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THE I'OSSTITI'TIOB—STATE HIUHTS.
R 1C II MON I) W II IG. «KPil«DAl MORNIKU, SKPT. <1, 18SO. TO COIHKAPOSDRNTA. rW I ttttrt Im IMM mntl bt In tt/' JUitor of tht W M« Artloltt to-into an both tMet of tht pnpar viU not bt pnbtith »< Thltita rtltaf lanf ctanttng, might In bt hwwi In .ill, m..d Hill <•« no MO bt dtpn-itd from, (ihitn.try natioatar. t*l *S, tifht Untt art .-harfftrifa- at aAr*rHttn,mtt. tw~ Wt cannot nnAtrtakt In ratum ryjeeterf cammnt ioatu.nt Kvrrrll'* Oration on Wrlnlrr. ll Is relrcshing to turn aside occasionally from the hestrn an l dreary path of party politics, and give onr iwlvcs tip to tbe enjoyment of a rich and rare repast. Id., that ww spread before our readers to day, in the ora tion delivered by F.nwaao Kvvarrr on Dvllii Wrema, «.a Saturday last—and we make no apology for offering it to the etclusion of nearly all other matter. We ad vise that it be read attentively by all, of all tastes ami . ends, and of both seae*—and especially by our Whig friends who never tire of eulogies upon those two great champion* and etpounder* ot the faith, 1\ khstir and Cl AT. 1 > ANIEIj vv kbst er. IlitronrM' hv ■'.<!*% urri Kv«*r«*tt on Dan iel Webster. li.alie.Tiou ol the Statue of Mr. Webster at Bost.n. September 17. At the dedication of the statue of Webster in the State House Grounds iu Boston on Saturday. Mr. Everett made the following address : A/.iy it fitratr Your K'jrcrllft.cy • On behalf of those by whose contributions this statue til Mr. Web«ter has twen procured, and of the Commit tee entrusted with the care ot its erection, it is my pleas inr <Wtc to return to you, and through rou to the legis lature of the Commonwealth, our diitiiul aeknowlevlg liiants, lor llte |>ermission kindly acconled to us, to pin,*' the Statue in the Public Ground*. We feel. Sir, that, in allowing this inomimentul work to be erected in front »l the Capitol of the State, a distinguished honor has been paid to tbe memory ol Mr. Webster. To you, Sir, in |iartieular, whose iullucnee was liberal ly employed to promote this result, and whoso persona! attendance and participation have added so much to the interest of the day, we are under the highest obliga tions. To yon, our distinguished guests, and to von, Kello* Citirens, of either sea. who come to unite w ith us iu ren dering these monumental honors, who adorn the occa sion with ynnr presence, and cheer us with your counte nance and favor,wc tender a respectful au.1 grateful wcl To you, also, Mr. Mayor, anil to the City Council, we return our cordial thanks for your kind consent to act on our behalf, iu delivering this cherished memorial of our honored fellow citizen into the custody of the Com monwealth, and for your sympathy and assistance in the duties of the occasion. It has been the custom, from the remotest antiquity, to preserve and to hand down to posterity, in bronze and marble, the counterfeit presentment of illustrious mi n. Within the last few years, modern research lias brought to light, on the banks of the Tigris, huge slabs of alabas ter, buried for ages, which exhibit in relief the faces and the persons of men who governed the primeval East in the gray dawn of History. Three thousand years have elapsed since they lived and reigned, and built palaces, and fortified cities, and waged war, and gained victories, of whieii the trophies are carved upon these monumental tablets—the triumphal procession, the chariots laden wiih spoils, the drooping captive, the conquered monarch in chain—but legends inscribed upon the atone arc imper fectly deci phered, and little beyond the names of the personages, and the most general tradition of their i i ploits is preserved. In like manner the obelisks and the temples of ancient Egypt arc covered with the sculp lured image* of whole dynasties of Pharaohs—older th.iu Moses—older than Joseph : whose titles are recorded in the hieroglyphics, with which the granite is charged, and which are gradually yielding up their lotig-eoneeal-d mysteries to the sagacity ol modern criticism. The pla-tic arts, as they passed into Hellas, and all the other arts which give grace and dignity to our nature, reached a perfection unknown to Egypt or Assyria ; and the he ro- and sages of tirecce and Homo, immortalized by the sculptor, still p ople the galleries and museums of tin modern world. In every succeeding age and in ever) coun try, in which the tine arts have been cultivated, the respect and affection of survivors have found a pure and rational gratification, in the historical |K>rtrail and the monumental statue of the honored and loved in private life,aud especial ly ot the great and good who have deserved well of tl. ir country. Public esteem and confidence and private aff.u lion,the gratitude of the commuuit i aud the fond inetnoi ,e - of the fireside,have ever sought.in this wa\.toprolongin' nensihle existence of their loved and respected object.— What thourh the dear and honored features and person, on which while liviug we never gazed without tenderne or veneration, have been taken from ns ;—something of the loveliness, something of the majesty abides in the portrait, the bust and the statue. The heart bereft of th • living originals turns to them, and cold and silent as they are, they strengthen and animate the cherished re collections of the loved, the honored, and the lost. The skill of the painter and sculptor, which thus con - in aid of the memory and imagination, is, in its highest degree, on- of the rarest a- it i- one of the most exquisite accomplishment* within our attainment, and in its per fection a« seldom witnessed as the p*rfection of spei ch or of music. The plastic hand must be moved by the same etherial instinct, as the eloquent lips or the record ing pen. The number of those who, in the language of Michaei Angelo, can discern the finished statue iu the heart of the shapeless block, and bid it rtart into arti- ir life- who are endowed with the exquisite gift of mould ing the rigid bronze or the lifeless marble into graceful, majestic, and expressive forms, is not greater than the number of those, who are able, with equal majesty, grace aud expressiveness, to make the spiritual essence_the finest shades of thought and feeling—sensible to the tnind, through the eye and the ear, in the mysterious embodiment of the written nnd spoken word, if Athens in her palmiest days had but one Pericles, she had also but one Phidias. Nor are these beautiful and noble arts, by which the face and the form of the departed are preserved to in calling into the highest exercise as they do, all the imi tative and idealizing powers of the painter and tin-sculp tor—the least instructive of nnr teachers. The portrait and the statutes of the honored dead kindle the gerirrou ambition of the youthful aspirant tofame. Thetnistorle could not sleep for the trophies in the ('eramicus : ami when the living Demosthenes to whom you, sir. (Mr. Pel ton, | have alluded had ceased to speak,'the stony lip re mained to rebuke and exhort his degenerate countrvmen More than a hundred years have elapsed since the greai Newton passed away ; but from age to age his statue In Roubiliac, in the ante-rimpel of Trinity College, will giii distinctne--to the conceptions formed of him by hun 11 reds aud thousands of ardent youthful spirits, filled will reverence for that transcendent intellect which, fron the phenomena that fall within our limited vision, de-hi cod the imperial law hr which the Sovereign Mind rule, the entire universe. We can never look on the per-m ot Washington ; but hi*_ serene and noble countenance nemetii-.ted bv the iouicil nn*l i(.. i, far greater multitudes than ever stood in his living pte* cure, and will be thus familiar to the latest generation. What parent, as he conduct* hi* son to Mount Atihurn or to Hunker Hill, will not, as he pauses before their monuinent*l sialues,seek to heighten hi* reverence for tir rue, for patriotism, for *cience, for learning, for devotion to the public good, *• he bid* hint contemplate the form 1 of that grave and venerable Winthrop, who left hi* plea- i S*rit home in England to eome and found a new republic in this untrodden wildernc-*; of lhai ardent and intrepid <»ii*. who first struck out the *|mrk of American Imh- 1 pcndetiec; of that nohle Adam*, it* most eloquent chain I pion on the floor of Congress: of the martyr Warren, I who laid don n hi* life in it* defence; of that *clf-l*u *hi I Bowdinh, sho, without a guide, threaded tlie Starry maze* of the Heavens; of that Story, honored at hr.m'e and abroad as one of the brightest luminaries of the | law, and by a felicity, of which I I relieve there is no other example, admirably portrayed in marble by hi* ! son v What citizen of Itooton, a* he accompanies the stranger around our afreets, guiding him through our bn*y thoroughfare*, to our wlmrves crowded ■With resets which range every sea and gather the pro Hu ••• of every climate,—up to the dome of this capitol, j which command* a* lovely a land*ea|s- a* can delight the I eve or gladden the heart, will not a* he call* hi* atten tion at Us* to the *taiues of Kranklin and Webster, ex- I claim —"Bo«ton take* pride in her natural position, she rejoices in her beautiful environs, she is grateful for her material prosperity; hut richer than the merchandise stirred in palatial warehouses, greener than the slop * of se i girt islet*, lovelier than this encircling panorama of hud and *••*, of field and hamlet, of take and stream, of garden and grova, ia the memory of her non*, native and adopted; the character, services and fame of tho*e, who have benefited snd adorned their day and generation_ Our children, and the school* at which thev are trained, our eitlsen* and the aervice* they have rendered,—these are onr jewels—these are our abiding treasures.*' Y«*. your long row* of r|narried granite may crumble te the liitst; the rrwnfleld* in yonder villages, ripening to tlie strife, maj, like the plains of stricken fiomhardy a few week* ago, i*c kneaded into Moody cloda by the mad dening wheel* of artillery; this populous city, like the old evtica of Etruria and tlie rampage* Humana, may he fircidab d by the pestilence which walketh in darknew, mav decav with the lapse of time, and the busy mart which now ring* with the joyou* din of trade, become a* lonely aud "till as Carthage or Tvre, as Halivlon and Nin eveh, hut the name* of the great and good ahall aurvive the de olati.ui and the rum, the memory of the wine, the leave, the patriotic, shall never perish. Yea, Hparta i« a wheal field, a Bavarian prince hold* court at the foot of the Aeropnti*. -the traveling virtnoen dig* for marble* in the Roman I or urn an I beneath the min* of the temple of Jupiter t apitehnus tint l.ycurgo*, and I.eomdas, and Miiriadsi anr| Demo* diene* and Cato, and Tolly, "grill »M m nillnv#., and all Ote (TM* «»4 |oed lUU live to the heart of age*. while marble and brocx -fr-“ endure; and when marble and brouxe hare perished, they eh ill "still live" in memory, to long as iueu tdiall rcver r'"7 !*■». »»<1 honor l*a licit lam, and love liberty! Krven years, within a few weeks, have (wased since he, whose statue we inaugurate lo-dav,was taken from us. The voles ol rcipectfol sad affectionate eulogy, which wae uttered in this vicinity and city at the time, was isonptlr rehwil throughout the country. The tribute |wid to his memory, by friends, neighbors, and fellow-cit • /■eo* was rvsjtonded to from the remotest corners of the lepultlic, by those who never gazed on hia noble coun tenauce, or listenrd to the deep melody of hia voice_ This city, which in early manhood he chose for home ; hit associates iu the honorable profession of which he rose to Ire the acknowledged head . the law school of the neighboring university speaking by the lips of one so well side to do justice to his legal pre-eminence; the college st which he was educated, and whose chartered privileges lie had successfully maintained before the highest trilm n»l of the country ; with other hodics and other eulogists, st the bar, in the pulpit, and on the platform, through’ Vout ,h* I'nion, iu numbers greater I believe than have ever spoken on any other similar occasion, except that of the death of Washington, joined with the almost unan imous press of the country, in one chorus of admiration ol his talents, recognition of his patriotic services, and respect and affection for his memory. Nor have these otic ring- been made at his tomb alone Twice or thrice since his death, once within a few months—the anui veraary of his birthday has called forth at the table of patriotic festivity, the voice of fervid cu’ logy and affectionate commemoration In this wav and on these occasions, his character has liecn delineated by tho-c he.»t able to do justice to his (lowers and attain ments, to appreciate his services, to take the measure, if I may -ay ro, of his colossal mental stature. Without going beyond this immediate neighborhood, and in no degree ungrateful for the liberality or insensible to tin ability with which he has lieen eulogized in other ports of the country, what need be said, what can be said in the hearing ot those who hare listened to Hillard, to Chief Justice Parker, to Cushing, and to our lamented Choate, whose discourse on Mr. Webster at Dartmouth College appears to me as magnificent a eulogium as was ever pronounced * What can be said that has not been better said before; what need be said now that seven added years in the po litical progress of the country, seveu years of re*|«cctful and affectionate recollection on the part of those who now occupy the -lage, have continued his title to the Urge place, which, while he lived, he tilled in the public mind v While he yet bore a part in the councils of the I'nion, he shared ihe fate which, in all countnes, and especially in all free couStrim. await.- commanding talent and eminent position .—which no great man in our his tory—not Washington himself— has over uaenped ; w hich none can escape, hut those WI114 are too feeble to pro voke opposition, too obscure for jealousy. Hut now that he ha- rested for years iu his honored grave, w lull gene i mis nature is not pleased to strew riowers on the soil *_ What honorable opponent, still faithful to principle. Is not willing that all iu which ho differed from him should lie referred, without bitterness, to the impartial arbitra ment of lime ; and that all that lie respected and loved should Iu* cordially remembered? What public mail, especially, who, with whatever differences of judgment of I men or measures has borne on his own shoulders the I heavy burden of responsibility—who has felt how hard I it is, iu the larger complication of affairs, at all times to I meet the expectations of an intelligent and watchful, but j impulsive and uot always thoroughly instructed public ; j how difficult sometimes to satisfy his own judgmeut—is I 1 uot willing that the noble ipialities and patriotic serviec of W dialer should lie honorably recorded in the I took of li'is country's remembrance, and his statue set up in the Pantheon of her illustrious sons ! These posthumous honors lovingly paid to departed worth, arc among the compensations w liich a kind P:o\ i dencc vouchsafes for the unavoidable coutlicts of judg I went and stern collisions of («arty which make the politi cal career always arduous, even when pursued with the greatest suecea-—generally precarious, sometimes des tructive of health and even life. It is imnosdhlc under tree government* to prevent the existence of party ; not less impossible that patties should be conducted with spi rit and vigor without more or less injustice done and suf fered, more or less gross uncharitableness aud bitter de nunciation. Besides, with the utmost effort at imparti ality, it is not within the competence of our frail capaci ties to do full justice at the time to a character of varied and towering greatness, engaged lit au active and rc -ponsiblc political career. The truth of his principles, 'he w isdom of his counsels, the value of his services must »e seen in their fruits, and the richest fruits arc not those of the most rapid growth. The wisdom of antiquity pronounced that no one was to be deemed liappT until after death; not merely because he was then first placed beyond the vicissitudes of human fortune, but because then only the rival interest, the discordant judgments, the hostile passions of contemporaries are, in orditiarv cases, no longer concerned to question his merits. Hor ace, with gross adulation, sung to his imperial master, Augustus, that he alone of the great of the earth ever received while living the full meed of praise. All the other great benefactors of mankind, the inventors of arts, the destroyers of monsters, the civilizers of state-, found by experience that unpopularity was appeased hv death alone. + That solemn event, which terminates the material ex iHence, becomes by the sober revisions of contempora ry judgment, aided by offices of respectful and affection ate commemoration, the commencement of a nobler life on earth. The wakeful eyes arc closed, the feverish pulse is still, the tired and trembling limbs arc relieved from their labors, and the aching head is laid to rest on the Up of its mother earth, like a play-worn child at the close of a summer's «U\ ; but all that wc honored aud loved in the living man oegins to live again in a new and liigh'-r being of influence and fame. It was given but to a limited number to listen to the living voice, and the i can never listen to it again, but the wise teachings, the grave admonition-, the patriotic exhortations which fell trom hi- tongue will be gathered together and garnered up iu the memory of millions. The cares, the toils, the -urrows; the conflicts with others, the conflicts ot the fervent spirit wiih itself; the sad accidents of humanity, the fears of the brave, the follies the wi-e, the error of the learned; all that da-hed the cup of enjoyment with bitter drops and -trowed sorrowful aches over the beauty of expectation and promise; the treacherous friend, the ungenerous rival, tbe mean and malignant foe; the uncharitable prejudice which withheld the just tribute of praise, the human frailty which wove sharp thorns into the wreath of solid merit,—all the-e in or dinary cases arc buried in the grave of the illustrious •'.call; Kflile their brilliant talents, their deeds of heuev nl. nee and public spirit, their wise aud eloquent « or,1s. their healing counsels, their gcncrou- affections, the whole ‘ man, in short, whom wc revered and loved and would fain imitate, especially w hen Ids image i- impressed upon our recollect ion- by the |ieucil or Uic chisel, goes forth to the admiration of the latest posterity. Jirtinctun uimj bitur idsm. Our city has lately witnessed a most beautiful instance of this re-animating power of death. A few weeks since we followed toward the tomb the lifeless remains of our lamented t’hoate. Well may we consecrate a moment even of this hour to him who, in that admirable discourse to which I have already alluded, did such noble justice to himself and the great subject of his eulogy. A short time before the decease of our much honored friend, I i had seen him shattered by disease, Ins all-per-ua-tve voice faint and languid, his beaming eye quenched ; and, as he left us in search of health in a foreign clime, a pain ful image and a sail foreboding, too soon fulfilled, dwelt upon my mind. But, on the morning of the day when we wen- to pay the last sad offices to our friend lihe -_ of July) with a sad, let me not say a repining thought, that so much talent, so much learning, so much elo quence, ro much wit, so much wisdom, so much force of intellect, so much kindness of heart, w ere taken from ns, an engraved likeness of him was brought to me, in whii-li lie Denied to live again. The shadows of disease aud suffering bad passed Irotn the brow, the well rein-tuber. • d countenance wa- clothed with its wonted serenity, a cheerful smile lighted up the features, genius kindled in the eye, persuasion hovered over the lips, and I felt a- if I *»« going not to hi- funeral but hi- triumph. •• Weep not for me,'' it seemed to say, “but weep for yourselves.' And never while lie dwelt among us in the feeble tale-r nacle of the flesh; never while the overtasked spirit seemed to exhaust the drlirato frame; never s- I had listened to the melody of his living voice, did he speak to my imagination and heart with such a touching though -ill-lit eloquence, a- when we followed his hearse along the-e street, that bright mid-summer'* noon, up the nn Ktrrn in front of this c.vnitolslnwlv .. o. .1...—i...... ;"•»* "f grand dead-marches, as they swelled from wail ing clarion and mu tiled drum, while the minute guns from vnn-ler lawn responded to tin- passing hell from yonder steeple I then understood the sublime significance of the words which t’ieero put in the mouth of Cato, that the mind, elevated to the foresight of posterity, when departing from this life, legins at length to live ; 'yea, the -uhlitner worils of a greater than Cicero, " Oh’ death, where i« tliy sting ; ob, grave, where is thy victory!”— And then, as we |*assed the abodes of those whom lie knew, and honored and loved, and who had gone Is-fore of I,aw retire here on the left, of Prescott yonder on the right; this home where Hancock lived and Washington was rtreived; this where l.afayette sojourned ; thisenpi tol where his own political course began, and on which so many patriotic memories are concentrated, I lelt, not as if We were conducting another frail and weary hodv In the tomb, hut as if we were escorting a noble brother loth, congenial company of the departed great and good and I was ready myself to exclaim, •• d prnlnmn, ,Ufm, rum ml itlml ilivinmn nnimnrmn rtrhri li urn rtrl until III pm/.rhrnr.rmn./m t, I.nr Inrhn.l. nllumvnr ,l,,r„l„.„r It will not, I think, be expected of me to undertake the sitpct(Toons task of narrating in great detail the well known event* of Mr Webster’s life, or of attempting an elaborate delineation of tliat character to whirli -nch am ple justice has already been done by master hands. I leein it snflieirtit to say in general, that, referred to all the standards by which public character can be estima ted, he exhibited in a rare degree the oualittes of a truly great man. The period at which Mr Webster came forward in life, and during which he played so distinguished a iiart, so not one in which small men, dependent upon their’own exertions are likely to rise to a high place in public call mation. The present generation of young men are hardly aware of the vehemence of the storms that shook the world at the time that Mr. Webster became old enough to form the first childish conceptions of the nature of the I vents in progress at home and abroad. His recollections, he tells us in an autol.lngraphical sketch, went hack to the year I7(*b—a year when the political system of eonti nenlsl fturope was ationt to plunge into a state of frightful disintegration, while, under the new con stitntion, the I Intel Mates were commencing an un exampled career of prosperity , Washington jnst en tering upon the first Presidency of the new horn re public , tlie reins of the oldest monarchy in Kurope | slipping, besmeared with blond, from the hands ol the de cendant of thirty generation of kings. The fitrful struggle between Prance and the allied powers succeed ed, which strained the resources of the p.uropcan govern ments to their utmost tension Armies and navies were arrayed against carli other a„rl, aa the drilled world had never seen before, and wars waged Iwyond all former experience. The storm fa«*ed over the continent ** a tornado paaacs through a forrti, when it comaa rolling ••d KVtog fro« iM cloud*, u4 prodry* Ol ceuiurU* in It* path. England, in virtu* at h*r >Ma lar position, her nnvnl power, and her free Institutions, had, more tl.au any other to reign country, weulbervd the storm; but Kuasia saw the arctic sky lighted with the Haines of her old Muscovite eapiul; the shadowy K.naera of tlie House of llapaburg were compelled to'abdicate tin- crown ol' the Holy Roman Empire aud accept aa a substitute that of Austria , IVussia, staggering from Jena, trembled on the verge of |>oiltical annihilation; the other Herman States, Italy, Switzerland. Holland, and the Span ish Peninsula were convulsed ; Egypt ovrrrun; Conalan tinople aud the East threatened , and in maoy of these States, institutions, laws, ideas and manners were chang ed ns effectually ns dynasties. With the downfal of Na poleon a partial reconstruction of the old form* took place, but the political gemaz of the eontiueut of Europe was revolutionized. tin this side of the Atlantic, the Toiled States, though studying an impartial neutrality, were drawn at Aral to some extent into the outer circles of the terrific male strom; but soon escaping, they started upon a career ol national growth and development, of which th* world has W itnessed no other example. Meautime, the Span ish and the Portuguese Viceroy allies south of us, trom Mexico to Cape Horn, asserted their independence, that Castilian empire on which the sun never set was dismem bered, and the golden chain was forever sundered, by which Columbus had linked half his new-found world to the throne of Ferdinand and Isabella. Such was the crowd and the importance of the events, in which, from his childhood up, the life of Mr. Webster, and of die generation to which he belonged was passed, and I can with all sincerity say, that it has never been •its fortune, in Europe or America, to hold intercourse with any |s-rsou who seemed to nte to (tenetrate further than lie had done into the spirit of the age, under its successive phases of dissolution, chaos, reconstruction, and progress. Born and bred on the verge of the wil derness, (his father a veteran of those old French and In dian wars, in w hich, iu the middle of the eighteenth cen tury, wild men came out of the wood*, to wage war »ith the tomahawk and the scalping knile, against the fire side and the cradle,) with the slenderest opportunities tor early education, entering life with scarce the usual facili ties for reading the riddle of foreign statecraft, remote from the srene of action, relying ii|h>ii sources ol inform ation equally open to all the'world, he seemed to me urv ertbele**, by the instinct of a great capacity, to have comprehended iu all its aspects the num b of events in Europe and this country. He surveyed the agitations of the age with calmness, depreciated its excesses, sympa thized with its progressive tendencies, rejoiced in its tri umph*. Hi* first words iu Congress, wlieu he came un announced from his native hill* in 1818, proclaimed hi* mastery of the perplexed web of Eur>i|ic*ii politics, iu which the I'nitcd Mates were then too deeply cutangled: and from that time till hi* death I think we all felt, those who differed from him as well as those who agreed with him, that he was in tio degree below the standard of Ins time; that if Providence had cast his lot in tlie field •here the great destinies of Europe were decided, tills poor New Hampshire youth would have carried his head as high among the Mctlcniiehs, the Nesselrodes, the llardcnbcrges, the Talleyrand*, the t'astlercaghs ol the day, and surely among their successors, who now occu py tlie stage, as he did among his eoiiteui|H>raries at home. I.et me not lie thought, however, in this remark, to in timate that those contemporaries at home were second rate men; far otherwise. It ha*sometime--eeiucd tonic that, owing to the natural reverence in which we hold the leaders of the revolutionary period—the heroic age of the count tv—and those of the constitutional age who brought out of chaos this august sv stem of confedrate republicanism, we hardly do lull justice to the third pe riod i» our |K>litieal history, »Inch may be dated front about the time when Mr. \\ rtu-riK came into political life, and continued through the first (van of his career. The heroes and sage* of the revolutionary and constitu tional period were iudeed gone: Washington. Franklin, Hrecue, Hamilton, Morris, Jay, slept iu their honored graves. John Adams, Jefferson. Carroll, though sur viving, were withdrawn Iront affairs. But Madison, who contributed so much to the formation and attention of he Constitution, «u at the helm; Motitoe in the t'abi ict; Jolin Quincy Adams, Gallatin ami Bayard negoti iting in Europe ; in the Senate were Kufu* King, Chris opher Gore, Jeremiah Mason, Giles, Otis; in the House >f Representatives, Pinckney, Clay, Lowndes, Cheves, ,'alhoun, Gaston, Forsy th, Kaudolph. Oakley,Pitkin, Gro» n nor; on the bench of the Supreme Court, Marshall, Livingston, Story ; at the bar, Dexter, Emmet, Pinkney, iinl Wirt: with many distinguished men not at that time u the general Government, of whom it is enough to name Dewitt Clinton and Chancellor Kent. It was' mv privi ego to see Mr. Webster, associated and mingling with nearly all those eminent men, and their successors, not only in later years, but in my own youth; and when be lirst came forward, unknown as yet to the country at large, scarcely known to himself, not arrogant nor vet unconscious of his mighty powcra.ticd to a laborious pro lossion in a narrow range of practice, but glowiug with a generous ambition, and uot afraid to grapple with the strongest and iioldest in the laud. The opiuion pro nounced of him, at the commencement of his career bv Mr. l.owndc*, that “the South had not in Congress his superior, uor the North his equal," savor* in the form of expression of sevtional partiality. If it had been said, that neither at the South nor the North had any public man risen more rapidly to a brilliant reputation, no one, I think, w ould have denied the justice of the remark.— He stood from the first, the acknowledged equal of the most distinguished of his associate*. In later Years, he acted with the successors of those I have named, with Benton, Burges, Edward Livingston, llatne, McDuffie, McLean, Sergeant, Clayton, \\ ihle, Storrs, our own Bates. Davis, Gorham, Choate, and others who still sur vive ; but it will readily be admitted that he tiever sank from the position wnich he assumed at the outset of his career, or stood second to any man in any part of the country. If we now look for a moment at the public questions j with which he was called to deal iu toe course of his ca reer, and with w bich he did deal, in the most masterly I manner, as they successively cvme up, we shall find new I proofs ol his great abili'v. When he first came forward iu life, the two great belligerent Powers ol Europe, con- i tending with each other for the mastery ol the world, i despising our youthful weakness and impatient ol our , gainful tieutralitv, in violation, now admitted, of the hw o! nations, emulated each other in the war waged upon our commerce and the insults off. red to our hag. To | engag-s in a contest with both would have been madness; j the choice of the antagonist was a question of difficulty, and well calculated to furnish topic* of rcpioach ami re crimination. Which ever ride you adopted, your oppo- t nent regarded you »« being, in a great national struggle, i the apologist of an unftiendly foreign Power. In 1 the Pitlted cho-.* France for their enemy; in 1SI2. ; Great Britain. War was declared against the latter country on the 18th of June, 1812; the order* in Coun cil, which were the immediate cause of the war, were re scinded five day* afterward-. Such arc the narrow tdian ces on which the fortunes of Stales depend' Gr. at questions ol domestic and foreign policy follow ed the cltv-e of the war. Of the former i-laso were the restoration of a currency, which should truly represent the values which it nominally circulated, a result mainlv brought about by a resolution moved by Mr Webster; the fiscal system of the I nion and the best mode of con necting the collection, safe-keeping, and disbursement of •he public funds, w ith the romrneteta! wants, and espeei *11 v with the exchange- ol the country ; the stability of the manufactures, which had been « tiled into existence during the war ; what ran constitutionally be done, and ought anything as a matter of policy to be done bv Con gress to protect them from the competition of foreign skill, and the glut of foreign markets; the internal coin muni, atoms of the I’ninn, a question of paramount inter est before the introduction of railroads; can the central power do anything—what can it do—l>y roatU and ca nals. to bind the distant darts parts of the continent to gi liter ; the enlargement ol the judicial system of the country to meet the w ants of the greatly increased num ber of the Stale*; the revision of the criminal code of the I nited States, which was almost exclusively hi* work; —the administration of the public lands and the best mode of filling with civilized and Christian home* this immense domain, the amplest heritage which was ever subjected to the control of a free government ; connect ed with the public domain, the relation* of the citilizod and dominant race to the aboriginal children of the soil; and lastly, the constitutional questions on the nature of the government itself, which were raised in that gigantic controversy on the interpretation of the fundamental law itself. These were «orne of the most important domes tic que tion« which occupied the attention of Congress ■ I it... ..nin.lre .bit.. VI- XV..I-1-.... . _ Of question* connected with foreign affair* were ilio-e growing out of tlie »;lr, which was in progress when he first became a member of Congress,—then the various qic-stion* of international law, some of them as novel a* liiev were important,which bad reference to the entrance or the attempted entrance of so many new State* into the family of nations; in Europe,—firecce, it- Iginin, Hungary; on list* continent, twelve or fourteen new re public*. great and small, bursting from the ruin* of the Spanish Colonial Empire,—like a group of asteroid* from tile wreck of an exploded planet; the invitation of the infant American Republics to meet them in Congress at Panama ; our commercial relation* with the Rriti*b Colo nies in the West Indies ami on this Continent; demands on several European Stole* for s|K>liations on our com ine rce during llie wars of (be French Revolution ; onr se cular controversy with England relative to the boundary nf llie United Slate* on the Northeastern and Pacific frontier* ; our relation* with Mexico, previous to the war; the immunity of the American flag.upon the com mon jurisdiction of the ocean ; and more important Ilian all other question*, foreign or domestic, in ila inducte e upon the general politic* of the country, the great sec tional controversy,—not then first commenced, but great Iv increased in warmth and urgency, which cenuerted it self with the organization of the newly acquired Mexican territoriea. Such were the chief qnestion* on which It was Mr Web- I • ter'* duty to form opinions, a* an influential member of Congress and a political leader to speak and to vote ; as a member of the Executive Oovcmtntnt loexercise a pow erful, and over some of them, a derisive control. He ddc* these, there was another class of questions, of great tsiblic Importance, which c*u»e up for adjudication in lit" I'uurls of llie l/nited States, which he was called profes ionally to discus*. Many of the questions of each class now referred to divided and still divide opinion; exeited i trill still excite the feelings of individuals, of parties, of •eclions, of the country. There are some of them which in the course of a long life, under chsnging clrcnmstan ces, are likely to lie differently viewed at different periods j by the same Ipdlvidual. I sin not here, to day, to rake off the warm ashes from the ember* of controversies, which have spent their fury and are dying sway, or to fan the fires of those which still burn. Hnt no one, i think, whether be agreed with Mr. Webster, or differed from him, a* to any of the** questions, will deny that he treated them each and all, as they came up, In the Senate, in the t'ourts, or In negotiation with foreign Powers, in a broad, slatesmanlike nnd masterly way. There were I few who would not confe**, when they agreed with him, that lie had expressed their opinions better than they i could do it lhem«clve* ; few, when they differed ftom him, who would not admit that he h*d maintained fu* own »iew* manfully, powerfully and liberally. Such waa the period id which Mr. Webster lived, such were the associate* with whom he acted, the quest Iona wilt wfeb be bed to deal tt mua«M, JttrU*, the b**4 at M .anW.mtWu of lb* Uor* rout sot. ami a public wpaaker Let us coiitcuijdate hint fur a moment In either canekt. \\ ithout paei«| through the preliminary stage of the Htaic Legislature, and elected to Congress in *ia years from (be time of bit admission to the Superior Court of New Hampshire, be waa on hi* first entrance into the House or KeprsuantaUres placed l.r Mr Speaker Clay on the Committee of foreign Affairs, .od took rank forth with aa oat of tbt leading »uu»*tnrti of the day. HU first speech had Pefrrvncv to those famous tterliu aad Mi lan decrees and order* in Council, to which I has* alrea dy alluded, and the impreseiou produced br it waa such as to had the venerable Chief Justice Marshall eighteen years afterwards, In writing to Mr Justice Story, to nay, “At the time when this speech was >lelivered I did not know Mr. \V rbeter, but I waa so much struck with it that I dil not hesitate then to state that lie waa a Terr able man, and would become oue of the very first atatcsui. ii in America, perha|i* the very first." His mind at the verv outset of bis career had by a kind ofmstiuct soared from the principles which govern the iininicuial relation* of in dividual*.to those great rules which dictated the law ol Nalious to independent State*. Hr tell* us, in the frag ment of a diary kept while he was a law student iu Mr. Gore * office, that he then rvad Vattrl through for the third time. Accordingly in after life, there was no sub ject which he discussed with greater pleasure and I may add with greater power that! questions of the law of na tions. The revolution of Greece had from its outbreak attracted much of the attention of the civilized world.— A people, whose ancestors ha'd originally taught letters and art* to mankind, struggling to regain a place in the great family ol itulependciit Slates; the convulsive effort* of a Christian people, the foundation of whose churches by the Apostles in person is recorded in the New Testa ment, to shake off tint yoke of Mahoiuniedan despotism, possessed a strange interest for the fnrnda oi Christian ld»ertv throughout Rurope an.l America. Rreanlcnt Mon roe had railed the attention of Congress to this most in teresting struggle in December, IHi.i. and Mr Webster reluming to Congress after a retirement of right years, as the representative of Host on. made the Gj-eck rovolu tion the subject of a motion and a speech. In this speech he treated what he called “the great question of the day —the question between absolute and regulated govern ments." He engaged iu a searching criticism of the doc trines of the “Holy Alliance,” and maintained the dutv of the l nited States as a great free |iower to protest a gainst them. That speech remains in my judgment to this day the ablest and mo*i effective n-mouat’-auce •against the priuci|ile.* ot the allied military powers of con tinental Kunqie. Mr. Jeremiah Masou pronounced it “ the best sample of parliamentary eloquence and states manlike reasoning which our country had seen." His indignant protest against the spirit of absolutism and bis word* of sympathy with an infant people struggling for independence were borne on the wings of the wind throughout Christendom. They were read in every Ian guage, at every court, in every cabinet, iu every reading room, on every market plaee.tiy the Republican* of Mex ico and Sp.mi.sh South America, by the reformers of Ita ly, the patriot* ol Roland; on the Tagus, oil the Itauulie, as well as at the head of the little armies ol" revolution ary Greece. . The practical impression which tltev made on tlie American mind was seen in the I Kh-tali tv with which cargoes ol food and clothing, a year or two after ward-. were dispatched to the rebel of the Greeks. No | legislative or executive measure was adopted at that time I iu consequence ol Mr. Webster's motion and speech ; probably none vva* anticipated by him ; Inti no one who I considers how much the march of events in such ease.* Is influenced l»y the moral sentiment*, will doubt that a great word like this, *pok. n in the American Congress, must have had uu slight effect in cheering the heart ol Greece, to persevere in her tiuvqual but tiuallv success ful struggls. It was by these masterly parliamentar efforts that Mr. I Webster left his mark ou the age iu which he lived. His fidelity to hi* convictions kept him for the greater part of his life in a minority;—a |«o*itioii which ho regarded not as a proscription but a.* a |>osl of honor aud duty._ lie Iclt that in free governments and in a normal state of I ha« its duties not less responsible than those which attach to office. Itelore the importance of Mr. Webster’s polit ical services Is disparaged for want of po.-itive results which can oulv be brought aliout by those who are cloth ed with [tower, it must be shown that to raise a persua sive aud convincing voice iu the vindication of truth and right, to uphold and assert the true principles of the gov ernment under which we live, aud bring them home to the hearts of the people—to do this from a sense of |mi rioiie duty and without hope of the houors and emolu ments of office, to do it so as to instruct the public con science aud warm the public heart, is a less meritorious service to society than to touch with skillful hand the springs of party politics, and to hold together the often discordant element* of ill-compactcd majorities. The greatest parliamentary efforts made hv Mr. Web ster was iu his second speech on Knot’s resolution , the question at issue being nothing less than this: Is the Constitution of the I'nited States a compact without a common umpire between confederated sovereignties, or is it a government of the i’eople of the United States, so vereign within the sphere of its delegated |<o*rers, hut reserving a great mass of uttdelegated rights to the sepa rate State Government* and the People ? With those who embrace the opiuious which Mr. Webster combated in this speech, this is not the time uor tli- place to en gage in argument; but those who believe that he main tained the true principles of the Constitution will probably agree, that since that iustrimicnt was communicated to the Continental Congress, seventy-two years ago this day, by George Washington a* President of the Federal Convention, no greater service has been rendered them than iu tiie delivery of this speech. Well do I recollect the occasion aud the scene, li was truly what Welling ton called the battle of Waterloo, a conflict of giants. 1 passed an hour and a half with Mr. Webster, at his re quest, the evening before this great effort ; and he went over to me, from a very concise brief, the main topics of the speech, which he had prepared for the following day. So calm and tinitri pr-sion* d was the memorandum, so entirely w as he at ease himself, that I was tempted to think, nb surJly enough, that he was not sufficiently aw»re of the magnitude of ihe occanon. Hut I soon perceived that his calmness was the repose of conscious power. He was not only at case, hut sportive and full of anecdote ; aud, a< he told the Senate playfully the next <1 iy, he slept soundly that It ght on the formidable a-sanlt of his gallant and accomplished adversary. So the great Contlc slept on the eve of the battle of Bocroi; so Alexander slept on tho eve of the battle of Arbela; and t>o tiiey awoke to deeds of immortal fame. A« i saw him in the evening, tit i may borrow an illustration from his favorite amuse ment,) he was as unconcerned and as free of spirit, as some here have often seen him, while floating in liis fish ing boat along a hazy shore, gently rocking on the tran quil tide, dropping his hue here and there, with the vary ing fortune of the q.ort. The to ,t morning he was like some mighty Admiral, .lark ami terrible, casting the long shallow of his frowning tiers tar over the sea, that seem ed to sink beneath him ; his broid pennant streaming at the main, the star- and atrip* s at the fore, the mizzen and the |ieak, and bearing down like a tempe-t upon his an tagonist, with all his canvas strained to the wind, and all hi* thunder* roaring from his broadsides, Mr. Webster’s career was not less brilliant as a jurist than a* a statesman. In fact he possessed in an eminent degree a judicial mind. While performing an amount of Congressional ami official labor sufficient to till the bu siest ilay, and to task the strongest powers, he yet sus tained with a giant’s strength the herculean toils of Li* profession. At the very commencement of his legal stu dies, resisting the fascination of a more liberal course of | resiling, lie laid his foundations deep in the common law; | grappled as well a* lie might with the wearv subtleties and obsolete technicalities of Coke Littleton,and abstract ed and translated volumes of reports from the Xormau, French and Latin. A few yeais of practice follow iu the Courts of New Hampshire, interrupted by hi* service in Congress lor two [siiitieal terms, and we liml him at the bar of the Supreme Court of the United States at Wa-h inglon, inaugurating in the Dartmouth College case what may be called a new school of Constitutional jurispru dence. It wunhl be a waste of time to speak of that great ease, or of Mr. Webster’s connection with it. It is too freshly remembered in our tribunals. So novel at that time were the principle* involved in it that a member of the Court, after a cursory inspection of the record of the ra«e, ex pressed the opinion that little of importance could he urg ed in htdialf of the plaintiff iu error; hut so firm i* the Ini si* on which in that and subsequent eases of u similar , character those principle: were established, that they I or in one Ul me rcuicu, a* nicy are one III (lie llln*t important, portiona of the coiiatitiitinnal luw of tlie I'll inti. Sot lea* important, anil, at the time, not b-*a novel, were tlie principle* involved in the celebrated c.iae of (iihtioii* and Ogden. Thia caac grew out of a grant by tlie Ktati- of Sew York U» the aa-Tgoee* of Fulton of the cidurive right to navigate by eteam the river*, harbor a nod bay* of the Knipiru Stale. Tweoty hre year* after ward*. Mr. Jo* (ice War no gave to Mr. Webater the cred it of haring laid down the broad cnnatitutional ground on which tin- navigable water* of the (mited State*, "ev ery creek and river and l ike and hay and harbor in the country," wra* forever rescued from tlie gra*p of State monojrfily. So failed the intention of tlie la-gi*lature of New York to aeenre a rich |iecuuiary reward to the great Je-rfeclor of Hciuti navigation; «o muat have failed any attempt to rompenmte by money the ineatimalilc achieve nien- Monopolies rrnihl not reward it; ailrer and gold could not weigli down i»a value. Small aervieeuaro piid with money—large one* with fame. Ftdlon had hi* re ward when, after twenty ye ir* of nn»nci-ea*fitl enpeii nienl and hope deferred, be made the pi-aage to Albany by »teatn; a* Franklin had hia reward when he raw the him-* of the cord which littd hi* kite Hitf-ming with the electricity they I id drawn from the thunder cloud; a* Dalileo had hi* when he pointed hi* little tnlie to the heaven* and diaeovpied the Medieean atara; aa Colombiia had hi* when he beheld from the deck of hi* ve**e| a moving light on the ahore* of the m-w -found world — That one glowing, unutterable thrill of rouaciou* ancce**, ia too exquisite to be alloyed with tiaaer metal. The mid night vigil*. the achicg eve*, the fainting hope* turned at l«*t into one bewildering ecatany of triumph, cannot he repaid with gold The great diacoveriea, improve, tnent* and invention* wliich ben< fit mankind ran only lie rcwarde-l by oppOeiUrn, oblwpiy, poverty, an-l an un dying name' Time wunld fall ine, were | ntherwian equal lo the ta*k, to dwell on the other great ronatimtiocal cnxea ar gued Br. Welofrr. thou on Slate ln*olvent law*, the Hank of the I nited State*, the Sailor’* Snug Harbor, the fharlealown Hrldge Fran-hiae, or tbo»e other great evaca on the validity of Mr. litrard* will, in which Mr. Web Her a argument drew forth an emphatic acknnwledg metit of the citizen* of Waahington, of all denomina tion*, for it* great value "in iletnonatraling the vital im portaure of fhriatlanity to tli*> aueee** of our free inati Intiona, and that tlie general diffnaion of that argument among the People of the United State* i* a matter of deep public intervalor Ihe argument in the Rhode |*| and ( barter caae in ^*|H, which attracted no little pub lie notice in Fnrope at that antinu* p rind, aa a maater ly diaenwnion of tlie Inie principle* of eonatilnlioiial obli gallon It would be auperflaoua, I might almort *ay, imperii nentt* remark that if Mr Webater atood at the head of tba ronatitutional lawyer* of the country, he wan not la** N4 <4diMr; i i «r th* profession Tho trial of Ooodrl Jgs to HIT, and of Kuapp In 18**, in' still recollected as apecimen* of the highest prvfeadoual skill, the latter. In tact, as a case of historical importance iu the criminal jurisprudence of the country. Hut, however distinguished bis tepulaliou iu the other depart meats of his prof.-union. hia fame as a jurist is main ly associated with the tribunal* or the United Stale*. The retaliou of the Federal Oovernnicul Iu the Stales Is peculiar to thi* country and gives rise to a class of eases in the Supreme Court of the United Slates, to which there is nothing analogous in the jurisprudence of England, in that country nothing, not eren the opres* word* of a treaty, can be pleaded against an set of Parliament. The Supreme (four! of the United States entertains question* which involre the constitutionality of the laws of State Legislatures, the validity of the decree* of State founts, nay of the constitutionality of art* of Congress Itself. Every one feels that this range and elevation of jurisdic tion must ten,I greatly to the respectability of practice at that forum, and give a breadth and hlierality to the toue with which questions are there diacuMcd, uot so much to be looked for in the ordinary litigatiou of the common law. No oue needs to be reminded how fully llr. Webster lelt, and, iu his own relations to it, sustained the dignity of this tribunal, lie n-garded it a* the great mediating power i.l the Constitution. He believed that while it com manded the confidence of the country, no serious derange uient of any of the other great functions ol the (Sovern ineut was to Iw apprehended; il it should ever fail lo do so, he feared the worst. For the memory of Marshall, the great and honored magistrate, who presided in IhisCourt tor the third part ol a century, and did so much to raise its reputation and establish its in line nee, he cherished feelings of veneration, second only to those which he bore to the memory of Washington. In his political career, Mr. Webster owedalnio-t every thing to popular choice, or the tavnrof the Legislature of Massachusetts. lie was, however, I wire clothed with ex ecutive power, as the head of an Administration, and iu that capscitv achieved a diplomatic smvcwsof the highest older. Among the victories of peso* uot less renowned Ihsn those ol war which Milton celebrates, the first |>lace Is surely due to tlio-s- friendly arrangement* between great powers, by which war is averted Such an arrange ment was effected hv Mr. Web«ter in 181*. in referenee to tuorv than one highly irritating questiou between Ibis country sud tirest Itrilain. and especially the Northeas tern Boundary of the Coiled States, l allude to the sub ject, not for the sake ol re-opening obsolete controver sies, but for the pur|M>.*e of vindicating his memory from the charges of disinge a nousness and even fraud, which were brought against him at the time iu England, and which have very lately been revived in that eountrv. I do it the rather as the facts of tlie case had never been fully stated. The Northeastern Rouudary ol the United States,which was described by the treaty of 1788, had uever been sur veyed and rim. It was still unsettled in 1842, slid had become the subject of a controversy, which had resisted the ability of several successive administration*, on both sides of the water, and bail nearly exhausted the resour ces of arbitration and diplomacy. Border collisions, though happily no bloodshed had taken place; seventeen regiments had been thrown into the British provinces ; tieu. Scoil had been dispatched to the frontier of Maine; and our Minister iu London (Mr. Stevenson) had written to the commander ol' the American squadron in the Medi terranean, that a collision, in his opinion, was inevitable. Such was the slate of thing* when Mr. Webster came iulo the Defiartnietit of Slate iu the spring of ISII. lie inmiediatelv gave an intimation to the British liovern ment that be w as desirous of reuewiug the interrupted negotiation. A change of ministry took place in Eng land in the course of a few months, and a resolution was -oon taken by Sir Uobcrt l’eel and Lord Aberdeen to send a special Envoy to the United Stales to make a last attempt to settle this dangerous dispute by negotiation, laird Ashburton was selected for this honorable errand, and his known friendly relations with Mr. Welister were among the motives that prompted his appointment, it may Ik- observed that the intrinsic difliculties of the ne gotiation were increased by the circumstance, that, as the uu-|nucu u miurt lay 111 inc .-nua oi name, ami the pro prietory of the aoil was in Maine ami Massachusetts, it wa< deemed necessary to obtain the consent of those States to any arrangement that might In- entered iuto by the (tcucral (>ovcrnmcitt. The length of time, for which the question hud been controverted, hnd, as usually happens in such cases, had the effect of living both parties more firmly in their oj> posite views of the subject. It was a pledge at least of the good faith with which the United States had conduct ed the discussion, that everything in our archives bear ing ou the subject had beeu voluntarily spread before the world. On the other side, no part of the corre-pon deuce of the ministers who negotiated the treatv had ever been published, and whenever Americans were |>er mitted. for literary puri>o.ses, to institute historical inqui ries in the public otliccs in Isiudon, precautions were ta ken to preveut anything from being brought to light, which might I war unfavorably on the llritish iutcrprvita tion of the treaty. The American interpretation of the treatv had been maintained, in its fullest extent, as far as I ant aware, bv every statesman in the country, of whatever party,' to whom the question had ever been submitted. It bad been thus maintained iu good faith by an entire generation of public uiou, of the highest intelligence and most unques tioned probity. The llritish floverunieut had, with equal confidence, maintained their interpretation. The attempt to settle the controversy by a reference to the King of the Netherlands had failed. In this state of things, as the boundary had remained unsettled for fifty-nine years, and had been controverted for more than twenty ; as nog itiation and arbitration hadsbowu that neither party was likely to eonviuec the other; and as in cases of this kind it is more important that a public controversy should be nettled than how it should be settled, (of course within reasonable limits.) Mr Webster had from the first contemplated a conventional liue. Such a line, and for the same reasons, was anticipated in Lord Ashburton's instructions, and was accordingly agreed upon by the two negotiators—a lioe convenient and advantageous to both parties. Such an adjustment, however, like that which liad been proposed bv the King of the Netherlands, was extreme ly distasteful to the |>eople of Maine, who, standing on ilicir rights, adhered with the greatest tenacity to the lioandary described bv the treaty of 178a, as the United Mates had alwavs claimed it. As the opposition of Maine bad prevented that arrangement front taking effect, there is great reason to suppose that it would have prevented the adoption of the conventional line agreed to by Mr. Webster and Lord Ashburton, but for the following cir cumstance. This was the discovery, the year before, hv I’re-ident Sparks, in the archives ol the Bureau ol foreign Affiirs, at Paris, of a copy of a small map of North America, by D'Auville. published in 1748, on which a red line 'was drawn, indicating a boundary between the (*uitcj State* and (ireat Britain more favorable to the latter than she had herself claimed it. By whom it was marked, or for what purpose, did not appear, from any indication on the map itself. There »n- also found, in the Bureau of for eign Affairs, inn bound volume of ollieial correspondence, a letter from Dr. franklin to the Count de Vergennes’ .filed on the rtih of December (six days after the signa ture of the provisional articles,) stating that, incompli ance with the Count's request, and on a map sent him for the purpose, he had marked, "with a strong red line, the limits of the United States, as settled in the prelimi nary*." r Thu french archives had been searched bv Mr. f'ati ning's agents as long ago as 1847, hut this map either escaped their notice or had not been deemed bv them of importance. The Kuglish and french maps of this re gion differ front each other, audit is known that the map li-ed by the negotiators of the treaty of I7k:i was Mitch ell's large map of America, published under the official sanction of the Board of Trade in 1754. D'Anville's map was but eighteen inches square, and on so small a scale the ilillVrenee of the two boundaries would he but •light, nod consequently open to mistake. The letter of the Count de Vergennes, transmitting a map to be mark ed. is not preserved, nor is there anv indorsement on the red-fine imp to show that it is the map sent by the Count and marked l.y franklin. D'Anville’s map was published in 17 It'., and it would surely be unwarrantable Intake tor granted, in a case such importance, that, in the coiir-e of thirty year*, it could not have been marked by a red line for some other purpose, and by some other person. It would be equally rash to assume ns certain, either tint the map marked by franklin for the Count de Vergrnn. s was deposited by hint in tin- public archives; or, if so deposited, may not still be bid nw.iv among the I silty thousand m ips contained in that ilenosilnrvV Tim official correspondence of Mr. Oswald, the llrltish nego tistor, wa* retained l»y the Briti-li Minister in his own pos session, anti doe* not appear to have gone into the pub lie archives. In the absence of all evidence to connect Dr. Frank tin's h-tler with the map, it could not, in a court of jus tice, hare burn received for a moment as a map marked bv him; and any presumption that it was so marked, was rcsi-teri by the language of the treaty. This point was urged in debate, with great force, by lord Brougham, who as well aa Sir Kolx rt Feel, liberally defended Mr. Webster from the charge*, which the opposition journals in l.otidou had brought against him. Information of thia map was in the progress of the ne gotiation, very properly communicated to Mr. Wclmter by Mr. Sparks. For the reasons stab-1, it could not be admitted aa prorlnt/ anything. It wa- another piece of evidence of nnrertain character, and Mr. Webster could have no *?suran> e that the neat day might not produce , -nine other map rtgially strong or stronger on the Amer | icsii side, which, as I shall presently state, wa* soon done | in London. | In this State of things, he made the only nse of it, which could tie legitimately mule, in communicating it to the commissioner* of the State of Maine and Ma-*a I tihn-etta, end to the Senate, aa a piece of conflicting j evidence, entitled to consideration, likely to la- urged us of great impnrt’iliee by the opposite psrly, if the iliv cu -ion should lx* renewed, increasing the difficulties which already surrounded the tpiestion, and thus furnish ing new grounds for agreeing to the proposed conven tional line. No one, I think, act|iiainted with the history of tlic controversy, and the state of public opinion and fi-eling, can doubt that, but for this cnmniouication, it i would have been difficult, If not lmpo«-ible, to procure the assent either nf Maine or of the Senate to the treaty, j This would seem to lx* going as far as reason or honor required, in refereneo to sn unaiilbeniicated document, having none of the properties of legal evidence, not ci hibited by the oppo-ite party, and of a nature to tie out weighed by contradictory evidence of the same kind, winch ws* very -non done. But Mr. Webster was, at the time, severely cenenred by the op|ro«ltion Free* in Kng Isnd, and was accused of "perfidy and want of good i faith," land this charge haa lately hccn|rcvlved in an elab orate ami circumstantial manner.) for not going with hia map to lord Ashburton , entirely abandoning the Amer ican claim, and ceding the whole of the disputed territo ry, more even than she aefccd, to flreat Britain, on the etrength of thi* single piece of doubtful evidence. Such a charge scarcely deserves an anawer; hut two things will occur to *11 Impartial person*—one, that the red line map, even had it been proved to have been | marked by Franklin, (which it i* not,) would be but one I |deee nf evidence, to be weighed, with the worda of the treaty; with all the othvr evidence In the cane, and eape j dally with the other menr, and, secondly, that aueh a 1 course, aa it is pretended that Mr. Wtbater ought to hava ftiffitf <1, Wity OQlJ 0* i«W«h4V!; r*wlfl4 Qffcllboteog. dllloo that ths Brill** Gorarnwaol had at— produced, or would undertaka to produce, aU the nidi no*, and espe cially all the map* In lu poammeion, Ihvoral 4* to the Ame rican claim. Now, nut to urge against th* rrdllo* map, that, as waa vigorously argued by lam) Brougham, It »aa at varlauce with the express words of the treaty, there were, accord ing to Mr. liallatiu, the commlauoner for preparing the claim of the 1'oiled States, to be submitted to the arbiter in 18117. at least twelve maps, published in Loudon, ill the course of two yean after the signature of the provisional arrives iu 179t, *11 of which give the boundary line pre cisely a* claimed by the United States; aud no map wa* published lu laindou, favoring the British claim, till the. third year. The earliest of the map* were prepared to il lustrate the debates in I'arlismeut ou the treaty; or to il lusirale the treaty iu anticipation of the debate. None of the s|H>akers on either side iulimated that these maps are inaccurate, though some of the opposition speakers at tacked the treaty aa giviug a disadvantageous bouudary. One of these map*, that of Faden, the royal geographer, was staled on the face of It lobe "drawn according to the treaty." Mr. Sparks Is of opinion (bat Mr. Oswald, the British envoy hy whom the treaty was negotiate I, aud who was in London wheu the earliest of the maps were en graved, was consulted hy the map-iuakers ou the subject of the Itouudary. At any rate, had they Ivcen inaccurate iu thi* respect, either Mr. Oswald, or the minister, “who was vehemently assailed ou account of the large endows sion of the boundaries," would have exposed the etror. Itut neither Mr. Oswald nor by any of the ministers was any comttlaiul made of the iuaccurncy of the ina|M One of these m»|«a was that contained in /lew’s Politi cal Magazine, a respectable journal, for which il w a* pre pared, to illustrate the debate ou the provisional artioles of 1781. It happened that Lord Ashburton was ealling ■i|H>n me, about the time of tlio debate in the House of Common* on the merit* of the Treaty, on the gist March, 1*4*. On my expressing to him the opinion, with tlie freedom warranted by our iutiniuto Inetolly relations, that Ills (lovernineiit ought to be much obliged to him, for obtaining so much of a territory, of w hicli I consci entiously lielievcd the whole belonged to us, " What," asked be, " have you to oppose to the redliue map?" 1 replied that, in additiou lo the other ohjectiou* already mentioned, I considered it to lie outweighed by the nu merous other maps which were published at lajiidon at the lime, some of them to illustrate the treaty ; and, aiiioug them, 1 added, "the map iu the volume ahicb happens to lie on my table at this moment," which was the volume of " Bew’s I’olilical Magw/ine," to wliieli I called his attention. He told me that he was scvpiaiuted with that map, and desired that I would lend him the volume to show Sir Kobvrt IVcl. This I did, wild iu his reply to laird 1‘aliuertitou, in the House of Commons, Sir Robert I’eel, holding this volume of iniue in his ban.I, referred lo the map contained iu it, aud "which follows," said lie " exactly the American line," ixs an ulfsel to the red-line map, ol which growl n*e had been made by the op|vositivin in Kngland, lor the purpose of showing that Lord Ashburton had been overreached by Mr Webster. In the course of his *|ieecli, he deleudcd Mr. Wehsier in the handsomest manner, from the charges brought against him in reference to this map, by the op|M»it?ou press, and said that in hi* judgment " the reflection* ca-t u|hmi that most worthy and honorable man arc unjust." Nor was this all. The more clfcctually to remove the imprest on attempted to be raised, in coii*c<|iicucc of the red-line map, that Lord Ashburton had Ih-cii overreached. Sir Robert I’ecl staled—aml tkr iliir/ularr wni* mw f\,r tkr jtrnt Hint tmnlr—that there wo* iti the library' ol King tieorge the Third |wliicli had been given lo the British Museum bv tieorge the Fourth) a copy of Mitch ell’s Hap. in which the boundary a* delineated "follows exactly the line claimed by the United Stales.” tin lour places ii|mui this line are w ritten the words, in a strong, lw>ld hand, "The boundary as described by Mr. Oswald." There is documentary proof that Mr. Oswald sent the map used by him, iu negotiating the treaty, to King tieorge tlio Third, for his information; and Lord Brough am staled iu IiU place, in the House of l’ecrs, that the wonLs, four times repeated, iu dilferviil part* ol the line, were, iu his opinion, written lie the King himself! Hav ing iistonetl, ami ol course with the deepest interest, to the debate in the House of Commons, I sought the earli est op|M>rluuitjr of inspecting the map, which was readily granted to me by Lord Aberdeen. The boundary is marked, in the most distinct and skilful manner, from the St. Croix ail round to tlie St. Mary's and ia precisely that which has been always claimed l>v us. There is ev ery reason to believe that this is the identical copy of Mitchell’s map officially used by the negotiators and sent by Mr. Oswald, as we learn from Ur. Kratikliu, lo Eng land. Sir Robert Reel intormed me that it was unknown to him till after the treaty, and laird Aberdeen and Lord Ashburton gave mo tlio same assurance. It was well known, however, to the agent employed under Isud Melbourne's administration iu maintaining the llritish claim, and who was foremost in vilifying Mr. \Vrh«rr for coueealing the red-line map! * 1 had intended to say a few words ou Mr. Wclister's transcendent ability an a public speaker on the great na lioual aunivetaarieo, and the patriotic celebrations of the country. Hut it would bo impossible, within the limits of a lew paragraphs, to do any kind of justice lo such efforts ns the discourse on the ti'Jd December, at Ply mouth; the Speeches on laying the eerner-stoue and the completion of the Hunker Hill Monument; the eulogy ou Adams and Jefferson; the character ol Washington;' the discourse on laying the lovndatiou of the extension ol the Capitol. What gravity and significance iu the topics, what richness of illustration, w hat soundness of princi ple, what elevation of seiiliiucuC, what fervor iu the pat riotic appeals, what purity, rigor aud clearueso, iu the stylet With reference to the first-named of these admirable discourses, the elder President Adams declared that "Burke is no longer entitled to the praise—the most con summate orator of modern times,'’ and it will, I think be admitted by any one who shall aitontively study them, that if Mr. Webster, with nil his powers aud all his at’ taiumeut.s, bad done uothing else hut enrich the litera ture oftho country with these perlormauce* he would be allowed to have lived uot unworthily, nor iu vain. When wo consider that they were produced under the severe pressure of professional and ollicial engagement*, nu merous and arduous enough to «a*k even his intellect, we arc lost iu admiration of the aliliiciice of hi* lueuui resources. In all the speeches, arguments, discourses, nml composi tions of every kind proceeding from Mr. Webster’s lips or pen, there were certain general characteristic* which 1 am unwilling to dismiss without n passing allusion. Each, of course, had ita peculiar mei its, aoconling to the nature ami importance of the subject, and the degree of |iuiu* bestowed by Mt. Webster on the discussion ; hut I find some general qualities pervading them all. Une of (hem is the extreme sobriety of the tone, the pervading com mon. sense, the entire absence of that extravagance and iM-cr-stateuirnt, which are so apt to creep into political harangues, and the discourse* on patriotic anniversaries. Hi* positions were takeu strongly, clearly and boldlv, but without wordy amplification or one-nided vehemence.— You feel that your understanding is addressed, ou lielialf of a reasonable proposition, which rests neither on senti mental refinement or rhetorical exaggeration. Tills is tlie case even iu speeches like that ou the fireek Revolu tion, where, iu euh.-titig the aid of classical memories and Christian svmpathics, it was so difficult lo rest within the hounds of moderation. This moderation not only characterized Mr. Webster’* parliamentary efforts, but is equally conspicuous in his discourses on popular and patriotic occasions, which, amidst all the itiducemeiils to barreu declamation, are equally and always marked by the treatment of really important topics, in a manly aud instructive strain of ar gument and reflection. l-*t It not I.* thought, however, that I wouhl represent Mr. Wrh •tee's speeches In Congress or elsewhere as destitute on proper oc casions of the most glowing anpeals to the mors I sentiments, or wanting, when the topic Invites It. In any of Ihe adornments of a magnificent rhetoric. Who that heard It, or has read It, will evrr forget the desolating energy of his denunciation of Ihe African Slave-trade, Iu the discourse at Plymouth, or the apostrophe lo Warren, In the first discourse on Hunker Hill; or that lo the mon omental shall aud Ihe survivors of thv Revolution in the second or the trump" tones of Ihe •|.eech placed In Ihe llpeof John All ams. In the eulogy nit Adams and Jefferson; nr Ihe snhlttue pern ration of the speech on Tool's resolution j or Ihe lyric fire of toe Imagery by which he illustrates the extent of the llriti-h empire; nr the almost super natural terror ol his description of the fore* Of conscience In the argument Iu Knapp'a trial. Then, how bright anil free), the description of Niagara, how beautiful the pi lure of the Morning In hie private correspondence, which, as well as Ids familiar cotirrrsallon. were roll retied by Ihe perpetual plar •if a joyous and fertile Imagination In a word, what tone In all Ihe grand and nt. Itlng mlisle of one language Is there which |s tint heard in some portion of 1,1a tpeeeh., or writings; while rrason, sense find Iruth "impose the basis Hr Ihe strain * l ike the sky above os, It Is sometimes aerefio and cloudless, and peace and love shines oui front Its starry depths. At other time* Ihe eelant stream* ra, in wild fantastic play, emerald, aud pise and ..r tnee and Hr. rr wl.it., ..- .....i...1 V. , ' • canopy at the k- i.ttl., and throw ont IhHr flickering curtains over the heavens an-l Ihe earth; while at other times the mustering t« nt j.est piles his lowering batllemrnta on the sides of (be in.rti,, a tu r.ous st rm wind ra«h*t forth from their biasing loophole* and volt ted thunder* give the signal of the rlem-t to! • ar ! Anoth *r quiMly, wlih h apne-tr* to to* to he very conspicuous In all Mr Webster's speeches. Is the fair no* and raiotor alth which l.e treat* the argument of Id* opponent, and tl.e total shaence ..f otf*i»-lve personality. He wis accustomed, In preparing *o argue a «|U»atl<*n at the bar, or to debate It In U|e M-nste. first to state the opponent's rasa or argurne. t in hit own mind, with as me li fec-e and skill (a* If It w-re his ownfvlrwnf the subject, not deeming It worthy of a statesman .lisrus.lng the great issue, of the piddle wea», to as- ill and prostrate a man of straw, and ml! It a victory over Ids antsgonlsl True to hi* party sum latloi «. there was ihe least possible mingling of the partisan In his parliantcntsry • IT Tts. No one, | think, ever truly «ald of him that h* had cHber misrepresented or failed to grapple fairly with the argument whh h he undertook lo confute. That he po*»e«eed the power of 1 *vect|ve In the highest degree |. well known, from lie- display of It on a few orraalons, when great provocation Justified and required it ; but be hahi'ually alrsfalncd from f.flvuslve personal!!r. regarding If a* an Indication always of a bad temper, and generally of a weak I notice, lastly a Mft ..f judicial dignity in Mr. Webster's inode of treating pnbfl* questions, which maybe as. rib-d to the high degre-fn which be united. In the range of his stmll-s and ihe ha hit* of Ida life, the jurist with Ihe statesman There were orea s« »n-. and these not • few, when, hut far the locality from which he spoke, sou might have been at a !«**■, whether you were listen log to Ihe accomplished Senator tin'oldliig the principles of the Con stitution as a system of Government, or the consummate Jurist ap plying Ita |egi*fallve provisions to the praetical Interests of life — In the hartomuth College ease, and that of Itlhhons and Odg« n, the dr Vness of a professional argument Is forgotten In the breadth ,Ih* r°iwtlf utlonal principle* shown lo lie Involved in the lasne. H Idle In the great apstrhe* on Ihe Interpretation of the t onwtito*|r>n, a aevere Judicial logic darts Its sunbesms Info th* deepest rectses of * arltt n compart of Government, Intended to work out a harmonious adjustment of th# *nf*g..nlst c principle# of Federal and Flats sovereignty. None, I think, but a greet statesman could have performed Mr. Webster’s part before the highest tribunal* of the land; none hut a great lawyer mold have sustained himself a* he did on Ihe floor of th • Senate In fart, he fose lu that el-ration at which the law, lo Ha highest cone, ptlon, and lo its v rsatlls function* a-d agencies, as the great mediator between the fltate and the Individual; Ihe shield by whteti th* we ,kness of the single man I# protected from the violence and rrift of h's fellows, and clothed for the defence of his rights with power of the ma«*; W. let, Watches, felthful guardian, °ver the Hfs and property of the orphan In the cradle, spreads tl.e wgla of the public peace alike over th* crowded street* of gresl el f*es, and the sntHsry pathways of the trlMeraes*. which convey* th* merchant and Ida cargo In *afety to and from Ihe end* of th* earth, prescribe* the gentle humanities of civ flsatlon lo cuntend Ing armies; *||s serene nmidr* *f the clashing Interests of confede rated fit ales, and mould* them *11 Into one grand union. I say Mr WeUter rose to an elevation at whlrh all these attribute* and func tions of universal law-In action altevnatsty everative, fsftslattvs and judicial. In form *ucce*#trely constitution, etata* and decree - are mingled Into one harmonious, proctectlng, strengthening, vitalising, sublime system, brightest Image on earth of that Ineffa hie soverrfgn en.rgy, which, with mingled power,wisdom and lavs, upholds and govern* the oniverss. I*ed equally hy hit professional oecspatlont and Ms political du tie# to make the Const Hot Ion the object of hfs profnandest study ♦dr Robert feel, with reference to the Roe on Oswald’* map, observes "| do not s*y that that was the howndary.ntttmatefy *e| tied hy ihe negotiator* Roeh, however, I* certainly the cage Mr Jay’* cony of MhcheR’# map (whlrh was also discovered after the negotiation «f *bv treaty) eahlhlts a Hit* running down the Rt John’* to Ha mouth. and sailed "Mr. Oswald'* Mae." This I* tb* line which Mr 0. oPrred to tha American negotiator* on the *th of Oelohsr ft tra*, ho^gvtr, not approved by the Rrltish Govern - ■ - i , Wf mddUaMda.h« -ffanldd H. wtth HWlH. IWHH, — » Owe. UM of the Uhloa, bet seen ilMMabn »f thta groat aM tareaai tog family of Mai... ud to that reef'd be -nod-weed M m tbe awat layattMt document tear peuuml by tbe bud of walmplred ■ heed bat tell you that thl* reeereme fur lb* Ooutltotloa “ '*• ««»enaot of unloa between the Mat., waa I ha rrat'al Idea *f I* pwllUcal *y*lru.. whl. h. Iioo.ear, la Ihla. aa la all other re •••••} dmed at a aUe aad aafe balance of oatoeaar nydnluwa He *a»ed, aa mack aa any mu cu p.raUply value g, the Uilerlpte of T* ■•ofgoty. Me looked vaoa tbe argauU.Uou of tboae aepa jf* f^depeodeot repabgra - of different ahea, dltkrenl age* and Mahvrtaa, dMbeeat geographical pnoitloat aa.i to.-at talereeta-aa mruUl.ti.g a security of luapprc, labia valao fur a ala* and bene* cant adtnluUtration uf local affaire, ud the rule. One .1 Individual and local righta. Hal hr regarded a. an approach t. ib. per fee Mon n« poIHlnnl alad uo. Ik. moulding of Umno aep.r.le ud lad. pendent ao. eeetgnlle., with all thel, pride of Individual right and nil Ihrlr ittloosv of In tlvItlMl consequent*. Into m ksnsutlmu whole, lie never Weighed the two i>rto«lpl** against tsch other he held them complement at lo each other, equallv and supreme!* vital and saeentiaL I happened one bright starry night to be walking home with hbu, at a late httwr, from the t'apilol at Wsshlngiun, after a eklrm Whlng defeat*, la whl« h he had hewn speaking, at no great length, bwt with much earnestness and warmth, en the subject of the Own stitutina as forming a untied got «-mm« nt The planet, Juslwr shining with unusual hrllUln. *. a aa In full view. He panmd aa V.a r*Ctnara,.LI*P,l°l 1,1 •• •"** uncouacloweljr puiswlng the train •f which he had b*«n enforcing In th* Meoale, pointed to the planet and s*hl "'Night unto night ahowrth knowleslge,'take •way the Independent force, rmauatlng from the hand of the Hu* ITewse, Which Impels that planet ouward, and It Would plunge In hldesMts ruin from those beautiful skim into the Hun, lake awe* the central altrsctl.bii of the Hun. and the attendant planet w«.ul.| •hoot luadlr from Us sphere, urged and restrained hjr (he balanced foresa. It wheels lu eternal circle through the Imarena " • KiaSl'US** fwr OawgtltwUon led him lo meiUUIe a work In "177" ^**7 s» IwmatUa .ml adoption ahuald be I aced, I'a prio lpbd Uufuld.-d ami captained. It. analogic. .Ilk other goe c.p,naive Alue.a l pram te the pro. » peril/ of the enuntrr for age* yet lo coate a.v |.,»„l .twl main rained. III. IbonghU had I iff'fcwediTSbLsSSl We jecl waa twl ouly Ike uur on ahick be had he.lo.ed Mr amal can, e.l parilaairtiiarT effotlr. but Ir form. <1 the |wutl of re fa tear, of mock of kl> hl.iorical aad ruiareManeoua reading lie .aa .,.,i.,u. lo Warn akallhe <a peri race uf mankind taught mi the .allied of f» fn.'.’T"' ?• ” »»/:Wrc« reormbllng our own. Aa oar father*. 1? r?™?? th*.y?"?*4*r«!>?"v 'kill more tie merubveauflko Uftitmllnn wlUr'h framed the tH>nstttui|*Hi - snd rti.evlsllv ka.h ingtou «t wiled .III. diUgv-nce .he ... yaolutlv n JSlZfVmr compa.1. of go.ernmcnr -iboee uf the Hrike,i,n.la.»f It.lUerl.ml, .Il f ra'TV ' r0 Mr. Web tee direct... a pel at attention to all former Icagu . and coafedorat-lea of muaiero and ancient.late, for Ivosn.ra and analogic* of encouragement and warning u> hla countrymen, lie dwell much on n.c AafkIUmdi league „i ViT^T-' ”f'£* r*“f'M»f»de' to ukleh Ike Iran.era of Ike Con •tllulUm Often- referred, and akl, h I. frequently apoken of aa a epr clra uf federal gov crnmenl. t'uhaf.plly for flreeve. It had little ctalm lo that character rounded ortgtaalle on confraternity ..( rc.lrioua rite*, t. waa eapan.lr.1 l„ ike Ufae uf lime Into a I.-oar political aaaocla.lv,a. eat dca.Uu.c Of all the .power* of in o. ganUed rAHral government On ikl. auklcct Mr. IV. hater found a remark l„ Urate .dilatory of Uterrr." *1,1.1, ..ruck Inn. ». be Mgnlftcance to the people of the Unltr-I Male. - Occaelonally, ev.aOr.tlc, “there aa* a parrlal pretence f.,r .... «fH.n the Amphlktyowlc league be Cle,,u. I onvawaae Wrvr. l e ..//,». but te do.uld completely niMn Mlriore If We regardevl It aa a federal council ha ..l.uaUy direct lag, or habllu.lly obey eel." "An.l ana.” aald Mr » carter, coma a |> i aage, which ought to be aritleu lu Icttcra oi *li Vi'Ye/'/r.-Lr' th' UnplWf aad of crery Mate Lcgtalalare lla.l there eiMlrrl any aoch t ..NPtvvmte ftvaW/.uM of tolerable "t**1?!!1 *nJ P*,.,,", *.DI. *',,J ,’*'1 Icndcnclea of the Hellenic t . V’.'T? ,*,P*.r "f UveauMr.a In H. .U whole court. UacviT irlV1 .7. * ‘u" l,r"fvahlv hare Iran ajlercd .he Macedoafan king, would bate rcn. ,i„,..| only o rca|«-ciat.le nrl h l.or».. or rowing .heir rlelMaallaa f.omO.cc, an.l eartebing their ■ullllare cnerglea t.|w.n Thrnclan. and lllvrlaua; while ui.I.Jd II. I laa nrigh. bare maintained her own Icrri.ucy aralne. IheVonqueelliff legion, of Home -. A .1.. .„J patriot* fclceal g..v cri.mcnt *uc"fcmu- *"•' oc V h' *““••• hare treated If, Ira. IngkbackloU. hU.o.W.1 foaal.ln^ ..,,1 ....ward I. It. pmphv.lo hl^ : K ,l"' ,*W' ™S»"f«a .ink.ace higher an.l richer elen.en.a of • hough., forth. American elate.... Slid I sti|.)t, Ihsiiuny oilier Itol d.*e. il> cuiuieclrd with the spiritu al Urilwrc uf Utwit. * . *’?' r';v U ''.'fcrlal ay .ten. Of the world, ao a, n derful a. thl* raneratiurni of the tVeafern llembnbeea for .... I.. hln.1 .he ndgh.y yell of water, • flow . on/,/ h a 'er-rd lU kral '/"XT'.. V‘‘T M ,b' "a 1,1 "" ,h* "f **" "f-cc.th c.l.lo ry n ha. ... a-l.-nlahlnr aa the occur,ere, within Ir*. than a cen tury, of lh,|n,e„tlon of printing, the dent.it,at ration of the true ay.lcii of the I,carer,., an.l thl. great w..tl.l-,ll.rorere » tthatpo tin atcriou- aa the dla.-.elation of the t.ativ e ulbra of ti.la r.-ntlnrnt front the clyllUahlc racca ofman’ M hat ... remarkable, In ,H,t|„ cal hUtory, aa the opct.Uv.u of the lotlurn. .. now In rnnltlct now n harmony. nmlcr which the varloua t,allot,a of the Old World aent * n^rior.o C.7.? -ra raK :r; S'* • . ... tllcntly a,cat O -UK no r' ,hr "f n»c century .warming In the neat with m lllona; aacrndlng the at ream*, .roaring the mountain. ^dt’l*^".*," M* J ,',‘l!l*r‘l *1"* with rirai .ettlrmenl. offotelpn I'-werp l.ul ercr onward, onwarvl? What »o proplllnua aa thl. long rulntiial training in the arW.I ot chartered t.uycrnmcni, an.l then, when tlu-lullnca* of time ha.l i--.ur *hat separation — mmHally beneflcal In Ita final result' P, b“h\»IdW the dread appeal to anua. that vr,.cable Continental Conners, the auguat Deelarallon, the strange alllanea of fh-oldest n.oiael.y of furope with Ihe Infanl Penn site* And, Uslly, what aa worthy the admiration of men and an*. '* aa the appearance of him the eanect -d. h m the hero, raised up to conduct thr momentous con flirt to its auspicious Issue In the Confederation, Ihe Union th. Constitution! ' _!’ ,hta » theme not unworthy ofthe pen and Ihe mind of Webster' Then consider thr growth of the country .thus politically ushered Into existence and organised under that cun.'Hull n.aa delineated III his address on llir laying Ore Cornerstone ofthe extension of the Capitol —Ihe thirteen colonies that armmpllahcd the Revolution multiplied lo thirty two independent Males, a single one of them exceeding In imputation ti e old thirteen; the narrow border of settlement along Ihe roast, fenced In l>y Prenrh ami the native tribe*. expanded lo ihe dimensions Of the .oMInenl; l-nul.ana, Helds, Texas, New t exlc. California, ,w,g,.-territories e.p,»| t„ thr Brr„ mouar oi". nf JnT7« ?' I' , ' 1 """■ *n*1 •«" millions of pop Illation nhlrh flred the Imagination of llurkr. -welled lo Iwvnlx four minion-, .luring the life.!,,.. Mr. Webster. .nd In term * hlcli have since . tap-, d, I ner eased lo thirty I Mil*, these atiifo ndous results In Ills own time as the null of calculation beholding und.r Providence «ith each lie.adeof sit iw * mT I ,1"l’,e, million, strong, (migrants In port fr-m the OldWortd. Im msll.lv too . of our bone, aud flesh of nor Aral he chi dr-u of the aot . growing up to Inl.ahit the waste place, o} the conilnrat. to inherit aud transmit the r ghlaandhleastngi which ** ',''d ,Y’,.’,.-T Y.U"''' i •‘•cognising in Ihe Conatliutk.u aud iti Ih*' ruit*n ralaliltalirtl by It thr creative inliornrr yhU'h a* f.»r a» baiaau afrnclei #o. box wrought th«s* a lrorlra of growth ;»n.l proprrw. •nrtwhlrh mr»i» up In xarreil reserve the axpanaive enenry. with whlrh Itie work U In h. car.id ...» .mi j.rrfr. td, he lookd *»r» »H with patriotic aapirltioa |i> the time when, beneath lit the wmoIc wraith of our r|vll!x%)i«m wmiM !*♦ |>ciue«l out nut only to All up the broad li»l* i»tU-e» of ••tilmirui, If I »»»•* *3 exprcM mjftclf, in the oM thirteen ami their young amt Ihikvinr •Utrr .'Mai*-a. alrrx'ljr orKx»Ue.l in the W«»t. but, in U. tjtuc. to to ua.l a humlr it nr* repuhlu * in th* vaUew ofthe Mi«*onil ami beyond the Rocky Mountain*. tIUour letter* and our an* our wU.Uandoxrrhurchn, our law* and our liberties xhallbe’cr. ried from the arctic circle to the tr- pU * . “ from the rt»lnr of tl,e bum till the itoing down thrreoff 1 Tlda prophvvlc glance, not u>rnly at the Impending hnt Ihe dis **nt Inlure -this rell.ue. un the fuldlliiienl of Ike great design- ..f Providence, lllu.tr,.. d through our .hole (TteythSL^ the people of Ihiscour.try th- accumulated Messing* of a'l former stage* of hu.nan prog,ess, made him more ttdrran* of Ihe latdy and Irregular adrane,* aud temporary nanderings from the pain of » hat he deemed a nise and sound poller, than those fervid apt ritg. who dwell exclusively In the present, anj make less allowance for the gradual operation nf moral luRue,ices Ihla sraa the case in rrlrrrlics to the great sectional controversy, whlrh now so alia, pte divide* and *«. y|,.lrntly agitates the country. He not on ly confidently anticipated what Ih- lap.. seven years since his decease lias oxnrr,. d and la witnvxs.ng, that Ihe newly organised Territories of ih Union woul.l grow up into free nta.es, but, in common with all or nearly all the stales,nen nf the Iss, general on he helelved that free labor would uhimalely prevailVhroughout Ihe country He thought he saw lhat, in the oprr illon of thrsamr caus. s which haw produced llua r.suli in the Middle and gaairrn Malra.it wa- visibly faking plaer in Ihe Mates north of Ihe enttnn *r..a mg regi. n; and he nrlinrd lo the opinion that il.err also, on ,lcr flic iiiil-o ore ot pnisi -al and nnuomlcsl r.(uses, fir, labor would • vnlually he I,.und must productive, at,, would therefore be uit m-ilely I'-r these ress-ms, hearing in mind, nhat all admit, lhat the com plcit* Miiihuii of the mighty prohlrut vtiirh uow oo KrvBilr !a«k« the pruilt ncr ami patriotism of 1b« w an«lb«wt In the land l« • * V .ml ll. del* tfatnl |K.»r » of the U«nrral (iovrrntiirnt . that It <irp«lMl9, »<1 farMlht % are c■ •ncerned, on their indrprmlmt W ration, and that!* i., of all<th*i«. a aahjrwi in refarmre to widcii public opliil.il> xn>I public teiilum-nt will lOfi.i powr full* In flaancy thr Uw . ll,w« much. In the «.%,*«■ of tlmr. without law. i« Ilk. ly to h#- hrnuffht about h* <le«*re«, and gratia .||> .lone and per*, mltt-d, a» in M.-ourl, at thr p.r-.r.t day, nhllr nothin* la to t* lt«»p<*t| fro** external luterirt *-me, whrihrr of caborti*Ion or re h -hr ; that in all human affair* controlled by self governing com mutinies, extreme opiuien* and extreme course*, on the one hand, generally lead lo extreme op.nlou* In I extreme courses on the other and lhat nothing wil inure ennirll.ute to the earllr.l pracl cable relief of Ihr c.-untry from thismoM i-toUth source of conflict and estrangement than to prevrm Ita bring Inlroducrd into our party organisations, be deprecated lie bring aboard to r,nd a place among Ihe fad Ural U«ur> of the day, .North or flouth, and seeking a platform on whirl, honest arid patriotic nu n n ight 11,01 and stand, hr thought he had found It where our fsUiers did. In thr Con stitution. ll Is ,rue that. In Interpreting the fundamental law, ,.n this suh |ect, a divers ty of opinion hrtwren fhe two sections of the Union presents Itself. Thia ha* erer hern the rase, first or last In rela lion to every greal .|ae*tior> which has divided the country, ll Is the unfailing iiuidrld of constitutions, wrlllru nr unwritten; an evil t« hr dealt with In g od faith, hy prudent and ■ nltghlc'nrd m-n. In both sections of the Union, seeking. •• tv.shlngton sought, the public good, and giving -spread, n to Ihe patriotic common •fftit Of III# pfiipir Much, I hare reason to believe were the principles entertained hy Mr Wef-ater; not certainly those heat calculated to win a tem porary popularity in any part ol the I'nion, In times r f passionate section >1 saltation, uhl.h, between the ratrrmr* of opinion, haves m. middle ground for modrrat- counsel* llany one could have trodden S«rh ground with sneers*, he would seen, In have been qualified to do It, by l.ls Iran*-elide,It talent. Ids mature asperi em e. his approved temper and raininess and hla tried patriotism. II l.e failed nf finding such a pith fur himself nr Ihe country,— oldie we thotlghlfdlly await whai time and an all-wl*e Providence has In alnre fur ourselves aud our children, let ua remember lhal Ida attempt wa. the high, st and Ihe pore.t, which ran engage ihe thoughts of a Male emit an I a IMlfhd. Prace on Karth, good alii toward men. harmony „nd brotherly lore among the . hlhlren of nur ruintnoii country And, O, my friend*. If among those, who,.Illf ring from him on this or any other sulgrct, hare yet. with generous li.rgrlfuh.rss of lhal whl-1, •• tr,rated yon, anil kindly r, In. tnhranee of all lhat you lo-ld In eomamn. conn- up thia .lay in do honor lo Ins memory. Ha re are any a In. .oppose that hr -To ,1.1—1 Iras tenderly Ilian ynurwlrr* the great Men- of Idbrrty. Ilumunlly, and llndln rlusodlhal, h, eattse In- was tsitliful lo llo- .lulh-s whl. h In- Internd fro,,, Ihe Can ,tIIillla„ ai d the las, lo which lie looked lor the gnvrminrul of «*'»•> M- l-'T. lie »II I- •* -1 sllel II,xo y-mrodrrs lo lie broader re lit ion* ami d—per syillliillllle- Whl h UllItr US ll. our fellow creature. “ ,,r' u,r' " 0|’* 1 ■ ml • iMMimi of one l|t«|Vriil)r hllirr, fir here IIV. pill (In hit Hifiiiiirjr n ifrlri nu« wryuf. Tl.l* I. not I lie wra.l.. dwelt upon ll.r p-rmnal rhararter of Mr. w tinier, or Urn faarli.aluui of hi- I,| Inter. rharm nf ht. domed Ic life. thermfiling I r.mkl have eakl nn lib minpnnkmah'r dt-portllou ami habit . M« geulil temper, ihe re rmtrre. and attr wll.-o. nf hi- cnin r-allnu. Id- lore of nature, alike In tier wild and imrnlllraled a*|»-.t-, and hi- keen p.„, mU of Ihe hraullr-, of llil« fair World In whleh wt lire; amotthllil of Ida dr*... Ikm lo agricultural pnr-Mlf, Whl-1 . l,. « l„ l,|. ,,h-..l„n»l and m.hlle dull*., for mad the mrnpatlnn .,| hi. Ilf,, ..n.irihlng of 1.1. fon.lne«a for athlellr ami manly .,..,1. and r.er, Ian; feme thing ..f I... frirnd-hlna, and nf lib allaehiornl- warmer than frtrodehlp-,— lm "on, Ihe brother, the hurbaml, a. .1 il.e fallow; munching of the )nf» uni *nrfnff nf |*l« Imnm, of the •Irrnfll, of lil« rfHtftmoi r .nab-lbd,., Ida le-llnea.y t.. Ihe |„H|, ,.f ihe Chrl.ilan K. relaiho. «• hndeme.a ami uhllndiy ..film parting a. ene Purnell,lug on there l .pi - I have .1-. win re raid, and m .y . -,t I,, r. „ .. ,i other thing., n.y friend., will. y«.,r In.lolg. me. I would «a» Ihnngal.. no n,.wk -. whirh er.na.1 I'f—.n me, loo wlwM l„ hr reprewod! Inn fM-rtuj.J *ln*»*1 lo l» n*frr«.| 1 On Ihe lilh of .Inly I-ml. a young man from Jfrw Hamp-hlre ar rlv.af In Ik,-Ion, all but pennlband all toil friend hu II. ... Iw.nly two yeara of age, and had route lo late the r.i.l -lem. lo ihe ea.rr r Of Ilf. at He eapHal of Tew Rngtand n'7 d.,.Tn! , r.rh.g In Hmfion he |.r .. W It hold klln. „| raenwwwen dafk.o, lo Mr. Chrt-iwph-r flora, then Jqg relumml front Rngln.d after an oOrtal reakl-m e of am yea, a.I r-l.m-l a ptorr In hi. JuT, .i!, **"* Weld lo pronounce hi. n.n.e, .Mrhhrd'.l o It.dl.l,lolly ar nol loin heard ||,. .Vml.r figure ■'.Iking rwmfwnai.ee, large .lark e)e a,„| „.a.-y l,r..w Id- general' »|.|m.,a e Imlteatlng a .11 ale ..,g ,„b .11.,c!T7i7ge and model demeanor, .rre-i.-l nun,Hon and In-plrrd rwifldrnrv IIU litiinUr diiil ■ ** ifrMttf# il, b- «■« rmlrH In II.. i.fArr, Mf.<f |,A«f tteirnler' III-, ll.r l.r.dlmr oiler In year-, hid Inter In e.drlnw life- (for wham- e.|.e alhm Ifai.H, whit learher nf H.e gea.lemr a* rryetm.gl. l.ad d r udg. d nil mMnlght In ihe otter nf Ih. llegho/r „f lleeol-), at Ilia* lino- langhl a mall -hm.l ,u Hhorl Creel mow kn,«. Won -IreeflH, Ik,.1.0,. and Whk. lo attend.nee .Tllie run,. I nfe.t- ene ,,l at liar wealth. If, |w|,-o ireelye hi. ,1, g.e. It.,,LI ,,, Ideal Id. id.ea Al that ml„«d, at Ho- age ,d i,„, \ w«. ilo-n a p!, |.ll. and Ihera moa ert a Irk nd-l.lp whk h laa«rd wdloo.1 ier.77 rnpflon or ehltl, »Mh hi-Ilf, laded, of whU. whC’^kTuit^X gr.lefol ,.o...|k. Hon Will n,.,e, nerM, p„ow'fl.a, ..TiZ.,!,, knew I honored, llo,ml Mm I raw b|„, „ M and on .|| wren dote, (nflw "l” ’ triumph In ihe miln.ary of ihe ... ■i’L.'Ta unr"*: r"*» Infer, hwnge of purwenal, m.flitrnre . Ill iH-nldt MM ft* |n •a.rrow »n«| in w.* „ Mrt. 1,.-.,..' '-t- '» - "I*"--. -M It. .fle, life zJSZzyiXTS! |ei'-lk- earner | ... him ,.u .a.w.lemr ll.al •how llo- manly dr„ „h, and. whaf I. heffee. Ihe manly wrakt.ena of Ihe human head. ami I dmla.e Ihb day. In Ihe prewar, ..r lira re,, aod of men, ll.al I new. r heard from him Ihe etpreaekm of a wlah nnlwemnlng a go al el,tarn and a patriot Ihe idleraliea of a word nnwonhy of a gentleman and a (lirbflan, that I narer knew « morr frnrrmj* •pint, • «ifrr Mlrbrr, ■ wanv*>r frWtKl. Dn jon m+ If h« I hman u. »nmr of thf f««||« nf % Inftf • (mill i^mpnattirnt «n>1 • *•'* ft+f\rtnnm f »l«rr ; h< HmI huh* n| IH# fmlti of •' *r<, ▼r«n*a tn<1 n«t«r#. I»r h.ri r«,,»r|»||» th# Infirmity of a nohl. mind." and ha.l no dowhf ralaed an aanlrlT. •yr lo Ihe hlgheel ohjee, of pedllleal ambition, pot ha did Hln ,h! honeai pride of a rapacity ewnal in the rtailnn, and wtih a mo Mlonaneat that hr ahnold relfeel bark Ihe honor whleh It eonfCered He might aay with Pn-ke, that *’he had no art. but hnm-at art. -• and If he wmftil the hlgheat honor, of Ih. filale, ho did It ht lVa... e.odeoM.hrnt.I.hwrlo'm -rrrlrr, and patrh.llr drrotlon ft wu not ytraa to him, any more than lo Ihe othar mrmher. -i 'he great Irlmnalr.ta with whom hta name b hahltna'li .moei.,'a lo attain lh« ohjaet of thalr ambition , but poalarliy wllldr..h!i Inatlea, and begin, already lo dtaaharga Ihi debt if impart *Orota'a Hbtnry of Araara. Tot. ft a Mfi aoaa> M-u,