to deliver some of Gen. Taylor,* pris-aners.
Tin re wi re about 1200 troops in Vera Crux at the tune, and
lilOII in the Ca-tle, all badly p- visioned and with worn
equipments. Tne Lieutenant was received by the < flicer
in c mniand in excellent style, and with great courtesy.
He represents the land defences as ludilfereu*. but in pro
cess of improvement by additional redoubt# and lines Ev
erything is, however, corntnvnded by smd- tills about Tmj
ya:d* distant from the cry, at. i well ca’, dated fir the ;i -
titions of our art i ry. The Castle, it was thought, weird
be shclied and b , wn up.
(Tun) , i . Ansi an.]
rmtapu.itiii. March J, a i’. M.
A fi-e occurred early this morning at Head's Mansion
House, bv which the r of of the building was burned off.
I he boarder* wete grt ally n rfitd, and in my t f them rs
cap.d m their night tire-se#. The wa-drob* of Mr and Mrs
Charles Kean, which was in the home at the tune, was
saved. 'I r.e house and furniture were insured.
The workmen in tne Navy Yard refused to work to-day,
in consequence ot an order from Ha.-hington changing
the hours ol labor.
if> 'fiidnelii lelt'grttpii.
PHILADELPHIA. Murcit I. -J I*. M
(Ju te a destructive tire occurred here tin* morning, w Inch
d' lroyed the old ".Mansion H u-e," situated in T.urd
street bttwi cn Spruce and Walnut street#, and occupied a
a Hotel. The I ,#s is ; rt tty heavy, but mostly covered by
insurance. Some ot the building* cunt guous **r, sligntly
injured. It is not known how the fire originated.
The Flour market t# firm and t„; rably active. Salts t|,,,
rn trntrig of 6.000 bbl*. ft nnsy Iran a brand* at tj»i, end very
tirni—nine lio.d rr ur.w Hi g b. tike n,,» prc.. — \| r;,t.
#ale# of Corn Meal at •> l .in, a #tnn dec. ns. Prime red
wheat i- worth 3l.3o.i9 1.35. oat* 3ba4"e; ryo e?<-; e.ovt •
• epd 50; a sale of 2500 hushs « yellow corn at euc. per
buahei. white do >* wo*th 62ar3,-.
Whiskey 26i29 penis per gil on. The provision aid
grocery tnsikcun • without change—pnc<»steady._/'at.
If.ilt nnrtrt' ’liirkcl.
.vi arch 1,5 P M.
(.nl'lr—T'rre w rr 5j!i ■ rid *,f , ve* (>f),-rf(J *. .he
*"a|c? Ic-oojr, oil of which were tiki n by pick* r« and
hu cber*,eicrpt i>>) hr mi wb ch weredr ».•» in Phlarie1 me
Price* me a iiitii* higher, t r 93*3,75 per lhOlb* on 'in
equal to net. Tne average rate i* 93
37*.
Hot*—Sale* of live Hog* are making at 95,50*5,75_
Ocns onallv a choice psrcel brng* 97
fiotir—(here wire rale* ol J.jtnl hbl* of Howi.rf *t
Flour nn hriday altrrno'in and Saturday at StO. Thar ia
,ha current rate to-dav, at wh ch we note .ales of 1,000
bill*. Tho rat alpt pr-* >• iio.ii ear* *95,871
We no:e suteaof ISM)0 bbf*. City Mi l. Flour to-day at
9G,l;i$ Moat hodrraask 90,W.'>.
tiram.— No Wheat otiering, and we are'herefore un
able In make .* quota! on.
S.le* Ol Md. Corn to-day at H i*at cent* for while, and
d3in4 rent* lor yellow,
t * its (ell at 1'iitv rent*.
Provision*. — WV have re* change i , n e in the pr re
i P**rk. Mi» i. In l at Ifi m-l Pr m at 91 3 ., ij% I |
We qu .te We., lieef at wid . •,I «. N . | »t 9ln.5(|,91
J a»1 Prime at 9s 5 I*9'J. \ «. » of 5 i t.b . N * I I.. r'*
wi-ni ote .1 fjlll.' i V.I.3M , - Mr .. in Ultra ariirie. ,1
w 11 Il»i **i i* m liar n , i • * W. quote W'e*i* rn Snot. •
hr* at 7*e$ cent*. a***>rted »$i-f Side* e|*'j rent*.
: and llama 3$ ■ III cent*. There a*.. S iturday of
*»’i,n hi ib* n.lii* in »nll a t>| cents fall. We n* le a **..
' 150 »T l*""l, no irrr/ .*, „i 111 , |„
I (i > not In ar of irariaartion*
Wtnakev The inquire i* verr light. We quota Mid -
at J“ r nt* and hhl* : I J'J rn,I*.
’I IK Kill*.
j O.i T'liir- ay. the I-'ll ull . by R-v. (.e.*rg. W Trice,
M». M K»1/n l>a» to Mi.* I.* igg* garrat*, all of King
i ol Quten coun vt V*.
• Mill.
•*t t> * Ifiier i.f i* i n.'ify, M»a
' *' • 1 '■ • III f f> UJ of VI If ••
| w » of || lt*t'li*r in in !»|*h y,
i ir I ar<41fttn<snP'9 of (l*<! fati«i y ar? n*
• rh m Ma eta ■». r
I *f • f nril.fi m ar M «n
Mr# M |t y \V f t • I / <i 11
T • i It f Th* 1 i*•
•I o • 1 r fi ft a »
i I OurHay It 4th, at 14 »#*
j Ail..., ,*»■- *n u. * ro«*t, r.r rj.«„ i „„i, „„ Ih,
i raefuary liM lali.e eoth year of h * *li I *» y.i, _
lie li,» e -I * *i*. *.*, r*l*I M **r an*) *l S(* it aleter !'• m**tirr I e
I ' ■« n< 11 ft.I h I.I I •' *>,d • milter,* ntimen. *. , , ,.r , M .
| *'■ i friend. I. rer*t u*e k... ot a »* |h*or *b* w-.ai»- _
| i liable *i*i a d ) i i
O . Friday. Pm lil t, I r.urjr. I-$7. n* h-• r* • |e *
. '"•■I . .. V, , Wi- M AH Y I'OWM.I, ,, ,,
.be la'e W.„ Powell, in the GClb fear of he, „ge |,r
who knew Ml* Powr I ft* i—and the number „f h,.r ...
qiiainlaot « wa* ve y ,r< *|_»re in* *l nn*lv l„ nn'le in her
, prare. A- a W.fr, Hi wa* wnho.it * f.u i ; a* a mother
tend r and indulgent ; nt n neighbor, bird md h .pu-,* , ’
i Ho per»oin v rp. il.rrmed Hie dune, of life with m •. eta* t
t ne*a, or m re entirely in thaapiriinf a CHrMim. ||rri ■>
. n li-r own ne ghhorti***. I r-i never b« filled, and her n* ,g>
, '• *r» a'rea fy feel th.it they have met with **i irn -.n'-b'e
„ l ». She wa* one *,l them »t chantahle ot benanhr ..
J a d her r lanty w*. alwav* i*c.toweJ in am* t *rC.*id -.e*
With the ep'ri! of thl 'i- r ptil'e- er le t | nd knew .
r wha. her right ha 4 did liar children may wt i mourn tin
it 'h,r ,n,,r m'','rnn,*, «lb«*e wh'tce t not he con,
L^i.M VI,K St IlDOl,. Mr*. Cainuitt K
I. ■ Matt* eipeet* to rqrn barStk-.g ** Mofllt A V. tb i .th„
‘ ,*,M mil 3 iVA*W
I* JW! All - h All - I / *tt k.N a, iVn*n*iN . „
I 19 taw by nmv WM Attl'KRP* in a i .
rut. i <»\*n rt Tio->— atatk itis.in*.
RICHMOND DAILY WHIG.
It) N| I II. KI.I.IOTT A »'«».
WKDMWUAV MORNIM], MARCH 3. 1K47.
Mr. lli'iHuu't S|>c«>cli.
If it be true, ti stated, and a* we have no reason to
doubt, that the members of the I’reaidenl’s Cabinet were
all in attendance in the Senile Chamber, to witness the
annihilation ot Mr. Ctlhoun by tho Missouri Senator—for
he a ways annihilates (or thinks he does) whomsoever he
assails—we arc inclined to think that their enj jynietit was
not altogether unalloyed. Ttte blows of the Missouri Sen
ator tell with as much force up »n them as upon the Sena
tor at whom they were specially aimed, fur, if it be true,
as Mr. Benton labors to prove, that lh“ annexation ol Tea
a«, ut Ike lime and in Ike manner of its accomplishment,
is the real cause ol the war with Mexico, it is obvious that
Mr. Calhoun is not atone, as the Missouri Senator con,
tends, responsible for that result. Indeed, it seemi to us
that there is something nitre than poetical injuance in the
effort to hold Mr Calhoun responsible tor whatever evil
consequences may have resulted from the undue precipi
tancy with which that movement was made, and trout the
extraordinarv and extra-constitutional measures resorted to
lor the purpose ol bringing tt to a speedy consummation,
while* Mr. Polk and his confreres are enjoying the honors
that have resulted trom its succrss. If it be true, as
Mr Benton contends, that when we annexed Texas, as
" one born out of due time,'* instead of awaiting, as he
then and now sssi rts that we should have d ote, until the
ripe pear should tall naturally and peaceably into our lap,
we annexed w ith it “ inevitable war” with Mexico, then,
wt'-h all due deference we suggest, that the men w ho forced
prematurely this issue upon the country, even if it was
done, as Mr. Benton asserts, and as we believe, for elec
tioneering purposes, are not a whit tnoro censurable than
is the party which eagerly caught up the rallying cry._
Whatever Mr Calhoun, as Secretary of State, may have
done, and which Mr. Benton now so severelv reprobates
and condemns, was sanett mrd xnd approved by Janies K.
Po k and hissup. orters ; audit Mr. Calhoun is to be p creed
by tne p isoned shatt aimed at bts breast, its point must
wound just as deeply the very men who acted as bottle
h lidets to Mr. Bent m m his premdttated and tierce assault
upon that gentleman. They who went to exult over the
prostrate South Carolinian, must have retired from the
plsce o! conli.cl smarting under the blows, which, orer
his shoulders, had fallen with such terrible effect upon their
own. F. r it the annexation of Texas, at the lime and in
the manner of its accomplishment, was the cause of the
w ar, those who sustained that measure and the means em
ploy cd in its consummation—who, indeed, “stole the
thunder" from Mr. Tyler anu Mr.Calhoun, and made it their
own, tor party purposes, have surely no right now to untie
with their " Lntrrt vtvr Giinxrxi" in denouncing Mr. C.
either for the prematur.ty of the measure, or for the course
of policy which that very circumstance imposed upon our
government. Far be it from us to defend ei'her the one or
the other. The Whigt then objected to both, and were
glad to have th co-operation of one s-> able as Mr Benton,
aud so inflttnt.al with his own party—as they ure now to
hear him, the selected champion of the Administration in
the Senate, proclaiming to the wor.d the wisdom ot Whig
counsels at that time, and vindicating the sagacity which
foresaw and the patriotism which would have averted the
evtla that have resulted, and which are yet to flow, from the
untimely action of Mr. Tyler's administration, with the
co-operation of the L tcoloco party, upon that great ques
tion. But we protest again*: the injustice of singling out
Mr. Calhoun from the grext body of Texas Annexationists,
as solely accountable for its consequences. Whatever
those consequences may be—whether good or evil—the
Administration and the party which supports it must share
the resp nsibi'tty with him. Tne attack upon Mr.
Calhoun, therefore, is in id' ct a covert assault upon
the Administration itself; and we are not surprised
to perceive that it affords as Iptle p essjre to the Loco*
loco enemies of Mr. Calhoun as to his fronds. The
former are w ng enough to see “the momrehof South
Cat ina,” ti a correspondent of the Knqutrer dubs Mr
Calhoun,) cru.ned—but they tac.t y COItfeM, that the J
ter Tonans, in hur.tng thunderb >lla at his head, has been
not aulhcienfly d.scrimtnattng in bis vengeance.
But was tha annexation of Texas really the cxu«e of the
war' Tn&t it was the progenitor of after-events, out of
which the war grew, no one can quean >n. B it Ihct. it docs
not follow that war was "inevitable.” As Mr. Calhoun
well argued, in rt ply, «. it c uniat :t pro lence and wisd on,
in the sa'siequenl intercourse of ur Government with that
of Mexico, it might i.--. .... ded. Had n.e Presi
dent c nfitted h’M-.elf wtthtn his constitutional sphere of
action, byleavi ig the adju tment ■>. the disputed boundary
to futu*e negotiation, instead of assuming, in the teeth ot
fact, of his own previous admission, ami of our dtplo.
matte and legislative records, that Texas extended to the
Rt ■ Grande, and of act tig up >u that a-suntption, by send
ing to the disputed territory an armed force, there might
have been no war—we believe there would have been
n tic. Tio inarm to ttte Rto Grande, therefore, which no
consideration of pubic policy rtquired nr justiftcl—a
in ivermnt wh cit was dictated by m re caprice and whim,
unit i*s it was mended needle-- y to insult a f. ib'e pow
er, or to fro rode * tear of earnout—was the true proxi
mate caure of Hostilities Trial Mr. Benton him-elf so be
lieves, is apparent from it s candid admission that the march
to trie Rio Grande w oe, in his judgment, ill-idvtsed and
u ! irtunxte. Why was it so, if it was not in fact the
immediate cau-o of fie war? If war was inevitable,
even h-d Gen. Taylor remained at Corpus Cnris'i—if it
Could t it have been avertnd, h iwevcr forbearing and
conciliatory Mr. Po k may have been—then tmt ni ne
ment, by mtrely bringing on the conli ct a few days
So-.ner tnan it would olh-rwise have occurred, is not at a I
to be complained of. aparl It in the usurpation ot p >«r, r,
wh.cb it Involves. The fact is, however, and it is to ■ ob
vious for dental, fr.a! but for the removal of our troops
fr-im the Ni uecs, “ the Wes'rrn frontier ol ’JVx is," a- Mr.
Po‘k himself, in ins first Me*»ige, admitted it to be, the
then ex,flirt* relations with Mexico would not have been
disturb* d, ami a> t me healed her chaff d pride arid subdued
the let ogs of 1:11m stty and reset,iiin-nl which nad gr ,wn
out of the events of the few preceding years, nil the ques
tions in dispute between the two Governments might have
been amiably adjusted. But if otherwi-e—if Mexico,
wotb that pervtrse obstinacy for winch toe rqiinnli race ts
proverbial, had continued to refuse to negotiate with us in
r ff ience to the disputed b tindery —it would have bsen
time enough to have cut the G..rd an knot with the aword,
whirl Congress, in whose hands the constitution has placed
it, should have determined tl at longer forbearance had
ceased to be proper, it was not a question lor lire Pten
dent to decide—anj mum less at a time when Congress
was in le-sion, the advice • l winch he disdained to ask_
That movement, then, wo contend, was the direct and ob
vi uia cause of the war a movement made by the Pre.,
dent, in denotation of he constitution,and in a manner in
s itting I tin- leg.slalive department f the Government
lienee it is that we regard this an stud y the President's
war—1"l it all the co-.e, qitcnces ot which," he, and he alone
is n ,p ms'ble.
Mi. Iff ot m'erpe*ch—wh.cb we lav b-: -re our r< aders_
is one of tin must powerful assault* upon the Administra
tion—not less powerful, breau-r it was intended f r one
whom tht! Administration hates at. I w -old destroy—tha1
hat yet appeared in any quarter. <*f tbui, however, our
readers ran judge for themselves. We, commence its pub 1
Itcation tins morning, and #hnl conelud* it in to morrow's
paper.
3 f M> e are g I to learn that the Military Cornmi'te e of
III. etrm-k * ft. 'IVn Regimenta bill the . lauae.
n tin' II e, riviving the l,,< u'enant (icncnl.
t1*1?' *0 (il I II'-1'. ri.r lull n il to lip ictc J lij.Ofl in the
S nut* ye.terdgy.
I T 111 yeat. nin»V Time* It i. .1,1,-I that « young man,
win# g&trr ill, name u« Jain*. l. 1,1 , |Can,l <I|ih, wa* ar
reted at th> City I It, I ia.t Monday tngtit, rl.argrd «nh
hi,mg eland'an .ely mi nd •w^rs! I the |.,.|gi >c rooms.
A gold watch wa, found in In, p«a,eaaion. winch wa.
nil I.lifted aa the property of one of trie h#,rd<ra. lie ha*
been »tnt on for trial.
1 C The h glily niieretting I, orr oi -or Waohingt'in r t
rp.p rnlent gin • an nrroimt of the important proceed ng. in
the Senate on M .nlay, up to the nme i.f adj nirninent,
aflrr an. t/'elork nl nig*/ It »,ll |,e >„n ,y,n
Ti n,. Million IMI In, pa« id. v* thout not Wilio t p,,,»j.
•oi and our rorreep m lent belierea tint it will pi,. n,,
llouic aim.
1 f V*'* are ruthorraed to ray that )• tit Th hi Jt,
f* ’i will lie a t andida'e for re-aieotir.n in tlie .■>. uatorial
Itir'rid, comp oed of the countita of A o marie, Ni ,on
, ,n<l Amlierat, n the Leg i.lafurc of Virginia.
I r It i« arm onced, by authority, in ye.terday'. Repnl#.
tieanand Tone, that JoagTN Mira, K«|. ihe prrreol de
, I,gate, i- , randidnte to rcprraent the City of Richmond,
in the r.egi || ,ii,c of l>rlr galea.
I.IM'TKU I'KOl WAKIinUTOI.
l'unw|v>a.!rn, ( af Whig.
'V»I1WT.'«, March 1, 1847.
Tka House of Representatives have been to-d.v cugag.
T •'T“'Priai.o« bill., and other matter. Conle.*u?e
£m touth.*^. BU‘ ‘WO “*"0" 'l—
w*Yn •**»«npt «oget up the tea and coffee bill
again. It wa. toutid that Mr. Kllelt of Miaa.. hail voted.
^ "“VfV^n ,hl* ‘"-r •'tempted topi.;
.he game which dr.cr.bed in my la.,. in conneai m with
• ! *** 1 b“‘ Mv.- •* IU. blocked tin.
game, by br.ngmg up Mr. Ko.au.of N. Jcr.. who had
' uu V r r.«,c"r,J*J- Tbie ...ad. the vote at.nd 106
to 104. t>o tha Speaker's vote wa. not ueccwtrv.
An a"cmpt waa again made to get the tea and coffee bill
o,. on a bill tor the importation of ph.lomphtcal .ppar.iua!
but thia waa laid on the table.
The halt million bill, for the relief of Ireland, wa. then
lahci.I up, and a motion waa made to lay on the table. Kor
tin. the Locofocoa generally voted—including Mr. Sumo*
ol your di.tr,ct-th.t they voted to let the pom Ir.ah die
of aurvation. It wa. lo,,. however, yea. 75. nay. 89 _
The bill wa. •fterwarda. after much confuaion, referred to
the Committee of W,v. and . ,naJ >r„r whom
are oppoa.-d to it. I, i, mtended let it .leap in eommil
'*r'r ■ u ’*,J °,n Sa,“'day night that he would veto
it if it ahould pass. li be got up again
In the Senate to day we have had a long anJ atortny
time ol it. Among ,l,e item, of the morning hour there
wo. a report Iron, the Military Committee alaimg .hat they
had agited o rhe House amendment. h> tha aupplemental
Military Bill, wuh tne ciceptioa of the proportion to
revive the Lieutenant Generalship. The committee, how
vver, *a» not full.
Other questions being dupoacd of. The Three Million.
Uni waa then lake,, up. and Mr J M Claim* made a
very eloquent speech. lie wa. oppoaed lo tha bill under
consideration; altowed that the war waa unnecewary. and
upon thia point he euatamed himself beyond contradiction
by the printed document, of Congress, lie deprecated
any discussion of the slavery question, and advised, that
in any territory to be acquired the ptrallel of 36 30 be
made the permanent boundary of the Union, lie said. Me*,
uo was wrong in refusing lo rrcelvr a messenger of peace
whiles ii, wide tool wa. on her soil, lie closed with one
ol the most heiutilui tributes ever delivered to IU.vkv
Ci.*v. 1 cannot attempt to give you even a skeich ot Ins
remark*.
.Mrli AYTON having concluded, Mr Piiick of Miry
Uiul, got the floor about -I o'clock, trim which hour, till t»,
the S. naie took s rreesa to get dinner and prepare for the
exciting scene* which were to follow on the Hill before
thriu during the evening.
, ^*r' _ ^ AiRt ikLu tried to get up his bill lor tilting out the
l . S. Ship Macedonian to convey provision* to Ireland_
but the Senate wished to proeerd to the special order ol
the day, and i' was no! taki n up.
Mr 1‘xAftis then took up the subject of the Thrco Mil
lion Bill, and spoke eloquently, as he always does when he
addresses the Senate.
^Mr. Dix followed, and went strong lor the spirit of the
Wilm.it proviso, lie is generally looki d upon as the tie.
culiar Inend ol Silas Wright, who is showing this progres.
sivr Step in •• I fern Jersey" in bidd.ng for the Presidency.
Mr. Cottwi* made an explanation in regard to his vote
on the breaking out of the War. He did this in refer
ence to some remarks from Mr. Clayton, who was de
fending himself for supp irting the war. Mr Clayton de.
n ed having insinuated any thing again*! the Senato.'a rec.
titude or patrioiiaui in the voira he hid given.
Mr. IIl'ti.lk. nt S. C , nude some exciting remarks in
reply to S.-nat t t»iv and his Wilmol proviso remark*.
"r- 1 ■' - ' M’ » "111 V ngS'USl III,. •
from New Y >r*. lie insinuated that resistance among the
cun n* oi the l'n >u would commence, if it commenced at
all, on these carpels.
Mr Davr a made a constitutional argument on the pow
«ot Coi ikt the provia .. i|,« Mis.
souri Compromise and mher precedenla.
Mr. M xsTcorr said he had intended to vote against tho
hill, but now he would vote for it, and against every
amendment. He said that the Senator from New York
had la ked about snurchrs and school-houses. Tticae tho
people >f Fi rid* had; but they had no state prison I
Mr. Hourr m called attention to a remark made by Mr.
PeaXie of Mar)land, who said that he wanted no more
Ar. .exit >n. ml lie tv ante J no in ire outsijo barbarians !
Mr. I'aar , assured li iu thsl he was in etrnesl when
hr said he warned no more Annexation; hut a< the Seni
i >rs from Texas were in im» S.-usle, and Texas in this
Union, ihev could not be called euittdr barbarians.
Mr. Hoi ston professed himself satisfied with this.
Mr. Cars then withdrew his amendment to the bill.
li waa ab.HU hx.l past 9 o'clock. The galleries were
crowded, a3 were the lobbies.
The *»te « .s then taken on Mr. Barrier's amendment
to the bill, and was rejected—yeas '->4. navs 29. 'I’ne yea*
a I Whig*—the nay* all Locofocos, but Mr. John-on of
Lou s ana.
Mr J 'iivs.'ji oi Louisiana then moved, as a substitute,
Tw '' io Bill ol last aession. Air. Btaxi mov
ed an amend IICIIT, inserting aelileinenl of boundary. Thia
was rejected—yeas 23, nays 3d. Yea* all Whigs. Mr.
J'ii>« v* sub,mute Hi< then adopted, three millions be
ing substituted for two millions.
Mr. I maw of Vt. then introduced tho Wilmol Proviso,
or substantially that Proviso, as a second section. He sup-'
ported It by some remarks, show ing me influence of Sla
v,ry. He said we wanted no more territory. If the terri
t tv we now >wn was as in i \iy peopi.d as Massachusetts,
WO ahould have a |> pnlation ot 2tiU millions.
.Mr. Cas« tnen defined his positun. He would not vole
lor the Proviso.
Mr. Miller said the Senator from Michigan, he be
lieved. int> nUed to vote for th s very Proviso last session.
He benevcil a an that he so expressed himself on present
ing the resolutions ot his own State, (Michigan.)
Mr. C*‘» g..t up to reply to this, and seemed to be very
much out of humor, lie said he would have voted lor it,
il he had voted ai all, last year ; but he did not then anti
cipate, as he a es now, that it would slop the war, or pre
vent me acquisition <>i terril .ry. i ,~ .s tht Mr. Cam,
the “inevitable wat"candidate for the Presidency in l?4d’
says, trial it he con d only ba suro that he could luve ler
r lory adumicd free at the South, he would go for it ; bit
he mien is to acquire it uow, and then spring abolition «/.
Irr we get possession of it!!
Mr. Bilm.13 ,', of New York, foil lived, and gave rea
sons for disobeying thn instructions of hia Legislature ; but
aiso expressed hmiselt willing to vola for prohibiting S i.
very when we came to mak" a treaty on the new territory!
Mr. Revvicv dolliso.v followed in deprecation of bring
ing on the discussion ol Slavery.
The vote was then taken and resulted on Mr I’riiiM's
amendment, [ Wilmot's provis,]—Yeas 21, Nays 32. Tne
following is tne vote :
Yeas— Messrs. Allen, Atherton, Cameron. Ciliey, J. M.
C a>t n, Corwin, Davis, Dayt .n, D.x, Keans, Fairfield,
<-reene. Huniin.’ioTi, Miller, Niles. Puelp*, Simmons, Stur
gc n, Cpliain, Webster, Woodbridge—21.
Navs —Messrs. Archer, Ash'ey, Atchison, Badger. Bag
bv. Benton, Ifcrnen, Brtese, Brigut, Butler, Calhoun, Cass,
Cnaliners, Colquift, Cruiendeo, Di-kintun, llaiinegs.i,
Houston, Jarnag II, J dins m oi Md , Johnson of Li., Lewis, ]
Mangoni, Mason, Moreuead, Pearce, Ruski Sevier, Soule,
Turney, Wisicott, Yulee—32.
Absent, Messrs. I'liomas Clayton, Scruple and Spe.ght
Mr. AN lbstlk I Bowed in a lew remarks on rhe Reso
lutions of in. Legislature, under w.nch he had valid.
Mr. At, hex made a lew eloquent re.n ims, in n short rc
trosp CI oi Iliepj*', and the blighting mil u nco of Licofo
cot-m upon the country.
Il Was after I o’clock. A, M . when the linsl vole was
liken, and the bill wa> passed—Yeas 29, Nays 24. Tne
yras and nays a;o as follows ;
Via*—M'ssrs. Allen, A* bey, Atchison, Atherton, llag
by, Kruto i, Breen-, Bright. Ilul i r, Caih miii, Cass, Cb.il
uiers. Co.quill, Dickinson, D.x, Fairfield, Hannegan, Min
in, Johnson o; Ls . Lewis. Mason, Nilas, Rusk, Sevier,
S >ule. Sturgeon, Turney, Wesicolt, Yulee—29.
N*va--Mrasr». Archer, Badger, Berrien, Cameron, Ci
•y, J. M. Cayloc, Corwin, Criltendan, Davis, Dayton,
Lvans, (irii'inr, II i itington, Jarnsgin, Johnson ol Md..
Mangum, Miller, .Viorehead, Peirce, Phelps, Simmons,
I'pham, NVebseer, Woodbridge—24
Absent, Messrs. T. Clayton, Simple and Speight.
I h* Senate then adjourned, having been In session over
I I hour*, and leaving me scarcely time to get this letter to
the boat before it leaves; hut I *ha'l try. I shall have more
V i to nay on ilm proceedings of lo lay.
Ills supposed tho Tup e Million Bill Will piss the House
to-nurrow, without the Wilrnot Proviso. URL ITS.
fir.
\W ob«crve in yeatcrday’* Enquirer the proceeding* of
a Locofoco meeting in Henrico county, at which a prcnm
and r< p-iIu! 'll wi re adopted, aclling forth that the meet
mg bad ''»fcn nothing in the courae of the Hon. Jamc* A.
dcil.. >n, a me representative ol thia roigre*aionel district,
to !*• ik in ihe ir c infldrnc* in hnn a* a lirm anil ennaiatent
It *m-*crat," and therefore tnt-v declined taking any artiori
in reference to the approaching election. Bit it ia obf iou*
new rth* It»a that they ate not all gather free from auapicion
and iliatrii t—or why do they retort to the rather uncom
mon couree of calling a meeting of the people of Henrico,
in advanc of April n urt, (to wit: on the I3h mat.) and
rctpieat Mr. S-d Ion to “attend at that time,” for the pur
pose of addrenanig ill la it not to put him to the i|uealion
-to demand of him certain "pledge***—in the event of In*
refaaal to give which, th*ae who may he diaaatiafied with
that refoaal, may have an opportunity,at the April courta,
to tike the ncces-iry »ieps to rule him ofT, or at Iraat to
hr ng another candidate into the field! We ahall tea.
1 r The trial of the Ithel caee, in which Senator Benton
i* pin mliA, nod K r t >.iv. Thomaa defendant, came up before
the (or* ill Court .n Waih ngton laat M'indiy. The conn
ed for Mr. Thomaa moved for i'a p .•iponement nil n*-m
M in lay, on the ground of the nerewary absence of lum
a'If iri Amiapoh* and of one of h.e coin'd, (f»en. J m*a,
in ato ndance in t • Supreme Court. The motion to port
pone w.i* r ppoaed hy the Diatrict Attorney, Mr. Key, Mr
Kendall and Col, I’reaton of H. O. The Court agreed tha
the ca»- ,hon'd lie put < if n'l Thuraday. There wan ar
rteiiini* aeene in the progre** of the diaeuaaion—Mr
Maulahy, one of the conned if Thomaa, having made i
aiatemenl, on t ie authority **l Thomaa, in regard lo cerian
l'ir* et< fna !e to deter Mr*. I,inn from giving leatirnony
which Senator It nton declared waa falae Judge Mnrrel
called lo " order the »tatem"nl waa twice repeated —
and twire met with the tame reapomc 11 falae ! *• from Col
Benton, in dr-, te i f the intciference of the Judge. Ki
nally Col. It. left the ro in.
9 r lh. If'Click will Ivcnre on a auhject of peculiar in
tercel t n'ght- on the apectfic differencea between thi
white and h ark race, a* iliuatrated m their phya*c«l atrue
lure and orga* na'lon. He re*|ueeta ua to invite particular
ly the member* of the l^gielalure to honor him with thei
attendance,
B ( dee tha letter, in oar edverlieing column*, of Mt
Wrn M Carter, of Henrico, in regard lo the beneficial «f
feet* of Hr Hanning'* body-brace.
Kin titli CoNirewUnal DUtrlrt.
Willuu|kbr Newtoo, Keq. of Wtiiniunltiif, hu been
selected as the Wing rsndidatc for the K—ex Coa*iee*loa.
•I district. winch he formerly lepMcnud with ouch distin
guished ability—and K. T. L. Beale, Ksq. of the Mine
county, ha® boon nomuia’cd a® hi® opponent,
t>l iha latter gentlem an wo hit ow nothin*, and alt a 11 ear
nothin*. We aro not aware, indeed, that we had ever
hoard hia nxiun ineonouod, until it waa uaod in connection
with thia noitiinalion. Whether he ia of the "right or
wron* stripe"—that la to eay, whether ho bclon*o to the
Old Hunker or the Calhoun win* of ihe paity, we have
been unable, altar dill*rnt enquiry, to learn. Whether he
haa "taken the pledge"—whether he aubaenbee to the re
solutions recently promulgated by the Convention that aat in
thia place, called, at we were told, to hoiat the tlxg, upon
which wax inacribed the “ chenahed principleo" of Virgi.
uia, or not—we have yet to be informed, and wo presume
• hall be in due tune.
Of Mr. Ncwion'a election, we uudernland, there it the
moat Haltering proepect. It cm only be effected, how
ever, eo cloeely divided ia Ihe District, by the united and
xealou* support of bie party. Many of the Whig*, we are
aw are, did not approve of Mr. Newton’* course upon the
Texas U'lCfUjii—but that is now past; and we would urge
upon those Whig* of the District, who differed fioin hint
on that occasion, to "let bye-gones be hye-gonee." That
Mr. Newton is thoroughly Whig in all his scnliiucnla, no
one questions—that hia intellectual endowments are of a
high order, all admit—that hi* personal character is beyond
reproach, is universally conceded. The Knquuer very na
• orally endeavors to revive the recollection ol the events ol
the last campaign, lor the purpose of defeating Mr. New
ton. Hut wo hope that the Whigs are not such young b.rds
a* to be caught by such light chaff. Our duty is to look to
the future, which is in our power—not to the past, which
is irrevocable. We differed from Mr. Newton then ; but
we shall not the less rej >ice in hia election now—and the
more, because we behrvu that great injustice was done
him, in the progress of the campaign of lff-15, as the Kn
quirer does him, we think, injustice now, by charging hull
w ith having •• rode on both side* of the Texas question."
Till* charge grew out of the fact that while Mr. Newton
voted for the joint resolution of annexation, as it passed
the House of Representatives, he voted against the alter,
native resolution larked to It,on Mr. Henton’a mutlou, (we
think,) in the Senate—an alternative resolution thus tack
ed on, not a* a guide for the action of the Executive, who,
it was well known, would treat it with silent contempt, bu(
as a means of relieving the consciences of some member*
of that body, who could not digest the resolution of the
House unless it were accompanied with an alternative.
which they knew was a form of empty words. Mr. New
ton wa*. from first to last, in favor of the resolution, as it
originally passed the House ; and we should like to see the
process of reasoning by which opposition tu another pro
poeition, of an esrentiaily different character, involve* the
slightest inconsistency! The imputation is utterly un
founded, and, in our judgment, doee Mr. Newton gnat
injustice.
Sow lMibliratiouft.
Wo are indebted to Mr. C. F. Fisiikb, [under the K.\
changc,] for a copy of a cunoua and valuable Work, which
ta hereafter to be continued, in nutnbere, if sufficient en
couragement be a Horded, (of which, if thin, tho lira! of the
•erica, be examined, we cannot doubt,) entitled •• Ameri
can Historical and Literal? Curiosities, constating of lac
amiilea of Original Documents relating to the events of the
Revolution, Ac. Ac ; with a variety of Rrl ques, Antiqui
tica and Modern Autographa**—by J. Jay Smith and John
F. Wataon, assisted by an Association of American Anti,
quartans. Among the original documents in the present
number arc letters of Washington, Franklin, Lafayette.
John Adams, Judge Marshall, Ac. Ac. We hope that the
work will be examined by the cunoua in such matters—
and we have known but few persons who did not gaze with
intcreat upon the writings of men, living or dead, w ho had
acquired distinction in the council and in the field, or in
the calmer pursuits of literature and the an*. The auto
grapha of a large number of such individuals may be seen
in the work before us.
From Messrs. Dgiscca A Morris wo have received
part 6 of the cheap edition of Tuicra’ •• Life of Napoleon"
—and an interesting little volume, sparkling with rich
gems of thought, bearing the quaint title of" An Author's
Mind; a B.ioklul of Bucks, or Thirty Books in One by
M. F. Tuppcr._
Periotlinils,
" The Westminster Review" for January was received
some days since. Among the Quarterlies .1 Ureal Britain
it holds deservedly a high rank. In the January number
w-c tind articles upon various subjects of general interest.
Unlike the Quarterly and Edinburgh, the representative*
respectively of the two great political parties in Creai Bri
tain, the Westminster maintains a p sition of neutrality
and independence—diseasing with freedom and fearless,
ness all public questions without refercuce to their mere
party phases.
We have also received “the London Qiarteri.y Rk
view" for December—the able and infiuentia! organ of the
Tone*. The contents of this number, however, have Ira*
ot a political character than usual. With tho exception
of an able essay ou the condition of Ireland, and the
means of us extrication from the evils which a 111 c t that
unhappy country, the articles are purely of a literary and
scientific cast.
Messrs. Nash A Woo nil OUSE—to whom wc arc indebt
ed for copies of ihose Reviews—are the agents lor this
Ini|»ort:tit 1 to l’;iriner*.
A letter Irom a highly respectable house in New York
to a commercial house in this city, says: •* The preference
is now altogether for yellow Corn, though but a few months
biek white was preferred. Meal from white Corn is now
also difficult of sale."
Yellow Corn, we understand, can be readily sold for 4
or 5 cents per bushel more than white in the New Yolk
market. The farmers will perceive the importance, in plant,
mg their next crop, of having reference to a fact likely ao
seriously to all'tol their uilerrsis—for, even if the next Ku
ropean harvests should be abundant, it is not to be u.mbiea
that the demand for Corn w ill continue to be large for twelve
or e glitecn month* lo t ome. Having become familiarised,
indeed, lo it* use, we may anticipate ihal n will continue,
even after the necessity in which us exportation originates
shad have ceased to exist, to constitute no inconsiderable
portion of the food of ibe people of Great Britain.
J-T Dr. Jefferson Minor, ol Kssex, received the norm*
nation of the Whig Convent,on, at Tappahannuck, on the
25-h ult , a* a candidal" to represent ihe Senatorial D.s
trict, comp >cd of the rountir* of Ks«rx, Caroline and Spoil,
sylvania. His election i* believed to be certain; but in
order to render assurance doubly sure, wo invoke the
Whig* ol the District lo turn out en masse.
j t flu Haiti Adams, Esq. elected High Sheriff of the
county of Henrico, for two years, on Monday, 1st of.March,
s* success »r to Mr. Thus. S. Dicken, whose term of ser
vice then expired.
[Cl MWl'Nl. »Tl:u
Ksiiiiii«‘I I'riM-iiian.
“ /fender unlo ( mar the I hinge that me Cirmr’i.”
Tltc gentleman wh se nemo head* this article, while at
hia boarding hou»e, (Contiguous l» Ihc Capitol,) on Thurs
day, the 4th till , perceiving that, by mean* of the severe
blow, (lie Slate House waa about to bo unnoted, proceed
ed In haste with hammer and nails, that he might secure
the tool, winch, if n moved, might have been attended
wiih an expense ol hundreds ol dollars. In the height of
the storm, lie waa seen standing on the roof, while the wri
ter could scarcely hold his footing upon Mtcria firms,” and
while sage gentlemen below were snugly ensconced in the
Hall and Chamber.
Tilts get,lli man. Captain Freeman, has been si sll limes
ready and ttlicient in saving liv«s and property from tbit
devouring clean nt—fire, llo thinks net ol himself whe t
either is in danger. To the rescue, i», with him, the niov
lag principle. Often have I seen him on liie ridgi s of 3
and 4 story li uses, cotitsnding with the raging element,
wlien my very hur stood an ond, fearing Ins destruction.
This same gentleman, upon the memorable occasion of
the visit of l.afsyeltc to this country, not only quitted his
business, but spent his money and used his hands in doing
honor to that illustrious man upon the occasion of the celt -
branon at Yorklown. A carpenter by trade, a pat i it by
nature, lie waa not only competent but willing, and did
remhrmoat efficient aervice in preparing ten's, shelters,
4c., at a heavy cost of money, labor and time. In the
mat er of honoring Lafayette, the .Stale waa bul honoring
itidl, and it doe* therefore seem to die writer th it Cap
lain Krc man should he reimbursed, at least so far ss
he expondrd money in carrying out that which every
heart not seared by selfishness was to.dy and anxioua
to do. Ilut the way ol many and indeed most men
is to say, *'g * on boys," hm rot "come on," where money
may be lost or life en lingered. I Ipon the occasion aim, of
the burning of Inc. Penitentiary, where do yon find Free
man? Aye, standing in the alrno.I melting heat, with ass
in hind, working his way through n 5 foot wall, to rrsene
some five or ail poor wretches Irom impending death. Hr
aurceeded, and retired with his hands burnt almost to a
crisp. Capt Freeman's generoai'y and kindness of heart
have led to the wreck of fortune (which had been gained
by the “sweet of Ilia brow,") as well ss Injury to his eon
emotion, at a timo of life too when the recuperative enrr
, gtrs of our nature are generally on the wane instead of in
I crease, lie shosld be rewarded, first by die l.rglvure,
for what he has done for the Stats —and, secondly, by a li
beral pitronage on the pitl of citizens who may have bu
sluesa in iho linn of his vocation.
“FIAT -IHSTITIA "
CITY ARRIVALS.
i llnrsi.— M ireli W—I! II Carte,, Mr.Gen W
K. ms Wmeh'M'■ H *t nice. Wisconsin, N 4 Frenrh 11 II Mar
r.nJ, Norfolk. A tlolftae. Wroinempnic j i; |.,ne, Pappalnnnnek,
R Asti orb rs. w lismstoira. I. t M Penney, A emu |, Mirirhrr,
r l.jnrhfcurp. II Hunt. Norfolk J H Mntrkesil. M. tanti irg Hr li Am
Ion, Miss, w II trochee. Trsnrw. . c II ||n,Wnu. If A N.vw T
Swise. R %• *tel in- lt.it noire W P M- ,rr s Navy. las P.
Harnhti, II A Arm* Ph P Winston, Hanover. rj Newton Norfolk.
T II rswsll. Havana, J Jr h son N f 'ami ns It Parriev Mn-rgomerv
J A Jnnes.T I'ul mi, Alabama. W T ri'oeklon, Mkir.ils W P Wit
burn, Oeo'gla
GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF VIRGINIA.
Kfum«.
Maactt Ui, 1847.
A communication was teccn«l from the ilouae, inform
ms the Senate ul the passage of
An Act changing iho lime* of holding the Circuit Superior
Court* of Cumberland mid Appomattox and tha Town
ol Lynchburg.—Referred tj committee of Courts of Jus
tice. And
An Act to authorise the Auditor to issue a warrant upon
the Treasurer in favor of Peter Moore’s adiu’r.—Refer
red to the committee of Claims.
And have ad ipird a resolution allowing further time
to claimants lor Kcvoluilunar)r land bounty to prosecute
their claims. On motion of Mr. Wnvuxx. laid upou the
table. r
Mr. Mi Mcllas. chairman ol the committee ol Internal
Improvements, reported, without ameudmriil. the
Act authorising the Board of Public Works to purchase
two-fifths ol the slock ol the Alexandria Canal company.
A Bill lor the extension of the James Ktver A Kanawha
Csnal to the Town of Buchanan. Also,
A Bill authorising the Staunton A Sc.li.ville Turnpike
company to increase their stock, to enable them to Me
Adanuse their road.
I lie Alexandria Canal bill w aa then taken up, after being
read a third time.
Messrs. Wai.laix. Koalas and Moons mads strong ap
peal. in behall ol this bill, Mr. McMltLLX* alone opposing.
I he vote being taken upon It. passage, resulted—Ayes'Jg
Noes 7, as follows :
Avxs—Messrs. Sutton, Thompson. Wallace, Moore,
Williams, Willey, Bondurant, Wooifolk, Uallaber, John
ston. Caperton. Witcher, Slanard, Smith, Deneale, Sloan,
Stringer, Ambler, Rogers, McCauley, Parriott, l-’ry_If'J
Noas—Mensrs. Scott, (Speaker.) Woods, Spark, Baptist,
Uarrett, Dennis, McMullen_7.
Ho the Hill |)4««od.
Mr. Wi»ni>ot.k tillered the following resolution, upon
which he called the previous question.
UfBolrcd, That during the balance of this session no
member shall be allowed to speak more than 15 minutes
upon any one subject.
Mr. Ml Mdlus called for the Ayca and Noea. The re.
solution was agreed to : Ayca :14, N jes 4.
An Act to Complete the extension of the James Kiver Jt
Kvtiawha Canal from tide-water, in the cny of Rich
mond. to the town of Buchanan, waa then liken up and
road a third time, and, alter a few remarks by Meaars
W*Lt.xc«, Bohduxaxt, Witchm and Uuuutt, wa.
On motion of Mr. Wallace, the bill authorizing the
Farmers’ Bank of Virginia and the Kxchsngn Bank of Vir
ginia to establish otlicos of diacounf and doposite in the
town of Alexandria, aud for other purposes, w aa taken up
and passed. K
The Scottsville and Staunton Turnpike bill was, on mo.
lion ol Mr. Bondi’Xa.vt, taken up, end after being thorough
ly discussed by Messrs. McMoiACN,GaLLXUKRend Mooax,
in iavor, aud Mr. Wills* in opposition, iho hi.I was na-a
ed : Ayes IS, Noea H. 1
On motion of Mr. Srxxx. tho Senate adjourned.
• Tutsiuv, March 2,1847.
A communication *n received Irom the liouae announc
ing the agreement of that body to the amendment* to an
act changing the dividing line* between the countn-a ot
Lewie and tiiltner. And to
An act concerning emancipated alavee; and have pasacd
bills entitled
An act to incorporate the D.rectors of the Scientific
Eclectic M.meal In-tituio.
An Imposing taxes for the support of government.—
An act authorising tho issuing of certain Licenses.
^ Allot which were referred to the committee of iieneral
Mr Woounu, chairman of the committee of Courts of
Justice, reported, without amendment.
An act divorcing Wm If Myers from his wile Virginia
Myers. And
An act changing tho times of holding the Circuit Supe
rior Courts of Cumberland and Appomatox and the town
ol Lynchburg.
T he Speaker announced tho reception ol a communica
tion Irom the State of Missouri, pertaining to the Army.
I'pon motion of Mr Witcher, laid upon the table.
Mr MeMi'txtH, chairman ol the committee of Internal
Improvements, reported, with an amendment.
The Bill authorizing the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
Company to conatrucl a Railroad through the territory of
Virginia.
Upon motion of Mr. Bondi’Rant, tho Salem and Lynch
burg Turnpike Bill was taken up.
Mcs-rs McCat LEV, Mi Milixj, Tuommon and Uali.a
iisr, who were formerly opposed t > the bill, withdrew their
opposition, owing to tne passage of the Janus River and
Kanawha appropriation, which wiit cary the canal to
Buchanan, and not make Lynchburg the terminus of both
the Canal and South Western Road. Passed.
Mr tiaaatTT moved that the Speaker of the House of
Delegates be requested to return a bill passed yesterday,
which requires the Exchange and Farmers' Banks toes,
lahhsh Branches at Alexandria.
'Messrs Uo.NDi HAST, (iat.LAu>a, McMullris, R uxas.
"lr her and Wali.acr opposed, and Mr Stamarp sup
port'd the motion. Withdrawn.
Mr Wali.ack moved to take up the bill concerning free
tirgiocs and mulaltoca. Motion sustained, and bill nega.
lived; when
Mr Sta.varu moved for a reconsideration, and called for
the ayes ami docs. Ayes 13, noea 15.
An act to authorize the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
Company to construct a road tnrough the Territory of Vir.
gima, was made ih" order of the day for to-morrow, on
inoiion c.f Mr Ruokrs.
On motion of Mr IIondvraxt, the bill changing tho time
• if holding the Circuit Superior Courts ot Cumberland,
franklin, and Appomatox counties, and the town ot
Lynchburg, wan taken up. Passed.
On motion ol Mr Wouua, the Senate adjourned.
Hoiimi of
Monday, March I, 1647.
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES.
Mr. Banks, from tho committee of Propos.tions and
Urievanera, reported adversely to the petition of citizens
of Fayette couuty for a new county.
Of citizons of thn counties of Preston, Taylor and Bar
hour, also for a new county.
And against tno expediency of causing the public lot
stlsrhrd to the Scale House lor weighing live spick to be
Mr iioi.t.ADAY, from the committee on Claims, reported
adversely to ilia petition of the President and Directors of
the Lynchburg and B ifTalo Springs Turnpike Company.—
And against the expediency ot refund.ng certain damages
and costs to Tnutnaa Towson, lata Shertll' of Stafford
county.
On motion of Mr. llot.i.aUAV, the committee on Claims
were dirrhnrgcd from llic consideration ol the petitions of
James Wells, of thr county of Lee;
Of the heirs of John Nelson;
Of Wm Sheppard, late Shcrilf or Jackson count);
Ot David S Jones, ut Rockingham county;
Of Copt \V m M Robinson;
Of Ah xander McOougalti; And
Of John llnniion; And
front the resolutions refunding to Win T Joynes certain
money,for paying the expenses incurred by Lewis Me
hen/, r, in trail porting the Alexandria volunteers to Rich
for refunding to tienj. Riddell a certain sum of money!
And fi r paying the i xpenscs incurred by Capt John W
Row,in, in the enlistment and organization of Ins c nipany
oi volunteers.
And the said pet tiotta and resolutions were ordered to
be laid on the table.
Mr Watts, from tho Committee on the Militia Laws,
presented a report Diverse to the petition of tho olficcta of
the 47th and ttdiii Regiments of Miftia, for the restoration
of tlio office and pay of Brigade Inspectors.
Mr. Dorman, from tho Committee of Roadsand internal
Navigation, reported the lollowmg bills:
A hill to provide for the construction of a dam and lock by
the James River Sc Kanawha Company, at the town of
Jefferson.
A loll to revive the (loose Creek Navigation Company.
A bill providing fur the connection of the Jainea River St
Kanawha Canal with the ndc-watcr of James River, ui
Richmond, and for other purposes.
A bill incorporating the Moorfield cV. North Branch Turn
pike Company; and
A bill t i amend the act pas-cd the 27th February, 1629, pre
scribing n isritl of lolls on the K inawiia River.
On inoton of Mr. I) >swa n, the Committee on Roads and
Internal Navigation was di•charged from the rotmderatmn
of the petition of the President and Directors of the Louisa
Railroad Company, complaining of the violation by the
Richmond, Fredericksburg A. Potomac Railroad Company
of a contract with said Louisa Company, and the memorials
and rt mon-trances relative to the same subject; and of citi
zen- ,•f the counties of Cabell and Wayne, lor a subscription
by ilie :-taic to the stock of tho Railroad from Richmond to
the Omo River—and tho said petitions were laid on the
MrCoti, from the c rntniliee on Finance, reported—
A l!il' to aiithori/.'! tho payment of two hundred and sixty
nine dollars and amy cents to Joseph R Bcntly.
RESOLUTIONS.
On motion of Mr Knntstoa. Resolved. That the First
Audit -r bo instructed to prepare and cau-e to be printed by
u>c public printer, in convenient form, and submitted to the
House of Delegates at us next session, a 'nbitlar statement
embracing the following information, to wit: The while
snd black population of the Slate, the lat'er embracing tree
negroes ace,riling to the rensiis of |h,*|ii (nd I-in, nr
raoged in counties and towns, and in the four great dm
aions of tiio State ; also, the federal population, the land and
prop rty tax, and free white tilhesblrs in each of the said
year*, arranged in ilia same manner; also, the free while
nth' soles and land and property lat lor the year I Ik6, ar
range d in the four w at divisions, s« aforesstd.
[On motion of Mr Duattav, a thousand copies of the
Stan ninnt thus or l< re I were ordered to be printed for the
use of ih • next Urnersl Arscmtdy.j
On motion of ( , a, Resolved, That the committee on
tho Militia Laws be instructed to enquire tr.to the expe
diency of bringing in a hill aiiihoriung the distribution of
so many of the condemned arms as may Ire necessary
amongst the eomm indsnts ot regimonta lor drill purposes.
PETITIONS.
Mr OiK'HtM—Of citi/ena of the cniinlicaof Richmond,
Wi trnnrrland and Eaera, for the pneargr of an art more
rff' t mllf In prevent the deatruclioi. of tiah in the Kappa
hano 'ck river. Mr IIrkatiifo —1Two petition* of ell i< ma
of the comfy of Mmgnn, for the p*«**ifr of »ti act guaran
teeing Min omnia of the Ch'npcikr ami Ohio Cana. Com*
piny, |o enable lluon to complete their ('anal.
KNUROdflED BILI«8.
A hill «uihofi* ng ilio i-auing of certain Irecnaea, and
for other purpoae*. PimoI, with a r/der rer|niriiig rrhi
hitor* of allow* In piy (he la* impdrd on *nrli rahibitor*
hrf..ro eatnbtiinn, and autho(i*ing ihe Hhrnff, in cave of
failure lo pay pitch la a, lo levy on any effect* in the pot
aaaatoq of (be eahihitor.
A bill lo incorporate the Director* of the Hcieniific and
lIclKiit Medical Inaiilulo, P**-cd, with a rydar prnvi
ding that nolhiog in the An contained ahall aqtboriae ihe
tild College In grant and confer any ollirr degree than lhal
of Eclectic Ducior.
On motion of Mr\j^Siu\« t|,s report of the Coin
millr* of Coutu ol Jualire iiltcnc to tnc petition of J. hit
K. Jones, for a divorce fiotn hia wife, war taken up; ai d,
®®' °° Wr. S. lha aauui wti imitinl, and a bill or*
datrd IQ Conlotmlty «ta|, thr petition.
On motion of Mr. Cai.wm.i„ the report of the C< mmil.
., !’ Louila ol Jualica iruoat tho pclitiou ol Amanda
ln*’ ^ * divorce, was token up, the decision ol ilia
oinmntea reversed, and a bill ordered in accotdanco » nit
the prayer of the petition.
/■". Mr. Htrrr, the bill to amentl tlie art p aa.
rhrat ' Incorporating the llardy and Win*
•rn, I n'.np,ke »»■ l»d on the table.
I he bill to provide to, caw. which the Court. have
, *c' 5,*> March, l^.ani. nd
P w th' ihe 'Try Sch'’°l *«"••». »"d I t other pur*
. .—* ''V
M. Hi'iaoi I i " C Coll, *ea, waa, on Motion ut
Mr. BtRwsi.L, laid on lha table, and ordarad to bo pinned.
Tax bill
waT^altan in'JV.”f* "" “< Oov.rnmcul,
ITh«!r J o b *',k‘ be,"« Idled, w a. paaaed
[ Hie taaea imp,wed are the MIIle w,tb lh,w, P, y,„
rxcp| ting the ini on I «dl«rV l.tcenaca Bowline
and Billiard Table.-.. wh^h ’the u, '|.:;
.« now AHO'*i h*“ tTnr'mrT*C'‘ •l0’ *l*.ch ,„,h. . the
I? ? *d of a. lointetljr. The la,
Bowlin* Saloon, i. at the rate ot $|lj (or each all.. r,
T.rd T .’ll Ira'»Oi!o*'"'**' Wh*f" ... *5 • ' on ltd
on!? 0*o j ' * ’ •*"P‘ “ I'lacea, where n
The bill to change the place ,rf hoidin* the Coutl of
WI^! s7rK « **‘e,n '«>'Ur* to the
w lute Sulphur Spring., waa, on motion of Mr f*i ,,,, ,
indefinitely postponed—nyr. 69. noe. 10—.a follow.: '
l, A2,** Meaara. Byrd, Scrugg., Bennett, Bainbrit h, Mac*
bn Mom., hox. Lacy, Cardwell. Home. Smith, Kill „i K
A N.. Lvana, Larson, W hue, Jottea ol t; .Carroll, Caltvell,
Stovall, lliett Thnmpaon of il„ Laneaatcr, Dillard, (Jod*
wm, Howard, I alrick, Robinaon, Gnehsm, K chinond. II.'.
Urd, M Iiityre Kdmondaon of L., Ilaymoiid, Oldham.
Browne of M. At M., Waggoner, Williams, Brown ol M
Beirne. Kdmund. ... of M. St I*. Newton. W.t„, ||.pp.r
Nelma. Kdg.ngion, Dana. M’Phetion. Tatum, Cackley
Cocke, t-alrfax, Anderaon, Daniel, Sturm, Harper, |la,e.
M r.lhenney, Morrison, Hill ol SUckley, Tate. Hargrave
preeman, liurdett, Uillcapie, iloruer, Caatlaman, Stephen
son and i- loyd—69. '
Nou—Meaer* Kinney, Layne, Powell, 8hefTey, Johnson.
Burwell. rhompaon ol Hot., Bocock. Moaby. Dickm-m!
slaughter, Irving, Love, Scott, Stillman, Street. Leake Mi.
jnr, Darracott, Lee, Dancan, Hunter, Thoinpaon of J. \\'al*
'*'*• U*,nM- Harrison ol L, Sch-.oley, Bank., Breathed
Kelly, lerrow, *eiby, I.amer. Tunalall, Tyler, Strother.
.Mayo, Dorman aud Holiaday_40.
Messages were received from the Senate, announcing
the passage by that body of the bill to increase the capital
stock ol the Staunton and Scottavdle Turi.p ke Company
to Macadamize their roid.
I. ‘he bill author! Xing the lloaid of
lublic Works to purchase two. fit the of tho stock ol li.u
Alexandria Canal Company.
Also, the bill providing lor the completion of tho James
Kiver and Kanawha Canal from tide-water, at Kichmund
to the town ut Buchanan.
And the b II authorising the Farmers’ Hank of Virginia
and the hxcliange Bank of Virginia to eaialilish t dirt .* ,»t
discount and deposits in the town ol Alexandria, aud lor
Other purposes.
On motion, the House adjourned.
Tuesday, March 2, 1817.
Mr. Brcxmk, from the Commuteo of Courts of Judcr
reported the following bills:
A hill divorcing James K. June. from Ins wile Kliza
oeto; and
A bill divorcing Amanda Gosling from her huaband Pal.
mer Gosling.
On motion of Mr. Bomi, the Committee of Court, of
Justicc Were discharged from the consideration of the tie.
Iliiona of citizens of the county of Augusia, asking for u
change in the jury .ysicm; ol John M. Preston; o! certain
notaries public of the city o, Norfolk and town of P«,„.
rnoulh; and of notaries public of the town of Lynchburg
each asking for an increase of their lees; and the said re
Utiona wero laid on the table.
, Mr- Bases, from the Committee of Proposition, and
Grievance., reported adversely to the petitions of citizens
..f the counties of Taz--w e I. Wyihe ami Smyth, lor a r. w
county; ol tho trustees of the town of Lewishuig. t|10
county ol Greenbrier; ol the dtv sion No. :il of th- s
ol Temperance, lor an act of incorporation; and remind
the lollownig bill:
A hill prescribing regulations to be observed in making
applications tor the formation of new counties.
Mr. Basss announced that the said Committee having
ftmahed the Business before it. had no further occasion !..r
a Clerk, and that i ftWr was discharged accordingly.
Mr. 11' I.I.AOA v, from tho Committee on Claim., reported
s bill appropriating a sum ol money for the benefit of .Sam'l
freeman, of the city ut Richmond.
Mr. Davis, front the Commiiice on Agrirtiliii'e and Ma.
nulacturea, reported adversely to (he pelnion of ,\|,Mm
McCollock and other citizens of the county of Ohio;
A Bill to incorporate the Farmville Manufacturing Com
psny.
( 1',r- Hvstes, according to order, reported the follow.ng
A Bill amending the acl passed 25th Feb. I8JC, . ,|S|t.
Iishing District Free Schools in the Counties . f Fled, tick
anti Jclfcrx<in
On motion of Mr. Harbivos of Loudoun, RaaoKrd,
riiat leave he given to bring in a hill incorporating a com
pany to construct a budge Irom the Point of Rocks, in Ilia
Coumy Ol Frederick, Slate ,,| Maryland, across the Pot.,,
mac, to a tine point on tho Virginia shore opp.tsitu the Po
tomac Funnier pr. jury.
tin motion of Mr. William*, leave wan granted to .v.ih
draw the pennon of the heirs of John Nelson, preremed
at the present session of the Legislature
On motion ol Mr. Sr »vai.i.. leave was granted to with
draw the petition ot Stephen Kent.
The bill providing fur the extenaion of the Louisa Kail
rood to the eastern base of the Blue Kidgu was taken up, and
sundry amenumrnta being moved and adopted, was order
«J to it-* engrossment.
On motion of Mr. IK-mtkr. tho hill author zing the State's
guarantee of certain bond* of llic Ch.-»apc-aku and Ohio Cu
nal Company was taken up, read a second lime, and order
ed lo ita engrossment.
ENGROSSED BILLS.
A bill authorising the Coumy Coart ol Amelia lo n ,
acea the lands of Francis A. Wilson. P.issrd
A bill lo amend, for the connlioa ol Loudoun, 1 iir ..
and Kanawha, llic acl lor the . slablislinieiit of District I no
Schools, pass: .1 Feb. 2i, 18-16. Passed.
A bill granting aid to the North Western Virginia Acade.
my. Indefinitely postponed.
A largo number of bills w ere read a second time and or
dered to be engrossed.
On motion of Mr. Ysany, the House adjourned.
At a meeting of the Committers of the three Wards of
this city, appointed at a meeting ol Cil z.-ns of tin I..
lo take up collections tor the reiiet ol the sulicimg lYople
of Ireland, at the office of Dr. Cbamherlayiie, on Tuesday
the 2.1 March ; Present,
From Jefferson Wsrd—John finders and Snm’l Putney,
From Madison Ward — Dr. Chanibcrlayne, John W..ru
ble and Wrn. II. Hubbard,
> *■>«"« Monroe Ward--M S Valentine and llc.iurd
lii r.NASo Pawns was appointed Chairman, and John
Womhle, Secretary.
Ii was Resolved, lliti each of the Ward Committers, for
taking tip collections, he enlarged to nine, when llie fol
lowing per-ons were added to the committees, v z:
l or Jefferson Ward—W. J. Clarke, Wilson Wi.liamv,
Ge ■ .MerIain, Jos. A. Carrington, James Winslon ami I’.
K. While.
For Madison Ward—Peyton Johnston, John Tylrr,
Sampson Jones, James Allen, Tho*. Beasley and Ja- C.
For Monroe Ward— Chan. Palmer, Tim*. ||. Kill.-, Daii'l
Truehearl, Jamca M. Taylor, Isaac Davenport, Jr. ami
Logan Waller.
Resolved, That earli of tho Ward Committers b-> re
quested to meet lo-moirow, Wednesday, morning at II)
o'clock, at the h Cowing p'icfs, viz:—h-r Jefferson Ward,
al the City Hold; tor Madison Ward, at the offieo <u John
Womhle; for Monroe Ward, at the Washington ’I vi-rn.
Ur solved, That the funds, a* colleen d, be paid over lo
Win. II. Maclailand. Kvq. the Treasurer.
BERNARD PEYIO.N, Chairman.
Jolts Wombi.k, Hecrclary.
I.iilt* from Simla IV.
We find m the Hi. I.»ui» paper* letlcm frum Hanta ( e
the latent ol which I* dated Dec 14. Theae let rr» run-'
turn »nrnn new. from the U. S. Army in New Mexico
which we subjoin:
One of ihc loiter* wi lien on the full Der'r, him,* that
C*;>t. Cook was wilhm 70 mile* of Id fiuo, with ■ b u|
of troop*, and w«* arranging plana for n* Capture. Ily ad
vice* fr m Mexico, which we jttibli*hrd on Saturday, it i*
known that he had succeeded in his object. The mine
letter say*—
UlCol- lioniphsn, a* I learn, lm* at length anreeiil d in nta
kttiK a treaty wnh the Navajo*, and will now pro,. mull
hi* march to Chihuahua; how Iona Ihc prncj tint* c tiriu*
dr d wi 1 last, ia unknown.
t >n the 171h till, an order wa* pnhli*hed hy Col I'r ce,
ordering Idem. Col. Milrhell to nelerl 10(1 m n from |hn
army, with rpicitl regard to tiiair phv*ir il and inti-lire nil
capacity, to proceed toward* Chihuahua and open r< tn
tntinieation wnh Urn. Wool. The command Irft Hama
Ke on the 4th l>,'c*inhcr.
Kxtraet from a letter dated
Histi I t c remix r I I
"Mij Clark ha* reeeieed an order from t" I. I) iiph.ni
(who i» encamped ninth id nj 180 niilr*, with the Ir.nlera.i
to join him lorthwtlh, with 135 of our batlalio i a ,1 to pro
reed to Chihuahua. Nothing ha* been heard of ton* ini'
Wool, up to the present tune. When we g< l to l> miph n
our force will he 1,370.**
Mrttrt. Jiihn //. A,utitter Son :
t ^ KN I I,KM KN.— | Inlrr* (hi* Ajinatlunilv It
* ■ inform y.iiinf Ur (r it fr I rf *8-011*11 my w fr l.j |i. ,r n
fir Panniex * fare *li - ho her n lat-oneg i:n ter a r*p n*ld!*«l to
f..r aenrly live yrnrr, thr-oxh raad mr refepe'# me lo arlri .w.ity
ihe t’enefi itenvid from the Jut non* trei men' of h r I’, v trt»n
reltetlnr the B,.iml i r niton, am Will I avt*g h r nnah* . null
or m til l a *tiOTl Into- without |.o*. inr m ■! of ter ...
Ottnt In hid niner lie apptii-ntinn of the l.see. *h« ha* «iln
more Ilian a mile without fntifnr , liar a ear *. alia up
alien'a lo lew knuuhtMiliiiir. lie bar are,«ral iner
ibat d #lte conM intyroenre* rtmdir lave, atr ,v ,
With ttiia for * tlr'ticir.4 d tilna Tht* vofemnnt-r itm
defrrrd until now in net r in .e tint ibc rfferi war
hav Ol tiaeomr fitly aatirtlnl na that a ihj.-ri, | rle-rfily -nttmi
Oil* »*• yonr dl*|tortl Very reaj ertfnlly,
Hearira t' army. I WW M I'tnilK
March la*. 1017 J Bih ,
i'O/llr.
I Ilf"* undersigned nro prepnreil hi fnrniali (Jo*
r,'>m 'h* *ton lleege Pitr. ai the thtlowma rat-a —
Ban Unite, l» rrnt*. (itrliv. rertl
r *”• payable the lat of J y an
January, lo gw it ant rcaponnhle rnMomrrt Bp, ly in
* JtiNWi a Wlftnrt'N
*1 nrt (li
•••Ml. I have for line a Carriaga I'rivei
. who ia ahu a good (tilling mom Servant
3 RICH. HIM., Jr. *

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