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Richmond daily Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1842-1861, May 25, 1847, Image 2

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mr toi.fh, ki.i.iott * w».
Mr. HomIon'* fipeerk.
Tha apace occupied by the remarks delivered a few Jsys
autre by Senator Kenton, at 8|. l-ott's. compels ns tu drier
both editorial and selected mailer. We take It for granted
that, in the absence ol later intelligence from the neat ol
star, the public will be more anxious lo peruse the last
msnilreto of the F.x Lieutenant General, who, in despite
sd Ins ridiculous and offensive egotism, sometimes, as Sir
Anthony Absolute aaya, “talks sense,-' lhau any thing else
we could lay brture them.
The first part ol Mr. Itenion’a Speech, in which be refer*
lo the line of policy adopted by the Administration on the
(began question, -a polit y, which, but for the interposition
if the Senate, would have involved us in a war with Great
Britain at the very moment that movements were ordered
which resulted in the war with Mexico,—is a pointed com
mcntaiy upon the “eminent ability," in the management of
out liHelgn relations, ascribed lo Mr. Polk by his parttxan
suing is u. ll there were no other act of this Administra
tion entitling it to the censure and condemnation of the
people, the ignorance displayed in asserting our “clear end
ueyacelteneolc" right tu a territory, to which, as Mr. Ben
ton demonstratrs, ire And net tie sAedoir e/ hilt,—and
the perfuMSiff tank which it pressed this uni.Minded claim
to the very verge of war with the most powerful nation on
eirlh,—would justly subject it to unqualified reprobation.
]u forced abandur ment of this claim, in compliance wvth
the advice of the Senate, » the only palliating plea it can
pusnihfy orgs ; hot l*sf cannot excuse its ignorance in the
first instance, o4 the true extenf of the American claim in
the i "refer territory, met the otwt.nirv v> ith which it urged
*• on Vended title lo territory bei.mgisg tu Great Britain,
and Urn inieng posse sas an of which, had not wiser and
xaiev rradect an bee a ia the Ser ale tbaa t the F.x-cot. ve
ivytrtBrat. »r abotue uw bees **iarriiaMi~ isvhvtd 1a
tin meat aanguioarr srar e an. «n ours.
Tar targe* yiraw or M Bect.w.'x Sqveeek. Berwr. a
arileuk u lbs neaaioeratv.it a tat stirs of Texas, m
which, as tna, bs barms V IT tbs x. Msaac. .c tax:
ut- 'inn tr Scan r« M- Hntrrct • Cal..on. m s 1M
tslam. it wn. N wwsnifcrvt seat a tent ar »t>f tw
faiseda meaiWnt aiM. cwnnuties w n the cemnemmnaa; 'S
IS" mac • aunmnni. s -mtu-r-m iir c«—m>- pr-avms
nun use. aa tw al«c*a bs On T " nr 1 imn umi ,t_ c;
>. mi i as tee1 tw ttsa Bauunouraioit, war nr .d i n isiv i
t" * malms-:., n at as oxr a » orb- .a rxm -met
witB aa ■»- iseatm rsassin. tar wnw * as nr; mwr
mr. mm m snirr-s. was rmorre arsaie. a xrm it svsk
IWW bet asndsi Jml km au tf x*.vm: vld w
sv.ew* ar rat tw t facd was a tar euf. :«ea abff
*u We pacat, bowevir. tit*; if Mr. Trier. w;ih a na
tsra. ux.ety to tecare to his AJm.a.strsuon the eclat ot
putting the fiawhing stroke to a measure of whten it wae
ll.e parent, had not despatched the midnight messenger with
the Joint Resolution, as it originally passed the Houso of
Keprercntalives, Mr. l’olk would have done so. The pre
ference lor Milton Brown's resolution over Benton's alter
native proposition, which was only appended to it for the
purpose of getting Benton's vote, was universal and decid
ed in the Leieofoeo ranks. It is therefore unjust to ascribe
ta* *ngtn of die war to Caikoun and Tyler, because on
the if of March, at XBtdmgtu. they did an act which, had
i lapsifiwtf, would have been done by Mr. I’. Ik
a. menu the seat day. TW whose of this part of Mr.
It I .m’v wpvevn. wwswr. is well as that in which the
**w inaagtaUj" are haadied w ith se verity, is aimed
» -aJb-.ux. sm Mr. Benton iiaua with an intensity
draut spa aa hi mm .ova.
■a- Fraaiw takas gtemw to advert to the four
han kfi—f axwmyt to nrtu him with the title of I.ic:.- '
xvwssu General ot out Armies m Mexico, and lo clothe
bna With aipsomaur as well as military powers. But on
Mu* euaycct he sheds no new light, lie tells us, it is
trae. that no General now in the field would have been
r 11*.reeded by bis appointment; but that ia an assumption
which w.mld not have heeu verified by the result. Taylor,
Svotl, Worth,Twiggs and Wool would never have subrim.
ted to the degradation ol obeying the orders ol a man, who
possessing no military reputation, as he had performed no
military service, had b. cu taken from the walks of private
lifr, and placed ai a single jump over ihcir heads. Mr. Ben
ton also assures us that great results would have followed his
appoiutim nt—winch, id course, disputing himself ,n the
legion of conjecture, without the possibility ot subjecting
Ins glowing picture ..I blind- d martial ami civil triumphs to
any lest, he may safely magnify and color w ith toe most
gorgeous Utils hia imagination, always Iruttful when self ta
tha theme, can supply. Our own impression is, that when
An great scheme ot j-acific warfare shall be, as he tella us
it will be, at some future day, made public, it will be voted
a dreid'd humbug, w ith quite as much unaiuimty aa hia old
notion of superseding bank notes by the “constitutional
currency of gold and silver*' hxs long ago been. Never
theless, while we have not a vety hgh admiration of
the Kx-l.tf uieiiani General's military genius, nor much faith
in ibe efficiency of hia plan of a campaign, we do not he.*i
lale to say dial we entirely and cordially concur in that
portion ol In* at. Gouts speech, in which he expresses a
dt >irc that, whenever a treaty of peace shall he made with
Mexico, it shall n n be a “hollow truce," extorted front the
neciesitie* and the fcara of Mexico, as it will be if the
term* insisted on by our Government shall lie characterized
by an unnecessary degree of rigor—but a sincere reconcilia
tion, founded upon a sense of mutual justice, if not in the
romincnccmriil at icast in the termination of the war, and
winch may therefore He relied upon a* the basis of a solid
ami enduring peace. We hope that this portion of Mr.
Ilenl m’e speech may not be without its influence_as we
suppose it will not be—in the only quarter which can give
lose heal force and effect to hi* humane, gcneiousand pal
mitic suggestion*.
There tie many point* of Mr. Benton’s speech, which
invite comment; but want of room and indisposition com
pel ns to pause here.
tr The I'nion aisles thst Mr Betb Barton has not been
appointed Minister to Chili, in place of Ur. Wm. Crump,
and of course that he has nut been succeded by Mr. Gil
b II a* Holicitor of the Treasury, as stated by the Nations'
intelligencer. We infor, however, from the tone of lie
Oig.au, tiaattiiesc change* art soon ti lie made, and that it
as only a little petulant at their premature annunciation.
IIJ* Borne of the l-nccf.-oco papers, in despite i f the
more sagacious course of the Washington I’nion, wh ch in
ell-ri, admit* that Gen. Taylor la a Whig,continue ioasssri
that lie belongs to their parly. We hope they will at! un
der that presumption—though they have not heretofore
alone ao.
Why doe* not the Richmond Whig call upon ns patrio
tic friendv in Loudoun and Albemarle to furnish troop* for
the Me a ican war 7—Rarkinikam /legistrr.
'tr bea, through the v Oca of our friends in Loudoun and
Al'-emarte, the country become*involved in a war, we tkall
ia'l upon them to furnish iro.pt Pi fight it* battles. It i*
pterwety because the petr olic people of Rockingham.
hiMl.tnd -ab and Page first voted for Polk, and now jusu
*». by paper revolution*, *11 thai b* lias dooe, that we call
Upon Iktm to give some more set-slanfivi evidence of their
*ppfohain.ii <d hn measures than words
I r Th* In-uiariFI* Count r lean,a, from good authority,
that t-an. Win O. Butler, of Kentucky, who was severely
wounded at th* battle id Monterey, lta*av..wel hima- lf in
lavor id Gen. Zvehsry Taylor aa next PresiJeat. - When
such mm ^remarks ll.e Cnuner) cast oft party shackles,
»-nl rvernse then own unbiased judgment, it augurs well f„r
the dawning of a more propitious era,"
II r "Banla Anna and his federal Mexican Allies,'’ is ti <
eeptiog id a long uliloual in Hie Washington I'nion, wlnei
eve in a In forget thst Hants Anna it in Mi lien by express per
mission Id Prestiivni Polk. Dura llie 1'mon mean the I tt
»'denf and Herretary Buchanan thru it speaks of Kant
Anna's Initial .Mexican eifiea I
»lr. W I'lnUr,
The iixl nposilioll of W» grmle man, nncr his arrival at
Augutla, liaa been violent, though brief, Ilia phyaii tana,
I umi ford and Kvr, ham r •ncurrril in adviaing, that, in
iIm' • banner id any peemlng nrrraa.'r lm die (ur'brr |>rote
mi. .11 id hi* journey, II would hardly l>r w>*« ,n him to
|.ur*aa a lang aauiw of laboring* (ravel la ibuoe I'lUlulm,
si ibia lime id year, even m the mountain dieiriet*. Ilfr.
W iheteloeo haa determined lo remain at Aogua'a until hr
I. quite reroVerrJ Thenre he will go In Savannah and lo
l liartamaw, and embark at lbs laliei place in lha steamer
•.aiharan foe New York.
■ T Id a liebd notice of I he I'aivereoy of Virginia yr*
irrdny, ws ala.nl il.ai aeieral of the Senator.al l*«trtew
have failed te avail themselves nf the privilege lo which
1*0 V am entitled, nf aonding a atadcnl lo lhal luetnmlgn
vnlbnal the pavmenlnf lumon fee* Wa ash allennon lo
<h« adverMaemer.i of the Family, m an...hrr column
Falat l*r«|NM>i *f Prat e.
The French paper iu New York—tha Cournar 4m Baau
I Tu*a—publish** • In tat from the city af Mex oo, daiaffan
the 30th of April, the merlsi raws ot which, it they era to
bn idled uj»m. luin.-h a .ir.mger reaaoti to hop* foe the
epoedy lepni'.auon of the war than aay inteU^nnce bare
tol ire received from that quarter. The writer, who, tha
t'ourm r mya, is altogether nwlitlr.l to consideration. and la
a disinterested judge in thn matter, anus, that in apt In of
U>0 ttariMNu and aj.j.rals of Gen. ttalaa to raise a Guerilla
corpe, under the name of /.« Fsnguare, but ten recruits
had inscribed ihnr names upon hi* roll. A Mr. Iloenr rale
bad also failed in a like atlempf lo raise a corps under the
title af ia .Wee» is Thenn facta are crtod as the thermome
lrr of public IrHiiif.
"The clergy, too, (says the N. Y. Gazelle, of whose
translation wa aeail ours, lees.) according to the same au
thority, are not as forward as they were expected to be with
their aupjdma, having inlerp.we.1 difficulties in iheir nego
tiations with the government. An mstanca is given, too,
wbero it was uecrenary lo rate* three thousand dollars for
the completion of a cannon foundry, and but $1 100 could
be obtained. From these, and various ulhnr indications,
the writer comrs to tha conclusion that Gen. Sooft will pro.
neeuie hia march and reach Mexico without oppoe.tion, as
the prrafigrot the Mexican army is very much diminished,
and die incapacity ut the leaden has been so dearly mani
fested, that there arc many who lavor the war only to ac
complish ihc enure disgrace of the military chieftains with
the people, in order to get nd ol them the more easily after
wards. The oilers ol mediation made by the Lngnah Muns
ter to the Mexican government, were transmitted to the Na.
nonal Congress, and returned to the Government, whence
the inference is drawn that thee will not be accepted.
"The fsaner de* Kfef* frnte coincides in opinion with
its correspondent, and considers the qanstion settled. Mon
terey, llurna Visit, Vera Crux, Cerro Gordo, all have lai cj
to loose the Mexican people to umtrd resistance; and with
an enemy within three data march ol their Capitoi, a|*athr,
disunion and hesitation rule ibeir councils. The question of
aeU-iulerest now jirrsenta itself too, and with this, united
to disaatitlaction and divisions, there is no sufficient pow.
er to plunge the nation into a hopeless warfare.
"We believe tlien.'aya our French contemporary, that the
end of the war is close at hand, for notw.tn.tanding that
the press and a lew warlike tadiv dual* still endeavor lo
excite a spun ol resistance, tbetr appeals tail unheeded and
produce no sympathetic ro-pooso. To. ugh ihc war may
terminate however, the reel .iration of peace tax differ* n i
"The one will be arcomp'.ished when the American army
assume possession of the country ; but the other requires
more «\en than the concurrence of the Mexicans them
selves—and here lies ibe difficulty.
"Ki-asoa and the necessity of the rxae.atl aaay prove maul,
ficient to bring about this result; and it is upon thtsgroand
that ihe proposition has been made hy some of the piper*
of a permanent occupation of the c wintry."
IJ~ We invite pat-uc attention to ihe advert sement
which mav be found in to-day'* piper, of (he proprietor* of
the Salt Seipiar .*fringe, in Monroe couatv. We nerd
scarce y sxv that, in addition to the medicinal properties of
the water, this is one if the most peasant place* of reueat
'* the V.-gima moeauia*—and it* proprietor* have Keig
1«: ce ePrated a* caterer* tor the taKe.
IT We have s-vrrai caoxaiuueanoaa on band, which
a - apeei. v base a pace—among the* the hr*l part of
-T*L*o«' Bertrand xnd Mn"—a porn—the retnua
oer «f which .» ttthsr may forward a* **xvn as practicable.
Froma Gen. Taylor’s Army.
A arge b-wgv' <* onutn. car last been reer-eed at
s* War OCc* in.-m Or* Txyxr'a camp. They relate
teat :-u-1 x. j* iea.1 o ae ara.mt battle of Buena
' St* —src.tr ..n# u -he ■>»: -sapoetaai of watch w* aha
wrva. t- mast. The ) a* tnc icXest ,e;ter fnn
T i* *ir -
Hu».. -ir.u Axxt or Oocmnw,
Camp si’ Miukarr, Apr* ilat.
S x since my -»p*c5 of Ape llth, Mt.ur Chevaihe
■*w rcic..<iS • -pk^c^ *.-5 i par. 3,
mamder being detacned With a traia now on is way up.
six China. Agreeably to ay crie-a. Mayer Cheeaiiie has
rxplored the country bciwrea Chian and M «tem..rc>,*
and has aacer xned saus: actor iy tact Gea l rrea has tef't
that rrgiun and has probab y reerwaed the to aacaia*. The
communications are now ir.tested only by bands of robber,
which ate very numerous in ihe country. Onr esc cs can
thus be icdured much be!< w the strength wn.ca u :.xa hiux
erto been necessary to employ.
I learn that Col Doniphan is probably by tnt* time at
Parras, on In* way from Chihuahua to Salt; o, having an
ticipated tny orders to march on the latter place.
Yon will perceive from my order* tha: we have received
authentic intelligence of the fall of Vera Cruz. Our lateet
date from the city of Mexico is March 31st, *,n wh.ch day
Gen Santa Anna issued an address or appeal to ihc Men
can people. 1 do not inclose it, presuming that it wul reach
you much sooner by Vera Crux or Tamp co.
It is represented by a person who has just arrived from
San i.uie that not more than one-half of Gen Santa Anna',
original force was saved in the retreat alter the battle of
Buena Vista, and that hi* march is indicated by the dead
strewed along the road lot Gil leagues. Nearly all the
troop* have been withdrawn from Han Luis and the adjacent
I am,air, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Major (icneral 11, 5. A. Commanding,
The Arirnsr Grsttxi. ot the Army, Washington, D.C
CT New Orleans was brilliantly illuminated on the
night ol ibe 10ih mat. m honor ol the late victories in
XT J whua L. Martin, PUq. the present occupant of the
I Gubernatorial chair in Alabama, has announced hnuacli a
•andidate for re-election. In his addles* he “hurls defi
ance” at the Caucus, by which Mr. Chapman was lateir
nominated aa Ins successor. It swill he remembered that
Mr. Martin, at ilie last election, took the field apj.net ibe
Caucus nominee, Mr. Terry, and deicaied him.
1j ' We regret to learn, from the last Raleigh Register,
that Senator Maugum, of North Carolina, is at present suf
fering merely from Bronchitis, and also fr»in a strong
disposition of termination of blood to the head. Mr. M. bad
consented to deliver the Oration at the laying ol the cor
ner-atom of the Odd Fellows’ Lodge, in New York, in
June next—but the slate of his health compels him moot
reluctantly to decline the undertaking.
IT The Committee Arrangements in Katngh his de.
lerimned on having a grand illumination, fire-wi.rk*. A.c.
•m the night ol the President's arnvat in that city, ^Satur.
day next.)
• now • .
Carolina, the Congressional Section taking place in August
next, lu ihe Ks.eigh district, which has a very large Lo
coloco majority, there are five cai.d dat s of that party now
in the fi« id, and n<> Whig—to wit, lien. J. J. Daniel, the
Caucus nominee, and A. II Arrington, Henry I. Toole,
Dr. Pritchard, and Dr. Weller. In reference to the next
Presidency, Mr. Daniel is for the nominee of the ItaiMnore
Convention ; Mr. To.de f..r General Taylor, and for that
Wing heresy, a distribution of the proceeds of ibe sales of
the Public Lands ; and Dr. Pritchard for Mr Calhoun._
Tne otlurs, so far as we know, an non-committal.
1 r Or James II Conway, of this city, has been appointed
Med.etil hxanunar for the “London Life In-urancc Socie
tf,” in the place o( Dr A. L. Warner, dec. We rcter our
readers to the advertisement of tins Society—Ibe benefits
of which we hive »o oltcn tried t > impress upon our read
ers. It will be observed that tney have a capital of two
and a half millions of dollars.
ArrotNTMxrrT nr tat Gortgnom or Vi touts_George
Weat,of Uoliy Spring-, Missias'ppi.Crnrimi-aioncr for that
State, to take deposition*, acknowledgment* of deeds, See.
3.1' 7lie “S .uthron,” a leading Whig paper, publish
ed at Jackson, Mississippi, strongly urges tc.e election of
Col. Jr Iterann Devta a* next Governor of that Slate. or, if ho
prefers it, to (he seat in the U. 8. Sevan vacated by the re.
cent death of Mr.8p. ight.
IJ Mr 1 noma* Sul y. ol Plmedelphii, is now in Wash
mglon. M.gig'd hi painting the portraits of President p.,ik
and Senator Mason, at ihe request and expense of the So
ciety of Chapel Hill, N. C.. of which they are alumni.
lew tlilvie,
Mr. W. L. Montague has just received a new piece ol
Mosie, composed by Mr Cbailea Urobe, ent,lied, "The Bat.
tf* of Buena V.stt.a Iteecripiire Pann e for the Piano’
It la dedicated by tlic author “lofien. Z Taylor, the lien
Who nev. r h»t a betile”— wf,« ther availed in front or real
- by bam I Anna in Me x eo eo by h a ’affeet” elsewhere
Mt< lUWHOto, May I'Jili, 18-17,
I* Hi •/ I hr II ke
\* ilie number tlecl Horn (Hi* Congressional district
second is now no more, prrnspe il may not km mi.
pr ji r lo send In you for puliluaiion a succinct stale*
ment if |iniinral movements litre. There m a mm*
ptefn •phi III (he Dem-icrstic rank*. Mr Baptist
ti ns county has already taken tie field, and declare*
that lie will riinain a camlidatc in spile of Convcnltniia
and tvety thing *!**. William If Goode, I*., ia also
liefore |li« people. The old Hunkers very much dialike his
management Hat winter i i electing Hut ter to the Senate of
h Hinted Stall*. 11 ■■ aJherenre lo Calhoun will injnro
Inin no litne. He, unlike Mr. Baptist, is willing lo submit
to ins ael on n| a pr .perly organized Convention.
I think, Me*sra. Kditurs, that Col, Bolling, or some other
atr.ng and ataunrh Whig, rottld ro-ily carry this district.
L’nlrss Mr. Itaptirt Is* the nominee of tne Cttrivenlinn,
I whith wtll rertso ly not he the re*e,, the Itimuersta will
have two candidates in the to Id. There o, nntloubtedly,
in flue district, much dissatisfaction with the prtsent Ad
mm auction. The great luaa sustained by flic Democratic
party, as shown by the last sieciiott, was not entirely owing
; personal ohyectmns lo lien Drntngoole. I wish to see
Virginia relieved from Dumocrsiie dominstinn. Now is
the time t > fru« in her lo t the Whig* concentyate theiy
vote* upon thru esndt >te, whoever he may lx, and ano
ther brilliant victory will be the lesull.
Geo. Tailor was nominated on court day for the Presi
dency. We are emini..astir m his favor hsre. The peo
ple were eloquently addressed by several members of the
•mr, andperiienlaily hy the grtrefnl and gtffed f’lonrnoy.
fhe member eleer to Congress Imm the Halites district —
He w one of the ra*w pleasing end eloquent speaker* I ever
isIVnrd lo ; pud will do horn,, p, Virginia in the rnunnla
of the Union. \ y, /
PfMferMrlaa (Ipacral Awovbly.
Menu Mulbk,
Tha Usaaioii wee open, d with PtafW.
Reports were made by committa es sapoiulad for tha Mr.
P*ar, <11 the K.-rdew tlie Synods ol New Yoft.NrvJrr
ary, Mteeoui', Wheeling, Ohio, Piuebarg, Mtseu* ppt and
T* nxtwsve. lecomun nding approval; which Wcic aeveral
ly adopted.
The emaaaitlee appointed to exatuine the records of the
Synod ol Georgia, reported that the records had not been
placed in Ibeir bands, and that there waa no probability
dial they would; and asked lo be discharged, which was
accordingly done.
The Judicial committee presented an appeal of Mr. Jno.
Cathey, from the decision ut die Presbytery ol Psw Creek,
which wee laid on the table tor lutere derision.
The Report ot the Board of Foreign Missions was
receired, and referred to a special conammee, consisting ol
Dr Paneaon, II. R. Wilson and C. W. Harris.
The commutes on the demission of ihe ereifies of Mi
nisterial office, submitted the tallowing Report -which, on
motion ot Dr. Iloge, was recommitted to the committee,
lor the purpose ot embracing other provisions. Dr. Huge
being added lo the committee :—
The comiiiutce lo which waa referred ihe mailer con
cerning the voluntary demission of the exercise ot tbs Mi
nisterial office, reeprctfully report, lor the consideration ol
lbs Assemble, the lollowing statement and resolution, eta :
I. With all the rare which ihe Presbyteries exercise in
the examination ol candidates, and with all the inquiry
which candidates may sincerely make after Iho path of
dam, it has happened, and will again occur, that men may
mistake their calling, and be introduced to the office of the
Gospel Ministry wMhout lltoue qualifications wluch will eu
ab.c them, with profit to iho Church and comlort to them
selves, to continue to exercise its functions.
ild. It ta a I act that many persona do practically demit the
exercise ol the office, engaging entirely in secular pur
suits—and yet,
3d. Their names icrnain upon our roll*; they are ac
counted as Ministers, and eounted in estimating the ratio
ol representation of the Prewby terms to w hich they belong ;
thus giving to some Presbyteries a preponderance in the
General Assembly, to which they are not justly entitled un
der the lair operation ot our system.
4th. Some men ot excellent moral character, and wh<ee
influence -a private inembrra of the Church would be hap
pv, are embarrassed by being thus situated. There ta no
reawtu tor deposing or suspending them from lha Ministry ;
they have no authority to denut the exercise ot ibeir office.
The Presbytery has no authority to permit demission, and
yet it exists in tact ; and these worthy brethren are con
s-ramed to live on w ith vows resting upon thrra which they
hxve not the ability or opportunity to perforin. Y< ur com.
mince, therefore, recommend the adoption of the following
resolution, which was adopted by the Genera! Asscuihiy ot
1843 ;
Auslsrf, That the office of a Minister of the Gospel is
perpetual and cannot be laid unde at pleasure, ret any Mi
nister may, wnh the permission ol his Presbytery, demit
the exercise ot hie office. And when any Minister has thus
demined the exercise of his office, he xhall not be permit
ted to sit as a member of any of our ecclesiastical judica
tories. And any Munster having so demined the exercise
ol h:s office may ox personal application lo Ihe Presbytery
which allowed him to demit it, if said Prcabytery think
proper, be by n restored to (bo exercise thereol, and to all
the rights incident thereto.
An appeal ol Charles Nichol, in the nature of a com
p aiot agatusi the acli i of the Synod ol Northern Indiana,
next came before the Assembly and occasioned consider
ab.e discussion, bui was huailv dtstnuwcd (as alleged by a
ts —lion which waa adopted! inconsequence of irregu
iamr on the part of the complainant.
Rev. Mr. McYean, Ru ing K.Jer from the Presbytery
v Ha intone, was announced, in addition lo the Conrans
« >ner* ».rr»tljr in &:ua«Unce.
Du motion, tne Assembly adjourned to 4 o'clock.
1'vtiiin- hrwion,
. ne c- mimti** on Commission* reported Win M At
1 '-n- R K !r 'm w* »*f Wmchcter. u, addition to the
hajramts* nera already in attendance.
RrT. Mr. Leavitt, de.egaie from me General Convention
: tae Mate ol \ erraont. submitted to the Assembly an in
wre»t.ng ssaiemrat of the state of religion in that State
Toe Order ot tbe Oar *» her- announerd-th* Report
8 the cwnmi.tre on the following resolution, which wan
ai' ta itrd and referred to a committee at the !a-t General
A*«emb!y :
/lensfeed, That, in the judgmrnt of this Assembly, it u>
c ntrary to the Constitution and the uuUorm praruen ol the
Prrrbytenan Church in tae I'a.trd States for any eclo-ia
nca. Judicai.-rv to ap;n> nt a commission lo determine judi
cially anv ra«e whatever.
Tae r-port of the committee wn ent rely oppoaed to the
ui-claratton of this revolution, setting forth that it was not
prohibited by the Constitution, and that it was in accord
ance with the practice of me Church to appoint such Com
mw a. and lor 11* Session* of Preabyierie# and Synod* to
ae real* the power* vested in them.
Tti.a report being open lor eons deration, an interesting
iocusmon ensued, in which Messrs. Cunningham ofUa..
Paxton of Ky , Morrison ot Va. and Jnnkin of New Jersey,
engaged, all in opposition to the report as it came from the'
committee, and in support ol the requirements oft he Con
stitution as they now exist. This discuss on waa prolonged
until the hour of adjournment.
Previous to the adjournment, the committee on Devo
tional Exercises made a report, recommending that a Ser
mon be preached in the First Prrsbvterian Church on Thurs
day « vemng, by Dr. Hoyt, and that a Sermon be preached
»> the rame place on Friday night, by Or. C.C. Junes, on
iiie subject of the instruction c.1 the colored population ol the
Soutlieni Stale*, which vt u adopted.
Alter prayer, the A«»cmbiy adjourned.
.\t**%* t*\|HTli*i| tin* morn in".
Mr. Martin, the accommodating Mail Agent on the Fre
deiicksburg road, inform* us that the Baltimore Sun’* “Tony
Fry tea." went ihrougli yesterday—consequently we may
i xpect some mletesuugintelligence by this morning's South
1 cm Mail.
_ fee*1*- Newton.
Ee-ex 168 ojg
Spottaylvania 43C 3t^j
Caroline 436 ;1S j
King George 112 l^o
Weeim.rclsnd III jjj
Richmond Co. 172 |82
Middleaex 118 | |q
King & Queen 314 224
King Wi ham 284 85
8116 191,3
Majority for Beale 153
render Kdtiralion nl the Uni vet ratty of \ ir
X funs a.aitel.ie tn meritorious young men of limned mean*
lie V.-.lirs Ii.-Ite j.m»>d ibai on .-uid.nl from raeli Hrnatonsl
Instneinf It - 8taie ei..-,;i I- admiii.il without payment of Proles
*»'• f ''uivrr.itjf charges, hi.-t ;.nd peoalta* rircpl.d
find-Mi siiinltted into the I'nivrrelty on this foundation have the
frivilege of r-training two yiars. aid in raes of great pr. (ie -on
this tern, sisy lie (rrvlont-.l by the Hoard of Voners They are.
however. subject lo expulsion. disiuimion or esrlustoo. as well as lo
"• punishment*. * end or in lh*w and in ail othn respect.
I leept ripen- . I ii Ibe uni- fouling si otie-i vui.i-m.
W tt. s v.-w still lurtle-r in reduce the expense, of .urn .m
**BU 'he v..iters have Mule proviMon.at the ei|-nse of ihr I'm
'"■nr III,I the sum paid by ili.ni for board shall Bu( exceed sixty
ihitiar. for the ac-ston of n iie uiontb.
Tt.. wt.de • ipenae mdrpcmienily of cloUirs awl pocket money,
i# r«-.i».inl a* tiAkjmp
B#»ar.I ami lodging.$g0 00
Yu*l aiHl ngi*:p r.iiniair-ii at. ji ^
Tail Hfioki in 3 Ari'^nic Hrhootn (avcrj(c).. * •, jjj oo
• loo 00
i h* rt*> of I-tt H '.fc* in tin- Mr.hrai cut i« about f:<3.
3ii*t id th** l«iw ^cipKilahiiut I * i i b< ff Ixpikf qmji iif procurad
■It fWtirtnrr i«ar th« I niVf-mly.
iTT Vsran'ie. . I,H ID lb- follow.og liwxneu, and will be Ww.l al
hV*' ,,r Vinters, on the ifOUi June,
Sr. —.d l/istrsst—Monongalia, Preslon, Randolph, Harbour. Ma
r»nn. anA |nrl *4 ray'nr.
fe.rri IHm’ttt—Kanawha, Mason, Jackson, Cabell, Wayne, Lay
yin. Nirh*»t*pk K»»rtJp.
» »*lt /Harriet—Hrrfte'ey, Morgan and lf.in,-..b,re.
yjrrrmH hutnrl—Korku gbatn and Prndku.n
Tkiri.nk ftulnrc-fir . nev.lk, llrunrwirk and Dinwiddle
Appl.cat.ona of candidate* about! he accompanied by proper tea
mooialc am) (hou'd r krh tin- raivemty, being - ■ 'rrmnil to Hie
f'lairmaaof Ibe Faculty, by the Vf'll June
Perron* inter, .led t boat hi nhf rye I lie following part cn'ara
I The applicant it r.queue,I p, -ate hi* age, winch mual be
nv. r at (teen yeaca. and in de*tfnale ibe aerrral He hoot* of the II nr
reiaiiyb* may wi*h In . ..try, ohtcryirg that Ibe riaelmrnU rrqoua
him, if under ih age of twenty one yeary, tn attend at Iraar three of
"•* Hebmda mum- rated ,n (he following IK—trait «*. for good tauae,
Ibe i jruliy |ierm.t bun P. a Kent a kw numbe' I Ancient l..in*
guage. j M.air-rn leangiiagra. < Mathematic*. I Natural Pm
bu.qiliy fh*m!*try and Materia M.dica , ft. Practice o' Mcdt
cue and oimtetr r* 7 Anatomy, Pbyyiology and Huryery . H Mo
ral fhlbmphy ; it I .aw
*• In octet to be ad tutted, the applicant maid erhil.u antiaf.ic lory
teat niton inlr—l*t. nl irrapmocbabie naornl character »d. or eapt
City, aa well l.y partial cultivation at by original ».gor of in,ml lo
inofti by the inatrueuon giy. n at the I nivenHy , Id—if he dertrea
to enli r the He bool of Mathematic or of Natural Pbikwcphy, that
he pew* *«r* a familiar acquaintance with nil ibe liranchra of nu
mcnral arubmeiie oy if ha detlrrv In entry the He hi».I of tno.nl
Iwogiiagea. II al be m qual.oed lo conmu-ncelbe aluily of ibe higher
leal in <d flf » e i'iort and 4th ibaf neither h» noc n.e pan nie
arc tn a ailuatmn p. incur lb- eipenw of lain education without aid
l.t Oania or tna Viwrana
„ „ j. L. cAnn.I.
May Hutb IH47—ctiawtw f'btirman of the Pacnity
I *l|f.ri>HAI H Will!., r. I*. I al Ibe fill. , of llm Jarnr. II i
■ t rr nticl Hnnawlin 4 miipnni', in Ki Inoorel, Vn,
uo.,1 ,1m la-b Jo y nc.i, fo, „ llf 4am,
■ crow Jane . Hirer on the him of llm I I ui.,1 between
l.y mb' .,1, and th. mouth of North , re.n,- of m„| dam.
wtHbe about 31 ft. Ii.fbawd 41,nil Ping, an I *li, at- d about t in.len
almye l.yncbbvry llm -roml will ... „ „ >r„,
fee p.ng and .....tied ale..,, u mile, wc ,.f ,,t>„,y
will lm about JJ ft high a let .I'U ft l«,», ami aiiualcd ato-il I i mi • *
wiatof l.yicbumy Pt. fnundap.m.of t,.. , am. „e of rock, amt
he eupemrucoi.e. wpi be require! bltn.i h«h „ p,w w.„ ,
• vel during dm preaenl anon Plana of eaM wo k, may be wen
and •periAc.l on* Ibe.eof cdun.n-d. kl Ibe I u.,wnv. flll.ee R„|,
moat or al He twibrrcober . r Iher on aa,d i.rm above l.yncbburg on
anrt after the |at Of J„'y Kelt
WAl.mt tJWVAN r-hmf Rogi*,,.
Jam*• Krver a Kanawha fo
W '.ftd, -''I, M,> IA17. wtfil.lthJ
w.i;\ niiDK IMIfllLTOn, jr.
A ftp
»’« %*« l«i 1C. ICIVRN,
■iTT'iHArm jtfrn rov/nri t.o*» at taw
' ,y'», _C'fgvf N»w lee*,/r. M ir.ll arecer
l\K. f-. W. KOliliKV, having romiivni I,;*
■ — Are p. No 14 fJmetauy Htrrwt, ronlraw a |« oiler bo Profe#
aervleeu in ibe c it tie n a of gi'bmond aad ila vu,any
brlfcbe.1. , f.nw i.oapowder and Powc bong Tea, ,a
■ Hi te and fur tale by
"» *S WH.tlANH It HAXAM,
* f * * *• • •■—Sftlbti Nn 1 Mackerel, m prnaae order, lot
T9* WII.LIAM4 b II AX All.
Last evening. when ike Urn* apwohiUii «„d .„
long before h»«». w^nd
H *•". V» » *• K»«od^ bvfor, ,h. .pesker
2T*a' crowded. (Yum the mpm the
keuom. with .hm of the mow denu w,, of p*£„.. we
hove ever •'•»•« •■A goodly number of l.d.r. we.c In
..tendance, Hundred. of ciui.n.. who arrived too late to
.me. .heir .at* the Rotunda, wet. deprived of ... op
portnm.y of b*uug Ik. ap^ek. and tha .pesker wu Ire
quenily interrupted by the loud call, madV by those Horn
v. idiout. I«r the muting to ad,u> lhr frulll ^ lb. C)1UH
lloum. 1 b., bon ever, la tha then ItoM .0 the arrange
nients, wu impracticable.
C«l R Campbell anaouneed u the crowd, that a number
ot the mend, ol Col lb „tn„, had iav.ird Ion. to partake ol
a dinner that hr bad declined tht. honor, but a gn lied hit
willing lieu to meet and add re w the ouzen. in pubitc as
semMage a. a manner m.wc congenial to hu feeling., and
better adapted to tba gratification of all.
Col HairroN wu, awn afterward^ introduced. accom
panied by a number of hi. friends, and conducted to the
rostrum. Hi. coiranco wu greeted with loud aud lougap.
hen he took the aland, the clamor from without, for
the meeting lo adjourn into the op.n air. produced aomc
alight confusion. rhi. having vuhaided. he addtessed the
crowd, in sututaiter, u follows:
[Than report, we are gratifiad'to uy. hu the unction of
Col. Ueuion linns, II tor Ha correcineu J
Mr. Button commended with returning thanks for the
'* >n“r 01 „ ,n»illun« to • puhiic dinner Irom hw political
friends. He had declined the honor of the dinner. ip con. I
lornnfy to a rule which he had long followed; and as for
the speech which ni ght have been expected at the dinner
table, r«* prrierreti to link* it under circumstance* nlnch
admitted a more general attendance, aud wonld proteut no
one trom hearing it who chuu to listen to it.
Orest questions, ha said, had occupied the public mind,
and ffccived their notation, tn the last l«o or three year*
of hi* public service, on all ot which, he had been called to
act a decided, and even a prominent part, and on each of
which it was natural for him to say something mi the pre
sent occasion. The Oregon question wu one of these._
At ono time big with all the calamities of war. it wu now
hushed tn r pose, and the country tranquil and happy under
its peaceful settlement. His own course tn relation to it
had been consistent and uniform. He had opposed the
joint eccupsuou truly of 1818 as soon as u was mads;
he opposed its renewal in 18U3 : he had labored for its ter
mination t v.-r since : and he bad always held the parallel
of 19 to be the proper dividing line between the American
territory of Oregon and the British territory of Frsier's n
vcr. But the public mind, and especially tho mind of hi*
own party, had been worked up lo a diHerenl and a higher
new of our rqfhle. Fifty-four forty, and all or noiie. had
become our demand. War was the British answer lo that!
and although a thieat of war would be an bar to a rightful
demand, yet in answer to a wrongful one, it was very sc -
nou . He believed l ie whole demand ol the I'nited Statu
to be wrongful eo far as it applied lo Frazer’s nver. which
happened lo ran through the whole terrilorr fiont fifty-four
forty to torty-nise. and to have been discovered by the Bri
tish in 1793. and covered by their forts inner 180b. The
Administration had taken high ground : the party sustain,
cd it: but it was an occasion which required a pubitc man
to rise above party, and to look to bta country alone. He
had resolved u> do so, and tn go lor forty-nine, even if it
should cost him his political existence.
I till determination, though not formally promulgated,
waa no secret, and was early enough made known to h a
friends, and to the Adminisiranon. From the first explo
sion O! the question in Apnl 184o—from the first reverbera
iton ot the launder which came rolling back front London.
Ill answer to the President's inaugural addreaa_he had
ma-e known his opinions to the S -cretary of State, and in
formed him that he should support a treaty upon the line
of 49. if the President made one upon that basis. From
that determination he had ncirer awervej. His friends
In.eignt there was great danger to him in the course be
took : he himself did not think there was so much. Ho
knew his constituent* had been wrought up to filly-four
forty, but be rrhed upon their equity and intelligence to
give him a lair hearing and a sale deliverance. He paid
i he in the compliment to rely upon their justice and intrlli
g» uee, and the event had not deceived him. The bound
ary was settled at 19. The British kepi ihrir river, and
we kept ours. War was averted. Great Britain and the
United Slates remained at peace : he aud hi* constituents
were at peace ; and long might they all remain so.
The settlement of this question, Mr. B. went on to say,
hid cleared away the only remaining difi'errnee between
the two kindrrd nation*. It left them not only at pcaee, but
w Ithout a remaining cause of quarrel. For the first time s’tnce
the stamp act of I TO I the two nations were now without
a cause of quarrel. For the first time in nearly three gen
erations of men, the two grand division* of the Anglo
Saxon race—the northern stock in Great Britain and its
gigiutic progeny in our America—were without a cause of
dissension; aud to erown .his happy state—to give to peace
its highes: ornament and noblest occupation, and to friend,
ship it* most rndraring cement—a calamit us visitation
in a (art of ilie Bnirdi empire has called forth all the sym
pathies nl the human heart, on the side of one nation, and
ail its gratitude Irum the other. Ireland famishes 1 Succor
and sympathy fly io her from the United State* ! and the
swelling tide of gratitude comes roiling back troin the whole
British empire. This is something beticr than being at war
w ith each other—at war for Frazer's river, under the sad
delusion that it was a part ol Oregon ! He thanked God
that lie had lieen an instrument in diverting—aiding to
avert—this calamity—and in producing the present happy
Stair between the two nations; and he thanked his con
stituents for approving his conduct in going for their future
good instead ot their present wishes.
The annotation of Telia, and its sequence, the present
war with Mexico, was another of the great subject* on
which be bad bern called to act within the last few years.
1 hi* great drama, Mr B. said, div ided itsell into many acts,
• ud covered a long space ot time, during all which ho had
been an actor in it, an J no hoped a consistent and a pru
dent one. Hr considered this drams as beginning in 1819,
when Mr Monroe's cabinet ceded Texas to Spam. It was
then given away; and if it had not been given away there
could b**< been no war with Mexico about gelling it
back. He denounced that treaty in many newspapers ar
ticles a> soon as it was made, and vowed at the time un
ceasing etl jits to gel back the ceded province. Mr Adams'
Administration, with Mr Clay Secretary of Stale, presen
ted the first opportunity to make the effort for its recovery.
Mr Clay, as a member of the House of Representative*, bud
se verely condemned the treaty which gave away Texas;
VIr Adams had opposed lhal article ol the treaty at the
Council table wtien the majority of Mr Monroe's cabinet
adopted it. Bm this wus nut known to him (Mr II.) until
long atterwards. Ills reliance at that time was on Mr Clsy
as a western man, and from hi* publicly known opinions
on tin- subject. He and Mr Clay were then separa
ting m tile new division of political parlies, but it did
not prevent them Iroui communing together on the
subject ol Texas, and co-operating to get her back._
They had an interview at Tennison’s Hotel at Wash
ington. Among other things int-nded by the new Ad
miirslraiiou, Mr C. mentioned the recovery of Tetas: hr,
Mr B., cordially concurred, and promised his faithful co
operation. The Administration made the attempt; hr (Mr
B.) wrote arucics to promote it: but the scheme failed —
Mr Poinsett was then minister in Mexico, and favorab'c to
the object, but could not succeed; and so ended the first at
tempt to recovor hack the great province winch the unwise
treaty of 1819 haJ given away. I speak historically, S.id
Mi II , an J justly, and without design to lavor or to injure
any man, hut to place aright before my constituents mv
own conduct, sn«i that ol others, in this groat drvrna which
has ended in a war between two republics. Mr Adams,
at the Council table, voted against the article which gave
leva* away. Mr Clay, in the House ol Representatives,
den. tinrrd the crssion. They made the first rffort to get
it hack: and in a speech which profi—ea to be fair and im
partial, let juatice be done to every artur. Let every one
t ike his proper place for censure or for pra so m the great
drama of the Texas question and its bloody sequence.
The next attempt was in Gen Jackson'* time, Mr Van
Bun n bvrig Secretary of Stale. A larger aum was offered
than in me previous Adminisiration, hut with no hotter re
sult. The negotiation miscarried, though zealously sup.
ported hy President Jackson, hi* Secretary of Siam, and
■iiMii'irr *i mriico. lie, .vtr It , co operated with
them, filling tint newspaper* with article* in prune of Tea
a*, and using all ll>e argamcnia lor getting her lurk winch
have mice been rt pealed by others who gave no help then
And »o the accoml attempt to repair the mischief of the
trcity of 1819, failed a* 'lie first had done.
The minion ol General Mcmiican Hunt, Minister from
Terns, ws* the neat serious attempt to bring Teias inlo
the Union; but tlio parties were then changed : it was aficr
the battle n! Han Jacinto, and Trias hcracll became the ap
plicant. Mr. Van liuren was thee President—Mr Forsyth
Ilia Secretary of State—and b >111 in favor of getting bark
the c orntry. But Tessa and Mriico, though not fighting,
had not made peace : they were in the legal state of war
wiih respect lo each other; nnd to have admitted Texas
into the Union would have been to have adopted her side
of the war, and u. have placed the United Slate* .it war with
Mexico. Neither justice nor policy permitted this, rape
eislly a*, if let alone, they would make peace after awhlla ;
and then annexation could be effected without a breach
with Mexico. Uprtn this view they noted. He iMr. fl )
concurred wnh Ihem, and so did all the people of the
United Htale*.
The question of admission of Tens then went to sleep,
and was quietly wailing the end of the war with Mexico.
AII the old Inenda to the recovery of the country were will- I
mg to await that event; hut in the year 181:1, during Mr.
Tyler's Administration, a new set of friend*, who had ear
ed nothing shout fri a - before, and ono of whom had given
her away when we had her, beesme fnriooa for immediate
annex*! on ; and the annexation treaty of 1841 was the
fruit of that new and sudden impatience. The <dd Inenda
ol Tr xaa stood ujion tlieir old ground ! the countries were
still at war, hut actually negotiating lor peace : they want
ed Ten* annexed, but without war with Mexico, and urg
ed a little delay, to permit their minister*, then negotiating
under the auspices of Great Britain and France, to make
peace. Alldelay was refused, the treaty waa signed, and
wa* rejre’ed by the Seriate because its ratification would
have hern immediate War With M> xieo. He (Mr II j was
one of die mijority < f the Senate which rejected that trea
ty ; and hisconatitnen'a, though all in favor of annexation,
appreciated h a motives, and justified hi* c induct. Hi* re
el# etion to the Srna'e in the tame year wa* the verdict of
the people upon Ins conduct, and he made Ihem hta pro
found ill ink* for tho juatleo of that verdict, and the honor
of that election.
The treaty of annexation wa* rejected, but anneaatiou
in another f>rm wa* will prorccuied. A resolution lor the
admission of Texas, as a Stale, JItsaod the House of K*.
preaenistives; an additional ami alternative resolution was
added in tire Senats, to appoint commleatoner* to negotiate
for adtni* Ion, and In concilia's, and reconcile Mexico, and
tin reby prevent the anneiation from bringing on war.—
Tli# expire g Administration of Mr Tyler anatebud the al
lernatirr from tho hand* of the Pres dent eVc| harried off
tire llniwe 'rsolutinn l>y a midnight messenger—olamnnd
•ke dour of eonediauun m tho loro of Mexico—and in
flamed her pewl* and resentment to the hlgtn at degree —
Fr<wn that urn* forth evrry thing breathed war between tho
two rnontrto*, which broke out the ensuing year.
Mr. R said this waa the history if the loan and gain of
T‘ »•*, and its sequence, rAe tear milk The ronn
try la recovora4 —a war baa Inflowed, and the question now
i* h.w lo finish «*? For himsell he felt clear. Ilia policy bad
be*n uniform from first to Inat—n waa to get back Tern,
that »u«pw
under ihgpowt
when th« u,,.,
iprnauo*. dwp ___
pi seed the army and navy under die Control of tii« 7'reeT
dent of Texas to tight Mexico. The rejection of the treaty
Stopped the war then aesitmed; but tho midnight tranaone
•*'>“ of tha House resolution started It agatu, and soon
placed the two republics iu the unhappy couditiun iu which
they now stand.
®- rapeeled. Hie policy front beginning to ending
had been to get bach Trias without war, or even a breach
ol Inaudehip with Mexico. He waa greatly averse to.uch
a war. He aaw great and extraordinary svila In It. Br
aider the evils rouimoa to all wars—loan of lives, distress
ot lamiliea, interruption of commerce, rum to many mer
chant*, and a load of debts and taxes—besides all the*.’
ordinary evils mcidsnt to all wars, he saw oilier* ot s new
and extraordinary kind in a war with Mexico. 8he wax a
republic, and a week one, and our neighbor, and had done
us the honor to ropy our constitution and form of govern,
■neat, and had maintained civil warn at home to keep it up.
She wav one of the Spanish American Sutra which stretch
Irotn the southern boundary of the United Sutra to Cape
Horn, the whole ol which had copied our form of govern
ment, and established cloae political and commercial rela
tion* with ua. All the-ie Stales had juat emancipated
thrmvelvea (torn European domination, adopted the repub
lican system, aud Uken ihe United Stales tor their in Ki
el and tneir friend—the elder sister and parental guardian
ot the cordon ol republics which atreichrd scrum Ihe two
Amencae. The position of tho United Sutoe, at the head
ot this long chain of republics, waa grand and iuipn-wive,
and imposed upon her an enlarged and enlightened system,
which had been carefully acted upon by all Anieiican
siaNomen Irotn the t.tue these Spanish American Stai a
began to establish their independence. Europe had a
system Ol monarchies, consolidated by a holy alliance —
Tne new world had its ayalriu of Republics, to be cemented
and united hv sympathy aud friendship. To maintain our
p s'tlun at the bead of this Republican system in the now
world, was due to ourselves and the human race. To
cherish and perpetuate these Republics—to preserve their
fr endehtp and thrtr commerce—to continue m be thnr po
litical mentor—I > Continue them 111 the republican system
of ihe new world, and prevent their relapse into tho mon
archical system ol the old world—thU waa our true aud
noble policy. War w ith any one of them would cnd.tiger
that p l.cy ; for being all of Ihe same origin, reltgton lan
guage, customs, they would naturally sympathize with each
Other, and iu having war with one, the IriemUlup of all
nnght be jeoparded.
lie, (Mr B.) had endeavored to act upon these enlarged
principles, originating not w ith him but with enlightened
statesmen before he cunt into public life. He had elides,
vorvd to gel back Texas without a war with Mexico, and
was cetlain it ni ght have been done with all ease by ihe
at tuple process ot leaving Mexico and Texas to make peace
and treating Mexico with the respect and deference due to
a slater Republic—the more proud and sensitive because
weak and unable to cunteud with us. The lltst great er
ror wss the annexation treaty of 1844, ,nd the meaner in
which it was conducted: that waa the wotk of the Tyler
Administration, aud for saltish and unworthy purpose* —
The second great error, or worse than error, w as the rejec
tion ot the Senate** alternative! resolution, aud despatch of
the midnight messenger to Texas wuh the absolute raxolu
tton of admission, on the night of the third of March 1845
that also was the work of the Tyler Administration, and in
the last moment of its expiring existence. Tho first ut
these step*—ihe treaty—would havo made instant war if
it had been ratified by the Senate: the second made tho wsr*
and now the great question la. to finish it How to finish
it? That waa the question w hicb every body waa putting to
him, and on which every on present, no doubt, would w ish
to hesr him speak. But this waa not the time to speak upon
that point. The tune would come, but it waa not now —
His opinions had been asked by the President, and given
to lorn, and approved by him, and in tune would begivon
to the public.
UUI ue couiu say uiai he relied more upon policy ilun
upon arm* to finish this war with a week and proud neigh
bor. tight ua battle*, she could not. That was proved
irom San Jacinto to Cerru Gordo; and wherever the two
race* met, from tho Gull of Mexico to ihe Kay of San
Krsnci»co, victories would cornu as often as fights ctme
but there wa* a danger to be feared—the dasger of fanati
ciam— and the conversion of the war into a death contest
lor country and religion. The Spanish race is susceptible
ot deep national emotion—a fanatical emotion—both reli
gi.msly and politically, and of which thrir history furnishes
abundant examples both in ihc Old and 111 the New World
and trom the lime of the Carihagenians and Ihe Roman*
to that of the Kicnch under Kouaparie. Policy more than
arms, but continued with arma, be coniidered Ihe toad to
lie would not say that victories alone would not bring
peace—they might do so. but not ihc kind of peaco he wa*
m search of. lie warned the peace which was uoi merely
a cessation of hostilities, but a restoration of the fruits and
blessing* ot peace—the restoration ol friendship and com
merce, and id our position a* head and rliief and parental
guardian of the system of the republics in ihe New World
The peace which leaves *11 tiie animosities and resent
ment* ol war brl.ind, was not the peace which the inter,
cl* of the countries, and the good of the republican sys
tem, and the safety and independence of the two Ameri
cans, required.
Mr R. said he Mood upon ground which ho could not
explore; he alluded to subjects w hich he could not untold; hut
he could say that it w as a great error to r.infound the whole
Mexican people—the whole eight millions of their mixed
pipiilalion—under any one general view, either politically
morally or iBtelleclually, or in iheir leelmgs towards the
United Siair* and the war. It would be a great error to
eonlound ihn iaige and mixed mas* under any one gen
eral view; and a worse error to act either mililinly or po
lineally upon (hat view. It had its divisions, boiii of races
and of political pai tics; anil,leaving ouiilie 11 III* rale, impove
rished and depressed pari of the Indian race, which signi
fied nothing politically, though the half of the whole popu
lation, and ilie sole rraource lor day laborers anil Ihe rank
and file of the army—leaving oui that depressed half, ihc
other half is radically and irreconcilably divided in political
system*, and m all thu nflection* and view.* which re*uli
lr..ni thtt division. The largest hall ol ihe enlightened hall
i* republican, and lia* struggled since 1844 for our form
ol government, uud always carry the elections; the other pari
is tho monarchical, and the strongest, though least numer
ous, be au*c It has the sinews of war—money and arms._
It rests upon the church and a sfaadtng army ol near
twenty thousand officers, and not much over twemy thou
sand men.
The policy of ihe republican pari leads them lo peaco and
friendship with the United States; (he policy of the mon
archist* lead* them to Kuropesn affections and American
antipathic*. But there aro points at which they all unite —
the pride ot nationality—the love of religion and of country
—and which makes them at) equally formidable.equally so*
cept ble of being fanatici»ed. both religiously slid politically
against a foreign invader. This unite* both parlies against
us now: hut anil them is a great difference between those
who wish to be friends, and those who do not_between
those who sre willing lo nicks permanent and cordial peace
on terms just and honorable to iheir country, and tlio*e
who waul no peace, and if they make one will only intend
it lor * treacherous and hollow truce. This difference of
partus should be known to the American statesmen, and
acted upon. Unhappily the preterit war had given the mo.
narclocal party ihn ascendant, a( the very moment that the
elections were bringing ihe republicans into power, and
enabling litem lo re-e aiublisli our form of ..—..I
.Mr. B. aaid he had expressed hia opinions publicly and
responsibly in Ihe Kc-iatc both in speedier and in votes ;
and privately and frankly to ihe President whenever aakrd'.
lie hid done more, lie had been willing to resign hi*
place in Ihe Hcnale and go lo tho field of operations, not >o
iniirh to rommind armies as to make military movement*
subservient to diplomatic policy, and produce a peace which
should Ihi a restoration of friendship, and not a mere trure,
rxorted by f.-rco from weakness, and leaving the an.moei
tieaof war liehind. He who had reluaed rmhisiet to the
first Courts of Korops, wa< willing to go to Mexico ; he
who had refused to let hia friend* propose him for first
M njor lioneral in May. 1»46, which would havo put him at
the head of the army .was willing to have taken a commission
when the war began lo take Ihe appearance of continuing
long, ard of beeom ng fanatical, and giving strength to tho
monarchical Kuropean parly, lie wa« willing to have ta
ken the place of l.ieuienanl (ienrral; for that would
have ah ckad no nuiitarr faeling, and displayed no mili
tary man. and would have allowed a policy approved by
Ihe President, to have been completely carr e l out. lie
could »ay no more, at tlila time, U|ion that point; but when
the plan which he aobinilled to the President r ime* to be
make known, it would be seen that Ihe military men would
have bad nothing to Complain of—that tieneral Taylor;
instead of struggling at Buena Vista w.lh 5,000 again*l
20.000, would have been advancing on Hants Anna with
20.000 ; that tfeuersi Hcotf, ins ead of an entrenched army
at Cerro (fordo, would probably have loond the road open
lo Mcaieo;that the two timers!* would have prnbably
met sooner at the ci*y of Mexico, and found thcmaelvcs
alt- tided by a diplomatic mission, nationally ronstitnted,
both in a geographical and in a politicil aenae, and pre
pared lo take advantagi of all event* to amouth the way to
a so .d and lasting peace.
Mr Benton peseed to a new etih|ect—one which had not
yet excited the public attention—but which, in hi* opinion,
was pregnant with much danger, and reipiirnd early atten
tion. It was not a ipicstion ol foreign war, lo he aettlod by
arms or diplomacy, but of domestic legislation, to lie settl'd
by public opinion, and by vote*. ||e alluded lo ibe alavery
propaganda! resolution*,introduced Into the Henate.toward*
the close of the late session, and which lie had stgrns
lu»d a* fin- brand, on the day of their introduction. On
their face these resolutions contemplate a subversion of the
Union, throwing the guilt of tho subversion upon tli ste who
oppose their enactment into law. At the same lime, they
propnee what no citizen of a iion-stavrholding Htatr ran
ever stand, and what many from the slavcholding Hisiea,
himself in the number, would not aland if they could,—
They prep-we the abolition of all compromise*, past and
future, on the slavery 'location, and treat t* violators of
the rights of the Hlales, and of the Constitution, and aa
suhvertera of the Union, all who will not agree to extend
slavery to all the lerrtlorme of the United Htates, even lo
the moet remote and hyperborean—to Oregon itself, in Ihe
latitude of Wisconsin and the l.ake of the Wood*. They
go the precis# length of ths Northern Abolitionists, and
with the sstne practical con*r>|uenre, only in a reversed
form. The Abolition creed ie, that the admission of sla
very in any part of the Union i* * violation of theronatltn
fbm.and a dissolution of tlm Union; the new resolution*
declare that the prohibition nt alavery in any lerriiory of
Ihe Unimi i# a violation of the ronstitntion and of ihe rights
of the Hlales, and a subversion of the Union! Ho true it
ie, thatextramee meet, ami that all fanaticism, lor or against
any dngme, terminate* at the same poiat of intolerance, and
da hangs.
Tlie first effect of this new alavery erred, which Ibe
Heath was sammoned lo adopt meal summarily, would be
to establish a new political teat for trying the orthodoxy of
all Candida's# for the freaideneyi and a* no Northern nag
could ataadaach a leal at home, the whole of them would
be knocked In ll»e head, *o far aa the Mouth w»* concerned,
*1 a single lick. The next effect of these resolutions, if
adop'ed, in the twti-slavehnl-line Htalee, would be to pul aa
and to the present pohucal division of parties, and 11 eub
sntaie a new party in the Mouth, (with its antagonist In Ihe
North,) bounded by geographical line* and loundad on the
Seeing thftec raaeiuti.'its in this duMviu point of Vie*.
h« (Mr H ) led a«%aiallied them eea Are branded the day
•>f Iheir lutrediiciloo, and kad sluce deprecated tbair applt
catlnn to Ike Oregon bill, by which the Oregon p*»f>le were
left without lew or government lor a year longer. Many par.
eona thought hint too prompt in hie denunciation of three re
solutions: pethapa the aaiue persona thought him loo prompt
In denouncing the Oregon joint occupation treaty in 1818
—the treaty which gave away Trias in 1819—the trr.ly
of annexation in 1844—and all the measures ol the Tyler
AdmiuislrsiHiii whirl, led to the Mexican war of 1846:
Iml the truth might be that be waa nut too last, but them*
aelvaa ton alow. Tlie resolutions appeared dangerous to him,
and he struck them at tlieir first apparition m the Senate
chamber, lie had dune hiedaty: he had Bounded lha alarm:
It was for the people of the United Stalee— all the frleuds
ol the Union—to do the rcsL There wea|uo Jarkeon now
to save the Union by a voice, like the command of dreiiny,
proclaiming ihat “it shill at raKsiavan.”
Mr. H concluded with saying that he Iniiled himself on
this occasion, to the law xubjecta on which he had touched,
without exhausting them. They wrre subjects of present
interest, and of national import, and nwe above the level
ol party, and were fit to be discussed in this assemblage,
which waa not one of party, lip had not acted upon them
in a pany character when before the Senate, and did not
speak of Ihciu ee party nieaaurea now. On proper subjects,
w hen party principles where applicable, he was found close
enough to Ins party line*. When principles did not apply
— whan the subject was either loo large or loo small for
party—when a foreign war, or domestic discussion, was
the question, or a poor clerk or laborer lo he turned out
ol employment—on such great, and on such little subjecta
as these, be chose rather to act iu the character of a Patriot
who lell lor bis country, and ol a uiau who fall for hie fel
low man.
Orncx or the CoaasaciiL Auvxetisi a f
_ „ Saturday, May let—Si p. M l
The Cotton marks! baa been dull throughout the week, and
the sales have been entirely confined to small Iota to spin,
nrre, at prices *a*acent per pound lower than thoee cur
rent previous to the arrival. Shippers decline purchasing
except at a concession which holders are unwilling to si
low. The salea for the week ending laat evenin• sunt up
about 1100 bales. Including 650 Upland and Florida and
4..0 Mobile ana New Orleans. Tho arrivals for the same
period were 108 halva.
The dr on* ml lor flour continues lobe greater than the
receipts, and the prico is again higher to day. Some 3000
barrels of Mixed brands Michigan were sold at 18 634 and
the same quantity of Genesee at 18.68) a8,7S. Kor ship
ment to Kurnpe and also for tho Kiel ward, the demand
continue* good.
Ol Southern flour there is nono here. Georgetown and
Baltimore would bring $9.
There is considerable iuquiry for flour for future delivery
say June, July and August, but there is very little offering!
It would bring 18,35 for June ; 18,00 lor July and A7 73
for August. ’
There is a good demand for wheat for shipment and the
■aouth, but there is none offering. On ihe spot, Genesee
would bring 13,05 and red Ohio 11.90 a H.95. Rye ..
in good demand an sells at 11.37* for shipment. There ta
no Barley here. Corn ia scarce and Northern yellow is
worth 11,08 and white and mixed 11,05. Oita continue
•cures, and in good demand at 65 cents.
Tho salea of Tallow this week are 50,000 pound* at 9
eta per pound.
TOBACCO—The water being out of tli« canal, receipts
*re *»ry light—no change to make in prices.
r LOUR Retailing ai 8**810. latter lot Eeu*. Stock*
very hgut.
COHN—No tran»action» aince the Kngliah nrr.mnta—
31 hat hern refused tor immediate delivery.
COKKKE—Wnh a steady country demand, we mi„te
b^7cyr* 7*,8C: R‘° 7,adC; Jav“ 10»llci«'- Domingo
KISH—There has been an active demand for No. I Cut
llelTingv. Sales on ihe wharl at $6—from store *('..25.
larther sales. Shad $8aSJ.
frnm t,rlKJ'—45c. from vessels.
CD T NAILS—4)a l^r.
.,T^AS—Imperial and Gunpowder 50c. to 81.25; Black
WHISKEY—Bbls. 33c; Ilhds. 32c.
LIME—Th omasum Iront store, 81.25.
MOLASSES—New <Means, in bbl, 33 to 35o.; Porto
Kico ri.r*«v, Cuba i23a«5r.
CANDLES—Sperm 30»33c.; Patent Sperm 40c; Hull’*
Patmt I4c; Tallow I2|al3c,
CLOVKR SKKI)—$41a3—niull.
I I MO I IIY Do.—9*i per bumhel.
PIC IKON—9%4«r» to 35.
OIL—Winter 'trained ml he't ISO rt*. per gal.
PROVISIONS—Bacon, new. hog round, UtalOi cents;
Western Sides, 104*ltl|; Should.r».81*9c; New Lard 104
n\\r. fur Nu. 1. s
PLASTER—Krom the Wharf, 83,75 per ton ; do
Bi'i'i 94,I»0.
9 M|'UAR>*—®r***1" Purto Rico 74*8; St Croii
SALT—Sates from wharf at 81.45c.
Torn drain 4 ‘4 prein.
Philadelphia *• “
South Carolina 4 dia.
Treaaury Notes 4 pram.
Alabama f>ali dia.
lialtunore draft* |*4 pram.
North Carolina dia.
Wheeling a du.
Trnnfiuaa 3 di*.
Sprrie |al pram.
f’ATTI.E, *1 la tltf.iion.
1*11 REP, *1.75 to $J hi
III Hit* 9c 75.
<»■'«■:!!•••>( .31 t-sl is-ins- in ||M. Woi-lsl !
/> K. S IV A y N E ’ S
I The universal eetabnly which ibis valuable medicine u gauuut:
hruuflroul Ibe United Hlate., and ibe many aaiumnlung cures u
consianlly performing, has |>ruvril it lu be, beyc.nd an doubt, the
■ inly sale ai>J c iiain cure fur Pulmonary Cnnaaniplton, Coughs,
I 'olda, A.lltnm, Heilung Blood. Idver Complain'. Nervous Debility,
Tickling or Ri.ing III tie- Throat, BronrhiUa, Dirtiruliy of Brratlung,
or any s> mplnms of 1 '"nauiiipliou.
If tlie bowel* are relive, a mild Purgative ahoiiU be molted to
oera.ionally. Hr. Hwaym-’s Compound Hynip of Wild < berry it a
mi dll-me winch lul* ntocl Ibe teat ofeipenence, and ti nted aeeoid
mg lo the direction! fsa denriihcd in Ur. Hwayne'* CJuule to Health)
arklotn tail. The atiove naiut'hl'-t t. well worth a perusal
Avoid all •piinoiia preparations of Wild Ulmry, surli aa Balaam.,
Iliiier., Syrup* of Wild I'lierry, Pula purporurur to contain Wild
Cherry, hr hi- , aa rln-y are allyhiifiess ami rmdn/ht, and run
lain none of the virtue.of the original aud grams/ perprraiian. as
prepmed by l»r. II. Hwayne, and ib*- fuat ever prepared in iluarnnn
r. ronipourd of vegetable mgred.enu, llie Wiki Ch'iry and other
medic Inal rabatanec, equally at crti-aeiou., if not more so the
whole me su effectually eoperntraied aa In render II beyond all
douhl lire mom pleamnl, rtenglheaia* and effectual remedy ever
d-acovered for the cure uf I’lilmimary t ■•naum.il on, ami all 'Warns
of Hie Lunr* anil Breail Tim- very raet. Ircm it. having nurli a
train of apurio t. iinitalnr*. stands to prove it. great curative pro
Therefore, Invalid., enquire for llie original preparation, each
liottb- of Whti-li I. enveloped in a heaiiiifol wrat |irr, with a likene..
of William Penn engcaveil Hiercon, aluo bear ng the aignnture nf
l»r II. HWAYNE, the counterfeiting nf which will he puni.ticd a*
Prepare I on’y by Ur If. HWAYNE. N. W. Corner of Eighth and
Rare at. , PluU.
Aid**», for sale wboloai- aid Rmail. by
r KVTtiN JiHINKf'irN, 115, Main Hi,
and Duvall A PcstsiL, Druggists, I47, Main Bt., sole Agent, for
Rtclimond, Va.,
lira** A Wilson, and Cha«. Corlm* A Co , Druggists, Peter,
bur* Cltas II. Iletndsh, Portwnoulh. Km* A Toy, Norfolk |nry i
• ■on nf KlrDmntid.
H•/* if.l/e till <U. .1 III /rieea. I M
Schr Mnriella Burr, Dearborn, New York, nnndnas, lo
Kent, Kendall A. Atwater; II W Tyler; Hrooka, Bell Sc
Hudson; W Knur; CT Wortham; J W Randolph Sc Co;
It K Lows; Drinker A Mums; C D Yslc; lull, llarrold Sc
Co; Vsnlew, .Smith A. Co; Davenport, Allen Sc Oo; Dun.
lop, Mnncure A. Co; J M Roynll; Vslrntmo, Breeden Si
Co; Worlham, Mclcruder Sc Co; J C Crnne; J Sizer Sc Co;
Werren, Karris A Brown; A Lvglie; Wehb, Hic-n A Co;
KryA.Cc; Hooker Sc Osborn; J Womble; VV Wallace; J
Thnuip.oii Sc Co; Wm Willi.; LdniomJ Sc Davenport; Nath
-V Woudhoune; I.Uintar; A Rsrgsutin; (Jordon 4. Skulker,
N M Merlin; W Taylor; Inlocs St Brother; Dural St Pur
cell; Wm M A K Harrison; J Winston; O A Btrecker; W
I) Blair; Caleb Jones; 8 Merchant; W Booth; J (trey; I me
Sc Tinsley; J O Oldner; Th Sc C Klltw; D .V C R Weller;
Jndnh Myers; A T Harris; L D Crenshaw, Bros. Sc Co.,
and lo order.
Schr Klartlla, Taylor, New York.
Hchr Kninbow, Rogers, Bunion.
Hchr Kedtngton, llart, Thomanton.
Schr Sams, Dickinson, Philadelphia.
Schr Catharine Wilcox, Jones, New York.
Schr Mary Amanda, McAllister, Norfolk, ft«h, lo Jno
Hehr Carpenter’s Son, Rogers, North Carolina, fish, lo J
Schr Belly Warren, Hill, N Carolina, fish, lo J Womble.
Schr Sen- ra, Jnnee, Port de Poutl.
Schr Writ Burk, Lawrence, New York, hay, to K Karrar
Schr Two Brothers, Reeves, Havre de (tracr.
Schr Mary K.lrzabelh, Jones, Baltimorr.
Krhr Ovocg, Brush. New York,
Schr Mary J. Perk, Ltocnmb, New York.
llimT- K, M 1*20—Ar’tl schrs John Simmons, .Small, Rich
mond; Marblehead, Bslcom, Richmond.
$1.0 RKVVARI).
KUN.AW AY from Ihn nuli-criiM r a mo lime
ago, a n-grnmin nam/d NEIatiiN HART, of dsik nun
pleimn. about Avr feel eight ta'hes high— vuM m Kp en%which,
n I n-mlteeietf—he is shout 3.5 or 40 yarns of age—qn<l« intelligent
—look with him a tun if klar k ein.net <■ loth/, and a anil nf Kea
lucky Jean*—one of Hie I'oais has a Velvet loll at Ntl*on ha.
heen bleed bo a number of year, al Hie Hu/kingham Iron Work.,
boll! at -Rear Harden" and --atone Wall" -ha. atlemb-d Fnrnn/en
over ilye Mounlaio*. bta a/guatnlan/e is vary extensive. Tbe above
reward will be paid for hi. delivery, or if sat a red is Jail so tint I
Nnw 1‘i.tM, P O , Ru/kingbam eo., Vs my *5 —sfwAiMl
rr Nsq « tfPf willropy
The It :> I its of Thonannil Flowers.
ANKW iiihI powerful crmmolic has rrmnlly
been infmdneed lo Use notoe of Ibe ptibli/ It I. taking the
pprnk-no of si other nftielsv tSe.rjned for s hke purpose for in
creasing Hainan heaniy, and. by pen lying the rt.s, to rnepeasn
hesHi, an I enpiywwv *> " en«nRy nffnpwd for tbs butat and tba
bath r.rsvy gearleawn Who ngnrA bta beans and persaaal /tang
Mass, a ad ssnstaty every indy who vldn •* prv n-v* and pro
tame bat htuary. w.n snrt-h Mm nsswr W lb lb* Rahn nf Tbnansnd
Pfewasa. For ante. wbrdsasta a at retail by
say M—Aa _ J M RUffTAf’K A RON
g isiFFr r-W hngs Jar. Ouffisa
Aj !M» dn Mstn/.lbo do
too dn prone lernsyr* do
rid do prone Rm dn, for ss> by
■■■■«. l..j« _Lit j i tm
AT j. w unikiuh a uo.a aoomrruRR. m m... ium
»*» »«*. INI.
9o cteKh. la o'clock. 3 o'clock. 6 o'clock. ~
— ™ 73 74
... ... H«ll« low. N„u....
locro will be Divlue Si. rv.ce, «r,y d,r ,b„ »rck. alter
■Ml.ljrio til. Jaote.',„d ,b. United rre.byter.anO.ureh
rb-,c.;:.JM o'c^l*1 prr‘,h ..* •»si j-**
„!* f ** •»■«•«*•-We aek II.. ulluulloo ol du.|r(.
lull UfOC*'1-' *«•. commencing .1
1U o clock, tki« morning.
_»ra4 IH'NLkU', MONCURK. 4 CO Auc'i.
°frJ,No,'lvK.—■,,nu“| "H-fiiug «.i .I,..
Slickholdere of U.e le.uia. K.droad Com»tehy w,|| fc, llrld
o'clm h‘“ CO'‘r,UOU*°' U** ,‘!'h <U>r 04 J“‘‘» >«•»<. a! U
my Hi -Ow_A. W. TALLKT, Secret.,y.
bcrland, „a the 98th Inal. An addrean auiiablc to lire oera
anm will l>c delivered. May 8 '47
_ V*oTb? ®*ockkwW''r» '<>« Richmond dt I'teereborg
Kul-Koid Company ar« rf<|ur«tf4i i«» take none#, that ihrir
annual meeting will he held at the office in Richmond, on
Tuecday the lal id June next, at 11 o'clock, A M
_ap84-i4 - JNO. WILLIAMS. Tremurrr.
ty- llow frequrn ly do w. are Ihe force of childreo—w |, ,h~iT
tury eurvly d-wgned »l...uld l-e the fan ami euany Mwr of I,.rimy
and Joyuue impulree—blurred and boiled wi li vnub in nice,* ...
aarruw. J with aeuba or thickly mi wi h d.wtuauac pudulea iki
Ointment aiei oilier appl.c.lti* which o.T, „£.?£*.. , V^
more revolting, aie tbe urual remediee eppl «d. ru i|„-w i.m ...
■be rauae of three nun,feet*Hen. of die. ear ’ New? ! The vital
duid i. minted—la la an nanaluml mo-.«i u, „ lu^
purny, and to lie we young <-.Hiai.eeu.ee the >uj Mtl,lutt
ueee who I, naturally c Italic Irene childhood we belteae their i.
IVe^I4^” y*l “* Sfoiaupartiu. |. ch klhocd, uinlud,
age. n may be idmimetred with a coolidrnl hope ol eeu-edv ru.e
and that hope will m>t be dwappo aiod ,u"'
Tor mniter paiticulara, ami coarluaive credence of iu auprnoc
Jreua *'*' "r l“1Upb‘,'U' ‘“r be obmiurd of i|,au
b»^’lfTIPT^A*mi!I^;’,b0te•,'aJM, r*tal1, **J for vaportaima
J L v . T' "ruggiarn 100 Pultou tercel, com. , Wl,
Host, New York; aokl ala. by DUVAL, h. PlKt.Kl.l.. Avmu Ma.e
******* *s«*m«»ud. Va.— Price, >1 par bottle or atx bonier lot «•>
t ANKKR —Th’.dweaw, in . „„id foim.apremr. m .mad,. |, ;
ulc. re upon the tongue, gnu... >>,4 around the lip. and palate Mum
violent 1 anker u apt l.eilend through the whole al.meuury ca
nal. and mriclte the newt von Aaluleocow, „m, oth„ dlrlo-raie,
eymptama. la Ihw form u ofirn piovee foul. Khl.-rly people an,I
linant* are mow liable to iu ararka, which generally ettaaii.l il.c
•tiengih, and pioduerrnnatdrrable reuanui.on of the whole body
In general for it. cure will purgat.vea,of a correct.ve or m-uiiab
«,»g character like the Haraapanlla and w.kl t berry Muter., air
aumrreut- We are pe nulled w refer lo ladividua'a of lie- ,irti
re^e-t l.b.li.y.wb0 apeak ,n the l,„ hew l. ,ow of in.. M«», ..
a cure for Una dwtrrwa.og cemplal.t Muthera. who f.equrotl, ml
ter aow reiely frvu, Una d-wum, wiU And lire rented y ofteudlo ba
of mnn.il' valur.
KT He iwitlculai and ate for l>t. Wood’. Harmftarill. and W.IJ
l lM’rry lluirio, «r*J recoivn bo olbor
Held Wboteanl. aed Metoil by WYATT fo KETt'IIAM. IVI Pul
ion were., Naw York, P. JOHNSTON. Mu, terete, Richmond, and
Ihe lliuggiaugenerally throughout lire U S. Price p|. „„ ,4
Kookucllera, RlaUtarn, and Dealor, in I'lano
Pnrlfw 71 Male* Ac.
"piANO FORTKS.—We gladly tako the op
■ poiluaily of I he present great e recourse of atranger* in our
cily.ionpeak of ihe Piano Pone, of Mr. Worcester Hating , c
caeioa lo purchase aa instrument, we consulted a disringm.h. d pro
nl ,h* I11**0 forte, and, by hra recoiusaendaiion. applied to Mr
W . and, we are happy to any, uith enure eaUefect.oeaau.qual.tr
• I»l ptKO. There is elwaye a certala fashion. rren about musical
instruments; but, fortunately, the tone and On e), of . good pia,.„
form can .land upon their own intr.muc ..writ, which is obvious to
the general judgment, end wc venture Ur assure those wbo ere about
putchaemg, that they will not be diw.ppo.nted if they try Mr Woi
c. atei s pianos Tbe one wh.ck yielded 11 .*50, M Btewnrfa. for
lire lush, was of hie manufacture —t New York Christian Inqui
‘■Tbe r. putntion of Mr. Wnrcrster'a Pianoa la such, that it ta al
most unnecessary now to ofTer any commendatory remark* a* to
tlierr quality of tone, elegance of workiuanab.p. ..a general ear el
trace It ta .urt.ee,It lor ihe purpose lo aisle. mat they are not m
be excelled ... any respect. They are m mahogany amt roscwimd
cam*, from *ta to seven octaves Those in want of renUy goml m
•'rumen's. which Urey may purr ham with perfect confidence, .houd
l.y nil means eaamim- thoae of his t.iimilariurc."—(New York Mo
"I have several limes called atlcnUon to the Plano Pone Pan..
ry.No. I in. Third Avenue. Without meaning to write a pull I
again remark upon one of the goud qualities of klr Worcester's
w,lb W,,K',I Uw idayer can bring out their fine
tone. There is something very phrasint in the sound ..f a piano
umler a lady’s much. It should throw a male amateur mto deapau
when he contrasts h.s own touch wiUt hers, aud finds bimvell la
ted. aa it ware, to bring out every harsb and braaen w.und ■■ the
strings l ire d.ltereace may be owing to that womanly tan which
avonl* every thing jarring, or smooths it over. Certainly to.. mauv
playeia do h iiunier out n melody on the piano w.th all the umerulit
exertion, if not quite tbe musical ell ci, of a 'liaruioun.ua buck
• lutth' Now. it .a hard to abuse Mr. Worcester's piano* aoaa l.i
uuke tin s, jangle, and they yield n line her so readily as lo pc.
Wiade one to deal gently by them. I recommend them to swirly
fur Mb own sake "—(Communicated for the N. V. Com. Advent
Our particular attention ha* been given to tbe introduction into
Virginia of Piano Pm lea unsurpassed, If equalled, by any other m*n
nl«rtnrer in the II. Plates, at mfrral/yrurr, more than lo lire keep
rng up of a large assortment, and we beg to refer those m want u<
a superior instrument, nl a/err price, to the above testimonial* ,n
favor of If mvaaisr i manufacture, lur the sale of which we are ibr
exclusive ageata. ami log lo say, that wears aulhonaed lo elfci
tlieei at bis Jfrr I'eei factory prices, with Ihe guarantee, lhal,
ah..aid they not prove to be, aa rrr.HUmeudeJ. anperwr rnarrsawal*.
Ihe purrhaae money will be refunded- We Invite ao elamination
of Ilia Pianos from all in want of a su|<rnor instrument, a tiipplj of
which we I lave on hand, in rosrwo.id and mahogauy cams, fiom six
tu seven octaves rtai.afari.ey t> atimonials it.on thom who have
purchased. i which are not a few.) both in Hie city and rountrv. and
from .liatiiiguiabed pmfoaeerv, can be produced of their eupenni.lr
lilll.NKKK A MllllKti,
_ n. Ma.aai
• iff Intiiriiut p Kioi'lpl) of l.oiitloii.
CA P1TA1* •'2,.rr(>U,00O.
K cootiiiuo to rpc»*iv<t pro|it.*nls in tint rtbnre
▼▼ iQ'iiitii on—ibr briK-ii » of winch hwu l»f*rn
brought to ibr vwttirr of the fiiMic IVn who dt»ir* lunhri im
lonaa'inn on tbr *uhjrr« will br Mipf>lir«l with p*uipld*t* M out
oflicc, grali*, wbirh w.ll furnish lull (•nru^ulir*.
HENRY I.IIOl.AM Ar Ci), Agruu.
Ja*. II CoRwtr, M II Medical Ksatmucr
RkfeMti) Mi) J 1847. f{
l.t'ltt'rn tu Itinliu|> IIii{flit's.
Letters to n,« Rt. k..v. Join, Hugh.’*,
Homan Catholic Hishop of New York, bv Kuwin. Thi* de
aereedly popular work re now put into a form for general ..
tins, making over loo pages. Irmo. pr illed on good paper and
done up wuh a neat rnerr, and sold retail at the low pt.ee of ..as
dulling. For ante al the Mookalore of
BAfllf CRADLE1—A superior article, fnraateby
Rf ks II BALDWIN. Noll, Mllm.
IB At'OlN—ur. hhds Mlddlmga
AB 8500 Iha llog round, receiving for sale by
■uy *'• _ _ WP.IIH. BACON A CO.
Ul h Alt — If. Iihda prime Hi Croix
H* do Porto Rice, recelvleg for sale by
_ my 85 WKliH. BACON fc m
UR"W > NIIIKTiNU—BOMbbS ♦ IliownHhitt I
mg for aa le hy a
my 85—lot DAVENPORT. Al.l.P.N A CO.
Pou r U IMF.—10 tjri pipe* Port Wine
4 halfpipe* «lo warranted, pure juice port, landing and fur rale
by luy 95 l»AVKM*<>KI' AU.KN 4 CO.
UAI 'OM—Vniiliila Hiron Hide* and Hhouhlera,
9().0iH) lb* Hog round. in aior* and dai y expected. for ante
by Iff WILLI \MH 4 IIA\M l.
A 10 Caaba I'inta
10 do quart#, in store for rale by
WILLUMi 4 n w |fX
MOMMF.M-SI ltb«l* pi line W I Muiara*
50 bbta prim* New Ortoana do, for sale by
BS_ WII.LIAMH 4 II \ \ M l
Sl'iiAB—IS lihda. beat <j-i a Illy Hi Croix
50 do do I'orto Rtcn, for rate by
HBAND1 i " i, . . i
5 do pure French do, for aale by
I..V m WII.F.IAMH 4 It A \ ALL
Ad | BBLS. Crushed and Powdered .Sugar
* vf fill bbta Tanners' till, in g ml order
90 casks extra Blear bed Holar and Hpeim Oils, warrant' d
pa i a
100 hoxea Itcadrl'a No. I and Kxtrn F larch
10 half f heataHuprriof UreenTea
Landing and for sale by
nqr95—104_ DAVNNPORT. Al.LKN A m
A | | ions I’l,\stkk, landiNg ihti mossing
* X.F on the liock, and for ralu by
N K l\ L Whirl
4*4 Ifl CASKS I'reah ThiuiMHlmi I.IMK, Imul
* * vfVf Irf and fur ml" by
sya n ankin k woman
Steamer columbi s.
For IliUtiiiiorc .I l*hiliid«*l|»liiit.
OaX%irTIIK CObUMlUR Cnpt. I’arnab. will
' ~UA | irruie freight to-,l.y for the above place*,
till 2 P. M. and will leave the wliail, aa uatial.nl 4 1’. M.
I'aeaagr and fare to Baltimore only
tftipnK PHILADELPHIA—The regular
I tine packet arlir HawTtR, Ihcktaann matter, baling a
portion of her cargo engag'd, will Im*« dispatch For freight of
paaoige. apply on board in froeb, or to
hrniiv rmtt
rttvCDR NEW l OK K.—The regular line
■B^ r packet sebr Or#enway. #1 W Cotirb ma*lrr, I riving *
portion nf hoc cargo engaged, will have dnpntrb P*n freight or
pnaangr,aitply on bonrdat Lurflim'* whirl.or in
' I _
A. DiMl BOSTON. The regular packet
aUC r erhr Rainbow. R <J Rnfi ra ma.ler. ha. log a part of ter
cargo rnfafrd. will bare drrptlrb. For rrrlfhl of trmto.dr, o,
paaaage. apply lo nii.tr. on boa,d at Flrheua wharf, • r In
my n rankin ii wiirridifK.
AC I/1 >H NKW YORK—The goodsehc \i
—* ■ n»»aa», I'lmrr mMU, havinf a pin of her rargo .a
f*f*d. will have dr.pii'li For frrifhi i.t rrni under, apply lo ma.
let on board in lie' ln*», or lo
ray " RANKIN k U Mill r.< p
PHI L A OKI.I’ll IA.—Thn n jriihr
R* ■ f Rebel achr HarrrvR. f'apt Dlefclnw-n matter, wll bave
| .total* h For height or pavanf* apply lo fapbtio on laaiol, or to
WATFR —Whim Sulphur and Faraidpa Water, I outre.a
Spring, fleet,, for anlrhy PflRrOl.l. a t.AIrti. Ihngfi
_ _ _ . ISI Mam at
W.' keep theae Water, on irn, and ran aapp’y Hem at a* line.
pataaaeiiy rooted ^ ,t
HkOY^N HACK COATS—Jim r*<-*ivr«<i an
ntb*> wpptyof Sro.a Hr, onw» Spima awl Roam..,
waar. which rh* public r* particularly invited to r*H and r ramtne
"T "_""-A" MKRf NANT. IM Ham aa
2fl»« kHKKTH Hufierior Urop* Cbampagn«~'
* *• <*° Idbnrty do. |n« rare,red and
John a oi.unfm.
mf SI Mtm at,

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