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Richmond daily Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1842-1861, January 21, 1860, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024656/1860-01-21/ed-1/seq-2/

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Wroamn.4 nnUrUxk* to rrtirm r(i»PI , .■mmnmtv.Uiom
While aud Black »lav*ry~F»i»l»utter©p> that
Keen Afar Oil.
Since I be arrival of that ruuawav negro, Fred Doug
las in England, Exeter Hall h» become as lirely a«
viv decaying carets* in which the last eneniit - of the
tie arc doing their loath *me work. A New York
paper collate.-,ii om English journals,speeches, resolution*,
manifestoes and other public proceeding* leveled at the
institulions of on; Sou.hern States, it the pollution which
attaches to owr churches, the barbarism that marks our
societr, the misery that weighs down the negro race,
and other frightful chimeras thit horrify the min is and
shock the «en abilities of fools and fanatics, on the other
ship of the Atlantic, not le-xs than those of the same cla
on this side. Creatures ol thi* character seem to be al
most vs abundant and quite as incorrigible in Old as in
Ne* England. We propose, therefore, to inquire whether
iu the case of English, as in that of Yankee philautbro
phist* and humanitarians, there are not more titling sub
tects for the exercise of sympathy aud the practice ol
chatitv among themselves than abroad—and whether if
thei would cast the beam out <-gpheir own eye- they
might not see more clearly how to aid in getting the mote
out of others' eyes.
W . -rn hktory is full of the rages, manias, fanaticisms,
or whatever is the best expression tor those delusions
of u, inkii'ii, which seiz.- on communities and excite them
to an irrational pursuit of what they esteem a good, or a
rabid rage against what they regard an eviL The vio
lent ebullitions of those passions which men clothe, in
their fancies, with the sanctities of religion, darken most
frequently the antials of our race; but there are other
delusions which pervade uations, and are pursued wit
.such activity, and follow each other so continuously,
that it would seem that the useful labors of mankind are
as necessarily attended with some destruetive folly, as
the b, autiful productions of animal aud vegetable life
are by their deleterious parasites.
The hading delusion in which many crazy men and
women are now actually iuvolved, and many cuunit c
Ones pretend to be involved, and for whose selfish pur
poses would have 'the world involved, is, that there
is a higher law than has ever vet been established by na
tions, or sanctioned bv those codes which the various
age- aud race- of mankind have believed to be divine.—
A better tlod than the Creator of the Heavens atW the
Earth, and a better Bible than has beeu delivered to us
® “ by his holr prophets, who have l>eea since the world
. . _*•_i .u- __— v—-■ i.
the saint* of Exeter H tU, an 1 the pulpits of New Eng
land. The great offence that Hod has given to this po.
tiou of his creatures, who claim to be so much better
than He, an I whose word they assert to be so much bet
ter than H - word, is, that he ha- sanctioned involuntary
eervitmle. It cannot be supposed that the-e sell-idola
ter*. tfor iha’ they are obliged to be, when they claim
for their own inspirations supremacy above everything
here of..ie taught to manki 1.1 will linen to anything so
humble as the teachings of experience, or estimate the
value of anything by the vulgar test of experiment.—
These remarks are not intended for nor adap'ed to their
transcendentalism, but only for those who condescend to
receive in-truetkm through th- methods which have
heretofore been resorted to by mankind.
Domestic Servitude in some of its varieties has ever
existed in all aalious, which have made any progress in
civilisation Indeed, it is inseparable from civilisation,
for the cultivators of the arts and sciences, of philosophy,
poetry and the elegaucies of life, would have no time lor
their pursuits if occupied with the many menial services of
society. There must be a division of labor to insure
■inch progre^t in anv pursuit, and society, like exert
thing else in nature, is complicated in ita structuie it*
proportion to its advance in excellence.
The earliest and mo*t universal form of domestic ser
vitude "as slavery, such as always existed throughout
A*iv and Africa, and in the cta**:c age* ot Europe, ami
flourished in modern Euro|>e, in the shape of that thral
dom, of which Hurtb, the horn thrall of Oedric the Sax
on, mx* a specimen, and of '.hi* serfage, once common in
England, and -till prevailing in Russia. As England be
. line more populous, her *erts were emancipated, us
doubtless they will be in Russia, when her waste- ar.
better peopled, and bv similar influence-, vir the desire
of the sovereign to break down the barons, and the eco
nomical coi'-iderations, which, in such crowded com
munities and rigoro s climates, teach the master* that
the labor of the working portion ot their servants, doe
re. t indemnity them I >r ttie nec- -*ity of supporting those
who have passed or mxt reached the working age. The
true emancipation, therefore, is not that of the s. rvan:s
irom bondage, but ot the n isters from pecuniary loss.—
# t - w is the c**e iu New England, has been fully
ehewn i*. »h*- admirable discourse lately delivered before
the Central Agricultural Society, of Virginia, by Mr
Stuart, and is in harmony with the general rule, that it i>
the interest, real or'sttppo-ed of the masters and not of
the -laves, which leads to the uomini! I for in most case*
it is but nominal,) emancipation of the latter. To prove
tbin. it is only necessary to examine the condition U
those, xvbo are subjected to the volantarv servitude es
ixblishedii Y gland. amt wnicn » quire i- nxeu *u in
stitution of that country a* involuntary servitude is of
Virginia.
We naturally turn to rustic servitude as least oppre
»ive, and, instructed bv the poets of England, we paint
iu charming color* the lde ol h r dairy maids. Accord
,ug to the last English cetwus, their uumber reaches
t'.t ..i. and the Etnudurgh Kev.ew for last April, trom
which »• get that fact, in an article entitled 'Fim tit
i adds -On A dairy farm the whole set ot la
•'hor* h»* to he goue'through twice a day nearly the
•• whole vear ronud. and any of our readers who have
'* wen the vessel* on a Choahire farm, the width of the
*• tub*, the capacity of the ladles, the strength of the
“ pre M-s aud the -ire of the cheeses, will feel uo sur
••pr.se at beatiug from the doc tors that dairy-women
** constitute a special class ot paueuu, lor maladies
** ari-ing Irom over fatigue and insufficient rest.
*• T e professional dairy woman can do nothing else.
•• she has been almut the cows ever since she was tall
“enough to learn to milk, and her days are so filled
•« up that it is all she can do to keep her clothes in de
“ cent order. She drops asleep over the last stage ot her
« wort; mnd grows up ignorant of all other knowledge,
“ and unskilled m aU other arts." \ et by this hard aud
incessant labor of the fit.UOU vicUins of this voluntary
servitude, the review, r avers, that "scarcely any can *ft
“cii e a provision tor the time* when they . an uo longer
«Jean over the cheese tub, or churn, or carry heavy
“ weight*.
A much larger class of servant* than these rural ones,
*, ,1 even more miserable are “the maid* of all work."—
Tliee amount in Great Britain (exclusive of lrelaudt to
' upwards of Of these, the same reviewer says,
“a very iarge proportion uever marry." And add*—"As
“for the Other question how they are supported when
“V-ast wo-k. there may be several answer*, none of which
“are rerv peering. t*ur readers must be aware that liiia
•V one of the point* ou which wc have found it nece**
“ry to consult the female members of the family council
‘ They and the clergyman aud the pi.J*»cian can, among
• th m, afford some degree of satisfaction, though ol a
“dismal quality. The physician say*, that ou the leaiale
• - Je »f the lunatic asvlum*. the largest claas, but one,of
“the insane, are maid* of all work, (the other being gov
• emesses. i The cause* are obvious want of sufficient
“*l<*ep trom Ule andearlv hours, unremitting fatigue and
“hurrv.and eveu worse than these.anxiety about the future
• from the smallness of their wages. The general -ervaul
“as (he maid of all work i» now genteely called, is noto
“r.oualv unfit for higher situation*, from her inability to
“do anything well She ha* to do everything ‘somehow,’
“and, therefore cannot be expected to excel in anythin?.
“at the tame time her w.gr* are low, because it ia uu
“derwtood that a servant ot high qualtiouion. in any de
“poruorot, would not be a maid of all work. Thu* she
“ha- no prospect but of toiUng on till she drop*, having
• from that moment no other prospect than the work
•'house With tlu* thought chafing at her heart, aud her
“brain i out used bv ruaug at five aud going to bed at »n
•-hour or tw* after mi drug til, the may easily pass law ihe
“a**!uwi some year* before *ne need other«i*e have en
tered tie vorxboua*." WfiU way tb* reviewer add.u our
readers will exclaim, “This •* Horrible !" ^ e* *l ^ n0*
the worst, tor the same authority informs M 'hat “thous
ands ot needle wouit-11 are starving iu London,” aud that
such ia the eagerness of the men to keep the monopoly of
the labor that has been usually allotted to them, that 'its
“immediate effect ia to pauperize a large number ol wo
j “men who are willing to work for their bread and toeon
' “dernn to perdition many more, who have no choice lett
! '“hut between starvation and vice." It wiU hardly be
j credited, (adds the reviewer, in reference to the women
who are largely engaged in painting porcelain iu the pot
I tenes of Staffordshire, an art which peculiarly suits them)
“but we can vouch for the fact, that such is the jealousy
| “of the men, that they compel the women to /mint with
j ' jnit a rest for the band, and the masters arc obliged, by
1 “their own workmen, to sanction this absurd act of in
| “justice.”
No one can imagine that the system of servitude
which prevails in England ia tleillnpljs submitted tobv
* its victim*. They have to choose between that and star
' vation, and the latter is the readiest means of subduing
; the most savage animals. Adding to these two classes of
■ servants that of the char-women, who number 54,000,
who e lives are as miserable as those of the dairy
i maids’ and maids of all rank, and we have a total of up
wards of half a million of girls and women, who are
subjected, in England and Scotland, to the ftightful exis
1 teuce, which we have not ventured to describe, except in
J the words of one of the most respectable and popular of
| the periodicals of those countries. Nor are the other
half a million of-the domestic servants of Great Britain
muc’t better off thau the half million of drudges beneath
them. The same review says that “with everv advan
I “tage of good health and quality, and consequent contiu
1 “nous service, and with all the aids ol economy, it it*
“apparently impossible for domestic servants to secure
I “for their latter days ativ thing like the comforts they
j “have been accustomed to, from their youth upwards.—
The clergymen cau tell how shockingly thankful they of
i -‘ten are, in the cold aud bitter season, which closes their
lives.for the bounty w hich passe* through his hands. Our
•wives -.at thav encounter old servants iu every alms-house
| -‘they visit. Too ofteu we find that the most imbecile
“old nurse, the most iufirm char-womau are the wrecks
•and ruins of the ros v cooks and tidy house-maids of the
• last generation. This ought uot to be. We are not
alone in the wonder we have felt all our lives at the ex
ceeJinjfht low rate at which we obtain such a benefit as
“having the business of life done for us. This last sen
tence, (iu which the italics are ours) shows how very ben
ch, id, in a pecuniary point of view, the system of volun
tary labor is to the masters ; and the whole article, to the
sttenlive perusal of which we would commend the read
er, proves how miserably that system of servitude ope
rates on the servants, ami, iu a moral at.d social point of
view, in th* whole community. It presents a truthful,
though hurried, view ol the most paiuful phase of mod
eru civilization, and one, which, iu the scale of humanity,
.till hold in equipoise its highest blessings. Niggardliness
where liberalitv is beat deserved, harshness where kind
ness is most justly due, cruelty, where pity Is most touch- j
ingly invoked, it jury, where assistance is most sacredly
demanded; these are the horrid exhibitions made all
around Exeter Hall, by m isters turning out of doors ser
vants who had toiled for them until they could toil no
longer, aud the female portion of them, resisted by or
ganize .1 bands of men, in their efforts to escape starva- j
ion, and distractedly driven uuder its pressure to the
stews, the alms-houses, or the lunatic asylums. These
spectacles are too painful to dwell upon, and are doubt
less turned away from by the humanitarians among w hom
they exist, who yet console themselves lor sufferings they
do not feel, by reflections on the benefit to their purses
from the supply of labor being greater thau the demand
for it. Yet, to truly benevolent minds it must be shock
ing to reilcct on the misery and degradation of a million
of women, by whom "the business of living is done" for
the community, and upon the much greater degradation
of those by whom they are subjected to this fate. Only
think of the minuteness to which their persecutions are
cirtied: Tuey shall not rest their wasted wrists while toil
ing with the paint-brush to earu their bread! There is not a
uegro on a plantation i:i North America w ho l< so de-titute
of gallantry and degraded from manhood, as not to make
it a point of houor a> well as pleasure to let the women
■elect the lightest part of the work. Yet we must not be
too hast' iu execrat^;^>reven in condemning these male
victims of servitude. The' have or may have
mothers, fa!hers, wive- or children to support, and iu the
tierce struggles for bread which curse their couutrv, the
question is who shall starve; and he must be excused who
makes any honest effort to save from that fate his pale
cheecked wife and '.\ig baby at her breast: but he is in
-a e who would choose to involve the laborers of his
couutrv in a system, the natural, taud it would seem
from its working* thus far in the world.) the ueoe-sa
rv consequences of w hich are those horrid results. It
muv lie -aid in mitigation of this state of things that the
million of domestics subjected to the miseries above des
cribed do not compose more than a twenty-filth part of the
population of t ircat llntaiu, aud that it is too much to ex -
•sect that the prosperity and pleasure of the twenty-four
parts should be sacrificed in any degree to the benefit of
this one. But this is only another and more insidious,
and therefore more dangerous form of the old claim of
•he strong to oppress the weak, which has been used
io ustifv all the atrocities of mankind, from the gladiato
I rial e iibition« of old Rome to the burui ig of heretics in
the modern city. Bat the truth is that the calamities
w .eh attach to the unmixed system of voluntary servi
tude an* not confin- f to that class which are more pro
perly domestic servants, but exten 1 more or lews to all
| operatives This fact i amply illustrated in the last Octo
i her uuraber of the Loudou Quarterly Review, a journal
• w ich rivals the Edinburg in popularity and authority,
u,d stands -idebv aide w ith that at the bead of the peri
1 odic.il liitraiure of the world.
We have not the space to give these extracts or con
i i,uc thi- subject in the pre-etit issue, but will do so iu a
-m ceedmg number.
Paittilui to Tbelrllnn.
The Loui-ville Journal pertinently and forcibly remarks
tli ' the people of the south, if they look at the past po
1 cal bi-torv of the country, will liud that the Democrat
i • party have always supported Northern candidates,
w ,eu it s:lengthened their chances for victory, and op
] posed Southern men, who could not be brought to
i » Jure their peculiar political doctrines. Thus, Martin
• \ an Buren, a Northern man, who had supported negro
- tfrage iu New York, was more available for the party
I tlui General Harrison, a Virginian by birth, and the son
! oi a signer of the Declaration of Independence and
Pierce, a New Hampshire politician, who had frequently
ii. reduced anti -laverv resolutions in the conventions of
h - State, «a< preferred to General Scott, another Vir
ginian, and as true a patriot as ever lived. Look at the
! prcseutlcontest in the House of Representatives for Speak
er. The Democrats can, on am ballot, elect John A
1 tiil’iier, who is a large slave owner and true to bis own
!i -interest*, if not to the guaranteed rights of the South;
but thev refuse to lend him support, while they vote for
N irtberu men of their own political stripe, who repre
- it constituencies which are by birth, education, and
’ prejudice* anti-slavery in sentiment. It will not be long
before the South is made assured that the Democratic
pirtv is always treacherous to Southern interests, and
ti.iliful to nothing but its own self-interest
A Gallant Hou of Vlrglala.
The reader will fiud below an article taken from Har
p. r’s »»VKy relative to a brave officer, a worthy gcntle
iii in, and a true sou of the Old Dominion. It has been
the fortune of Col. Cooke to win his way upwards iu the
n ice of his country by the toil rather than the glory
of i soldier's life. Since 1827. he has been in the army,
and almost always on active and oftentimes most arduous
d tv. Throughout this long period, he has borue hint
t with that indelible courage, that skill an (Impatience
which we seldom look for and never find apart from the
modes geutleman. We heartily concur with our neigh
bor of the "Imh.r" in hoping that CoL Cooke will receive
at the hands of his native State some suitable testimonial
of his gallant and efficient services through a long milita
ry career. At a time like the preseut, it is eminently fit
it Virginia should recognize the gallantry of her sons,
a- I secure to herself the love aud duty of every veteran
o::;.-er whose birth-place is on and whose birth-right isiu
Ik i soil, now and henceforth to be guarded so jealously
from the polluting footsteps of the inrader :
‘■HtLtP ST. GEORGE COOKK, COLONEL SECOND DRAGOONS.
Colonel Philip St. George Cooke, of whom we present
an accurate likoi.es>>, is amoug the officers commanding
in (be evpeditoo to Utah. He is one of the most merito
n us -oldiers iu the United State- army, aud bis perils
an I sufferings latelv, on the <tormy route to Salt Lake
Cry, have excited widely-extended interest and atteu
lion.
He wa fioru in Berkeley county, Virginia, in 1809—
the youngest of tnsnv brother- who have been eminent
in the South aud W--t. Among the -e, we may mention
John R. Cooke, a gentlemen of much di-iinction at the
\ irgiuia bar, and Dr. John E-ten Cooke, formerly Presi
d-ut of Transvlvania University. Colonel Cooke, from
earl v bovbood, longed to lead the life ol a soldier, but
w opposed by hi- parenu. At fourteen, attempting to
tj*tn a duel *ith one of his companions, his parents
vi- led to hi- proclivities, aud he soon entered West
point. He graduated in 1827, at the age of eighteen,
*f‘J enlerej the army. Soon afterward, as lieutenant of
ufoutry—though acax-aly mors a boy—he conduct
ed, under circumstances of extraordinary hardship and
trial, a body of two hundred men some six hundred
nules up the Missouri; and also took part in an rxpeoi
tioo to iagte Ft, meeting and overcoming a band of
4
hostile Indians. He was afterward engaged in the ‘‘Black
Hawk War,” and was at the battle of Bad A xe.
An Major ol Second Dragoons, lie served in California
and in the Mexican war, and conducted the “Mormon
Brigade" across the continent to San Francisco. His re
porta of the route which he followed in these marches
were published by the War Department, and will be found
full of interest. Many believe that the only practicable
line for the Pacific railroad is that laid dowu ou the maps
as “Colonel Cooke’s route.” Iu 1S54 he was command
ant of one of the great departments of New Mexico. At
this time he fought the battle of Cineguilas, defeating the
Camanches and other savages, with considerable blood
shed. From this distant postjj he soon afteward passed
Kansas which was then convulsed. He was deputed to
to carry into effect the orders of Government; and
this critical task was fulfilled with great prudence, firm
uess and discretion. His coolness and decision upon this
trving occasion undoubtedly prevented the occurrence of
terrible scenes, and both parties fully recognized the pro
priety ot his course.
When the Utah expedition was determined upon. Col
onel Cooke was at once fixed upon to lead a portion of
the troops. To his detachment was intrusted the sale
couduct of Governor Cumming and other civil dignitaries.
Of the wild and strange incidents of the march of the ar
rnv to Utah we need not speak. The journals of the day
have chronicled the details, and they have been univer
sally read. We doubt it the country at large, however,
has realized in any adequate degree, the perils aud hard
ships of the onward advance of our brave troops,through
blinding snow-storms, over the bleak and bare wastes
ol the great plains. Colonel Cooke's horses and mules
perished by the hundred for want of fodder; the stores
for the men were necessarily abandoned ; still, in spite of
everything, they pushed on, and overcame all the terrors
of the storm and the desert.
We have but little to add in relation to Colonel Cooke.
His fortune has been to take part in few of those decisive
encounters upoD a conspicuous theatre of action which
alone attract strongly the public attention. He has borne
the “beat of the day, ” instead of catching by chance
those “bright rewards” which ever and anon fall to the
lot of holiday soldiers. For thirty years he has been in
harness, guarding the frontier against a wily and untiriug
foe; and as he has performed faithfully his duty, he has
not mi-sed his reward. He is «t this moment one of the
best known aud most popular officers in the army
throughout all the great Western tier of States. The
citizens of these States are fully aware of his services,
and justly hold him iu high favor and esteem. He lias
won this houorable distinction by never nodding at his
post, but watching with sleepless vigilance over the re
gions he lias been posted to defend. Colonel Cooke is a
thoroughly-trained soldier—a man to be relied on ; that
is the origin of his popularity and distinction.
7o the Editor of the Whig:
Mv name i- signed to the letter requesting Mr. Bolts
to publish his views ou the “questions that now agitate
the public mind.” Justice to myself and my representa
tive position, requires that I should state, that l subscri
bed to that letter without having readit.and without any
communication with him as to his opinions. Without
designing to enter into any controversy with him, or any
one else, I desire to «ta'e, that had 1 read the letter, tny
name mould have been withheld.
J. M. McCl'E.
I.I.CilSI.ATlKK OF Vlllfimv.
Friuay, January 20.
SENATE.
The Seuate was culled to order at 12 o’clock, Lieut.
Gov. Montaoi k in the Chair.
The President presented a communication from the
First Auditor enclosing, a list of all warrants drawn by
order ol the Executive ou the civil contingent fund from
the doth day of September, 1857, to the 1st day ol Jan
uary, I860.
I.aid ou the table and ordered to be printed.
A communication was received from the Executive
transmitting the report of the Superintendent of the
Virginia Military Institute for January last withluccom
iiativiug papers. Also a communication enclosing one
from the President of the Board of Visitors of the Vir
ginia Military Institute, containing the ic|>ort of the Su
perintendent for the half year terminating ou the first ol
the present month, with accompanying documents.
The communication was laid on the tabic aud ordered
to be printed.
Bv Mr. NEAL: Of incorporating the Ritchie Coal Oil
company.
By Mr. TOWNES : Of modifying the existing laws ou
the subject of writs of error iu criminal cases and cases
of misdemeanor, so as to limit the jurisdiction ot the
Court of Appeals to cases of felony, and transfer jurisdic
tion of w rit- of error in cast's of misdemeanor to the Ris
trict Courts.
BILLS REPORTED.
Mr. THOMAS, of Fairfax, re(>orted a resolution de
claring it inexpedient to further legislate on a resolution
in relation to exempting one slave from execution in ad
dition to the property now exempt by law ; and a ro.-o
lutiou providing that administration of a decedaot’s es
tate shall not be granted to females.
Mr. THOMAS also reported a bill authorizing the
Count v Court of Fairfax to direct the amount of a recog
nizance entered iu:o by Thomas Crux, to be paid to Jos.
E. Mouroe and James \V. Jackson, when the same is col
lected.
ANo, a bill to amend the 8th section of chapter 209 ol
the Code of Virginia, concerning execution of sentence
of death.
Also, a bill to amend and re-enact the 11th section of
chapter 141 ol the Code.
Mr. THOMINON, front the Committee of Agriculture
and Commerce, reported adversely to further legislation
on the resolution for the incorporation of the Union
Lead Mine Company, in ibo county of Wythe, al-o, aj
verselv on the resolution for the incorporation of the
Kiinberliug Springs Company. Mr. Thompson ulso pre
sented the petition of citizens of Brunswick, and Diuw id
tin- counties, praying that a certain point of Nottoway
river uiav be made a lawful fence.
COL. MKMMINUKR.
A message was received from the House of Relegates,
through Mr. Scddon, »» follows
AV' ./icc/, l,i/ the General Aeieml/lit, That the Hon.
C. U. Memminger, Commissioner fioiu the State ot South
Carolina, be requested to furnish, for publication, the ad
dre— delivered by him to the (ieneral Assembly on his
reception bv them, and that ten thousand copies he
printed for circulation among the people of the Slate.
liEEEMCB OF DIE STATE.
The House bill “making an appropriation for the pur
chase and manufacture ol arms and munitions of war."
which wan pending ou Thursday at the adjournment of
the Seuate, was taken up as unfinished business ; and,
Mr. Coc.iiill hiving the floor, addressed the Senate in
an elaborate argument against the views ol such Sena
tors as had -poken against the bill.
He was followed by Mr. Rives, in favorof Mr. Smith’s
motion to strike out the 1st, 2d, and 3d sections of the
bill, and in reply to Mr. Isbell's speech of Wednesday.
Mr NEWMAN next addressed the Senate in fator of
Mr. Smith’s motion, and, among other things, said that,
in ca-e disunion came, lie would be tor saving the Slate
thr >*|, n-c ot building an Armory by seizing on Harper’s
F'-rn Armory and the (iosport Navy Vard; but he be
lieved the purchase of anus immediately would be the
most effective way of arming the State.
Mr. ISBELL then addressed the Senate for the bill,
and he was followed by Mr. Aram on the same side,
and then bv Mr. Thomas, of Fairfax, on the other side.
The question beii gtlien put, the motion made by Mr.
Smith to strike out the 1st, 2d and 3d Sections of the bill
was lo.-t—aves lit; uoes ‘25
Mr. WICKHAM then ottered the following substitute
for the bill.
A BILL,
\l A k IN * i AN APPROPRIATION for THE PCROICaSK ami MAMI
L &• nr t It vl ^ AVI. MIAITIflSS Ok \\ A It.
Jj, jf t„arUd If/ l/t< Gaural Atitmlly of
That the Governor be and he is hereby directed to have
the buildings of the Public Armory, at Richmond, forth
with put iu such condition, by the introduction of suita
ble machinery and otherwise, as shall lit them for the
manufacture of arms lor the use of the militia of the
State, upon a plan to be proposed by a commission of
three persons, and approved by the Governor, the mem
bers of which coinini- :oti shall be appointed by the Gov
ernor anil removable at his pjea-ure.
■> That the Governor he and he is hereby authorized
and directed to employ a Master Armorer, who shall be
removable at his pleasure, at an annual salary of fifteen
hundred dollars and quarters, whose duty it shall be, un
der ihe direction ol the Commandant of the Public
Guard, to direct the operations in the manufacture aud
repair of arms, and to employ such operatives os may
ensure the effective working of the Armory.
:t. That the Governor be, and he is hereby authorized
and directed to purchase, or cause to be purchased, all
such machinery, implements and materials, and the pat
ent rights of such newlv invented arms as may be neces
sary for the successful operation of the Armory, for the
purposes herein specified. Provided, however, that the
cost of arranging the interior, inserting the driving pow
er and furnishing the machinery for all the departments
of said Armory, with a capacity of manufacturing ten
thousand ride muskets aunually, shall not exceed one
hundred and twenty thousand dollars, and that no sum
exceeding one hundred thousand dollars shall be expen
ded in the operations of the slid Armory in any one
year. And the Governor shall not, under any circum
stances, exceed the amounts specified, or pledge the faith
aud credit of the State for greater sums for the objects
specified, than »re herein specially provided.
t. That the commission provided by the first section
of this act be further authorized and directed to purchase,
under direction of the Governor, such arms equipmeuts
and munitions of war as may be requited for the imme
diate use of the State, provided that not more than one
hundred aud eighty thousand dollars shall be expended in
the purchase of arms, equipments and munitions; aud
provided further, that a due proportion of the »aid arms
shall be distributed iu the more exposed portions of the
State. The said commission, under the direetiou of the
Governor, are also required to provide for the manufac
ture' of equipments and munitions of war within this
State.
5. So much aud such parts of chapter thirty-three of
the Code ot Virginia, relating to the public guard and ar
mory, as may be in contlict with the provisions of this
act, are hereby repealed: provided that notbiug in this
act shall be so construed as to suspend the present ope
rations at the armory in the repair of arms until such
time a i the occupation of said armory may be necessary
under the provisions of this act.
0. No member of the present General Assembly shall
ever be capable of bolding any otlice created by this act
or in consequence of its pas«ag«.
7. For the purpose of carryiug into effect the provis
ions of this act, the sum of five hundred thousand dol
lsrs is hereby appropriited, which amount shall be rais
ed by loaus in the manner prescribed by existing laws or
such laws as may be passed for raising funds by loans for
works of internal improvement.
g. This act shall be iu force from its passage.
A motion was then made by Mr. ARMSTRONG to lay
the bill on the table; aud then Hr. JOHNSON made a
rnotiou to adjourn. The friends of the Hou«e bill were
desirous of having a vote taken, but an understanding
va* come to, based on the belief that a vote would be
had this day, (Saturday,) and the Senate then adjourned.
HOUSE OF DELEGATES.
Richmond, Jan. 2ofb.
The House nu t al 12 o'clock, pursuant to adjournment.
I’ravcr by Rev. J. D. Blackwell, of tbe Methodist
Church.
REPORTS OV COMMITTREK.
Bills were reported from the standing committees:
Incorporating the Hedgesviile, Hardicnibble an IShep
ardstown Turnpike company.
Incorporating Randolph and I'jishur Turnpike comp’y.
To amend the second section of an act to incorporate
the Woodstock and Wardensville Turnpike company.
To consolidate the Hot Springs mid Miller’s Mill Turn
pike company, and the Jacksou's Rivvr Turnpike com
pany, etc.
To iucrcase the capital stock of the Ruckhamion and
Little Kanawha Turnpike company.
To incorporate the Philippi and Buckbannon Turnpike
company.
Incorporating the Rocky Gap and Kimberling Turn
pike company.
Incorporating the Jonesville and Hunter’s Gap Turn
pike company.
Mukiug au appropriation to construct bridges across
Piney.and Beaver Creeks, in Raleigh county.
Concerning the Work-House to be established in the
city of Richmond and persons employed therein, and
about the public works of said city. (Provides for the
punishment of malefactor who refuse to work ; if free
negroes, stripes; if white, solitary confinement anil
regimen of bread and water, during ihe term of refusal.)
Amending the 10th section of the Code of Vitgiuia.
To amend oh. H2 of the Code of Virginia.
Concerning the prohibition against a man’s marrying
his brother’s widow.
To amend and to re-enact, an act providing for the pay
ment of the dividends of joint stock companies into the
public treasury.
Several adverse reports were also reported from the
committees.
cot. memuinoer’s address.
Mr. SEDDOX offered the following resolution, which
was adopted:
Resolved by the General Assembly, That the Hon. C.
G. Mcmmiuger, Commissioner from the State of South
Caroliua, be requested to furnish for publication, the ad
dress delivered by him to the General Assembly on his
reception by them, and tiiat 10,000 copies be priuted for
circulation among the people of the Slate.
THE CRISIS.
Mr. SF.DDOX offered the following resolution, which,
on his motion, was laid upon the table, aud ordered to
be printed.
Resolved by file General Assembly that in view of the
hostile legislation of many of the nou-slaveholdiug States,
and of the combinations prevailing generally in them
against the institutions, honor, and peace of the slave
holding States the dangerous tendencies of which have
been recently illustrated bv the invasion of this State,
and the rapine, murder, and treason committed within
her bounds, Virginia invites each of the slaveholding
States to appoint commissioners to meet in conference
at Atlanta, Ga.. on the day of next to devise
uuil recommend such system of common measures as in
their judgment may be necessary or advisable for defeuce
and the redress and prevention of such wrongs; and with
this view the Governor be requested to appoint ou be- i
hall of \ irgima three Commissioners fur such conference. -
Mr. KEEN, of Pittsylvania, submitted a proposition
in the shape of a proviso (o the above resolution, to be
Ihid upon the table aud printed, hut after remarks bv ;
several members as to parliamentary usage, he withdrew
it auJ signified his purpose to otter it as an amendment '
w hen Mr. Sedikin’s resolution comes up for consideration ^
The following; is a copy ol the proposed proviso :
Provided that the General Assembly of Virginia re
commend to the conservative elements of all political
polios of the Union, a candidate for President and Vice i
President, to be voted for at the next Presidential elec
tion—the former to be chosen from the Democratic par
ly and the latter from the Opposition party, aud call up- |
ou the conservative elements of all the political parties |
North and South, to ratify, sustain, and elect such iiomi- i
uees, aud in the event of their election, the foregoing i
resolution to be null aud void; otherwise the Governer ;
of this Commonwealth he ami he is hereby clothed with ,
full power to appoint-Commissioners, and request j
of our sister Southern Stales a conference as to the t>ol- !
icy they shall pursue in the premises.
RI80LCTI0X8 OK INqt'IRY.
The appropriate committees were instructed to inquire
iuto the expediency of sundry petitions.
By Mr. BALLARD—Of increasing the capital stock of
Logan Raleigh utid Monroe Turnpike Company.
By Mr. JONES, of A.—Of a bill for the relief of Robt.
C. Gary, of the county of Appomattox.
By Mr. GRATTAN—Of refunding to John W. Lee, a
sum of money erroneously paid by him.
By Mr. FROST—Ufallowiug mileage and (>er diem to
Absalom Knotts, the member from Gilmer, Ac.
By Mr. LOCK—Of amending the laws relating to eman
cipated slaves.
By Mr. YERBY—Of increasing the present annual ap
propriation out ol the revenues of the Literary FunJ 10
primary and free schools from -$■$•>,O' '• to 95,000.
By Mr. CARPENTER—Of providing by law for the
training of officers of the 100th Regiment of Virginia
Militia within the boundaries of said regiment.
By Mr. GIBSON, of J.—Of authorizing the Board i f
School Commissioners of Jefferson Co., to elect a Trea
surer from those not members ol said Board.
By Mr. KEMPER—Of amending the h^ud section of
chapter li'1* of the Code of Virginia, -o as to increase its
efficiency.
Bv Mr. FRIEND—Of permitting Midlothcan Coal Min
ing Company to build a railroad from their mines, to
some point on James river, between the City ol Ric 1’d
and Warwick.
Bv Mr. MAGRUPKR—Of more effectually providing
agaiust injuries from the negligence of boatmen iu the
Uivanua river, in the counties ot Albemarle and Fnivan
na.
Bv Mr. K* IBERTSM >N—Ofatnen.ling section 8 of chap
ter 177 of the Code, so as ti give effect to clause II of
Art. ti of the Constitution, iu regard to the issuing of
writs ol mandamus and prolibition.
COVINtltON AM'OHIO RAII.RO.lt).
The bill to provide for tie construction of the Cor
ington and Ohio Railroad wut lakeu up, ami Mr. Chak
mas advocated ils passage. Before concluding his re
marks, he yielded the lioorfor a motion to (a s by the
order of the day, which wasigreed to.
MILITARY <ON»*XTIO.N.
Mr. JONES, of (• louceste', presented the proceeding*
of the Military Convention ecently held in the city ol
Richmond. They were referred to the coommiiue on
Military Affairs.
RILLS *ASSKD.
Senate bill for the relief (f B. J. McNutt, deputy sher
iff of Mercer county.
Exempting the hospital o’St. Vincent of Paul, in Nor
folk of taxation.
On motion of Mr. FLEMKG, the House adjourned.
LORD MaCAI'L.YY.
The Jura brings us the iiiuouncement of the sudden
death of the distinguished tuglish historian, Lord Ma
caulay. lie expired on ihefeveniug of Wednesday, the
2Siii ult., at his bou-e, Hoik Lodge, Campden Mill, near
Loudon. He hail been sultring since lsftli from a com
plaint of the bean; he was a martyr also to usibma in
its worst form; ami the iiiusu.il s verity of the present
winter brought on about Hire- weeks previous to his
de tth a sevete illness, fromwhic'i he was thought to h ne
recovered. Ou Chiiatmas 1a\ he enterbiaed his family
to dinner, and he w as onlvjo far unlike himself as to be
rather silent. Notwitbsfatding his unusual quietness,
his friends in parting with aim that night little thought
that in less than eight and forty hours he would be no
more for tl is wor d. On tin following Wcducsday, about
eight o’clock, he died in a faiuting fit without the least
pain.
We give from the Londin papers, and from o ir own
sources, a brief memoir of the career of this illustiiou
uirliur 11mii a*liinii it iii .v ki- I ml v sni I no one has ilone
more to elevate the literary tastes of his couutrvm 'n, and
to add to the clearness mid terseness of modern English
diction.
Thomas B.ibiugtou Macaulay was boru on the '25th o;
October, 1800, at Rothley Temple, in Leicestershire. He
was the sou ol Zachary Mtcaiilay, w ho has a monument
in Westminister Abbey, and who was well known as a
prominent member of the so-called “Claphain Sect,” as
w i ll as of the philanthropists who exerted themselves for
the abolition ot the slave trade. The family belonged to
the Highlands of Scotland, where Zachary Macaulay’s
father aud uncle were ministers of the Kirk. Although
Macaulay could scarcely he called a Scotchman, his reli
gious allu-ious are as distinctively Scotch as those of Sir
Walter Scott himself. His father, Zachary, seems to have
been a sturdy Calvinist. He was » West India merchant,
who had early in life been sent to Jamaica, and who was
so horrified with w hat he saw there of slavery that be for
some years pitched his tent amid all the unbcaltliiness ol
Sierra Leone; with the hope of doing good to the negroes.
It was under the influence of tutcli a character aud of bis
associates, who at that lime were held up to public scorn
s “the Claphain Sect,” that Lord Macaulay was brought
up. His education began at home ; he was then placed
under the care of a .Mr. Preston, at Shelford, in Cam
bridgeshire ; and finally he ontered at Trinity College,
Cambridge, in 1818. His career at the University was
very distinguished. In his first year he gained the Chan
cellor’s medal, for a poem on “Pompeii,” in the second
year he cairied off the same prize, for a poem on “Eve
ning,” both of which have been published ; immediately
afterward»Jhc gained the second Craven Scholarship; in
1822 he took his Bachelor’s degree, and though be did not
compete for honors, owing to bis dislike of mathematics,
be was elected a Fellow of his college. Macaulay, more
over, made a great figure in the Union Debating Society,
where he spent a good deal of his lime.
For the next lour years after this a good deal of his
time was spent between London aud Cambridge, where
be had Fellow ship. He took his master’s degree in 1825,
aud he was called to Hie bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1840.—
But far more important to bis future prospects was the
fact that in this period he began to write. He wrote
poetry, be wrote essays, he wrote imaginary conversa
tions, he wrote critii/uex—he wrote in every form. These
appeared as contributions to Knight's Quarterly Maga
zine, of w hich it will be readily understood they formed
the principal attraction. It was in these days he pro
duced his ballads of the Spanish Armada, and the Battle
of the League, and Ivry. Macaulay was chary of pub
lishing his periodical writings, and it is only by digging
into tlie British Museum that evidences can he found ot
what he was in the beginning. When fresh from Col
lege, we know that he had earned such a reputation by
the contributions of which we have spoken that he was
engaged to write an article on Milton for the Edinburg
Reviete. This appeared in August, 1825, and Jeffrey’s
opinion of it was so high that he immediately secured
the services of the young essayist for future uumhers.—
It is scarcely necessary to say that this famous paper ou
Milton was afterwards republished by Macaulay in his col
lected essays, and we have all, therefore, an opportunity
of takiug his measure as a young man. In republishing
it lie mude a few alterations, but every competent judge
will endorse his own statement—that “the ciiticisin
on Milton, which was written when the author was fresh
from College, and whioh contains scaeely a para
graph such as bis matured judgment approves, still
remains overloaded with gaudy and ungraceful orna
ment.” As be advanced, however, he improved, as will
be seen in tbe essay on Machiavelli, which immediately
follows that on Milton, but is separated from it by an in*
terval of eighteen months. It will never be so popular
as (he Milton article, which is very dazzling, hut it is in
every way a better work, and oue can sec in it the Ma
caulay of latter days—his subtlety of thought, his tolerant
temper, his high view of mortality, his ideal of composi
tion; and we may say the same on the articles on Hal
lnin and Southey, which arc next in order, and belong to
the period before he entered Parliament. An article on
History which he contributed to the Edinburgh Review
in May, 1828, has not been republished, and in itself,
perhaps, is not of much value, having very much the
appearance of a college exercise touched up. Hut as the
production of one who afterwards became one of the
greatest historians, and who, if he has not actually in
vented a newi style of history, has given us the most ja-r
fect specimen of the new style, it is well worthy of peru
sal, and will, no doubt, be one day published with other
works which Lord Macaulay has been perhaps too anxious
to consign to oblivion. Among these will bo found some
political squibs which are really very good.
His talents were in short so great, his writings so effec
tive and his influence so strong that the whigs obtained
for him in the coalition ministry an appointment as Com
missioner of Bankrupts, and in 18.10 he entered Parlia
ment as member for Caine.
Mr. Macaulay made an impression in the House of
Commons almost from the fiist. To one who was utter
ing some disparagement of the young man, Mr. Sheil is
reported to have screeched out, “ Nonsense, sir! don’t
attempt to run down Macaulay. He’s the cleverest man
in Christendom. Did’nt he make four speeches on the
Reform bill, and get i’10,»Ks»a year? Think of that, aud
lie dumb.” Immense tilings were expected of him when
he appeared in the House ; he was to be another Burke;
and, indeed, he took a part in the debates in favor of re
form and the tlrey ministry second only to the more
spontaneous efforts of Lord Derby, then Mr. Stanley.—
Croker, who had also a reputation as a reviewer, was fre
quently, in these days,set up to destroy the young debater,
but he failed, as, other things being equal, the man of de
tail must always fail against the nmn of broad views aud
sweeping generalizations. Besides his performances on
the floor of the House of Commons, Mr. Macaulay did
duty in these days for his friends, the Abolitionists,
whose hearts he rejoiced in highly impassioned speeches
at the Freemasons' Tavern. In Parliament his style was
more argumentative and sober, and he did good service
to his friends.
Admirable speaker as he was, however, one may ven
ture to doubt about Mr. Macaulay’s qualifications as a
debater. With all his stores of information, and all his
How of language, he could never trust himself to speak
without elaborate preparation; his presence as an orator
was not overpowering; and hi« voice was not particularly
good. His head wa- set stiff upon his shoulders, and
his feet were planted immovable on the ground. One
hand was fixed behind him across his hack, and in this
rigid attitude, with oulv a slight movement of his right
hand, he poured forth his sentences. His speeches were
what he said those of Sir James Mackintosh were—
spoken essays—only that Macaulay’s essays, unlike those
of Sir Janies, were written in a highly rhetorical style.
It is, perhaps, the most rhetorical prose that ever was
written; at all events, the pro-c that combines in
the most perfect way whatever Is excellent in
the written with whatever is valuable in the
poken style. Macaulay certainly did wonders with it,
and if he was not very formidable in extemporary de
bate, he managed at all times to fascinate both sides of
the llouse, and to win golden opinions from all -oris of
men.
With the new Parliament, which assembled after the
passing of the Reform bill, he was returned to the House
of Commons as the representative of Leeds, aud was ap
pointed Secretary to the Board of Control; but in 1811
lie resigned his seat and his secretaryship to go out to
India as fifth member of the Supreme Council, with £10 -
out) a year for five years, and with additional rank and
income as legal adviser to the Council. Although Mr.
Macaulay’s acceptance of the Indian office surprised those
of his friends who lmd marked out for him, in imagina
tion, a brilliant political future, he had an object in visit
ing the East, which might well tire his ambition. He
was appointed not simply a member of the Supreme
Council, hut also legal adviser to it, and the special object ,
of his mission was to prepare a new Indian code of law. I
He was therefore exempted from all share in the admin
istration of affairs; he iiad four assistants to help him in
his labors, and the peual eode which was produced under
his superintendence is mainly to be attributed to him.—
Containing some tweutv-six chanters, divided into uearlv I
500 clauses, this code was published after Mr. Macaulay's
return to England iu 1838, aud its great ability ac
knowledged. To produce such a code was an object
worthy of his ambition. Unfortunately, his code was
rather admired than obeyed; it was too good to be
true ; mankind was not fit for it; it would not work.—
The variety of race aud customs to which it was applied
has prevented even the attempt to put it in practice.—
One of its enactments, indeed, was so odious to the Eng
lish iuhnbitants that they gave it the appellation of the 1
“ Black Act.” It abolished the right of appealing Irom
the local Courts to the Supreme Court at the Presidency.
This right had hitherto been exclusively enjoyed by the
Europeans, and now it was proposed to put them on the
same footing with natives, giving to both a certain right
ot appeal, but appeal only to the highest provincial
courts. It was practically the same measure which rous
ed the inhabitants of Calcutta to indignant remonstrance
immediately before the outbreak of the mutiny, aud
which, being put forward at such a time, showed the
confidence of ludiau officials in the justice of the Hindoo
population. One benefit Macaulay derived from his In
dian experience; he was able to write of Indian aflairs
with a fullness of knowledge and a vividness of appre
hension which are unsurpassed in his treatment of any
other subject. His essays on Clive and Warren Hast- I
ings arc, on the whole, the best he has w ritten. Nothing j
can lie more masterly than his views, nothing more pic
turesque than his narratiou, nothing more just than his
admiration of the men, combined with condemnation of
their acts.
On his return from India early in 1839 lie brought
home a fortune of nearly £50,ihM). On re-entering Par
liament as member for Edinburg, in the prime of life (be
was in bis thirtv-ninlh year,) he was made Secretary at
War, with a salary of C2,4su a year—bis letter to bis
constituents, dated from “Windsor Castle,” excited much
satirical comment at the time—aud continued in that of
fice until the break up of the M •Ibourne ministry, iu Sep
Iii opposition his voice was not often heard; but on one
occasion be expressed himself in such a manner as to give
moriat offence to his constituents and powerfully to in
fluence his future career. On the subject of the Maynnoth
endowment he spoke in favor ol the grant to the Roman
Catholics, and ventured to make allusion to “the bray of
Exeter Hall.” His constituency resented the expression,
and refused to re-elect him in 1847. In 1852 they re
pented of their doings, and spontaneously re-elected him
without asking him to i-sue an address, to attend a meet
ing or to bear one farthing of the expense. It was a
worthy reparation, and the historian sat for a short time
again iu Parliament, although au attack of heart com
plaint compelled him to avoid the excitement of public
speaking. In 184a he was elected I.ord Rector of the
University of Clasgow; the following year was ma le
Professor of Ancient History in the Royal Academy of
London, aud iu 1852 he received the Prussian Order of
Merit. After a few sessions he retired from the House
of Commons, aud only about two years ago he was rais
i d to the peerage.
Lord Macaulyas rejection ct Edinburgh probably has
tened the undertaking of what was his chief ambition—
a true historyof England. He produced two volumes of
thi- historv in 1848, two more made tlieit appearance in
1855, and the public were iu expectation ol a further in
stalment, to be issued very shortly, when now they hear
ot the historian's decease. Despite of any amount of crit
icism, the work is a very great work, and, just as 11 nine
i- rad, notwithstanding our censures, Macaulay will he
read, whatever his deviations from strict accuracy.
He frequently turned his attention to other subjects,
as witness his admirable biography of the younger I’itt
in a recent volume ol the Kucycloptniia ; and the work
had so grown on his bauds that probably he himself long
since gave tip the hope of being able to bring down Ids
narrative to recent times. As it is, it is a magnificent
fragment, which, even if the author had produced but a
single volume, would have been of enormous value as a
specimen ol tbe high ideal at which he aimed.
Macaulay’s wealth of information was alinos. incredi
ble, and in all bis writings.in his speeches, in bis conver
sations, be poured it forth so lavishly, and yet so eare
tally that reader anil hearer scarcely knew w hich to ad
mire most—the extent of his knowledge, or the felicity
with which he brought it to hour upon the matter iu
hand. He had a more intimate acquaintance with Eng
lish history than any man living, or perhaps any mm
who ever lived. His acquaintance with it whs not a bar
ren knowledge, but had fructified into political wisdom ;
and no pen could surpass his in the description of what
he knew and thought aud felt.
By no one have the principles of toleration been so
ably and clearly expounded, by no oue has the dividiug
line between religion and superstition boon so fearlessly
draw n. No author rests so entirely on a solid and man
ly good sense. I.ord Mucaulay never wasted his lute fac
ulties and splendid powers of exposition on ttic barren
subtleties ot metaphysics or the abstract dogmas o: pole
mics. I'ulike the modern class of tiistorians, who arc
for ever trying to defy force and to exalt success, to
make a sensual aud cruel tyrant into a paternal king, or a
brutal drunkard into u model of commanding intellect,
Mucaulay had no love for paradox, his homage was re
served for what he thought true aud right, ai.d he was
utterly guiltless of setting up as idols for the multitude
u lna he himself loathed aud despised. If ht wrote with
a pattv bias be honestly avowed it, because he was alike
incapable of the affectation of Hume or the icy iudilFer
ence of Gibbon. There is not a line of his w orks that
a lady might blush to read, not a sentiment that an hon
est mau need be ashamed to utter.
Lord Macauley bad just entered his sixtieth year at the
period of his death, lie was never married, and the
peerage dies with him. The following description of his
personal appearance, by an American writer, tuay not
be uuintcrcsting to our readers:—
Tbe lion. T. B. Macaulay is short iu stature, round,
and with a growing tendency to aldermauic dispropor
tions. Ills head has the saute rotundity as his body, aud
seems stuck on it as firmly as a pin head. This is nearly
the sunt of hi* personal defects; all else, except the voice
(which is monotonous aud disagreeable,) is certainly iu
hi.* favor, llis face seems literally instinct with expres
sion—his eye, above all, full of deep thought ami mean
ing. As he walks, or rather straggles, along the street,
he seems in a state of totaf abstraction, unmindful of all
that is going on around him, and sold? occupied with
his own working mind. You cannot help thinking that
literature with him Is not a mere profession or pursuit,
but that it has almost grown a part of him*elf, as though
historical problems or analyical criticism were a part of
his daily aud intellectual food.
.11 AltltlKD,
At St Peters’ Cathedral, on Wednesday, the l*th inst., hy the Rt
Rev. Bishop MoGlU, HENRY It. Bol DAR to Miai V1CTOHIA PIZ
7.IN I, both of thii city.
On the ISth inst., by Rer. Clou Minnegerode, at the reaidenceof
the bride's father. Mr. GE >. A BARKSDALE to MUsELISE FLOK
ENCE, eldest daughter of Mr. A. Warwick, all of tills city.
In Lrncbburg, on Wednesday evening, tbe lsth instant, by Rev.
W H. Klnckle. Col. EDWARD J. 8TEPT0K, of tbe U. 8. Amy,
and Miss MARY K. CLAYTOR, of that city.
In Liberty, on Wednesday morning, the 1 Sth, by the Rev. A. H.
Bloat, Rev. J. W HOOPER, of Hanover county, to Miss LETITIA,
eldest daughter of James t. Johnson, Esq., of Liberty,
A LIST OF LOTS ANDJ’ARTS OF LOTS,
IN THE CITY Or RICHMOND,
RBTTRNBD HELINQfTFNT FOR TIIK NON FAYMKNT OF CITY TAXER. FOR Till TEAR M*», WHICH RAID I,OT* na
part, of LertR, will be wild In front of Urn CITT HALL, on the Ural day of the February Term of the 'luailno Court of the
Richmond, tielween the houra of 11 In the morning and 4 o'clock In the afternoon, unleaa there be prerl usly paid the la ire tl.ereo*
together with twenty per cent, for additional chargee:
NAMFK or PARTY ASSESSED WITH TAXH.
Alice, Jai'h R ..
Darker, Klrty Ann.
Harrett, Margaret .
Blnna, Rl. hard...
Rowe's eel ., Hector .
Ballendlno eat, George, and Rarah V. Peters.
Baker tat, Martin
Burnrlt, Ann K., trustee for J. H. Burnett
Crouch, T A K
Cooper, Marla..
Craddock eat., Ro.
Crouch, Richard 0.
Crump cat., Geo P
Do do
Clarke, Wm. J., about * acres near Southgate Garden. .
Copeland, Jemima.
Farrar, J. W.DandflW.
Freeman, John.
Gentry, Charles . .
(loddln, W„ trustee for Krancla Walker.
Hamilton, Polly.
Harris, Sarah Navy Hill
Hughe* eat.; A. and A. A
Hundley e»t., Wm "»val Addition
Herman, llotlhtrd .0. Howard Plan
Hairy, Man Navy mil
llrimhi n.Wm. H .
Joura, Daniel..
Judah eat . Moaea 11 .
Judah, Nancy ...
Jude, Fred. A •
Do do
I.eake, Samuel
Do do..
Do do,. •
Do do. .
Do do
l.add, Thomas M
Lyons, W. II., trustee for 8 Walkdcn.
Mavo cat., Ed C„ about X acre,'Veat bridge and River.
Mavo eat, Abigail, French Garden Hill, 2 acres
MurcUaa e«t, k. D
M H K
N.'i veil. Id . Bad• II Gordon
Pickett's eat., Geo. 0..
Do do
Parson, Polly
Price eat,, Mary B
petnberton, IV D.
Price, Jam - I.
Kiv, Randolph
Ruffin, 0co VV
Do do.
K eve, James L.......
Sinton, J. C., trustee for Jane W. Clarke
Sharpe, ilamniet..
Sit irpe, Joseph.
Sharpe, Richard H .
Sanphlllpe, 8
Slmok, Jacob Baker Addition
Do do .do
Do do. •
Do do. . . ■I
Do do.
Do do.
Smith, Jno.W
Do do
Townsend Mt, Daniel
Terrill. J 0
Woodcock, John ... ...
Warden Ml , SdaoMtl* .... . .
■o. or i/it. »m« or nuti, to. nr rnrr m ft—
1*9 Ewlflli M I .
Bloody Run 43 * , J
*. * Volley '16 I «
t «x J 2
HIT HRh W ft 7*
*• **1 \ g*
8« Peter ill • .
Jnrkoon ft 4 u
IM R n
16th ood K l«0 , '
9 II true Vl
Letter (0 i, .
IS, 20 Fort Mill 134
11.19 Went ConeorJ 134
Dut.I 99* ” "
823 12th 50 * I!
A Boker ond 4lh 60
si r i is ig
3T Judoh 32
63 L 45 I -i
13 • 4th HI
570 O ond 5th 29* <n ,,
16 Contti ond 8t. St'idiTn 12V
Howard «•> 5
HI 6th 30 J
Proton 15
Volley a i 1 2
Doroi 80 j Z
A Boker 62 ]
19.20 Duvol 102 m
IS Jockooo HI g ft|
80 to 34 4th n-d B*k. r I5T g w
46 to 49 5th ond links 80, btlonre 1 jg
53 to 56 Mh ond Du*si to do
6s to 72 Mh ood linker 94 do
MtosS 6th ond Bnk- r 120
I4th Is g u
D Hovord 30 gg
46 ««
9 to
68 Poplor 45 g ,4
120 Chority (W i M
71 15lh 44 * 4,
204 Poplor 110 ift gg
Sooth 'Voter |ihj 44 w
6, C Concord 61, hf. pol l (1,
IsS RocketU »»X 4 71
712 B IS ] 44
121, 122 Chority 129, bolonce ft tg
Hogue 50 r ] jg
Rut Volley 9s g ;g
108 St. Ptul 4s 2-12 ftg
17 5th 4.1 | gg
110 H ond 2411. s- 17 gg
Legler 40 2 gg
do 270 16 |g
9 Nlcholoot 30 6 gg
do 20 J gg
23,24 Alley 204 1 gg
25,26 do 161 1 90
9, 10 Cohell S6 gg
11 do 91 gg
12 do 43 to
1,2,8,4 Leigh 2ns 8 *
D Mh 100 1 gg
G -Mh 60 gg
7 Letter 21 7 to
5th 30 4 «
So. 12,8 Road ond K 100 1012 11 gg
11 L 25 1 gg
jaI8—2awtll3F JI'LlIIfi A. HOBftOIV, i’llj lollwlor.
f^iBEUSIOVI ROTICE.-Bef. i
C. stile*, D.D., will preach In the Called Presbyteri
an Chinch, to-morrow, at 11, A. M._J*21 —1$
THAT unit WANTED#
A GRADUATE of the Virginia Military Institute, is wanted tame
*\ di ttely, to teach English and Mathematics, In tin* Quincy,
Florida, Acadrmv. The applicant most be one who has taught
acceptably, and who can come well recommended as steady anJ
Industrious, and one who is willing to Identify hitnseif with ths
school as a uorkinj man. Salary f600 f«r the academic year.
Quincy Is one of the most healthy and delightful towns in the
South. Apply to
Ja‘21-illwAc-iw_J. II JONES, Principal.
PATKOXIZE l OI It
SOUTHERN PAPERS.
THE SOUTHERNER;
A WEEKLY PAPER, DEVOTED TO LITERATURE, NEWS, *<\
WE will commence, shout the lit of February, 15W, the publi
cation of a FAMILY LITERARY AND NEWS PAPER, under
the title of the SOU i'iiminer, lu feature* will comlit of
Southern History, Biography and Legends ;
Choice Original and Selected Romances ;
Popular Sketches and Poetry ;
Wit, Humor and Sentiment;
Domestic and Household Department ;
General Home and Foreign News ;
With a combination of all the miscellaneons matter which makes
a paper acceptable for FAMILY READING.
l tlK SOUTHERNER will be printed i n fine white paper, of large
double me itum slz . with new and beautiful type, all ordered ex
pressly for this publication.
uur experience and fad l itie* induce us to promise that in looks
it nhall • ompare favorabh a ith any paper in the Kast. A corps of
EXPERIENCED and WELL KNOWN WRITERS will contribute
regularly to its columns, and we believe that in thtn department
ul*o% It will not (all behind the boastful and pratentious Eastern
papers, which fare so largely patronised by the Southern peo
ple.
Are we unreasonable in asking our fellow citizens to show us at
least as much encouragement as they extend to Northern papers,
which, uuder the plausible guise of family publications, dlsseml
n ttc the moat obnoxious slid Insidious calumnies against our do
mestic institutionsv They laugh us in he face for our lolly, and
t.tunting us with Southern Imbecility of intellect, sneeringly ask,
“Who reads a Southern book or n+ir*j»iper f” It cai certainly do
no harm for our people to see whether “any good can coiue out of
Nazareth," and to invest the small sum we ask, in our enterprise.
Give us the subscribers, and you need not scud your money to the
North or Kast for an entertaining family paper. We enrich North
ern publishing houses and give them princely fortunes—why not
patronize our own men and native talent and literature * We hope
to hear a kind and generous welcome over the whole South.
TERMS:
Single copies per annum, $1 23; Clubs of 10 and upwards, $1
each.
$1,000 IN PHE.UII TIN.
We [offer the following inducements for persons to make up
Globs
For the largest Club of Subscribers, - • • $t00.
For the next largest Club, .... 1UU.
Do. do. do. do, - - - • SO.
Do. do. do. do., - .... fto.
Do. do. do. do., - - - - • 8ft.
Do. do. do. do., • • • • • 23.
Do. do. do. do., • .... *2v>.
D». do. do. do, - - - • • 1ft.
For the next thirty largest Clubs, each • • • 10
For the nex; forty la gest Clubs, each • - • ft.
No premiums over $10 will be giten in the county where THE
The premium lid will he open until the 1st of August, lsGd.
One person can make up any number of Ctuba and send them in
at any time ami they will be cuoildered aa one large Clnb when we
distribute the premiums.
All subscriptions must be accompanied with the money.
Address all remittances ar ' communicaiinns to
Ja»l —It S.|>’. A A MERCER, Hopkinsville, Ky.
IAOIt .HOIIILK.—The superior fast sailing schoon
' er MARTHA Minute, Lewis Beunet, Master, having
the greater porJon uf h»r cargo engaged will have <|itlck despatch.
For balance uf freight, apply to
jail!MILLSPAUOH A READ,
I Toll NORFOLK AND POBTIWOliTH.- .At.
The regular packet schooner,SAMARIA, Judd,Master,
having one half of her cargo engaged, will have all possible dea
patch. Fur balance uf freight, apply to
MILUSPALOII A RKAD
IVOR ROSTOV—FIRST vessel The superior fast
sailing Schooner MOUNTAIN EAGLE. Capt It 0 Pen- jKJC
dl ton, having a portion of her cargo engaged and going on boaru,
will tiave i|aloK dispatch. For balance uf freight apply to
jail _ DAVID A \VM. CURRIE.
IRIS, IIIIS, IRIS.
COLEMAN WORTHAM !i BRAND—We have received a sup
ply of this elegant Tobacco, which Ij too well known to need
recommendation. J. II PEARCE A 00., Druggists,
l am Corner Uroad and 2th its
CIO I L PI r OIL.- -N bbls , for sale by
I Jstl _I. A G. B. DAVENPORT.
Ul'KE inPORTED .HADEIHA WINE
JT NS casks
So It do
Duties paid at the “United States Custom House,1’ In Richmond.
For sale by r. A u It. DAVENPORT.
(T I ANO.—Prime Premium liuano, for sale by
T jam _I A Q. B. DAVENPORT
l TOFFEE, -'do Mats pure venuine Java Coffee
144 nr. bales Mocha Coffee, for aale by
iaJi t I A O. B. DAVENPORT.
WATKINS At FliKLIN,
During the Present. Month,
WILL OFFER
AT RETAIL
AT A GREAT SACRIFICE, THE BALANCE OF THEIR STOCK
OF FALL AND WINTER GOODS, CONSISTING OF
EVERY DESCRIPfloN OF
DlIESS GOODS,
NAMELY:
Silks,
Velour De Pari*.
Poplins,
Valencias,
TV r rvn u/il ind
Robes, Ate. Ate.
FOB HTHEI.T AND EVENING.
LACES,
EMBROIDERIES,
CI.OtKS,
SHAWLS,
HOUSEKEEPING and
PLANTATION GOODS, Ac.
J'if Their customer!, friends and the public will please call and
examine. jal3
CECOND ANNUAL OITV DIKECTOll Y.—We
have commenced the canvas, for our second Directory of this J
city. The experience of last year will enable us to rernedv all mis- J
takes, and Issue a more cot reel and reliable Directory than any
previous one. We offer Increased facilities and greater Induce
ments to Advertisers, as it Is our lutentlon to Distribute the Dtrec- .
lory extensively In this State, Northern North Carolina, at every
express office, the principal hotels, and also al the different water
ing places It will be issued about the first of March. NoNorthern j
advertisements will be Insered, and none but residents af Virgin
ia are engaged In this enterprise.
ja'J-dlm__ W. EUGENE FKRSLEW.
A CARD.
Richmond, jan 19, is«o.
WE return our thauks to our customers and the public gener
ally, for the very liberal patronage we have rec-lved from '
them, and hope by a strict attention to business, to merit a contlm
nance of the same, assuring them that no pains will be spared on
our part, to give them entire satisfaction, having in our employ
ment the best workmen that this country can produce. We are
now better prepared to manufacture Ladles', Gentlemen's, Misses
and Hoys’ Boots and Shoes, of every description, and on a much
larger scale than heretofore We Import all of our m>terlal direct,
lor the manufacturer of all kinds of work made here, which will al
ways be found superior to any Northern work. We shall engage
more largely tu the manufacture than heretofore, and we call sps
cial attention of all In want of good work, ami at fair prices, to call
on ALEX. HILL 4 CO..
Manufacturers and Importers of Boots, Shoes, Trunks,4c ,
ja'.t) __l‘J* Main Street, Richmond, Va.
COTTAGE RESIDENCE FOR SALE—Situated on
Leigh street, between gd and 3d. The lot fronts 30)$ feet,
depth lilt feet, with a ll> foot alley The house contains It) rooms,
four of which are of good site—gas in the house, water In the yard)
grape vines, fruit trees. 4c., In the garden. Tae neighborhood Is
unexceptionable. Apply to (JaiO—lw) E. D. EACHO.
f|3HE AMERICAN FORM BOOK, by TRe and
l Sands. Persons who have Tate's Form Book, should buy
Santis’ American Form Book, to complete the work.
We publish both books, and they are sold separately or bound to
gether In one vol. Price |3 SO. X. MORRIS,
Ji _Booksellerand Publisher.
PLOWS! FLOWS’! PLOWS!! !—NO EXCUSE FOR
1 GOING NORTH TO HUV PLOWB.-The subscriber makes ev
ery variety of Plows known among Southern farmers and planters,
and recommends especially his Southern Ploic, which use* three
sixes and shapes i t moleboards on each Plow, thus adapting it to
every variety of toil. P. H STARKE
dcil_Three doors above 3L Charles Hotel, Richmond, Va.
GAA BBLS. ROCKLAND LIHIK-Porsalsby
-VU Jy9_BACON 4 BASKERVILLE.
OITGAB.-lOObbUEiua C Coffrn Sugar, r sc el. lag. for salt.
B Jalg-lw___LEWIS WEBB 1 JOHN Q*WaDE
OK BBLS. EXTRA L4BGI NO. 1 IHiCKER.
m*) AL, la atore, and for sal* by 1
<1»W WM. WALUO* BONL
I
The GFroat En^linh liemedy.
Sill JAMES < LAKKE'S
CELEBRATED J^EMALE PILLS.
This Invaluable medicine la uri'alllig In the core of ill the*
painful and dangerous diseases Incident to the female conetltulloa.
It moderate* ell rices*es and remove* all obstructions, fro*
whatever cause, and a speedy cure may be relied on.
TO MAHKIED LADIES
It Is peculiarly suited. It will, In a short tlms, bring on the month
ly period with regularity.
CAUTION.
These Pillt *A/>uId not bt Utktn 'ey ft nutlet that art pregnant,
during the FIRST THRKK MONTHS, at they are tun to bring
on Jfitcarriage; but at ttery other time, anti In every other coo*,
they are perfectly utft.
In alt cases of Norvoua and Spinal Affections, Pain In the Back
and limbs, Heaviness, Fatigue on alight enertlon, Palpitation tf
the Heart, Uftrness of Spirits, Hi -lerlc*, Sick Headache, White*
and all the painful disease* occasioned by a dlaordered system,
these Pills will effect a rare when sll other means have failed.
Full direction* In the pamphl-t around each package, whiek
ahould be carefully preserved.
A bottle containing 60 pills, and encircled with the Gsvernmeat
Stamp of Great Britain, can be *«ct post-free for |1 and Ipoetagt
stamps. JOB. MOSES,
Rochester, New York,
General Agent for the United States.
Bold In Richmond by aii the respectable Druggist*; WM p.
8POT8WOOD, Agent for Petersburg; M. A. SANTOS, Agent (or
Norfolk. mal#—eodlcly
KKMEMHKK!
That Cristadoro's Excelsior Hair Dye is the only hair dye in Amer
ica that baa the
DIRECT SANCTION
of the highest scientific authority. Ttie most distinguished of our
chemist, land as an analyst oecond to none In the world,)
DR CHiiJpN
haa certified over his own signature, that this dye contains no do
leterious Ingredient. Iks official document may be seen at No.<
Astnr House.
IS IT WISE TO RISK
unauthenticalcd dyes when or.r thus endorsed and Immeasurably
superior to all other* In the quality of the color* it impart*, Is ob
tainable *
Sold everywhere, and applied by all nalr Dressers CRISTA
DORO, No. * Astor House, New York. jal3—dlwlm (
TIN FOIL AND METALLIC CAP MANl'FACTORT,
No. 39, Crouby Street, If. ¥.
JOHN J. CROOKE & CO.,
Are mannfaettring under their Pa>ent
ROLLED TIN FOIL,
pr j;.v pprvrpn np pifitn.<otpn
suitable for wrapping
Fine Cut and Cavendish Tobacco*, Cheese, Spice*, he.
Thin Beaten Foil, all sites, lupwrlor In 1-riUiantry and ntrtngth ta
the Imported article.
METALLIC' C A PS,
INVALUABLE
for sealing Bom n, containing Wine, or other liquids, Jest, Ac.,
■tamped with any name or design required. Also,
MUSIC PLATED, 801.DER, TYPE AND BRITANIA METAL*.
JyiS-lylf__
PREPARE FOR THE RIM
ous FEVER.—As the Fall approaches, and Bilious
and Ague and Fevert has become prevalent, every person should
prepare themselves with the prop, r remedies for these dangerous
diseases. The secretion of bile, and the inactivity of the Uter, to
gether with headache, pain in the limbs and back, night sweets tnd
lost of appetite are the forerunners of these maladies, and efficient
meant should at once be resorted t- by which these symptoms css
be at once removed. For this purpose we know of nothing equal
to “BAKER S PREMIUM BITTERS " They erndcate the bile, dis
pel the pains, cool the fevers, strengthen the digestive organs, ers
ate a pure, healthful circulation of the blood, and produce a Bow
of spirits which of themselves tend greatly to do away with all ul
heallhfulneta These Hitters ran h- taken with perfect safety by
all ages and sexes, without regard to weather or diet, and will
prove a valuable family medicine In all sases where an active teals
Is required.
To be bad of PURCELL, LADD A CO., and all other prominent
Druggists In the city of Richmond, ur.d elsewhere In Vlrglcit and
North Catollna; also, of C. STOTT A Co., Washington, D. 0.; E. H.
STABLER, A CO., Baltimore; B. A. FAHNESTOCK A CO.,Phila
delphia, and of BARNES A PARK, New York.
Orders fllleJ by addressing E. BAKER, Proprietor.
tel*—dAe Richmond, Vs
BK^sIVp liavu crs-al |»l«:»»iir«* in rs-*
commending “Semple'e InfaUiable Baking Powders,"
the virtues of wi tch we have seew fully tested, and think thee
quite equal, If not superior, to any ilmllar preparation now Itf use
They arc for sale by Irby A Saur lera, and at the drug stores of
the city Pee advertisement In our special notice column. —ZyncA
burg Virginian. dc'/O
Sr^sTEETII EXTRACTED WITH
OUT PAIN.—D*. T* «vxr*i:—Sir—The undersign’d
do hereby certify that we have had teeth extracted by electricity
without fitting any pain whnUr ', and would sincerely recoo- ,i
mend aiU to try the above method. Yours respectfully,
J R. BEAZLEY,
RICHARD H. ROUNTREE, 1
WM BOWDEN, Ja.,
d«99—lm ROBERT KIPPLE.
BOOKS WILE BE OPENED [
for tubserlptiAt to'hr Stock of the Insurance Ca., j
of the State of Virginia, ul Richmond, at office of 0. F. Beau,
December With, lsSB. d*41—la
SHOCKOE MILL Kit II VIOMb td K« I I) PLA
TER.—lhc rubscrlber hat earnestly labored for tire put f ur I
years toexcluds Northern Ground Platter.hy the estshiLhmeotof t |
ITomr Jtifl, and supplying an art I le luperior to any recelred froa j
the North, and clalms-a perfect success. He begs leave to return
his thanks to hit patrons, and asks to Inform all Interested thst hr I
hat completed his improvements '.hat will enable him to supply any
itt-mand that may arise. HI* stock of Lump Is heavy, < based ope
the enormously Increased use of a superior article), Selected fm»
the purest Windsor (Nova Scotial quarries, with special reference
to Its richness In Suljt/ialt rf/inr, The reputation of his brss*
shall be sustained at every effort isJ cost, a»d he i«l*Ail)> ase« |
perimental trial of those who have not made application of this a
raluahltftrtiliztr. JOHN H CLAIBORNE,
jal>—' tilts No. 11 Pearl st
VALENTINE* FOH . g«0.—We are In receipt of «• I
supply of Valelttliifa.lfor ISfiO.
BF” Orders from the country will meet prompt attention.
Ja*0 T A. MORRIS. Bookseller^ '
Ho !/.»:'> CKLEriltATEDNUT** I.KATHi*
PRESERVATIVE -This preparation makes the Irsthcf **• 1
tm Minor, sorr and in aani.r., and prevents it fr< ni ca iniao, at tsc )
same time admitting of a beautiful gloss—for aale by
JAMES P. DUVAL, Druggist,
ja20 _ Main Weel__ |
PURE AtOLAMMENHI.TI :
lOt) barrels landing,
80 pipe*, and for sale by __
JaiO I. A G. B. DAVKNPOBT. tj
DINMOU.TION.-Tbe firm of OINTEB, KENT A ALVIT.
Isthlsoay dissolved by mutual consent. Lawis Gtws*
Jou* P. At.vxr having purchased the Interest of Jaum 8. h*”.
they are hereby authorized to settle the btulnett of the Utc **•'
and to use the name in liquidation only.
LEWIS iUNTIL
JAMES S KilVf.
JNO. f. ALVIT
Richmond, Jan’y 1st, IStirt. jt}iv-fa_^
SIP Kit CAHUONATE SODA.-100 kegi.jos*]
ed and for sale by DOVE A CO., Druggist*.
JaiO _ _ No. *i MainJL, BJehmcna _ I
Artificial teeth.
THE C/fEOJ LA STIC PROCESA EkdmeL
G. W. JONES, Dz.vtut, having purchased theUJr"r^^^
right for tlie above mode of i taking Teeth, and be- * 1 .rL II
lng entirely satisfied of its ab* .lute superiority over the gd*. I]
or platina method, he can with confidence esmmend it to all I
may desire full or partial sets of Teeth—and especially to ♦ Sj
may be dissatisfied with those they are now using. In this prs** 3j
all of the objections to the gold plate are removed—the sMV**^ M
in* perfect, secures comfort and stability to ths fit—and the |
being embedded In the metal, the food Is excluded from »“*C ( J
between them, and they are therefore •trvngv, cleaner,
and in every respect better. 0, {I
In consequence of the perfect adaptation of the plat* ~ 1
mouth and the suction thereby secured, he can Insert voe or ~ •,
teeth vMoul clasps—and In all cases guarantee a perfect as
lsfactory fit, or no charge. ,
This method having been adopted and commended by those |
lng highest In the profession, North and South, testimonials ru
given and specimens exhibited to any who may desire to •** %
Those wishing to exchange the old method for the new, “•rv
plate will be taken in part pay. Office opposite Corinth* *■„"
Office hours from b to 2Jg, from 3Jg to *. y
BARGAIN'S! BARGAINS!
CLOTHING AT GREATLY REDUCED FRICEs, AT
SIMPSON A MIDLER'S.
\\f k will sell the remainder of our stock of Fail xad ”ls
“ thing, si reduced price, for ^^tMes -»
Jal7 11* Mala sires*, LcAm**^
oftood quality, for sals b, ^ ^ # l wV|SN,f,
i

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